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Chemico-biological Interactions

Happy Agarwal, Soumya Menon, S Venkat Kumar, S Rajeshkumar
A large array of diseases caused by bacterial pathogens and origination of multidrug resistance in their gene provokes the need of developing new vectors or novel drug molecules for effective drug delivery and thus, better treatment of disease. The nanoparticle has emerged as a novel drug molecule in last decade and has been used in various industrial fields like cosmetics, healthcare, agricultural, pharmaceuticals due to their high optical, electronic, medicinal properties. Use of nanoparticles as an antibacterial agent remain in current studies with metal nanoparticles like silver, gold, copper, iron and metal oxide nanoparticles like zinc oxide, copper oxide, titanium oxide and iron oxide nanoparticles...
March 15, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Bai Hui Chen, Ji Hyeon Ahn, Joon Ha Park, Minah Song, Hyunjung Kim, Tae-Kyeong Lee, Jae Chul Lee, Young-Myeong Kim, In Koo Hwang, Dae Won Kim, Choong-Hyun Lee, Bing Chun Yan, Il Jun Kang, Moo-Ho Won
Rufinamide is a novel antiepileptic drug and commonly used in the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. In the present study, we investigated effects of rufinamide on cognitive function using passive avoidance test and neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus using Ki-67 (a marker for cell proliferation), doublecortin (DCX, a marker for neuroblast) and BrdU/NeuN (markers for newly generated mature neurons) immunohistochemistry in aged gerbils. Aged gerbils (24-month old) were treated with 1 mg/kg and 3 mg/kg rufinamide for 4 weeks...
March 13, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Pramod Kushwah, Abhishek Yadav, S J S Flora
Chelation therapy is the mainstream treatment for heavy metal poisoning. Apart from this, therapy using antioxidant/herbal extracts are the other strategies now commonly being tried for the treatment. We have previously reported individual beneficial efficacy of nanoparticle mediated administration of an antioxidant like 'curcumin' and an arsenic chelator 'monoisoamyl 2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (MiADMSA)' for the treatment of arsenic toxicity compared to bulk drugs. The present paper investigates our hypothesis that a combination drug delivery therapy employing two nanosystems, a chelator and a strong antioxidant, may produce more pronounced therapeutic effects compared to individual effects in the treatment of arsenic toxicity...
March 13, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Safa Ben Mimouna, Sana Boughammoura, Marouane Chemek, Zohra Haouas, Mohamed Banni, Imed Messaoudi
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of maternal Cd and/or Zn exposure on some parameters of Zn metabolism in fetal brain of Wistar rats. Thus, female controls and other exposed by the oral route during the gestation period to Cd (50 mg CdCl2 /L) and/or Zn (ZnCl2 60 mg/L) were used. The male fetuses at age 20 days of gestation (GD20) were sacrificed and their brains were taken for histological, chemical and molecular analysis. Zn depletion was observed in the brains of fetuses issued from mothers exposed to Cd...
March 13, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Xiangrong Li, Kaiwei Wang, Yanru Peng
The interaction of nanoparticles (NPs) with proteins is a topic of high relevance for the medical application of nanomaterials. In the study, a comprehensive investigation was performed for the binding properties of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) to pepsin. The results indicate that the binding of AgNPs to pepsin may be a static quenching mechanism. Thermodynamic analysis reveals that AgNPs binds to pepsin is synergistically driven by enthalpy and entropy, and the major driving forces are hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions...
March 9, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Jie-Qiong Ma, Chan-Min Liu, Wei Yang
Rutin, a natural flavonoid, possess beneficial health effects. However, its renoprotective effect against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) induced injury and the underlying mechanism is not clarified. The current study aims is to identify the therapeutic effects of rutin on oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis in mouse kidney exposed to CCl4 . ICR mice received CCl4 with or without rutin co-administration for one week. Compared with the control group, mice receiving CCl4 alone showed kidney injury as evidenced by elevation in serum biochemical markers, inflammation, caspase-3 activity and apoptosis in kidney, while rutin administration significantly attenuated these pathophysiological changes...
March 6, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Zhihu Zhao, Xinlong Ma, Jianxiong Ma, Xiaolei Sun, Fengbo Li, Jianwei Lv
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been shown to be involved in the process of physiological neovascularization in vivo. Because increasing evidence has indicated that naringin, a major active ingredient in the Chinese herb Drynaria fortunei, can promote angiogenesis and inhibit endothelial cell apoptosis, our study was designed to determine the role of naringin in EPC proliferation and tube formation capacity and examine the potential mechanism for these effects. EPCs were isolated from bone marrow and treated with naringin...
