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European Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391285/while-isolated-periodic-limb-movement-disorder-significantly-impacts-sleep-depth-and-efficiency-co-morbid-restless-leg-syndrome-mainly-exacerbates-perceived-sleep-quality
#1
Florent-Xavier Hardy De Buisseret, Olivier Mairesse, Johan Newell, Paul Verbanck, Daniel Neu
BACKGROUND: Restless leg syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movement (PLM) disorder (PLMD) can affect sleep quality and interfere with daytime functioning. Whether the co-morbidity of RLS further worsens daytime symptoms, sleep architecture and quality in patients with PLMs, is not yet fully clarified. METHODS: Sleep (polysomnography) and daytime symptoms of 47 drug-free patients, assigned to isolated PLMD or co-morbid RLS subgroups, were compared to controls in a retrospective cohort-study (n = 501)...
April 8, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391280/improvement-of-orbitofrontal-cortex-function-associated-with-blephrospasm-symptom-remission
#2
Chen-Yu Shen, Yong-Jun Wang, Xiao-Min Liu, Xiao-Qian Zhang, Xia-Jin Ren, Xiang-Yun Ma, Jing-Jing Sun, Kun Feng, Gao-Xiang Sun, Bo Xu, Po-Zi Liu
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) function improves with blepharospasm (BSP) symptom remission using a verbal fluency task and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). METHODS: Nineteen BSP patients and 9 healthy controls (HCs) matched by gender and education were examined using NIRS. The BSP patients were divided into 2 groups based on the onset or remission of BSP symptoms. A covariance analysis was conducted to analyze the differences among the 3 groups to avoid the influence of different ages...
April 8, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391278/a-comparison-of-remote-and-bedside-assessment-of-the-national-institute-of-health-stroke-scale-in-acute-stroke-patients
#3
Andrey M Alasheev, Aleksey Y Andreev, Yuliya V Gonysheva, Maria N Lagutenko, Olga Y Lutskovich, Antonina V Mamonova, Elena V Prazdnichkova, Andrey A Belkin
INTRODUCTION: Telestroke videoconference for conducting the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) is recommended when the facility of a direct bedside evaluation by a stroke specialist is not immediately available for hyperacute stroke assessment. However, some NIHSS-telestroke studies inherit systematic bias due to the subjective nature of NIHSS administration. We aimed to evaluate NIHSS telestroke assessment, while implementing measures to minimize subjectivity bias. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety stroke patients within 48 h of onset were assessed by 6 stroke neurologists grouped in 15 pairs...
April 8, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391276/how-efficient-is-subthalamic-deep-brain-stimulation-in-reducing-dyskinesia-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Annamária Juhász, Gabriella Deli, Zsuzsanna Aschermann, József Janszky, Márk Harmat, Attila Makkos, Márton Kovács, Sámuel Komoly, István Balás, Tamás Dóczi, András Büki, Norbert Kovács
BACKGROUND: Dyskinesia is among the most troublesome symptoms of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). The recently developed Unified Dyskinesia Rating Scale (UDysRS) can simultaneously measure several subjective and objective aspects of dyskinesia, irrespective of the other motor symptoms of PD. Despite the advantages of deep brain stimulation (DBS), previous studies on DBS have not used the UDysRS yet. METHODS: In this prospective study, 71 consecutive patients undergoing DBS implantation were enrolled...
April 8, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376495/postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-predicts-early-conversion-to-multiple-sclerosis-after-clinically-isolated-syndrome
#5
Mario Habek, Magdalena Krbot Skorić, Luka Crnošija, Tereza Gabelić, Barbara Barun, Ivan Adamec
BACKGROUND/AIMS: There have been suggestions that interactions exist between the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the immune system functions in multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to evaluate the ANS dysfunction, more specifically postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS), as a possible predictor of conversion to MS in patients with clinically isolated syndrome (CIS). METHODS: In this observational, prospective, longitudinal study, 84 patients were enrolled (56 females, mean age 32...
