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Veterinaria Italiana

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307131/new-species-of-the-genus-culicoides-diptera-ceratopogonidae-for-tunisia-with-detection-of-bluetongue-viruses-in-vectors
#1
Soufien Sghaier, Salah Hammami, Maria Goffredo, Mounira Hammami, Ottavio Portanti, Alessio Lorusso, Giovanni Savini, Jean Claude Delécolle
Bluetongue virus (BTV) and Epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) are double-stranded RNA orbiviruses of the Reoviridae family. Bluetongue virus and EHDV infect domestic and wild ruminants and they are transmitted by biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Since 1999, BTV outbreaks have occurred in Tunisia and 4 serotypes, BTV2, BTV1, BTV4 and BTV3, were involved in 2000, 2006, 2009, and 2016, respectively. Epizootic haemorrhagic disease was detected for the rst time in Tunisia and in other Northern African countries in 2006...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307130/pathotyping-of-diarrhoeagenic-cattle-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-in-the-province-of-tehran-iran
#2
Hamid Staji, Pietro Badagliacca, Taghi Zahraei Salehi, Federica Lopes, Mariangela Iorio, Alfreda Tonelli, Luc Masson
An oligonucleotide DNA microarray targeting 348 virulence factors and genetic markers was used in the pathotyping, serotyping and phylogrouping of 51 Escherichia coli strains isolated from faecal samples. The samples were collected from diarrhoeic 1 to 30 days old calves located at 14 farms in the Tehran province, Iran. Positive microarray signals for genes encoding the Locus of Enterocyte E acement (LEE), the Type III Secretion System (TTSS), and the absence of EPEC adherence factor (EAF) permitted the pathotyping of 25 strains as atypical Enteropathogenic (aEPEC) or Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC)...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307129/identification-and-characterization-of-yersinia-enterocolitica-strains-isolated-from-pig-tonsils-at-slaughterhouse-in-central-italy
#3
Patrizia Centorame, Nadia Sulli, Cristina De Fanis, Orazio Vincenzo Colangelo, Fabrizio De Massis, Annamaria Conte, Tiziana Persiani, Cristina Marfoglia, Silvia Scattolini, Francesco Pomilio, Alfreda Tonelli, Vincenza Annunziata Prencipe
Yersinia enterocolitica causes foodborne disease in humans and infections are usually acquired from contaminated raw or undercooked pork. Pigs are considered the primary reservoir of human pathogenic bio-serotypes. A total of 376 tonsil tissue samples collected after evisceration and cutting from pig carcasses were tested for Yersinia enterocolitica. Animals came from an abattoir located in the Abruzzo region, Italy. Yersinia enterocolitica was isolated from 35 out of 376 (9.31%) samples. A total of 47 strains were isolated, the prevalent bio-serotype was 4÷O:3 (95...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307128/immature-ovarian-teratoma-in-two-heifers
#4
Augusto Carluccio, Maria Teresa Zedda, Alberto Contri, Alessia Gloria, Domenico Robbe, Ippolito De Amicis, Salvatore Pau
A 15 months-old Simmental heifer (SH) and a 18 months-old Marchigiana heifer (MH) were referred to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Teramo (Italy). In the rst heifer, clinical examination of the vulva, vestibulum, and vagina showed no signs of disease and no discharge was detected. Palpation per rectum revealed a mass in the left portion of the abdominal cavity, closely attached to the tip of the left uterine horn. The mass was mainly rm and brous and its surface was slightly lobulated. The second heifer had a history of a regular cycle from the 11th to the 14th month of age followed by an anoestrus state...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307127/a-case-of-canine-neurological-leishmaniasis
#5
Rosanna Zobba, Maria Antonietta Evangelisti, Maria Lucia Manunta, Alberto Alberti
In this study we describe a case of neurological leishmaniasis in a dog, reported in an endemic area, with signs of multifocal intracranial lesions involving the vestibular system and the cerebellum. Serum biochemistry revealed a decrease of albumin-globulin ratio caused by an increase of alfa2-, beta-, and gamma- globulin, while antibody titers were highly positive for Leishmania spp. Magnetic resonance images of the brain were consistent with a granulomatous in ammation/infection. Cerebrospinal uid revealed a marked mononuclear pleocytosis and was positive to the Pandy Test, as well as to a Leishmania spp...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307126/incidence-and-characteristics-of-hospitalizations-after-dog-s-bite-injuries-in-sicily-italy-between-2012%C3%A2-2015
#6
Daniela Alberghina, Antonino Virga, Sergio Pio Buffa, Michele Panzera
