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Sung Min Sohn, Byoung Geol Choi, Se Yeon Choi, Jae Kyeong Byun, Ahmed Mashaly, Yoonjee Park, Won Young Jang, Woohyeun Kim, Jah Yeon Choi, Eun Jin Park, Jin Oh Na, Cheol Ung Choi, Hong Euy Lim, Eung Ju Kim, Chang Gyu Park, Hong Seog Seo, Dong Joo Oh, Seung-Woon Rha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Generally, immoderate alcohol consumption is associated with variant angina and accepted as one of the risk factors for coronary artery spasm (CAS), but evidence is lacking in this regard. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of alcohol consumption and drinking pattern on CAS by acetylcholine (ACH) provocation test and long-term clinical outcomes. METHODS: A total of 5491 patients with typical or atypical chest pain, without significant coronary artery disease, who underwent intracoronary ACH provocation test, were enrolled prospectively, and retrospectively analyzed in this study...
December 8, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Swasti Indhirajanti, Paul L A van Daele, Sven Bos, Monique T Mulder, Ilze Bot, Jeanine E Roeters van Lennep
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mast cells have been implicated in the development and progression of atherosclerosis in animal models and human autopsy studies. However, it is unknown whether long-term exposure to excess of mast cells is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in humans. Our objective was to compare the prevalence of CVD and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with systemic mastocytosis (SM) and controls. METHODS: In 50 patients with SM and 50 age and sex matched controls, the history of CVD and presence of cardiovascular risk factors were assessed...
December 8, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Simon Fryer, Keeron Stone, Tabitha Dickson, James Faulkner, Danielle Lambrick, Pablo Corres, Lauren Jerred, Lee Stoner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although it is well known that resistance training (RT) is beneficial for patients suffering from a variety of cardiovascular diseases, it remains underutilized as a rehabilitation tool as there is no reliable way to monitor the additional stress placed on the central organs. The current study aimed to determine between-day reliability of central haemodynamic indices using oscillometric pulse wave analysis (PWA) during progressive sub-maximal RT. METHODS: Nineteen healthy young males were tested on 3 different mornings in a fasted state...
December 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Kensaku Nishihira, Yoshisato Shibata, Atsushi Yamashita, Nehiro Kuriyama, Yujiro Asada
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent studies have shown that coronary thrombus histopathology is associated with impaired myocardial reperfusion and poor clinical outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We sought to investigate the age of thrombi aspirated during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with AMI and evaluate the relationship between histopathologic findings and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) defined as all-cause death, stroke, or myocardial infarction within 6 months of PCI...
December 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Camilla U Gjødesen, Marit E Jørgensen, Peter Bjerregaard, Inger K Dahl-Petersen, Christina V L Larsen, Martin Noël, Mads Melbye, Arieh S Cohen, Marika Lundqvist, David M Hougaard, Jørn W Helge, Nina O Nielsen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low levels of vitamin D are suspected to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis among Inuit in Greenland, and to evaluate the association with vitamin D status. We hypothesized that low vitamin D status could be associated with higher carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of atherosclerosis. METHODS: 756 adults from the Inuit Health in Transition (IHIT) study carried out in Greenland in the period 2005-2010 were included...
December 1, 2017: Atherosclerosis
In-Chang Hwang, Kwang Nam Jin, Hack-Lyoung Kim, You-Nui Kim, Moon-Sun Im, Woo-Hyun Lim, Jae-Bin Seo, Sang-Hyun Kim, Joo-Hee Zo, Myung-A Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Increased arterial stiffness is associated with a higher risk of future cardiovascular events. We aimed to investigate whether information about arterial stiffness provides additional prognostic value to coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) findings. METHODS: A total of 523 consecutive patients (mean age, 58.0 ± 10.3 years; male, 60.6%) with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), who underwent CCTA and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) measurement within a month, were retrospectively analyzed...
December 1, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Pierre-Yves Courand, Brahim Harbaoui, Helène Fay, Adrien Grandjean, Hugues Milon, Pierre Lantelme
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Orthostatic blood pressure decrease or increase has been related to cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. Large blood pressure changes after orthostatic stress are associated with autonomic and neurohormonal abnormalities; aortic atherosclerosis (ATS) may also play a role. METHODS: We investigated the interaction of ATS on the prognostic value of postural blood pressure changes. In a cohort of 958 hypertensive patients with an aortography (mean ± standard deviation age 44 ± 11 years, 61% men, mean blood pressure 182/110 mmHg), blood pressure was measured after 10 min of rest in the supine position...
November 26, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Yasuhiko Kubota, Aaron R Folsom, Christie M Ballantyne, Weihong Tang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: No prospective study has investigated whether elevated lipoprotein(a) concentrations are associated with an increased risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We aimed to prospectively investigate this association. METHODS: In 1987-1989, the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study measured plasma lipoprotein(a) in 13,683 participants aged 45-64 years, without a history of AAA surgery. We followed them for incident, clinical AAA events through 2011...
November 25, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Lin Zhu, Danying Zhang, Hong Zhu, Jimin Zhu, Shuqiang Weng, Ling Dong, Taotao Liu, Yu Hu, Xizhong Shen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Gut microbiota plays a major role in metabolic disorders. Berberine is used to treat obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. The mechanism underlying the role of berberine in modulating metabolic disorders is not fully clear because berberine has poor oral bioavailability. Thus, we evaluated whether the antiatherosclerotic effect of berberine is related to alterations in gut microbial structure and if so, whether specific bacterial taxa contribute to the beneficial effects of berberine...