April 5, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365683/unintended-return-of-consciousness-in-a-patient-during-surgery-and-general-anesthesia
#6
Wioletta Mędrzycka-Dąbrowska, Sebastian Dąbrowski, Aleksandra Gutysz-Wojnicka, Dorota Ozga, Marek Wojtaszek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359058/sleep-disorder-as-a-triggering-factor-for-relapse-in-multiple-sclerosis
#7
Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Saeed Rezaali, Melina Hosseiny, Rozita Doosti, Ali Tajik, Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the effect of sleep disturbances on predisposing multiple sclerosis (MS) patients for acute relapse. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted on 80 MS patients including 40 patients in the remission phase and 40 in the relapse phase. Patients were asked to fill in the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to determine their sleep quality during the previous month. Individuals with scores of 5 or less were considered having normal sleep quality...
March 31, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319952/regression-based-norms-for-the-symbol-digit-modalities-test-in-the-dutch-population-improving-detection-of-cognitive-impairment-in-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Jessica Burggraaff, Dirk L Knol, Bernard M J Uitdehaag
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Appropriate and timely screening instruments that sensitively capture the cognitive functioning of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are the need of the hour. We evaluated newly derived regression-based norms for the Symbol Digit Modalities Test (SDMT) in a Dutch-speaking sample, as an indicator of the cognitive state of MS patients. METHODS: Regression-based norms for the SDMT were created from a healthy control sample (n = 96) and used to convert MS patients' (n = 157) raw scores to demographically adjusted Z-scores, correcting for the effects of age, age2, gender, and education...
March 21, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288466/quantitative-assessment-of-trunk-muscles-involvement-in-patients-with-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-using-a-whole-body-muscle-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#9
Donghwi Park, Jin-Sung Park
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the pattern of trunk muscles involvement through a muscle MRI, in relation to the clinical data of patients diagnosed with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with DM1 who visited the neurology department were enrolled (n = 19). In all patients, the fatty degeneration of the muscle MRI in the lower cervical, upper thoracic, middle thoracic, and lumbosacral spine extensor muscle group and trunk flexor muscle group was evaluated...
March 14, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285306/extremely-low-prevalence-of-amyloid-positron-emission-tomography-positivity-in-parkinson-s-disease-without-dementia
#10
Kyoko Mashima, Daisuke Ito, Masashi Kameyama, Takashi Osada, Hajime Tabuchi, Yoshihiro Nihei, Takahito Yoshizaki, Eri Noguchi, Mariko Tanikawa, Takashi Iizuka, Yugaku Date, Yuji Ogata, Tadaki Nakahara, Yu Iwabuchi, Masahiro Jinzaki, Koji Murakami, Norihiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Most cases of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) show Alzheimer's disease pathology-like senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Several studies have also revealed a high prevalence of positive amyloid imaging with positron emission tomography (PET) in DLB and moderate prevalence in Parkinson's disease (PD) with dementia. However, it remains unclear in PD without dementia as to when the brain β amyloid (Aβ) burden begins and progresses. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of Aβ deposition in PD without dementia using amyloid PET...
March 11, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253509/the-clinical-characteristics-of-acute-cerebrovascular-accidents-resulting-from-ovarian-hyperstimulation-syndrome
#11
Shuna Yang, Junliang Yuan, Wei Qin, Yue Li, Lei Yang, Wenli Hu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious complication that occurs after the ovarian-induction treatment. Acute cerebrovascular accident is one of the most dangerous manifestations of the syndrome. However, the characteristics of stroke resulting from OHSS have so far not been well summarised in any study. METHODS: We reported 2 cases of acute cerebrovascular accidents secondary to OHSS. And then we performed a literature search for reports on this type of stroke, and summarised their characteristics...
