journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336329/an-aromatic-amino-acid-within-intracellular-loop-2-of-the-prostaglandin-ep2-receptor-is-a-prerequisite-for-selective-association-and-activation-of-g%C3%AE-s
#1
Akiko Yano, Yuko Takahashi, Hiromi Moriguchi, Tomoaki Inazumi, Tomoaki Koga, Akira Otaka, Yukihiko Sugimoto
We previously demonstrated that the aromatic moiety of Tyr(143) within the intracellular loop 2 (ICL2) region of the prostaglandin EP2 receptor plays a crucial role in Gs coupling. Here we investigated whether the ICL2 of the EP2 receptor directly binds to Gαs and whether an aromatic moiety affects this interaction. In Chinese hamster ovary cells, mutations of Tyr(143) reduced the ability of the EP2 receptor to interact with G proteins as demonstrated by GTPγS sensitivity, as well as the ability of agonist-induced cAMP formation, with the rank order of Phe>Tyr (wild-type)=Trp>Leu>Ala (=0)...
March 21, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336330/requirement-of-cytosolic-phospholipase-a2-gamma-in-lipid-droplet-formation
#2
Xi Su, Shuhui Liu, Xianwen Zhang, Sin Man Lam, Xue Hu, Yuan Zhou, Jizheng Chen, Yun Wang, Chunchen Wu, Guanghou Shui, Mengji Lu, Rongjuan Pei, Xinwen Chen
Lipid droplet (LD) accumulation in hepatocytes is a typical character of steatosis. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, one of the risk factors related to steatosis, induced LD accumulation in cultured cells. However, the mechanisms of which HCV induce LD formation are not fully revealed. Previously we identified cytosolic phospholipase A2 gamma (PLA2G4C) as a host factor upregulated by HCV infection and involved in HCV replication. Here we further revealed that PLA2G4C plays an important role in LD biogenesis and refined the functional analysis of PLA2G4C in LD biogenesis and HCV assembly...
March 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336315/cardiolipin-and-mitochondrial-cristae-organization
#3
REVIEW
Nikita Ikon, Robert O Ryan
A fundamental question in cell biology, under investigation for over six decades, is the structural organization of mitochondrial cristae. Long known to harbor electron transport chain proteins, crista membrane integrity is key to establishment of the proton gradient that drives oxidative phosphorylation. Visualization of cristae morphology by electron microscopy / tomography has provided evidence that cristae are tube-like extensions of the mitochondrial inner membrane (IM) that project into the matrix space...
March 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336314/non-linear-van-t-hoff-behavior-in-pulmonary-surfactant-model-membranes
#4
Ernanni D Vieira, Luis G M Basso, Antonio J Costa-Filho
Pulmonary surfactant exhibits phase coexistence over a wide range of surface pressure and temperature. Less is known about the effect of temperature on pulmonary surfactant models. Given the lack of studies on this issue, we used electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and nonlinear least-squares (NLLS) simulations to investigate the thermotropic phase behavior of the matrix that mimics the pulmonary surfactant lipid complex, i.e. the lipid mixture composed of dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC), palmitoyl-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine (POPC) and palmitoyl-oleoyl phosphatidylglycerol (POPG)...
March 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330771/deciphering-the-molecular-architecture-of-membrane-contact-sites-by-cryo-electron-tomography
#5
REVIEW
Javier Collado, Rubén Fernández-Busnadiego
At membrane contact sites (MCS) two cellular membranes form tight appositions that play critical roles in fundamental phenomena such as lipid metabolism or Ca(2+) homeostasis. The interest for these structures has surged in recent years, bringing about the characterization of a plethora of MCS-resident molecules. How those molecules are structurally organized at MCS remains enigmatic, limiting our understanding of MCS function. Whereas such molecular detail is obscured by conventional electron microscopy sample preparation, cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) is uniquely positioned to address this challenge by allowing high resolution imaging of cellular landscapes in close-to-native conditions...
