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Journal of Small Animal Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230234/nasal-infestation-by-linguatula-serrata-in-a-dog-in-the-uk-a-case-report
#1
E Villedieu, R F Sanchez, R E Jepson, G Ter Haar
A two-year-old, female neutered, cross-breed dog imported from Romania was diagnosed with nasal infestation of Linguatula serrata after she sneezed out an adult female. The dog was presented with mucopurulent/sanguinous nasal discharge, marked left-sided exophthalmia, conjunctival hyperaemia and chemosis. Computed tomography and left frontal sinusotomy revealed no further evidence of adult parasites. In addition, there was no evidence of egg shedding in the nasal secretions or faeces. Clinical signs resolved within 48 hours of sinusotomy, and with systemic broad-spectrum antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224623/outcome-and-prognostic-factors-following-curative-intent-surgery-for-oral-tumours-in-dogs-234-cases-2004-to-2014
#2
B N Sarowitz, G J Davis, S Kim
OBJECTIVES: To describe the long-term outcomes and prognostic factors associated with curative-intent surgery for oral tumours in a large series of dogs. METHODS: Retrospective review of records for dogs with oral tumours treated with curative-intent surgery. Data collected included signalment, weight, surgical procedure, lymph node staging results, computed tomography results, tumour size, histopathology results including margin evaluation, complications, adjunctive therapies, local recurrence or metastasis, date and cause of death and owner satisfaction...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199021/successful-treatment-of-a-metastatic-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumour-in-a-dog-with-toceranib-phosphate-palladia
#3
J W Elliott, F Swinbourne, A Parry, L Baines
A ten-year-old, female-entire English springer spaniel presented with a large intra-abdominal mass but no other clinical signs. Gastrointestinal stromal tumour of the caecum with widespread abdominal metastasis was confirmed. Treatment with toceranib phosphate resulted in complete response, despite the absence of exon-8 or exon-11 c-kit mutation. There was no clinical evidence of tumour recurrence nine months after diagnosis.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199008/comparison-of-the-spread-of-two-different-volumes-of-contrast-medium-when-performing-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-injection-in-dog-cadavers
#4
A Zoff, P Laborda-Vidal, J Mortier, M Amengual, E Rioja
OBJECTIVES: To compare, via CT imaging, the spread of different volumes of diluted iodinated contrast medium in the transversus abdominis muscle plane of dog cadavers. METHODS: Prospective, randomised study. An electro stimulation or a SonoTAP needle was inserted in plane with the ultrasound beam in the fascia between the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles. A test dose of 1 ml of diluted contrast (30 mg/mL iohexol) was injected to confirm positioning, followed by 0 · 5 mL/kg (n=14) or 1 mL/kg (n=12) and the distribution of the fluid compared...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188616/jugular-vein-venipuncture-technique-in-small-lizard-species
#5
LETTER
M Di Giuseppe, M Morici, A Martinez Silvestre, F Spadola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 11, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186322/bacterial-translocation-in-critical-illness
#6
REVIEW
T Krentz, S Allen
Bacterial translocation involves the passage of intestinal bacteria to extraintestinal sites and has been shown to increase morbidity and mortality in critical illness. This review outlines the pathophysiology of bacterial translocation, host defence mechanisms, and reviews the evidence for the clinical management of critically ill patients in order to minimise the negative outcomes associated with bacterial translocation.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133741/gastrointestinal-pseudoparasitism-by-chestnut-weevil-curculio-sikkimensis-larvae-in-a-dog
#7
LETTER
Y Sato, Y Ohari, T Itagaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133740/toxicity-of-metronomic-cyclophosphamide-chemotherapy-in-a-uk-population-of-cancer-bearing-dogs-a-retrospective-study
#8
A Harper, L Blackwood