There have been several studies focusing on dogs bite injuries and their epidemiology. To our knowledge, the incidence and characteristics of hospitalization after a dogs bite injury have not been examined quantitatively in Italy. The aim of this study was to identify the incidence and characteristics of dogs bite hospitalizations throughout Sicily (Italy) between 2012-2015. Data for statistical analysis were acquired through the Epidemiological Observatory and Health Department of Sicilian Region (Italy). One hundred and forty records with E-code 906...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307125/the-concordance-between-endoscopic-and-histological-diagnosis-in-114-dogs-affected-by-gastric-disease
#7
Maria Chiara Marchesi, Cecilia Carlotta Timpano, Sara Busechian, Camillo Pieramati, Fabrizio Rueca
Endoscopy is a common, minimally invasive diagnostic technique that can be used to observe internal organs, e.g. the stomach, and to obtain mucosal bioptic samples for histo pathological examination. The aim of this study was to analyse the concordance between endoscopic and histological evaluation of gastric diseases in dogs. One hundred twenty-nine medical records of dogs undergoing gastroscopy have been received and stored by the Veterinary Hospital of Perugia University (Perugia, Italy) between 2009-2012...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307124/presence-of-arsenic-in-pet-food-a-real-hazard
#8
Stefania Squadrone, Paola Brizio, Giuseppe Simone, Alessandro Benedetto, Gabriella Monaco, Maria Cesarina Abete
In this study, arsenic content in 200 cat- and dog-food samples was estimated by means of electro thermal atomic absorption (Z-ETA-AAS), after using the wet digestion method, that were imported or commercialised in Italy from 2007 to 2012. The maximum value of total arsenic (As) in the samples was 12.5 mg kg-1. Some imported pet food was intercepted as a result of the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF) and rejected at the border or withdrawn from the Italian market, because they exceeded the maximum level of arsenic content imposed in Italy at the time of this study (2002/32/EC)...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307123/the-role-of-diet-in-managing-inflamatory-bowel-disease-affected-dogs-a-retrospective-cohort-study-on-76-cases
#9
Maria Chiara Marchesi
The term in ammatory bowel diseases (IBD) refers to a group of idiopathic, chronic intestinal diseases characterized by a di use in ltration of in ammatory cells into the lamina propria of the intestine. The pathogenesis of IBD is unknown. The most common signs described are diarrhoea, vomit, and progressive weight loss. In order to make a de nitive diagnosis, though, the presence of in ammatory cells in ltration must be evident on histopathologic analysis. The therapeutic approach has 2 main goals: decrease the in ammatory response and remove possible antigenic sources, such as food components or intestinal micro ora...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307122/investigation-of-the-antibiotic-resistance-and-biofilm-formation-of-staphylococcus-pseudintermedius-strains-isolated-from-canine-pyoderma
#10
Valentina Stefanetti, Annalisa Bietta, Luisa Pascucci, Maria Luisa Marenzoni, Mauro Coletti, Maria Pia Franciosini, Fabrizio Passamonti, Patrizia Casagrande Proietti
The aim of the present study was to investigate the antibiotic resistance and bio lm formation among a collection of 51 clinical isolates of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius collected from canine pyoderma. All isolates were tested for the susceptibility to a panel of 14 antimicrobial agents by the disk di usion method in Müeller-Hinton agar. Oxacillin resistance was detected by subculture on oxacillin screening agar base. Bio lm formation was investigated by the Microtitre Plate test (MtP) and for some strains by transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307121/fleas-of-dog-and-cat-species-biology-and-flea-borne-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Filomena Iannino, Nadia Sulli, Antonio Maitino, Ilaria Pascucci, Guglielmo Pampiglione, Stefania Salucci
Ectoparasitic insects play a major role in veterinary medicine. Fleas infest man and animals and are the most frequent external parasites of companion animals worldwide. Some species are known to be vectors of zoonotic pathogens. Dogs and cats may play an important role either as reservoir of some of the pathogens or as transport vehicles for infected eas between their natural reservoirs and human beings, thus playing a crucial step in the transmission cycle of ea-borne diseases. This article reviews relevant literature on morphology, classi cation, host speci city, geographical distribution, and seasonality of eas infesting dogs and cats in order to improve their timely identi cation, prevention, and control...
