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Journal of Small Animal Practice

A Lorek, S E Spencer, R Dennis
OBJECTIVES: To describe low- and high-field MRI characteristics of occult masticatory muscle lesions in basset hounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of the MR images of the heads of 44 basset hounds that had been imaged for reasons unrelated to suspected muscle disease. RESULTS: In most basset hounds, there was reduced bulk of the superficial part of the temporalis and masseter muscles together with bilaterally symmetrical T2W and T1W hyperintense signal with reduced contrast enhancement compared to normal muscle...
July 16, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
C Wallis, K V Patel, M Marshall, R Staunton, L Milella, S Harris, L J Holcombe
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and rates of progression of gingivitis and periodontitis in Labrador retrievers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three dogs, aged 1·1 to 5·9 years, had their periodontal health assessed every 6 months for up to 2 years. The extent of gingivitis and periodontitis was measured around the whole gingival margin of every tooth under general anaesthesia. RESULTS: All dogs had gingivitis at the initial assessment...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Z N Cochrane, D J Berger, A K Viall, D Schrunk, J F Hans Coetzee
OBJECTIVES: To determine the potency and reproducibility of milbemycin oxime when compounded as an aqueous suspension (20 mg/mL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preparation choice reflected current prescribing practices. Samples were acquired by prescription from two national veterinary compounding pharmacies at three time points. Two different storage conditions were evaluated and sampled at four time points from the order date (day 7, 14, 21 and 28). Milbemycin oxime recovery was performed by solid-phase extraction and concentration strength measured via high-performance liquid chromatography...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J Bazelle, A Threlfall, N Whitley
Diverse drugs with presumed cytoprotective effect have been used therapeutically in small animal veterinary practice for various gastro-intestinal conditions such as oesophagitis, gastric ulceration, gastritis or chronic gastro-enteropathies. Their efficacy has been doubted in human medicine, raising similar questions in the veterinary field. The aim of this review was to assess the current evidence on the efficacy and safety of these drugs in dogs and cats. Through a systematic review of the literature, we identified 37 articles on the use of misoprostol, sucralfate and other gastroprotectants in dogs and cats...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M W Nolan, J M Dobson
Radiation therapy has been used to treat animal cancers for more than 100 years. Clinical experiences and experimental results have been widely published and provide a basis for the recognition of radiation therapy as an integral component of multimodal cancer management in veterinary oncology. As the expectations of pet owners and the demand for treatment of companion animals with cancer have increased, veterinary oncology itself has undergone dramatic advances in the past several decades both in terms of improved diagnostics and treatments, including increased accessibility of radiation therapy...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
K A Marshall, A C Brooks, G K Hammac, E J Thomovsky, P A Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk of bacterial growth in single use 50% dextrose vials punctured multiple times and stored in various hospital environments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three groups of three 50% dextrose vials were stored in our hospital intensive care unit at either ambient light or in a darkened drawer at room temperature or refrigerated at 4°C. One vial in each group was punctured either once, once weekly or once daily for 28 days and samples taken for bacterial culture every 7 days until completion of the project...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
T Yen, M J Boord, R Ghubash, J M Blondeau
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Cicalfate® (Avene), a commercially available skin cream, or its active ingredient - sucralfate - demonstrate in vitro antimicrobial effect against common veterinary cutaneous pathogens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective study assessing in vitro susceptibility of standardised and clinical strains of common veterinary cutaneous pathogens to titrated concentrations of sucralfate in either saline solution (range 0∙2 to 200 mg/mL) or in Cicalfate® restorative cream solubilised in DMSO (range 0∙002 to 1 mg/mL)...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
N A Erickson, B Münzer, M Dunkel, L Mundhenk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
F R Rodriguez, B M Kirby, J Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate factors that could be associated with retained surgical sponges in veterinary patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was distributed to 322 veterinarians attending a national veterinary conference in the UK. The survey included questions about the staff, scheduling, type of surgical procedure, surgical sponges, methods to track surgical sponges and details of clinical cases with retained surgical sponges. RESULTS: The response rate was 64 of 322 (19%)...
