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Journal of Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419452/associations-among-meaning-in-life-body-image-psychopathology-and-suicide-ideation-in-spanish-participants-with-eating-disorders
#1
José H Marco, Montserrat Cañabate, Sandra Pérez, Ginés Llorca
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (a) analyze whether participants with eating disorders have lower meaning in life than the nonclinical population; (b) discover whether participants with eating disorders with low meaning in life have more body image disturbances, more psychopathology, and higher suicide ideation than participants with high meaning in life; (c) analyze whether meaning in life is associated with eating disorder psychopathology; and (d) analyze whether meaning in life is able to predict eating disorder psychopathology and suicide ideation, when body image is controlled...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419444/a-self-determination-theory-perspective-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-early-parenting-behaviors
#2
Katrijn Brenning, Bart Soenens
OBJECTIVE: On the basis of self-determination theory, this study investigates longitudinal associations between satisfaction and frustration mothers' basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) and mothers' postnatal depressive symptoms and early parenting behaviors. METHOD: Participants were 214 women assessed during their pregnancy (Time 1), 4 months after delivery (Time 2), and when the child was 2 years old (Time 3). RESULTS: Results demonstrate effects of prenatal basic psychological needs (needs frustration more specifically) on postnatal depressive symptoms...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380271/the-mediating-role-of-integration-of-loss-in-the-relationship-between-dissociation-and-prolonged-grief-disorder
#3
Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Tuvia Peri, Itai Rotschild, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach
OBJECTIVE: Findings from the field of trauma have shown that there is a negative relationship between dissociation and integration of loss into the self-narrative. At the same time, an increasing amount of literature on grief has stressed the importance of an integrated self-narrative in the grieving process. Accordingly, the current study examined the possible mediating role played by the extent to which individuals have integrated their loss into their self-narrative in the relationship between dissociation and symptoms of prolonged grief disorder (PGD)...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380249/development-and-initial-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-dialectical-behavior-therapy-barriers-to-implementation-scale-bti-s
#4
Carla D Chugani, Michael E Mitchell, Yevgeny Botanov, Marsha M Linehan
OBJECTIVE: We examined the psychometric properties of the Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Barriers to Implementation Scale (BTI-S). METHOD: Participants were clinicians completing a bipartite training, separated by 6 months of self-study, to implement DBT. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted with data collected from the initial training period (N = 790), while confirmatory factor analysis was based on data from the final training period (N = 660). RESULTS: The final model included 26 items and 4 factors with overall acceptable fit, χ(2) (293, N = 660) = 460...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369920/the-existential-concerns-questionnaire-ecq-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-new-existential-anxiety-scale-in-a-nonclinical-and-clinical-sample
#5
Vincent van Bruggen, Peter Ten Klooster, Gerben Westerhof, Joël Vos, Elian de Kleine, Ernst Bohlmeijer, Gerrit Glas
OBJECTIVE: Existential anxiety (EA) is a construct that refers to fears that are provoked by core threats of human existence, such as death, meaninglessness, and fundamental loneliness. The objective of this study was to develop an EA measure that can be used in research and clinical practice. METHOD: The Existential Concerns Questionnaire (ECQ) was completed by a nonclinical sample of 389 adults, together with questionnaires measuring death anxiety, intolerance of uncertainty, neuroticism, distress, meaning, and life events...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346685/experience-of-shame-mediates-the-relationship-between-pathological-narcissism-and-suicidal-ideation-in-psychiatric-outpatients
#6
Nenad Jaksic, Darko Marcinko, Milena Skocic Hanzek, Blaz Rebernjak, John S Ogrodniczuk
OBJECTIVE: Pathological narcissism, described by 2 dysfunctional phenotypic forms-grandiosity and vulnerability-has often been connected to suicidal tendencies in theoretical and clinical literatures. Furthermore, shame proneness has been implicated as a key mechanism that links these 2 constructs. However, empirical evidence for the presumed relationship between pathological narcissism and suicidal tendencies is sparse, and no prior research has investigated the role of shame proneness in this relationship...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328011/when-emotional-pain-becomes-physical-adverse-childhood-experiences-pain-and-the-role-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#7
Natalie J Sachs-Ericsson, Julia L Sheffler, Ian H Stanley, Jennifer R Piazza, Kristopher J Preacher
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between retrospective reports of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and painful medical conditions. We also examined the mediating and moderating roles of mood and anxiety disorders in the ACEs-painful medical conditions relationship. METHOD: Ten-year longitudinal data were obtained from the National Comorbidity Surveys (NCS-1, NCS-2; N = 5001). The NCS-1 obtained reports of ACEs, current health conditions, current pain severity, and mood and anxiety disorders...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301046/depressive-symptoms-and-the-anticipation-and-experience-of-uplifting-events-in-everyday-life
