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Biochimica et Biophysica Acta

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442379/peripheral-membrane-associations-of-matrix-metalloproteinases
#1
REVIEW
Steven R Van Doren, Tara C Marcink, Rama K Koppisetti, Alexander Jurkevich, Yan G Fulcher
Water soluble matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been regarded as diffusing freely in the extracellular matrix. Yet multiple MMPs are also observed at cell surfaces. Their membrane-proximal activities include sheddase activities, collagenolysis, bacterial killing, and intracellular trafficking reaching as far as the nucleus. The catalytic domains of MMP-7 and MMP-12 bind bilayers peripherally, each in two different orientations, by presenting positive charges and a few hydrophobic groups to the surface. Related peripheral membrane associations are predicted for other soluble MMPs...
April 22, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442264/mitochondrial-lon-protease-dependent-degradation-of-cytochrome-c-oxidase-subunits-under-hypoxia-and-myocardial-ischemia
#2
Naresh B V Sepuri, Rajesh Angireddy, Satish Srinivasan, Manti Guha, Joseph Spear, Bin Lu, Hindupur K Anandatheerthavarada, Carolyn K Suzuki, Narayan G Avadhani
The mitochondrial ATP dependent matrix protease, Lon, is involved in the maintenance of mitochondrial DNA nucleoids and degradation of abnormal or misfolded proteins. The Lon protease regulates mitochondrial Tfam (mitochondrial transcription factor A) level and thus modulates mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content. We have previously shown that hypoxic stress induces the PKA-dependent phosphorylation of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) subunits I, IVi1, and Vb and a time-dependent reduction of these subunits in RAW 264...
April 22, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438511/nitric-oxide-inhibits-the-mitochondrial-carnitine-acylcarnitine-carrier-through-reversible-s-nitrosylation-of-cysteine-136
#3
Annamaria Tonazzi, Nicola Giangregorio, Lara Console, Annalisa De Palma, Cesare Indiveri
S-nitrosylation of the mitochondrial Carnitine/Acylcarnitine transporter (CACT) has been investigated on the native and the recombinant proteins reconstituted in proteoliposomes, and on intact mitochondria. The widely-used NO-releasing compound, GSNO, strongly inhibited the antiport measured in proteoliposomes reconstituted with the native CACT from rat liver mitochondria or the recombinant rat CACT over-expressed in E. coli. Inhibition was reversed by the reducing agent dithioerithritol, indicating a reaction mechanism based on nitrosylation of Cys residues of the CACT...
April 21, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435021/the-mtorc2-pkc-pathway-sustains-compensatory-insulin-secretion-of-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells-in-response-to-metabolic-stress
#4
Yun Xie, Canqi Cui, Aifang Nie, Yan Wang, Qicheng Ni, Yun Liu, Qinglei Yin, Hongli Zhang, Yong Li, Qidi Wang, Yanyun Gu, Guang Ning
BACKGROUND: Compensation of the pancreatic β cell functional mass in response to metabolic stress is key to the pathogenesis of Type 2 Diabetes. The mTORC2 pathway governs fuel metabolism and β cell functional mass. It is unknown whether mTORC2 is required for regulating metabolic stress-induced β cell compensation. METHODS: We challenged four-week-old β-cell-specific Rictor (a key component of mTORC2)-knockout mice with a high fat diet (HFD) for 4weeks and measured metabolic and pancreatic morphological parameters...
April 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435009/selective-small-molecule-inhibitors-as-chemical-tools-to-define-the-roles-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-in-disease
#5
REVIEW
Jayda E Meisel, Mayland Chang
The focus of this article is to highlight novel inhibitors and current examples where the use of selective small-molecule inhibitors has been critical in defining the roles of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in disease. Selective small-molecule inhibitors are surgical chemical tools that can inhibit the targeted enzyme; they are the method of choice to ascertain the roles of MMPs and complement studies with knockout animals. This strategy can identify targets for therapeutic development as exemplified by the use of selective small-molecule MMP inhibitors in diabetic wound healing, spinal cord injury, stroke, traumatic brain injury, cancer metastasis, and viral infection...
