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Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817821/endoscopic-lung-volume-reduction-an-expert-panel-recommendation-update-2017
#1
Felix J F Herth, Dirk-Jan Slebos, Gerard J Criner, Pallav L Shah
Interest in endoscopic lung volume reduction (ELVR) technologies for emphysema is consistently growing. In the last couple of months, several endoscopic options (e.g., endo- or intrabronchial valves, coil implants, and thermal vapor ablation) that have been evaluated in randomized controlled trials have been reported with the ultimate goal of improving respiratory mechanics and alleviating chronic dyspnea. Patients presenting with severe air trapping and thoracic hyperinflation have the greatest potential to derive benefit from ELVR procedures...
August 18, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817818/computed-tomography-the-better-pulmonologist
#2
Felix J F Herth, Maren Schuhmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813708/bronchial-embolization-with-an-endobronchial-watanabe-spigot-for-broncho-gastric-tube-fistula
#3
Terunaga Inage, Takahiro Nakajima, Taiki Fujiwara, Kentaro Murakami, Masaya Uesato, Hisahiro Matsubara, Ichiro Yoshino
Anastomotic failure of a gastric tube inserted for reconstruction following esophagectomy, which is relatively rare, causes pleural infection and persistent pleural irritation, leading to communication with the pulmonary parenchyma. Although several interventions have been reported to treat such broncho-gastric tube fistulas, refractory cases remain. We herein report the successful treatment by endoscopic bronchial occlusion with an endobronchial Watanabe spigot in 2 patients who suffered from the above complication...
August 17, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28787715/safety-and-efficacy-of-immunoadsorption-as-an-add-on-to-medical-treatment-in-patients-with-severe-idiopathic-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#4
Christian Nagel, Ralf Ewert, Benjamin Egenlauf, Hans B Lehmkuhl, Stephan Rosenkranz, Nicola Benjamin, Vedat Schwenger, Felix J F Herth, Ekkehard Grünig
BACKGROUND: Despite optimized medical therapy, severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is a devastating disease with a poor outcome. Autoantibodies have been detected in IPAH that can contribute to worsening of the disease. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this prospective, open-label, single-arm, multicenter trial was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of immunoadsorption (IA) as an add-on to optimized medical treatment for patients with IPAH. METHODS: A total of 10 IPAH patients received IA over 5 days...
August 5, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768270/the-integrated-care-of-asthma-in-switzerland-incas-study-changes-in-asthma-control-and-perception-of-health-care-through-asthma-education
#5
Selina Dürr, Kurt E Hersberger, Andreas Zeller, Jonas Scheuzger, David Miedinger, Claudia Gregoriano, Ladina Joos Zellweger, Claudia Steurer-Stey, Jörg Daniel Leuppi
BACKGROUND: Despite great efforts in establishing optimal asthma management, asthma may remain uncontrolled. To effectively manage chronic diseases, such as asthma, it is important to train patients in self-management skills. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the potential benefit of standardised asthma education in Switzerland for asthma control and patients' perception of received asthma care and of self-management support. METHODS: For this multicentre longitudinal controlled study, asthma patients were recruited in Switzerland...
August 3, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743122/utility-of-transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-in-non-interstitial-diseases
#6
Olivia Sánchez-Cabral, Dina Martínez-Mendoza, Sebastián Fernandez-Bussy, Berenice López-González, Carolina Perea-Talamantes, Rosa María Rivera-Rosales, César Luna-Rivero, José Arturo Martínez-Orozco, Luis Felipe Flores-Suárez, Patricio Santillán-Doherty, Gustavo Reyes-Terán
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TLCB), performed with a flexible cryoprobe, is an interventional pulmonology procedure that has proved its diagnostic value for interstitial pulmonary disease. However, it has not been explored extensively as a diagnostic tool for patients with non-interstitial lung pathology, including infectious and malignant diseases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic yield and safety of an interventional pulmonology approach that integrates TLCB and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for the diagnosis of non-interstitial pulmonary disease...
