journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of the History of Biology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761288/the-handmaid-s-tale-hulu-season-1-april-june-2017-television
#1
Jenna Tonn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736877/editorial-introducing-biology-in-culture-reviews
#2
EDITORIAL
Lijing Jiang, Karen Rader, Marsha Richmond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725900/charles-darwin-richard-owen-and-natural-selection-a-question-of-priority
#3
Curtis N Johnson
No single author presented Darwin with a more difficult question about his priority in discovering natural selection than the British comparative anatomist and paleontologist Richard Owen. Owen was arguably the most influential biologist in Great Britain in Darwin's time. Darwin wanted his approbation for what he believed to be his own theory of natural selection. Unfortunately for Darwin, when Owen first commented in publication about Darwin's theory of descent he was openly hostile (Edinb. Rev. vol. 111, Article VIII, 1860, pp...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623486/darwin-s-two-theories-1844-and-1859
#4
Derek Partridge
Darwin's first two, relatively complete, explicit articulations of his theorizing on evolution were his Essay of 1844 and On the Origin of Species published in 1859. A comparative analysis concludes that they espoused radically different theories despite exhibiting a continuity of strategy, much common structure and the same key idea. Both were theories of evolution by means of natural selection. In 1844, organic adaptation was confined to occasional intervals initiated and controlled by de-stabilization events...
April 6, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392525/2017-everett-mendelsohn-prize
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230600/inaugural-editorial
#6
EDITORIAL
Karen Rader, Marsha Richmond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484858/functional-morphology-in-paleobiology-origins-of-the-method-of-paradigms
#7
Martin J S Rudwick
From the early nineteenth century, the successful use of fossils in stratigraphy oriented paleontology (and particularly the study of fossil invertebrates) towards geology. The consequent marginalising of biological objectives was countered in the twentieth century by the rise of 'Paläobiologie', first in the German cultural area and only later, as 'paleobiology', in the anglophone world. Several kinds of paleobiological research flourished internationally after the Second World War, among them the novel field of 'paleoecology'...
March 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382585/when-pasteurian-science-went-to-sea-the-birth-of-marine-microbiology
#8
Antony Adler, Erik Dücker
In the late nineteenth century, French naturalists were global leaders in microbial research. Louis Pasteur advanced sterilization techniques and demonstrated that dust particles in the air could contaminate a putrefiable liquid. Pasteur's discoveries prompted a new research program for the naturalists of the Talisman and Travailleur expeditions: to recover uncontaminated water and mud samples from the deep sea. French naturalists Adrien Certes and Paul Regnard both independently conducted experiments to address the question of whether microorganisms inhabited the oceans and whether organic material in the deep sea was subject to decomposition...
March 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321591/naked-in-the-old-and-the-new-world-differences-and-analogies-in-descriptions-of-european-and-american-herbae-nudae-in-the-sixteenth-century
#9
Lucie Čermáková, Jana Černá
The sixteenth century could be understand as a period of renaissance of interest in nature and as a period of development of natural history as a discipline. The spreading of the printing press was connected to the preparation of new editions of Classical texts and to the act of correcting and commenting on these texts. This forced scholars to confront texts with living nature and to subject it to more careful investigation. The discovery of America uncovered new horizons and brought new natural products, which were exotic and unknown to Classical tradition...
March 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255641/moving-past-the-systematics-wars
#10
Beckett Sterner, Scott Lidgard
It is time to escape the constraints of the Systematics Wars narrative and pursue new questions that are better positioned to establish the relevance of the field in this time period to broader issues in the history of biology and history of science. To date, the underlying assumptions of the Systematics Wars narrative have led historians to prioritize theory over practice and the conflicts of a few leading theorists over the less-polarized interactions of systematists at large. We show how shifting to a practice-oriented view of methodology, centered on the trajectory of mathematization in systematics, demonstrates problems with the common view that one camp (cladistics) straightforwardly "won" over the other (phenetics)...
March 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247258/making-heredity-matter-samuel-butler-s-idea-of-unconscious-memory
#11
Cristiano Turbil
Butler's idea of evolution was developed over the publication of four books, several articles and essays between 1863 and 1890. These publications, although never achieving the success expected by Butler, proposed a psychological elaboration of evolution (robustly enforced by Lamarck's philosophy), called 'unconscious memory'. This was strongly in contrast with the materialistic approach suggested by Darwin's natural selection. Starting with a historical introduction, this paper aspires to ascertain the logic, meaning and significance of Butler's idea of 'unconscious memory' in the post-Darwinian physiological and psychological Pan-European discussion...
