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Dental Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903565/emerging-imaging-technologies-in-dentomaxillofacial-radiology
#1
EDITORIAL
Rujuta A Katkar, Hassem Geha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903564/nuclear-medicine-imaging-in-the-dentomaxillofacial-region
#2
REVIEW
Heidi R Wassef, Patrick M Colletti
Nuclear medicine studies evaluate physiology on a molecular level providing earlier detection of lesions before morphologic change is evident. 99m Tc-MDP and 18 F-fluoride bone scans detect osteomyelitis earlier than radiographs and computed tomography (CT); aid in diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorder; and evaluate activity of condylar hyperplasia, extent of Paget disease, and viability of bone grafts. 18 F-FDG PET/CT distinguish between soft tissue and bone infections and diagnose osteomyelitis complicated by fracture or surgery...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903563/ultrasound-in-dentistry-toward-a-future-of-radiation-free-imaging
#3
REVIEW
Husniye Demirturk Kocasarac, Christos Angelopoulos
Ultrasonography (US) is a noninvasive, nonionizing, inexpensive, and painless imaging tool proven to be a valuable diagnostic tool in soft tissue assessment that also shows promise for hard tissue evaluation in dentistry. US has been investigated for its capability to identify carious lesions, tooth fractures or cracks, periodontal bony defects, maxillofacial fractures, and more. It has been used as a diagnostic aid in temporomandibular disorders, implant dentistry, and to measure muscle and soft tissue thickness...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903562/mri-for-dental-applications
#4
REVIEW
Husniye Demirturk Kocasarac, Hassem Geha, Laurence R Gaalaas, Donald R Nixdorf
Imaging of hard and soft tissue of the oral cavity is important for dentistry. However, medical computed tomography, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), nor MRI enables soft and hard tissue imaging simultaneously. Some MRI sequences were shown to provide fast soft and hard tissue imaging of hydrogen, which increased the interest in dental MRI. Recently, MRI allowed direct visualization of cancellous bone, intraoral mucosa, and dental pulp despite that cortical bone and dental roots are indirectly visualized...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903561/multidetector-row-computed-tomography-in-maxillofacial-imaging
#5
REVIEW
Anita Gohel, Masafumi Oda, Amol S Katkar, Osamu Sakai
Multidetector row CT (MDCT) offers superior soft tissue characterization and is useful for diagnosis of odontogenic and nonodontogenic cysts and tumors, fibro-osseous lesions, inflammatory, malignancy, metastatic lesions, developmental abnormalities, and maxillofacial trauma. The rapid advances in MDCT technology, including perfusion CT, dual-energy CT, and texture analysis, will be an integrated anatomic and functional high-resolution scan, which will help in diagnosis of maxillofacial lesions and overall patient care...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903560/fluorescence-and-near-infrared-light-transillumination
#6
REVIEW
Bennett T Amaechi, Adepitan A Owosho, Daniel Fried
This article describes the current applications of various technologies based on either autofluorescence or near-infrared light illumination, tailored to aid practitioners in detecting and quantitatively monitoring oral diseases such as dental caries and oral cancer at the earliest stage of their formation, or in the conservative surgical excision of necrotic bones in diseases such as chronic osteomyelitis, osteoradionecrosis, and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. The data discussed are primarily based on published scientific studies and reviews from case reports, clinical trials, and in vitro and in vivo studies...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903559/optical-coherence-tomography
#7
REVIEW
Rujuta A Katkar, Satyashankara Aditya Tadinada, Bennett T Amaechi, Daniel Fried
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive diagnostic technique providing cross-sectional images of biologic structures based on the differences in tissue optical properties. OCT has been widely used in numerous clinical applications and is becoming popular as a promising technology in dentistry. Today, dental hard (tooth) and soft (hard palate mucosa and gingiva mucosa) tissues are visualized with OCT. With new developments in technology, the applications of OCT are being investigated in various fields in dentistry, such as to detect microleakage around restoration, tooth cracks/fractures, examination of periodontal tissues/pockets, early detection of oral cancerous tissues, and in endodontics for location of pulp canal...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903558/computer-assisted-surgery-applications-in-dentistry-and-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Carlos G Landaeta-Quinones, Nicole Hernandez, Najy K Zarroug
Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) has evolved over time from its earliest introduction with utility in the Neurosurgical field. Within the past twenty years, optical navigation systems have emerged and developed into a great tool for the fields of dentistry and craniomaxillofacial surgery (CMF). Currently, CAS is useful for orthognathic and temporomandibular joint surgery, facial trauma, maxillomandibular reconstruction, implantology, and restorative dentistry. This article describes the indications of CAS in dentistry, with large emphasis on CMF...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903557/3d-volume-rendering-and-3d-printing-additive-manufacturing
#9
REVIEW
Rujuta A Katkar, Robert M Taft, Gerald T Grant
Three-dimensional (3D) volume-rendered images allow 3D insight into the anatomy, facilitating surgical treatment planning and teaching. 3D printing, additive manufacturing, and rapid prototyping techniques are being used with satisfactory accuracy, mostly for diagnosis and surgical planning, followed by direct manufacture of implantable devices. The major limitation is the time and money spent generating 3D objects. Printer type, material, and build thickness are known to influence the accuracy of printed models...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903556/cone-beam-computed-tomography
#10
REVIEW
Ibrahim Nasseh, Wisam Al-Rawi
In the last several decades, the need for 3D images in dentistry have developed. Computerized tomography was first introduced mainly with the advent of implantology, but its use remained limited to a small number of specialists, due to its indications, access and dose radiation. In the late 90's, a new technology using a cone-shaped beam and a reciprocating detector, which rotates around the patient 360 degrees and acquires projected data in a single rotation, namely the cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT), invaded dentistry, making the perception of 3D easily acceptable to dentists and their patients...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903555/digital-radiographic-image-processing-and-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Douglas C Yoon, André Mol, Douglas K Benn, Erika Benavides
This article describes digital radiographic imaging and analysis from the basics of image capture to examples of some of the most advanced digital technologies currently available. The principles underlying the imaging technologies are described to provide a better understanding of their strengths and limitations.
