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Journal of Biosocial Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316992/child-nutritional-status-in-egypt-a-comprehensive-analysis-of-socioeconomic-determinants-using-a-quantile-regression-approach
#1
Mesbah Fathy Sharaf, Elhussien Ibrahim Mansour, Ahmed Shoukry Rashad
This study examined the underlying demographic and socioeconomic determinants of child nutritional status in Egypt using data from the most recent round of the Demographic and Health Survey. The height-for-age Z-score (HAZ) was used as a measure of child growth. A quantile regression approach was used to allow for a heterogeneous effect of each determinant along different percentiles of the conditional distribution of the HAZ. A nationally representative sample of 13,682 children aged 0-4 years was drawn from the 2014 Egypt DHS...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316990/unpacking-the-differential-impact-of-family-planning-policies-in-china-analysis-of-parity-progression-ratios-from-retrospective-birth-history-data-1971-2005
#2
Min Qin, Jane Falkingham, Sabu S Padmadas
Although China's family planning programme is often referred to in the singular, most notably the One-Child policy, in reality there have been a number of different policies in place simultaneously, targeted at different sub-populations characterized by region and socioeconomic conditions. This study attempted to systematically assess the differential impact of China's family planning programmes over the past 40 years. The contribution of Parity Progression Ratios to fertility change among different sub-populations exposed to various family planning policies over time was assessed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198206/the-dynamic-inter-relationship-between-obesity-and-school-performance-new-empirical-evidence-from-australia
#3
Son Nghiem, Viet-Ngu Hoang, Xuan-Binh Vu, Clevo Wilson
This paper proposes a new empirical model for examining the relationship between obesity and school performance using the simultaneous equation modelling approach. The lagged effects of both learning and health outcomes were included to capture both the dynamic and inter-relational aspects of the relationship between obesity and school performance. The empirical application of this study used comprehensive data from the first five waves of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC), which commenced in 2004 (wave 1) and was repeated every two years until 2018...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173232/do-in-utero-shocks-have-adverse-effects-on-child-health-outcomes-and-can-welfare-schemes-ameliorate-such-effects-evidence-from-andhra-pradesh-india
#4
Salma Ahmed, Ranjan Ray
This study aimed to assess whether shocks experienced by children in the mother's womb can have an adverse effect on their future health, and whether these effects can be ameliorated by government welfare schemes. Data were taken from three phases of the Young Lives Survey carried out in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh in 2002, 2007 and 2009-2010. Different types of in utero shock were distinguished from the data. Using ordinary least squares (OLS) estimation, it was observed that multiple in utero shocks reduced children's weight-for-age and height-for-age z-scores by 0...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168440/women-s-empowerment-and-gender-inequality-in-adolescent-nutritional-status-evidence-from-the-indonesian-family-life-survey
#5
Yohanes Sondang Kunto, Hilde Bras
In contrast to the extensive knowledge on the association between women's empowerment and the nutritional status of children under the age of five, relatively little is known about the influence of women's empowerment on adolescents' nutritional status. This study aimed to assess the association between women's empowerment and gender inequalities in adolescent nutritional status. Data were from the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) covering the period 1997 to 2015, and consisted of 16,683 observations from 13,396 adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 years born in 6781 families...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168438/impact-of-sex-composition-of-living-children-and-couples-agreement-on-subsequent-fertility-in-india
#6
Anshul Kastor, Sayantani Chatterjee
The desire for children could be considered a reliable predictor of subsequent fertility. At the same time, the sex composition of surviving children, along with other demographic and socioeconomic factors, may affect a couple's fertility desire and, therefore, their subsequent fertility. This study examined the impact of the sex composition of living children and a couple's agreement on fertility desire on their subsequent fertility in India using data came from two rounds of nationally representative surveys: the India Human Development Survey (IHDS)-I (2004-05) and IHDS-II (2011-12)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151375/measuring-the-impact-of-child-marriage-on-total-fertility-a-study-for-fifteen-countries
#7
Adenike Onagoruwa, Quentin Wodon
Child marriage has significant negative impacts, not only for girls, but also for a range of development outcomes. This study aimed to assess, in a more detailed way than done so far, the magnitude of the relationship between child marriage and total fertility in multiple countries representing diverse settings. Data from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys in the fifteen countries of interest were used. Analysis was restricted to a subsample of women aged 35-49 years in order to capture completed fertility...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125087/examining-temporal-shifts-in-the-proximate-determinants-of-fertility-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Erin Rogers, Rob Stephenson
