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Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462808/bronchial-carcinoid-interventional-pulmonologist-first
#1
Erik H F M van der Heijden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455195/sildenafil-bosentan-drug-drug-interaction-a-word-of-caution-regarding-the-most-common-combination-therapy-in-children-with-advanced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#2
Christian Apitz, Dietmar Schranz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444521/non-answered-questions-in-patients-with-endobronchial-valve-placement-for-lung-volume-reduction
#3
Iván R Caviedes, Gonzalo Labarca, Hugo G de Oliveira, Felix J F Herth, Sebastián Fernandez-Bussy
Endoscopic lung volume reduction is a minimally invasive procedure performed to reduce the space occupied by the emphysemas' lobes. This procedure has been demonstrated to be beneficial for patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and severe hyperinflation. The use of endobronchial valves is increasing, as well as the number of reports of adverse events. The most common complications after the procedure are a pneumothorax, bleeding, infections, the need for valve removal, and valve expulsion...
February 14, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433123/endobronchial-treatment-for-bronchial-carcinoid-patient-selection-and-predictors-of-outcome
#4
Ellen M B P Reuling, Chris Dickhoff, Peter W Plaisier, Veerle M H Coupé, Albert H A Mazairac, Rutger J Lely, H Jaap Bonjer, Johannes M A Daniels
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, surgical resection is the preferred treatment for typical carcinoids and atypical carcinoids located in the lungs. Recently however, several studies have shown excellent long-term outcome after endobronchial treatment of carcinoid tumors located in the central airways. This study investigates clinical and radiological features as predictors of successful endobronchial treatment in patients with a bronchial carcinoid tumor. OBJECTIVES: To identify clinical and radiological features predictive of successful endobronchial treatment in patients with bronchial carcinoid...
February 12, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428946/determination-of-cardiac-output-in-pulmonary-hypertension-using-impedance-cardiography
#5
Marion Dupuis, Elise Noel-Savina, Gregoire Prévot, Laurent Tétu, Fabien Pillard, Daniel Rivière, Alain Didier
BACKGROUND: Cardiac output (CO) is a prognostic factor in pulmonary hypertension (PH). Right heart catheterisation using the direct Fick method or thermodilution (TD) is the reference technique for CO measurement. Impedance cardiography (IPc) is a known non-invasive method of measuring CO. OBJECTIVES: In our study, we assume that the measurement of CO by IPc using the PHYSIOFLOW® system is as accurate as TD or using the direct Fick method in patients with PH in group 1 or group 4...
February 9, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421798/management-and-survival-of-pleural-mesothelioma-a-record-linkage-study
#6
Greta Carioli, Martina Bonifazi, Marta Rossi, Alberto Zambelli, Matteo Franchi, Carlo Zocchetti, Stefano Gasparini, Giovanni Corrao, Carlo La Vecchia, Eva Negri
BACKGROUND: Pleural mesothelioma (PM) is a rare, highly lethal tumor. A definite consensus on its management has yet to be established. OBJECTIVES: To assess management, overall survival (OS), and their predictors in a cohort of patients from Lombardy, the largest Italian region (about 10 million inhabitants). METHODS: Through a record linkage between Lombardy health care administrative databases, we identified patients diagnosed with PM in 2006-2011 without history of cancer, evaluating their management...
February 8, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414830/pulmonary-diseases-in-refugees-and-migrants-in-europe
#7
Ioana D Olaru, Steven Van Den Broucke, Andrew J Rosser, Helmut J F Salzer, Gerrit Woltmann, Emmanuel Bottieau, Christoph Lange
More than 2 million people fleeing conflict, persecution, and poverty applied for asylum between 2015 and 2016 in the European Union. Due to this, medical practitioners in recipient countries may be facing a broader spectrum of conditions and unusual presentations not previously encountered, including a wide range of infections with pulmonary involvement. Tuberculosis is known to be more common in migrants and has been covered broadly in other publications. The scope of this review was to provide an overview of exotic infections with pulmonary involvement that could be encountered in refugees and migrants and to briefly describe their epidemiology, diagnosis, and management...
