Read by QxMD icon Read

Environmental Research

Chang He, Karin English, Christine Baduel, Phong Thai, Paul Jagals, Robert S Ware, Yan Li, Xianyu Wang, Peter D Sly, Jochen F Mueller
In recent years, the production and usage volumes of organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) has increased substantially. Certain OPFRs are suspected reproductive toxins, carcinogenic, and neurotoxic. Insufficient information is available on human exposure pathways to these chemicals, particularly in Australia. We aim to assess the association between OPFR concentrations in the urine of children to environmental and behavioural risk factors. Concentrations of eight OPFRs and eleven metabolites were measured in the urine of 51 children, aged 3-29 months, in Southeast Queensland, Australia and compared to their behavioural and environmental risk factor data obtained by an online questionnaire...
March 8, 2018: Environmental Research
L Falcioni, L Bua, E Tibaldi, M Lauriola, L De Angelis, F Gnudi, D Mandrioli, M Manservigi, F Manservisi, I Manzoli, I Menghetti, R Montella, S Panzacchi, D Sgargi, V Strollo, A Vornoli, F Belpoggi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Environmental Research
Amanda E Janitz, Janis E Campbell, Sheryl Magzamen, Anne Pate, Julie A Stoner, Jennifer D Peck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Environmental Research
Jing Huang, Guoxing Li, Xujun Qian, Guozhang Xu, Yan Zhao, Jian Huang, Qichen Liu, Tianfeng He, Xinbiao Guo
OBJECTIVE: Air pollution is considered one of the most important risk factors for ischemic heart disease (IHD), which is a major public health concern. The disease burden of IHD has continued to rise in China in the past two decades. However, epidemiological studies examining the associations between air pollution and IHD have been scarce in China, and the only studies were conducted in severe air pollution areas, where air pollution levels seriously exceed the World Health Organization Air Quality Guidelines...
March 7, 2018: Environmental Research
Janessa Pickering, Teck Hui Teo, Ruth B Thornton, Lea-Ann Kirkham, Graeme R Zosky, Holly D Clifford
Exposure to environmental geogenic (or earth-derived) dust can lead to more frequent and severe infections in the human airway. Particulate matter < 10 µm (PM10 ) is the component of air pollution that is commonly associated with the exacerbation of respiratory diseases. We have previously demonstrated that mice exposed to geogenic dust PM10 experienced an exacerbation of inflammatory responses to influenza A virus. Whether geogenic dust PM10 also exacerbates respiratory bacterial infection is not yet known, nor are the components of the dust that drive these responses...
March 6, 2018: Environmental Research
Bircan Erbas, Toril Mørkve Knudsen, Christer Janson, Roy M Nilsen, Simone Accordini, Bryndis Benediktdottir, Julia Dratva, Joachim Heinrich, Debbie Jarvis, Benedcite Leynaert, Melanie C Matheson, Dan Norbäck, Francisco G Real, Chantal Raherison-Semjen, Simona Villani, S C Dharmage, C Svanes
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive knowledge of smoking effects on respiratory disease, there is no study including all age windows of exposure among ever smokers. The objective of this study was to assess the effects from smoking exposure in utero, early childhood, adolescence and adulthood on respiratory health outcomes in adult male and female ever smokers. METHODS: Respiratory health outcomes were assessed in 10,610 participants of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) I who reported a history of ever smoking by questionnaire...