March 3, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192785/temozolomide-with-or-without-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-glioblastoma-multiforme-a-meta-analysis
#12
Enshan Feng, Changbai Sui, Tongxin Wang, Gaoling Sun
BACKGROUND/AIM: The current meta-analysis evaluated the survival outcomes of newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) alone and with RT + temozolomide (TMZ). METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by an extensive literature search in Medline, Current Contents and Cochrane databases by 2 independent reviewers using the terms "glioblastoma multiforme/glioblastoma, TMZ, radiation therapy/RT and survival." RESULTS: Results revealed a median survival of 13...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190011/paramedian-thalamic-ischemic-infarction-a-retrospective-clinical-observation
#13
Guoliang Lin, Xiong Zhang, Beilei Hu, Ming Zou, Songfang Chen, Yuqiang Gong, Bihuan Cheng, Zhiyong He
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to evaluate the clinical features in patients with bilateral and unilateral paramedian thalamic infarcts. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with paramedian thalamic infarcts were included, and their case records were reviewed. We focused on the patients' neuroimaging and neurological symptoms including the duration of coma, vertical gaze palsy, and memory impairment. The causes of bilateral and unilateral paramedian thalamic infarcts were also investigated...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166528/babinski-sign-in-art
#14
Julien Bogousslavsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166525/a-newly-discovered-babinski-sign-in-a-renaissance-painting
#15
Laurent Tatu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161706/the-effect-of-selective-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-with-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-and-intensive-speech-therapy-on-individuals-with-post-stroke-aphasia
#16
Takatoshi Hara, Masahiro Abo, Kiyohito Kakita, Yuko Mori, Makoto Yoshida, Nobuyuki Sasaki
PURPOSE: To examine the efficacy of selective repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) therapy guided by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) combined with intensive speech therapy (iST) on post-stroke patients with aphasia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eight right-handed patients with aphasia in the chronic stage after stroke were grouped into left and right hemisphere-activated for a language task based on pre-intervention fNIRS. Those with left hemisphere activation received 1-Hz TMS to the right inferior frontal gyrus (RtIFG; low-frequency rTMS [LFS] group), and those with right hemisphere activation received 10-Hz TMS to the RtIFG (high-frequency rTMS [HFS] group)...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152528/post-operative-cluster-headache-following-carotid-endarterectomy
#17
Thijs H T Dirkx, Peter J Koehler
BACKGROUND: Secondary cluster headache following carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a rare condition and may help us understand the pathophysiology of primary cluster headache. SUMMARY: We describe 2 patients diagnosed with cluster headache, fulfilling the ICHD-IIIB criteria, following CEA. Neither of the patients had headache prior to surgery. They both responded to treatment with oxygen and verapamil. Recent medical literature does not describe any definite cases of cluster headache following CEA...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152523/-nabucco-by-giuseppe-verdi-a-case-of-delirium-in-an-italian-romantic-opera
#18
Luca Cambioli, Mattia Bava, Giuseppe Bellelli, Massimo Clerici, Giancarlo Cesana, Michele Augusto Riva
Italian operas can provide relevant information on the medical knowledge during the Romantic Age, especially in the field of neuroscience. One of the most renowned operas, "Nabucco" by Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) may provide us with some information on the state of knowledge on neuropsychiatric diseases in the first part of the nineteenth century. The main character of this opera, the Assyrian king Nabucco suffers from delirium. Psychic signs and symptoms attributed to Nabucco in Verdi's opera could have been influenced by a better knowledge of neuropsychiatric diseases in the nineteenth century...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135717/amyloid-%C3%AE-related-angiitis-of-the-central-nervous-system-presenting-with-seizures-and-cognitive-deficit
#19
Bruno Niemeyer, Renato Niemeyer, Guilherme Abdalla, Edson Marchiori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118632/bell-s-palsy-clinical-analysis-of-372-cases-and-review-of-related-literature
#20
Hua Zhao, Xin Zhang, Yin-da Tang, Jin Zhu, Xu-Hui Wang, Shi-Ting Li
OBJECTIVE: To analyze some clinical and epidemiologic aspects of Bell's palsy (BP) and to develop relevant correlations between existing data in literature and those obtained in this research. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2014, 372 consecutive patients diagnosed with BP were studied retrospectively. We reviewed the patients' data including gender, age, occupation, clinical manifestations, comorbid disease, and the rate of recurrence. RESULT: The highest incidence was identified in those between 39 and 50 years of age...
2017: European Neurology
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