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Journal of Small Animal Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513850/small-prey-species-behaviour-and-welfare-implications-for-veterinary-professionals
#1
REVIEW
E Anne McBride
People have obligations to ensure the welfare of animals under their care. Offences under the UK Animal Welfare Act are acts, or failures of action, causing unnecessary suffering. Veterinary professionals need to be able to provide current, scientifically based prophylactic advice, and respect the limits of their expertise. The ethical concept of a life worth living and the Five Freedoms are core to welfare. Behaviour is a central component, both influencing and influenced by physical health. Owners frequently misunderstand the behaviour of small prey mammals and how to meet their needs...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485470/treatment-of-refractory-sino-nasal-aspergillosis-with-posaconazole-and-terbinafine-in-10-dogs
#2
J Stewart, D Bianco
OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and efficacy of posaconazole and terbinafine for the treatment of naturally occurring sino-nasal aspergillosis in dogs refractory to conventional topical and systemic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten client-owned dogs with sino-nasal aspergillosis and not responsive to conventional treatments were prospectively enrolled to receive a dose of 5 mg/kg posaconazole orally every 12 hours for six months. All dogs were concurrently treated with doses of 30 mg/kg terbinafine orally every 12 hours and 5 mg/kg doxycycline orally every 12 hours for 6 to 18 months...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466603/preliminary-investigation-of-urine-n-telopeptide-concentration-as-a-biomarker-of-bone-resorption-in-dogs-receiving-glucocorticoids
#3
J L Adamany, G F Cross, D Gardner, M D Dunning
OBJECTIVES: The influence of glucocorticoid therapy on bone resorption in dogs using a urine N-telopeptide assay was investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one dogs receiving oral glucocorticoids and 31 age-matched healthy control dogs were enrolled. Urine N-telopeptide concentration was measured using a commercially available immunoassay and results were expressed as a ratio against urinary creatinine concentration. Dogs receiving glucocorticoids were divided into three subgroups based on daily glucocorticoid dose and three subgroups based on treatment duration...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466558/the-use-of-oral-fluralaner-for-the-treatment-of-feline-generalised-demodicosis-a-case-report
#4
I Matricoti, E Maina
There is little agreement on the most effective and safest treatment for feline demodicosis. Protocols generally consist of long-lasting therapy courses based on rinses, subcutaneous injections, oral drug administration or repeated spot-on formulation and the efficacy of most of these is poorly documented. Many of these products have also been associated with adverse effects and may be difficult to administer in cats, leading to poor owner compliance and treatment failure. This case report describes the successful use of fluralaner in treating a generalised form of demodicosis caused by Demodex cati in an adult cat that was probably triggered by a chronic glucocorticoid administration...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466480/contrast-enhanced-ultrasonographic-findings-of-hepatic-arterioportal-fistulas-in-a-dog
#5
M Sakamoto, S Shibata, R Asahina, K Yamazoe, H Kamishina, K Ishigaki, K Asano, S Maeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463414/an-exploratory-study-into-factors-influencing-development-of-acute-canine-polyradiculoneuritis-in-the-uk
#6
E J Laws, T R Harcourt-Brown, N Granger, J H Rose
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the development of acute canine polyradiculoneuritis is associated with various putative risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective case-control study with conditional logistic regression analysis from a referral hospital population in the UK where controls were matched for year of presentation. RESULTS: Forty-three cases were identified with acute canine polyradiculoneuritis and 86 controls were selected...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414856/radiographic-and-ultrasonographic-findings-of-the-spleen-and-abdominal-lymph-nodes-in-healthy-domestic-ferrets
#7
J N Suran, L V Latney, N R Wyre
OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiographic and ultrasonographic characteristics of the spleen and abdominal lymph nodes in clinically healthy ferrets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five clinically healthy ferrets were prospectively recruited for this cross-sectional study. Three-view whole body radiographs and abdominal ultrasonography were performed on awake (23 out of 55) or sedated (32 out of 55) ferrets. On radiographs splenic and abdominal lymph node visibility was assessed...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407253/treatment-of-tibial-diaphyseal-fractures-following-plateless-tibial-tuberosity-advancement-to-manage-cranial-cruciate-disease
#8
R De Sousa, P Egan, K Parsons, S Butterworth, I Calvo, S Roch, A P Moores
OBJECTIVE: To report diaphyseal fractures of the proximal tibia following tibial tuberosity advancement without plate stabilisation for the management of cranial cruciate ligament rupture in dogs. METHODS: Members of the British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association's online discussion forum were invited to submit revision cases of tibial diaphyseal fracture following tibial tuberosity advancement without plate fixation. Data collected included signalment, surgical revision technique, pre- and postoperative revision radiographic findings, complications and veterinary assessment...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394460/suspected-air-embolism-through-the-thoracic-ventral-internal-vertebral-venous-plexus-during-hemilaminectomy-in-dogs
#9
V Mortera-Balsa, H van Oostrom, C Yeamans, R Gutierrez-Quintana, J Penderis, N Granger
Venous air embolism entering via the ventral internal vertebral venous plexus was suspected during thoracic spinal surgery in two dogs. In both cases, air was seen bubbling from a pool of blood on the floor of the vertebral canal accompanied by sudden cardiopulmonary disturbances: low end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure, tachycardia and reduction in oxygen in the blood. One dog became dyspnoeic and one died.
