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Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30395693/exploring-the-relation-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-interpersonal-outcomes-the-role-of-social-acknowledgment-and-trauma-type
#1
Shira M Kern, Stephanie E Stacy, Ryan M Kozina, Adam J Ripley, Joshua D Clapp
OBJECTIVES: Research demonstrates consistent relations between posttrauma symptoms and interpersonal dysfunction. The current study examined the extent to which perceptions of community rejection account for the relation between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and interpersonal outcomes in students exposed to assaultive and nonassaultive trauma. METHOD: Participants (N = 137; 66.4% female; M = 20 years) completed a trauma history interview, questionnaires assessing symptom severity, social disapproval, and interpersonal outcomes...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368829/family-environment-moderates-the-relation-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-to-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-inattention-and-depression
#2
Joseph W Fredrick, Aaron M Luebbe, Kathryn J Mancini, G Leonard Burns, Jeffery N Epstein, Annie A Garner, Matthew A Jarrett, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated whether a maladaptive family environment would moderate the strength of the relations of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN) and to depressive symptoms in a large sample of college students. METHODS: Participants (n = 3,172), between the ages of 18-29 (M ± SDage  = 19.24 ± 1.52; 69.8% women; 80.4% White) and enrolled in five universities in the United States completed self-report measures of symptomatology, interparental conflict, and family expressiveness of emotions...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368817/attachment-assessment-in-clinical-practice-factor-structure-of-the-attachment-questionnaire
#3
Olivier Laverdière, Jean Descôteaux, Thalie Beaulieu-Tremblay, Valérie Simard
OBJECTIVE: Attachment theory is of great relevance to psychotherapy process and outcome. The labor-intensive and time-consuming nature of attachment codification impedes its widespread use in clinical practice. The Attachment Questionnaire (AQ), a clinician-rated instrument, was developed to address these limitations. However, the status of validation of the AQ remains preliminary. The objective of this study is to further validate the AQ by evaluating its factor structure and convergent validity...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368815/provider-perspectives-on-a-novel-moral-injury-treatment-for-veterans-initial-assessment-of-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-the-impact-of-killing-treatment-materials
#4
Kristine Burkman, Natalie Purcell, Shira Maguen
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether treatment providers specializing in evidence-based treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder found the Impact of Killing (IOK), a novel treatment for moral injury among combat veterans, acceptable, and feasible. METHODS: Ten providers from a large veterans administration (VA) medical center were provided with materials from IOK. We audio-recorded a semistructured interview with each provider where we elicited open-ended feedback as well as asked five structured questions about the relative advantage, compatibility, complexity/simplicity, trialability, and observability of IOK...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368814/visual-body-scale-for-men-vbsm-validation-of-a-new-figural-rating-scale-to-measure-perceived-desired-body-discrepancy-in-men
#5
Daniel Talbot, John Cass, Evelyn Smith
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the psychometric properties of the Visual Body Scale for Men (VBSM), a new figural rating scale designed as a measure of male perceived-ideal body discrepancy. METHODS: In Study 1, participants were 133 males who selected their perceived and desired bodies from the VBSM. Body composition, body dissatisfaction, eating disorder and depressive symptomatology were obtained. In Study 2, participants were 33 males who completed the VBSM and the Bodybuilder Image Grid (BIG)...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368810/american-psychological-association-practice-guidelines-for-psychopharmacology-ethical-practice-considerations-for-psychologists-involving-psychotropic-use-with-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Susan G Goldberg, Kathryn Wagner
OBJECTIVES: This study discusses the implications of the American Psychological Association's 2011 Practice Guidelines for Pharmacology as they apply to psychologists working with juvenile clients. Special considerations apply due to concerns about the developmental side effects that occur when psychotropic medications are prescribed to children and adolescents. METHODS OR DESIGN: This study provides recommendations for implementing each of the Practice Guidelines...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368808/to-manualize-or-not-to-manualize-is-that-still-the-question-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-evidence-for-manual-superiority-in-psychological-treatment
#7
REVIEW
Femke Truijens, Levin Zühlke-van Hulzen, Stijn Vanheule
