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Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351060/blood-pressure-variability-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-data-from-4-randomised-controlled-cpap-withdrawal-trials
#1
Franziska Lettau, Esther I Schwarz, John R Stradling, Malcolm Kohler
BACKGROUND: Increased daytime blood pressure variability (BPV) is associated with cardiovascular risk. Preliminary data suggest that obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) might contribute to increased daytime BPV. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy withdrawal on daytime BPV. METHODS: A total of 183 patients previously diagnosed with OSA and treated with CPAP were randomised to either continue or withdraw from CPAP within 4 trials...
March 29, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351030/a-comparison-of-different-training-methods-in-the-successful-learning-of-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration
#2
Wen Chao Zhang, Wei Chen, Jian Ping Zhou, Andrew D Lerner, Lei Ni, Ji Min Shen, Tian Li Yan, Min Zhou, Guo Chao Shi, Yi Xiang
BACKGROUND: Standardized training of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS- TBNA) is available only in highly developed countries. OBJECTIVE: To compare the skill differences in the performance of EBUS-TBNA by pulmonologists trained under different learning methods. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 145 EBUS-TBNA cases. We set up 3 comparative training groups: a standardized training group, a teaching group, and a self-study group...
March 29, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343230/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-switzerland-diagnosis-and-treatment
#3
Manuela Funke-Chambour, Andrea Azzola, Dan Adler, Constance Barazzone-Argiroffo, Christian Benden, Annette Boehler, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Martin Brutsche, Christian F Clarenbach, Katrin Hostettler, Rebekka Kleiner-Finger, Laurent P Nicod, Paola M Soccal, Michael Tamm, Thomas Geiser, Romain Lazor
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a severe progressive and irreversible lung disease. Novel antifibrotic drugs that slow disease progression are now available. However, many issues regarding patient management remain unanswered, such as the choice between available drugs, their use in particular subgroups and clinical situations, time of treatment onset, termination, combination or switch, or nonpharmacologic management. To guide Swiss respiratory physicians in this evolving field still characterized by numerous areas of uncertainty, the Swiss Working Group for interstitial and rare lung diseases of the Swiss Respiratory Society provides a position paper on the diagnosis and treatment of IPF...
March 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343219/simulation-based-training-in-flexible-bronchoscopy-and-endobronchial-ultrasound-guided-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-ebus-tbna-a-systematic-review
#4
Therese Maria Henriette Naur, Philip Mørkeberg Nilsson, Pia Iben Pietersen, Paul Frost Clementsen, Lars Konge
BACKGROUND: The use of simulators in a training programme for technically challenging procedures has the advantages of lowering the risk of patient complications while helping the trainees with the initial part of their learning curve. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review of simulation-based training in flexible bronchoscopy and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS). METHODS: We identified 1,006 publications in the PubMed database and included publications on flexible bronchoscopy below the carina and EBUS involving hands-on simulation-based training...
March 25, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329753/benefits-of-high-intensity-exercise-training-to-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-controlled-study
#5
Tobias Boeselt, Christoph Nell, Lea Lütteken, Katharina Kehr, Janine Koepke, Sandra Apelt, Martina Veith, Björn Beutel, Marc Spielmanns, Timm Greulich, Claus F Vogelmeier, Klaus Kenn, Sabina Janciauskiene, Peter Alter, A Rembert Koczulla
BACKGROUND: Various exercise training programs are used for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of different severity. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of individualized high-intensity training on exercise capacity with COPD. METHODS: A total of 49 patients agreed to participate. Of these, 31 were assigned to the training group and 18 served as controls. The training group exercised twice a week for 90 min with consecutively increasing loads...
March 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329750/optoelectronic-plethysmography-in-clinical-practice-and-research-a-review
#6
Carlo Massaroni, Elena Carraro, Andrea Vianello, Sandra Miccinilli, Michelangelo Morrone, Irisz K Levai, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Silvia Sterzi, John W Dickinson, Samantha Winter, Sergio Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a non-invasive motion capture method to measure chest wall movements and estimate lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the clinical findings and research applications of OEP in the assessment of breathing mechanics across populations of healthy and diseased individuals. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed with the terms "opto-electronic plethysmography," "optoelectronic plethysmography," and "optoelectronic plethysmograph" in 50 digital library and bibliographic search databases resulting in the selection of 170 studies...
