Read by QxMD icon Read

Equine Veterinary Journal

E Bailey, C Finno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
D Pollard, C E Wylie, J R Newton, K L P Verheyen
BACKGROUND: Previous robust epidemiological studies of equine laminitis have utilised only veterinary-diagnosed episodes of disease, potentially underestimating true disease frequency. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of, and describe clinical signs associated with, owner-reported active laminitis in horses/ponies, using both veterinary-diagnosed and non-veterinary-diagnosed episodes. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort. METHODS: Data were collected from horse/pony owners in Great Britain between August 2014 and December 2016 using a web-based application...
December 5, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
M Gozalo-Marcilla, A Rodrigues de Oliveira, M Werneck Fonseca, F Sossai Possebon, L Pelligand, P M Taylor, S P Loureiro Luna
BACKGROUND: Standing surgery avoids the risks of general anaesthesia in horses. OBJECTIVES: To assess sedation, antinociception and gastrointestinal motility in standing horses after a detomidine loading dose and 2-hours constant rate intravenous (i.v.) infusion, with or without methadone. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, randomised, crossover with seven healthy adult cross-bred horses, three geldings and four females (404 ± 22 kg). METHODS: Five i...
November 28, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
L Pezzanite, L Bass, C Kawcak, L Goodrich, V Moorman
BACKGROUND: Lameness can be multifactorial and may result from the accumulation of multiple seemingly unrelated causes. The identification of factors associated with lameness could be one method to decrease incidence of lameness and prolong the equine athlete's competitive life. OBJECTIVES: To determine if there is an association between hoof balance in the sagittal plane and hindlimb lameness. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Eighty client-owned horses with hindlimb lameness (cases) and 80 horses with no detectable hindlimb lameness (controls) were prospectively enrolled following lameness evaluation as either cases (lameness localised with regional anaesthesia) or controls (no hindlimb lameness)...
November 25, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
E M Norton, N E Schultz, A K Rendahl, R J Geor, J R Mickelson, M E McCue
BACKGROUND: Equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) is a complex clinical disorder with both environmental and genetic factors contributing to EMS phenotypes. Estimates of heritability determine the proportion of variation in a trait that is attributable to genetics. OBJECTIVES: To provide heritability estimates for nine metabolic traits associated with EMS in two high-risk breeds. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: High-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotype data was used to estimate the heritability (h2 SNP ) of nine metabolic traits relevant to EMS in a cohort of 264 Welsh ponies and 286 Morgan horses...
November 25, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
K Kusano, Y Minamijima, S Mashita, H Kunii, S Yamashita, S Nagata
BACKGROUND: Repeated topical application of indomethacin is common in Japanese racehorses, despite the lack of pharmacokinetic data. OBJECTIVES: To determine the concentrations of indomethacin and its metabolite desmethylindomethacin in plasma and urine of Thoroughbreds topically treated repeatedly with indomethacin. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo experimental. METHODS: Seven female Thoroughbreds were topically treated 50 g of 1% indomethacin cream per horse to the back and hips (500 mg of indomethacin/head/2400 cm2 , 0...
November 25, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
H Harðardóttir, P J Murison, K Blissitt, S Olason, R E Clutton
BACKGROUND: Ketamine at 2.2 mg/kg given i.v. is often used to induce anaesthesia for surgical procedures in horses under field conditions. Commonly, additional doses are needed to complete the surgery. We hypothesised that surgical conditions would be improved when 5 mg/kg of ketamine was used to induce anaesthesia, while induction and recovery qualities would not differ from those when 2.2 mg/kg ketamine was used. OBJECTIVE: To compare the anaesthetic effects of two ketamine doses (5 mg/kg and 2...
November 24, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
J M Gilbertie, J L Davis, G S Davidson, A M McDonald, J M Schirmer, L V Schnabel
BACKGROUND: Reserpine is a popular drug in the equine industry for long-term tranquilisation. Clinical observations revealed that blood from horses receiving oral reserpine was hypercoagulable. No studies have documented the pharmacokinetics of orally administered reserpine nor the effects of reserpine on platelets in horses. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of oral reserpine in horses and the effects of clinically relevant concentrations of reserpine on platelet functionality in vitro...
November 22, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
J Peters-Kennedy, C E Lange, S L Rine, R P Hackett
BACKGROUND: Equus caballus papillomavirus 8, a recently discovered virus, has been reported to cause generalised papillomavirus in horses OBJECTIVES: To describe a case in which multiple viral plaques, viral papillomas, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in situ and invasive squamous cell carcinoma (ISCC) were associated with EcPV8 in a horse. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: A 16-year-old mixed breed horse presented with dozens of raised crusted papular to nodular lesions over the course of 4 years...
November 19, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
S Pratt, A Cunneen, N Perkins, T Farry, L Kidd, M McEwen, J Rainger, G Truchetti, W Goodwin
BACKGROUND: There is no information directly comparing midazolam with guaifenesin when used in combination with an alpha-2 agonist and ketamine to maintain anaesthesia via intravenous (i.v.) infusion in horses. OBJECTIVES: To compare ketamine-medetomidine-guaifenesin with ketamine-medetomidine-midazolam for total intravenous anaesthesia in young horses anaesthetised for computerised tomography. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomised, blinded, crossover trial...