July 26, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743113/pulmonary-hypertension-in-a-large-cohort-with-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#7
Veronique Vorselaars, Sebastiaan Velthuis, Marco van Gent, Cornelis Westermann, Repke Snijder, Johannes Mager, Martijn Post
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a vascular disorder characterized by arteriovenous malformations in the brain, liver, and lungs. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is increasingly recognized as a severe complication of HHT. However, there are no studies describing the prevalence of PH in HHT compared to HHT-negative controls. OBJECTIVE: To assess the estimated prevalence of PH in patients with HHT compared to HHT-negative controls. METHODS: All consecutive subjects screened for HHT with available genetic testing and echocardiography-based peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) measurement were included...
July 26, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738364/risk-factors-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#8
Jordi Almirall, Mateu Serra-Prat, Ignasi Bolíbar, Valentina Balasso
We performed a systematic review of the literature to establish conclusive evidence of risk factors for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). Observational studies (cross-sectional, case-control, and cohort studies) the primary outcome of which was to assess risk factors for CAP in both hospitalized and ambulatory adult patients with radiologically confirmed pneumonia were selected. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale specific for cohort and case-control designs was used for quality assessment. Twenty-nine studies (20 case-control, 8 cohort, and 1 cross-sectional) were selected, with 44...
July 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738344/quantitative-low-dose-computed-tomography-of-the-lung-parenchyma-and-airways-for-the-differentiation-between-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-asthma-patients
#9
Huai Chen, Qing-Si Zeng, Min Zhang, Rong-Chang Chen, Ting-Ting Xia, Wei Wang, Xiaoyin Xu, Yubao Guan
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to differentiate between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in clinics; therefore, for diagnostic purposes, imaging-based measurements could be beneficial to differentiate between the two diseases. OBJECTIVES: We aim to analyze quantitative measurements of the lung and bronchial parameters that are provided by low-dose computed tomography (CT) to differentiate COPD and asthma from an imaging perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 69 COPD patients, 52 asthma patients, and 20 healthy subjects were recruited to participate in CT imaging and pulmonary function tests (PFTs)...
July 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738386/exercise-capacity-impairment-can-predict-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-after-liver-transplantation
#10
Clarissa Bentes de Araújo Magalhães, Ingrid Correia Nogueira, Liegina Silveira Marinho, Elizabeth F Daher, José Huygens P Garcia, Cyntia F G Viana, Pedro Felipe Carvalhedo de Bruin, Eanes Delgado Barros Pereira
BACKGROUND: Postoperative respiratory complications (PRCs) are common after liver transplantation (LT) and contribute significantly to the related morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to determine the incidence of PRCs after LT and the value of simple exercise capacity measures as independent predictors of PRCs. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of consecutive adults submitted to LT at a University Hospital in Fortaleza Brazil from March 2013 to March 2015...
July 22, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738339/lung-ultrasound-b-lines-etiologies-and-evolution-with-age
#11
Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Giulia Michela Pellegrino, Giovanni Volpicelli, Simone Sferrazza Papa, Fabiano Di Marco, Michele Mondoni, Stefano Centanni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728146/chronic-kidney-disease-predicts-survival-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#12
Kohei Ikezoe, Tomohiro Handa, Kiminobu Tanizawa, Hideki Yokoi, Takeshi Kubo, Kensaku Aihara, Akihiko Sokai, Yoshinari Nakatsuka, Seishu Hashimoto, Kiyoshi Uemasu, Susumu Sato, Shigeo Muro, Sonoko Nagai, Motoko Yanagita, Kazuo Chin, Toyohiro Hirai, Yoshio Taguchi, Michiaki Mishima
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) increases with age as with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). OBJECTIVES: We assessed the prevalence of CKD (stages 3-5) and investigated the relationship of CKD to clinical features and outcomes in patients with IPF. METHODS: This study comprised 123 patients with IPF; 61 subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which was reportedly associated with CKD, were also enrolled as a disease control...
