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Dental Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577643/the-science-and-art-of-evidence-based-pediatric-dentistry
#1
EDITORIAL
Donald L Chi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577642/research-evidence-use-in-early-and-periodic-screening-diagnostic-and-treatment-dental-medicaid-class-action-lawsuits
#2
REVIEW
Stephanie Cruz, Donald L Chi
Little is known about research evidence use in dental Medicaid class action lawsuits. This qualitative study develops a conceptual model to understand the role of dentists and how research evidence was used. Archival analyses were conducted and 15 key informants interviewed. Dentists had key roles requiring scientific expertise or clinical experience serving vulnerable populations. Most evidence was newly generated, not based on existing sources. Dentists were involved in all phases of the lawsuits. Future research should identify conditions fostering research evidence use in dental Medicaid lawsuits and whether high-quality research evidence use improves child health outcomes...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577641/precision-dentistry-in-early-childhood-the-central-role-of-genomics
#3
REVIEW
Kimon Divaris
Pediatric oral health is determined by the interaction of environmental factors and genetic influences. This is the case for early childhood caries, the most common disease of childhood. The complexity of exogenous-environmental factors interacting with innate biological predispositions results in a continuum of normal variation, as well as oral health and disease outcomes. Optimal oral health and care or precision dentistry warrants comprehensive understanding of these influences and tools enabling intervention on modifiable factors...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577640/parent-refusal-of-topical-fluoride-for-their-children-clinical-strategies-and-future-research-priorities-to-improve-evidence-based-pediatric-dental-practice
#4
REVIEW
Donald L Chi
A growing number of parents are refusing topical fluoride for their children during preventive dental and medical visits. This nascent clinical and public health problem warrants attention from dental professionals and the scientific community. Clinical and community-based strategies are available to improve fluoride-related communications with parents and the public. In terms of future research priorities, there is a need to develop screening tools to identify parents who are likely to refuse topical fluoride and diagnostic instruments to uncover the reasons for topical fluoride refusal...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577639/pediatric-dental-focused-interprofessional-interventions-rethinking-early-childhood-oral-health-management
#5
REVIEW
Burton L Edelstein
Evidence of effectiveness for prevention of early childhood caries suggests that parent engagement needs to occur perinatally and that unconventional providers, helping professionals like social workers and dietitians and lay health workers like community health workers, are most effective. This finding, coupled with the emergence of population-based accountable care, value-based purchasing with global payments, understanding of common risk factors for multiple conditions, and social determinants of health behaviors, calls for a rethinking of early childhood oral health care...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577638/pediatric-workforce-issues
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth Mertz, Joanne Spetz, Jean Moore
Untreated dental disease remains one of the most prevalent health conditions for children, driven in part by disparities in access to care. This article examines evidence-based workforce strategies being used to facilitate better access to pediatric health services and to improve oral health status and outcomes for children. The workforce strategies described in this article include promising new models in the dental field, with new and existing providers as well as emerging workforce models outside of the dental field...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577637/interventions-focusing-on-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#7
REVIEW
Paul Glassman
The term children with special health care needs encompasses a wide variety of conditions. When considering interventions, a broad definition of children with special needs is suggested in this article along with a focus on developing specific treatment recommendations based on a thorough data-gathering process and developing customized recommendations for children based on their unique circumstances. An area for future research is increasing the understanding of the relationship between customized recommendations and the underlying special health care needs...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577636/acculturation-and-pediatric-minority-oral-health-interventions
#8
REVIEW
Tamanna Tiwari, Judith Albino
Immigrant populations are growing at a fast pace in the United States. Cultural variations can have implications on oral health of children from immigrant households. Length of stay in the United States and language spoken at home, proxies for measuring acculturation, are some of the crucial factors determining the level of acculturation in families. Higher acculturation generally has a positive impact on oral health utilization. Improving cultural competency of dental teams and involving the stakeholders in intervention design and implementation are some strategies that may increase the trust of ethnic minority patients and reduce barriers to access to care...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577635/intergenerational-and-social-interventions-to-improve-children-s-oral-health
#9
REVIEW
Mary E Northridge, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ivette Estrada, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Carol Kunzel
Dental caries and gingival and periodontal diseases are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions in children. These diseases are more common in disadvantaged communities and marginalized populations. Thus, public health approaches that stress prevention are key to improving oral health equity. There is currently limited evidence on which community-based, population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in promoting children's oral health. More rigorous measurement and reporting of study findings are needed to improve the quality of available evidence...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577634/social-determinants-of-pediatric-oral-health
#10
REVIEW
Marcio A da Fonseca, David Avenetti
Social determinants of health are defined as conditions in which people are born and live and the role these conditions play on health outcomes. Research indicates that risk factors and their interactions are far more complex than originally thought. This article outlines social determinant constructs and their role in understanding oral health promotion. Due to the complex interactions, oral health must be promoted using a multilevel chronic disease model or common risk factor approach. An understanding of social determinants is particularly important for the pediatric population because optimum oral health and general health in adulthood are heavily influenced by childhood...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577633/prenatal-maternal-factors-intergenerational-transmission-of-disease-and-child-oral-health-outcomes
#11
REVIEW
Tracy L Finlayson, Aarti Gupta, Francisco J Ramos-Gomez
This article reviews maternal prenatal risk factors for caries in children and intergenerational transmission of caries, emphasizing early interventions for pregnant women and mother-infant pairs. A growing body of evidence focuses on maternal interventions. Studies suggest that early prenatal clinical and educational interventions are effective at reducing mother-child mutans streptococci (MS) transmission and delaying colonization and caries in young children. Dental screenings and anticipatory guidance about maternal and infant oral health should be included in prenatal care and pediatric well visits...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577632/oral-health-interventions-during-pregnancy
#12
REVIEW
Hiroko Iida
Oral health is a fundamental component of health and physical and mental well-being. Oral health is influenced by an individual's physiologic and psychosocial attributes and cumulative oral health experiences. The perinatal period is a critical time when health and oral health determinants set in and thus an important time for intervention. Recognition of the importance of oral health intervention during pregnancy and oral health infrastructures have substantially grown over the last several years. This article reviews the current state of knowledge and practice of oral health intervention during pregnancy with a focus on individual- and population-based strategies, and summarizes key agendas for advancing prenatal oral health...
