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Journal of Small Animal Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322531/a-study-to-evaluate-the-primary-causes-associated-with-pseudomonas-otitis-in-60-dogs
#1
S Paterson, W Matyskiewicz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the primary causes, age of onset and time from diagnosis of otitis to development of Pseudomonas otitis in each case. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from clinical records of 60 dogs were extracted to address the study objectives. Pseudomonas otitis was diagnosed by clinical signs and positive culture. RESULTS: In total, 57 purebred dogs and three crossbreed dogs were included: 32 dogs had unilateral and 28 bilateral disease...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319199/histopathological-frequency-of-feline-hepatobiliary-disease-in-the-uk
#2
W A Bayton, C Westgarth, T Scase, D J Price, N H Bexfield
OBJECTIVES: To determine the histopathological frequency of feline hepatobiliary diseases in the UK and to identify breed, age and gender predispositions to developing individual diseases. METHODS: Histopathology results from 1452 feline liver biopsies were assessed. A control population of microchipped cats was used for breed comparison. Data were retrospectively categorised into hepatobiliary diseases according to World Small Animal Veterinary Association standards...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318621/evaluation-of-oscillometric-blood-pressure-monitor-blt-m9000-vet-in-anaesthetised-healthy-adult-dogs
#3
P Zrimšek, J Sredenšek, M Vengušt, A Seliškar
To examine agreement in anaesthetised dogs between invasive blood pressure measurements and measurements obtained with an oscillometric blood pressure monitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Paired invasive and oscillometric measurements were taken in 24 dogs every 5 minutes during anaesthesia (9 to 37 measurements per dog). Agreement between measurement methods was explored using Bland-Altman plots. To determine the accuracy of the oscillometric measurements, the results were compared with the guidelines recommended by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315580/a-case-of-canine-intestinal-obstruction-due-to-ingestion-of-a-superabsorbent-polymer-bead
#4
K R Barrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315571/salmonella-serotypes-isolated-in-geckos-kept-in-seven-collections-in-southern-italy
#5
T P Russo, L Varriale, L Borrelli, A Pace, M Latronico, L F Menna, A Fioretti, L Dipineto
OBJECTIVES: Reptiles are considered an important reservoir of Salmonella species. This study evaluated the prevalence of Salmonella species in different species of gecko kept as pets in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Faecal swab samples were collected from 70 clinically healthy geckos and examined for Salmonella species by culture that were then serotyped. RESULTS: Salmonella species were isolated from 24 of 70 (34·3%) samples. Eighteen isolates expressed resistance to ceftazidime and four isolates to ampicillin...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314019/white-blood-cell-differentials-in-dogs-with-congestive-heart-failure-chf-in-comparison-to-those-in-dogs-without-cardiac-disease
#6
J Hamilton-Elliott, E Ambrose, R Christley, J Dukes-McEwan
OBJECTIVES: To determine if dogs with congestive heart failure have different white blood cell differential cell counts than dogs without cardiac disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 72 dogs with congestive heart failure and 143 controls were included in this retrospective study. Signalment, white blood cell differential counts and echocardiography data were retrieved. Basic statistical analysis was performed on white blood cell differential counts, and principal component analysis was used to compare these counts between cases and controls, with age, gender and case/control status as supplementary variables...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280490/doxycycline-treatment-efficacy-in-dogs-with-naturally-occurring-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-infection
#7
C B Yancey, P P V P Diniz, E B Breitschwerdt, B C Hegarty, C Wiesen, B A Qurollo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate doxycycline treatment efficacy and post-treatment pathogen persistence in dogs naturally infected with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in endemic regions of the USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Symptomatic dogs in four US states (MN, WI, CT and CA) were evaluated before treatment with doxycycline and approximately 30 and 60 days post-treatment. Clinicopathological parameters, co-exposures and A. phagocytophilum DNA in whole blood and lymph node samples were compared between A...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266322/urine-sodium-concentrations-are-predictive-of-hypoadrenocorticism-in-hyponatraemic-dogs-a-retrospective-pilot-study
#8
E M Lennon, J B Hummel, S L Vaden
OBJECTIVES: To determine if a urine sodium concentration could be used to rule out hypoadrenocorticism in hyponatraemic dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for hyponatraemic dogs (serum sodium<135 mmol/L) that had recorded urine sodium concentrations. Twenty hyponatraemic dogs were included: 11 diagnosed with classical hypoadrenocorticism and nine with non-adrenal causes of hyponatraemia. A Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to compare results between groups...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235670/presumptive-migrating-gall-bladder-mucocoele-in-two-dogs-with-gall-bladder-rupture
#9
R K Burchell, L Thornton, C K Lim, M Murakami, Y Nakamura, A Gal
A 10-year-old neutered female soft-coated wheaten terrier and a 10-year-old, entire female Pomeranian were presented for vomiting and anorexia. Using ultrasound, an oval structure with a stellate, kiwifruit-like appearance typical of a gall bladder mucocoele was observed in the caudal abdomen of the soft-coated wheaten terrier and adjacent to the liver in the Pomeranian. There was also a moderate volume of abdominal effusion in both dogs. Cytology of the peritoneal fluid indicated a sterile exudative process but varied between the two dogs, with an absence of bile pigment in the soft-coated wheaten terrier and marked bile peritonitis in the Pomeranian...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235665/metastatic-adenocarcinoma-with-osseous-metaplasia-in-the-pelvic-limb-musculature-of-a-cat
#10
E J Ives, A E Vanhaesebrouck, K Hughes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235662/aural-haematoma-in-guinea-pig-cavia-porcellus
#11
LETTER
M Di Giuseppe, L Marco, F Laura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231979/otitis-media-with-effusion-in-the-boxer-a-report-of-seven-cases
#12
S Paterson
