Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Small Animal Practice

F Thierry, K Bradley, C Warren-Smith
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of impinged spinous processes in asymptomatic dogs. METHODS: One hundred and ninety lateral thoracic radiographs of asymptomatic dogs radiographed for reasons other than spinal pain, were retrospectively reviewed by two board-certified radiologists. Images were assessed for impinged spinous processes and graded for narrowing, sclerosis or remodelling of the spinous processes. RESULTS: The prevalence of impinged spinous processes in unaffected dogs was 33·2%...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Dolera, L Malfassi, S Pavesi, S Finesso, M Sala, N Carrara, S Marcarini, G Mazza, C Bianchi, G Urso
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of hypofractionated stereotactic volumetric-modulated arc radiotherapy in treating canine adrenal tumours with vascular invasion. METHODS: A single-arm clinical study was performed. The dogs underwent total body computed tomography, brain and abdomen magnetic resonance imaging and endocrine assay. Adrenal masses were classified as cortisol-secreting adrenal tumour or non-secreting adrenal tumour. Radiotherapy treatments were delivered by hypofractionated stereotactic volumetric-modulated arc radiotherapy via a linear accelerator...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Y Cedeño, M López-Alonso, M Miranda
OBJECTIVES: Defects in copper metabolism have been described in several dog breeds, and recently, it has been suggested that changes in other essential trace elements could be involved in the pathogenesis of hepatic disease. This study measured hepatic copper accumulation and its interactions with other essential trace and toxic metals in dogs diagnosed with chronic hepatitis. METHODS: Liver samples of 20 chronic hepatitis and 20 healthy dogs were collected. Samples were acid digested, and essential metals (cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molibdenum, selenium and zinc) and toxic metals (arsenic, cadmium, mercury and lead) were analysed by inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
S Paterson
Topical otic products form an integral part of the overall management of otitis externa. With an ever increasing array of ear drops and cleaners to choose from, appropriate selection of therapy can be difficult. The investigation of all cases of otitis externa should consider primary and secondary causes and predisposing and perpetuating factors. This article considers topical therapy under these same broad headings and discusses, through literature review, the various properties of the components of the ear cleaning solutions and drops...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
I Hajek, F Kettner, V Simerdova, C Rusbridge, P Wang, V Palus, B A Minassian
Lafora disease is a fatal genetic disorder characterised by neurotoxic deposits of malformed insoluble glycogen. In humans it is caused by mutation in the EPM2A or NHLRC1 genes. There is a known mutation in miniature wirehaired dachshunds which has not been documented in other dog breeds, including beagles, in which the disease is relatively commonly reported. This case report describes the causative defect in two affected beagles, namely the same massive expansion as in miniature wirehaired dachshunds of a 12-nucleotide repeat sequence that is unique to the canine NHLRC1 gene...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J R S Dandrieux
The aim of this review is to discuss why "chronic enteropathy" might be a better term than "inflammatory bowel disease" in dogs, because the treatment and outcome of the disease is very different from that of inflammatory bowel disease in humans. The effect of food, antibiotics and immunosuppressant drugs on chronic enteropathy will be reviewed. New treatments under investigation will also be introduced. Although there are several studies evaluating treatment of chronic enteropathy in dogs, the quality and quantity of evidence supporting individual therapies remains scarce and more work is needed to improve management of this disease...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J A Heinz, M B Pashmakova, C R Wilson, M C Johnson, H M Minnard, M A Bishop, J W Barr
OBJECTIVE: To describe the biochemical changes that occur during storage of feline packed red blood cells. METHODS: Feline packed red blood cells were obtained from the manufacturer via overnight delivery immediately following collection. Bag spikes were placed using aseptic technique and samples were drawn on days 1, 4, 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35. Sodium, potassium, chloride, glucose, lactate, pH and ammonia were measured at each time point. Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial cultures were submitted following collection on day 35...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J Ganjei, A Langenbach, G Watrous, J Hodgson
OBJECTIVE: To document the most common types of bacteria isolated from the canine larynx and to compare isolates, degree of growth and susceptibility patterns between dogs with laryngeal paralysis and dogs with normal laryngeal function. METHODS: Laryngeal swabs were collected from each patient and submitted for bacterial culture and susceptibility testing. Dogs with laryngeal paralysis (n=23) underwent a unilateral arytenoid lateralisation and control dogs (n=24) underwent an elective orthopaedic procedure...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
P C Liu, C A Chen, C M Chen, C H Yen, M H Lee, C K Chuang, C F Tu, B L Su
OBJECTIVE: The clinical feasibility of passive immunotherapy has not been demonstrated in dogs naturally infected with canine distemper. In this study, porcine anti-canine distemper virus IgG and F(ab')2 antibody fragments were used to treat infected puppies. METHODS: A total of 41 naturally infected puppies (age Äsix months) exhibiting severe respiratory signs, but lacking neurological signs, were enrolled in the study. Twenty-five puppies were treated with a combination of IgG or F(ab')2 antibody fragments (Group 1) and supportive therapy and 16 puppies received routine supportive care only (Group 2)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
