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Chemico-biological Interactions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133031/chloroquine-upregulates-trail-trailr2-expression-and-potentiates-doxorubicin-anti-tumor-activity-in-thioacetamide-induced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-model
#1
Sahar A Helmy, Mohamed El-Mesery, Amro El-Karef, Laila A Eissa, Amal M El Gayar
Impaired apoptosis and systemic toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs make cancer treatment suboptimal. Thus, there is urgency for drug repurposing which facilitates discovery of safe and effective combination therapy. This study aimed to evaluate chloroquine's (CQ) ability to trigger TRAIL/TRAILR2 apoptotic pathway in thioacetamide (TAA)-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) either alone or in combination with doxorubicin (DOX). Moreover, its ability to attenuate DOX-induced cardiotoxicity was investigated. TAA was injected in male Sprague Dawely rats (200 mg/kg; ip; 2 times/week) for 16 weeks...
November 10, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133030/20-s-protopanaxadiol-ppd-alleviates-scopolamine-induced-memory-impairment-via-regulation-of-cholinergic-and-antioxidant-systems-and-expression-of-egr-1-c-fos-and-c-jun-in-mice
#2
Cong Lu, Liming Dong, Jingwei Lv, Yan Wang, Bei Fan, Fengzhong Wang, Xinmin Liu
20(S)-protopanaxadiol (PPD) possesses various biological properties, including anti-inflammatory, antitumor and anti-fatigue properties. Recent studies found that PPD functioned as a neurotrophic agent to ameliorate the sensory deficit caused by glutamate-induced excitotoxicity through its antioxidant effects and exhibited strong antidepressant-like effects in vivo. The objective of the present study was first to investigate the effect of PPD in scopolamine (SCOP)-induced memory deficit in mice and the potential mechanisms involved...
November 10, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108775/facilitation-of-9-10-phenanthrenequinone-elicited-neuroblastoma-cell-apoptosis-by-nad-p-h-quinone-oxidoreductase-1
#3
Toshiyuki Matsunaga, Kyoko Kamase, Hiroaki Takasawa, Yukiko Yamaji, Satoshi Endo, Ossama El-Kabbani, Akira Ikari
9,10-Phenanthrenequinone (PQ), a major quinone component in diesel exhaust particles, is considered to provoke damage of respiratory and vascular cells through highly producing reactive oxygen species (ROS), but little is known about its pathophysiological role in neuronal cell damage. In this study, we found that incubation with 1,2-naphthoquinone, 1,4-naphthoquinone and PQ, major quinone components in diesel exhausts, provokes apoptosis of human neuroblastoma cell lines. SK-N-SH cell treatment with a lethal concentration of PQ facilitated ROS production within 6 h...
November 10, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128607/effects-of-a-new-antiprotozoal-drug-n-n-diphenyl-4-methoxy-benzamidine-on-energy-linked-functions-of-rat-liver-mitochondria
#4
Lyvia Lintzmaier Petiz, Amanda do Rocio Andrade Pires, Aurea Echevarria, Cláudio Eduardo Rodrigues-Santos, Maria Eliane Merlin Rocha, Alexandra Acco, Silvia Maria Suter Correia Cadena
Amidines are chemically characterized by the presence of two nitrogen atoms that bind to the same carbon atom in its structure. Several biological activities have been ascribed to these compounds. Pentamidine, an aromatic diamidine, is effective in the treatment against Pneumocystis carinii and leishmaniasis, but it can also have severe side effects. New amidine derivatives have been synthesized, among them N,N'-diphenyl-4-methoxy-benzamidine (methoxyamidine), which is effective against Leishmania amazonensis (LD50 = 20 μM) and Trypanosoma cruzi (LD50 = 59 nM)...
November 9, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128606/salvianic-acid-a-sodium-protects-huvec-cells-against-tert-butyl-hydroperoxide-induced-oxidative-injury-via-mitochondria-dependent-pathway
#5
Dan Jia, Tian Li, Xiaofei Chen, Xuan Ding, Yifeng Chai, Alex F Chen, Zhenyu Zhu, Chuan Zhang
Salvianic acid A (Danshensu) is a major water-soluble component in Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen), which has been widely used in clinic in China for treatment of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of salvianic acid A sodium (SAAS) against tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) oxidative injury and the potential molecular mechanisms. In the antioxidant activity-assessing models, SAAS significantly prevented t-BHP induced cell proliferation inhibition and apoptosis...