July 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
T Charlesworth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
C A Bertram, R Klopfleisch, K Müller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
K Coyner, K Tater, M Rishniw
OBJECTIVES: To characterise the signalment, clinical presentation and therapy of pemphigus foliaceus in cats treated by primary care practitioners. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of patient and treatment factors with the following case outcomes: remission (achieving remission, time to remission), treatment-related adverse effects (number, severity) and final disease outcome (medical control, cure, death or euthanasia). RESULTS: Data were obtained from 48 cats with biopsy-confirmed pemphigus foliaceus managed by practitioners from six countries and 47 hospitals...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Matiasovic, A Nutt, K Parsons, I Doran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Gallego, J E Villaluenga
Of the pet rabbits presented at one private practice between August 2011 and August 2016 (n=1369), 5·6% presented with a traumatic orthopaedic injury. Of these, 7·8% (n=6) presented with traumatic coxofemoral luxation, the most frequently observed type of luxation. Three cases of non-traumatic coxofemoral luxation in pet rabbits are also discussed. Eight rabbits presented with craniodorsal luxation and one with caudoventral luxation. Five rabbits were initially treated using closed reduction and an Ehmer sling under sedation...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
D Sarran, A Caron, J P Billet
Vocal cord granulomas are rarely observed in brachycephalic breeds but often reported in humans as contact granulomas. Six French bulldogs were included in this retrospective descriptive study. Endoscopic laryngeal examinations were performed on all dogs under general anaesthesia. Vocal cord lesions were exclusively unilateral, exophytic, approximately 3-mm wide ulcerated mucosal nodules, arising from the vocal cord. Histopathological examination mainly revealed chronic inflammatory changes on the laryngeal epithelium which were consistent with laryngeal granulomas described in humans, except for the location: vocal cord in dogs versus vocal process in humans...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M D Shah, D Yates, J Hunt, J C Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether preoperative methadone provides superior perioperative analgesia compared to buprenorphine in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. METHODS: Eighty female dogs were recruited to an assessor-blinded, randomised, clinical trial. Dogs received a premedication dose of 0·05 mg/kg acepromazine or 10 μg/kg medetomidine combined with either 0·3 mg/kg methadone or 20 μg/kg buprenorphine intramuscularly. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
D L Clarke
Feline obstructive ureteral disease will likely remain a common and frustrating cause of critical illness in cats for the foreseeable future. Since many cats are uraemic and cardiovascularly unstable secondary to obstructive nephropathy, prompt recognition using clinical intuition, blood work and diagnostic imaging is essential to make a timely diagnosis and decision about timing for intervention, if indicated. Multiple surgical and interventional procedures exist for the management of feline ureteral obstructions but there is no ideal technique and all currently available procedures carry risk of infection, re-obstruction, urine leakage and the need for additional procedures in the future...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
U Segal, H Bar, J Shani
OBJECTIVES: To describe a surgical technique using bilateral twisted string-of-pearls locking plates for lumbosacral fracture-luxation in dogs and cats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twisted string-of-pearls locking plates were used to stabilise lumbosacral fracture-luxation between 2013 and 2017. Decompression of the cauda equina was achieved by dorsal laminectomy through a dorso-medial approach. Stabilisation was achieved using bilateral string-of-pearls plates attached to the lateral aspects of the vertebral body cranial to the fractured vertebra and the iliosacral joints...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A Giuliano, P Watson, L Owen, B Skelly, L Davison, J Dobson, F Costantino-Casas
Pyogranulomatous inflammation has been extensively described in cats, in particular in cases of feline infectious peritonitis and also associated with Mycobacteria, Actinomyces, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and fungal infections. Idiopathic sterile pyogranulomatous dermatitis has also been described. In this case series we describe the clinical presentation, histopathology and outcome of three cases of feline idiopathic sterile steroid-responsive pyogranuloma with different presentation and different locations of the lesion, but with the common feature of having a mass with no superficial skin involvement...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
V Fabrès, C Layssol-Lamour, P Meynaud-Collard, O Dossin
A 11-year-old spayed female golden retriever was examined because of lethargy, anorexia, vomiting and abdominal pain. Plain abdominal radiography showed a uniform radiopacity of the gallbladder. Ultrasonography demonstrated hyperechoic material in the gallbladder lumen associated with an acoustic shadow and findings consistent with acute pancreatitis. Fine-needle aspiration of the bile revealed bacterial cholecystitis. Following cholecystectomy, it was apparent that the gallbladder was filled with a semi-solid, pasty-like greenish-brown material composed of 80% calcium carbonate, consistent with a diagnosis of 'limy bile'...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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