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Equine Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224670/genomics-and-genetics-a-daily-double-for-the-horse-industry
#1
EDITORIAL
M F Rothschild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132404/right-ventricular-function-during-acute-exacerbation-of-severe-equine-asthma
#2
A Decloedt, H Borowicz, M Slowikowska, K Chiers, G van Loon, A Niedzwiedz
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension has been described in horses with severe equine asthma but its effect on the right ventricle has not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate right ventricular structure and function after a one-week period of pulmonary hypertension secondary to acute exacerbation of severe equine asthma. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: A clinical episode of severe equine asthma was induced experimentally in six susceptible horses...
January 28, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128875/an-ultrasound-guided-tendon-sparing-lateral-approach-to-injection-of-the-navicular-bursa
#3
K Nottrott, C De Guio, A Khairoun, M Schramme
BACKGROUND: Navicular disease in the horse often requires injection of the navicular bursa. We have developed an ultrasound-guided, lateral needle approach to navicular bursocentesis, which avoids penetration of the deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) and the need for radiographic control. OBJECTIVES: To describe and evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of an ultrasound-guided, lateral bursocentesis technique. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric and in vivo experiments...
January 27, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128873/long-term-follow-up-of-norwegian-horses-affected-with-acquired-equine-polyneuropathy
#4
S Hanche-Olsen, C Kielland, C F Ihler, K Hultin Jäderlund
BACKGROUND: Acquired equine polyneuropathy, a neurologic disease clinically characterised by knuckling of metatarsophalangeal joints, has been described in numerous Nordic horses during the last 20 years. Although clinical recovery has been reported, large-scale data on long-term follow-up of survivors has been lacking. OBJECTIVES: To describe long-term survival of acquired equine polyneuropathy affected horses registered in Norway, with a focus on athletic performance and possible residual clinical signs connected to the disease...
January 27, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128865/modelling-the-effect-of-race-surface-and-racehorse-limb-parameters-on-in-silico-fetlock-motion-and-propensity-for-injury
#5
J E Symons, D A Hawkins, D P Fyhrie, S K Upadhyaya, S M Stover
BACKGROUND: The metacarpophalangeal joint (fetlock) is the most commonly affected site of racehorse injury, with multiple observed pathologies that are consistent with extreme fetlock dorsiflexion. Race surface mechanics affect musculoskeletal structure loading and injury risk because surface forces applied to the hoof affect limb motions. Race surface mechanics are a function of controllable factors. Thus, race surface design has the potential to reduce the incidence of musculoskeletal injury through modulation of limb motions...
January 27, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118491/the-association-between-exercise-induced-pulmonary-haemorrhage-and-race-day-performance-in-thoroughbred-racehorses
#6
E J Crispe, G D Lester, C J Secombe, D I Perera
BACKGROUND: Exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) is commonly implicated as a cause of poor athletic performance but there is limited and conflicting evidence for this association. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if EIPH, based on endoscopic examination after racing, is associated with a variety of novel and established performance parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational cross sectional study. METHODS: Thoroughbred racehorses competing between 2012-2015 were examined on-course no earlier than 30 minutes after racing...
January 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117490/the-effects-of-dose-and-diet-on-the-pharmacodynamics-of-esomeprazole-in-the-horse
#7
B W Sykes, C Underwood, P C Mills
BACKGROUND: Esomeprazole warrants further investigation as a treatment for Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the duration of intra-day acid suppression achieved with two doses of esomeprazole under two dietary conditions. STUDY DESIGN: A 4-way cross-over design. METHODS: Six adult Thoroughbreds instrumented with percutaneous gastrotomy tubes were used. Intra-gastric pH was measured for continuous 23 hour periods (8...
January 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117488/a-simple-method-for-equine-kinematic-gait-event-detection
#8
D Holt, L B St George, H M Clayton, S J Hobbs
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have validated methods for determining kinematic gait events using threshold-based methods, however a simple method is yet to be identified that can be successfully applied to walk, trot and canter. OBJECTIVES: To develop a simple kinematic method to identify the timing of hoof-on, peak vertical force and hoof-off, which can be applied to walk, trot and canter. STUDY DESIGN: In-vivo method authentication study...
January 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106925/clinical-study-evaluating-the-accuracy-of-injecting-the-distal-tarsal-joints-in-the-horse
#9
K A Seabaugh, K T Selberg, P O E Mueller, R B Eggleston, J F Peroni, K M Claunch, H J Markwell, G M Baxter
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the centrodistal (CD) and tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints is a common cause of lameness in horses. Intra-articular diagnostic anaesthesia and/or therapeutic injection are relied upon to help diagnose and treat many horses with OA of these joints. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of arthrocentesis of the CD and TMT joints using a sample population of equine surgeons and surgery residents. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised experimental study...
January 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097685/cartilage-oligomeric-matrix-protein-comp-neo-epitope-in-the-synovial-fluid-of-horses-with-acute-lameness-a-new-biomarker-for-the-early-stages-of-osteoarthritis
#10
E Skiöldebrand, S Ekman, L MattssonHultén, E Svala, K Björkman, A Lindahl, A Lundqvist, P Önnerfjord, C Sihlbom, U Rüetschi
BACKGROUND: Clinical tools to diagnose the early changes of osteoarthritis (OA) that occur in the articular cartilage are lacking. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify and quantify a novel cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) neo-epitope in the synovial fluid from the joints of healthy horses and those with different stages of OA. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro quantitative proteomics and assay development with application in synovial fluids samples obtained from biobanks of well-characterised horses...
