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Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195649/validity-and-utility-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-2-and-phq-9-for-screening-and-diagnosis-of-depression-in-rural-chiapas-mexico-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Jafet Arrieta, Mercedes Aguerrebere, Giuseppe Raviola, Hugo Flores, Patrick Elliott, Azucena Espinosa, Andrea Reyes, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Elena G Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Joia Mukherjee, Daniel Palazuelos, Molly F Franke
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are frequently under diagnosed in resource-limited settings because of lack of access to mental health care or the inability of healthcare providers to recognize them. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-2 and the PHQ-9 have been widely used for screening and diagnosis of depression in primary care settings; however, the validity of their use in rural, Spanish-speaking populations is unknown. METHOD: We used a cross-sectional design to assess the psychometric properties of the PHQ-9 for depression diagnosis and estimated the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-2 for depression screening...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186638/psychotherapy-utilization-and-retention-in-a-national-sample-of-veterans-with-ptsd
#2
Jennifer M Doran, Robert H Pietrzak, Rani Hoff, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the demographic, diagnostic, and military variables associated with psychotherapy utilization and retention in a national Veteran sample. METHOD: A large administrative VA dataset (142,620 Veterans) was utilized. Logistic regression was used to determine predictors of psychotherapy utilization and retention. RESULTS: Female gender was associat ed with increased psychotherapy utilization and retention. Geriatric age was associated with less retention in individual psychotherapy...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186637/perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-fearlessness-about-death-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-among-female-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma
#3
Lindsey L Monteith, Nazanin H Bahraini, Deleene S Menefee
OBJECTIVE: Military sexual trauma (MST) is prevalent among female Veterans and is associated with increased risk for suicidal self-directed violence. Yet research examining processes which contribute to suicidal ideation and attempts among MST survivors has been sparse, focusing primarily on psychiatric symptoms or diagnoses, rather than employing a theory-driven approach. The interpersonal-psychological theory (Joiner, 2005) is a leading theory of suicide that may be particularly relevant for understanding suicidal ideation among female Veterans who have experienced MST...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186634/maintaining-mental-health-through-positive-writing-effects-of-a-resource-diary-on-depression-and-emotion-regulation
#4
M Suhr, A K Risch, G Wilz
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the beneficial effects of the resource-oriented positive writing intervention resource diary (RD) on mental health variables among patients recently discharged from psychiatric inpatient treatment. METHOD: Eighty-nine patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention group completing RD over the course of 4 weeks (n = 45) or a control group receiving no intervention (n = 44). To measure changes in mental health, patients filled out a number of self-report questionnaires on depression, emotion regulation, and resource activation before and after the intervention...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186633/introduction-applying-clinical-psychological-science-to-practice
#5
Christine B Cha, Katherine A DiVasto
Mental illness is a prevalent and extraordinarily complex phenomenon. Psychologists have developed distinct approaches toward understanding and treating mental illness, rooted in divergent epistemology. This introduction to the Special Issue on Clinical Psychological Science and Practice provides a brief overview of the scientist-practitioner gap, and explores one step (of many) toward bridging this divide. Seven compelling case illustrations featured in this Special Issue apply empirical findings to case formulation, treatment selection, and assessment across complex and varied clinical presentations...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170102/enhancement-of-self-conducted-exposure-for-ocd-using-cognitive-bias-modification-a-case-study
#6
Sadia Najmi, Nader Amir
The psychological treatment of choice for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is exposure and response prevention (ERP). However, the training required for practitioners to be proficient in delivering ERP is not readily available, thereby rendering the treatment inaccessible to most patients. Self-directed ERP (sERP) programs designed to increase the accessibility of ERP have not proven effective, perhaps because patients find it difficult to comply with exposure exercises without the guidance of a clinician...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170098/enhancing-social-support-postincarceration-results-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Carrie Pettus-Davis, Allison Dunnigan, Christopher A Veeh, Matthew Owen Howard, Anna M Scheyett, Amelia Roberts-Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Over 50% of released prisoners are reincarcerated within 3 years. Social support from loved ones postincarceration significantly reduces the likelihood of reincarceration. Increasingly, intervention developers aim to implement interventions that will enhance the stability of support available. This study responds to gaps in knowledge. METHOD: The current efficacy study reports findings from a randomized controlled trial (n = 57) of a social support intervention...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170095/an-empirical-model-and-ethnic-differences-in-cultural-meanings-via-motives-for-suicide