Targeting reductions in fertility remains a key development goal, as too-high fertility hampers the economic and health prosperity of low- and middle-income countries. However, critical to the success of gaining reductions in fertility is the ability to understand the factors that are shaping fertility, and to understand the factors that are acting to keep fertility levels high. To contribute to this understanding, this study applied the Bongaarts (2015) adjusted proximate determinants of fertility model to 33 low- and middle-income countries using data collected from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) programme between 2000 and 2016...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103388/women-s-education-and-utilization-of-maternal-health-services-in-africa-a-multi-country-and-socioeconomic-status-analysis
#9
Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Joshua Amo-Adjei, Dickson Amugsi, Joyce Mumah, Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Donatien Beguy
There is an abundant literature on the relationship between women's education and maternal and child outcomes, including antenatal and postnatal care, onset of antenatal care and skilled birth attendance. However, few studies have adopted the 'equity' lens, despite increasing evidence that inequities between rich and poor are increasing although maternal and child mortality is declining. This study examined the differential effects of women's education within different socioeconomic strata in Africa. The most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria and Zimbabwe were used...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081310/decomposing-the-socioeconomic-inequality-in-utilization-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-selected-countries-of-south-asia-and-sub-saharan-africa
#10
Srinivas Goli, Dipty Nawal, Anu Rammohan, T V Sekher, Deepshikha Singh
The gap in access to maternal health care services is a challenge of an unequal world. In 2015, each day about 830 women died due to complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Almost all of these deaths occurred in low-resource settings, and most could have been prevented. This study quantified the contributions of the socioeconomic determinants of inequality to the utilization of maternal health care services in four countries in diverse geographical and cultural settings: Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal and Zimbabwe...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067900/health-risk-transition-and-low-mortality-patterns-among-a-national-cohort-of-aspirational-thai-open-university-students
#11
Matthew Kelly, Chalapati Rao, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
In the last 50 years Thailand has achieved advanced demographic and health transitions. Many infectious diseases are controlled and infant and maternal mortality rates are among the lowest in the region. Within such a low mortality setting, however, substantial variations in health persist, with education being a major driver. This paper assesses the ongoing mortality transition in Thailand, examining relationships between risk factors and mortality outcomes among a large nationwide cohort of distance-learning Open University students, as well as examining the differential mortality benefit enjoyed by this educated group when compared with the general Thai population...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160195/political-boundary-versus-social-context-dynamics-of-socioeconomic-differentials-in-fertility-in-indian-states
#12
Dharma Arunachalam, Kannan Navaneetham, Walter Forrest
Using data from India's first (1992-93) and third (2005-06) National Family Health Surveys (NFHS-I and NFHS-III) this study examined the fertility differentials between major social groups and the extent to which these varied between states and over time. The analysis was based on a sample of 54,030 and 55,369 currently married women aged 15-34 in the NFHS-I and NFHS-III respectively. Reported parity and desired family size were used to assess variations in fertility behaviour. The results show that interstate variation in childbearing patterns within social groups was at least as high as, if not higher than, variation between states (net of other influences) in both periods, 1992-93 and 2005-06...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160194/social-determinants-of-low-fertility-in-brazil
#13
Helena Cruz Castanheira, Hans-Peter Kohler
An increasing number of developing countries are experiencing below replacement fertility rates. Although the factors associated with low fertility in developed countries have been widely explored in the literature, studies of low fertility in middle- and low-income countries continue to be rare. To help fill this gap, Brazil was used as a case study to assess whether human development, gender equality and the ability of mothers with young children to work are associated with the likelihood of married or cohabiting women to have a child...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160193/fertility-transition-in-sri-lanka-is-it-a-temporary-phenomenon
#14
E L Sunethra J Perera