February 7, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414827/statin-therapy-and-outcomes-in-trials-of-nintedanib-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#8
Michael Kreuter, Ulrich Costabel, Luca Richeldi, Vincent Cottin, Marlies Wijsenbeek, Francesco Bonella, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Toby M Maher, Daniel Wachtlin, Susanne Stowasser, Martin Kolb
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular comorbidities are frequent in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and many patients with IPF receive treatment with statins to reduce cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether statin use at baseline was associated with differences in disease progression in placebo-treated patients or influenced the treatment effect of nintedanib in the INPULSIS® trials. METHODS: Post-hoc subgroup analyses of patients receiving versus not receiving statins at baseline using pooled data from the INPULSIS® trials...
February 7, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414821/procedures-performed-during-hospitalizations-for-malignant-pleural-effusions-data-from-the-2012-national-inpatient-sample
#9
Marc Fortin, Niloofar Taghizadeh, Alain Tremblay
BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusions (MPE) are a common clinical problem. Little is known about the burden of MPE and of the treatments used to alleviate its symptoms on the United States Health Care System. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to obtain a better portrait of inpatient pleural procedures performed in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of MPE-associated hospitalizations using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (HCUP-NIS 2012)...
February 7, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393273/pleural-dye-marking-using-radial-endobronchial-ultrasound-and-virtual-bronchoscopy-before-sublobar-pulmonary-resection-for-small-peripheral-nodules
#10
Samy Lachkar, Jean-Marc Baste, Luc Thiberville, Christophe Peillon, Philippe Rinieri, Nicolas Piton, Florian Guisier, Mathieu Salaun
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery of pulmonary nodules allows suboptimal palpation of the lung compared to open thoracotomy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess endoscopic pleural dye marking using radial endobronchial ultrasound (r-EBUS) and virtual bronchoscopy to localize small peripheral lung nodules immediately before minimally invasive resection. METHODS: The endoscopic procedure was performed without fluoroscopy, under general anesthesia in the operating room immediately before minimally invasive surgery...
January 25, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393240/increased-small-intestinal-permeability-during-severe-acute-exacerbations-of-copd
#11
Roy T M Sprooten, Kaatje Lenaerts, Dionne C W Braeken, Ilvy Grimbergen, Erica P Rutten, Emiel F M Wouters, Gernot G U Rohde
BACKGROUND: Disturbances of intestinal integrity, manifested by increased gastro-intestinal (GI) permeability, have been found in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients during physical activity, often associated with intermittent hypoxic periods. Evidence about extrapulmonary organ disturbances, especially of the GI tract, during hospitalised acute exacerbation of COPD (AE-COPD) with hypoxaemic respiratory failure (RF) is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess changes in GI permeability in patients with AE-COPD and during recovery 4 weeks later...
January 25, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393256/clinical-course-of-histologically-proven-multifocal-micronodular-pneumocyte-hyperplasia-in-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-a-case-series-and-comparison-with-lymphangiomyomatosis
#12
Satoshi Konno, Masahiko Shigemura, Takahiro Ogi, Kaoruko Shimizu, Masaru Suzuki, Kichizo Kaga, Yasuhiro Hida, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Masaharu Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia (MMPH) is a rare pulmonary manifestation of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Because of its rarity, no previous study has described the detailed clinical course of this disease. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to clarify the longitudinal clinical characteristics of subjects with MMPH. METHODS: Nine patients with MMPH diagnosed at Hokkaido University Hospital were retrospectively analyzed...
January 24, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342462/reference-values-for-respiratory-muscle-strength-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
Erik Hulzebos, Tim Takken, Elja A Reijneveld, Mark M G Mulder, Bart C Bongers
BACKGROUND: Measurement of respiratory muscle function is important in the diagnosis of respiratory muscle disease, respiratory failure, to assess the impact of chronic diseases, and/or to evaluate respiratory muscle function after treatment. OBJECTIVES: To establish reference values for maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure, and the tension-time index at rest in healthy children and adolescents aged 8-19 years, as well as to present sex- and age-related reference centiles normalized for demographic and anthropometric determinants...
January 17, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320774/how-many-passes-are-needed-for-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-for-sarcoidosis-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#14
Masahide Oki, Hideo Saka, Masahiko Ando, Harunori Nakashima, Akira Shiraki, Yasushi Murakami, Yoshihito Kogure, Chiyoe Kitagawa, Tatsuo Kato
BACKGROUND: While endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is widely used as an initial diagnostic procedure for pathological confirmation of sarcoidosis, it is unclear how many passes are required to obtain diagnostic materials. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the number of needle passes needed for the diagnosis of stage I/II sarcoidosis using EBUS-TBNA. METHODS: At three institutions, 109 patients with suspected stage I/II sarcoidosis were recruited and underwent 6 passes of EBUS-TBNA for the main target lesion...
