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Chemico-biological Interactions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919305/magnolol-protects-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells-against-methylglyoxal-induced-cellular-dysfunction
#1
Kwang Sik Suh, Suk Chon, Woon-Won Jung, Eun Mi Choi
Chronic hyperglycemia aggravates insulin resistance, in part due to increased formation of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs). Methylglyoxal (MG), a major precursor of AGEs, accumulates abnormally in various tissues and organs and participates in oxidative damage. We investigated the insulinotropic benefits of magnolol, a hydroxylated biphenyl compound isolated from Magnolia officinalis, in pancreatic β-cells exposed to MG in vitro. When exposed to cytotoxic levels of MG for 48 h, RIN-m5F β-cells exhibited a significant loss of viability and impaired insulin secretion, whereas pretreatment with magnolol protected against MG-induced cell death and decreased insulin secretion...
September 15, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919304/safety-of-novel-liposomal-drugs-for-cancer-treatment-advances-and-prospects
#2
REVIEW
Keyu He, Meng Tang
Liposome is a kind of prospective abiotic drug delivery system for cancer treatment. Novel liposomes modified with PEG, cationic lipids and highly selective molecules achieve better stability, half-life and selectivity as well as less severe side effects. However, novel liposomes are still not nontoxic. PEG on the surface of liposomes interfere the combination of cancer cells and drugs. Cationic liposomes can induce oxidative damage and cytotoxicity to normal tissues. To further improve the safety of liposomal drugs, liposomal drugs must be highly selective to cancer tissues and cancer cells, at the same time, induce minimum damage to normal cells...
September 15, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919306/comments-on-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-pharmacokinetics-and-toxicity-evaluation-of-curcumin-incorporated-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-for-biomedical-applications
#3
LETTER
Nuggehally R Srinivas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918125/iodinated-chlorin-p6-copper-complex-induces-anti-proliferative-effect-in-oral-cancer-cells-through-elevation-of-intracellular-reactive-oxygen-species
#4
Paromita Sarbadhikary, Alok Dube
We investigated the anticancer chemotoxicity of previously reported iodinated chlorin p6 copper complex (ICp6-Cu), a novel chlorophyll derivative in which copper is attached to the side chain carboxylate groups via coordination. Human oral carcinoma cells NT8e, 4451 and the non-cancerous keratinocyte HaCaT cells were treated with ICp6-Cu for 48 h in dark and cell viability, proliferation and morphological alterations were examined. ICp6-Cu showed pronounced cytotoxicity in cancer cells with IC50 ∼40 μM, whereas, the viability of HaCaT cells was not affected...
September 13, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918124/polyphenols-reported-to-shift-apap-induced-changes-in-mapk-signaling-and-toxicity-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Ngoc Uy Nguyen, Brendan David Stamper
Due to its widespread availability, acetaminophen (APAP) is the leading cause for drug-induced liver injury in many countries including United States and United Kingdom. When used as recommended, APAP is relatively safe. However, in overdose cases, increased metabolism of APAP to N-acetyl-para-benzoquinoneimine (NAPQI), a reactive metabolite, leads to glutathione (GSH) depletion, oxidative stress, and cellular injury. Throughout this process, a variety of factors play important roles in propagating toxicity, including c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family...
September 13, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918123/carnosic-acid-induces-apoptosis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-via-ros-mediated-mitochondrial-pathway
#6
Xinrui Zhang, Yiling Chen, Guangsheng Cai, Xin Li, Di Wang
Carnosic acid (CA), an important bioactive phenolic diterpene mainly found in labiate plants, exerts various biological functions, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, and neuroprotective activities. In the present study, we proved the deleterious effects of CA against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in both in vitro and in vivo models. In vitro, CA significantly decreased cell viability, inhibited cell proliferation and migration, enhanced apoptosis, and increased caspase-3, -8, and -9 activities in HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells...
