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European Neurology

Hisayoshi Oka, Atuso Nakahara, Tadashi Umehara
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular autonomic failure is commonly associated with Parkinson's disease (PD), affecting the daily lives of patients. Rotigotine was recently reported not to influence cardiovascular autonomic responses in contrast to other dopaminergic drugs. The effect of rotigotine on daily blood pressure (BP) fluctuations might reflect autonomic failure in patients with PD. METHODS: Twenty-five PD patients who were receiving rotigotine and 12 patients not receiving rotigotine were recruited...
May 15, 2018: European Neurology
Min-Ting Lin, Jin-Shan Yang, Ping-Ping Chen, Mei-Zhen Qian, Hui-Xia Lin, Xiao-Ping Chen, Xian-Jin Shang, Dan-Ni Wang, Yu-Chao Chen, Bin Jiang, Yi-Jun Chen, Wan-Jin Chen, Ning Wang, Shi-Rui Gan
BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3), which is the most common subtype of SCA worldwide, exhibits common neuropsychological symptoms such as depression. However, the contribution of depression to the severity of SCA3 has not yet been thoroughly investigated. METHODS: The present study investigated the prevalence of depression using Beck depression inventory in 104 molecularly confirmed SCA3 patients from China. The putative risk factors for depression and whether the depression could affect the severity of ataxia were established by multivariable linear regression models...
May 15, 2018: European Neurology
Laura Mechtouff, Julie Haesebaert, Marie Viprey, Valérie Tainturier, Anne Termoz, Sylvie Porthault-Chatard, Jean-Stéphane David, Laurent Derex, Norbert Nighoghossian, Anne-Marie Schott
BACKGROUND: Secondary prevention is inadequate in the first 2 years after stroke but what happens after that is less documented. The aim of this study was to assess the use and the adherence to preventive drugs 3 and 6 years after experiencing a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or an ischemic stroke (IS). METHODS: The population study was from the AVC69 cohort (IS or TIA admitted in an emergency or stroke unit in the Rhône area, France, for an IS or a TIA during a 7-month period)...
May 14, 2018: European Neurology
Jinhua Chen, Ying Chen, Jiali Pu
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the midbrain. The pathogenesis of PD is not fully understood but is likely caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Several genes are associated with the onset and progression of familial PD. There is increasing evidence that leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) plays a significant role in PD pathophysiology. SUMMARY: Many studies have been conducted to elucidate the functions of LRRK2 and identify effective LRRK2 inhibitors for PD treatment...
April 27, 2018: European Neurology
Jie Cao, Zhu-Yi Su, Sha-Bei Xu, Chen-Chen Liu
PURPOSE: The study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics, laboratory test results, neuroimaging findings, and outcomes in patients diagnosed with subacute combined degeneration (SCD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 68 patients with SCD who had been appropriately treated for no less than 6 months were included in our study. Histories, results of routine blood tests, biochemical indices, serum vitamin B12 levels, and spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings from the patients were studied and analyzed...
April 26, 2018: European Neurology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2018: European Neurology
Olivier Tschirret, Gabriela Moreno Legast, Adeline Mansuy, Nathan Mewton, Marielle Buisson, Salem Hannoun, Leila Chamard, Dominique Sappey-Marinier, Carlos El Khoury, Magali Bischoff, Audrey de Parisot, Laurent Derex, Norbert Nighoghossian, Yves Berthezène, Laura Mechtouff
BACKGROUND: Brain atrophy has shown a protective effect on the risk of early neurological deterioration (END) related to malignant edema in patients with hemispheric infarction but could be deleterious on the outcome. AIMS: We aimed to assess whether brain atrophy has an impact on the risk of END and on the outcome in severe ischemic strokes after intravenous (IV) thrombolysis. METHODS: From a prospective thrombolysis registry, 137 patients who had a National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≥15, MRI at admission, and IV thrombolysis were included...
