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Microvascular Research

Jiawen Lv, Junchao Zeng, Wen Zhao, Yuanxiong Cheng, Lin Zhang, Shaoxi Cai, Guodong Hu, Yinghua Chen
BACKGROUND: After stimulation due to injury, cell division cycle protein 42 (Cdc42) restores and enhances barrier functions by strengthening intercellular adherens junctions; however, its influence on cell proliferation after injury remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of stimulation using small doses of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the proliferation of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs). METHODS: We stimulated PMVECs with different doses of LPS and evaluated the effects on cell proliferation...
October 18, 2016: Microvascular Research
Edip Güvenç Çekiç, Özcan Başaran, Nesrin Filiz Başaran, Onur Elmas, Volkan Doğan, Gurbet Özge Mert, Kadir Uğur Mert, Ibrahim Altun, Fatih Akın, Murat Biteker
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Decreased vascular reactivity in atherosclerosis was previously shown. In our study, it was aimed to demonstrate the decreased vascular functions in both microvascular and macrovascular tissues and to estimate any correlation between them. METHODS: Twenty-five control outpatients with no coronary artery disease (CAD) history and 26 outpatients with CAD history were enrolled in the study. Local cutaneous post-occlusive reactive hyperemia (PORH) responses after three minutes of brachial occlusion with a pneumatic cuff were recorded noninvasively by a Perimed Periflux 5010 laser Doppler flow system...
September 28, 2016: Microvascular Research
Zahra Emrani, Abdolamir Karbalaie, Alimohammad Fatemi, Mahnaz Etehadtavakol, Björn-Erik Erlandsson
Nailfold capillaroscopy is one of the various noninvasive bioengineering methods used to investigate skin microcirculation. It is an effective examination for assessing microvascular changes in the peripheral circulation; hence it has a significant role for the diagnosis of Systemic sclerosis with the classic changes of giant capillaries as well as the decline in capillary density with capillary dropout. The decline in capillary density is one of microangiopathic features existing in connective tissue disease...
September 7, 2016: Microvascular Research
Elif I Ikitimur-Armutak, Ebru Gurel-Gurevin, H Tuba Kiyan, Seyma Aydinlik, Veysel Turan Yilmaz, Konstantinos Dimas, Engin Ulukaya
Anti-angiogenic activity of palladium (Pd)(II)-based complexes is unknown despite their quite powerful anticancer activity. This study was therefore carried out to evaluate both in vivo anti-angiogenic effect and in vitro cytotoxic activity of a Pd(II)-based complex. ([Pd(sac)(terpy)](sac)·4H2O(sac=saccharinate and terpy=2,2':6',2″-terpyridine)) on HUVEC cells. The anti-angiogenic activity of the complex was evaluated in vivo using the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay, tube formation assay and the cytotoxicity was screened using the MTT viability assays...
September 6, 2016: Microvascular Research
E Scott Helton, Steven Palladino, Eroboghene E Ubogu
Microvascular barrier permeability to water is an essential biophysical property required for the homeostatic maintenance of unique tissue microenvironments. This is of particular importance in peripheral nerves where strict control of ionic concentrations is needed for axonal signal transduction. Previous studies have associated inflammation, trauma, toxin exposure and metabolic disease with increases in water influx and hydrostatic pressure in peripheral nerves with resultant endoneurial edema that may impair axonal function...
