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Angiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193091/abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-screening-reduces-all-cause-mortality
#1
Hisato Takagi, Tomo Ando, Takuya Umemoto
We performed an updated meta-analysis of the longest (≥13 years) follow-up results from 4 randomized controlled trials of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening in ≥64-year-old men. Invitation to screening reduced all-cause mortality significantly according to time-to-event data (hazard ratio: 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.96-0.99; P = .003) despite no reduction according to dichotomous data (odds ratio [OR]: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.96-1.01; P = .23). Invitation to screening reduced AAA-related mortality significantly (OR: 0...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173713/off-hour-primary-percutaneous-coronary-angioplasty-does-not-affect-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#2
Yalcin Velibey, Ozan Tanik, Ahmet Oz, Tolga Sinan Guvenc, Koray Kalenderoglu, Ayca Gumusdag, Ozge Guzelburc, Ahmet Ilker Tekkesin, Ahmet Okan Uzun, Ahmet Taha Alper, Mehmet Eren
We evaluated whether primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) during off-hours is related to an increased incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). We retrospectively analyzed the incidence of CIN mortality among 2552 patients with consecutive ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with pPCI during regular hours (weekdays 8:00 am to 5:00 pm) and off-hours (weekdays 5:01 pm to 7:59 am, weekends and holidays). Patients in the off-hour group were more frequently admitted with acute heart failure symptoms (16...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142253/hydatid-cyst-of-the-heart
#3
Haitham Noaman, Salman Rawaf, Azeem Majeed, Abdul-Majeed Salmasi
Cystic hydatid disease is responsible for the loss of 1 to 3 million disability-adjusted life years every year. Infestation of the heart, though rare, can result in serious complications if left untreated. We retrospectively collected information on 19 patients with cardiac hydatid cyst admitted at the Center for Cardiac Surgery of Ibn Al-Bitar Hospital in Baghdad from July 2007 to July 2011 who were either in need of a cardiac surgery for treating hydatid cysts or presented with emergency conditions. Nine (47%) patients presented with left-sided heart failure and mitral valve dysfunction, 5 (26%) patients had hydatid cysts in the pericardium, 3 (16%) patients had hydatid cyst in the right ventricle and presented with right-sided heart failure, and 2 (11%) patients who presented with cardiac arrhythmias had infestation in the interventricular septum...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142252/vitamin-d-and-dysfunctional-adipose-tissue-in-obesity-authors-reply
#4
Edita Stokic, Aleksandar Kupusinac, Dragana Tomic-Naglic, Dragana Smiljenic, Branka Kovacev-Zavisic, Biljana Srdic-Galic, Sanja Soskic, Esma R Isenovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135823/canada-acute-coronary-syndrome-score
#5
Yuan-Hui Liu, Lei Jiang, Chong-Yang Duan, Peng-Cheng He, Yong Liu, Ning Tan, Ji-Yan Chen
In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention, contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a serious complication associated with poor outcomes. We assessed the predictive value of the Canada Acute Coronary Syndrome (C-ACS) score for CIN in these patients. A total of 394 consecutive patients with STEMI were enrolled and divided into 3 groups according to their C-ACS scores-group 1, score 0; group 2, score 1; and group 3, score ≥2. The clinical outcomes were CIN and major adverse clinical events (MACEs) during hospital and follow-up; 8...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122464/reply-to-c-reactive-protein-is-the-origin-for-novel-biomarkers
#6
Turhan Turan, Ali Riza Akyüz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122463/inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
Grigorios Tsigkas, Periklis Davlouros, Stefanos Despotopoulos, Stelios Assimakopoulos, Georgios Theocharis, George Hahalis
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a higher incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with the general population. Left main coronary artery (LMCA) thrombosis constitutes a very rare but catastrophic manifestation of acute coronary syndrome. Case reports describing young patients with IBD and LMCA thrombosis are scarce. Most importantly, patients with a positive family history of thrombotic events and those with significant genetic or acquired risk factors such as the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, advanced age, immobilization, pregnancy, oral contraceptive use, obesity, diabetes, and cigarette smoking may have a higher risk of thrombosis among those with active IBD...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078914/appropriate-patient-selection-for-carotid-revascularization-procedures-is-urgently-needed
#8
Kosmas I Paraskevas, Frank J Veith, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Christos D Liapis
The identification/selection of appropriate patient subgroups with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis and the performance of prophylactic carotid endarterectomy (CEA)/carotid artery stenting (CAS) exclusively on these asymptomatic patient subgroups is currently one of the "hottest" topics in vascular surgery. It is now clear that offering CEA/CAS to asymptomatic carotid patients based only on the degree of carotid stenosis is unjustified and scientifically flawed. On the other hand, offering only best medical therapy to every asymptomatic patient, irrespective of certain high-risk criteria (such as the detection of microemboli by transcranial Doppler, intraplaque hemorrhage, silent embolic infarcts on brain computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging, elevated biomarkers, family history), is equally wrong...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068802/atrial-volume-index-is-a-predictor-in-atrial-fibrillation-relapse
#9
Selcuk Kucukseymen, Elif Uygur Kucukseymen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068801/the-prevalence-of-lipoprotein-a-measurement-and-degree-of-elevation-among-2710-patients-with-calcific-aortic-valve-stenosis-in-an-academic-echocardiography-laboratory-setting
#10
Michael J Wilkinson, Gary S Ma, Calvin Yeang, Lawrence Ang, Monet Strachan, Anthony N DeMaria, Sotirios Tsimikas, Bruno Cotter
