journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110338/takayasu-s-arteritis-with-isolated-pulmonary-artery-involvement-in-a-middle-aged-asian-woman-with-hepatitis-b-and-latent-tuberculosis-infection
#1
Felix Liebscher, Thomas Pfammatter, Antonios Kolios, Matthias Greutmann, Daniel Franzen
We report a rare case of Takayasu's arteritis with isolated pulmonary artery stenosis in the presence of active hepatitis B and latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a middle-aged Asian woman who initially presented with severe dyspnea on exertion and recurrent syncope, occasional burning chest pains, and fatigue. Therapy of the active hepatitis B and latent M. tuberculosis infection together with a course of methotrexate led to a slight reversal of the symptoms, as angioplasty with or without stenting was not an option...
January 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110337/investigating-the-etiology-of-bronchiectasis-you-do-not-find-what-you-do-not-look-for
#2
Francesco Amati, Elisa Franceschi, Andrea Gramegna, James D Chalmers, Stefano Aliberti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110335/personalised-medicine-for-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
Liam G Heaney, Lorcan P A McGarvey
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are prevalent conditions, and despite recent advances and multiple available therapies and interventions, there remains a significant unmet clinical need. In recent years, it has become clear that there is both significant heterogeneity within each of these conditions and additionally significant overlap in many of the clinical and inflammatory features. In parallel, useful clinical and immunological biomarkers which inform about prognosis and response to therapy have emerged in both asthma and COPD...
January 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092910/effects-of-in-utero-and-postnatal-exposure-to-secondhand-smoke-on-lung-function-by-gender-and-asthma-status-the-seven-northeastern-cities-snec-study
#4
Li-Wen Hu, Mo Yang, Shu Chen, Kuntal Shah, Yismaw Hailegiorgis, Richai Burgens, Michael Vaughn, Jin Huang, Pamela Xaverius, Gunther Paul, Lidia Morawska, Tao Lu, Shao Lin, Shou-Qiang Zhong, Min-Li Kong, Yan-Qi Xie, Yuan-Tao Hao, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Zhengmin Qian, Guang-Hui Dong
BACKGROUND: Little information exists on whether gender or asthma status modifies the effects of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure on lung function. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether gender or asthma status modifies the association of SHS exposure with lung function. METHODS: A total of 6,740 children (average 11.6 years) were recruited from 24 districts of 7 cities in northeast China in 2012. SHS exposure included exposure to environmental and maternal smoking both in utero and during early childhood (postnatal)...
January 17, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088804/monitoring-noninvasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-comparison-between-ventilator-built-in-software-and-respiratory-polygraphy
#5
Ramon Fernandez Alvarez, Claudio Rabec, Gemma Rubinos Cuadrado, Juan Alejandro Cascon Hernandez, Patricia Rodriguez, Marjolaine Georges, Pere Casan
BACKGROUND: Polygraphy (PG) remains the standard method of assessing noninvasive ventilation (NIV) effectiveness. Built-in software (BIS) of recent NIV equipment provides estimates of some ventilator parameters, but their usefulness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability of BIS compared with PG in a cohort of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) patients on NIV. METHODS: Thirty stable OHS patients on NIV were evaluated in an outpatient setting with simultaneous PG and BIS recordings...
January 14, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088796/lung-ultrasound-and-chest-x-rays-together-to-improve-the-diagnosis
#6
Marco Sperandeo, Gaetano Rea, Paola Filabozzi, Vincenzo Carnevale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 14, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081532/cardiovascular-events-in-moderately-to-severely-obese-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-on-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#7
Anna Maria Marotta, Jean-Christian Borel, Louis M Galerneau, Renaud Tamisier, Maria R Bonsignore, Jean Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND: In moderately to severely obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the effects of long-term positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment on cardiovascular risk are poorly defined. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on the occurrence of cardiovascular events in obese OSA patients. METHODS: We performed a noninterventional observational study in obese OSA patients recruited between 2007 and 2010 at the Sleep Center, University of Grenoble, treated with CPAP or NIV, and followed for 5...
