Read by QxMD icon Read

Biological Psychiatry

Helen E Vuong, Elaine Y Hsiao
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a serious neurodevelopmental disorder that affects one in 45 children in the United States, with a similarly striking prevalence in countries around the world. However, mechanisms underlying its etiology and manifestations remain poorly understood. Although ASD is diagnosed based on the presence and severity of impaired social communication and repetitive behavior, immune dysregulation and gastrointestinal issues are common comorbidities. The microbiome is an integral part of human physiology; recent studies show that changes in the gut microbiota can modulate gastrointestinal physiology, immune function, and even behavior...
August 26, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, Mina Rydell, Bo Runeson, Gustaf Brander, Christian Rück, Brian M D'Onofrio, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, David Mataix-Cols
BACKGROUND: Persons with neuropsychiatric disorders are at increased risk of suicide, but there is little data concerning Tourette's and chronic tic disorders (TD/CTD). We aimed to quantify the risk of suicidal behavior in a large nationwide cohort of patients with TD/CTD, establish the contribution of psychiatric comorbidity to this risk, and identify predictors of suicide. METHODS: Using a validated algorithm, we identified 7736 TD/CTD cases in the Swedish National Patient Register during a 44-year period (1969-2013)...
August 26, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Kimberley M Kendall, Elliott Rees, Valentina Escott-Price, Mark Einon, Rhys Thomas, Jonathan Hewitt, Michael C O'Donovan, Michael J Owen, James T R Walters, George Kirov
BACKGROUND: The UK Biobank is a unique resource for biomedical research, with extensive phenotypic and genetic data on half a million adults from the general population. We aimed to examine the effect of neurodevelopmental copy number variants (CNVs) on the cognitive performance of participants. METHODS: We used Affymetrix Power Tools and PennCNV-Affy software to analyze Affymetrix microarrays of the first 152,728 genotyped individuals. We annotated a list of 93 CNVs and compared their frequencies with control datasets...
August 18, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Angélica Torres-Berrío, Juan Pablo Lopez, Rosemary C Bagot, Dominique Nouel, Gregory Dal Bo, Santiago Cuesta, Lei Zhu, Colleen Manitt, Conrad Eng, Helen M Cooper, Kai-Florian Storch, Gustavo Turecki, Eric J Nestler, Cecilia Flores
BACKGROUD: Variations in the expression of the Netrin-1 guidance cue receptor DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer) appear to confer resilience or susceptibility to psychopathologies involving prefrontal cortex (PFC) dysfunction. METHODS: With the use of postmortem brain tissue, mouse models of defeat stress, and in vitro analysis, we assessed microRNA (miRNA) regulation of DCC and whether changes in DCC levels in the PFC lead to vulnerability to depression-like behaviors...
August 18, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Jermaine D Jones, Michelle L Nolan, Roshni Daver, Sandra D Comer, Denise Paone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Juliet Richetto, Renaud Massart, Ulrike Weber-Stadlbauer, Moshe Szyf, Marco A Riva, Urs Meyer
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to infectious or inflammatory insults increases the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders. Using a well-established mouse model of prenatal viral-like immune activation, we examined whether this pathological association involves genome-wide DNA methylation differences at single nucleotide resolution. METHODS: Prenatal immune activation was induced by maternal treatment with the viral mimetic polyriboinosinic-polyribocytidylic acid in middle or late gestation...
August 12, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Matilde M Vaghi, Petra E Vértes, Manfred G Kitzbichler, Annemieke M Apergis-Schoute, Febe E van der Flier, Naomi A Fineberg, Akeem Sule, Rashid Zaman, Valerie Voon, Prantik Kundu, Edward T Bullmore, Trevor W Robbins
BACKGROUND: A recent hypothesis has suggested that core deficits in goal-directed behavior in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are caused by impaired frontostriatal function. We tested this hypothesis in OCD patients and control subjects by relating measures of goal-directed planning and cognitive flexibility to underlying resting-state functional connectivity. METHODS: Multiecho resting-state acquisition, combined with micromovement correction by blood oxygen level-dependent sensitive independent component analysis, was used to obtain in vivo measures of functional connectivity in 44 OCD patients and 43 healthy comparison subjects...
