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Journal of Biosocial Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890042/use-of-male-methods-of-contraception-worldwide
#1
John Ross, Karen Hardee
This article analyses male contraceptive use, both globally and for developing countries. Shares of all contraceptive use due to males are examined, in the context of female use and all use. Patterns according to wealth quintiles are analysed, as well as time trends and geographic variations. Data are drawn primarily from compilations by the UN Population Division and from the Demographic and Health Series and subjected to relatively simple statistical methods including correlation/regression applications. Contraceptive methods that men use directly, or that require their co-operation to use, including condoms, withdrawal, rhythm and male sterilization, account for one-quarter of all contraceptive use worldwide...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869061/considering-neoliberalism-contempt-and-allostatic-load-in-the-social-dynamics-of-tuberculosis
#2
Dragos Simandan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869060/reciprocity-building-and-the-importance-of-interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-tuberculosis-research
#3
P H Mason, A Roy, P Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869050/wisdom-and-the-path-dependent-politics-of-biomedical-research
#4
Dragos Simandan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866490/multilevel-linear-regression-analysis-of-factors-influencing-body-mass-index-among-bangladeshi-married-non-pregnant-women
#5
Md Kamruzzaman, A S M A Mamun, Sheikh Muhammad Abu Bakar, Aik Saw, T Kamarul, Md Nurul Islam, Md Golam Hossain
The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and demographic factors influencing the body mass index (BMI) of non-pregnant married Bangladeshi women of reproductive age. Secondary (Hierarchy) data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, collected using two-stage stratified cluster sampling, were used. Two-level linear regression analysis was performed to remove the cluster effect of the variables. The mean BMI of married non-pregnant Bangladeshi women was 21.60±3.86 kg/m2, and the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity was 22...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834160/changes-in-sex-ratio-at-birth-in-china-a-decomposition-by-birth-order
#6
Quanbao Jiang, Qun Yu, Shucai Yang, Jesús J Sánchez-Barricarte
The long-term high sex ratio at birth (SRB) is a serious issue in China. In this study, changes in SRB were decomposed into variations in SRB by birth order and compositional changes in female births by birth order. With SRB data from China's surveys and censuses, and SRB data from South Korea's vital registration and censuses from 1980-2015, the trend and decomposition results in SRB were compared between China and South Korea, and the decomposition results for urban and rural SRBs, and for provinces, are presented...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825400/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-self-reported-health-and-physical-functioning-in-argentina-findings-from-the-national-survey-on-quality-of-life-of-older-adults-2012-encaviam
#7
Santiago Rodríguez López, Sonia E Colantonio, Dora E Celton
This study aimed to evaluate educational and income inequalities in self-reported health (SRH), and physical functioning (limitations in Activities of Daily Living (ADL)/Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL)), among 60-year-old and older adults in Argentina. Using cross-sectional data from the Argentinian National Survey on Quality of Life of Older Adults 2012 (Encuesta Nacional sobre Calidad de Vida de Adultos Mayores, ENCaViAM), gender-specific socioeconomic inequalities in SRH and ADL and IADL limitations were studied in relation to educational level and household per capita income...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821200/spousal-influences-on-health-and-well-being-of-older-kuwaiti-men-and-women
#8
Yagoub Y Al-Kandari, Douglas E Crews
The aim of the study was to determine the associations of the self-perceptions of health and social support among Kuwaitis who were 60 years old and older, who either were or were not currently living with a spouse. A sample of 1427 was selected (472 men and 955 women). Social Affairs nurses completed all interviews in the participants' homes. A single questionnaire was designed; SPSS (version 21) was used for data entry and analysis. Participants living with their spouse reported significantly greater social support, more frequent contact with others and greater strength of social relationships than those without a spouse...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821190/information-about-methods-received-by-contraceptive-users-in-india
#9
Anrudh K Jain
