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European Neurology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095387/mri-of-cerebellar-infarction
#1
Laurens J L De Cocker, Karl-Olof Lövblad, Jeroen Hendrikse
BACKGROUND: MRI is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosing brain infarction. Because of few or atypical clinical symptoms and a relatively low sensitivity of CT scans, many cerebellar infarctions may be detected only with MRI. With adequate recognition of cerebellar infarction on MRI and prompt initiation or optimisation of preventive therapeutic measures, more dramatic strokes may be avoided in selected cases. SUMMARY: We first briefly review the clinical presentation of cerebellar infarctions, followed by a short refresher on cerebellar anatomy and pathophysiological mechanisms of cerebellar infarcts...
January 18, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056455/the-association-of-musculoskeletal-pain-with-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Seong-Min Choi, Byeong C Kim, Hyun-Jung Jung, Geum-Jin Yoon, Kyung Wook Kang, Kang-Ho Choi, Seung-Han Lee, Man-Seok Park, Myeong-Kyu Kim, Ki-Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: Pain and osteoporosis are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), and lower bone mineral density (BMD) or osteoporosis may be associated with an increased risk of reporting to have pain in the general population. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is an association between the pain subtypes and the BMD in patients with PD. METHODS: We included 162 PD patients. Pain was assessed using the patients' descriptions, a structured interview, a detailed neurologic examination, and the Visual Analogue Scale...
January 5, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052272/ischemic-stroke-in-young-adults-of-northern-china-characteristics-and-risk-factors-for-recurrence
#3
Fang Li, Li Yang, Rui Yang, Wei Xu, Fu-Ping Chen, Nan Li, Jin-Biao Zhang
BACKGROUND: Young adults accounted for 10-14% of ischemic stroke patients. The risk factors may differ in this population from elder patients. In addition, the factors associated with stroke recurrence in this population have not been well investigated. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the characteristics and risk factors associated with recurrence of ischemic stroke in young adults. METHODS: Clinical data of 1,395 patients of age 18-45 years who were treated between 2008 and 2014 in 3 centers located in northern China was reviewed...
January 5, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052269/observational-study-of-switching-from-natalizumab-to-immunomodulatory-drugs
#4
Ramón Villaverde-González, Julia Gracia Gil, Angel Pérez Sempere, Jorge Millán Pascual, José Marín Marín, María Carcelén Gadea, Laura Gabaldón Torres, Antonio Moreno Escribano, Antonio Candeliere Merlicco
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) on disease activity rebound in patients discontinuing natalizumab (NTZ). METHODS: Twenty-one patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) treated with NTZ for ≥1 year and who switched to DMDs (glatiramer acetate [GA] or interferon) were followed up for 12 months in clinical practice. Clinical outcomes after NTZ cessation were assessed every 3 months for 1 year and MRI was performed at 12 months...
January 5, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013302/trex1-mutation-in-leukodystrophy-with-calcifications-and-persistent-gadolinium-enhancement
#5
Clarisse Carra-Dalliere, Xavier Ayrignac, Carol Prieto-Morin, Philippe Girard, Elisabeth Tournier-Lasserve, Pierre Labauge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2016: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095389/message-from-the-editor
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997920/chronic-lymphocytic-inflammation-with-pontine-perivascular-enhancement-responsive-to-steroids-syndrome-diagnostic-challenge-of-the-brainstem-inflammation
#7
Joanna Bladowska, Marta Waliszewska-Prosół, Agata Rojek, Krystian Obara, Anna Pokryszko-Dragan, Ryszard Podemski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997917/cerebrospinal-fluid-findings-in-neurological-diseases-associated-with-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#8
Kaweh Pars, Refik Pul, Philipp Schwenkenbecher, Kurt-Wolfram Sühs, Ulrich Wurster, Torsten Witte, Paul Bronzlik, Martin Stangel, Thomas Skripuletz
BACKGROUND: Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune-mediated disease that can cause a variety of neurological manifestations. METHODS: This study investigated characteristics of clinical and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) features in patients with neurological diseases associated with Sjögren's syndrome. Eighty-two patients were examined separately according to the presence of Sjögren's syndrome alone or in combination with other autoimmune diseases. RESULTS: In the 47 patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome, peripheral neuropathy (57%) was found most frequently, followed by the involvement of the central nervous system (CNS; 17%), cranial neuropathy (15%), and myalgia (11%)...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997913/the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-patients-undergoing-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-a-meta-analysis
#9
Yang Liu, De-Xiang Ban, Shi-Lian Kan, Tai-Wei Cao, Shi-Qing Feng
AIMS: We conducted a meta-analysis of eligible studies to compare the surgical outcomes between diabetic patients and non-diabetic patients who have undergone cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). METHODS: A systematic literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science (up to February 10, 2016) was conducted. Eligible studies were case-control or cohort studies that compared the outcomes of cervical surgery between diabetic patients and non-diabetic patients...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978519/the-use-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-patients-at-a-later-stage
#10
Raul Juntas-Morales, Nicolas Pageot, Sébastien Alphandéry, William Camu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To describe the use of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC), in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) at a later stage. METHODS: Twenty-five ALS patients in the later stages of the disease underwent PICC insertion followed by parenteral nutrition (PN). For all of them, gastrostomy was non-feasible. Patients were followed until death and monitored for complications. RESULTS: PICC insertion was successful in all patients...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960165/benign-oligemia-in-subacute-stage-is-associated-with-borderzone-infarction-in-stroke-patients-caused-by-intracranial-large-artery-disease
