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Journal of Small Animal Practice

A Phillips, E R Kulendra, R Lam, N J Kulendra, D J Brockman
A 9-month-old domestic short-haired cat presented with stunted growth and chronic gastrointestinal signs. Tachypnoea, a heart murmur and cranial abdominal bruit were detected on physical examination. Echocardiography revealed volume overload in all heart chambers. CT angiography identified an abnormal communication between the hepatic arterial circulation and the portal vein, along with multiple acquired shunts. The abnormal vascular communication was surgically ligated. Echocardiography documented improvement in cardiac parameters following surgery and the cat continues to have no clinical signs 39 months after surgery...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
C Giordano, G Barsotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
P Cooper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J N Nessler, F Attig, M Thöle, B Raddatz, A Beineke, M Fehr, A Tipold, V M Stein
A 1-year-old dwarf rabbit was presented with sub-acute progressive tetraparesis. Radiography, CT and MRI revealed compressive cervical myelopathy secondary to a complex atlanto-axial malformation including partial aplasia of the atlantal dorsal arch, dens malformation, malarticulation and lateral atlanto-occipital displacement. Owners decided against surgical treatment and elected conservative treatment including analgesia with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cage rest and physiotherapy. Within 2 months clinical signs deteriorated and the owner elected euthanasia...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J Riggs, J F Ladlow, L J Owen, J L Hall
Internal obturator and/or semitendinosus muscle flaps were used to reinforce primary appositional rectal wall repair in three dogs and one cat in this case series. All three dogs incurred rectal wall compromise during surgical excision of anal sac tumours. The cat sustained bite wounds to the perianal region resulting in abscessation and a rectal tear. Our results indicate that application of an internal obturator and/or semitendinosus muscle flap can reduce the risk of rectal wall dehiscence after primary repair, and consequently the risk of pararectal abscess or rectocutaneous fistula formation...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
A Jeandel, L S Garosi, L Davies, L T Guo, R Salgüero, G D Shelton
A 9-year-old Border terrier was presented to a referral hospital after a 1-year history of progressive stiffness and exercise intolerance. Neurological examination was consistent with a neuromuscular disorder. Serum creatine kinase activity was mildly elevated. A myopathy was suspected based on MRI findings and electrophysiological examination. Muscle histopathology was consistent with a severe non-inflammatory myopathy of a dystrophic type. Immunofluorescence and western blotting confirmed a dystrophinopathy with an 80-kDa truncated dystrophin fragment similar to Becker muscular dystrophy in people...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
D McCarthy, B Matz, J Wright, L Moore
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of an active patient-warming device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Temperatures of an active patient-warming device (HotDog system) were measured at various time points using an infrared thermometer. The study was conducted in two phases: Phase 1 compared temperatures among four different areas of the warming blanket. Phase 2 compared conditions simulating different scenarios using a weighted patient simulator. RESULTS: Phase 1: Three out of four positions on the warming blanket had significantly different temperature measurements...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J Ellis, R Bell, D C Barnes, R Miller
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of thrombocytopenia in a referral population of cats in the UK, to identify disease processes associated with thrombocytopenia and to assess the proportion of thrombocytopenic cats that tested positive for feline leukaemia virus or feline immunodeficiency virus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical records at a UK referral hospital. Cats were grouped by mechanism of thrombocytopenia and disease process (where known)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
P C Strøm, S L Marks, J A Rivera, G D Shelton
A 14-month-old female pitbull terrier mix was presented for evaluation of dysphagia of 8 months' duration secondary to intermittent dorsiflexion of the tongue apex. Physical and neurological examinations were unremarkable with the exception of the dorsiflexed tongue. Serum creatine kinase activity was increased (703 IU/L, reference interval: 55 to 257 IU/L), and electromyography of the tongue demonstrated areas of fibrillation potentials. Histopathology of the tongue showed myopathic changes with excessive variability in myofibre size and endomysial fibrosis...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M-D Tabar, R Movilla, L Serrano, L Altet, O Francino, X Roura
OBJECTIVES: To investigate evidence for selected vector-borne pathogen infections in dogs with pericardial effusion living in a Mediterranean area in which several canine vector-borne diseases are endemic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Archived EDTA blood (n=68) and pericardial fluid samples (n=58) from dogs with pericardial effusion (n=68) were included. Dogs without pericardial effusion examined for other reasons were included as controls (n=60). Pericardial effusion was classified as neoplastic in 40 dogs, idiopathic in 23 dogs and of unknown aetiology in 5 dogs...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
M Hamon, B Dequeant, A Decambron, E Reyes-Gomez, M Manassero
