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Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214471/adipose-tissue-distribution-and-behaviour-of-selected-gastro-entero-pancreatic-hormones-glycaemia-growth-hormone-and-somatomedin-c-in-obese-children
#1
B Zajadacz
Twenty-three boys and 30 girls with simple obesity aged 12-16 years were investigated. The values of insulin, C-peptide, glycaemia, gastrinaemia and pancreatic polipeptide (PP) were measured in a fasting state and 30 and 60 min. after meal--at the beginning and after 3 weeks of reductive diet and physical exercise. The study of growth hormone and somatomedin C was deemed relevant to the issue in hand. Considerably higher insulinaemia and C-peptidemia values accompanied by impaired metabolic clearance of insulin and lowered glucose utilization in children with significant accumulation of adipose tissue in the abdominal area (waist/hip ratio p > 0...
January 1998: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214470/morphological-changes-in-mitochondria-and-lysosomes-of-hepatocytes-in-acute-intoxication-with-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-2-4-d
#2
M Sulik, W Kisielewski, B Szynaka, A Kemona, A Sulik, M Sulkowska, M Baltaziak
The hepatotoxic effect of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was investigated. Ultrastructural changes were evaluated under a transmission electron microscope. Certain histoenzymatic reactions were examined (to acid phosphatase according to Gomori (AP) and to succinic dehydrogenase (SD) according to Nachlas) in parenchymal cells of the rat liver in acute intoxication induced by this herbicide. The experiment used 60 male Wistar rats divided into two groups: I-control--18 animals and II--42 animals which received chemically pure 2,4-D acid by gastric gavage in a dose of 200 mg/kg b...
January 1998: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214469/anaemia-and-antioxidant-defence-of-the-red-blood-cells
#3
A Kumerova, A Lece, A Skesters, A Silova, V Petuhovs
Antioxidant defence was investigated in red blood cells (RBC) in 56 patients with 3 different haemoblastoses: polycythemia vera (PV), chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML), chronic lymphoid leukemia (CLL) with and without anaemia, in 12 iron deficiency anaemia (A) patients and 50 healthy persons. The activities were determined of the following antioxidant enzymes: glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), glutathione reductase (GSSG-R), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and MDA levels...
January 1998: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214468/factors-affecting-surgical-mortality-and-morbidity-in-patients-with-obstructive-jaundice
#4
N N Gönüllü, N Z Cantürk, N Z Utkan, C Yidirir, M Dülger
The importance of clinical and laboratory parameters which have an effect on postoperative mortality and morbidity was evaluated in 124 patients operated on because of obstructive jaundice. The causes of obstructive jaundice were a malign disease in 38 patients (30.6%) and a benign disease in 86 patients (69.4%). Biliary enteric anastomosis in 66 patients (53%), external drainage in 46 patients (37%), and cholecystectomy in 12 patients (10%) were the surgical techniques of choice for correction of obstructive jaundice...
January 1998: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214467/effects-of-epsilon-aminocaproylaminoacids-on-prothrombin-activation-and-thrombin-activity
#5
K Midura-Nowaczek, W Roszkowska-Jakimiec, I Bruzgo, K Worowski
Influence of four epsilon-aminocaproylaminoacids on prothrombin activation and thrombin activity was examined. Only epsilon-aminocaproylnorleucine markedly inhibited the prothrombin activation in an extrinsic system.
January 1998: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214466/epidermoid-carcinoma-of-the-male-urethra-case-report
#6
G Ozdemir, Z E Günes, S Sargin, A Yazicoglu, H Ozdemir
A case of voiding difficulties was investigated. Other than usual prostatic obstruction or urethral stricture, a small mass at the anterior region of the bulbous urethra was present. Detailed investigation by urethroscopy, biopsy, CT imaging and ultrasonography revealed epidermoid carcinoma of the urethra.
January 1997: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214465/release-of-human-monocytes-protein-c-and-the-cofactor-protein-s-in-vitro
#7
J Giedrojć, J Kłoczko, A Szpak, P Radziwon, M Klimiuk, J Zuk, M Bielawiec, H K Breddin
Monocytes may contribute to a coagulation process by expression of the tissue factor and by synthesizing factors V, VII, X and XIII. Cultured blood monocytes also express both the tissue plasminogen activator and the plasminogen activator inhibitor I. The present study assesses the ability of human monocytes to secrete protein C and its cofactor protein S, which are potent inhibitors of the clotting cascade. Monocytes derived from the blood of healthy volunteers and prepared according to Boyum were cultured for up to 36 hours with or without lipopolisaccharide from Escherichia coli...
