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Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776663/case-conceptualization-research-in-cognitive-behavior-therapy-a-state-of-the-science-review
#1
Michael H Easden, Nikolaos Kazantzis
OBJECTIVE: Prominent models of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) assert that case conceptualization is crucial for tailoring interventions to adequately address the needs of the individual client. We aimed to review the research on case conceptualization in CBT. METHOD: We conducted a systematic search of PsychINFO, MEDLINE, Psychology and Behavioral Science Collection, and CINAHL databases to February 2016. RESULTS: A total of 24 studies that met inclusion criteria were identified...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759111/daily-mindful-responding-mediates-the-effect-of-meditation-practice-on-stress-and-mood-the-role-of-practice-duration-and-adherence
#2
Julien Lacaille, Gentiana Sadikaj, Midori Nishioka, Kimberly Carrière, Joseph Flanders, Bärbel Knäuper
OBJECTIVE: Although meditation practice is an important component of many mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs), empirical findings of its effects on psychological functioning are mixed and the mechanisms for the effects remain unclear. Responding with mindfulness (i.e., returning one's attention back to a nonjudgmental, present-oriented awareness) is a fundamental skill practiced in meditations. With repeated meditation practice, this skill is thought to become internalized and be applied to one's daily life...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752554/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-mindfulness-on-the-well-being-of-healthcare-professionals
#3
Tim Lomas, Juan Carlos Medina, Itai Ivtzan, Silke Rupprecht, Francisco José Eiroa-Orosa
OBJECTIVE: Among efforts to improve the well-being of healthcare professionals are initiatives based around mindfulness meditation. To understand the value of such initiatives, we conducted a systematic review of empirical studies pertaining to mindfulness in healthcare professionals. METHOD: Databases were reviewed from the start of records to January 2016. Eligibility criteria included empirical analyses of mindfulness and well-being outcomes acquired in relation to practice...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685838/do-undiagnosed-suicide-decedents-have-symptoms-of-a-mental-disorder
#4
Thomas E Joiner, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Carol Chu
BACKGROUND: Psychological autopsy studies consistently report that the rate of detected mental disorders among suicide decedents is below 100%. This implies three possibilities: (a) a subset of suicide decedents did not have a mental disorder at the time of death; (b) all suicide decedents suffered from a mental disorder, but some were undetected due to methodological limitations; and/or (c) suicide decedents with an undetected mental disorder displayed significant and perhaps subclinical features of a mental disorder...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685823/current-patterns-of-training-in-personality-assessment-during-internship
#5
James M Stedman, Cindy A McGeary, Joshua Essery
OBJECTIVE: Training in broad-based objective and projective personality assessments has been a mainstay of applied psychology. Stedman (2007) and Piotrowski (2015) have documented a decline in projective training during internship. This study investigated internship directors' current expectations regarding graduate school training with objective and projective instruments, their ratings of the importance of that training, and current training patterns with objective and projective instruments during internship...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672075/severity-of-suicidal-ideation-matters-reexamining-correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-using-quantile-regression
#6
Megan L Rogers, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Numerous risk factors have been identified for suicidal ideation, including perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, agitation, insomnia, nightmares, cognitive anxiety sensitivity, and rumination. However, the complexity of these associations has not been well studied; the magnitude of these effects may vary at differing levels of suicidal ideation. The present study reexamined established risk factors for suicidal ideation using quantile regression, a statistical technique that calculates the effect at numerous quantiles of suicidal ideation, as opposed to the average effect across all quantiles...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636768/driving-aggression-and-anxiety-intersections-assessment-and-interventions
#7
Heidi M Zinzow, Stephanie M Jeffirs
OBJECTIVE: Driving aggression and anxiety are significant contributors to risky driving and motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), which are leading causes of U.S. morbidity and mortality. Even though aggression and anxiety can be conceptualized as related features of the fight-or-flight response, literature on these topics has not been integrated. Driving aggression and anxiety are also transdiagnostic constructs that span multiple psychiatric disorders. Assessment and treatment of these complex problems must be understood to reduce the public health burden of MVCs...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636746/evaluation-of-the-parent-report-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-a-sample-of-children-recruited-from-intimate-partner-violence-services-a-multidimensional-rasch-analysis
