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Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728146/chronic-kidney-disease-predicts-survival-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#1
Kohei Ikezoe, Tomohiro Handa, Kiminobu Tanizawa, Hideki Yokoi, Takeshi Kubo, Kensaku Aihara, Akihiko Sokai, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Seishu Hashimoto, Kiyoshi Uemasu, Susumu Sato, Shigeo Muro, Sonoko Nagai, Motoko Yanagita, Kazuo Chin, Toyohiro Hirai, Yoshio Taguchi, Michiaki Mishima
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases with age as with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). OBJECTIVES: We assessed the prevalence of CKD (stages 3-5) and investigated the relationship of CKD to clinical features and outcomes in patients with IPF. METHODS: This study comprised 123 patients with IPF; 61 subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which was reportedly associated with CKD, were also enrolled as a disease control...
July 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719911/dissecting-survival-pathways-in-lung-cancer-fibrosis-and-emphysema-the-four-horses-of-the-apocalypse
#2
Argyris Tzouvelekis, Vasilios Tzilas, Spyridon Papiris, Demosthenes Bouros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719893/treatment-of-copd-exacerbation-in-switzerland-results-and-recommendations-of-the-european-copd-audit
#3
Michael Buess, Daniel Schilter, Tino Schneider, Marc Maurer, Heinz Borer, Robert Thurnheer, Erich Köhler, Lilian Junker, Kathleen Jahn, Michael Grob, Jochen Rüdiger, Thomas Geiser, Erich Helfenstein, Markus Solèr, René Fiechter, Thomas Sigrist, Patrick Brun, Jürg Barandun, Eva Koltai, José Luis López-Campos, Sylvia Hartl, Michael Roberts, Desiree M Schumann, Michael Tamm, Daiana Stolz
BACKGROUND: The European COPD Audit initiated by the European Respiratory Society (ERS) evaluated the management of hospital admissions due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in several European countries. Data on the treatment of severe acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPDs) in Switzerland are scarce. OBJECTIVES: In light of the GOLD 2010 guidelines, this work aims to examine the quality of care for AECOPD and to provide specific recommendations for the management of severe AECOPD in Switzerland...
July 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689204/a-vexing-ca-125-raise-in-a-patient-with-pleural-effusion-and-ovarian-cancer
#4
Silvia Hofer, Thomas Suter, Stefan Aebi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683462/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-for-staging-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-without-mediastinal-involvement-at-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#5
Therese Maria Henriette Naur, Lars Konge, Paul Frost Clementsen
BACKGROUND: Staging of lung cancer is essential to the treatment, which is curative only in cases of localized disease. Previous studies have suggested that endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is unnecessary when positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) shows no mediastinal involvement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate how often EBUS-TBNA resulted in a clinically relevant upstaging in patients with lung cancer without mediastinal involvement at PET-CT...
July 6, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683443/navigation-bronchoscopy-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-for-nonsurgical-peripheral-pulmonary-tumors
#6
Fangfang Xie, Xiaoxuan Zheng, Bo Xiao, Baohui Han, Felix J F Herth, Jiayuan Sun
We have recently developed a flexible catheter electrode used for bronchoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Two patients with nonsurgical stage IA peripheral lung cancer and 1 with lung metastasis underwent treatment with flexible catheter RFA utilizing navigation bronchoscopy. Chest computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography/CT (PET/CT) were performed before and after RFA to assess the ablation response of the patients. One patient's tumor had no prior PET uptake and therefore no follow-up PET was obtained...
July 6, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675890/acute-radiological-abnormalities-after-bronchial-thermoplasty-a-prospective-cohort-trial
#7
Julia N S d'Hooghe, Inge A H van den Berk, Jouke T Annema, Peter I Bonta
BACKGROUND: Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a novel treatment for severe asthma based on radiofrequency energy delivery to the larger airways. Although impressive radiological abnormalities have been reported, the incidence, pattern, and behavior over time of acute radiological abnormalities following BT are not well established. OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence pattern and behavior over time of acute radiological abnormalities following BT. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational imaging study of severe asthma patients participating in the TASMA trial...
July 5, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647745/early-halt-of-a-randomized-controlled-study-with-3-hypertonic-saline-in-acute-bronchiolitis
#8
Ania Carsin, Emilie Sauvaget, Violaine Bresson, Karine Retornaz, Maria Cabrera, Elisabeth Jouve, Romain Truillet, Emmanuelle Bosdure, Jean-Christophe Dubus
BACKGROUND: Albeit not recommended because of contradictory results, nebulized 3% hypertonic saline is widely used for treating acute viral bronchiolitis. Whether clinical differences may be attributed to the type of nebulizer used has never been studied. OBJECTIVES: By modifying the amount of salt deposited into the airways, the nebulizer characteristics might influence clinical response. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial included infants hospitalized in a French university hospital for a first episode of bronchiolitis...