Very little is known, at national and state levels, about how much information women in India are receiving about the method of contraception they are using. The purpose of this study was to fill this gap in knowledge. A Method Information Index (MII) was calculated from the responses of women who started using a modern contraceptive method five years prior to interview, and who were still using it at the time of interview, in the third National Family Health Survey conducted in India in 2005-06. The women were asked whether at the time they initiated contraceptive use they were told about other methods they could use, the side-effects of their selected method and what to do if they experienced these side-effects...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817755/birth-order-and-androphilic-male-to-female-transsexualism-in-brazil
#10
Doug P Vanderlaan, Ray Blanchard, Kenneth J Zucker, Raffael Massuda, Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, André Oliveira Borba, Angelo Bradelli Costa, Maiko Abel Schneider, Andressa Mueller, Bianca Machado Borba Soll, Karine Schwarz, Dhiordan Cardoso Da Silva, Maria Inês Rodrigues Lobato
Previous research has indicated that biological older brothers increase the odds of androphilia in males. This finding has been termed the fraternal birth order effect. The maternal immune hypothesis suggests that this effect reflects the progressive immunization of some mothers to male-specific antigens involved in fetal male brain masculinization. Exposure to these antigens, as a result of carrying earlier-born sons, is hypothesized to produce maternal immune responses towards later-born sons, thus leading to female-typical neural development of brain regions underlying sexual orientation...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817753/spearman-s-hypothesis-tested-comparing-saudi-arabian-children-and-adolescents-with-various-other-groups-of-children-and-adolescents-on-the-items-of-the-standard-progressive-matrices
#11
Jan Te NijenhuiS, Adel A Batterjee, Michael Van Den Hoek, Jüri Allik, Vladimir Sukhanovskiy
Spearman's hypothesis tested at the level of items states that differences between ethnic groups on the items of an IQ test are a function of the g loadings of these items, such that there are small differences between ethnic groups on items with low g loadings and large differences between ethnic groups on items with high g loadings; this has been confirmed in a limited number of studies. In this paper, Spearman's hypothesis was tested, comparing a group of Saudi children and adolescents (N=3209) with other groups of children and adolescents from Denmark, Cyprus, Croatia, Bosnia, South Africa, Estonia, Ukraine, Ireland, Russia and Chile (total N=9333)...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748204/effects-of-stressful-events-in-france-1968-and-japan-1995-on-the-sex-ratio-at-birth
#12
Victor Grech, Dorota Zammit, Hagen Scherb
Males are usually born in excess of females. The sex ratio at birth (SR) is often expressed as the ratio of male to total births. A wide variety of factors have been shown to influence SR, including terrorist attacks, which have been shown to reduce SR. This paper reviews the effects on SR outcomes of the stressful events in France in 1968 (in association with the student and worker riots) and in Japan following the Aum Shinrikyo religious cult's attack on the Tokyo subway using sarin nerve gas in 1995. Both countries displayed seasonal variation in SR...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725003/consanguinity-by-random-isonymy-and-socioeconomic-development-in-argentina-a-population-study
#13
José Edgardo Dipierri, Alvaro Rodríguez-Larralde, Italo Barrai, Esperanza Gutiérrez Redomero, Concepción Alonso-Rodríguez, Emma Laura Alfaro
In human populations various flexible, labile and interdependent structures (genetic, demographic, socioeconomic) co-exist, each of which can be organized in an hierarchical order corresponding to administrative entities. The relationship between consanguinity, as estimated by random isonymy (F ST), and socioeconomic conditions was analysed at different levels of political and administrative organization in Argentina. From the surnames of 22,666,139 voters from the 2001 electoral roll, F ST was estimated for 510 Argentinian departments...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724999/sports-preference-and-digit-ratio-2d-4d-among-female-students-in-wroc%C3%A5-aw-poland
#14
Marek Kociuba, Slawomir Kozieł, Raja Chakraborty, Zofia Ignasiak
Humans exhibit sex differences in competitiveness, sensation seeking and risk-taking attitude, which are required in sports. These attributes are often linked to prenatal testosterone (PT) exposure. The second-to-fourth digit length ratio (2D:4D) is an indicator of PT exposure. A lower 2D:4D indicates higher PT exposure and vice versa. Males generally have a lower 2D:4D than females. Sensation- and/or thrill-seeking behaviours have also been found to be negatively associated with 2D:4D. Boxing and judo are considered to be high-risk sports...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724998/body-mass-index-values-in-the-gentry-and-peasantry-in-nineteenth-and-early-twentieth-century-poland