November 19, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
R E Ellerbrock, I F Canisso, P J Roady, L T Rothrock, L Zhong, P Wilkins, L Dirikolu, F S Lima, J Honoroto
BACKGROUND: In select cases, enrofloxacin may be an alternative antibacterial agent to treat unresponsive infections in pregnant mares. Supratherapeutic doses of enrofloxacin are toxic to adult horses and also to newborn foals, however, it is unknown if enrofloxacin crosses the equine placenta or if it is toxic to the foetus. OBJECTIVES: To assess the diffusion of enrofloxacin and its metabolite to foetal fluids and its effects on foetal cartilage when administered to pregnant mares...
November 18, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
M K Sheats, K Royal, A Kedrowicz
BACKGROUND: Veterinarians often provide supplemental healthcare information to horse owners via newsletters and website articles. However, articles written above the reading level of the intended audience contributes to misunderstanding. To ensure that the text in equine healthcare articles and brochures is consistent with the literacy of clients, veterinarians can adopt guidelines set forth by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) for a target 6th grade readability level...
November 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
S Wilsher, F Rigali, G Couto, S Camargo, W R Allen
BACKGROUND: Historically, cryopreservation of equine embryos >300 μm gave poor pregnancy rates until researchers collapsed the blastocoele cavity and aspirated the blastocoele fluid prior to vitrification. OBJECTIVE: To determine if aspiration of the blastocoele fluid prior to vitrification is essential for post warming survival. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo experiments. METHODS: Fifty embryos were recovered on Day 7-8 and washed in holding medium (HM; M-199HEPES + 20% FBS + antibiotics)...
November 12, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
I Elsohaby, C B Riley, J T McClure
BACKGROUND: Neonatal foals with failure of transfer of passive immunity (FTPI) are at higher risk of morbidity and mortality. Successful treatment of FTPI is time-dependent, thus rapid and accurate measurement of serum IgG concentration is important for the management and care of neonatal foals. OBJECTIVES: To validate the use of digital and optical refractometers for assessing FTPI in neonatal foals and compare the diagnostic performance and level of agreement of the two refractometers to the reference standard radial immunodiffusion (RID) assay...
November 12, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
R Horn, N J Bamford, T Afonso, M Sutherland, J Buckerfield, R H H Tan, C J Secombe, A J Stewart, F R Bertin
BACKGROUND: Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is a commonly described endocrine disorder in higher latitudes of the Northern hemisphere but the description of the disease at lower latitudes and in the Southern hemisphere is limited. OBJECTIVES: Document the clinical features of PPID at different Australian latitudes and climates, and investigate factors associated with survival, laminitis and insulin dysregulation (ID). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study of 274 equids from 8 institutions across Australia...
November 12, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
C Hodgson, G Pinchbeck
BACKGROUND: Despite the regularity with which castration is performed, the types of complications and current best practice are unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to perform a prospective audit of routine equine castrations performed in general practice to determine complication rates and factors associated with them. STUDY DESIGN: Multicentre, prospective audit of castrations. METHODS: Data on castrations were collected on the day of surgery from 18 veterinary practices; 30-days post-operatively follow-up was obtained and complications recorded...
October 26, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
S Mejia-Pereira, A Perez-Ecija, B R Buchanan, R E Toribio, F J Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Endocrine disorders are common in donkeys. Pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) is thought to be a frequent disturbance in donkeys due to their longevity. However, information on PPID dynamic testing in donkeys is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the previously described guidelines for PPID diagnosis in horses in donkeys with suspicion of PPID. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. METHODS: Eighty donkeys were evaluated for PPID suspicion based on clinical signs and baseline ACTH concentrations...
October 26, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
C Rückert, I Emmerich, R Hertzsch, I Vervuert
BACKGROUND: Pyrrolizidine alkaloids are secondary plant metabolites with hepatotoxic effect in humans and several animal species. In recent studies, foods such as herbal teas and honey have been found to be contaminated with pyrrolizidine alkaloids. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify and assess pyrrolizidine alkaloids in compound feeds manufactured for horses and containing either alfalfa or a blend of herbs. METHODS: Forty-eight feed products for horses were included in the study...
October 24, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
R F Cook, M Barrandeguy, P-Y A Lee, C-F Tsai, Y-H Shen, Y-L Tsai, H-F G Chang, H-T T Wang, U B R Balasuriya
BACKGROUND: Control of equine infectious anaemia (EIA) currently depends on serological diagnosis of infected equids. However, recently infected equids may not produce detectable anti-EIAV antibodies up to 157 days post infection and so present a high transmission risk. Therefore, direct nucleic acid detection methods are urgently needed to improve EIAV surveillance and management programs in counties where the disease is endemic. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a field-deployable, reverse transcription-insulated isothermal PCR (RT-iiPCR) assay targeting the conserved 5' untranslated region (5' UTR)/exon 1 of the tat gene of EIAV...
October 24, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
M Gozalo-Marcilla, S P L Luna, R Moreira da Silva, N Crosignani, N P Lopes, P M Taylor, L Pelligand
BACKGROUND: Pharmacokinetic (PK)/pharmacodynamic (PD) modelling offers new insights to design protocols for sedation and analgesia in standing horses. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the parameters and interactions between detomidine and methadone when given alone or combined in standing horses. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised, placebo-controlled, blinded, crossover. METHODS: Eight adult healthy horses were given six treatments intravenously: saline (SAL); detomidine (5 μg/kg bwt; DET); methadone (0...
October 8, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"