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Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143977/manuscript-title-motivation-and-treatment-credibility-predict-alliance-in-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-youth-with-anxiety-disorders-in-community-clinics
#1
K W Fjermestad, M D Lerner, B D McLeod, G J H Wergeland, B S M Haugland, O E Havik, L-G Öst, W K Silverman
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether motivation and treatment credibility predicted alliance in a 10-session cognitive behavioral treatment delivered in community clinics for youth anxiety disorders. METHOD: Ninety-one clinic-referred youths (meanage  = 11.4 years, standard deviation = 2.1, range 8-15 years, 49.5% boys) with anxiety disorders-rated treatment motivation at pretreatment and perceived treatment credibility after session 1. Youths and therapists (YT) rated alliance after session 3 (early) and session 7 (late)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139126/understanding-the-association-between-discrimination-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-people-of-color-evidence-for-diminishing-returns-of-socioeconomic-advantage
#2
Megan Sutter, Paul B Perrin, Michael A Trujillo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the differential association of heterosexism and racism on depression as moderated by socioeconomic status (SES) among sexual minority people of color. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample of sexual minority people of color (n = 170) was surveyed on their experiences of heterosexism, racism, depression, and SES in a national online study based in the United States. RESULTS: Bivariately, SES was inversely associated with depression, racism, and heterosexism...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139125/validation-of-the-distress-tolerance-scale-short-form-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#3
Lauryn E Garner, Nathaniel Van Kirk, Eric D Tifft, Jason W Krompinger, Brittany M Mathes, Maria Fraire, Martha J Falkenstein, Brian P Brennan, Jesse M Crosby, Jason A Elias
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and validate the Distress Tolerance Scale-Short Form (DTS-SF), a modification of the original Distress Tolerance Scale, in a severe/complex sample of individuals with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Currently, there are multiple self-report measurements of distress tolerance (DT), highlighting the need for a more refined measure. METHOD: Participants included 222 individuals with a primary diagnosis of OCD (57% male, average age = 31) seeking intensive/residential treatment...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139114/operation-family-caregiver-problem-solving-training-for-military-caregivers-in-a-community-setting
#4
Leisa R Easom, Ke Wang, Renee H Moore, Heqiong Wang, Laura Bauer
OBJECTIVE: This study, conducted over a 2-year period at 9 sites, describes the outcomes of an evidence-based support program, Operation Family Caregiver, to gain an understanding of how a tailored, problem-solving training could assist military caregivers, who provide care and assistance to those injured, ill, or disabled as a result of war. METHOD: A pre-post research design was employed to examine caregiver burden, depression, health complaints, satisfaction with life, children's anxiety, and problem solving among a convenience sample of caregivers of 128 military service members and veterans...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131333/examining-the-characteristics-and-clinical-features-of-in-and-between-session-suicide-risk-assessments-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#5
Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Megan L Rogers, Julia L Sheffler, Katherine R Nelson, Thomas E Joiner, Elisabeth Schramm
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the characteristics of suicide risk assessments completed using the Decision Tree framework both in and between psychotherapy sessions, clinical features of patients for whom between-session assessments are indicated, and data collected across assessments. METHOD: Data were collected from 1,358 suicide risk assessments conducted with psychiatric outpatients (N = 41) at elevated suicide risk engaged in care at a psychology training clinic...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131332/the-impact-of-rape-acknowledgment-on-survivor-outcomes-the-moderating-effects-of-rape-myth-acceptance
#6
Laura C Wilson, Amie R Newins, Susan W White
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how rape acknowledgment relates to posttrauma functioning; recent research suggests the effect may depend on additional factors. In the current study, the moderating effect of rape myth acceptance (RMA) on the relationships between rape acknowledgment and mental health outcomes was examined. METHOD: A sample of 181 female rape survivors recruited from a university completed an online survey assessing RMA, rape acknowledgment, depression symptoms, and alcohol use...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114850/emotion-regulation-difficulties-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#7
Keong Yap, Christopher Mogan, Anna Moriarty, Nathan Dowling, Scott Blair-West, Celin Gelgec, Richard Moulding
