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Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301046/depressive-symptoms-and-the-anticipation-and-experience-of-uplifting-events-in-everyday-life
#1
Lisa R Starr, Rachel Hershenberg
Despite proliferation of laboratory-based studies examining reward functioning in depression, few studies have examined these processes in everyday life. We addressed this shortcoming by exploring experience and anticipation of uplifting experiences under ecologically valid conditions METHOD: One hundred fifty-seven young adults, oversampled for depressive symptoms, completed a 14-day diary tracking mood in relation to recent and anticipated positive events RESULTS: Consistent with studies supporting "mood-brightening" effects in depression, participants with greater baseline dysphoria showed stronger associations between elevated daily uplifts and lower daily depressive symptoms, particularly when events were interpersonal in nature...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295302/the-associations-between-army-national-guard-versus-active-duty-soldier-status-and-perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-acquired-capability
#2
Matthew C Podlogar, Claire Houtsma, Lauren R Khazem, Fallon Ringer, Thomas Mofield, Bradley A Green, Michael D Anestis, Ingrid C Lim, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine if levels of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability significantly differed between guardsmen and active duty soldiers. METHOD: Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to test for differences between active duty Army (n = 1,393) and Army National Guard (n = 623) groups, before and after controlling for the effects of age, gender, race, marital status, level of education, and deployment history...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295301/suicide-risk-among-bdsm-practitioners-the-role-of-acquired-capability-for-suicide
#3
Sarah L Brown, Jared F Roush, Sean M Mitchell, Kelly C Cukrowicz
OBJECTIVE: Bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, and sadomasochism (BDSM) practitioners are at increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. We hypothesized the association between (a) lifetime frequency of BDSM-related sexual behaviors and (b) BDSM identification and suicide attempt status would be mediated by acquired capability components (i.e., fearlessness about death and pain tolerance). Gender differences were examined. METHOD: Participants were 576 BDSM practitioners (meanage = 28...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294318/impact-of-killing-in-war-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#4
Shira Maguen, Kristine Burkman, Erin Madden, Julie Dinh, Jeane Bosch, Jessica Keyser, Martha Schmitz, Thomas C Neylan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the effectiveness of Impact of Killing (IOK), a novel, cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) aimed at reducing mental health symptoms and functional impairment. METHOD: Participants were 33 combat Veterans with a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis who had completed trauma-focused psychotherapy and reported distress regarding killing or feeling responsible for the deaths of others in war. Veterans were randomized to either IOK treatment or a 6-week waitlist condition, after which Veterans could receive IOK...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263399/feeling-thanks-and-saying-thanks-a-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-if-and-how-socially-oriented-gratitude-journals-work
#5
Brenda H O'Connell, Deirdre O'Shea, Stephen Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of a reflective interpersonal gratitude journal, a reflective-behavioral interpersonal gratitude journal and an active control journal, on primary qualities of well-being and depression. METHOD: Participants (n = 192; 67.2% female) completed this 3-month longitudinal randomized controlled design. RESULTS: Participants in the reflective-behavioral condition experienced the greatest improvements in affect balance and reductions in depression at immediate posttest...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263398/randomized-controlled-trial-of-inner-resources-meditation-for-family-dementia-caregivers
#6
Lynn C Waelde, Hilary Meyer, Jason M Thompson, Larry Thompson, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial examined the comparative effectiveness of 2 interventions for improving diurnal cortisol slope and life satisfaction and reducing stress symptoms among older female dementia family caregivers. METHOD: Thirty-one family dementia caregivers were randomized to 8 weeks of Inner Resources for Stress mindfulness meditation and mantra training (IR) or psychoeducation and telephone support (PTS). RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analyses revealed statistically significant pre-post improvements in diurnal cortisol slope and overall life satisfaction, but not depression or self-efficacy, in the IR relative to the PTS group...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249107/a-controlled-randomized-preliminary-trial-of-a-modified-dissonance-based-eating-disorder-intervention-program
#7
M A Green, M Willis, K Fernandez-Kong, S Reyes, R Linkhart, M Johnson, T Thorne, J Lindberg, E Kroska, H Woodward
