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Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110330/prognostic-advantage-of-docetaxel-cisplatin-5-fluorouracil-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-clinical-stage-ii-iii-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-due-to-excellent-control-of-preoperative-disease-and-postoperative-lymph-node-recurrence
#1
Keishi Yamashita, Kei Hosoda, Hiromitsu Moriya, Chikatoshi Katada, Mitsuhiro Sugawara, Hiroaki Mieno, Shoko Komori, Natsuya Katada, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has become prevalent in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), but its long-term prognostic advantages remain unclear. The latest prognostic outcomes in clinical Stage (cStage) II/III ESCC with NAC were herein elucidated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: NAC prior to curative treatment was done in 115 cStage II/III ESCC patients with either cisplatin (CDDP)/5-fluorouracil (5-FU; CF) (n = 41) or docetaxel/CDDP/5-FU (DCF) NAC (n = 74) between 2007 and 2013...
January 21, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095380/polycythemia-vera-management-and-challenges-in-the-community-health-setting
#2
Aaron T Gerds, Kim-Hien Dao
Patients with polycythemia vera (PV) experience shortened survival, increased risk of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic events, and burdensome symptoms. For all patients with PV, treatment with aspirin and hematocrit control with phlebotomy are recommended. In addition, patients with high-risk status or poor hematocrit control benefit from cytoreductive therapy with hydroxyurea, although approximately 1 in 4 patients develops resistance or intolerance. For patients who are resistant to or intolerant of hydroxyurea, studies have shown that ruxolitinib, a Janus kinase 1/2 inhibitor, provides hematocrit control, reduces spleen size, normalizes blood counts, and improves PV-related symptoms...
January 18, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092915/malignant-mixed-m%C3%A3-llerian-tumour-of-the-uterus-analysis-of-44-cases
#3
Silvana Grasso, Vera Loizzi, Valentina Minicucci, Leonardo Resta, Anna Lina Camporeale, Ettore Cicinelli, Gennaro Cormio
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of uterine carcinosarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, the clinical characteristics of 44 patients with uterine MMMT were evaluated. Survival curves were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. RESULTS: Forty-four patients with uterine carcinosarcoma were referred to our unit between 1995 and 2015...
January 17, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056459/influence-of-liver-inflammation-on-liver-stiffness-measurement-in-patients-with-autoimmune-hepatitis-evaluation-by-combinational-elastography
#4
Norihisa Yada, Toshiharu Sakurai, Tomohiro Minami, Tadaaki Arizumi, Masahiro Takita, Satoru Hagiwara, Hiroshi Ida, Kazuomi Ueshima, Naoshi Nishida, Masatoshi Kudo
OBJECTIVE: In order to evaluate the influence of liver inflammation on liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by the simultaneous use of shear wave and strain imaging (combinational elastography), shear wave and strain imaging were compared before and after initial therapy for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). METHODS: Nine AIH patients initially treated with steroid were enrolled. Transient elastography and real-time tissue elastography were performed just before and 1 month after the start of initial steroid treatment...
January 6, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056456/bladder-metastases-from-lung-cancer-clinical-and-pathological-implications-a-systematic-review
#5
Francesca Sanguedolce, Domenico Loizzi, Francesco Sollitto, Maurizio Di Bisceglie, Giuseppe Lucarelli, Giuseppe Carrieri, Pantaleo Bufo, Luigi Cormio
Lung cancer is the tumor with the highest incidence in males worldwide and the most common cause of death from cancer overall; its high mortality is mostly due to its propensity to spread to other organs through lymphatic and blood vessels in spite of proper treatment. Bladder metastases from lung cancer are rare, with only 11 cases having been reported, all in recent years. This review aims to discuss some critical points regarding this uncommon condition, namely: (a) lung and bladder tumors share similar etiologic features; (b) almost all bladder metastases from lung cancer arise from lung adenocarcinomas; (c) cytology and superficial bladder biopsy may be falsely negative, since the neoplastic cells coming through the hematogenous route are typically located in the lamina propria and/or muscularis propria of the bladder wall; and (d) the differential diagnosis with primary bladder adenocarcinoma as well as primary and secondary small-cell carcinomas may be challenging...
