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Veterinaria Italiana

Marco Campolo, Eleonora Lorusso, Alessandra Leone, Liana Teodori, Teresa Fogola, Federico Gaetano Ronchi, Daria Di Sabatino, Alessio Lorusso
Pteropine Orthoreoviruses (PRVs) are fusogenic bat-borne orthoreoviruses that cause flu-like upper respiratory tract infections in humans. The presence of this group of viruses in bats and humans has been well documented in areas where their biological reservoirs - fruit bats (family Pteropodidae) - live densely. In the present study, a serum neutralization (SN) assay to detect neutralizing antibodies against PRV Indonesia/2010 isolate was set up and used to assess the seroprevalence of this virus in Italian domestic animals...
April 5, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Alessandro Di Cerbo, Sergio Canello, Gianandrea Guidetti, Filippo Fiore, Lorenzo Corsi, Nicola Rubattu, Cecilia Testa, Raffaella Cocco
In the last decades, adverse food reactions have increased considerably in dogs and cats. In this study we report on the possible onset of food intolerances symptoms, including otitis, diarrhoea, generalised anxiety, and dermatitis in a cohort of 8 dogs consuming commercial diets. All dogs received an organic chicken-based diet for 15 days. We performed analysis of blood biochemical parameters, kibble composition, and oxytetracycline (OTC) serum concentration before and after 15 days of organic chicken-based diet supplementation...
April 4, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Selma Mejri, Sameh Ben Dhaou, Marwa Jemli, Emmanuel Bréard, Corinne Sailleau, Soufien Sghaier, Mohamed Zouari, Alessio Lorusso, Giovanni Savini, Stephan Zientara, Salah Hammami
Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) was detected for the first time in Tunisia and in other Northern African countries in 2006. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether EHDV circulated in Tunisian livestock before and after the officially-reported outbreak of 2006. Thus, serum samples from cattle and dromedaries collected in different time periods (before and after 2006) and from different regions of Tunisia were screened for the presence of EHDV antibodies. Serological investigations conducted on cattle and dromedary sera collected in 2000 and 2001 demonstrated no virus circulation on these dates...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Tuba Çiğdem Oğuzoğlu, Gözde Yücel-Tenekeci, Murat Çalışkan, Mehmet Fatih Bozkurt, Fabrizio De Massis
In this study a mink showing hard pad disease like symptoms was euthanised. Heart blood and various tissue samples collected during necroscopy and tested by specific RT-PCR were found positive for CDV. H and F gene segments of the CDV strain was also partially sequenced using the appropriate primers, and subsequently the sequences were analysed and compared with same gene fragment sequence of other CDV isolates from different countries. The results of the phylogenetic analysis showed that the Turkish-Mink distemper strain is closely related to European CDV strains of lineage 1...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Stefano De Arcangeli, Andrea Balboni, Federica Serafini, Mara Battilani, Francesco Dondi
Anaplasma and Ehrlichia spp. are tick-transmitted bacteria of clinical relevance in European dogs. The diagnosis of infection is often difficult due to the wide spectrum of disease caused by them. During infection, reduction in platelet count is considered the most common haematological abnormality, frequently representing the sole alteration in asymptomatic dogs. In this study, the presence of bacteria belonging to the genera Anaplasma and Ehrlichia was investigated in Northern Italy in blood samples from 159 thrombocytopenic dogs using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay amplifying a portion of the heat shock gene (groEL)...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Filomena Iannino, Stefania Salucci, Andrea Di Provvido, Alessandra Paolini, Enzo Ruggieri
Bartonellae are emerging vector-borne pathogens distributed worldwide that can cause various clinical symptoms in humans and animals, ranging from a mild flu-like illness to more severe manifestations such as endocarditis, myocarditis, arthritis, hepatitis, and arthralgia. Numerous mammalian species, including domestic animals such as dogs, cats, as well as humans, serve as reservoir hosts for various Bartonella species. The vectors play a central role in the transmission of these bacteria and pets and their ectoparasites can pose a serious risk of zoonoses...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Giorgia Della Rocca, Alice Catanzaro, Maria Beatrice Conti, Antonello Bufalari, Valentina De Monte, Alessandra Di Salvo, Juliana Tabarelli Brondani, Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna
