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Angiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073785/preventive-effects-of-alprostadil-against-contrast-induced-nephropathy-inpatients-with-renal-insufficiency-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#1
Shi-Cheng Yang, Nai-Kuan Fu, Jing Zhang, Min Liang, Hong-Liang Cong, Wen-Hua Lin, Feng-Shi Tian, Cheng-Zhi Lu, Ting-Ting Sun, Wen-Ya Zhang, Zhen-Hua Ma
We investigated the preventive effect of alprostadil on contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with renal insufficiency undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A total of 300 patients with creatinine clearance (crCl) ≤60 mL/min undergoing PCI were randomly assigned to alprostadil or a control group. The primary end point was the incidence of CIN defined as an increase in serum creatinine (Scr) levels by ≥0.5 mg/dL or≥ 25% after administration of the contrast media within 72 hours...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025284/relationship-of-aortic-wall-distensibility-to-mitral-and-aortic-valve-calcification-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#2
Kevin P Cohoon, Michael H Criqui, Matthew J Budoff, Joao A Lima, Michael J Blaha, Paul A Decker, Ramon Durazo, Kiang Liu, Holly Kramer
Data are limited on whether valvular calcification is associated with aortic wall stiffness. We tested whether aortic valve calcification (AVC) and/or mitral valve calcification (MVC) is inversely associated with aortic distensibility (AD). Cross-sectional study conducted in a subset of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) included 3676 MESA participants aged 44 to 84 years with AD measured with magnetic resonance imaging and with AVC and MVC measured with noncontrast cardiac computed tomography scans...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974104/prospective-validation-of-a-screening-biomarker-approach-combining-amino-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide-with-galectin-3-predicts-death-and-cardiovascular-events-in-asymptomatic-hemodialysis-patients
#3
Luminita Voroneanu, Dimitrie Siriopol, Mugurel Apetrii, Simona Hogas, Mihai Onofriescu, Ionut Nistor, Mehmet Kanbay, Raluca Dumea, Silvia Cusai, Petru Cianga, Daniela Constantinescu, Adrian Covic
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a major cause of death in hemodialysis patients. Biomarkers used to identify high-risk asymptomatic patients would allow early evaluation of cardiac dysfunction and appropriate therapeutic intervention. Amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and galectin-3 (Gal-3) may serve this purpose. Plasma levels of NT-proBNP and Gal-3 were measured in 173 patients. Patients were prospectively followed for occurrences of major CV events or death. The association of NT-proBNP and Gal-3 with outcome was analyzed...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914081/c-reactive-protein-is-associated-with-prevalence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-in-us-adults
#4
Mohsen Mazidi, Peter P Toth, Maciej Banach
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has increased globally and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases that may be related to its association with inflammation. We have assessed whether the prevalence of the MetS correlates with a serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) concentration in a population-based sample of US men and women. Participants were selected from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2005 to 2010. Of the 17 689 participants analyzed, 8607 (48...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893082/relation-between-trca-complication-rates-and-peak-act-levels-stratified-according-to-the-bmi-tertiles
#5
Kevser Gülcihan Balci, Orhan Maden, Mustafa Mücahit Balci, Elif Hande Çetin, Habibe Kafes, Muharrem Tola, Hatice Selcuk, Mehmet Timur Selcuk
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of the fixed dose of 5000 IU unfractionated heparin (UFH) represented as peak activated clotting time (ACT) according to the body mass index (BMI) tertiles in patients undergoing diagnostic transradial coronary angiography (TRCA). A total of 422 patients were included in the present study, 84 in the normal weight group, 218 in the overweight group, and the 120 in the grades 1 and 2 obesity groups. Radial artery occlusion (RAO) was observed in 29 (6.8%) patients and the hematoma was observed in 43 (10...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877595/predicting-coronary-atherosclerotic-plaque-burden-from-clinical-parameters-bringing-old-knowledge-in-the-game
#6
Andreas A Giannopoulos, George D Giannoglou, Yiannis S Chatzizisis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875710/arterial-wall-characteristics-in-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease-preliminary-data-obtained-at-different-arterial-sites-by-radiofrequency-based-wall-tracking-system
#7
Fiore Valerio, Pedri Stefano, Kozakova Michaela, Signorelli Salvatore Santo
The common carotid artery (CCA) and the common femoral artery (CFA) have different characteristics. We compared CCA and CFA intima-media thickness (IMT), diameter and stiffness in 50 healthy controls, 50 patients with cardiovascular risk factors (CV-RFs), and 50 patients with peripheral artery diseases (PADs) using radiofrequency-based ultrasound (Rf-US). Common femoral artery-IMT was significantly and similarly increased in patients with both CV-RF and PAD, whereas CCA-IMT was significantly greater only in patients with PAD...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847153/fabp4-and-cardiovascular-events-in-peripheral-arterial-disease
