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Demography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785527/birth-intervals-and-health-in-adulthood-a-comparison-of-siblings-using-swedish-register-data
#1
Kieron J Barclay, Martin Kolk
A growing body of research has examined whether birth intervals influence perinatal outcomes and child health as well as long-term educational and socioeconomic outcomes. To date, however, very little research has examined whether birth spacing influences long-term health. We use contemporary Swedish population register data to examine the relationship between birth-to-birth intervals and a variety of health outcomes in adulthood: for men, height, physical fitness, and the probability of falling into different body mass index categories; and for men and women, mortality...
May 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785526/education-and-physical-health-trajectories-in-later-life-a-comparative-study
#2
Liliya Leopold
The cumulative (dis)advantage hypothesis states that health disparities between education groups increase with age. The present study examined this hypothesis in a comparative analysis of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Sweden. These countries offer sharp contrasts in the social conditions that may intensify or inhibit processes of cumulative (dis)advantage. Using harmonized panel data from the HRS, ELSA, and SHARE, the study applied Poisson multilevel regression models to trace changes in the number of chronic conditions and functional limitations of people aged 50-76 (N = 16,887 individuals; 71,154 observations)...
May 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785525/beyond-the-border-and-into-the-heartland-spatial-patterning-of-u-s-immigration-detention
#3
Margot Moinester
The expansion of U.S. immigration enforcement from the borders into the interior of the country and the fivefold increase in immigration detentions and deportations since 1995 raise important questions about how the enforcement of immigration law is spatially patterned across American communities. Focusing on the practice of immigration detention, the present study analyzes the records of all 717,160 noncitizens detained by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in 2008 and 2009-a period when interior enforcement was at its peak-to estimate states' detention rates and examine geographic variation in detention outcomes, net of individual characteristics...
May 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770923/formerly-incarcerated-parents-and-their-children
#4
Bruce Western, Natalie Smith
The negative effects of incarceration on child well-being are often linked to the economic insecurity of formerly incarcerated parents. Researchers caution, however, that the effects of parental incarceration may be small in the presence of multiple-partner fertility and other family complexity. Despite these claims, few studies have directly observed either economic insecurity or the full extent of family complexity. We study parent-child relationships with a unique data set that includes detailed information about economic insecurity and family complexity among parents just released from prison...
May 16, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761419/measuring-geographic-migration-patterns-using-matr%C3%A3-culas-consulares
#5
Maria Esther Caballero, Brian C Cadena, Brian K Kovak
In this article, we show how to use administrative data from the Matrícula Consular de Alta Seguridad (MCAS) identification card program to measure the joint distribution of sending and receiving locations for migrants from Mexico to the United States. Whereas other data sources cover only a small fraction of source or destination locations or include only very coarse geographic information, the MCAS data provide complete geographic coverage of both countries, detailed information on migrants' sources and destinations, and a very large sample size...
May 14, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761418/growing-and-learning-when-consumption-is-seasonal-long-term-evidence-from-tanzania
#6
Paul Christian, Brian Dillon
This article shows that the seasonality of food consumption during childhood, conditional on average consumption, affects long-run human capital development. We develop a model that distinguishes differences in average consumption levels, seasonal fluctuations, and idiosyncratic shocks, and estimate the model using panel data from early 1990s Tanzania. We then test whether the mean and seasonality of a child's consumption profile affect height and educational attainment in 2010. Results show that the negative effects of greater seasonality are 30 % to 60 % of the magnitudes of the positive effects of greater average consumption...
May 14, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748767/school-progress-among-children-of-same-sex-couples
#7
Caleb S Watkins
This study uses logit regressions on a pooled sample of children from the 2012, 2013, and 2014 American Community Survey to perform a nationally representative analysis of school progress for a large sample of 4,430 children who reside with same-sex couples. Odds ratios from regressions that compare children between different-sex married couples and same-sex couples fail to show significant differences in normal school progress between households across a variety of sample compositions. Likewise, marginal effects from regressions that compare children with similar family dynamics between different-sex married couples and same-sex couples fail to predict significantly higher probabilities of grade retention for children of same-sex couples...
May 10, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744823/incorporating-neighborhood-choice-in-a-model-of-neighborhood-effects-on-income
#8
Maarten van Ham, Sanne Boschman, Matt Vogel
Studies of neighborhood effects often attempt to identify causal effects of neighborhood characteristics on individual outcomes, such as income, education, employment, and health. However, selection looms large in this line of research, and it has been argued that estimates of neighborhood effects are biased because people nonrandomly select into neighborhoods based on their preferences, income, and the availability of alternative housing. We propose a two-step framework to disentangle selection processes in the relationship between neighborhood deprivation and earnings...