#8
Joyce Chu, Oula Khoury, Johnson Ma, Francesca Bahn, Bruce Bongar, Peter Goldblum
OBJECTIVE: The importance of cultural meanings via motives for suicide - what is considered acceptable to motivate suicide - has been advocated as a key step in understanding and preventing development of suicidal behaviors. There have been limited systematic empirical attempts to establish different cultural motives ascribed to suicide across ethnic groups. METHOD: We used a mixed methods approach and grounded theory methodology to guide the analysis of qualitative data querying for meanings via motives for suicide among 232 Caucasians, Asian Americans, and Latino/a Americans with a history of suicide attempts, ideation, intent, or plan...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152198/brightening-the-day-with-flashes-of-positive-mental-imagery-a-case-study-of-an-individual-with-depression
#9
Simon E Blackwell, Emily A Holmes
This article presents a case example of an individual with current major depression engaging in a positive mental imagery intervention, specifically a computerized cognitive training paradigm involving repeated practice in generating positive imagery in response to ambiguous scenarios. The patient's reported experience of the intervention suggests the potential of the positive imagery intervention to "brighten" everyday life via promoting involuntary "flashes" of positive mental imagery in situations related to the scenarios, with associated beneficial effects on positive affect, future expectations, and behavior...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152189/effectiveness-of-brief-abstinence-for-modifying-problematic-internet-gaming-cognitions-and-behaviors
#10
Daniel L King, Dean Kaptsis, Paul H Delfabbro, Michael Gradisar
This pilot study tested the efficacy of a voluntary 84-hour abstinence protocol for modifying problematic Internet gaming cognitions and behaviors METHOD: Twenty-four adults from online gaming communities, including 9 individuals who screened positively for Internet gaming disorder (IGD), abstained from Internet games for 84 hours. Surveys were collected at baseline, at daily intervals during abstinence, and at 7-day and 28-day follow-up RESULTS: Brief voluntary abstinence was successful in reducing hours of gaming, maladaptive gaming cognitions, and IGD symptoms...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152186/initial-and-follow-up-evaluations-of-integrated-psychological-services-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-safety-net-primary-care-clinic
#11
Elizabeth Sadock, Paul B Perrin, Renée M Grinnell, Bruce Rybarczyk, Stephen M Auerbach
OBJECTIVE: Despite the recognized importance of integrated behavioral health, particularly in safety net primary care, its effectiveness in real world settings has not been extensively evaluated. This article presents 2 successive studies examining the effectiveness of integrated behavioral care in a safety net setting. METHOD: Study 1 compared the depression and anxiety scores of predominately low-income and minority patients who underwent brief interventions (N = 147) to those of patients from a demographically similar comparison clinic without integrated psychological services, matched on baseline levels of anxiety and depression and length of time between assessments (N = 139)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117899/benefits-of-a-psychodynamic-group-therapy-pgt-model-for-treating-veterans-with-ptsd
#12
Ofir Levi, Yael Shoval-Zuckerman, Eyal Fruchter, Arie Bibi, Yair Bar-Haim, Ilan Wald
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a treatment model of psychodynamic group therapy (PGT) for combat Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD: A total of 158 male Veterans with PTSD (mean age = 30.09 years) were assigned to 15 treatment groups of 7-13 patients each. PGT was a 1-year therapy, 1.5 hour, once-a-week sessions administered in the following stages: group building activities, differentiation of group members, intimacy building, and termination...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117889/the-journey-through-and-beyond-mental-health-services-in-the-united-kingdom-a-typology-of-parents-ways-of-managing-the-crisis-of-their-teenage-child-s-depression
#13
Emily Stapley, Mary Target, Nick Midgley
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a common mental illness experienced by young people. Yet we know little about how their parents manage their symptoms at home, and how parents may experience their treatment at child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). Thus, the aim of our study was to create a typology of parents' experiences over a 2-year period, beginning with their teenage child's referral to CAMHS in the United Kingdom. METHOD: A total of 85 semistructured interviews were conducted with one or both parents of 28 adolescents at 3 time points, and qualitatively analyzed using ideal type analysis...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112815/how-to-implement-therapeutic-evaluative-conditioning-in-a-clinical-setting
