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Equine Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083881/the-use-of-sonoelastography-to-assess-the-recovery-of-stiffness-after-equine-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-a-preliminary-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-the-healing-process
#1
N Tamura, T Nukada, T Kato, T Kuroda, Y Kotoyori, K Fukuda, Y Kasashima
BACKGROUND: The objective assessment of mechanical properties of superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) could provide useful information for rehabilitations of horses with SDFT injuries. The assessment of strain ratio (the strain of a standard reference divided by that of lesions) is a quantitative method in sonoelastography for evaluating tissue stiffness in vivo. As yet, no longitudinal studies have used strain ratio to evaluate the progression of stiffness in SDFT injuries. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that strain ratio can evaluate the recovery of stiffness during the healing of SDFT injuries...
January 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079926/fallen-stock-data-an-essential-source-of-information-for-quantitative-knowledge-of-equine-mortality-in-france
#2
J Tapprest, E Morignat, X Dornier, M Borey, P Hendrikx, B Ferry, D Calavas, C Sala
BACKGROUND: Quantitative information about equine mortality is relatively scarce, yet it could be of great value for epidemiological purposes. In France, data from rendering plants are centralised in the Fallen Stock Data Interchange database (FSDI), managed by the French Ministry of Agriculture, while individual equine data are centralised in the French equine census database, SIRE, managed by the French horse and riding institute (IFCE). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the combined use of the FSDI and the SIRE databases can provide representative and accurate quantitative information on mortality for the French equine population, and to propose enhancements of these databases to improve the quality of the resulting demographic information...
January 12, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078757/lamellar-events-related-to-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-signaling-in-two-models-relevant-to-endocrinopathic-laminitis
#3
H E Lane, T A Burns, O C Hegedus, M R Watts, P S Weber, K A Woltman, R J Geor, L J McCutcheon, S C Eades, L E Mathes, J K Belknap
BACKGROUND: Insulin dysregulation, obesity, and exposure to high-non structural carbohydrate (NSC) forage are risk factors for equine metabolic syndrome (EMS)-associated laminitis (EMSAL); high systemic insulin concentrations in EMSAL are proposed to induce cellular dysregulation in the digital lamellae through activation of the IGF-1 receptor. OBJECTIVES: To use a dietary challenge model (DCM) and a euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp (EHC) model to assess lamellar growth factor-related signaling...
January 11, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063154/pharmacological-indices-and-pulmonary-distribution-of-rifampicin-after-repeated-oral-administration-in-healthy-foals
#4
S Berlin, A Kirschbaum, L Spieckermann, S Oswald, M Keiser, M Grube, M Venner, W Siegmund
BACKGROUND: The treatment of equine lung infections by R. equi with rifampicin is empirically based because pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) indices and pivotal clinical outcome data are not available. OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and pulmonary distribution into epithelial lining fluid (ELF) and bronchoalveolar lavage cells (BALC) to predict antimicrobial activity in the lung using PK/PD-indices. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, randomised, two-period, crossover, repeated-dose study with an initial arm to measure disposition after intravenous administration...
January 7, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052378/comparison-of-limb-kinematics-between-collected-and-lengthened-medium-extended-trot-in-two-groups-of-dressage-horses-on-two-different-surfaces
#5
V A Walker, C A Tranquille, J R Newton, S J Dyson, J Brandham, A J Northrop, R C Murray
BACKGROUND: Dressage horses are often asked to work in lengthened paces during training and competition, but to date there is limited information about the biomechanics of dressage-specific paces. Preliminary work has shown increased fetlock extension in extended compared with collected paces, but further investigation of the kinematic differences between collected, medium and extended trot in dressage horses is warranted. OBJECTIVES: Investigation of the effect of collected versus medium/extended trot on limb kinematics of dressage horses...
