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Equine Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323361/heart-rate-variability-parameters-in-horses-distinguish-atrial-fibrillation-from-sinus-rhythm-before-and-after-successful-electrical-cardioversion
#1
B Broux, D De Clercq, A Decloedt, S Ven, L Vera, G van Steenkiste, K Mitchell, C Schwarzwald, G van Loon
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common pathological arrhythmia in horses. After successful treatment, recurrence is common. Heart rate monitors are easily applicable in horses and some devices offer basic heart rate variability (HRV) calculations. If HRV can be used to distinguish between AF and sinus rhythm (SR), this could become a monitoring tool for horses at risk for recurrence of AF. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess whether in horses AF (before cardioversion) and SR (after cardioversion) can be differentiated based upon HRV parameters...
March 21, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323357/characterisation-of-clotting-factors-anticoagulant-protein-activities-and-viscoelastic-analysis-in-healthy-donkeys
#2
A Perez-Ecija, F J Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated differences in commonly measured hemostatic parameters between donkeys and horses. Whether clotting factors, anticoagulant protein activities and thromboelastography parameters also differ between species is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: To characterize hemostatic parameters in healthy donkeys and compare them to those of horses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Clotting Factors (V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI and XII), and antithrombin III, Protein C and Protein S activities were measured in 80 healthy Andalusian and crossbred donkeys and 40 healthy Andalusian crossbred horses with assays based on human deficient plasmas...
March 21, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321895/the-role-of-leptospira-spp-in-horses-affected-with-recurrent-uveitis-in-the-uk
#3
F Malalana, R J Blundell, G L Pinchbeck, C M McGowan
BACKGROUND: Equine Recurrent Uveitis (ERU) is a common cause of ocular pain and blindness in horses. Leptospira spp. have commonly been implicated in the pathophysiology of ERU in mainland Europe and USA. No recent studies have been carried out in the UK but it is reported that Leptospira is not a major factor in the aetiology of ERU in the UK. OBJECTIVES: to establish the prevalence of Leptospira-associated ERU in the UK and identify the serovars involved in these cases in the UK; compare serum versus aqueous humour antibody levels in cases and controls in order to confirm the diagnosis of Leptospira-associated ERU; and assess the usefulness of serology alone as a confirmatory test for Leptospira-associated ERU in the UK...
March 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295560/castration-in-the-standing-horse-combining-laparoscopic-and-conventional-technique
#4
A B M Rijkenhuizen, M van der Harst
BACKGROUND: Standing laparoscopic castration without orchidectomy has been shown to be a reliable method of castration of abdominal cryptorchids, but it cannot be recommended as a method for castration of inguinal cryptorchids and normal males. An alternative laparoscopic method of castration of horses with descended testes was developed. OBJECTIVES: To report the results of laparoscopically assisted abdominal transection of the spermatic cord and a modified open castration method in the standing horse for castration of descended testes in unilateral abdominal cryptorchids...
March 12, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295526/pharmacological-treatments-in-asthma-affected-horses-a-pair-wise-and-network-meta-analysis
#5
L Calzetta, P Roncada, D di Cave, L Bonizzi, A Urbani, E Pistocchini, P Rogliani, M G Matera
BACKGROUND: Equine asthma is a disease characterised by reversible airflow obstruction, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and airway inflammation following exposure of susceptible horses to specific airborne agents. Although clinical remission can be achieved in a low-airborne dust environment, repeated exacerbations may lead to irreversible airway remodelling. The available data on the pharmacotherapy of equine asthma results from several small studies, and no head-to-head clinical trials have been conducted among the available medications...
March 10, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238211/effects-of-clarithromycin-azithromycin-and-rifampicin-on-terbutaline-induced-sweating-in-foals
#6
A L Stieler Stewart, L C Sanchez, M F Mallicote, A L Muniz, M S Westerterp, J A Burrow, R J MacKay
BACKGROUND: Erythromycin (ERY) induces anhidrosis in foals. Azithromycin (AZI) and clarithromycin (CLA), often combined with rifampicin (RIF), are commonly used to treat Rhodococcus equi infections, but effects on sweating have not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of AZI, CLA and RIF on sweat responses in normal foals. STUDY DESIGN: Each experiment was a blinded, duplicated, 6-foal × 3-period counterbalanced within-subjects design (12 foals/experiment)...