OBJECTIVE: Institutional promotion of psychotherapy manuals as a requirement for evidence-based treatments (EBTs) yields the assumption that manualized treatment is more effective than nonmanualized treatment. This systematic review examines empirical evidence for this claim. METHODS: An electronic database search identified studies that directly or indirectly compared manual-based and non-manual-based treatment. RESULTS: Six studies directly compared manualized and nonmanualized treatment (Hypothesis 1)...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368807/unique-and-shared-features-of-narcissistic-and-antisocial-personality-disorders-implications-for-assessing-and-modeling-externalizing-traits
#8
Kasey Stanton, Mark Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine which, if any, features distinguish antisocial and narcissistic personality disorders (ASPD and NPD), two overlapping externalizing disorders. METHODS: A large sample of outpatients (N = 2,149) completed interview measures assessing personality pathology, other psychopathology, and impairment. The structure of antisocial and narcissistic traits was examined using both exploratory bifactor and traditional exploratory factor analytic approaches, and we examined relations for our emergent factors...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368805/i-heard-it-through-the-grapevine-where-and-what-parents-learn-about-youth-mental-health-treatments
#9
Erin E O'Connor, David A Langer
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates where parents learn about, and what parents know about child mental health services. Parents who are better informed about mental health services may be more likely to utilize services for their children. METHODS: In a national online survey, 196 parents of children between the ages of 4 and 17 years reported on their information-seeking behaviors and their familiarity and experience with psychosocial approaches. RESULTS: Parents reported utilizing multiple information sources with mental health providers, pediatricians, and social networks being the most prominent...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368804/the-stigmatization-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#10
Taylor A Burke, Marilyn L Piccirillo, Samantha L Moore-Berg, Lauren B Alloy, Richard G Heimberg
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), no research has systematically studied the occurrence and effects of stigmatization by others towards NSSI scarring. METHODS: The current study measured implicit and explicit attitudes among undergraduates towards NSSI scarring using the implicit association test and questionnaires to compare implicit and explicit biases towards NSSI with biases towards tattoos, a culturally sanctioned form of self-determined marking, as well as nonintentional disfigurement...
October 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30295914/mindfulness-and-progressive-muscle-relaxation-as-standardized-session-introduction-in-individual-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Johannes Mander, Paul Blanck, Andreas B Neubauer, Paula Kröger, Christoph Flückiger, Wolfgang Lutz, Sven Barnow, Hinrich Bents, Thomas Heidenreich
OBJECTIVE: There is scarce research on the effects of mindfulness in individual therapy. As many practitioners integrate mindfulness exercises into individual therapy, empirical evidence is of high clinical relevance. METHOD: We investigated the effects of a session-introducing intervention with mindfulness elements (SIIME) in a randomized, controlled design. The effects of SIIME on therapeutic alliance and symptomatic outcome were compared with progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and treatment-as-usual (TAU) control conditions...
October 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30368806/exercise-dependence-associations-with-capability-for-suicide-and-past-suicidal-behavior
#12
Megan L Rogers, Mary E Duffy, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Alison E Datoc, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Exercise dependence has been linked to capability for suicide and suicidal behavior; however, less understood are which facets of exercise dependence confer risk for suicidal behavior and the potential mechanisms of this association. This study examined relationships between exercise dependence, capability for suicide, and past suicidal behavior. METHODS: A sample of 540 individuals recruited via MTurk completed online measures of their exercise dependence, capability for suicide, and history of suicidal behavior...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291761/the-psychometric-properties-of-the-collaborative-assessment-and-management-of-suicidality-rating-scale
#13
Christopher D Corona, Peter M Gutierrez, Barry M Wagner, David A Jobes
OBJECTIVE: The CAMS Rating Scale (CRS) is an adherence measure for the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS), a suicide-specific clinical intervention. This study examined the ability of the CRS to assess adherence to CAMS. METHODS: Video-recorded therapy sessions of clinicians delivering either CAMS or Enhanced Care-As-Usual (E-CAU) were rated with the CRS. These ratings (N = 98) were used to evaluate criterion validity, internal consistency, and factor structure...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291751/a-multicomponent-approach-toward-understanding-emotion-regulation-in-schizophrenia
#14
