journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Equine Veterinary Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053900/hair-coat-properties-of-donkeys-mules-and-horses-in-a-temperate-climate
#1
B Osthaus, L Proops, S Long, N Bell, K Hayday, F Burden
BACKGROUND: There are clear differences between donkeys and horses in their evolutionary history, physiology, behaviour and husbandry needs. Donkeys are often kept in climates they are not adapted to and as such may suffer impaired welfare unless protection from the elements is provided. OBJECTIVES: To compare some of the hair coat properties of donkeys, mules and horses living outside, throughout the year, in the temperate climate of the UK. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study...
October 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053883/pharmacokinetics-of-inorganic-cobalt-and-a-vitamin-b12-supplement-in-the-thoroughbred-horse-differentiating-cobalt-abuse-from-supplementation
#2
L L Hillyer, Z Ridd, S Fenwick, P Hincks, S W Paine
BACKGROUND: Whilst cobalt is an essential micronutrient for vitamin B12 synthesis in the horse, at supra-physiological concentrations it has been shown to enhance performance in humans and rats and there is evidence that its administration in high doses to horses poses a welfare threat. Animal sport regulators currently control cobalt abuse via international race day thresholds, but since cobalt may be present in physiological concentrations this work was initiated to explore means of potentially adding to application of those thresholds...
October 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044706/expression-of-inflammatory-and-structural-matrix-genes-in-synovial-fluid-following-intra-articular-administration-of-isoflupredone-acetate-to-exercised-horses
#3
H K Knych, L Harrison, N Chouicha, P H Kass
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular use of corticosteroids is commonplace in performance horses. Isoflupredone acetate (IPA) is one of four Food and Drug Administration approved corticosteroids for intra-articular use in horses. The lack of published reports describing the efficacy and duration of effects of this drug warrant further study. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of intra-articular administration of IPA on the expression of selected anti and pro inflammatory and structural matrix genes following intra-articular administration to exercised Thoroughbred horses and to correlate these effects with drug concentrations...
October 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044678/preliminary-investigation-of-orally-administered-benazepril-in-horses-with-left-sided-valvular-regurgitation
#4
T Afonso, S Giguère, S A Brown, M H Barton, G Rapoport, M Barba, K A Dembek, R E Toribio, A E Coleman
BACKGROUND: Despite the paucity of data available, orally administered angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are empirically used in horses with valvular regurgitation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the echocardiographic and hormonal changes in response to oral benazepril in horses with left-sided valvular regurgitation. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Horses with mitral valve (MR) and/or aortic valve regurgitation (AR) received oral benazepril (n = 6) at a dosage of 1 mg/kg q 12h or a placebo (n = 5) for 28 days...
October 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044618/ultrasonographic-screening-for-subclinical-osteochondrosis-of-the-femoral-trochlea-in-foals-28-166-days-old-a-prospective-farm-study
#5
G Martel, D Crowley, J Olive, J Halley, S Laverty
BACKGROUND: Extensive osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) lesions of the lateral ridge of the trochlea of the femur (LRTF), the most common OCD- affected site in the stifle, have a poor outcome with surgical debridement and can be career ending. The early detection of osteochondrosis lesions and their conservative management holds the promise to enhance outcome. We hypothesise that ultrasonography is a valuable field screening tool to detect and monitor early subclinical LRTF osteochondrosis...
October 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044680/effects-of-three-blood-derived-products-on-equine-corneal-cells-an-in-vitro-study
#6
J O Rushton, E Kammergruber, A Tichy, M Egerbacher, B Nell, S Gabner
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in therapy of corneal ulcerative diseases in horses, a vast number of cases require surgical intervention, due to poor response to treatment. Topical application of serum has been used for many years, based on its anti-collagenolytic properties and the presence of growth factors promoting corneal wound healing. However, although other blood derived products i.e. platelet rich plasma (PRP), plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) have been widely used in equine orthopaedics and in human ophthalmology, no reports of the effects of these blood derived products exist in equine ophthalmology...
October 16, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034501/influence-of-dental-materials-on-cells-of-the-equine-periodontium
#7
H Ringeisen, A Pöschke, B Krähling, C Schröck, M Stoll, J Vogelsberg, K Failing, C Staszyk
BACKGROUND: Therapy for equine periodontal disease can include filling of the periodontal pockets and widened interproximal spaces. Recommended dental materials are generally adopted from human dentistry. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the biocompatibility of dental materials for equine periodontal fillings in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro experiments. METHODS: Four different dental materials (PeriCare(®) , Provicol(®) , Calxyl(®) and Honigum) were tested on equine periodontal fibroblasts...