January 6, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052301/c-arm-cone-beam-computed-tomography-guidance-for-radiofrequency-ablation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#6
Keizo Kato, Hiroshi Abe, Makiko Ika, Takeshi Yonezawa, Yoshiyuki Sato, Noriko Hanawa, Shohei Shimizu, Shinji Endo, Ryota Matsuo, Akihito Tsubota
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of C-arm cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) combined with ultrasound for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by radiofrequency ablation (RFA). METHODS: Patients underwent RFA following transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) or RFA alone under ultrasound or CBCT guidance combined with ultrasound-based techniques. They were divided into 2 groups based on the use (C group) and nonuse (NC group) of CBCT guidance...
January 5, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052299/characterization-of-conversion-chemotherapy-for-secondary-surgical-resection-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-lung-metastases
#7
Hiroaki Nozawa, Soichiro Ishihara, Kazushige Kawai, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Kazuhito Sasaki, Koji Murono, Jun Nakajima, Toshiaki Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: Clinical trials demonstrated that 6-37% of the patients with colorectal liver-limited metastases underwent surgical resection after first-line chemotherapy. However, limited information is available on the conversion of colorectal cancer patients with lung metastases to resection by systemic chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 156 patients with unresectable colorectal cancer who received oxaliplatin- or irinotecan-based first-line systemic chemotherapy with or without antibodies in our department between January 2007 and December 2015...
January 5, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052298/the-maze-of-diagnosing-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-single-center-experience-of-a-series-of-6-clinical-cases
#8
Maher Hanoun, Ulrich Dührsen
Clinical symptoms of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) are based on an excessive inflammatory response. Not only the diversity of the putative underlying etiologies of this rare syndrome but also the subsequent large variety of symptoms complicate the diagnosis of HLH in adult patients. However, early diagnosis and immediate treatment initiation are imperative for clinical outcome. In this article, we will review the diagnostic criteria of HLH and, in this context, discuss 6 cases, each of whom presented with a different clinical appearance causally associated with distinct malignant and nonmalignant diseases, exemplifying the spectrum of associations and manifestations of HLH...
January 5, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030864/cd68-positive-cells-in-hepatic-angiomyolipoma
#9
Hitoshi Tochio, Eriko Tamaki, Yukihiro Imai, Nobuhiro Iwasaki, Kazushi Minowa, Hobyung Chung, Yoshiki Suginoshita, Tetsurou Inokuma, Masatoshi Kudo
Four resected specimens of hepatic angiomyolipoma in which uptake of Sonazoid was observed in the postvascular phase of Sonazoid-enhanced ultrasonography were analyzed. Macrophage localization in the tumor was revealed pathologically by immunohistochemical staining for CD68. CD68-positive cells were observed in the tumor in all cases. The density of CD68-positive cells was 100/mm2, and the ratio of CD68-positive cell density in the tumor to that in the surrounding parenchyma was 32-171%. These results suggested that the uptake of the contrast agent Sonazoid was related to the density of CD68-positive cells...
December 29, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013311/a-new-horizon-in-liver-disease
#10
Masatoshi Kudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997918/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-cancer-risk-tumor-recurrence-or-survival-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#11
Nongnit Laytragoon-Lewin, Lena Cederblad, Bengt-Åke Andersson, Mattias Olin, Mats Nilsson, Lars Erik Rutqvist, Jan Lundgren, Mats Engström, Wieslaw Tytor, Sture Löfgren, Freddi Lewin
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims at studying the influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on cancer risk, tumor recurrence, and survival in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 45 SNPs in 41 genes were investigated. A total of 174 Caucasian H&N cancer patients and 245 healthy blood donors were enrolled in the study. RESULTS: Ten SNPs were associated with H&N cancer risk, but the identified SNPs differed among males and females...
