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Journal of Small Animal Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239997/long-term-imaging-follow-up-of-a-conservatively-managed-presumptive-osseous-cervical-stenotic-myelopathy-in-a-puppy
#1
C Doran, S R Platt, L S Garosi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209808/retrobulbar-cellulitis-and-abscessation-focus-on-short-and-long-term-concurrent-ophthalmic-diseases-in-41-dogs
#2
M C Fischer, A M Adrian, J Demetriou, P Nelissen, C Busse
OBJECTIVE: To describe concurrent ophthalmic diseases in dogs with retrobulbar cellulitis and abscessation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of clinical records of dogs with retrobulbar inflammation. RESULTS: Forty-one dogs were diagnosed with retrobulbar inflammation; of these, 23 presented with abscessation and two with zygomatic sialoadenitis. Diagnosis was based on orbital ultrasound, MRI, CT and cytological and microbiological examination of fluid or tissue samples...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30209807/the-addition-of-metronomic-chemotherapy-does-not-improve-outcome-for-canine-splenic-haemangiosarcoma
#3
C K Alexander, K L Cronin, M Silver, H L Gardner, C London
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the addition of metronomic chemotherapy improved outcome for dogs with splenic haemangiosarcoma treated with splenectomy and adjuvant maximum tolerated dose chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records were examined retrospectively for dogs with splenic haemangiosarcoma that had undergone splenectomy followed by anthracycline-based chemotherapy. Thirty-nine dogs underwent splenectomy followed by maximum tolerated dose chemotherapy with an anthracycline, cyclophosphamide, or both (Group 1)...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184262/a-modified-temporary-tracheostomy-in-dogs-outcome-and-complications-in-21-dogs-2012-to-2017
#4
F G Bird, R Vallefuoco, G Dupré, H Brissot
OBJECTIVES: To describe a modified temporary tracheostomy that included placing a Penrose drain sling dorsal to the trachea. To report outcomes and complications in brachycephalic versus non-brachycephalic breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of signalment, diagnosis, outcome, complications and management of dogs that underwent modified temporary tracheostomy. RESULTS: Twenty-one dogs were included. Tracheostomy tubes were maintained for periods ranging from 1 to 21 days (median 4 days)...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175457/determining-the-anatomical-origin-of-canine-hepatic-masses-by-ct
#5
C R Lamb, R Steel, V J Lipscomb
OBJECTIVES: To identify CT features of canine hepatic masses that could be used to determine their divisional or lobar origin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative, postcontrast CT images of 57 surgically resected hepatic masses were reviewed with respect to their size, position relative to the midline, gallbladder and portal vein, nearest recognisable hepatic lobar vein or portal vein and point of contact with the diaphragm and displacement of adjacent organs. RESULTS: The most prevalent histological diagnoses were hepatocellular carcinoma (n=26; 46%) and adenoma (n=10; 18%)...
September 2, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175446/effect-of-5-transdermal-lidocaine-patches-on-postoperative-analgesia-in-dogs-undergoing-hemilaminectomy
#6
V Re Bravo, F Aprea, R J Bhalla, C De Gennaro, G B Cherubini, F Corletto, E Vettorato
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of 5% lidocaine patches on postoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing hemilaminectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Client-owned dogs undergoing hemilaminectomy for a single acute intervertebral thoracolumbar disc extrusion were enrolled in this prospective, randomised, blinded clinical trial. Following methadone administration, anaesthesia was induced with propofol, and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen and fentanyl infusion, in both groups...
September 2, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168590/clinical-and-clinicopathological-characteristics-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-in-six-cats
#7
H Tomiyasu, A Doi, J K Chambers, Y Goto-Koshino, A Ohmi, K Ohno, H Tsujimoto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics of feline acute lymphoblastic leukaemia patients diagnosed according to the recent diagnostic criteria for the equivalent canine condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of six cats diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia were retrospectively reviewed to extract data on clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes. The lymphoid origin of the tumour cells was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction for antigen receptor gene rearrangement, flow cytometry or immunohistochemistry...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168146/hypertrophic-osteopathy-in-a-castrated-dog-with-prostatic-carcinoma-and-prostatitis
#8
K Jennings, J Watts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168135/abdominal-wall-rupture-with-gastric-herniation-in-an-8-week-old-puppy
#9
E J Bellamy, H Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160303/effect-of-injection-site-on-alfaxalone-induced-sedation-in-ball-pythons-python-regius
#10
T J Yaw, C Mans, S M Johnson, G A Doss, K K Sladky
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sedative and cardiorespiratory effects of alfaxalone in ball pythons following subcutaneous administration in the cranial versus caudal third of the body. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective, randomised, blinded, complete crossover study, eight ball pythons ( Python regius ) received alfaxalone in the cranial or caudal third of the body. Sedative and cardiorespiratory parameters were recorded. RESULTS: Administration of alfaxalone in the cranial third of the body resulted in significantly deeper and longer sedation compared with administration in the caudal third of the body...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132899/progression-and-complications-of-canine-cataracts-for-different-stages-of-development-and-aetiologies
#11
M C Fischer, A Meyer-Lindenberg
