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Environmental Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243215/commentary-on-the-utility-of-the-national-toxicology-program-study-on-cell-phone-radiofrequency-radiation-data-for-assessing-human-health-risks-despite-unfounded-criticisms-aimed-at-minimizing-the-findings-of-adverse-health-effects
#1
Ronald L Melnick
The National Toxicology Program (NTP) conducted two-year studies of cell phone radiation in rats and mice exposed to CDMA- or GSM-modulated radiofrequency radiation (RFR) at exposure intensities in the brain of rats that were similar to or only slightly higher than potential, localized human exposures from cell phones held next to the head. This study was designed to test the (null) hypothesis that cell phone radiation at non-thermal exposure intensities could not cause adverse health effects, and to provide dose-response data for any detected toxic or carcinogenic effects...
September 19, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236517/pregnancy-exposure-to-wind-turbine-noise-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#2
Aslak Harbo Poulsen, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Alfredo Peña, Andrea N Hahmann, Rikke Baastrup Nordsborg, Matthias Ketzel, Jørgen Brandt, Mette Sørensen
Noise from wind turbines (WTs) is reported as more annoying than traffic noise at similar levels, raising concerns as to whether WT noise (WTN) may negatively affect health, as reported for traffic noise. We aimed to investigate whether residential WTN is associated with adverse birth outcomes. Based on national registries, we identified all Danish dwellings situated within ≤ 20 wt heights radius and a random selection of 25% of dwellings situated within 20-40 wt heights radius of a WT. We identified 135,795 pregnant women living in the dwellings from 1982 to 2013, and collected information on gestational age and birth weight from a national birth registry...
September 10, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236519/stress-axis-variability-is-associated-with-differential-ozone-induced-lung-inflammatory-signaling-and-injury-biomarker-response
#3
Jith Thomas, Josée Guénette, Errol M Thomson
Ozone (O3 ), a ubiquitous urban air pollutant, causes adverse pulmonary and extrapulmonary effects. A large variability in acute O3 -induced effects has been observed; however, the basis for interindividual differences in susceptibility is unclear. We previously demonstrated a role for the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress axis and glucocorticoid response in acute O3 toxicity. Glucocorticoids have important anti-inflammatory actions, and have been shown to regulate lung inflammatory responses. We hypothesised that a hyporesponsive HPA axis would be associated with greater O3 -dependent lung inflammatory signaling...
September 8, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216846/extracellular-vesicle-enriched-micrornas-interact-in-the-association-between-long-term-particulate-matter-and-blood-pressure-in-elderly-men
#4
Rodosthenis S Rodosthenous, Itai Kloog, Elena Colicino, Jia Zhong, Luis A Herrera, Pantel Vokonas, Joel Schwartz, Andrea A Baccarelli, Diddier Prada
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that exposure to particulate matter (PM) may lead to increased systemic blood pressure, but the underlying biological mechanisms remain unknown. Emerging evidence shows that extracellular vesicle-enriched miRNAs (evmiRNAs) are associated with PM exposure and cardiovascular risk. In this study, we investigated the role of evmiRNAs in the association between PM and blood pressure, as well as their epigenetic regulation by DNA methylation. METHODS: Participants (n = 22, men) were randomly selected from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study (NAS)...
September 5, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241730/full-scale-composting-of-sewage-sludge-and-market-waste-stability-monitoring-and-odor-dispersion-modeling
#5
M Toledo, M C Gutiérrez, J A Siles, M A Martín
The aim of this study was to assess the odor immission derived from full-scale composting of different abundant and highly pollutant organic waste: sewage sludge with bulking agent (SL), sewage sludge pretreated through anaerobic digestion and supplemented with bulking agent (SL-AD), and market waste with olive leaves (MW-OL). The combination of dynamic olfactometry and Gaussian dispersion modeling allowed both the quantification of odor emissions from each waste and the evaluation of their global odorous impact in nearby urban areas...
