journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

British Journal for the History of Science

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532522/how-lives-became-lists-and-scientific-papers-became-data-cataloguing-authorship-during-the-nineteenth-century-corrigendum
#1
Alex Csiszar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514986/lorenz-oken-1779-1851-naturphilosophie-and-the-reform-of-natural-history
#2
Andrea Gambarotto
The paper focuses on the work of Lorenz Oken (1779-1851) in an attempt to make sense of the role played by Romantic Naturphilosophie in the development of natural history in Germany at the turn of the nineteenth century. It first focuses on the role played by Schelling and his Würzburg circle in the development of Oken's early views on natural history, then reconstructs Oken's mature programme for a reform of animal classification.
May 18, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502257/physics-moves-to-the-provinces-the-siberian-physics-community-and-soviet-power-1917-1940
#3
Paul Josephson, Aleksandr Sorokin
The rich tradition of Siberian science and higher education is little known outside Russian academic circles. Using institutional history, this article focuses on the founding and pre-war period of the Siberian Physical Technical Institute, the establishment of its research focus and its first difficult steps to become a leading centre of R & D in Siberia. Based on archival materials, the article describes how local and national physicists justified the institute's creation by demonstrating ties with industry and building on the presence of a cohort of locally trained physicists, whose numbers were augmented by Leningrad specialists...
May 15, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438228/past-editors-favourite-papers-published-during-their-time-in-office
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434421/galileo-s-legacy-a-critical-edition-and-translation-of-the-manuscript-of-vincenzo-viviani-s-grati-animi-monumenta
#5
Stefano Gattei
Having been found 'vehemently suspected of heresy' by the Holy Office in 1633, at the time of his death (1642) Galileo's remains were laid to rest in the tiny vestry of a lateral chapel of the Santa Croce Basilica, Florence. Throughout his life, Vincenzo Viviani, Galileo's last disciple, struggled to have his master's name rehabilitated and his banned works reprinted, as well as a proper funeral monument erected. He did not live to see all this come true, but his efforts triggered a mechanism that eventually led to the fulfilment of his wishes...
April 24, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434409/-a-very-diadem-of-light-exhibitions-in-victorian-london-the-parliamentary-light-and-the-shaping-of-the-trinity-house-lighthouses
#6
Stephen Courtney
In the midsummer of 1872 a lighthouse apparatus was installed in the Clock Tower of the House of Commons. The installation served the practical function of communicating at a distance when the House was sitting, but also provided a highly visible symbolic indication of the importance of lighthouse technology to national concerns. Further, the installation served as an experimental space in which rival technological designs, with corresponding visions for the lighthouse system, could compete in public. This article considers nineteenth-century lighthouse technology as a case study in the power and political significance of display...
April 24, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390441/-transporting-thought-cultures-of-balloon-flight-in-britain-1784-1785
#7
Caitlín Róisín Doherty
The balloon has long drifted through popular discourse as a symbol of an Enlightenment attitude towards discovery and a Romanticized image of rationality. This article uses two accounts of early British balloon voyages, both published in 1786, and through them attempts to understand the wide range of practices - literary, social, chemical and adventurous - employed by early balloonists in Britain. I argue that the two series of flights recorded by John Jeffries and Vincenzo Lunardi can be read to show two different philosophical ideas of and aspirations for ballooning, each of which is tied to a different British location, and established a different paradigm for the public reception of flight experiments in later years...
April 9, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316285/discipline-building-in-germany-women-and-genetics-at-the-berlin-institute-for-heredity-research
#8
Ida H Stamhuis, Annette B Vogt
The origin and the development of scientific disciplines has been a topic of reflection for several decades. The few extensive case studies support the thesis that scientific disciplines are not monolithic structures but can be characterized by distinct social, organizational and scientific-technical practices. Nonetheless, most disciplinary histories of genetics confine themselves largely to an uncontested account of the content of the discipline or occasionally institutional factors. Little attention is paid to the large number of researchers who, by their joint efforts, ultimately shaped the discipline...
March 20, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228185/knowledge-of-childhood-materiality-text-and-the-history-of-science-an-interdisciplinary-round-table-discussion
#9
Felix Rietmann, Mareike Schildmann, Caroline Arni, Daniel Thomas Cook, Davide Giuriato, Novina Göhlsdorf, Wangui Muigai
This round table discussion takes the diversity of discourse and practice shaping modern knowledge about childhood as an opportunity to engage with recent historiographical approaches in the history of science. It draws attention to symmetries and references among scientific, material, literary and artistic cultures and their respective forms of knowledge. The five participating scholars come from various fields in the humanities and social sciences and allude to historiographical and methodological questions through a range of examples...
February 23, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219473/needham-at-the-crossroads-history-politics-and-international-science-in-wartime-china-1942-1946
#10
Thomas Mougey
In 1946, the British biochemist Joseph Needham returned from a four-year stay in China. Needham scholars have considered this visit as a revelatory period that paved the way for his famous book series Science and Civilization in China (SCC). Surprisingly, however, Needham's actual time in China has remained largely unstudied over the last seventy years. As director of the Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office, Needham travelled throughout Free China to promote cooperation between British and Chinese scientists to contain the Japanese invasion during the Second World War...
