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Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Susan D Cochran, Charlotte Björkenstam, Vickie M Mays
OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated sexual orientation differences in risk for mental health morbidity, functional limitations/disability, and mental health services use among adults interviewed in the nationally representative 2013-2014 National Health Interview Survey. METHOD: Respondents were 68,816 adults (67,152 heterosexual and 1,664 lesbian, gay, and bisexual [LGB] individuals), age 18 and older. Fully structured interviews assessed sexual orientation identity, health status, and services use...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Ines Kollei, Christian Aljoscha Lukas, Sabine Loeber, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVE: As a common experience in the general population, dissatisfaction with one's body is associated with a variety of psychological problems and unhealthy behaviors, including the development of eating disorders. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to develop and evaluate an app-based intervention to reduce body dissatisfaction. METHOD: Participants reporting elevated levels of body dissatisfaction were randomly allocated to an app-based intervention (n = 26) or to a wait list group (n = 27)...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Janet A Lydecker, Marney A White, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Body-image disturbance is a core aspect of eating disorders, yet the clinical manifestations of individuals' weight and shape concerns are complex, vary considerably, and are poorly understood by clinicians and researchers. This study aimed to distinguish different aspects of body-image disturbance-including weight/shape dissatisfaction, weight/shape overvaluation, weight/shape preoccupation, and fear of weight gain-in patients with binge-eating disorder (BED). Examining how each specific body image construct relates to biopsychosocial features of BED could contribute to the refinement of conceptualization and treatment planning...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Jake Linardon, Tracey D Wade, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for eating disorders. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials of CBT were searched. Seventy-nine trials were included. RESULTS: Therapist-led CBT was more efficacious than inactive (wait-lists) and active (any psychotherapy) comparisons in individuals with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Therapist-led CBT was most efficacious when manualized CBT-BN or its enhanced version was delivered...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Maria do Céu Salvador, José Pinto-Gouveia
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial aimed to assess the efficacy of a structured cognitive-behavioral group program, Growing Pro-Social (GPS), in reducing cognitive distortions and early maladaptive schemas over time in male prison inmates. METHOD: A total of 254 participants were recruited from nine Portuguese prisons and allocated to receive GPS (n = 121) or treatment as usual (n = 133). Participants were assessed with self-report measures on cognitive distortions and early maladaptive schemas at baseline, during intervention, at post-treatment and at 12 months' follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Matthew S Lebowitz, Woo-Kyoung Ahn
OBJECTIVE: Depression, like other mental disorders and health conditions generally, is increasingly construed as genetically based. This research sought to determine whether merely telling people that they have a genetic predisposition to depression can cause them to retroactively remember having experienced it. METHOD: U.S. adults (men and women) were recruited online to participate (Experiment 1: N = 288; Experiment 2: N = 599). After conducting a test disguised as genetic screening, we randomly assigned some participants to be told that they carried elevated genetic susceptibility to depression, whereas others were told that they did not carry this genetic liability or were told that they carried elevated susceptibility to a different disorder...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Corey R Roos, Sarah Bowen, Katie Witkiewitz
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have evaluated moderators of mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP) for substance use disorders (SUDs). We tested whether baseline patterns of scores for SUD symptom severity and depression and anxiety symptoms moderated the efficacy of MBRP. METHOD: We used a latent class moderation approach with data from a randomized trial of MBRP compared to cognitive-behavioral relapse prevention and treatment as usual (TAU; Bowen et al., 2014; N = 286, 71...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Belinda Borrelli, Romano Endrighi, S Katharine Hammond, Shira Dunsiger
OBJECTIVE: Smokers who are not motivated to quit are an important group for intervention, particularly if they have children with asthma. Research indicates that unmotivated smokers are less responsive to intensive interventions, although motivation-by-treatment interactions have not been tested. This study examines whether motivation to quit moderates the effect of a cessation induction intervention. METHOD: Parents had an asthmatic child requiring urgent care, and did not have to want to quit smoking to be eligible for the study...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Claire Adams Spears, Donald Hedeker, Liang Li, Cai Wu, Natalie K Anderson, Sean C Houchins, Christine Vinci, Diana Stewart Hoover, Jennifer Irvin Vidrine, Paul M Cinciripini, Andrew J Waters, David W Wetter
OBJECTIVE: To examine cognitive and affective mechanisms underlying mindfulness-based addiction treatment (MBAT) versus cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and usual care (UC) for smoking cessation. METHOD: Participants in the parent study from which data were drawn (N = 412; 54.9% female; 48.2% African American, 41.5% non-Latino White, 5.4% Latino, 4.9% other; 57.6% annual income <$30,000) were randomized to MBAT (n = 154), CBT (n = 155), or UC (n = 103). From quit date through 26 weeks postquit, participants completed measures of emotions, craving, dependence, withdrawal, self-efficacy, and attentional bias...