September 4, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236521/environmental-and-take-home-lead-exposure-in-children-living-in-the-vicinity-of-a-lead-battery-smelter-in-serbia
#6
Stefan Mandić-Rajčević, Zorica Bulat, Vesna Matović, Martin Popević, Milan Lepić, Bojana Mandić, Mića Jovanović, Vincent Haufroid, Miloš Žarković, Petar Bulat
Blood lead levels (BLLs) have been falling steadily worldwide due to restricted use of lead (Pb) and its compounds. although they remain above preindustrial Pb levels. Elevated BLL can still be found in children living near secondary Pb smelters that represent around 50% of Pb production. There have been no studies on Pb exposure in children living in Serbia ever since the 1980s. The aim of this study was to evaluate the BLLs in children living in two villages in Serbia (Zajača, the location of a secondary lead smelter, and Paskovac, 5 km away), identify the primary determinants of children's BLLs, and investigate the impact of BLLs on children's health symptoms and school achievement...
August 31, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236518/bisphenol-a-in-breast-adipose-tissue-of-breast-cancer-cases-and-controls
#7
Katherine W Reeves, Sallie Schneider, Jingchuan Xue, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Holly Mason, Melissa Johnson, Grace Makari-Judson, Mary Díaz Santana
We evaluated whether bisphenol-A (BPA) could be quantified in breast adipose tissue samples provided by 36 breast cancer mastectomy patients and 14 reduction mammoplasty patients. Samples of breast adipose tissue were collected and BPA concentration was quantified using HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. BPA was detectable above the limit of quantitation of 0.38 ng/g in 30.6% of samples. BPA concentrations varied within- and between breasts and were similar between cases and controls (0.39 vs 0.41 ng/g, p = 0.74).
August 31, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241731/association-between-floods-and-typhoid-fever-in-yongzhou-china-effects-and-vulnerable-groups
#8
Zhidong Liu, Jiahui Lao, Ying Zhang, Yanyu Liu, Jing Zhang, Hui Wang, Baofa Jiang
BACKGROUND: Little information about the effects of floods on typhoid fever is available in previous studies. This study aimed to examine the relationships between floods and typhoid fever and to identify the vulnerable groups in Yongzhou, China. METHODS: Weekly typhoid fever data, flood data and meteorological data during the flood season (April to September) from 2005 to 2012 were collected for this study. A Poisson generalized linear model combined with a distributed lag non-linear model was conducted to quantify the lagged and cumulative effects of floods on typhoid fever, considering the confounding effects of long-term trend, seasonality, and meteorological variables...
August 29, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30236520/effects-of-polychlorinated-biphenyls-pcb-on-california-sea-lion-zalophus-californianus-lymphocyte-functions-upon-in-vitro-exposure
#9
I Peñín, M Levin, K Acevedo-Whitehouse, L Jasperse, E Gebhard, F M D Gulland, S De Guise
Polychorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners are a cause for concern due to their persistence in the environment, their lipophilic properties that cause them to bio-accumulate in top predators, and their adverse effects on mammalian health. For example, the common urogenital carcinoma reported in California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) (CSL) is associated with high tissue levels of PCBs, but the mechanisms responsible for this association are unknown. This study investigated the effect of exposure to six PCB congeners and a congener mix at low and environmentally relevant concentrations on NK cell-like and T cell activity using in vitro assays on cryopreserved lymph node mononuclear cells isolated from dead CSL...
