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Tissue & Cell

Laila Rashed, Doaa Mostafa Gharib, Rania Elsayed Hussein, Ola Tork, Azza Abusree
AIM: To study the effect of intravenous injection of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs), alone and combined with NO inducer in gastric ulcer healing in a rat model. METHODS: Rats were divided into controls, gastric ulcer, gastric ulcer receiving mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), gastric ulcer receiving NO inducer (l-Arginine), gastric ulcer receiving MSCs plus NO inducer (l-Arginine) groups. MSCs were given in a dose of (10(6)cells) by intravenous injection...
September 28, 2016: Tissue & Cell
Maeve Long, Jeremy C Simpson
The Golgi complex is the central unit of the secretory pathway, modifying, processing and sorting proteins and lipids to their correct cellular localisation. Changes to proteins at the Golgi complex can have deleterious effects on the function of this organelle, impeding trafficking routes through it, potentially resulting in disease. It is emerging that several Rho GTPase proteins, namely Cdc42, RhoBTB3, RhoA and RhoD are at least in part localised to the Golgi complex, and a number of studies have shown that dysregulation of their levels or activity can be associated with cellular changes which ultimately drive cancer progression...
September 28, 2016: Tissue & Cell
Lizette du Plessis, John T Soley
Head shaping in mammalian sperm is regulated by a number of factors including acrosome formation, nuclear condensation and the action of the microtubular manchette. A role has also been suggested for the attendant Sertoli cells and the perinuclear theca (PT). In comparison, relatively little information is available on this topic in birds and the presence of a PT per se has not been described in this vertebrate order. This study revealed that a similar combination of factors contributed to head shaping in the ostrich, emu and rhea, although the Sertoli cells seem to play a limited role in ratites...
September 28, 2016: Tissue & Cell
H El-Tahry, Hany E Marei, A Shams, M El-Shahat, H Abdelaziz, M Abd El-Kader
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Tissue & Cell
Susanne Smaardijk, Jialin Chen, Frank Wuytack, Peter Vangheluwe
Dysregulation of the Golgi/Secretory Pathway Ca(2+) transport ATPase SPCA2 is implicated in breast cancer. During lactation and in luminal breast cancer types, SPCA2 interacts with the plasma membrane Ca(2+) channel Orai1, promoting constitutive Ca(2+) influx, which is termed store independent Ca(2+) entry (SICE). The mechanism of SPCA2/Orai1 interaction depends on the N- and C-termini of SPCA2. These extensions may play a dual role in activating not only Orai1, but also Ca(2+) transport into the Golgi/secretory pathway, which we tested by investigating the impact of various SPCA2 N- and/or C-terminal truncations on SICE and Ca(2+) transport activity of SPCA2...
September 17, 2016: Tissue & Cell
Sae Bin Lee, A-Ram Lim, Dong Kyun Rah, Kyung Soo Kim, Hyun Jin Min
Heat shock protein 90 is a chaperone molecule that aids in proper folding of target proteins. Recently, heat shock protein 90 was found to play a role in would healing through regulation of fibroblast functions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of heat shock protein 90 in collagen synthesis in human dermal fibroblasts. The effects of transforming growth factor-β, 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin, and transfection of heat shock protein 90 were evaluated by real-time PCR, western blot, and immunofluorescence assays...
September 13, 2016: Tissue & Cell
Usama M Mahmoud, Fatma Essa, Alaa El-Din H Sayed
Surface architecture of the buccal cavity and the surface organization of the luminal mucosa of the oesophagus, stomach, and intestine of the carnivorous fish M. flavolineatus from the Red Sea were studied by using SEM. The results revealed that M. flavolineatus has four kinds of teeth; curved-blunt, wedge-shaped, flattened crowns, molariform and papilliform. Three types of taste buds (type I, II and III) were recorded in the oropharyngeal cavity. It was observed that taste buds and teeth are co-located in the pharyngeal region...
September 5, 2016: Tissue & Cell
Ahmed M Kabel, Mohamed S Omar, Mohamed F Balaha, Hany M Borg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2016: Tissue & Cell
Rupendra Shrestha, Asha Palat, Alan M Punnoose, Shailesh Joshi, D Ponraju, Solomon F D Paul
Electrospun nanofibres have been shown to exhibit extracellular matrix (ECM)-like characteristics required for tissue engineering in terms of porosity, flexibility, fibre organization and strength. This study focuses on developing novel cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) scaffolds by electrospinning for establishing 3-D chondrocyte and neuronal cultures. Five solvent combinations were employed in fabricating the fibres, namely, acetone/ethanol (9:1), dimethylformamide/tetrahydrofuran/acetone (3:3:4), tetrahydrofuran/acetone (1:1), tetrahydrofuran/ethanol (1:1) and chloroform/methanol (1:1)...
