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Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397630/-radiological-analysis-of-coronal-and-sagittal-spinopelvic-parameters-in-patients-with-degenerative-lumbar-kyphoscoliosis
#1
C J Liu, Z Q Zhu, S Duan, K F Wang, W W Xia, S Xu, H Y Liu
Objective: To review and compare radiological parameters between degenerative lumbar kyphoscoliosis (DLKS) and degenerative lumbar kyphosis (DLK), and analyze the relationships between coronal and sagittal deformities and compensatory mechanisms of sagittal balance. Methods: A total of 82 patients with lumbar degenerative deformities were enrolled for our radiographic study at Department of Spinal Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital from January 2016 to May 2017. These patients were divided into two groups: DLKS group (39 patients) with lumbar coronal and sagittal deformities, and DLK group (43 patients) just with lumbar sagittal deformity...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397629/-comparison-of-clinical-outcome-between-utilized-second-sacral-alar-iliac-and-iliac-screw-on-kyphoscoliosis-patients
#2
Z Liu, C C Tseng, Z H Zhao, J Li, B Wang, Y Yu, B P Qian, X Sun, Y Qiu, Z Z Zhu
Objective: To compare the clinical outcome and health related quality of life(HRQoL)of patients with degenerative spinal deformity who underwent spino-pelvic fixation utilized second sacral alar-iliac(S(2)AI)with patient utilized traditional iliac screw(IS). Methods: Patients diagnosed as degenerative spinal deformity who underwent spino-pelvic fixation utilized either S(2)AI screw or Iliac screw at Department of Spine Surgery of Drum Tower hospital from January 2013 to January 2016 were retrospectively analyzed...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397628/-a-comparative-study-of-endoscopic-and-traditional-open-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#3
Q Z Zhao, Y Wang, P Wang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of endoscopic thyroidectomy in the treatment of papillary thyroid carcinoma through clinical follow-up. Methods: Patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and had a final pathologic diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma at Department of Thyroid Surgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine between February 2013 and April 2014 were enrolled in this study; those who had family history of thyroid cancer or a history of radiation of the neck area were excluded...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397627/-transcystic-biliary-drainage-versus-nasobiliary-drainage-during-primary-closure-of-the-laparoscopic-choledochotomy
#4
H Q Guan, L Jing, S Q Xu
Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of transcystic biliary drainage with nasobiliary drainage during primary closure following laparoscopic choledochotomy. Methods: The clinical data of 106 patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis treated by laparoscopy at Department of General Surgery, Danyang People's Hospital from May 2014 to June 2017 were analyzed prospectively. The patients were divided into 2 groups by means of random number method: the study group was treated with transcystic biliary drainage, and the control group adopted nasobiliary drainage...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397626/-the-study-of-nomogram-based-on-ishak-inflammation-score-for-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-after-curative-resection
#5
X Y Luo, C Y Du, X F Wei, N Jiang, M Li, R Liao
Objective: To investigate the correlation between Ishak inflammation score and the clinicopathological characteristics and recurrence of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after curative resection, and then set up a recurrence nomogram for HCC. Methods: A total of 326 patients with HCC after curative resection from January 2006 to December 2009 were studied retrospectively as training cohort and 110 HCC patients after surgery from January 2010 to December 2012 were used as validation cohort.Clinical follow-up data and peritumoral Ishak inflammation score in training cohort were used to set up a nomogram predicting recurrence of HCC, which was verified by validation cohort...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397625/-an-analysis-of-68-invasive-lobular-breast-cancer-cases-in-clinicopathological-characteristics-and-the-prognostic-determinants
#6
Q Liu, H Y Xiang, J M Ye, L Xu, H Zhang, S Zhang, X N Duan, Y H Liu
Objective: To study the clinicopathological characteristics and the prognostic determinants of the invasive lobular carcinoma breast cancer. Methods: This was a retrospective single-center study of invasive lobular breast cancer cases diagnosed from January 2008 to December 2014 at Peking University First Hospital Breast Disease Center. The study enrolled 68 invasive lobular breast cancer patients, which represented 3.64% (68/1 870) of total invasive breast cancer. The median age of all selected patients was 46 years ranging from 36 to 83 years...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397624/-retrospective-analysis-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-breast-cancer-in-pregnancy
#7
F W Wang, S M Fu, Y C Jin, X H Gong, H D Cheng, K J Wu
Objective: To investigate the principles of diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy. Methods: Clinical data of patients with breast cancer during pregnancy admitted to Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University between January 2012 to July 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 17 patients were diagnosed with breast cancer in pregnancy, the median age was 32 years (range from 25 to 45 years old), pathological staging revealed 2 patient with stage 0, 1 with stage Ⅱa, 7 with stage Ⅱb, 1 with stage Ⅲa, 2 with stage Ⅲc, 4 with stage Ⅳ...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397623/-problems-and-reflections-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-gallbladder-cancer
#8
D Zhou, Z H Tang, Z W Quan
Although more and more attention has been paid on the diagnosis and treatment of gallbladder cancer, the patients' survival were still unsatisfied.Increasing the early diagnosis rate, the raise of awareness and treatment of unexpected gallbladder cancer, performing radical surgery for early stage patients and utilizing comprehensive treatment with adjuvant therapy for aggressive T2 or higher stage cases were the key points to improve patients' prognosis of gallbladder cancer.