August 31, 2016: Microvascular Research
Kei Fukami, Sho-Ichi Yamagishi, Kumiko Kaifu, Takanori Matsui, Yusuke Kaida, Seiji Ueda, Masayoshi Takeuchi, Katsuhiko Asanuma, Seiya Okuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2016: Microvascular Research
Thomas Rea Wittenborn, Thomas Nielsen, Jesper Skovhus Thomsen, Michael Robert Horsman, Jens Vinge Nygaard
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Utilizing the detailed vascular network obtained from micro-computed tomography (μCT) to establish a mathematical model of the temporal molecular distribution within a murine C3H mammary carcinoma. PROCEDURES: Female CDF1 mice with a C3H mammary carcinoma on the right rear foot were used in this study. Dynamic information for each tumour was achieved by Dynamic Contrast Enhanced-Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DCE-MRI) on a 16.4 T system. Detailed morphologic information on the tumour vasculature was obtained by ex vivo μCT and compared to CD34 immunohistochemical staining of tissue sections...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Eun-Jung Rhee, Pil-Wook Chung, Tien Y Wong, Su Jeong Song
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: To investigate the associations of retinal vessel parameters with intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) assessed by Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. METHOD: Data on transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and quantitative retinal vessel parameters from 627 participants in a health screening program were included in this study. ICAS was defined as >50% intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) based on criteria modified from the stroke outcomes and neuroimaging of intracranial atherosclerosis (SONIA) trial assessed by transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Meghan Doerr, Jodi Morrison, Lindsay Bergeron, Brenda L Coomber, Alicia Viloria-Petit
Angiogenesis is essential for mammalian development and tissue homeostasis, and is involved in several pathological processes, including tumor growth and dissemination. Many factors within the tissue microenvironment are known to modulate angiogenesis, including cytokines, such as transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ), and oxygen level. TGFβ exists in three different isoforms (1, 2 and 3), all of which (albeit in different contexts) might mediate angiogenesis and are able to induce endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT), a process involved in heart development, pathologic fibrosis and, as recently reported, in angiogenesis...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Ksenija Cankar, Mark Music, Zare Finderle
It is generally known that differences exist between males and females with regard to sensitivity to cold. Similar differences even among females in different hormonal balance might influence microvascular response during cold provocation testing. The aim of the present study was to measure sex hormone levels, cold and cold pain perception thresholds and compare them to cutaneous laser-Doppler flux response during local cooling in both the follicular and luteal phases of the menstrual cycle. In the luteal phase a more pronounced decrease in laser-Doppler flux was observed compared to follicular phase during local cooling at 15°C (significant difference by Dunnett's test, p<0...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Salman Sohrabi, Doruk Erdem Yunus, Jiang Xu, Jie Yang, Yaling Liu
Quantitative understanding of nanoparticles transport and adhesion dynamic in microcirculation is very challenging due to complexity of fluid dynamics and imaging setup. In-vitro experiments within microfluidic channels showed the significant influence of shear rate, carrier size, particle-substrate chemistry and vessel geometry on particle deposition rate. However, there are few theoretical models that can accurately predict experimental results. We have developed a numerical model to predict nanoparticle transport and binding dynamics and verified with our previous in-vitro tests results...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Maria Rosa Machado Prado, Christian Boller, Rosiane Guetter Mello Zibetti, Daiany de Souza, Luciana Lopes Pedroso, Carlos Ricardo Soccol
The search for new bioactive molecules is a driving force for research pharmaceutical industries, especially those molecules obtained from fermentation. The molecules possessing angiogenic and anti-inflammatory attributes have attracted attention and are the focus of this study. Angiogenic activity from kefir polysaccharide extract, via chorioallantoic membrane assay, exhibited a pro-angiogenic effect compared with vascular endothelial factor (pro-angiogenic) and hydrocortisone (anti-angiogenic) activity as standards with an EC50 of 192ng/mL...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Yasemin Yalçınkaya, Suzan Adın-Çınar, Bahar Artim-Esen, Sevil Kamalı, Özlem Pehlivan, Lale Öcal, Günnür Deniz, Murat Inanç
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between vascular biomarkers reflecting the vascular injury and neoangiogenesis with capillaroscopic changes in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: Nailfold video-capillaroscopy (NVC) was performed qualitatively (early, active and late scleroderma patterns) in 72 SSc patients (66 female) fulfilling ACR/EULAR (2013) criteria. Serum samples of patients were collected and analysed by flow cytometer with multiplex kits of sCD40L, tPA, MCP-1, sE-selectin, IL-8, IL-6, VEGF, sP-selectin, TGF-β1 and VCAM at the same time with NVC...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Jiho Yang, Y Eugene Pak, Tae-Rin Lee
