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Veterinaria Italiana

Silva Rubini, Stefania Barbieri, Rosa Maria Gaudio, Guido Govoni, Giulia Rasera Berna, Rosario Fico, Rita Lorenzini, Maria Cristina Fontana, Roberta Taddei, Massimo Tassinari, Paolo Frisoni, Enrica Guidi, Mauro Bergamini
The present case study concerns a case of predation of 4 individuals of captive pink flamingo in Emilia Romagna Region, Northeastern Italy. The pink flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) is a species included in the Red List of Threatened Species established by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) which lists species in danger of extinction. During the Winter of 2013, 4 flamingos (2 in the Comacchio area, and 2 from Argenta and Codigoro oases - Ferrara province) were found dead some of them headless, with their bodies severely bitten...
June 30, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Stefano De Arcangeli, Cristina Esmeralda Di Francesco, Gianluca Todisco, Alessandro Montani, Francesca Profeta, Andrea Di Provvido, Giovanni Foschi, Tiziana Persiani, Fulvio Marsilio
Reproductive disorders are responsible for significant economic losses in canary aviculture due to embryo and newborn chick mortality. Most of the time, deaths are caused by bacterial pathogens, however little published data exist about the prevalence of bacterial isolates that are identified during diagnostic protocols. This study reports on data collected from previous investigations carried out on cloacal swabs (n 456), unhatched eggs (n 52), and dead newborn chicks (n 68) collected from canary aviaries with a history of reproductive disorders...
June 30, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Filomena Iannino, Giuseppe Passantino, Frine Eleonora Scaglione, Nicola Zizzo, Rosa Leone, Franco Guarda
In this study we examined macroscopic and microscopic lesions in the mitral valves of 50 regularly slaughtered horses in Italy. Macroscopically the results were minor. Microscopic lesions to the valve were found in both young and elderly subjects, confirming that there is no correlation between age and onset of lesions. We set out to evaluate whether the lesions correspond to valve disorder during the life of the animal.
June 30, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Vincenzo Varasano, Giuseppe Marruchella, Lucio Petrizzi
The healing of wounds located on the equine distal limbs can often be impaired, which can result in exuberant granulation tissue and its associated aesthetic alteration and functional failures. Although a number of therapies have been developed and assessed, the treatment of these wounds still presents challenges. This report describes the treatment of exuberant granulation tissue in a horse using an intra-lesional injection of 4% formaldehyde solution. The successful outcome of this treatment suggests that further investigations are required in order to better evaluate its efficacy, as well as the incidence and the severity of any adverse reaction...
June 30, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Barbara Cioffi, Maria Grazia Amoroso, Vincenzo Pasquale, Giorgio Galiero, Giovanna Fusco
Noroviruses and hepatitis A virus are the pathogens most frequently involved in non-bacterial gastroenteritis and hepatitis worldwide. They are mainly transmitted via the faecal-oral route, direct person-to-person contact or through the consumption of contaminated water and foods. In food virology, detection methods of these viruses are currently based on real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). A crucial step in this process is the acid nucleic extraction, since its performance can negatively influence viral detection and thus give false negative results...
June 30, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Marina Torresi, Annafranca Sperandii, Lucilla Ricci, Vincenza Prencipe, Giacomo Migliorati, Francesco Pomilio
This study aimed to isolate, define the genetic profile, assess potential pathogenicity and evaluate the seasonal distribution of Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Vibrio vulnificus strains isolated from the Vibrata river (Abruzzo Region, Italy) during a monitoring period of one year. Detection was performed according to ISO/TS 21872-1-2:2007. Species identification and characterisation were achieved using molecular methods. Vibrio spp. were detected in 50% (23) of the water samples. In particular, V...
June 30, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Lorena Sacchini, Giuliano Garofolo, Gabriella Di Serafino, Francesca Marotta, Lucilla Ricci, Guido Di Donato, Monica Giovannamaria Miracco, Fabrizia Perletta, Elisabetta Di Giannatale
Widely spread in nature, Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) is a foodborne pathogen of major health and economic significance in developed countries. The aim of this study is to analyse YE strains isolated from 400 slaughtered pigs from the Abruzzo region, Italy, using biochemical tests and a multiplex polymerase chain reaction PCR detecting 6 chromosomal genes (ystA, irp2, 16s, ail, inv, hemR) and one plasmid-borne virulence gene (yadA). Antimicrobial susceptibility was evaluated and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was also performed in order to assess phylogenetic diversity...
