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Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911470/posttraumatic-rumination-content-correlates-and-processes
#1
Christine E Valdez, Michelle M Lilly
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related rumination (i.e., repetitive and recurrent thinking about trauma and its consequences) has shown to predict the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, though little is known about its characteristics. The purpose of this study was to examine trauma-related ruminative content, correlates, and processes during a trauma-specific repetitive thinking interview. METHOD: A total of 63 female survivors of violence completed questionnaires assessing trauma-related pathology and participated in a trauma-specific repetitive thinking interview, which was qualitatively coded...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906447/validation-of-the-parental-facilitation-of-mastery-scale-ii
#2
Alyson K Zalta, Kelly M Allred, Eranda Jayawickreme, Laura E R Blackie, Dianne L Chambless
To develop a more reliable and comprehensive version of the Parental Facilitation of Mastery Scale (PFMS) METHOD: In Study 1, 387 undergraduates completed an expanded PFMS (PFMS-II) and measures of parenting, perceived control, responses to early life challenges, and psychopathology. In Study 2, 182 trauma-exposed community participants completed the PFMS-II and measures of perceived control, psychopathology, and well-being RESULTS: In Study 1, exploratory factor analysis of the PFMS-II revealed two factors...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893150/client-accounts-of-corrective-experiences-in-psychotherapy-implications-for-clinical-practice
#3
Lynne Angus, Michael J Constantino
The Patient Perceptions of Corrective Experiences in Individual Therapy (PPCEIT; Constantino, Angus, Friedlander, Messer, & Moertl, 2011) posttreatment interview guide was developed to provide clinical researchers with an effective mode of inquiry to identify and further explore clients' firsthand accounts of corrective and transformative therapy experiences and their determinants. Not only do findings from the analysis of client corrective experience (CE) accounts help identify what and how CEs happen in or as a result of psychotherapy, but the measure itself may also provide therapists with an effective tool to further enhance clients' awareness, understanding, and integration of transformative change experiences...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880002/predictors-and-outcomes-of-growth-mixture-modeled-trajectories-across-an-exposure-based-ptsd-intervention-with-veterans
#4
Nicholas P Allan, Daniel F Gros, Ursula S Myers, Kristina J Korte, Ron Acierno
OBJECTIVES: Exposure-based psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are effective for many, but not all patients. It is important to determine for whom these treatments work and to examine predictors of success. METHOD: An 8-week modified prolonged exposure (PE) treatment, including components of behavioral activation and reducing the number of imaginal exposure sessions, was administered to a sample of 231 Veterans (mean age = 45.7 years, standard deviation = 14...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879998/patients-perceptions-of-corrective-experiences-in-naturalistically-delivered-psychotherapy
#5
Michael J Constantino, Nicholas R Morrison, Alice E Coyne, Brien J Goodwin, Gennarina D Santorelli, Lynne Angus
Corrective experiences (CEs), which suggest transformative experience(s) for the psychotherapy patient, have a rich theoretical history; yet there is little empirical information on patients' own perceptions of what gets "corrected" from therapy, and what is "corrective" (i.e., the mechanisms driving the CE). To address this gap, we investigated 14 patients' posttreatment accounts of both CE elements in the context of naturalistically delivered individual psychotherapy, using a consensual qualitative research methodology...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879991/clients-retrospective-accounts-of-corrective-experiences-in-psychotherapy-an-international-multisite-collaboration
#6
Michael J Constantino, Lynne Angus
This article introduces a series of 4 original research reports that used varied qualitative methods for understanding an internationally diverse sample of clients' own accounts of corrective experiences (CEs), as they looked back on their completed psychotherapy. The basis for all studies, which were conducted across 4 different countries, was the Patients' Perceptions of Corrective Experiences in Individual Therapy (PPCEIT) semistructured interview protocol (Constantino, Angus, Friedlander, Messer, & Moertl, 2011)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809353/effects-of-interactions-with-animals-on-human-psychological-distress
#7
REVIEW
Molly K Crossman
CONTEXT: Human-animal interaction (HAI) is widely used as a method of reducing psychological distress. However, research findings in support of HAI have not kept pace with the widespread prevalence in practice. OBJECTIVE: I review and synthesize the quantitative evidence for the influence of HAI on psychological distress and outline future directions for research. RESULTS: The evidence suggests that HAI has a small-to-medium effect on distress but does not clarify whether animals account for the treatment effects...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805737/do-concepts-of-depression-predict-treatment-pathways-a-closer-look-at-explanatory-models-among-clinical-and-nonclinical-samples-in-uganda