July 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317577/clinical-microbiology-for-the-general-dentist
#13
EDITORIAL
Arvind Babu Rajendra Santosh, Orrett E Ogle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317576/erratum
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317575/infection-control-in-the-dental-office
#15
REVIEW
Francesco R Sebastiani, Harry Dym, Tarun Kirpalani
The goal of an infection control program is to provide a safe working environment for dental health care personnel and their patients. Practitioners can achieve this by adopting measures that reduce health care-associated infections among patients and occupational exposures among dental health care personnel. It is crucial for all dental practitioners to be up to date on current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines, equipment, and techniques for proper infection control. Continuous evaluation of infection control practices is important...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317574/role-of-oral-microbial-infections-in-oral-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Brett L Ferguson, Scott Barber, Imani H Asher, Chalmers R Wood
The role of bacterial and viral carcinogenesis in the oral cavity is increasingly of interest, as a means to provide more methods of cancer prevention. There may be relationships between bacteria and multiple strains of viruses in the progression of malignancy. Cancer cause is closely related to the type of carcinogen, as well as the synergistic or additive actions of combined risk factors, the susceptibility of the host, and duration of interaction between host and exposure to risk factor. Much research is underway to further define the role of microbial and bacterial agents in the progression of malignancy...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317573/immunizations-an-evolving-paradigm-for-oral-health-care-providers
#17
REVIEW
Leslie R Halpern, Charles Mouton
Oral health care professionals are at risk for the transmission of bacterial and viral microorganisms. Providers need to be knowledgeable about the exposure/transmission of life-threatening infections and options for prevention. This article is designed to increase the oral health care provider's awareness of the latest assessment of vaccine-preventable diseases that pose a high risk in the dental health care setting. Specific dosing strategies are suggested for the prevention of infections based on available evidence and epidemiologic changes...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317572/opportunistic-oral-infections
#18
REVIEW
Parish P Sedghizadeh, Susan Mahabady, Carl M Allen
An opportunistic infection (OI) is a disease of microbial cause or pathogenesis generally thought to occur in hosts with weakened immunity. Oral OIs are associated with many risk factors and pathogens. Causative organisms for oral OIs have unique modes of transmission. The clinical presentation of oral OIs is heterogeneous and diagnosis can be challenging. Therefore, laboratory identification of causative pathogens is useful for definitive diagnosis and targeted therapeutics, and can be achieved by biological, serologic, histologic, and/or molecular methods...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317571/recent-recommendations-for-management-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients
#19
REVIEW
Miriam R Robbins
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a chronic condition. HIV is not a valid reason to deny, delay, or withhold dental treatment. There are no absolute contraindications and few complications associated with comprehensive oral health care treatment delivered in an outpatient setting for asymptomatic HIV-infected patients and clinically stable patients with AIDS. Consultation with the patient's medical provider and modifications in the delivery of dental treatment may be necessary when treating patients with advanced HIV disease or other comorbid conditions...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317570/oral-viral-infections-diagnosis-and-management
#20
REVIEW
Earl Clarkson, Fatima Mashkoor, Saif Abdulateef
This article focuses on common viral infections in the oral cavity with associated systemic manifestations. Discussed are the clinical features, histopathology, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of viral infections in oral cavity. This will be a useful aid for general practitioners and other dental personnel wanting to expand their pathologic knowledge. This article discusses herpes simplex, varicella zoster, mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, enteroviruses, rubeola, rubella, mumps, and human papillomavirus...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
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