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307120/bluetongue-virus-serotype-3-in-western-sicily-november-2017
#12
Alessio Lorusso, Annalisa Guercio, Giuseppa Purpari, Cesare Cammà, Paolo Calistri, Nicola D'Alterio, Salah Hammami, Soufien Sghaier, Giovanni Savini
Bluetongue virus serotype 3 has been detected in a sheep in the Western part of the island of Sicily (Italy). This area is 150 km away from the peninsula of Cap Bon (Tunisia), where recent activities included in the Bluetongue National Surveillance plan demonstrated the widespread circulation of the same BTV strain.
December 29, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152708/influence-of-sex-on-activated-partial-thromboplastin-time-aptt-and-prothrombin-time-pt-in-sheep
#13
Maria Marília Leite Carlos, Marília Martins Melo, Benito Soto-Blanco
Haemostasis is a physiological process that prevents excessive blood loss. In laboratory, the prothrombin time (PT) and the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) are used to examine clotting systems. However, the influence of sex on PT and aPTT values is unknown. The present work aimed to determine the values for PT and aPTT in adult sheep and to evaluate their dependence on the sex of the animal. Blood samples were collected from 40 adults (1-6 years old) of mixed breed sheep (20 males and 20 females) via jugular venepuncture conducted using vacuum tubes containing 3...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152707/ethylene-glycol-toxicity-a-retrospective-pathological-study-in-cats
#14
Livia Amoroso, Cristiano Cocumelli, Giampaolo Bruni, Alberto Brozzi, Francesco Tancredi, Goffredo Grifoni, Antonio Mastromattei, Roberta Meoli, Giovanni Di Guardo, Claudia Eleni
Ethylene glycol (EG) is a well known toxic compound, the assumption of which can be fatal to pet animals as well as to humans. Limited information is available on the pathological features of EG poisoning in pet animals, with special emphasis on cats. Twenty-five cats with histologically confirmed EG intoxication were retrospectively investigated, in order to define more precisely the gross pathological findings and improve the diagnostic process. Furthermore, a brief comparison with the lesions reported in EG-poisoned human patients and dogs was also made...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152706/the-impact-of-captivity-on-some-haematological-parameters-of-griffon-vultures-gyps-fulvus
#15
Sonia Giambelluca, Matteo Cammarata, Salvatore Dara, Tiziana Orefice, Alvaro Camiña-Cardenal, Irene Vazzana
Haematological analysis is an essential field of veterinary medicine that provides inexpensive and reliable support to determinate animal health. The knowledge of how different factors affect the normal mean values of blood parameters is key to understand and improve animal health. In order to investigate how captivity can affect the haematological profile of birds of prey, the erythrocyte count, haemoglobin concentration, haematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, total leukocytes count of 123 griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) were analysed...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152705/an-epidemological-study-on-peste-des-petits-ruminants-in-tripoli-region-lybia
#16
REVIEW
Mohamed Dakil Almeshay, Abubaker Gusbi, Ibrahim Eldaghayes, Riadh Mansouri, Mohammed Bengoumi, Abdunaser S Dayhum
A cross‑sectional study was conducted in Libya in 7 areas of Tripoli to determine the seroprevalence of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) Virus (PPRV) in small ruminants (sheep and goats) between June and August 2013, and to identify the potential risk factors associated with the infection. The study involved 10% of small ruminant herds with ≥50 animals in the Tripoli region. They were selected randomly (15 herds), and 35 to 58 samples, depending on its size, were collected from each selected herd. Seven‑hundred and twenty‑one serum samples from unvaccinated animals (601 of sheep and 120 of goats) were collected and then tested using cELISA commercial kit in the National Center of Animal Health Laboratory in Tripoli, Libya...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152704/west-nile-disease-in-tunisia-an-overview-of-60-years