November 8, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128605/erythrocytes-as-a-biological-model-for-screening-of-xenobiotics-toxicity
#6
REVIEW
Mayada Ragab Farag, Mahmoud Alagawany
Erythrocytes are the main cells in circulation. They are devoid of internal membrane structures and easy to be isolated and handled providing a good model for different assays. Red blood cells (RBCs) plasma membrane is a multi-component structure that keeps the cell morphology, elasticity, flexibility and deformability. Alteration of membrane structure upon exposure to xenobiotics could induce various cellular abnormalities and releasing of intracellular components. Therefore the morphological changes and extracellular release of haemoglobin [hemolysis] and increased content of extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) [as signs of membrane stability] could be used to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of various molecules...
November 8, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126784/steroids-from-helleborus-caucasicus-reduce-cancer-cell-viability-inducing-apoptosis-and-grp78-down-regulation
#7
Stefania Martucciello, Gaetana Paolella, Tamara Muzashvili, Alexandre Skhirtladze, Cosimo Pizza, Ivana Caputo, Sonia Piacente
Helleborus caucasicus (Ranunculaceae) is an endemic plant of the Caucasian flora, widely distributed in West Georgia. Biological activities for the extracts of some Helleborus species including H. caucasicus have been reported. In this work we found that butanolic extract of the underground parts of H. caucasicus and isolated compounds decreased cell viability in vitro on cancer cell line of lung origin (Calu-1) in a concentration-dependent manner, compared to the normal cell line. In particular, we identified that furostanol derivative (25S)-22α,25-epoxyfurost-5-ene-3β,11β,26-triol 26-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (5), 20-hydroxyecdysone (6), and 3β,5β,14β-trihydroxy-19-oxo-bufa-20,22-dienolide 3-O-α-l-rhamnopyranoside, known as deglucohellebrin (7) exerted a strong cytotoxic effect on the same cells and on other cancer cell lines (HepG2 and Caco-2) reducing the S-phase entry (compound 6) and inducing cell apoptosis associated with activation of caspase-3 (compound 7)...
November 7, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108777/antioxidant-for-treatment-of-diabetic-nephropathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Amit D Kandhare, Anwesha Mukherjee, Subhash L Bodhankar
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality amongst the diabetes mellitus patients. Oxidative stress played a major role in the pathogenesis of DN. Many studies reported that therapies with antioxidant potential have a beneficial effect on DN but there is conflicting evidence amongst them. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the association between antioxidant and DN and to develop a robust evidence for clinical decisions by conducting systematic reviews and meta-analysis...
November 7, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122540/bone-abnormalities-in-young-male-rats-with-iron-intervention-and-possible-mechanisms
#9
Yanqin Li, Bin Bai, Yaohui Zhang
Studies suggest iron overload may cause bone lesion. The mechanisms are not well understood at present. Therefore, this study was designed to observe the effect of iron overload on bone metabolism in young male rats and explore its possible mechanism. Eighteen SD rats were randomly assigned to iron-loading and control groups. Fe-dextran (250 mg/kg of body weight) was injected intraperitoneally into the rats from iron-loading group, every other day for 5 weeks. The bone mineral density (BMD) of femur, length and diameter of tibia, and histological microstructure of femur and vertebra was determined...
November 6, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122539/a-new-polyacetylene-glucoside-from-vernonia-scorpioides-and-its-potential-antihyperglycemic-effect
#10
Luiz A E Pollo, Marisa J Frederico, Adailton J Bortoluzzi, Fátima R M B Silva, Maique W Biavatti
Natural polyacetylene compounds have been found mainly in seven botanical families and remain underexplored and understudied, despite its inherent chemical and biological reactivity, due to the presence of conjugated triple bonds. Some polyacetylene glucosides have been found to stimulate glucose uptake in C5BL/ks-db/db obese diabetic mice, and since polyacetylene glucosides previously found in Vernonia scorpioides showed little to none cytotoxicity, in this study the antihyperglycemic potential of a new V...