April 10, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390190/systemic-scedosporium-prolificans-infection-in-an-11-month-old-border-collie-with-cobalamin-deficiency-secondary-to-selective-cobalamin-malabsorption-canine-imerslund-gr%C3%A3-sbeck-syndrome
#10
K Erles, A Mugford, D Barfield, T Leeb, P H Kook
An 11-month-old Border collie presented collapsed and continued to deteriorate rapidly despite supportive treatment. The dog had a history of failure to thrive and recurring respiratory infection. Laboratory abnormalities included neutrophilic leucocytosis, Heinz body anaemia, hyperammonaemia, hyperbilirubinaemia, proteinuria and hypocobalaminaemia. Post-mortem examination revealed multi-focal necrosis within the heart, kidneys, pancreas, liver, meninges and cerebral cortex. Fungal hyphae in lesions were identified as Scedosporium prolificans following culture...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390181/perceptions-and-opinions-of-canadian-pet-owners-about-anaesthesia-pain-and-surgery-in-small-animals
#11
P V Steagall, B P Monteiro, H L M Ruel, G Beauchamp, G Luca, J Berry, S Little, E Stiles, S Hamilton, D Pang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perceptions and opinions of Canadian pet owners about anaesthesia, pain and surgery in dogs and cats. METHODS: Six Canadian veterinary hospitals participated. Each practice received 200 copies of a questionnaire that were distributed to pet owners. Questions regarding the use of analgesics, anaesthesia, surgery and onychectomy (cats) were included. Responses were transformed into ordinal scores and analysed with a Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379624/surgical-removal-of-a-choroid-plexus-oncocytoma-in-an-adult-cat
#12
B Cossic, G Silver, M Kent, E N Glass, D Agnew, S McDonough, A D Miller
An 11-year-old male castrated domestic shorthair cat presented with left central vestibular dysfunction. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a large, extra-parenchymal, strongly contrast-enhancing mass at the level of the left cerebellopontine angle and compressing the cerebellum and brainstem. The mass was surgically excised via left rostral and sub-tentorial craniectomies and histopathology revealed an epithelial neoplasm composed of anastomosing cords of neoplastic cells that contained large amounts of finely granular hypereosinophilic cytoplasm and round nuclei...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379615/use-of-a-novel-extracapsular-bone-anchor-system-for-stabilisation-of-cranial-cruciate-ligament-insufficiency
#13
N M Muro, O I Lanz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate early clinical experiences using the novel extracapsular bone anchor Ruby system for stabilisation of the cranial cruciate ligament deficient stifle in the dog and report short-term outcome and complications for 17 clinical cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen dogs with cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency were treated using the Ruby system. Dogs were eligible if diagnosed via orthopaedic examination with unilateral or bilateral cranial cruciate ligament instability without any comorbidities...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370000/radiographic-and-computed-tomographic-appearance-of-tracheal-collapse-with-axial-rotation-in-four-dogs
#14
H G Heng, C K Lim, B Gutierrez-Crespo, L F Guptill
Tracheal collapse with axial rotation was diagnosed in four dogs. Radiographs showed increased tracheal dorsoventral height at the caudal cervical and thoracic inlet with and apparent intraluminal soft tissue opacity, mimicking an intraluminal tracheal foreign body. Computed tomography confirmed dorsoventral tracheal collapse with axial rotation in all dogs. Short-term outcome with medical treatment of all dogs was excellent.