January 1997: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214464/platelet-aggregation-size-and-volume-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
I Onder, S Topcu, H S Dökmetas, C Türkay, Z Seyfikli
In this study the effect of hypoxia on thrombocytes was investigated in patients with a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 15 Hypoxic (group 1), 15 nonhypoxic (group 2) patients with COPD and 10 healthy persons (group 3) were included in the study. The differences in haemoglobin, hematocrit and PaCO2 values of group 1 and group 2 were insignificant, but there was a significant difference between group 3 and the other two groups. The differences in blood pH values in the above groups were insignificant, but the differences in FEV1, FVC and PaO2 values were significant...
January 1997: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214463/burch-bladder-neck-colposuspension-comparison-of-early-and-late-results
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
N Mutlu, M Kazado, M Culha, E Merder, M Baykal, N Canbazoglu
PURPOSE: Suprapubic or endoscopic Burch colposuspension is a preferred technique for the treatment of stress urinaly incontinence in selective cases. We have attempted to investigate the early and long term results of suprapubic surgery for the treatment of stress incontinence and cystocele. PATIENTS AND METHOD: 98 patients with grade 1-2 stress urinary incontinence and grade 1-2 cystocele were included in this study. Preoperative testing include the Boney test, pad test, cystography, cystometry, leak point pressure, and urethral pressure profile studies...
January 1997: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10214462/fibrinogen-factor-vii-antithrombin-iii-cholesterol-and-triglycerides-in-young-men-with-myocardial-infarction-and-in-their-sons
#10
M Jastrzebska, B Torbus-Lisiecka, J Pieczul-Mróz, K Chełstowski, M Naruszewicz
The concentrations of fibrinogen (Fb) and the activities of factor VII (F VIIC) and antithrombin III (AT III) both in men less than 55 years old with a history of myocardial infarction (MI) and with normolipemia (MI-NLP) or hyperlipoproteinemia (MI-HLP) and in their sons have been measured. A significantly higher levels of Fb were found in both MI groups. Significantly higher levels of F VIIC and AT III were found only in the MI-NLP group. No lipid or haemostatic disorders were noted in sons. Furthermore, a positive correlation between the level of F VIIC and triglycerides (TG) or total cholesterol (TCh) in the patients and sons was revealed...
January 1997: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9308339/lipid-peroxidation-and-activity-of-antioxidative-enzymes-in-the-rat-model-of-ozone-therapy
#11
P Laszczyca, E Kawka-Serwecińska, I Witas, B Dolezych, B Falkus, A Mekail, B Ziółkowska, P Madej, P Migula
Hypothetical, therapeutic effects of ozone were investigated in an animal model. One ml of oxygen or mixture of 40 micrograms ozone with oxygen were injected intraperitoneally to male rats for 10 days. Previously, rats had been poisoned with 50 ppm Cd2+ in drinking water for 12 weeks. Exhaustive treadmill running was applied to some animals before sacrification. Ozone injections increased iron-ascorbate-stimulated lipid peroxidation (LPO) in the liver and kidney, catalase (CAT) activity in the heart and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity in the heart, kidney and liver...
October 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9308338/quinolinic-acid-effect-on-neurons-of-the-paraventricular-nucleus-of-the-hypothalamus
#12
M Beskid, J Białek, Z Rózycka
Quinolinic acid was administered intraperitoneally to male Wistar rats in a dose of 60 mmol, once daily for 8 days. The neuronal cell bodies in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus of quinolinic acid-treated rats exhibited electron microscopic features of increased cellular activity but some damage of neuronal cell bodies was also present. After quinolinic acid treatment, damaged cells predominated within the parvocellular division of the nucleus. The cells varied with respect to the degree of their damage...
October 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9308337/optimal-control-of-intermittent-normal-conduction-in-a-tachycardia-dependent-right-bundle-branch-block
#13
K Izumi
Tachycardia-dependent right bundle branch block (RBBB) with atrial fibrillation in a patient under digitalis therapy is presented, in which supernormal phase of intraventricular conduction was well-documented. The development of long intervals terminated by a normally conducted beat was attributed to the occurrence of concealed atrio-ventricular (A-V) conduction of the atrial fibrillation impulse during the supernormal phase. The ventricular interval caused by a normally conducted beat (xs) in the interval of 1...
