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Oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208153/outcome-of-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-multiple-glandular-metastases-treated-with-targeted-agents
#1
Paolo Grassi, Ludovic Doucet, Palma Giglione, Viktor Grünwald, Bohuslav Melichar, Luca Galli, Ugo De Giorgi, Roberto Sabbatini, Cinzia Ortega, Matteo Santoni, Aristotelis Bamias, Elena Verzoni, Lisa Derosa, Hana Studentova, Luca Porcu, Filippo De Braud, Camillo Porta, Giuseppe Procopio
PURPOSE: Pancreatic metastases (PM) from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) have been associated with long-term survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of RCC patients with multiple glandular metastases (MGM) treated with targeted therapies (TTs). METHODS: Sixty-four MGM patients treated between 1993 and 2014 were retrospectively identified from a database of 274 RCC patients with PM from 11 European centers. The survival of MGM patients was compared with that of both patients with PM only and a cohort of 325 RCC patients with non-GM (control group) treated with TTs...
February 17, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196364/technetium-99m-or-cy7-labeled-rituximab-as-an-imaging-agent-for-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#2
Ximena Camacho, Camila Longo Machado, María Fernanda García, Juan Pablo Gambini, Agustina Banchero, Marcelo Fernández, Natalia Oddone, Daniela Bertolini Zanatta, Carolina Rosal, Carlos Alberto Buchpiguel, Roger Chammas, Eloisa Riva, Pablo Cabral
INTRODUCTION: Rituximab was the first monoclonal antibody approved for the treatment of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) expressing CD20 antigen. This antibody has also the potential to be used as a specific fluorescent and radiolabel agent for targeting NHL. OBJECTIVE: To radiolabel rituximab with technetium-99m (99mTc) or Cy7 and evaluate both probes as potential imaging agents for NHL. METHODS: Rituximab was derivatized with the trifluoroacetyl hydrazino protected form of succinimidyl ester of HYNIC and radiolabeled with 99mTc...
February 15, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178692/monitoring-of-serum-carcinoembryonic-antigen-levels-after-curative-resection-of-colon-cancer-cutoff-values-determined-according-to-preoperative-levels-enhance-the-diagnostic-accuracy-for-recurrence
#3
Gota Saito, Sotaro Sadahiro, Hiroko Kamata, Hiroshi Miyakita, Kazutake Okada, Akira Tanaka, Toshiyuki Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) has been widely used for postoperative surveillance for colorectal cancer. However, serum CEA has a poor diagnostic accuracy for detecting recurrence. We tested the hypothesis that determining cutoff values according to the preoperative serum CEA levels would enhance the diagnostic accuracy. METHODS: Serum CEA was measured before and 1-6 months after surgery in 783 patients with curatively resected colon cancer from 2005 through 2013...
February 9, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171863/a-retrospective-study-on-the-onset-of-menopause-after-chemotherapy-analysis-of-data-extracted-from-the-jean-perrin-comprehensive-cancer-center-database-concerning-345-young-breast-cancer-patients-diagnosed-between-1994-and-2012
#4
Joyce Dohou, Marie-Ange Mouret-Reynier, Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Marie Arbre, Pauline Herviou, Mélanie Pouget, Catherine Abrial, Frédérique Penault-Llorca
OBJECTIVE: Young breast cancer (BC) patients receiving chemotherapy are at risk of chemotherapy-induced menopause (CIM). We sought to define the incidence rate of premature menopause after chemotherapy and to retrospectively investigate factors related to the onset of menopause. METHODS: We identified BC patients who had received chemotherapy at the Cancer Center (Centre Jean-Perrin). We selected premenopausal women aged between 18 and 50 years at the moment of diagnosis who received chemotherapy between 1994 and 2012...
February 8, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152526/egfr-inhibitors-in-patients-with-advanced-squamous-cell-anal-carcinomas-a-single-institution-experience
#5
Dae Won Kim, Jennifer Byer, Nishi Kothari, Amit Mahipal, Yound Doo Chang, Richard D Kim
BACKGROUND: Although squamous cell anal carcinomas are relatively rare, their incidence has been increasing steadily. Because of the limited data, treatment of metastatic disease is a major therapeutic challenge. In this study, we report the safety and efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors in patients with advanced squamous cell anal carcinomas. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was conducted using the Moffitt Cancer Tumor Registry from January 2009 to January 2014...
