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Giuseppe Dattilo, Egidio Imbalzano, Matteo Casale, Claudio Guarneri, Francesco Borgia, Stefania Mondello, Pasqualina Laganà, Pietro Romano, Giuseppe Oreto, Sarafinella Cannavò
Evidence suggests that psoriasis together with other cardiovascular (CV) risk factors is associated with increased vascular morbidity, but it is not clear whether psoriasis is an independent risk factor. Consecutive patients (n = 33; 35.6 ± 5.7 years; 13 females) with mild psoriasis (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index <10) without comorbidities and 33 healthy participants (36.3 ± 5.9 years; 15 females) were enrolled. Both groups underwent echocardiography, speckle tracking (2-dimensional strain echocardiography [2D-SE]), and pulse wave velocity (PWV) testing...
January 2018: Angiology
Emilia Stegemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Angiology
Naoto Hashizume, Takashi Miura, Yusuke Miyashita, Hirohiko Motoki, Soichiro Ebisawa, Atsushi Izawa, Jun Koyama, Uichi Ikeda, Koichiro Kuwahara
Concomitant coronary and peripheral artery disease is associated with higher periprocedural and long-term percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) complication rates. We evaluated in-hospital and 1-year clinical outcomes of patients with low or borderline ankle-brachial indexes (ABIs) undergoing PCIs in the drug-eluting stent era. We divided 1370 SHINANO registry patients into 3 groups-low (ABI ≤ 0.9), borderline (0.9 < ABI ≤ 1.0), and normal (1.0 ≤ ABI < 1.4). During the 1-year follow-up, more PCI-related complications occurred in the low and borderline ABI groups than in the normal ABI group (7...
November 2017: Angiology
Bariş Düzel, Sadik Volkan Emren, Rida Berilgen
We investigated the relationship between atrial fibrillation (AF) and contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI); 1045 consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions were enrolled. Risk factors for CIN were investigated. Baseline characteristics, except oral anticoagulant use, were similar between patients with and without AF. Patients with CIN show higher presence of diabetes mellitus (DM), coronary artery bypass graft surgery history, Mehran score, baseline creatinine levels, baseline glomerular filtration rate (GFR), peak troponin levels, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and presence of AF ( P < ...
November 2017: Angiology
Weiming Li, Yingxue Li, Zhiyong Zhang, Kun Xia, Xiaoming Shang, Xinchun Yang, Lefeng Wang, Qi Zhang
We investigated the association of 4 well-characterized polymorphisms in receptor for the advanced glycation end-product ( RAGE) gene with myocardial infarction (MI) risk and the changes in metabolic risk factors among 717/612 patients/controls, with the aim of constructing a predictive nomogram. The genotype/allele distributions differed significantly between the 2 groups for T-429C ( Pgenotype/allele = .004/.001) and G1704T ( P < .001/.001). T-429C was significantly associated with MI risk, especially under a recessive model (adjusted odds ratio: 2...
November 2017: Angiology
Eleni Theocharidou, Thomas D Gossios, Asterios Karagiannis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Angiology
Jiaxiu Du, Chuanju Cui, Shuling Zhang, Xiaopeng Yang, Jiyu Lou
Strokes are a major cause of disability and death worldwide. An association between microRNA-146a (miR-146a) and miR-149 polymorphisms and strokes was inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to reevaluate the strength of the association by searching online databases and retrieving relevant case-control studies published between 2000 and 2016. Nine articles including 8 on miR-146a rs2910164 G/C and 3 on miR-149 rs2292832 C/T in 3372 patients with stroke and 4394 controls were included. The miR-149 rs2292832 was significantly associated with the risk of a stroke under allelic (C vs T: odds ratio [OR] = 1...
November 2017: Angiology
Geng Qian, Yong-Qiang Yang, Wei Dong, Feng Cao, Yun-Dai Chen
We investigated the impact of contrast media (CM) with different osmolality on cardiac preload in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and congestive heart failure (CHF). Patients with CKD and CHF were equally randomized to receive either iso-osmolar contrast media (IOCM) iodixanol or low-osmolar contrast media iopromide. We measured cardiac preload indexes by invasive hemodynamic monitoring before and after CM injection. Major adverse cardiac events postprocedures were recorded. Increase in extravascular lung water index was only seen in the iopromide group ( P < ...
November 2017: Angiology
Halil Onder, Samet Yilmaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Angiology
Amar M Salam, Hajar A AlBinali, Rajvir Singh, Awad Al-Qahtani, Nidal Asaad, Jassim Al Suwaidi
Women with cardiac diseases generally have a higher mortality than men. Suggested reasons include delay in reporting to hospital, less aggressive management, and higher cardiovascular risk profiles in women. We assessed gender differences in patients hospitalized with dizziness. We retrospectively reviewed the database of patients hospitalized with acute cardiac disease in Qatar from 1991 to the end of 2010. Patients hospitalized with dizziness were analyzed; 1611 (3.8%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.6%-4%) of the total N = 42 144 patients were hospitalized with dizziness during the 20 years: 410 (25...
