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Equine Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719028/sales-performance-and-athletic-outcome-in-young-thoroughbreds-with-pericarditis
#1
K A Sprayberry, N Slovis
BACKGROUND: Pericarditis is a sporadic but important cause of critical illness in horses of all ages. There is limited information on whether Thoroughbred horses that survive pericarditis are able to reach athletic potential. OBJECTIVES: To determine how pericarditis affected horses that had the disease as young animals with regard to selling price in public sales and the ability to race successfully. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
July 18, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719014/bioavailability-and-tolerability-of-nebulised-dexamethasone-sodium-phosphate-in-adult-horses
#2
A D Haspel, S Giguère, K A Hart, L J Berghaus, J L Davis
BACKGROUND: Nebulisation of the injectable dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DSP) would offer an inexpensive way of delivering a potent corticosteroid directly to the lungs of horses with asthma. However, this approach would be advantageous only if systemic absorption is minimal and if the preservatives present in the formulation do not induce airway inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bioavailability of nebulised DSP and to determine whether it induces airway inflammation or hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression in healthy adult horses...
July 18, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715146/identification-of-hypoglycin-a-binding-adsorbents-as-potential-preventive-measures-in-co-grazers-of-atypical-myopathy-affected-horses
#3
T Krägeloh, J M V Cavalleri, J Ziegler, J Sander, M Terhardt, G Breves, A Cehak
BACKGROUND: Intestinal absorption of hypoglycin A (HGA) and its metabolism are considered major prerequisites for atypical myopathy (AM). The increasing incidence and the high mortality rate of AM urgently necessitate new therapeutic and/or preventative approaches. OBJECTIVES: To identify a substance for oral administration capable of binding HGA in the intestinal lumen, and effectively reducing the intestinal absorption of the toxin. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental in vitro study...
July 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710899/effects-of-dobutamine-dopamine-phenylephrine-and-noradrenaline-on-systemic-haemodynamics-and-intestinal-perfusion-in-isoflurane-anaesthetised-horses
#4
C Dancker, K Hopster, K Rohn, S B Kästner
BACKGROUND: In the horse, effects of cardiovascular-active drugs on local perfusion of the gastrointestinal tract are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of drugs commonly used to support blood pressure, on local intestinal blood flow and tissue oxygenation under isoflurane anaesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo randomised crossover experiment METHODS: Ten horses were anaesthetised with isoflurane. After 90 minutes of equilibration three doses (μg/kg bwt/min) of dobutamine (DOB 0...
July 15, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710894/short-frontal-plane-fractures-involving-the-dorsoproximal-articular-surface-of-the-proximal-phalanx-description-of-the-injury-and-a-technique-for-repair
#5
I M Wright, G Minshall
BACKGROUND: Chip fractures of the dorsoproximal articular margin of the proximal phalanx are common injuries in racehorses. Large fractures can extend distal to the joint capsule insertion and have been described as dorsal frontal fractures. OBJECTIVES: To report the location and morphology of short frontal plane fractures involving the dorsoproximal articular surface of the proximal phalanx and to describe a technique for repair under arthroscopic and radiographic guidance...
July 15, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710893/fracture-of-the-medial-intercondylar-eminence-of-the-tibia-in-horses-treated-by-arthroscopic-fragment-removal-21-horses
#6
L M Rubio-Martínez, R Redding, B Bladon, H Wilderjans, R J Payne, C Tessier, O Geffroy, R Parker, C Bell, F A Collingwood
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the medial intercondylar eminence of the tibia (MICET) are scarcely reported in horses. OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical and diagnostic findings, surgical treatment and outcome in a series of horses presented with MICET fracture and treated with arthroscopic fragment removal. STUDY DESIGN: Multi-centre retrospective case series. METHODS: Case records of horses diagnosed with MICET fractures that had undergone surgical treatment were reviewed...
July 15, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707737/-18-f-sodium-fluoride-positron-emission-tomography-of-the-equine-distal-limb-exploratory-study-in-three-horses
#7
M Spriet, P Espinosa, A Z Kyme, K L Phillips, S A Katzman, L D Galuppo, P Stepanov, D Beylin
BACKGROUND: Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a cross-sectional, functional imaging modality that has recently become available to the horse. The use of (18) F-sodium fluoride ((18) F-NaF), a PET bone tracer, has never been reported in this species. OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of (18) F-NaF PET in the equine distal limb and explore possible applications in the horse in comparison with other imaging modalities. STUDY DESIGN: Exploratory descriptive study involving three research horses...
