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Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127108/the-development-of-screening-methods-to-identify-drugs-to-limit-er-stress-using-wild-type-and-mutant-serotonin-transporter
#1
Kazusa Katarao, Seiya Murakawa, Masaya Asano, Naoto Usuki, Hikaru Yamamoto, Toshihiko Shirafuji, Shigeru Tanaka, Izumi Hide, Norio Sakai
The function of the serotonin transporter (SERT) is regulated by its membrane trafficking. Previously, we showed that the C-terminus-deleted mutant of SERT (SERTΔCT) exhibited an aberrant membrane trafficking and subsequent retention at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). In addition, we found that proteasome inhibitor-induced ER stress resulted in the impairment of SERT membrane trafficking and retention of SERT at the ER, an impairment very similar to that of SERTΔCT. Based on the result that the chemical chaperone 4-phnylbutulic acid (4-PBA), which relieves ER stress, accelerated the membrane trafficking and upregulated SERT activity, we hypothesized that drugs that facilitate the membrane trafficking of SERT would have potential therapeutic effects on an ER stress-related disease...
December 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127107/interactions-between-kisspeptin-neurons-and-hypothalamic-tuberoinfundibular-dopaminergic-neurons-in-aged-female-rats
#2
Kinuyo Iwata, Masaaki Ikehara, Yuyu Kunimura, Hitoshi Ozawa
Kisspeptin neurons in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) regulate prolactin secretion, and are in physical contact with tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic (TIDA) neurons, which inhibit prolactin secretion. Prolactin levels in the blood are increased with advancing age in rats; therefore, we investigated the interactions with TIDA neurons and kisspeptin neurons in aged female rats (24 months of age), relative to those of young adult female rats (9-10 weeks of age). Plasma prolactin levels in the aged rats were significantly higher than those of young adult rats...
December 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127106/comparative-anatomy-of-gastrin-releasing-peptide-pathways-in-the-trigeminal-sensory-system-of-mouse-and-the-asian-house-musk-shrew-suncus-murinus
#3
Keiko Takanami, Kaihei Inoue, Hiroki Mukai, Kei Tamura, Takamichi Jogahara, Sen-Ichi Oda, Mitsuhiro Kawata, Tatsuya Sakamoto, Hirotaka Sakamoto
Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) has recently been identified as an itch-signaling molecule in the primary afferents and spinal cord of rodents. However, little information exists on the expression and localization of GRP in the trigeminal somatosensory system other than in rats. We examined the generality of the trigeminal GRP system in mammals using two distinct species, suncus as a model of specialized placental mammals known to have a well-developed trigeminal sensory system and mice as a representative small laboratory animal...
December 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127105/fibromodulin-expression-in-folliculostellate-cells-and-pericytes-is-promoted-by-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-in-rat-anterior-pituitary-gland
#4
Rahimi Syaidah, Takehiro Tsukada, Morio Azuma, Kotaro Horiguchi, Ken Fujiwara, Motoshi Kikuchi, Takashi Yashiro
Fibromodulin belongs to the family of small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs), an active component of extracellular matrix. It directly binds collagens to promote fibrillogenesis and also binds transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ) to antagonize its actions. Our previous studies of rat anterior pituitary gland revealed that fibromodulin is expressed in folliculostellate cells and pericytes. Although our recent study showed that TGFβ2 secreted from folliculostellate cells induces collagen synthesis in pericytes, the involvement of fibromodulin in TGFβ2-mediated collagen regulation has not been studied...
December 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127104/morphological-changes-of-myoepithelial-cells-in-the-rat-submandibular-gland-following-the-application-of-surgical-stimuli
#5
Yoshihiro Kawabe, Kenich Mizobe, Yasuhiko Bando, Koji Sakiyama, Fuyoko Taira, Akito Tomomura, Hisao Araki, Osamu Amano
Myoepithelial cells (MECs) exist on the basal surface of acini in major exocrine glands, include myofilaments and various constructive proteins, and share characteristics with smooth muscle and epithelial cells. MECs project several ramified processes to invest acini, and possibly contract to compress acini to support the secretion by the glandular cells. However, the functional roles of MECs in salivary secretion are still unclear. We investigated morphological changes in immunostained MECs using the anti-α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA) antibody in operated or non-operated contralateral (NC) submandibular glands after partial or total resection...