November 6, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108773/asiatic-acid-abridges-pre-neoplastic-lesions-inflammation-cell-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-a-rat-model-of-colon-carcinogenesis
#11
Aktarul Islam Siddique, Vijay Mani, Senbagarani Renganathan, Rajagopal Ayyanar, Ananthi Nagappan, Nalini Namasivayam
The utmost aim of this present study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative and proapoptotic potential of Asiatic acid (AA) on 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colon carcinogenesis in experimental rats. Rats were divided into six groups and received modified pellet diet for 32 weeks. Group 1 served as control rats. Group 2 received AA (4 mg/kg b.w. p.o.). Group 3-6 rats received 15 DMH (20 mg/kg b.w., s.c.) injections once a week starting from the 4th week. Besides DMH, rats received AA (4 mg/kg b...
November 6, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117507/zingerone-protects-keratinocyte-stem-cells-from-uvb-induced-damage
#12
Jienny Lee, Sae Woong Oh, Seoung Woo Shin, Kyung-Woo Lee, Jae-Youl Cho, Jongsung Lee
The epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin, is a stratified epithelium that protects the body from the external environment. Keratinocyte stem cells (KSCs) are involved in epidermis homeostasis by maintaining epidermal integrity through a process of constant regeneration. Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation is a major inducer of cellular damage in the epidermis. In this study, we investigated the effects of zingerone (a phenolic compound derived from spices) on UVB-induced cellular damage in KSCs. We found that zingerone significantly inhibited cellular senescence of KSCs in response to UVB irradiation...
November 5, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113808/galangin-induces-cell-death-by-modulating-the-expression-of-glyoxalase-1-and-nrf-2-in-hela-cells
#13
Raj Kumar, A B Tiku
The present study was designed to understand the anticancer property and molecular mechanisms associated with chemo preventive effects of galangin. The anticancer effect was evaluated in vitro using human cervical cancer cell line (HeLa). Galangin was found to be effective in inducing cell death and inhibiting proliferation & migration significantly. The inhibitory effect of galangin could be correlated with the increase in ROS production & induction of apoptosis. Besides this the activity of glyoxalase-1, an enzyme important for the detoxification of cytotoxic metabolite methy glyoxal and Nrf-2 (a trascription factor), involved in redox signalling were found to be decreased...
November 4, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113807/cyanate-improves-insulin-sensitivity-and-hepatic-steatosis-in-normal-and-high-fat-fed-mice-anorexic-and-antioxidative-effects
#14
Seong Sik Kang, Kyo-Cheol Mun, Ji Hae Seo, Misun Choe, Eunyoung Ha
Obesity is an important contributing factor to progression of chronic kidney disease. Cyanate, known as uremic toxin, is an electrophile produced spontaneously from urea or by myeloperoxidase-catalyzed oxidation of thiocyanate. Herein, we explored metabolic effects of cyanate in normal chow diet (NCD)- and high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Mice were treated with cyanate (1 mg/mL in drinking water) and fed NCD or HFD. Peritoneal glucose tolerance test (PGTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were performed. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine concentrations were determined...
November 4, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113806/cynatratoside-c-from-cynanchum-atratum-displays-anti-inflammatory-effect-via-suppressing-tlr4-mediated-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-mapk-signaling-pathways-in-lps-induced-mastitis-in-mice
#15
Ge Hu, Dong Hong, Tao Zhang, Huiqin Duan, Panying Wei, Xinxin Guo, Xiang Mu
The present study was conducted to isolate anti-inflammatory compound from Cynanchum atratum and investigate the molecular mechanisms of active compound against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis in mice. Bioassay-guided fractionations and isolation (via ex vivo tests) of compounds with anti-inflammatory activity were performed on roots of C. atratum yielding a pure bioactive compound: Cynatratoside-C, identified by comparing spectral data (EI-MS, (1)H NMR and (13)C NMR) with literature values. Ex vivo tests showed that Cynatratoside-C inhibited the expression of TLR4 and pro-inflammatory cytokine (TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β) production in LPS-stimulated primary mouse mammary epithelial cells...