June 24, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558373/joint-chest-sgp-congress-2017-basel-switzerland-7-9-june-2017-abstracts
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637050/ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-pneumothorax-after-transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-in-diffuse-parenchymal-lung-diseases
#10
Luca Viglietta, Riccardo Inchingolo, Cristina Pavano, Sara Tomassetti, Sara Piciucchi, Andrea Smargiassi, Claudia Ravaglia, Alessandra Dubini, Christian Gurioli, Carlo Gurioli, Venerino Poletti
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) can be indicated in diffuse parenchymal lung diseases (DPLDs) when a confident noninvasive diagnosis cannot be made. The 2 most relevant complications of TBLC are bleeding and pneumothorax (PTX). The accuracy of chest ultrasonography (US) for the detection of PTX is higher when compared to chest X-ray (CXR) with reference to computed tomography (CT) scan as a gold standard. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the accuracy of chest US in detecting PTX after TBLC in patients with DPLDs...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637047/pleural-adhesion-assessment-as-a-predictor-for-pneumothorax-after-endobronchial-valve-treatment
#11
Wouter H van Geffen, Karin Klooster, Jorine E Hartman, Nick H T Ten Hacken, Huib A M Kerstjens, Rienhart F E Wolf, Dirk-Jan Slebos
BACKGROUND: Pneumothorax after bronchoscopic lung volume reduction using one-way endobronchial valves (EBVs) in patients with advanced emphysema occurs in approximately 20% of patients. It is not well known which factors predict the development of pneumothorax. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether pleural adhesions on pretreatment high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scans are associated with pneumothorax occurrence after EBV treatment. METHODS: HRCT scan analyses were performed on all patients who received EBV treatment in a randomized controlled trial...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637046/the-preoperative-composite-physiologic-index-may-predict-mortality-in-lung-cancer-patients-with-combined-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-emphysema
#12
Fumika Ueno, Yoshiaki Kitaguchi, Takayuki Shiina, Shiho Asaka, Kentaro Miura, Masanori Yasuo, Yosuke Wada, Akihiko Yoshizawa, Masayuki Hanaoka
BACKGROUND: It remains unclear whether the preoperative pulmonary function parameters and prognostic indices that are indicative of nutritional and immunological status are associated with prognosis in lung cancer patients with combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) who have undergone surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to identify prognostic determinants in these patients. METHODS: The medical records of all patients with lung cancer associated with CPFE who had undergone surgery at Shinshu University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed to obtain clinical data, including the results of preoperative pulmonary function tests and laboratory examinations, chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and survival...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624822/debugging-is-routine-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-indicated-in-medical-thoracoscopy
#13
Jane A Shaw, Coenraad F N Koegelenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624819/a-randomized-trial-of-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-patients-undergoing-medical-thoracoscopy-apt
#14
Sahajal Dhooria, Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Kuruswamy Thurai Prasad, Amanjit Bal, Ashutosh Nath Aggarwal, Digambar Behera, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: There is no data on the role of prophylactic antibiotics in patients undergoing medical thoracoscopy. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of a single dose of intravenous cefazolin in subjects undergoing medical thoracoscopy. METHODS: Subjects undergoing medical thoracoscopy were randomized 1:1 to receive either intravenous cefazolin 2 g (antibiotic group) or intravenous saline (control group). The primary outcome was the incidence of infections (surgical site infections and empyema) in the study groups, while the secondary outcomes were complications related to intravenous antibiotics...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609772/lymphoproliferative-disorders-of-the-lung
#15
Raphaël Borie, Marie Wislez, Martine Antoine, Jacques Cadranel
This review aims to describe some of the most frequent lymphoproliferative disorders arising from the lung: pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, lymphomatoid granulomatosis (LG), multicentric Castleman disease (MCD), primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), and nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH). Primary pulmonary lymphoma is defined as a clonal lymphoproliferative disorder affecting one or both lungs, without extrapulmonary involvement 3 months after diagnosis, and includes pulmonary MALT lymphoma and LG...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609770/fatigue-and-excessive-daytime-sleepiness-in-sarcoidosis-prevalence-predictors-and-relationships-between-the-two-symptoms
#16
Andrea Bosse-Henck, Rainer Koch, Hubert Wirtz, Andreas Hinz
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is common among patients with sarcoidosis. The etiology of this problem is unknown and multifactorial. Fatigue can be confounded with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). Fatigue and sleepiness have rarely been studied simultaneously in sarcoidosis patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was the confounder-adjusted estimation of risks for severe fatigue and EDS in a large population of sarcoidosis patients and the development of multivariate predictors from this population...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601876/interstitial-lung-disease-associated-with-adult-niemann-pick-disease-type-b
#17
Nader Chebib, Françoise Thivolet-Bejui, Vincent Cottin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601868/pulmonary-rehabilitation-outcomes-after-single-or-double-lung-transplantation-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-or-interstitial-lung-disease
#18
Tessa Schneeberger, Rainer Gloeckl, Tobias Welte, Klaus Kenn
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) following lung transplantation (LTx) has been shown to be effective with regard to exercise capacity and health-related quality of life (HRQL). However, outcome data is limited with respect to LTx as a population. Differences concerning the effects of PR in patients with single LTx (SLTx) or double LTx (DLTx) have not been studied yet. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare possible differences concerning PR outcomes between SLTx and DLTx...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538215/the-use-of-polyvinyl-alcohol-sponge-and-cyanoacrylate-glue-in-the-treatment-of-large-and-chronic-bronchopleural-fistulae-following-lung-cancer-resection
#19
Paolo Battistoni, Umberto Caterino, Sandro Batzella, Raffaele Dello Iacono, Gabriele Lucantoni, Giovanni Galluccio
BACKGROUND: Bronchopleural fistulae represent a relatively rare complication of pulmonary resection. For inoperable patients, several endoscopic procedures have been described. In the presence of large and chronic bronchopleural fistulae, persistent air leaks require a surgical therapy, while endoscopic airway stent represents a useful palliative treatment. OBJECTIVE: We describe the successful closure of large and chronic bronchopleural fistulae using an expandable polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) sponge and cyanoacrylate glue...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535532/inborn-errors-of-metabolism-the-achilles-heel-of-the-respiratory-system
#20
Dominique Valeyre, Nadia Nathan, Jean-François Bernaudin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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