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Microvascular Research

M M Bhatti, A Zeeshan, R Ellahi
In this article, simultaneous effects of coagulation (blood clot) and variable magnetic field on peristaltically induced motion of non-Newtonian Jeffrey nanofluid containing gyrotactic microorganism through an annulus have been studied. The effects of an endoscope also taken into consideration in our study as a special case. The governing flow problem is simplified by taking the approximation of long wavelength and creeping flow regime. The resulting highly coupled differential equations are solved analytically with the help of perturbation method and series solution have been presented up to second order approximation...
November 28, 2016: Microvascular Research
Yuehong Zhuang, Fang Fang, Xue Lan, Feng Wang, Junying Huang, Qi Zhang, Li Zhao, Wei Guo, Heping Zheng, Jianwen Xu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2016: Microvascular Research
Daniel H Craighead, Nathaniel B McCartney, James H Tumlinson, Lacy M Alexander
Menthol is a vasoactive compound that is widely used in topical analgesic agents. Menthol induces cutaneous vasodilation, however the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Determining the rates of appearance and clearance of menthol in the skin is important for optimizing topical treatment formulation and dosing. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanisms contributing to menthol-mediated cutaneous vasodilation and to establish a time course for menthol appearance/clearance in the skin. Ten young (23±1years, 5 males 5 females) subjects participated in two protocols...
November 26, 2016: Microvascular Research
Chong Hui Li, Xin Lan Ge, Ke Pan, Peng Fei Wang, Yi Nan Su, Ai Qun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Portal hyperperfusion after extended hepatectomy or small-for-size liver transplantation may induce organ dysfunction and failure. This study was designed to monitor and characterize the hepatic microcirculatory perfusion following different volumes of hepatectomy in rats by using laser speckle contrast image (LSCI) and Oxygen to See (O2C), a spectrometric device. METHODS: The microcirculatory liver blood flow of the rats that underwent 68%, 85% and 90% hepatectomy (68PH, 85PH and 90PH) was monitored with LSCI and O2C before and following the hepatectomy...
November 25, 2016: Microvascular Research
Małgorzata Michalska-Jakubus, Otylia Kowal-Bielecka, Vanessa Smith, Maurizio Cutolo, Dorota Krasowska
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are membrane-coated vesicles shed from endothelial cells and are considered markers of the endothelial state. It has been shown that total numbers of circulating EMPs are increased in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), but their clinical correlations have not yet been investigated in detail. We aimed to assess possible relationships between circulating EMPs and clinical as well as laboratory features among SSc patients with special attention to possible association with alteration in microvascular morphology objectified on nailfold videocapillaroscopy and clinical signs of microvascular complications...
November 23, 2016: Microvascular Research
Andrea Szabó, Ágnes Janovszky, Levente Pócs, Mihály Boros
Apart from its nutritive functions, the periosteum critically affects bone regeneration via its stem/osteoprogenitor cell content. Normal healing after bone fractures, trauma-orthopedic interventions and invasive dental procedures is critically linked to the reestablishment of the periosteal microcirculation, but the reconstruction, replacement or repair of lost tissues may also be performed with autologous periosteum. Besides the initiation of cell differentiation during bone repair and remodeling processes, the periosteum together with the endosteum plays significant roles in the pathogenesis of both hormone-related and trauma-induced osteoporotic alterations in the bone metabolism...
November 23, 2016: Microvascular Research
Biagio Barbano, Alessandro Maria Marra, Silvia Quarta, Antonietta Gigante, Giuseppe Barilaro, Maria Ludovica Gasperini, Edoardo Rosato
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients are at high risk for the development of ischemic digital ulcers (DUs). The aim of this study was to assess in SSc patients a correlation between skin perfusion evaluated by LDPI and DUs and to evaluate the prognostic value of skin perfusion to predict the new DUs occurrence. Fifty eight (47 female, 11 male) SSc patients were enrolled. Skin perfusion of hands and region of interest (ROIs) was measured by Laser Doppler perfusion Imager (LDPI). The proximal-distal gradient (PDG) was present when the perfusion mean difference between ROI1 and ROI2 was >30 pU...