September 13, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916337/angiotensin-ii-induces-calcium-mediated-autophagy-in-podocytes-through-enhancing-reactive-oxygen-species-levels
#7
Na Gao, Hui Wang, Hongqiang Yin, Zhuo Yang
As well known, abnormalities of Angiotensin II (Ang II) is closely related with glomerular damage. This study was to investigate whether Ang II could affect autophagy in podocytes via oxidative stress, and whether autophagy had a positive role in protecting podocytes impaired by Ang II. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay showed that Ang II induced podocyte death. The measurements of malondialdehyde (MDA) and H2O2 levels, and flow cytometry assay revealed that Ang II considerably increased ROS generation in podocytes...
September 12, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916336/renal-tubular-and-adrenal-medullary-tumors-in-the-2-year-rat-study-with-canagliflozin-confirmed-to-be-secondary-to-carbohydrate-glucose-malabsorption-in-the-15-month-mechanistic-rat-study
#8
Sandra De Jonghe, Mark D Johnson, Rao N V S Mamidi, Petra Vinken, Bianca Feyen, Godelieve Lammens, Jim Proctor
During preclinical development of canagliflozin, an SGLT2 inhibitor, treatment-related pheochromocytomas, renal tubular tumors (RTT), and testicular Leydig cell tumors were reported in the 2-year rat toxicology study. In a previous 6-month rat mechanistic study, feeding a glucose free diet prevented canagliflozin effects on carbohydrate malabsorption as well as the increase in cell proliferation in adrenal medulla and kidneys, implicating carbohydrate malabsorption as the mechanism for tumor formation. In this chronic study male Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed orally with canagliflozin at high dose-levels (65 or 100 mg/kg/day) for 15 months and received either a standard diet or a glucose-free diet...
September 12, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916335/troxerutin-abrogates-mitochondrial-oxidative-stress-and-myocardial-apoptosis-in-mice-fed-calorie-rich-diet
#9
Rajagopalan Geetha, Chandrasekaran Sathiya Priya, Carani Venkatraman Anuradha
Mitochondrial oxidative stress plays a major role in the pathogenesis of myocardial apoptosis in metabolic syndrome (MS) patients. In this study, we investigated the effect of troxerutin (TX), an antioxidant on mitochondrial oxidative stress and apoptotic markers in heart of mice fed fat and fructose-rich diet. Adult male Mus musculus mice were fed either control diet or high fat, high fructose diet (HFFD) for 60 days to induce MS. Mice from each dietary group were divided into two on the 16th day and were either treated or untreated with TX (150 mg/kg bw, p...
September 12, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911802/transient-gestational-exposure-to-drinking-water-containing-excess-hexavalent-chromium-modifies-insulin-signaling-in-liver-and-skeletal-muscle-of-rat-progeny
#10
Navaneethabalakrishnan Shobana, Mariajoseph Michael Aruldhas, Lalmuankimi Tochhawng, Ayyalu Loganathan, Sadhasivam Balaji, Mani Kathiresh Kumar, Liaquat Alikhan Sheerin Banu, Ajit Kumar Navin, Chinnaiyan Mayilvanan, Ramachandran Ilangovan, Karundevi Balasubramanian
Chromium (Cr), an essential micronutrient potentiates insulin action, whereas excess hexavalent Cr (CrVI) acts as an endocrine disruptor. Pregnant mothers living in areas abutting industries using the metal and chromite ore dumps are exposed to ground water contaminated with Cr. Nevertheless, the impact of prenatal exposure to excess CrVI on insulin signaling in the progeny remains obscure. We tested the hypothesis "transient gestational exposure to drinking water containing excess CrVI may modify insulin signaling during postnatal life"...
September 11, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899792/evidence-for-non-linear-metabolism-at-low-benzene-exposures-a-reanalysis-of-data
#11
K McNally, C Sams, G D Loizou, K Jones
The presence of a high-affinity metabolic pathway for low level benzene exposures of less than one part per million (ppm) has been proposed although a pathway has not been identified. The variation of metabolite molar fractions with increasing air benzene concentrations was suggested as evidence of significantly more efficient benzene metabolism at concentrations <0.1 ppm The evidence for this pathway is predicated on a rich data set from a study of Chinese shoe workers exposed to a wide range of benzene concentrations (not just "low level")...