July 29, 2016: Tissue & Cell
Panuroot Aguilar, Veera Lertchirakarn
CD24 was suggested as a marker to SCAPs and has been reported for a decade. CD24 has been shown to involve stem cell activities such as self-renewal, proliferation and differentiation. However, the percentage variations of CD24 positive cells were reported among the studies. It is possible that this variation may affect these SCAPs behaviors. In this study, the variation was confirmed. To elucidate the influence of CD24 positive cells quantity on SCAPs stem cell behaviors, the 3 cell lines with the most maximum and the least numbers of CD24 positive cells (High-CD24 and Low-CD24 group) were selected to study...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
Panarat Rattanawarawipa, Prasit Pavasant, Thanaphum Osathanon, Waleerat Sukarawan
Lithium Chloride (LiCl) has been used as a canonical Wnt pathway activator due to its ability to inhibit a glycogen synthase kinase-3. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of LiCl on cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in stem cells isolated from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs). SHEDs were isolated and cultured in media supplemented with LiCl at 5, 10, or 20mM. The results demonstrated that LiCl significantly decreased SHEDs colony forming unit ability in a dose dependent manner...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
L Pardyak, A Kaminska, J Galas, A Ptak, B Bilinska, M Kotula-Balak
We report the effects of polychlorinated napthalanes (PCNs) on the mRNA expression of estrogen-related receptors (ERRs) α, β and γ, calcium (Ca2+) concentration, and sex steroid secretion in mouse primary and tumor Leydig cells. The cells were exposed to a mixture of PCNs (10nM) alone or in combination with one of sex steroid receptor antagonists; 182,780 (ICI; 10μM); hydroxyflutamide (HF; 10(-4)M) and G-coupled estrogen receptor antagonist (G15; 10nM) respectively. The expression of mRNAs and protein for ERRα, β, and γ was detected in primary and tumor Leydig cells...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
Carolyn K Novaleski, Emily E Kimball, Masanobu Mizuta, Bernard Rousseau
Clinical voice disorders pose significant communication-related challenges to patients. The purpose of this study was to quantify the rate of apoptosis and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) signaling in vocal fold epithelial cells in response to increasing time-doses and cycle-doses of vibration. 20 New Zealand white breeder rabbits were randomized to three groups of time-doses of vibration exposure (30, 60, 120min) or a control group (120min of vocal fold adduction and abduction). Estimated cycle-doses of vocal fold vibration were extrapolated based on mean fundamental frequency...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
Jia Chen, Dan Zhang, Qin Li, Dan Yang, Zengjie Fan, Dongyang Ma, Liling Ren
The repair and reconstruction of large bone defects remains as a significant clinical challenge mainly due to the insufficient vascularization. The prefabrication of vascular network based on cell sheet technique brings a promising potential for sufficient vascularization due to rich extracellular matrix (ECM) of cell sheets. However, the effect of different cell sheet ECM micro-environment on the formation of a vascular network has not been well understood. Here our goal is to study the effect of different cell sheets on the formation of a vascular network...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
Xiao-Feng Song, He Tian, Zhen-Xing Zhang
The CD95-mediated apoptotic pathway is the best characterized of the death receptor-mediated apoptotic pathways. The present study characterized localization and expression of proteins involved in CD95-mediated apoptosis during rat renal development. Kidneys were obtained from embryonic (E) 18 and 20-day-old fetuses and postnatal (P) 1-, 3-, 5-, 7-, 14-, and 21-day-old pups. Immunohistochemical characterization revealed that CD95, FasL and cleaved caspase-3 were strongly expressed in proximal tubules and weakly expressed in distal tubules, but that expression of caspase-8 in distal tubules was stronger than that in proximal tubules...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
Thereza Cristina Lonzetti Bargut, Marcia Barbosa Aguila, Carlos Alberto Mandarim-de-Lacerda
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is mainly composed of adipocytes, it is highly vascularized and innervated, and can be activated in adult humans. Brown adipocytes are responsible for performing non-shivering thermogenesis, which is exclusively mediated by uncoupling protein (UCP) -1 (a protein found in the inner mitochondrial membrane), the hallmark of BAT, responsible for the uncoupling of the proton leakage from the ATP production, therefore, generating heat (i.e. thermogenesis). Besides UCP1, other compounds are essential not only to thermogenesis, but also to the proliferation and differentiation of BAT, including peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) family, PPARgamma coactivator 1 (PGC1)-alpha, and PRD1-BF-1-RIZ1 homologous domain protein containing protein (PRDM) -16...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
Monjoy Saha, Rashmi Mukherjee, Chandan Chakraborty
Cytological evaluation by microscopic image-based characterization [imprint cytology (IC) and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)] plays an integral role in primary screening/detection of breast cancer. The sensitivity of IC and FNAC as a screening tool is dependent on the image quality and the pathologist's level of expertise. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) is used to assists the pathologists by developing various machine learning and image processing algorithms. This study reviews the various manual and computer-aided techniques used so far in breast cytology...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
Xingsheng Lin, Songjing Shi, Songchang Shi
Sepsis was a systemic response to a local infection. Apoptosis was observed in the experimental sepsis. In this study, cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis was established in rats. We found that sepsis decreased thyroid hormone levels, including triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), free T3 (fT3), and free T4 (fT4). Besides, we detected the increasing expression level of Caspase-3 and increasing ratio of TUNEL positive cells in the thyroid after sepsis. Furthermore, a series of pathological ultrastructural changes were observed in thyroid follicular epithelial cells by CLP-induced sepsis...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
Behnam Ebrahimi
Direct reprogramming of specialized cells into other cell types has revolutionized the fields of stem cell, differentiation, and regenerative medicine. Direct reprogramming technology can convert various differentiated cell types to other fates by the forced expression of lineage-specific transcription factors. In addition to this approach, transdifferentiation can be induced in somatic cells by a method named cell-activation and signaling-directed (CASD) lineage conversion, which uses pluripotency reprogramming factors in combination with specific differentiation signals...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
Hualin Zhang, Na Yu, Yueli Zhou, Hairong Ma, Juan Wang, Xuerong Ma, Jinsong Liu, Jin Huang, Yilin An
In this study, adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) were isolated from adipose tissues of rats. Flow cytometry identification showed that ADSCs of passage 3 highly expressed CD29 and CD44, but hardly expressed CD31 and CD45. Adipogenic, osteogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation were confirmed by the results of oil red O staining, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and alcian blue staining, respectively. ADSCs at a density of 1×10(6)/cm(2) were cultured in the osteogenic medium and the osteogenic cell sheets could be obtained after 14 d...
October 2016: Tissue & Cell
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