November 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Florian Weck, Laura Carlotta Nagel, Volkmar Höfling, Julia M B Neng
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in treating hypochondriasis. However, there are doubts regarding the long-term effectiveness of CBT for hypochondriasis, in particular for follow-up periods longer than 1 year. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of cognitive therapy (CT) and exposure therapy (ET) for the treatment of hypochondriasis. METHOD: Seventy-five patients with a diagnosis of hypochondriasis who were previously treated with CT or ET were contacted 3 years after treatment...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Allison G Harvey, Lu Dong, Lynda Bélanger, Charles M Morin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the mediators and the potential of treatment matching to improve outcome for cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for insomnia. METHOD: Participants were 188 adults (117 women; Mage = 47.4 years, SD = 12.6) meeting the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; text rev.; DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000) diagnostic criteria for chronic insomnia (Mduration: 14.5 years, SD: 12.8). Participants were randomized to behavior therapy (BT; n = 63), cognitive therapy (CT; n = 65), or CBT (n = 60)...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Kayla K Gurak, Amy Weisman de Mamani, Gail Ironson
OBJECTIVE: People dealing with serious mental illness frequently report turning to religion to help cope with the disorder. However, little is known about how religion impacts commitment to psychotherapy programs for people with schizophrenia and their caregivers. METHOD: In a sample of 64 families enrolled in a culturally informed family treatment for schizophrenia that targets religiosity, we hypothesized that patients and caregivers who use high levels of adaptive religious coping and low levels of maladaptive religious coping, would be less likely to drop out of treatment than their counterparts...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Luz M Garcini, Juan M Peña, Thania Galvan, Christopher P Fagundes, Vanessa Malcarne, Elizabeth A Klonoff
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to: (a) provide population-based estimates for the prevalence of mental disorders, including substance use, among undocumented Mexican immigrants; (b) assess for relevant comorbidities; and (c) identify sociodemographic, immigration and contextual vulnerabilities associated with meeting criteria for a disorder. METHOD: This cross-sectional study used Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) to collect and analyze data from clinical interviews with 248 undocumented Mexican immigrants residing near the California-Mexico border...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Suzannah K Creech, Alexandra Macdonald, Justin K Benzer, Gina M Poole, Christopher M Murphy, Casey T Taft
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to extend findings from a randomized controlled trial of the Strength at Home Men's Program (SAH-M) for intimate partner aggression (IPA) in military veterans by examining the impact of pretreatment posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on treatment efficacy, and by examining new data on postintervention follow-up for individuals who received SAH-M after completing the enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) wait-list control condition. METHOD: Using data from 125 male veterans who attended the SAH-M program immediately after an intake assessment or after waiting 6-month in the ETAU condition, this study used generalized linear modeling to examine predictors of physical and psychological IPA over a 9-month period of time...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Juan Martin Gomez Penedo, Michael J Constantino, Alice E Coyne, Henny A Westra, Martin M Antony
OBJECTIVE: To follow-up a randomized clinical trial that compared the acute and long-term efficacy of 15 sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) versus CBT integrated with motivational interviewing (MI) for severe generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; Westra, Constantino, & Antony, 2016), we (a) characterized the sample's baseline interpersonal problems, and (b) analyzed the role of several theory-relevant problems as moderators of the comparative treatment effects on outcome. METHOD: We first compared clients' (N = 85) baseline interpersonal problems profile to a general clinical sample...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Jackson A Goodnight, John E Bates, Amy Holtzworth-Munroe, Gregory S Pettit, Robin H Ballard, Jeannette M Iskander, Anna Swanson, Kenneth A Dodge, Jennifer E Lansford
OBJECTIVE: From a developmental systems perspective, the origins of maladjusted behavior are multifaceted, interdependent, and may differ at different points in development. Personality traits influence developmental outcomes, as do socialization environments, but the influence of personality depends on the socialization environment, and the influence of the socialization environment varies according to personality. The present study takes a developmental systems approach to investigate pathways through which dispositional traits in childhood might act in concert with peer and parental socialization contexts to predict trajectories of intimate partner aggression (IPA) during emerging adulthood...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
M Taylor Dryman, Lisa M McTeague, Thomas M Olino, Richard G Heimberg
OBJECTIVE: Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) has been established as both efficacious and effective in reducing symptoms of social anxiety. However, most research has been conducted in controlled settings, and little is known regarding the utility of such programs in an open-access format. The present study examined the use, adherence, and effectiveness of Joyable, an open-access, Internet-delivered, coach-supported CBT-based intervention for social anxiety. METHOD: Participants were 3,384 registered users (Mage [SD] = 29...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Floor Bennebroek Evertsz', Mirjam A G Sprangers, Kate Sitnikova, Pieter C F Stokkers, Cyriel Y Ponsioen, Joep F W M Bartelsman, Ad A van Bodegraven, Steven Fischer, Annekatrien C T M Depla, Rosalie C Mallant, Robbert Sanderman, Huibert Burger, Claudi L H Bockting
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by a low level of quality of life (QoL) and a high prevalence of anxiety and depression, especially in patients with poor QoL. We examined the effect of IBD-specific cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on QoL, anxiety, and depression in IBD patients with poor mental QoL. METHOD: This study is a parallel-group multicenter randomized controlled trial. One hundred eighteen IBD patients with a low level of QoL (score ≤23 on the mental health subscale of the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 Health Survey [SF-36]) were included from 2 academic medical centers (Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, VU University Medical Centre Amsterdam) and 2 peripheral medical centers (Flevo Hospital, Slotervaart Hospital) in the Netherlands...
September 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Meta-analysis of cognitive-behavioral treatments for adult ADHD" by Laura E. Knouse, Jonathan Teller and Milan A. Brooks (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2017[Jul], Vol 85[7], 737-750). There were errors in Tables 1 and 2, Figures 2 and 3, and in related values reported in the abstract, Results, and Discussion section. These errors occurred because effect sizes from two studies comparing CBT to active control had been coded to represent better outcomes for the CBT group when, in these instances, outcomes for the control group were slightly better...
September 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Psychiatric disorders in smokers seeking treatment for tobacco dependence: Relations with tobacco dependence and cessation" by Megan E. Piper, Stevens S. Smith, Tanya R. Schlam, Michael F. Fleming, Amy A. Bittrich, Jennifer L. Brown, Cathlyn J. Leitzke, Mark E. Zehner, Michael C. Fiore and Timothy B. Baker (Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2010[Feb], Vol 78[1], 13-23). There was an error in the Method section in the World Mental Health Survey Initiative version of the CIDI subsection...
September 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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