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Bulletin of the History of Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961720/memento-m%C3%A3-tter
#1
Paula A Summerly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961719/news-and-events
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961718/some-notes-on-papyrus-ebers-ancient-egyptian-treatments-of-migraine-and-a-crocodile-on-the-patient-s-head
#3
Lutz Popko
Modern literature about the history of migraine treatments often starts with an ancient Egyptian remedy said to be from Papyrus Ebers that involves crocodiles that should be wrapped around the head. A fresh look on this treatment shows the need for revision on many points, including the source of the remedy, its content and meaning, and further implications for the history of Papyrus Ebers.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961717/swann-song-antibiotic-regulation-in-british-livestock-production-1953-2006
#4
Claas Kirchhelle
Antibiotics have played a significant yet ambivalent role in Western livestock husbandry. Mass introduced to agriculture to boost animal production and reduce feed consumption in the early 1950s, agricultural antibiotics were soon accused of selecting for bacterial resistance, causing residues and enabling bad animal welfare. The dilemma posed by agricultural antibiotic regulation persists to this day. This essay traces the history of British antibiotic regulation from 1953 to the influential 1969 Swann report...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961716/religion-medicine-and-politics-catholic-physicians-guilds-in-america-1909-32
#5
Jessica Martucci
In 1909 the first Catholic physicians' guild formed in New York City. By 1911 guilds could be found in Philadelphia and Boston. They acted as professional organizations as well as brotherhoods built on a set of shared religious and moral convictions. They brought moral perspectives from Catholic doctrine into critical conversation with their medical work. By 1931, enough enthusiasm existed to form the National Federation of Catholic Physicians' Guilds (NFCPG). The creation of NFCPG marked a clear effort to insert Catholic values into America's health care debates...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961715/leprosy-s-untainted-child
#6
Jo Robertson
In the face of an obdurate disease, the Mission to Lepers made a virtue out of "saving" children from leprosy and from paganism by separating them from their parents so that they became a source of publicity, sponsorship, and fund-raising. This policy transformed a benevolent work of mercy into a professional one, for it soon became clear that children separated from their parents did not develop leprosy. Consequently, the asylum became a site where scientific conclusions were made about the transmission of the disease, and the authority of the mission was enhanced at international medical conferences...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961714/-this-fathom-long-body-bodily-materiality-and-ascetic-ideology-in-medieval-chinese-buddhist-scriptures
#7
C Pierce Salguero
An outside observer might be excused for assuming that Buddhists, being focused on transcendence, would have little interest in investigating the body's structure or constituent parts in any detail. However, nothing could be further from the truth. Bodies and body parts have in fact long been ubiquitous subjects of contemplation, speculation, and veneration in Buddhist circles. This article discusses representative examples of Chinese Buddhist scriptures from the medieval period that forward an ascetic ideology, with special attention to how the corporeal body is spoken about in such texts...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29961713/editors-note
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681554/a-research-enclave-in-1940s-nigeria-the-rockefeller-foundation-yellow-fever-research-institute-at-yaba-lagos-1943-49
#9
Megan Vaughan
This article examines the history of yellow fever research carried out in West Africa in the 1940s by Rockefeller Foundation scientists. It engages with a number of debates in the history of medical research in colonial Africa, including experimentation, the construction of the "field," and biosecurity.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681553/the-radicalization-of-breast-cancer-surgery-joseph-colt-bloodgood-s-role-in-william-stewart-halsted-s-legacy
#10
James R Wright
Johns Hopkins's surgeon William Stewart Halsted is renowned for popularizing the radical mastectomy, a disfiguring procedure that was overutilized during the 1900s. Cancer historians have questioned why Halsted, a meticulous surgical investigator, became more aggressive in his approach to breast cancer surgery when his own data failed to show prolonged patient survival. Joseph Colt Bloodgood, one of Halsted's early surgical residents, Hopkins's head of surgical pathology, and Halsted's primary outcome data analyst, played previously unrecognized roles...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681552/the-cowpox-controversy-memory-and-the-politics-of-public-health-in-cuba
#11
Stephanie H Gonzalez