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate progression and complications of various cataract aetiologies and stages of development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 447 eyes of 250 dogs with cataracts were monitored between 2012 and 2015. Breed, gender, age, vision, types of cataract, stage of cataract development (incipient, immature, mature and hypermature), complications of cataracts, ocular ultrasonography and electroretinography findings were recorded. Re-examinations were performed after a minimum of 1, 6 and 12 months...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30125967/best-opioid-choice-for-canine-ovariohysterectomy-still-uncertain
#12
LETTER
K R Barrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117159/risk-of-nutritional-deficiencies-for-dogs-on-a-weight-loss-plan
#13
L Gaylord, R Remillard, K Saker
OBJECTIVES: To determine how general practice veterinarians make weight loss recommendations for dogs and if nutrients become deficient when following these recommendations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of general practice veterinarians was conducted to characterise weight loss recommendations made to clients. Using this data, progressive levels of caloric restriction were applied to top-selling commercial non-therapeutic adult maintenance diets and non-therapeutic weight management diets...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102418/long-term-outcome-of-primary-immune-mediated-thrombocytopenia-in-dogs
#14
K Simpson, P Chapman, A Klag
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of relapse after discharge from the hospital in dogs with a diagnosis of presumed primary immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, risk factors associated with relapse and whether or not indefinite use of immunosuppressive medication influences risk of relapse. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records from August 2007 through July 2016 were reviewed to identify dogs with a diagnosis of presumed primary immune-mediated thrombocytopenia...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102417/pathophysiology-and-aetiology-of-hypoglycaemic-crises
#15
REVIEW
R K Morgan, Y Cortes, L Murphy
Hypoglycaemia is a common, life-threatening complication that occurs as a component of a wide variety of disease processes. Despite its frequent occurrence, information concerning the aetiology, characteristics and outcomes of hypoglycaemic crises in veterinary medicine is limited. This review summarises the current understanding of the pathophysiology of hypoglycaemia, the body's counter-regulatory response, underlying aetiologies, diagnosis and treatment. Disease mechanisms are discussed and published evidence in veterinary literature regarding prognostic indicators, prevalence, diagnosis and treatment is examined for hypoglycaemia-related disease processes including insulinoma, glucose-lowering toxins and medications...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094894/relationship-between-brachycephalic-airway-syndrome-and-gastrointestinal-signs-in-three-breeds-of-dog
#16
B M Kaye, L Rutherford, D J Perridge, G Ter Haar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the breed-specific prevalence of, and effects of corrective airway surgery on, gastrointestinal signs in French bulldogs, English bulldogs and pugs presenting with brachycephalic airway syndrome to a referral teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, ptyalism, regurgitation and vomiting were graded at presentation using a previously established scoring system. Staphylectomy and nares resection were performed on all dogs...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066950/evaluation-of-point-of-care-analysers-for-blood-gas-and-clinical-chemistry-in-hermann-s-tortoises-testudo-hermanni
#17
N Di Girolamo, E Ferlizza, P Selleri, G Nardini, G Isani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the agreement between point-of-care and laboratory analysers in measuring biochemical and blood gas analytes in venous samples from tortoises and to define preliminary reference intervals for venous blood gas analysis in Hermann's tortoises (Testudo hermanni). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Jugular venous blood samples from 47 Hermann's tortoises underwent paired analysis with a portable gas analyser (i-STAT 1, Abaxis), a portable chemical analyser (VetScan VS2, Abaxis), and with the respective reference analysers...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047139/comparison-of-multiple-thawing-techniques-on-thaw-time-and-stability-of-hemostatic-proteins-in-canine-plasma-products
#18
L Torkildsen, M A Bishop, J W Barr, M B Pashmakova
OBJECTIVES: To compare thawing times of fresh frozen canine plasma between a 37 °C warm water bath, running water bath and dry plasma thawer and compare haemostatic protein stability after thawing in a warm water bath or dry plasma thawer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To measure thawing times, a 240-mL bag of frozen plasma was thawed in warm water bath, running water bath or dry plasma thawer-10 times for each method. To evaluate stability of haemostatic proteins, fresh canine donor plasma samples were split into 120-mL bags and 3-mL control aliquots before freezing...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043509/right-atrial-aneurysm-in-a-dog
#19
L A Murphy, N J Russell, R K Nakamura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039567/canine-hyperadrenocorticism-associations-with-signalment-selected-comorbidities-and-mortality-within-north-american-veterinary-teaching-hospitals
#20
J M Hoffman, B N Lourenço, D E L Promislow, K E Creevy
OBJECTIVE: To describe a large population of dogs with a diagnosis of hyperadrenocorticism at the time of death in North American veterinary teaching hospitals, and to identify comorbid conditions associated with hyperadrenocorticism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 1519 dogs with hyperadrenocorticism from a population of 70,574 dogs reported to the Veterinary Medical Database. Signalment, presence or absence of hyperadrenocorticism, aetiology of hyperadrenocorticism (if described), frequency of select comorbidities and causes of death were evaluated in dogs with and without hyperadrenocorticism...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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