April 19, 2018: European Neurology
Yiqi Wang, Tianming Shi, Bo Chen, Gaoping Lin, Yuyun Xu, Yu Geng
BACKGROUND: Prominent hypointense vessel sign (PHVS) is visualized on susceptibility weighted-imaging (SWI) in acute ischaemic stroke (AIS). We aim to test if PHVS is associated with stroke outcome. METHODS: Forty patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion were recruited. The presence of PHVS, cortical vessel sign (CVS), brush sign (BS) and susceptibility-diffuse weighted imaging mismatch (S-D mismatch) and Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) on SWI were compared between the good outcome group (90-day modified Rankin scale [mRS] of 0-2) and the poor outcome group (mRS of 3-6)...
April 19, 2018: European Neurology
Nobuyuki Izutsu, Yasunori Fujimoto, Naoaki Yamada, Ryuichiro Kajikawa, Kazuhiro Yoshimura, Munenori Nagashima, Akatsuki Wakayama, Toshiki Yoshimine
BACKGROUND/AIM: We previously observed spotty hyperintense lesions in the region of the perforating arteries on peri-ictal diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI); however, no report has formally described these findings. The aim of this study was to investigate focal intensities on peri-ictal DWI, and to evaluate the clinical significance of these lesions. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 677 consecutive patients with seizure who completed peri-ictal DWI within 24 h after seizure onset...
April 6, 2018: European Neurology
Seung Nam Min, Se Jin Park, Dong Joon Kim, Murali Subramaniyam, Kyung-Sun Lee
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide and remains an important health burden both for the individuals and for the national healthcare systems. Potentially modifiable risk factors for stroke include hypertension, cardiac disease, diabetes, and dysregulation of glucose metabolism, atrial fibrillation, and lifestyle factors. OBJECTS: We aimed to derive a model equation for developing a stroke pre-diagnosis algorithm with the potentially modifiable risk factors...
April 3, 2018: European Neurology
Maddie Pascoe, Yassar Alamri, John Dalrymple-Alford, Tim Anderson, Michael MacAskill
BACKGROUND: The evaluation process of the performance of the symbol-digit modalities test (SDMT) has focused much on numerical scores paying only little attention to the qualitative aspects of performance. Incorporating the gaze analysis technique, we aimed to investigate the performance of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients on the written SDMT task. METHODS: Twelve patients with PD and normal cognition (PD-N), 11 with PD and mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI), and 13 healthy participants (NC) controlled for age, sex and education were recruited...
March 29, 2018: European Neurology
John M S Pearce
Modern technologies have, to some degree, replaced the careful elicitation of neurological physical signs. Many 20th century texts and monographs were devoted to such clinical phenomena. Foremost among them were the assiduous writings of Robert Wartenberg who fled Hitler to enhance Neurology in San Francisco. His work and influences are outlined here.
March 29, 2018: European Neurology
Hiroki Yamada, Takahiro Takeda, Toshiki Uchihara, Shizuko Sato, Susumu Kirimura, Yuka Hirota, Makoto Kodama, Masanobu Kitagawa, Katsuiku Hirokawa, Takanori Yokota, Shuta Toru
Subicular degeneration occurs in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. However, it was unknown whether microscopic subicular degeneration could be observed as macroscopic changes and whether these changes were associated with the transactive-response DNA binding protein 43 kDa (TDP-43) pathology. Topographic differences between subicular degeneration caused by ALS and Alzheimer disease (AD) had also not been characterized. Here we investigated the subiculum and related areas in autopsied brains from 3 ALS and 3 AD patients...
