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Journal of Biosocial Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151375/measuring-the-impact-of-child-marriage-on-total-fertility-a-study-for-fifteen-countries
#1
Adenike Onagoruwa, Quentin Wodon
Child marriage has significant negative impacts, not only for girls, but also for a range of development outcomes. This study aimed to assess, in a more detailed way than done so far, the magnitude of the relationship between child marriage and total fertility in multiple countries representing diverse settings. Data from the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys in the fifteen countries of interest were used. Analysis was restricted to a subsample of women aged 35-49 years in order to capture completed fertility...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125087/examining-temporal-shifts-in-the-proximate-determinants-of-fertility-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Erin Rogers, Rob Stephenson
Targeting reductions in fertility remains a key development goal, as too-high fertility hampers the economic and health prosperity of low- and middle-income countries. However, critical to the success of gaining reductions in fertility is the ability to understand the factors that are shaping fertility, and to understand the factors that are acting to keep fertility levels high. To contribute to this understanding, this study applied the Bongaarts (2015) adjusted proximate determinants of fertility model to 33 low- and middle-income countries using data collected from the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) programme between 2000 and 2016...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103388/women-s-education-and-utilization-of-maternal-health-services-in-africa-a-multi-country-and-socioeconomic-status-analysis
#3
Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Joshua Amo-Adjei, Dickson Amugsi, Joyce Mumah, Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Donatien Beguy
There is an abundant literature on the relationship between women's education and maternal and child outcomes, including antenatal and postnatal care, onset of antenatal care and skilled birth attendance. However, few studies have adopted the 'equity' lens, despite increasing evidence that inequities between rich and poor are increasing although maternal and child mortality is declining. This study examined the differential effects of women's education within different socioeconomic strata in Africa. The most recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) conducted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria and Zimbabwe were used...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081310/decomposing-the-socioeconomic-inequality-in-utilization-of-maternal-health-care-services-in-selected-countries-of-south-asia-and-sub-saharan-africa
#4
Srinivas Goli, Dipty Nawal, Anu Rammohan, T V Sekher, Deepshikha Singh
The gap in access to maternal health care services is a challenge of an unequal world. In 2015, each day about 830 women died due to complications of pregnancy and childbirth. Almost all of these deaths occurred in low-resource settings, and most could have been prevented. This study quantified the contributions of the socioeconomic determinants of inequality to the utilization of maternal health care services in four countries in diverse geographical and cultural settings: Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal and Zimbabwe...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067900/health-risk-transition-and-low-mortality-patterns-among-a-national-cohort-of-aspirational-thai-open-university-students
#5
Matthew Kelly, Chalapati Rao, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
In the last 50 years Thailand has achieved advanced demographic and health transitions. Many infectious diseases are controlled and infant and maternal mortality rates are among the lowest in the region. Within such a low mortality setting, however, substantial variations in health persist, with education being a major driver. This paper assesses the ongoing mortality transition in Thailand, examining relationships between risk factors and mortality outcomes among a large nationwide cohort of distance-learning Open University students, as well as examining the differential mortality benefit enjoyed by this educated group when compared with the general Thai population...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017619/relationship-between-orphanhood-status-living-arrangements-and-sexual-debut-evidence-from-females-in-middle-adolescence-in-southern-africa
#6
Mercy Shoko, Latifat Ibisomi, Jonathan Levin, Carren Ginsburg
This study examined the relationship between orphanhood status, living arrangements and sexual debut. The study is important in the context of southern Africa, where a substantial number of children live apart from their parents because the parent is dead or living elsewhere, and where female adolescents face disproportionate sexual and reproductive health risks. Data for female adolescents were taken from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in seven southern African countries. Unadjusted and adjusted hazard ratios of sexual debut were estimated using Cox Proportional Hazard models...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990545/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-internal-migration-divorce-and-well-being-in-china
#7
Alok Bhargava, Xiayun Tan
