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Baolan Ji, Hua Qu, Hang Wang, Huili Wei, Huacong Deng
We assessed the correlation between the visceral adiposity index (VAI; a useful indicator of adipose distribution and function) and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in participants with normal waist circumference. A cross-sectional study was conducted, which included 1834 Chinese adults. The blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, fasting and postprandial blood glucose, fasting insulin, and lipid profiles were measured. The VAI and HOMA-IR were calculated. Participants were divided into 4 groups according to the HOMA-IR level, and the correlation between the VAI and HOMA-IR was analyzed...
September 2017: Angiology
Brajesh K Lal, James F Meschia, George Howard, Thomas G Brott
Although rapidly expanding in its use, carotid artery stenting remains a relatively new procedure. Its growth is due, at least in part, to the perceived advantages of a less invasive technique. However, the clinical effectiveness and specific role for stenting in the treatment of carotid occlusive disease are still under evaluation. The primary aim of the randomized clinical trial, Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST), was to contrast the relative efficacy of carotid stenting versus carotid endarterectomy in preventing stroke, myocardial infarction, or death during a 30-day periprocedural period or ipsilateral stroke over the follow-up period in patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic extracranial carotid stenosis...
September 2017: Angiology
Marino Scherillo, Plinio Cirillo, Dario Formigli, Giulio Bonzani, Paolo Calabrò, Paolo Capogrosso, Rosario Farina, Tonino Lanzillo, Franco Mascia, Ciro Mauro, Bernardino Tuccillo, Alessandro Bellis, Renato Bianchi, Giovanni Cimmino, Orlando Piro, Amelia Ravera, Fortunato Scotto di Uccio, Paolo Tammaro, Alfredo Vetrano, Bruno Trimarco
The incidence of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has significantly decreased. Conversely, the rate of non-STEMI (NSTEMI) has increased. Patients with NSTEMI have lower short-term mortality compared to patients with STEMI, whereas at long-term follow-up, the mortality becomes comparable. This might be due to the differences in baseline characteristics, including older age and a greater prevalence of comorbidities in the NSTEMI population. Although antithrombotic strategies used in patients with NSTEMI have been well studied in clinical trials and updated guidelines are available, patterns of use and outcomes in clinical practice are less well described...
August 2017: Angiology
Isil Uzunhasan, Ahmet Yildiz, Sukru Arslan, Okay Abaci, Cuneyt Kocas, Betul Balaban Kocas, Gokhan Cetinkal, Yalcin Dalgic, Osman Sukru Karaca, Sait Mesut Dogan
Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and prolonged hospitalization. Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have a 3-fold higher risk of developing CI-AKI. The aim of our study was to evaluate the predictors of CI-AKI and long-term prognosis in patients with ACS who developed CI-AKI (1083 patients were enrolled). Contrast-induced acute kidney injury was defined as an increase of ≥0.5 mg/dL and/or an increase of ≥25% of pre-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) to post-PCI serum creatinine levels within 48 to 72 hours after the procedure...
August 2017: Angiology
Besma Nejim, Husain N Alshaikh, Isibor Arhuidese, Tammam Obeid, Ying Wei Lum, Joseph Canner, Satinderjit S Locham, Mahmoud Malas
We evaluated the occurrence of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) and 30-day postoperative outcomes. Patients undergoing cervical/first rib resection surgery were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (2005-2013). Thoracic outlet syndrome types were then examined. Propensity score matching was performed to account for potential confounders; 1180 patients were explored during the study period, 1007 (85.3%) were of the neurogenic TOS (NTOS), 32 (2.7%) patients had arterial TOS (ATOS), and 141 (12...
July 2017: Angiology
I-Chang Hsieh, Ming-Jer Hsieh, Shang-Hung Chang, Chao-Yung Wang, Cheng-Hung Lee, Chia-Hung Yang, Dong-Yi Chen, Ming-Lung Tsai, Chun-Chi Chen
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of limus-based drug-eluting stent (DES) implanted in medium or small coronary vessels during a very long-term follow-up period. METHODS: A total of 2383 patients treated with 2916 limus-based DES between April 2003 and March 2015 were evaluated. The enrolled patients were stratified into 3 groups according to the reference vessel diameter: group A: ≤2.5 mm; group B: 2.51 to 3.00 mm; group C: 3...
