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Veterinaria Italiana

Biagio Bianchi
The skin is the most requested product of ratite slaughter and 'first-rate' ratite's skin has a high economic market. Ostrich hide is tanned in South Africa and sold all over the world. Besides, the ostrich meat is considered a niche production in the marketplace, thus allowing for another pro t for the ostrich breeding. Theorical analysis of skinning process has been carried out, and an automatic measurement system has been designed to record the drawing-force on the animal's body during skinning tests. The aim of this study was to indentify the best animal position and provide values of drawing-force in order to design a speci c machine for ostrich skinning...
May 12, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Adele Magliano, Jiri Hava, Andrea Di Giulio, Antonino Barone, Claudio De Liberato
Dermestidae and Tenebrionidae are well known inhabitants of bird's nests and poultry farms, under favourable conditions they can be very abundant under favourable conditions. At times, their larvae shift from a scavenging behaviour to a parasitic/predatory one, entering nestling's plumage and feeding on skin and feathers, and nally provoking skin damages and blood losses. These episodes mainly involve species of the genus Dermestes, but the tenebrionid Alphitobius diaperinus h also been reported to be responsible of similar cases...
April 11, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Mayssaa Fawaz Dabaja, Maria Tempesta, Ali Bayan, Gesualdo Vesco, Grazia Greco, Grazia Greco, Alessandra Torina, Valeria Blanda, Francesco La Russa, Salvatore Scimeca, Rossella Lelli, Mohamad Ezzedine, Hussein Mortada, Didier Raoult, Pierre Edouard Fournier, Mohamad Mortada
Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are ectoparasites infesting livestock in every geographic area in the world and they are vectors of several viral, bacterial, and protozoan pathogens to animals and humans worldwide. A deep knowledge of the geographical distribution of these arthropods would have a key role in the control of tick-borne diseases. Few data are available about tick presence in domestic ruminants in Lebanon. The study aimed at providing an analysis of tick presence and distribution in Lebanon. Ticks were collected from cattle, sheep, and goats farms distributed in 6 Lebanese provinces between June and September 2014...
April 11, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Giovanni Lanteri, Francesco Macri, Annamaria Passantino, Vincenzo Monteverde, Fabio Marino, Giuseppe Mazzullo
This short communication describes a case of diprosopiasis in Trachemys scripta scripta imported from Florida (USA) and farmed for about 4 months by a private owner in Palermo, Sicily, Italy. The water turtle showed the morphological and radiological features characterizing such deformity. This communication aims to advance the knowledge of the reptile's congenital anomalies and suggests the need for more detailed investigations to better understand its pathogenesis.
April 5, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Giuseppe Passantino, Fabio Marino, Gabriella Gaglio, Rosa Patruno, Giovanni Lanteri, Nicola Zizzo
Severe lung strongylosis was detected in a wild red fox (Vulpes vulpes) (1/12) from Apulia (Italy). We performed routine diagnostics on 12 foxes found dead in Apulia. Eleven of them showed lesions consistent with a vehicle collision. However, the remaining fox appeared to have died from other causes. At necropsy we observed, catarrhal enteritis, fatty liver, lung congestion with some areas rm in consistence and brain haemorrhages and malacia. Histopathology revealed lung brosis with mononucleate cells in ltration, thrombosis a several larval nematodes spread in the parenchyma, interstitial nephritis, interstitial myocarditis, encephalitis, encephalomalacia, and a brain granuloma...
