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Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29998458/improvements-in-mentalization-predict-improvements-in-interpersonal-distress-in-patients-with-mental-disorders
#1
Markus C Hayden, Pia K Müllauer, Richard Gaugeler, Birgit Senft, Sylke Andreas
OBJECTIVES: Associations between interpersonal problems and mentalization have rarely been investigated. In this study, we explored patterns of interpersonal problems, mentalization, symptom severity, and attachment during inpatient treatment and at follow-up. Additionally, we investigated whether mentalization predicts a decrease in interpersonal distress. METHOD:  We analyzed time-series data from patients with mental disorders. Data were collected at the beginning and at the end of inpatient treatment, and approximately 6 months after discharge from hospital...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29984839/sources-of-moral-injury-among-war-veterans-a-qualitative-evaluation
#2
Yonit Schorr, Nathan R Stein, Shira Maguen, J Ben Barnes, Jeane Bosch, Brett T Litz
OBJECTIVE: Service members deployed to war are at risk for moral injury, but the potential sources of moral injury are poorly understood. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the types of events that veterans perceive as morally injurious and to use those events to develop a categorization scheme for combat-related morally injurious events. METHOD: Six focus groups with US war veterans were conducted. RESULTS: Analysis based on Grounded Theory yielded two categories (and eight subcategories) of events that putatively cause moral injury...
July 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29978482/validation-of-the-mental-health-continuum-short-form-and-the-dual-continua-model-of-well-being-and-psychopathology-in-an-adult-mental-health-setting
#3
Katinka Franken, Sanne M A Lamers, Peter M Ten Klooster, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Gerben J Westerhof
OBJECTIVE: The growing evidence for the dual continua model of psychopathology and well-being has important implications for measuring outcomes in mental health care. The aim of the current study is to validate a measure of well-being as well as the dual continua model in adults with mood, anxiety, personality, and developmental disorders. METHODS: 472 adult psychiatric outpatients filled out the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) and the Outcome Questionnaire before start of treatment...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962090/pilot-evaluation-of-a-web-based-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-program-to-promote-mental-health-skills-in-university-students
#4
Shelley Viskovich, Kenneth I Pakenham
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated a 4-week web-based acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) mental health promotion program called YOLO (You Only Live Once) for university students. METHOD: A total of 130 participants were randomized to one of three intervention groups investigating varied program delivery methods. Primary outcomes assessed: depression, anxiety, stress, well-being, self-compassion, alcohol use, and life satisfaction. ACT processes assessed: acceptance, cognitive fusion, education values, valued living, and mindfulness...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931670/subtyping-attenuated-psychotic-symptoms-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#5
Julien Laloyaux, Frank Larøi, Filip Nuyens, Joël Billieux
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to examine the heterogeneity of attenuated psychotic symptoms (PS) and related personality factors using a cluster analytic approach. METHOD: A large sample of participants from the general population was evaluated in terms of attenuated symptomatology (psychotic and affective) and two personality factors: encoding style and impulsivity traits. RESULTS: Cluster analysis emphasized the existence of five independent clusters: High Psychosis, High Positive, High Negative, High Impulsive-Low Psychosis, and Low Psychosis...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931669/from-child-maltreatment-to-icd-11-complex-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-the-role-of-emotion-regulation-and-re-victimisation
#6
Matthias Knefel, Brigitte Lueger-Schuster, Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Phil Hyland
OBJECTIVE: Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) will be introduced in ICD-11 and comprises symptoms of PTSD and disturbances in self-organisation (DSO). The association of trauma with PTSD and DSO is not yet fully understood. We investigated the path from child maltreatment to PTSD and DSO and examined the mediating role of emotion regulation (ER) and adult interpersonal re-victimisation. METHOD: Adult patients (N = 193) from a Scottish National Health Service clinic participated in the project...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931667/understanding-the-social-context-of-adolescent-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#7
Sarah E Victor, Elisha David Klonsky