#11
Jingjing Li, Xiang-Ya Chen, Yannie Soo, Thomas W Leung, Jinsheng Zeng, Ka-Sing Wong
BACKGROUND: CT perfusion (CTP) imaging provides quantitative evaluation of cerebral perfusion flow and volume. Our previous findings showed that benign oligemia caused by intracranial large artery disease may be existent in subacute stroke. AIMS: We aimed at comparing the topographic patterns and clinical outcome of stroke patients with and without persistent benign oligemia as defined by CTP imaging. METHODS: Consecutive ischemic stroke patients who were referred for CTP in 2009 were screened...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931037/laterality-of-pneumonia-in-acute-stroke
#12
Pedro Nascimento Alves, Cristiana Silva, Joana Baptista, Bárbara Lima, Margarida Jacinto, Frederico Trigueiros, André Martins, Teresa Pinho E Melo, Ana Catarina Fonseca
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies demonstrated an alteration of diaphragmatic excursion on the paretic side after stroke; however, it is unclear if this change has clinical repercussions. We aimed to determine if there was an association between the paretic side and the laterality of pneumonia after stroke. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a consecutive cohort of patients admitted to a stroke unit from 2008 to May 2016 was performed. Patients with the diagnosis of acute stroke and pneumonia were included...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924799/collateral-flow-and-white-matter-disease-in-patients-with-internal-carotid-artery-occlusion
#13
Mami Ishikawa, Hitoshi Sugawara, Mutsumi Nagai, Gen Kusaka, Yuichi Tanaka, Heiji Naritaka
BACKGROUND: When an internal carotid artery (ICA) occludes, a patient may develop cerebral infarction (CI). We investigated whether CI caused by ICA occlusion (ICAO) is associated with collateral flow through the anterior and posterior communicating arteries (ACoA and PCoA). METHODS: In 100 patients with ICAO, we investigated CI and white matter disease by performing an MRI and the anatomy of the ACoA and PCoA were investigated by performing magnetic resonance angiography...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924792/a-cost-effective-approach-to-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-acute-infectious-encephalitis
#14
Usha Kant Misra, Vinita Elizabeth Mani, Jayantee Kalita
SETTING: A tertiary care teaching hospital in India. OBJECTIVE: To report a syndromic approach to acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) and propose a cost-effective model. STUDY DESIGN: AES patients were categorized by the presence or absence of myalgia/rash into systemic and neurological AES. The patients with systemic AES were investigated for dengue, scrub typhus, leptospira, chikungunya, and malaria, and those with neurological AES were investigated for herpes and Japanese encephalitis (JE)...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907918/treatment-maneuvers-for-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-in-the-very-old
#15
Evangelos Anagnostou, Evangelia Kararizou, Ioannis Evdokimidis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907914/anxiety-and-coping-strategy-changes-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-initiating-fingolimod-the-grace-prospective-study
#16
Thibault Moreau, Catherine Bungener, Olivier Heinzlef, Laurent Suchet, Florent Borgel, Isabelle Bourdeix, Mohamed Meite, Karin Rerat, Isabelle Chouette
The objective of this prospective study was to assess the changes in anxiety levels, and their relationship with coping strategies over the first four months of fingolimod treatment in patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Data were collected at the inclusion visit (Visit 1) and 4 months later (Visit 2). We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) to assess the level of anxiety and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations scale to assess the coping strategies used when engaged with stressful situations...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894121/acute-disseminated-encephalomyelitis-following-zika-virus-infection
#17
Bruno Niemeyer, Renato Niemeyer, Rafael Borges, Edson Marchiori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894118/nutritional-status-and-changes-in-body-weight-in-patients-with-multiple-system-atrophy
#18
Tomoe Sato, Maho Shiobara, Masatoyo Nishizawa, Takayoshi Shimohata
INTRODUCTION: The importance of nutritional management in neurodegenerative diseases is increasingly recognized in the clinical setting. However, few reports have examined the nutritional intake in patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA). Here, we investigated changes in daily caloric intake, body mass index (BMI) and nutritional status during the disease course of MSA. METHODS: We performed a single-hospital study of 82 consecutive patients with probable MSA according to the consensus criteria...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866189/liver-transplantation-in-wilson-s-disease-with-neurological-impairment-evaluation-in-4-patients
#19
Chloé Laurencin, Anne Sophie Brunet, Jérôme Dumortier, Laurence Lion-Francois, Stéphane Thobois, Jean Yves Mabrut, Rémi Dubois, France Woimant, Aurélia Poujois, Olivier Guillaud, Alain Lachaux, Emmanuel Broussolle
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to report our early experiences about the benefits of liver transplantation (LT) in the treatment of persistent neurological symptoms in Wilson's disease (WD) patients. METHODS: We describe our findings in 4 WD patients with neurological impairment or symptoms treated by LT: 2 patients had transplants due to worsening of neurological symptoms despite long-term appropriate medical treatment. The other 2 required LT because of symptoms associated with liver failure...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855411/leg-muscle-involvement-in-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-comparison-between-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy-types-1-and-2
#20
Dorothea Mair, Monika Huegens-Penzel, Wolfram Kress, Christian Roth, Andreas Ferbert
BACKGROUND: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) presents with 2 genetically distinct types. We describe for the first time the MRI patterns of leg muscle involvement in type 2 and compare it with type 1. METHODS: The intramuscular fat content was assessed on lower extremity axial T1-weighted MRI scans in 6 FSHD1 and 5 FSHD2 patients. RESULTS: Overall, the muscle involvement profile did not differ substantially between FSHD1 and FSHD2...
2017: European Neurology
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