July 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707363/equine-peripheral-dental-caries-an-epidemiological-survey-assessing-the-prevalence-and-possible-risk-factors-in-western-australian-horses
#8
K Jackson, E Kelty, M Tennant
BACKGROUND: Peripheral dental caries is defined as macroscopic destruction of the calcified dental tissues and can be a cause of considerable dental pathology and pain. It appears to have a high prevalence within Western Australian horses and, at present, risk factors for the condition are poorly understood, making treatment and prevention difficult. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence and potential risk factors involved in peripheral caries in horses in Western Australia...
July 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703332/validation-of-biplane-high-speed-fluoroscopy-combined-with-two-different-non-invasive-tracking-methodologies-for-measuring-in-vivo-distal-limb-kinematics-of-the-horse
#9
S M Geiger, E Reich, P Böttcher, S Grund, J Hagen
BACKGROUND: Biplane high-speed fluoroscopy is a new method for gait analysis of the equine distal extremity. This is the first study validating the non-invasive tracking possibilities (Autoscoping and Scientific Rotoscoping) taking equine anatomy into account. OBJECTIVES: To determine the resolution with which Autoscoping and Scientific Rotoscoping depict motion of the equine phalanges in comparison to the invasive gold standard marker-based registration. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative ex vivo study...
July 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667767/equine-meniscal-degeneration-is-associated-with-medial-femorotibial-osteoarthritis
#10
J Dubuc, C Girard, H Richard, J De Lasalle, S Laverty
BACKGROUND: There is limited information available concerning normal equine meniscal morphology, its degeneration and role in osteoarthritis (OA). OBJECTIVES: To characterise normal equine meniscal morphology and lesions and to explore the relationship between equine meniscal degeneration and femorotibial OA. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo cadaveric study. METHODS: Menisci were harvested from 7 normal joints (n = 14 menisci) and 15 joints with OA (n = 30 menisci)...
July 1, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636747/do-different-characteristics-of-two-emasculators-make-the-difference-in-equine-castration
#11
F Comino, G Giusto, V Caramello, M Gandini
BACKGROUND: Serra and Reimer emasculators are frequently used during equine orchiectomy. They differ in their jaw profile and haemostatic mechanism provided. OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate whether there is a difference between the haemostatic capacity of Reimer and Serra emasculators in open and closed castration and (2) compare haemostatic capacity of each emasculator in both open and closed castration; (3) to assess whether there is a difference in the tensile strength of the parietal tunic when using a Reimer emasculator or a Serra emasculator in closed castration...
June 21, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627036/validation-of-masks-for-determination-of-v%C3%AC-o2-max-in-horses-exercising-at-high-intensity
#12
R H Sides, R Kirkpatrick, E Renner, K Gough, L M Katz, D L Evans, W M Bayly
BACKGROUND: The need for a horse to be ridden while wearing a measurement device that allows unrestricted ventilation and gas exchange has hampered accurate measurement of its maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2 max) under field conditions. OBJECTIVES: Design and validate a facemask with the potential to accurately measure V̇O2 max in the field. STUDY DESIGN: Experiment with 6 x 6 Latin square design. METHODS: Two variations of a mask and associated electronic control module (ECM) were designed to enable breath-by-breath measurement of airflows through two 7...
June 19, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626896/gestation-length-and-racing-performance-in-115-thoroughbred-foals-with-incomplete-tarsal-ossification
#13
L Haywood, D L Spike-Pierce, Bonnie Barr, D Mathys, D Mollenkopf
BACKGROUND: Incomplete ossification of the cuboidal bones of the carpus and tarsus in foals has the potential for significant consequences including chronic lameness and decreased athletic ability. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the degree of ossification of the cuboidal bones is associated with gestational length. To determine if the diagnosis of incomplete ossification is a predictor of performance in Thoroughbred racehorses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
June 19, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621903/histological-assessment-of-%C3%AE-amyloid-precursor-protein-immunolabelled-rectal-biopsies-aids-diagnosis-of-equine-grass-sickness
#14
R C Jago, S Scholes, T S Mair, G R Pearson, R S Pirie, I Handel, E M Milne, F Coyle, B C McGorum
BACKGROUND: An accurate, minimally invasive, ante mortem, diagnostic test for equine grass sickness (EGS) is currently lacking. While histological examination of haematoxylin-eosin stained rectal biopsies for chromatolytic neurons is insensitive as a diagnostic test for EGS, we hypothesised that the diagnostic accuracy could be improved by immunolabelling for β-amyloid precursor protein (β-APP) which has increased expression in cranial cervical ganglia (CCG) neuronal perikarya in EGS...