November 2017: Angiology
Xile Bi, Qingsheng Wang, Defeng Liu, Quan Gan, Li Liu
We compared the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent coronary artery intervention by the transulnar and transradial artery approaches. In this 1 year, single-center study, patients were randomized to either a radial artery (RA) or ulnar artery (UA) group. Of 538 patients, the primary outcome, arterial occlusion of a forearm artery, occurred in 21 of 225 patients in the RA group compared to 6 of 220 patients in the UA group (9.3% vs 2.7%, P = .007). The rate of arterial occlusion was significantly lower following ulnar access compared to radial (odds ratio [OR] = 3...
November 2017: Angiology
Aikaterini Chamaidi, Georgios Karagiannis, Aikaterini Christidi, Charalambos Parisis, Konstantinos Koutrakis, Andrew Xanthopoulos, John Skoularigis, Gregory Giamouzis, Filippos K Triposkiadis
β-Thalassemia minor (β-Τm) is associated with rheological and biochemical alterations that can affect cardiovascular function. We aimed to evaluate the elastic arterial properties and the pulse wave augmentation indices in a population of patients with β-Τm. Seventy-five individuals with β-Τm (age 55.5 [42.75-65.25], women 48%) and 127 controls (age 57 years [48-63], women 55.1%) underwent comprehensive echocardiographic evaluation and applanation tonometry of the radial and femoral artery. Pulse wave analysis revealed that augmentation pressure, augmentation index (AIx), and heart rate-corrected AIx were significantly lower (median [interquartile range]: 8...
November 2017: Angiology
Grigorios Tsigkas, Periklis Davlouros, Stefanos Despotopoulos, Stelios F Assimakopoulos, Georgios Theocharis, George Hahalis
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a higher incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) compared with the general population. Left main coronary artery (LMCA) thrombosis constitutes a very rare but catastrophic manifestation of acute coronary syndrome. Case reports describing young patients with IBD and LMCA thrombosis are scarce. Most importantly, patients with a positive family history of thrombotic events and those with significant genetic or acquired risk factors such as the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, advanced age, immobilization, pregnancy, oral contraceptive use, obesity, diabetes, and cigarette smoking may have a higher risk of thrombosis among those with active IBD...
November 2017: Angiology
Gianna Ferretti, Tiziana Bacchetti, Maciej Banach, Luis E Simental-Mendía, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are associated with the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Statin therapy has been shown to modulate MMPs and TIMP-1 levels, but clinical findings have not been conclusive. This study aimed to systematically review the clinical findings on the impact of statin therapy on plasma MMP-9, MMP-3, and TIMP-1 levels and calculate an effect size for the mentioned effect through a meta-analysis of available data...
November 2017: Angiology
Jesse A Columbo, Ravinder Kang, Philip P Goodney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Angiology
Salvatore Santo Signorelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Angiology
Yoshimi Kubota, Aya Higashiyama, Mikio Marumo, Masami Konishi, Yoshiko Yamashita, Chikara Tashiro, Tomonori Okamura, Yoshihiro Miyamoto, Ichiro Wakabayashi
We investigated the relationship between smoking and the risk of nonnormal (≤0.99) ankle-brachial index (ABI) at rest and after ankle plantar flexion exercise in healthy male community dwellers. A cross-sectional study was performed including 228 Japanese men aged 40 to 64 years without a history of cardiovascular diseases. Participants were classified as never, ex-, and current smokers. We estimated the multivariate-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for nonnormal ABI of ex- and current smokers in relation to never smokers after adjusting for age and other confounding factors...
October 2017: Angiology
Baolan Ji, Hua Qu, Hang Wang, Huili Wei, Huacong Deng
We assessed the correlation between the visceral adiposity index (VAI; a useful indicator of adipose distribution and function) and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in participants with normal waist circumference. A cross-sectional study was conducted, which included 1834 Chinese adults. The blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, fasting and postprandial blood glucose, fasting insulin, and lipid profiles were measured. The VAI and HOMA-IR were calculated. Participants were divided into 4 groups according to the HOMA-IR level, and the correlation between the VAI and HOMA-IR was analyzed...
September 2017: Angiology
Tuncay Kiris, Aykan Çelik, Eser Variş, Erol Akan, Zehra Ilke Akyildiz, Mustafa Karaca, Cem Nazli, Abdullah Dogan
We investigated whether the lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) 48 hours after admission is related to 30-day and long-term mortality in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who were treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We evaluated 318 consecutive patients with STEMI who were undergoing primary PCI. The relationship between the LMR48h and all-cause mortality (30-day and long-term) was analyzed by categorizing the patients into tertiles (T) according to LMR48h-T1 (>2...
September 2017: Angiology
Ertan Vuruşkan, Erhan Saraçoğlu
The relationship between contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and oxidative mechanisms is well documented. Our aim was to demonstrate the possible relationship between CIN and serum bilirubin as an antioxidant molecule. This retrospective study included 359 patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) who underwent peripheral diagnostic angiography; 179 developed CIN after the intervention and another 180 were the control group, matched for age, gender, and cardiovascular risk factors. Baseline, 48- to 72-hour, and 30-day laboratory values, major adverse cardiovascular events, and dialysis requirements were recorded...
September 2017: Angiology
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