August 11, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Najaf Amin, Nadezhda M Belonogova, Olivera Jovanova, Rutger W W Brouwer, Jeroen G J van Rooij, Mirjam C G N van den Hout, Gulnara R Svishcheva, Robert Kraaij, Irina V Zorkoltseva, Anatoly V Kirichenko, Albert Hofman, André G Uitterlinden, Wilfred F J van IJcken, Henning Tiemeier, Tatiana I Axenovich, Cornelia M van Duijn
BACKGROUND: Despite high heritability, little success was achieved in mapping genetic determinants of depression-related traits by means of genome-wide association studies. METHODS: To identify genes associated with depressive symptomology, we performed a gene-based association analysis of nonsynonymous variation captured using exome-sequencing and exome-chip genotyping in a genetically isolated population from the Netherlands (n = 1999). Finally, we reproduced our significant findings in an independent population-based cohort (n = 1604)...
August 11, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Evangelos Vassos, Marta Di Forti, Jonathan Coleman, Conrad Iyegbe, Diana Prata, Jack Euesden, Paul O'Reilly, Charles Curtis, Anna Kolliakou, Hamel Patel, Stephen Newhouse, Matthew Traylor, Olesya Ajnakina, Valeria Mondelli, Tiago Reis Marques, Poonam Gardner-Sood, Katherine J Aitchison, John Powell, Zerrin Atakan, Kathryn E Greenwood, Shubulade Smith, Khalida Ismail, Carmine Pariante, Fiona Gaughran, Paola Dazzan, Hugh S Markus, Anthony S David, Cathryn M Lewis, Robin M Murray, Gerome Breen
BACKGROUND: Polygenic risk scores (PRSs) have successfully summarized genome-wide effects of genetic variants in schizophrenia with significant predictive power. In a clinical sample of first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients, we estimated the ability of PRSs to discriminate case-control status and to predict the development of schizophrenia as opposed to other psychoses. METHODS: The sample (445 case and 265 control subjects) was genotyped on the Illumina HumanCore Exome BeadChip with an additional 828 control subjects of African ancestry genotyped on the Illumina Multi-Ethnic Genotyping Array...
August 6, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Oliver D Howes, Robert McCutcheon, Michael J Owen, Robin M Murray
The dopamine hypothesis is the longest standing pathoetiologic theory of schizophrenia. Because it was initially based on indirect evidence and findings in patients with established schizophrenia, it was unclear what role dopamine played in the onset of the disorder. However, recent studies in people at risk of schizophrenia have found elevated striatal dopamine synthesis capacity and increased dopamine release to stress. Furthermore, striatal dopamine changes have been linked to altered cortical function during cognitive tasks, in line with preclinical evidence that a circuit involving cortical projections to the striatum and midbrain may underlie the striatal dopamine changes...
August 6, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Kristen L Eckstrand, Michael John Travis, Erika E Forbes, Mary Louise Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Gregory A Fonzo, Amit Etkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Henrietta Szutorisz, Yasmin L Hurd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Bita Moghaddam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Tyler M Moore, Kosha Ruparel, Rastko Ciric, Monica E Calkins, Russell T Shinohara, Mark A Elliott, Ryan Hopson, David R Roalf, Simon N Vandekar, Efstathios D Gennatas, Daniel H Wolf, J Cobb Scott, Daniel S Pine, Ellen Leibenluft, John A Detre, Edna B Foa, Raquel E Gur, Ruben C Gur, Theodore D Satterthwaite
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical period for emotional maturation and is a time when clinically significant symptoms of anxiety and depression increase, particularly in females. However, few studies relate developmental differences in symptoms of anxiety and depression to brain development. Cerebral blood flow is one brain phenotype that is known to have marked developmental sex differences. METHODS: We investigated whether developmental sex differences in cerebral blood flow mediated sex differences in anxiety and depression symptoms by capitalizing on a large sample of 875 youths who completed cross-sectional imaging as part of the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort...
