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Journal of Biosocial Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069079/do-the-sex-composition-of-living-children-and-the-desire-for-additional-children-affect-future-intention-to-use-contraception-in-ethiopia
#1
Rajesh Kumar Rai
Information on future intention to use contraceptives is a potential programme indicator for family planning services. Using three consecutive rounds of Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data collected in 2000, 2005 and 2011, this study examined whether the sex composition of living children and future desire for additional children were associated with the intention to use contraceptives among Ethiopian women aged 15-49 years who were not using any method of contraception at the time of the survey...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069078/women-s-empowerment-and-family-planning-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Ndola Prata, Ashley Fraser, Megan J Huchko, Jessica D Gipson, Mellissa Withers, Shayna Lewis, Erica J Ciaraldi, Ushma D Upadhyay
This paper reviews the literature examining the relationship between women's empowerment and contraceptive use, unmet need for contraception and related family planning topics in developing countries. Searches were conducted using PubMed, Popline and Web of Science search engines in May 2013 to examine literature published between January 1990 and December 2012. Among the 46 articles included in the review, the majority were conducted in South Asia (n=24). Household decision-making (n=21) and mobility (n=17) were the most commonly examined domains of women's empowerment...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067193/the-causal-relationship-between-consanguineous-marriages-and-infant-mortality-in-turkey
#3
Ismet Koç, Mehmet Ali Eryurt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031058/assessment-of-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-consanguineous-marriages-among-a-cohort-of-multiethnic-health-care-providers-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Dhekra Alnaqeb, Hanan Hamamy, Amira M Youssef, Khalid Al-Rubeaan
This study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude and practice related to consanguinity among multiethnic health care providers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Using a cross-sectional study design, a validated, self-administered close-ended questionnaire was randomly distributed to health care providers in different health institutions in the country between 1st August 2012 and 31st July 2013. A total of 1235 health care providers completed the study questionnaire. Of the 892 married participants (72.23% of total), 11...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031055/the-returns-of-family-planning-macro-level-assessment-of-the-effect-of-contraceptive-use-on-women-s-anaemia-and-childhood-undernutrition
#5
Md Juel Rana, Srinivas Goli
This study investigated the effect of family planning on the levels of women's anaemia and child undernutrition at the aggregate level using the compiled databases of the World Bank, UNICEF and the Economist Intelligence Unit. Correlation scatter matrix plots and multivariate OLS regression models were employed to assess the effect of family planning on women's anaemia and child nutritional status across countries. At the aggregate level, the bivariate correlation estimates found that the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) was negatively associated with women's anaemia (r=-0...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995836/geospatial-assessment-based-on-fertility-and-mortality-differential-indices-of-natural-selection-in-north-west-and-eastern-himalayan-populations
#6
Krishan Sharma
There is contradictory evidence of having fewer live births and higher embryonic mortality among high-altitude populations than their counterparts at lower altitude. This study explores the geospatial differences in selection intensities among human populations living in different ecological settings. Reproductive data from post-menopausal women were collected from 75 women from near Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, at an altitude of 2150 m above sea level and 100 women from Jind, Haryana, at an altitude of 227 m...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966408/reproductive-and-child-health-services-and-demographic-change-in-the-districts-of-uttar-pradesh-2002-13-corrigendum
#7
Mamta Rajbhar, Sanjay K Mohanty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938418/growing-up-in-portugal-cape-verdean-ancestry-children-exhibit-low-overweight-and-obesity-compared-with-portuguese-in-urban-lisbon
#8
A L André, C Padez, V Rosado-Marques, P L Griffiths, M I Varela-Silva
Portugal has one of the highest rates of childhood overweight and obesity in Europe. However, little is known about the health of ethnic minorities living in its capital city, Lisbon. The Cape Verdean community in Lisbon tend to have low educational levels, material deprivation and struggle with discrimination and racism, factors that would probably be associated with a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity. Data for the Cape Verdean population were collected in three different time periods by three different research teams in 1993, 2009 and 2013 and included children aged 6-12 years living in the Cova da Moura neighbourhood of the Greater Lisbon Metro Area...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890042/use-of-male-methods-of-contraception-worldwide
#9
John Ross, Karen Hardee
This article analyses male contraceptive use, both globally and for developing countries. Shares of all contraceptive use due to males are examined, in the context of female use and all use. Patterns according to wealth quintiles are analysed, as well as time trends and geographic variations. Data are drawn primarily from compilations by the UN Population Division and from the Demographic and Health Series and subjected to relatively simple statistical methods including correlation/regression applications. Contraceptive methods that men use directly, or that require their co-operation to use, including condoms, withdrawal, rhythm and male sterilization, account for one-quarter of all contraceptive use worldwide...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869061/considering-neoliberalism-contempt-and-allostatic-load-in-the-social-dynamics-of-tuberculosis
#10
Dragos Simandan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869060/reciprocity-building-and-the-importance-of-interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-tuberculosis-research
#11
P H Mason, A Roy, P Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869050/wisdom-and-the-path-dependent-politics-of-biomedical-research
#12
Dragos Simandan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866490/multilevel-linear-regression-analysis-of-factors-influencing-body-mass-index-among-bangladeshi-married-non-pregnant-women
