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Journal of Small Animal Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781530/a-comparison-between-methadone-and-buprenorphine-for-perioperative-analgesia-in-dogs-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#1
M D Shah, D Yates, J Hunt, J C Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether preoperative methadone provides superior perioperative analgesia compared to buprenorphine in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. METHODS: Eighty female dogs were recruited to an assessor-blinded, randomised, clinical trial. Dogs received a premedication dose of 0·05 mg/kg acepromazine or 10 μg/kg medetomidine combined with either 0·3 mg/kg methadone or 20 μg/kg buprenorphine intramuscularly. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781101/feline-ureteral-obstructions-part-2-surgical-management
#2
REVIEW
D L Clarke
Feline obstructive ureteral disease will likely remain a common and frustrating cause of critical illness in cats for the foreseeable future. Since many cats are uraemic and cardiovascularly unstable secondary to obstructive nephropathy, prompt recognition using clinical intuition, blood work and diagnostic imaging is essential to make a timely diagnosis and decision about timing for intervention, if indicated. Multiple surgical and interventional procedures exist for the management of feline ureteral obstructions but there is no ideal technique and all currently available procedures carry risk of infection, re-obstruction, urine leakage and the need for additional procedures in the future...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767451/feline-ureteral-obstructions-part-1-medical-management
#3
REVIEW
D L Clarke
Feline ureteral obstructions are an increasingly recognised and challenging diagnostic and management problem. Many cats with ureteral obstructions are critically ill at the time of diagnosis, especially if there is dysfunction of the contralateral kidney. They may present with varying severities of acute kidney injury, electrolyte disturbances, and may have comorbidities such as heart disease that complicate perioperative and long-term management. Medical management, which may consist of rehydration and restoration of intravascular volume with intravenous fluid therapy, osmotic diuresis, ureteral muscle relaxation, and antimicrobials for infection, is important in feline ureteral obstruction patients...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766508/repair-of-lumbosacral-fracture-luxation-with-bilateral-twisted-string-of-pearls-locking-plates
#4
U Segal, H Bar, J Shani
OBJECTIVES: To describe a surgical technique using bilateral twisted string-of-pearls locking plates for lumbosacral fracture-luxation in dogs and cats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twisted string-of-pearls locking plates were used to stabilise lumbosacral fracture-luxation between 2013 and 2017. Decompression of the cauda equina was achieved by dorsal laminectomy through a dorso-medial approach. Stabilisation was achieved using bilateral string-of-pearls plates attached to the lateral aspects of the vertebral body cranial to the fractured vertebra and the iliosacral joints...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761888/idiopathic-sterile-pyogranuloma-in-three-domestic-cats
#5
A Giuliano, P Watson, L Owen, B Skelly, L Davison, J Dobson, F Costantino-Casas
Pyogranulomatous inflammation has been extensively described in cats, in particular in cases of feline infectious peritonitis and also associated with Mycobacteria, Actinomyces, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and fungal infections. Idiopathic sterile pyogranulomatous dermatitis has also been described. In this case series we describe the clinical presentation, histopathology and outcome of three cases of feline idiopathic sterile steroid-responsive pyogranuloma with different presentation and different locations of the lesion, but with the common feature of having a mass with no superficial skin involvement...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761513/canine-pancytopoenia-and-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#6
LETTER
C Iaria, M Atteritano, F Famà, F Scarlata, A Cascio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752730/limy-bile-syndrome-in-a-dog
#7
V Fabrès, C Layssol-Lamour, P Meynaud-Collard, O Dossin
A 11-year-old spayed female golden retriever was examined because of lethargy, anorexia, vomiting and abdominal pain. Plain abdominal radiography showed a uniform radiopacity of the gallbladder. Ultrasonography demonstrated hyperechoic material in the gallbladder lumen associated with an acoustic shadow and findings consistent with acute pancreatitis. Fine-needle aspiration of the bile revealed bacterial cholecystitis. Following cholecystectomy, it was apparent that the gallbladder was filled with a semi-solid, pasty-like greenish-brown material composed of 80% calcium carbonate, consistent with a diagnosis of 'limy bile'...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745421/intradural-extramedullary-granular-cell-tumour-in-a-cat
#8
A Valentini, S Canal, M T Mandara, F Balducci, M Bernardini
A 7-year-old domestic shorthair cat was evaluated for progressive paraparesis, inability to jump, a paralysed tail and inability to void the bladder. Neurologic examination was consistent with a L4-S3 localisation. Survey radiographs of the lumbar vertebral column revealed L4-L7 vertebral body remodelling. A pre-contrast T1-weighted hyperintense, diffusely enhancing intradural lesion extending from L4 to S1 vertebral bodies was detected by MRI. Large, mesenchymal, round-to-polygonal cells arranged in nests or sheets were found on histologic examination at post mortem...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736973/aberrant-right-subclavian-artery-causing-megaoesophagus-in-three-cats
#9
F Cinti, D Della Santa, S Borgonovo, R Bussadori, D Troiano, G Pisani
Three entire, domestic, shorthair male cats (age range: 3 months to 5 years) were referred because of regurgitation. Megaoesophagus attributable to aberrant right subclavian artery, originating from the aorta at the level of the fourth intercostal space, was diagnosed in all cats using thoracic radiography and CT angiography. One cat had concurrent patent ductus arteriosus with a normal aortic arch. Three-dimensional volume-rendered CT images were used to assess the malformations and to plan surgery for the treatment of the vascular anomalies...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736917/use-of-cancellous-bone-grafting-to-promote-granulation-tissue-in-a-distal-limb-wound-in-a-dog