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Murray A Raskind, Steven P Millard, Eric C Petrie, Kris Peterson, Tammy Williams, David J Hoff, Kimberly Hart, Hollie Holmes, Jeffrey Hill, Colin Daniels, Rebecca Hendrickson, Elaine R Peskind
BACKGROUND: In a previously reported positive randomized controlled trial of the α1-adrenoreceptor (α1AR) antagonist prazosin for combat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in 67 active duty soldiers, baseline symptoms did not predict therapeutic response. If increased brain α1AR activation in PTSD is the target of prazosin treatment action, higher brain α1AR activation should predict greater prazosin efficacy. Although brain α1AR activation is not measurable, coregulated peripheral α1AR activation could provide an estimate of brain α1AR activation...
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Andrés Uribe-Mariño, Nils C Gassen, Maximilian F Wiesbeck, Georgia Balsevich, Sara Santarelli, Beate Solfrank, Carine Dournes, Gabriel R Fries, Merce Masana, Christiana Labermeier, Xiao-Dong Wang, Kathrin Hafner, Bianca Schmid, Theo Rein, Alon Chen, Jan M Deussing, Mathias V Schmidt
BACKGROUND: The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) subserves complex cognition and is impaired by stress. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), through CRF receptor 1 (CRFR1), constitutes a key element of the stress response. However, its contribution to the effects of stress in the mPFC remains unclear. METHODS: Mice were exposed to acute social defeat stress and subsequently to either the temporal order memory (n = 11-12) or reversal learning (n = 9-11) behavioral test...
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Jessica M McKlveen, Rachel L Morano, Maureen Fitzgerald, Sandra Zoubovsky, Sarah N Cassella, Jessie R Scheimann, Sriparna Ghosal, Parinaz Mahbod, Benjamin A Packard, Brent Myers, Mark L Baccei, James P Herman
BACKGROUND: Multiple neuropsychiatric disorders, e.g., depression, are linked to imbalances in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission and prefrontal cortical dysfunction, and are concomitant with chronic stress. METHODS: We used electrophysiologic (n = 5-6 animals, 21-25 cells/group), neuroanatomic (n = 6-8/group), and behavioral (n = 12/group) techniques to test the hypothesis that chronic stress increases inhibition of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) glutamatergic output neurons...
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Cyril J Peter, Laura K Fischer, Marija Kundakovic, Paras Garg, Mira Jakovcevski, Aslihan Dincer, Ana C Amaral, Edward I Ginns, Marzena Galdzicka, Cyralene P Bryce, Chana Ratner, Deborah P Waber, David Mokler, Gayle Medford, Frances A Champagne, Douglas L Rosene, Jill A McGaughy, Andrew J Sharp, Janina R Galler, Schahram Akbarian
BACKGROUND: Early childhood malnutrition affects 113 million children worldwide, impacting health and increasing vulnerability for cognitive and behavioral disorders later in life. Molecular signatures after childhood malnutrition, including the potential for intergenerational transmission, remain unexplored. METHODS: We surveyed blood DNA methylomes (~483,000 individual CpG sites) in 168 subjects across two generations, including 50 generation 1 individuals hospitalized during the first year of life for moderate to severe protein-energy malnutrition, then followed up to 48 years in the Barbados Nutrition Study...
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Elena Makovac, Frances Meeten, David R Watson, Aleksandra Herman, Sarah N Garfinkel, Hugo D Critchley, Cristina Ottaviani
BACKGROUND: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is characterized by the core symptom of uncontrollable worry. Functional magnetic resonance imaging studies link this symptom to aberrant functional connectivity between the amygdala and prefrontal cortex. Patients with GAD also display a characteristic pattern of autonomic dysregulation. Although frontolimbic circuitry is implicated in the regulation of autonomic arousal, no previous study to our knowledge combined functional magnetic resonance imaging with peripheral physiologic monitoring in these patients to test the hypothesis that core symptoms of worry and autonomic dysregulation in GAD arise from a shared underlying neural mechanism...
November 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"