#15
Zbigniew Czapla, Grażyna Liczbińska, Janusz Piontek
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of social and occupational status on the BMI of the gentry and peasantry in the Kingdom of Poland at the turn of 19th and early 20th centuries. Use was made of data on the height and weight of 304 men, including 200 peasants and 104 gentlemen, and 275 women, including 200 from the peasantry and 75 from the gentry. Gentlemen were characterized by a greater body height than peasants (169.40 cm and 166.96 cm, respectively), a greater body weight (67.09 kg and 60.99 kg, respectively) and a higher BMI (23...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692008/maternal-height-and-pre-pregnancy-weight-status-are-associated-with-fetal-growth-patterns-and-newborn-size
#16
Eva Pölzlberger, Beda Hartmann, Erich Hafner, Ingrid Stümpflein, Sylvia Kirchengast
The impact of maternal height, pre-pregnancy weight status and gestational weight gain on fetal growth patterns and newborn size was analysed using a dataset of 4261 singleton term births taking place at the Viennese Danube Hospital between 2005 and 2013. Fetal growth patterns were reconstructed from three ultrasound examinations carried out at the 11th/12th, 20th/21th and 32th/33th weeks of gestation. Crown-rump length, biparietal diameter, fronto-occipital diameter, head circumference, abdominal transverse diameter, abdominal anterior-posterior diameter, abdominal circumference and femur length were determined...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692006/perceptions-of-stigma-and-discrimination-in-health-care-settings-towards-sub-saharan-african-migrant-women-living-with-hiv-aids-in-belgium-a-qualitative-study
#17
Agnes Ebotabe Arrey, Johan Bilsen, Patrick Lacor, Reginald Deschepper
Stigma and discrimination within health care settings remain a public health challenge across diverse cultural environments and may have deleterious effects on mental and physical health. This study explores the causes, forms and consequences of HIV-related stigma and discrimination among migrant sub-Saharan African women living with HIV in Belgium. A qualitative study was conducted with 44 HIV-positive sub-Saharan African migrant women between April 2013 and December 2014 in health care settings in Belgium...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692003/reproductive-and-child-health-services-and-demographic-change-in-the-districts-of-uttar-pradesh-2002-13
#18
Mamta Rajbhar, Sanjay K Mohanty
This study examined the effect of reproductive and child health (RCH) services on fertility and child mortality in the districts of Uttar Pradesh. It specifically measured the effect of antenatal care, medical assistance at birth, child immunization and use of modern methods of contraception on Total Fertility Rate (TFR), Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Under-five Morality Rate (U5MR) before and after the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) period. Data from the 2002-04 District Level Household Survey (DLHS-2), 2012-13 Annual Health Survey (AHS) and the 2001 and 2011 Censuses of India were used...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692002/survey-of-sexual-activity-and-contraceptive-use-among-unmarried-young-school-and-college-drop-outs-in-a-defined-nigerian-population
#19
Abiodun Idowu Adanikin, Pipeloluwa Oluwayemisi Adanikin, Ernest Okechukwu Orji, Benedict Tolulope Adeyanju
This study sought to characterize sexual behaviour, contraceptive use and contributory upbringing factors among young people who had dropped out of school or college in a Nigerian setting. A community-based, cross-sectional sexual survey of 161 young people aged between 15 and 35 who had dropped out of school or college was performed in Ado-Ekiti, south-west Nigeria, in April 2015. One hundred and nineteen of the respondents (73.9%) had had sexual intercourse. Mean age at sexual debut was 19.08±3.5 years. Of those with sexual experience, 79 (66...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644124/social-capital-and-adolescent-girls-resilience-to-teenage-pregnancy-in-begoro-ghana
#20
Sylvia Esther Gyan, Collins Ahorlu, Dan-Bright S Dzorgbo, Clara K Fayorsey
This study focuses on how older adolescent girls access and utilize social capital to develop resilience against teenage pregnancy in Begoro, Ghana. A survey of 419 non-pregnant girls aged 15-19 years, selected using a multi-stage cluster sampling technique, was conducted in 2012. Qualitative data were gathered through in-depth interviews with ten girls purposively selected from the survey respondents. Parents, relatives, teachers and religious groups were found to be important sources of social capital for the non-pregnant girls in developing resilience against teenage pregnancy...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
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