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Equine Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548349/head-withers-and-pelvic-movement-asymmetry-and-their-relative-timing-in-trot-in-racing-thoroughbreds-in-training
#1
T Pfau, K Noordwijk, M F Sepulveda Caviedes, E Persson-Sjodin, A Barstow, B Forbes, M Rhodin
BACKGROUND: Horses show compensatory head movement in hindlimb lameness and compensatory pelvis movement in forelimb lameness but little is known about the relationship of withers movement symmetry with head and pelvic asymmetry in horses with naturally occurring gait asymmetries. Objectives To document head, withers and pelvic movement asymmetry and timing differences in horses with naturally occurring gait asymmetries. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of gait data...
May 26, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543943/assessment-of-horse-owners-ability-to-recognise-equine-laminitis-a-cross-sectional-study-of-93-veterinary-diagnosed-cases-in-great-britain
#2
D Pollard, C E Wylie, K L P Verheyen, J R Newton
BACKGROUND: Use of owner-reported data could further epidemiological knowledge of equine laminitis. However, owner recognition of laminitis has not previously been assessed. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to establish whether cases of owner-suspected laminitis would be confirmed as laminitis by the attending veterinary surgeon. Secondary objectives were to compare owner- and veterinary-reported information from veterinary-confirmed cases of equine laminitis...
May 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543538/clinical-and-histopathological-features-of-myofibrillar-myopathy-in-warmblood-horses
#3
S J Valberg, A M Nicholson, S S Lewis, R A Reardon, C J Finno
BACKGROUND: To report a novel exertional myopathy, myofibrillar myopathy (MFM), in Warmblood horses. OBJECTIVES: To 1) describe the distinctive clinical and myopathic features of MFM in Warmblood horses, 2) investigate the potential inheritance of MFM in a Warmblood family. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective selection of MFM cases and prospective evaluation of a Warmblood family. METHODS: Retrospectively, muscle biopsies were selected from Warmblood horses diagnosed with MFM and clinical histories obtained (n = 10)...
May 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543410/the-diagnosis-of-equine-insulin-dysregulation
#4
REVIEW
F R Bertin, M A de Laat
Insulin dysregulation is the hallmark of Equine Metabolic Syndrome and has received attention because of its direct association with laminitis. In the absence of an adequate treatment for laminitis, a focus on prophylaxis is needed, making early detection of individuals at risk of developing laminitis one of the main challenges in equine endocrinology. Recent studies have shown that insulin dysregulation goes beyond tissue insulin resistance and it is now demonstrated that the equine enteroinsular axis plays a major role in insulin secretion and equine hyperinsulinaemia...
May 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517110/outcome-after-medical-and-surgical-intervention-in-horses-with-temporohyoid-osteoarthropathy
#5
P M Espinosa, J E Nieto, K E Estell, P H Kass, M Aleman
BACKGROUND: Temporohyoid osteoarthropathy (THO) is a cause of neurological disease in horses characterised by facial and vestibulocochlear nerve deficits. Studies reporting and comparing survival following medical or surgical treatment of THO are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To compare survival and prognosis of horses with THO treated medically or surgically; and to report surgical complications. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective. METHODS: Medical records of horses diagnosed with THO were retrieved, and signalment, clinical signs and duration, presence of corneal ulceration and bilateral occurrence were recorded...
May 18, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502090/successful-use-of-lipid-emulsion-to-resuscitate-a-foal-after-intravenous-lidocaine-induced-cardiovascular-collapse
#6
V Vieitez, I Á Gómez de Segura, M Martin-Cuervo, L Alfonso Gracia, L Javier Ezquerra
BACKGROUND: Lipid emulsion has been reported to be effective for the treatment of local anaesthetic overdoses in rats, dogs and humans. OBJECTIVES: To describe the successful treatment of cardiovascular lidocaine toxicity in a foal with intravenous lipid administration. STUDY DESIGN: Observational study: case report. METHODS: An 8-month-old Arabian cross foal was anaesthetised for removal of the right alar fold and nasal plate...
May 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480574/description-of-the-incidence-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-proximal-limb-and-pelvic-fracture-in-hong-kong-racehorses-2003-2014
#7
L McGlinchey, M J Hurley, C Riggs, S M Rosanowski
REASONS FOR PERFORMING THE STUDY: Few studies have described the incidence of proximal limb and pelvic fractures (PLPF) occurring in Thoroughbred racehorses on race-day and during training. There is limited information regarding clinical presentation and future racing career in PLPF cases. OBJECTIVES: Describe the incidence, clinical presentation and outcome of PLPF sustained by horses in racing and training at the Hong Kong Jockey Club (HKJC) between 2003 and 2014...