This paper examines the fertility transition and its recent dynamics in Sri Lanka using data from Demographic and Health Surveys and Population Censuses. Fertility trends and patterns were analysed for two periods: 1953-2000 and 2000-2012. The findings revealed that Sri Lanka's fertility transition has been relatively rapid and has taken place over a period of about four decades to reach replacement level. Social and health-related factors, including decline in maternal and infant mortality, increase in women's education, changes in institutions, reproductive values and behaviour, and increased contraceptive use all contributed to bringing down the fertility level by 2000...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160192/sibship-size-and-young-women-s-transitions-to-adulthood-in-india
#15
K G Santhya, A J Francis Zavier
In India, a substantial proportion of young people are growing up in smaller families with fewer siblings than earlier generations of young people. Studies exploring the associations between declines in sibship size and young people's life experiences are limited. Drawing on data from a sub-nationally representative study conducted in 2006-08 of over 50,000 youths in India, this paper examines the associations between surviving sibship size and young women's (age 20-24) transitions to adulthood. Young women who reported no or a single surviving sibling were categorized as those with a small surviving sibship size, and those who reported two or more surviving siblings as those with a large surviving sibship size...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160191/small-family-norms-and-family-well-being-in-indonesia-2006-2014
#16
S Sujarwoto
This study examines the consequences of the universalization of small family norms in Indonesia for family well-being over the past decade (2006-2014) using contrasting views of Malthusian theory. Data came from Indonesia's 2006-2014 Socio-Economic Survey (Susenas) conducted by Indonesia's Bureau of Statistics and from official statistics. The survey covered 2.3 million households in 483 districts of the country. The findings show a steady small family ratio and an increase in family well-being over this period...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160190/far-below-replacement-fertility-in-urban-china
#17
Zhongwei Zhao, Qinzi Xu, Xin Yuan
China's urban population has experienced rapid fertility decline over the past six decades. This drastic change will have a significant impact on China's demographic, social and economic future. However, the patterns and characteristics of urban China's fertility decline have not been systematically examined. This study analyses the trends and age patterns of fertility in urban China since the 1950s, and summarizes the major characteristics of reproductive behaviours into four 'lows': extremely 'low' level of fertility; 'low' proportion of two and higher parity births; 'low' mean age at birth; and 'low' level of childlessness...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160189/after-fertility-s-nadir-ethnic-differentials-in-parity-specific-behaviours-in-kyrgyzstan
#18
Thomas Spoorenberg
After a swift decline in the 1990s, the countries of Central Asia have experienced significant fertility increases over the last 15 years. These fertility upturns have remained off the radar of demographers. This study examines the recent fertility increase in Kyrgyzstan, focusing on fertility development by parity and among the main ethnic groups, in order to go beyond classic fertility indicators and national averages. Using a sample from the 2009 Census micro-dataset, sibling progression ratios were computed using information on the relationships and dates of birth of children under the age of 15...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160188/post-transitional-fertility-the-role-of-childbearing-postponement-in-fuelling-the-shift-to-low-and-unstable-fertility-levels
#19
Tomáš Sobotka
This study discusses fertility trends and variation in countries that completed the transition from high to around-replacement fertility in the 1950s to 1980s, especially in Europe, East Asia and North America, and summarizes the key relevant findings for those countries with a more recent experience of fertility decline towards replacement level. A central finding is that there is no obvious theoretical or empirical threshold around which period fertility tends to stabilize. Period fertility rates usually continue falling once the threshold of replacement fertility is crossed, often to very low levels...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160187/the-role-of-community-structure-in-shaping-african-fertility-pattern-evidence-from-demographic-and-health-surveys
#20
Clifford Odimegwu, Sunday A Adedini
Anthropological explanations of demographic outcomes have emphasized the need to understand how community structures contribute to those outcomes. However, studies on fertility dynamics in Africa have largely focused on micro-level factors, thus ignoring the influence of community contexts. Using the most recent Demographic and Health Survey data from Egypt (Northern Africa), Cameroon (Middle Africa), Kenya (Eastern Africa), Nigeria (Western Africa) and Zimbabwe (Southern Africa), the study employed multilevel Poisson regression models to examine the influence of community factors on African fertility levels and patterns...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
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