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Journal of Fish Biology

M K Konopiński, A Amirowicz
Common bream Abramis brama, roach Rutilus rutilus and their hybrids were collected in the Dobczyce Reservoir in southern Poland in 2006-2013 to study whether it is better for a hybrid individual to resemble and compete with one of its parents, or to minimize competition by having a distinctive phenotype. All hybrids were F1 crosses and originated predominantly (93·2%) from matings between female A. brama and male R. rutilus parents. In morphometric analyses, a newly defined coefficient, L3  = 2·5 (body mass) (LS  × body depth)-1 , which enables forms with similar length-depth proportions but different length-mass relationships to be distinguished was used...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
J Kent, G Jenkins, C D H Sherman
Postlarvae of King George whiting Sillaginodes punctatus, a commercially important fish species in southern Australia, were collected from multiple locations across south and south-eastern Australia. Genetic analyses using seven microsatellite markers found little evidence of genetic structure suggesting high levels of connectivity between the regions. The results found no evidence of a distinct source spawning population within the south-eastern range sampled in this study.
December 7, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
H Reynisson, G Á Ólafsdóttir
In the current study activity and latency to explore, as well as the correlation of these traits, were examined in individually marked juvenile Gadus morhua at 7, 10 and 13° C. It was concluded that individual rank order of both traits was maintained across temperature but that the level of change differed between individuals.
December 6, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
B Kullmann, M Hempel, R Thiel
This study presents a new chemical double-marking technique for European glass eels Anguilla anguilla by combing alizarin red S (ARS) and strontium chloride hexahydrate (Sr). Marked eels (double marked with ARS and Sr, but also single marked with ARS) were exposed in situ to brackish water (15 g l-1 artificial sea salt) for 14 days and did not exhibit increased mortalities compared with unmarked eels. Indeed, no mortality occurred in a marked group during the experiments. Moreover, an efficient mass-marking approach with low handling effort for both single ARS and double ARS-Sr techniques is described and was proven to be practicable for large-scale stocking programmes...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
P Sun, B J Tang
In the present study, population genetic structure and genetic diversity of the Chinese pomfret Pampus chinensis, along the China coast were investigated and compared with that from Indonesia using mitochondrial DNA cytochrome b gene sequences. A total of 28 variable sites (including 18 singleton sites and 10 parsimony information sites) were observed and 23 haplotypes were defined in 330 individuals from 11 localities. The haplotype diversity (HD ) of the populations ranged from 0·540 to 0·828, the nucleotide diversity (π) ranged from 0·081 to 0·295%...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
K Birnie-Gauvin, K S Peiman, M H Larsen, K Aarestrup, K M Gilmour, S J Cooke
This study demonstrates that vegetable shortening and cocoa butter are two effective vehicles for intraperitoneal cortisol implants in juvenile teleosts, specifically brown trout Salmo trutta, residing in north temperate freshwater environments. Each vehicle showed a different pattern of cortisol elevation. Vegetable shortening was found to be a more suitable vehicle for long-term cortisol elevation [elevated at 3, 6 and 9 days post treatment (dpt)], while cocoa butter may be better suited for short-term cortisol elevation (only elevated at 3 dpt)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
S R Avey, M Ojehomon, J F Dawson, T E Gillis
The present study examined how the expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) and human cardiac actin (ACTC) in zebrafish Danio rerio influences embryonic heart rate (RH ) and the swim performance and metabolic rate of adult fish. Experiments with the adults involved determining the critical swimming speed (Ucrit , the highest speed sustainable and measure of aerobic capacity) while measuring oxygen consumption. Two different transgenic D. rerio lines were examined: one expressed eGFP in the heart (tg(cmlc:egfp)), while the second expressed ACTC in the heart and eGFP throughout the body (tg(cmlc:actc,ba:egfp))...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
M H S Yabu, A P Vidotto-Magnoni, A C R Casimiro, D A Z Garcia, A D A Costa, F D D Prado, F Porto-Foresti, M L Orsi
The aim of this study is to report the presence of a three non-native hybrid long-whiskered catfishes (family Pimelodidae) in the Upper Paraná River basin, Brazil. Genetic analyses demonstrated that the three presumptive hybrids were a result of the crossbreeding of Pseudoplatystoma reticulatum (central Amazonas River basin and Lower Paraná River) and Leiarius marmoratus (Amazonas, Essequibo and Orinoco rivers), producing a hybrid commonly known in Brazil as cachandiá. The potential threat to biodiversity, due to possible genetic contamination, competition and predation of wild stocks, of such artificially produced hybrid fishes is discussed...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
M Damerau, M Freese, R Hanel
In this study, the phylogenetic trees of jacks and pompanos (Carangidae), an ecologically and morphologically diverse, globally distributed fish family, are inferred from a complete, concatenated data set of two mitochondrial (cytochrome c oxidase I, cytochrome b) loci and one nuclear (myosin heavy chain 6) locus. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian inferences are largely congruent and show a clear separation of Carangidae into the four subfamilies: Scomberoidinae, Trachinotinae, Naucratinae and Caranginae. The inclusion of the carangid sister lineages Coryphaenidae (dolphinfishes) and Rachycentridae (cobia), however, render Carangidae paraphyletic...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
P Kern, R L Cramp, M A Gordos, J R Watson, C E Franklin
This study compared the critical swimming speed (Ucrit ) and endurance performance of three Australian freshwater fish species in different swim-test apparatus. Estimates of Ucrit measured in a large recirculating flume were greater for all species compared with estimates from a smaller model of the same recirculating flume. Large differences were also observed for estimates of endurance swimming performance between these recirculating flumes and a free-surface swim tunnel. Differences in estimates of performance may be attributable to variation in flow conditions within different types of swim chambers...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
J De Meyer, A Herrel, C Belpaire, G Goemans, C Ide, B De Kegel, J Christiaens, D Adriaens
This work examined three different phenotypes of the yellow-eel stage of the European eel Anguilla anguilla, broad-heads, narrow-heads and eels with an intermediate head shape. The aim was to see whether broad-headed A. anguilla, which generally consume harder, larger prey, such as crustaceans and fish, exerted greater bite force than the narrow-headed variant, which mainly consume soft, small prey such as chironomid larvae. It was found that in 99 yellow A. anguilla, in vivo bite force of broad-heads are higher compared with narrow-heads and intermediates...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
A P da Fonseca, M V Volcan, R B Robaldo
To analyse the survival, pathway and time of embryo development in the annual fish Austrolebias nigrofasciatus eggs were monitored in four liquid media and two damp media under experimental conditions for 130 days until their development was complete. Eggs kept in the same breeding water from oviposition remained in diapause I (DI) during all experiments. In constrast, up to the stage prior to entering diapause II (DII), the other media had no influence on development. Embryos at this stage (DII), however, show longer development time when treated in medium with water and powdered coconut shell so that about 80% of embryos remained in DII at 100 days...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
D M Vazquez, M Belleggia, L Schejter, E Mabragaña
Egg cases of the narrowmouthed catshark Schroederichthys bivius were recorded entangled with sponges, corals and tubeworms at different sites in the south-west Atlantic Ocean. This work sheds light on the importance of benthic invertebrates in the life cycle of oviparous chondrichthyan species.
