journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Motor Behavior

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644923/examining-transfer-effects-of-dual-task-training-protocols-for-a-complex-locomotor-task
#1
Timothy A Worden, Lori Ann Vallis
Training protocols designed to improve dual-task performance of an obstacle crossing and auditory Stroop task (OBS+Stroop) were tested. In Experiment  1 , following baseline collection of OBS+Stroop trials, proximally related walking training was performed, and participants were then retested on the OBS+Stroop test. After training, participants adopted a more cautious obstacle crossing strategy, indicating a potentially safer navigation strategy. Transfer effects from distally related training were then examined (Experiment  2 ); a computer game training paradigm was examined using the same testing protocol as Experiment  1 ...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644922/hands-support-and-postural-oscillation-during-sit-to-stand-movement-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-and-typical-children
#2
Silvia Leticia Pavão, Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha
The authors aimed to compare the weight bearing on hands during sit-to-stand (STS) movement in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and typical children (TC), verify its effect on postural oscillation, and analyze the relationship between weight bearing on hands and postural oscillation. Twenty children with CP (Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I and II) and 35 TC performed STS with and without anterior hands support. Mann-Whitney test compared weight bearing between groups. Wilcoxon test investigated differences in postural oscillation between the conditions with and without anterior hand support for both groups...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644921/targeted-memory-reactivation-during-sleep-but-not-wake-enhances-sensorimotor-skill-performance-a-pilot-study
#3
Brian P Johnson, Steven M Scharf, Kelly P Westlake
The benefits of sleep on memory consolidation have been enhanced for declarative and motor sequence learning through replaying classically conditioned auditory stimuli during sleep, known as targeted memory reactivation (TMR). However, it is unknown if TMR can influence performance of a sensorimotor skill, in the absence of the cognitive requirements of sequence learning. Here, young adults performed a nondominant arm throwing task separated by a full night of sleep or a full day of wake, with half of all participants receiving TMR between sessions...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644768/error-feedback-frequency-affects-automaticity-but-not-accuracy-and-consistency-after-extensive-motor-skill-practice
#4
Daniel Krause, Manfred Agethen, Christina Zobe
Earlier studies addressed the effects of feedback frequency on movement accuracy and consistency. The authors additionally addressed the effects on motor automatization. High error feedback frequencies may induce attentional control processes and impede motor automatization. In a pre-post design, 42 participants were assigned to 2 groups with different feedback frequencies and practiced an arm movement sequence with 760 trials in 5 sessions. The 100% group practiced with feedback on 3 movement reversals of the sequence after each trial...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644766/independent-development-of-imagination-and-perception-of-fitts-law-in-late-childhood-and-adolescence
#5
Emma Yoxon, Timothy N Welsh
Recent neurophysiological and behavioral research suggests perception-action systems are tightly coupled. Accordingly, Fitts' law has been observed when individuals execute, perceive, and imagine actions. Developmental research has found that (a) children demonstrate Fitts' law in imagined actions and (b) imagined movement time (MT) becomes closer to actual MT as age increases. However, action execution, imagination, and perception have yet to be assessed together in children. The authors investigated how imagined and perceived MTs related to actual MTs in children and adolescents...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644719/shaping-of-reach-to-grasp-kinematics-by-intentions-a-meta-analysis
#6
Ida Egmose, Simo Køppe
When we reach to grasp something, we need to take into account both the properties of the object we are grasping and the intention we have in mind. Previous research has found these constraints to be visible in the reach-to-grasp kinematics, but there is no consensus on which kinematic parameters are the most sensitive. To examine this, a systematic literature search and meta-analyses were performed. The search identified studies assessing how changes in either an object property or a prior intention affect reach-to-grasp kinematics in healthy participants...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524811/impact-of-tactile-sensation-on-dexterity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-patients-with-impaired-hand-function-after-stroke
#7
Elena L Pavlova, Jörgen Borg
The authors sought to explore the impact of tactile sensation on manual dexterity and the validity of the strength-dexterity test in subjects with chronic impairments after stroke in a cross-sectional study of 24 patients with impaired hand function after stroke. Dexterity was assessed by the strength-dexterity test, Box and Blocks, and Nine-Hole Peg Test, and the ABILHAND questionnaire. Sensation was measured by pinprick, cotton-wool, graphesthesia, and 2-point discrimination tests. Sensation in the paretic hand had strong association with paretic hand performance in the strength-dexterity test and Nine-Hole Peg Test and explained 13% of the variance...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521636/ipsilesional-arm-aiming-movements-after-stroke-influence-of-the-degree-of-contralesional-impairment