The rapid economic growth in China has been accompanied by increases in internal migration as well as marital dissolution. Using longitudinal data from China Health and Nutrition Surveys covering over 19,000 individuals during 1989-2011, this study modelled the inter-relationships between internal migration, divorce and individual well-being, tackling conceptual and methodological aspects such as the joint determination of variables. First, random effects probit models showed that the migration periods of husbands and wives significantly increased their respective chances of divorce...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967347/birth-order-stage-of-infancy-and-infant-mortality-in-india
#8
S K Mishra, Bali Ram, Abhishek Singh, Awdhesh Yadav
Using data from India's National Family Health Survey, 2005-06 (NFHS-3), this article examines the patterns of relationship between birth order and infant mortality. The analysis controls for a number of variables, including mother's characteristics such as age at the time of survey, current place of residence (urban/rural), years of schooling, religion, caste, and child's sex and birth weight. A modest J-shaped relationship between birth order of children and their risk of dying in the neonatal period is found, suggesting that although both first- and last-born children are at a significantly greater risk of dying compared with those in the middle, last-borns (i...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967344/dietary-diversity-and-its-relationship-with-nutritional-status-among-adolescents-and-adults-in-rural-india
#9
D J Nithya, R V Bhavani
Dietary diversity is associated with household or individual food availability and intake of nutrients from different food groups and is an important component of nutritional outcome. This study examined the Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR) and the Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR) of three dietary diversity indices and their relationship with the nutritional status of adolescents and adults in rural regions of two states in India, Wardha district in Maharashtra and Koraput district in Odisha, in 2014. Individual dietary diversity was calculated using 24-hour diet recall (FS24hr) data and household dietary diversity was measured with food frequency data using Berry's index (DDI) and food scores (FSFFQ)...
October 2, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930000/higher-parental-perceptions-of-wealth-associated-with-the-birth-of-more-sons-in-an-australian-population
#10
A M Behie, M H O'Donnell
Many industrialized nations are currently experiencing a decline in average secondary sex ratio (SSR) resulting in fewer boys being born relative to girls. While many potential factors may explain the decline in the birth of males relative to females, it seems most studies support the idea that male offspring are produced less often when environmental conditions are poor owing to males being more susceptible to loss in harsh environments. This study investigates the maternal factors that are associated with the sex of offspring in a cohort of the Australian population...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925345/differences-in-the-prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-5-to-14-year-old-children-in-krak%C3%A3-w-poland-using-three-national-bmi-cut-offs
#11
Renata Woźniacka, Aneta Bac, Małgorzata Kowal, Stanisław Matusik
The problem of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents has been noted in many different countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in the percentage occurrence of overweight and obesity in Polish children depending on the criteria used, and to evaluate the usefulness of the Polish national database. The study sample comprised 3405 children aged 5-14 years (1674 girls and 1731 boys) from the city of Kraków, Poland, in 2009-2010. The BMI of each child was calculated and classified as overweight or obese according to three different reference BMI cut-offs: the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Polish 2010 standard...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918764/fragile-environment-seasonality-and-maternal-and-childhood-undernutrition-in-bangladesh
#12
Masuda Mohsena, Mahabub Hossain, Barnali Chakraborty, Abdul Bayes, A N Mahfuzur Rahman
This study assessed whether agricultural and household incomes were the same across different agro-ecological environments in Bangladesh. An in-depth analysis of the effect of unfavourable ecologies on maternal and child malnutrition was carried out. Data were from a longitudinal data set comprising a nationally representative data sample collected in 2014 and the Food Security Nutrition Surveillance Project (FSNSP) conducted in 2011 and 2012. Anthropometric indices were used to assess the nutritional status of mothers and under-five children...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879818/high-prevalence-of-voluntary-sterilization-among-american-women-explained-by-trade-offs-resulting-from-male-parental-commitment
#13
Kermyt G Anderson
Tubal ligation is the modal form of family planning among American women aged 30 and older. As the preference for tubal ligation over cheaper, lower risk and more reliable methods, such as vasectomy, has puzzled experts, a theoretical approach that explains this preference would be useful. The present study investigates the high prevalence of voluntary sterilization among American women from the perspective of life history theory, arguing that the trade-offs between investing in current and future offspring will favour tubal ligation when women cannot obtain reliable male commitment to future parental investment...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160195/political-boundary-versus-social-context-dynamics-of-socioeconomic-differentials-in-fertility-in-indian-states