March 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468432/seed-sperma-and-ku%C3%A3%C2%AAma-in-aristotle-s-generation-of-animals
#12
Ignacio De Ribera-Martin
There are two different notions of seed (sperma) at work in the Generation of Animals: seed as the spermatic residue (perittôma), which concerns only the male and the female generative contributions, and seed as the kuêma and first mixture of the two generative contributions. The latter is a notion of seed common to plants and animals. The passage in GA I.18, 724b12-22 where Aristotle distinguishes between these two notions of seed has been mistakenly discredited as inauthentic or simply as irrelevant for understanding the seeds of animals...
February 21, 2018: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119410/africanizing-science-in-post-colonial-kenya-long-term-field-research-in-the-amboseli-ecosystem-1963-1989
#13
Amanda E Lewis
Following Kenya's independence in 1963, scientists converged on an ecologically sensitive area in southern Kenya on the northern slope of Mt. Kilimanjaro called Amboseli. This region is the homeland of the Ilkisongo Maasai who grazed this ecosystem along with the wildlife of interest to the scientists. Biologists saw opportunities to study this complex community, an environment rich in biological diversity. The Amboseli landscape proved to be fertile ground for testing new methods and lines of inquiry in the biological sciences that were generalizable and important for shaping natural resource management policies in Kenya...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098484/the-fate-of-the-method-of-paradigms-in-paleobiology
#14
Martin J S Rudwick
An earlier article described the mid-twentieth century origins of the method of "paradigms" in paleobiology, as a way of making testable hypotheses about the functional morphology of extinct organisms. The present article describes the use of "paradigms" through the 1970s and, briefly, to the end of the century. After I had proposed the paradigm method to help interpret the ecological history of brachiopods, my students developed it in relation to that and other invertebrate phyla, notably in Euan Clarkson's analysis of vision in trilobites...
November 2, 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030836/quantitative-perspectives-on-fifty-years-of-the-journal-of-the-history-of-biology
#15
B R Erick Peirson, Erin Bottino, Julia L Damerow, Manfred D Laubichler
Journal of the History of Biology provides a fifty-year long record for examining the evolution of the history of biology as a scholarly discipline. In this paper, we present a new dataset and preliminary quantitative analysis of the thematic content of JHB from the perspectives of geography, organisms, and thematic fields. The geographic diversity of authors whose work appears in JHB has increased steadily since 1968, but the geographic coverage of the content of JHB articles remains strongly lopsided toward the United States, United Kingdom, and western Europe and has diversified much less dramatically over time...
November 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019114/looking-toward-the-next-fifty-years-at-the-journal-of-the-history-of-biology
#16
EDITORIAL
Michael R Dietrich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986914/reflections-on-50-years-of-the-journal-of-the-history-of-biology
#17
EDITORIAL
Everett Mendelsohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130697/blobel-and-sabatini-s-beautiful-idea-visual-representations-of-the-conception-and-refinement-of-the-signal-hypothesis
#18
COMMENT
Michelle Lynne LaBonte
In 1971, Günter Blobel and David Sabatini proposed a novel and quite speculative schematic model to describe how proteins might reach the proper cellular location. According to their proposal, proteins destined to be secreted from the cell contain a "signal" to direct their release. Despite the fact that Blobel and Sabatini presented their signal hypothesis as a "beautiful idea" not grounded in experimental evidence, they received criticism from other scientists who opposed such speculation...
November 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058657/a-two-ocean-bouillabaisse-science-politics-and-the-central-american-sea-level-canal-controversy
#19
Christine Keiner
As the Panama Canal approached its fiftieth anniversary in the mid-1960s, U.S. officials concerned about the costs of modernization welcomed the technology of peaceful nuclear excavation to create a new waterway at sea level. Biologists seeking a share of the funds slated for radiological-safety studies called attention to another potential effect which they deemed of far greater ecological and evolutionary magnitude - marine species exchange, an obscure environmental issue that required the expertise of underresourced life scientists...
November 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921231/the-cell-and-protoplasm-as-container-object-and-substance-1835-1861
#20
Daniel Liu
This article revisits the development of the protoplasm concept as it originally arose from critiques of the cell theory, and examines how the term "protoplasm" transformed from a botanical term of art in the 1840s to the so-called "living substance" and "the physical basis of life" two decades later. I show that there were two major shifts in biological materialism that needed to occur before protoplasm theory could be elevated to have equal status with cell theory in the nineteenth century...
November 2017: Journal of the History of Biology
journal
journal
22128
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"