#8
Clemens Höbaus, Carsten Thilo Herz, Gerfried Pesau, Thomas Wrba, Renate Koppensteiner, Gerit-Holger Schernthaner
Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) is a possible biomarker of atherosclerosis. We evaluated FABP4 levels, for the first time, in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and the possible association between baseline FABP4 levels and cardiovascular events over time. Patients (n = 327; mean age 69 ± 10 years) with stable PAD were enrolled in this study. Serum FABP4 was measured by bead-based multiplex assay. Cardiovascular events were analyzed by FABP4 tertiles using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses after 5 years...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835113/endothelial-cell-inflammation-and-antioxidant-capacity-are-associated-with-6-minute-walk-performance-in-patients-with-symptomatic-peripheral-artery-disease
#9
Andrew W Gardner, Polly S Montgomery, Yan D Zhao, Zoltan Ungvari, Anna Csiszar, William E Sonntag
We determined whether 6-minute walk total distance and pain-free distance were associated with circulating biomarkers of antioxidant capacity and inflammation and with cultured endothelial cell inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis in 251 patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD). In multivariate analyses, pain-free distance during the 6-minute walk test was negatively associated with dyslipidemia ( P < .001), chronic kidney disease ( P = .004), and transient transfection, nuclear factor κ-Light-Chain-Enhancer of activated B (NF-κB) cultured endothelial cells ( P = ...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823179/upper-extremity-medial-arterial-calcification-and-peripheral-artery-disease-in-asymptomatic-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-predialysis-stage
#10
Klaudija Viskovic, Mohammed Aslam
Two types of peripheral artery disease (PAD) in asymptomatic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be detected by the use of duplex Doppler: medial arterial calcification (MAC) and occlusive PAD. The aim of this pilot study is to evaluate different types of subclinical PAD in upper extremities of patients with CKD. The prevalence of upper extremity MAC and occlusive PAD was investigated in 41 asymptomatic patients with CKD and 18 controls with normal kidney function, using duplex Doppler ultrasound, according to the vascular laboratory protocol...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737069/safety-of-radial-access-for-primary-percutaneous-intervention-in-patients-with-st-elevation-acute-myocardial-infarction-results-from-a-low-volume-center
#11
Yoshimasa Tsurumaki, Yumiko Haraguchi, Tomohiro Nakamura
Radial access for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in patients with ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) is recommended in high-volume experienced centers. This study investigated whether radial access for pPCI is safe even in a low-volume center. We performed radial access for pPCI in 171 patients. Major adverse cardiac events (total death, myocardial infarction, stroke) rate was 1.2%. The overall incidence of bleeding complications was 2.4%; there was no vascular complication at the access site...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635302/high-resting-heart-rate-and-high-bmi-predicted-severe-coronary-atherosclerosis-burden-in-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris-by-syntax-score
#12
Beijian Zhang, Chongzhe Pei, Yi Zhang, Yinggang Sun, Shu Meng
We investigated the independent and combined association of resting heart rate (RHR expressed as beats/min, bpm) and body mass index (BMI) with SYNTAX score (SS) in patients with stable angina. We divided 312 patients into 4 groups according to RHR quartiles: Q1 (<65 bpm), Q2 (65-69 bpm), Q3 (70-79 bpm), and Q4 (≥80 bpm). The SS (12.0 ± 9.0, 16.0 ± 15.5, 18.0 ± 16.5, and 20.0 ± 27.5; P < .001) was significantly higher for those in Q4 than for those in Q1, Q2, and Q3. Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that each 10-bpm increment in RHR was significantly associated with SS (odds ratio [OR] 1...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578619/a-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-after-in-situ-reconstructions-for-aortic-graft-infection
#13
Michel Batt, Patrick Feugier, Fabrice Camou, Amandine Coffy, Eric Senneville, Jocelyne Caillon, Brigitte Calvet, Christian Chidiac, Frederic Laurent, Matthieu Revest, Jean Pierre Daures
OBJECTIVE: To confirm the advantage of in situ reconstruction (ISR) over extra-anatomic reconstruction (EAR) for aortic graft infection and determine the most appropriate conduit including autogenous veins, cryopreserved allografts, and synthetic prosthesis (standard, rifampicin of silver polyesters). METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted with rate of mortality, graft occlusion, amputation, and reinfection. A meta-regression was performed with 4 factors: patients' age, presence of prosthetic-duodenal fistula (PDF), virulent organisms, or nonvirulent organisms...