February 21, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202102/how-lives-became-lists-and-scientific-papers-became-data-cataloguing-authorship-during-the-nineteenth-century
#11
Alex Csiszar
The Catalogue of Scientific Papers, published by the Royal Society of London beginning in 1867, projected back to the beginning of the nineteenth century a novel vision of the history of science in which knowledge was built up out of discrete papers each connected to an author. Its construction was an act of canon formation that helped naturalize the idea that scientific publishing consisted of special kinds of texts and authors that were set apart from the wider landscape of publishing. By recovering the decisions and struggles through which the Catalogue was assembled, this essay aims to contribute to current efforts to denaturalize the scientific paper as the dominant genre of scientific life...
February 16, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202101/berber-genealogy-and-the-politics-of-prehistoric-archaeology-and-craniology-in-french-algeria-1860s-1880s
#12
Bonnie Effros
Following the conquest of Algiers and its surrounding territory by the French army in 1830, officers noted an abundance of standing stones in this region of North Africa. Although they attracted considerably less attention among their cohort than more familiar Roman monuments such as triumphal arches and bridges, these prehistoric remains were similar to formations found in Brittany and other parts of France. The first effort to document these remains occurred in 1863, when Laurent-Charles Féraud, a French army interpreter, recorded thousands of dolmens and stone formations south-west of Constantine...
February 16, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935474/a-pathology-of-progress-locating-the-historiography-of-cancer
#13
Agnes Arnold-Forster
Despite its prominent position in today's medical research, popular culture and everyday life, cancer's history is relatively unwritten. Compared to the other great 'plagues' - cholera, tuberculosis or tropical fevers, to name but a scant handful - cancer has few dedicated pages in the general surveys, and its specialists have largely failed to convince the broader community of medical historians - or indeed historians of anything at all - that histories of the disease can tell us fundamental things about the science and practice of medicine, both past and present...
December 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890041/introduction-plurality-in-patenting-medical-technology-and-cultures-of-protection
#14
James F Stark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884216/honour-and-subsistence-invention-credit-and-surgery-in-the-nineteenth-century
#15
Sally Frampton
The origins of contemporary exclusion of surgical methods from patenting lie in the complexities of managing credit claims in operative surgery, recognized in the nineteenth century. While surgical methods were not deemed patentable, surgeons were nevertheless embedded within patent culture. In an atmosphere of heightened awareness about the importance of 'inventors', how surgeons should be recognized and rewarded for their inventions was an important question. I examine an episode during the 1840s which seemed to concretize the inapplicability of patents to surgical practice, before looking at alternatives to patenting, used by surgeons to gain social and financial credit for inventions...
December 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881194/authority-and-ownership-the-growth-and-wilting-of-medicine-patenting-in-georgian-england
#16
Alan Mackintosh
Secret, owned, Georgian medicines were normally known as patent medicines, though few had a current patent. Up to 1830, just 117 medicines had been patented, whilst over 1,300 were listed for taxation as 'patent medicines'. What were the benefits of patenting? Did medicine patenting affect consumer perception, and how was this used as a marketing tool? What were the boundaries of medical patenting? Patents for therapeutic preparations provided an apparent government guarantee on the source and composition of widely available products, while the patenting of medical devices seems to have been used to grant a temporary monopoly for the inventor's benefit...
December 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881189/pharmaceutical-patenting-and-the-transformation-of-american-medical-ethics
#17
Joseph M Gabriel
The attitudes of physicians and drug manufacturers in the US toward patenting pharmaceuticals changed dramatically from the mid-nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth. Formerly, physicians and reputable manufacturers argued that pharmaceutical patents prioritized profit over the advancement of medical science. Reputable manufactures refused to patent their goods and most physicians shunned patented products. However, moving into the early twentieth century, physicians and drug manufacturers grew increasingly comfortable with the idea of pharmaceutical patents...
December 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881188/a-barrier-to-medical-treatment-british-medical-practitioners-medical-appliances-and-the-patent-controversy-1870-1920
#18
Claire L Jones
From the late nineteenth century onwards there emerged an increasingly diverse response to escalating patenting activity. Inventors were generally supportive of legislation that made patenting more accessible, while others, especially manufacturers, saw patenting culture as an impediment. The medical profession claimed that patenting represented 'a barrier to medical treatment' and was thus detrimental to the nation's health, yet, as I argue, the profession's development of strict codes of conduct forbidding practitioners from patenting resulted in rebellion from some members, who increasingly sought protection for their inventions...
December 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871338/mathematical-subtleties-and-scientific-knowledge-francis-bacon-and-mathematics-at-the-crossing-of-two-traditions
#19
Giuliano Mori
This article engages the much-debated role of mathematics in Bacon's philosophy and inductive method at large. The many references to mathematics in Bacon's works are considered in the context of the humanist reform of the curriculum studiorum and, in particular, through a comparison with the kinds of natural and intellectual subtlety as they are defined by many sixteenth-century authors, including Cardano, Scaliger and Montaigne. Additionally, this article gives a nuanced background to the 'subtlety' commonly thought to have been eschewed by Bacon and by Bacon's self-proclaimed followers in the Royal Society of London...
November 22, 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719698/spain-s-magic-mountain-narrating-prehistory-at-atapuerca
#20
Oliver Hochadel
The Sierra de Atapuerca in northern Spain is ranked among the most important excavation sites in human origins research worldwide. The project boasts not only spectacular hominid fossils, among them the 'oldest European', but also a fully fledged 'popularization industry'. This article interprets this multimedia industry as a generator of different narratives about the researchers as well as about the prehistoric hominids of Atapuerca. It focuses on the popular works of the three co-directors of the project...
September 2016: British Journal for the History of Science
journal
journal
21902
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"