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Journal of Chromatographic Science

Ali Mohamed Ali Alsharif, Guan-Huat Tan, Yeun-Mun Choo, Abubakar Lawal
Hollow fiber liquid-phase microextraction (HF-LPME) techniques coupled to chromatographic systems have been widely used for extraction and determination of diverse compounds. HF-LPME was able to provide better results in precision, accuracy, selectivity and enrichment factor, in addition to reduction of matrix effect and carry over. It is applicable within a wide pH range and compatible with most analytical instruments which enable the utilization of HF-LPME in a wide variety of applications. This review focused on the modified HF-LPME techniques, efficiency, comparison to other LPME methods and applications...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Xinjie Sun, Yingqin Wei, Baojuan Hou, Guowei Zhou
A new nanocomposite membrane was used to clean up impurities from complex samples and the obvious synergy was obtained in this paper. The nanocomposite membrane was prepared by dispersing TiO2 nanoparticles in chloroform and filled in the pores and lumen of polyether sulfone membrane fiber. The novel microextraction method showed the ideal selective extraction effect for alkaloids in the formulae composed of Rhizoma coptidis and the excellent clean-up efficiency compared with the single membrane method. The optimum extraction conditions were as follows: chloroform as accepted phase; the number of nanocomposite membrane fiber bars, 7; extraction time, 30 min; pH of the sample solution, 10...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Zhibing Wang, Siyu Ma, Qian Zhang, Shuang He, Qing Li, Jianxue Hu, Hanqi Zhang
A simple, rapid and efficient method based on matrix solid-phase dispersion coupled with high-performance liquid chromatography was developed for determination of lipophilic constituents, including dihydrotanshinone, tanshinone I, cryptotanshinone and tanshinone II A in Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge Box-Behnken design was employed for optimization of the extraction conditions of matrix solid-phase dispersion, including mass ratio of dispersant to sample, volume of elution solvent, and amount of cleanup reagent...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Robert Skibiński, Jakub Trawiński
The untargeted chemometric methodology for the impurity profiling of amisulpride pharmaceutical formulations was successfully applied and developed. For this purpose a fast, accurate and specific analytical method was elaborated with the use of ultra high pressure liquid chromatography coupled with high resolution hybrid electrospray ionization quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometer in a fast polarity switching mode. All the obtained chromatographic profiles were aligned and a multivariate chemometric analysis including principal component analysis and partial least square (PLS) was performed...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Tijia Chen, Wenhao Li, Ting Gong, Yao Fu, Rui Ding, Tao Gong, Zhirong Zhang
In this study, a selective and sensitive liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometric method was developed and validated for the determination of lycobetaine in rat plasma. Berberine was selected as the internal standard, and rat plasma samples were pretreated via protein precipitation and further separated on a diamonsil octadecyl-silylated silica column using 0.2% (v/v) aqueous formic acid and methanol as the mobile phase. Selected reaction monitoring was performed using the transitions m/z 266...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Saliha Esin Çelik, Ayşe Nur Tufan, Burcu Bekdeşer, Mustafa Özyürek, Kubilay Güçlü, Reşat Apak
This study reports the phenolic profile screening of aromatic Lamiaceae species such as marjoram (Origanum majorana L.), lavender (Lavandula officinalis) and pennyroyal (Mentha pulegium L.) using a novel and validated ultra performance liquid chromatography method coupled with DAD diode array detector and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) in negative mode of electrospray ionization. Identification and quantification of phenolics in these plant extracts has been realized within 12 min. This method showed good precision (percentage relative standard deviation; RSD% 0...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Zuliang Luo, Kailun Zhang, Hongwu Shi, Yuhua Guo, Xiaojun Ma, Feng Qiu
Mogrol, the aglycone of mogrosides, is a potential pharmacologically active ingredient isolated from the fruits of Siraitia grosvenorii The aim of this study was to develop and validate an LC-MS-MS method for the quantification of mogrol in rat plasma. Protein precipitation extraction procedure using methanol/water (1:1, v/v) was employed to extract mogrol from rat plasma. Chromatographic separation was performed on a reverse-phase Agilent Zorbax XDB C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm, 3.5 μm) with gradient elution using a mobile phase containing methanol and water, both of which contained 0...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Rashmin B Patel, Nilay M Patel, Mrunali R Patel, Ajay B Solanki