The study described in this paper had the goal to validate the Italian version of the UNESP-Botucatu multidimensional composite pain scale (UNESP-Botucatu MCPS) to assess postoperative pain in cats using video analysis and psycometric testing. The English version of the scale was translated into Italian. Thirty videos of the perioperative period of ovariohysterectomy surgery were analysed by 5 Italian observers with the aim to determine the pain score using the Italian version of the scale and to verify the need for analgesic treatment for each cat...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Marco Iammarino, Daniela Dell'Oro, Nicola Bortone, Michele Mangiacotti, Antonio Eugenio Chiaravalle
Strontium-90 (90Sr) is a fission product, resulting from the use of uranium and plutonium in nuclear reactors and weapons. Consequently, it may be found in the environment as a consequence of nuclear fallouts, nuclear weapon testing, and not correct waste management. When present in the environment, strontium-90 may be taken into animal body by drinking water, eating food, or breathing air. The primary health effects are bone tumors and tumors of the blood-cell forming organs, due to beta particles emitted by both 90Sr and yttrium-90 (90Y)...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Dean Konjević, Zdravko Janicki, Pauline Calmels, Dagny Stojčević Jan, Albert Marinculić, Mario Šimunović, Marina Pavlak, Krešimir Krapinec, Zvonimir Poljak
Deer fascioloidosis is a serious and potentially fatal disease caused by the non-native trematode Fascioloides magna. Infections of red deer with F. magna in Croatia have been reported for the first time in 2000 in the Baranja region. Subsequently, the disease spread throughout the Eastern parts of the country, involving all 3 deer species (red, roe, and fallow) and mouflons. Within the disease control programme (DCP), livers from all shot deer were thoroughly analysed and all detected trematodes and gross lesions were counted and categorized...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Annalisa Rizzo, Mariagrazia Piccinno, Edmondo Ceci, Marianna Pantaleo, Maddalena Mutinati, Maria Roncetti, Raffaele Luigi Sciorsci
The aim of this study was to investigate kisspeptin (Kp) and sexual hormone blood concentrations in healthy dairy cows (H) and in cows diagnosed with ovarian follicular cysts (FC). Forty dairy cows were enrolled in this study and divided in 2 groups of 20 subjects each. All cows underwent blood collection on the day of diagnosis and on that of heat detection, respectively. Kisspeptin 10, estradiol, and progesterone blood concentrations were assessed. All the parameters were higher in Group FC than in Group H...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Kudzaishe Vhoko, Simona Iannetti, Joan Burumu, Carla Ippoliti, Babra Bhebhe, Fabrizio De Massis
Brucellosis is a disease caused by bacteria belonging to the genus Brucella, which is endemic in sub-Saharan African countries, including Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe has a widespread dairy industry with peri-urban dairy establishments built in order to improve milk availability to rural communities. This study has been the first attempt to estimate the prevalence of brucellosis in Zimbabwe as a whole, using samples submitted to the Central veterinary laboratory between 2010 and 2014. A total of 156 farms were tested with Rose Bengal Test (RBT), Complement Fixation Test (CFT) and Milk Ring Test (MRT)...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Pius S Ekong, Carol J Cardona, Ward Bryssinckx, Chinyere Ikechukwu-Eneh, Lami H Lombin, Tim E Carpenter
Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus H5N1 spread throughout Nigeria between 2006 and 2007. Bird samples collected across the country were submitted through the free-of-charge (FOC) program to the National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom (NVRI-Vom) laboratory. The present article describes the spatial distributions and evaluated clustering of the FOC submissions from poultry farms at the global, local, and focal levels between 2006 and 2007 epidemic in Nigeria. Spatial statistics evaluating clustering of the FOC submissions were implemented using the Moran's I test, the purely spatial cluster analysis with the SaTScan Poisson model, and the Bithell's linear score test...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Moustafa Kardjadj
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly infectious and contagious transboundary viral disease of domesticated and wild cloven-hoofed animals. Wide prevalence of FMD in Asia and Africa associated with huge economic losses to livestock farming and industry prompted global concern. The present review summarizes the state of the art research in epidemiology, diagnosis, and surveillance of FMD in the North African countries. Even if the situation varies across the North African states, FMD is still a key factor affecting livestock production in this part of the world...