OBJECTIVE: Emotion regulation difficulties are implicated in psychological disorders but their role in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is unclear. Two studies examining these difficulties in OCD are presented. METHOD: A community sample (Study 1; n = 306) and a clinical OCD sample (Study 2; n = 59) completed the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) and measures of depression, anxiety, and OCD. In Study 2, the OCD sample was compared to a matched control group (n = 59, selected from Study 1)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083028/reciprocity-between-parental-psychopathology-and-oppositional-symptoms-from-preschool-to-middle-childhood
#8
Zayra Antúnez, Nuria de la Osa, Roser Granero, Lourdes Ezpeleta
OBJECTIVE: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a common disorder in preschool children. Evidence indicates that maternal and paternal psychopathology, particularly aggressive behavior and anxious and depressed symptoms, contributes to the development of this disorder. The latest research also suggests that ODD symptoms may exacerbate the mental health problems of parents. Our aim was to establish the existence of a reciprocal association between paternal and maternal psychopathology (aggression, depression, and anxiety) and child ODD at ages 3 and 8, using a longitudinal design in a community sample of preschoolers...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077209/beliefs-about-causes-of-major-depression-clinical-and-treatment-correlates-among-african-americans-in-an-urban-community
#9
Eleanor Murphy, Sidney Hankerson
OBJECTIVES: Major depression is increasingly viewed in the United States public as a medical disorder with biological and psychosocial causes. Yet little is known about how causal attributions about depression vary among low-income racial minorities. This study examined beliefs about causes of depression and their demographic, clinical and treatment correlates in a lower income African American sample. METHOD: Volunteers (N = 110) aged 24-79 years, who participated in a family study of depression, completed a 45-item questionnaire on their beliefs about the causes of depression...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076530/a-12-week-integrative-exercise-program-improves-self-reported-mindfulness-and-interoceptive-awareness-in-war-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms
#10
Wolf E Mehling, Margaret A Chesney, Thomas J Metzler, Lizabeth A Goldstein, Shira Maguen, Chris Geronimo, Gary Agcaoili, Deborah E Barnes, Jennifer A Hlavin, Thomas C Neylan
OBJECTIVE: Innovative approaches to the treatment of war-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are needed. We report on secondary psychological outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of integrative exercise (IE) using aerobic and resistance exercise with mindfulness-based principles and yoga. We expected-in parallel to observed improvements in PTSD intensity and quality of life-improvements in mindfulness, interoceptive bodily awareness, and positive states of mind. METHOD: A total of 47 war veterans with PTSD were randomized to 12-week IE versus waitlist...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064556/patients-and-therapists-experiences-of-general-change-mechanisms-during-bug-in-the-eye-and-delayed-video-based-supervised-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Thomas Probst, Marion Jakob, Yvonne M Kaufmann, Julia M B Müller-Neng, Martin Bohus, Florian Weck
OBJECTIVE: This secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial investigated whether bug-in-the-eye (BITE) supervision (live computer-based supervision during a psychotherapy session) affects the manner in which patients and therapists experience general change mechanisms (GCMs) during cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). METHOD: A total of 23 therapists were randomized either to the BITE condition or the control condition (delayed video-based [DVB] supervision)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044519/unhealthy-dependency-in-victims-and-perpetrators-of-child-maltreatment-a-meta-analytic-review
#12
REVIEW
Fallon A Kane, Robert F Bornstein
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical conceptualizations of interpersonal dependency and dependent personality disorder suggest that (a) high levels of dependency in parents may increase risk for perpetration of child abuse and neglect and (b) children who are victimized may show elevated levels of dependency later in life. This study used meta-analytic techniques to examine these hypothesized links. METHOD: A systematic search of psychological and medical online databases revealed 14 published studies (21 effect sizes) examining the link between parental dependency and perpetration of abuse or neglect (overall N of perpetrators = 1,321), and 14 published studies (25 effect sizes) assessing dependency in victims of child abuse and neglect (overall N of victims = 38,265)...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023782/perceptions-of-animal-assisted-interventions-the-influence-of-attitudes-toward-companion-animals
#13
Molly K Crossman, Alan E Kazdin
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether people are prone toward positive perceptions of Animal-Assisted Interventions (AAIs). We additionally evaluated whether this effect is stronger for people who have positive attitudes toward companion animals. METHOD: We presented 210 participants with fictitious news reports, each describing a study of an AAI or a control intervention. Participants rated the news reports on their credibility, acceptability, and general appeal and completed a measure of attitudes toward companion animals...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023713/integrating-clients-religion-spirituality-in-clinical-practice-a-comparison-among-social-workers-psychologists-counselors-marriage-and-family-therapists-and-nurses