#13
Md Kamruzzaman, A S M A Mamun, Sheikh Muhammad Abu Bakar, Aik Saw, T Kamarul, Md Nurul Islam, Md Golam Hossain
The aim of this study was to investigate the socioeconomic and demographic factors influencing the body mass index (BMI) of non-pregnant married Bangladeshi women of reproductive age. Secondary (Hierarchy) data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, collected using two-stage stratified cluster sampling, were used. Two-level linear regression analysis was performed to remove the cluster effect of the variables. The mean BMI of married non-pregnant Bangladeshi women was 21.60±3.86 kg/m2, and the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity was 22...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834160/changes-in-sex-ratio-at-birth-in-china-a-decomposition-by-birth-order
#14
Quanbao Jiang, Qun Yu, Shucai Yang, Jesús J Sánchez-Barricarte
The long-term high sex ratio at birth (SRB) is a serious issue in China. In this study, changes in SRB were decomposed into variations in SRB by birth order and compositional changes in female births by birth order. With SRB data from China's surveys and censuses, and SRB data from South Korea's vital registration and censuses from 1980-2015, the trend and decomposition results in SRB were compared between China and South Korea, and the decomposition results for urban and rural SRBs, and for provinces, are presented...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825400/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-self-reported-health-and-physical-functioning-in-argentina-findings-from-the-national-survey-on-quality-of-life-of-older-adults-2012-encaviam
#15
Santiago Rodríguez López, Sonia E Colantonio, Dora E Celton
This study aimed to evaluate educational and income inequalities in self-reported health (SRH), and physical functioning (limitations in Activities of Daily Living (ADL)/Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL)), among 60-year-old and older adults in Argentina. Using cross-sectional data from the Argentinian National Survey on Quality of Life of Older Adults 2012 (Encuesta Nacional sobre Calidad de Vida de Adultos Mayores, ENCaViAM), gender-specific socioeconomic inequalities in SRH and ADL and IADL limitations were studied in relation to educational level and household per capita income...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821200/spousal-influences-on-health-and-well-being-of-older-kuwaiti-men-and-women
#16
Yagoub Y Al-Kandari, Douglas E Crews
The aim of the study was to determine the associations of the self-perceptions of health and social support among Kuwaitis who were 60 years old and older, who either were or were not currently living with a spouse. A sample of 1427 was selected (472 men and 955 women). Social Affairs nurses completed all interviews in the participants' homes. A single questionnaire was designed; SPSS (version 21) was used for data entry and analysis. Participants living with their spouse reported significantly greater social support, more frequent contact with others and greater strength of social relationships than those without a spouse...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821190/information-about-methods-received-by-contraceptive-users-in-india
#17
Anrudh K Jain
Very little is known, at national and state levels, about how much information women in India are receiving about the method of contraception they are using. The purpose of this study was to fill this gap in knowledge. A Method Information Index (MII) was calculated from the responses of women who started using a modern contraceptive method five years prior to interview, and who were still using it at the time of interview, in the third National Family Health Survey conducted in India in 2005-06. The women were asked whether at the time they initiated contraceptive use they were told about other methods they could use, the side-effects of their selected method and what to do if they experienced these side-effects...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817755/birth-order-and-androphilic-male-to-female-transsexualism-in-brazil
#18
Doug P Vanderlaan, Ray Blanchard, Kenneth J Zucker, Raffael Massuda, Anna Martha Vaitses Fontanari, André Oliveira Borba, Angelo Bradelli Costa, Maiko Abel Schneider, Andressa Mueller, Bianca Machado Borba Soll, Karine Schwarz, Dhiordan Cardoso Da Silva, Maria Inês Rodrigues Lobato
Previous research has indicated that biological older brothers increase the odds of androphilia in males. This finding has been termed the fraternal birth order effect. The maternal immune hypothesis suggests that this effect reflects the progressive immunization of some mothers to male-specific antigens involved in fetal male brain masculinization. Exposure to these antigens, as a result of carrying earlier-born sons, is hypothesized to produce maternal immune responses towards later-born sons, thus leading to female-typical neural development of brain regions underlying sexual orientation...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817753/spearman-s-hypothesis-tested-comparing-saudi-arabian-children-and-adolescents-with-various-other-groups-of-children-and-adolescents-on-the-items-of-the-standard-progressive-matrices
#19
Jan Te NijenhuiS, Adel A Batterjee, Michael Van Den Hoek, Jüri Allik, Vladimir Sukhanovskiy
Spearman's hypothesis tested at the level of items states that differences between ethnic groups on the items of an IQ test are a function of the g loadings of these items, such that there are small differences between ethnic groups on items with low g loadings and large differences between ethnic groups on items with high g loadings; this has been confirmed in a limited number of studies. In this paper, Spearman's hypothesis was tested, comparing a group of Saudi children and adolescents (N=3209) with other groups of children and adolescents from Denmark, Cyprus, Croatia, Bosnia, South Africa, Estonia, Ukraine, Ireland, Russia and Chile (total N=9333)...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27126276/local-government-and-community-leaders-perspectives-on-child-health-and-mortality-and-inequity-issues-in-rural-eastern-indonesia
#20
Jerico Franciscus Pardosi, Nick Parr, Salut Muhidin
Since 2001 a decentralization policy has increased the responsibility placed on local government for improving child health in Indonesia. This paper explores local government and community leaders' perspectives on child health in a rural district in Indonesia, using a qualitative approach. Focus group discussions were held in May 2013. The issues probed relate to health personnel skills and motivation, service availability, the influence of traditional beliefs, and health care and gender inequity. The participants identify weak leadership, inefficient health management and inadequate child health budgets as important issues...
January 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
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