Read by QxMD icon Read

Schizophrenia Bulletin

Sebastian Walther, Lea Schäppi, Andrea Federspiel, Stephan Bohlhalter, Roland Wiest, Werner Strik, Katharina Stegmayer
Catatonia is a psychomotor syndrome that not only frequently occurs in the context of schizophrenia but also in other conditions. The neural correlates of catatonia remain unclear due to small-sized studies. We therefore compared resting-state cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and gray matter (GM) density between schizophrenia patients with current catatonia and without catatonia and healthy controls. We included 42 schizophrenia patients and 41 controls. Catatonia was currently present in 15 patients (scoring >2 items on the Bush Francis Catatonia Rating Scale screening)...
October 11, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Steve Colori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Stefanie N Rezansoff, Akm Moniruzzaman, Seena Fazel, Lawrence McCandless, Ric Procyshyn, Julian M Somers
Adherence to antipsychotic medication is a significant challenge among homeless patients. No experimental trials have investigated the impact of Housing First on adherence among patients with schizophrenia. We investigated whether Housing First in congregate and scattered-site configurations resulted in superior adherence compared to usual care. Adult participants (n = 165) met criteria for homelessness, schizophrenia, and initiation of antipsychotic pharmacotherapy prior to recruitment to an unblinded, 3-arm randomized controlled trial in Vancouver, Canada...
September 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Sang-Young Kim, Bruce M Cohen, Xi Chen, Scott E Lukas, Ann K Shinn, A Cagri Yuksel, Tao Li, Fei Du, Dost Öngür
Balance between the redox pair of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotides (oxidized NAD+ and reduced NADH), reflects the oxidative state of cells and the ability of biological systems to carry out energy production. A growing body of evidence suggests that an "immuno-oxidative" pathway including oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, neuroinflammation, and cell-mediated immune response may contribute to disruptions in brain activity in schizophrenia (SZ). The aim of this study is to assess possible redox imbalance in SZ patients by using a novel in vivo (31)P MRS technique...
September 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Colm M P O'Tuathaigh, Fabio Fumagalli, Lieve Desbonnet, Francesc Perez-Branguli, Gerard Moloney, Samim Loftus, Claire O'Leary, Emilie Petit, Rachel Cox, Orna Tighe, Gerard Clarke, Donna Lai, Richard P Harvey, John F Cryan, Kevin J Mitchell, Timothy G Dinan, Marco A Riva, John L Waddington
Few studies have addressed likely gene × gene (ie, epistatic) interactions in mediating risk for schizophrenia. Using a preclinical genetic approach, we investigated whether simultaneous disruption of the risk factors Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) and Disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) would produce a disease-relevant phenotypic profile different from that observed following disruption to either gene alone. NRG1 heterozygotes exhibited hyperactivity and disruption to prepulse inhibition, both reversed by antipsychotic treatment, and accompanied by reduced striatal dopamine D2 receptor protein expression, impaired social cognition, and altered glutamatergic synaptic protein expression in selected brain areas...
September 9, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Lynn Mørch-Johnsen, Ragnar Nesvåg, Kjetil N Jørgensen, Elisabeth H Lange, Cecilie B Hartberg, Unn K Haukvik, Kristiina Kompus, René Westerhausen, Kåre Osnes, Ole A Andreassen, Ingrid Melle, Kenneth Hugdahl, Ingrid Agartz
BACKGROUND: Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated associations between smaller auditory cortex volume and auditory hallucinations (AH) in schizophrenia. Reduced cortical volume can result from a reduction of either cortical thickness or cortical surface area, which may reflect different neuropathology. We investigate for the first time how thickness and surface area of the auditory cortex relate to AH in a large sample of schizophrenia spectrum patients. METHODS: Schizophrenia spectrum (n = 194) patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging...
September 7, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Geoff Davies, David Fowler, Kathryn Greenwood
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive and functional outcome deficits have long been acknowledged in schizophrenia and neurocognition has been found to account for functional disability to a greater extent than psychopathology. Much of the variance in functional outcome however still remains unexplained and metacognition may mediate the relationship between neurocognition, functional capacity, and self-reported social and occupational function. METHOD: Eighty first episode psychosis participants were recruited and completed measures of neurocognition (memory, executive function, and intelligence quotient), metacognition (Beck Cognitive Insight Scale, Metacognitive Awareness Interview), psychopathology (PANSS), and both functional capacity (UPSA) and real-life social and occupational function (The Time Use Survey)...
September 2, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Rebecca Dickenson, Stefan Momcilovic, Lorna Donnelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi, Felipe Schuch, Joseph Firth, Simon Rosenbaum, Fiona Gaughran, James Mugisha, Davy Vancampfort
Physical activity (PA) can help reduce cardiovascular disease and premature mortality in people with psychosis. However, there is a paucity of representative data on PA in people with psychosis, especially from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Moreover, data on subclinical psychosis and PA is absent. This study explored whether complying with PA recommendations of 150 minutes of moderate-vigorous PA per week is related to: (1) psychotic symptoms without a psychosis diagnosis (subclinical psychosis); and (2) clinical psychosis (psychosis diagnosis)...
August 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
David R Roalf, Megan Quarmley, Monica E Calkins, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Kosha Ruparel, Mark A Elliott, Tyler M Moore, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur, Paul J Moberg, Bruce I Turetsky
Structural brain abnormalities have been amply demonstrated in schizophrenia. These include volume decrements in the perirhinal/entorhinal regions of the ventromedial temporal lobe, which comprise the primary olfactory cortex. Olfactory impairments, which are a hallmark of schizophrenia, precede the onset of illness, distinguish adolescents experiencing prodromal symptoms from healthy youths, and may predict the transition from the prodrome to frank psychosis. We therefore examined temporal lobe regional volumes in a large adolescent sample to determine if structural deficits in ventromedial temporal lobe areas were associated, not only with schizophrenia, but also with a heightened risk for psychosis...
