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Journal of Small Animal Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804909/evaluation-of-clinical-laboratory-imaging-findings-and-outcome-in-99-dogs-with-leptospirosis
#1
S Knöpfler, A Mayer-Scholl, E Luge, R Klopfleisch, A D Gruber, K Nöckler, B Kohn
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical, laboratory and diagnostic imaging features and prognostic factors in dogs with leptospirosis from North-East Germany. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of dogs diagnosed with leptospirosis from 2006 to 2013 were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: The study included 99 dogs. At initial presentation, the most common clinical signs were lethargy (96%), anorexia (88%), vomiting (85%), painful abdomen (39%), diarrhoea (38%), oliguria (27%) and tachypnoea (26%)...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766721/traumatic-cutaneous-myiasis-by-wohlfahrtia-magnifica-in-a-straydog-in-italy
#2
D A Raele, D Galante, N Pugliese, M A Cafiero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763103/the-lack-of-analgesic-use-oligoanalgesia-in-small-animal-practice
#3
REVIEW
B T Simon, E M Scallan, G Carroll, P V Steagall
Oligoanalgesia is defined as failure to provide analgesia in patients with acute pain. Treatment of pain in emergencies, critical care and perioperatively may influence patient outcomes: the harmful practice of withholding analgesics occurs in teaching hospitals and private practices and results in severe physiological consequences. This article discusses the prevalence, primary causes, species and regional differences and ways to avoid oligoanalgesia in small animal practice. Oligoanalgesia may be addressed by improving education on pain management in the veterinary curriculum, providing continuing education to veterinarians and implementing pain scales...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762510/chronic-thoracoabdominal-penetrating-foreign-body-in-a-dog-a-tranquiliser-dart
#4
T A Geis, Z M Pfeffer, A M Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762508/mortality-due-to-trauma-in-cats-attending-veterinary-practices-in-central-and-south-east-england
#5
J L McDonald, I R Cleasby, D C Brodbelt, D B Church, D G O'Neill
OBJECTIVES: To identify important demographic and spatial factors associated with the risk of trauma and, more specifically, road traffic accident-related mortality, relative to other diagnoses in cats. METHODS: A sample of 2738 cats with mortality data derived from the VetCompass primary-care veterinary database was selected for detailed study. Generalised linear models investigated risk factors for mortality due to trauma and due to road traffic accidents versus other causes...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762504/computed-tomographic-findings-in-12-cases-of-canine-multi-centric-lymphoma-with-splenic-and-hepatic-involvement
#6
I D Jones, A D Daniels, A Lara-Garcia, L M Peters, P Mantis
OBJECTIVES: To describe the CT findings in a population of dogs with multi-centric lymphoma that involved the spleen and liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical records between January 2008 and June 2015 were reviewed. Thoracic and abdominal CT examinations of patients diagnosed with multi-centric lymphoma were evaluated by a board-certified radiologist. A diagnosis of multi-centric lymphoma with splenic and hepatic involvement was based upon cytological identification and immunophenotyping of neoplastic lymphocytes in cellular samples harvested from a peripheral lymph node, the spleen and the liver...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762502/the-incidence-of-surgical-site-dehiscence-following-full-thickness-gastrointestinal-biopsy-in-dogs-and-cats-and-associated-risk-factors
#7
F Swinbourne, N Jeffery, M S Tivers, R Artingstall, F Bird, T Charlesworth, I Doran, A Freeman, J Hall, R Hattersley, J Henken, J Hughes, B de la Puerta, L Rutherford, T Ryan, H Williams, S Woods, I Nicholson
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to: (1) document the incidence of surgical site dehiscence after full-thickness gastrointestinal biopsy in dogs and cats and (2) identify potential risk factors. METHODS: Data relating to dogs and cats undergoing full-thickness gastrointestinal biopsy were reviewed retrospectively following submission of a completed questionnaire by 12 referral institutions. Outcome measures were definite dehiscence, possible dehiscence (clinical records suggestive of dehiscence but not confirmed), suspected dehiscence (definite and possible combined) and death within 14 days...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752585/endoscopic-identification-of-a-laryngeal-anaplastic-sarcoma-in-a-pet-rabbit
#8
N Di Girolamo, P Selleri, T Collarile, V Del Duca, D Binanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746730/fine-needle-aspiration-of-abdominal-organs-a-review-of-current-recommendations-for-achieving-a-diagnostic-sample
#9
REVIEW
R Liffman, N Courtman
With the improved accessibility to ultrasound, fine needle aspiration of abdominal organs is now performed frequently in many veterinary practices. Despite this, there are many 'unknowns' as to the best method to produce a high-quality sample. This report begins by highlighting recent literature on the risks and benefits of abdominal fine needle aspiration. It follows with recommendations about the equipment and method best suited to the procedure, including needle and syringe size and aspiration versus non-aspiration techniques...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741656/biochemical-evaluation-of-storage-lesion-in-canine-packed-erythrocytes
#10
C R Wilson, M B Pashmakova, J A Heinz, M C Johnson, H M Minard, M A Bishop, J W Barr
OBJECTIVES: This study describes the biochemical changes - also known as the storage lesion - that occur in canine packed red blood cells during ex vivo storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten 125-mL units of non-leuco-reduced packed red blood cells in citrate phosphate dextrose adenine were obtained from a commercial blood bank within 24 hours of donation. Samples were aseptically collected on days 1, 4, 7, 14, 28, 35 and 42 for measurement of sodium, potassium, chloride, lactate, glucose, pH and ammonia concentrations...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737268/comparison-of-two-minimally-invasive-techniques-for-liver-biopsy-collection-in-dogs
#11
N Fernandez, J Del-Pozo, D Shaw, A I C Marques