February 26, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235142/description-of-veterinary-events-and-risk-factors-for-fatality-in-national-hunt-flat-racing-thoroughbreds-in-great-britain-2000-2013
#7
S E Allen, S M Rosanowski, A J Stirk, K L P Verheyen
BACKGROUND: No large-scale studies have described veterinary events occurring in National Hunt flat (NHF) racing or investigated risk factors for fatality in this race type. OBJECTIVES: To describe injuries and conditions requiring veterinary attendance on race-day and to determine risk factors for racehorse fatality in NHF racing in Great Britain. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (2000-2013). METHODS: Information from all NHF races held over the study period, including horse, race and veterinary event report details, was combined...
February 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224670/genomics-and-genetics-a-daily-double-for-the-horse-industry
#8
EDITORIAL
M F Rothschild
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132404/right-ventricular-function-during-acute-exacerbation-of-severe-equine-asthma
#9
A Decloedt, H Borowicz, M Slowikowska, K Chiers, G van Loon, A Niedzwiedz
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension has been described in horses with severe equine asthma but its effect on the right ventricle has not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate right ventricular structure and function after a one-week period of pulmonary hypertension secondary to acute exacerbation of severe equine asthma. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. METHODS: A clinical episode of severe equine asthma was induced experimentally in six susceptible horses...
January 28, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128875/an-ultrasound-guided-tendon-sparing-lateral-approach-to-injection-of-the-navicular-bursa
#10
K Nottrott, C De Guio, A Khairoun, M Schramme
BACKGROUND: Navicular disease in the horse often requires injection of the navicular bursa. We have developed an ultrasound-guided, lateral needle approach to navicular bursocentesis, which avoids penetration of the deep digital flexor tendon (DDFT) and the need for radiographic control. OBJECTIVES: To describe and evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of an ultrasound-guided, lateral bursocentesis technique. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric and in vivo experiments...
January 27, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128873/long-term-follow-up-of-norwegian-horses-affected-with-acquired-equine-polyneuropathy
#11
S Hanche-Olsen, C Kielland, C F Ihler, K Hultin Jäderlund
BACKGROUND: Acquired equine polyneuropathy (AEP), a neurological disease clinically characterised by knuckling of metatarsophalangeal joints, has been described in numerous Nordic horses during the last 20 years. Although clinical recovery has been reported, large-scale data on long-term follow-up of survivors have been lacking. OBJECTIVES: To describe long-term survival of AEP affected horses registered in Norway, with a focus on athletic performance and possible residual clinical signs connected to the disease...
January 27, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128865/modelling-the-effect-of-race-surface-and-racehorse-limb-parameters-on-in-silico-fetlock-motion-and-propensity-for-injury
#12
J E Symons, D A Hawkins, D P Fyhrie, S K Upadhyaya, S M Stover
BACKGROUND: The metacarpophalangeal joint (fetlock) is the most commonly affected site of racehorse injury, with multiple observed pathologies that are consistent with extreme fetlock dorsiflexion. Race surface mechanics affect musculoskeletal structure loading and injury risk because surface forces applied to the hoof affect limb motions. Race surface mechanics are a function of controllable factors. Thus, race surface design has the potential to reduce the incidence of musculoskeletal injury through modulation of limb motions...
January 27, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118491/the-association-between-exercise-induced-pulmonary-haemorrhage-and-race-day-performance-in-thoroughbred-racehorses
#13
E J Crispe, G D Lester, C J Secombe, D I Perera
BACKGROUND: Exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) is commonly implicated as a cause of poor athletic performance but there is limited and conflicting evidence for this association. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if EIPH, based on endoscopic examination after racing, is associated with a variety of novel and established performance parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational cross sectional study. METHODS: Thoroughbred racehorses competing between 2012-2015 were examined on-course no earlier than 30 minutes after racing...
January 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117490/the-effects-of-dose-and-diet-on-the-pharmacodynamics-of-esomeprazole-in-the-horse
#14
B W Sykes, C Underwood, P C Mills
BACKGROUND: Esomeprazole warrants further investigation as a treatment for Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the duration of intra-day acid suppression achieved with two doses of esomeprazole under two dietary conditions. STUDY DESIGN: A 4-way cross-over design. METHODS: Six adult Thoroughbreds instrumented with percutaneous gastrotomy tubes were used. Intra-gastric pH was measured for continuous 23 hour periods (8...