OBJECTIVE: Research investigating the social context of adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has been limited. We therefore examined social characteristics of NSSI, such as knowledge of friends' NSSI and the role friends play in continuing NSSI, and their relationships to other known NSSI correlates, such as suicidality. METHOD: We assessed NSSI characteristics, including social features, in a community sample of 89 self-injuring adolescents. We also assessed psychosocial correlates of NSSI, including impulsivity, self-concept, and psychiatric symptoms...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917236/the-association-between-program-credibility-expectancy-and-acceptability-with-baseline-pathology-and-outcome-for-a-body-acceptance-prevention-program
#8
Emma J Stinson, Marisol Perez, Tara K Ohrt, Anna Von Schell, Amanda B Bruening
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to investigate whether credibility, expectancy, and acceptability of the Body Project is impacted by level of disordered eating pathology and whether perceived credibility, expectancy, and acceptability impacts treatment outcomes. METHODS: The sample included 170 undergraduate women from a large public university. Participants completed self-report questionnaires on perceived credibility, expectancy, treatment acceptability, and disordered eating measures...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917224/examining-the-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-2-week-treatment-program-for-military-personnel-and-veterans-with-ptsd-results-of-a-pilot-open-label-prospective-cohort-trial
#9
Craig J Bryan, Feea R Leifker, David C Rozek, AnnaBelle O Bryan, Mira L Reynolds, D Nicolas Oakey, Erika Roberge
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) when administered on a daily basis during a 2-week period of time. METHOD: In an open-label, prospective cohort pilot trial, 20 U.S. military personnel and veterans diagnosed with PTSD or subthreshold PTSD participated in 12 daily sessions of CPT. Primary outcomes included Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for DSM-5 and PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 scores...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900614/a-failure-to-show-the-efficacy-of-a-dot-probe-attentional-training-in-dysphoria-evidence-from-an-eye-tracking-study
#10
Almudena Duque, Carmelo Vazquez
OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether a 4-day dot-probe attentional training to orient attention toward positive words could lead participants with dysphoria to change selective attention to emotional faces. It was also explored whether this positive attentional bias training could lead to a decrease in depressive symptoms. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to Positive Training Group (PTG) and No Training Group (NTG). PTG was composed of 16 subjects, whereas NTG was composed of 15 subjects...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900532/mixed-methods-in-psychotherapy-research-a-review-of-method-ology-integration-in-psychotherapy-science
#11
Theodore T Bartholomew, Allison J Lockard
OBJECTIVE: Mixed methods can foster depth and breadth in psychological research. However, its use remains in development in psychotherapy research. Our purpose was to review the use of mixed methods in psychotherapy research. METHOD: Thirty-one studies were identified via the PRISMA systematic review method. Using Creswell & Plano Clark's typologies to identify design characteristics, we assessed each study for rigor and how each used mixed methods. RESULTS: Key features of mixed methods designs and these common patterns were identified: (a) integration of clients' perceptions via mixing; (b) understanding group psychotherapy; (c) integrating methods with cases and small samples; (d) analyzing clinical data as qualitative data; and (e) exploring cultural identities in psychotherapy through mixed methods...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876938/domains-of-psychosocial-disability-and-mental-disorders
#12
Eunyoe Ro, David Watson, Lee Anna Clark
OBJECTIVES: This study examined relations between comprehensive domains of psychosocial disability and mental disorders to determine (1) whether differential patterns of associations exist between psychosocial disability dimensions and commonly diagnosed mental disorders and (2) whether these relations differ between self-reported and interviewer-rated psychosocial disability domains. METHOD: Self-reported and interviewer-rated psychosocial functioning measures and an interviewer-rated diagnostic assessment tool were administered to 181 psychiatric outpatients...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873397/dysfunctional-beliefs-towards-motherhood-and-postpartum-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-uncovering-the-role-of-experiential-avoidance
#13
Ana Fonseca, Fabiana Monteiro, Maria Cristina Canavarro
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the relationship between dysfunctional motherhood-related beliefs and postpartum anxiety and depression symptoms, and whether experiential avoidance may be a potential mechanism in explaining these relationships. METHOD: A sample of 262 postpartum women participated in a cross-sectional online survey. RESULTS: The model presented a good fit (CFI = 0.96, RMSEA = 0.077) suggesting that more dysfunctional motherhood-related beliefs related with maternal responsibility and with others' judgments were associated with higher postpartum anxiety and depressive symptoms...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873396/hearing-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults
#14
Adriana V Hyams, Marcia Hay-McCutcheon, Forrest Scogin