July 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719911/dissecting-survival-pathways-in-lung-cancer-fibrosis-and-emphysema-the-four-horses-of-the-apocalypse
#13
Argyris Tzouvelekis, Vasilios Tzilas, Spyridon Papiris, Demosthenes Bouros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719893/treatment-of-copd-exacerbation-in-switzerland-results-and-recommendations-of-the-european-copd-audit
#14
Michael Buess, Daniel Schilter, Tino Schneider, Marc Maurer, Heinz Borer, Robert Thurnheer, Erich Köhler, Lilian Junker, Kathleen Jahn, Michael Grob, Jochen Rüdiger, Thomas Geiser, Erich Helfenstein, Markus Solèr, René Fiechter, Thomas Sigrist, Patrick Brun, Jürg Barandun, Eva Koltai, José Luis López-Campos, Sylvia Hartl, Michael Roberts, Desiree M Schumann, Michael Tamm, Daiana Stolz
BACKGROUND: The European COPD Audit initiated by the European Respiratory Society (ERS) evaluated the management of hospital admissions due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in several European countries. Data on the treatment of severe acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPDs) in Switzerland are scarce. OBJECTIVES: In light of the GOLD 2010 guidelines, this work aims to examine the quality of care for AECOPD and to provide specific recommendations for the management of severe AECOPD in Switzerland...
July 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689204/a-vexing-ca-125-raise-in-a-patient-with-pleural-effusion-and-ovarian-cancer
#15
Silvia Hofer, Thomas Suter, Stefan Aebi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683462/endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-for-staging-of-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-without-mediastinal-involvement-at-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography
#16
Therese Maria Henriette Naur, Lars Konge, Paul Frost Clementsen
BACKGROUND: Staging of lung cancer is essential to the treatment, which is curative only in cases of localized disease. Previous studies have suggested that endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is unnecessary when positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) shows no mediastinal involvement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate how often EBUS-TBNA resulted in a clinically relevant upstaging in patients with lung cancer without mediastinal involvement at PET-CT...
July 6, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683443/navigation-bronchoscopy-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-for-nonsurgical-peripheral-pulmonary-tumors
#17
Fangfang Xie, Xiaoxuan Zheng, Bo Xiao, Baohui Han, Felix J F Herth, Jiayuan Sun
We have recently developed a flexible catheter electrode used for bronchoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Two patients with nonsurgical stage IA peripheral lung cancer and 1 with lung metastasis underwent treatment with flexible catheter RFA utilizing navigation bronchoscopy. Chest computed tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography/CT (PET/CT) were performed before and after RFA to assess the ablation response of the patients. One patient's tumor had no prior PET uptake and therefore no follow-up PET was obtained...
July 6, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675890/acute-radiological-abnormalities-after-bronchial-thermoplasty-a-prospective-cohort-trial
#18
Julia N S d'Hooghe, Inge A H van den Berk, Jouke T Annema, Peter I Bonta
BACKGROUND: Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a novel treatment for severe asthma based on radiofrequency energy delivery to the larger airways. Although impressive radiological abnormalities have been reported, the incidence, pattern, and behavior over time of acute radiological abnormalities following BT are not well established. OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence pattern and behavior over time of acute radiological abnormalities following BT. METHODS: This is a prospective, observational imaging study of severe asthma patients participating in the TASMA trial...
July 5, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647745/early-halt-of-a-randomized-controlled-study-with-3-hypertonic-saline-in-acute-bronchiolitis
#19
Ania Carsin, Emilie Sauvaget, Violaine Bresson, Karine Retornaz, Maria Cabrera, Elisabeth Jouve, Romain Truillet, Emmanuelle Bosdure, Jean-Christophe Dubus
BACKGROUND: Albeit not recommended because of contradictory results, nebulized 3% hypertonic saline is widely used for treating acute viral bronchiolitis. Whether clinical differences may be attributed to the type of nebulizer used has never been studied. OBJECTIVES: By modifying the amount of salt deposited into the airways, the nebulizer characteristics might influence clinical response. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial included infants hospitalized in a French university hospital for a first episode of bronchiolitis...
June 24, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558373/joint-chest-sgp-congress-2017-basel-switzerland-7-9-june-2017-abstracts
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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