March 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330770/dj-1-a-parkinson-s-disease-related-protein-aggregates-under-denaturing-conditions-and-co-aggregates-with-%C3%AE-synuclein-through-hydrophobic-interaction
#6
Min Zhu, Shivaliben H Patel, Shubo Han
BACKGROUND: DJ-1, a small ubiquitously expressed protein implicated in several pathways associated with Parkinson's disease pathogenesis, has been found to interact with α-synuclein and modulate its aggregation, yet the exact mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: The stability and aggregation properties of wild-type DJ-1 under denaturing conditions, such as low pH, high temperature, presence of denaturants were investigated. The interaction between DJ-1 and α-synuclein was tested by SDS-PAGE gel and native gel electrophoresis and by size-exclusion HPLC...
March 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330764/lipid-sugar-carriers-at-the-extremes-the-phosphodolichols-archaea-use-in-n-glycosylation
#7
REVIEW
Jerry Eichler, Ziqiang Guan
N-glycosylation, a post-translational modification whereby glycans are covalently linked to select Asn residues of target proteins, occurs in all three domains of life. Across evolution, the N-linked glycans are initially assembled on phosphorylated cytoplasmically-oriented polyisoprenoids, with polyprenol (mainly C55 undecaprenol) fulfilling this role in Bacteria and dolichol assuming this function in Eukarya and Archaea. The eukaryal and archaeal versions of dolichol can, however, be distinguished on the basis of their length, degree of saturation and by other traits...
March 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330760/ck2-dependent-phosphorylation-positively-regulates-stress-induced-activation-of-msn2-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#8
Bo-Ram Cho, Ji-Sook Hahn
CK2 is a highly conserved Ser/Thr protein kinase involved in a large number of cellular processes. Here, we demonstrate that CK2-dependent phosphorylation positively regulates Msn2/4, the general stress response transcriptional activators in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in response to various types of environmental stress conditions. CK2 overexpression elicits hyperactivation of Msn2/4, whereas deletion of one of the CK2 catalytic subunits, especially CKA2, leads to reduced transcriptional activity of Msn2/4 in response to glucose starvation, H2O2, and lactic acid...
March 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322931/the-alternatively-spliced-lrrfip1-isoform-1-is-a-key-regulator-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-transcription-pathway
#9
Pauline Labbé, Emilie Faure, Simon Lecointe, Solena Le Scouarnec, Florence Kyndt, Marie Marrec, Thierry Le Tourneau, Bernard Offmann, Cécile Duplaà, Stéphane Zaffran, Jean Jacques Schott, Jean Merot
The GC-rich Binding Factor 2/Leucine Rich Repeat in the Flightless 1 Interaction Protein 1 gene (GCF2/LRRFIP1) is predicted to be alternatively spliced in five different isoforms. Although important peptide sequence differences are expected to result from this alternative splicing, to date, only the gene transcription regulator properties of LRRFIP1-Iso5 were unveiled. Based on molecular, cellular and biochemical data, we show here that the five isoforms define two molecular entities with different expression profiles in human tissues, subcellular localizations, oligomerization properties and transcription enhancer properties of the canonical Wnt pathway...
March 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323072/impairment-of-the-class-iia-bacteriocin-receptor-function-and-membrane-structural-changes-are-associated-to-enterocin-crl35-high-resistance-in-listeria-monocytogenes
#10
Emilse Masias, Fernando G Dupuy, Paulo Ricardo da Silva Sanches, Juan Vicente Farizano, Eduardo Cilli, Augusto Bellomio, Lucila Saavedra, Carlos Minahk
BACKGROUND: Enterocin CRL35 is a class IIa bacteriocin with anti-Listeria activity. Resistance to these peptides has been associated with either the downregulation of the receptor expression or changes in the membrane and cell walls. The scope of the present work was to characterize enterocin CRL35 resistant Listeria strains with MICs more than 10,000 times higher than the MIC of the WT sensitive strain. METHODS: Listeria monocytogenes INS7 resistant isolates R2 and R3 were characterized by 16S RNA gene sequencing and rep-PCR...