May 8, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470955/phenotypic-characterisation-of-cell-populations-in-the-brains-of-horses-experimentally-infected-with-west-nile-virus
#8
G H Delcambre, J Liu, W J Streit, G P J Shaw, K Vallario, J Herrington, N Wenzlow, K L Barr, M T Long
BACKGROUND: West Nile Virus (WNV), a mosquito borne member of the Flaviviridae, is one of the most commonly diagnosed agents of viral encephalitis in horses and people worldwide. OBJECTIVE: A cassette of markers for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue and an archive of tissues from experimental infections in the horse were used to investigate the equine neuroimmune response to WNV meningoencephalomyelitis to phenotype the early response to WNV infection in the horse...
May 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470857/effect-of-0-2-brimonidine-and-0-2-0-5-brimonidine-timolol-on-intraocular-pressure-and-pupil-size-in-normal-equine-eyes
#9
M VonZup, M Lassaline, P H Kass, P E Miller, S M Thomasy
BACKGROUND: Brimonidine is an alpha 2-adrenergic agonist that decreases aqueous humor production and may increase uveoscleral outflow. It has not been evaluated in normal or glaucomatous equine eyes. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the IOP-lowering efficacy and safety of brimonidine, alone and in conjunction with timolol, as a treatment for equine glaucoma by comparing IOP in normal equine eyes treated with brimonidine and brimonidine-timolol to control eyes. STUDY DESIGN: A balanced crossover design with 16 horses receiving one of two treatments, brimonidine and brimonidine-timolol, during each of two 10-day study phases, was used...
May 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470772/validation-of-the-ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-femoral-trochlea-epiphyseal-cartilage-in-foals-at-osteochondrosis-predilected-sites-with-mri-and-histology
#10
G Martel, C Forget, G Gilbert, H Richard, T Moser, J Olive, S Laverty
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive imaging tools are needed to screen foal femoropatellar joints to detect subclinical osteochondrosis lesions due to focal failure of endochondral ossification to enhance early management to optimise intrinsic healing events. Recently investigations employing 3T susceptibility-weighted MRI (3T SWI MRI) and CT have demonstrated their capacity for early osteochondrosis diagnosis, but these technologies are not practical for field screening. We postulate that ultrasonography is a valuable field tool for the detection of subclinical osteochondrosis lesions...
May 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445006/equine-atypical-myopathy-in-the-uk-epidemiological-characteristics-of-cases-reported-from-2011-to-2015-and-factors-associated-with-survival
#11
S González-Medina, J L Ireland, R J Piercy, J R Newton, D M Votion
BACKGROUND: Equine atypical myopathy (AM) is a toxic rhabdomyolysis associated with ingestion of hypoglycin A, derived typically in Europe, from Acer pseudoplatanus tree. Despite the wide distribution of this tree species in the UK, the number of cases reported annually varies, and there has been an apparent increase in prevalence in recent years. Although AM was first recognised in the UK, epidemiological studies have never been conducted focused solely on this country. OBJECTIVES: To describe the spatiotemporal distribution, presentation, treatment and outcome of AM cases reported in the UK...
April 26, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437035/the-association-between-oral-examination-findings-and-computed-tomographic-appearance-of-the-equine-temporomandibular-joint
#12
J L Carmalt, H Simhofer, A Bienert-Zeit, J E Rawlinson, C L Waldner
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) forms the junction between the maxilla and mandible. Movement of the jaw and resulting masticatory forces have been extensively studied in the horse; however, less is known about the inter-relationship between this joint and oral and dental pathology. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between specific oral and dental pathologies and anatomical variations of the TMJ imaged with computed tomography (CT) in horses with asymptomatic TMJs...