#8
Flavia Priscila de Paiva Silva, Sandra Maria Sbeghen Ferreira Freitas, Renata Morales Banjai, Sandra Regina Alouche
The authors examined the effects of the degree of impairment of the contralesional upper limb and the side of the hemispheric damage on ipsilesional upper limb performance in chronic stroke individuals. Right- and left-side stroke resulting in mild-to-severe impairment and healthy participants took part in simple and choice reaction time tasks involving aiming movements. The stroke individuals performed the aiming movements with the ipsilesional upper limb using a digitizing tablet to ipsi- or contralateral targets presented in a monitor...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521606/can-video-self-modeling-improve-affected-limb-reach-and-grasp-ability-in-stroke-patients
#9
Kylie Ann Steel, Kurt Mudie, Remi Sandoval, David Anderson, Sera Dogramaci, Mohammad Rehmanjan, Ingvars Birznieks
The authors examined whether feedforward video self-modeling (FF VSM) would improve control over the affected limb, movement self-confidence, movement self-consciousness, and well-being in 18 stroke survivors. Participants completed a cup transport task and 2 questionnaires related to psychological processes pre- and postintervention. Pretest video footage of the unaffected limb performing the task was edited to create a best-of or mirror-reversed training DVD, creating the illusion that patients were performing proficiently with the affected limb...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481692/the-role-of-consistent-context-in-rapid-movement-planning-suboptimal-endpoint-adjustment-to-changing-rewards
#10
Heather F Neyedli, Kevin A LeBlanc
The authors' purpose was to determine if participants adjusted their endpoint during a rapid aiming task in the context of changing rewards and whether participants needed consistent feedback to do so. Participants aimed to a target that was overlapped by a penalty region. Participants gained points for hitting the target but lost points for hitting the penalty region. The reward value associated with target contact either changed trial to trial, reducing consistent feedback (variable condition) or changed between blocks of trials (blocked condition) with the repetition of reward value within a block increasing the consistency of feedback...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328304/influence-of-additional-ankle-weights-on-kinematic-variables-of-late-preterm-infants-aged-3-4-months
#11
Jadiane Dionisio, Gabriela Lopes Dos Santos, Eloisa Tudella
The authors analyzed and compared the effect of additional weight on the spatiotemporal parameters of the kicking movement of late preterm and full-term infants. The experiment was divided into 4 conditions: training, baseline, weight, and postweight. In the W condition, a weight of one third the lower limb mass was added to the infant's ankle. During the baseline and postweight conditions, the ankle weight was removed. Late preterm infants do not differ from full-term infants in relation to spatiotemporal variables at 3 and 4 months...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935470/alternating-adaptation-of-eye-and-hand-movements-to-opposite-directed-double-steps
#12
Gerd Schmitz, Valentina Grigorova
Eye and hand movements can adapt to a variety of sensorimotor discordances. Studies on adaptation of movement directions suggest that the oculomotor and the hand motor system access the same adaptive mechanism related to the polarity of a discordance, because concurrent adaptations to opposite directed discordances strongly interfere. The authors scrutinized whether participants adapt their hand and eye movements to opposite directions (clockwise/counterclockwise) when both motor systems are alternatingly exposed to opposite directed double steps, and whether such adaptation is influenced by the allocation of effector to adaptation direction...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740896/association-between-body-mass-index-and-motor-competence-in-santal-children-of-purulia-district-india
#13
Sutanu Dutta Chowdhury, Brian H Wrotniak, Tusharkanti Ghosh
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body mass index and motor competence in Santal children 5-12 years old. A total of 816 Santal children were studied. Children's adiposity status was assessed by body mass index (BMI) for age z-score based on World Health Organization reference data. Motor competence was measured using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Competence (BOT-2). There was no significant difference in mean BMI z-score between Santal boys (0.13 ± 0.07) and girls (-0...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732431/remote-limb-ischemic-conditioning-at-two-cuff-inflation-pressures-yields-learning-enhancements-in-healthy-adults
#14
Kendra M Cherry-Allen, Jeff M Gidday, Jin-Moo Lee, Tamara Hershey, Catherine E Lang
