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Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425735/clinician-led-peer-led-and-internet-delivered-dissonance-based-eating-disorder-prevention-programs-acute-effectiveness-of-these-delivery-modalities
#1
Eric Stice, Paul Rohde, Heather Shaw, Jeff M Gau
OBJECTIVE: Because independent trials have provided evidence for the efficacy and effectiveness of the dissonance-based Body Project eating disorder prevention program, the present trial tested whether clinicians produce the largest intervention effects, or whether delivery can be task-shifted to less expensive undergraduate peer educators or to Internet delivery without effect size attenuation, focusing on acute effects. METHOD: In this study, 680 young women (Mage = 22...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425734/a-within-person-approach-to-risk-for-suicidal-ideation-and-suicidal-behavior-examining-the-roles-of-depression-stress-and-abuse-exposure
#2
Adam Bryant Miller, Tory Eisenlohr-Moul, Matteo Giletta, Paul D Hastings, Karen D Rudolph, Matthew K Nock, Mitchell J Prinstein
OBJECTIVE: This study tests a novel, within-person model that reexamines depression and stress as risk factors for suicidal ideation and behavior among adolescent girls with and without sexual/physical abuse histories. METHOD: This longitudinal study includes data from 220 adolescent girls between 12 and 16 years of age (M = 14.69 years, SD = 1.37; 61% White). At baseline, adolescents reported the presence or absence of prior abuse as part of a clinical interview...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414489/prospective-identification-of-adolescent-suicide-ideation-using-classification-tree-analysis-models-for-community-based-screening
#3
Ryan M Hill, Benjamin Oosterhoff, Julie B Kaplow
OBJECTIVE: Although a large number of risk markers for suicide ideation have been identified, little guidance has been provided to prospectively identify adolescents at risk for suicide ideation within community settings. The current study addressed this gap in the literature by utilizing classification tree analysis (CTA) to provide a decision-making model for screening adolescents at risk for suicide ideation. METHOD: Participants were N = 4,799 youth (Mage = 16...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414488/an-intervention-for-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-young-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Margaret S Andover, Heather T Schatten, Blair W Morris, Caroline S Holman, Ivan W Miller
OBJECTIVE: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent among young adults and associated with negative medical and psychological consequences, necessitating its treatment. However, few treatments have been developed to treat NSSI specifically, or to treat the behavior among individuals without borderline personality disorder. The purpose of this study was to investigate the Treatment for Self-Injurious Behaviors (T-SIB), a brief, behavioral intervention specifically developed to treat NSSI among young adults, in a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414487/how-much-is-enough-examining-frequency-criteria-for-nssi-disorder-in-adolescent-inpatients
#5
Jennifer J Muehlenkamp, Amy M Brausch, Jason J Washburn
OBJECTIVE: To empirically evaluate the diagnostic relevance of the proposed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5; APA, 2013) Criterion-A frequency threshold for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) disorder. METHOD: Archival, de-identified, self-reported clinical assessment data from 746 adolescent psychiatric patients (Mage = 14.97; 88% female; 76% White) were used. The sample was randomly split into 2 unique samples for data analyses...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414486/girls-with-childhood-adhd-as-adults-cross-domain-outcomes-by-diagnostic-persistence
#6
Elizabeth B Owens, Christine Zalecki, Peter Gillette, Stephen P Hinshaw
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain adult outcomes in 10 domains reflecting symptomatology (internalizing, externalizing, self-injury, substance use), attainment (education, employment), and impairment (health, social, driving, overall) as a function of both childhood diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and persistence of ADHD symptoms across time. METHOD: We prospectively followed 140 grade-school-aged girls with rigorously diagnosed childhood ADHD and 88 age- and ethnicity-matched comparison girls for 16 years...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414485/incentivizing-attendance-to-prolonged-exposure-for-ptsd-with-opioid-use-disorder-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Rebecca L Schacht, Robert K Brooner, Van L King, Michael S Kidorf, Jessica M Peirce
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether contingent monetary incentives increase opioid use disorder patients' attendance to Prolonged Exposure (PE) therapy and whether attendance is associated with improvement in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder (SUD) outcomes. METHOD: Patients (N = 58) with PTSD were offered PE or PE with incentives (PE + I; max $480) to attend PE sessions. Participants were assessed at baseline and weeks 6, 12, and 24 postrandomization...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406648/mechanisms-of-change-in-cognitive-therapy-for-major-depressive-disorder-in-the-community-mental-health-setting