#8
Lisa R Starr, Rachel Hershenberg
Despite proliferation of laboratory-based studies examining reward functioning in depression, few studies have examined these processes in everyday life. We addressed this shortcoming by exploring experience and anticipation of uplifting experiences under ecologically valid conditions METHOD: One hundred fifty-seven young adults, oversampled for depressive symptoms, completed a 14-day diary tracking mood in relation to recent and anticipated positive events RESULTS: Consistent with studies supporting "mood-brightening" effects in depression, participants with greater baseline dysphoria showed stronger associations between elevated daily uplifts and lower daily depressive symptoms, particularly when events were interpersonal in nature...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295302/the-associations-between-army-national-guard-versus-active-duty-soldier-status-and-perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-acquired-capability
#9
Matthew C Podlogar, Claire Houtsma, Lauren R Khazem, Fallon Ringer, Thomas Mofield, Bradley A Green, Michael D Anestis, Ingrid C Lim, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine if levels of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired capability significantly differed between guardsmen and active duty soldiers. METHOD: Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to test for differences between active duty Army (n = 1,393) and Army National Guard (n = 623) groups, before and after controlling for the effects of age, gender, race, marital status, level of education, and deployment history...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295301/suicide-risk-among-bdsm-practitioners-the-role-of-acquired-capability-for-suicide
#10
Sarah L Brown, Jared F Roush, Sean M Mitchell, Kelly C Cukrowicz
OBJECTIVE: Bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, and sadomasochism (BDSM) practitioners are at increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. We hypothesized the association between (a) lifetime frequency of BDSM-related sexual behaviors and (b) BDSM identification and suicide attempt status would be mediated by acquired capability components (i.e., fearlessness about death and pain tolerance). Gender differences were examined. METHOD: Participants were 576 BDSM practitioners (meanage = 28...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294318/impact-of-killing-in-war-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#11
Shira Maguen, Kristine Burkman, Erin Madden, Julie Dinh, Jeane Bosch, Jessica Keyser, Martha Schmitz, Thomas C Neylan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to test the effectiveness of Impact of Killing (IOK), a novel, cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) aimed at reducing mental health symptoms and functional impairment. METHOD: Participants were 33 combat Veterans with a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis who had completed trauma-focused psychotherapy and reported distress regarding killing or feeling responsible for the deaths of others in war. Veterans were randomized to either IOK treatment or a 6-week waitlist condition, after which Veterans could receive IOK...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263399/feeling-thanks-and-saying-thanks-a-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-if-and-how-socially-oriented-gratitude-journals-work
#12
Brenda H O'Connell, Deirdre O'Shea, Stephen Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of a reflective interpersonal gratitude journal, a reflective-behavioral interpersonal gratitude journal and an active control journal, on primary qualities of well-being and depression. METHOD: Participants (n = 192; 67.2% female) completed this 3-month longitudinal randomized controlled design. RESULTS: Participants in the reflective-behavioral condition experienced the greatest improvements in affect balance and reductions in depression at immediate posttest...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263398/randomized-controlled-trial-of-inner-resources-meditation-for-family-dementia-caregivers
#13
Lynn C Waelde, Hilary Meyer, Jason M Thompson, Larry Thompson, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial examined the comparative effectiveness of 2 interventions for improving diurnal cortisol slope and life satisfaction and reducing stress symptoms among older female dementia family caregivers. METHOD: Thirty-one family dementia caregivers were randomized to 8 weeks of Inner Resources for Stress mindfulness meditation and mantra training (IR) or psychoeducation and telephone support (PTS). RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analyses revealed statistically significant pre-post improvements in diurnal cortisol slope and overall life satisfaction, but not depression or self-efficacy, in the IR relative to the PTS group...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249107/a-controlled-randomized-preliminary-trial-of-a-modified-dissonance-based-eating-disorder-intervention-program
#14
M A Green, M Willis, K Fernandez-Kong, S Reyes, R Linkhart, M Johnson, T Thorne, J Lindberg, E Kroska, H Woodward