April 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432750/effects-of-feeding-two-rrr-%C3%AE-tocopherol-formulations-on-serum-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-muscle-%C3%AE-tocopherol-concentrations-in-horses-with-subclinical-vitamin-e-deficiency
#13
J C Brown, S J Valberg, M Hogg, C J Finno
BACKGROUND: Alpha-tocopherol (α-TP) supplementation is recommended for the prevention of various equine neuromuscular disorders. Formulations available include RRR-α-TP acetate powder and a more expensive but rapidly water-dispersible liquid RRR-α-TP (WD RRR-α-TP). No cost-effective means of rapidly increasing serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) α-TP with WD RRR-α-TP and then sustaining concentrations with RRR-α-TP acetate has yet been reported. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate serum, CSF and muscle α-TP concentrations in an 8-week dosing regimen in which horses were transitioned from WD RRR-α-TP to RRR-α-TP acetate...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432741/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-effects-of-two-omeprazole-formulations-on-stomach-ph-and-gastric-ulcer-scores
#14
S Raidal, F M Andrews, S G Nielsen, G Trope
REASONS FOR PERFORMING THE STUDY: Limited data are available on the relative pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of different omeprazole formulations. OBJECTIVES: To compare pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of a novel omeprazole formulation against a currently registered product. STUDY DESIGN: Masked two period, two treatment crossover. METHODS: Twelve clinically healthy horses were studied over two 6-day treatment periods...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#15
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and during lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407291/use-of-contrast-media-in-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-horses-techniques-adverse-events-and-opportunities
#16
REVIEW
B B Nelson, L R Goodrich, M F Barrett, M W Grinstaff, C E Kawcak
The use of contrast media in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasing in horses. These contrast-enhanced imaging techniques provide improved tissue delineation and evaluation, thereby expanding diagnostic capabilities. While generally considered safe, not all contrast media exhibit the same safety profiles. The safety of contrast media use and descriptions of adverse events occurring in horses are sparsely reported. This review summarises the reported evidence of contrast media use and adverse events that occur in horses, with added contribution from other veterinary species and studies in man for comparison...
April 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397996/preliminary-investigations-into-a-novel-long-acting-injectable-intra-muscular-formulation-of-omeprazole-in-the-horse
#17
B W Sykes, K Kathawala, Y Song, S Garg, S W Page, C Underwood, P C Mills
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Pilot investigations have suggested that a novel, long-acting, injectable, intra-muscular formulation of omeprazole (LA-OMEP) can induce acid suppression for up to 7 days following a single injection. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the pharmacodynamics and assess the clinical efficacy of the LA-OMEP formulation. STUDY DESIGN: Part A) A pharmacodynamic study; Part B) A pilot clinical trial. METHODS: Part A) Six adult, Thoroughbred horses with percutaneous gastrotomy tubes were used...
April 11, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391631/estimates-of-heritability-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-the-standardbred-racehorse
#18
M Kraus, P W Physick-Sheard, L F Brito, F S Schenkel
BACKGROUND: The number of Standardbred racehorses admitted to the Ontario Veterinary College Teaching Hospital (OVCTH, Guelph, Canada) for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been on the rise since the early 1990s. A small number of sires have been contributing to a large proportion of cases, indicating there may be a genetic predisposition to the arrhythmia in this breed. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine the heritability of AF in Standardbred horses and whether heritability of the arrhythmia differs across gaits and/or sexes...
April 9, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323361/heart-rate-variability-parameters-in-horses-distinguish-atrial-fibrillation-from-sinus-rhythm-before-and-after-successful-electrical-cardioversion
#19
B Broux, D De Clercq, A Decloedt, S Ven, L Vera, G van Steenkiste, K Mitchell, C Schwarzwald, G van Loon
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common pathological arrhythmia in horses. After successful treatment, recurrence is common. Heart rate monitors are easily applicable in horses and some devices offer basic heart rate variability (HRV) calculations. If HRV can be used to distinguish between AF and sinus rhythm (SR), this could become a monitoring tool for horses at risk for recurrence of AF. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether in horses AF (before cardioversion) and SR (after cardioversion) can be differentiated based upon HRV parameters...
March 21, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323357/characterisation-of-clotting-factors-anticoagulant-protein-activities-and-viscoelastic-analysis-in-healthy-donkeys
#20
A Perez-Ecija, F J Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated differences in commonly measured hemostatic parameters between donkeys and horses. Whether clotting factors, anticoagulant protein activities and thromboelastography parameters also differ between species is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: To characterize hemostatic parameters in healthy donkeys and compare them to those of horses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Clotting Factors (V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI and XII), and antithrombin III, Protein C and Protein S activities were measured in 80 healthy Andalusian and crossbred donkeys and 40 healthy Andalusian crossbred horses with assays based on human deficient plasmas...
March 21, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
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