November 20, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
F D Do Prado, R Fernandez-Cebrián, F Foresti, C Oliveira, P Martínez, F Porto-Foresti
Genetic diversity and structure of Pseudoplatystoma corruscans and P. reticulatum, large migratory South America catfishes, where overfishing and the construction of numerous dams in their feeding and reproducing areas are affecting their migratory processes negatively, were studied using microsatellites in samples from Paraguay (that comprises the Pantanal biome), and the upper and lower Paraná Basins. Genetic diversity was in accordance to that observed for other large migratory fishes, but the most geographically isolated populations of P...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
Y Li, Z Jia, X Liang, D Matulic, M Hussein, J Gao
A 10 week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of different dietary soybean oil (SO) levels on growth performance, fatty-acid composition and lipid deposition in viscera, histology and histochemistry of liver, intestine and hepatic-lipid metabolism-related gene expressions in pond loach Misgurnus anguillicaudatus juveniles. Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (mean ± s.d. mass 0·40 ± 0·01 g) were fed five experimental diets containing SO at different concentrations: 0, 20, 32, 56 and 100% SO and a diet containing 100% fish oil (100% FO)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
H-Y Chang, C-L Sun, S-Z Yeh, Y-J Chang, N-J Su, G DiNardo
Length and mass data for 1260 (536 females, 683 males, 41 sex unknown) striped marlin Kajikia audax were collected at the fish markets of Tungkang, Singkang and Nanfangao from July 2004 to September 2010. Of these samples, 534 gonads (236 females and 298 males) ranging from 95 to 206 cm in eye-to-fork length (LEF ) and 8 to 88 kg in round mass (MR ), were collected. Chi-square tests indicated sex ratios were homogeneous among months in 2004 and 2006-2008, but not in 2005, 2009 and 2010; and there were significant differences in sex ratio by size...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
L Schönhofen Longoni, J Giora, C Bernhardt Fialho
Sexual dimorphism in size, anal-fin shape and coloration of Hyphessobrycon igneus, Characidae, were examined. Males were more frequent at larger body sizes, confirming body size as a sexually dimorphic trait. Anal-fin shape and the colour of all fins were the same for females and juveniles, differing only in adult males. Likewise, only adult males had bony hooks on fin rays; larger and more sexually mature males had the most numerous and developed hooks and hooks were most developed in degree and number during peak reproductive periods...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
Y Z Wang, J F Sun, A J Lv, S L Zhang, Y Y Sung, H Y Shi, X C Hu, S J Chen, K Z Xing
The histochemical distribution of acid phosphatase (ACP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), non-specific esterase (NSE), peroxidase (POD) and mucous-cell types was evaluated in the gastrointestinal tract of the half-smooth tongue sole Cynoglossus semilaevis. The enzymes were detected in the entire stretch of the gastrointestinal tract. ACP activity was found in the supranuclear region of enterocytes and the lamina propria of the intestine, as well as the cytoplasm of epithelial cells of the stomach. The staining intensity of ACP in the anterior and posterior intestines was stronger than in the stomach...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
J South, D Welsh, A Anton, J D Sigwart, J T A Dick
Interactions between Lipophrys pholis and its amphipod prey Echinogammarus marinus were used to investigate the effect of changing water temperatures, comparing current and predicted mean summer temperatures. Contrary to expectations, predator attack rates significantly decreased with increasing temperature. Handling times were significantly longer at 19° C than at 17 and 15° C and the maximum feeding estimate was significantly lower at 19° C than at 17° C. Functional-response type changed from a destabilizing type II to the more stabilizing type III with a temperature increase to 19° C...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
F X Meng, M Li, M Z Song, L X Yuan, Y F Gong, Y X Qian, G Shi, R X Wang
This study was conducted to determine the mechanism by which di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) exposure influences lipid metabolism of juvenile yellow catfish Tachysurus fulvidraco. Fish were exposed to three DEHP concentrations (0, 0·1 and 0·5 mg l(-1) DEHP) for 8 weeks. Fatty acid synthase (FAS) activity significantly decreased with increasing DEHP concentrations, the highest value was in the Tween control group, whereas the lowest activities of carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) were in this group...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
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