October 16, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032614/quantification-of-the-effect-of-instrumentation-error-in-objective-gait-assessment-in-the-horse-on-hindlimb-symmetry-parameters
#8
F M Serra Bragança, M Rhodin, T Wiestner, E Hernlund, T Pfau, P R van Weeren, M A Weishaupt
BACKGROUND: Objective gait-analysis is becoming more popular as a tool assisting veterinarians during the clinical lameness exam. At present, there is only limited information on the effect of misplacement of markers/motion-sensors. OBJECTIVES: To investigate and describe the effect of marker misplacement on commonly calculated pelvic symmetry parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study. METHODS: Each horse was equipped with custom-made devices consisting of several reflective markers arranged in a predefined manner with a reference marker correctly positioned regarding the anatomical landmark and several misplaced markers along the sagittal and transverse planes...
October 15, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032573/protein-biomarkers-of-cell-proliferation-determine-prognosis-in-cases-of-equine-large-colon-volvulus
#9
C R Kucera, L W Stranahan, F Hughes, A T Blikslager, L M Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Progenitor cells play critical roles in epithelial repair following ischaemic injury. Protein biomarkers have been used to identify intestinal progenitor cell subpopulations. This study aims to determine if a critical number of intestinal progenitor cells can predict tissue viability and survival to discharge of large colon volvulus (LCV) cases. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to (1) identify intestinal progenitor cell subpopulations using biomarkers: proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), sex determining region Y box 9 (SOX9), phospho-histone H3 (PHH3), and Ki-67, (2) define cutoff values for critical numbers of positive cells and (3) determine if survival to discharge is associated with cutoff values...
October 15, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023952/pharmacokinetics-and-electrophysiological-effects-of-sotalol-hydrochloride-in-horses
#10
B Broux, D De Clercq, A Decloedt, L Vera, M Devreese, R Gehring, S Croubels, G van Loon
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmias in horses may require long term anti-arrhythmic therapy. Unfortunately, oral anti-arrhythmic drugs for use in horses are currently scarce. In human patients and small animals, sotalol, a β-blocker with class III anti-arrhythmic properties, is often used for long-term treatment. OBJECTIVES: To determine the pharmacokinetics of sotalol at multiple oral dosages in unfasted horses, as well as the effects on electro- and echocardiographic measurements, right atrial and ventricular monophasic action potential (MAP) and effective refractory period (ERP)...
October 10, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976034/comparison-of-two-blood-sampling-techniques-for-the-determination-of-coagulation-parameters-in-the-horse-jugular-venipuncture-and-indwelling-intravenous-catheter
#11
C J Mackenzie, C M McGowan, G Pinchbeck, H B Carslake
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of coagulation status is an important component of critical care. Ongoing monitoring of coagulation status in hospitalised horses has previously been via serial venipuncture due to concerns that sampling directly from the intravenous catheter (IVC) may alter the accuracy of the results. Adverse effects such as patient anxiety and trauma to the sampled vessel could be avoided by the use of an indwelling IVC for repeat blood sampling. OBJECTIVES: To compare coagulation parameters from blood obtained by jugular venipuncture with IVC sampling in critically ill horses...
October 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976020/50-years-of-recurring-struggles-with-recurrent-laryngeal-neuropathy
#12
REVIEW
E J Parente
Recurrent laryngeal neuropathy appears to be a simple problem that should have a simple solution, yet the complexity and dynamic nature of laryngeal function is underappreciated. This review highlights the challenges and accomplishments that work toward that greater understanding of what is necessary to find a successful solution. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
October 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971522/half-a-century-of-equine-reproduction-research-and-application-a-veterinary-tour-de-force
#13
REVIEW
Twink W R Allen, S Wilsher
Over the past 50 years, pregnancy rates in Thoroughbred mares have risen from 70 to >90% and foaling rates from 55 to >80%. Some of the significant pharmacological treatments and diagnostic methods which have driven this marked improvement in breeding efficiency are reviewed. They include the application of artificial lighting to hasten the onset of ovulatory oestrous cyclicity in early Spring, rapid steroid hormone assays to aid in determining the stage and normality of the mare's cycle, prostaglandin analogues, synthetic progestagens and Gonadotrophin-releasing Hormone (GnRH) analogues to better control and manipulate her cycle to good effect, transrectal ultrasound scanning to monitor follicle growth, endometrial architecture and ovulation and to allow accurate, early pregnancy diagnosis thereby enabling successful ablation of one of twin conceptuses...