March 6, 2018: Environmental Research
Monica Giulivo, Nicoleta Alina Suciu, Ethel Eljarrat, Marina Gatti, Ettore Capri, Damia Barcelo
The interest for environmental issues and the concern resulting from the potential exposure to contaminants were the starting point to develop methodologies in order to evaluate the consequences that those might have over both the environment and human health. Considering the feature of POPs, including PBDEs, such as bioaccumulation, biomagnification, long-range transport and adverse effects even long time after exposure, risk assessment of POPs requires specific approaches and tools. In this particular context, the MERLIN-Expo tool was used to assess the aquatic environmental exposure of Adige River to PBDEs and the accumulation of PBDEs in humans through the consumption of possible contaminated local aquatic food...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Research
Marike M Leijs, André Esser, Philipp M Amann, Thomas Schettgen, Monika Gube, Hans F Merk, Thomas Kraus, Jens M Baron
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are well known persistent and toxic environmental pollutants. Our aim was to identify effects of moderate-high exposure to dioxin-like (dl) and non-dioxin-like (ndl)-PCBs on the skin in order to provide more insight in the pathophysiological effects of these compounds. We performed a dermatological examination on 92 former workers from a transformer recycling company with known elevated serum PCB and/or dioxin (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/polychlorinated dibenzo-p-furan (PCDD/F)) levels...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Research
Elżbieta Sochacka-Tatara, Renata Majewska, Frederica P Perera, David Camann, John Spengler, Kylie Wheelock, Agata Sowa, Ryszard Jacek, Elżbieta Mróz, Agnieszka Pac
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widespread in the environment and can adversely affect human health. The aim of the present study is to describe the level of PAHs exposure in children living in Kraków, one of the most polluted cities in Poland, and to determine the relationship of urinary biomarkers with environmental PAHsexposure. Urinary monohydroxy metabolites (OH-PAHs) of 20 PAHs were assessed in 218 three-year old children, of which only 10 were present in nearly all the samples: monohydroxy metabolites of naphthalene, fluorene, phenantrene and pyrene...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Research
Bo-Yi Yang, Zhengmin Min Qian, Shanshan Li, Shujun Fan, Gongbo Chen, Kevin M Syberg, Hong Xian, Si-Quan Wang, Huimin Ma, Duo-Hong Chen, Mo Yang, Kang-Kang Liu, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Li-Wen Hu, Yuming Guo, Guang-Hui Dong
Little evidence exists about the effects of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution on metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aimed to determine the association between long-term ambient air pollution and MetS in China. A total of 15,477 adults who participated in the 33 Communities Chinese Health Study (33CCHS) in 2009 were evaluated. MetS was defined based on the recommendation by the Joint Interim Societies. Exposure to air pollutants was assessed using data from monitoring stations and a spatial statistical model (including particles with diameters ≤ 1...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Research
Jia Liu, Philip C Williams, Jane Geisler-Lee, Boyd M Goodson, Masoud Fakharifar, Meisam Peiravi, Da Chen, David A Lightfoot, Max E Gemeinhardt
The amount of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) in the environment has been increasing due to their industrial and commercial applications. Different types of metallic nanoparticles (NPs) have been detected in effluents from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). The effluents have been reclaimed for crop irrigation in many arid and semi-arid areas. Here, a soil micro-ecosystem was established including a microbiome, 4 Arabidopsis thaliana plants, and 3 Eisenia fetida earthworms, for a duration of 95 days. The impact of wastewater effluent (WE) containing aged NPs was studied...
February 28, 2018: Environmental Research
Patrícia Anacleto, Cátia Figueiredo, Miguel Baptista, Ana Luísa Maulvault, Carolina Camacho, Pedro Pousão-Ferreira, Luísa M P Valente, António Marques, Rui Rosa
Climate change and chemical contamination are global environmental threats of growing concern for the scientific community and regulatory authorities. Yet, the impacts and interactions of both stressors (particularly ocean warming and emerging chemical contaminants) on physiological responses of marine organisms remain unclear and still require further understanding. Within this context, the main goal of this study was to assess, for the first time, the effects of warming (+ 5 °C) and accumulation of a polybrominated diphenyl ether congener (BDE-209, brominated flame retardant) through dietary exposure on energy budget of the juvenile white seabream (Diplodus sargus)...