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415849/final-say-on-research-into-population-screening-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#14
Jonothan J Earnshaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214864/radial-versus-femoral-access-for-coronary-angiography
#15
Paolo Calabro, Enrica Golia, Mario Crisci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172656/the-link-between-mean-platelet-volume-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-complexity-of-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Feyzullah Besli, Abdulselam Ilter, Fatih Gungoren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766358/circulating-midregional-proadrenomedullin-and-risk-of-incident-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#17
Stefan Acosta, Anders Gottsäter, Gunnar Engström, Olle Melander, Moncef Zarrouk, Peter M Nilsson, J Gustav Smith
Prospective clinical plasma biomarker studies in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) pathogenesis have been hampered by the need for very large cohorts and long follow-up time. The main aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of adrenomedullin, a cardiovascular (CV) stress marker, and incident AAA risk. Prospective longitudinal cohort of middle-aged individuals from the CV cohort of the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study (n = 5551; 1991-1994) was assessed. Plasma concentrations of midregional proadrenomedullin (MR-proADM), C-reactive protein (CRP), and conventional risk factors were measured at baseline...
April 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750542/clinical-presentation-predictors-and-outcomes-among-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonist-mra-eligible-acute-heart-failure-patients-in-the-heart-function-assessment-registry-trial-in-saudi-arabia-hearts
#18
Mostafa Q AlShamiri, Khalid F AlHabib, Waleed AlHabeeb, Ismail R Raslan, Anhar Ullah, Abdelfatah A Elasfar, Fayez Alshaer, Hanan Albackr, Layth Mimish, Ali Almasood, Saleh AlGhamdi, Abdullah Ghabashi
Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist (MRA) therapy is indicated after myocardial infarction in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) with an ejection fraction ≤40% and lacking contraindications. We analyzed clinical presentations, predictors, and outcomes of MRA-eligible patients within a prospective registry of patients with AHF from 18 hospitals in Saudi Arabia, from 2009 to 2010. For this subgroup, mortality rates were followed until 2013, and the clinical characteristics, management, predictors, and outcomes were compared between MRA-treated and non-MRA-treated patients...
April 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747061/endovascular-treatment-for-steno-occlusive-iliac-artery-disease-safety-and-long-term-outcome
#19
Arne M Müller, Nicolas Langwieser, Christian Bradaric, Bernhard Haller, Massimiliano Fusaro, Ilka Ott, Nicolas von Beckerath, Adnan Kastrati, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Tareq Ibrahim
We evaluated safety and long-term outcome of endovascular therapy for steno-occlusive iliac artery disease. All endovascular procedures of iliac artery lesions performed at our institution between 2001 and 2014 (n = 676) were retrospectively analyzed. The overall technical success rate was 99% and yielded 100% for stenoses (n = 596) and 95% for chronic total occlusions (n = 80). Lesion complexity defined by the Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) II classification had no impact on success rates (TASC A + B vs C + D; 99...
April 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737070/%C3%AE-blockers-on-discharge-from-acute-atrial-fibrillation-are-associated-with-decreased-mortality-and-lower-cerebrovascular-accidents-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-reduced-ejection-fraction
#20
Charbel Abi Khalil, Mohammad Zubaid, Nidal Asaad, Wafa A Rashed, Adel Khalifa Hamad, Rajvir Singh, Jassim Al Suwaidi
The benefits of β-blockers in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are controversial. The Gulf Survey of Atrial Fibrillation Events was a prospective, multinational, observational registry of consecutive patients with AF recruited from the emergency department (ED). We studied the incidence of 6- and 12-month mortality, hospitalization for HF or AF, and stroke/transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) in patients with HFrEF, in relation to β-blockers on discharge from the ED or the subsequent hospital stay...
April 2018: Angiology
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