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397622/-current-situation-and-prospect-of-breast-cancer-liquid-biopsy
#9
B Zhou, L Xin, L Xu, J M Ye, Y H Liu
Liquid biopsy is a diagnostic approach by analyzing body fluid samples. Peripheral blood is the most common sample. Urine, saliva, pleural effusion and ascites are also used. Now liquid biopsy is mainly used in the area of neoplasm diagnosis and treatment. Compared with traditional tissue biopsy, liquid biopsy is minimally invasive, convenient to sample and easy to repeat. Liquid biopsy mainly includes circulating tumor cells and circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) detection. Detection of ctDNA requires sensitive and accurate methods...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397621/-thoughts-on-optimizing-the-breast-cancer-screening-strategies-and-implementation-effects
#10
K J Wu
Reasonable and effective breast cancer screening can make early diagnosis of breast cancer, improve the cure rate, prolong survival and improve the patients' quality of life. China has made preliminary exploration and attempt in breast cancer screening, however, there are still some problems that have not been solved in terms of the proportion of opportunistic screening, the selection of screening targets, methods and frequency, and the judgment of screening results. Therefore, this article analyzes the above problems in details, and presents some thoughts and recommendations on how to optimize the breast cancer screening strategies and implementation effects in China, from the experience of clinical practice, under the background of constantly emerging new research results and techniques and the rapid development of artificial intelligence, that is, to adjust measures to local conditions, provide personalized strategies, achieve precise screening, preach and educate, ensure health insurance coverage, improve quality control, offer technical support and employ artificial intelligence...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397620/-ten-hot-issues-of-breast-cancer-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-in-2018
#11
Z F Jiang, J B Li
The rigorous randomized clinical trials and qualified real world evidence have improved the domestic standardized diagnosis and therapy. Meanwhile, the recent consensus and guideline integrated with Chinese realities have also promoted the breast cancer therapy. To expound our views and to provide suggestions for the revision of breast cancer guideline of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology, we select ten hot issues to discuss with our experience.
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397619/-consensus-of-chinese-experts-on-the-application-of-molecular-imaging-targeting-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#12
(no author information available yet)
Recently, prostate cancer has become the most common male urological cancer worldwide. However, it was difficult for the currently widely available imaging modalities to precisely diagnose this disease. With the development of nuclear medical technology, molecular imaging targeting prostate specific membrane antigen has been introduced into China. To promote the standardization of this imaging modality, the experts consensus was published by Chinese Anticancer Association Genitourinary Oncology Committee and recommendations for its application in the diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer were attached, which would be helpful for doctors who are conducting or preparing for this examination...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397618/-the-consensus-on-nutritional-and-multi-disciplinary-management-for-bariatric-surgery
#13
(no author information available yet)
Obesity is associated with many chronic diseases and has become a major public health problem all over the world. Although weight loss includes lifestyle modification, psychological and medical treatment, bariatric surgery remains an effective treatment for morbidly obese patients. Due to the lack of multidisciplinary management and long-term nutrition monitoring, some patients are suffering from malnutrition, functional impairment and other issues after bariatric surgery. This consensus is commissioned by the Nutrition and Metabolism Cooperation Group of Chinese Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition and Bariatric Multidisciplinary Team of Peking Union Medical College Hospital...