April 5, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Cristina Roncoron, Antonio Fagiolo, Cristina Amoruso, Claudio De Liberato
Species of Anoplocephalidae are cestodes affecting equines worldwide and causing many intestinal disorders. Between October 2010 and September 2013, 284 faecal samples of horses originating from Lazio Region (Central Italy) were tested for the presence of Anoplocephala sp. eggs by a classic copromicroscopic technique. Data regarding pasture‑dependence/non dependence, age, and sex of the horses were also collected. Statistical analysis, aimed at detecting possible associations between these variables and Anoplocephala sp...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Stefano Messori, Romano Zilli, Valeria Mariano, Marina Bagni
Diseases evolve constantly and research is needed to face emerging new threats. Evidences suggest that the impact of such threats will have its peak in the Mediterranean area. The FORE‑Med, Foresight project for the Mediterranean, aims at identifying the future challenges on livestock health and aquaculture in this area, to ensure an effective coordination of research activities and the delivery of timely solution to emerging issues. One hundred experts with multidisciplinary background and coming from countries all around the Mediterranean basin were gathered to participate in a think‑tank to develop a Strategic Research Agenda on animal health for Mediterranean up to 2030...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Paolo Dalla Villa, Shanis Barnard, Antonio Di Nardo, Luigi Iannetti, Michele Podaliri Vulpiani, Roberto Trentini, James A Serpell, Carlo Siracusa
Aggressiveness is reported to be the most important public health issue related to both owned and free‑roaming dogs. Common approaches to assess canine aggressiveness are temperament tests. The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether one such test, the Socially Acceptable Behaviour (SAB) test, created to evaluate aggressive and fearful behaviour in dogs in the Netherlands, could be used reliably to assess dog aggression and fear in a population of owned dogs in Central Italy. Reactions to the test were recorded and compared to the owners' perception of their dog's aggressiveness using a validated questionnaire (C‑BARQ)...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Esterina Fazio, Pietro Medica, Cristina Cravana, Adriana Ferlazzo
In this study the effects of short distance road transport on total and free iodothyronine changes in 12 stallions (Equus asinus and Equus caballus) were evaluated. Donkeys (n = 6) and horses (n = 6) were transported for a distance of 50 km. Blood samples were collected 1 week before transport in basal conditions, 1 week later immediately before loading, and after transport and unloading. After transport, donkeys showed significant increases in circulating T4 (P≤0.01), fT3 (P≤0.001), and fT4 (P≤0.01) levels; while horses had significant increases in circulating T3, fT3 and fT4 (P≤0...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Mansoor Ahmad, Muhammad Nisar Khan, Muhammad Sohail Sajid, Ghulam Muhammad, Abdul Qudoos, Hafiz Muhammad Rizwan
This study describes the epidemiology, the economic significance of small ruminant fasciolosis in animals slaughtered in the abattoirs of the Sargodha district, Punjab, Pakistan between January and June 2012. In vivo fasciolicidal efficacy of commercially available compounds was examined using a randomised complete block design. Microscopically screened faecal samples revealed 40.51% positive animals for fasciolosis. The prevalent species included Fasciola hepatica (35.64%) and Fasciola gigantica (8.21%). Mixed infections were noted in 3...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Adrian Zaragoza Bastida, Marivel Herna Ndez Tellez, Lilia Patricia Bustamante Montes, Jaime Nicola S Jaramillo Paniagua, Mari A Eugenia Jaimes Beni Tes, Germa N Eduardo Mendoza Barrera, Ninfa Rami Rez-Dura N
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic infectious disease that affects both domestic animals and wildlife. Veterinary epidemiology studies evaluate bTB using geographic information systems (GIS), which can characterise the spatial and temporal distribution of diseases and identify the geographic areas and animal populations at risk of contracting a disease. The present study used space‑time permutation scan statistic to identify the spatial and temporal distribution of bTB from 2005 to 2010 in the State of Mexico with the goal of creating a similarity model using Mahalanobis Distance to identify areas suitable for bTB occurrence...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Francesca Pedonese, Roberta Nuvoloni, Barbara Turchi, Beatrice Torracca, Elisabetta Di Giannatale, Francesca Marotta, Domenico Cerri
In this study, the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in poultry fresh meat and ready‑to‑cook products was evaluated. Seventy‑three samples were collected at retail level from supermarkets and discount stores, obtaining 61.6% positivity. Of 133 Campylobacter isolates, 86 strains (Campylobacter coli, 58.1% and Campylobacter jejuni, 41.9%) were selected for characterisation on the basis of their SmaI and kpnI pulsed field gel‑electrophoresis (PFGE) profiles, to exclude clonal replicates. Campylobacters resulted highly resistant to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, and nalidixic acid (79...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Lucilla Cucco, Francesca Romana Massacci, Carla Sebastiani, Piermario Mangili, Luca Bano, Monia Cocchi, Andrea Luppi, Roberta Ortenzi, Giovanni Pezzotti, Chiara Francesca Magistrali
Pasteurella multocida is a widespread pathogen associated with major animal diseases of economic significance. Despite this, little is known about the capsular types, virulence gene pattern, and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates from hosts affected by different diseases, and no data are available in Italy. One hundred eighty six isolates of P. multocida, were taken from different species in different states of health in several Italian regions, and were tested for genes encoding for capsular types (cap) and major virulence factors (tbpA, toxA, hgbB and pfhA)...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Paolo S Pozzi, Trevor Waner
Shechita is the procedure of killing or slaughtering animals for food production, according to Jewish tradition and it is performed without prior stunning. USA and European legislations conditionally allow slaughter without prior stunning in the frame of religion freedom (USA) or religious/cultural traditions (EU); nevertheless some traditional events in Europe de nitely represent a concern for animal welfare. It is possible to identify animal welfare issues in the rules for shechita: correct restrain of the animal; adequacy of the instrument (knife); technical ability of the operator...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Filomena Iannino, Guido Di Donato, Enzo Ruggieri, Stefania Salucci, Fabrizio De Massis, Elisabetta Di Giannatale
Campylobacter spp. are ubiquitous bacteria and campylobacteriosis is the most frequently reported zoonotic disease in humans in Europe, since 2005. Handling or consuming contaminated/undercooked meat (especially poultry) are the most important sources of human campylobacteriosis. However, in recent years, the role of dogs as a source of infection for humans has been amply demonstrated. Approximately 6% of human campylobacteriosis cases are due to contact with pets. This review analyses the current literature related to risk factors at the dog-human interface...