February 28, 2018: Environmental Research
Joan O Grimalt, Stephan Böse-O'Reilly, Peter van den Hazel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Xinyi Zhao, Hongguang Cheng, Siyuan He, Xiangfen Cui, Xiao Pu, Lu Lu
Few studies have linked social factors to air pollution exposure in China. Unlike the race or minority concepts in western countries, the Hukou system (residential registration system) is a fundamental reason for the existence of social deprivation in China. To assess the differences in ozone (O3 ) exposure among social groups, especially groups divided by Hukou status, we assigned estimates of O3 exposure to the latest census data of the Beijing urban area using a kriging interpolation model. We developed simultaneous autoregressive (SAR) models that account for spatial autocorrelation to identify the associations between O3 exposure and social factors...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Fabíola Helena Dos Santos Fogaça, Cristina Soares, Marta Oliveira, Ricardo N Alves, Ana L Maulvault, Vera L Barbosa, Patrícia Anacleto, João Avelar Magalhães, Narcisa M Bandarra, Maria João Ramalhosa, Simone Morais, António Marques
This work aimed to determine the effect of culinary practices on the contamination level and bioaccessibility of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in seafood. The selected farmed seafood species (marine shrimp, clams and seaweed) were commercially available in Portugal. The mean concentrations of PAHs varied between 0.23 and 51.8 µg kg-1 , with the lowest value being observed in raw shrimp and the highest in dried seaweed. The number of compounds detected in seaweed and clams (naphthalene, acenaphthene, fluorene, phenanthrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene and benzo(j)fluoranthene) were higher than in shrimp (fluorene and pyrene)...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
N B Svendsen, D Herzke, M Harju, C Bech, G W Gabrielsen, V L B Jaspers
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and organophosphate esters (OPEs) were assessed in blood plasma and feathers of 19 adult black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) breeding in two colonies (Blomstrandhalvøya and Krykkjefjellet) at the Arctic archipelago, Svalbard. Potential associations with body condition index (BCI) and thyroid hormones were investigated. All compound classes were detected in both blood plasma and feathers, but due to low sample size and volumes, OPEs could only be quantified in four individuals, warranting larger follow-up studies...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Gadi Lissak
A growing body of literature is associating excessive and addictive use of digital media with physical, psychological, social and neurological adverse consequences. Research is focusing more on mobile devices use, and studies suggest that duration, content, after-dark-use, media type and the number of devices are key components determining screen time effects. Physical health effects: excessive screen time is associated with poor sleep and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases such as high blood pressure, obesity, low HDL cholesterol, poor stress regulation (high sympathetic arousal and cortisol dysregulation), and Insulin Resistance...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Pritha Bhattacharjee, Tamalika Sanyal, Sandip Bhattacharjee, Pritha Bhattacharjee
INTRODUCTION: Arsenic exposure and its adverse health outcome, including the association with cancer risk are well established from several studies across the globe. The present study aims to analyze the epigenetic regulation of key mismatch repair (MMR) genes in the arsenic-exposed population. METHOD: A case-control study was conducted involving two hundred twenty four (N=224) arsenic exposed [with skin lesion (WSL=110) and without skin lesion (WOSL=114)] and one hundred and two (N=102) unexposed individuals...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Laurent Devien, Jonathan Giovannelli, Damien Cuny, Régis Matran, Philippe Amouyel, Sébastien Hulo, Jean Louis Edmé, Luc Dauchet
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between sources of household air pollution, respiratory symptoms and lung function. METHODS: 3039 adults aged from 40 to 65 participated in the 2011-2013 ELISABET cross-sectional survey in northern France. Lung function was measured using spirometry. During a structured interview, respiratory symptoms, household fuels, exposure to moulds, and use of ventilation were recorded on a questionnaire...
February 24, 2018: Environmental Research
Yanhong Wang, Mengmeng Li, Xia Wan, Yuanyuan Sun, Kailiang Cheng, Xinyu Zhao, Yuan Zheng, Gonghuan Yang, Li Wang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported that the development of pancreatic cancer (PC) may be associated with environment pollution. But the relationship between ambient air pollution and PC remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between PC mortality and exposure of fine particular matter. METHODS: We used PC mortality data from 103 continuous points in national Disease Surveillance Point system from 1991 to 2009 in China...
February 24, 2018: Environmental Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"