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Equine Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815702/a-multicentre-study-of-long-term-follow-up-and-owner-satisfaction-following-enucleation-in-horses
#1
K Wright, J L Ireland, D I Rendle
BACKGROUND: Horses are reported to return to a variety of disciplines following unilateral enucleation; however, owners of horses with ocular disease are frequently reluctant to consider the procedure. There is little published information investigating owners' attitudes towards, and satisfaction following, enucleation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the hypotheses: 1. horses return to their previous level of work following unilateral enucleation and, 2. their owners are satisfied with the post-operative outcome...
August 16, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805273/neurotoxicosis-in-horses-associated-with-consumption-of-trema-micrantha
#2
M P Lorenzett, P R Pereira, D M Bassuino, G Konradt, W Panziera, M V Bianchi, F F Argenta, M E Hammerschmitt, R A Caprioli, C S L de Barros, S P Pavarini, D Driemeier
BACKGROUND: Trema micrantha is a tree widely distributed throughout the Americas. The tree produces highly palatable leaves that have been associated with natural poisoning in goats, sheep and horses, in which hepatic necrosis and hepatic encephalopathy have been observed. OBJECTIVES: This study describes malacia and haemorrhage in the central nervous system due to T. micrantha consumption, with minimal to absent hepatic lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
August 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805265/use-of-a-saliva-based-diagnostic-test-to-inform-on-tapeworm-infection-in-horses-in-the-uk
#3
K L Lightbody, J B Matthews, J G Kemp-Symonds, P A Lambert, C J Austin
BACKGROUND: Anthelmintic resistance combined with limited chemotherapeutic options has prompted a change in approaches to control of equine helminth infections. Targeted selective treatment strategies utilise diagnostics to reduce anthelmintic use by treating individuals with worm burdens or egg shedding levels above a set threshold. Whilst faecal egg count analysis has limitations for informing tapeworm treatment, a commercially available saliva-based diagnostic test accurately diagnoses horses with tapeworm infection...
August 14, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801924/foramen-epiploicum-mesh-closure-femc-through-a-ventral-midline-laparotomy
#4
T van Bergen, A Rötting, P Wiemer, S Schauvliege, K Vanderperren, F Ugahary, A Martens
BACKGROUND: Preventive laparoscopic closure of the epiploic foramen (EF) has previously been described, but methods for EF closure during laparotomy for treatment of colic are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To describe the Foramen Epiploicum Mesh Closure (FEMC) technique through a ventral midline laparotomy in horses under general anaesthesia and its outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Terminal surgical experiment and in vivo study. METHODS: In a pilot study a standard ventral midline laparotomy was performed under general anaesthesia in 10 experimental horses and a three-dimensional expandable diabolo-shaped mesh construct was manually introduced through the EF into the omental vestibule...
August 12, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796907/likelihood-of-pregnancy-after-embryo-transfer-is-reduced-in-recipient-mares-with-a-short-preceding-oestrus
#5
J Cuervo-Arango, A N Claes, M Ruijter-Villani, T A Stout
BACKGROUND: Previous surveys reported a positive association between the length of the follicular phase and subsequent fertility in embryo transfer donor and Thoroughbred mares. However, it is unclear whether a longer oestrus positively influences fertilisation and oviductal development (oocyte quality, oviductal environment), or uterine receptivity and survival of the embryo in the uterus. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of length of oestrus (characterised by duration of endometrial oedema) on likelihood of pregnancy and early embryo loss (EEL) in recipient mares after embryo transfer (ET)...
August 10, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796905/aerobic-uterine-isolates-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-mares-with-post-partum-metritis
#6
M S Ferrer, R Palomares
BACKGROUND: The potential for life-threatening complications of metritis requires prompt initiation of antimicrobial treatment, often before microbiological test results are reported. However, published studies to guide first-line antibiotic selection are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To report the most frequent bacterial species, antimicrobial susceptibility and prevalence of multidrug resistance (MDR) in cases of equine metritis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of uterine bacterial culture and antimicrobial susceptibility test (AST) results from mares with metritis...