January 10, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316567/modern-invasive-hemodynamic-assessment-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#15
Alberto Pagnamenta, Frédéric Lador, Andrea Azzola, Maurice Beghetti
Since 1998 pulmonary hypertension has been clinically classified into five well-defined, distinct categories. A definitive diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension requires the invasive confirmation of an elevated mean pulmonary artery pressure of 25 mm Hg or above during a right heart catheterization. From a hemodynamic point of view, pulmonary hypertension is classified into precapillary and postcapillary pulmonary hypertension on the basis of a pulmonary artery wedge pressure threshold value of 15 mm Hg. Pulmonary vascular resistance is better characterized by multi-point pressure/flow measurements than by single-point determination...
January 9, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316560/transbronchial-cryobiopsies-for-the-diagnosis-of-diffuse-parenchymal-lung-diseases-expert-statement-from-the-cryobiopsy-working-group-on-safety-and-utility-and-a-call-for-standardization-of-the-procedure
#16
Jürgen Hetzel, Fabien Maldonado, Claudia Ravaglia, Athol U Wells, Thomas V Colby, Sara Tomassetti, Jay H Ryu, Oren Fruchter, Sara Piciucchi, Alessandra Dubini, Alberto Cavazza, Marco Chilosi, Nicola Sverzellati, Dominique Valeyre, Dimitri Leduc, Simon L F Walsh, Stefano Gasparini, Martin Hetzel, Lars Hagmeyer, Maik Haentschel, Ralf Eberhardt, Kaid Darwiche, Lonny B Yarmus, Alfonso Torrego, Ganesh Krishna, Pallav L Shah, Jouke T Annema, Felix J F Herth, Venerino Poletti
Transbronchial cryobiopsies (TBCB) have recently been introduced as a promising and safer alternative to surgical lung biopsy in the diagnostic approach to diffuse parenchymal lung diseases (DPLD). Despite a substantial and expanding body of literature, the technique has not yet been standardized and its place in the diagnostic algorithm of DPLD remains to be defined. In part, this reflects concerns over the diagnostic yield and safety of the procedure, together with the rapid spread of the technique without competency and safety standards; furthermore, there is a substantial procedural variability among centers and interventional pulmonologists...
January 9, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316546/tuberculosis-associated-chylothorax-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
Srinivas Rajagopala, Roopa Kancherla, Ramanathan Palaniappan Ramanathan
Tuberculosis (TB) is a rare cause of chylothorax. We describe a case and the results of a systematic review of all reported cases of TB-chylothorax. We identified 37 cases of TB-chylothorax. The symptoms at presentation were constitutional (85.7%; 30/35), dyspnea (60.6%; 20/33), and cough (54.5%; 18/33). Chylothorax developed subsequent to the diagnosis of TB in 27.8% (10/36) of the patients, after a median of 6.75 weeks (IQR 4-9). Chylothorax developed during an immune reconstitution syndrome (IRS) in 16.7% (10/36) of the patients, including immunocompetent ones...
January 9, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29268265/halo-sign-and-eosinophilia-what-is-your-diagnosis
#18
Florent Thevenet, Guillaume Beltramo, Marjolaine Georges, Clément Foignot, Maximilien Spanjaard, Philippe Bonniaud
Blood eosinophilia associated with transient and migrating nodules with a halo sign on chest computed tomography scan should suggest larva migrans related to toxocariasis or ascaris suum.
December 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258119/medicine-goes-politics
#19
Felix J F Herth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253843/ics-use-may-modify-fev1-decline-in-%C3%AE-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-patients-with-relatively-high-blood-eosinophils
#20
Emma V Low, Siân M Hughes, Safia Zaffarullah, Dimitris Kantas, Robert Andrew Stockley, Alice M Turner
BACKGROUND: α1-Antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) predisposes to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In COPD unrelated to AATD, the role of a higher blood eosinophil count in disease and subsequent personalization of therapy has recently received much attention. We sought to investigate this concept in patients with AATD-associated COPD. OBJECTIVES: The study aims to evaluate eosinophilia status against outcomes including mortality and FEV1 decline in patients with AATD...
December 18, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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