October 3, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963763/placental-alterations-in-structure-and-function-in-intra-uterine-growth-retarded-horses
#14
M Robles, P M Peugnet, S A Valentino, C Dubois, M Dahirel, M-C Aubrière, F Reigner, D Serteyn, L Wimel, A Tarrade, P Chavatte-Palmer
BACKGROUND: Following embryo transfer (ET), the size and breed of the recipient mare can affect fetal development and subsequent postnatal growth rate and insulin sensitivity in foals. OBJECTIVES: To investigate placental adaptation in pregnancies where increased or restricted fetal growth was induced through ET between Pony, Saddlebred and Draught horses. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo experiment. METHODS: Control Pony (P, n = 21) and Saddlebred (S, n = 28) pregnancies were obtained by artificial insemination...
September 30, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963734/effectiveness-of-furosemide-in-attenuating-exercise-induced-pulmonary-haemorrhage-in-horses-when-administered-at-4-and-24-hours-prior-to-high-speed-training
#15
H K Knych, W D Wilson, A Vale, P H Kass, R M Arthur, J H Jones
BACKGROUND: Due to the high prevalence of EIPH in racehorses and its potential impact on the horse's health, furosemide administration is permitted up to 4-h prior to post time in most North American racing jurisdictions. Anecdotal reports suggest that administration of furosemide 24-h prior to strenuous exercise may be equally effective in decreasing the severity of EIPH. OBJECTIVES: (1) compare the efficacy of furosemide in reducing the presence and severity of EIPH when administered 4 or 24-h prior to strenuous exercise (2) characterise electrolyte and blood parameters following administration of furosemide at 4- and 24-h prior to exercise...
September 30, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898439/evaluation-of-the-use-of-midazolam-as-a-co-induction-agent-with-ketamine-for-anaesthesia-in-sedated-ponies-undergoing-field-castration
#16
A Allison, R Robinson, C Jolliffe, P M Taylor
BACKGROUND: There are limited investigations comparing ketamine to a ketamine-midazolam co-induction. OBJECTIVES: To compare quality and safety of general anaesthesia induced using ketamine alone with anaesthesia co-induced using ketamine and midazolam. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised, double blinded, placebo controlled trial. METHODS: After i.v. detomidine (20 μg/kg) thirty-eight ponies undergoing field castration received either 0...
September 12, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886223/open-standing-castration-in-thoroughbred-racehorses-in-hong-kong-prevalence-and-severity-of-complications-30-days-post-castration
#17
S Rosanowski, F MacEoin, R J T Y Graham, C M Riggs
BACKGROUND: Complications following open standing castration (OSC) in Thoroughbred racehorses are well recognised but variation in their prevalence and severity between populations is not well documented. OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence and severity of complications in the 30-days following OSC. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of veterinary clinical records relating to horses that underwent OSC between July 2007 and July 2012...
September 8, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884864/a-systematic-literature-search-to-identify-performance-measure-outcomes-used-in-clinical-studies-of-racehorses
#18
C E Wylie, J R Newton
BACKGROUND: Racing performance is often used as a measurable outcome variable in research studies investigating clinical diagnoses or interventions. However, the use of many different performance measures largely precludes conduct of meaningful comparative studies and, to date, those being used have not been collated. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the veterinary scientific literature for the use of racing performance as a measurable outcome variable in clinical studies of racehorses, collate and identify those most popular, and identify their advantages and disadvantages...
September 8, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857286/proximal-suspensory-desmopathy-in-hindlimbs-magnetic-resonance-imaging-gross-post-mortem-and-histological-study
#19
S Dyson, M J Pinilla, N Bolas, R Murray
BACKGROUND: There have been no previous studies correlating high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings with gross and histological post-mortem examination in horses with hindlimb proximal suspensory desmopathy (PSD). OBJECTIVES: To determine if adhesions between the suspensory ligament (SL) and adjacent tissues could be detected using high-field MRI and if collagen, adipose tissue and muscle pathology could be differentiated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study...
August 30, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833497/biomechanical-testing-of-the-calcified-metacarpal-articular-surface-and-its-association-with-subchondral-bone-microstructure-in-thoroughbred-racehorses
#20
A Williamson, N A Sims, C D L Thomas, P V S Lee, M Stevenson, R C Whitton
BACKGROUND: Palmar/plantar osteochondral disease (POD) and third metacarpal/-tarsal condylar fractures are considered fatigue injuries of subchondral bone (SCB) and calcified cartilage due to repetitive high loads in racehorses. In combination with adaptive changes in SCB in response to race training, the accumulation of SCB fatigue is likely to result in changes of joint surface mechanical properties. OBJECTIVES: To determine the spatial relationship and correlation of calcified articular surface biomechanical properties with SCB microstructure and training history in the distal palmar metacarpal condyle of Thoroughbred racehorses...
August 21, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
journal
journal
22059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"