April 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434970/transfer-of-c-terminal-residues-of-human-apolipoprotein-a-i-to-insect-apolipophorin-iii-creates-a-two-domain-chimeric-protein-with-enhanced-lipid-binding-activity
#6
James V C Horn, Rachel A Ellena, Jesse J Tran, Wendy H J Beck, Vasanthy Narayanaswami, Paul M M Weers
Apolipophorin III (apoLp-III) is an insect apolipoprotein (18kDa) that comprises a single five-helix bundle domain. In contrast, human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is a 28kDa two-domain protein: an α-helical N-terminal domain (residues 1-189) and a less structured C-terminal domain (residues 190-243). To better understand the apolipoprotein domain organization, a novel chimeric protein was engineered by attaching residues 179 to 243 of apoA-I to the C-terminal end of apoLp-III. The apoLp-III/apoA-I chimera was successfully expressed and purified in E...
April 20, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433713/biased-signaling-at-neural-melanocortin-receptors-in-regulation-of-energy-homeostasis
#7
Li-Kun Yang, Ya-Xiong Tao
The global prevalence of obesity highlights the importance of understanding on regulation of energy homeostasis. The central melanocortin system is an important intersection connecting the neural pathways controlling satiety and energy expenditure to regulate energy homeostasis by sensing and integrating the signals of external stimuli. In this system, neural melanocortin receptors, melanocortin-3 and -4 receptors (MC3R and MC4R), play crucial roles in the regulation of energy homeostasis. Recently, multiple intracellular signaling pathways and biased signaling at neural MCRs have been discovered, providing new insights into neural MCR signaling...
April 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433712/common-phox2b-poly-alanine-contractions-impair-ret-gene-transcription-predisposing-to-hirschsprung-disease
#8
Eleonora Di Zanni, Annalisa Adamo, Elga Belligni, Margherita Lerone, Giuseppe Martucciello, Girolamo Mattioli, Alessio Pini Prato, Roberto Ravazzolo, Margherita Silengo, Tiziana Bachetti, Isabella Ceccherini
HSCR is a congenital disorder of the enteric nervous system, characterized by the absence of neurons along a variable length of the gut resulting from loss-of-function RET mutations. Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome (CCHS) is a rare neurocristopathy characterized by impaired response to hypercapnia and hypoxemia caused by heterozygous mutations of the PHOX2B gene, mostly polyalanine (polyA) expansions but also missense, nonsense, and frameshift mutations, while polyA contractions are common in the population and believed neutral...
April 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433711/mdh2-is-an-rna-binding-protein-involved-in-downregulation-of-sodium-channel-scn1a-expression-under-seizure-condition
#9
Yong-Hong Chen, Shu-Jing Liu, Mei-Mei Gao, Tao Zeng, Guo-Wang Lin, Na-Na Tan, Hui-Ling Tang, Ping Lu, Tao Su, Wei-Wen Sun, Long-Chang Xie, Yong-Hong Yi, Yue-Sheng Long
Voltage-gated sodium channel α-subunit type I (NaV1.1, encoded by SCN1A gene) plays a critical role in the excitability of brain. Downregulation of SCN1A expression is associated with epilepsy, a common neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. Here we reveal a novel role of malate dehydrogenase 2 (MDH2) in the posttanscriptional regulation of SCN1A expression under seizure condition. We identified that MDH2 was an RNA binding protein that could bind two of the four conserved regions in the 3' UTRs of SCN1A...