#8
Laura Renee Johnson, Eu Gene Chin, Mayanja Kajumba, Erin Buchanan, Simon Kizito, Paul Bangirana
OBJECTIVE: Explanatory models (EMs) are a collection of beliefs about a disorder that can help us understand help-seeking and treatment pathways in diverse contexts. In 2 related studies, we explore EMs about depression held among both clinical and nonclinical samples in Uganda. To explore the potential of EMs to predict help seeking, we assessed the relationship between 2 main aspects of the EM: problem conceptualization and treatment. METHOD: In Study 1, we interviewed and assessed EMs of depression for 135 lay community members and 111 professional practitioners using a vignette...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797402/therapist-and-client-interactions-in-motivational-interviewing-for-social-anxiety-disorder
#9
Mia Romano, Jelena Arambasic, Lorna Peters
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to assess the bidirectional associations between therapist and client speech during a treatment based on motivational interviewing (MI) for social anxiety disorder. METHOD: Participants were 85 adults diagnosed with social anxiety who received MI prior to entering cognitive behavioral therapy. MI sessions were sequentially coded using the Motivational Interviewing Skill Code 2.5. RESULTS: Therapist MI-consistent behaviors, including open questions as well as positive and negative reflections, were more likely to be followed by client change exploration (change talk and counter-change talk)...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787877/self-compassion-online-a-pilot-study-of-an-internet-based-self-compassion-cultivation-program-for-psychology-trainees
#10
Amy Finlay-Jones, Robert Kane, Clare Rees
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to conduct a preliminary investigation of the effectiveness and feasibility of a novel, self-guided online self-compassion training for reducing psychological distress and increasing self-compassion and happiness among psychology trainees. METHOD: A 6-week online self-compassion cultivation program was developed and delivered to Australian psychology trainees (n = 37), and a pre-experimental repeated-measures design was used to collect change data on self-compassion, happiness, perceived stress, emotion regulation difficulties as well as symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774593/properties-of-the-dass-21-in-an-australian-community-adolescent-population
#11
T Shaw, M A Campbell, K C Runions, S R Zubrick
BACKGROUND: Although developed for adults, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-Short Version (DASS-21) has been used in many research studies with adolescent samples. Evidence as to the applicability of the DASS subscale scores to represent the distinct states of depression, anxiety, and stress as experienced by adolescents is mixed, and the age at which it may be possible to differentiate these 3 states using the DASS-21 has not yet been determined. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated evidence for a multifactor structure in the DASS-21 in adolescents and the specificity of the 3 subscales for adolescents in general and at different ages...
October 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764528/sluggish-cognitive-tempo-is-associated-with-poorer-study-skills-more-executive-functioning-deficits-and-greater-impairment-in-college-students
#12
Andrew J Flannery, Aaron M Luebbe, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) in college students even though extant research suggests a higher prevalence rate of SCT symptoms in this population compared to general adult or youth samples. The current study examined SCT symptoms in relation to two domains related to college student's academic success, study skills and daily life executive functioning (EF), as well as specific domains of functional impairment. METHOD: 158 undergraduate students (Mage = 19...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764527/which-homeless-veterans-benefit-from-a-peer-mentor-and-how
#13
Linda Resnik, Sarah Ekerholm, Erin E Johnson, Marsha L Ellison, Thomas P O'Toole
OBJECTIVE: Veterans Affairs (VA) is expanding peer support. Research is limited on Veterans' perspective on benefits from peer services. We describe homeless Veteran perceptions of value and examine characteristics associated with benefit. METHOD: From a sample of Veterans in a multisite randomized control trial, we studied addition of peers in VA Primary Care and homeless-oriented primary care clinics. We used qualitative methods to study the perceptions of peer services among a subsample of homeless Veterans...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755654/mediators-of-outcome-in-complicated-grief-treatment
#14
Kim Glickman, M Katherine Shear, Melanie M Wall
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the mechanisms of action of complicated grief treatment (CGT), an efficacious psychotherapy for complicated grief. METHOD: We explored 3 putative mediators (guilt/self-blame related to the deceased, negative thoughts about the future, and avoidance) among treatment completers assigned to either CGT (n = 35) or interpersonal psychotherapy (n = 34) in a previously reported randomized controlled trial. Antidepressant use was examined as a moderator of mediation effects...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755649/online-evaluative-conditioning-did-not-alter-internalized-homonegativity-or-self-esteem-in-gay-men
