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Journal of Small Animal Practice

H Salari Sedigh, M Rajabioun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A Boswood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
V Rodiño-Tilve, J Guevar, G Hammond, J Penderis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M von Roedern, Y Buriko, J Prittie, K Lamb
OBJECTIVES: To measure iron parameters and markers of inflammation in anaemic cats presented for intensive care unit hospitalisation, and to compare these to cohorts of non-anaemic hospitalised cats and cats that develop hospital-acquired anaemia. METHODS: Blood samples were collected for measurement of iron panel and serum amyloid A in addition to routine investigation in cats admitted to the intensive care unit. Medical records were reviewed to determine how many of the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome criteria were met and to assign Acute Patient Physiologic and Laboratory Evaluation scores as a measure of illness severity...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
B Dyall, H Schmökel
OBJECTIVE: To assess the perioperative complications and the outcome when treating small-breed dogs with cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency with tibial tuberosity advancement using the TTA Rapid implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 40 dogs (48 stifles) with cranial cruciate ligament insufficiency and body weight of 15 kg or less. Diagnosis was confirmed by arthroscopy or arthrotomy, followed by tibial tuberosity advancement surgery. Six weeks after surgery, the dogs were re-evaluated with clinical examination and radiography...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J A Wakayama, E Furrow, L K Merkel, P J Armstrong
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinicopathologic findings and outcome in dogs with atypical hypoadrenocorticism (Group 1) and dogs with suspected atypical hypoadrenocorticism whose post-adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation cortisol concentrations were greater than 55 nmol/L but below the laboratory reference interval (Group 2). METHODS: Medical records were searched to identify dogs diagnosed with hypoadrenocorticism between January 2004 and June 2014. Dogs were excluded if their Na:K ratio was less than 27 or if they had received prior therapy that could interfere with adrenocorticotropic hormone stimulation testing...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A Parslow, D J Simpson
OBJECTIVES: A very limited safe anatomical window for transiliosacral implant placement exists in cats (<0·5 cm 2 ). Lag screw fixation requires multiple bilateral implants thus increasing the risk of iatrogenic trauma and implant interference. We describe a safe and effective method for bilateral sacroiliac fixation in cats using a single implant to minimise inadvertent iatrogenic damage to local structures and restore pelvic canal diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight cats underwent surgical fixation for traumatic bilateral sacroiliac luxation using a single smooth intramedullary pin...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
P S Frezoulis, E Angelidou, D Karnezi, I L Oikonomidis, M Kritsepi-Konstantinou, D Kasabalis, M E Mylonakis
OBJECTIVES: To further clarify the causes of pancytopoenia and to investigate whether underlying cause or severity were associated with survival in an area endemic for vector-borne pathogens. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of 119 dogs with and 238 dogs without pancytopoenia. RESULTS: Mixed-breed dogs and dogs younger than one year had higher odds of being pancytopoenic. The most common diagnoses included monocytic ehrlichiosis (n=42), leishmaniasis (n=28) and parvoviral enteritis (n=19)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
H Ohta, T Morita, N Yokoyama, T Osuga, N Sasaki, K Morishita, K Nakamura, M Takiguchi
OBJECTIVES: In this pilot study, serum canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity was measured repeatedly in dogs with various immune-mediated diseases that were treated with immunosuppressive doses of prednisolone. METHODS: Ten client-owned dogs with newly diagnosed immune-mediated disease that had normal canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity concentrations (≤200 µg/l) were treated with 2 to 2.2 mg/kg prednisolone orally once daily as the initial treatment...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
D C Barnes, J L Demetriou
OBJECTIVES: To report the outcomes and complications of a cohort of dogs with primary and recurrent anal sac adenocarcinoma managed with surgery as the first-line treatment. To report the use of lymph node cytology for identification of metastatic disease. METHODS: Retrospective review of case records of a single referral centre population of dogs diagnosed with anal sac adenocarcinoma. RESULTS: Fifty-two clinical cases were identified. Altered ultrasonographic appearance of lymph nodes was highly consistent with metastatic disease as assessed by cytology and histopathology...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A Lamoureux, C Maurey, V Freiche