Since blood viscosity is a basic parameter for understanding hemodynamics in human physiology, great amount of research has been done in order to accurately predict this highly non-Newtonian flow property. However, previous works lacked in consideration of hemodynamic changes induced by heterogeneous vessel networks. In this paper, the effect of bifurcation on hemodynamics in a microvasculature is quantitatively predicted. The flow resistance in a single bifurcation microvessel was calculated by combining a new simple mathematical model with 3-dimensional flow simulation for varying bifurcation angles under physiological flow conditions...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Gorke Gurel Pekozer, Gamze Torun Kose, Vasif Hasirci
Co-culture of bone forming cells and endothelial cells to induce pre-vascularization is one of the strategies used to solve the insufficient vascularization problem in bone tissue engineering attempts. In the study, primary cells isolated from 2 different tissues of the same animal, rat bone marrow stem cells (RBMSCs) and rat aortic endothelial cells (RAECs) were co-cultured to study the effects of co-culturing on both osteogenesis and angiogenesis. The formation of tube like structure in 2D culture was observed for the first time in the literature by the co-culture of primary cells from the same animal and also osteogenesis and angiogenesis were investigated at the same time by using this co-culture system...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Haolong Zhang, Xuehu Wang, Chengyao Zhang, Fangyu Zhu, Zhao Yu, Xudong Peng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of survivin (SVV)in vascular endothelial cells. METHODS: In this study, we applied a gain-of-function approach and ectopically expressed SVV in rat aortic endothelial cells (RAECs) using a SVV-expressing adenovirus. The resulting SVV expression on the steady-state mRNA and protein level in RAECs was determined by reverse transcription quantitative PCR and Western blot, respectively. Cell viability, apoptosis, and migration were assessed in vitro by CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry, and transwell assay, respectively...
November 2016: Microvascular Research
Mohammad Zaheer Ansari, Anne Humeau-Heurtier, Nikolas Offenhauser, Jens P Dreier, Anil Kumar Nirala
Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) is a real-time imaging modality reflecting microvascular perfusion. We report on the application of the motion history image (MHI) method on LSCI data obtained from the two hemispheres of a mouse. Through the generation of a single image, MHI stresses the microvascular perfusion changes. Our experimental results performed during a pinprick-triggered spreading depolarization demonstrate the effectiveness of MHI: MHI allows the visualization of perfusion changes without loss of resolution and definition...
September 2016: Microvascular Research
Sebastian Szubert, Rafal Moszynski, Slawomir Michalak, Michal Nowicki, Stefan Sajdak, Dariusz Szpurek
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate whether serum levels of VEGF, bFGF and endoglin correlate with tumor VEGF and bFGF expression or microvessel density (MVD) in ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty five patients with epithelial ovarian cancers (EOCs) and 38 patients with benign ovarian tumors (BOTs) were included into the study. Serum levels of VEGF, bFGF and endoglin were assessed using ELISA. The expression of VEGF and bFGF in tumor samples were evaluated using ELISA of supernatants obtained from tumor homogenization...
September 2016: Microvascular Research
Saad H Mullah, Rania Abutarboush, Paula F Moon-Massat, Biswajit K Saha, Ashraful Haque, Peter B Walker, Charles R Auker, Francoise G Arnaud, Richard M McCarron, Anke H Scultetus
Sanguinate, a polyethylene glycol-conjugated carboxyhemoglobin, was investigated for cerebral vasoactivity in healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats (Study 1) and for its ability to increase brain tissue oxygen pressure (PbtO2) after controlled cortical impact (CCI) - traumatic brain injury (TBI) (Study 2). In both studies ketamine-acepromazine anesthetized rats were ventilated with 40% O2. In Study 1, a cranial window was used to measure the diameters of medium - (50-100μm) and small-sized (<50μm) pial arterioles before and after four serial infusions of Sanguinate (8mL/kg/h, cumulative 16mL/kg IV), volume-matched Hextend, or normal saline...
September 2016: Microvascular Research
Margaret Markiewicz, Kavin Panneerselvam, Natalia Marks
PURPOSE: To examine the possible role of Klotho (Kl) in human microvasculature. METHODS: The expression level of Kl in primary human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMECs) and primary human dermal fibroblasts (HFb) was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction amplification (qRT-PCR), Western blot analyses and immunohistochemistry. Migration of HDMECs and HFb was examined in monolayer wound healing "scratch assay" and Transwell assay. Proliferation of these cells was examined using Cell Proliferation BrdU incorporation assay...
September 2016: Microvascular Research
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