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European Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319952/regression-based-norms-for-the-symbol-digit-modalities-test-in-the-dutch-population-improving-detection-of-cognitive-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Jessica Burggraaff, Dirk L Knol, Bernard M J Uitdehaag
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Appropriate and timely screening instruments that sensitively capture the cognitive functioning of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are the need of the hour. We evaluated newly derived regression-based norms for the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) in a Dutch-speaking sample, as an indicator of the cognitive state of MS patients. METHODS: Regression-based norms for the SDMT were created from a healthy control sample (n = 96) and used to convert MS patients' (n = 157) raw scores to demographically adjusted Z-scores, correcting for the effects of age, age2, gender, and education...
March 21, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288466/quantitative-assessment-of-trunk-muscles-involvement-in-patients-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-using-a-whole-body-muscle-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Donghwi Park, Jin-Sung Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the pattern of trunk muscles involvement through a muscle MRI, in relation to the clinical data of patients diagnosed with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with DM1 who visited the neurology department were enrolled (n = 19). In all patients, the fatty degeneration of the muscle MRI in the lower cervical, upper thoracic, middle thoracic, and lumbosacral spine extensor muscle group and trunk flexor muscle group was evaluated...
March 14, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285306/extremely-low-prevalence-of-amyloid-positron-emission-tomography-positivity-in-parkinson-s-disease-without-dementia
#3
Kyoko Mashima, Daisuke Ito, Masashi Kameyama, Takashi Osada, Hajime Tabuchi, Yoshihiro Nihei, Takahito Yoshizaki, Eri Noguchi, Mariko Tanikawa, Takashi Iizuka, Yugaku Date, Yuji Ogata, Tadaki Nakahara, Yu Iwabuchi, Masahiro Jinzaki, Koji Murakami, Norihiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Most cases of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) show Alzheimer's disease pathology-like senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Several studies have also revealed a high prevalence of positive amyloid imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) in DLB and moderate prevalence in Parkinson's disease (PD) with dementia. However, it remains unclear in PD without dementia as to when the brain β amyloid (Aβ) burden begins and progresses. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of Aβ deposition in PD without dementia using amyloid PET...
March 11, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253509/the-clinical-characteristics-of-acute-cerebrovascular-accidents-resulting-from-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#4
Shuna Yang, Junliang Yuan, Wei Qin, Yue Li, Lei Yang, Wenli Hu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious complication that occurs after the ovarian-induction treatment. Acute cerebrovascular accident is one of the most dangerous manifestations of the syndrome. However, the characteristics of stroke resulting from OHSS have so far not been well summarised in any study. METHODS: We reported 2 cases of acute cerebrovascular accidents secondary to OHSS. And then we performed a literature search for reports on this type of stroke, and summarised their characteristics...
March 3, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192785/temozolomide-with-or-without-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-glioblastoma-multiforme-a-meta-analysis
#5
Enshan Feng, Changbai Sui, Tongxin Wang, Gaoling Sun
BACKGROUND/AIM: The current meta-analysis evaluated the survival outcomes of newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) alone and with RT + temozolomide (TMZ). METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by an extensive literature search in Medline, Current Contents and Cochrane databases by 2 independent reviewers using the terms "glioblastoma multiforme/glioblastoma, TMZ, radiation therapy/RT and survival." RESULTS: Results revealed a median survival of 13...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190011/paramedian-thalamic-ischemic-infarction-a-retrospective-clinical-observation
#6
Guoliang Lin, Xiong Zhang, Beilei Hu, Ming Zou, Songfang Chen, Yuqiang Gong, Bihuan Cheng, Zhiyong He
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate the clinical features in patients with bilateral and unilateral paramedian thalamic infarcts. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with paramedian thalamic infarcts were included, and their case records were reviewed. We focused on the patients' neuroimaging and neurological symptoms including the duration of coma, vertical gaze palsy, and memory impairment. The causes of bilateral and unilateral paramedian thalamic infarcts were also investigated...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166528/babinski-sign-in-art
#7
Julien Bogousslavsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166525/a-newly-discovered-babinski-sign-in-a-renaissance-painting
#8
Laurent Tatu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161706/the-effect-of-selective-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-with-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-intensive-speech-therapy-on-individuals-with-post-stroke-aphasia
#9
Takatoshi Hara, Masahiro Abo, Kiyohito Kakita, Yuko Mori, Makoto Yoshida, Nobuyuki Sasaki
PURPOSE: To examine the efficacy of selective repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) therapy guided by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) combined with intensive speech therapy (iST) on post-stroke patients with aphasia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight right-handed patients with aphasia in the chronic stage after stroke were grouped into left and right hemisphere-activated for a language task based on pre-intervention fNIRS. Those with left hemisphere activation received 1-Hz TMS to the right inferior frontal gyrus (RtIFG; low-frequency rTMS [LFS] group), and those with right hemisphere activation received 10-Hz TMS to the RtIFG (high-frequency rTMS [HFS] group)...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152528/post-operative-cluster-headache-following-carotid-endarterectomy
#10
Thijs H T Dirkx, Peter J Koehler
BACKGROUND: Secondary cluster headache following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a rare condition and may help us understand the pathophysiology of primary cluster headache. SUMMARY: We describe 2 patients diagnosed with cluster headache, fulfilling the ICHD-IIIB criteria, following CEA. Neither of the patients had headache prior to surgery. They both responded to treatment with oxygen and verapamil. Recent medical literature does not describe any definite cases of cluster headache following CEA...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152523/-nabucco-by-giuseppe-verdi-a-case-of-delirium-in-an-italian-romantic-opera