August 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Donald W Carroll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Brendon Stubbs, Po-Wen Ku, Ming-Shun Chung, Li-Jung Chen
OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behavior (SB) is associated with poor cognitive performance in the general population. Although people with schizophrenia are highly sedentary and experience marked cognitive impairments, no study has investigated the relationship between SB and cognition in people with schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 199 inpatients with schizophrenia (mean [SD] age 44.0 [9.9] years, 61.3% male, mean [SD] illness duration 23.8 [6.5]) and 60 age and sex matched controls were recruited...
August 23, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Juan R Bustillo, Thomas Jones, Hongji Chen, Nicholas Lemke, Christopher Abbott, Clifford Qualls, Shannon Stromberg, Jose Canive, Charles Gasparovic
Glutamine plus glutamate (Glx), as well as N-acetylaspartate compounds (NAAc, N-acetylaspartate plus N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate), a marker of neuronal viability, can be quantified with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS). We used (1)H-MRS imaging to assess Glx and NAAc, as well as total-choline (glycerophospho-choline plus phospho-choline), myo-inositol and total-creatine (creatine plus phosphocreatine) from an axial supraventricular slab of gray matter (GM, medial-frontal and medial-parietal) and white matter (WM, bilateral-frontal and bilateral-parietal) voxels...
August 22, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Jun Hua, Allison S Brandt, SeungWook Lee, Nicholas I S Blair, Yuankui Wu, Su Lui, Jaymin Patel, Andreia V Faria, Issel Anne L Lim, Paul G Unschuld, James J Pekar, Peter C M van Zijl, Christopher A Ross, Russell L Margolis
Metabolic dysfunction and microvascular abnormality may contribute to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Most previous studies of cerebral perfusion in schizophrenia measured total cerebral blood volume (CBV) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the brain, which reflect the ensemble signal from the arteriolar, capillary, and venular compartments of the microvasculature. As the arterioles are the most actively regulated blood vessels among these compartments, they may be the most sensitive component of the microvasculature to metabolic disturbances...
August 18, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Paul Klauser, Simon T Baker, Vanessa L Cropley, Chad Bousman, Alex Fornito, Luca Cocchi, Janice M Fullerton, Paul Rasser, Ulrich Schall, Frans Henskens, Patricia T Michie, Carmel Loughland, Stanley V Catts, Bryan Mowry, Thomas W Weickert, Cynthia Shannon Weickert, Vaughan Carr, Rhoshel Lenroot, Christos Pantelis, Andrew Zalesky
White matter abnormalities associated with schizophrenia have been widely reported, although the consistency of findings across studies is moderate. In this study, neuroimaging was used to investigate white matter pathology and its impact on whole-brain white matter connectivity in one of the largest samples of patients with schizophrenia. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) were compared between patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (n = 326) and age-matched healthy controls (n = 197)...
August 17, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
André Schmidt, Marco Cappucciati, Joaquim Radua, Grazia Rutigliano, Matteo Rocchetti, Liliana Dell'Osso, Pierluigi Politi, Stefan Borgwardt, Thomas Reilly, Lucia Valmaggia, Philip McGuire, Paolo Fusar-Poli
Discriminating subjects at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis who will develop psychosis from those who will not is a prerequisite for preventive treatments. However, it is not yet possible to make any personalized prediction of psychosis onset relying only on the initial clinical baseline assessment. Here, we first present a systematic review of prognostic accuracy parameters of predictive modeling studies using clinical, biological, neurocognitive, environmental, and combinations of predictors. In a second step, we performed statistical simulations to test different probabilistic sequential 3-stage testing strategies aimed at improving prognostic accuracy on top of the clinical baseline assessment...
August 17, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs, Simon Rosenbaum, Davy Vancampfort, Berend Malchow, Felipe Schuch, Rebecca Elliott, Keith H Nuechterlein, Alison R Yung
Cognitive deficits are pervasive among people with schizophrenia and treatment options are limited. There has been an increased interest in the neurocognitive benefits of exercise, but a comprehensive evaluation of studies to date is lacking. We therefore conducted a meta-analysis of all controlled trials investigating the cognitive outcomes of exercise interventions in schizophrenia. Studies were identified from a systematic search across major electronic databases from inception to April 2016. Meta-analyses were used to calculate pooled effect sizes (Hedges g) and 95% CIs...
August 11, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
E Fuller Torrey, Robert H Yolken
The visual tract is prominently involved in schizophrenia, as evidenced by perceptual distortions and a type of nystagmus found in many individuals affected. Genetic explanations for these abnormalities have been suggested. This study proposes an alternate explanation based on infection. Several infectious agents thought to be associated with some cases of schizophrenia are known to cause both infection of the fetus and abnormalities of the eye. Toxoplasma gondii is examined in detail, and rubella, cytomegalovirus, varicella-zoster virus, and herpes simplex virus more briefly...
August 9, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Sarah E Morton, Kirstie J M O'Hare, Jaimee L K Maha, Max P Nicolson, Liana Machado, Ruth Topless, Tony R Merriman, Richard J Linscott
BACKGROUND: Meehl regarded schizotypy as a categorial liability for schizophrenia that is the product of genes, environment, and gene-environment interactions. We sought to test whether schizophrenia-related genotypes and environmental risk factors predict membership in classes defined by taxometric analyses of positive (cognitive-perceptual), negative (interpersonal), and disorganized schizotypy. METHODS: Participants (n = 500) completed the Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) and provided information on the following risk factors: cannabis use, pregnancy and obstetric complications, social adjustment, and family history of psychosis...
August 1, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"