December 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917009/induced-expression-of-cancer-stem-cell-markers-aldh1a3-and-sox-2-in-hierarchical-reconstitution-of-apoptosis-resistant-human-breast-cancer-cells
#6
Karin Kashii-Magaribuchi, Rie Takeuchi, Yuko Haisa, Akemi Sakamoto, Aimi Itoh, Yuki Izawa, Miyuki Isa, Mayu Fukuzawa, Motonobu Murakami, Rei Takahashi
We established an experimental system that can induce p53-dependent apoptosis by doxycycline treatment to analyze characteristics of the apoptosis-resistant cancer cell subpopulation in the human breast cancer cell line HCC1937. Expression patterns of the stem cell markers, ALDH1A3 and Sox-2, the luminal differentiation marker, GATA3 and the proliferation index marker, Ki-67 were analyzed using immunostaining and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS). After doxycycline treatment, the number of viable cells was gradually decreased over seven days in a time-dependent manner due to p53-induced apoptosis; however, the number of smaller-sized ALDH1A3(+) cells assessed by immunostaining increased sharply after 1 day of doxycycline treatment, suggesting their apoptosis-resistant nature...
November 1, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917008/visualization-of-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-and-fibrin-meshwork-in-human-fibrinopurulent-inflammatory-lesions-iii-correlative-light-and-electron-microscopic-study
#7
Takanori Onouchi, Kazuya Shiogama, Yasuyoshi Mizutani, Takashi Takaki, Yutaka Tsutsumi
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) released from dead neutrophils at the site of inflammation represent webs of neutrophilic DNA stretches dotted with granule-derived antimicrobial proteins, including lactoferrin, and play important roles in innate immunity against microbial infection. We have shown the coexistence of NETs and fibrin meshwork in varied fibrinopurulent inflammatory lesions at both light and electron microscopic levels. In the present study, correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM) employing confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscopy was performed to bridge light and electron microscopic images of NETs and fibrin fibrils in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, autopsied lung sections of legionnaire's pneumonia...
November 1, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917007/roles-of-ras-homolog-a-in-invasive-ductal-breast-carcinoma
#8
Eriko Murakami, Yoko Nakanishi, Yukari Hirotani, Sumie Ohni, Xiaoyan Tang, Shinobu Masuda, Katsuhisa Enomoto, Kenichi Sakurai, Sadao Amano, Tsutomu Yamada, Norimichi Nemoto
Breast cancer has a poor prognosis owing to tumor cell invasion and metastasis. Although Ras homolog (Rho) A is involved in tumor cell invasion, its role in breast carcinoma is unclear. Here, RhoA expression was examined in invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), with a focus on its relationships with epidermal-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and collective cell invasion. Forty-four surgical IDC tissue samples and two normal breast tissue samples were obtained. RhoA, E-cadherin, vimentin, and F-actin protein expression were analyzed by immunohistochemistry...
November 1, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682016/p62-regulates-the-proliferation-of-molecular-apocrine-breast-cancer-cells
#9
Fumi Nozaki, Yukari Hirotani, Yoko Nakanishi, Hiromi Yamaguchi, Haruna Nishimaki, Hiroko Noda, Xiaoyan Tang, Hisae Yamamoto, Atsuko Suzuki, Toshimi Seki, Shinobu Masuda
p62, also called sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1), is a multifunctional signaling molecule that affects cell proliferation. Recently, we found accumulation of p62 in apocrine carcinoma of the breast, however, the biological role of p62 expression in apocrine carcinoma still remains unclear. To investigate whether p62 might contribute to tumor cell proliferation in apocrine carcinomas, we used the MDA-MB-453 (androgen receptor-positive, HER2-type) and MFM223 (androgen receptor-positive, triple-negative type) breast cancer cell lines as models of molecular apocrine carcinoma...
August 30, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682015/visualization-of-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-and-fibrin-meshwork-in-human-fibrinopurulent-inflammatory-lesions-ii-ultrastructural-study
#10
Takanori Onouchi, Kazuya Shiogama, Takahiro Matsui, Yasuyoshi Mizutani, Kouhei Sakurai, Ken-Ichi Inada, Yutaka Tsutsumi
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) represent an extracellular, spider's web-like structure resulting from cell death of neutrophils. NETs play an important role in innate immunity against microbial infection, but their roles in human pathological processes remain largely unknown. NETs and fibrin meshwork both showing fibrillar structures are observed at the site of fibrinopurulent inflammation, as described in our sister paper [Acta Histochem. Cytochem. 49; 109-116, 2016]. In the present study, immunoelectron microscopic study was performed for visualizing NETs and fibrin fibrils (thick fibrils in our tongue) in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of autopsied lung tissue of legionnaire's pneumonia...