#14
Dharma Arunachalam, Kannan Navaneetham, Walter Forrest
Using data from India's first (1992-93) and third (2005-06) National Family Health Surveys (NFHS-I and NFHS-III) this study examined the fertility differentials between major social groups and the extent to which these varied between states and over time. The analysis was based on a sample of 54,030 and 55,369 currently married women aged 15-34 in the NFHS-I and NFHS-III respectively. Reported parity and desired family size were used to assess variations in fertility behaviour. The results show that interstate variation in childbearing patterns within social groups was at least as high as, if not higher than, variation between states (net of other influences) in both periods, 1992-93 and 2005-06...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160194/social-determinants-of-low-fertility-in-brazil
#15
Helena Cruz Castanheira, Hans-Peter Kohler
An increasing number of developing countries are experiencing below replacement fertility rates. Although the factors associated with low fertility in developed countries have been widely explored in the literature, studies of low fertility in middle- and low-income countries continue to be rare. To help fill this gap, Brazil was used as a case study to assess whether human development, gender equality and the ability of mothers with young children to work are associated with the likelihood of married or cohabiting women to have a child...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160193/fertility-transition-in-sri-lanka-is-it-a-temporary-phenomenon
#16
E L Sunethra J Perera
This paper examines the fertility transition and its recent dynamics in Sri Lanka using data from Demographic and Health Surveys and Population Censuses. Fertility trends and patterns were analysed for two periods: 1953-2000 and 2000-2012. The findings revealed that Sri Lanka's fertility transition has been relatively rapid and has taken place over a period of about four decades to reach replacement level. Social and health-related factors, including decline in maternal and infant mortality, increase in women's education, changes in institutions, reproductive values and behaviour, and increased contraceptive use all contributed to bringing down the fertility level by 2000...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160192/sibship-size-and-young-women-s-transitions-to-adulthood-in-india
#17
K G Santhya, A J Francis Zavier
In India, a substantial proportion of young people are growing up in smaller families with fewer siblings than earlier generations of young people. Studies exploring the associations between declines in sibship size and young people's life experiences are limited. Drawing on data from a sub-nationally representative study conducted in 2006-08 of over 50,000 youths in India, this paper examines the associations between surviving sibship size and young women's (age 20-24) transitions to adulthood. Young women who reported no or a single surviving sibling were categorized as those with a small surviving sibship size, and those who reported two or more surviving siblings as those with a large surviving sibship size...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160191/small-family-norms-and-family-well-being-in-indonesia-2006-2014
#18
S Sujarwoto
This study examines the consequences of the universalization of small family norms in Indonesia for family well-being over the past decade (2006-2014) using contrasting views of Malthusian theory. Data came from Indonesia's 2006-2014 Socio-Economic Survey (Susenas) conducted by Indonesia's Bureau of Statistics and from official statistics. The survey covered 2.3 million households in 483 districts of the country. The findings show a steady small family ratio and an increase in family well-being over this period...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160190/far-below-replacement-fertility-in-urban-china
#19
Zhongwei Zhao, Qinzi Xu, Xin Yuan
China's urban population has experienced rapid fertility decline over the past six decades. This drastic change will have a significant impact on China's demographic, social and economic future. However, the patterns and characteristics of urban China's fertility decline have not been systematically examined. This study analyses the trends and age patterns of fertility in urban China since the 1950s, and summarizes the major characteristics of reproductive behaviours into four 'lows': extremely 'low' level of fertility; 'low' proportion of two and higher parity births; 'low' mean age at birth; and 'low' level of childlessness...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160189/after-fertility-s-nadir-ethnic-differentials-in-parity-specific-behaviours-in-kyrgyzstan
#20
Thomas Spoorenberg
After a swift decline in the 1990s, the countries of Central Asia have experienced significant fertility increases over the last 15 years. These fertility upturns have remained off the radar of demographers. This study examines the recent fertility increase in Kyrgyzstan, focusing on fertility development by parity and among the main ethnic groups, in order to go beyond classic fertility indicators and national averages. Using a sample from the 2009 Census micro-dataset, sibling progression ratios were computed using information on the relationships and dates of birth of children under the age of 15...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
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