March 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324873/endobronchial-ultrasound-elastography-for-evaluation-of-intrathoracic-lymph-nodes-a-pilot-study
#7
Jiayuan Sun, Xiaoxuan Zheng, Xiaowei Mao, Lei Wang, Hongkai Xiong, Felix J F Herth, Baohui Han
BACKGROUND: Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) elastography is a new imaging procedure for describing the elasticity of intrathoracic lesions and providing important additional diagnostic information. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to utilize the feasibility of qualitative and quantitative methods to evaluate the ability of EBUS elastography to differentiate between benign and malignant mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes (LNs) during EBUS-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA)...
March 22, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297701/relationship-between-granulomatosis-and-cancer
#8
Laurent Pierre Nicod
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259871/realistic-3d-printed-tracheobronchial-tree-model-from-a-1-year-old-girl-for-pediatric-bronchoscopy-training
#9
Andreas Hornung, Matthias Kumpf, Winfried Baden, Ilias Tsiflikas, Michael Hofbeck, Ludger Sieverding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245477/to-remember-and-to-motivate-the-chris-bolliger-award
#10
Felix J F Herth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245447/transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-in-diffuse-parenchymal-lung-disease-comparison-between-biopsy-from-1-segment-and-biopsy-from-2-segments-diagnostic-yield-and-complications
#11
Claudia Ravaglia, Athol U Wells, Sara Tomassetti, Alessandra Dubini, Alberto Cavazza, Sara Piciucchi, Nicola Sverzellati, Carlo Gurioli, Christian Gurioli, Ulrich Costabel, Paola Tantalocco, Jay H Ryu, Marco Chilosi, Venerino Poletti
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy is an innovative method of obtaining samples from the parenchyma of patients with diffuse parenchymal lung diseases. However, the technique is not yet standardized, and uncertainty exists about the optimal protocol, including the number of samples, the biopsy size, and the choice of the biopsy site. OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic yield and complications of cryobiopsy with different strategies adopted to sample lung tissue (number of samples, biopsy site, and sample size)...
March 1, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231584/characteristics-of-sarcoidosis-in-patients-with-previous-malignancy-causality-or-coincidence
#12
Nissim Arish, Rottem Kuint, Eli Sapir, Liran Levy, Avraham Abutbul, Zvi Fridlender, Uri Laxer, Neville Berkman
BACKGROUND: The association between sarcoidosis and malignancy is poorly defined. Sarcoidosis can precede, be diagnosed concurrently with, or follow malignancy. OBJECTIVES: We describe the clinical and radiological features of patients with sarcoidosis following malignancy to determine whether this association is causal or coincidental. METHODS: We performed a search for all patients with confirmed sarcoidosis following malignancy in our institution during 2001-2015...
February 24, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219077/radiopathological-features-and-identification-of-mycobacterial-infections-in-granulomatous-nodules-resected-from-the-lung
#13
Yumi Sakakibara, Yoshimi Suzuki, Toshihide Fujie, Takumi Akashi, Tadatsune Iida, Yasunari Miyazaki, Yoshinobu Eishi, Naohiko Inase
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary granulomas are sometimes resected because they resemble lung cancer and false-positive findings come through from positron emission tomography (PET) using 18fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG). Mycobacterial infection is a common cause of granulomas. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiopathological features and the methods for identifying mycobacterial infections in granulomatous nodules resected from the lung. METHODS: Thirty-five solitary lesions resected because of suspected lung cancer were enrolled, including 22 nonfungal granulomatous lesions and 13 benign lesions as controls...
February 21, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196360/clinical-relevance-of-pleural-effusion-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism
#14
Sun Ha Choi, Seung-Ick Cha, Kyung-Min Shin, Jae-Kwang Lim, Seung-Soo Yoo, Shin-Yup Lee, Jaehee Lee, Chang-Ho Kim, Jae-Yong Park, Deok Heon Lee
BACKGROUND: Data regarding pleural effusion due to pulmonary embolism (PE) are limited. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of PE patients with pleural effusion caused by PE. METHODS: Patients with PE were retrospectively analyzed and divided into 2 groups based on computed tomography: a group with pleural effusion due to PE (effusion group) and a group without pleural effusion (control group)...