August 10, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796904/kinematic-discrimination-of-ataxia-in-horses-is-facilitated-by-blindfolding
#7
E Olsen, N Fouche, H Jordan, T Pfau, R J Piercy
BACKGROUND: Agreement amongst experienced clinicians is poor when assessing presence and severity of ataxia, especially when signs are mild. Consequently, objective gait measurements might be beneficial for assessment of horses with neurological diseases. OBJECTIVES: To assess diagnostic criteria using motion capture to measure variability of spatial gait-characteristics and swing duration derived from ataxic and non-ataxic horses and to assess if variability increases with blindfolding...
August 10, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796430/reproductive-careers-of-thoroughbred-broodmares-before-and-after-surgical-correction-of-%C3%A2-360-degree-large-colon-volvulus
#8
E R Leahy, S J Holcombe, E S Hackett, C F Scoggin, R M Embertson
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist describing broodmare longevity and reproductive efficiency after surgical correction of ≥360 degree large colon volvulus (° LCV). OBJECTIVES: Compare career duration and foals delivered for broodmares before and after ≥360° LCV surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: Broodmares registered with The Jockey Club that had surgical correction of ≥360° LCV and survived to hospital discharge at Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2015 were included...
August 10, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792626/advanced-three-dimensional-culture-of-equine-intestinal-epithelial-stem-cells
#9
A Stieler Stewart, J M Freund, L M Gonzalez
BACKGROUND: Intestinal epithelial stem cells are critical to epithelial repair following gastrointestinal injury. The culture of intestinal stem cells has quickly become a cornerstone of a vast number of new research endeavours that range from determining tissue viability to testing drug efficacy for humans. This study aims to describe the methods of equine stem cell culture and highlights the future benefits of these techniques for the advancement of equine medicine. OBJECTIVES: To describe the isolation and culture of small intestinal stem cells into three-dimensional (3D) enteroids in horses without clinical gastrointestinal abnormalities...
August 9, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787774/elapid-snake-envenomation-in-horses-52-cases-2006-2016
#10
N J Bamford, S B Sprinkle, L A Cudmore, A M Cullimore, A W van Eps, E J M M Verdegaal, B S Tennent-Brown
BACKGROUND: Snake envenomation is a cause of morbidity and mortality in domestic animals worldwide. The clinical features of crotalid snake (pit viper) envenomation are widely reported and well described in horses but elapid snake envenomation is poorly characterised. OBJECTIVES: To describe the presentation, clinical and laboratory findings, treatment and outcome of horses with a diagnosis of elapid snake envenomation in Australia. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
August 8, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779525/outcome-of-horses-undergoing-navicular-bursotomy-for-the-treatment-of-contaminated-or-septic-navicular-bursitis-19-cases-2002-2016
#11
D G Suarez-Fuentes, S S Caston, D M Tatarniuk, K D Kersh, N R Ferrero
BACKGROUND: Contaminated or septic navicular bursitis has been reported to have a guarded prognosis after surgical treatment with navicular bursotomy only. In our experience, the use of navicular bursotomy for the treatment of this disease in combination with systemic and local delivery of antimicrobials can provide a good prognosis, even in horses with chronic disease. OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of horses undergoing navicular bursotomy for the treatment of contaminated or septic navicular bursitis...
August 5, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776730/effect-of-feed-deprivation-on-selected-parameters-of-lipid-mobilisation-and-hepatic-function-in-healthy-akhal-teke-horses
#12
B Tóth, A Auth, L Rompos, Z Bakos
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal and other systemic diseases of Equidae are often characterised by partial or complete inappetence. The catabolic processes may lead to lipid mobilisation and other metabolic disturbances. Evidence from earlier studies has revealed that during feed deprivation/inappetence, the conjugation of bilirubin is reduced causing a substantial rise of the total bilirubin and its unconjugated fraction. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesised that during feed deprivation, the serum concentration of free fatty acids (FFA), triglycerides (TG), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), total bilirubin (tBIL) total bile acids (tBA) and activity of GGT and GLDH increase, while the concentration of insulin and direct bilirubin (dBIL) decrease...
August 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772349/the-effects-of-multiple-anesthetic-episodes-on-equine-recovery-quality
#13
J P Platt, B T Simon, M Coleman, E A Martinez, M A Lepiz, A E Watts
BACKGROUND: Although rare, 70% of equine fatalities during recovery from general anaesthesia (GA) are due to catastrophic fractures from poor recovery quality. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of repeated GA recovery on GA recovery quality. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental blinded trial. METHODS: Eight adult horses underwent six GA events on sevoflurane for distal limb MRI examination over a 14-week period. Prior to GA recovery, xylazine was administered...
