journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Equine Veterinary Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441693/epidemiology-of-fractures-the-role-of-kick-injuries-in-equine-fractures
#1
B Donati, A E Fürst, M Hässig, M A Jackson
BACKGROUND: Fractures occur commonly in equids and often are associated with complications and a poor outcome. There are no reports on the epidemiology of fractures in a heterogeneous equine population. OBJECTIVES: To study the epidemiology of fractures in a heterogeneous equine population, focusing on differences between fractures resulting from a kick and fractures resulting from other causes and investigating predictors for recovery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
February 14, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417635/magnetic-resonance-imaging-following-regional-limb-perfusion-of-gadolinium-contrast-medium-in-26-horses
#2
S Aarsvold, M Solano, J Garcia-Lopez
BACKGROUND: Systemic administration of gadolinium contrast medium is common in small animals to increase lesion conspicuity and determine vascularisation of lesions identified with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); however, the large volume required for systemic administration limits its use in equine patients. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of administering a low dose of contrast medium via venous regional limb perfusion. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study...
February 8, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405434/50-th-birthday-review-series-colic-surgery
#3
REVIEW
D E Freeman
Colic surgery is one of few treatments in which a veterinarian can use a skill to save an animal's life from a deadly disease within a short timeframe. Unfortunately, such success is not achieved without considerable risk for surgical failure, which is responsible for most complications in the immediate postoperative period. The last 50 years have witnessed considerable improvements in colic surgery, although a ranking of the most important ones might not meet with universal agreement. Teamwork plays a critical role in the final outcome, starting and finishing with the referring veterinarian and owner...
February 6, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393535/clinical-effect-of-corticosteroids-in-asthma-affected-horses-a-quantitative-synthesis
#4
L Calzetta, P Rogliani, C Page, P Roncada, E Pistocchini, A Soggiu, C Piras, A Urbani, M G Matera
BACKGROUND: There are limited findings from low powered studies based on very low number of subjects with equine asthma. Furthermore, no studies have been performed to assess a meaningful clinically detectable impact of corticosteroids in equine asthma. OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the clinical effect of inhaled and systemic corticosteroids in equine asthma and identify a quantitative clinical score suitable to assess the Minimal Important Difference (MID), expressed as the Minimally Clinically Detectable Difference (MCDD)...
February 2, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356062/mouldable-thermoplastic-glue-on-frog-supportive-shoes-change-hoof-kinetics-in-normal-and-obese-shetland-ponies
#5
J Sleutjens, F M Serra Bragança, M W van Empelen, R E Ten Have, J de Zwaan, E Roelfsema, M Oosterlinck, W Back
BACKGROUND: Obesity and hyperinsulinaemia are frequently encountered in the equine population and risk factors for the development of laminitis. There are many options for hoof support that claim a beneficial effect, but often the scientific evidence is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effect of frog-supportive shoes on hoof kinetics in normal and obese ponies. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled in vivo trial. METHODS: Ten Shetland mares (n = 10) with a normal (n = 5) or obese (n = 5) body condition were led over a dynamically calibrated pressure plate before (T0), immediately after (T1), and 72 hours (T2) after application of the shoes...
January 21, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356055/abnormal-locomotor-muscle-recruitment-activity-is-present-in-horses-with-shivering-and-purkinje-cell-distal-axonopathy
#6
J E Aman, S J Valberg, N Elangovan, A Nicholson, S S Lewis, J Konczak
BACKGROUND: Cerebellar Purkinje cell axonal degeneration has been identified in horses with shivering but its relationship with abnormal hindlimb movement has not been elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To characterise surface electromyographic (sEMG) hindlimb muscle activity in horses with shivering, correlate with clinical scores and examine horses for Purkinje axonal degeneration. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive controlled clinical study. METHODS: The hindlimb of seven shivering and six control draught horses were clinically scored...
