journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Contraception

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433626/thrombin-impairs-human-endometrial-endothelial-angiogenesis-implications-for-progestin-only-contraceptive-induced-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#1
John P Shapiro, Ozlem Guzeloglu-Kayisli, Umit A Kayisli, Nihan Semerci, S Joseph Huang, Sefa Arlier, Kellie Larsen, Paolo Fadda, Frederick Schatz, Charles J Lockwood
OBJECTIVE: Progestin-only contraceptives induce abnormal uterine bleeding, accompanied by pro-thrombin leakage from dilated endometrial microvessels and increased thrombin generation by human endometrial stromal cell (HESC)-expressed tissue factor. Initial studies of the thrombin-treated HESC secretome identified elevated levels of cleaved chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan 4 (CSPG4), impairing pericyte-endothelial interactions. Thus, we investigated direct and CSPG4-mediated effects of thrombin in eliciting abnormal uterine bleeding by disrupting endometrial angiogenesis...
April 19, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390854/accessing-medical-and-surgical-first-trimester-abortion-services-women-s-experiences-and-costs-from-an-operations-research-study-in-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa
#2
Naomi Lince-Deroche, Tamara Fetters, Edina Sinanovic, Kelly Blanchard
OBJECTIVE(S): To explore women's experiences accessing services and estimate costs incurred for first-trimester abortion at four public hospitals in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Subanalysis from a prospective cohort study (2009-2011) of women aged 18-49years accessing abortion services through 12weeks' gestation. Trained study personnel conducted structured interviews with women about their reason for having an abortion, experiences accessing services and costs incurred...
April 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385554/a-survey-regarding-acceptability-of-oral-emergency-contraception-according-to-the-posited-mechanism-of-action
#3
S J Willetts, M MacDougall, S T Cameron
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the acceptability to women of oral emergency contraception (EC) that works by inhibiting ovulation, preventing implantation or disrupting implantation, and also to determine the characteristics of women associated with the acceptability of each posited mechanism of action. STUDY DESIGN: Women completed a self-administered, anonymous questionnaire asking whether they would consider using an EC pill based on each of three hypothetical mechanisms of action: inhibiting ovulation, preventing implantation or disrupting implantation...
April 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372978/residual-hormone-levels-in-used-contraceptive-rings-as-a-measurement-of-adherence-to-vaginal-ring-use
#4
Richard E Haaland, Angela Holder, Tammy Evans-Strickfaden, Beatrice Nyagol, Mumbi Makanga, Boaz Oyaro, Felix Humwa, Tiffany Williams, Eleanor McLellan-Lemal, Mitesh Desai, Michael J Huey
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to measure residual contraceptive hormone levels in vaginal rings as an adherence marker for monitoring product use in clinical trials. STUDY DESIGN: Residual etonogestrel and ethinyl estradiol levels from used NuvaRings® of 26 self-reported adherent women enrolled in a clinical trial of vaginal ring acceptability were compared to those from 16 women who used NuvaRing® as their contraceptive choice. RESULTS: Twenty-one (81%) clinical trial rings had contraceptive hormone levels within the range of those used as a contraceptive choice...
March 31, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365165/the-promotion-of-intrauterine-contraception-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
John Cleland, Moazzam Ali, Lenka Benova, Marina Daniele
CONTEXT: The contribution of copper-bearing intrauterine devices (IUDs) to overall contraceptive protection has declined in many countries, despite their well-known advantages. In response, initiatives to promote this method have been undertaken. OBJECTIVE: To review and interpret the experience of interventions to promote use of IUDs in low- and middle-income countries in order to provide strategic guidance for policies and programs. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of Medline, Popline, Embase and Global Health electronic databases for relevant journal papers, reports and gray literature since 2010...
March 30, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365166/-i-was-close-to-death-abortion-and-medical-risk-on-american-television-2005-2016
#6
Gretchen Sisson, Brenly Rowland
OBJECTIVES: To examine the portrayal of complications and long-term health consequences associated with abortion on television, recognizing the impact that fictional stories can have on public beliefs about abortion's safety. STUDY DESIGN: Using a systematic online search, we identified all instances of abortion on US television from 2005 to 2016. We qualitatively coded these plotlines to identify any occurrences of complications, interventions or long-term health consequences associated with abortion care, with 95% intercoder reliability...
