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Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636768/driving-aggression-and-anxiety-intersections-assessment-and-interventions
#1
Heidi M Zinzow, Stephanie M Jeffirs
OBJECTIVE: Driving aggression and anxiety are significant contributors to risky driving and motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), which are leading causes of U.S. morbidity and mortality. Even though aggression and anxiety can be conceptualized as related features of the fight-or-flight response, literature on these topics has not been integrated. Driving aggression and anxiety are also transdiagnostic constructs that span multiple psychiatric disorders. Assessment and treatment of these complex problems must be understood to reduce the public health burden of MVCs...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636746/evaluation-of-the-parent-report-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-a-sample-of-children-recruited-from-intimate-partner-violence-services-a-multidimensional-rasch-analysis
#2
Shelby Elaine McDonald, Lin Ma, Kathy E Green, Stephanie A Hitti, Anna M Cody, Courtney Donovan, James Herbert Williams, Frank R Ascione
OBJECTIVE: Our study applied multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) to compare structural models of the parent-report version of the Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits (ICU; English and North American Spanish translations). METHOD: A total of 291 maternal caregivers were recruited from community-based domestic violence services and reported on their children (77.9% ethnic minority; 47% female), who ranged in age from 7 to 12 years (mean = 9.07, standard deviation = 1...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620969/black-and-white-parents-willingness-to-seek-help-for-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#3
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Kristina Decker, Trisha Arnold, Kathryn H Howell, Vicky Phares
OBJECTIVE: Understanding social and environmental factors that contribute to parental help-seeking intentions is an important step in addressing service underutilization for children in need of treatment. This study examined factors that contribute to parents' intentions to seek formal and informal help for child psychopathology (anxiety and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). METHOD: A total of 251 parents (N = 128 mothers, N = 123 fathers; 49% Black, 51% White) read 3 vignettes describing children with anxiety, ADHD, and no diagnosis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608524/distinct-coping-profiles-are-associated-with-mental-health-differences-in-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-adults
#4
Rebecca Freese, Miles Q Ott, Brian A Rood, Sari L Reisner, David W Pantalone
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the unique coping strategies of transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals in the United States used to manage gender-related stress, and examined associations between specific coping profiles and mental health. METHODS: Data were from 316 participants in the 2014-2015 Transgender Stress and Health Study, an online study of TGNC mental and sexual health. A factor analysis of the coping measure (Brief COPE) was followed by a k-means cluster analysis to evaluate distinct profiles of coping with gender-related stress...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608523/the-effects-of-twelve-weeks-of-tai-chi-practice-on-anxiety-in-stressed-but-healthy-people-compared-to-exercise-and-wait-list-groups-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Shuai Zheng, Christine Kim, Sara Lal, Peter Meier, David Sibbritt, Chris Zaslawski
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial was undertaken to determine whether 12 weeks of Tai Chi (TC) practice can reduce anxiety in healthy but stressed people. METHOD: Fifty participants were randomized into TC (n=17), exercise (n=17), and wait-list (WL) groups (n=16). Outcome measures used were State Trait Anxiety Inventory, Perceived Stress Scale 14 (PSS14), blood pressure and heart rate variability, visual analogue scale (VAS), and Short Form 36. RESULTS: Significant improvements were observed from baseline for both TC and exercise groups for both state (p <0...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586534/working-alliance-interpersonal-problems-and-depressive-symptoms-in-tele-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-hiv-infected-rural-persons-evidence-for-indirect-effects
#6
Timothy Anderson, Andrew S McClintock, Shannon S McCarrick, Timothy G Heckman, Bernadette D Heckman, John C Markowitz, Mark Sutton
OBJECTIVE: Interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) has demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of depression, yet little is known about its therapeutic mechanisms. As a specific treatment, IPT has been shown to directly reduce depressive symptoms, although it is unclear whether these reductions occur via interpersonal changes. Within IPT, the potential role of the working alliance, a common factor, as a predictor of depression and interpersonal changes is also unclear. METHOD: Participants were 147 depressed persons living with HIV in rural communities of 28 U...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586528/coping-and-psychopathological-profile-in-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-chilean-adolescents
#7
Karla Castro, Teresa Kirchner
