journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166573/interaction-of-hsp90-with-phospholipid-model-membranes
#1
Muhan Zhang, Daoying Wang, Pengpeng Li, Chong Sun, Rong Xu, Zhiming Geng, Weimin Xu, Zhaoqi Dai
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is an essential molecular chaperone with versatile functions in cell homeostatic control under both normal and stress conditions. Hsp90 has been found to be expressed on the cell surface, but the mechanism of Hsp90 association to the membrane remains obscure. In this study, the direct interaction of Hsp90 and phospholipid vesicles was characterized, and the role of Hsp90 on membrane physical state was explored. Using surface plasmon resonance (SPR), we observed a strong interaction between Hsp90 and different compositions of lipid...
November 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158185/cdk5-mediated-phosphorylation-of-sirt2-contributes-to-depressive-like-behavior-induced-by-social-defeat-stress
#2
Zheng Zhang, Pei Zhang, Guang-Jian Qi, Feng-Juan Jiao, Qing-Zhi Wang, Jian-Guo Yan, Feng He, Qian Zhang, Ze-Xi Lv, Xiang Peng, Hong-Wei Cai, Xiaoqian Chen, Ning Sun, Bo Tian
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common, severe and recurrent psychiatric disorder worldwide; however, the underlying neuropathological mechanisms remain elusive. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) appear to play an essential role in depression. As the class III HDACs, Sirt1 and Sirt2 have attracted the most interest in the nervous system. Indeed, chronic stress decreased Sirt1 activity and down-regulated Sirt1 gene expression in MDD. Nevertheless, there is a paucity of literature on the role of Sirt2. To study the role of Sirt2 we established a MDD mouse model in wild type and Sirt2 knockout C57BL/6 mice using social defeat stress (SDS)...
November 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158184/tgf-%C3%AE-mediated-upregulation-of-sox9-in-fibroblast-promotes-renal-fibrosis
#3
Huanan Li, Huimin Cai, Jia Deng, Xiaolong Tu, Yanyan Sun, Zhen Huang, Zhi Ding, Lei Dong, Jiangning Chen, Yuhui Zang, Junfeng Zhang
TGF-β signaling plays a principal role in renal fibrosis, but the precise mechanisms and the downstream factors are still largely unknown. Sox9 exhibits diverse roles in regulating the production of extracellular matrix proteins. Here we found that Sox9 was induced by TGF-β in the kidney fibroblast and acted as an important downstream mediator of TGF-β signaling in promoting renal fibrosis. TGF-β/Smad signaling mediated the upregulation of Sox9 in kidney fibroblast by binding to a conserved enhancer. In different mouse models of renal fibrosis, as well as in the kidney biopsy tissue from patients with renal fibrosis, Sox9 expression significantly increased...
November 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158183/serine-prevented-high-fat-diet-induced-oxidative-stress-by-activating-ampk-and-epigenetically-modulating-the-expression-of-glutathione-synthesis-related-genes
#4
Xihong Zhou, Liuqin He, Shengnan Zuo, Yumei Zhang, Dan Wan, Ciming Long, Pan Huang, Canrong Wu, Xin Wu, Gang Liu, Yulong Yin
Serine deficiency has been observed in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Whether serine supplementation has any beneficial effects on the prevention of NAFLD remains unknown. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of serine supplementation on hepatic oxidative stress and steatosis and its related mechanisms. Forty male C57BL/6J mice (9week-old) were randomly assigned into four groups (n=10) and fed: i) a low-fat diet; ii) a low-fat diet supplemented with 1% (wt:vol) serine; iii) a high-fat (HF) diet; and iv) a HF diet supplemented with 1% serine, respectively...
November 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158134/the-inflammasome-pathway-is-amplified-and-perpetuated-in-an-autocrine-manner-through-connexin43-hemichannel-mediated-atp-release
#5
Odunayo O Mugisho, Colin R Green, Dan T Kho, Jie Zhang, E Scott Graham, Monica L Acosta, Ilva D Rupenthal
BACKGROUND: Connexin43 hemichannels have been implicated in many inflammatory diseases including diabetic retinopathy (DR). Particularly, hemichannel-mediated ATP release has been associated with inflammasome pathway activation. Using an in vitro cell culture model, we evaluated hemichannel roles in response to inflammatory cytokines under high glucose (HG) conditions and propose a mechanism by which a connexin43 hemichannel-mediated autocrine ATP feedback loop augments chronic inflammatory disease...
