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Journal of the History of Ideas

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477349/notices
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477348/books-received
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477347/wheeler-and-whitehead-process-biology-and-process-philosophy-in-the-early-twentieth-century
#3
Dennis Sölch
The case of William Morton Wheeler and Alfred North Whitehead represents a striking example of how biologists and philosophers engaged in a common enterprise in the early twentieth century. Both challenge the notion that the living world is composed of distinct organisms. Based on his studies of the behavior of social insects, Wheeler developed a concept of superorganisms that paved the way for a theory of emergent evolution. This paper argues that Whitehead, whose relation to academic biology has been largely ignored, drew on Wheeler's findings and integrated them into a universal philosophical cosmology...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477346/bergson-s-philosophy-of-will-and-the-war-of-1914-1918
#4
Mark Sinclair
In his wartime discourses of 1914, Henri Bergson mobilizes his philosophy of creative evolution: France is a nation of creative life able to replenish itself, whereas Germany, for all its technological might, is a mechanistic power bound to wear itself out. This paper shows that this moblization is made possible by Bergson's philosophy of will: life as a creative principle is will, and it is a controllable and commandable willpower that he opposes to Germany. Grasping this is crucial for understanding not only the war discourses but also Bergson's later reflections on technology, modernity, and mysticism...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477345/free-will-predestination-and-the-fate-of-the-ottoman-empire
#5
Ethan L Menchinger
Although European travelers to the Ottoman Empire often noted the inhabitants' "fatalism," historians have never seriously examined this intellectual phenomenon. Whether or not we can credit such sources, the testimony of seventeenth-and eighteenth-century Turkish and Arabic sources points to a robust debate over fate, free will, and predestination. What were the reasons behind these discussions? What issues were at stake? This article outlines the context and content of the debate. It then offers some observations about the wider significance of free will and predestination in the Ottoman intellectual universe - particularly their relation to early modern bureaucratic and military reform...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477344/pufendorf-on-passions-and-sociability
#6
Heikki Haara
Samuel Pufendorf is known for his normative natural law philosophy, and particularly for his theory of sociability. This article concentrates on a topic that has received very little attention - his theory of the motivating character of passions in social life. It will demonstrate that individually and politically governed passions play a central role in Pufendorf's description of the structure of human societies. I argue that for Pufendorf the norms of sociability are effective in social life because social interaction, guided by political governance, enables people to moderate their antisocial passions and habituate themselves to sociable passions...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477343/john-punch-scotist-holy-war-and-the-irish-catholic-revolutionary-tradition-in-the-seventeenth-century
#7
Ian W Campbell
During the 1640s, the Irish Franciscan theologian John Punch taught his theology students in Rome that war against Protestants was made just by their religion alone. Jesuits like Luis de Molina identified the holy war tradition in which Punch stood as a Scotist one, and insisted that the Scotists had confused the natural and supernatural spheres. Among Irishmen, Punch was unusual. The main Irish Catholic revolutionary tradition employed Jesuit and Thomist theory. They argued that the Stuarts had lost the right to rule Ireland for natural reasons, not supernatural ones; because the Stuarts were tyrants, not because they were Protestants...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477342/democritus-junior-as-reader-of-auctoritates-robert-burton-s-method-and-italic-the-anatomy-of-melancholy-italic
#8
Giuliano Mori
This essay analyzes Robert Burton's methodological approach to the subject of melancholy and draws comparisons between Burton's method of inquiry and the 17th-century scientific method at large. Burton's sources are hence examined and two epistemological lines of influence are singled out, one being characterized by deductive procedures (Galen, Ramus), and the other by inductivism (Hippocrates, pseudo-Hippocratic representation of Democritus). Combined by Burton, these traditions inspired the structure of Burton's Anatomy, which allowed the concurrence of multiple opinions that mutually interact and automatically correct one another within a cento-like text...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477341/2015-arthur-o-lovejoy-lecture-the-boys-on-the-beach-children-s-games-and-baptismal-grace-in-medieval-thought
#9
Marcia L Colish
This paper tracks the fortunes of the debate on whether children playing at baptism can actually administer and receive a valid sacramental baptism from Rufinus of Aquileia (late 4th to early 5th century) through ca. 1300. Theologians and canonists who addressed this question arrived at no consensus. They often disagreed with their own masters, applied Rufinus to a range of issues he never took up, used him to support or criticize Augustine on this topic, and viewed as acceptable more than one position on it within orthodox Christianity...
July 2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763412/notices
#10
(no author information available yet)
Announcement of Morris D. Forkosch book prize competition and Selma V. Forkosch article prize competition. Announcement of the inauguration of the Institute of Intellectual History, University of St Andrews.
