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Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434001/antibiotic-decision-in-severe-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbations
#1
Begum Ergan, Arzu Topeli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427079/diagnostic-accuracy-of-combinations-of-tumor-markers-for-malignant-pleural-effusion-an-updated-meta-analysis
#2
Yuan Yang, Ya-Lan Liu, Huan-Zhong Shi
BACKGROUND: The role of combinations of tumor markers such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigens (CA) 125, 15-3, and 19-9, and CYFRA 21-1 (a fragment of cytokeratin 19) in diagnosing malignant pleural effusion (MPE) has not been clearly established. OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis was performed to establish the overall diagnostic accuracies of combinations of these pleural fluid tumor markers for MPE. METHODS: The PubMed, Ovid, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane bibliographic databases were searched...
April 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423376/controlled-pressure-the-solution-for-a-high-pressure-situation-aetiology-and-techniques-for-control-of-airway-haemorrhage
#3
Suveer Singh, Juergen Hetzel, Pallav L Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423372/patterns-of-disease-in-patients-with-middle-lobe-predominant-bronchiectasis
#4
Melissa J McDonnell, Mohammed Ahmed, Jeeban Das, Michael O'Mahony, David Breen, Anthony O'Regan, J J Gilmartin, John Bruzzi, Robert M Rutherford
BACKGROUND: Middle-lobe predominant bronchiectasis affecting the right middle-lobe and/or lingula (RMLP) is classically described in asthenic, elderly females with skeletal abnormalities or associated nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the frequency and clinical characteristics of patients with an RMLP phenotype in a cohort of newly diagnosed bronchiectasis patients and determine associations with disease severity. METHODS: A retrospective observational cross-sectional cohort study of consecutive bronchiectasis patients in our institution was performed...
April 20, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399537/antacid-therapy-and-disease-progression-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-who-received-pirfenidone
#5
Michael Kreuter, Paolo Spagnolo, Wim Wuyts, Elisabetta Renzoni, Dirk Koschel, Francesco Bonella, Toby M Maher, Martin Kolb, Derek Weycker, Klaus-Uwe Kirchgässler, Ulrich Costabel
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a potential risk factor for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) progression; however, the impact of antacid therapy (AAT) is under debate. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of AAT on IPF progression in pirfenidone-treated patients. METHODS: This post hoc analysis included patients with IPF who received pirfenidone in 3 trials (CAPACITY [PIPF-004/PIPF-006] and ASCEND [PIPF-016]). Pulmonary function, exercise tolerance, survival, hospitalizations, and adverse events (AEs) over 52 weeks were analyzed by baseline AAT use...
April 12, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395291/undiagnosed-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-postoperative-outcomes-a-prospective-observational-study
#6
Uma Devaraj, Srinivas Rajagopala, Ajay Kumar, Priya Ramachandran, Philip J Devereaux, George A D'Souza
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during preoperative evaluation and the best method to screen OSA and its association with postoperative complications remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of undiagnosed OSA in preoperative Indian patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the STOP-BANG questionnaire to a preoperative level III sleep study, and to assess the association of OSA with postoperative complications...
April 11, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376485/granulomatous-nodules-know-the-ropes
#7
Oxana Munteanu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355600/usefulness-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-and-mediastinal-lymphadenopathy
#8
Olivia Sánchez-Cabral, Dina Martínez-Mendoza, Sebastian Fernandez-Bussy, Esmeralda Aspuru-García, Rosa Rivera-Rosales, César Luna-Rivero, José Arturo Martínez-Orozco, Gustavo Reyes-Terán
BACKGROUND: There are few published studies about the usefulness of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The clinical spectrum of likely diseases in this population is varied and differs from patients not infected with HIV. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the usefulness of EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in HIV-infected patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional, retrospective, descriptive study on patients with HIV infection and mediastinal lymphadenopathy who underwent EBUS-TBNA between September 2014 and April 2016...
March 30, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355597/endobronchial-valve-used-as-salvage-therapy-in-a-mechanically-ventilated-patient-with-intractable-life-threatening-haemoptysis
#9
Usha Lalla, Brian W Allwood, Soumitra Sinha Roy, Elvis M Irusen, Coenraad F N Koegelenberg
Treatment options for intractable life-threatening haemoptysis in mechanically ventilated patients with structural lung disease who do not respond to bronchial artery embolisation (BAE) and who are deemed unfit for surgery are limited. A 26-year-old HIV-positive male with a poorly preserved CD4 count and active pulmonary tuberculosis was intubated and mechanically ventilated for persistent life-threatening haemoptysis. Two attempts at BAE failed, and life-threatening haemoptysis recurred daily for 14 days despite antituberculous therapy...
