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Journal of Fish Biology

D J Coker, J P Nowicki, N A J Graham
Using manipulated patch reefs with combinations of varying live-coral cover (low, medium and high) and structural complexity (low and high), common community metrics (abundance, diversity, richness and community composition) collected through standard underwater visual census techniques were compared with exhaustive collections using a fish anaesthetic (clove oil). This study showed that reef condition did not influence underwater visual census estimates at a community level, but reef condition can influence the detectability of some small and cryptic species and this may be exacerbated if surveys are conducted on a larger scale...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
G Delpiani, M C Spath, M Deli Antoni, M Delpiani
A description of the tooth morphology of 234 jaws from the southern thorny skate Amblyraja doellojuradoi in the south-west Atlantic Ocean is given. Seven rows of teeth were selected and length and width of each tooth in these rows were measured. It was found that functional series corresponds to the third teeth and the average width and length of these teeth were compared among jaws, maturity stages, sexes and rows. Generalized linear models were used to determine the subset of measures that most contribute to explain the variability between groups...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
J A Vanegas-Ríos, A Urbano-Bonilla
Chrysobrycon mojicai sp. nov. is described from forest streams that are part of the Amazon River basin in Colombia. It is distinguished from all congeners by having most of the maxillary teeth with distal tips lateroventrally curved (v. teeth straight along their lengths) and a greater number of dentary teeth (20-27 v. 11-19, except in Chrysobrycon yoliae). The posterior margin of the ventral process of the quadrate does not reach the vertical through the posterior margin of the symplectic and these features differentiate C...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
K F Larter, B B Rees
In many experiments, euthanasia, or humane killing, of animals is necessary. Some methods of euthanasia cause death through cessation of respiratory or cardiovascular systems, causing oxygen levels of blood and tissues to drop. For experiments where the goal is to measure the effects of environmental low oxygen (hypoxia), the choice of euthanasia technique, therefore, may confound the results. This study examined the effects of four euthanasia methods commonly used in fish biology (overdose of MS-222, overdose of clove oil, rapid cooling and blunt trauma to the head) on variables known to be altered during hypoxia (haematocrit, plasma cortisol, blood lactate and blood glucose) or reflecting gill damage (trypan blue exclusion) and energetic status (ATP, ADP and ATP:ADP) in Gulf killifish Fundulus grandis after 24 h exposure to well-aerated conditions (normoxia, 7·93 mg O2  l(-1) , c...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
K Hasegawa
After resolution of habitat fragmentation by an erosion-control dam, non-native brown trout Salmo trutta invaded the upstream side of the dam and displaced native white-spotted charr Salvelinus leucomaenis in Monbetsu stream, Hokkaido, northern Japan.
April 9, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
M Van Deurs, A Andersson, J Vinterstare, A Didenko, A Persson, C Brönmark, P A Nilsson
Accelerometer technology was used to evaluate behaviours in the teleost ambush predator pike Esox lucius foraging on crucian carp Carassius carassius. Automated rule-based estimates of prey-size determined handling time were obtained and are compared with video-recorded behaviours. Solutions to tag attachment and the limitations imposed by battery-time and data-logging capacities are evaluated.
April 9, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
A Acharjee, R Chaube, K P Joy
Differential effects of photoperiod and temperature on the temporal modulation of gonadotrophin subunit genes (glycoprotein α, gpα), follicle-stimulating hormone β (fshβ) and luteinizing hormone β (lhβ) expression were investigated in the stinging catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. Female H. fossilis were exposed to varying photoperiod and temperature conditions for 14 and 28 days in the early preparatory phase of the annual reproductive cycle. Gonadotrophin subunit gene expression, gonado-somatic index (IG ), ovarian histology and plasma steroid hormone levels were evaluated...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
H Nishizawa, Y Kono, N Arai, J Shoji, H Mitamura
This study identified ventilatory and behavioural responses in the marbled sole Pseudopleuronectes yokohamae under experimentally induced progressive decreases in dissolved oxygen (DO) levels. Ventilation frequency showed an increase with decreasing DO levels from normoxia to 2·75 mg O2  l(-1) , followed by a decrease in ventilation frequency at decreased DO levels from 2·00 to 0·75 mg O2 l(-1) . At DO levels below 2·00 mg l(-1) , behaviours at the bottom were suppressed, whereas avoidance behaviours increased...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
P Gomes, A R Vieira, R Oliveira, H Silva, R Martins, M Carneiro
The occurrence of Cynoscion regalis in Portuguese continental waters is reported for the first time, with six specimens collected in 2015 from three areas: Tagus Estuary, Sado Estuary and Praia da Vieira (central-west coast). Analyses of morphometric and meristic characteristics confirmed all six specimens as C. regalis; further validation was obtained by sequencing a 675 bp region of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I gene. These records constitute a range extension of C. regalis into the southern north-east Atlantic Ocean...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
H Mao, K Chen, X Zhu, Q Luo, J Zhao, W Li, X Wu, H Xu
A systematic study was conducted to identify reliable reference genes for normalization of gene expression analysis in the blotched snakehead Channa maculata under normal physiological conditions. Firstly, the partial complementary (c)DNA of nine candidate reference genes (actb, tmem104, ube2l3, ef1α, churc1, tmem256, rpl13a, sep15 and g6pd) were cloned from C. maculata. The expression levels of these genes were then assessed in embryos of different developmental stages and various tissue types of adult fish using quantitative real-time (qrt-)PCR...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
A Splendiani, T Fioravanti, M Giovannotti, L Olivieri, P Ruggeri, P Nisi Cerioni, S Vanni, F Enrichetti, V Caputo Barucchi
Partial D-loop sequences of museum specimens of brown trout and marble trout (Salmo trutta species complex) collected from Mediterranean rivers in the late 19th century were analysed to help to describe the native distribution of these species. All the individuals studied carried native haplotypes, the geographic distribution of which is consistent with published data. These results indicate that museum specimens from the 19th century could represent an opportunity to get a picture of the original genetic diversity distribution of this species complex...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
B M Taylor, C Pardee
This study presents age-based life-history information for the red lip parrotfish Scarus rubroviolaceus based on a 5 year sampling programme from the commercial fishery of American Samoa. Females reached sexual maturity at 31·9 cm fork length (LF ) and 2·6 years and sex change occurred at 42·3 cm LF , although not all females change sex through their ontogeny. The maximum observed age was 14 years and c. 65% of the fishery harvest was above the median LF at sex change.
