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Journal of Fish Biology

C Tentelier, O Barroso-Gomila, O Lepais, A Manicki, I Romero-Garmendia, B M Jugo
This study aimed to test mate choice and selection during early life stages on major histocompatibility (MH) genotype in natural families of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar spawners and juveniles, using nine microsatellites to reconstruct families, one microsatellite linked to an MH class I gene and one minisatellite linked to an MH class II gene. MH-based mate choice was only detected for the class I locus on the first year, with lower expected heterozygosity in the offspring of actually mated pairs than predicted under random mating...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
P J Ciccotto, T C Mendelson
To test hypotheses explaining variation in elaborate male colouration across closely related species groups, ancestral-state reconstructions and tests of phylogenetic signal and correlated evolution were used to examine the evolution of male body and fin colouration in a group of sexually dichromatic stream fishes known as darters (Percidae: Etheostomatinae). The presence or absence of red-orange and blue-green male colour traits were scored across six body regions in 99 darter species using a recently estimated amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) phylogeny for comparative analyses...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
B Schreiber, J Monka, B Drozd, M Hundt, M Weiss, T Oswald, R Gergs, R Schulz
Thermal requirements of larval weatherfish Misgurnus fossilis were investigated in terms of growth, survival and aerobic performance. Growth and survival of M. fossilis larvae acclimated to five temperatures (11, 15, 19, 23 and 27° C) were measured over 25 days. In the upper temperature treatments (19, 23 and 27° C), survival of larvae was stable throughout the entire rearing period (>75%), whereas 11 and 15° C resulted in severe declines in survival (to <10%). Growth of larvae (expressed as dry mass and total length) was highest at 19 and 23° C, but significantly decreased at 27° C...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
K Longenecker, R Langston, M Crane
Presence of bisexual individuals and a sex-specific bimodal size distribution are suggestive of protogyny in the dash-and-dot goatfish Parupeneus barberinus, but the most parsimonious interpretation of histological analysis is juvenile hermaphroditism. This is the first report of hermaphroditism in the Mullidae.
January 18, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
T Kawakami, Y Yamada, S Tanaka, K Tsukamoto
The embryonic development of the Japanese eel Anguilla japonica and pike eel Muraenesox cinereus was morphologically investigated with laboratory-reared specimens to clarify the characteristics of somitogenesis. In A. japonica, somites were first observed at 18 h post fertilization (hpf) when epiboly reached 90%. Somitogenesis progressed at a rate of 1·6 h(-1) at mean ± s.d. 22·6 ± 0·7° C and completed at 107 hpf (3 days post hatching; dph) when total number of somites (ST) reached 114, which corresponds to the species' number of vertebrae (112-119)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
E L Loose, E J Hilton, J E Graves
The comparative morphology of the scales of roundscale spearfish Tetrapturus georgii and white marlin Kajikia albida was investigated. In addition, variation in scale morphology across different body regions within each species was analysed. Although considerable morphological variation was observed among scales from different body regions in both species, scales of K. albida generally have pointed anterior ends, fewer posterior points and are more heavily imbricated than those of T. georgii, which are frequently rounded anteriorly, often have many posterior points and are separated farther within the skin...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
V Nikolsky, J Lloret
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
J Parodi, G Guerra, M Cuevas, A Ramírez-Reveco, F Romero
This study estimates spermatozoa mortality, morphology, motility and intracellular calcium levels in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar milt after prolonged storage. Milt samples were preserved at 4° C for 25 days and then evaluated for mortality. Motility remained high for the first 3 days and the mortality was low during the first 5 days of storage. A decrease of >50% in calcium content was observed after 5 days of storage. When spermatozoa were activated, calcium levels increased >200% in relative fluorescence units (RFU); this rate of increase was lost when the samples were stored for extended periods of time and was only partially manifested in a zero calcium solution...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
V M Padula, D Causey, J A López
This study presents the first detailed analysis of the mitochondrial DNA diversity of least cisco Coregonus sardinella in Alaska using a 678 bp segment of the control region (D-loop) of the mitochondrial genome. Findings suggest that the history of C. sardinella in Alaska differs from that of other species of Coregonus present in the state and surrounding regions. The examined populations of C. sardinella are genetically diverse across Alaska. Sixty-eight distinct mitochondrial haplotypes were identified among 305 individuals sampled from nine locations...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
M Bolgan, J O'Brien, M Picciulin, L Manning, M Gammell