February 3, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147363/immune-checkpoint-inhibition-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-basics-and-ongoing-clinical-trials
#6
Masatoshi Kudo
Clinical trials of antibodies targeting the immune checkpoint inhibitors programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), or cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) for the treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are ongoing. Expansion cohorts of a phase I/II trial of the anti-PD-1 antibody nivolumab in advanced HCC showed favorable results. Two phase III studies are currently ongoing: a comparison of nivolumab and sorafenib in the first-line setting for advanced HCC, and a comparison of the anti-PD-1 antibody pembrolizumab and a placebo in the second-line setting for patients with advanced HCC who progressed on sorafenib therapy...
February 2, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142146/incidence-of-histologically-proven-pelvic-and-para-aortic-lymph-node-metastases-and-rate-of-upstaging-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#7
Audrey Tieko Tsunoda, Simone Marnitz, Joao Soares Nunes, Carlos Eduardo Mattos de Cunha Andrade, Christovam Scapulatempo Neto, Jens-Uwe Blohmer, Jörg Herrmann, Ligia Maria Kerr, Peter Martus, Achim Schneider, Giovanni Favero, Christhardt Köhler
BACKGROUND: Surgical staging is associated with a significant rate of upstaging compared to clinical/radiological staging in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the stage-specific percentage of pelvic and para-aortic lymph node metastases and the upstaging ratio in a prospective randomized trial (Uterus-11). METHODS: FIGO stage IIB-IVA cervical cancer patients were randomized to surgical staging (arm A) or to clinical staging and primary chemoradiation (arm B)...
February 1, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142137/efficacy-of-second-line-bevacizumab-containing-chemotherapy-for-patients-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-following-first-line-treatment-with-an-anti-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-antibody
#8
Hiroko Hasegawa, Hiroya Taniguchi, Seiichiro Mitani, Toshiki Masuishi, Azusa Komori, Yukiya Narita, Shigenori Kadowaki, Takashi Ura, Masashi Ando, Yasushi Yatabe, Kei Muro
OBJECTIVE: Anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) antibodies and bevacizumab are commonly used, sequentially, as palliative chemotherapies for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. However, little is known about the efficacy of second-line treatments containing bevacizumab after first-line treatment with an anti-EGFR antibody. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 128 patients who received second-line bevacizumab-containing chemotherapy and evaluated the effect of prior use of anti-EGFR antibody on the efficacy of the second-line treatment...
February 1, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132057/is-beta-blocker-use-beneficial-in-breast-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#9
Hyun Yul Kim, Youn Joo Jung, Sang Hyup Lee, Hyuk Jae Jung, Kyoungjune Pak
OBJECTIVE: Preclinical studies have proved that beta-blocking agents inhibit several pathways for breast cancer progression and metastasis. We aimed to evaluate the association between beta-blocker use and prognosis of breast cancer. METHODS: A systematic search for studies from MEDLINE and EMBASE (inception to March 2014) was performed using the keywords "breast cancer" and "beta-blocker." In 2 groups of breast cancer patients (beta-blocker users and non-beta-blocker users), overall deaths (ODs), cancer-specific deaths (CSDs), and recurrences were compared...
January 28, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110330/prognostic-advantage-of-docetaxel-cisplatin-5-fluorouracil-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-clinical-stage-ii-iii-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-due-to-excellent-control-of-preoperative-disease-and-postoperative-lymph-node-recurrence
#10
Keishi Yamashita, Kei Hosoda, Hiromitsu Moriya, Chikatoshi Katada, Mitsuhiro Sugawara, Hiroaki Mieno, Shoko Komori, Natsuya Katada, Masahiko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has become prevalent in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), but its long-term prognostic advantages remain unclear. The latest prognostic outcomes in clinical Stage (cStage) II/III ESCC with NAC were herein elucidated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: NAC prior to curative treatment was done in 115 cStage II/III ESCC patients with either cisplatin (CDDP)/5-fluorouracil (5-FU; CF) (n = 41) or docetaxel/CDDP/5-FU (DCF) NAC (n = 74) between 2007 and 2013...
January 21, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095380/polycythemia-vera-management-and-challenges-in-the-community-health-setting
#11
Aaron T Gerds, Kim-Hien Dao
Patients with polycythemia vera (PV) experience shortened survival, increased risk of thromboembolic and hemorrhagic events, and burdensome symptoms. For all patients with PV, treatment with aspirin and hematocrit control with phlebotomy are recommended. In addition, patients with high-risk status or poor hematocrit control benefit from cytoreductive therapy with hydroxyurea, although approximately 1 in 4 patients develops resistance or intolerance. For patients who are resistant to or intolerant of hydroxyurea, studies have shown that ruxolitinib, a Janus kinase 1/2 inhibitor, provides hematocrit control, reduces spleen size, normalizes blood counts, and improves PV-related symptoms...