April 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369893/congenital-duodenocolic-fistula-in-a-dog
#15
A Lecoindre, D Saade, P Barthez, J L Cadoré, P Lecoindre
A one-year-old female cocker spaniel presented with a six-month history of persistent diarrhoea. Abdominal ultrasonographic examination revealed mild diffuse thickening of the intestinal wall coupled with mesenteric lymphadenopathy. A connection between the duodenum and the colon was observed during an endoscopic procedure and confirmed by computed tomography. Surgical resection of the communication allowed remission of the diarrhoea. Histology showed a normal duodenal epithelium and muscular layer. A duodenocolic fistula is an abnormal connection within the digestive tract, which in humans is usually considered a complication of a local pathological condition...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369945/endoscopic-photodynamic-therapy-using-talaporfin-sodium-for-recurrent-intranasal-carcinomas-after-radiotherapy-in-three-dogs
#16
K Ishigaki, K Nariai, M Izumi, K Teshima, M Seki, K Edamura, T Takahashi, K Asano
Radiation is the treatment of choice for canine nasal tumours but, in almost all cases, there is local recurrence associated with poor prognosis. This report describes the effect of endoscopic photodynamic therapy using talaporfin sodium for canine intranasal carcinoma recurring after radiation therapy. Rhinoscopic photodynamic therapy was administered after radiation therapy in three dogs with recurrent intranasal carcinoma. Two to 24 illuminations of a 665-nm diode laser were performed two hours after intravenous bolus injection of 5·0 mg/kg of talaporfin sodium...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369886/efficacy-of-feline-anti-parvovirus-antibodies-in-the-treatment-of-canine-parvovirus-infection
#17
M Gerlach, A L Proksch, S Unterer, S Speck, U Truyen, K Hartmann
OBJECTIVE: This prospective, randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blinded study aimed to evaluate efficacy of commercially available feline anti-parvovirus antibodies in dogs with canine parvovirus infection. METHODS: First, cross-protection of feline panleukopenia virus antibodies against canine parvovirus was evaluated in vitro. In the subsequent prospective clinical trial, 31 dogs with clinical signs of canine parvovirus infection and a positive faecal canine parvovirus polymerase chain reaction were randomly assigned to a group receiving feline panleukopenia virus antibodies (n=15) or placebo (n=16)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369948/the-natural-history-of-humeral-intracondylar-fissure-an-observational-study-of-30-dogs
#18
A P Moores, A L Moores
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk of condylar fracture, or of needing to have a transcondylar screw placed, and to identify risk factors in a cohort of dogs with humeral intracondylar fissure (also known as incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle) that was initially managed non-surgically. METHODS: A retrospective owner survey of dogs diagnosed with humeral intracondylar fissure as an incidental finding and managed non-surgically with a minimum of two years follow-up...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370059/congenital-lobar-emphysema-in-a-kitten
#19
M Blonk, I Van de Maele, A Combes, B Stablay, H De Cock, I Polis, G Rybachuk, H de Rooster
A five-month-old ragdoll cat presented with severe respiratory signs, unresponsive to medical therapy. Hyperinflation of the right middle lung lobe was diagnosed with radiography and computed tomography. Lung lobectomy following a median sternotomy led to full recovery. Histopathological analysis revealed lobar emphysema and, based on the animal's age, congenital lobar emphysema was considered the most likely diagnosis.
March 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369956/anti-thymocyte-serum-as-part-of-an-immunosuppressive-regimen-in-treating-haematological-immune-mediated-diseases-in-dogs
#20
B Cuq, S L Blois, K A Mathews
OBJECTIVES: To report the outcomes associated with the use of rabbit anti-dog thymocyte serum in dogs with haematological immune-mediated diseases. METHODS: Medical records from 2000 to 2016 of patients diagnosed with immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia, immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, pancytopenia and myelofibrosis were reviewed. All dogs had a severe or refractory disease and received rabbit anti-dog thymocyte serum. Lymphocyte counts were used to monitor the immediate anti-thymocyte effect of therapy; long-term patient outcome was recorded...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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