August 3, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772346/radiographic-computed-tomographic-gross-pathological-and-histological-findings-with-suspected-apical-infection-in-32-equine-maxillary-cheek-teeth-2012-2015
#14
T Liuti, S Smith, P M Dixon
BACKGROUND: Equine maxillary cheek teeth apical infections are a significant disorder because of frequent spread of infection to the supporting bones. The accuracy of computed tomographic imaging (CT) of this disorder has not been fully assessed. OBJECTIVES: To compare the radiographic and CT findings in horses diagnosed with maxillary cheek teeth apical infections with pathological findings in the extracted teeth to assess the accuracy of these imaging techniques...
August 3, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744895/standing-intra-oral-extractions-of-cheek-teeth-aided-by-partial-crown-removal-in-165-horses-2010-2016
#15
M K Rice, T J Henry
BACKGROUND: Diseased cheek teeth in horses often require invasive extraction techniques that carry a high rate of complications. Techniques and instrumentation were developed to perform partial crown removal to aid standing intra-oral extraction of diseased cheek teeth in horses. OBJECTIVES: To analyse success rates and post-surgical complications in horses undergoing cheek teeth extraction assisted by partial crown removal. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study...
July 26, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727902/glucocorticoid-assessment-in-the-domestic-horse-the-impact-of-time-and-climatic-variables-on-sample-integrity
#16
K Yarnell, S L Walker
BACKGROUND: Assessment of faecal glucocorticoid metabolites (FGM) offers a non-invasive method of monitoring adrenal activity in domestic horses. Sample collection is on an opportunistic basis, and if samples are not fresh or have been exposed to the elements before they are identified, then they may not accurately reflect FGM concentration. OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of a range of environmental conditions upon the integrity of FGM levels in equine faeces...
July 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719028/sales-performance-and-athletic-outcome-in-young-thoroughbreds-with-pericarditis
#17
K A Sprayberry, N Slovis
BACKGROUND: Pericarditis is a sporadic but important cause of critical illness in horses of all ages. There is limited information on whether Thoroughbred horses that survive pericarditis are able to reach athletic potential. OBJECTIVES: To determine how pericarditis affected horses that had the disease as young animals with regard to selling price in public sales and the ability to race successfully. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
July 18, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719014/bioavailability-and-tolerability-of-nebulised-dexamethasone-sodium-phosphate-in-adult-horses
#18
A D Haspel, S Giguère, K A Hart, L J Berghaus, J L Davis
BACKGROUND: Nebulisation of the injectable dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DSP) would offer an inexpensive way of delivering a potent corticosteroid directly to the lungs of horses with asthma. However, this approach would be advantageous only if systemic absorption is minimal and if the preservatives present in the formulation do not induce airway inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the bioavailability of nebulised DSP and to determine whether it induces airway inflammation or hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis suppression in healthy adult horses...
July 18, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715146/identification-of-hypoglycin-a-binding-adsorbents-as-potential-preventive-measures-in-co-grazers-of-atypical-myopathy-affected-horses
#19
T Krägeloh, J M V Cavalleri, J Ziegler, J Sander, M Terhardt, G Breves, A Cehak
BACKGROUND: Intestinal absorption of hypoglycin A (HGA) and its metabolism are considered major prerequisites for atypical myopathy (AM). The increasing incidence and the high mortality rate of AM urgently necessitate new therapeutic and/or preventative approaches. OBJECTIVES: To identify a substance for oral administration capable of binding HGA in the intestinal lumen, and effectively reducing the intestinal absorption of the toxin. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental in vitro study...
July 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710899/effects-of-dobutamine-dopamine-phenylephrine-and-noradrenaline-on-systemic-haemodynamics-and-intestinal-perfusion-in-isoflurane-anaesthetised-horses
#20
C Dancker, K Hopster, K Rohn, S B Kästner
BACKGROUND: In the horse, effects of cardiovascular-active drugs on local perfusion of the gastrointestinal tract are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of drugs commonly used to support blood pressure, on local intestinal blood flow and tissue oxygenation under isoflurane anaesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo randomised crossover experiment METHODS: Ten horses were anaesthetised with isoflurane. After 90 minutes of equilibration three doses (μg/kg bwt/min) of dobutamine (DOB 0...
July 15, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
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