#10
K Barnes, O Lanz, S Barry, K Aulakh
A 5-year-old female spayed Shetland sheepdog presented for evaluation of bandage sores on the left pelvic limb after a splint was placed to stabilise a digit fracture incurred approximately 2 weeks previously. Multiple areas of necrosis were identified upon bandage removal. After debridement of devitalised tissue, a 4 cm wound on the plantar surface of the metatarsal bones (with exposed bone and tendons) remained. The Papineau technique (which involves removal of infected or necrotic tissue, placement of autogenous cancellous bone graft within a wound, and delayed skin closure) was used to treat this wound...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736904/delayed-asymptomatic-progressive-intraventricular-pneumocephalus-in-a-dog-following-craniotomy
#11
J Hicks, G Stewart, M Kent, S Platt
Delayed pneumocephalus developed in a 9-year-old dog following transfrontal craniotomy and implantation of an experimental local chemotherapy into a partially resected oligodendroglioma, but the animal appeared to be asymptomatic. MRI evidence of increasing intracranial pressure, including progressive ventricular dilatation and compression of periventricular parenchyma, led to the recommendation for exploratory craniotomy. The barrier between the intracranial cavity and frontal sinus was enhanced, and pneumocephalus resolved on MRI at both 1 and 3 months following the repair...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726020/canine-pancytopenia-in-the-mediterranean-authors-reply
#12
LETTER
P S Frezoulis, E Angelidou, D Karnezi, I L Oikonomidis, M Kritsepi-Konstantinou, D Kasabalis, M E Mylonakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708594/refractory-feline-sporotrichosis-treated-with-itraconazole-combined-with-potassium-iodide
#13
LETTER
R F D B da Rocha, T M P Schubach, S A Pereira, É G Dos Reis, B W Carvalho, I D F Gremião
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708274/congenital-pleuroperitoneal-hernia-presenting-as-gastrothorax-in-five-cavalier-king-charles-spaniel-dogs
#14
M Rossanese, M Pivetta, N Pereira, R Burrow
Five cavalier King Charles spaniels were examined for acute onset of respiratory distress. Thoracic radiographs demonstrated diaphragmatic hernia and tension gastrothorax, visible as a distended stomach occupying the left caudal thoracic cavity. Exploratory midline coeliotomy confirmed congenital pleuroperitoneal diaphragmatic hernia with herniation and dilatation of the stomach. The hernia configuration was consistent in all cases, with a defect affecting the left diaphragmatic crus. Congenital pleuroperitoneal diaphragmatic hernia is a rare condition caused by a defect in the dorsolateral diaphragm...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708273/a-case-of-feline-gastrointestinal-eosinophilic-sclerosing-fibroplasia-limited-to-the-mesentery
#15
N Kambe, R Okabe, H Osada, M Ogawa, M Kishimoto, R Fukushima, H Kondo, K Ohmori
An entire, female, mixed-breed cat of unknown age was presented with a 6-week history of lethargy, anorexia and vomiting. There was an increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood, including neutrophils and eosinophils; moderate anaemia; ascites; and possible mesenteric peritonitis. Exploratory laparotomy revealed firm, multifocal small nodules in the mesentery. As the nodules were surgically unresectable, they were biopsied. Histologically, the nodules were composed of thin trabeculae of dense collagen fibres mixed with plump fibroblasts and numerous eosinophils, consistent with feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701250/stifle-stabilisation-in-dogs-without-meniscal-exam-a-counterpoint-argument
#16
LETTER
P A Ridge, J L Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675940/brainstem-auditory-evoked-response-in-cimarr%C3%A3-n-uruguayo-dogs
#17
LETTER
A Mondino, M Gutiérrez, L Delucchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667183/effect-of-enterococcus-faecium-sf68-on-serum-cobalamin-and-folate-concentrations-in-healthy-dogs
#18
R Lucena, A B Olmedilla, B Blanco, M Novales, P J Ginel
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of a 14-day administration of the probiotic Enterococcus faecium SF68 on serum concentrations of cobalamin and folate in healthy dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six healthy dogs were randomly allocated between probiotic and control groups. Enterococcus faecium SF68 was administered to the probiotic group for 14 days whereas the control group did not receive any product. A blood sample was taken from all dogs when starting the administration (day 1), when the administration ended (day 14) and 14 days later (day 28)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665072/an-update-on-canine-cardiomyopathies-is-it-all-in-the-genes
#19
REVIEW
E Dutton, J López-Alvarez
Dilated cardiomyopathy is the second most common cardiac disease in dogs and causes considerable morbidity and mortality. Primary dilated cardiomyopathy is suspected to be familial, and genetic loci have been associated with the disease in a number of breeds. Because it is an adult-onset disease, usually with late onset, testing breeding dogs and bitches before breeding for a genetic mutation that could lead to dilated cardiomyopathy would be helpful to prevent disease. There is growing evidence that the genetic basis may be multigenic rather than monogenic in the majority of studied breeds...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665060/combined-caudal-superficial-epigastric-axial-pattern-flap-and-full-thickness-buccal-mucosa-graft-for-single-stage-preputial-reconstruction-in-six-dogs
#20
F Massari, V Montinaro, P Buracco, G Romanelli
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of a caudal superficial epigastric flap in combination with a full-thickness oral mucosal/submucosal graft for single-stage reconstruction of extensive preputial defects in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records of dogs with extensive preputial defects either of traumatic origin or derived from tumour excision were reviewed. In all dogs, the prepuce was reconstructed using a full-thickness oral mucosal/submucosal graft combined with a caudal superficial epigastric axial pattern flap during a single surgical procedure...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
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