June 30, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Barbara Bonfini, Giuseppina Chiarenza, Valentina Paci, Flavio Sacchini, Romolo Salini, Gesualdo Vesco, Sara Villari, Katiuscia Zilli, Manuela Tittarelli
According to European Union (EU) regulations, the serological tests for the eradication of bovine and ovine brucellosis are the Rose Bengal Test, Complement Fixation Test, and i-ELISA. These methods, also recommended by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) for international trades, have limitations related to the use of suspensions of smooth Brucellae or LPS extracts. Limitations include false-positive serological reactions to brucellosis, which in turn impedes accurate diagnosis in some herds. False positive reactions should be considered carefully during the final stages of an eradication programme and for surveillance purposes in brucellosis-free areas...
June 30, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Aristarchos Seimenis, Giorgio Battelli
In the South Mediterranean and Middle East region, interactions between humans, animals, and the surrounding environment are frequently close. This fact is mainly manifested in traditional farming settings (by sedentary, semi-sedentary, and nomadic communities) as well as where livestock intensification has been introduced. A combination of complex factors in these settings (e.g. challenges in country infrastructures and cross-sectoral collaboration/ coordination, traditional habits, poor social information, etc...
June 30, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Marco Campolo, Eleonora Lorusso, Alessandra Leone, Liana Teodori, Teresa Fogola, Federico Gaetano Ronchi, Daria Di Sabatino, Alessio Lorusso
Pteropine Orthoreoviruses (PRVs) are fusogenic bat-borne orthoreoviruses that cause flu-like upper respiratory tract infections in humans. The presence of this group of viruses in bats and humans has been well documented in areas where their biological reservoirs - fruit bats (family Pteropodidae) - live densely. In the present study, a serum neutralization (SN) assay to detect neutralizing antibodies against PRV Indonesia/2010 isolate was set up and used to assess the seroprevalence of this virus in Italian domestic animals...
April 5, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Alessandro Di Cerbo, Sergio Canello, Gianandrea Guidetti, Filippo Fiore, Lorenzo Corsi, Nicola Rubattu, Cecilia Testa, Raffaella Cocco
In the last decades, adverse food reactions have increased considerably in dogs and cats. In this study we report on the possible onset of food intolerances symptoms, including otitis, diarrhoea, generalised anxiety, and dermatitis in a cohort of 8 dogs consuming commercial diets. All dogs received an organic chicken-based diet for 15 days. We performed analysis of blood biochemical parameters, kibble composition, and oxytetracycline (OTC) serum concentration before and after 15 days of organic chicken-based diet supplementation...
April 4, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Selma Mejri, Sameh Ben Dhaou, Marwa Jemli, Emmanuel Bréard, Corinne Sailleau, Soufien Sghaier, Mohamed Zouari, Alessio Lorusso, Giovanni Savini, Stephan Zientara, Salah Hammami
Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) was detected for the first time in Tunisia and in other Northern African countries in 2006. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether EHDV circulated in Tunisian livestock before and after the officially-reported outbreak of 2006. Thus, serum samples from cattle and dromedaries collected in different time periods (before and after 2006) and from different regions of Tunisia were screened for the presence of EHDV antibodies. Serological investigations conducted on cattle and dromedary sera collected in 2000 and 2001 demonstrated no virus circulation on these dates...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Tuba Çiğdem Oğuzoğlu, Gözde Yücel-Tenekeci, Murat Çalışkan, Mehmet Fatih Bozkurt, Fabrizio De Massis
In this study a mink showing hard pad disease like symptoms was euthanised. Heart blood and various tissue samples collected during necroscopy and tested by specific RT-PCR were found positive for CDV. H and F gene segments of the CDV strain was also partially sequenced using the appropriate primers, and subsequently the sequences were analysed and compared with same gene fragment sequence of other CDV isolates from different countries. The results of the phylogenetic analysis showed that the Turkish-Mink distemper strain is closely related to European CDV strains of lineage 1...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Stefano De Arcangeli, Andrea Balboni, Federica Serafini, Mara Battilani, Francesco Dondi