March 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323071/the-central-role-of-trna-in-genetic-code-expansion
#11
REVIEW
Noah M Reynolds, Oscar Vargas-Rodriguez, Dieter Söll, Ana Crnković
BACKGROUND: The development of orthogonal translation systems (OTSs) for genetic code expansion (GCE) has allowed for the incorporation of a diverse array of non-canonical amino acids (ncAA) into proteins. Transfer RNA, the central molecule in the translation of the genetic message into proteins, plays a significant role in the efficiency of ncAA incorporation. SCOPE OF REVIEW: Here we review the biochemical basis of OTSs for genetic code expansion. We focus on the role of tRNA and discuss strategies used to engineer tRNA for the improvement of ncAA incorporation into proteins...
March 17, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322932/disruption-of-the-epithelial-barrier-during-intestinal-inflammation-quest-for-new-molecules-and-mechanisms
#12
REVIEW
Susana Lechuga, Andrei I Ivanov
The intestinal epithelium forms a key protective barrier that separates internal organs from the harmful environment of the gut lumen. Increased permeability of the gut barrier is a common manifestation of different inflammatory disorders contributing to the severity of disease. Barrier permeability is controlled by epithelial adherens junctions and tight junctions. Junctional assembly and integrity depend on fundamental homeostatic processes such as cell differentiation, rearrangements of the cytoskeleton, and vesicle trafficking...
March 16, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322731/the-substitution-of-proline-168-favors-bax-oligomerization-and-stimulates-its-interaction-with-luvs-and-mitochondria
#13
Lilit Simonyan, Alexandre Légiot, Ioan Lascu, Grégory Durand, Marie-France Giraud, Cécile Gonzalez, Stéphen Manon
Bax is a major player in the apoptotic process, being at the core of the mitochondria permeabilization events. In spite of the major recent advances in the knowledge of Bax organization within the membrane, the precise behavior of the C-terminal helix α9 remains elusive, since it was absent from the resolved structure of active Bax. The Proline 168 (P168) residue, located in the short loop between α8 and α9, has been the target of site-directed mutagenesis experiments, with conflicting results. We have produced and purified a recombinant mutant Bax-P168A, and we have compared its behavior with that of wild-type Bax in a series of tests on Large Unilamellar Vesicles (LUVs) and isolated mitochondria...
March 16, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315775/assessment-of-histone-tail-modifications-and-transcriptional-profiling-during-colon-cancer-progression-reveals-a-global-decrease-in-h3k4me3-activity
#14
Karen Triff, Mathew W McLean, Kranti Konganti, Jiahui Pang, Evelyn Callaway, Beiyan Zhou, Ivan Ivanov, Robert S Chapkin
During colon cancer, epigenetic alterations contribute to the dysregulation of major cellular functions and signaling pathways. Modifications in chromatin signatures such as H3K4me3 and H3K9ac, which are associated with transcriptionally active genes, can lead to genomic instability and perturb the expression of gene sets associated with oncogenic processes. In order to further elucidate early pre-tumorigenic epigenetic molecular events driving CRC, we integrated diverse, genome-wide, epigenetic inputs (by high throughput sequencing of RNA, H3K4me3, and H3K9ac) and compared differentially expressed transcripts (DE) and enriched regions (DER) in an in-vivo rat colon cancer progression model...
March 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315770/biophysics-and-protein-corona-analysis-of-janus-cyclodextrin-dna-nanocomplexes-efficient-cellular-transfection-on-cancer-cells
#15
M Martínez-Negro, G Caracciolo, S Palchetti, D Pozzi, A L Capriotti, C Cavaliere, A Laganà, C Ortiz Mellet, J M Benito, J M García Fernández, E Aicart, E Junquera
The self-assembling processes underlining the capabilities of facially differentiated ("Janus") polycationic amphiphilic cyclodextrins (paCDs) as non-viral gene nanocarriers have been investigated by a pluridisciplinary approach. Three representative Janus paCDs bearing a common tetradecahexanoyl multitail domain at the secondary face and differing in the topology of the cluster of amino groups at the primary side were selected for this study. All of them compact pEGFP-C3 plasmid DNA and promote transfection in HeLa and MCF-7 cells, both in absence and in presence of human serum...