OBJECTIVES: Inflammatory rectal strictures in dogs and cats have been rarely reported. The aim of this study was to describe nine cases and their treatment by digital bougienage. METHODS: Medical records of dogs and cats referred for constipation, dyschezia or tenesmus and diagnosed with an inflammatory rectal stricture were obtained from the database of two referral centres between 2007 and 2014 and reviewed. RESULTS: Four dogs and five cats met the inclusion criteria...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
L Devine, P J Armstrong, J C Whittemore, L Sharkey, N Bailiff, A Huang, M Rishniw
OBJECTIVES: To describe, in a cohort of dogs with presumed primary immune-mediated neutropoenia, the presenting clinical characteristics, haematology results, bone marrow characteristics, therapies used (drugs and doses), clinical response to treatment, relapse and outcome at six months and one year. METHODS: Multi-institutional recruited retrospective descriptive case series with voluntary submissions. Presumed immune-mediated neutropoenia was diagnosed based on a neutrophil concentration <1500×10(9) cells/L on a minimum of two complete blood counts, exclusion of other causes of neutropoenia based on a diagnostic bone marrow aspirate or biopsy, and exclusion of secondary immune-mediated neutropoenia...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Muenster, A Hoerauf, M Vieth
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical features of canine gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A search of our medical records produced 20 dogs with clinical signs attributable to oesophageal disease, hyper-regeneratory oesophagopathy and no other oesophageal disorders. The clinical, endoscopic and histological findings of the dogs were analysed. RESULTS: The 3-year incidence of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease was 0·9% of our referral dog population...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
E Villedieu, R F Sanchez, R E Jepson, G Ter Haar
A two-year-old, female neutered, cross-breed dog imported from Romania was diagnosed with nasal infestation of Linguatula serrata after she sneezed out an adult female. The dog was presented with mucopurulent/sanguinous nasal discharge, marked left-sided exophthalmia, conjunctival hyperaemia and chemosis. Computed tomography and left frontal sinusotomy revealed no further evidence of adult parasites. In addition, there was no evidence of egg shedding in the nasal secretions or faeces. Clinical signs resolved within 48 hours of sinusotomy, and with systemic broad-spectrum antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
B N Sarowitz, G J Davis, S Kim
OBJECTIVES: To describe the long-term outcomes and prognostic factors associated with curative-intent surgery for oral tumours in a large series of dogs. METHODS: Retrospective review of records for dogs with oral tumours treated with curative-intent surgery. Data collected included signalment, weight, surgical procedure, lymph node staging results, computed tomography results, tumour size, histopathology results including margin evaluation, complications, adjunctive therapies, local recurrence or metastasis, date and cause of death and owner satisfaction...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J W Elliott, F Swinbourne, A Parry, L Baines
A ten-year-old, female-entire English springer spaniel presented with a large intra-abdominal mass but no other clinical signs. Gastrointestinal stromal tumour of the caecum with widespread abdominal metastasis was confirmed. Treatment with toceranib phosphate resulted in complete response, despite the absence of exon-8 or exon-11 c-kit mutation. There was no clinical evidence of tumour recurrence nine months after diagnosis.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A Zoff, P Laborda-Vidal, J Mortier, M Amengual, E Rioja
OBJECTIVES: To compare, via CT imaging, the spread of different volumes of diluted iodinated contrast medium in the transversus abdominis muscle plane of dog cadavers. METHODS: Prospective, randomised study. An electro stimulation or a SonoTAP needle was inserted in plane with the ultrasound beam in the fascia between the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles. A test dose of 1 ml of diluted contrast (30 mg/mL iohexol) was injected to confirm positioning, followed by 0 · 5 mL/kg (n=14) or 1 mL/kg (n=12) and the distribution of the fluid compared...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Di Giuseppe, M Morici, A Martinez Silvestre, F Spadola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
T Krentz, S Allen
Bacterial translocation involves the passage of intestinal bacteria to extraintestinal sites and has been shown to increase morbidity and mortality in critical illness. This review outlines the pathophysiology of bacterial translocation, host defence mechanisms, and reviews the evidence for the clinical management of critically ill patients in order to minimise the negative outcomes associated with bacterial translocation.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Y Sato, Y Ohari, T Itagaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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