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a controlled randomized preliminary trial of a modified dissonance-based eating disorder program (n = 24) compared to an assessment-only control condition (n = 23) via a longitudinal design (baseline, postintervention, 2-month follow-up) in a community sample of women (N = 47) with clinical (n = 22) and subclinical (n = 25) eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: The traditional content of the Body Project, a dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program, was modified to include verbal, written, and behavioral exercises designed to dissuade self-objectification and maladaptive social comparison...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221671/can-trainees-effectively-deliver-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder-outcomes-from-a-training-clinic
#8
Shireen L Rizvi, Christopher D Hughes, Alexandra D Hittman, Pedro Vieira Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-month course of comprehensive dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) provided in a training clinic with doctoral students as therapists and assessors. METHOD: Clinical outcomes for 50 individuals with borderline personality disorder (80% female, Mage = 29.52 [SD = 9.64]) are reported. Reliable change indices and clinical significance were calculated for measures. Finally, our results were benchmarked against a "gold standard" randomized clinical trial (RCT; McMain et al...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221666/applying-the-unified-protocol-transdiagnostic-treatment-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-co-occurring-emotional-disorders-a-case-illustration
#9
Kate H Bentley
This article presents the use of a transdiagnostic, emotion-focused treatment with a young woman with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), social anxiety disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder. The patient also presented with subclinical depressive, posttraumatic stress, and eating disorder symptoms. The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (Barlow et al., 2011), a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to be applicable across anxiety, depressive, and related disorders with strong emotional components, was used to address the range of Laura's presenting concerns...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195649/validity-and-utility-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-2-and-phq-9-for-screening-and-diagnosis-of-depression-in-rural-chiapas-mexico-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Jafet Arrieta, Mercedes Aguerrebere, Giuseppe Raviola, Hugo Flores, Patrick Elliott, Azucena Espinosa, Andrea Reyes, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Elena G Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Joia Mukherjee, Daniel Palazuelos, Molly F Franke
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are frequently under diagnosed in resource-limited settings because of lack of access to mental health care or the inability of healthcare providers to recognize them. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-2 and the PHQ-9 have been widely used for screening and diagnosis of depression in primary care settings; however, the validity of their use in rural, Spanish-speaking populations is unknown. METHOD: We used a cross-sectional design to assess the psychometric properties of the PHQ-9 for depression diagnosis and estimated the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-2 for depression screening...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186638/psychotherapy-utilization-and-retention-in-a-national-sample-of-veterans-with-ptsd
#11
Jennifer M Doran, Robert H Pietrzak, Rani Hoff, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the demographic, diagnostic, and military variables associated with psychotherapy utilization and retention in a national Veteran sample. METHOD: A large administrative VA dataset (142,620 Veterans) was utilized. Logistic regression was used to determine predictors of psychotherapy utilization and retention. RESULTS: Female gender was associat ed with increased psychotherapy utilization and retention. Geriatric age was associated with less retention in individual psychotherapy...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186637/perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-fearlessness-about-death-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-among-female-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma
#12
Lindsey L Monteith, Nazanin H Bahraini, Deleene S Menefee
OBJECTIVE: Military sexual trauma (MST) is prevalent among female Veterans and is associated with increased risk for suicidal self-directed violence. Yet research examining processes which contribute to suicidal ideation and attempts among MST survivors has been sparse, focusing primarily on psychiatric symptoms or diagnoses, rather than employing a theory-driven approach. The interpersonal-psychological theory (Joiner, 2005) is a leading theory of suicide that may be particularly relevant for understanding suicidal ideation among female Veterans who have experienced MST...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186634/maintaining-mental-health-through-positive-writing-effects-of-a-resource-diary-on-depression-and-emotion-regulation
#13
M Suhr, A K Risch, G Wilz
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the beneficial effects of the resource-oriented positive writing intervention resource diary (RD) on mental health variables among patients recently discharged from psychiatric inpatient treatment. METHOD: Eighty-nine patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention group completing RD over the course of 4 weeks (n = 45) or a control group receiving no intervention (n = 44). To measure changes in mental health, patients filled out a number of self-report questionnaires on depression, emotion regulation, and resource activation before and after the intervention...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186633/introduction-applying-clinical-psychological-science-to-practice
