Read by QxMD icon Read

Equine Veterinary Journal

A J Fairburn, E Busschers, A R S Barr
BACKGROUND: Suspensory ligament branch (SLB) desmopathy is a common cause of lameness and an important cause of lost training in the Thoroughbred racing industry. Studies have assessed the significance of insertional injuries of the SLB on the careers of flat racehorses and established the prevalence of subclinical ultrasonographic abnormalities of the SLB in this population but there is little work looking at SLB injury in National Hunt racehorses. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of subclinical ultrasonographic abnormalities of the SLB in National Hunt racehorses with no clinical signs or history of SLB injury and establish the cross sectional area (CSA) of the suspensory ligament branches (SLBs) in this population...
September 23, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
N C R Te Moller, M Pitkänen, J K Sarin, S Väänänen, J Liukkonen, I O Afara, P H Puhakka, H Brommer, T Niemelä, R-M Tulamo, D Argüelles Capilla, J Töyräs
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a promising tool for detailed evaluation of articular cartilage injuries. However, OCT-based articular cartilage scoring still relies on the operator's visual estimation. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that semi-automated ICRS (International Cartilage Repair Society) scoring of chondral lesions seen in OCT images could enhance intra- and inter-observer agreement of the scoring and its accuracy. STUDY DESIGN: Validation study, using equine cadaver tissue...
September 4, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
C E Welsh, T D H Parkin, J F Marshall
BACKGROUND: As antimicrobial resistant bacterial strains continue to emerge and spread in human and animal populations, understanding prescription practices is key in benchmarking current performance and setting goals. Antimicrobial prescription (AP) in companion veterinary species is widespread, but is neither monitored nor restricted in the USA and Canada. The veterinary use of certain antimicrobial classes is discouraged in some countries, in the hope of preserving efficacy for serious human infections...
September 2, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
A M Davis, X Fan, L Shen, P Robinson, C M Riggs
BACKGROUND: Palmar osteochondral disease (POD) is common in the Thoroughbred racehorse yet difficult to diagnose by radiography alone. OBJECTIVES: To improve the sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing POD from radiographs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal study. METHODS: Radiographs in nine different projections were made of metacarpophalangeal joints (MCPJ) of 50 Thoroughbreds. Post-mortem, MCPJs were dissected and gross pathology was scored...
August 27, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
J A Findley, S Salem, R Burgess, D C Archer
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Relaparotomy may be required to investigate and manage complications that occur following surgical management of colic. OBJECTIVES: To report factors associated with survival following relaparotomy. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Records of horses that had undergone exploratory laparotomy for treatment of colic over a 10-year period (2002-2012) and had undergone relaparotomy <8 weeks following the initial surgery were reviewed...
August 27, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
M Solé, M Valera, M D Gómez, J Sölkner, A Molina, G Mészáros
BACKGROUND: Longevity/durability is a relevant trait in racehorses. Genetic analysis and knowledge of factors that influence number of harness race starts would be advantageous for both horse welfare and the equine industry. OBJECTIVES: To perform a genetic analysis on harness racing using number of races as a measure of longevity/durability and to identify factors associated with career length in Spanish Trotter Horses (STH). STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study...
August 27, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
A P Stringer, R M Christley, C E Bell, F Gebreab, G Tefera, K Reed, A Trawford, G L Pinchbeck
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Working horses, donkeys and mules suffer from numerous diseases and clinical problems. However, there is little information on what owners perceive as important health concerns in their working animals. OBJECTIVES: To identify and prioritise with owners the diseases and other health concerns in working equids in central Ethiopia using participatory methodologies. STUDY DESIGN: Participatory situation analysis (PSA)...
August 27, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
B Padalino, S L Raidal, E Hall, P Knight, P Celi, L Jeffcott, G Muscatello
BACKGROUND: Transportation can affect equine health and is a potential source of economic loss to the industry. OBJECTIVES: To identify journey (duration, vehicle, commercial or noncommercial) and horse (sex, age, breed, use, amateur or professional status) characteristics associated with the development of transport-related health problems in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. METHODS: An online survey was conducted targeting amateur and professional participants in the Australian equine industry; eligible respondents were required to organise horse movements at least monthly...