November 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158133/characterization-of-heparan-sulfate-n-deacetylase-n-sulfotransferase-isoform-4-using-synthetic-oligosaccharide-substrates
#6
Yi-Jun Li, Feng-Xin Yin, Xin-Ke Zhang, Jie Yu, Shuang Zheng, Xin-Lei Song, Feng-Shan Wang, Ju-Zheng Sheng
BACKGROUND: The final structure of heparan sulfate chains is strictly regulated in vivo, though the biosynthesis is not guided by a template process. N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase (NDST) is the first modification enzyme in the HS biosynthetic pathway. The N-sulfo groups introduced by NDST are reportedly involved in determination of the susceptibility to subsequent processes catalyzed by C5-epimerse and 3-O-sulfotranferases. Understanding the substrate specificities of the four human NDST isoforms has become central to uncovering the regulatory mechanism of HS biosynthesis...
November 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157894/selective-inhibition-reveals-cyclin-dependent-kinase-2-as-another-kinase-that-phosphorylates-the-androgen-receptor-at-serine-81
#7
Radek Jorda, Zuzana Bučková, Eva Řezníčková, Jan Bouchal, Vladimír Kryštof
Several studies have revealed that cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) can mediate phosphorylation of steroid receptors at multiple sites, including serine 81 of the androgen receptor (AR). Phosphorylation of S81 is required for AR nuclear translocation in association with chromatin and also regulates endogenous AR-regulated transcription in response to hormones. Up to date, S81-phosphorylation has been studied using different CDK inhibitors. Nevertheless, most inhibitors are non-selective or have unknown selectivity...
November 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155212/effect-of-isoquercitrin-on-membrane-dynamics-and-apoptosis-like-death-in-escherichia-coli
#8
JiEun Yun, Eun-Rhan Woo, Dong Gun Lee
Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is defined as the lowest concentration of a compound that completely inhibits microbial growth. Antibacterial mechanisms of compounds have been investigated at their sub-MICs as well as at their MIC. In this study, the effects of sub-MIC and MIC of isoquercitrin on Escherichia coli were investigated. The antibacterial effect of isoquercitrin was tested using the microdilution method. Sub-MICs of isoquercitrin induced the production of reactive oxygen species and depletion of glutathione...
November 16, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155211/modeling-squid-axon-k-channel-by-a-nucleation-and-growth-kinetic-mechanism
#9
Rolando Guidelli, Lucia Becucci
A kinetic model accounting for all salient features of the K(+) channel of the squid giant axon, including the rising phase of the ON gating charge and theCole-Moore effect, is provided. Upon accounting for a significant feature distinguishing K(+), Na(+) andCa(2+) channels from channel-forming peptides modeled in our previous 2016 BBA paper, the nucleation-and-growth kinetic model developed therein is extended to simulate ON ionic and gating currents of the K(+) channel of the squid giant axon at different depolarization potentials by the use of only two free parameters...
November 16, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155213/human-umbilical-vein-endothelium-derived-exosomes-play-a-role-in-foetoplacental-endothelial-dysfunction-in-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Tamara Sáez, Rocío Salsoso, Andrea Leiva, Fernando Toledo, Paul de Vos, Marijke Faas, Luis Sobrevia
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) characterizes by foetoplacental endothelial dysfunction. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) from women with GDM show increased L-arginine transport via the human cationic amino acid transporter 1 (hCAT-1). Moreover, expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and nitric oxide synthesis are increased. Exosomes are increased in maternal plasma from GDM. We evaluated the role of foetoplacental endothelial exosomes on endothelial dysfunction in GDM. Exosomes were isolated from HUVECs from normal (ExN) and GDM (ExGDM) pregnancies...