March 29, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322769/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-contraceptive-knowledge-among-women-veterans-in-the-ecuun-study
#7
Elian Rosenfeld, Lisa S Callegari, Florentina E Sileanu, Xinhua Zhao, E Bimla Schwarz, Maria K Mor, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether racial/ethnic disparities in contraceptive knowledge observed in the general US population are also seen among women Veterans served by the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from a national telephone survey of 2302 women Veterans aged 18-44 who had received care within VA in the prior 12 months. Twenty survey items assessed women's knowledge about various contraceptive methods. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine racial/ethnic variation in contraceptive knowledge items, adjusting for age, marital status, education, income, parity, and branch of military service...
March 18, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322770/iud-use-among-parous-women-and-risk-of-uterine-perforation-a-secondary-analysis
#8
Klaas Heinemann, Clare Barnett, Suzanne Reed, Sabine Möhner, Thai Do Minh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine if delivery and lactation are risk factors for complete intrauterine device perforations. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a reanalysis of the European Active Surveillance Study on Intra-Uterine Devices data set using complete penetration of the myometrium as the definition for perforation. RESULTS: Of the 61,448 women enrolled (70% levonorgestrel, 30% copper devices), we identified 58 complete perforations, 30 of which occurred in lactating women...
March 16, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322768/unintended-pregnancies-among-women-serving-in-the-israeli-military
#9
Misgav Rottenstreich, Limor Loitner, Shir Dar, Ron Kedem, Noam Smorgick, Zvi Vaknin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of and variables associated with unintended pregnancy among young, unmarried women serving in the Israeli military. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of unmarried women drafted by the Israeli military between 2013 and 2015 at the age of 18years. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine associations between unintended pregnancy and women's education, IQ, immigration status, country of origin, neighborhood socioeconomic status, and history of psychiatric illness...
March 16, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315302/putting-research-into-practice-at-the-2017-national-abortion-federation-annual-meeting
#10
Alice Mark, Matthew F Reeves, Paul D Blumenthal, Rachel K Jones, Mark D Nichols, Vicki A Saporta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288789/blood-loss-at-the-time-of-surgical-abortion-up-to-14-weeks-in-anticoagulated-patients-a-case-series
#11
Bliss Kaneshiro, Mary Tschann, Jeffrey Jensen, Paula Bednarek, Ronnie Texeira, Alison Edelman
OBJECTIVE: To describe estimated blood loss (EBL) with surgical abortion ≤14 weeks' gestation in anticoagulated patients. STUDY DESIGN: We invited 170 clinicians involved in a professional listserv to report cases when they performed a surgical abortion on a patient ≤14 weeks' gestation taking an anticoagulant. Clinicians reported EBL and bleeding-related complications (need for a blood transfusion, additional surgical procedures to treat bleeding). We contacted clinicians 30 days postprocedure to capture postoperative complications...
March 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288788/the-effect-of-carbamazepine-on-etonogestrel-concentrations-in-contraceptive-implant-users
#12
Aaron Lazorwitz, Anne Davis, Maryke Swartz, Maryam Guiahi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of carbamazepine on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the etonogestrel contraceptive implant. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled healthy, reproductive-age women using an etonogestrel implant for one to three years. We measured etonogestrel levels at baseline and following three weeks of co-administered carbamazepine titrated up to 300mg twice daily. We also evaluated for ovarian follicle-like structures and endometrial thickness using transvaginal ultrasound at the baseline and 3 week visits...
March 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285154/the-pharmacokinetics-of-12-week-continuous-contraceptive-patch-use
#13
Antonella F Lavelanet, Denis Rybin, Katharine O White
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the change in serum ethinyl estradiol (EE2) and norelgestromin (NGMN) levels over 12 weeks of continuous contraceptive patch use. STUDY DESIGN: We asked participants (n=30) to apply consecutive patches to be worn continuously (without a patch-free interval) for 12 weeks. We collected blood samples at the end of each patch week and two times during weeks 4, 8, and 12 (with the additional blood draw occurring mid-week). Liquid chromatography-tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was utilized to assess EE2 and NGMN levels...