December 21, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988520/dna-sensing-and-nuclease-gene-expressions-as-markers-for-colorectal-cancer-progression
#12
Chin-An Yang, Hsi-Yuan Huang, Ya-Sian Chang, Chia-Li Lin, I-Lu Lai, Jan-Gowth Chang
OBJECTIVE: Oncogene-driven stress-related DNA damage has been observed in lesions of colon cancer. Furthermore, DNA sensors and nucleases are stimulated during active DNA damage and replication. However, their changes and influences with respect to cancer remain largely unknown. METHODS: The gene expression levels of cGAS, IFI16, STING, TBK1, IFNB1, TREX1, SAMHD1, RNASEH2A, RNASEH2B, and RNASEH2C were examined in the paired colorectal cancer and adjacent normal part tissues of 53 patients...
December 17, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988517/malignant-transformation-of-hepatocellular-adenoma
#13
Wing Yee Kwok, Satoru Hagiwara, Naoshi Nishida, Tomohiro Watanabe, Toshiharu Sakurai, Hiroshi Ida, Yasunori Minami, Masahiro Takita, Tomohiro Minami, Mina Iwanishi, Hirokazu Chishina, Masashi Kono, Kazuomi Ueshima, Yoriaki Komeda, Tadaaki Arizumi, Eisuke Enoki, Takuya Nakai, Tsutomu Kumabe, Osamu Nakashima, Fukuo Kondo, Masatoshi Kudo
The patient was a 20-year-old male in whom a hepatic hypervascular mass accompanied by intratumoral hemorrhage was detected on examination for epigastric pain. Based on the enlargement of the mass and diagnostic imaging, hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) was suspected and hepatectomy was performed. The lesion was diagnosed as malignant transformation of β-catenin-activated HCA. There are only few reports of cases with malignant transformation of HCA in Japan; it is necessary to accumulate cases to investigate it...
December 17, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978515/aqp5-variants-affect-tumoral-expression-of-aqp5-and-survival-in-patients-with-early-breast-cancer
#14
Soo Jung Lee, Byung Woog Kang, Jong Gwang Kim, Jin Hyang Jung, Jeeyeon Lee, Wan Wook Kim, Ho Yong Park, Jae-Hwan Jeong, Ji Yun Jeong, Ji-Young Park, Jae Hyung Park, Yee Soo Chae
BACKGROUND: Our previous study showed the association of AQP5 upregulation with cancer proliferation and migration in breast cancer cell lines and with unfavorable prognosis in patients with early breast cancer (EBC). In the current study, we analyzed the association of AQP5 variants or their haplotypes with AQP5 expression and their prognostic impact for survival in patients with EBC. METHODS: Three AQP5 polymorphisms (rs74091166, rs3736309, and rs1964676) were selected based on the SNP database and genotyped using the Sequenom MassARRAY in 374 out of 447 patients with EBC in whom AQP5 expression had been investigated in our previous study...
December 16, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974714/contrast-enhanced-tissue-harmonic-imaging-versus-phase-inversion-harmonic-sonographic-imaging-for-the-delineation-of-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#15
Masashi Kono, Yasunori Minami, Mina Iwanishi, Tomohiro Minami, Hirokazu Chishina, Tadaaki Arizumi, Yoriaki Komeda, Toshiharu Sakurai, Masahiro Takita, Norihisa Yada, Hiroshi Ida, Satoru Hagiwara, Kazuomi Ueshima, Naoshi Nishida, Masatoshi Kudo
OBJECTIVE: To compare contrast tissue harmonic imaging (THI) with low mechanical index (MI) and conventional contrast harmonic imaging (CHI) with respect to lesion visibility of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: One hundred and twenty-five patients (84 men and 41 women, age range 39-94 years, mean age 74 years) with 100 naïve HCCs and 30 lesions after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for HCC were evaluated. One hundred and four patients had liver cirrhosis of Child-Pugh class A, and the remaining 21 had Child-Pugh class B cirrhosis...
