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Veterinaria Italiana

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675254/a-case-of-diprosopiasis-in-trachemys-scripta-scripta
#1
Giovanni Lanteri, Francesco Macrì, Annamaria Passantino, Vincenzo Monteverde, Fabio Marino, Giuseppe Mazzullo
This short communication describes a case of diprosopiasis in Trachemys scripta scripta imported from Florida and farmed for about 4 months by a private owner in Palermo, Sicily, Italy. The water turtle showed the morphological and radiological features characterizing such deformity. This communication aims to advance the knowledge of the reptile's congenital anomalies and suggests the need for more detailed investigations to better understand its pathogenesis.
June 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675253/flight-and-swarming-behaviour-of-culicoides-species-diptera-ceratopogonidae-on-a-livestock-farm-in-northern-spain
#2
Mikel Gonza Lez, Pedro M Alarco N-Elbal, Gert J Venter, Sergio Lo Pez
The efficacy of sweep nets and a CDC white light-suction trap for the sampling of Culicoides species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) were compared on a livestock farm in Northern Spain during the Summer of 2013. A total of 6,082 specimens representing 26 species were collected with sweep nets in 4 areas at di erent heights (ground level, 1.5 m, and 3 m), and 8,463 specimens representing 28 species with a single white light trap. Eight species - Culicoides brunnicans, Culicoides punctatus, Culicoides obsoletus/Culicoides scoticus, Culicoides lupicaris, Culcoides picturatus, Culicoides achrayi, and Culicoides simulator - were dominant and accounted for 97...
June 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675252/diversity-and-distribution-of-ticks-from-domestic-ruminants-in-lebanon
#3
Mayssaa Fawaz Dabaja, Maria Tempesta, Ali Bayan, Gesualdo Vesco, Gesualdo Vesco, Grazia Greco, Alessandra Torina, Valeria Blanda, Francesco La Russa, Salvatore Scimeca, Mohamad Ezzedine, Hussein Mortada, Didier Raoult, Pierre Edouard Fournier, Mohamad Mortada
Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are ectoparasites infesting livestock in every geographic area in the world and they are vectors of several viral, bacterial, and protozoan pathogens to animals and humans worldwide. A deep knowledge of the geographical distribution of these arthropods would have a key role in the control of tick-borne diseases. Few data are available about tick presence in domestic ruminants in Lebanon. The study aimed at providing an analysis of tick presence and distribution in Lebanon. Ticks were collected from cattle, sheep, and goats farms distributed in 6 Lebanese provinces between June and September 2014...
June 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675251/diet-effect-on-short-and-long-term-glycaemic-response-in-adult-healthy-cats
#4
REVIEW
Nadia Musco, Serena Calabro, Raffaella Tudisco, Ghulam Muhammad, Micaela Grossi, Laura Addi, Giuseppe Moniello, Pietro Lombardi, Monica Isabella Cutrignelli
In the paper the short- and long-term glycaemic response after 4 diet programmes was evaluated. Each diet programme was alternatively administered to 6 healthy cats for 30 days. At the end of each period cats were weighed and underwent blood sampling for glucose and fructosamine determination. Glycaemia was measured every 2 hours for 24 hours using an automated glucometer. Very high protein level and low starch (VHP÷LS) and high protein and moderate starch level (HP÷LS) diets showed glucose (Mean and Peak) and fructosamine values signi cantly lower compared to the moderate protein and high starch diets (MP/HS)...
June 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675250/effects-of-different-rest-stop-durations-at-control-posts-during-a-long-journey-on-the-welfare-of-sheep
#5
Stefano Messori, Cecilia Pedernera-Romano, Pedro Rodriguez, Shanis Barnard, Daniele Giansante, Diego Magnani, Antoni Dalmau, Antonio Velarde, Paolo Dalla Villa
All livestock transport within the European Union must comply with the EC Regulation 1÷2005. For sheep, this law prescribes a maximum journey of 29 hours after which animals must rest in control posts (CP) for 24 hours before further transportation. However, there is no scientific evidence de ning the effects of di erent stop duration on sheep recovery during long journeys. The aim of this study was to assess if a shorter stop could be provided without impairing ewes' welfare. Ninety-six adult ewes were divided into 4 homogenous groups...