A 7-year-old, 34-kg, neutered male Labrador retriever was presented with a 1-year history of intermittent sneezing with occasional left-sided epistaxis. CT revealed a mass in the left nasal cavity. Histopathological analysis of rhinoscopy-guided tissue biopsies was consistent with chronic necrotic and ulcerative rhinitis. Surgical debridement by ventral rhinotomy was subsequently performed and histopathological diagnosis was leiomyoma. Complete resolution of the nasal discharge and reduced sneezing frequency were observed after surgery...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
R O Schueler, G White, R L Schueler, J M Steiner, A Wassef
OBJECTIVE: To determine the differences in serum canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity between dogs with intervertebral disc herniation and healthy control dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four client-owned dogs with intervertebral disc herniation, diagnosed by neurologic examination and imaging, and 18 healthy control dogs. Samples of whole blood were collected within 90 minutes of admission. Serum canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity concentrations were measured by a commercial immunoassay and evaluated for association with intervertebral disc herniation, signalment, neurolocalisation and the preadmission administration of glucocorticosteriods or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
T Hernon, M Gurney, S Gibson
OBJECTIVE: To identify prognostic information and provide recommendations for management of feline trauma patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of case records for 185 cats presented as emergency trauma cases to a referral hospital between February 2009 and December 2013. Each case was assigned a severity score from 1 (very minor injuries) to 6 (moribund, dying). The data were analysed using Mann-Whitney U and Spearman's rank correlation tests. Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
S Paterson, W Matyskiewicz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the primary causes, age of onset and time from diagnosis of otitis to development of Pseudomonas otitis in each case. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from clinical records of 60 dogs were extracted to address the study objectives. Pseudomonas otitis was diagnosed by clinical signs and positive culture. RESULTS: In total, 57 purebred dogs and three crossbreed dogs were included: 32 dogs had unilateral and 28 bilateral disease...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
W A Bayton, C Westgarth, T Scase, D J Price, N H Bexfield
OBJECTIVES: To determine the histopathological frequency of feline hepatobiliary diseases in the UK and to identify breed, age and gender predispositions to developing individual diseases. METHODS: Histopathology results from 1452 feline liver biopsies were assessed. A control population of microchipped cats was used for breed comparison. Data were retrospectively categorised into hepatobiliary diseases according to World Small Animal Veterinary Association standards...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
P Zrimšek, J Sredenšek, M Vengušt, A Seliškar
To examine agreement in anaesthetised dogs between invasive blood pressure measurements and measurements obtained with an oscillometric blood pressure monitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Paired invasive and oscillometric measurements were taken in 24 dogs every 5 minutes during anaesthesia (9 to 37 measurements per dog). Agreement between measurement methods was explored using Bland-Altman plots. To determine the accuracy of the oscillometric measurements, the results were compared with the guidelines recommended by the American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine and the Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
K R Barrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
T P Russo, L Varriale, L Borrelli, A Pace, M Latronico, L F Menna, A Fioretti, L Dipineto
OBJECTIVES: Reptiles are considered an important reservoir of Salmonella species. This study evaluated the prevalence of Salmonella species in different species of gecko kept as pets in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Faecal swab samples were collected from 70 clinically healthy geckos and examined for Salmonella species by culture that were then serotyped. RESULTS: Salmonella species were isolated from 24 of 70 (34·3%) samples. Eighteen isolates expressed resistance to ceftazidime and four isolates to ampicillin...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
J Hamilton-Elliott, E Ambrose, R Christley, J Dukes-McEwan
OBJECTIVES: To determine if dogs with congestive heart failure have different white blood cell differential cell counts than dogs without cardiac disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 72 dogs with congestive heart failure and 143 controls were included in this retrospective study. Signalment, white blood cell differential counts and echocardiography data were retrieved. Basic statistical analysis was performed on white blood cell differential counts, and principal component analysis was used to compare these counts between cases and controls, with age, gender and case/control status as supplementary variables...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
C B Yancey, P P V P Diniz, E B Breitschwerdt, B C Hegarty, C Wiesen, B A Qurollo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate doxycycline treatment efficacy and post-treatment pathogen persistence in dogs naturally infected with Anaplasma phagocytophilum in endemic regions of the USA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Symptomatic dogs in four US states (MN, WI, CT and CA) were evaluated before treatment with doxycycline and approximately 30 and 60 days post-treatment. Clinicopathological parameters, co-exposures and A. phagocytophilum DNA in whole blood and lymph node samples were compared between A...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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