August 24, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173116/comment-on-wi-fi-is-an-important-threat-to-human-health
#10
LETTER
Enrique Arribas, Raquel Ramirez-Vazquez, Isabel Escobar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30173115/association-of-maternal-serum-concentration-of-hydroxylated-polychlorinated-biphenyls-with-maternal-and-neonatal-thyroid-hormones-the-hokkaido-birth-cohort-study
#11
Sachiko Itoh, Toshiaki Baba, Motoyuki Yuasa, Chihiro Miyashita, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Atsuko Araki, Seiko Sasaki, Jumboku Kajiwara, Tsuguhide Hori, Takashi Todaka, Kaori Fujikura, Sonomi Nakajima, Shizue Kato, Reiko Kishi
BACKGROUND: Evidence on the toxicity of hydroxylated metabolites of polychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs) for thyroid hormones (TH) is limited, and the underlying mechanism remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the effects of environmental prenatal exposure to OH-PCBs and maternal and neonatal TH levels, taking the maternal-fetal TH transfer into account. METHODS: In this prospective birth cohort (the "Hokkaido study") we included 222 mother-neonate pairs...
August 23, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172196/cardiovascular-benefits-of-short-term-indoor-air-filtration-intervention-in-elderly-living-in-beijing-an-extended-analysis-of-biapsy-study
#12
Shuo Liu, Jie Chen, Qian Zhao, Xiaoming Song, Danqing Shao, Kees Meliefste, Yipeng Du, Juan Wang, Meng Wang, Tong Wang, Baihuan Feng, Rongshan Wu, Hongbing Xu, He Bei, Bert Brunekreef, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Adverse cardiovascular effects associated with air pollution exposure have been widely demonstrated. However, inconsistent cardiovascular responses were observed from reducing indoor air pollution exposure. We aimed to assess whether short-term air filtration intervention could benefit cardiovascular health in elderly living in high pollution area. METHODS: A randomized crossover intervention study of short-term indoor air filtration intervention on cardiovascular health was conducted among 35 non-smoking elderly participants living in Beijing in the winter of 2013, as part of Beijing Indoor Air Purifier StudY (BIAPSY)...
August 23, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142625/system-dynamics-for-predicting-the-impact-of-traffic-noise-on-cardiovascular-mortality-in-madrid
#13
Alberto Recio, Cristina Linares, Julio Díaz
The impact of road traffic noise on health is an important issue worldwide. In Madrid (Spain), the existing high daily noise levels all year round have been associated with short-term cardiovascular mortality. A system dynamics model is constructed to estimate the evolution of the traffic noise impact on the population older than 65 in Madrid over the upcoming years. This strategy allows to make predictions based on yearly variations in traffic intensity, population at risk, motor vehicle-related technological advances and lifestyles, and urban planning policies...
August 21, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172194/projections-for-temperature-related-years-of-life-lost-from-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-elderly-in-a-chinese-city-with-typical-subtropical-climate
#14
Jing Huang, Guoxing Li, Yang Liu, Jian Huang, Guozhang Xu, Xujun Qian, Zhongdi Cen, Xiaochuan Pan, Aimin Xu, Xinbiao Guo, Tianfeng He
OBJECTIVE: Extreme temperature is an important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to temperature variation. Global warming and the increasingly aging population are two major global challenges for human health; thus, an urgent need exists to project the temperature-related cardiovascular disease burden regarding both of the aforementioned factors. We aimed to the project temperature-related burden of cardiovascular diseases using years of life lost (YLL) in the elderly in a Chinese city with typical subtropical climate...
August 20, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30145432/prenatal-and-postnatal-exposure-to-di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Dong-Wook Lee, Min-Seok Kim, Youn-Hee Lim, Nami Lee, Yun-Chul Hong
BACKGROUND: Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), the most widely used phthalate, has recently been associated with neurodevelopmental disturbances in children. However, the risk is yet to be quantified. Therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis focusing on the association between exposure to DEHP and neurodevelopmental outcomes is necessary, with particular attention to study design (longitudinal vs. cross-sectional). METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature search for associations between exposure to DEHP and neurodevelopmental outcomes...