OBJECTIVES: High-quality biopsy is an essential factor for the successful diagnosis of canine liver disease. The aim of this study was to compare various aspects of biopsies obtained by two different techniques: pretied ligating loop and cup biopsy forceps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen client-owned dogs underwent laparoscopic liver biopsies for diagnosis of liver disease. Biopsies were obtained from the same liver lobe using a pre-tied ligating loop and cup biopsy forceps...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734021/effect-of-fixed-value-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-valves-on-canine-thoracic-volume-and-atelectasis
#12
A Allison, X Huizing, C Jolliffe, I Schaafsma
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate whether a fixed 10 cm H2 O positive end-expiratory pressure valve would increase the aeration of, and reduce atelectasis formation in, the lungs after induction of anaesthesia in dogs undergoing thoracic CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 28 dogs were paired based on breed, bodyweight and body condition score and then randomly allocated to either Group Z (0 cm H2 O) or Group P (10 cm H2 O positive end-expiratory pressure valve) immediately after the induction of anaesthesia...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727148/treatment-of-intrahepatic-congenital-portosystemic-shunts-in-dogs-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
M S Tivers, V J Lipscomb, D J Brockman
The aim of this study was to establish the evidence base for the treatment of intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunts in dogs through a systematic review of the pertinent literature. Studies were filtered for evidence to answer the question "Which of the treatment options for intrahepatic CPSS in dogs offers the best short- and long-term outcome?" Studies were assigned a level of evidence based on a system published by the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine. Thirty-two studies were included in the review...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718886/brainstem-auditory-evoked-responses-in-37-dogs-with-otitis-media-before-and-after-topical-therapy
#14
S Paterson
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine whether intra-aural administration of aqueous solutions of marbofloxacin, gentamicin, tobramycin and ticarcillin (used off-licence) was associated with changes in hearing as measured by brainstem auditory evoked responses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dogs diagnosed with otitis media (n=37) underwent brainstem auditory evoked response testing and then were treated for their ear disease. First, the external ear canal and middle ear were flushed with sterile saline followed by EDTA tris with 0·15% chlorhexidine...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678386/association-between-cystine-urolithiasis-and-neuter-status-of-dogs-within-the-uk
#15
J Florey, V Ewen, H Syme
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to examine the association between diagnosis of cystine urolithiasis and entire versus neutered status in male dogs and whether the strength of association varies among breeds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A previously reported canine urolithiasis database was used, documenting all urolith submissions to Hill's Pet Nutrition UK over a 10-year period. Uroliths were classified as cystine or non-cystine, and only male dogs with known neuter status were included in the analysis...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675435/bilateral-flexural-deformity-in-a-six-week-old-kitten
#16
R M Allan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661007/serum-thyroxine-and-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-concentration-in-hyperthyroid-cats-that-develop-azotaemia-after-radioiodine-therapy
#17
M E Peterson, R Nichols, M Rishniw
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine which serum thyroid hormone test best identifies iatrogenic hypothyroidism in cats that develop azotaemia after radioiodine treatment and to determine which thyroid test best differentiates these azotaemic, hypothyroid cats from azotaemic, radioiodine-treated euthyroid cats, as well as from azotaemic cats with chronic kidney disease and no history of thyroid disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 42 hyperthyroid cats that developed azotaemia (serum creatinine ê220 µmol/L) after radioiodine treatment had serum concentrations of thyroxine and free thyroxine by dialysis and thyroid--stimulating hormone measured at 3, 6 and 12 months...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660738/pseudolymphoma-in-a-cat-on-phenobarbital-treatment
#18
J Lieser, C S Schwedes
A two-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was presented with apathy, inappetence and generalised lymphadenomegaly. Anamnestic data included a generalised seizure disorder and phenobarbital treatment started one month before presentation. Routine blood analysis revealed only mild abnormalities and FeLV and FIV tests were negative. Both popliteal lymph nodes were aspirated and cytology was consistent with reactive lymph node hyperplasia. PCR for antigen receptor rearrangement testing diagnosed a polyclonal cell population...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660727/preliminary-evaluation-of-serum-total-cholesterol-concentrations-in-dogs-with-osteosarcoma
#19
H Leeper, A Viall, C Ruaux, S Bracha
OBJECTIVES: To determine if total serum cholesterol concentrations were altered in dogs with osteosarcoma. To evaluate association of total serum cholesterol concentration with clinical outcomes in dogs with appendicular osteosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, multi-institutional study on 64 dogs with osteosarcoma. Control population consisted of dogs with traumatic bone fractures (n=30) and healthy patients of similar age and weight as those of the osteosarcoma cases (n=31)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612926/the-use-of-silver-amalgam-for-treatment-of-shell-ulcerations-in-turtles-60-cases
#20
F Spadola, M Morici
Shell ulcers were diagnosed based on clinical appearance in 60 turtles. Under general anaesthesia, surgical curettage was performed using a burr mounted on a micro-grinder. A calcium hydroxide paste was applied to the debrided lesions before the application of restorative material. Lesions were completely filled with rapidly hardening silver amalgam. Treated terrapins were hospitalised in dry containers and later were housed in tanks with controlled temperature 24 hours. Fillings were found spontaneously expulsed at various periods after placement...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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