January 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995661/science-in-brief-equine-viral-hepatitis
#6
EDITORIAL
J D Ramsay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931081/presence-and-distribution-of-yeasts-in-the-reproductive-tract-of-healthy-female-horses
#7
A Azarvandi, A R Khosravi, H Shokri, M Talebkhan Garoussi, F Gharahgouzlou, G Vahedi, A Sharifzadeh
BACKGROUND: Yeasts are commensal organisms found in the reproductive and gastrointestinal tracts, and on the skin and other mucosa in mammals. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to isolate and identify the yeast flora in the caudal reproductive tract of healthy female horses. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: A total of 453 samples were collected using double guarded swabs from the vestibule, clitoral fossa and vagina of 151 horses...
December 8, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864898/anti-inflammatory-drugs-decrease-infection-of-endothelial-cells-with-ehv-1-in-vitro
#8
L S Goehring, K Brandes, L V Ashton, L A Wittenburg, F J Olea-Popelka, D P Lunn, G Soboll Hussey
BACKGROUND: Equid Herpesvirus-associated Myeloencephalopathy is the result of endothelial cell infection of the spinal cord vasculature with EHV-1 during cell-associated viraemia. Endothelial cell infection requires contact between infected peripheral blood mononuclear and endothelial cells. Inflammation generated during viraemia likely up-regulates adhesion molecule expression on both cell types increasing contact and facilitating endothelial cell infection. OBJECTIVES: Evaluating the role of anti-inflammatory drugs in decreasing endothelial cell infection with EHV-1...
November 19, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859584/oral-administration-of-transgenic-barley-expressing-a-culicoides-allergen-induces-specific-antibody-response
#9
S Jonsdottir, V Svansson, S B Stefansdottir, E Mäntylä, E Marti, S Torsteinsdottir
BACKGROUND: Insect bite hypersensitivity is an immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated dermatitis of horses initiated by bites of midges of the genus Culicoides. Culicoides spp. are not indigenous to Iceland and the prevalence of insect bite hypersensitivity is much higher in horses born in Iceland and exported as compared to Icelandic horses born in a Culicoides rich environment. Immunotherapy is therefore needed. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to express an allergen from Culicoides in barley grain and investigate whether an immune response could be obtained in healthy Icelandic horses by oral treatment with transgenic barley expressing the allergen...
November 17, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859600/differences-in-extracellular-matrix-proteins-between-friesian-horses-with-aortic-rupture-unaffected-friesians-and-warmblood-horses
#10
M Ploeg, A Gröne, C H A van de Lest, V Saey, L Duchateau, P Wolsein, K Chiers, R Ducatelle, P R van Weeren, M de Bruijn, C Delesalle
BACKGROUND: Aortic rupture is quite common in Friesian horses unlike in Warmblood horses and a hereditary trait is suspected in Friesians. The aortic connective tissue in affected Friesians shows histological changes such as medial necrosis, elastic fibre fragmentation, mucoid material accumulation and fibrosis with aberrant collagen morphology. However, ultrastructural examination of the collagen fibres of the mid-thoracic aorta was inconclusive when trying to further elucidate the pathogenesis of the disease...
November 16, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859573/intra-and-interobserver-reliability-estimates-for-identification-and-grading-of-upper-respiratory-tract-abnormalities-recorded-in-horses-at-rest-and-during-overground-endoscopy
#11
C L McGivney, J Sweeney, F David, J M O'Leary, E W Hill, L M Katz
BACKGROUND: Previous studies support good intra- and interobserver agreements for endoscopic evaluation of various upper respiratory tract (URT) diseases in horses. However, these studies mainly assessed resting endoscopic examination videos and/or focussed on a single URT abnormality. OBJECTIVES: To estimate intra- and interobserver agreement for identification and grading of all URT abnormalities from resting and overground endoscopy (OGE) videos of Thoroughbreds...
November 14, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862238/validation-of-distal-limb-mounted-inertial-measurement-unit-sensors-for-stride-detection-in-warmblood-horses-at-walk-and-trot
#12
F M Bragança, S Bosch, J P Voskamp, M Marin-Perianu, B J Van der Zwaag, J C M Vernooij, P R van Weeren, W Back
BACKGROUND: Inertial measurement unit (IMU) sensor-based techniques are becoming more popular in horses as a tool for objective locomotor assessment. OBJECTIVES: To describe, evaluate and validate a method of stride detection and quantification at walk and trot using distal limb mounted IMU sensors. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective validation study comparing IMU sensors and motion capture with force plate data. METHODS: A total of seven Warmblood horses equipped with metacarpal/metatarsal IMU sensors and reflective markers for motion capture were hand walked and trotted over a force plate...