#8
Shelby Elaine McDonald, Lin Ma, Kathy E Green, Stephanie A Hitti, Anna M Cody, Courtney Donovan, James Herbert Williams, Frank R Ascione
OBJECTIVE: Our study applied multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) to compare structural models of the parent-report version of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (ICU; English and North American Spanish translations). METHOD: A total of 291 maternal caregivers were recruited from community-based domestic violence services and reported on their children (77.9% ethnic minority; 47% female), who ranged in age from 7 to 12 years (mean = 9.07, standard deviation = 1...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620969/black-and-white-parents-willingness-to-seek-help-for-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#9
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Kristina Decker, Trisha Arnold, Kathryn H Howell, Vicky Phares
OBJECTIVE: Understanding social and environmental factors that contribute to parental help-seeking intentions is an important step in addressing service underutilization for children in need of treatment. This study examined factors that contribute to parents' intentions to seek formal and informal help for child psychopathology (anxiety and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). METHOD: A total of 251 parents (N = 128 mothers, N = 123 fathers; 49% Black, 51% White) read 3 vignettes describing children with anxiety, ADHD, and no diagnosis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608524/distinct-coping-profiles-are-associated-with-mental-health-differences-in-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adults
#10
Rebecca Freese, Miles Q Ott, Brian A Rood, Sari L Reisner, David W Pantalone
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the unique coping strategies of transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals in the United States used to manage gender-related stress, and examined associations between specific coping profiles and mental health. METHODS: Data were from 316 participants in the 2014-2015 Transgender Stress and Health Study, an online study of TGNC mental and sexual health. A factor analysis of the coping measure (Brief COPE) was followed by a k-means cluster analysis to evaluate distinct profiles of coping with gender-related stress...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608523/the-effects-of-twelve-weeks-of-tai-chi-practice-on-anxiety-in-stressed-but-healthy-people-compared-to-exercise-and-wait-list-groups-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Shuai Zheng, Christine Kim, Sara Lal, Peter Meier, David Sibbritt, Chris Zaslawski
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial was undertaken to determine whether 12 weeks of Tai Chi (TC) practice can reduce anxiety in healthy but stressed people. METHOD: Fifty participants were randomized into TC (n=17), exercise (n=17), and wait-list (WL) groups (n=16). Outcome measures used were State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale 14 (PSS14), blood pressure and heart rate variability, visual analogue scale (VAS), and Short Form 36. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed from baseline for both TC and exercise groups for both state (p <0...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586534/working-alliance-interpersonal-problems-and-depressive-symptoms-in-tele-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-hiv-infected-rural-persons-evidence-for-indirect-effects
#12
Timothy Anderson, Andrew S McClintock, Shannon S McCarrick, Timothy G Heckman, Bernadette D Heckman, John C Markowitz, Mark Sutton
OBJECTIVE: Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of depression, yet little is known about its therapeutic mechanisms. As a specific treatment, IPT has been shown to directly reduce depressive symptoms, although it is unclear whether these reductions occur via interpersonal changes. Within IPT, the potential role of the working alliance, a common factor, as a predictor of depression and interpersonal changes is also unclear. METHOD: Participants were 147 depressed persons living with HIV in rural communities of 28 U...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586528/coping-and-psychopathological-profile-in-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-chilean-adolescents
#13
Karla Castro, Teresa Kirchner
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to establish the roles of coping typologies and the psychological problems associated with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and to identify adolescents who are at greater risk of engaging in this practice. METHOD: The total sample comprised 965 adolescents (57% girls, aged 12-18 years) from several Chilean schools who answered the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury questionnaire. RESULTS: Young people with and without NSSI present different coping patterns, especially when compared by gender...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586524/experiential-self-focus-in-social-anxiety-disorder-is-it-beneficial