April 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433710/down-regulation-of-islet-amyloid-polypeptide-expression-induces-death-of-human-annulus-fibrosus-cells-via-mitochondrial-and-death-receptor-pathways
#10
Xinghuo Wu, Kun Wang, Wenbin Hua, Shuai Li, Xianzhe Liu, Wei Liu, Yu Song, Yukun Zhang, Zengwu Shao, Cao Yang
Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) exerts its biological effects by participating in the regulation of glucose metabolism and cell apoptosis. The main goal of the present study was to investigate the expression of IAPP in degenerated intervertebral disc tissue and IAPP's modulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) catabolic and anabolic genes in human AF cells. We found that the expression of IAPP, the calcitonin receptor, and receptor activity modifying protein decreased considerably in AF cells during the progression of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD)...
April 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433686/mitochatting-if-only-we-could-be-a-fly-on-the-cell-wall
#11
REVIEW
Michal Eisenberg-Bord, Maya Schuldiner
Mitochondria, cellular metabolic hubs, perform many essential processes and are required for the production of metabolites such as ATP, iron-sulfur clusters, heme, amino acids and nucleotides. To fulfill their multiple roles, mitochondria must communicate with all other organelles to exchange small molecules, ions and lipids. Since mitochondria are largely excluded from vesicular trafficking routes, they heavily rely on membrane contact sites. Contact sites are areas of close proximity between organelles that allow efficient transfer of molecules, saving the need for slow and untargeted diffusion through the cytosol...
April 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433685/p62-mediated-mitochondrial-clustering-attenuates-apoptosis-induced-by-mitochondrial-depolarization
#12
Bin Xiao, Xiao Deng, Grace G Y Lim, Wei Zhou, Wuan-Ting Saw, Zhi Dong Zhou, Kah-Leong Lim, Eng-King Tan
Parkin/PINK1-mediated mitophagy is implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Prior to elimination of damaged mitochondria, Parkin translocates to mitochondria and induces mitochondrial clustering. While the mechanism of PINK1-dependent Parkin redistribution to mitochondria is now becoming clear, the role of mitochondrial clustering has been less well understood. In our study, we found that loss of p62 disrupted mitochondrial aggregation and specifically sensitized Parkin-expressing cells to apoptosis induced by mitochondrial depolarization...
April 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433684/activating-transcription-factor-6-dependent-sestrin-2-induction-ameliorates-er-stress-mediated-liver-injury
#13
Kyung Hwan Jegal, Sang Mi Park, Sam Seok Cho, Sung Hui Byun, Sae Kwang Ku, Sang Chan Kim, Sung Hwan Ki, Il Je Cho
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is characterized by an accumulation of misfolded proteins, and ER stress reduction is essential for maintaining tissue homeostasis. However, the molecular mechanisms that protect cells from ER stress are not completely understood. The present study investigated the role of sestrin 2 (SESN2) on ER stress and sought to elucidate the mechanism responsible for the hepatoprotective effect of SESN2 in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with tunicamycin (Tm) increased SESN2 protein and mRNA levels and reporter gene activity...
April 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433643/green-light-for-lipid-fingerprinting
#14
Richard P Haslam, Ivo Feussner
The use of targeted lipidomic approaches for the analysis of plant lipids has steadily increased during recent years. We review recent developments of these methods and suggest the introduction of discovery lipidomics as additional approach through a new workflow, lipid fingerprinting, that integrates the advantages of shotgun lipidomics (quantitative data) with LC-MS-based strategies (higher resolution and/or coverage). This article is part of a Special Issue entitled:BBALIP_Lipidomics Opinion Articles edited by Sepp Kohlwein...