February 15, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178706/coexistent-sarcoidosis-and-tuberculosis-a-case-report
#15
Cristiano Carbonelli, Ernesto Giuffreda, Antonio Palmiotti, Domenico Loizzi, Filippo Lococo, Elisiana Carpagnano, Donato Lacedonia, Francesco Sollitto, Maria Pia Foschino
Necrotizing granulomatous diseases of the lungs are usually dependent on a narrow range of differential diagnoses. Tuberculosis (TB) is responsible for the largest number of cases, while necrotizing sarcoidosis is generally considered a rare and easily distinguishable disease substantially based on histological features. However, this entity has become a viable diagnosis in the absence of mycobacteria isolation or when a remarkable clinical improvement cannot be achieved with the combination of anti-TB drugs at full dosage...
February 9, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171856/the-safety-of-laryngeal-mask-airway-assisted-bronchoscopy-versus-standard-nasal-bronchoscopy
#16
Daniel Alon, Barak Pertzov, Evgeni Gershman, Miryam Frishman, Nader Abdel Rahman, Dror Rosengarten, Mordechai R Kramer
BACKGROUND: The use of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) for fiberoptic bronchoscopy was first described in 1982. The LMA was found to be beneficial in operator view, flexibility, and also in maintaining stable oxygen saturation. Despite its advantages, the use of LMA has not become widespread. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to evaluate the safety of LMA-assisted bronchoscopy compared to standard nasal bronchoscopy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective randomized trial...
February 8, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142139/long-term-oxygen-therapy-comparison-of-the-german-and-british-guidelines
#17
Friederike Sophie Magnet, Sarah Bettina Schwarz, Jens Callegari, Carl-Peter Criée, Jan Hendrik Storre, Wolfram Windisch
BACKGROUND: The German guideline on long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) was published in 2008 by the German Respiratory Society (DGP), while the British Thoracic Society (BTS) published their most recent guideline in 2015. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present article was to highlight the major areas of consensus and disagreement in the recently published BTS and DGP guidelines on LTOT. METHODS: The BTS and DGP guidelines were directly compared in terms of congruencies and differences...
February 1, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142136/feasibility-and-safety-of-a-transthoracic-pneumostoma-airway-bypass-in-severe-emphysema-patients
#18
Gregory I Snell, Lynda Holsworth, Sadie Khorramnia, Glen P Westall, Trevor J Williams, Silvana Marasco, Julian H Gooi
BACKGROUND: Emphysema is characterised by airflow obstruction, hyperinflation, and resultant dyspnoea. It is worth investigating whether decompression improves lung mechanics and enhances quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the feasibility and safety of creating a transthoracic pneumostoma to enable lung reduction. METHODS: A transthoracic 10-mm diameter Portaero Access Tube (Portaero™, Cupertino, CA, USA) was implanted via a third intercostal space incision in 15 severe emphysema patients [mean age 63 years, forced expiratory volume in 1 s 54% predicted, diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide 31% predicted, residual volume 246% predicted, Six-Minute Walk Test 296 m]...
February 1, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122373/collateral-ventilation-friend-or-foe-in-patients-with-severe-emphysema
#19
Dirk-Jan Slebos, Pallav L Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 26, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118623/efficacy-of-whole-lung-lavage-in-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis-a-multicenter-international-study-of-gelf
#20
Pierre Gay, Benoit Wallaert, Stefan Nowak, Jonas Yserbyt, Stavros Anevlavis, Christophe Hermant, Alban Lovis, Olivier Menard, Bernard Maitre, Thomas Vandemoortele, Hervé Dutau, Amandine Briault, Arnaud Bourdin, Jean-Michel Vergnon, Marios E Froudarakis
BACKGROUND: New therapies have emerged in the treatment of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) and, therefore, there is a real need to evaluate the efficacy of whole-lung lavage (WLL) in this rare disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of WLL in patients with PAP. METHODS: We included 33 patients from 12 centers, which are members of the French-Speaking Thoracic Endoscopy Group, for analysis. Data collection concerned patients and disease characteristics, pulmonary function tests (PFTs) and technical information on the procedure...
2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
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