April 5, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
F N Solomon, D Rodrigues, E J Gonçalves, E A Serrão, R Borges
Larval development and allometric growth patterns of the black-faced blenny Tripterygion delaisi are described from a larval series (body length, LB  = 3·30-12·10 mm) caught by light traps at the Arrábida Marine Park, Portugal. Larvae of T. delaisi possess distinctive morphometric and meristic characteristics which can be used to identify this species from related taxa. Pigmentation is sparse but characteristic, consisting of pigmented eyes, gas bladder pigmentation in the dorsal region, anal pigmentation and a row of regularly spaced postanal ventral melanophores...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
X Shi, J S Møller, J Højgaard, J L Johansen, J F Steffensen, D Liu, P Domenici
The effect of the presence and angular position of a refuge on the direction and kinematics of mechanically-induced escape responses was observed in staghorn sculpins Leptocottus armatus using high-speed video. The results showed that the angular position of the refuge did not affect locomotor performance (speed and acceleration), although it did affect the escape trajectories. Therefore, the angular position of a refuge can modulate the direction taken by the L. armatus during the early stages of their escape response and this response can be affected by both repulsive (i...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
Y Huang, J Cai, J F Tang, H Y Zhang, Z W Wang, J C Jian, Z H Wu, Y S Lu
A tdt gene was identified successfully from humphead snapper Lutjanus sanguineus, which contained 1710 bp encoding a protein of 463 amino acids. Results of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) indicated that tdt mainly expressed in thymus and head kidney and the transcripts of tdt in these tissues were up-regulated significantly at 36 and 48 h after Vibrio harveyi infection. Meanwhile Tdt-producing cells were found in thymus and head kidney.
March 28, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
K C Hall, M K Broadhurst, P A Butcher, L Cameron, S J Rowland, R B Millar
The present study tested the hypothesis of no delayed sublethal effects of mild angling and release on the feeding, growth, somatic condition and gonadal development of golden perch Macquaria ambigua during gametogenesis. Subsamples of adult M. ambigua (n = 17-21 of 207), originally captured from the wild and stocked into ten 0·1 ha earthen ponds, were angled and released during early and late gametogenesis. Wild samples that were concurrently collected throughout the experiment underwent rapid and synchronous gonadal development and many spawned...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
P C Hubbard, F Baduy, J L Saraiva, P M Guerreiro, A V M Canário
The present study shows that the olfactory potency of intestinal and bile fluids taken from dominant male chameleon cichlids Australoheros facetus is greater than those from subordinate males. Thus, dominant status may be communicated by odorants released in the intestinal fluid and bile acids may contribute towards this.
March 27, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
L Murray, M D Rennie, J C Svendsen, E C Enders
This study aimed to assess the extent to which chasing, handling and confining Oncorhynchus mykiss to a small respirometer chamber during respirometric experiments is stressful and affects metabolic measurements. The study observed increased cortisol levels in animals tested using a chase protocol and subsequent intermittent-flow respirometry, suggesting that this procedural treatment may stress animals.
March 27, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
N Guillerault, S Bouletreau, A Iribar, A Valentini, F Santoul
In this study, the results of conventional stomach-content analysis are compared with the recent DNA metabarcoding approach on faeces to identify fish species consumed by non-native European catfish Silurus glanis in the Garonne River (south-western France), with a special emphasis on anadromous prey. Fourteen prey species were identified in the stomach contents or faeces, including four anadromous fish species. Despite higher intestine than stomach emptiness, more species were identified through faecal analysis (11 of 14) than through stomach-content analysis (five of 14) suggesting that DNA metabarcoding on faeces is an efficient, non-intrusive technique to study the diet of predatory fishes...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
G C S Hoffmann, M O Freitas, R L Moura, M Previero, V Abilhoa
The reproductive biology of the white grunt Haemulon plumierii was studied from 360 individuals obtained from artisanal fisheries landings in the Abrolhos Bank, Brazil, between August 2010 and March 2012. The overall sex-ratio did not differ significantly from 1:1, although males predominated in larger size classes. β-Binomial modelling of historical sex-ratio data indicated that the catch rate of females has increased in recent years. Females reached maturity at a smaller total length (LT ; 214 mm) than males (235 mm LT ) and the LT at which 50% of all individuals are mature (L50 ) was 220 mm, corresponding to 41·5% of the maximum recorded LT ...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
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