January 21, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356053/effects-of-age-and-diet-on-glucose-and-insulin-dynamics-in-the-horse
#7
J L Rapson, H C Schott, B D Nielsen, L J McCutcheon, P A Harris, R J Geor
BACKGROUND: Age and diet may affect insulin sensitivity (SI) but these factors have received limited investigation in horses. OBJECTIVES: To measure minimal model parameters during an insulin-modified frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGTT) after adaptation to a forage only diet (HAY) or forage supplemented with either starch/sugar rich (SS) or oil/fibre rich (FF) concentrate feeds; and to assess glucose and insulin responses to a standardised meal challenge (SMC, 4 g/kg BW of SS) after diet adaptation in adult and aged mares...
January 21, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352495/ultrasonographic-based-predictive-factors-influencing-successful-return-to-racing-after-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-in-flat-racehorses-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-469-thoroughbred-racehorses-in-hong-kong
#8
R Alzola, C Easter, C M Riggs, D S Gardner, S L Freeman
BACKGROUND: Superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) injury is an important health and welfare concern in racehorses. It is generally diagnosed with ultrasonography, predictive ultrasonographic features have not been reported. OBJECTIVES: To determine ultrasonographic features of forelimb SDFT injury at initial presentation in Thoroughbred racehorses, that could predict a successful return to racing (completing ≥5 races). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
January 20, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350412/surgical-repair-of-propagating-condylar-fractures-of-the-third-metacarpal-metatarsal-bones-with-cortical-screws-placed-in-lag-fashion-in-26-racehorses-2007-2015
#9
N Moulin, I François, N Coté, C Alford, O Cleary, M R Desjardins
BACKGROUND: Despite the recommendation of plate fixation for propagating condylar fractures of the third metacarpal (McIII) or third metatarsal bone (MtIII), lag screw fixation can be a viable surgical option. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate short-term outcome and long-term racing performance of horses that underwent lag screw fixation of long condylar fractures of the McIII/MtIII. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Medical records, post-surgical racing performance and outcome of 26 horses with propagating fractures of the medial and/or lateral condyle of McIII/MtIII were reviewed...
January 19, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344988/recent-advances-in-articular-cartilage-evaluation-using-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
REVIEW
B B Nelson, C E Kawcak, M F Barrett, C W McIlwraith, M W Grinstaff, L R Goodrich
Articular cartilage is a critical joint tissue and its evaluation remains a diagnostic challenge in horses. Coupled with a poor capacity for healing, early degenerative changes in articular cartilage are difficult to characterise using routine diagnostic imaging evaluations. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) both provide volumetric joint assessment and highlight morphologic and quantitative properties of articular cartilage, improving assessment of this essential tissue. While the use of CT and MRI for joint evaluation is not new, there still remains a shortage of literature and scientific studies on the ability of these methods to evaluate articular cartilage in the horse...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344980/analytical-validation-of-a-new-point-of-care-assay-for-serum-amyloid-a-in-horses
#11
D Schwartz, N Pusterla, S Jacobsen, M M Christopher
BACKGROUND: Serum amyloid A (SAA) is a major acute phase protein in horses. A new point-of-care (POC) test for SAA (Stablelab) is available, but studies evaluating its analytical accuracy are lacking. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the analytical performance of the SAA POC test by: (1) determining linearity and imprecision, (2) comparing results in whole blood with those in serum or plasma, and (3) comparing POC results with those obtained using a previously validated turbidimetric immunoassay (TIA)...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341315/use-of-quantitative-real-time-pcr-to-determine-viability-of-streptococcus-equi-subspecies-equi-in-respiratory-secretions-from-horses-with-strangles
#12
N Pusterla, C M Leutenegger, S M Barnum, B A Byrne
BACKGROUND: In recent years, molecular approaches have been able to characterise the viability of equine upper respiratory tract pathogens using absolute molecular quantitation as well as detection of transcripts for virulence genes. OBJECTIVES: The objective this study was to investigate molecular surrogates for S. equi subspecies equi (S. equi) viability in biological samples from horses with strangles. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341228/bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-neutrophilia-is-associated-with-the-severity-of-pulmonary-lesions-during-equine-asthma-exacerbations
#13