Lipoprotein(a; Lp[a]) and its associated oxidized phospholipids are causal, genetic risk factors for calcific aortic valve stenosis (CAVS). We determined the prevalence of Lp(a) measurement among 2710 patients with CAVS and 1369 control patients (∼50% of study group) without CAVS with an echocardiogram between January 2010 and February 2016 in an academic echocardiography laboratory. Lipoprotein(a) measurements were performed at a referral laboratory using an isoform-independent assay. The prevalence of any Lp(a) measurement was 4...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068799/is-in-stent-restenosis-after-a-successful-coronary-stent-implantation-due-to-stable-angina-associated-with-tg-hdl-c-ratio
#11
Harun Kundi, Ahmet Korkmaz, Ahmet Balun, Hulya Cicekcioglu, Emrullah Kiziltunc, Koray Gursel, Mustafa Cetin, Ender Ornek, Mehmet Ileri
We examined the impact of the preprocedural triglyceride (TG)/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio on risk of in-stent restenosis (ISR). Patients with typical anginal symptoms and/or positive treadmill or myocardial perfusion scintigraphy test results who underwent successful coronary stent implantation due to stable angina were examined; 1341 patients were enrolled. The hospital files of the patients were used to gather data. Cox regression analysis showed that the TG/HDL-C ratio was independently associated with the presence of ISR ( P < ...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068798/an-asymptomatic-septal-perforator-coronary-artery-left-ventricle-fistula-following-myectomy-in-a-patient-with-obstructive-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#12
N Koutsogiannis, Ioanna Koniari, N Kounis, G Hahalis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056530/association-of-lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-with-the-mortality-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-who-underwent-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#13
Tuncay Kiris, Aykan Çelik, Eser Variş, Erol Akan, Zehra Ilke Akyildiz, Mustafa Karaca, Cem Nazli, Abdullah Dogan
We investigated whether the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) 48 hours after admission is related to 30-day and long-term mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who were treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We evaluated 318 consecutive patients with STEMI who were undergoing primary PCI. The relationship between the LMR48h and all-cause mortality (30-day and long-term) was analyzed by categorizing the patients into tertiles (T) according to LMR48h-T1 (>2...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056529/anterior-tragal-crease-is-associated-with-atherosclerosis
#14
Pawinee Rerknimitr, Korbkarn Pongpairoj, Chanat Kumtornrat, Ratchathorn Panchaprateep, Cameron P Hurst, Aurauma Chutinet, Pravit Asawanonda, Nijasri C Suwanwela
The utility of the ear crease sign, anterior tragal crease (ATC), as a marker of atherosclerosis is yet to be established. The intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (IMT-CCA) has been used as a noninvasive surrogate marker for atherosclerosis. History of traditional risk factors for atherosclerosis was obtained from 147 volunteers; ear examination was also performed and venous blood was drawn for laboratory analysis. The volunteers then underwent an ultrasonography measurement of the IMT-CCA. In univariate analysis, presence of ATC, age, underlying hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cigarette smoking, low-density lipoprotein, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were significantly associated with the IMT-CCA...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056520/preoperative-insight-into-the-quality-of-radial-artery-grafts
#15
Petar Vukovic, Miodrag Peric, Sandra Radak, Nikola Aleksic, Dragana Unic-Stojanovic, Slobodan Micovic, Ivan Stojanovic, Predrag Milojevic
We investigated the impact of preoperative ultrasonography of the forearm circulation on radial artery conduit selection. Preoperative ultrasound of the forearm circulation was performed routinely in 536 patients planned for radial artery harvesting. The safety assessment of the harvest included the following algorithm of tests: the ultrasound, the Allen test, and pulse oximetry. The quality criteria that were used to exclude a radial artery from harvesting were small size of the artery, diffuse atherosclerosis, calcifications, and severe neointimal hyperplasia...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056519/comparison-of-transradial-and-transfemoral-approaches-in-women-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-china
#16
Chen Jin, Yi Xu, Shubin Qiao, Xinran Tang, Yongjian Wu, Hongbing Yan, Kefei Dou, Bo Xu, Jingang Yang, Ying Xian, Yuejin Yang
Despite increasing adoption of the transradial approach for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in clinical practice, the role of transradial intervention (TRI) in women remains a significant debate. We identified 1392 women from a consecutive cohort of patients undergoing PCI in China in 2010 and compared the efficacy and hospital costs between TRI and transfemoral intervention. An inverse probability weighting (IPW) method was used to control for potential bias. After IPW adjustment, patients receiving TRI were less likely to experience post-PCI bleeding (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056516/assessment-of-renal-function-and-risk-factors-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease
#17
Xi-Bei Jia, Xi-Hua Hou, Qiu-Bo Ma, Xiao-Wen Cai, Yi-Ran Li, Su-Hong Mu, Shi-Ping Na, Ru-Juan Xie, Yu-Shi Bao
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) share common risk factors. We assessed renal function and the prevalence of CKD in patients with PAD and investigated the characteristics of the risk factors for CKD in this population. Renal function of 421 patients with PAD was evaluated. Among the participants, 194 (46.1%) patients had decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). The prevalence of CKD was much higher among patients with PAD. Hypertension (odds ratios [ORs] 2.156, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013551/choice-of-arterial-access-for-coronary-angiography
#18
Ali Abdul Jabbar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650348/metabolic-syndrome
#19
Petros Tzimas, Haralampos Milionis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571767/the-influence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-on-the-short-and-long-term-outcome-after-carotid-endarterectomy
#20
Linda Visser, Bas M Wallis de Vries, Douwe J Mulder, Maarten Uyttenboogaart, Sterre van der Veen, Clark J Zeebregts, Robert A Pol
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of MetS on short- and long-term outcome and survival after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Between January 2005 and December 2014, data from all patients undergoing CEA were prospectively recorded. The metabolic syndrome was defined based on the presence of ≥3 of the following criteria: hypertension, high serum triglycerides, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high fasting serum glucose, and obesity...
April 2017: Angiology
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