March 31, 2018: Veterinaria Italiana
Soufien Sghaier, Salah Hammami, Maria Goffredo, Mounira Hammami, Ottavio Portanti, Alessio Lorusso, Giovanni Savini, Jean Claude Delécolle
Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) are double-stranded RNA orbiviruses of the Reoviridae family. Bluetongue virus and EHDV infect domestic and wild ruminants and they are transmitted by biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Since 1999, BTV outbreaks have occurred in Tunisia and 4 serotypes, BTV2, BTV1, BTV4 and BTV3, were involved in 2000, 2006, 2009, and 2016, respectively. Epizootic haemorrhagic disease was detected for the rst time in Tunisia and in other Northern African countries in 2006...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Hamid Staji, Pietro Badagliacca, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Federica Lopes, Mariangela Iorio, Alfreda Tonelli, Luc Masson
An oligonucleotide DNA microarray targeting 348 virulence factors and genetic markers was used in the pathotyping, serotyping and phylogrouping of 51 Escherichia coli strains isolated from faecal samples. The samples were collected from diarrhoeic 1 to 30 days old calves located at 14 farms in the Tehran province, Iran. Positive microarray signals for genes encoding the Locus of Enterocyte E acement (LEE), the Type III Secretion System (TTSS), and the absence of EPEC adherence factor (EAF) permitted the pathotyping of 25 strains as atypical Enteropathogenic (aEPEC) or Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC)...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Patrizia Centorame, Nadia Sulli, Cristina De Fanis, Orazio Vincenzo Colangelo, Fabrizio De Massis, Annamaria Conte, Tiziana Persiani, Cristina Marfoglia, Silvia Scattolini, Francesco Pomilio, Alfreda Tonelli, Vincenza Annunziata Prencipe
Yersinia enterocolitica causes foodborne disease in humans and infections are usually acquired from contaminated raw or undercooked pork. Pigs are considered the primary reservoir of human pathogenic bio-serotypes. A total of 376 tonsil tissue samples collected after evisceration and cutting from pig carcasses were tested for Yersinia enterocolitica. Animals came from an abattoir located in the Abruzzo region, Italy. Yersinia enterocolitica was isolated from 35 out of 376 (9.31%) samples. A total of 47 strains were isolated, the prevalent bio-serotype was 4÷O:3 (95...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Augusto Carluccio, Maria Teresa Zedda, Alberto Contri, Alessia Gloria, Domenico Robbe, Ippolito De Amicis, Salvatore Pau
A 15 months-old Simmental heifer (SH) and a 18 months-old Marchigiana heifer (MH) were referred to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Teramo (Italy). In the rst heifer, clinical examination of the vulva, vestibulum, and vagina showed no signs of disease and no discharge was detected. Palpation per rectum revealed a mass in the left portion of the abdominal cavity, closely attached to the tip of the left uterine horn. The mass was mainly rm and brous and its surface was slightly lobulated. The second heifer had a history of a regular cycle from the 11th to the 14th month of age followed by an anoestrus state...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Rosanna Zobba, Maria Antonietta Evangelisti, Maria Lucia Manunta, Alberto Alberti
In this study we describe a case of neurological leishmaniasis in a dog, reported in an endemic area, with signs of multifocal intracranial lesions involving the vestibular system and the cerebellum. Serum biochemistry revealed a decrease of albumin-globulin ratio caused by an increase of alfa2-, beta-, and gamma- globulin, while antibody titers were highly positive for Leishmania spp. Magnetic resonance images of the brain were consistent with a granulomatous in ammation/infection. Cerebrospinal uid revealed a marked mononuclear pleocytosis and was positive to the Pandy Test, as well as to a Leishmania spp...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Daniela Alberghina, Antonino Virga, Sergio Pio Buffa, Michele Panzera
There have been several studies focusing on dogs bite injuries and their epidemiology. To our knowledge, the incidence and characteristics of hospitalization after a dogs bite injury have not been examined quantitatively in Italy. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence and characteristics of dogs bite hospitalizations throughout Sicily (Italy) between 2012-2015. Data for statistical analysis were acquired through the Epidemiological Observatory and Health Department of Sicilian Region (Italy). One hundred and forty records with E-code 906...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
Maria Chiara Marchesi, Cecilia Carlotta Timpano, Sara Busechian, Camillo Pieramati, Fabrizio Rueca
Endoscopy is a common, minimally invasive diagnostic technique that can be used to observe internal organs, e.g. the stomach, and to obtain mucosal bioptic samples for histo pathological examination. The aim of this study was to analyse the concordance between endoscopic and histological evaluation of gastric diseases in dogs. One hundred twenty-nine medical records of dogs undergoing gastroscopy have been received and stored by the Veterinary Hospital of Perugia University (Perugia, Italy) between 2009-2012...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
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