#14
Holly K Oxhandler, Danielle E Parrish
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe and compare five helping professions' views and behaviors regarding the integration of clients' religion/spirituality (RS) in clinical practice. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used to survey 3,500 licensed clinical psychologists, nurses, marriage and family therapists (LMFTs), clinical social workers, and professional counselors across Texas. A total of 550 responded to this online survey, which included the Religious/Spiritually Integrated Practice Assessment Scale and background questions...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945932/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-clusters-differentially-predict-prenatal-health-behaviors-in-pregnant-women
#15
Heather A Jones, Laura D Eddy, Annie E Rabinovitch, Daniel J Snipes, Stephanie A Wilson, Amanda M Parks, Nicole W Karjane, Dace S Svikis
OBJECTIVE: To date, most investigations of mental health in pregnant women have focused on depression or substance use. This study aimed to (a) delineate the relationships between symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and prenatal health behaviors and (b) explore whether the symptom clusters of ADHD differentially predict prenatal health behaviors (e.g., physical strain, healthy eating, prenatal vitamin use). METHOD: A total of 198 pregnant women (mean age = 27...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945931/the-global-therapist-competence-scale-for-youth-psychosocial-treatment-development-and-initial-validation
#16
Ruth C Brown, Michael A Southam-Gerow, Bryce D McLeod, Emily B Wheat, Carrie B Tully, Steven P Reise, Philip C Kendall, John R Weisz
OBJECTIVE: We describe the development and initial psychometric properties of the observer-rated Global Therapist Competence Scale for Youth Psychosocial Treatment (G-COMP) in the context of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) for youth anxiety disorders. METHOD: Independent coders rated 744 sessions from a sample of 68 youth (mean age = 10.56 years) using the G-COMP and the instruments of alliance, involvement, CBT adherence, CBT competence. RESULTS: Inter-rater reliability coefficients, ICC(2,2), were greater than ...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940473/deployment-characteristics-and-long-term-ptsd-symptoms
#17
Sandra B Morissette, Bryann B DeBeer, Nathan A Kimbrel, Eric C Meyer, Suzy B Gulliver
OBJECTIVE: The impact of number, length, and time between (i.e., "dwell time") deployments on long-term Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms was examined in post-9/11 U.S. veterans. METHOD: This cross-sectional design includes data from 278 veterans participating in a larger longitudinal research program of postdeployment recovery. Measures included self-report questionnaires and the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940435/the-language-of-change-among-criminal-justice-clients-counselor-language-client-language-and-client-substance-use-outcomes
#18
Mayra Rodriguez, Scott T Walters, Jon M Houck, J Alexis Ortiz, Faye S Taxman
OBJECTIVE: Counselor and client language have been identified as mechanisms of change in motivational interviewing (MI) counseling sessions. This study evaluated whether language patterns exhibited during MI sessions with substance users in the community would also be found during MI sessions with substance users in the criminal justice system. METHOD: Forty audio recordings of MI sessions with substance-using probationers were coded and analyzed sequentially using the Motivational Interviewing Skills Code (MISC) 2...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910493/using-interpersonal-process-recall-to-compare-patients-accounts-of-resistance-in-two-psychotherapies-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#19
Nicholas R Morrison, Michael J Constantino, Henny A Westra, Angela Kertes, Brien J Goodwin, Martin M Antony
In a trial examining whether cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) could be improved by integrating motivational interviewing (MI) to target resistance, MI-CBT outperformed CBT over 12-month follow-up (Westra, Constantino, & Antony, 2016). Given that effectively addressing resistance is both a theoretically and an empirically supported mechanism of MI's additive effect, we explored qualitatively patients' experience of resistance, possibly as a function of treatment. For 5 patients from each treatment who exhibited early in-session change ambivalence, and thus were at risk for later resistance, we conducted interpersonal process recall interviews after a session...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898411/50-years-of-rational-emotive-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Daniel David, Carmen Cotet, Silviu Matu, Cristina Mogoase, Simona Stefan
OBJECTIVE: Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), introduced by Albert Ellis in the late 1950s, is one of the main pillars of cognitive-behavioral therapy. Existing reviews on REBT are overdue by 10 years or more. We aimed to summarize the effectiveness and efficacy of REBT since its beginnings and investigate the alleged mechanisms of change. METHOD: Systematic search identified 84 articles, out of which 69 provided data for between-group analyses and 39 for within-group analyses...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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