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Journal of Small Animal Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718886/brainstem-auditory-evoked-responses-in-37-dogs-with-otitis-media-before-and-after-topical-therapy
#1
S Paterson
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether intra-aural administration of aqueous solutions of marbofloxacin, gentamicin, tobramycin and ticarcillin (used off-licence) was associated with changes in hearing as measured by brainstem auditory evoked responses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dogs diagnosed with otitis media (n=37) underwent brainstem auditory evoked response testing and then were treated for their ear disease. First, the external ear canal and middle ear were flushed with sterile saline followed by EDTA tris with 0·15% chlorhexidine...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678386/association-between-cystine-urolithiasis-and-neuter-status-of-dogs-within-the-uk
#2
J Florey, V Ewen, H Syme
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to examine the association between diagnosis of cystine urolithiasis and entire versus neutered status in male dogs and whether the strength of association varies among breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A previously reported canine urolithiasis database was used, documenting all urolith submissions to Hill's Pet Nutrition UK over a 10-year period. Uroliths were classified as cystine or non-cystine, and only male dogs with known neuter status were included in the analysis...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675435/bilateral-flexural-deformity-in-a-six-week-old-kitten
#3
R M Allan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661007/serum-thyroxine-and-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-concentration-in-hyperthyroid-cats-that-develop-azotaemia-after-radioiodine-therapy
#4
M E Peterson, R Nichols, M Rishniw
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine which serum thyroid hormone test best identifies iatrogenic hypothyroidism in cats that develop azotaemia after radioiodine treatment and to determine which thyroid test best differentiates these azotaemic, hypothyroid cats from azotaemic, radioiodine-treated euthyroid cats, as well as from azotaemic cats with chronic kidney disease and no history of thyroid disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 42 hyperthyroid cats that developed azotaemia (serum creatinine ê220 µmol/L) after radioiodine treatment had serum concentrations of thyroxine and free thyroxine by dialysis and thyroid--stimulating hormone measured at 3, 6 and 12 months...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660738/pseudolymphoma-in-a-cat-on-phenobarbital-treatment
#5
J Lieser, C S Schwedes
A two-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was presented with apathy, inappetence and generalised lymphadenomegaly. Anamnestic data included a generalised seizure disorder and phenobarbital treatment started one month before presentation. Routine blood analysis revealed only mild abnormalities and FeLV and FIV tests were negative. Both popliteal lymph nodes were aspirated and cytology was consistent with reactive lymph node hyperplasia. PCR for antigen receptor rearrangement testing diagnosed a polyclonal cell population...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660727/preliminary-evaluation-of-serum-total-cholesterol-concentrations-in-dogs-with-osteosarcoma
#6
H Leeper, A Viall, C Ruaux, S Bracha
OBJECTIVES: To determine if total serum cholesterol concentrations were altered in dogs with osteosarcoma. To evaluate association of total serum cholesterol concentration with clinical outcomes in dogs with appendicular osteosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, multi-institutional study on 64 dogs with osteosarcoma. Control population consisted of dogs with traumatic bone fractures (n=30) and healthy patients of similar age and weight as those of the osteosarcoma cases (n=31)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660694/long-term-serum-bile-acid-concentrations-in-51-dogs-after-complete-extrahepatic-congenital-portosystemic-shunt-ligation
#7
P Bristow, M Tivers, R Packer, D Brockman, V Ortiz, K Newson, V Lipscomb
OBJECTIVES: To report the long-term bile acid stimulation test results for dogs that have undergone complete suture ligation of a single congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from the hospital records of all dogs that had undergone a complete suture ligation of a single congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Owners were invited to return to the referral centre or their local veterinarian for repeat serum bile acid measurement...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612926/the-use-of-silver-amalgam-for-treatment-of-shell-ulcerations-in-turtles-60-cases
#8
F Spadola, M Morici
Shell ulcers were diagnosed based on clinical appearance in 60 turtles. Under general anaesthesia, surgical curettage was performed using a burr mounted on a micro-grinder. A calcium hydroxide paste was applied to the debrided lesions before the application of restorative material. Lesions were completely filled with rapidly hardening silver amalgam. Treated terrapins were hospitalised in dry containers and later were housed in tanks with controlled temperature 24 hours. Fillings were found spontaneously expulsed at various periods after placement...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597914/computed-tomographic-features-of-urinary-bladder-torsion-in-two-dogs
#9
M Ricciardi, A Campanella, R Martino
Urinary bladder torsion is rare in dogs. It is characterised by rotation of the organ along its longitudinal axis and is potentially life-threatening because of urinary flow obstruction with subsequent urine retention, hydroureter, hydronephrosis and azotaemia. This report describes the computed tomographic features of urinary bladder torsion in two dogs. In both cases, the hallmark indicative of torsion was the "whirl sign," originating from the twisted pelvic urethra and urinary bladder neck encircling the ureters, blood vessels and bladder ligaments in a characteristic spiral pattern...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597507/percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-cholecystocentesis-complications-and-association-of-ultrasonographic-findings-with-bile-culture-results
#10
F Schiborra, J F McConnell, T W Maddox
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively evaluate cases presented for percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis for associated complications, identify risk factors associated with complications and to assess ultrasonographic findings and relate these to bacterial culture results. METHODS: Data on 300 patients presented for percutaneous ultrasound-guided cholecystocentesis were retrospectively collected and ultrasonographic images were assessed for defined structural changes...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556234/diagnostic-imaging-of-oronasal-fistulas-in-a-dachshund
#11
B L Mulherin, J R Ewing, K Miles
Oronasal fistula development is described anecdotally as a common disease process in the dachshund but little is known about its imaging appearance. This case report describes the clinical presentation, computed tomography (CT) characterisation, dental radiograph confirmation and treatment of bilateral oronasal fistulas in a 14-year-old dachshund.