November 4, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108776/evaluation-of-chlorpyrifos-toxicity-through-a-28-day-study-cholinesterase-activity-oxidative-stress-responses-parent-compound-metabolite-levels-and-primary-dna-damage-in-blood-and-brain-tissue-of-adult-male-wistar-rats
#16
Nevenka Kopjar, Suzana Žunec, Gordana Mendaš, Vedran Micek, Vilena Kašuba, Anja Mikolić, Blanka Tariba Lovaković, Mirta Milić, Ivan Pavičić, Ana Marija Marjanović Čermak, Alica Pizent, Ana Lucić Vrdoljak, Davor Želježić
In this 28 day-study, we evaluated the effects of the insecticide chlorpyrifos orally administered to Wistar rats at doses 0.160, 0.015, and 0.010 mg/kg b. w./day. Following treatment, total cholinesterase activity and activities of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) were measured. Oxidative stress responses were evaluated using a battery of endpoints to establish lipid peroxidation, changes in total antioxidant capacity, level of reactive oxygen species (ROS), glutathione (GSH) level and activities of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase...
November 4, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108774/gender-based-behavioral-and-biochemical-effects-of-diphenyl-diselenide-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#17
Bruna Karoline Occai, Waseem Hassan, João Batista Teixeira da Rocha
In the present study we investigated the effects of Diphenyl Diselenide (DPDS) on behavioral and biochemical parameters in Drosophila melanogaster (DM). We also tried to explore the gender differences in response to DPDS treatment. One of the salient features of the present report is that, at the highest tested concentration (3.0 mmol/kg) the survival rate in females was significantly higher (65%) as compared with male subjects (27.5%). However in alive subjects, different results pattern was observed. The locomotor activity of females significantly decreased at all tested concentrations and no statistical difference was observed in males at 0...
November 3, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102535/bisphenol-af-negatively-affects-oocyte-maturation-of-mouse-in-vitro-through-increasing-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage
#18
Zhi-Ming Ding, Xiao-Fei Jiao, Di Wu, Jia-Yu Zhang, Fan Chen, Yong-Sheng Wang, Chun-Jie Huang, Shou-Xin Zhang, Xiang Li, Li-Jun Huo
Bisphenol AF (BPAF) is commonly used in industry production as a substitute for Bisphenol A (BPA). Many studies showed that BPAF negatively affect some physiological processes in humans and animals. However, the effects of BPAF on oocyte maturation and its possible mechanisms are sparsely understood. In the present study, we found that 100 μM BPAF exposure affect oocyte maturation with a decreased first polar body extrusion (PBE) rate. Immunofluorescence study displayed that BPAF exposure disrupt the spindle morphology through affecting the function of microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs), which was confirmed by the dysfunction of γ-tubulin and phosphorylated mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-MAPK)...
November 2, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080797/modulations-of-dnmt1-and-hdac1-are-involved-in-the-ota-induced-cytotoxicity-and-apoptosis-in-vitro
#19
Yajiao Zhou, Fang Gan, Lili Hou, Xuan Zhou, Yassin Abdulrahim Adam Ibrahim, Kehe Huang
Ochratoxin A (OTA) as a fungal metabolite is reported to induce cytotoxicity and apoptosis through the mechanism of oxidative stress. Oxidative stress could induce the epigenetic enzymes modifications. However, whether epigenetic enzymes modifications are involved in OTA-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis has not been reported until now. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to verify OTA-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis and to investigate the potential role of epigenetic enzymes in OTA-induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in PK15 cells...
November 2, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079291/mechanisms-of-redox-interactions-of-bilirubin-with-copper-and-the-effects-of-penicillamine
#20
Bojana Božić, Jelena Korać, Dalibor M Stanković, Marina Stanić, Ana Popović-Bijelić, Jelena Bogdanović Pristov, Ivan Spasojević, Milica Bajčetić
Toxic effects of unconjugated bilirubin (BR) in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia have been related to redox and/or coordinate interactions with Cu(2+). However, the development and mechanisms of such interactions at physiological pH have not been resolved. This study shows that BR reduces Cu(2+) to Cu(1+) in 1:1 stoichiometry. Apparently, BR undergoes degradation, i.e. BR and Cu(2+) do not form stable complexes. The binding of Cu(2+) to inorganic phosphates, liposomal phosphate groups, or to chelating drug penicillamine, impedes redox interactions with BR...
October 26, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
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