The aim of this work was to develop and optimize a robust HPLC method for the separation and quantitation of ambroxol hydrochloride and roxithromycin utilizing Design of Experiment (DoE) approach. The Plackett-Burman design was used to assess the impact of independent variables (concentration of organic phase, mobile phase pH, flow rate and column temperature) on peak resolution, USP tailing and number of plates. A central composite design was utilized to evaluate the main, interaction, and quadratic effects of independent variables on the selected dependent variables...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Dalia I Sánchez-Machado, Jaime López-Cervantes, María F Mariscal-Domínguez, Paola Cruz-Flores, Olga N Campas-Baypoli, Ernesto U Cantú-Soto, Ana Sanches-Silva
Aloin is an anthraquinone-C-glycoside present in Aloe vera This compound is extremely variable among different species and highly depends on the growing conditions of the plants. The quantification of aloin in different extraction preparations has been a frequent problem due to the high instability of the compound. The aim of the present study is to develop and validated an analytical method for aloin detection in fresh and dry samples of Aloe barbadensis gel and latex using high performance liquid chromatography coupled to a diode array detector (HPLC-DAD)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
F Ibrahim, M E K Wahba
Ebastine (EBS) has been assayed in its laboratory-prepared co-formulated tablets with either pseudoephedrine hydrochloride (PSU) or phenylephrine hydrochloride (PHR) using isocratic reversed-phase chromatography. Separation was conducted using a 50 mm × 4.6 mm i.d., Chromolith(®) SpeedROD RP-18 end-capped column at ambient temperature. A mobile phase composed of water:acetonitrile in a ratio of 25:75 having a pH of 3.2, has been utilized at 1 mL/min with UV detection at 254 nm for both EBS and PSU and 274 nm for PHR which in turn increased the sensitivity of the proposed method significantly...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Hong Liu, Cheng Xu, Wei Wang, Yue Zhao
A selective and sensitive liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) method was developed for the simultaneous determination of ligustroflavone and rhoifolin in rat plasma. Chromatographic separation was performed on a Venusil HILIC column using an isocratic mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile/water/formic acid (75:25:0.1, v/v/v). The detection was achieved using a triple-quadrupole tandem MS in negative ionization through selected reaction monitoring (SRM) mode...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Michinori Yokoi, Mitsuya Shimoda
A low-density polyethylene (LDPE) membrane pouch method was developed to extract volatile flavor compounds from tobacco leaf. Tobacco leaf suspended in water was enclosed in a pouch prepared from a LDPE membrane of specific gravity 0.92 g/cm(3) and 0.03 mm thickness and then extracted with diethyl ether. In comparison with direct solvent extraction, LDPE membrane excluded larger and higher boiling point compounds which could contaminate a gas chromatograph inlet and damage a column. Whilst being more convenient than a reduced-pressure steam distillation, it could extract volatile flavor compounds of wide range of molecular weight and polarity...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Eda Büker, Erdal Dinç
A new ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) with photodiode array was proposed for the quantitation of Brimonidine Tartrate (BRI) and Timolol Maleate (TIM) in eye drop using experimental design and optimization methodology. A 3(3) full factorial design was applied to uncover the effects of the selected factors and their interactions on the chromatographic response function for the optimization of experimental conditions in the development of a new UPLC method. As a result, the optimal chromatographic conditions giving a better separation and short analysis time were found to be 49...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Le-Yue Du, Min Zhao, Jin-Hua Tao, Da-Wei Qian, Shu Jiang, Er-Xin Shang, Jian-Ming Guo, Pei Liu, Shu-Lan Su, Jin-Ao Duan
Isorhamnetin-3-O-neohesperidoside is the major active substance of Puhuang, a traditional herb medicine widely used in clinical practice to tackle many chronic diseases. However, little is known about the interactions between this ingredient and intestinal flora. In this study, ultra-performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry together with automated data analysis software (Metabolynx™) was used for analysis of the metabolic profile of isorhamnetin-3-O-neohesperidoside by the isolated human intestinal bacteria...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Haider A J Al Lawati, Idris Al Busaidi, Afsal M Kadavilpparampu, FakhrEldin O Suliman