March 3, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Nguyen Thi Trang, Vu Thi Huyen, Nguyen Thanh Tuan, Tran Duc Phan
N-acetyltransferase-2 (NAT2) and Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are phase-II xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes participating in detoxification of toxic arylamines, aromatic amines, hydrazines and reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are produced under oxidative and electrophile stresses. The purpose of this research was to investigate whether two common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of NAT2 (rs1799929, rs1799930) and GSTP1 (rs1138272, rs1695) associated with susceptibility to idiopathic male infertility...
March 2, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Jing Wu, Chao Sun, Ruoyi Wang, Juan Li, Meng Zhou, Mi Yan, Xia Xue, Chuanxin Wang
Cardiotoxicity is a dose-dependent side effect of epirubicin that restricts its clinical utility in cancer chemotherapy. Paeonol is an active constituent with various biological activities, including the protection of antineoplastic-induced toxicities. In the present study, we investigated the protective effect of paeonol on epirubicin-induced cardiotoxicity and explored the underlying mechanism. A series of methods were used including a MTT assay, flow cytometry, echocardiography, TUNEL staining, a dual-luciferase reporter assay, immunofluorescence, RT-PCR and Western blotting...
March 2, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Silvia M S Sandes, Luana Heimfarth, Renan G Brito, Priscila L Santos, Daniele N Gouveia, Alexandra M S Carvalho, Jullyana S S Quintans, Edeildo F da Silva-Júnior, Thiago M de Aquino, Paulo H B França, João X de Araújo-Júnior, Ricardo L C Albuquerque-Júnior, Gokhan Zengin, Martine Schmitt, Jean-Jacques Bourguignon, Lucindo J Quintans-Júnior
BACKGROUND: Indole-3-guanylhydrazone hydrochloride (LQM01) is a new derivative of aminoguanidine hydrochloride, an aromatic aminoguanidine. METHODS: Mice were treated with LQM01 (5, 10, 25 or 50 mg/kg, i.p.), vehicle (0.9% saline i.p.) or a standard drug. The mice were subjected to carrageenan-induced pleurisy, abdominal writhing induced by acetic acid, the formalin test and the hot-plate test. The model of non-inflammatory chronic muscle pain induced by saline acid was also used...
February 27, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Samir A Salama, Hany H Arab, Hany A Omar, Hesham S Gad, Gamil M Abd-Allah, Ibrahim A Maghrabi, Majed M Al Robaian
UVA comprises more than 90% of the solar UV radiation reaching the Earth. Artificial lightening lamps have also been reported to emit significant amounts of UVA. Exposure to UVA has been associated with dermatological disorders including skin cancer. At the molecular level, UVA damages different cellular biomolecules and triggers inflammatory responses. The current study was devoted to investigate the potential protective effect of L-carnitine against UVA-induced skin tissue injury using rats as a mammalian model...
February 27, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Dalia H Samak, Yasser S El-Sayed, Hazem M Shaheen, Ali H El-Far, Atsuto Onoda, Mohamed M Abdel-Daim, Masakazu Umezawa
With ubiquitous applications of nanotechnology, there are increasing probabilities of exposure to manufactured nanoparticles (NPs), which might be posing emerging health concerns on the next generation. Recent data suggest that generation of reactive oxygen species may play an integral role in the carbon black nanoparticles (CBNPs)-induced oxidative injury; however, the exact molecular mechanism has not been clarified. Hence, the role of oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis pathways in the CBNPs-induced neuronal toxicity following in-ovo exposure of chicken embryo was elucidated...
February 26, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Rahul Bhattacharyya, Pooja Gupta, Sandip K Bandyopadhyay, Birija Sankar Patro, Subrata Chattopadhyay
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) provides an effective cancer treatment option but it requires sufficient cellular oxygen concentration to exert its photosensitizing effects. Due to hypoxic nature of most tumors, widespread clinical application of PDT is restricted and warrants development of photosensitizers which can kill cancer cells in ROS independent manner. Previously, we reported significant enhancement of the anti-cancer property of coralyne in presence of ultraviolet-A (UVA) light exposure against several human carcinoma cell lines...