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a controlled randomized preliminary trial of a modified dissonance-based eating disorder program (n = 24) compared to an assessment-only control condition (n = 23) via a longitudinal design (baseline, postintervention, 2-month follow-up) in a community sample of women (N = 47) with clinical (n = 22) and subclinical (n = 25) eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: The traditional content of the Body Project, a dissonance-based eating disorder prevention program, was modified to include verbal, written, and behavioral exercises designed to dissuade self-objectification and maladaptive social comparison...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221671/can-trainees-effectively-deliver-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-individuals-with-borderline-personality-disorder-outcomes-from-a-training-clinic
#15
Shireen L Rizvi, Christopher D Hughes, Alexandra D Hittman, Pedro Vieira Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-month course of comprehensive dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) provided in a training clinic with doctoral students as therapists and assessors. METHOD: Clinical outcomes for 50 individuals with borderline personality disorder (80% female, Mage = 29.52 [SD = 9.64]) are reported. Reliable change indices and clinical significance were calculated for measures. Finally, our results were benchmarked against a "gold standard" randomized clinical trial (RCT; McMain et al...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195649/validity-and-utility-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-2-and-phq-9-for-screening-and-diagnosis-of-depression-in-rural-chiapas-mexico-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Jafet Arrieta, Mercedes Aguerrebere, Giuseppe Raviola, Hugo Flores, Patrick Elliott, Azucena Espinosa, Andrea Reyes, Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo, Elena G Rodriguez-Gutierrez, Joia Mukherjee, Daniel Palazuelos, Molly F Franke
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are frequently under diagnosed in resource-limited settings because of lack of access to mental health care or the inability of healthcare providers to recognize them. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-2 and the PHQ-9 have been widely used for screening and diagnosis of depression in primary care settings; however, the validity of their use in rural, Spanish-speaking populations is unknown. METHOD: We used a cross-sectional design to assess the psychometric properties of the PHQ-9 for depression diagnosis and estimated the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-2 for depression screening...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186638/psychotherapy-utilization-and-retention-in-a-national-sample-of-veterans-with-ptsd
#17
Jennifer M Doran, Robert H Pietrzak, Rani Hoff, Ilan Harpaz-Rotem
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the demographic, diagnostic, and military variables associated with psychotherapy utilization and retention in a national Veteran sample. METHOD: A large administrative VA dataset (142,620 Veterans) was utilized. Logistic regression was used to determine predictors of psychotherapy utilization and retention. RESULTS: Female gender was associat ed with increased psychotherapy utilization and retention. Geriatric age was associated with less retention in individual psychotherapy...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186637/perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-fearlessness-about-death-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-among-female-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma
#18
Lindsey L Monteith, Nazanin H Bahraini, Deleene S Menefee
OBJECTIVE: Military sexual trauma (MST) is prevalent among female Veterans and is associated with increased risk for suicidal self-directed violence. Yet research examining processes which contribute to suicidal ideation and attempts among MST survivors has been sparse, focusing primarily on psychiatric symptoms or diagnoses, rather than employing a theory-driven approach. The interpersonal-psychological theory (Joiner, 2005) is a leading theory of suicide that may be particularly relevant for understanding suicidal ideation among female Veterans who have experienced MST...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186634/maintaining-mental-health-through-positive-writing-effects-of-a-resource-diary-on-depression-and-emotion-regulation
#19
M Suhr, A K Risch, G Wilz
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the beneficial effects of the resource-oriented positive writing intervention resource diary (RD) on mental health variables among patients recently discharged from psychiatric inpatient treatment. METHOD: Eighty-nine patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention group completing RD over the course of 4 weeks (n = 45) or a control group receiving no intervention (n = 44). To measure changes in mental health, patients filled out a number of self-report questionnaires on depression, emotion regulation, and resource activation before and after the intervention...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170098/enhancing-social-support-postincarceration-results-from-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Carrie Pettus-Davis, Allison Dunnigan, Christopher A Veeh, Matthew Owen Howard, Anna M Scheyett, Amelia Roberts-Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Over 50% of released prisoners are reincarcerated within 3 years. Social support from loved ones postincarceration significantly reduces the likelihood of reincarceration. Increasingly, intervention developers aim to implement interventions that will enhance the stability of support available. This study responds to gaps in knowledge. METHOD: The current efficacy study reports findings from a randomized controlled trial (n = 57) of a social support intervention...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
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