November 9, 2016: Microvascular Research
Serena Materazzi, Giovanni Zagli, Romina Nassini, Ilenia Bartolini, Stefano Romagnoli, Cosimo Chelazzi, Silvia Benemei, Andrea Coratti, Angelo Raffaele De Gaudio, Riccardo Patacchini
The role of endogenous H2S has been highlighted as a gaseous transmitter. The vascular smooth muscle inhibitory effects of H2S have been characterized in isolated aorta and mesenteric arteries in rats and mice. Our study was aimed at investigating the vascular effects of H2S on human isolated mesenteric arteries and examining the underlying mechanisms involved. All experiments were performed on rings (4-8mm long) of human mesenteric arteries obtained from patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Ethical approval was obtained from the Ethics Committee of the University Hospital of the University of Florence (app...
November 3, 2016: Microvascular Research
Nisha Hariharan, Andrew Shoemaker, Stephen Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Microvascular Research
Jiawen Lv, Junchao Zeng, Wen Zhao, Yuanxiong Cheng, Lin Zhang, Shaoxi Cai, Guodong Hu, Yinghua Chen
BACKGROUND: After stimulation due to injury, cell division cycle protein 42 (Cdc42) restores and enhances barrier functions by strengthening intercellular adherens junctions; however, its influence on cell proliferation after injury remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of stimulation using small doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the proliferation of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs). METHODS: We stimulated PMVECs with different doses of LPS and evaluated the effects on cell proliferation...
October 18, 2016: Microvascular Research
Edip Güvenç Çekiç, Özcan Başaran, Nesrin Filiz Başaran, Onur Elmas, Volkan Doğan, Gurbet Özge Mert, Kadir Uğur Mert, Ibrahim Altun, Fatih Akın, Murat Biteker
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Decreased vascular reactivity in atherosclerosis was previously shown. In our study, it was aimed to demonstrate the decreased vascular functions in both microvascular and macrovascular tissues and to estimate any correlation between them. METHODS: Twenty-five control outpatients with no coronary artery disease (CAD) history and 26 outpatients with CAD history were enrolled in the study. Local cutaneous post-occlusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) responses after three minutes of brachial occlusion with a pneumatic cuff were recorded noninvasively by a Perimed Periflux 5010 laser Doppler flow system...
September 28, 2016: Microvascular Research
Zahra Emrani, Abdolamir Karbalaie, Alimohammad Fatemi, Mahnaz Etehadtavakol, Björn-Erik Erlandsson
Nailfold capillaroscopy is one of the various noninvasive bioengineering methods used to investigate skin microcirculation. It is an effective examination for assessing microvascular changes in the peripheral circulation; hence it has a significant role for the diagnosis of Systemic sclerosis with the classic changes of giant capillaries as well as the decline in capillary density with capillary dropout. The decline in capillary density is one of microangiopathic features existing in connective tissue disease...
September 7, 2016: Microvascular Research
Elif I Ikitimur-Armutak, Ebru Gurel-Gurevin, H Tuba Kiyan, Seyma Aydinlik, Veysel Turan Yilmaz, Konstantinos Dimas, Engin Ulukaya
Anti-angiogenic activity of palladium (Pd)(II)-based complexes is unknown despite their quite powerful anticancer activity. This study was therefore carried out to evaluate both in vivo anti-angiogenic effect and in vitro cytotoxic activity of a Pd(II)-based complex. ([Pd(sac)(terpy)](sac)·4H2O(sac=saccharinate and terpy=2,2':6',2″-terpyridine)) on HUVEC cells. The anti-angiogenic activity of the complex was evaluated in vivo using the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay, tube formation assay and the cytotoxicity was screened using the MTT viability assays...