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the incidence of toxicity in a group of cancer-bearing dogs treated with metronomic chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of dogs treated with metronomic doses of cyclophosphamide: between 5 and 15 mg/m(2) /day or every other day for treatment of neoplasia. RESULTS: Of the 65 dogs included, there were signs of, mostly mild, toxicity in 32 (49%). The most common toxicities were sterile haemorrhagic cystitis (n=16) and gastrointestinal disorders (n=12)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133735/type-ia-spherical-communicating-colonic-duplication-in-a-dog-treated-with-colectomy
#9
N Fernandez, L Morrison, T Liuti, M Frame, D Yool
A six-month-old Labrador retriever presented for investigation of a colonic mass identified as an incidental finding during exploratory coeliotomy. Computed tomography identified a lesion in the colon which occupied part of its lumen and shared blood supply with the remainder of the colon. The lesion was suspected to be a colonic duplication and it was excised by segmental colectomy during exploratory coeliotomy. Histopathology from the excised colon confirmed the diagnosis of a colonic duplication. The dog recovered uneventfully and had no complications...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133734/diagnostic-value-of-two-commercial-chromatographic-patient-side-tests-in-the-diagnosis-of-acute-canine-leptospirosis
#10
C I Gloor, A Schweighauser, T Francey, S Rodriguez-Campos, B Vidondo, B Bigler, S Schuller
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic performance of two patient-side tests (RDT-1: Test-it™ and RDT-2 Witness®Lepto) in the early diagnosis of canine leptospirosis. METHODS: Retrospective study of 108 dogs with leptospirosis and 53 controls. Leptospirosis was diagnosed based on compatible clinical and clinicopathologic signs and either a single microscopic agglutination test titre_ >800 (n=49), seroconversion (n=53), positive urine real time PCR (RT-PCR) (n=1), evidence of spirochaetes in silver-stained tissues (n=1) or a combination of these (n=4)...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133732/analysis-of-serum-corticosteroid-induced-alkaline-phosphatase-isoenzyme-in-dogs-with-hepatobiliary-diseases
#11
K Kojima, K Ohno, H Kanemoto, Y Goto-Koshino, K Fukushima, H Tsujimoto
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the relationship between canine corticosteroid-induced alkaline phosphatase isoenzyme activity and hepatobiliary diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the relationship between serum corticosteroid-induced alkaline phosphatase activity and diagnosis, serum cortisol concentration and alanine transferase activity in dogs with hepatobiliary diseases. Dogs with a history of glucocorticoid administration were excluded. RESULTS: Seventy-two dogs with hepatobiliary diseases were analysed...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160309/dietary-management-of-presumptive-protein-losing-enteropathy-in-yorkshire-terriers
#12
A J Rudinsky, J P Howard, M A Bishop, R G Sherding, V J Parker, C Gilor
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical outcome of dietary management of Yorkshire terriers with protein-losing enteropathy without immunosuppressive/anti-inflammatory medications. METHODS: Records were searched for Yorkshire terriers with hypoalbuminaemia and a clinical diagnosis of protein-losing enteropathy that were managed with diet and without immunosuppressive/anti-inflammatory medications. Serum albumin changes were compared using a one-way repeated measures ANOVA...
February 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160308/invasive-histiocytic-sarcoma-of-the-lumbar-spine-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#13
M Warschau, M Hoffmann, P Dziallas, F Hansmann, W Baumgärtner, R Mischke, S Cichowski, M Fehr
This report describes the history, clinical examination and histopathology of a histiocytic sarcoma in a domestic ferret. Clinical signs were acute paraplegia and dysuria. Physical examination revealed a firm, smooth, touch-sensitive mass in and around the lumbar vertebral column. Neurologic examination was consistent with a lesion between spinal cord segments T3 and L3. Magnetic resonance images revealed bone lesions of L2 and L3 combined with compression of the spinal cord due to a homogenous, isointense mass that was diagnosed as a malignant round cell tumour and the ferret was euthanased...