March 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285153/contraceptive-method-and-self-reported-hiv-status-among-women-in-malawi
#14
Jamie E Luster, Abigail Norris Turner, Duna Alkhalaileh, Maria F Gallo
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to describe contraceptive methods used by women in Malawi and determine whether contraceptive use differed by self-reported HIV status. Effective contraception is a primary method of preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. STUDY DESIGN: Analysis is based on 12,658 nonpregnant, sexually debuted women ages 15-49 years in the 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey. Analysis was restricted to respondents with contraceptive need (i.e., fecund and did not want a child in the next 12 months) who reported their last HIV test result...
March 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263747/technique-for-bilateral-salpingectomy-at-the-time-of-cesarean-delivery-a-case-series
#15
Jose R Duncan, Mauro H Schenone, Giancarlo Mari
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Society of Gynecologic Oncology endorse bilateral salpingectomy for ovarian cancer prevention. We describe a bilateral salpingectomy technique in 23 patients during Cesarean delivery. Operative time, hospital length of stay and complications are reported. Bilateral salpingectomy during Cesarean delivery appears feasible.
March 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263748/response-to-contraceptive-knowledge-assessment-methodological-issue-on-reliability-analysis
#16
LETTER
Veronica Ades, Meagan Campol Haynes, Nessa Ryan, Mona Saleh, Abigail Ford Winkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263746/contraceptive-knowledge-assessment-methodological-issue-on-reliability-analysis
#17
LETTER
Siamak Sabour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238840/study-of-the-effect-of-ulipristal-acetate-on-human-sperm-ability-to-interact-with-tubal-tissue-and-cumulus-oocyte-complexes
#18
Carlos Zumoffen, Matías D Gómez-Elías, Adriana M Caille, Luis Bahamondes, Patricia S Cuasnicú, Débora J Cohen, María José Munuce
OBJECTIVE: Ulispristal acetate (UPA) is a selective progesterone receptor modulator widely used for emergency contraception (EC). The described main mechanism of action is by inhibiting or delaying ovulation; however, the postovulatory effects of the drug are still on debate. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether UPA could interfere with human sperm fertilizing ability. STUDY DESIGN: Human motile spermatozoa were incubated under capacitating conditions with or without UPA, and then used to inseminate human tubal explants, mouse cumulus-oocyte complexes and zona-free hamster eggs...
February 24, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238839/postpartum-weight-loss-in-overweight-and-obese-women-using-the-etonogestrel-subdermal-implant-a-pilot-study
#19
Leanne Griffin, Cassing Hammond, Dachao Liu, Alfred W Rademaker, Jessica Kiley
OBJECTIVE: To compare weight loss during the first 6months postpartum in overweight and obese women using the etonogestrel-implant, placed in the immediate postpartum period, with that of controls using non-hormonal contraception, utilizing a pilot design. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot, prospective cohort study. Analysis groups were divided by body mass index (BMI) (Overweight: 25-29.9kg/m(2); Class I Obesity: 30-34.5kg/m(2); Class II Obesity: 35-39.9kg/m(2)) and grouped by use of etonogestrel implant or non-hormonal contraception for all outcomes...
February 24, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232128/safety-outcomes-of-female-sterilization-by-salpingectomy-and-tubal-occlusion
#20
Julie Westberg, Fiona Scott, Mitchell D Creinin
OBJECTIVE: Compare immediate and short-term complications and surgical times among women having laparoscopic salpingectomy or tubal occlusion for female sterilization. STUDY DESIGN: We used billing data to identify women having laparoscopic sterilization at our training institution between July 1, 2011, and June 30, 2015. We performed a retrospective chart review to extract demographic information, surgical times and complications within 30 days, including unscheduled clinic or emergency room visits...
February 21, 2017: Contraception
journal
journal
22377
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"