August 26, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
B W Sykes, C Underwood, R Greer, C M McGowan, P C Mills
BACKGROUND: Conflicting data are presented in the current literature regarding the efficacy of omeprazole for suppressing gastric acidity in the horse. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the duration of intraday acid suppression achieved with two doses of omeprazole under two different dietary conditions. STUDY DESIGN: A four-way crossover design. METHODS: Six adult Thoroughbred horses instrumented with percutaneous gastrotomy tubes were used...
August 24, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
E van de Water, M Oosterlinck, M Dumoulin, N M Korthagen, P R van Weeren, J van den Broek, H Everts, F Pille, D A van Doorn
BACKGROUND: Nutraceuticals are often used in the management of equine osteoarthritis, but scientific evidence of their efficacy is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To study the preventive effects of two new nutraceuticals after the experimental induction of synovitis in comparison with positive and negative control treatments. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, controlled, randomised experiment. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy Standardbred horses were randomly allocated to supplement AT (multi-ingredient, 28 days), supplement HP (collagen hydrolysate, 60 days), meloxicam (4 days) or placebo (60 days)...
August 24, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
B C McGorum, R C Jago, E Cillan-Garcia, R S Pirie, J A Keen, R J M Reardon, P Y Saffu, N J Miller
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of equine grass sickness (EGS) is currently unknown. We hypothesised that an acute deficiency of niacin (vitamin B3), which plays a key role in neural homeostasis, may contribute to neurodegeneration in EGS. Niacin deficiency can potentially result from ingestion of niacin antagonists produced by pasture mycotoxigenic fungi. OBJECTIVES: To compare the niacin status of EGS and control grazing horses. A secondary objective was to compare blood concentrations of vitamins B1, B2 and B6 in EGS and control grazing horses to determine if the status of these vitamins was altered in EGS...
August 16, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
K S Cox, B B Nelson, L Wittenburg, J R Gold
BACKGROUND: Regional limb perfusion (RLP) is an effective treatment option for injuries and infections of the distal limb in horses. Using ceftiofur sodium in RLP has been studied, due to its superior spectrum of gram positive organisms compared to aminoglycosides, but it is not known if this antimicrobial drug adequately penetrates subcutaneous tissue and bone. OBJECTIVE: To determine the concentration of ceftiofur in plasma, subcutaneous tissue, and bone in horses after RLP...
July 26, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
A Barstow, E Persson-Sjodin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
R S Pirie, B C McGorum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
M L H Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
P M Dixon, V Nicholls
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
M Robin, P Page, D Archer, M Baylis
African horse sickness (AHS) is an arboviral disease of equids transmitted by Culicoides biting midges. The virus is endemic in parts of sub-Saharan Africa and official AHS disease-free status can be obtained from the World Organization for Animal Health on fulfilment of a number of criteria. AHS is associated with case fatality rates of up to 95%, making an outbreak among naïve horses both a welfare and economic disaster. The worldwide distributions of similar vector-borne diseases (particularly bluetongue disease of ruminants) are changing rapidly, probably due to a combination of globalisation and climate change...
September 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
A N B Kettle, U Wernery
Glanders is the contagious zoonotic disease caused by infection with Burkholderia mallei. It affects primarily horses, donkeys and mules. The disease was eradicated from large areas of the Western world in the early 20th century, but, over the last 10-20 years, has emerged and re-emerged in areas in which it was previously unknown or had been eradicated. Although glanders was previously thought to manifest in only acute or chronic presentations, it now appears that B. mallei can produce latent infections similar to those caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei...
September 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
J Easley, P M Dixon, R J M Reardon
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: There are limited reports on the efficacy of functional orthodontic correction of overjet or overbite in foals. OBJECTIVES: To report the outcome of using orthodontic tension bands in combination with an inclined plane biteplate in the treatment of overjet, with or without concurrent overbite, rates of correction of these 2 malocclusions and associated complications. And to examine factors associated with outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
September 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
M Dominguez, S Münstermann, I de Guindos, P Timoney
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: An analysis of the factors leading to equine disease events was used to support the development of international recommendations for mitigating the risk of disease dissemination through sport horse movements (high health, high performance - 'HHP' horses). OBJECTIVES: A review was undertaken to identify the factors resulting in equine disease events following international movement of horses to draw lessons in support of the development of international recommendations for the safe movements of a specific subpopulation of horses: the HHP sport horses...
September 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"