June 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675249/mosquito-species-involved-in-the-circulation-of-west-nile-and-usutu-viruses-in-italy
#6
Giuseppe Mancini, Fabrizio Montarsi, Mattia Calzolari, Gioia Capelli, Michele Dottori, Silvia Ravagnan, Davide Lelli, Mario Chiari, Adriana Santilli, Michela Quaglia, Michela Quaglia, Valentina Federici, Federica Monaco, Maria Goffredo, Giovanni Savini
Usutu (USUV) and West Nile (WNV) are mosquito-borne Flavivirus emerged in Italy in 1996 and 1998, respectively, and reappeared 10 years later. The aim of this work is to review the Italian mosquito species found positive for WNV and USUV between 2008 and 2014. Moreover, the role of mosquitoes in promoting the overwintering of these viruses is discussed, as a result of the mosquito collections performed in Molise region between September 2010 and April 2011. Overall 99,000 mosquitoes were collected: 337 and 457 mosquito pools tested positive by real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (real time RT-PCR) for WNV and USUV, respectively...
June 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528530/evaluation-of-ratite-skinning-force-in-order-to-fix-plant-and-mechanical-solutions
#7
Biagio Bianchi
The skin is the most requested product of ratite slaughter and 'first-rate' ratite's skin has a high economic market. Ostrich hide is tanned in South Africa and sold all over the world. Besides, the ostrich meat is considered a niche production in the marketplace, thus allowing for another pro t for the ostrich breeding. Theorical analysis of skinning process has been carried out, and an automatic measurement system has been designed to record the drawing-force on the animal's body during skinning tests. The aim of this study was to indentify the best animal position and provide values of drawing-force in order to design a speci c machine for ostrich skinning...
May 12, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528532/caged-young-pigeons-mortality-by-coleoptera-larvae
#8
Adele Magliano, Jiri Hava, Andrea Di Giulio, Antonino Barone, Claudio De Liberato
Dermestidae and Tenebrionidae are well known inhabitants of bird's nests and poultry farms, under favourable conditions they can be very abundant under favourable conditions. At times, their larvae shift from a scavenging behaviour to a parasitic/predatory one, entering nestling's plumage and feeding on skin and feathers, and nally provoking skin damages and blood losses. These episodes mainly involve species of the genus Dermestes, but the tenebrionid Alphitobius diaperinus h also been reported to be responsible of similar cases...
April 11, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528531/diversity-and-distribution-of-ticks-from-domestic-ruminants-in-lebanon
#9
Mayssaa Fawaz Dabaja, Maria Tempesta, Ali Bayan, Gesualdo Vesco, Grazia Greco, Grazia Greco, Alessandra Torina, Valeria Blanda, Francesco La Russa, Salvatore Scimeca, Rossella Lelli, Mohamad Ezzedine, Hussein Mortada, Didier Raoult, Pierre Edouard Fournier, Mohamad Mortada
Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) are ectoparasites infesting livestock in every geographic area in the world and they are vectors of several viral, bacterial, and protozoan pathogens to animals and humans worldwide. A deep knowledge of the geographical distribution of these arthropods would have a key role in the control of tick-borne diseases. Few data are available about tick presence in domestic ruminants in Lebanon. The study aimed at providing an analysis of tick presence and distribution in Lebanon. Ticks were collected from cattle, sheep, and goats farms distributed in 6 Lebanese provinces between June and September 2014...
April 11, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528534/a-case-of-diprosopiasis-in-trachemys-scripta-scripta
#10
Giovanni Lanteri, Francesco Macri, Annamaria Passantino, Vincenzo Monteverde, Fabio Marino, Giuseppe Mazzullo
This short communication describes a case of diprosopiasis in Trachemys scripta scripta imported from Florida (USA) and farmed for about 4 months by a private owner in Palermo, Sicily, Italy. The water turtle showed the morphological and radiological features characterizing such deformity. This communication aims to advance the knowledge of the reptile's congenital anomalies and suggests the need for more detailed investigations to better understand its pathogenesis.