January 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117488/a-simple-method-for-equine-kinematic-gait-event-detection
#15
D Holt, L B St George, H M Clayton, S J Hobbs
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have validated methods for determining kinematic gait events using threshold-based methods, however a simple method is yet to be identified that can be successfully applied to walk, trot and canter. OBJECTIVES: To develop a simple kinematic method to identify the timing of hoof-on, peak vertical force and hoof-off, which can be applied to walk, trot and canter. STUDY DESIGN: In-vivo method authentication study...
January 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106925/clinical-study-evaluating-the-accuracy-of-injecting-the-distal-tarsal-joints-in-the-horse
#16
K A Seabaugh, K T Selberg, P O E Mueller, R B Eggleston, J F Peroni, K M Claunch, H J Markwell, G M Baxter
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the centrodistal (CD) and tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints is a common cause of lameness in horses. Intra-articular diagnostic anaesthesia and/or therapeutic injection are relied upon to help diagnose and treat many horses with OA of these joints. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of arthrocentesis of the CD and TMT joints using a sample population of equine surgeons and surgery residents. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised experimental study...
January 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097685/cartilage-oligomeric-matrix-protein-comp-neo-epitope-in-the-synovial-fluid-of-horses-with-acute-lameness-a-new-biomarker-for-the-early-stages-of-osteoarthritis
#17
E Skiöldebrand, S Ekman, L MattssonHultén, E Svala, K Björkman, A Lindahl, A Lundqvist, P Önnerfjord, C Sihlbom, U Rüetschi
BACKGROUND: Clinical tools to diagnose the early changes of osteoarthritis (OA) that occur in the articular cartilage are lacking. OBJECTIVES: We sought to identify and quantify a novel cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) neo-epitope in the synovial fluid from the joints of healthy horses and those with different stages of OA. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro quantitative proteomics and assay development with application in synovial fluids samples obtained from biobanks of well-characterised horses...
January 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083881/the-use-of-sonoelastography-to-assess-the-recovery-of-stiffness-after-equine-superficial-digital-flexor-tendon-injuries-a-preliminary-prospective-longitudinal-study-of-the-healing-process
#18
N Tamura, T Nukada, T Kato, T Kuroda, Y Kotoyori, K Fukuda, Y Kasashima
BACKGROUND: The objective assessment of mechanical properties of superficial digital flexor tendon (SDFT) could provide useful information for rehabilitations of horses with SDFT injuries. The assessment of strain ratio (the strain of a standard reference divided by that of lesions) is a quantitative method in sonoelastography for evaluating tissue stiffness in vivo. As yet, no longitudinal studies have used strain ratio to evaluate the progression of stiffness in SDFT injuries. OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that strain ratio can evaluate the recovery of stiffness during the healing of SDFT injuries...
January 13, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079926/fallen-stock-data-an-essential-source-of-information-for-quantitative-knowledge-of-equine-mortality-in-france
#19
J Tapprest, E Morignat, X Dornier, M Borey, P Hendrikx, B Ferry, D Calavas, C Sala
BACKGROUND: Quantitative information about equine mortality is relatively scarce, yet it could be of great value for epidemiological purposes. In France, data from rendering plants are centralised in the Fallen Stock Data Interchange database (FSDI), managed by the French Ministry of Agriculture, while individual equine data are centralised in the French equine census database, SIRE, managed by the French horse and riding institute (IFCE). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the combined use of the FSDI and the SIRE databases can provide representative and accurate quantitative information on mortality for the French equine population, and to propose enhancements of these databases to improve the quality of the resulting demographic information...
January 12, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078757/lamellar-events-related-to-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-signalling-in-two-models-relevant-to-endocrinopathic-laminitis
#20
H E Lane, T A Burns, O C Hegedus, M R Watts, P S Weber, K A Woltman, R J Geor, L J McCutcheon, S C Eades, L E Mathes, J K Belknap
BACKGROUND: Insulin dysregulation, obesity, and exposure to high-nonstructural carbohydrate (NSC) forage are risk factors for equine metabolic syndrome-associated laminitis (EMSAL); high systemic insulin concentrations in EMSAL are proposed to induce cellular dysregulation in the digital lamellae through activation of the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor. OBJECTIVES: To use a dietary challenge model (DCM) and a euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp (EHC) model to assess lamellar growth factor-related signalling...
January 11, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
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