#14
Joseph C Franklin, Kathryn R Fox, Jessica D Ribeiro
Self-injurious behaviors (SIBs), including both suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injury, are major public health problems that have been on the rise in recent decades. There are few effective SIB interventions, and those that are effective cannot reach most people who are in need of help-that is, these interventions are not scalable. To address this need, we recently developed a scalable, app-based treatment called Therapeutic Evaluative Conditioning (TEC) that preliminary studies have shown causes reductions in SIBs (Franklin et al...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112810/perceived-criticism-in-the-treatment-of-a-high-risk-adolescent
#15
Jill M Hooley, David J Miklowitz
Perceived criticism (PC) is a construct that plays a key role in family relationships of persons with psychiatric disorders. It can be assessed in a brief and simple way using the Perceived Criticism Measure. PC ratings made by patients about their caregivers predict adverse clinical outcomes including increases in symptoms and relapse across a broad range of psychiatric diagnoses. Although research supports the concurrent and predictive validity of PC, the measure is not widely used in clinical practice. Here, we describe the construct of PC and review evidence supporting its clinical utility...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085202/a-prospective-examination-of-perceived-burdensomeness-and-thwarted-belongingness-as-risk-factors-for-suicide-ideation-in-adult-outpatients-receiving-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#16
Tobias Teismann, Heide Glaesmer, Ruth von Brachel, Paula Siegmann, Thomas Forkmann
OBJECTIVE: The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior posits that 2 proximal, causal, and interactive risk factors must be present for someone to desire suicide: perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the predictive power of these 2 risk factors in a prospective study. METHOD: A total of 231 adult outpatients (age: mean = 38.1, standard deviation = 12.3) undergoing cognitive-behavioral therapy took part in a pretreatment and a midtreatment assessment after the 10th therapy session...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085200/-are-you-having-thoughts-of-suicide-examining-experiences-with-disclosing-and-denying-suicidal-ideation
#17
Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Matthew C Podlogar, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: To characterize individuals' prior experiences with being asked whether they are having thoughts of suicide and to understand factors that affected their response accuracy. METHOD: Undergraduates (N = 306) reporting a lifetime history of suicidal ideation completed a web-based survey about their experiences being probed about suicidal thoughts. RESULTS: Nearly two-thirds of participants (63.1%) reported having been previously asked whether they were having thoughts of suicide, with health care providers comprising the plurality of probers...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085199/thematic-mapping-in-case-conceptualization-an-introduction-to-the-special-section
#18
Charles R Ridley, Christina E Jeffrey
Case conceptualization is an essential clinical activity in which clinicians, in one form or another, gather and synthesize data about their clients in order to formulate clinical pictures and maximize therapeutic gains. However, a myriad of methods of case conceptualization that vary in complexity and theoretical bases currently reflects an almost complete lack of standardization in this most fundamental activity of mental health treatment. The lack of standardization in case conceptualization is especially daunting to trainees and clinicians who are early in their careers...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085198/the-conceptual-framework-of-thematic-mapping-in-case-conceptualization
#19
Charles R Ridley, Christina E Jeffrey
This article, the 3rd in a series of 5, introduces the conceptual framework for thematic mapping, a novel approach to case conceptualization. The framework is transtheoretical in that it is not constrained by the tenets or concepts of any one therapeutic orientation and transdiagnostic in that it conceptualizes clients outside the constraints of diagnostic criteria. Thematic mapping comprises 4 components: a definition, foundational principles, defining features, and core concepts. These components of the framework, deemed building blocks, are explained in this article...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28085197/the-process-of-thematic-mapping-in-case-conceptualization
#20
Charles R Ridley, Christina E Jeffrey, Richard B Roberson
This article, the 4th in a series of 5, introduces the 3-stage process of thematic mapping: theme identification, theme interpretation, and theme intervention. Theme identification is based on inductive reasoning, in which clinicians seek to discover and describe behavioral patterns in emotionally charged episodes. Theme interpretation subsequently initiates a process of deductive reasoning, wherein clinicians distill the generalized pattern into dominant and subthemes. Each theme is then labeled with a compelling metaphor that is representative of the theme interpretation...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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