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763411/books-received
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763410/dialogue-eurocentrism-and-comparative-political-theory-a-view-from-cross-cultural-intellectual-history
#12
Takashi Shogimen
Comparative political theory is an emerging sub-field of political theory; it is a response to the dissatisfaction with the prevalent Eurocentric mode of political theorizing in the age of globalization. A methodological characteristic of comparative political theory is cross-cultural engagement through dialogue with foreign political ideas. The present paper argues that the dialogical mode of cross-cultural engagement is distinctively European. While the dialogical engagement with foreign worldviews constitutes a mainstream of the European literary tradition, it is largely absent, for example, from the Japanese counterpart...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763409/big-is-a-thing-of-the-past-climate-change-and-methodology-in-the-history-of-ideas
#13
Deborah R Coen
The climate crisis has raised questions about the proper scale of historical analysis in the Anthropocene. After explaining how this methodological crisis differs from an earlier stand-off between proponents of microhistory and total history, this paper suggests a role for intellectual history in moving us beyond the current debate. What is needed is a history of "scaling"; that is, we need to historicize the process of mediating between different frameworks of measurement, even those that might at first appear incommensurable...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763408/a-contingent-affinity-max-weber-carl-schmitt-and-the-challenge-of-modern-politics
#14
Pedro T Magalhães
The thesis that the theory of charismatic-plebiscitary democracy developed by Max Weber in the wake of the Weimar Republic was developed to its ultimate consequences by Carl Schmitt in the final crisis of Weimar has been hotly debated since it was first advanced in the 1950s. This paper proposes a fresh look at the controversy. By comparing both authors' concepts of politics in their relation to the problem of modernity, it argues that the Weber-Schmitt affair is neither a baseless legend nor a case of natural continuity...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763407/empiricism-and-rationalism-in-nineteenth-century-histories-of-philosophy
#15
Alberto Vanzo
This paper traces the ancestry of a familiar historiographical narrative, according to which early modern philosophy was marked by the development of empiricism, rationalism, and their synthesis by Kant. It is often claimed that this narrative became standard in the nineteenth century because of the influence of Thomas Reid, Kant and his disciples, or German and British idealists. I argue that the narrative became standard at the turn of the twentieth century. Among the factors that allowed it to become standard are its aptness to be adopted by philosophers of the most diverse persuasions, its simplicity and suitability for teaching...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763406/john-adams-s-montesquieuean-moment-enlightened-historicism-in-the-i-discourses-on-davila-i
#16
Jonathan Green
At the outset of the French Revolution John Adams penned a series of Discourses of Davila, philosophical ruminations on the sixteenth-century French Wars of Religion. Recent historians have read these Discourses in terms of Adams's Machiavellianism-his conviction that men's passions lead to violence, if unrestrained. But this reading overlooks the extent to which Adams intended his Discourses as a particular investigation into the French nation's character, and into whether the revolutionaries could lay claim to a native, French tradition of mixed constitutional government...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763405/land-and-nation-the-ancient-modernity-of-national-geography-piedmont-1750-1800
#17
Marco Cavarzere
This paper focuses on the shift that occurred in the spatial representation of states in the eighteenth century. This shift will be considered as a combination of institutional reforms and of a new social awareness of space. A consideration of the case of the Italian Piedmont will demonstrate how "national" space was created through antiquarian research and how a larger political confrontation took place in the guise of a learned debate. The diverse accounts of Piedmontese history under examination all employed methods derived from previous ages, relying upon a concept of space as historically continuous, embedded in time immemorial...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763404/walter-odington-s-i-de-etate-mundi-i-and-the-pursuit-of-a-scientific-chronology-in-medieval-england
#18
Carl Philipp Nothaft
This article deals with a forgotten treatise on the age of the world, written between 1308 and 1316 by Walter Odington, a monk of Evesham Abbey, otherwise known for his writings on alchemy and music theory. By tracing the sources and rationale behind Odington's arguments and comparing them with those of other medieval authors, the article attempts to shed new light on the state of chronological scholarship in England in the eleventh to fourteenth centuries, when astronomical and astrological methods were freely used to supplement or replace scriptural interpretation, yielding creative and unexpected results...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763380/notices
#19
Morris D Forkosch Prize
Announcement of Morris D. Forkosch book prize competition and Selma V. Forkosch article prize competition. Note of Thanks for Robin Ladrach, retiring managing editor. Announcement of the inauguration of the Institute of Intellectual History, University of St Andrews.
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763379/books-received
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
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