High-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry was used to develop and validate a rapid method to qualitatively and quantitatively analyse 18 common adulterants in herbal medicine and food samples. Initially, the mobile phase composition was optimized in three different columns: core-shell, monolithic and standard 3.5-µm-particle-size columns. The results show that the core-shell column provides the best separation. Moreover, the tandem mass spectrometry was optimized. The linear range for all adulterants was 0...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Yangyang Gao, Junying Chen, Xiqian Zhang, Huiru Xie, Yanran Wang, Shuquan Guo
An LC-MS/MS method for the determination of polyaspartate paclitaxel conjugate (PASP-PTX) and paclitaxel (PTX) in dog plasma with cephalomannine (Internal Standard for PASP-PTX, IS-I) and clopidogrel bisulfate (Internal Standard for PTX, IS-II) as the internal standards was developed and validated. Plasma samples of PASP-PTX were extracted by ethyl acetate following the hydrolysis reaction, while protein precipitation was used for the extraction of PTX using acetonitrile. Analytes were separated by a CAPCELL PAK C18 MG II column using a gradient elution with the mobile phase (A) 5 mM ammonium containing 0...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Mario Contin, Fabián Buontempo, Cristian García Becerra, Cecilia Dobrecky, Silvia Lucangioli, Valeria Tripodi
A novel, simple and reliable method based on micellar electrokinetic chromatography with ultraviolet detection was developed to analyze idebenone in a pediatric formulation. Idebenone is a synthetic short chain benzoquinone that acts as an electron carrier in the mitochondrial electron transport chain facilitating the production of adenosine triphosphate. It can be found in two different redox states that differ in their physiological properties. Idebenone has been investigated as a treatment in several neurological disorders like Friedreich's ataxia, Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy, mitochondrial encephalomyopathies and senile dementia...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Hyun-Hee Lim, Ho-Sang Shin
As the popularity of body art including tattoo ink has increased, the safety associated with it has become an important interest. In this study, twenty volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and two aldehydes in tattoo inks were identified and quantified. Headspace and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS GC-MS) for the VOCs and HS GC-MS based on derivatization with 2,2,2-trifluoroethylhydrazine (TFEH) for aldehydes was developed. Benzene, chloroform, toluene, ethylbenzene, m-xylene, p-xylene, o-xylene, propylbenzene, chlorobenzene, tert-butylbenzene, 1,3,5-trimethylbenzene, styrene, 1,2,4-trimethylbenzene, 2-chlorotoluene, 4-chlorotoluene, 1,3-dichlorobenzene, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, 1,2-dichlorobenzene, 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene and isopropyl alcohol were detected with the concentration range of 0...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Yanlong Chen, Liu Yang, Wenfen Zhang, Zhifen Deng, Fei Wang, Yue Li, Lei Meng, Ningpeng Wu, Fuguo Ban, Shusheng Zhang
In this paper, a high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet (HPLC-UV) detection method, using tetraazacalix[2]arene[2]triazine-modified silica gel (NCS) as solid-phase extraction (SPE) sorbent, was developed for extracting and purifying the two phytohormones (indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and indole-3-butyric acid (IBA)) in chili and wheat samples from different organs of chili and wheat. The limits of detection were about 0.02 and 0.04 μg/mL, and the limits of quantification were 0.04 and 0.20 μg/mL for IAA and IBA, respectively...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Said H Lubbad
Three monoliths based on poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-divinylbenzene) were prepared in the confines of borosilicate glass columns (100 × 3 mm I.D.). The first monolith was applied for analysis of proteins by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. It furnished a fast base-line separation for four proteins (ribonuclease A, cytochrome c, α-lactalbumin and myoglobin) in <80 s, with optimum resolution range of 2.11-2.84, and extremely small values of peak width at half height with a range of 1...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
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