#14
Alice R Norton, Maree J Abbott
OBJECTIVE: Self-focused processing is a significant maintaining factor in cognitive models of social anxiety disorder (SAD), but it may also be analytic (detached, evaluative, maladaptive) or experiential (concrete, nonevaluative, adaptive). The current study aimed to investigate the effect of self-focus modes in a sample meeting criteria for SAD as previous studies have yielded mixed results. METHOD: Individuals meeting criteria for SAD and nonanxious controls (N = 80, 77...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561277/a-large-scale-study-of-misophonia
#15
Romke Rouw, Mercede Erfanian
OBJECTIVE: We aim to elucidate misophonia, a condition in which particular sounds elicit disproportionally strong aversive reactions. METHOD: A large online study extensively surveyed personal, developmental, and clinical characteristics of over 300 misophonics. RESULTS: Most participants indicated that their symptoms started in childhood or early teenage years. Severity of misophonic responses increases over time. One third of participants reported having family members with similar symptoms...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715612/it-s-complicated-navigating-multiple-identities-in-small-town-america
#16
Angela D Ferguson, Marie L Miville
During the past few years, research focused on individuals who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) have increased. However, much of this literature focuses on White LGBT individuals, and less on individuals who have intersected identities, such as being both gay/lesbian and a person of color. Consequently, this population becomes obscured in scholarly discourses, thus being made "invisible" with regard to theory, research, and clinical interventions, with the result that clinicians are provided little or no knowledge of theories or best practices when working with individuals who are both sexual minority and people of color...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675782/alternative-or-nontraditional-sexualities-and-therapy-a-case-report
#17
Richard A Sprott, Anna Randall, Karen Davison, Neil Cannon, Ryan G Witherspoon
A traditionally marginalized subset of couples engage in consensual nonmonogamy (CNM: open marriage, polyamory, swinging, etc.) or alternative sexualities, such as kink or bondage/discipline, dominance/submission, and sadism/masochism. Nonmonogamous and sexually diverse individuals often experience discrimination or stigma in various domains of professional services, including mental healthcare. These cases require knowledge, skills, and awareness to provide culturally sensitive care, which is often called "kink aware therapy" or "poly-friendly therapy" within alternative sexuality communities...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672051/therapy-with-a-consensually-nonmonogamous-couple
#18
Keely Kolmes, Ryan G Witherspoon
While a significant minority of people practice some form of consensual nonmonogamy (CNM) in their relationships, there is very little published research on how to work competently and effectively with those who identify as polyamorous or who have open relationships. It is easy to let one's cultural assumptions override one's work in practice. However, cultural competence is an ethical cornerstone of psychotherapeutic work, as is using evidence-based treatment in the services we provide to our clients. This case presents the work of a clinician using both evidence-based practice and practice-based evidence in helping a nonmonogamous couple repair a breach in their relationship...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662273/sex-positive-assessment-and-treatment-among-female-trauma-survivors
#19
Linda R Baggett, Ethan Eisen, Sara Gonzalez-Rivas, Lacy A Olson, Rebecca P Cameron, Linda R Mona
Sexuality and intimacy difficulties are often a part of the aftermath of sexual trauma. We argue that combining techniques from evidence-based, trauma-focused treatment with sex-positive techniques used in sex therapy can best help survivors reduce trauma-related symptoms and develop or regain comfort with their sexuality. In this article, we illustrate this approach by describing the case of a survivor of sexual assault, who completed 20 sessions of treatment that combined modules of trauma-focused therapies, Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT), and Prolonged Exposure (PE) with sensate focus therapy, a technique often used in sex therapy...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662271/introduction-science-sexuality-and-psychotherapy-shifting-paradigms
#20
Armand R Cerbone
This introduction presents an overview of the current issue (73, 8) of Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session. This issue features a series of articles, with clinical cases, each presented to illustrate the challenges faced by individuals and couples whose sexual and gender identities and expressions do not comport with traditional and cultural norms. These articles also document the challenges to the therapists who treat them. Considered individually, each article underscores the need to recognize the importance of evidence in guiding psychotherapy in cases involving sexuality...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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