The aim of this study was to describe otitis media with effusion in seven boxers. All dogs presented with a range of clinical signs, which included head shaking, neurological dysfunction, pain on opening of the mouth and reduction in hearing ability. Otitis media was confirmed under general anaesthesia in each case by video-otoscopic identification of a bulging pars tensa and subsequent myringotomy, which revealed a tenacious mucus plug within the middle ear. Brainstem auditory evoked response thresholds were elevated in all affected ears...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230821/tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-locking-compression-plates-for-stabilisation-of-canine-and-feline-ilial-body-fractures
#13
J W Guthrie, S Kalff
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes following surgical stabilisation of ilial fractures in dogs and cats using a laterally applied Synthes TPLO locking compression plate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records and radiographs of seven dogs and two cats which had undergone surgical repair of an ilial body fracture with a TPLO locking compression plate were reviewed. Long-term clinical follow-up was obtained from an owner or referring veterinarian questionnaire...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210452/does-thalidomide-prolong-survival-in-dogs-with-splenic-haemangiosarcoma
#14
J P Bray, G Orbell, N Cave, J S Munday
OBJECTIVES: To investigate thalidomide as an adjuvant treatment for canine haemangiosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen dogs with splenic haemangiosarcoma, initially treated by splenectomy, were included. Following recovery from surgery, all dogs received thalidomide continuously until their death. Tumour stage was established using CT scans of the chest and abdomen immediately before starting thalidomide treatment and again three months later. Cause of death was confirmed by post mortem examination...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210091/clinical-relevance-of-radiographic-linear-branching-mineral-opacities-in-the-canine-liver
#15
M-A Genain, A Barbosa, M Herrtage, P Watson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence, clinical significance and breed distribution of linear branching mineralisation superimposed on the hepatic radiographic silhouette in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of radiographs or ultrasound images of dogs showing branching mineralisation in the liver. RESULTS: Over the 30-year review period, 17 cases were identified and the mineralisation had a predominantly ventral distribution...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205353/subconjunctival-dirofilaria-repens-infection-in-a-dog-resident-in-the-uk
#16
D Agapito, N-A A Aziz, T Wang, E R Morgan, I Wright
Dirofilaria repens infection was diagnosed in a 5-year-old female German shepherd crossbreed, originally from Romania but brought into the UK in February 2014. The dog presented with conjunctivitis in March 2014 and then again 2 months later with additional ocular and nasal mucopurulent discharge. Bacterial cultures from the nasolacrimal duct were negative for bacterial growth. The case was referred in August 2014 for ophthalmic examination, which revealed abnormalities in both eyes, especially the left. They included mild palpebral conjunctival hyperaemia and marked follicular conjunctivitis, as well as a dorsonasal bulbar conjunctival mass...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194670/endoscopic-and-surgical-removal-of-oesophageal-and-gastric-fishhook-foreign-bodies-in-33-animals
#17
M Binvel, L Poujol, C Peyron, A Dunie-Merigot, F Bernardin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the location, retrieval, frequency of surgery and complications associated with fishhook foreign bodies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of the medical records of cats and dogs admitted between 2010 and 2016 after fishhook ingestion. RESULTS: A total of 33 cases (2 cats and 31 dogs) were included. The most common locations were the proximal oesophagus [12/33 (36%)] and stomach [11/33 (33%)]. Endoscopic retrieval was successful in 27 of 33 cases (82%); oesophageal perforation was the only recorded complication, occurring in six of 33 (18%) cases...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194625/laryngeal-chondronecrosis-after-radiation-therapy-in-a-dog
#18
J Bertran, M Martinez, M Breit, M A McLoughlin, K L Ham, E Warry, V Wavreille
A 5-year-old pug presented with a soft tissue swelling on the ventral neck and moderate stridor with associated respiratory effort. This patient received hypofractionated radiotherapy for metastatic upper lip mast cell tumour and to the submandibular lymph nodes 6 months before presentation. Oral examination showed moderate elongation of the soft palate, stage III laryngeal collapse with only the right laryngeal saccule mildly everted and exuberant pale epiglottal and left pharyngeal mucosa. Staphylectomy, resection of the epiglottal mucosa and left arytenoid lateralisation were performed...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193096/surgical-treatment-of-pulmonic-stenosis-in-dogs-under-cardiopulmonary-bypass-outcome-in-nine-dogs
#19
P Bristow, J Sargent, V Luis Fuentes, D Brockman
OBJECTIVES: To describe the outcome for nine dogs with pulmonic stenosis treated by open patch grafting using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene under cardiopulmonary bypass. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the hospital records of all dogs that had undergone right ventricular outflow tract grafting with an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene patch under cardiopulmonary bypass between 2006 and 2012 for the treatment of pulmonic stenosis. Echocardiographic images were reviewed and the pressure gradient across the right ventricular outflow tract re-measured...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193082/a-preliminary-investigation-of-the-effect-of-sample-collection-technique-on-the-cell-and-rna-content-of-fine-needle-aspirates-of-five-canine-tumours
#20
K L Bowlt Blacklock, J Ireland, J Stewart, S Murphy, L Blackwood, M Starkey
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of syringe size, needle size, number of needle passes and operator experience on cell yield from tumour fine-needle aspirates, and the quantity and quality of extractable RNA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fine-needle aspirates were collected from canine lymphoma, cutaneous mast cell tumour, anal gland adenocarcinoma, fibrosarcoma and oral malignant melanoma using nine different techniques. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in cell yield between fine-needle aspirate techniques for melanoma, lymphoma and anal gland adenocarcinoma...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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