September 9, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890383/interaction-between-rhein-acyl-glucuronide-and-methotrexate-based-on-human-organic-anion-transporters
#12
Yuan Yuan, Hua Yang, Linghua Kong, Yuan Li, Ping Li, Hongjian Zhang, Jianqing Ruan
Rhein, a major bioactive compound of many medicinal herbs and the prodrug of diacerein, is often used with low dose of methotrexate as drug combination to treat rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, potential drug-drug interaction between methotrexate and rhein was investigated based on organic anion transporters (OAT). Our study demonstrated that rhein acyl glucuronide (RAG), the major metabolite of rhein in the human blood circulation, significantly inhibited the uptake of p-aminohippurate in hOAT1 transfected cells with IC50 value of 691 nM and estrone sulfate uptake in hOAT3 transfected cells with IC50 value of 78...
September 7, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890382/in-vitro-genotoxicity-and-in-vivo-subchronic-evaluation-of-the-anti-inflammatory-pyrazole-compound-lqfm021
#13
Soraia Santa de Moura, Renato Ivan de Ávila, Lara Barroso Brito, Rhaul de Oliveira, Gisele Augusto Rodrigues de Oliveira, Francine Pazini, Ricardo Menegatti, Aline Carvalho Batista, Cesar Koppe Grisolia, Marize Campos Valadares
Scientific evidences have highlighted 5-(1-(3-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2H-tetrazole (LQFM021) as a promising anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antinociceptive agent due to its effects on peripheral opioid receptors associated with activation of the nitric oxide/cGMP/KATP pathway. Despite these important pharmacological findings, toxicity data of LQFM021 are scarce. Thus, this study investigated the in vitro genotoxicity of LQFM021 through cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay (OECD Nº 487/2014). Moreover, zebrafish model was used to assess the embryotoxicity potential of LQFM021 using fish embryo toxicity test (OECD Nº 236/2013) with extended exposure to evaluate subchronic larval development...
September 7, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882553/non-parametric-estimation-of-low-concentration-benzene-metabolism
#14
Louis A Cox, A Robert Schnatter, Peter J Boogaard, Marcy Banton, Hans B Ketelslegers
Two apparently contradictory findings in the literature on low-dose human metabolism of benzene are as follows. First, metabolism is approximately linear at low concentrations, e.g., below 10 ppm. This is consistent with decades of quantitative modeling of benzene pharmacokinetics and dose-dependent metabolism. Second, measured benzene exposure and metabolite concentrations for occupationally exposed benzene workers in Tianjin, China show that dose-specific metabolism (DSM) ratios of metabolite concentrations per ppm of benzene in air decrease steadily with benzene concentration, with the steepest decreases below 3 ppm...
September 4, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870783/19p13-3-gadd45b-common-variants-and-19q13-3-ppp1r13l-and-19q13-3-cd3eap-in-lung-cancer-risk-among-chinese
#15
Wei Hou, Jiaoyang Yin, Ulla Vogel, Zhenxiang Sun, Duohong Liang
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The GADD45 gene family plays important roles in a variety of the responses to cell injury including cell cycle checkpoints, apoptosis, DNA repair and anti-tumor immunity. The 19p13.3-GADD45B encoded protein product is involved in apoptosis and inhibiting tumor growth. To evaluate the association of 19p13.3-GADD45B common variants and lung cancer risk, the present study containing 544 Chinese lung cancer cases and 550 cancer-free controls was conducted...
September 1, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864277/neolignans-from-leaves-of-nectandra-leucantha-lauraceae-display-in%C3%A2-vitro-antitrypanosomal-activity-via-plasma-membrane-and-mitochondrial-damages
#16
Simone S Grecco, Thais A Costa-Silva, Gerold Jerz, Fernanda S de Sousa, Vinicius S Londero, Mariana K Galuppo, Marta L Lima, Bruno J Neves, Carolina H Andrade, Andre G Tempone, João Henrique G Lago
Chagas disease is a neglected tropical disease, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which affects more than eight million people in Tropical and Subtropical countries especially in Latin America. Current treatment is limited to nifurtimox and benznidazole, both with reduced effectiveness and high toxicity. In this work, the n-hexane extract from leaves of Nectandra leucantha (Lauraceae) displayed in vitro antitrypanosomal activity against T. cruzi. Using several chromatographic steps, four related neolignans were isolated and chemically characterized as dehydrodieugenol B (1), 1-(8-propenyl)-3-[3'-methoxy-1'-(8-propenyl)-phenoxy]-4,5-dimethoxybenzene (2), 1-[(7S)-hydroxy-8-propenyl]-3-[3'-methoxy-1'-(8'-propenyl)-phenoxy]-4-hydroxy-5-methoxybenzene (3), and 1-[(7S)-hydroxy-8-propenyl]-3-[3'-methoxy-1'-(8'-propenyl)-phenoxy]-4,5-dimethoxybenzene (4)...