April 5, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528533/first-report-of-angiostrongylus-vasorum-in-a-wild-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes-from-apulia-italy
#11
Giuseppe Passantino, Fabio Marino, Gabriella Gaglio, Rosa Patruno, Giovanni Lanteri, Nicola Zizzo
Severe lung strongylosis was detected in a wild red fox (Vulpes vulpes) (1/12) from Apulia (Italy). We performed routine diagnostics on 12 foxes found dead in Apulia. Eleven of them showed lesions consistent with a vehicle collision. However, the remaining fox appeared to have died from other causes. At necropsy we observed, catarrhal enteritis, fatty liver, lung congestion with some areas rm in consistence and brain haemorrhages and malacia. Histopathology revealed lung brosis with mononucleate cells in ltration, thrombosis a several larval nematodes spread in the parenchyma, interstitial nephritis, interstitial myocarditis, encephalitis, encephalomalacia, and a brain granuloma...
April 5, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365929/anoplocephala-sp-cestoda-cyclophyllidea-infection-in-horses-in-central-italy
#12
Cristina Roncoron, Antonio Fagiolo, Cristina Amoruso, Claudio De Liberato
Species of Anoplocephalidae are cestodes affecting equines worldwide and causing many intestinal disorders. Between October 2010 and September 2013, 284 faecal samples of horses originating from Lazio Region (Central Italy) were tested for the presence of Anoplocephala sp. eggs by a classic copromicroscopic technique. Data regarding pasture‑dependence/non dependence, age, and sex of the horses were also collected. Statistical analysis, aimed at detecting possible associations between these variables and Anoplocephala sp...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365928/fore-med-the-development-of-a-foresight-methodology-for-the-prioritisation-of-animal-health-research-in-the-mediterranean-area-up-to-2030
#13
Stefano Messori, Romano Zilli, Valeria Mariano, Marina Bagni
Diseases evolve constantly and research is needed to face emerging new threats. Evidences suggest that the impact of such threats will have its peak in the Mediterranean area. The FORE‑Med, Foresight project for the Mediterranean, aims at identifying the future challenges on livestock health and aquaculture in this area, to ensure an effective coordination of research activities and the delivery of timely solution to emerging issues. One hundred experts with multidisciplinary background and coming from countries all around the Mediterranean basin were gathered to participate in a think‑tank to develop a Strategic Research Agenda on animal health for Mediterranean up to 2030...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365927/validation-of-the-socially-acceptable-behaviour-sab-test-in-a-central%C3%A2-italy-pet-dog-population
#14
Paolo Dalla Villa, Shanis Barnard, Antonio Di Nardo, Luigi Iannetti, Michele Podaliri Vulpiani, Roberto Trentini, James A Serpell, Carlo Siracusa
Aggressiveness is reported to be the most important public health issue related to both owned and free‑roaming dogs. Common approaches to assess canine aggressiveness are temperament tests. The main aim of this study was to evaluate whether one such test, the Socially Acceptable Behaviour (SAB) test, created to evaluate aggressive and fearful behaviour in dogs in the Netherlands, could be used reliably to assess dog aggression and fear in a population of owned dogs in Central Italy. Reactions to the test were recorded and compared to the owners' perception of their dog's aggressiveness using a validated questionnaire (C‑BARQ)...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365926/total-and-free-iodothyronine-changes-in-response-to-transport-of-equidae-equus-asinus-and-equus-caballus
#15
Esterina Fazio, Pietro Medica, Cristina Cravana, Adriana Ferlazzo
In this study the effects of short distance road transport on total and free iodothyronine changes in 12 stallions (Equus asinus and Equus caballus) were evaluated. Donkeys (n = 6) and horses (n = 6) were transported for a distance of 50 km. Blood samples were collected 1 week before transport in basal conditions, 1 week later immediately before loading, and after transport and unloading. After transport, donkeys showed significant increases in circulating T4 (P≤0.01), fT3 (P≤0.001), and fT4 (P≤0.01) levels; while horses had significant increases in circulating T3, fT3 and fT4 (P≤0...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365925/prevalence-economic-analysis-and-chemotherapeutic-control-of-small-ruminant-fasciolosis-in-the-sargodha-district-of-punjab-pakistan