February 24, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Samarjit Jana, Kartick Patra, Jagannath Jana, Deba Prasad Mandal, Shamee Bhattacharjee
Cancer cells possess elevated ROS coupled with increased levels of antioxidant enzymes which render them resistant against cytotoxic chemotherapies. Therefore, an understanding of the interaction between key molecules involved in stress adaptive mechanisms is important to innovate strategies against cancer cell chemoresistance. Here, the lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 with constitutively expressed Nrf2 was found to be more tolerant to H2 O2 (0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 1 mM) than normal lung cell line L132 or p53 null lung cancer cell line H1299...
February 24, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Gyeong-A Ko, Somi Kim Cho
Phytol (3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-2-hexadecen-1-ol) is an acyclic monounsaturated diterpene alcohol generated from chlorophyll metabolism that exerts anti-inflammatory, antithrombotic, antimicrobial, and antitumor effects. However, the effect of phytol on melanogenesis and the underlying molecular mechanisms of its inhibition remain unknown. Here, we found that phytol suppressed α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone-induced melanogenesis in B16F10 murine melanoma cells without any toxic effects. Phytol significantly attenuated melanin production by reducing the expression of tyrosinase and tyrosinase related protein 1...
February 24, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Thoria Donia, Marian Nabil, Tarek M Mohamed
There are global increased interests to identify novel agents that can possess anti-tumor effects or maximize the anti-tumor effects of low doses for conventional anti-cancer drugs. The aim of this study was to investigate anti-tumor effects and protective role of isolated hesperidin from sweet orange on doxorubicin-induced toxicity in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) bearing mice. Tumor cells were injected into Swiss albino mice followed by hesperidin administration either alone or in combination with doxorubicin...
February 23, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Xiaolan Yu, Wei Tang, Yingcheng Yang, Li Tang, Rongyang Dai, Bangming Pu, Chunhong Feng, Jiyi Xia
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancer and leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Baicalein, a principle flavonoid, has shown attractive anti-cancer effects on HCC. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms and influencing factors contributing to the anti-cancer effects of baicalein on HCC are still largely unknown. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been revealed to be fascinating therapeutic targets for cancers. The roles of NF-κB Interacting LncRNA (NKILA) are recently explored in several cancers...
February 23, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Jaceline Sanches, Yunchao Xu, Iddrisu Baba Yabasin, Min Li, Ying Lu, Xiaoxin Xiu, Lu Wang, Limin Mao, Jie Shen, Bo Wang, Li Hou, Jingfang Ju, Junjun Zhao, Bo Song
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the common gynecological deadly malignancy worldwide. Here we attempted to evaluate the effects and mechanisms of microRNA-501-5p (miR-501) on the cell proliferation, migration, invasion and the clinical significance in the cervical cancer. METHODS: Cervical cancer HeLa cells were transfected with miR-501 mimic or inhibitor or siRNA against Cylindromatosis (CYLD) using Lipofectamine 2000. miR-501 expression was assessed in HeLa cells and cervical cancer specimens by real-time qRT-PCR...
February 22, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Huanhuan Jin, Naqi Lian, Mianli Bian, Chenxi Zhang, Xingran Chen, Jiangjuan Shao, Li Wu, Anping Chen, Qinglong Guo, Feng Zhang, Shizhong Zheng
Accumulating data reveal that oroxylin A has beneficial effects against chronic liver disease. The previously studies showed oroxylin A, a flavonoid extracted from Scutellariae radix, improved acute liver injury and accelerated liver regeneration in vivo. However, it's unclear that the effect of oroxylin A on alcoholic liver disease. The present study was aimed at elucidating the effect of oroxylin A on alcohol-induced hepatic steatosis and the underlying mechanisms. Human hepatocyte LO2 were cultured and stimulated with ethanol for inducing LO2 damage...
February 21, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Viviana Calvillo-Páez, Rogerio R Sotelo-Mundo, Mario Leyva-Peralta, Juan Carlos Gálvez-Ruiz, David Corona-Martínez, Ramón Moreno-Corral, Raymundo Escobar-Picos, Herbert Höpfl, Octavio Juárez-Sánchez, Karen Ochoa Lara
In this work, we report on the synthesis of two new mono-alkylated tetrandrine derivatives with acridine and anthracene units, MAcT and MAnT. The compounds were fully characterized by standard techniques and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In addition, both derivatives were studied as nucleotide receptors and double-stranded DNA binders in aqueous phosphate buffer at pH = 7.2 using UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. According to the molecular recognition studies, MAcT and MAnT exhibit high affinity (K ∼ 105  M-1 ) and selectivity for ds-DNA, presumably in an intercalation mode...
February 21, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
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