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Journal of Small Animal Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882574/inter-and-intra-operator-variability-in-the-analysis-of-packed-cell-volume
#1
C R Breheny, A Brown, I Handel, A G Gow
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether inter- and intra-operator variability occurs in the measurement of canine packed cell volume and, if so, at which stage these errors occur. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Undergraduate veterinary students and veterinary surgeons were recruited to measure the packed cell volumes of three samples in duplicate. Measurements from each sample were confirmed by one author, and it was then ascertained whether the error was made in the capillary preparation or reading...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868198/first-report-of-canine-systemic-cryptococcosis-owing-to-cryptococcus-gattii-in-europe
#2
LETTER
Spyridoula Gerontiti, Ioannis L Oikonomidis, Lambrini Kalogianni, Nektarios Soubasis, Maria Kritsepi-Konstantinou, Aristea Velegraki, Anastasia Komnenou, Eleptherios Triantafyllou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861920/comparison-of-computed-tomographic-angiography-and-intraoperative-mesenteric-portovenography-for-extrahepatic-portosystemic-shunts
#3
A T Parry, R N White
OBJECTIVES: Comparison of intra-operative mesenteric portovenography and computed tomographic angiography for the documentation of the portal vasculature in patients with single extrahepatic portosystemic shunts. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with extrahepatic portosystemic shunts that underwent preoperative computed tomographic angiography and intra-operative mesenteric portography. Studies were compared for identification of the intra- and extrahepatic portal vasculature...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861909/factors-affecting-the-diagnostic-utility-of-canine-and-feline-cytological-samples
#4
R Sapierzyński, M Czopowicz, M Ostrzeszewicz
OBJECTIVES: Cytology is a quick, inexpensive, minimally invasive and widely available diagnostic method, but rigorous cooperation between clinical cytopathologist and physician is necessary to obtain clinically useful results. The aim of this study was to identify factors that affect clinical usefulness of a cytological result when the cellular material was collected by a general veterinary practitioner and examined by a clinical cytopathologist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of 100 fine-needle aspirates performed by private veterinarians and examined by the clinical cytopathologist...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859317/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-administered-at-acupuncture-point-gv20-compared-to-intramuscular-route-in-dogs
#5
A Pons, S Canfrán, J Benito, R Cediel-Algovia, I A Gómez de Segura
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sedative effects produced by dexmedetomidine in dogs, administered either intramuscularly or into the Governing Vessel 20 acupuncture point. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six dogs were sedated with 125 µg/m(2) dexmedetomidine injected either intramuscularly in the gluteal muscles or subcutaneously into the acupuncture point and in random order. Sedation and analgesia were assessed blindly before and after treatments at regular intervals for 90 minutes or until the dogs fully recovered...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861922/diagnostic-contribution-of-cytological-specimens-obtained-from-biopsies-during-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-in-dogs-and-cats
#6
G Ruiz, L Verrot, E Laloy, G Benchekroun
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare cytological samples obtained from endoscopic biopsies using "imprint" and "squash" techniques, and to evaluate the potential value of cytology compared to histology in reaching the diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen dogs and five cats undergoing endoscopy for chronic gastrointestinal signs were prospectively included. Imprint and squash samples were obtained from one biopsy and then analysed. Comparison between cytology and histology was performed using Cohen's j coefficient...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861904/design-of-an-intraocular-pressure-curve-protocol-for-use-in-dogs
#7
R F Sanchez, M J Vieira da Silva, C Dawson
OBJECTIVES: To establish an intraocular pressure curve protocol that is safe for corneal health and detects harmful elevations of intraocular pressure outside normal clinic hours. To determine inter-user variability and if repeated measurements affect intraocular pressures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intraocular pressures were measured in dogs with glaucoma using three protocols: Protocol 1 used applanation tonometry every 2 hours over a 24-hour period; Protocols 2 and 3 used applanation or rebound tonometry, respectively, and measured intraocular pressures every 3 hours over a 30-hour period...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781271/prevalence-of-spinous-process-impingement-in-thoracic-vertebrae-on-radiographs-of-clinically-unaffected-dogs