#14
Christine B Cha, Katherine A DiVasto
Mental illness is a prevalent and extraordinarily complex phenomenon. Psychologists have developed distinct approaches toward understanding and treating mental illness, rooted in divergent epistemology. This introduction to the Special Issue on Clinical Psychological Science and Practice provides a brief overview of the scientist-practitioner gap, and explores one step (of many) toward bridging this divide. Seven compelling case illustrations featured in this Special Issue apply empirical findings to case formulation, treatment selection, and assessment across complex and varied clinical presentations...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170102/enhancement-of-self-conducted-exposure-for-ocd-using-cognitive-bias-modification-a-case-study
#15
Sadia Najmi, Nader Amir
The psychological treatment of choice for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is exposure and response prevention (ERP). However, the training required for practitioners to be proficient in delivering ERP is not readily available, thereby rendering the treatment inaccessible to most patients. Self-directed ERP (sERP) programs designed to increase the accessibility of ERP have not proven effective, perhaps because patients find it difficult to comply with exposure exercises without the guidance of a clinician...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170098/enhancing-social-support-postincarceration-results-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Carrie Pettus-Davis, Allison Dunnigan, Christopher A Veeh, Matthew Owen Howard, Anna M Scheyett, Amelia Roberts-Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Over 50% of released prisoners are reincarcerated within 3 years. Social support from loved ones postincarceration significantly reduces the likelihood of reincarceration. Increasingly, intervention developers aim to implement interventions that will enhance the stability of support available. This study responds to gaps in knowledge. METHOD: The current efficacy study reports findings from a randomized controlled trial (n = 57) of a social support intervention...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170095/an-empirical-model-and-ethnic-differences-in-cultural-meanings-via-motives-for-suicide
#17
Joyce Chu, Oula Khoury, Johnson Ma, Francesca Bahn, Bruce Bongar, Peter Goldblum
OBJECTIVE: The importance of cultural meanings via motives for suicide - what is considered acceptable to motivate suicide - has been advocated as a key step in understanding and preventing development of suicidal behaviors. There have been limited systematic empirical attempts to establish different cultural motives ascribed to suicide across ethnic groups. METHOD: We used a mixed methods approach and grounded theory methodology to guide the analysis of qualitative data querying for meanings via motives for suicide among 232 Caucasians, Asian Americans, and Latino/a Americans with a history of suicide attempts, ideation, intent, or plan...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152198/brightening-the-day-with-flashes-of-positive-mental-imagery-a-case-study-of-an-individual-with-depression
#18
Simon E Blackwell, Emily A Holmes
This article presents a case example of an individual with current major depression engaging in a positive mental imagery intervention, specifically a computerized cognitive training paradigm involving repeated practice in generating positive imagery in response to ambiguous scenarios. The patient's reported experience of the intervention suggests the potential of the positive imagery intervention to "brighten" everyday life via promoting involuntary "flashes" of positive mental imagery in situations related to the scenarios, with associated beneficial effects on positive affect, future expectations, and behavior...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152189/effectiveness-of-brief-abstinence-for-modifying-problematic-internet-gaming-cognitions-and-behaviors
#19
Daniel L King, Dean Kaptsis, Paul H Delfabbro, Michael Gradisar
This pilot study tested the efficacy of a voluntary 84-hour abstinence protocol for modifying problematic Internet gaming cognitions and behaviors METHOD: Twenty-four adults from online gaming communities, including 9 individuals who screened positively for Internet gaming disorder (IGD), abstained from Internet games for 84 hours. Surveys were collected at baseline, at daily intervals during abstinence, and at 7-day and 28-day follow-up RESULTS: Brief voluntary abstinence was successful in reducing hours of gaming, maladaptive gaming cognitions, and IGD symptoms...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152186/initial-and-follow-up-evaluations-of-integrated-psychological-services-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-safety-net-primary-care-clinic
#20
Elizabeth Sadock, Paul B Perrin, Renée M Grinnell, Bruce Rybarczyk, Stephen M Auerbach
OBJECTIVE: Despite the recognized importance of integrated behavioral health, particularly in safety net primary care, its effectiveness in real world settings has not been extensively evaluated. This article presents 2 successive studies examining the effectiveness of integrated behavioral care in a safety net setting. METHOD: Study 1 compared the depression and anxiety scores of predominately low-income and minority patients who underwent brief interventions (N = 147) to those of patients from a demographically similar comparison clinic without integrated psychological services, matched on baseline levels of anxiety and depression and length of time between assessments (N = 139)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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