Vaccination played an important role in the formation of a national consciousness in Cuba, and vaccination's earliest promoters dominate nationalist narratives of medical achievement on the island. This article investigates the intense hostility exhibited by the creole medical elite toward a pivotal figure in the history of smallpox vaccination in Cuba, Spanish physician Dr. Vicente Ferrer (1823-83), the first in the Americas to mass produce smallpox vaccine using calf vaccinifiers. I argue that anger and mistrust of both Ferrer and his innovatory vaccine production technology originated in the relationship between medical politics and cultural identity in late nineteenth-century Cuba...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681551/-he-must-die-or-go-mad-in-this-place-prisoners-insanity-and-the-pentonville-model-prison-experiment-1842-52
#12
Catherine Cox, Hilary Marland
The relationship between prisons and mental illness has preoccupied prison administrators, physicians, and reformers from the establishment of the modern prison service in the nineteenth century to the current day. Here we take the case of Pentonville Model Prison, established in 1842 with the aim of reforming convicts through religious exhortation, rigorous discipline and training, and the imposition of separate confinement in its most extreme form. Our article demonstrates how following the introduction of separate confinement, the prison chaplains rather than the medical officers took a lead role in managing the minds of convicts...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681550/the-fielding-h-garrison-lecture-great-doctor-history
#13
Barron H Lerner
For decades, physicians wrote much of the history of medicine, often "great man" histories that celebrated their colleagues' accomplishments as part of a celebratory historical narrative. Beginning in the 1970s, social historians challenged this type of scholarship, arguing that it was Whiggish, omitted the flaws of the medical profession, left patients out of the story, and ignored issues of gender, race, and class. This Garrison Lecture revisits this history through the prism of my recent book, The Good Doctor: A Father, a Son, and the Evolution of Medical Ethics, which is essentially a biography of my physician father, Phillip Lerner, and an autobiography...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681549/comment-materia-medica
#14
Linda Nash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681548/climate-change-the-environment-physicians-and-historians
#15
Barron H Lerner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681547/to-place-or-not-to-place-toward-an-environmental-history-of-modern-medicine
#16
Christopher Sellers
Reviewing recent, overlapping work by historians of medicine and health and of environmental history, this article proposes a further agenda upon which scholars in both fields may converge. Both environmental and medical historians can seek to understand the past two centuries of medical history in terms of a seesaw dialogue over the ways and means by which physicians and other health professionals did, and did not, consider the influence of place-airs and waters included-on disease. Modernizing and professionalizing as well as new styles of science nourished attendant aspirations for a clinical place neutrality, for a medicine in which patients' own places didn't matter to what doctors thought or did...
2018: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276193/american-women-physicians-in-world-war-i
#17
Janet Golden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276192/news-and-events
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276191/plagued-by-politics-cuba-s-national-sanatorium-project-1936-59
#19
Kelly Urban
In 1936, Fulgencio Batista, the head of the Cuban military (and the de facto ruler of Cuba), founded the National Tuberculosis Council (CNT) to lead a state-directed anti-tuberculosis campaign. While most national and colonial governments neglected tuberculosis until the postwar period, populist politics pushed Batista to prioritize a disease of poverty by the mid-1930s. However, national politics also undermined efforts to control the disease in Cuba. Authoritarianism facilitated Batista's considerable influence over tuberculosis policy, and he and his advisors pursued political objectives rather than following the technical advice offered by professional groups...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276190/between-colonial-national-and-international-medicine-the-case-of-bejel
#20
Liat Kozma
In the 1920s and 1930s, doctors stationed in the Middle East and North Africa debated whether bejel, a form of endemic syphilis, was an Arab version of syphilis, or a separate disease altogether. Using their clinical experience in the region, they tried to weave this unfamiliar phenomenon into a civilizational narrative, which placed European civilization at the top of a hierarchy. The assumption was that there was something inherent to Islamic societies and their hygienic habits that accounted for this difference...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
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