Anaplasma and Ehrlichia spp. are tick-transmitted bacteria of clinical relevance in European dogs. The diagnosis of infection is often difficult due to the wide spectrum of disease caused by them. During infection, reduction in platelet count is considered the most common haematological abnormality, frequently representing the sole alteration in asymptomatic dogs. In this study, the presence of bacteria belonging to the genera Anaplasma and Ehrlichia was investigated in Northern Italy in blood samples from 159 thrombocytopenic dogs using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay amplifying a portion of the heat shock gene (groEL)...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Filomena Iannino, Stefania Salucci, Andrea Di Provvido, Alessandra Paolini, Enzo Ruggieri
Bartonellae are emerging vector-borne pathogens distributed worldwide that can cause various clinical symptoms in humans and animals, ranging from a mild flu-like illness to more severe manifestations such as endocarditis, myocarditis, arthritis, hepatitis, and arthralgia. Numerous mammalian species, including domestic animals such as dogs, cats, as well as humans, serve as reservoir hosts for various Bartonella species. The vectors play a central role in the transmission of these bacteria and pets and their ectoparasites can pose a serious risk of zoonoses...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Giorgia Della Rocca, Alice Catanzaro, Maria Beatrice Conti, Antonello Bufalari, Valentina De Monte, Alessandra Di Salvo, Juliana Tabarelli Brondani, Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna
The study described in this paper had the goal to validate the Italian version of the UNESP-Botucatu multidimensional composite pain scale (UNESP-Botucatu MCPS) to assess postoperative pain in cats using video analysis and psycometric testing. The English version of the scale was translated into Italian. Thirty videos of the perioperative period of ovariohysterectomy surgery were analysed by 5 Italian observers with the aim to determine the pain score using the Italian version of the scale and to verify the need for analgesic treatment for each cat...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Marco Iammarino, Daniela Dell'Oro, Nicola Bortone, Michele Mangiacotti, Antonio Eugenio Chiaravalle
Strontium-90 (90Sr) is a fission product, resulting from the use of uranium and plutonium in nuclear reactors and weapons. Consequently, it may be found in the environment as a consequence of nuclear fallouts, nuclear weapon testing, and not correct waste management. When present in the environment, strontium-90 may be taken into animal body by drinking water, eating food, or breathing air. The primary health effects are bone tumors and tumors of the blood-cell forming organs, due to beta particles emitted by both 90Sr and yttrium-90 (90Y)...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Dean Konjević, Zdravko Janicki, Pauline Calmels, Dagny Stojčević Jan, Albert Marinculić, Mario Šimunović, Marina Pavlak, Krešimir Krapinec, Zvonimir Poljak
Deer fascioloidosis is a serious and potentially fatal disease caused by the non-native trematode Fascioloides magna. Infections of red deer with F. magna in Croatia have been reported for the first time in 2000 in the Baranja region. Subsequently, the disease spread throughout the Eastern parts of the country, involving all 3 deer species (red, roe, and fallow) and mouflons. Within the disease control programme (DCP), livers from all shot deer were thoroughly analysed and all detected trematodes and gross lesions were counted and categorized...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Annalisa Rizzo, Mariagrazia Piccinno, Edmondo Ceci, Marianna Pantaleo, Maddalena Mutinati, Maria Roncetti, Raffaele Luigi Sciorsci
The aim of this study was to investigate kisspeptin (Kp) and sexual hormone blood concentrations in healthy dairy cows (H) and in cows diagnosed with ovarian follicular cysts (FC). Forty dairy cows were enrolled in this study and divided in 2 groups of 20 subjects each. All cows underwent blood collection on the day of diagnosis and on that of heat detection, respectively. Kisspeptin 10, estradiol, and progesterone blood concentrations were assessed. All the parameters were higher in Group FC than in Group H...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Kudzaishe Vhoko, Simona Iannetti, Joan Burumu, Carla Ippoliti, Babra Bhebhe, Fabrizio De Massis
Brucellosis is a disease caused by bacteria belonging to the genus Brucella, which is endemic in sub-Saharan African countries, including Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe has a widespread dairy industry with peri-urban dairy establishments built in order to improve milk availability to rural communities. This study has been the first attempt to estimate the prevalence of brucellosis in Zimbabwe as a whole, using samples submitted to the Central veterinary laboratory between 2010 and 2014. A total of 156 farms were tested with Rose Bengal Test (RBT), Complement Fixation Test (CFT) and Milk Ring Test (MRT)...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
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