S Kuzi, S E Blum, N Kahane, A Adler, O Hussein, G Segev, I Aroch
BACKGROUND: Members of the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex cause severe outbreaks in humans, and are increasingly reported in animals. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: A retrospective study, describing a severe outbreak in dogs and cats caused by a multidrug resistant member of the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex in a veterinary hospital, between July 2010 and November 2012. RESULTS: The study included 19 dogs and 4 cats...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J M Rosenbaum, B R Coolman, B L Davidson, M L Daly, J F Rexing, A E Eatroff
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of disposable skin staples for intestinal resection and anastomosis in dogs and report associated dehiscence and mortality rates. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of medical records of dogs that underwent intestinal resection and anastomosis using disposable skin staples between 2000 and 2014. Data regarding patient signalment, indication for surgery, location of the resection and anastomosis, number of procedures performed, evidence of peritonitis at the time of surgery, surgeon qualifications, dehiscence, and mortality were obtained from the medical records...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J Helm, A McBrearty, S Fontaine, R Morrison, P Yam
OBJECTIVES: To perform a preliminary study to assess whether single-agent palliative or adjuvant chemotherapy has an impact on objectively measured physical activity in dogs. METHODS: Fifteen dogs with neoplasia (treatment group) wore ActiGraph™ accelerometers for 5-day periods before, during and after receiving single-agent, adjuvant or palliative chemotherapy. Mean 5-day total physical activity and time spent in three different intensities of activity (sedentary, light-moderate and vigorous) before, during and after receiving chemotherapy were compared to a group of 15 healthy dogs (control group)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
R E Jepson, H R Warren, H M Syme, J Elliott, P B Munroe
OBJECTIVES: In humans, genome-wide association studies have identified variants in the uromodulin gene (UMOD) associated with blood pressure and renal function. This study aimed to evaluate the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms at the UMOD locus with renal function and blood pressure in cats. METHODS: We retrospectively identified cats aged 14 years that had participated in a geriatric monitoring program, and from which stored DNA samples were available, from a computerised database...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
P F P Roynard, A Bilderback, C Falzone, J D Stefanacci, G B Cherubini
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging features, treatments and outcomes of canine vertebral chondrosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of dogs with confirmed vertebral chondrosarcoma and magnetic resonance imaging of the lesions, from four different veterinary referral institutions. RESULTS: A total of six dogs were included in this report. In all cases, magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lobulated mass involving the dorsal vertebral compartment, markedly hyperintense with few foci of hypointensity on T2-weighted images, iso to hypointense on T1-weighted images with contrast enhancement after gadolinium administration...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
S Salavati Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic purulent mesenteric lymphadenitis or lymph node abscessation, even though rare in dogs, are important diseases in which rapid diagnosis and treatment is critical. This study aimed to characterise the typical features of these conditions in dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Archived records from 2005 to 2015 were retrospectively evaluated for the occurrence of idiopathic purulent mesenteric lymphadenitis or lymph node abscesses in dogs. History, physical and clinicopathological abnormalities, diagnostic tests performed, treatment and outcome were reviewed...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Marco Luparello, Laura Faraci, Marco Di Giuseppe, Lorenzo Crosta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
H Dirrig, R Drees, R Lam
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of dual-phase contrast-enhanced computed tomography for the depiction of the features of the male genital tract, highlighting differences between entire and neutered dogs. METHODS: Computed tomography exams of 23 entire and 23 neutered male dogs with no history of urogenital disease were included in this retrospective study, with exams acquired pre-, 30 and 98·9 ±27·4 seconds after intravenous contrast administration. The genital structures were subjectively evaluated for visibility, contrast enhancement and enhancement pattern and differences between entire and neutered dogs were described...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M S Kent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Nick Jeffery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J P Bray
Soft tissue sarcomas are derived from tissues of mesenchymal origin. Although local recurrence following surgical resection is the characteristic challenge in their management, 40% dogs with high-grade tumours may also develop metastatic disease, despite successful local control. Soft tissue sarcoma is a complex disease and there are many uncertainties regarding the biology and optimal clinical management. There are currently no diagnostic tests that can reliably predict the amount of surgical margin required for a particular tumour, so there can be a mismatch between treatment and disease...
October 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"