#11
Luca Cambioli, Mattia Bava, Giuseppe Bellelli, Massimo Clerici, Giancarlo Cesana, Michele Augusto Riva
Italian operas can provide relevant information on the medical knowledge during the Romantic Age, especially in the field of neuroscience. One of the most renowned operas, "Nabucco" by Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) may provide us with some information on the state of knowledge on neuropsychiatric diseases in the first part of the nineteenth century. The main character of this opera, the Assyrian king Nabucco suffers from delirium. Psychic signs and symptoms attributed to Nabucco in Verdi's opera could have been influenced by a better knowledge of neuropsychiatric diseases in the nineteenth century...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135717/amyloid-%C3%AE-related-angiitis-of-the-central-nervous-system-presenting-with-seizures-and-cognitive-deficit
#12
Bruno Niemeyer, Renato Niemeyer, Guilherme Abdalla, Edson Marchiori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118632/bell-s-palsy-clinical-analysis-of-372-cases-and-review-of-related-literature
#13
Hua Zhao, Xin Zhang, Yin-da Tang, Jin Zhu, Xu-Hui Wang, Shi-Ting Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze some clinical and epidemiologic aspects of Bell's palsy (BP) and to develop relevant correlations between existing data in literature and those obtained in this research. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2014, 372 consecutive patients diagnosed with BP were studied retrospectively. We reviewed the patients' data including gender, age, occupation, clinical manifestations, comorbid disease, and the rate of recurrence. RESULT: The highest incidence was identified in those between 39 and 50 years of age...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118630/the-development-of-sayk-s-cell-sedimentation-chamber-a-historical-view-on-clinical-cerebrospinal-fluid-diagnostics
#14
Nathalie Dahlmann, Uwe K Zettl, Ekkehardt Kumbier
OBJECTIVE: The history of Sayk's cell sedimentation chamber is examined and reviewed in the context of clinically utilizable cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology. METHODS: A review of the literature was undertaken in PubMed and Google Scholar to search for primary and secondary sources on the history of CSF diagnosis. Moreover, documents in the archives of the Universities of Rostock and Jena, the Brain Research Institute of Cécile and Oskar Vogt in Düsseldorf and the Centre for Neurology at Rostock University were used...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103596/incidence-of-first-time-stroke-a-saudi-experience
#15
Abdullah M Al-Shenqiti, Sameh R Ibrahim, Osama A Khaled, Abdul Rahman H Ali, Mostafa S Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Stroke is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. A number of studies were conducted in Saudi Arabia. However, there were no studies conducted in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah city. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to ascertain the incidence rate of first time stroke and the age-specific incidence in both genders in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah city. METHODS: A prospective hospital based study was conducted over a 1-year period (2014)...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103591/searching-the-footprints-of-pioneers-on-neurology-a-bibliometric-analysis
#16
Kang Min Park, Jee-Eun Kim, Yerim Kim, Si Eun Kim, Dae Young Yoon, Jong Seok Bae
BACKGROUND: We identify the most cited articles that have influenced the clinical practices of neurologists. METHODS: We first analyzed the top 100 cited articles published in 50 neurology journals with high impact factors. We collected all of the original articles on clinical neurology published in all 554 medical journals. The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science search tools were used to identify the top 100 cited articles in the database of Journal Citation Reports since 1950, which were then manually reviewed to discover their contents...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095389/message-from-the-editor
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095387/mri-of-cerebellar-infarction
#18
Laurens J L De Cocker, Karl-Olof Lövblad, Jeroen Hendrikse
BACKGROUND: MRI is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosing brain infarction. Because of few or atypical clinical symptoms and a relatively low sensitivity of CT scans, many cerebellar infarctions may be detected only with MRI. With adequate recognition of cerebellar infarction on MRI and prompt initiation or optimisation of preventive therapeutic measures, more dramatic strokes may be avoided in selected cases. SUMMARY: We first briefly review the clinical presentation of cerebellar infarctions, followed by a short refresher on cerebellar anatomy and pathophysiological mechanisms of cerebellar infarcts...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056455/the-association-of-musculoskeletal-pain-with-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#19
Seong-Min Choi, Byeong C Kim, Hyun-Jung Jung, Geum-Jin Yoon, Kyung Wook Kang, Kang-Ho Choi, Seung-Han Lee, Man-Seok Park, Myeong-Kyu Kim, Ki-Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: Pain and osteoporosis are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), and lower bone mineral density (BMD) or osteoporosis may be associated with an increased risk of reporting to have pain in the general population. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between the pain subtypes and the BMD in patients with PD. METHODS: We included 162 PD patients. Pain was assessed using the patients' descriptions, a structured interview, a detailed neurologic examination, and the Visual Analogue Scale...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052272/ischemic-stroke-in-young-adults-of-northern-china-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-recurrence
#20
Fang Li, Li Yang, Rui Yang, Wei Xu, Fu-Ping Chen, Nan Li, Jin-Biao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Young adults accounted for 10-14% of ischemic stroke patients. The risk factors may differ in this population from elder patients. In addition, the factors associated with stroke recurrence in this population have not been well investigated. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the characteristics and risk factors associated with recurrence of ischemic stroke in young adults. METHODS: Clinical data of 1,395 patients of age 18-45 years who were treated between 2008 and 2014 in 3 centers located in northern China was reviewed...
2017: European Neurology
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