#8
F Thierry, K Bradley, C Warren-Smith
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of impinged spinous processes in asymptomatic dogs. METHODS: One hundred and ninety lateral thoracic radiographs of asymptomatic dogs radiographed for reasons other than spinal pain, were retrospectively reviewed by two board-certified radiologists. Images were assessed for impinged spinous processes and graded for narrowing, sclerosis or remodelling of the spinous processes. RESULTS: The prevalence of impinged spinous processes in unaffected dogs was 33·2%...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759159/volumetric-modulated-arc-stereotactic-radiotherapy-for-canine-adrenocortical-tumours-with-vascular-invasion
#9
M Dolera, L Malfassi, S Pavesi, S Finesso, M Sala, N Carrara, S Marcarini, G Mazza, C Bianchi, G Urso
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of hypofractionated stereotactic volumetric-modulated arc radiotherapy in treating canine adrenal tumours with vascular invasion. METHODS: A single-arm clinical study was performed. The dogs underwent total body computed tomography, brain and abdomen magnetic resonance imaging and endocrine assay. Adrenal masses were classified as cortisol-secreting adrenal tumour or non-secreting adrenal tumour. Radiotherapy treatments were delivered by hypofractionated stereotactic volumetric-modulated arc radiotherapy via a linear accelerator...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747881/hepatic-concentrations-of-copper-and-other-metals-in-dogs-with-and-without-chronic-hepatitis
#10
Y Cedeño, M López-Alonso, M Miranda
OBJECTIVES: Defects in copper metabolism have been described in several dog breeds, and recently, it has been suggested that changes in other essential trace elements could be involved in the pathogenesis of hepatic disease. This study measured hepatic copper accumulation and its interactions with other essential trace and toxic metals in dogs diagnosed with chronic hepatitis. METHODS: Liver samples of 20 chronic hepatitis and 20 healthy dogs were collected. Samples were acid digested, and essential metals (cobalt, copper, iron, manganese, molibdenum, selenium and zinc) and toxic metals (arsenic, cadmium, mercury and lead) were analysed by inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747880/topical-ear-treatment-options-indications-and-limitations-of-current-therapy
#11
S Paterson
Topical otic products form an integral part of the overall management of otitis externa. With an ever increasing array of ear drops and cleaners to choose from, appropriate selection of therapy can be difficult. The investigation of all cases of otitis externa should consider primary and secondary causes and predisposing and perpetuating factors. This article considers topical therapy under these same broad headings and discusses, through literature review, the various properties of the components of the ear cleaning solutions and drops...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747878/nhlrc1-repeat-expansion-in-two-beagles-with-lafora-disease
#12
I Hajek, F Kettner, V Simerdova, C Rusbridge, P Wang, V Palus, B A Minassian
Lafora disease is a fatal genetic disorder characterised by neurotoxic deposits of malformed insoluble glycogen. In humans it is caused by mutation in the EPM2A or NHLRC1 genes. There is a known mutation in miniature wirehaired dachshunds which has not been documented in other dog breeds, including beagles, in which the disease is relatively commonly reported. This case report describes the causative defect in two affected beagles, namely the same massive expansion as in miniature wirehaired dachshunds of a 12-nucleotide repeat sequence that is unique to the canine NHLRC1 gene...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747868/inflammatory-bowel-disease-versus-chronic-enteropathy-in-dogs-are-they-one-and-the-same
#13
J R S Dandrieux
The aim of this review is to discuss why "chronic enteropathy" might be a better term than "inflammatory bowel disease" in dogs, because the treatment and outcome of the disease is very different from that of inflammatory bowel disease in humans. The effect of food, antibiotics and immunosuppressant drugs on chronic enteropathy will be reviewed. New treatments under investigation will also be introduced. Although there are several studies evaluating treatment of chronic enteropathy in dogs, the quality and quantity of evidence supporting individual therapies remains scarce and more work is needed to improve management of this disease...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739591/biochemical-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-storage-on-feline-erythrocytes
#14
J A Heinz, M B Pashmakova, C R Wilson, M C Johnson, H M Minnard, M A Bishop, J W Barr
OBJECTIVE: To describe the biochemical changes that occur during storage of feline packed red blood cells. METHODS: Feline packed red blood cells were obtained from the manufacturer via overnight delivery immediately following collection. Bag spikes were placed using aseptic technique and samples were drawn on days 1, 4, 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35. Sodium, potassium, chloride, glucose, lactate, pH and ammonia were measured at each time point. Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial cultures were submitted following collection on day 35...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739066/comparison-of-bacterial-cultures-of-the-larynx-between-dogs-with-laryngeal-paralysis-and-normal-dogs