July 2017: Angiology
Sadegh Ali-Hassan-Sayegh, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Zahra Ghodratipour, Zahra Sarrafan-Chaharsoughi, Elham Rahimizadeh, Ali Akbar Karimi-Bondarabadi, Fatemeh Haddad, Arezoo Shahidzadeh, Parisa Mahdavi, Ali-Mohammad Dehghan, Mahbube Tahernejad, Azadeh Shahidzadeh, Hamidreza Dehghan, Azam Ghanei, Mohammadreza Lotfaliani, Alexander Weymann, Mohamed Zeriouh, Aron-Frederik Popov, Anton Sabashnikov
This systematic review with meta-analysis sought to determine the strength of evidence for the effects of hydration (sodium bicarbonate [SB] and normal saline [NS]), supplementations ( N-acetylcysteine [NAC] and vitamin C), and some common drugs (adenosine antagonists [AAs], statins, loop diuretics, and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors [ACEIs]) on the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and requirement for hemodialysis after coronary angiography. After screening, a total of 125 trials that reported outcomes were identified...
May 2017: Angiology
Ali Abdul Jabbar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Angiology
Petros Tzimas, Haralampos Milionis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Angiology
Linda Visser, Bas M Wallis de Vries, Douwe J Mulder, Maarten Uyttenboogaart, Sterre van der Veen, Clark J Zeebregts, Robert A Pol
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of MetS on short- and long-term outcome and survival after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Between January 2005 and December 2014, data from all patients undergoing CEA were prospectively recorded. The metabolic syndrome was defined based on the presence of ≥3 of the following criteria: hypertension, high serum triglycerides, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high fasting serum glucose, and obesity...
April 2017: Angiology
Kevser Gülcihan Balcı, Mustafa Mücahit Balcı, Mehmet Kadri Akboğa, Samet Yılmaz, Orhan Maden, Hatice Selçuk, Timur Selçuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Angiology
Roberto Manfredini, Massimo Gallerani, Alfredo De Giorgi, Benedetta Boari, Nicola Lamberti, Fabio Manfredini, Alda Storari, Gaetano La Manna, Fabio Fabbian
The "weekend (WE) effect" defines the association between WE hospital admissions and higher rate of mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between WE effect and renal transplant recipients (RTRs) using the database of the Emilia-Romagna region (ERR), Italy. We included ERR admissions of RTRs ( International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ ICD-9-CM] code V420) between 2000 and 2013. In-hospital mortality, admissions due to cardiovascular events (CVEs), and the Elixhauser score were evaluated on the basis of ICD-9-CM codification...
April 2017: Angiology
Abdullah Icli, Erkan Cure, Ali Ugur Uslu, Davut Sakiz, Medine Cumhur Cure, Miyase Ozucan, Rabia Aydogan Baykara, Ahmet Karakoyun, Sevket Balta, Cengiz Ozturk, Sevket Arslan, Adem Kucuk
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a disease characterized by chronic inflammation. Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) is a logarithmic value of the triglyceride to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio and it is a good marker for atherosclerotic heart disease and cardiac risk. In this study, we investigated subclinical atherosclerosis and cardiac risks in patients with FMF. Patients with FMF (78 men and 84 women) and healthy controls (74 men and 82 women) were included in this study. The AIP values of the patients were calculated and carotid intima-media thicknesses (cIMTs) were measured...
April 2017: Angiology
Cecilia Berardi, Christine L Wassel, Paul A Decker, Nicholas B Larson, Phillip S Kirsch, Mariza de Andrade, Michael Y Tsai, James S Pankow, Michele M Sale, Hugues Sicotte, Weihong Tang, Naomi Q Hanson, Mary M McDermott, Michael H Criqui, Michael A Allison, Suzette J Bielinski
Inflammation plays a pivotal role in peripheral artery disease (PAD). Cellular adhesion proteins mediate the interaction of leukocytes with endothelial cells during inflammation. To determine the association of cellular adhesion molecules with ankle-brachial index (ABI) and ABI category (≤1.0 vs >1.0) in a diverse population, 15 adhesion proteins were measured in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). To assess multivariable associations of each protein with ABI and ABI category, linear and logistic regression was used, respectively...