August 31, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864276/physiopathology-of-multiple-organ-dysfunction-in-severely-monocrotophos-poisoned-rabbits
#17
Yun-Xiu Hou, Shi-Wen Liu, Lian-Wen Wang, Shu-Hua Wu
OBJECTIVE: Acute organophosphorus pesticides poisoning has a serious threat on people's health. This study aimed to investigate the pathogenesis and molecular mechanism of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in severely monocrotophos-poisoned rabbits. METHODS: Chinchilla rabbits were used to build the monocrotophos-poisoned animal model via subcutaneous abdominal injection. Acetylcholinesterase activity was determined using the dithiobisnitrobenzoic acid enzyme kinetics method, and the free organophosphorus (FOP) toxic substances content was analyzed using the enzyme inhibition method...
August 29, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844859/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-restrains-hepatocyte-growth-factor-expression-in-hepatic-stellate-cells-and-rat-acute-liver-failure-model
#18
Yuting Liu, Xiongxiong Pan, Shu Li, Yue Yu, Jianliang Chen, Jie Yin, Guoqiang Li
The aim of this study was to test whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress suppresses hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) expression in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and whether ER stress plays a role in alleviating d-Galactosamine and Lipopolysaccharide (D-GalN/LPS)-induced acute liver failure (ALF) by regulating HGF expression. Rat HSCs line HSC-T6 were treated with the ER stress inducers tunicamycin or thapsigargin, and ER stress inhibitors sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (4-PBA) or salubrinal, respectively. Recombinant lentivirus containing eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIf2α), named LV-eIf2α-shRNA-GFP was produced to block eIf2α activated by ER stress...
August 24, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844858/mir-221-222-promote-cancer-stem-like-cell-properties-and-tumor-growth-of-breast-cancer-via-targeting-pten-and-sustained-akt-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-cox-2-activation
#19
Bailong Li, Ying Lu, Lihui Yu, Xiaocui Han, Honghai Wang, Jun Mao, Jie Shen, Bo Wang, Jianwu Tang, Chunyan Li, Bo Song
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in regulating cancer stem cell (CSC). Previous studies have shown that microRNA-221/222 (miR-221/222) cluster are involved in the propagation of breast cancer stem cell (BCSC), however, the underlying molecular mechanisms are still not fully understood. In this study, we found that miR-221/222 were overexpressed in highly aggressive breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells, that are enriched in markers for epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and BCSCs, than in MCF-7 cells...
August 24, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842171/colistin-induced-autophagy-and-apoptosis-involves-the-jnk-bcl2-bax-signaling-pathway-and-jnk-p53-ros-positive-feedback-loop-in-pc-12-cells
#20
Ziyin Lu, Yusong Miao, Ishfaq Muhammad, Erjie Tian, Wanjun Hu, Jian Wang, Bo Wang, Rui Li, Jichang Li
Our recent study demonstrated neurotoxicity of colistin-induced autophagy and apoptosis in PC-12 cells, and that autophagy reached peak level at 12 h. In this study, we scrutinized the role of JNK in colistin-induced neurotoxicity and demonstrated the relationship among JNK, p53 and ROS in colistin treated PC-12 cells. Colistin-induced autophagy and apoptosis by JNK inhibition/activation were examined by western blotting, electron microscopy, and immunofluorescence/fluorescence microscopy. The results indicated that colistin induced JNK activation reached peak level at 12 h, while the highest levels of p-Bcl2/Bcl2 were observed at 12 h and Bax/Bcl2 significantly increased in a time-dependent manner...
August 24, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
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