March 23, 2018: European Neurology
Kyunghun Kang, Uicheul Yoon, Jinwoo Hong, Shin Young Jeong, Pan-Woo Ko, Sang-Woo Lee, Ho-Won Lee
BACKGROUND: The first aim of our study was to determine whether cortical 18F-florbetaben retention was different between healthy controls and idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) patients. Our second aim was to investigate whether there were any relationships between 18F-florbetaben retention and either hippocampal volume or clinical symptoms in INPH patients. METHODS: Seventeen patients diagnosed with INPH and 8 healthy controls underwent studies with magnetic resonance imaging and 18F-florbetaben positron emission tomography imaging...
March 22, 2018: European Neurology
Alfonsa Claudia Taiello, Rossella Spataro, Vincenzo La Bella
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The palmomental reflex (PMR) is a primitive reflex that might be released due to inhibition in adulthood. It has been associated with several neurodegenerative conditions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of PMR in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Non-demented ALS patients (n = 179) were recruited. Two groups of disease controls were enrolled: (a) non-demented patients with other neurological disorders (NC; n = 86, mean age 60 ± 14 years); (b) healthy subjects, healthy controls (HC; n = 175, mean age 61 ± 12 years)...
March 22, 2018: European Neurology
Bruno Niemeyer, Bernardo Muniz, Lana Sayuri Makita, Edson Marchiori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: European Neurology
Vinícius Viana Abreu Montanaro, Thiago Falcão Hora, Creuza Maria da Silva, Carla Verônica de Viana Santos, Maria Inacia Ruas Lima, Edson Marcio Negrão, Daniele Sebestyan Martins Ribeiro, Eleonora Maria de Jesus Oliveira, Gabriel R de Freitas
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease is related to ischemic stroke (IS), although few epidemiological studies have evaluated the associated mortality and recurrence. Our objective is to determine factors associated with mortality and recurrence of IS in patients with IS and Chagas disease. METHODS: We retrospectively studied data obtained from electronic medical records of patients admitted at SARAH Hospitals across Brazil between 2009 and 2013. Using Cox regression analysis for mortality and logistic regression for recurrence, we assessed primary population characteristics and statistical associations between risk factors and outcomes...
March 14, 2018: European Neurology
Taim Muayqil, Bandar N Al-Jafen, Zaid Al-Saaran, Mohammed Al-Shammari, Abdulrahman Alkthiry, Wejdan S Muhammad, Rozan Murshid, Mohammed H Alanazy
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the prevalence of headache and migraine, along with comorbidities, in a large -Saudi sample. METHODS: Self-reported information was collected about headache, migraine and migraine comorbidities including depression, restless legs syndrome (RLS), syncope, bruxism, hypertension and ischaemic disease. The OR was estimated using logistic regression for any associations with headache and migraine. We then analyzed to find a trend of increasing migraine symptoms for each significant comorbidity...
March 14, 2018: European Neurology
Salvatore Rossi, Angela Romano, Anna Modoni, Francesco Perna, Valentina Rizzo, Massimo Santoro, Mauro Monforte, Maurizio Pieroni, Marco Luigetti, Maria Grazia Pomponi, Gabriella Silvestri
Myotonic dystrophy type 2 (DM2) is an autosomal dominant muscular dystrophy caused by the expansion of an intronic tetranucleotide CCTG repeat in CNBP on chromosome 3. As DM1, DM2 is a multisystem disorder affecting, beside the skeletal muscle, various other tissues, including peripheral nerves. Indeed, a subclinical involvement of peripheral nervous system has been described in several cohorts of DM2 patients, whereas DM2 patients manifesting clinical signs and/or symptoms of neuropathy have been only rarely reported...
March 13, 2018: European Neurology
Mirjam H Schipper, Korné Jellema, Diego Alvarez-Estevez, Johan Verbraecken, Roselyne M Rijsman
BACKGROUND: Periodic leg movements during sleep (PLMS) have been associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases and there is a high prevalence of PLMS found in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). We evaluated patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) for PLMS and respiratory related leg movements (RRLM), versus a control group without TIA. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with TIA and 34 patients with no vascular diagnosis were referred for polysomnography...
March 13, 2018: European Neurology
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