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Methods of Information in Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244549/relating-complexity-and-error-rates-of-ontology-concepts-more-complex-ncit-concepts-have-more-errors
#1
Hua Min, Ling Zheng, Yehoshua Perl, Michael Halper, Sherri De Coronado, Christopher Ochs
OBJECTIVES: Ontologies are knowledge structures that lend support to many health-information systems. A study is carried out to assess the quality of ontological concepts based on a measure of their complexity. The results show a relation between complexity of concepts and error rates of concepts. METHODS: A measure of lateral complexity defined as the number of exhibited role types is used to distinguish between more complex and simpler concepts. Using a framework called an area taxonomy, a kind of abstraction network that summarizes the structural organization of an ontology, concepts are divided into two groups along these lines...
February 28, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244548/assessing-the-coverage-of-e-health-services-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-analysis
#2
Davies Adeloye, Taiwo Adigun, Sanjay Misra, Nicholas Omoregbe
BACKGROUND: E-Health has attracted growing interests globally. The relative lack of facilities, skills, funds and information on existing e-Health initiatives has affected progress on e-Health in Africa. OBJECTIVES: To review publicly available literature on e-Health in sub-Saharan Africa (sSA) towards providing information on existing and ongoing e-Health initiatives in the region. METHODS: Searches of relevant literature were conducted on Medline, EMBASE and Global Health, with search dates set from 1990 to 2016...
February 28, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244547/the-made-reference-information-model-for-interoperable-pervasive-telemedicine-systems
#3
Nick L S Fung, Valerie M Jones, Hermie J Hermens
OBJECTIVES: The main objective is to develop and validate a reference information model (RIM) to support semantic interoperability of pervasive telemedicine systems. The RIM is one component within a larger, computer-interpretable "MADE language" developed by the authors in the context of the MobiGuide project. To validate our RIM, we applied it to a clinical guideline for patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: The RIM is derived from a generic data flow model of disease management which comprises a network of four types of concurrent processes: Monitoring (M), Analysis (A), Decision (D) and Effectuation (E)...
February 28, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244546/structuring-legacy-pathology-reports-by-openehr-archetypes-to-enable-semantic-querying
#4
Stefan Kropf, Peter Krücken, Wolf Mueller, Kerstin Denecke
BACKGROUND: Clinical information is often stored as free text, e.g. in discharge summaries or pathology reports. These documents are semi-structured using section headers, numbered lists, items and classification strings. However, it is still challenging to retrieve relevant documents since keyword searches applied on complete unstructured documents result in many false positive retrieval results. OBJECTIVES: We are concentrating on the processing of pathology reports as an example for unstructured clinical documents...
February 28, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244545/the-effect-of-balance-training-on-postural-control-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-using-a-virtual-rehabilitation-system
#5
Sergio Albiol-Pérez, José-Antonio Gil-Gómez, María-Teresa Muñoz-Tomás, Hermenegildo Gil-Gómez, Raquel Vial-Escolano, José-Antonio Lozano-Quilis
OBJECTIVES: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor clinical alterations among others. Postural problems have serious consequences for patients, not only limiting their daily life but also increasing some risks, like the risk of fall. Inadequate postural control and postural instability is a major problem in PD patients. A Virtual Motor Rehabilitation System (VMR) has been tested in patients with PD in the intervention period. Our purpose was to analyze the evolution of the spatial postural control during the intervention period, to see if there are any changes caused precisely by this intervention...
February 28, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244544/technologies-solutions-schemes-for-patients-rehabilitation-methodologies-models-and-algorithms
#6
Habib M Fardoun, Abdulfattah S Mashat
OBJECTIVE: The present editorial is part of the focus theme of Methods of Information in Medicine titled "Technologies solutions schemes for Patients' Rehabilitation: Methodologies, Models and Algorithms". The focus theme aims to present nowadays most innovative solutions to improve the quality of life of patients' rehabilitation by applying and using sophisticated and pioneers Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and human factors. METHODS: The focus theme explores the different existent research works and tools used, applied and developed for incapable people in terms of rehabilitation and health care, as to look into the extent methodologies, models and algorithms by means of ICT in this process...
February 28, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220929/increasing-the-efficiency-on-producing-radiology-reports-for-breast-cancer-diagnosis-by-means-of-structured-reports-a-comparative-study
#7
J Damian Segrelles, Rosana Medina, Ignacio Blanquer, Luis Martí-Bonmatí
BACKGROUND: Radiology reports are commonly written on free-text using voice recognition devices. Structured reports (SR) have a high potential but they are usually considered more difficult to fill-in so their adoption in clinical practice leads to a lower efficiency. However, some studies have demonstrated that in some cases, producing SRs may require shorter time than plain-text ones. This work focuses on the definition and demonstration of a methodology to evaluate the productivity of software tools for producing radiology reports...