November 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155071/structural-rearrangements-of-the-rna-polymerase-iii-machinery-during-trna-transcription-initiation
#11
REVIEW
Ewan Phillip Ramsay, Alessandro Vannini
RNA polymerase III catalyses the synthesis of tRNAs in eukaryotic organisms. Through combined biochemical and structural characterisation, multiple auxiliary factors have been identified alongside RNA Polymerase III as critical in both facilitating and regulating transcription. Together, this machinery forms dynamic multi-protein complexes at tRNA genes which are required for polymerase recruitment, DNA opening and initiation and elongation of the tRNA transcripts. Central to the function of these complexes is their ability to undergo multiple conformational changes and rearrangements that regulate each step...
November 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155070/cytosolic-aminoacyl-trna-synthetases-unanticipated-relocations-for-unexpected-functions
#12
Nathaniel Yakobov, Sylvain Debard, Frédéric Fischer, Bruno Senger, Hubert Dominique Becker
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cytosolic aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRSs) are essentially known for their conventional function of generating the full set of aminoacyl-tRNA species that are needed to incorporate each organism's repertoire of genetically-encoded amino acids during ribosomal translation of messenger RNAs. However, bacterial and eukaryotic cytosolic aaRSs have been shown to exhibit other essential nonconventional functions. Here we review all the subcellular compartments that prokaryotic and eukaryotic cytosolic aaRSs can reach to exert either a conventional or nontranslational role...
November 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155055/cell-culture-models-of-fatty-acid-overload-problems-and-solutions
#13
REVIEW
Nour Alsabeeh, Bruno Chausse, Pamela A Kakimoto, Alicia J Kowaltowski, Orian Shirihai
High plasma levels of fatty acids occur in a variety of metabolic diseases. Cellular effects of fatty acid overload resulting in negative cellular responses (lipotoxicity) are often studied in vitro, in an attempt to understand mechanisms involved in these diseases. Fatty acids are poorly soluble, and thus usually studied when complexed to albumins such as bovine serum albumin (BSA). The conjugation of fatty acids to albumin requires care pertaining to preparation of the solutions, effective free fatty acid concentrations, use of different fatty acid species, types of BSA, appropriate controls and ensuring cellular fatty acid uptake...
November 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154949/a-novel-microscopy-based-assay-identifies-extended-synaptotagmin-1-esyt1-as-a-positive-regulator-of-anoctamin-1-traffic
#14
Joana R Lérias, Madalena C Pinto, Hugo M Botelho, Nikhil T Awatade, Margarida C Quaresma, Iris A L Silva, Podchanart Wanitchakool, Rainer Schreiber, Rainer Pepperkok, Karl Kunzelmann, Margarida D Amaral
An attractive possibility to treat Cystic Fibrosis (CF), a severe condition caused by dysfunctional CFTR, an epithelial anion channel, is through the activation of alternative (non-CFTR) anion channels. Anoctamin 1 (ANO1) was demonstrated to be a Ca(2+)-activated chloride channel (CaCC) and thus of high potential to replace CFTR. Despite that ANO1 is expressed in human lung CF tissue, it is present at the cell surface at very low levels. In addition, little is known about regulation of ANO1 traffic, namely which factors promote its plasma membrane (PM) localization...
November 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154948/the-mitochondrial-tmem177-associates-with-cox20-during-cox2-biogenesis
#15
Isotta Lorenzi, Silke Oeljeklaus, Abhishek Aich, Christin Ronsör, Sylvie Callegari, Jan Dudek, Bettina Warscheid, Sven Dennerlein, Peter Rehling
The three mitochondrial-encoded proteins, COX1, COX2, and COX3, form the core of the cytochrome c oxidase. Upon synthesis, COX2 engages with COX20 in the inner mitochondrial membrane, a scaffold protein that recruits metallochaperones for copper delivery to the CuA-Site of COX2. Here we identified the human protein, TMEM177 as a constituent of the COX20 interaction network. Loss or increase in the amount of TMEM177 affects COX20 abundance leading to reduced or increased COX20 levels respectively. TMEM177 associates with newly synthesized COX2 and SCO2 in a COX20-dependent manner...