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478462/the-intersection-of-clinical-practice-and-dental-public-health
#12
EDITORIAL
Michelle M Henshaw, Astha Singhal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478461/a-public-health-perspective-on-paying-for-dentistry-the-affordable-care-act-and-looking-to-the-future
#13
REVIEW
Burton L Edelstein
Health care costs have traditionally been provider generated whereas payment has been split between public and private sources. There has been little pressure on health care providers to demonstrate value. The quest for value in health care financing is now widely evident as demonstrated by governmental and private sector pursuits of a 3-part aim: better health outcomes at lower cost with improved patient and population experience. Value-based approaches involve payment innovation with its attendant constraints and opportunities for innovation...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478460/innovative-models-of-dental-care-delivery-and-coverage-patient-centric-dental-benefits-based-on-digital-oral-health-risk-assessment
#14
REVIEW
John Martin, Shannon Mills, Mary E Foley
Innovative models of dental care delivery and coverage are emerging across oral health care systems causing changes to treatment and benefit plans. A novel addition to these models is digital risk assessment, which offers a promising new approach that incorporates the use of a cloud-based technology platform to assess an individual patient's risk for oral disease. Risk assessment changes treatment by including risk as a modifier of treatment and as a determinant of preventive services. Benefit plans are being developed to use risk assessment to predetermine preventive benefits for patients identified at elevated risk for oral disease...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478459/trends-in-pediatric-dental-care-use
#15
REVIEW
Natalia I Chalmers, Joseph S Wislar, Matt Hall, Cary Thurm, Man Wai Ng
This article explores trends in 3 areas of dental services use for children less than 21 years of age. First, it examines the change in access to prevention, diagnostic, and treatment services over time among Medicaid-enrolled children and how access to care is affected by state-level factors. Second, it evaluates trends and health care costs associated with the treatment of oral health conditions in the operating room of pediatric hospitals. Third, it examines the trends in use of emergency departments for dental needs among children in the United States...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478458/role-of-dentists-in-prescribing-opioid-analgesics-and-antibiotics-an-overview
#16
REVIEW
Ralph Dana, Amir Azarpazhooh, Nima Laghapour, Katie J Suda, Christopher Okunseri
Opioid analgesics and antibiotics prescribed by dentists is a useful and cost-effective measure when prescribed appropriately. Common dental conditions are best managed by extracting the offending tooth, restoring the tooth with an appropriate filling material, performing root canal therapy, and/or fabricating a prosthesis for the edentulous space. Unnecessary prescription of opioid analgesics and antibiotics to treat dental pain and bacterial infection is a growing public health concern. This article highlights the state of the literature on opioid analgesic and antibiotic prescribing practices in dentistry, the impact of opioid analgesic overdose, and prevention strategies to reduce opioid analgesics and antibiotic overprescription...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478457/providing-health-screenings-in-a-dental-setting-to-enhance-overall-health-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Barbara L Greenberg, Michael Glick
Data suggest that providers and patients have a favorable attitude toward chairside screening in the dental setting and are willing to participate in these activities. Likewise, efficacy studies indicate this strategy can effectively identify patients who are at increased risk of disease or have the presence of disease risk factors and could benefit from medical follow-up. Studies suggest it is feasible to conduct these screenings in the dental setting. Although the American Dental Association has established screening treatment codes, challenges to widespread implementation still exist, including developing a provider reimbursement strategy and the need for adequate provider training...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478456/dental-care-for-geriatric-and-special-needs-populations
#18
REVIEW
Elisa M Chávez, Lynne M Wong, Paul Subar, Douglas A Young, Allen Wong
This article reviews considerations for oral health care associated with the most common causes of mortality and morbidity in older adults. Many of these diseases result in functional or cognitive impairments that must be considered in treatment planning to ensure appropriate, safe, and effective care for patients. Many of these considerations parallel those of adults who have lived with developmental disabilities over a lifetime and similar principles can be applied. Systemic diseases, conditions, and their treatments can pose significant risks to oral health, which requires prevention, treatment, and advocacy for oral health care as integral to chronic disease management...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478455/infant-oral-health-an-emerging-dental-public-health-measure
#19
REVIEW
Paul S Casamassimo, Kimberly Hammersmith, Erin L Gross, Homa Amini
Infant oral health (IOH) is a preventive service advocated by major medical and dental organizations. IOH aims to prevent early childhood caries (ECC) and impart health strategies to families for continued oral health and prevention of future caries. IOH reaches across disciplines, is low cost, and is covered by Medicaid and many private dental payers. Increasing evidence points to immediate and long-term positive oral health outcomes of reduced disease, reduction in costly care, and reduction in ECC-associated morbidities...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478454/fluorides-and-other-preventive-strategies-for-tooth-decay
#20
REVIEW
Jeremy A Horst, Jason M Tanzer, Peter M Milgrom
We focus on scalable public health interventions that prevent and delay the development of caries and enhance resistance to dental caries lesions. These interventions should occur throughout the life cycle, and need to be age appropriate. Mitigating disease transmission and enhancing resistance are achieved through use of various fluorides, sugar substitutes, mechanical barriers such as pit-and-fissure sealants, and antimicrobials. A key aspect is counseling and other behavioral interventions that are designed to promote use of disease transmission-inhibiting and tooth resistance-enhancing agents...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
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