December 15, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974712/outcome-of-combination-therapy-with-sofosbuvir-and-ledipasvir-for-chronic-type-c-liver-disease
#16
Satoru Hagiwara, Naoshi Nishida, Tomohiro Watanabe, Toshiharu Sakurai, Hiroshi Ida, Yasunori Minami, Masahiro Takita, Tomohiro Minami, Mina Iwanishi, Hirokazu Chishina, Kazuomi Ueshima, Yoriaki Komeda, Tadaaki Arizumi, Masatoshi Kudo
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the treatment of chronic hepatitis C has markedly advanced. A phase III clinical study of combination therapy with sofosbuvir (SOF) and ledipasvir (LDV) was conducted in Japan, and the additive therapeutic effects were reported. In this study, we report the results of treatment in our hospital. METHODS: Of 147 patients with chronic type C liver disease who had consulted our hospital since September 2015 and received SOF/LDV therapy, in 91 subjects a sustained virological response of 12 weeks (SVR12) could be evaluated...
December 15, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960186/cabazitaxel-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-patients-progressing-after-docetaxel-a-prospective-single-center-study
#17
Giuseppe Cicero, Rossella De Luca, Patrizia Dorangricchia, Antonio Galvano, Giuseppe Lo Re, Vincenzo Serretta, Nino Dispensa, Francesco Dieli
PURPOSE: The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of cabazitaxel in combination with prednisone treatment in Italian patients affected by hormone-refractory metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) previously treated with docetaxel plus prednisone. METHODS: Thirty patients with mCRPC were enrolled between June 2013 and January 2016 (the last follow-up was in January 2016). Cabazitaxel was used according to the summary of product characteristics and administered at a dose of 25 mg/m2 every 3 weeks plus oral prednisone at a dose of 5-mg tablets twice a day continuously...
December 14, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931017/lean-body-weight-and-metformin-are-insufficient-to-prevent-endometrial-hyperplasia-in-mice-harboring-inactivating-mutations-in-pten
#18
David A Iglesias, Qian Zhang, Joseph Celestino, Charlotte C Sun, Melinda S Yates, Rosemarie E Schmandt, Karen H Lu
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a major risk factor for endometrial cancer. We evaluated whether obesity exacerbates progression of endometrial hyperplasia (EH) using the PRCre/+ PTENflox/+ mouse model and examined if the type 2 diabetes drug, metformin, could prevent EH. METHODS: Twenty obese (PRCre/+ PTENflox/+) mice were maintained on a high-fat diet, while 20 lean mice ate a matching low-fat diet. Ten mice from each group received metformin (1,000 mg/day) in drinking water...
December 9, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915339/clinicopathological-features-and-predictive-factors-for-colorectal-cancer-outcome-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#19
Abdurrahman Aldiab, Khayal A Al Khayal, Omar A Al Obaid, Ahmed Alsheikh, Khalid Alsaleh, Mohamed Shahid, Hana Alkharji
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most frequent cancer and a leading cause of cancer death in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). To date, no nationwide screening programs have been adopted. This prospective, longitudinal study investigated factors influencing the outcome of CRC in Saudi patients. METHODS: Patients completed a CRC awareness questionnaire. Colonoscopy, CT/MRI, histopathology of tumor biopsies, and KRAS and BRAF testing were performed...
December 3, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907921/feasibility-of-preoperative-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-versus-adriamycin-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-for-resectable-advanced-esophageal-cancer
#20
Osamu Shiraishi, Makoto Yamasaki, Tomoki Makino, Masaaki Motoori, Hiroshi Miyata, Masayuki Shinkai, Yutaka Kimura, Motohiro Hirao, Kazumasa Fujitani, Shigeyuki Tamura, Kenji Kobayashi, Masahiko Yano, Yuichiro Doki, Takushi Yasuda
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for resectable advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) requires reassessment. We have conducted a trial aiming at the comparison between DCF and ACF concerning perioperative adverse events. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to receive either DCF [docetaxel 70 mg/m2, cisplatin 70 mg/m2 on day 1, and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 700 mg/m2 for 5 days] every 3 weeks or ACF (adriamycin 35 mg/m2, cisplatin 70 mg/m2 on day 1, and 5-FU 700 mg/m2 for 7 days) every 4 weeks...
December 2, 2016: Oncology
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