Janelle M Painter, Jennifer E Stellar, Erin K Moran, Ann M Kring
OBJECTIVES: Emotion deficits are well documented in people with schizophrenia. Far less is known about their ability to implement emotion regulation strategies. We sought to explore whether people with schizophrenia can modify their emotion responses similar to controls. METHODS: People with (n = 25) and without (n = 21) schizophrenia were instructed to amplify positive-emotion expression, reappraise negative emotion experience, and suppress physiological response...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291736/common-health-problems-in-safety-net-primary-care-modeling-the-roles-of-trauma-history-and-mental-health
#15
Allison B Williams, Erin R Smith, Michael A Trujillo, Paul B Perrin, Sarah Griffin, Bruce Rybarczyk
OBJECTIVE: This study described trauma exposure and investigated mediational effects of mental health on the relationships between trauma and pain, sleep, smoking, and general health. METHOD: Participants were 210 low-income primary care patients. The study used a crosssectional, self-report survey design. RESULTS: Eighty-five percent of the sample reported adult trauma and 54% reported four or more childhood traumas. Moderate or higher depression and anxiety levels were present in 59% and 48% of participants, respectively...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291721/pilot-evaluation-of-a-targeted-intervention-for-peer-victimized-youth
#16
Paula J Fite, John L Cooley, Jonathan Poquiz, Anne Williford
OBJECTIVE: Due to the limited effectiveness of extant prevention and intervention strategies, the current study is an initial evaluation of a cognitive behavioral group intervention, originally designed to treat symptoms of depression and anxiety, for youth who experienced peer victimization. METHODS: Twelve third- through fifth-grade youth participated in the intervention, and their data were compared with 12 youth who were a part of a naturalistic control group...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30291720/convergence-between-rorschach-and-self-report-a-new-look-at-some-old-questions
#17
Leslie C Morey, Morgan N McCredie
OBJECTIVE: This study presents an examination of the influence of response format on convergence between performance-based and self-report assessments of similar mental health constructs, to determine if such method variance might account for prior findings of lack of relationship. METHODS: An online sample of 455 participants (57% male; average age, 35.5) completed a multiple-choice version of the Rorschach and two self-report instruments, the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) and the International Personality Item Pool (IPIP) representation of the domain traits of the five-factor model (FFM)...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238465/intolerance-of-uncertainty-moderates-the-relations-among-religiosity-and-motives-for-religion-depression-and-social-evaluation-fears
#18
Ashley N Howell, R Nicholas Carleton, Samantha C Horswill, Holly A Parkerson, Justin W Weeks, Gordon J G Asmundson
OBJECTIVES: Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) underlies several psychological disorders, and religion may help some individuals cope with IU and/or protect against psychological symptoms. It was hypothesized that IU would moderate the relations between coping motives for being religious, as well as religiosity, and common psychological disorder symptoms: Depression and social evaluation fears. METHODS: Study 1 included 473 self-reporting community members (M age  = 48, 48% female, 80% Protestant/Catholic)...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216437/therapeutic-agency-in-session-behavior-and-patient-therapist-interaction
#19
Julia Huber, Ann-Kathrin Born, Christine Claaß, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Christoph Nikendei, Henning Schauenburg, Ulrike Dinger
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate associations between patients' subjective agency, their observable in-session behavior, and the patient-therapist interaction during the early phase of psychotherapy. METHODS: The sample included 52 depressed patients in psychodynamic psychotherapy. After Session 5, the patients' agency and the quality of the therapeutic alliance were assessed. Based on session recordings, two independent observers rated the patients' involvement, their interpersonal behavior, and the therapists' directiveness...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152867/chronic-fatigue-syndrome-and-the-somatic-expression-of-emotional-distress-applying-the-concept-of-illusory-mental-health-to-address-the-controversy
#20
Anthony D Bram, Kiley A Gottschalk, William M Leeds
OBJECTIVE: The process of somatization in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) was investigated using the concept of illusory mental health (IMH). IMH involves self-reporting low emotional distress alongside performance-based assessment of distress. METHOD: We studied IHM and physical symptoms in 175 women across four groups: (a) CFS plus depression; (b) CFS with no depression (CFS-ND); (c) depressive disorder without CFS; and (d) healthy controls (HC). IMH was assessed using a self-report measure plus the performance-based Early Memory Index (EMI)...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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