January 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083881/the-use-of-sonoelastography-to-assess-the-recovery-of-stiffness-after-equine-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-a-preliminary-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-the-healing-process
#11
N Tamura, T Nukada, T Kato, T Kuroda, Y Kotoyori, K Fukuda, Y Kasashima
BACKGROUND: The objective assessment of mechanical properties of superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) could provide useful information for rehabilitations of horses with SDFT injuries. The assessment of strain ratio (the strain of a standard reference divided by that of lesions) is a quantitative method in sonoelastography for evaluating tissue stiffness in vivo. As yet, no longitudinal studies have used strain ratio to evaluate the progression of stiffness in SDFT injuries. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that strain ratio can evaluate the recovery of stiffness during the healing of SDFT injuries...
January 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079926/fallen-stock-data-an-essential-source-of-information-for-quantitative-knowledge-of-equine-mortality-in-france
#12
J Tapprest, E Morignat, X Dornier, M Borey, P Hendrikx, B Ferry, D Calavas, C Sala
BACKGROUND: Quantitative information about equine mortality is relatively scarce, yet it could be of great value for epidemiological purposes. In France, data from rendering plants are centralised in the Fallen Stock Data Interchange database (FSDI), managed by the French Ministry of Agriculture, while individual equine data are centralised in the French equine census database, SIRE, managed by the French horse and riding institute (IFCE). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the combined use of the FSDI and the SIRE databases can provide representative and accurate quantitative information on mortality for the French equine population, and to propose enhancements of these databases to improve the quality of the resulting demographic information...
January 12, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078757/lamellar-events-related-to-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-signaling-in-two-models-relevant-to-endocrinopathic-laminitis
#13
H E Lane, T A Burns, O C Hegedus, M R Watts, P S Weber, K A Woltman, R J Geor, L J McCutcheon, S C Eades, L E Mathes, J K Belknap
BACKGROUND: Insulin dysregulation, obesity, and exposure to high-non structural carbohydrate (NSC) forage are risk factors for equine metabolic syndrome (EMS)-associated laminitis (EMSAL); high systemic insulin concentrations in EMSAL are proposed to induce cellular dysregulation in the digital lamellae through activation of the IGF-1 receptor. OBJECTIVES: To use a dietary challenge model (DCM) and a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp (EHC) model to assess lamellar growth factor-related signaling...
January 11, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063154/pharmacological-indices-and-pulmonary-distribution-of-rifampicin-after-repeated-oral-administration-in-healthy-foals
#14
S Berlin, A Kirschbaum, L Spieckermann, S Oswald, M Keiser, M Grube, M Venner, W Siegmund
BACKGROUND: The treatment of equine lung infections by R. equi with rifampicin is empirically based because pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) indices and pivotal clinical outcome data are not available. OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and pulmonary distribution into epithelial lining fluid (ELF) and bronchoalveolar lavage cells (BALC) to predict antimicrobial activity in the lung using PK/PD-indices. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, randomised, two-period, crossover, repeated-dose study with an initial arm to measure disposition after intravenous administration...
January 7, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052378/comparison-of-limb-kinematics-between-collected-and-lengthened-medium-extended-trot-in-two-groups-of-dressage-horses-on-two-different-surfaces
#15
V A Walker, C A Tranquille, J R Newton, S J Dyson, J Brandham, A J Northrop, R C Murray
BACKGROUND: Dressage horses are often asked to work in lengthened paces during training and competition, but to date there is limited information about the biomechanics of dressage-specific paces. Preliminary work has shown increased fetlock extension in extended compared with collected paces, but further investigation of the kinematic differences between collected, medium and extended trot in dressage horses is warranted. OBJECTIVES: Investigation of the effect of collected versus medium/extended trot on limb kinematics of dressage horses...
January 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995661/science-in-brief-equine-viral-hepatitis
#16
EDITORIAL
J D Ramsay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931081/presence-and-distribution-of-yeasts-in-the-reproductive-tract-of-healthy-female-horses
#17
A Azarvandi, A R Khosravi, H Shokri, M Talebkhan Garoussi, F Gharahgouzlou, G Vahedi, A Sharifzadeh
BACKGROUND: Yeasts are commensal organisms found in the reproductive and gastrointestinal tracts, and on the skin and other mucosa in mammals. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to isolate and identify the yeast flora in the caudal reproductive tract of healthy female horses. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: A total of 453 samples were collected using double guarded swabs from the vestibule, clitoral fossa and vagina of 151 horses...
December 8, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177154/science-in-brief-streptococcus-zooepidemicus-a-versatile-opportunistic-pathogen-that-hedges-its-bets-in-horses
#18
EDITORIAL
A S Waller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177153/strangles-a-modern-clinical-view-from-the-17th-century
#19
EDITORIAL
R Paillot, M R Lopez-Alvarez, J R Newton, A S Waller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177152/can-the-quality-and-clinical-relevance-of-equine-veterinary-journal-publications-be-improved-a-time-for-reflection-and-refinement
#20
EDITORIAL
W W Muir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
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