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Indian Journal of Orthopaedics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576654/legends-of-indian-orthopedics-pramod-karan-sethi
#1
Bhavuk Garg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576653/making-the-surgeons-safe-in-india
#2
Raju Vaishya, Lalit Maini, Abhishek Vaish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576652/author-s-reply
#3
Chul Hyun Park, Dong Yeol Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576651/surgical-treatment-of-sanders-type-2-calcaneal-fractures-using-a-sinus-tarsi-approach
#4
Ankit Khurana, Mandeep S Dhillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576650/histological-observation-of-the-retinacula-of-weitbrecht-and-its-clinical-significance-a-cadaveric-study
#5
Bang Dou, Jiong Mei, Zhiyuan Wang, Ming Ni, Guangyao Jia, Shiwei Liu
Background: The retinacular arteries provide major supply to the femoral head, their injuries may lead to the femoral head necrosis (FHN) in femoral neck fractures. Although the femoral neck fracture was seriously displaced in some patients, FHN did not occur, which suggests that the blood supply is not fully blocked. This study was aimed to find the association between the structure of the retinacula of Weitbrecht and the mechanism of protecting retinacular arteries from being injured...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576649/error-analysis-how-precise-is-fused-deposition-modeling-in-fabrication-of-bone-models-in-comparison-to-the-parent-bones
#6
M V Reddy, Krishnakiran Eachempati, A V Gurava Reddy, Aakash Mugalur
Background: Rapid prototyping (RP) is used widely in dental and faciomaxillary surgery with anecdotal uses in orthopedics. The purview of RP in orthopedics is vast. However, there is no error analysis reported in the literature on bone models generated using office-based RP. This study evaluates the accuracy of fused deposition modeling (FDM) using standard tessellation language (STL) files and errors generated during the fabrication of bone models. Materials and Methods: Nine dry bones were selected and were computed tomography (CT) scanned...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576648/sagittal-atlantoaxial-joint-inclination-and-reduction-index-values-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-irreducible-atlantoaxial-dislocation
#7
Shi-Long Yuan, Hong-Mei Xu, Lian-Chong Fu, Jin Cao, Jian-Kun Yang, Yong-Ming Xi
Background: Irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (IAAD) is a disorder of atlantoaxial joint instability with various causes. The diagnostic criteria for IAAD are variable. The diagnosis of IAAD is mainly based on preoperative and intraoperative traction results, as well as the physician's experience, with no relatively uniform guidelines for the selection of treatment. This study evaluates sagittal atlantoaxial joint inclination (SAAJI) and reduction index (RI) values for diagnosis and treatment of IAAD...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576647/a-scoring-system-to-demonstrate-the-risk-for-bone-injury-in-patients-with-clinically-suspected-or-occult-scaphoid-fracture
#8
H Bahadir Gokcen, Mehmet Akif Akcal, Koray Unay, Selahattin Ozyurek, Oguz Poyanli, Irfan Esenkaya
Background: It is important to diagnose a scaphoid fracture accurately and start the correct treatment in the shortest time possible. However, the fracture of bone may not be visible on x-ray. In such cases, patients are clinically diagnosed with suspected or occult scaphoid fractures. The aim of this study was to define a scoring system based on physical examination to demonstrate the risk for bone injury in patients with clinically suspected and occult scaphoid fractures with negative radiographs and anatomical snuff box tenderness and to decrease the costs and workforce loss due to unnecessary treatment and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576646/sloppy-hinge-prosthetic-replacement-in-old-healed-side-swipe-injuries-of-elbow-long-term-results
#9
Debadyuti Baksi, A K Pal, D P Baksi
Background: Sideswipe injuries of elbow often poses significant functional loss resulting from devastating injuries involving osseoligamentous structures as well as multilevel soft tissue injuries around the elbow. Inspite of treatment, no conscientious treatment opinion is available in the literature to provide optimum functional outcome. The objective of this study is to evaluate the results of prosthetic replacement of old healed sideswipe injuries of elbow with gross dysfunctional disabilities resulting from loss of bones and muscles around the joint...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576645/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-tibial-attachment-preserving-hamstring-graft-without-implant-on-tibial-side
#10
Skand Sinha, Ananta Kumar Naik, Mridul Maheshwari, Sumedh Sandanshiv, Durgashankar Meena, Rajendra K Arya
Background: Tibial attachment preserving hamstring graft could prevent potential problems of free graft in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction such as pull out before graft-tunnel healing or rupture before ligamentization. Different implants have been reportedly used for tibial side fixation with this technique. We investigated short-term outcome of ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with tibial attachment sparing hamstring graft without implant on the tibial side by outside in technique...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576644/complex-tibial-plateau-fractures-treated-by-hybrid-external-fixation-system-a-correlation-of-followup-computed-tomography-derived-quality-of-reduction-with-clinical-results
#11
Konstantinos Kateros, Spyridon P Galanakos, Georgios Kyriakopoulos, Stamatios A Papadakis, George A Macheras
Background: Tibial plateau fractures are common due to high energy injuries. The principles of treatment include respect for the soft tissues, restoring the congruity of the articular surface and reduction of the anatomic alignment of the lower limb to enable early movement of the knee joint. There are various surgical fixation methods that can achieve these principles of treatment. Recognition of the particular fracture pattern is important, as this guides the surgical approach required in order to adequately stabilize the fracture...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576643/total-knee-arthroplasty-using-patient-specific-blocks-after-prior-femoral-fracture-without-hardware-removal
#12
Raju Vaishya, Vipul Vijay, Amit K Agarwal
