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Journal of Small Animal Practice

E Moura, C T Pimpão
An easy-to-use classification that enables an accurate record of canine cleft lip and palate is fundamental for effective communication between professionals and researchers and optimal use of published information. Here we present how a classification system for human cleft lip and palate can be used to register spontaneous cases in dogs, highlighting its advantages. This system is based on four topographic areas with a numerical representation of the severity of the cleft in each area. The use of spontaneous cases has the advantage of providing clefts that are naturally similar to their human counterparts for surgical, genetic and genomic studies and, furthermore, will reduce the need for experimental models of this condition...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
D G O'Neill, A Riddell, D B Church, L Owen, D C Brodbelt, J L Hall
OBJECTIVES: To estimate prevalence and demographic risk factors for urinary incontinence in bitches under primary veterinary care in England. METHODS: The study population included all bitches within the VetCompass database from September 1, 2009 to July 7, 2013. Electronic patient records were searched for urinary incontinence cases and additional demographic and clinical information was extracted. RESULTS: Of 100,397 bitches attending 119 clinics in England, an estimated 3108 were diagnosed with urinary incontinence...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
L Cole, R Jepson, K Humm
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of systemic hypertension in cats with community-acquired acute kidney injury and investigate its relationship with disease severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of cats presenting to the Queen Mother Hospital for Animals, Royal Veterinary College with acute kidney injury between 2007 and 2015. Systolic blood pressure was measured using Doppler sphygmomanometry and systemic hypertension was defined pressures ê150 mmHg...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
R N White, C Shales, A T Parry
In this essay we use clinical evidence and knowledge of anatomy to examine the relationship between blood flow and formation of congenital extrahepatic portosystemic shunts in dogs and cats. First we report on the clinical findings in a series of 50 dogs and 10 cats and then systematically review peer-reviewed data on the detailed anatomy of shunts in dogs and cats. In dogs four types of shunt: spleno-caval, left gastro-phrenic, left gastro-azygos and those involving the right gastric vein account for 94% of extrahepatic shunts...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J A C Oliver, B C Cottrell, J R Newton, C S Mellersh
OBJECTIVES: To investigate inter-examiner variability in gonioscopic evaluation of pectinate ligament abnormality in dogs and to assess level of inter-examiner agreement for four different gonioscopy grading schemes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two examiners performed gonioscopy in 98 eyes of 49 Welsh springer spaniel dogs and estimated the percentage circumference of iridocorneal angle affected by pectinate ligament abnormality to the nearest 5%. Percentage scores assigned to each eye by the two examiners were compared...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M D James, F J Bova, D A Rajon, S Carrera-Justiz, R M Clemmons
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pilot study was to describe the application and first preliminary data of a novel MRI and CT compatible patient-specific facemask for stereotactic brain biopsy of intracranial lesions in dogs. METHODS: Five client-owned dogs presenting for neurological deficits consistent with forebrain disease were included in the study. All dogs had MRI findings consistent with an intracranial lesion. Using images obtained from either MRI or CT, a virtual three-dimensional model of each dog's face was generated...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
U Jeffery
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether dogs living in urban areas are more likely to develop immune-mediated disease than those in rural areas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-control study comparing the prevalence of urban home location between dogs with immune-mediated disease and matched controls. Dogs diagnosed with immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia, immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, immune-mediated polyarthritis or meningoencephalomyelitis of unknown origin were identified by case record searches...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
G A Doss, C Mans, S Hoey, N Di Girolamo, R L Stepien, K R Waller
OBJECTIVE: To determine the vertebral heart size in chinchillas using right and left lateral radiographic views and CT images. To evaluate the agreement between radiographic and CT modalities. METHODS: Twenty-one clinically healthy chinchillas and seven chinchillas with cardiovascular abnormalities underwent cardiovascular examination before thoracic radiographs and thoracic CT obtained under dexmedetomidine-ketamine anaesthesia. Two observers calculated vertebral heart size for radiographic and CT studies...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
D G O'Neill, J Case, A K Boag, D B Church, P D McGreevy, P C Thomson, D C Brodbelt
OBJECTIVE: To report prevalence, risk factors and clinical outcomes for presumptive gastric dilation-volvulus diagnosed among an emergency-care population of UK dogs. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional design using emergency-care veterinary clinical records from the VetCompass Programme spanning September 1, 2012 to February 28, 2014 and risk factor analysis using multivariable logistic regression modelling. RESULTS: The study population comprised 77,088 dogs attending 50 Vets Now clinics...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