February 21, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220928/malt-combined-motor-and-language-therapy-tool-for-brain-injury-patients-using-kinect
#8
Maitreyee Wairagkar, Rachel McCrindle, Holly Robson, Lotte Meteyard, Malcom Sperrin, Andy Smith, Moyra Pugh
BACKGROUND: The functional connectivity and structural proximity of elements of the language and motor systems result in frequent co-morbidity post brain injury. Although rehabilitation services are becoming increasingly multidisciplinary and "integrated", treatment for language and motor functions often occurs in isolation. Thus, behavioural therapies which promote neural reorganisation do not reflect the high intersystem connectivity of the neurologically intact brain. As such, there is a pressing need for rehabilitation tools which better reflect and target the impaired cognitive networks...
February 21, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220927/evaluation-results-of-an-ontology-based-design-model-of-virtual-environments-for-upper-limb-motor-rehabilitation-of-stroke-patients
#9
Cristina Ramírez-Fernández, Alberto L Morán, Eloísa García-Canseco, Jorge R Gómez-Montalvo
OBJECTIVES: 1) To enhance the content of an ontology for designing virtual environments (VEs) for upper limb motor rehabilitation of stroke patients according to the suggestions and comments of rehabilitation specialists and software developers, 2) to characterize the perceived importance level of the ontology, 3) to determine the perceived usefulness of the ontology, and 4) to identify the safety characteristics of the ontology for VEs design according to the rehabilitation specialists...
February 21, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220926/genetic-testing-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-is-lacking-evidence-of-cost-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#10
Andreas Ziegler, Wolfgang Rudolph-Rothfeld, Reinhard Vonthein
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a highly heritable neural development disorder characterized by social impairment. The earlier the diagnosis is made, the higher are the chances of obtaining relief of symptoms. A very early diagnosis uses molecular genetic tests, which are also offered commercially. OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of the economic impact of genetic tests in ASD. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of databases Pubmed, Medline, Cochrane, Econlit and the NHS Center for Reviews and Dissemination for articles in English and German from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2015...
February 21, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116417/an-immersive-virtual-reality-platform-to-enhance-walking-ability-of-children-with-acquired-brain-injuries
#11
Emilia Biffi, Elena Beretta, Ambra Cesareo, Cristina Maghini, Anna C Turconi, Gianluigi Reni, Sandra Strazzer
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) may result in lifelong impairment of physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functions. Several rehabilitative treatments are often needed to support walking recovery, thus participants' engagement becomes a crucial aspect, especially when patients are children. In the last few years, traditional physiotherapy (PT) has been flanked by innovative technologies for rehabilitation in the fields of robotics and Virtual Reality (VR). Preliminary results have shown interesting perspectives in the use of a VR system, the GRAIL (Gait Real-time Analysis Interactive Lab), in improving walking abilities in a small group of children with ABI, although further insights are needed about its use as rehabilitative tool in the pediatric population...
January 24, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116415/can-3d-gamified-simulations-be-valid-vocational-training-tools-for-persons-with-intellectual-disability-an-experiment-based-on-a-real-life-situation
#12
Ariel von Barnekow, Núria Bonet-Codina, Dani Tost
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if 3D gamified simulations can be valid vocational training tools for persons with intellectual disability. METHODS: A 3D gamified simulation composed by a set of training tasks for cleaning in hostelry was developed in collaboration with professionals of a real hostel and pedagogues of a special needs school. The learning objectives focus on the acquisition of vocabulary skills, work procedures, social abilities and risk prevention. Several accessibility features were developed to make the tasks easy to do from a technological point-of-view...
January 24, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116414/cognitive-training-through-mhealth-for-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder
#13
Pedro Gamito, Jorge Oliveira, Paulo Lopes, Rodrigo Brito, Diogo Morais, Cristina Caçoete, André Leandro, Teresa Almeida, Hugo Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Heroin addiction has a negative impact on cognitive functions, and even recovering addicts suffer from cognitive impairment. Recent approaches to cognitive intervention have been taking advantage of what new technologies have to offer. OBJECTIVES: We report a study testing the efficacy of a serious games approach using tablets to stimulate and rehabilitate cognitive functions in recovering addicts. METHODS: A small-scale cognitive training program with serious games was run with a sample of 14 male heroin addicts undergoing a rehabilitation program...
January 24, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116413/using-actigraphy-and-mhealth-systems-for-an-objective-analysis-of%C3%A2-sleep-quality-on-systemic-lupus-erythematous-patients
#14
Sara Balderas-Díaz, M Pilar Martínez, Gabriel Guerrero-Contreras, Elena Miró, Kawtar Benghazi, Ana I Sánchez, José Luis Garrido, Germán Prados
INTRODUCTION: Although sleep alterations can be an important factor contributing to the clinical state of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, there are no studies to adequately assess sleep quality in this type of disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to analyse the sleep quality of Systemic Lupus Erythematous (SLE) patients based on more objective information provided by actigraphy and mobile systems. The idea is to carry out a comprehensive study by analysing how environmental conditions and factors can affect sleep quality...