The authors tested whether 2 doses of remote limb ischemic conditioning (RLIC), induced via blood pressure cuff inflation, enhanced motor and cognitive learning to an equal extent, and explored a panel of blood biomarkers of RLIC. Thirty-two young adults were randomized to 3 groups and underwent a 7-day protocol of RLIC/sham followed by motor and cognitive training, with follow-up. Both RLIC groups had greater motor learning and a trend toward greater cognitive learning compared with the sham group. RLIC at the lower inflation pressure was as effective as RLIC with the higher inflation pressure...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723429/stepping-responses-in-young-and-older-adults-following-a-perturbation-to-the-support-surface-during-gait
#15
Emily I McIntosh, John L Zettel, Lori Ann Vallis
The objective of this work was to investigate the influence perturbation direction has on postural responses during overground gait, and whether these responses are age related. Differences in stepping patterns following perturbations of the support surface were examined in the frontal and sagittal planes during forward walking. Eleven young and 10 older adults completed Mini BESTest, hip strength tests, and 45 perturbed walking trials, triggered on heel contact. Lateral perturbations were more challenging to postural stability for both groups...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644454/effect-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-combined-with-virtual-reality-training-on-balance-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#16
Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Fabiano Politti, Stefany Ferreira Belina, Luanda André Collange Grecco, Cibele Almeida Santos, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Jamile Benite Palma Lopes, Veronica Cimolin, Manuela Galli, Cláudia Santos Oliveira
The authors' aim was to investigate the effects of continuous transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with virtual reality training on static and functional balance in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Twenty children with CP (6 girls and 14 boys; M age = 7 years 6 months ± 2 years) were randomly allocated to two groups. The experimental group received active tDCS and the control group received sham stimulation during the 10 sessions of virtual reality mobility training protocols. The children were evaluated on 3 occasions (preintervention, postintervention, and 1-month follow-up)...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593342/motor-improvement-using-motion-sensing-game-devices-for-cerebral-palsy-rehabilitation
#17
Fabiana Rita Camara Machado, Priscilla Pereira Antunes, Jandara De Moura Souza, Antônio Cardoso Dos Santos, Daniela Centenaro Levandowski, Alcyr Alves De Oliveira
The authors aimed to investigate the effects of an intervention based on interactive game set with the movement sensor Kinect on children with cerebral palsy (CP). Twenty-eight participants were recruited. Their age was between 3 and 12 years old, and rated as level I, II, or III on the Gross Motor Function Classification System. They played two games from the Xbox 360 Kinect system and were evaluated using the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM) after a period of 8 weeks. The intervention led to significant motor function improvement as increase of the global scores on the GMFM (p < ...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592838/reductive-and-emergent-views-on-motor-learning-in-rehabilitation-practice
#18
Ludger van Dijk, Corry van der Sluis, Raoul M Bongers
To allow different views on motor learning to inform rehabilitation research, the authors aimed to explicate a frequently missed yet fundamental difference in starting point of such views. By considering how rehabilitation in practice answers the question of what parts an activity consists of, reductive and emergent approaches to motor learning are identified and traced throughout rehabilitation practice. The authors show that when a task is cut up along reductive dimensions while also apparently relying on emergent components, this unequally favors the reductive approach and acts to limit the views on motor learning available...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589010/grasp-based-functional-coupling-between-reach-and-grasp-related-components-of-forelimb-muscle-activity
#19
Shashwati Geed, Peter L E van Kan
How are appropriate combinations of forelimb muscles selected during reach-to-grasp movements in the presence of neuromotor redundancy and important task-related constraints? The authors tested whether grasp type or target location preferentially influence the selection and synergistic coupling between forelimb muscles during reach-to-grasp movements. Factor analysis applied to 14-20 forelimb electromyograms recorded from monkeys performing reach-to-grasp tasks revealed 4-6 muscle components that showed transport/preshape- or grasp-related features...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588813/ankle-intrinsic-stiffness-in-subcortical-poststroke-subjects
#20
Andreia S P Sousa, Rubim Santos, Augusta Silva
The authors' purpose was to evaluate bilateral ankle intrinsic stiffness in subcortical poststroke subjects. Ten subcortical poststroke subjects and 10 healthy controls participated in this study. The ankle passive stiffness at 3 different speeds and the electromyographic activity of the soleus, the gastrocnemius, and the tibialis anterior muscles of poststroke contralesional (CONTRA) and ipsilesional (IPSI) limbs and of one limb of healthy subjects were assessed. Ankle electromyographic activity was collected to ensure that reflexive or voluntary muscle activity was not being elicited during the passive movements...
May 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
journal
journal
22409
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"