January 13, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088797/automated-interpretation-of-pulmonary-function-tests-in-adults-with-respiratory-complaints
#8
Marko Topalovic, Stefan Laval, Jean-Marie Aerts, Thierry Troosters, Marc Decramer, Wim Janssens
BACKGROUND: The use of pulmonary function tests is primarily based on expert opinion and international guidelines. Current interpretation strategies are using predefined cutoffs for the description of a typical pattern. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the predicted disease outcome based on the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS) interpreting strategy. Subsequently, we investigated whether an unbiased machine learning framework integrating lung function with clinical variables may provide alternative decision trees resulting in a more accurate diagnosis...
January 12, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068656/mechanisms-of-improved-exercise-performance-under-hyperoxia
#9
Silvia Ulrich, Elisabeth D Hasler, Séverine Müller-Mottet, Stephan Keusch, Michael Furian, Tsogyal D Latshang, Simon Schneider, Stéphanie Saxer, Konrad E Bloch
BACKGROUND: The impact of hyperoxia on exercise limitation is still incompletely understood. OBJECTIVES: We investigated to which extent breathing hyperoxia enhances the exercise performance of healthy subjects and which physiologic mechanisms are involved. METHODS: A total of 32 healthy volunteers (43 ± 15 years, 12 women) performed 4 bicycle exercise tests to exhaustion with ramp and constant-load protocols (at 75% of the maximal workload [Wmax] on FiO2 0...
January 10, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064278/is-procalcitonin-really-useful-for-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-copd-exacerbations-requiring-mechanical-ventilation
#10
Matteo Giorgi-Pierfranceschi, João Cravo, Francesco Dentali, Antonio M Esquinas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056462/bronchial-aspiration-of-capsule-endoscope
#11
Matthieu Buscot, Sylvie Leroy, Johanna Pradelli, Nouha Chaabane, Xavier Hebuterne, Charles-Hugo Marquette, Jerôme Filippi
Capsule endoscope aspiration is an increasingly reported complication, potentially responsible for respiratory distress and asphyxia. This adverse event is primarily managed by rigid bronchoscopy when spontaneous expulsion does not occur. This complication is all the more detrimental to patients as it can delay or jeopardize further digestive exploration. We report direct repositioning of the capsule in the stomach at the same time as bronchoscopy, thus making second-line gastrointestinal endoscopy needless...
January 6, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052294/comparison-of-three-screening-questionnaires-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-primary-care
#12
Dionisios Spyratos, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Diamantis Chloros, Dionisia Michalopoulou, Lazaros Sichletidis
BACKGROUND: Even though the diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is easy and based mainly on spirometry and symptoms, the prevalence of underdiagnosis is extremely high. The use of simple screening tools (e.g., questionnaires, hand-held spirometers) has been proved to be a simple method for case finding of COPD. Nevertheless the most appropriate target group of the general population has not been specified yet. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare 3 screening questionnaires among smokers aged >40 years in the primary care setting...
January 5, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997925/immunothrombosis-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-cross-talks-between-inflammation-and-coagulation
#13
Frantzeska Frantzeskaki, Apostolos Armaganidis, Stylianos E Orfanos
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is defined as a syndrome of acute onset, with bilateral opacities on chest imaging and respiratory failure not caused by cardiac failure, leading to mild, moderate, or severe oxygenation impairment. The syndrome is most commonly a manifestation of sepsis-induced organ dysfunction, characterized by disruption of endothelial barrier integrity and diffuse lung damage. Imbalance between coagulation and inflammation is a predominant characteristic of ARDS, leading to extreme inflammatory response and diffuse fibrin deposition in vascular capillary bed and alveoli...