#15
John B Fleming, Michelle Nicole Burns
OBJECTIVE: Internalized homonegativity is linked to psychological distress in sexual minorities and is thus a potential treatment target in this population. Previous studies have shown that evaluative conditioning (EC) can modify self-esteem, another self-directed attitude. The present study aimed to determine if EC deployed over the Internet could modify self-esteem and internalized homonegativity. METHOD: Gay men recruited online (N = 184) were randomly assigned to a control group or an experimental condition...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717003/a-brazilian-investigation-of-the-36-and-16-item-difficulties-in-emotion-regulation-scales
#16
Fabiano Koich Miguel, Luciano Giromini, Maíra Stivaleti Colombarolli, Ana Carolina Zuanazzi, Alessandro Zennaro
OBJECTIVE: About 10 years ago, Gratz and Roemer (2004) introduced the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), a 36-item self-report instrument measuring 6 areas of emotion regulation problems. Recently, Bjureberg et al. (2015) have introduced a new, briefer version of the DERS comprising only 16 of the 36 items included in the original version. Because no studies have yet cross-validated the recently introduced 16-item DERS and the 36-item DERS has never been tested in Brazil, we sought to inspect the psychometric properties of scores from both DERS versions with a nonclinical Brazilian sample...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701740/emotional-awareness-moderates-the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-borderline-personality-disorder-symptom-factors
#17
John Westbrook, Howard Berenbaum
OBJECTIVE: To examine pathways to borderline personality disorder (BPD), focusing on childhood abuse and emotional attention and clarity. METHOD: Among 293 community residents (mean age = 43.1; 53.9% female), measured associations between the BPD symptom factors of disturbed relatedness, affective dysregulation, and behavioral dysregulation and (a) childhood abuse (emotional, physical, and sexual); (b) emotional attention and clarity; and (c) negative affect, using structured interviews, the Schedule for Non-Adaptive and Adaptive Personality-2, the Trait Meta Mood Scale, and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale, respectively...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684405/internet-based-psychotherapy-for-adult-depression-what-about-the-mechanisms-of-change
#18
Cristina Mogoașe, Oana Cobeanu, Oana David, Cezar Giosan, Aurora Szentagotai
INTRODUCTION: Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy for depression (iCBT) has been advanced as a valuable alternative treatment option, generating promising results. However, little is known about its underlying mechanisms of change. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to provide an overview of the state of the art regarding the mechanisms of iCBT for adult depression, in the context of iCBT efficacy. METHOD: We conducted a systematic qualitative review of 37 randomized clinical trials, assessed the risk of bias in the included studies, and used a systematic evaluative framework to establish the scientific status of iCBT, based on evidence regarding clinical efficacy and mechanisms of change...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716911/understanding-the-association-between-negative-life-events-and-suicidal-risk-in-college-students-examining-self-compassion-as-a-potential-mediator
#19
Edward C Chang, Tina Yu, Alexandria S-M Najarian, Kaitlin M Wright, Wenting Chen, Olivia D Chang, Yifeng Du, Jameson K Hirsch
OBJECTIVE: We tested a hypothesized model consistent with the notion that self-compassion mediates the association between negative life events and suicidal risk (viz., depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviors) in college students METHOD: The sample was comprised of 331 college students. Self-compassion facets (viz., self-kindness, self-judgment, common humanity, isolation, mindfulness, and overidentification) were used in testing for multiple mediation, controlling for sex. RESULTS: Common humanity, mindfulness, and overidentification were found to mediate the association between negative life events (NLE) and depressive symptoms...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627630/symptom-reduction-without-remoralization-a-randomized-waiting-list-controlled-study-aimed-at-separating-two-beneficial-psychotherapy-outcome-effects
#20
Wiede Vissers, Ger P J Keijsers, Mirjam Kampman, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Paul Rijnders, Giel J M Hutschemaekers
OBJECTIVE: Treatment effects in psychotherapy outcome research are generally based on the reduction of symptoms. Standard inclusion of other beneficial treatment effects such as remoralization (increase of hope, self-efficacy, well-being) might lead to more elaborate findings in the field of psychotherapy. On the other hand, it is also possible that symptom reduction and remoralization always go hand in hand in the experience of patients. The present study sought to experimentally test this assumption...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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