#8
Paul Crits-Christoph, Robert Gallop, Caroline K Diehl, Seohyun Yin, Mary Beth Connolly Gibbons
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the relation of change in theory-relevant cognitive variables to depressive symptom change over the course of cognitive therapy, as well as the specificity of change mechanisms to cognitive therapy as compared with dynamic therapy. METHOD: There were 237 adult outpatients who were randomized to either cognitive (n = 119) or dynamic (n = 118) therapy for major depressive disorder in a community mental health setting. Assessments of compensatory skills (Ways of Responding Community Version and Self-Report Version), dysfunctional attitudes (Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale), and depressogenic schemas (Psychological Distance Scaling Task) were obtained at baseline and months 1, 2, and 5 following baseline...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394172/sleep-the-night-before-and-after-a-treatment-session-a-critical-ingredient-for-treatment-adherence
#9
Michael R Dolsen, Adriane M Soehner, Charles M Morin, Lynda Bélanger, Matthew Walker, Allison G Harvey
OBJECTIVE: Sleep prepares key neural structures for next-day learning, and sleep obtained after learning promotes subsequent memory consolidation supporting long-term retention. This study examined whether sleep the night before and after a therapy session predicts aspects of treatment adherence. METHOD: As part of a randomized clinical trial, 188 adults (62.7% female, mean age = 47.5, 80.5% Caucasian) with persistent insomnia received cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394171/a-functional-analysis-of-two-transdiagnostic-emotion-focused-interventions-on-nonsuicidal-self-injury
#10
Kate H Bentley, Matthew K Nock, Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Bernard S Gorman, David H Barlow
OBJECTIVE: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent and associated with clinically significant consequences. Developing time-efficient and cost-effective interventions for NSSI has proven difficult given that the critical components for NSSI treatment remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine the specific effects of mindful emotion awareness training and cognitive reappraisal, 2 transdiagnostic treatment strategies that purportedly address the functional processes thought to maintain self-injurious behavior, on NSSI urges and acts...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394170/dynamic-models-of-individual-change-in-psychotherapy-process-research
#11
Fredrik Falkenström, Steven Finkel, Rolf Sandell, Julian A Rubel, Rolf Holmqvist
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for rigorous methods to study the mechanisms that lead to individual-level change (i.e., process-outcome research). We argue that panel data (i.e., longitudinal study of a number of individuals) methods have 3 major advantages for psychotherapy researchers: (1) enabling microanalytic study of psychotherapeutic processes in a clinically intuitive way, (2) modeling lagged associations over time to ensure direction of causality, and (3) isolating within-patient changes over time from between-patient differences, thereby protecting against confounding influences because of the effects of unobserved stable attributes of individuals...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394169/the-effect-of-depression-on-the-decision-to-join-a-clinical-trial
#12
Yan Leykin, Laura B Dunn, Ricardo F Muñoz
OBJECTIVE: Clinical trials are necessary for evaluation of novel treatments. However, concerns have been raised about the vulnerability of depressed individuals when joining clinical trials, that is, about their abilities to make good decisions about clinical trial participation. The purpose of this study was to determine whether depression compromises decisions to join clinical trials, by comparing the decisions of 3 groups: depressed individuals, individuals suffering from chronic pain, and individuals with comorbid depression and chronic pain...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333511/does-impaired-mental-health-interfere-with-the-outcome-of-brief-alcohol-intervention-at-general-hospitals
#13
Sophie Baumann, Beate Gaertner, Katja Haberecht, Christian Meyer, Hans-Jürgen Rumpf, Ulrich John, Jennis Freyer-Adam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test whether the efficacy of in-person and computer delivered brief alcohol intervention (BAI) is moderated by mental health status. METHOD: General hospital inpatients with at-risk alcohol use aged 18 to 64 years (N = 961, 75% men) were allocated to in-person BAI, computer-based BAI, and assessment only. In-person BAI contained counseling by research staff. Computer-based BAI contained computer-generated individualized feedback letters...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287802/depressive-symptoms-and-gestational-length-among-pregnant-adolescents-cluster-randomized-control-trial-of-centeringpregnancy%C3%A2-plus-group-prenatal-care
#14
Jennifer N Felder, Elissa Epel, Jessica B Lewis, Shayna D Cunningham, Jonathan N Tobin, Sharon Schindler Rising, Melanie Thomas, Jeannette R Ickovics