August 18, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30145430/west-nile-virus-infection-in-northern-italy-case-crossover-study-on-the-short-term-effect-of-climatic-parameters
#16
Giovenale Moirano, Antonio Gasparrini, Fiorella Acquaotta, Simona Fratianni, Franco Merletti, Milena Maule, Lorenzo Richiardi
BACKGROUND: Changes in climatic conditions are hypothesized to play a role in the increasing number of West Nile Virus (WNV) outbreaks observed in Europe in recent years. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the association between WNV infection and climatic parameters recorded in the 8 weeks before the diagnosis in Northern Italy. METHODS: We collected epidemiological data about new infected cases for the period 2010-2015 from the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC) and meteorological data from 25 stations throughout the study area...
August 18, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241005/capturing-the-spatial-variability-of-noise-levels-based-on-a-short-term-monitoring-campaign-and-comparing-noise-surfaces-against-personal-exposures-collected-through-a-panel-study
#17
Masoud Fallah-Shorshani, Laura Minet, Rick Liu, Céline Plante, Sophie Goudreau, Tor Oiamo, Audrey Smargiassi, Scott Weichenthal, Marianne Hatzopoulou
Environmental noise can cause important cardiovascular effects, stress and sleep disturbance. The development of appropriate methods to estimate noise exposure within a single urban area remains a challenging task, due to the presence of various transportation noise sources (road, rail, and aircraft). In this study, we developed a land-use regression (LUR) approach using a Generalized Additive Model (GAM) for LAeq (equivalent noise level) to capture the spatial variability of noise levels in Toronto, Canada...
August 17, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30145431/a-community-based-evaluation-of-proximity-to-unconventional-oil-and-gas-wells-drinking-water-contaminants-and-health-symptoms-in-ohio
#18
Elise G Elliott, Xiaomei Ma, Brian P Leaderer, Lisa A McKay, Courtney J Pedersen, Chang Wang, Christopher J Gerber, Thomas J Wright, Andrew J Sumner, Mairead Brennan, Genevieve S Silva, Joshua L Warren, Desiree L Plata, Nicole C Deziel
Over 4 million Americans live within 1.6 km of an unconventional oil and gas (UO&G) well, potentially placing them in the path of toxic releases. We evaluated relationships between residential proximity to UO&G wells and (1) water contamination and (2) health symptoms in an exploratory study. We analyzed drinking water samples from 66 Ohio households for 13 UO&G-related volatile organic compounds (VOCs) (e.g., benzene, disinfection byproducts [DBPs]), gasoline-range organics (GRO), and diesel-range organics...
August 17, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172192/prenatal-nitrate-air-pollution-exposure-and-reduced-child-lung-function-timing-and-fetal-sex-effects
#19
Sonali Bose, Maria José Rosa, Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, Hsiao-Hsien Leon Hsu, Qian Di, Alison Lee, Itai Kloog, Ander Wilson, Joel Schwartz, Robert O Wright, Wayne J Morgan, Brent A Coull, Rosalind J Wright
BACKGROUND: Prenatal particulate air pollution exposure may alter lung growth and development in utero in a time-sensitive and sex-specific manner, resulting in reduced lung function in childhood. Such relationships have not been examined for nitrate (NO3 - ). METHODS: We implemented Bayesian distributed lag interaction models (BDLIMs) to identify sensitive prenatal windows for the influence of NO3 - on lung function at age 7 years, assessing effect modification by fetal sex...
August 16, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30142629/rainfall-erosivity-in-slovenia-sensitivity-estimation-and-trend-detection
#20
Manca Petek, Matjaž Mikoš, Nejc Bezak
Slovenia is one of the EU countries with the largest values and largest amounts of variability in rainfall erosivity, with maximum annual values exceeding 10,000 MJ mm ha-1 h-1 yr-1 . Five-minute rainfall data was analysed from 10 Slovenian rainfall stations with data-length availability longer than 25 years with a maximum data length of 69 years and a total data-station length equal to 443 years. Trends in the rainfall erosivity R-factor were detected for four different sub-samples using monthly, half-year, and annual rainfall erosivity values...
August 15, 2018: Environmental Research
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