The behaviour of sexually mature Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus specimens (fifth farm generation) was observed in captivity for four consecutive days. Only agonistic interactions between males of different size were facilitated on the first 2 days, while both agonistic and courtship interactions were possible from the third day up to the end of the experiment. The reliability of behavioural analysis was assessed in order to reduce the possibility of observer errors within the generated datasets. The behavioural investment of big males, small males and females was analysed using general linear models (two-way repeated measures ANOVAs with time and male size as factors)...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
J R S Vitule, A P L da Costa, F A Frehse, L A V Bezerra, T V T Occhi, V S Daga, A A Padial
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
R E Reis, J S Albert, F Di Dario, M M Mincarone, P Petry, L A Rocha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
J D Hogan, R Kozdon, M J Blum, J F Gilliam, J W Valley, P B McIntyre
High-resolution analysis of growth increments, trace element chemistry and oxygen isotope ratios (δ(18) O) in otoliths were combined to assess larval and post-larval habitat use and growth of Awaous stamineus, an amphidromous goby native to Hawai'i. Otolith increment widths indicate that all individuals experience a brief period of rapid growth during early life as larvae and that the duration of this growth anomaly is negatively correlated with larval duration. A protracted high-growth period early in larval life is associated with a lower ratio of Sr:Ca, which may reflect low salinity conditions in nearshore habitats...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
Q E Phelps, R N Hupfeld, G W Whitledge
This study inferred that the majority of shovelnose sturgeon Scaphirhynchus platorynchus captured in the upper Mississippi River probably originated from locations outside the upper Mississippi River (Missouri River, middle Mississippi River); whereas, lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens exhibit infrequent movement outside of the upper Mississippi River, but may move throughout these interconnected large rivers at various life stages. By using pectoral fin-ray microchemistry (a non-lethal alternative to using otoliths), it is suggest that interjurisdictional cooperation will probably be needed to ensure sustainability of the S...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
D C Costa, C C Mattioli, W S Silva, R Takata, F O P Leme, A L Oliveira, R K Luz
The growth, physiology and skin pigmentation of pacamã Lophiosilurus alexandri juveniles were evaluated in an experiment using different tank colours (white, yellow, green, blue, brown and black) over an 80 day period. The tank colours did not cause significant differences to final body mass, total length, survival rate, carcass composition (moisture, crude protein, ash, ether extract, calcium, phosphorus, energy), or to plasma protein, triglyceride and cholesterol values. Haematocrit values, however, were highest for fish kept in white tanks (ANOVA P < 0·05), while the greatest haemoglobin levels were recorded for fish kept in blue and brown tanks (P < 0·01)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
E A F Christensen, M B S Svendsen, J F Steffensen
The present study determined the blood plasma osmolality and oxygen consumption of the perch Perca fluviatilis at different salinities (0, 10 and 15) and temperatures (5, 10 and 20° C). Blood plasma osmolality increased with salinity at all temperatures. Standard metabolic rate (SMR) increased with salinity at 10 and 20° C. Maximum metabolic rate (MMR) and aerobic scope was lowest at salinity of 15 at 5° C, yet at 20° C, they were lowest at a salinity of 0. A cost of osmoregulation (SMR at a salinity of 0 and 15 compared with SMR at a salinity of 10) could only be detected at a salinity of 15 at 20° C, where it was 28%...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
L D Schultz, B E Chasco, S L Whitlock, M H Meeuwig, C B Schreck
This study used existing western brook lamprey Lampetra richardsoni age information to fit three different growth models (i.e. von Bertalanffy, Gompertz and logistic) with and without error in age estimates. Among these growth models, there was greater support for the logistic and Gompertz models than the von Bertalanffy model, regardless of ageing error assumptions. The von Bertalanffy model, however, appeared to fit the data well enough to permit survival estimates; using length-based estimators, annual survival varied between 0·64 (95% credibility interval: 0·44-0·79) and 0·81 (0·79-0·83) depending on ageing and growth process error structure...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
J D Filmalter, P D Cowley, M Potier, F Ménard, M J Smale, Y Cherel, L Dagorn
The silky shark Carcharhinus falciformis is commonly associated with floating objects, including fish aggregating devices (FADs), in the Indian Ocean. While the motives for this associative behaviour are unclear, it does make them vulnerable to capture in the tuna purse seine fishery that makes extensive use of FADs. Here, the diet of 323 C. falciformis, caught at FADs in the Indian Ocean, was investigated to test the hypothesis that trophic benefits explain the associative behaviour. A high proportion of stomachs with fresh contents (57%) suggested that extensive feeding activity occurred while associated with FADs...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
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