May 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543518/green-discolouration-of-urine-following-propofol-infusion-in-a-dog
#12
D Flaherty, A Auckburally
A three-year-old, female neutered Weimaraner was presented with a history of neck pain and tetraparesis. MRI revealed an extradural mass at the level of C3 vertebra, which was thought to be a spinal abscess, and the dog was scheduled for surgical exploration the following morning. Overnight the dog developed an exaggerated ventilatory pattern, with paradoxical inward movement of the thorax on inspiration. Arterial blood gas analysis revealed respiratory acidosis and ventilator support was initiated to prevent excessive respiratory fatigue...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543363/histiocytic-sarcoma-in-14-miniature-schnauzers-a-new-breed-predisposition
#13
J A Lenz, E Furrow, L E Craig, C M Cannon
OBJECTIVES: To describe a series of miniature schnauzers diagnosed with histiocytic sarcoma and assess for possible breed predisposition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of miniature schnauzers with a diagnosis of histiocytic sarcoma between January 2008 and April 2015 were reviewed. Data collected included signalment, body weight, presenting complaint, date of diagnosis, clinicopathologic and diagnostic imaging findings, treatment, therapeutic response, date of death or last follow-up and necropsy findings...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543035/owner-assessment-of-the-outcome-of-tibial-plateau-levelling-osteotomy-without-meniscal-evaluation-for-treatment-of-naturally-occurring-cranial-cruciate-ligament-rupture-130-cases-2009-to-2013
#14
S Bureau
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate long-term surgical outcome and chronic pain in dogs suffering from naturally occurring cranial cruciate ligament rupture treated by tibial plateau levelling osteotomy without meniscal evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective clinical study, data from surgical records of dogs with cranial cruciate ligament rupture that underwent tibial plateau levelling osteotomy without meniscal evaluation between August 2009 and November 2013 were reviewed...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543264/implication-clinical-and-biological-impact-of-vector-borne-haemopathogens-in-anaemic-dogs-in-france-a-prospective-study
#15
T Bouzouraa, J L Cadore, J Chene, I Goy-Thollot, F Ponce, K Chalvet-Monfray, B Rannou, L Chabanne
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively describe the clinical and biological impact of vector-borne haemopathogens in anaemic dogs in France and occurrence of haemolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective descriptive cohort study includes 134 client-owned dogs that were anaemic on admission at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of VetAgro Sup, Lyon, France. They underwent comprehensive screening with PCR to detect a panel of vector-borne haemopathogens, SNAP Leishmania and SNAP 4Dx Plus (IDEXX)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513850/small-prey-species-behaviour-and-welfare-implications-for-veterinary-professionals
#16
REVIEW
E Anne McBride
People have obligations to ensure the welfare of animals under their care. Offences under the UK Animal Welfare Act are acts, or failures of action, causing unnecessary suffering. Veterinary professionals need to be able to provide current, scientifically based prophylactic advice, and respect the limits of their expertise. The ethical concept of a life worth living and the Five Freedoms are core to welfare. Behaviour is a central component, both influencing and influenced by physical health. Owners frequently misunderstand the behaviour of small prey mammals and how to meet their needs...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485470/treatment-of-refractory-sino-nasal-aspergillosis-with-posaconazole-and-terbinafine-in-10-dogs
#17
J Stewart, D Bianco
OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and efficacy of posaconazole and terbinafine for the treatment of naturally occurring sino-nasal aspergillosis in dogs refractory to conventional topical and systemic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten client-owned dogs with sino-nasal aspergillosis and not responsive to conventional treatments were prospectively enrolled to receive a dose of 5 mg/kg posaconazole orally every 12 hours for six months. All dogs were concurrently treated with doses of 30 mg/kg terbinafine orally every 12 hours and 5 mg/kg doxycycline orally every 12 hours for 6 to 18 months...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466603/preliminary-investigation-of-urine-n-telopeptide-concentration-as-a-biomarker-of-bone-resorption-in-dogs-receiving-glucocorticoids
#18
J L Adamany, G F Cross, D Gardner, M D Dunning
OBJECTIVES: The influence of glucocorticoid therapy on bone resorption in dogs using a urine N-telopeptide assay was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one dogs receiving oral glucocorticoids and 31 age-matched healthy control dogs were enrolled. Urine N-telopeptide concentration was measured using a commercially available immunoassay and results were expressed as a ratio against urinary creatinine concentration. Dogs receiving glucocorticoids were divided into three subgroups based on daily glucocorticoid dose and three subgroups based on treatment duration...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466558/the-use-of-oral-fluralaner-for-the-treatment-of-feline-generalised-demodicosis-a-case-report
#19
I Matricoti, E Maina
There is little agreement on the most effective and safest treatment for feline demodicosis. Protocols generally consist of long-lasting therapy courses based on rinses, subcutaneous injections, oral drug administration or repeated spot-on formulation and the efficacy of most of these is poorly documented. Many of these products have also been associated with adverse effects and may be difficult to administer in cats, leading to poor owner compliance and treatment failure. This case report describes the successful use of fluralaner in treating a generalised form of demodicosis caused by Demodex cati in an adult cat that was probably triggered by a chronic glucocorticoid administration...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466480/contrast-enhanced-ultrasonographic-findings-of-hepatic-arterioportal-fistulas-in-a-dog
#20
M Sakamoto, S Shibata, R Asahina, K Yamazoe, H Kamishina, K Ishigaki, K Asano, S Maeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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