#16
Mansoor Ahmad, Muhammad Nisar Khan, Muhammad Sohail Sajid, Ghulam Muhammad, Abdul Qudoos, Hafiz Muhammad Rizwan
This study describes the epidemiology, the economic significance of small ruminant fasciolosis in animals slaughtered in the abattoirs of the Sargodha district, Punjab, Pakistan between January and June 2012. In vivo fasciolicidal efficacy of commercially available compounds was examined using a randomised complete block design. Microscopically screened faecal samples revealed 40.51% positive animals for fasciolosis. The prevalent species included Fasciola hepatica (35.64%) and Fasciola gigantica (8.21%). Mixed infections were noted in 3...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365924/spatial-analysis-of-bovine-tuberculosis-in-the-state-of-mexico-mexico
#17
Adrian Zaragoza Bastida, Marivel Herna Ndez Tellez, Lilia Patricia Bustamante Montes, Jaime Nicola S Jaramillo Paniagua, Mari A Eugenia Jaimes Beni Tes, Germa N Eduardo Mendoza Barrera, Ninfa Rami Rez-Dura N
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a chronic infectious disease that affects both domestic animals and wildlife. Veterinary epidemiology studies evaluate bTB using geographic information systems (GIS), which can characterise the spatial and temporal distribution of diseases and identify the geographic areas and animal populations at risk of contracting a disease. The present study used space‑time permutation scan statistic to identify the spatial and temporal distribution of bTB from 2005 to 2010 in the State of Mexico with the goal of creating a similarity model using Mahalanobis Distance to identify areas suitable for bTB occurrence...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365923/prevalence-phenotypic-and-genetic-diversity-of-campylobacter-in-poultry-fresh-meat-and-poultry-products-on-retail-sale-in-tuscany-italy
#18
Francesca Pedonese, Roberta Nuvoloni, Barbara Turchi, Beatrice Torracca, Elisabetta Di Giannatale, Francesca Marotta, Domenico Cerri
In this study, the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in poultry fresh meat and ready‑to‑cook products was evaluated. Seventy‑three samples were collected at retail level from supermarkets and discount stores, obtaining 61.6% positivity. Of 133 Campylobacter isolates, 86 strains (Campylobacter coli, 58.1% and Campylobacter jejuni, 41.9%) were selected for characterisation on the basis of their SmaI and kpnI pulsed field gel‑electrophoresis (PFGE) profiles, to exclude clonal replicates. Campylobacters resulted highly resistant to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, and nalidixic acid (79...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365922/molecular-characterization-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-pasteurella-multocida-strains-isolated-from-hosts-affected-by-various-diseases-in-italy
#19
Lucilla Cucco, Francesca Romana Massacci, Carla Sebastiani, Piermario Mangili, Luca Bano, Monia Cocchi, Andrea Luppi, Roberta Ortenzi, Giovanni Pezzotti, Chiara Francesca Magistrali
Pasteurella multocida is a widespread pathogen associated with major animal diseases of economic significance. Despite this, little is known about the capsular types, virulence gene pattern, and antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates from hosts affected by different diseases, and no data are available in Italy. One hundred eighty six isolates of P. multocida, were taken from different species in different states of health in several Italian regions, and were tested for genes encoding for capsular types (cap) and major virulence factors (tbpA, toxA, hgbB and pfhA)...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365921/shechita-kosher-slaughtering-and-european-legislation
#20
Paolo S Pozzi, Trevor Waner
Shechita is the procedure of killing or slaughtering animals for food production, according to Jewish tradition and it is performed without prior stunning. USA and European legislations conditionally allow slaughter without prior stunning in the frame of religion freedom (USA) or religious/cultural traditions (EU); nevertheless some traditional events in Europe de nitely represent a concern for animal welfare. It is possible to identify animal welfare issues in the rules for shechita: correct restrain of the animal; adequacy of the instrument (knife); technical ability of the operator...
March 31, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
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