September 6, 2016: Microvascular Research
Thomas Rea Wittenborn, Thomas Nielsen, Jesper Skovhus Thomsen, Michael Robert Horsman, Jens Vinge Nygaard
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Utilizing the detailed vascular network obtained from micro-computed tomography (μCT) to establish a mathematical model of the temporal molecular distribution within a murine C3H mammary carcinoma. PROCEDURES: Female CDF1 mice with a C3H mammary carcinoma on the right rear foot were used in this study. Dynamic information for each tumour was achieved by Dynamic Contrast Enhanced-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) on a 16.4 T system. Detailed morphologic information on the tumour vasculature was obtained by ex vivo μCT and compared to CD34 immunohistochemical staining of tissue sections...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Eun-Jung Rhee, Pil-Wook Chung, Tien Y Wong, Su Jeong Song
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: To investigate the associations of retinal vessel parameters with intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) assessed by Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. METHOD: Data on transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and quantitative retinal vessel parameters from 627 participants in a health screening program were included in this study. ICAS was defined as >50% intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) based on criteria modified from the stroke outcomes and neuroimaging of intracranial atherosclerosis (SONIA) trial assessed by transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Meghan Doerr, Jodi Morrison, Lindsay Bergeron, Brenda L Coomber, Alicia Viloria-Petit
Angiogenesis is essential for mammalian development and tissue homeostasis, and is involved in several pathological processes, including tumor growth and dissemination. Many factors within the tissue microenvironment are known to modulate angiogenesis, including cytokines, such as transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ), and oxygen level. TGFβ exists in three different isoforms (1, 2 and 3), all of which (albeit in different contexts) might mediate angiogenesis and are able to induce endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT), a process involved in heart development, pathologic fibrosis and, as recently reported, in angiogenesis...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Ksenija Cankar, Mark Music, Zare Finderle
It is generally known that differences exist between males and females with regard to sensitivity to cold. Similar differences even among females in different hormonal balance might influence microvascular response during cold provocation testing. The aim of the present study was to measure sex hormone levels, cold and cold pain perception thresholds and compare them to cutaneous laser-Doppler flux response during local cooling in both the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle. In the luteal phase a more pronounced decrease in laser-Doppler flux was observed compared to follicular phase during local cooling at 15°C (significant difference by Dunnett's test, p<0...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Salman Sohrabi, Doruk Erdem Yunus, Jiang Xu, Jie Yang, Yaling Liu
Quantitative understanding of nanoparticles transport and adhesion dynamic in microcirculation is very challenging due to complexity of fluid dynamics and imaging setup. In-vitro experiments within microfluidic channels showed the significant influence of shear rate, carrier size, particle-substrate chemistry and vessel geometry on particle deposition rate. However, there are few theoretical models that can accurately predict experimental results. We have developed a numerical model to predict nanoparticle transport and binding dynamics and verified with our previous in-vitro tests results...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Maria Rosa Machado Prado, Christian Boller, Rosiane Guetter Mello Zibetti, Daiany de Souza, Luciana Lopes Pedroso, Carlos Ricardo Soccol
The search for new bioactive molecules is a driving force for research pharmaceutical industries, especially those molecules obtained from fermentation. The molecules possessing angiogenic and anti-inflammatory attributes have attracted attention and are the focus of this study. Angiogenic activity from kefir polysaccharide extract, via chorioallantoic membrane assay, exhibited a pro-angiogenic effect compared with vascular endothelial factor (pro-angiogenic) and hydrocortisone (anti-angiogenic) activity as standards with an EC50 of 192ng/mL...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Yasemin Yalçınkaya, Suzan Adın-Çınar, Bahar Artim-Esen, Sevil Kamalı, Özlem Pehlivan, Lale Öcal, Günnür Deniz, Murat Inanç
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between vascular biomarkers reflecting the vascular injury and neoangiogenesis with capillaroscopic changes in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Nailfold video-capillaroscopy (NVC) was performed qualitatively (early, active and late scleroderma patterns) in 72 SSc patients (66 female) fulfilling ACR/EULAR (2013) criteria. Serum samples of patients were collected and analysed by flow cytometer with multiplex kits of sCD40L, tPA, MCP-1, sE-selectin, IL-8, IL-6, VEGF, sP-selectin, TGF-β1 and VCAM at the same time with NVC...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
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