S Knöpfler, A Mayer-Scholl, E Luge, R Klopfleisch, A D Gruber, K Nöckler, B Kohn
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical, laboratory and diagnostic imaging features and prognostic factors in dogs with leptospirosis from North-East Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of dogs diagnosed with leptospirosis from 2006 to 2013 were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: The study included 99 dogs. At initial presentation, the most common clinical signs were lethargy (96%), anorexia (88%), vomiting (85%), painful abdomen (39%), diarrhoea (38%), oliguria (27%) and tachypnoea (26%)...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
D A Raele, D Galante, N Pugliese, M A Cafiero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
B T Simon, E M Scallan, G Carroll, P V Steagall
Oligoanalgesia is defined as failure to provide analgesia in patients with acute pain. Treatment of pain in emergencies, critical care and perioperatively may influence patient outcomes: the harmful practice of withholding analgesics occurs in teaching hospitals and private practices and results in severe physiological consequences. This article discusses the prevalence, primary causes, species and regional differences and ways to avoid oligoanalgesia in small animal practice. Oligoanalgesia may be addressed by improving education on pain management in the veterinary curriculum, providing continuing education to veterinarians and implementing pain scales...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
T A Geis, Z M Pfeffer, A M Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J L McDonald, I R Cleasby, D C Brodbelt, D B Church, D G O'Neill
OBJECTIVES: To identify important demographic and spatial factors associated with the risk of trauma and, more specifically, road traffic accident-related mortality, relative to other diagnoses in cats. METHODS: A sample of 2738 cats with mortality data derived from the VetCompass primary-care veterinary database was selected for detailed study. Generalised linear models investigated risk factors for mortality due to trauma and due to road traffic accidents versus other causes...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
I D Jones, A D Daniels, A Lara-Garcia, L M Peters, P Mantis
OBJECTIVES: To describe the CT findings in a population of dogs with multi-centric lymphoma that involved the spleen and liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical records between January 2008 and June 2015 were reviewed. Thoracic and abdominal CT examinations of patients diagnosed with multi-centric lymphoma were evaluated by a board-certified radiologist. A diagnosis of multi-centric lymphoma with splenic and hepatic involvement was based upon cytological identification and immunophenotyping of neoplastic lymphocytes in cellular samples harvested from a peripheral lymph node, the spleen and the liver...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
F Swinbourne, N Jeffery, M S Tivers, R Artingstall, F Bird, T Charlesworth, I Doran, A Freeman, J Hall, R Hattersley, J Henken, J Hughes, B de la Puerta, L Rutherford, T Ryan, H Williams, S Woods, I Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: (1) document the incidence of surgical site dehiscence after full-thickness gastrointestinal biopsy in dogs and cats and (2) identify potential risk factors. METHODS: Data relating to dogs and cats undergoing full-thickness gastrointestinal biopsy were reviewed retrospectively following submission of a completed questionnaire by 12 referral institutions. Outcome measures were definite dehiscence, possible dehiscence (clinical records suggestive of dehiscence but not confirmed), suspected dehiscence (definite and possible combined) and death within 14 days...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
N Di Girolamo, P Selleri, T Collarile, V Del Duca, D Binanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
R Liffman, N Courtman
With the improved accessibility to ultrasound, fine needle aspiration of abdominal organs is now performed frequently in many veterinary practices. Despite this, there are many 'unknowns' as to the best method to produce a high-quality sample. This report begins by highlighting recent literature on the risks and benefits of abdominal fine needle aspiration. It follows with recommendations about the equipment and method best suited to the procedure, including needle and syringe size and aspiration versus non-aspiration techniques...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
C R Wilson, M B Pashmakova, J A Heinz, M C Johnson, H M Minard, M A Bishop, J W Barr
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the biochemical changes - also known as the storage lesion - that occur in canine packed red blood cells during ex vivo storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten 125-mL units of non-leuco-reduced packed red blood cells in citrate phosphate dextrose adenine were obtained from a commercial blood bank within 24 hours of donation. Samples were aseptically collected on days 1, 4, 7, 14, 28, 35 and 42 for measurement of sodium, potassium, chloride, lactate, glucose, pH and ammonia concentrations...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
N Fernandez, J Del-Pozo, D Shaw, A I C Marques
OBJECTIVES: High-quality biopsy is an essential factor for the successful diagnosis of canine liver disease. The aim of this study was to compare various aspects of biopsies obtained by two different techniques: pretied ligating loop and cup biopsy forceps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen client-owned dogs underwent laparoscopic liver biopsies for diagnosis of liver disease. Biopsies were obtained from the same liver lobe using a pre-tied ligating loop and cup biopsy forceps...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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