March 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315769/the-regulation-of-lipid-metabolism-by-a-hypothetical-p-loop-ntpase-and-its-impact-on-fecundity-of-the-brown-planthopper
#16
Rui Pang, Jieqi Qiu, Tengchao Li, Pan Yang, Lei Yue, Yixin Pan, Wenqing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Insect fecundity can be regulated by multiple genes in several important signaling pathways which form an extremely complicated regulatory network. However, there are still many genes that have significant impact on insect fecundity but their action mode are still unknown. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), immunofluorescence and western blot were used to study the expression profile of Nl23867 in the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens...
March 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315735/very-rapid-amyloid-fibril-formation-by-a-bacterial-lipase-in-the-absence-of-a-detectable-lag-phase
#17
Fatemeh Rashno, Khosro Khajeh, Claudia Capitini, Reza H Sajedi, Maryam Monsef Shokri, Fabrizio Chiti
The conversion of proteins from their soluble states into well-organized amyloid fibrils has received abundant attention. This process typically consists of three stages: lag, growth and plateau phases. In this study, the process of amyloid fibril formation by lipase from Pseudomonas sp. after diluting out urea was examined by Thioflavin T (ThT) fluorescence, Congo red (CR) binding, 8-anilinonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid (ANS) binding, dynamic light scattering (DLS), circular dichroism (CD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
March 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315734/comparative-protein-profiles-of-the-ambrosia-plants
#18
Janice S Barton, Rachel Schomacker
Ragweed pollen is primarily responsible for the hay fever allergies of sufferers throughout the world. A proteome study of three ragweed plants (Ambrosia artemisiifolia, Ambrosia trifida, and Ambrosia psilostachya) was undertaken to document and compare their protein profiles. Proteins extracted from the pollen of the three plants were subjected to one dimensional electrophoresis followed by tandem liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy. Peptide sequence mapping permitted discovery of proteins not previously reported for all three plants and 45% of the identified proteins were shared by all three of them...
March 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315713/maternal-senp7-programs-meiosis-architecture-and-embryo-survival-in-mouse
#19
ChunJie Huang, Di Wu, XiaoFei Jiao, Faheem Ahmed Khan, ChengLiang Xiong, XiaoMing Liu, Jing Yang, TaiLang Yin, LiJun Huo
Understanding the mechanisms underlying abnormal egg production and pregnancy loss is significant for human fertility. SENP7, a SUMO poly-chain editing enzyme, has been regarded as a mitotic regulator of heterochromatin integrity and DNA repair. Herein, we report the roles of SENP7 in mammalian reproductive scenario. Mouse oocytes deficient in SENP7 experienced meiotic arrest at prophase I and metaphase I stages, causing substantial decrease of mature eggs. Hyperaceylation and hypomethylation of histone H3 and up-regulation of Cdc14B/C accompanied by down-regulation of CyclinB1 and CyclinB2 were further recognized as contributors to defective M-phase entry and spindle assembly in oocytes...
March 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315679/charged-groups-at-binding-interfaces-of-the-psbo-subunit-of-photosystem-ii-a-combined-bioinformatics-and-simulation-study
#20
Coral Del Val, Ana-Nicoleta Bondar
PsbO is an extrinsic subunit of photosystem II engaged in complex binding interactions within photosystem II. At the interface between PsbO, D1 and D2 subunits of photosystem II, a cluster of charged and polar groups of PsbO is part of an extended hydrogen-bond network thought to participate in proton transfer. The precise role of specific amino acid residues at this complex binding interface remains a key open question. Here, we address this question by carrying out extensive bioinformatics analyses and molecular dynamics simulations of PsbO proteins with mutations at the binding interface...
March 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
journal
journal
22277
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"