November 24, 2017: Atherosclerosis
John D Kakisis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Tatsuya Maruhashi, Junko Soga, Noritaka Fujimura, Naomi Idei, Shinsuke Mikami, Yumiko Iwamoto, Akimichi Iwamoto, Masato Kajikawa, Takeshi Matsumoto, Nozomu Oda, Shinji Kishimoto, Shogo Matsui, Haruki Hashimoto, Yoshiki Aibara, Farina Mohamad Yusoff, Takayuki Hidaka, Yasuki Kihara, Kazuaki Chayama, Kensuke Noma, Ayumu Nakashima, Chikara Goto, Hirofumi Tomiyama, Bonpei Takase, Takahide Kohro, Toru Suzuki, Tomoko Ishizu, Shinichiro Ueda, Tsutomu Yamazaki, Tomoo Furumoto, Kazuomi Kario, Teruo Inoue, Shinji Koba, Kentaro Watanabe, Yasuhiko Takemoto, Takuzo Hano, Masataka Sata, Yutaka Ishibashi, Koichi Node, Koji Maemura, Yusuke Ohya, Taiji Furukawa, Hiroshi Ito, Hisao Ikeda, Akira Yamashina, Yukihito Higashi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Baseline brachial artery (BBA) diameter has been reported to be a potential confounding factor of flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between BBA diameter and cardiovascular risk factors and compare the diagnostic accuracy of BBA diameter in subjects without cardiovascular risk factors and patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) with that of FMD. METHODS: We measured BBA diameter and FMD in 5695 male subjects...
November 22, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Hemant Mahajan, Jina Choo, Kamal Masaki, Akira Fujiyoshi, Jingchuan Guo, Takashi Hisamatsu, Rhobert Evans, Siyi Shangguan, Bradley Willcox, Tomonori Okamura, Abhishek Vishnu, Emma Barinas-Mitchell, Vasudha Ahuja, Katsuyuki Miura, Lewis Kuller, Chol Shin, Hirotsugu Ueshima, Akira Sekikawa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several studies have reported a significant inverse association of light to moderate alcohol consumption with coronary heart disease (CHD). However, studies assessing the relationship between alcohol consumption and atherosclerosis have reported inconsistent results. The current study was conducted to determine the relationship between alcohol consumption and aortic calcification. METHODS: We addressed the research question using data from the population-based ERA-JUMP Study, comprising of 1006 healthy men aged 40-49 years, without clinical cardiovascular diseases, from four race/ethnicities: 301 Whites, 103 African American, 292 Japanese American, and 310 Japanese in Japan...
November 21, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Ryota Iwatsuka, Yuya Matsue, Taishi Yonetsu, Toshihiro O'uchi, Akihiko Matsumura, Yuji Hashimoto, Kenzo Hirao
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake has emerged as a sensitive and reliable marker of atherosclerotic inflammation, its additive predictive value for future coronary disease in older subjects is unknown. The aim of this study was to test the prognostic value of aortic inflammation detected via FDG-positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) in older subjects. METHODS: We retrospectively utilized the records of 309 subjects aged over 65 years, without a history of coronary artery disease, who underwent 18F-FDG-PET-CT mostly due to the clinical suspicion of cancer, but eventually turned out to be cancer-free...
November 21, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Zhi-Han Tang, Lu-Shan Liu, Xi-Long Zheng, Zhi-Sheng Jiang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Chongke Zhong, Liyuan Han, Yonghong Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Anna Vittoria Mattioli, Alberto Farinetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Winfried März, Franz-Werner Dippel, Karlheinz Theobald, Katherine Gorcyca, Şerban R Iorga, David Ansell
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a causal risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) events. European guidelines recommend reducing LDL-C as the primary lipid target to reduce CV risk, using lifestyle modifications and lipid-lowering therapy (LLT). Many European patients do not achieve guideline-recommended LDL-C levels. The present database analysis aimed to assess LLT treatment patterns and LDL-C threshold attainment in Germany in a large, real-world cohort of patients...
November 20, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Ahmed Elhakeem, Emily T Murray, Rachel Cooper, Diana Kuh, Peter Whincup, Rebecca Hardy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: This study examined associations between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) across adulthood (from age 36) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers at age 60-64. METHODS: LTPA was reported by study participants from the MRC National Survey of Health and Development at ages 36, 43, 53 and 60-64 (n = 1754) and categorised as inactive, moderately active (1-4/month) or most active (5+/month) at each age. Linear regression was used to examine associations between a cumulative adulthood LTPA score (range = 0-8), and change in LTPA between ages 36 and 60-64 (i...
November 20, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Kevin P Bliden, Rahul Chaudhary, Eliano P Navarese, Tushar Sharma, Himabindu Kaza, Udaya S Tantry, Paul A Gurbel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Conventional cardiovascular risk estimators based on clinical demographics have limited prediction of coronary events. Markers for thrombogenicity and vascular function have not been explored in risk estimation of high-risk patients with coronary artery disease. We aimed to develop a clinical and biomarker score to predict 3-year adverse cardiovascular events. METHODS: Four hundred eleven patients, with ejection fraction ≥40% undergoing coronary angiography, and found to have a luminal diameter stenosis ≥50%, were included in the analysis...
November 20, 2017: Atherosclerosis
Joel C Thompson, Patricia G Wilson, Preetha Shridas, Ailing Ji, Maria de Beer, Frederick C de Beer, Nancy R Webb, Lisa R Tannock
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Serum amyloid A (SAA) predicts cardiovascular events. Overexpression of SAA increases atherosclerosis development; however, deficiency of two of the murine acute phase isoforms, SAA1.1 and SAA2.1, has no effect on atherosclerosis. SAA3 is a pseudogene in humans, but is an expressed acute phase isoform in mice. The goal of this study was to determine if SAA3 affects atherosclerosis in mice. METHODS: ApoE-/- mice were used as the model for all studies...
November 17, 2017: Atherosclerosis
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