November 12, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862232/radiographic-evaluation-in-clinical-practice-of-the-types-and-stage-of-incisor-tooth-resorption-and-hypercementosis-in-horses
#13
T J Henry, S M Puchalski, B Arzi, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
BACKGROUND: There are several reports of incisor tooth resorption and hypercementosis in horses but, to date, studies have been limited in case numbers and to advanced lesions. Tooth resorption in other species is a radiographic diagnosis of types of resorption that are often identified before clinical signs. Our goal was to evaluate radiographically incisor tooth resorption in a large population of horses, utilising interpretation criteria from canine and human dentistry. OBJECTIVE: To document and classify incisor tooth resorption and hypercementosis...
November 12, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862219/impression-cytology-as-diagnostic-tool-in-horses-with-and-without-ocular-surface-disease
#14
B K Braus, B Lehenauer, A Tichy, B Nell, I Schwendenwein
BACKGROUND: Cytology plays a major role in the diagnosis of ocular surface diseases. OBJECTIVE: To compare 2 cytological sampling methods for obtaining corneal and conjunctival cell samples regarding irritation for the patient, invasiveness, sample quality and diagnostic equivalence. STUDY DESIGN: Observational prospective study. METHODS: In 5 healthy horses, conjunctival and corneal samples were taken bilaterally by impression cytology sampling (ICS) and cytobrush sampling (CBS)...
November 12, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859501/the-development-of-locomotor-kinetics-in-the-foal-and-the-effect-of-osteochondrosis
#15
B M C Gorissen, C F Wolschrijn, F M Serra Bragança, A A J Geerts, W O J L Leenders, W Back, P R van Weeren
REASON FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Foals stand and walk immediately after birth, but insight into the subsequent longitudinal development of their gait kinetics in the early juvenile phase and the possible influence of osteochondrosis thereon is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To quantify gait kinetics in foals during the first half year of life, taking into account their osteochondrosis status. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study performed at a single stud farm...
November 12, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862236/allogeneic-major-histocompatibility-complex-mismatched-equine-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-are-targeted-for-death-by-cytotoxic-anti-major-histocompatibility-complex-antibodies
#16
A K Berglund, L V Schnabel
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising cell source for treating musculoskeletal injuries in horses. Controversy exists, however, over whether major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-mismatched MSCs are recognised by the recipient immune system and targeted for death by a cytotoxic antibody response. OBJECTIVES: To determine if cytotoxic anti-MHC antibodies generated in vivo following MHC-mismatched MSC injections are capable of initiating complement-dependent cytotoxicity of MSCs...
November 10, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862248/the-effect-of-mare-obesity-and-endocrine-function-on-foal-birthweight-in-thoroughbreds
#17
S Smith, C M Marr, C Dunnett, N J Menzies-Gow
BACKGROUND: Birthweight of Thoroughbred foals has increased in recent years. It is unknown whether this is associated with increased broodmare obesity or endocrine dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: To determine insulin, leptin and triglyceride concentrations in Thoroughbred mares throughout gestation and investigate their association with obesity and foal birthweight. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: A total of 66 mares were included from 40 days post-breeding...
November 8, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783422/thoracic-aortic-rupture-in-horses
#18
REVIEW
M Ploeg, V Saey, G van Loon, C Delesalle
The aorta can rupture at the aortic root or aortic arch. In most breeds, the aortic root is the likely site and rupture leads to aortocardiac fistula with communication between the aorta and the right atrium, right ventricle and/or the interventricular septum. There is a high prevalence of aortic rupture in young Friesian horses and rupture occurs at the aortic arch with pseudoaneurysm and potentially aortopulmonary fistulation. Echocardiographic and post-mortem techniques must be adapted to identify aortic arch rupture which is not generally identified with standard approaches...
October 26, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981700/peer-reviewers-in-2016
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981699/making-research-accessible
#20
EDITORIAL
C M Marr, R Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
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