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms are associated with preterm birth among adults. Pregnant adolescents have high rates of depressive symptoms and low rates of treatment; however, few interventions have targeted this vulnerable group. Objectives are to: (a) examine impact of CenteringPregnancy® Plus group prenatal care on perinatal depressive symptoms compared to individual prenatal care; and (b) determine effects of depressive symptoms on gestational age and preterm birth among pregnant adolescents...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287801/multiple-indicators-of-sexual-interest-in-prepubescent-or-pubescent-children-as-predictors-of-sexual-recidivism
#15
Skye Stephens, James M Cantor, Alasdair M Goodwill, Michael C Seto
OBJECTIVE: Sexual interest in children is a well-known risk factor for sexual reoffending (recidivism). The present study examined the relationship between sexual interest in prepubescent children (pedophilia) or pubescent children (hebephilia) and sexual recidivism. It extended previous work by using multiple indicators of sexual interest, using a more sensitive phallometric procedure that measures change in penile blood volume, and examining both hebephilia alongside pedophilia, as well as noncontact sexual recidivism...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287798/a-randomized-clinical-trial-targeting-anxiety-sensitivity-for-patients-with-suicidal-ideation
#16
Norman B Schmidt, Aaron M Norr, Nicholas P Allan, Amanda M Raines, Daniel W Capron
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is a well-established transdiagnostic risk factor for anxiety and mood psychopathology including suicide. A variety of interventions using cognitive-behavioral skills as well as cognitive bias modification (CBM) suggest that AS can be quickly and effectively reduced in nonclinical and nontreatment seeking samples. However, it is unclear whether AS reduction protocols will have efficacy for more severe clinical samples. Moreover, the combination of cognitive-behavioral techniques with CBM focused on changing interpretation bias (CBM-I) related to AS has not been evaluated...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425747/early-change-in-coping-strategies-in-responsive-treatments-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-mediation-analysis
#17
Ueli Kramer, Sabine Keller, Franz Caspar, Yves de Roten, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Stéphane Kolly
BACKGROUND: Difficulty in emotion regulation is a hallmark feature of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Therefore, change in the frequency of certain patients' coping strategies-aiming at emotion regulation-are among the most promising mechanisms of change in treatments for BPD. In parallel, it was highlighted that therapist responsiveness significantly contributed to outcome across treatment approaches (Stiles, 2009). Based on a randomized controlled trial (Kramer et al...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345940/early-development-of-mechanisms-of-change-as-a-predictor-of-subsequent-change-and-treatment-outcome-the-case-of-working-alliance
#18
Sigal Zilcha-Mano, Paula Errázuriz
OBJECTIVE: Advanced statistical tools have created the opportunity to systematically examine the effect of early trajectories in predictors of therapeutic change, such as early alliance development patterns, on outcome. To date, however, these methods have been used almost exclusively to examine the effect of the development of early symptoms on later ones. Development patterns of alliance early in treatment, and their association with treatment outcome, have received much theoretical attention, but few systematic examinations have been conducted so far...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333513/feedback-in-group-psychotherapy-for-eating-disorders-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Annika Helgadóttir Davidsen, Stig Poulsen, Jane Lindschou, Per Winkel, Marjun Frígerð Tróndarson, Mette Waaddegaard, Marianne Lau
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of client feedback in group psychotherapy on attendance and treatment outcome for patients with eating disorders. METHOD: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with central randomization stratified for diagnosis and treatment type according to a computer-generated allocation sequence concealed to the investigators. One-hundred and 59 adult participants, diagnosed with bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, or eating disorder not otherwise specified according to DSM-IV, were included...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333512/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-positive-affect-intervention-for-people-newly-diagnosed-with-hiv
#20
Judith T Moskowitz, Adam W Carrico, Larissa G Duncan, Michael A Cohn, Elaine O Cheung, Abigail Batchelder, Lizet Martinez, Eisuke Segawa, Michael Acree, Susan Folkman
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether IRISS (Intervention for those Recently Informed of their Seropositive Status), a positive affect skills intervention, improved positive emotion, psychological health, physical health, and health behaviors in people newly diagnosed with HIV. METHOD: One-hundred and fifty-nine participants who had received an HIV diagnosis in the past 3 months were randomized to a 5-session, in-person, individually delivered positive affect skills intervention or an attention-matched control condition...
May 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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