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to establish the roles of coping typologies and the psychological problems associated with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and to identify adolescents who are at greater risk of engaging in this practice. METHOD: The total sample comprised 965 adolescents (57% girls, aged 12-18 years) from several Chilean schools who answered the Inventory of Statements About Self-Injury questionnaire. RESULTS: Young people with and without NSSI present different coping patterns, especially when compared by gender...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586524/experiential-self-focus-in-social-anxiety-disorder-is-it-beneficial
#8
Alice R Norton, Maree J Abbott
OBJECTIVE: Self-focused processing is a significant maintaining factor in cognitive models of social anxiety disorder (SAD), but it may also be analytic (detached, evaluative, maladaptive) or experiential (concrete, nonevaluative, adaptive). The current study aimed to investigate the effect of self-focus modes in a sample meeting criteria for SAD as previous studies have yielded mixed results. METHOD: Individuals meeting criteria for SAD and nonanxious controls (N = 80, 77...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561375/finding-a-trans-affirmative-provider-challenges-faced-by-trans-and-gender-diverse-psychologists-and-psychology-trainees
#9
Lore M Dickey, Anneliese A Singh
This article explores some of the challenges faced by trans and gender diverse (TGD) individuals who not only are attempting to access trans-affirmative care, but who are also members of the very profession from which they are seeking services. The authors explore challenges related to finding supervision, accessing care for assessment services, and finding a provider for personal counseling. With each example, the authors unpack the challenges and also address the implications for training for all involved...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561277/a-large-scale-study-of-misophonia
#10
Romke Rouw, Mercede Erfanian
OBJECTIVE: We aim to elucidate misophonia, a condition in which particular sounds elicit disproportionally strong aversive reactions. METHOD: A large online study extensively surveyed personal, developmental, and clinical characteristics of over 300 misophonics. RESULTS: Most participants indicated that their symptoms started in childhood or early teenage years. Severity of misophonic responses increases over time. One third of participants reported having family members with similar symptoms...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561257/recommendations-for-use-of-affirmative-psychotherapy-with-lgbt-older-adults
#11
Kate L M Hinrichs, Weston Donaldson
Affirmative therapy is a type of psychotherapy used to validate and advocate for the needs of sexual and gender minority clients. Therapists use verbal and nonverbal means to demonstrate an affirming stance toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) clients. Although this therapeutic approach can be used with LGBT individuals across the lifespan, the case presented in this paper highlights the benefit of using this approach with older LGBT individuals. Discussion of the unique challenges faced by older LGBT people will be followed with an illustrative case that shows ways that affirmative therapy can help individuals achieve greater self-actualization...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524358/kripalu-yoga-for-military-veterans-with-ptsd-a-randomized-trial
#12
Kristen M Reinhardt, Jessica J Noggle Taylor, Jennifer Johnston, Abida Zameer, Seetal Cheema, Sat Bir S Khalsa
OBJECTIVES: This randomized controlled trial of yoga for military veterans and active duty personnel with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) evaluated the efficacy of a 10-week yoga intervention on PTSD. METHOD: Fifty-one participants were randomized into yoga or no-treatment assessment-only control groups. Primary outcome measures included questionnaires and the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale. RESULTS: Both yoga (n = 9) and control (n = 6) participants showed significant decreases in reexperiencing symptoms, with no significant between-group differences...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505385/professional-burnout-early-maladaptive-schemas-and-physical-health-in-clinical-and-counselling-psychology-trainees
#13
April Kaeding, Christina Sougleris, Corinne Reid, Michiel F van Vreeswijk, Christopher Hayes, Jill Dorrian, Susan Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the personal factors that increase vulnerability to job-related stress and burnout among psychologists in training. This study was based on a large international sample and aimed to explore the role of early maladaptive schemas (EMS) in predicting vulnerability to burnout, as well as attendant effects on short-term physical health, in clinical and counseling postgraduate psychology trainees. METHOD: An online, quantitative, cross-sectional survey method design was used to collect self-report data that measured burnout, EMS, and physical health from 1,297 trainees...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505384/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-therapists-internalized-models-of-relationships-on-the-quality-of-the-therapeutic-relationship
#14
REVIEW
Catherine Steel, James Macdonald, Thomas Schroder