January 24, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272648/on-teaching-international-courses-on-health-information-systems-lessons-learned-during-16-years-of-frank-van-swieten-lectures-on-strategic-information-management-in-health-information-systems
#15
Elske Ammenwerth, Petra Knaup, Alfred Winter, Axel W Bauer, Oliver J Bott, Matthias Gietzelt, Birger Haarbrandt, Werner O Hackl, Nils Hellrung, Gudrun Hübner-Bloder, Franziska Jahn, Monique W Jaspers, Ulrike Kutscha, Christoph Machan, Bianca Oppermann, Jochen Pilz, Jonas Schwartze, Christoph Seidel, Jan-Eric Slot, Stefan Smers, Katharina Spitalewsky, Nathalie Steckel, Alexander Strübing, Minne van der Haak, Reinhold Haux, Willem J Ter Burg
BACKGROUND: Health information systems (HIS) are one of the most important areas for biomedical and health informatics. In order to professionally deal with HIS well-educated informaticians are needed. Because of these reasons, in 2001 an international course has been established: The Frank - van Swieten Lectures on Strategic Information Management of Health Information Systems. OBJECTIVES: Reporting about the Frank - van Swieten Lectures and about our students' feedback on this course during the last 16 years...
March 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272647/the-impact-of-information-culture-on-patient-safety-outcomes-development-of-a-structural-equation-model
#16
Virpi Jylhä, Santtu Mikkonen, Kaija Saranto, David W Bates
BACKGROUND: An organization's information culture and information management practices create conditions for processing patient information in hospitals. Information management incidents are failures that could lead to adverse events for the patient if they are not detected. OBJECTIVES: To test a theoretical model that links information culture in acute care hospitals to information management incidents and patient safety outcomes. METHODS: Reason's model for the stages of development of organizational accidents was applied...
March 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144682/representation-of-people-s-decisions-in-health-information-systems-a-complementary-approach-for-understanding-health-care-systems-and-population-health
#17
Fernan Gonzalez Bernaldo de Quiros, Adriana R Dawidowski, Silvana Figar
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed: 1) to conceptualize the theoretical challenges facing health information systems (HIS) to represent patients' decisions about health and medical treatments in everyday life; 2) to suggest approaches for modeling these processes. METHODS: The conceptualization of the theoretical and methodological challenges was discussed in 2015 during a series of interdisciplinary meetings attended by health informatics staff, epidemiologists and health professionals working in quality management and primary and secondary prevention of chronic diseases of the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, together with sociologists, anthropologists and e-health stakeholders...
February 1, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144678/discussion-of-representation-of-people-s-decisions-in-health-information-systems-a-complementary-approach-for-understanding-health-care-systems-and-population-health
#18
Najeeb Al-Shorbaji, Elizabeth M Borycki, Michio Kimura, Christoph U Lehmann, Nancy M Lorenzi, Lincoln A Moura, Alfred Winter
This article is part of a For-Discussion-Section of Methods of Information in Medicine about the paper "Representation of People's Decisions in Health Information Systems: A Complementary Approach for Understanding Health Care Systems and Population Health" written by Fernan Gonzalez Bernaldo de Quiros, Adriana Ruth Dawidowski, and Silvana Figar. It is introduced by an editorial. This article contains the combined commentaries invited to independently comment on the paper of de Quiros, Dawidowski, and Figar...
February 1, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144677/health-information-systems-supporting-health-and-resiliency-through-improved-decision-making
#19
David Ring, William M Tierney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119991/research-strategies-for-biomedical-and-health-informatics-some-thought-provoking-and-critical-proposals-to-encourage-scientific-debate-on-the-nature-of-good-research-in-medical-informatics
#20
Reinhold Haux, Casimir A Kulikowski, Suzanne Bakken, Simon de Lusignan, Michio Kimura, Sabine Koch, John Mantas, Victor Maojo, Michael Marschollek, Fernando Martin-Sanchez, Anne Moen, Hyeoun-Ae Park, Indra N Sarkar, Tze Yun Leong, Alexa T McCray
BACKGROUND: Medical informatics, or biomedical and health informatics (BMHI), has become an established scientific discipline. In all such disciplines there is a certain inertia to persist in focusing on well-established research areas and to hold on to well-known research methodologies rather than adopting new ones, which may be more appropriate. OBJECTIVES: To search for answers to the following questions: What are research fields in informatics, which are not being currently adequately addressed, and which methodological approaches might be insufficiently used? Do we know about reasons? What could be consequences of change for research and for education? METHODS: Outstanding informatics scientists were invited to three panel sessions on this topic in leading international conferences (MIE 2015, Medinfo 2015, HEC 2016) in order to get their answers to these questions...
January 25, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
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