#15
J Ganjei, A Langenbach, G Watrous, J Hodgson
OBJECTIVE: To document the most common types of bacteria isolated from the canine larynx and to compare isolates, degree of growth and susceptibility patterns between dogs with laryngeal paralysis and dogs with normal laryngeal function. METHODS: Laryngeal swabs were collected from each patient and submitted for bacterial culture and susceptibility testing. Dogs with laryngeal paralysis (n=23) underwent a unilateral arytenoid lateralisation and control dogs (n=24) underwent an elective orthopaedic procedure...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726133/application-of-xenogeneic-anti-canine-distemper-virus-antibodies-in-treatment-of-canine-distemper-puppies
#16
P C Liu, C A Chen, C M Chen, C H Yen, M H Lee, C K Chuang, C F Tu, B L Su
OBJECTIVE: The clinical feasibility of passive immunotherapy has not been demonstrated in dogs naturally infected with canine distemper. In this study, porcine anti-canine distemper virus IgG and F(ab')2 antibody fragments were used to treat infected puppies. METHODS: A total of 41 naturally infected puppies (age Äsix months) exhibiting severe respiratory signs, but lacking neurological signs, were enrolled in the study. Twenty-five puppies were treated with a combination of IgG or F(ab')2 antibody fragments (Group 1) and supportive therapy and 16 puppies received routine supportive care only (Group 2)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709647/multi-drug-resistant-acinetobacter-calcoaceticus-acinetobacter-baumannii-complex-infection-outbreak-in-dogs-and-cats-in-a-veterinary-hospital
#17
S Kuzi, S E Blum, N Kahane, A Adler, O Hussein, G Segev, I Aroch
BACKGROUND: Members of the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex cause severe outbreaks in humans, and are increasingly reported in animals. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: A retrospective study, describing a severe outbreak in dogs and cats caused by a multidrug resistant member of the Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-Acinetobacter baumannii complex in a veterinary hospital, between July 2010 and November 2012. RESULTS: The study included 19 dogs and 4 cats...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709619/the-use-of-disposable-skin-staples-for-intestinal-resection-and-anastomosis-in-63-dogs-2000-to-2014
#18
J M Rosenbaum, B R Coolman, B L Davidson, M L Daly, J F Rexing, A E Eatroff
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of disposable skin staples for intestinal resection and anastomosis in dogs and report associated dehiscence and mortality rates. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of medical records of dogs that underwent intestinal resection and anastomosis using disposable skin staples between 2000 and 2014. Data regarding patient signalment, indication for surgery, location of the resection and anastomosis, number of procedures performed, evidence of peritonitis at the time of surgery, surgeon qualifications, dehiscence, and mortality were obtained from the medical records...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709617/use-of-accelerometry-to-investigate-physical-activity-in-dogs-receiving-chemotherapy
#19
J Helm, A McBrearty, S Fontaine, R Morrison, P Yam
OBJECTIVES: To perform a preliminary study to assess whether single-agent palliative or adjuvant chemotherapy has an impact on objectively measured physical activity in dogs. METHODS: Fifteen dogs with neoplasia (treatment group) wore ActiGraph™ accelerometers for 5-day periods before, during and after receiving single-agent, adjuvant or palliative chemotherapy. Mean 5-day total physical activity and time spent in three different intensities of activity (sedentary, light-moderate and vigorous) before, during and after receiving chemotherapy were compared to a group of 15 healthy dogs (control group)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627693/magnetic-resonance-imaging-treatment-and-outcome-of-canine-vertebral-chondrosarcomas-six-cases
#20
P F P Roynard, A Bilderback, C Falzone, J D Stefanacci, G B Cherubini
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging features, treatments and outcomes of canine vertebral chondrosarcoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records of dogs with confirmed vertebral chondrosarcoma and magnetic resonance imaging of the lesions, from four different veterinary referral institutions. RESULTS: A total of six dogs were included in this report. In all cases, magnetic resonance imaging revealed a lobulated mass involving the dorsal vertebral compartment, markedly hyperintense with few foci of hypointensity on T2-weighted images, iso to hypointense on T1-weighted images with contrast enhancement after gadolinium administration...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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