March 3, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
John Duncan Grewar
Bluetongue (BT) and African horse sickness (AHS) are considered the most important orbiviral diseases in Southern Africans countries. The general endemic status makes these diseases challenging to be quanti ed in terms of their economic impact. Using country reported data from BT and AHS outbreaks and cases, as well as international trade data, the economic impact of BT and AHS is evaluated on local, regional, and global scales. Local scale impact in the Southern African region is underestimated as shown by the underreporting of BT and AHS...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
Prachi Sharma, David E Stallknech, Charlotte F Quist, Elizabeth W Howerth
Epizootic haemorrhagic disease (EHD) is the most important infectious disease of white‑tailed deer (WTD), however little is known about the role of inflammatory mediators in the pathogenesis. We characterized the expression of tumor necrosis factor‑alpha (TNF-α) ex vivo in tissues of WTD experimentally or naturally infected with EHD virus serotype 2 and in WTD peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) infected with EHD virus serotype 2 in vitro. Circulating levels of TNF-α were evaluated in serum from experimentally infected deer via cytotoxicity assay...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
Prachi Sharma, David E Stallknecht, Elizabeth W Howerth
Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) replicates in endothelium and it has been shown that EHDV serotype 2 (Ibaraki) is able to cause cell death by apoptosis in cow pulmonary artery endothelial cells. However, the underlying mechanism has not been established. For some viruses, such as influenza, a p53 dependent mechanism has been demonstrated in viral induced apoptosis. In this study, we investigate the involvement of p53 in the induction of apoptosis in a US isolate of EHDV serotype 2 in cow endothelium...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
Jacob Brenner, Ditza Rotenberg, Shami Jaakobi, Yehuda Stram, Merisol Guini-Rubinstein, Sofia Menasherov, Michel Bernstein, Yudith Yaakobovitch, Dan David, Samuel Perl
Viruses of the Simbu serogroup cause lesions to foetuses that are seen at birth and that correlate with the stage of pregnancy at which the dam first contracts the virus. The Simbu serogroup comprises arboviruses known to cause outbreaks of abnormal parturitions in domestic ruminants; these abnormalities include abortion, stillbirth, and congenitally deformed neonates. Simbu serogroup members include: Akabane virus (AKAV), Aino virus, Cache Valley virus, and Schmallenberg virus. Lately, dairy herds calf malformations have been observed in Europe, where there have been reports of clinical manifestations such as diarrhoea, fever, and reduced milk yield in adult lactating cows...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
Velizar Bumbarov, Natalia Golender, Diza Rotenberg, Jacob Brenner
Orbiviruses, some of which are virulent in ruminant species, are transmitted by blood- sucking insects. They can cause the smallest blood vessels to leak, leading to oedema, which is presented as Bluetongue (BT) and/or Epizootic haemorrhagic diseases (EHD). Other clinical manifestations include big-muscle necrosis, excessive scialorrea, and coronitis. Pathology and laboratory testing can con rm the involvement of orbivirus. Bluetongue infection in naïve sheep can elicit the 'classical signs' of the disease and, therefore, can warn of Bluetongue virus' (BTV) attacks and of increased vector activity...
September 30, 2016: Veterinaria Italiana
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