August 30, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682014/visualization-of-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-and-fibrin-meshwork-in-human-fibrinopurulent-inflammatory-lesions-i-light-microscopic-study
#11
Kazuya Shiogama, Takanori Onouchi, Yasuyoshi Mizutani, Kouhei Sakurai, Ken-Ichi Inada, Yutaka Tsutsumi
Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are extracellular fibrillary structures composed of degraded chromatin and granules of neutrophil origin. In fibrinopurulent inflammation such as pneumonia and abscess, deposition of fibrillar eosinophilic material is a common histopathological finding under hematoxylin-eosin staining. Expectedly, not only fibrin fibrils but also NETs consist of the fibrillar material. The aim of the present study is to analyze immunohistochemically how NETs are involved in the inflammatory process...
August 30, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462135/regulation-and-biological-significance-of-formation-of-osteoclasts-and-foreign-body-giant-cells-in-an-extraskeletal-implantation-model
#12
Gazi Jased Ahmed, Eri Tatsukawa, Kota Morishita, Yasuaki Shibata, Fumio Suehiro, Masanobu Kamitakahara, Taishi Yokoi, Takehiko Koji, Masahiro Umeda, Masahiro Nishimura, Tohru Ikeda
The implantation of biomaterials induces a granulomatous reaction accompanied by foreign body giant cells (FBGCs). The characterization of multinucleated giant cells (MNGCs) around bone substitutes implanted in bone defects is more complicated because of healing with bone admixed with residual bone substitutes and their hybrid, and the appearance of two kinds of MNGCs, osteoclasts and FBGCs. Furthermore, the clinical significance of osteoclasts and FBGCs in the healing of implanted regions remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to characterize MNGCs around bone substitutes using an extraskeletal implantation model and evaluate the clinical significance of osteoclasts and FBGCs...
June 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462134/aquaporin-4-protein-is-stably-maintained-in-the-hypertrophied-muscles-by-functional-overload
#13
Minenori Ishido, Tomohiro Nakamura
Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a selective water channel that is located on the plasma membrane of myofibers in skeletal muscle and is bound to α1-syntrophin. It is considered that AQP4 is involved in the modulation of homeostasis in myofibers through the regulation of water transport and osmotic pressure. However, it remains unclear whether AQP4 expression is altered by skeletal muscle hypertrophy to modulate water homeostasis in myofibers. The present study investigated the effect of muscle hypertrophy on the changes in AQP4 and α1-syntrophin expression patterns in myofibers...
June 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462133/ultrastructural-localization-of-endogenous-exchange-factor-for-arf6-in-adrenocortical-cells-in-situ-of-mice
#14
Surang Chomphoo, Wilaiwan Mothong, Tarinee Sawatpanich, Pipatphong Kanla, Hiroyuki Sakagami, Hisatake Kondo, Wiphawi Hipkaeo
EFA6 (exchange factor for ARF6) activates Arf6 (ADP ribosylation factor 6) by exchanging ADP to ATP, and the resulting activated form of Arf6 is involved in the membrane dynamics and actin re-organization of cells. The present study was attempted to localize EFA6 type D (EFA6D) in mouse adrenocortical cells in situ whose steroid hormone secretion is generally considered not to depend on the vesicle-involved regulatory mechanism. In immunoblotting, an immunoreactive band with the same size as brain EFA6D was detected in homogenates of adrenal cortical tissues almost free of adrenal capsules and medulla...
June 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239075/hedgehog-signaling-components-are-expressed-in-choroidal-neovascularization-in-laser-induced-retinal-lesion
#15
Katsunori Nochioka, Hiroaki Okuda, Kouko Tatsumi, Shoko Morita, Nahoko Ogata, Akio Wanaka
Choroidal neovascularization is one of the major pathological changes in age-related macular degeneration, which causes devastating blindness in the elderly population. The molecular mechanism of choroidal neovascularization has been under extensive investigation, but is still an open question. We focused on sonic hedgehog signaling, which is implicated in angiogenesis in various organs. Laser-induced injuries to the mouse retina were made to cause choroidal neovascularization. We examined gene expression of sonic hedgehog, its receptors (patched1, smoothened, cell adhesion molecule down-regulated by oncogenes (Cdon) and biregional Cdon-binding protein (Boc)) and downstream transcription factors (Gli1-3) using real-time RT-PCR...