M Bullone, P Joubert, A Gagné, J-Pierre Lavoie, P Hélie
BACKGROUND: The severe form of equine asthma is associated with pathological changes of the peripheral airways and pulmonary parenchyma that are only partly described. Also, the relationship between these structural alterations and the percentage of neutrophils found within the airway lumen, assessed by bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cytology, remains ill-defined. OBJECTIVE: To examine the histological lesions associated with equine asthma during disease exacerbation and remission, and their relationship with lung function and BALF neutrophilia...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341220/prevalence-of-rhodococcus-equi-from-the-nasal-cavity-of-1-010-apparently-healthy-horses
#14
L T Gressler, G Machado, B P da Silveira, N D Cohen, L G Corbellini, V B Leotti, G N Diehl, L C Dos Santos, A Castagna de Vargas
BACKGROUND: Rhodococcus equi is an important cause of foal pneumonia. While its isolation from different sources has been widely evaluated, there is a need to better understand the R. equi epidemiology from samples of the nasal cavity of healthy horses. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of R. equi from the nasal cavity of healthy horses, along with its virulence profile, antimicrobial susceptibility, and environmental variables associated. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341213/detection-of-subclinical-left-ventricular-dysfunction-by-tissue-doppler-imaging-in-horses-with-aortic-regurgitation
#15
S Ven, A Decloedt, D De Clercq, L Vera, F Rademakers, G van Loon
BACKGROUND: Aortic regurgitation (AR) can have an important clinical impact and in some cases leads to left ventricular (LV) failure. Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is an echocardiographic technique that has been used in horses to detect LV dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether TDI detects changes in radial myocardial wall motion in horses with AR compared to control horses. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed in 30 healthy Warmblood horses and 34 Warmblood horses with AR, subdivided in groups with mild, moderate or severe AR...
January 17, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330860/sudden-death-in-sport-and-riding-horses-during-and-immediately-after-exercise-a-case-series
#16
C Navas de Solis, F Althaus, N Basieux, D Burger
BACKGROUND: Sudden death affects the health of horses, the safety of riders and the public perception of animal welfare during equestrian events. OBJECTIVES: To describe the signalment, clinical history, sudden death episode, rider injuries and causes of sudden death during exercise or closely thereafter in sport and pleasure riding horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series based on an online questionnaire. METHODS: An online questionnaire was distributed to the veterinary and equestrian community...
January 13, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327373/the-uk-s-legal-position-on-animal-sentience
#17
LETTER
P Roger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284186/repeatability-of-gait-analysis-measurements-in-thoroughbreds-in-training
#18
M F Sepulveda Caviedes, B S Forbes, T Pfau
BACKGROUND: With the view of implementing gait symmetry measurements in Thoroughbreds in training for early detection of injuries, repeatability of inertial measurement unit (IMU) gait parameters needs to be established. OBJECTIVES: To assess the variation of head and pelvis movement symmetry in Thoroughbreds in training. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated observations in horses in race training. METHODS: Daily and weekly repeat gait assessments were conducted in 14 Thoroughbreds equipped with IMUs on poll, sacrum and right (RTC) and left (LTC) tuber coxae...
December 28, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281124/letter-to-the-editor-do-we-have-to-redefine-lameness-in-the-era-of-quantitative-gait-analysis
#19
LETTER
A P Bathe, C E Judy, S Dyson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281117/an-update-on-equine-postoperative-ileus-definitions-pathophysiology-and-management
#20
REVIEW
Z M Lisowski, R S Pirie, A T Blikslager, D Lefebvre, D A Hume, N P H Hudson
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a serious condition which any horse undergoing abdominal surgery is at risk of developing, leading to increased hospitalisation time and resulting costs. Advances in the understanding of the development of equine POI are mainly based on human and rodent literature, where manipulation-induced inflammation has been identified as a key trigger, with activation of resident muscularis externa macrophages playing a crucial role in the pathophysiology. Despite many pharmacological trials in all species, there is no single completely successful treatment for POI, highlighting that the condition is multifactorial in cause and requires a multimodal approach to minimise its incidence...
December 27, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
journal
journal
22059
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"