December 21, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992869/the-contribution-of-small-airway-abnormalities-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-clinical-manifestations-more-than-a-functional-issue
#14
Marco Contoli, Nicola Scichilone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992862/endobronchial-valves-for-endoscopic-lung-volume-reduction-best-practice-recommendations-from-expert-panel-on-endoscopic-lung-volume-reduction
#15
Dirk-Jan Slebos, Pallav L Shah, Felix J F Herth, Arschang Valipour
Endoscopic lung volume reduction (ELVR) is being adopted as a treatment option for carefully selected patients suffering from severe emphysema. ELVR with the one-way endobronchial Zephyr valves (EBV) has been demonstrated to improve pulmonary function, exercise capacity, and quality of life in patients with both heterogeneous and homogenous emphysema without collateral ventilation. In this "expert best practices" review, we will highlight the practical aspects of this therapy. Key selection criteria for ELVR are hyperinflation with a residual volume >175% of predicted, forced expiratory volume <50% of predicted, and a 6-min walking distance >100 m...
December 20, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988514/the-hitch-stitch-an-effective-method-of-preventing-migration-in-high-tracheal-stenosis
#16
Ravindra M Mehta, Abhinav Singla, Aashish Shah, Chakravarthi Loknath
BACKGROUND: The incidence of caudal stent migration in high tracheal stenting is 13-21% and is common with silicone stents. This can lead to major problems, including emergency repeat procedures. Several antimigration methods are described, but have limitations in terms of their success rate, availability, cost or ease of the procedure. OBJECTIVES: We describe an innovative method of stent migration prevention using a simple percutaneous anchoring "hitch stitch", validated in a large series...
December 17, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978512/endoscopic-valve-therapy-a-new-therapeutic-approach-for-otherwise-incurable-tuberculosis
#17
Daniela Gompelmann, Keertan Dheda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974713/one-year-follow-up-after-endobronchial-valve-treatment-in-patients-with-emphysema-without-collateral-ventilation-treated-in-the-stelvio-trial
#18
Karin Klooster, Jorine E Hartman, Nick H T Ten Hacken, Dirk-Jan Slebos
BACKGROUND: One-way endobronchial valve (EBV) treatment has shown safety and efficacy at 6 months after treatment in patients with severe emphysema and confirmed absence of interlobar collateral ventilation. Longer follow-up in this subgroup is not available. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy and safety of EBV treatment of the STELVIO cohort at a 1-year follow-up. METHODS: Emphysema patients who have been treated with EBV in the STELVIO trial were invited for a voluntary 1-year follow-up visit...
December 15, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951583/bronchoscopic-drainage-of-lung-abscesses-using-a-pigtail-catheter
#19
Avraham Unterman, Oren Fruchter, Dror Rosengarten, Shimon Izhakian, Nader Abdel-Rahman, Mordechai R Kramer
BACKGROUND: Lung abscesses are commonly treated with antibiotics. However, some patients fail to respond and may require percutaneous catheter drainage or surgical intervention. Bronchoscopic drainage (BD) of lung abscesses emerged as a therapeutic alternative in selected patients. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with 15 patients who underwent BD at our center during 2006-2016. METHODS: Patients underwent flexible bronchoscopy. Under fluoroscopic guidance, a pigtail catheter was introduced into the abscess cavity, its correct position being confirmed by the injection of contrast medium...
December 13, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926910/esophageal-endosonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-intrapulmonary-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Daniël A Korevaar, Sara Colella, René Spijker, Patrick M Bossuyt, Lars Konge, Paul Frost Clementsen, Jouke T Annema
BACKGROUND: Biopsy-based diagnosis in patients with paraesophageal intrapulmonary tumors suspected of lung cancer is crucial for adequate treatment planning. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of transesophageal endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in the diagnosis of intrapulmonary tumors located near or adjacent to the esophagus. METHODS: We performed a systematic review (PROSPERO, CRD42016033737) and searched MEDLINE, Embase, BIOSIS Previews, and Web of Science on September 22, 2016, without date or language restrictions...
December 8, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
journal
journal
21845
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"