November 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154940/ebulin-rp-a-novel-member-of-the-ebulin-gene-family-with-low-cytotoxicity-as-a-result-of-deficient-sugar-binding-domains
#16
Rosario Iglesias, J Miguel Ferreras, Antimo Di Maro, Lucía Citores
BACKGROUND: Sambucus ebulus is a rich source of ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) and RIP-related lectins generated from multiple genes. These proteins differ in their structure, enzymatic activity and sugar binding specificity. METHODS: We have purified and characterized ebulin-RP from S. ebulus leaves and determined the amino acid sequence by cDNA cloning. Cytotoxicity was studied in a variety of cancer cells and a comparative study of the ability of ebulin-RP to bind sugars using "in vitro" and "in silico" approaches was performed...
November 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155107/structural-insights-of-rmxyn10a-a-prebiotic-producing-gh10-xylanase-with-a-non-conserved-aglycone-binding-region
#17
Anna Aronsson, Fatma Güler, Maxim V Petoukhov, Susan J Crennell, Dmitri I Svergun, Javier A Linares-Pastén, Eva Nordberg Karlsson
Hydrolysis of arabinoxylan (AX) by glycoside hydrolase family 10 (GH10) xylanases produces xylo- and arabinoxylo-oligosaccharides ((A)XOS) which have shown prebiotic effects. The thermostable GH10 xylanase RmXyn10A has shown great potential to produce (A)XOS. In this study, the structure of RmXyn10A was investigated, the catalytic module by homology modelling and site-directed mutagenesis and the arrangement of its five domains by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Substrate specificity was explored in silico by manual docking and molecular dynamic simulations...
November 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155106/monomerization-and-aggregation-of-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-under-adverse-condition-a-fluorescence-correlation-spectroscopic-investigation
#18
Bhaswati Sengupta, Nilimesh Das, Pratik Sen
β-lactoglobulin is one of the major components of bovine milk and it remains in a dimeric form under physiological conditions. The present contribution elucidates the structural change of β-lactoglobulin at pH7.4 under the action of guanidine hydrochloride (GnHCl) and heat at the single molecular level. The only free cysteine (Cys-121) of β-lactoglobulin has been tagged with 7-Diethylamino-3-(4-maleimidophenyl)-4-methylcoumarin (CPM) for this purpose. The dimeric structure of β-lactoglobulin found to undergoes a monomerization prior to the unfolding process upon being subjected to GnHCl...
November 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155105/functional-diversification-of-sea-lamprey-globins-in-evolution-and-development
#19
Angela Fago, Kim Rohlfing, Elin E Petersen, Agnieszka Jendroszek, Thorsten Burmester
Agnathans have a globin repertoire that markedly differs from that of jawed (gnathostome) vertebrates. The sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) harbors at least 18 hemoglobin, two myoglobin, two globin X, and one cytoglobin genes. However, agnathan hemoglobins and myoglobins are not orthologous to their cognates in jawed vertebrates. Thus, blood-based O2 transport and muscle-based O2 storage proteins emerged twice in vertebrates from a tissue-globin ancestor. Notably, the sea lamprey displays three switches in hemoglobin expression in its life cycle, analogous to hemoglobin switching in vertebrates...
November 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154942/levels-of-palmitic-acid-ester-of-hydroxystearic-acid-pahsa-are-reduced-in-the-breast-milk-of-obese-mothers
#20
Marie Brezinova, Ondrej Kuda, Jana Hansikova, Martina Rombaldova, Laurence Balas, Kristina Bardova, Thierry Durand, Martin Rossmeisl, Marcela Cerna, Zbynek Stranak, Jan Kopecky
To achieve optimal development of a newborn, breastfeeding is extensively recommended, but little is known about the role of non-nutritive bioactive milk components. We aimed to characterize the fatty acid esters of hydroxy fatty acids (FAHFAs), namely palmitic acid hydroxystearic acids (PAHSAs)-endogenous lipids with anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties, in human breast milk. Breast milk samples from 30 lean (BMI=19-23) and 23 obese (BMI>30) women were collected 72h postpartum. Adipose tissue and milk samples were harvested from C57BL/6J mice...
November 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
journal
journal
22277
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"