May 9, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736891/children-and-the-elderly-wealth-inequality-among-america-s-dependents
#9
Christina M Gibson-Davis, Christine Percheski
Life cycle theory predicts that elderly households have higher levels of wealth than households with children, but these wealth gaps are likely dynamic, responding to changes in labor market conditions, patterns of debt accumulation, and the overall economic context. Using Survey of Consumer Finances data from 1989 through 2013, we compare wealth levels between and within the two groups that make up America's dependents: the elderly and child households (households with a resident child aged 18 or younger)...
May 7, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704193/health-selection-migration-and-hiv-infection-in-malawi
#10
Philip Anglewicz, Mark VanLandingham, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Hans-Peter Kohler
Despite its importance in studies of migrant health, selectivity of migrants-also known as migration health selection-has seldom been examined in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This neglect is problematic because several features of the context in which migration occurs in SSA-very high levels of HIV, in particular-differ from contextual features in regions that have been studied more thoroughly. To address this important gap, we use longitudinal panel data from Malawi to examine whether migrants differ from nonmigrants in pre-migration health, assessed via SF-12 measures of mental and physical health...
April 27, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693225/marriage-markets-and-intermarriage-exchange-in-first-marriages-and-remarriages
#11
Zhenchao Qian, Daniel T Lichter
Drawing on data from the American Community Survey, we compare patterns of assortative mating in first marriages, remarriages, and mixed-order marriages. We identify a number of ascribed and achieved characteristics that are viewed as resources available for exchange, both as complements and substitutes. We apply conditional logit models to show how patterns of assortative mating among never-married and previously married persons are subject to local marriage market opportunities and constraints. The results reveal that previously married individuals "cast a wider net": spousal pairings are more heterogamous among remarriages than among first marriages...
April 24, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693224/the-role-of-family-behaviors-in-determining-income-distribution-the-case-of-south-korea
#12
Inhoe Ku, Wonjin Lee, Seoyun Lee, Kyounghoon Han
In this article, we examined what has contributed to the worsening income inequality and poverty between 1996 and 2011 in South Korea. We used a rank-preserving exchange method and a conditional reweighting method to assess the roles of family behaviors-including female labor force participation and family structure-characteristics of household heads, and men's earnings. The results showed that the change in men's earnings was a dominant factor in accounting for the increasing income inequality and poverty...
April 24, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29654601/gender-differences-in-the-consequences-of-divorce-a-study-of-multiple-outcomes
#13
Thomas Leopold
In this study, I examined gender differences in the consequences of divorce by tracing annual change in 20 outcome measures covering four domains: economic, housing and domestic, health and well-being, and social. I used data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) and fixed-effects panel regression models on a sample of N = 18,030 individuals initially observed in a marital union, N = 1,220 of whom divorced across the observation period (1984-2015). Three main findings emerged from the analysis. First, men were more vulnerable to short-term consequences of divorce for subjective measures of well-being, but postdivorce adaptation alleviated gender differences in these outcomes...
April 13, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623609/if-science-had-come-first-a-billion-person-fable-for-the-ages-a-reply-to-comments
#14
Daniel Goodkind
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623608/socioeconomic-factors-have-been-the-major-driving-force-of-china-s-fertility-changes-since-the-mid-1990s
#15
Zhongwei Zhao, Guangyu Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623607/making-demography-astonishing-lessons-in-the-politics-of-population-science
#16
Susan Greenhalgh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623606/is-demography-just-a-numerical-exercise-numbers-politics-and-legacies-of-china-s-one-child-policy
#17
Feng Wang, Yong Cai, Ke Shen, Stuart Gietel-Basten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623605/co-editors-note
#18
EDITORIAL
John D Iceland, Stephen A Matthews, Jennifer Van Hook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589320/growing-wealth-gaps-in-education
#19
Fabian T Pfeffer
Prior research on trends in educational inequality has focused chiefly on changing gaps in educational attainment by family income or parental occupation. In contrast, this contribution provides the first assessment of trends in educational attainment by family wealth and suggests that we should be at least as concerned about growing wealth gaps in education. Despite overall growth in educational attainment and some signs of decreasing wealth gaps in high school attainment and college access, I find a large and rapidly increasing wealth gap in college attainment between cohorts born in the 1970s and 1980s, respectively...
March 27, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569029/a-second-look-at-the-process-of-occupational-feminization-and-pay-reduction-in-occupations
#20
Hadas Mandel
Using the IPUMS-USA data for the years 1960-2015, this study examines trends in the effect of occupational feminization on occupational pay in the U.S. labor market and explores some of the mechanisms underlying these trends. The findings show that the (negative) association between occupational feminization and occupational pay level has declined, becoming insignificent in 2015. This trend, however, is reversed after education is controlled for at the individual as well as the occupational level. The two opposite trends are discussed in light of the twofold effect of education: (1) the entry of women into occupations requiring high education, and (2) the growing returns to education and to occupations with higher educational requirements...
March 22, 2018: Demography
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