March 30, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351060/blood-pressure-variability-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-data-from-4-randomised-controlled-cpap-withdrawal-trials
#10
Franziska Lettau, Esther I Schwarz, John R Stradling, Malcolm Kohler
BACKGROUND: Increased daytime blood pressure variability (BPV) is associated with cardiovascular risk. Preliminary data suggest that obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) might contribute to increased daytime BPV. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy withdrawal on daytime BPV. METHODS: A total of 183 patients previously diagnosed with OSA and treated with CPAP were randomised to either continue or withdraw from CPAP within 4 trials...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351030/a-comparison-of-different-training-methods-in-the-successful-learning-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration
#11
Wen Chao Zhang, Wei Chen, Jian Ping Zhou, Andrew D Lerner, Lei Ni, Ji Min Shen, Tian Li Yan, Min Zhou, Guo Chao Shi, Yi Xiang
BACKGROUND: Standardized training of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS- TBNA) is available only in highly developed countries. OBJECTIVE: To compare the skill differences in the performance of EBUS-TBNA by pulmonologists trained under different learning methods. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 145 EBUS-TBNA cases. We set up 3 comparative training groups: a standardized training group, a teaching group, and a self-study group...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343230/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-switzerland-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
Manuela Funke-Chambour, Andrea Azzola, Dan Adler, Constance Barazzone-Argiroffo, Christian Benden, Annette Boehler, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Martin Brutsche, Christian F Clarenbach, Katrin Hostettler, Rebekka Kleiner-Finger, Laurent P Nicod, Paola M Soccal, Michael Tamm, Thomas Geiser, Romain Lazor
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a severe progressive and irreversible lung disease. Novel antifibrotic drugs that slow disease progression are now available. However, many issues regarding patient management remain unanswered, such as the choice between available drugs, their use in particular subgroups and clinical situations, time of treatment onset, termination, combination or switch, or nonpharmacologic management. To guide Swiss respiratory physicians in this evolving field still characterized by numerous areas of uncertainty, the Swiss Working Group for interstitial and rare lung diseases of the Swiss Respiratory Society provides a position paper on the diagnosis and treatment of IPF...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343219/simulation-based-training-in-flexible-bronchoscopy-and-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-ebus-tbna-a-systematic-review
#13
Therese Maria Henriette Naur, Philip Mørkeberg Nilsson, Pia Iben Pietersen, Paul Frost Clementsen, Lars Konge
BACKGROUND: The use of simulators in a training programme for technically challenging procedures has the advantages of lowering the risk of patient complications while helping the trainees with the initial part of their learning curve. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of simulation-based training in flexible bronchoscopy and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS). METHODS: We identified 1,006 publications in the PubMed database and included publications on flexible bronchoscopy below the carina and EBUS involving hands-on simulation-based training...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329753/benefits-of-high-intensity-exercise-training-to-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-controlled-study
#14
Tobias Boeselt, Christoph Nell, Lea Lütteken, Katharina Kehr, Janine Koepke, Sandra Apelt, Martina Veith, Björn Beutel, Marc Spielmanns, Timm Greulich, Claus F Vogelmeier, Klaus Kenn, Sabina Janciauskiene, Peter Alter, A Rembert Koczulla
BACKGROUND: Various exercise training programs are used for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of different severity. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of individualized high-intensity training on exercise capacity with COPD. METHODS: A total of 49 patients agreed to participate. Of these, 31 were assigned to the training group and 18 served as controls. The training group exercised twice a week for 90 min with consecutively increasing loads...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329750/optoelectronic-plethysmography-in-clinical-practice-and-research-a-review
#15
Carlo Massaroni, Elena Carraro, Andrea Vianello, Sandra Miccinilli, Michelangelo Morrone, Irisz K Levai, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Silvia Sterzi, John W Dickinson, Samantha Winter, Sergio Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a non-invasive motion capture method to measure chest wall movements and estimate lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the clinical findings and research applications of OEP in the assessment of breathing mechanics across populations of healthy and diseased individuals. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed with the terms "opto-electronic plethysmography," "optoelectronic plethysmography," and "optoelectronic plethysmograph" in 50 digital library and bibliographic search databases resulting in the selection of 170 studies...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324873/endobronchial-ultrasound-elastography-for-evaluation-of-intrathoracic-lymph-nodes-a-pilot-study
#16
Jiayuan Sun, Xiaoxuan Zheng, Xiaowei Mao, Lei Wang, Hongkai Xiong, Felix J F Herth, Baohui Han
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) elastography is a new imaging procedure for describing the elasticity of intrathoracic lesions and providing important additional diagnostic information. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to utilize the feasibility of qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate the ability of EBUS elastography to differentiate between benign and malignant mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LNs) during EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA)...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297701/relationship-between-granulomatosis-and-cancer
#17
Laurent Pierre Nicod
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259871/realistic-3d-printed-tracheobronchial-tree-model-from-a-1-year-old-girl-for-pediatric-bronchoscopy-training
#18
Andreas Hornung, Matthias Kumpf, Winfried Baden, Ilias Tsiflikas, Michael Hofbeck, Ludger Sieverding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245477/to-remember-and-to-motivate-the-chris-bolliger-award
#19
Felix J F Herth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245447/transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-in-diffuse-parenchymal-lung-disease-comparison-between-biopsy-from-1-segment-and-biopsy-from-2-segments-diagnostic-yield-and-complications
#20
Claudia Ravaglia, Athol U Wells, Sara Tomassetti, Alessandra Dubini, Alberto Cavazza, Sara Piciucchi, Nicola Sverzellati, Carlo Gurioli, Christian Gurioli, Ulrich Costabel, Paola Tantalocco, Jay H Ryu, Marco Chilosi, Venerino Poletti
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy is an innovative method of obtaining samples from the parenchyma of patients with diffuse parenchymal lung diseases. However, the technique is not yet standardized, and uncertainty exists about the optimal protocol, including the number of samples, the biopsy size, and the choice of the biopsy site. OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic yield and complications of cryobiopsy with different strategies adopted to sample lung tissue (number of samples, biopsy site, and sample size)...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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