June 16, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608565/prevalence-of-headshaking-within-the-equine-population-in-the-united-kingdom
#15
S E Ross, V L H Roberts, J K Murray
BACKGROUND: Headshaking in horses has been reported to be most commonly due to idiopathic neuropathic facial pain (trigeminal-mediated headshaking). The prevalence of headshaking in horses in the UK is unknown. OBJECTIVES: To estimate owner-reported prevalence of headshaking in horses in the UK and to report their signalment and disease characteristics, as reported by owners. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional web based owner questionnaire. METHODS: The questionnaire was advertised online via social media, horse forums, veterinary websites and equestrian magazines from 17 June 2016, until greater than 1,000 responses had been obtained...
June 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608525/antimicrobials-used-for-surgical-prophylaxis-by-equine-veterinary-practitioners-in-australia
#16
L Y Hardefeldt, G F Browning, K Thursky, J R Gilkerson, H Billman-Jacobe, M A Stevenson, K E Bailey
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobials are widely used in Australian veterinary practices, but no investigation into the classes of antimicrobials used or the appropriateness of use in horses has been conducted. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe antimicrobial use for surgical prophylaxis in equine practice in Australia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire survey. METHODS: An online questionnaire was used to document antimicrobial usage patterns...
June 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556936/parasagittal-fractures-of-the-proximal-phalanx-in-thoroughbred-racehorses-in-the-uk-outcome-of-repaired-fractures-in-113-cases-2007-2011
#17
M R W Smith, F C Corletto, I M Wright
BACKGROUND: Thirty years have elapsed since the last published review of outcome following fracture of the proximal phalanx in Thoroughbred racehorses in the UK, and contemporary results are needed to be able to advise of expected outcome. OBJECTIVES: Collect and analyse outcome data following repair of fractures of the proximal phalanx in Thoroughbred racehorses in the UK. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Case records of all Thoroughbred racehorses admitted to Newmarket Equine Hospital for evaluation of a parasagittal fracture of the proximal phalanx during a 5-year period were reviewed...
May 30, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555939/comparison-of-aloe-vera-and-omeprazole-for-treatment-of-equine-gastric-ulcer-syndrome
#18
J Bush, R van den Boom, S H Franklin
BACKGROUND: Anecdotally, aloe vera is used to treat gastric ulceration, although no studies have yet investigated its efficacy in horses. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that aloe vera would be non-inferior to omeprazole for the treatment of equine gastric ulcer syndrome (EGUS). STUDY DESIGN: Randomised, blinded clinical trial. METHODS: Forty horses with grade ≥2 lesions of the squamous and/or glandular mucosa were randomly assigned to one of 2 groups...
May 28, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548349/head-withers-and-pelvic-movement-asymmetry-and-their-relative-timing-in-trot-in-racing-thoroughbreds-in-training
#19
T Pfau, K Noordwijk, M F Sepulveda Caviedes, E Persson-Sjodin, A Barstow, B Forbes, M Rhodin
BACKGROUND: Horses show compensatory head movement in hindlimb lameness and compensatory pelvis movement in forelimb lameness but little is known about the relationship of withers movement symmetry with head and pelvic asymmetry in horses with naturally occurring gait asymmetries. Objectives To document head, withers and pelvic movement asymmetry and timing differences in horses with naturally occurring gait asymmetries. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of gait data...
May 26, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543943/assessment-of-horse-owners-ability-to-recognise-equine-laminitis-a-cross-sectional-study-of-93-veterinary-diagnosed-cases-in-great-britain
#20
D Pollard, C E Wylie, K L P Verheyen, J R Newton
BACKGROUND: Use of owner-reported data could further epidemiological knowledge of equine laminitis. However, owner recognition of laminitis has not previously been assessed. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to establish whether cases of owner-suspected laminitis would be confirmed as laminitis by the attending veterinary surgeon. Secondary objectives were to compare owner- and veterinary-reported information from veterinary-confirmed cases of equine laminitis...
May 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
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