February 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325358/-correlation-between-of-aortic-dissection-onset-and-climate-change
#14
J T Qiu, L Zhang, X J Luo, J Yang, S Liu, W X Jiang, C T Yu
Objective: To explore the relationship between the incidence of aortic dissection and climate change. Methods: The characteristics of 345 acute aortic dissection patients came from Beijing in Department of Vascular Surgery, Fu Wai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College from January 2005 to December 2015 were analyzed, retrospectively. There were 266 male and 79 female patients with a mean age of (49±12) years. There were 209 cases of Stanford type A aortic dissection, and 136 cases of type B...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325357/-impact-of-primary-tumor-site-on-the-prognosis-in-different-stage-colorectal-cancer-patients-after-radical-resection
#15
J Han, X Zhang, A D Zhang, X L Zhou, L Feng, J Y Wang, G Y Wang
Objective: To analyze the effect to the prognosis of tumor site on the patients of colorectal cancer after curative resection with different stage. Methods: Clinicopathological and follow-up data of 2 097 colorectal carcinoma cases undergoing resection at Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2008 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 421 patients in left-sided colorectal cancer (LCC) group (including carcinoma in cecum, ascending colon , hepatic flexure, and transvers colon) , 386 in right-sided colorectal cancer (RCC) group (including carcinoma in splenic flexure, descending colon and sigmoid colon) and 1 290 in rectal cancer (RECC) group...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325356/-the-role-and-significance-of-digital-reconstruction-technique-in-liver-segments-based-on-portal-vein-structure
#16
X J Zhou, Q Dong, C Z Zhu, X Chen, B Wei, Y H Duan, J Zhao, X W Hao, H Zhang, P Nie, B Hu, W J Xu, R W Shen, Z H Chen, K R Dong, Y Z Bai, Q Shu, W J Luo, F Gao, N Xia, Q Y Yu
Objective: To study the segment of liver according to the large amount of three-dimensional(3D) reconstructive images of normal human livers and the vascular system, and to recognize the basic functional liver unit based on the anatomic features of the intrahepatic portal veins. Methods: The enhanced CT primitive DICOM files of 1 260 normal human livers from different age groups who treated from October 2013 to February 2017 provided by 16 hospitals were analyzed using the computer-aided surgery system.The 3D liver and liver vascular system were reconstructed, and the digital liver 3D model was established...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325355/-comparison-of-prognosis-between-invasive-micropapillary-carcinoma-and-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-of-breast-a-single-center-retrospective-case-control-study
#17
B Hua, X Lu, W Z Xiao, X Yang, S R He, Z Wang
Objective: To elucidate the clinicopathological characters and prognostic factors of invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast (IMPC) by compared with invasive ductal carcinoma, not otherwise specified of the breast (IDC). Methods: The retrospective study was performed with female patients who had undergone curative resection for breast cancer without neoadjuvant chemotherapy from June 2008 to April 2016 in Breast Center of Beijing Hospital. Forty-seven mixed or pure IMPC patients and 93 pure IDC patients(admitted in the same center from October 2008 to January 2016 ) were matched for tumor stage, nodal status and age...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325354/-excision-of-giant-desmoid-in-the-abdominal-wall-method-of-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-and-follow-up-of-long-termed-effect
#18
Y Fei, J Y Li
Objective: To explore the ideal procedure of excision and repair for giant desmoid in the abdominal wall and long-termed follow-up results. Methods: Clinical and follow-up data of 24 patients with giant desmoid in the abdominal wall underwent radical removal and immediate abdominal wall reconstruction in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Center of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital of People's Liberation Army General Hospital from October 2006 to October 2016 were analyzed retrospectively...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325353/-comparison-of-the-short-term-and-long-term-outcome-between-robotic-gastrectomy-and-laparoscopic-gastrectomy-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#19
K C Zhang, B Wei, H Q Xi, J X Cui, J Y Li, Y H Gao, W Q Liang, C Hu, Y Liu, X H Huang, L Chen
Objective: To compare the short-term and long-term outcome between robotic gastrectomy and laparoscopic gastrectomy. Methods: The clinical data of 517 patients who had received robotic gastectomy and laparoscopic gastrectomy between December 2011 and December 2013 at Department of General Surgery, Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital was collected. After propensity score matching, 70 patients in robotic gastectomy and 70 patients in laparoscopic gastectomy were identified. Perioperative outcome and overall survival were compared between the two groups using t test, χ(2) test, Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank test, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325352/-clinical-application-of-combined-hepatic-artery-resection-and-reconstruction-in-surgical-treatment-for-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#20
H S Dai, P Bie, S G Wang, Y He, D J Li, F Tian, X Zhao, Z Y Chen
Objective: To clarify whether the surgical treatment for hilar cholangiocarcinoma combined with artery reconstruction is optimistic to the patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma with hepatic artery invasion. Methods: There were 384 patients who received treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital to Army Medical University from January 2008 to January 2016 analyzed retrospectively. There were 27 patients underwent palliative operation, 245 patients underwent radical operation, radical resection account for 63...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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