Background: The options to perform total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with retained hardware in femur are mainly - removal of hardware, use of extramedullary guide, or computer-assisted surgery. Patient-specific blocks (PSBs) have been introduced with many potential advantages, but their use in retained hardware has not been adequately explored. The purpose of the present study was to outline and assess the usefulness of the PSBs in performing TKA in patients with retained femoral hardware...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576642/comparative-study-for-evaluating-efficacy-of-fascia-iliaca-compartment-block-for-alleviating-pain-of-positioning-for-spinal-anesthesia-in-patients-with-hip-and-proximal-femur-fractures
#13
Nirav Jentilal Kacha, Chetna A Jadeja, Pooja J Patel, Harshda B Chaudhari, Jatin R Jivani, Vandana S Pithadia
Background: Patient positioning for performing spinal blockade causes severe pain in hip and femur fracture. Adequate pain relief before administrating spinal blockade will increase patient's cooperation. This study was done to assess analgesic effect of fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) for positioning for spinal anesthesia. Materials and Methods: This was a randomized, double blind, controlled prospective study that included 100 patients of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statuses I to III, of either sex, between 30 and 90 years, posted for hip or proximal femoral surgery, with visual analogue scale (VAS) >3 in preoperative period...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576641/epidemiological-profile-of-femoral-head-osteonecrosis-in-the-north-indian-population
#14
Harsha Vardhan, Sujit Kumar Tripathy, Ramesh Kumar Sen, Sameer Aggarwal, Tarun Goyal
Background: There are limited studies on the epidemiology of femoral head osteonecrosis in Indian population. This study was designed to look for the risk factors of osteonecrosis hip and to assess the severity as per radiological staging (Association Research Circulation Osseous [ARCO]) and clinical score (Harris hip score [HHS]). Materials and Methods: 249 patients (382 hips) of osteonecrosis femoral head (ONFH) who were evaluated at our center between January 1, 2005, and June 30, 2013, were included in this retrospective study...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576640/short-term-outcome-of-varus-derotation-osteotomy-in-late-presenting-perthes-disease
#15
Narendra Joshi, Soumya Shrikanta Mohapatra, Mahaveer Prasad Goyal, Shiv Kumar Goyal, Rakesh Kumar, Mukesh Saini
Background: Untreated Perthes disease can lead to osteoarthritis by the fourth decade. The treatment is conservative for children <6 years, operative within the age group of 6-9 years. Late onset Perthes, older than 9 years or more, are notorious with the aggressive course with poor outcome. However, literature do not come to a consensus between conservative and operative management. This study evaluates the clinical and radiological outcome of varus derotation osteotomy (VDRO) in Perthes disease presenting late with age 8 years or more...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576639/total-hip-arthroplasty-by-the-direct-anterior-approach-using-a-neck-preserving-stem-safety-efficacy-and-learning-curve
#16
Aditya Khemka, Omar Mograby, Sarah J Lord, Zelda Doyle, Munjed Al Muderis
Background: The concept of femoral neck preservation in total hip replacement (THR) was introduced in 1993. It is postulated that retaining cortical bone of the femoral neck offers triplanar stability, uniform stress distribution, and accommodates physiological anteversion. However, data on safety, efficacy and learning curve are lacking. Materials and Methods: We prospectively assessed all patients who were operated for a THR with a short neck preserving stem (MiniHip) between 2012 and 2014...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576638/is-combined-administration-of-tranexamic-acid-better-than-both-intravenous-and-topical-regimes-for-total-loss-hidden-loss-and-post-operative-swelling-a-randomized-control-trial
#17
Jatin Prakash, Jong-Keun Seon, Eun-Kyoo Song, Dong-Hyun Lee, Hong-Yeol Yang, Cheng Jin
Background: Bleeding is one of the unavoidable complications of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Tranexamic acid (TXA) in last decade has emerged as an effective and safe way to decrease postoperative bleeding and transfusion rates. Although there is little doubt on the efficacy of the drug, the debate on ideal mode is more recent. We undertook this study to find out the most effective and yet safest way of TXA administration. Materials and Methods: A single institution - two hospital-based, double-blinded, prospective, randomized control trial was conducted from January 2015 to December 2015...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576637/complications-associated-with-locking-plate-of-proximal-humerus-fractures
#18
REVIEW
Venkat Kavuri, Blake Bowden, Neil Kumar, Doug Cerynik
Proximal humerus fractures constitute a significant percentage of fragility fractures. The growing use of locking plate has helped treat this problem, but at the same time has brought about complications. Past systematic reviews have documented these complications, however a large number of recent studies have been published since, reporting their own complication rates with different techniques. This study reviews the current complications associated with locking plate of proximal humerus fractures as well as methods to reduce them...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576636/drug-resistant-spinal-tuberculosis
#19
REVIEW
Anil K Jain, Karan Raj Jaggi, Himanshu Bhayana, Rumpa Saha
Drug-resistant spinal tuberculosis (TB) is an emerging health problem in both developing and developed countries. In this review article, we aim to define management protocols for suspicion, diagnosis, and treatment of such patients. Spinal TB is a deep-seated paucibacillary lesion, and the demonstration of acid-fast bacilli on Ziehl-Neelsen staining is possible only in 10%-30% of cases. Drug resistance is suspected in patients showing the failure of clinicoradiological improvement or appearance of a fresh lesion of osteoarticular TB while on anti tubercular therapy (ATT) for a minimum period of 5 months...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576635/rejection-of-manuscripts-problems-and-solutions
#20
EDITORIAL
Ish Kumar Dhammi, Rehan-Ul-Haq
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
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