February 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160307/treatment-of-presumptive-primary-immune-mediated-thrombocytopenia-with-mycophenolate-mofetil-versus-cyclosporine-in-dogs
#14
F O Cummings, S A Rizzo
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare hospitalisation duration, survival times, adverse events and cost of therapy in dogs with presumptive primary immune-mediated thrombocytopenia undergoing therapy with mycophenolate mofetil and corticosteroids versus cyclosporine and corticosteroids. METHODS: A retrospective study of medical case records of dogs with presumed primary immune-mediated thrombocytopenia was conducted. Data collected included signalment, presenting complaints, haematologic and biochemical profiles, vector-borne disease testing, thoracic and abdominal radiographs, abdominal ultrasound, medications administered, duration of hospitalisation, 30- and 60-day survival, adverse events and cost of therapy...
February 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160306/a-modified-tibial-compression-test-for-the-detection-of-meniscal-injury-in-dogs
#15
S Valen, C McCabe, E Maddock, S Bright, B Keeley
OBJECTIVE: To assess diagnostic efficacy of a modified tibial compression test in predicting medial meniscal injury in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament failure. METHODS: Dogs admitted for surgical stabilisation of stifles with cranial cruciate ligament failure were examined by five preoperative physical tests to assess medial meniscal injury. Results of each physical test were compared with findings at arthrotomy and used to calculate sensitivities, specificities, positive and negative predictive values...
February 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160305/modified-tube-gastropexy-using-a-mushroom-tipped-silicone-catheter-for-management-of-gastric-dilatation-volvulus-in-dogs
#16
A Belch, C Rubinos, D C Barnes, P Nelissen
OBJECTIVES: To report the short- and long-term complications and clinical outcomes of a cohort of dogs managed for gastric dilatation-volvulus using a modified right-sided tube gastropexy technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective case series. RESULTS: Of 31 dogs treated, 29 (93·5%) had an excellent short-term outcome, and gastric dilatation-volvulus did not recur in any dog. Twenty-six dogs (84%) were initially fed via the gastrostomy tube postoperatively; three (9·7%) suffered a major complication including septic peritonitis (n=1), and premature tube removal (n=2)...
February 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160304/the-age-breed-and-sex-pattern-of-diagnosis-for-veterinary-care-in-insured-cats-in-japan
#17
R Isomura, M Yamazaki, M Inoue, N C L Kwan, M Matsuda, K Sugiura
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the annual prevalence of different diagnostic categories by age, breed and sex in insured cats in Japan for which veterinary care claims had been made, and to identify if there is a pattern in these host factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 48,187 cats insured for veterinary care in Japan in the period from April 2012 to March 2013 comprising 26,003 males and 22,184 females were analysed to calculate the annual prevalence of 18 diagnostic categories of disease by age, breed and sex...
February 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160303/soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-the-dog-part-2-surgical-margins-controversies-and-a-comparative-review
#18
REVIEW
J P Bray
Soft tissue sarcoma constitutes a heterogeneous group of mesenchymal tumours. Although they are common in the dog, many uncertainties surround the best options for clinical management. Despite recent improvements in outcome, approximately one in five patients may still die as a result of their disease. There is some evidence that wide surgical excision may not be required for every soft tissue sarcoma but, conversely, complacency in treatment may adversely affect outcomes for patients with aggressive disease...
February 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066884/adverse-reaction-to-apomorphine-in-a-collie-homozygous-for-the-abcb1-1%C3%A2-mdr1-mutation
#19
LETTER
Olivier Campbell, Louis-Philippe de Lorimier, Katrina L Mealey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861909/factors-affecting-the-diagnostic-utility-of-canine-and-feline-cytological-samples
#20
R Sapierzyński, M Czopowicz, M Ostrzeszewicz
OBJECTIVES: Cytology is a quick, inexpensive, minimally invasive and widely available diagnostic method, but rigorous cooperation between clinical cytopathologist and physician is necessary to obtain clinically useful results. The aim of this study was to identify factors that affect clinical usefulness of a cytological result when the cellular material was collected by a general veterinary practitioner and examined by a clinical cytopathologist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of 100 fine-needle aspirates performed by private veterinarians and examined by the clinical cytopathologist...
February 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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