April 2017: Angiology
Renatomaria Bianchi, Ludovica D'Acierno, Mario Crisci, Donato Tartaglione, Maurizio Cappelli Bigazzi, Mario Canonico, Michele Albanese, Felice Gragnano, Fabio Fimiani, Mariagiovanna Russo, Plinio Cirillo, Paolo Calabrò
Since the first cardiac catheterization in 1929, this procedure has evolved considerably. Historically performed via the transfemoral access, in the last years, the transradial access has been spreading gradually due to its many advantages. We have conducted a review of published literature concerning efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness, and we analyzed our patients' data, including the results of the recently published Minimizing Adverse hemorrhagic events by TRansradial access site and systemic implementation of angioX (MATRIX) study...
April 2017: Angiology
Xi-Peng Sun, Jing Li, Wei-Wei Zhu, Dong-Bao Li, Hui Chen, Hong-Wei Li, Wen-Ming Chen, Qi Hua
We investigated the association between platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and clinical outcomes (including all-cause mortality, recurrent myocardial infarction, heart failure, serious cardiac arrhythmias and ischemic stroke) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Based on PLR quartiles, 5886 patients with STEMI were categorized into 4 groups: <98.8 (n = 1470), 98.8 to 125.9 (n = 1474), 126.0 to 163.3 (n = 1478), >163.3 (n = 1464), respectively. We used Cox proportional hazards models to examine the relation between PLR and clinical outcomes...
April 2017: Angiology
Shigeo Horinaka, Hiroshi Yagi, Hiromichi Fukushima, Yoshimasa Shibata, Hiroshi Takeshima, Toshihiko Ishimitsu
Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) has been accepted as the gold standard for arterial stiffness measurement. However, PWV depends on blood pressure (BP). To eliminate the BP dependency of PWV, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) was developed. This study aimed to define the relationship between CAVI and aortic atherosclerosis or structure on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Patients with (n = 49) or without (n = 49) coronary artery disease were studied. The lumen and vessel diameters and wall thickness were calculated from the cross-sectional area at the pulmonary bifurcation level by 64-slice MDCT...
April 2017: Angiology
Simone Cappelletti, Costantino Ciallella, Mariarosaria Aromatario, Hutan Ashrafian, Sian Harding, Thanos Athanasiou
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is characterized by a systolic dysfunction localized in the apical and medial aspect of the left ventricle. It is usually related to physical or emotional stress. Recent evidence highlighting the role of infection led us to analyze the links between TTC and sepsis. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to assess any trends in clinical findings, diagnosis, and outcomes in such patients. We identified 23 selected papers reporting a total of 26 patients, having sepsis, in whom TTC occurred...
April 2017: Angiology
Naoyuki Abe, Takashi Miura, Yusuke Miyashita, Naoto Hashizume, Soichiro Ebisawa, Hirohiko Motoki, Takuya Tsujimura, Takayuki Ishihara, Masaaki Uematsu, Toshio Katagiri, Ryuma Ishihara, Atsushi Tosaka, Uichi Ikeda
The admission shock index (SI) enables prediction of short-term prognosis. This study investigated the prognostic implications of admission SI for predicting long-term prognoses for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The participants were 680 patients with AMI who received percutaneous coronary intervention. Shock index is the ratio of heart rate and systolic blood pressure. Patients were classified as admission SI <0.66 (normal) and ≥0.66 (elevated; 75th percentile). The end point was 5-year major adverse cardiac events (MACEs)...
April 2017: Angiology
Ali Abdul Jabbar, Omar Mufti, Angeline Sabol, Ronald Markert, Bryan White, George Broderick
Bleeding is a major limitation of antithrombotic therapy among invasively managed patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACSs). Randomized clinical trials have generally failed to favor either the femoral or the radial arterial approach for coronary angiography or intervention in NSTE-ACS. In 561 hospitalized patients with a new diagnosis of NSTE-ACS referred for coronary angiography, 364 and 197 patients underwent the femoral and the radial approach, respectively. Femoral and radial access did not differ in bleeding complications in the first 72 hours (8 of 364 or 2...
April 2017: Angiology
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