journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dental Clinics of North America

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189991/orofacial-pain-where-we-are-and-where-we-are-going
#1
EDITORIAL
Steven D Bender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189990/mind-body-considerations-in-orofacial-pain
#2
REVIEW
Hayley A Cole, Charles R Carlson
This article summarizes the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional factors that contribute to the onset and maintenance of orofacial pain. These orofacial pain conditions illustrate the dynamic interplay of the mind and body and the importance of multimodal treatment approaches addressing simultaneously the cognitive, behavioral, and physiologic dimensions of facial pain. Cognitive and behavioral treatments of temporomandibular disorders based on the outcomes of randomized controlled trials are also discussed with an emphasis on using a biopsychosocial perspective when working with the persons who have temporomandibular disorders...
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189989/sex-gender-and-orofacial-pain
#3
REVIEW
Jeffry Rowland Shaefer, Shehryar Nasir Khawaja, Paula Furlan Bavia
This review examines gender prevalence in orofacial pain to elucidate underlying factors that can explain such differences. This review highlights how gender affects (1) the association of hormonal factors and pain modulation; (2) the genetic aspects influencing pain sensitivity and pain perception; (3) the role of resting blood pressure and pain threshold; and (4) the impact of sociocultural, environmental, and psychological factors on pain.
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189988/sleep-bruxism-and-pain
#4
REVIEW
Eduardo E Castrillon, Fernando G Exposto
Bruxism is an oral behavior that may lead to repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterized by clenching or grinding of the teeth and/or by bracing or thrusting of the mandible with 2 distinct circadian manifestations: sleep bruxism or awake bruxism. They share common risk factors and lead to similar consequences for the masticatory system but may have different etiology and pathophysiology. This oral behavior has been associated with tooth wear, masticatory muscle tenderness, headaches, and painful temporomandibular disorders...
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189987/sleep-and-orofacial-pain
#5
REVIEW
Gary D Klasser, Galit Almoznino, Giulio Fortuna
Sleep and pain share a bidirectional relationship. Therefore, it is important for practitioners managing patients experiencing either sleep and/or pain issues to recognize and understand this complex association from a neurobiological perspective involving neuroanatomic and neurochemical processes. Accounting for the influence of pain on the various aspects of sleep and understanding its impact on various orofacial pain disorders assists in developing a prudent management approach. Screening for sleep disorders benefits practitioners in identifying these individuals...
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189986/primary-headaches
#6
REVIEW
Robert W Mier, Shuchi Dhadwal
The primary headaches are composed of multiple entities that cause episodic and chronic head pain in the absence of an underlying pathologic process, disease, or traumatic injury. The most common of these are migraine, tension-type headache, and the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. This article reviews the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and treatment of each to help in differential diagnosis. These headache types share many common signs and symptoms, thus a clear understanding of each helps prevent a delay in diagnosis and inappropriate or ineffective treatment...
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189985/painful-oral-lesions
#7
REVIEW
Istvan A Hargitai
Painful oral vesiculoerosive diseases (OVD) include lichen planus, pemphigus vulgaris, mucous membrane pemphigoid, erythema multiforme, and recurrent aphthous stomatitis. OVD lesions have an immunopathic cause. Treatment is aimed at reducing the immunologic and the following inflammatory response. The mainstay of OVD management is topical or systemic corticosteroids to include topical triamcinolone, fluocinonide, and clobetasol, whereas systemic medications used in practice can include dexamethasone, prednisone, and prednisolone...
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189984/burning-mouth-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Steven D Bender
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic disorder for which a definitive etiopathology is not known. The BMS patient often experiences a continuous burning pain in the mouth without any clinical signs. This confusing condition can create frustration for both patient and practitioner. Ultimately, it is important for the practitioner who treats head and face pain to become knowledgeable in the recognition of the many complexities and various presentations associated with BMS. In doing so, the practitioner can be better prepared to help patients cope with this confounding disorder and gain a better quality of life...
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189983/neuropathic-orofacial-pain
#9
REVIEW
Janina Christoforou
Neuropathic pain of the orofacial region can cause much distress in individuals presenting with this condition. It may be easily mistaken for dental pain, and hence many individuals may undergo unnecessary dental work. Knowledge of the types of neuropathic orofacial pain may assist in timely diagnosis and improvement of a patient's quality of life.
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189982/musculoskeletal-disorders
#10
REVIEW
Giovana Fernandes, Daniela A G Gonçalves, Paulo Conti
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD), a type of musculoskeletal pain, is a main cause of pain in the orofacial region. It involves the masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joints (TMJs), and associated structures. The most common signs and symptoms are pain, limited range of motion, and TMJ sounds. TMD is a highly prevalent condition with a multifactorial etiology. Management aims to reduce pain and to improve function using a combination of therapeutic options. Noninvasive techniques are the first option and should be indicated considering the needs of each individual, the clinical features, and the mechanisms involved...
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189981/imaging-in-orofacial-pain
#11
REVIEW
Hui Liang
Imaging usefulness in the diagnosis of orofacial pain includes all modalities that cover the soft tissue and bony structures in the region of the head and neck. Imaging techniques may include 2-dimensional and/or 3-dimensional imaging modalities. Both dentists and physicians should be aware of orofacial pain associated with a variety of sources and select the appropriate imaging technique based on the patient's medical and dental history and the clinical examination. The goal of imaging is to provide the clinician with information that will confirm or deny findings of the clinical examination and allow for the selection of an appropriate treatment...