OBJECTIVE: Previous reviews have found equivocal evidence of an association between therapists' internalized relational models and the therapeutic relationship and have neglected empirical literature based on Sullivan's notion of introject. This review expanded upon previous reviews to examine the effect of therapist internalized relational models on a broader conceptualization of the therapeutic relationship. METHOD: Systematic search processes identified 22 papers measuring therapist attachment and/or introject and therapeutic relationship: 19 on therapist attachment, 5 on introject with 2 overlapping...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493557/couples-coping-through-deployment-findings-from-a-sample-of-national-guard-families
#15
Adrian J Blow, Ryan P Bowles, Adam Farero, Sailaja Subramaniam, Sara Lappan, Emily Nichols, Lisa Gorman, Michelle Kees, Danielle Guty
OBJECTIVE: Military families face numerous changes and stresses as they negotiate deployments and other life transitions. How they cope with these events is an important part of their overall well-being and resilience. This longitudinal study on coping in a sample of National Guard couples examined the association between the predeployment coping (active vs. avoidant) of each in the relationship, and their own and their significant others' mental health (anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]) and family well-being (dyadic adjustment and parenting stress) postdeployment...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493555/parental-secondary-stress-the-often-hidden-consequences-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-youth
#16
Janis Whitlock, Elizabeth Lloyd-Richardson, Feven Fisseha, Thaddeus Bates
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to deepen understanding of the effects on parents of having a self-injuring child by (a) analyzing differences in dimensions of caregiver strain between caregivers of youth with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI+) and parents of youth with no known mental health history (MH-); (b) identifying factors that contribute to caregiver strain; and (c) examining parent outcome expectancies. METHOD: Participants were 196 NSSI+ parents and 57 MH- parents...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493550/emotion-reactivity-comfort-expressing-emotions-and-future-suicidal-ideation-in-emerging-adults
#17
Lillian Polanco-Roman, Alyssa Moore, Aliona Tsypes, Colleen Jacobson, Regina Miranda
OBJECTIVE: Emotion reactivity and difficulties in expressing emotions have been implicated in risk for suicidal behavior. This study examined comfort in expressing emotions (positive vs. negative) and depressive symptoms as mediators of the prospective relation between emotion reactivity and suicidal ideation. DESIGN: Emerging adults (N = 143; 72% female; 28% White) completed measures of emotion reactivity, comfort expressing emotions, and suicidal ideation at baseline and of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation 12 months later...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419452/associations-among-meaning-in-life-body-image-psychopathology-and-suicide-ideation-in-spanish-participants-with-eating-disorders
#18
José H Marco, Montserrat Cañabate, Sandra Pérez, Ginés Llorca
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (a) analyze whether participants with eating disorders have lower meaning in life than the nonclinical population; (b) discover whether participants with eating disorders with low meaning in life have more body image disturbances, more psychopathology, and higher suicide ideation than participants with high meaning in life; (c) analyze whether meaning in life is associated with eating disorder psychopathology; and (d) analyze whether meaning in life is able to predict eating disorder psychopathology and suicide ideation, when body image is controlled...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419444/a-self-determination-theory-perspective-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-early-parenting-behaviors
#19
Katrijn Brenning, Bart Soenens
OBJECTIVE: On the basis of self-determination theory, this study investigates longitudinal associations between satisfaction and frustration mothers' basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) and mothers' postnatal depressive symptoms and early parenting behaviors. METHOD: Participants were 214 women assessed during their pregnancy (Time 1), 4 months after delivery (Time 2), and when the child was 2 years old (Time 3). RESULTS: Results demonstrate effects of prenatal basic psychological needs (needs frustration more specifically) on postnatal depressive symptoms...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380271/the-mediating-role-of-integration-of-loss-in-the-relationship-between-dissociation-and-prolonged-grief-disorder
#20
Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Tuvia Peri, Itai Rotschild, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach
OBJECTIVE: Findings from the field of trauma have shown that there is a negative relationship between dissociation and integration of loss into the self-narrative. At the same time, an increasing amount of literature on grief has stressed the importance of an integrated self-narrative in the grieving process. Accordingly, the current study examined the possible mediating role played by the extent to which individuals have integrated their loss into their self-narrative in the relationship between dissociation and symptoms of prolonged grief disorder (PGD)...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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