April 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222614/angiogenic-factor-with-g-patch-and-fha-domain-1-aggf1-expression-in-human-vascular-lesions
#16
Maosheng Zhan, Yumiko Hori, Naoki Wada, Jun-Ichiro Ikeda, Yuuki Hata, Keigo Osuga, Eiichi Morii
Angiogenic factor with G-patch and FHA domain 1 (AGGF1) is a novel angiogenic factor that was first described in Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome, a congenital vascular disease associated with capillary and venous malformations. AGGF1, similar to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), has been shown to promote strong angiogenesis in chick embryos in vivo. Blocking AGGF1 expression prevented vessel formation, which suggests AGGF1 is a potent angiogenic factor linked to vascular malformations. So far, AGGF1 expression studies in human vascular lesions have not been performed...
April 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222613/localizations-of-%C3%AE-actins-in-skin-hair-vibrissa-arrector-pili-muscle-and-other-hair-appendages-of-developing-rats
#17
Kiyokazu Morioka, Hiromi Takano-Ohmuro
Six isoforms of actins encoded by different genes have been identified in mammals including α-cardiac, α-skeletal, α-smooth muscle (α-SMA), β-cytoplasmic, γ-smooth muscle (γ-SMA), and γ-cytoplasmic actins (γ-CYA). In a previous study we showed the localization of α-SMA and other cytoskeletal proteins in the hairs and their appendages of developing rats (Morioka K., et al. (2011) Acta Histochem. Cytochem. 44, 141-153), and herein we determined the localization of γ type actins in the same tissues and organs by immunohistochemical staining...
April 28, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006520/expression-of-sex-steroid-hormone-receptors-in-vagal-motor-neurons-innervating-the-trachea-and-esophagus-in-mouse
#18
Shigeyuki Mukudai, Ken Ichi Matsuda, Hideki Bando, Keiko Takanami, Takeshi Nishio, Yoichiro Sugiyama, Yasuo Hisa, Mitsuhiro Kawata
The medullary vagal motor nuclei, the nucleus ambiguus (NA) and dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV), innervate the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts. We conducted immunohistochemical analysis of expression of the androgen receptor (AR) and estrogen receptor α (ERα), in relation to innervation of the trachea and esophagus via vagal motor nuclei in mice. AR and ERα were expressed in the rostral NA and in part of the DMV. Tracing experiments using cholera toxin B subunit demonstrated that neurons of vagal motor nuclei that innervate the trachea and esophagus express AR and ERα...
February 27, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006519/histopathological-characteristics-of-post-inflamed-coronary-arteries-in-kawasaki-disease-like-vasculitis-of-rabbits
#19
Maiko Fujii, Hideo Tanaka, Akihiro Nakamura, Chinatsu Suzuki, Yoshinori Harada, Tetsuro Takamatsu, Kenji Hamaoka
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis in infants that develops predominantly in the coronary arteries. Despite the clinically transient nature of active inflammation in childhood albeit rare complications (e.g., coronary artery aneurysm), KD has recently been suggested to increase the incidence of ischemic heart diseases in young adulthood. However, little is known about the histopathology of the coronary artery long after development of the acute KD vasculitis. To address this, we conducted histological studies of rabbit coronary arteries in adolescent phase after induction of the KD-like vasculitis induced by horse serum administration...
February 27, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27006518/expression-of-vesicular-nucleotide-transporter-in-rat-odontoblasts
#20
Erina Ikeda, Tetsuya Goto, Kaori Gunjigake, Kayoko Kuroishi, Masae Ueda, Shinji Kataoka, Takashi Toyono, Mitsushiro Nakatomi, Yuji Seta, Chiaki Kitamura, Tatsuji Nishihara, Tatsuo Kawamoto
Several theories have been proposed regarding pain transmission mechanisms in tooth. However, the exact signaling mechanism from odontoblasts to pulp nerves remains to be clarified. Recently, ATP-associated pain transmission has been reported, but it is unclear whether ATP is involved in tooth pain transmission. In the present study, we focused on the vesicular nucleotide transporter (VNUT), a transporter of ATP into vesicles, and examined whether VNUT was involved in ATP release from odontoblasts. We examined the expression of VNUT in rat pulp by RT-PCR and immunostaining...
February 27, 2016: Acta Histochemica et Cytochemica
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