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189980/assessment-of-the-orofacial-pain-patient
#12
REVIEW
Steven D Bender
The diagnostic process of pain in the oral, facial, and head region is often perceived as more difficult due the numerous, extensively innervated structures located in this area. To successfully manage the patient with these pain presentations, it is critical for the clinician to spend ample time procuring a good medical and dental history. A systematic approach to the physical examination will ensure that sufficient data are acquired without overlooking potentially important contributing factors. The use of adjunctive laboratory tests and imaging studies should be based on the findings in the history and examination...
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189979/an-introduction-to-orofacial-pain
#13
REVIEW
Jeffrey A Crandall
The assessment, diagnosis, and management of orofacial pain (OFP) disorders is often a complex, multifactorial, and multidisciplinary process. Nociception leads to the perception of pain, causing the personal experience of suffering, which results in pain behavior. Many patients present with various comorbidities that may influence these conditions in a multitude of ways. The clinical presentation of OFP often includes biological, psychological, social, behavioral, and belief system components.
October 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903565/emerging-imaging-technologies-in-dentomaxillofacial-radiology
#14
Rujuta A Katkar, Hassem Geha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903564/nuclear-medicine-imaging-in-the-dentomaxillofacial-region
#15
REVIEW
Heidi R Wassef, Patrick M Colletti
Nuclear medicine studies evaluate physiology on a molecular level providing earlier detection of lesions before morphologic change is evident. 99m Tc-MDP and 18 F-fluoride bone scans detect osteomyelitis earlier than radiographs and computed tomography (CT); aid in diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorder; and evaluate activity of condylar hyperplasia, extent of Paget disease, and viability of bone grafts. 18 F-FDG PET/CT distinguish between soft tissue and bone infections and diagnose osteomyelitis complicated by fracture or surgery...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903563/ultrasound-in-dentistry-toward-a-future-of-radiation-free-imaging
#16
REVIEW
Husniye Demirturk Kocasarac, Christos Angelopoulos
Ultrasonography (US) is a noninvasive, nonionizing, inexpensive, and painless imaging tool proven to be a valuable diagnostic tool in soft tissue assessment that also shows promise for hard tissue evaluation in dentistry. US has been investigated for its capability to identify carious lesions, tooth fractures or cracks, periodontal bony defects, maxillofacial fractures, and more. It has been used as a diagnostic aid in temporomandibular disorders, implant dentistry, and to measure muscle and soft tissue thickness...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903562/mri-for-dental-applications
#17
REVIEW
Husniye Demirturk Kocasarac, Hassem Geha, Laurence R Gaalaas, Donald R Nixdorf
Imaging of hard and soft tissue of the oral cavity is important for dentistry. However, medical computed tomography, cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), nor MRI enables soft and hard tissue imaging simultaneously. Some MRI sequences were shown to provide fast soft and hard tissue imaging of hydrogen, which increased the interest in dental MRI. Recently, MRI allowed direct visualization of cancellous bone, intraoral mucosa, and dental pulp despite that cortical bone and dental roots are indirectly visualized...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903561/multidetector-row-computed-tomography-in-maxillofacial-imaging
#18
REVIEW
Anita Gohel, Masafumi Oda, Amol S Katkar, Osamu Sakai
Multidetector row CT (MDCT) offers superior soft tissue characterization and is useful for diagnosis of odontogenic and nonodontogenic cysts and tumors, fibro-osseous lesions, inflammatory, malignancy, metastatic lesions, developmental abnormalities, and maxillofacial trauma. The rapid advances in MDCT technology, including perfusion CT, dual-energy CT, and texture analysis, will be an integrated anatomic and functional high-resolution scan, which will help in diagnosis of maxillofacial lesions and overall patient care...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903560/fluorescence-and-near-infrared-light-transillumination
#19
REVIEW
Bennett T Amaechi, Adepitan A Owosho, Daniel Fried
This article describes the current applications of various technologies based on either autofluorescence or near-infrared light illumination, tailored to aid practitioners in detecting and quantitatively monitoring oral diseases such as dental caries and oral cancer at the earliest stage of their formation, or in the conservative surgical excision of necrotic bones in diseases such as chronic osteomyelitis, osteoradionecrosis, and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. The data discussed are primarily based on published scientific studies and reviews from case reports, clinical trials, and in vitro and in vivo studies...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903559/optical-coherence-tomography
#20
REVIEW
Rujuta A Katkar, Satyashankara Aditya Tadinada, Bennett T Amaechi, Daniel Fried
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a noninvasive diagnostic technique providing cross-sectional images of biologic structures based on the differences in tissue optical properties. OCT has been widely used in numerous clinical applications and is becoming popular as a promising technology in dentistry. Today, dental hard (tooth) and soft (hard palate mucosa and gingiva mucosa) tissues are visualized with OCT. With new developments in technology, the applications of OCT are being investigated in various fields in dentistry, such as to detect microleakage around restoration, tooth cracks/fractures, examination of periodontal tissues/pockets, early detection of oral cancerous tissues, and in endodontics for location of pulp canal...
July 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
journal
journal
22276
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"