October 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9308336/immunoglobulin-a-alpha-1-antitrypsin-complex-in-rheumatic-diseases
#14
REVIEW
J K Lacki, K Klama, S H Mackiewicz
Immunoglobulin A-alpha-1-antitrypsin complex (IgA-AT) is a nonimmune complex formed by disulphide bonding between an active thiol group available on the cysteine residue of alpha heavy chains of IgA and a cysteine in position 232 of alpha l-antitrypsin in single polypeptide chain. The level of the complex can easy be determined using the ELISA method and findings are expressed in arbitrary units. In the healthy adults' sera the IgA-AT complex level is lower than 0.4 arbitrary unit. The elevated levels of the complex were found in a number of rheumatic diseases...
October 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9308335/intractable-epilepsy-in-children-who-develop-epilepsy-in-the-first-decade-of-life-a-prospective-study
#15
J Czochańska, Z Losiowski, B Langner-Tyszka, J Bielicka-Cymerman, M Cendrowska, B Schmidt-Sidor, E Szczepanik, K Szymańska
Prospective studies on 347 children under treatment due to seizures which appeared in the first 10 years of life helped to evaluate and define the incidence of epilepsy resistant to treatment. With regard to each patient the following aspects were analysed: the kind of seizures, their etiology, accompanying neurological disorders and a type of epileptic syndrome, kind of treatment applied before admission to the clinical department as well as socioeconomic conditions of the families. Patients under study were divided into four age groups to evaluate the results...
October 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9308334/influence-of-health-resort-treatment-on-insulin-and-c-peptide-concentration-in-girls-with-insulin-dependent-diabetes
#16
M Bonikowska-Zgaińska
The influence of treatment in health resorts on the behaviour of C-peptide and insulin concentrations was evaluated in serum and urine of diabetics. The group examined comprised 68 girls with insulin-dependent diabetes estimated by radioimmunological methods. The study was carried out during and after health resort treatment. C-peptide initial concentrations constituted the basis for the examined and comparative group division into the following sub-groups: A--C-peptide secretion within standard limits, B--C-peptide trace secretion, and C--patients whose C-peptide concentrations were not determined...
October 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9167421/effective-palliation-for-advanced-esophageal-cancer-using-intralumenal-irradiation
#17
R Makarewicz, W Czechowicz, R Kabacińska
Palliative treatment by intracavitary irradiation alone has been used in 15 patients with advanced carcinoma of the esophagus. Most of them had already failed other palliative modalities including external irradiation, chemoradiotherapy, laserotherapy and dilatation. Intracavitary irradiation was carried out with a microSelectron HDR afterloading device and usually 22.5 Gy was given in three fractions repeated weekly. Up to three month after treatment, complete endoscopic regression was seen in 1 patient, partial endoscopic regression in 8 patients, no response in one and progressive disease in 5 patients...
July 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9167420/changes-in-liver-biochemical-tests-at-diagnosis-and-after-propylthiouracil-therapy-for-hyperthyroidism
#18
A Gürlek, V Cobankara, M Bayraktar
We investigated liver biochemical tests at diagnosis and after a 6-week treatment with propylthiouracil (PTU) in forty-three patients with hyperthyroidism. At diagnosis, 60.5% of the patients had at least one liver biochemical abnormality. Elevation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine (ALT) and aspartate (AST) aminotransferase, and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) levels were observed in 19 (44.2%). 10 (23.3%), 6 (14%) and 6 (14%) of the patients, respectively. After 6-week treatment with PTU, seven (16...
July 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9167419/doxazosin-alpha-1-adrenergic-antagonists-drug-in-the-long-term-3-years-management-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#19
S Dutkiewicz
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of doxazosin in the long-term (3yr.) treatment of bladder outflow obstruction resulting from BPH. Data were obtained in 64 patients with BPH. The main outcome measures were urodynamic and symptomatic evaluation for efficacy. In the three year follow up study on doxazosin, including 33 patients remaining on the drug drug and 11 operated (total 44) and excluding those who abandoned the therapy or died, the positive effect of the treatment was found in 75 percent and failure in 25 percent of cases...
July 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9167418/cesarean-section-in-grandmultiparas
#20
F A Ali, B Spiewankiewicz
Grandmultiparity which has been considered to be a factor in maternal and neonatal morbidity [3], is still high in Libya as compared with European countries. A retrospective study of one aspect of this problem concerned the Cesarean section in patients who had delivered 6 or more babies. During the period of January Ist to the end of December 1993, the records of all grandmultiparous women who delivered by a Cesarean section (287 cases) were reviewed at Obstetric Department of University Hospital in Benghazi-Libya...
July 1996: Materia Medica Polona. Polish Journal of Medicine and Pharmacy
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