#17
Salah Hammami, Thameur Ben Hassine, Annamaria Conte, Jihène Amdouni, Fabrizio De Massis, Soufiène Sghaier, Sonia Ben Hassen
West Nile virus (WNV) is an arthropod borne virus of public health importance. The virus is a member of the genus Flavivirus and belongs to the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) antigenic complex under the Flaviviridae family. The WNV is continuously spreading across Tunisia especially in the coastal and Southern area of the country. The first human West Nile disease (WND) epidemic in Tunisia occurred in 1997, since then, the quantity and the extension of spillover effects increased constantly. However, the existing knowledge of factors triggering such events continues to be rather poor...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152703/multiplex-pcr-to-detect-bacteriophages-from-natural-whey-cultures-of-buffalo-milk-and-characterisation-of-two-phages-active-against-lactococcus-lactis-%C3%AE-apr-1-and-%C3%AE-apr-2
#18
Giuseppe Aprea, William Michael Mullan, Nicoletta Murru, Gerald Fitzgerald, Marialuisa Buonanno, Maria Luisa Cortesi, Vincenza Annunziata Prencipe, Giacomo Migliorati
This work investigated bacteriophage induced starter failures in artisanal buffalo Mozzarella production plants in Southern Italy. Two hundred and ten samples of whey starter cultures were screened for bacteriophage infection. Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) revealed phage infection in 28.56% of samples, all showing acidification problems during cheese making. Based on DNA sequences, bacteriophages for Lactococcus lactis (L. lactis), Lactobacillus delbruekii (L. delbruekii) and Streptococcus thermophilus (S...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152702/a-new-supporting-tool-for-pig-handling-in-the-breeding-slaughterhouse-production-chain
#19
REVIEW
Ferruccio Giametta, Pasquale Catalano, Andrea Gentile, Claudio Perone, Biagio Bianchi
This paper focuses on a research concerning the operational management of the pig-handling phase, during the period of breeding and before slaughtering. Given the behaviour of these animals during transfers, a particular tool has been designed to manage them in this phase. A total number of 48 animals, divided in 4 groups, were moved without use of the tool (control groups) and by using the tool described in this article. The time required by the control groups to leave the pen ranges from 21 to 125 seconds; while, when the proposed tool was used, the time for the movement of the animals ranged between 10 and 17 seconds...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152701/risk-communication-by-health-professionals-an-analysis-of-press-releases-drafted-by-italian-veterinarians
#20
Claudio Mantovani, Stefania Crovato, Anna Pinto, Giulia Mascarello, Michele Cortelazzo, Licia Ravarotto
The aim of this study is to analyse and evaluate the knowledge concerning risk communication acquired by veterinarians during a national training course. The study analyses 694 press releases written during the training course. Textual variables and indexes were considered to identify the linguistic structures used by veterinarians. At first, the analysis of press releases focused on the descriptive demographic variables, then stylistic and editorial variables were considered, and finally a lexicographic analysis was performed on the textual variables...
September 30, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
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