OBJECTIVES: We assessed quality of life (QoL) in older adults with and without hearing loss (HL) and studied how hearing aids were associated with QoL. We hypothesized participants with normal hearing would have significantly better QoL than participants with HL and hearing aids, and participants with HL but no aids would have the worst QoL. METHOD: At the University of Alabama and rural public health departments in surrounding counties, we tested 100 males and females aged 60-87 using pure-tone audiometry...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799119/implementing-attachment-and-biobehavioral-catch-up-with-birth-parents-rationale-and-case-example
#15
Julie R Hoye, Mary Dozier
Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up (ABC) is an intervention designed for vulnerable children and their parents. This intervention enhances parental sensitivity and nurturance with the goal of promoting secure, organized attachments and strong self-regulatory capabilities among children. Here, we provide a brief rationale for the need for such interventions to be delivered to parent-child dyads in the child welfare system. Next, we review specific intervention targets of ABC. We include a case example of two birth parents and their daughter who became involved in Child Protective Services due to domestic violence...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797361/travelling-the-circle-together-solo-an-individual-protocol-for-the-circle-of-security-intensive-intervention
#16
Ellen Andrews, Joe Coyne
Circle of Security (COS) is an approach to help parents better understand the attachment needs of their children. The COS model, which began as an intensive, individualized intervention delivered in the context of a group, has been implemented in a variety of formats, including a DVD-based format (Circle of Security Parenting [COS-P]). This article presents a return to the original intensive intervention, adapted to be delivered in an individual therapy context and incorporating clips from COS-P. This approach emphasizes the importance of retaining video review within this intervention, showing the client directly interacting with his or her own child...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797326/treating-disorganized-attachment-in-the-group-attachment-based-intervention-gabi%C3%A2-a-case-study
#17
Hannah Knafo, Anne Murphy, Howard Steele, Miriam Steele
This paper describes the treatment of a mother and child who demonstrated disorganized attachment behaviors in their interactions with one another. The mother, who was diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder, felt incapable of managing her aggressive toddler and his emotional needs. The dyad was referred for therapy due to concerns about his developmental progress, evident delays having been mainly attributed to the problems observed within the parent-child relationship. The primary intervention applied to working with the dyad was the Group Attachment-Based Intervention (GABI©), developed by Anne Murphy in collaboration with Miriam Steele and Howard Steele...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781529/attachment-based-interventions-for-families-with-young-children
#18
REVIEW
Susan S Woodhouse
Given a large body of research indicating links between child attachment and later mental health outcomes, interventions that promote children's secure attachment to their caregivers have the potential to contribute to prevention of psychopathology and promotion of well-being. A number of attachment-based interventions have been developed to support parents, enhance caregiving quality, and promote children's attachment security with the aim of improving children's mental health. There is now a growing evidence base to support the efficacy of a number of these interventions...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781523/a-case-study-illustrating-the-use-of-an-attachment-video-feedback-intervention-strategy
#19
George M Tarabulsy, Karine Dubois-Comtois, Claire Baudry, Ellen Moss, Annie Roberge, Laura-Emilie Savage, Chantal Cyr, Diane St-Laurent, Annie Bernier
Children from high-risk environments are more likely to experience problems in development. Many difficulties are linked to early experiences in the context of the emerging attachment relationship. Over the past 20 years, our group has collaborated with government agencies to develop and implement an attachment-based video-feedback intervention strategy (AVI) that targets parental sensitivity and attachment. This case study presents the manner in which a young mother and her 6-month-old son experienced AVI...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781522/learning-to-provide-children-with-a-secure-base-and-a-safe-haven-the-circle-of-security-parenting-cos-p-group-intervention
#20
Monica Kim, Susan S Woodhouse, Chenchen Dai
Insecure attachment is linked to a host of negative child outcomes, including internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Circle of Security-Parenting (COS-P) is a manualized, video-based, eight unit, group parenting intervention to promote children's attachment security. COS-P was designed to be easily implemented, so as to make attachment interventions more widely available to families. We present the theoretical background of COS-P, research evidence supporting the COS approach, as well as a description of the COS-P intervention protocol...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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