April 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435090/trinucleotide-repeat-expanded-and-normal-dmpk-transcripts-contain-unusually-long-poly-a-tails-despite-differential-nuclear-residence
#15
Anke E E G Gudde, Ingeborg D G van Kessel, Laurène M André, Bé Wieringa, Derick G Wansink
In yeast and higher eukaryotes nuclear retention of transcripts may serve in control over RNA decay, nucleocytoplasmic transport and premature cytoplasmic appearance of mRNAs. Hyperadenylation of RNA is known to be associated with nuclear retention, but the cause-consequence relationship between hyperadenylation and regulation of RNA nuclear export is still unclear. We compared polyadenylation status between normal and expanded DMPK transcripts in muscle cells and tissues derived from unaffected individuals and patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1)...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434890/brain-lipidomic-changes-after-morphine-cocaine-and-amphetamine-administration-desi-ms-imaging-study
#16
Anna Bodzon-Kulakowska, Anna Antolak, Anna Drabik, Marta Marszalek-Grabska, Jolanta Kotlińska, Piotr Suder
Drug addiction is a complex disorder, evoking significant changes in the proteome of the central nervous system. To check if there are also changes in the lipidomic profiles we used desorption electrospray-MS technique for imaging of the brain slices of rats exposed to morphine, cocaine and amphetamine. Our investigations showed alternative regulation of selected lipid's levels in the central nervous system structures, under the influence of applied drugs. Results of our investigations can show changes in the brain treated with drugs of abuse in the new light, indicating role of the lipids in the addiction development...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434889/depletion-of-tm6sf2-disturbs-membrane-lipid-composition-and-dynamics-in-huh7-hepatoma-cells
#17
Hanna Ruhanen, P A Nidhina Haridas, Eeva-Liisa Eskelinen, Ove Eriksson, Vesa M Olkkonen, Reijo Käkelä
A polymorphism of TM6SF2 associates with hepatic lipid accumulation and reduction of triacylglycerol (TAG) secretion, but the function of the encoded protein has remained enigmatic. We studied the effect of stable TM6SF2 knock-down on the lipid content and composition, mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation and organelle structure of HuH7 hepatoma cells. Knock-down of TM6SF2 resulted in intracellular accumulation of TAGs, cholesterol esters, phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine. In all of these lipid classes, polyunsaturated lipid species were significantly reduced while saturated and monounsaturated species increased their proportions...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432034/frequency-spectrum-of-induced-transmembrane-potential-and-permeabilization-efficacy-of-bipolar-electric-pulses
#18
Caterina Merla, Andrei G Pakhomov, Iurii Semenov, P Thomas Vernier
In this paper a simple prediction method for the bipolar pulse cancellation effect is proposed, based on the frequency analysis of the TMP spectra of a single cell and the computed relative global spectral content up to a defined frequency threshold. We present a spectral analysis of pulses applied in experiments, and we extract the induced TMP from a microdosimetric model of the cell. The induced TMP computation is carried out on a hemispherical multi-layered cell model in the time domain. The analysis is presented for a variety of unipolar and bipolar input signals in the nanosecond and the microsecond time scales...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432033/lipids-as-central-modulators-of-sensory-trp-channels
#19
REVIEW
Maria Grazia Ciardo, Antonio Ferrer-Montiel
The transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channel family is involved in a diversity of physiological processes including sensory and homeostatic functions, as well as muscle contraction and vasomotor control. Their dysfunction contributes to the etiology of several diseases, being validated as therapeutic targets. These ion channels may be activated by physical or chemical stimuli and their function is highly influenced by signaling molecules activated by extracellular signals. Notably, as integral membrane proteins, lipid molecules also modulate their membrane location and function either by direct interaction with the channel structure or by modulating the physico-chemical properties of the cellular membrane...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432032/neuronal-excitation-and-permeabilization-by-200-ns-pulsed-electric-field-an-optical-membrane-potential-study-with-fluovolt-dye
#20
Andrei G Pakhomov, Iurii Semenov, M Casciola, Shu Xiao
Electric field pulses of nano- and picosecond duration are a novel modality for neurostimulation, activation of Ca(2+) signaling, and tissue ablation. However it is not known how such brief pulses activate voltage-gated ion channels. We studied excitation and electroporation of hippocampal neurons by 200-ns pulsed electric field (nsPEF), by means of time-lapse imaging of the optical membrane potential (OMP) with FluoVolt dye. Electroporation abruptly shifted OMP to a more depolarized level, which was reached within <1ms...
April 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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