January 18, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092915/malignant-mixed-m%C3%A3-llerian-tumour-of-the-uterus-analysis-of-44-cases
#12
Silvana Grasso, Vera Loizzi, Valentina Minicucci, Leonardo Resta, Anna Lina Camporeale, Ettore Cicinelli, Gennaro Cormio
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of uterine carcinosarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, the clinical characteristics of 44 patients with uterine MMMT were evaluated. Survival curves were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. RESULTS: Forty-four patients with uterine carcinosarcoma were referred to our unit between 1995 and 2015...
January 17, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056459/influence-of-liver-inflammation-on-liver-stiffness-measurement-in-patients-with-autoimmune-hepatitis-evaluation-by-combinational-elastography
#13
Norihisa Yada, Toshiharu Sakurai, Tomohiro Minami, Tadaaki Arizumi, Masahiro Takita, Satoru Hagiwara, Hiroshi Ida, Kazuomi Ueshima, Naoshi Nishida, Masatoshi Kudo
OBJECTIVE: In order to evaluate the influence of liver inflammation on liver stiffness measurement (LSM) by the simultaneous use of shear wave and strain imaging (combinational elastography), shear wave and strain imaging were compared before and after initial therapy for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). METHODS: Nine AIH patients initially treated with steroid were enrolled. Transient elastography and real-time tissue elastography were performed just before and 1 month after the start of initial steroid treatment...
January 6, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056456/bladder-metastases-from-lung-cancer-clinical-and-pathological-implications-a-systematic-review
#14
Francesca Sanguedolce, Domenico Loizzi, Francesco Sollitto, Maurizio Di Bisceglie, Giuseppe Lucarelli, Giuseppe Carrieri, Pantaleo Bufo, Luigi Cormio
Lung cancer is the tumor with the highest incidence in males worldwide and the most common cause of death from cancer overall; its high mortality is mostly due to its propensity to spread to other organs through lymphatic and blood vessels in spite of proper treatment. Bladder metastases from lung cancer are rare, with only 11 cases having been reported, all in recent years. This review aims to discuss some critical points regarding this uncommon condition, namely: (a) lung and bladder tumors share similar etiologic features; (b) almost all bladder metastases from lung cancer arise from lung adenocarcinomas; (c) cytology and superficial bladder biopsy may be falsely negative, since the neoplastic cells coming through the hematogenous route are typically located in the lamina propria and/or muscularis propria of the bladder wall; and (d) the differential diagnosis with primary bladder adenocarcinoma as well as primary and secondary small-cell carcinomas may be challenging...
January 6, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052301/c-arm-cone-beam-computed-tomography-guidance-for-radiofrequency-ablation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#15
Keizo Kato, Hiroshi Abe, Makiko Ika, Takeshi Yonezawa, Yoshiyuki Sato, Noriko Hanawa, Shohei Shimizu, Shinji Endo, Ryota Matsuo, Akihito Tsubota
OBJECTIVE: To assess the usefulness of C-arm cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) combined with ultrasound for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by radiofrequency ablation (RFA). METHODS: Patients underwent RFA following transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) or RFA alone under ultrasound or CBCT guidance combined with ultrasound-based techniques. They were divided into 2 groups based on the use (C group) and nonuse (NC group) of CBCT guidance...
January 5, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052299/characterization-of-conversion-chemotherapy-for-secondary-surgical-resection-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-lung-metastases
#16
Hiroaki Nozawa, Soichiro Ishihara, Kazushige Kawai, Keisuke Hata, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Takeshi Nishikawa, Kensuke Otani, Koji Yasuda, Kazuhito Sasaki, Koji Murono, Jun Nakajima, Toshiaki Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: Clinical trials demonstrated that 6-37% of the patients with colorectal liver-limited metastases underwent surgical resection after first-line chemotherapy. However, limited information is available on the conversion of colorectal cancer patients with lung metastases to resection by systemic chemotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 156 patients with unresectable colorectal cancer who received oxaliplatin- or irinotecan-based first-line systemic chemotherapy with or without antibodies in our department between January 2007 and December 2015...
January 5, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052298/the-maze-of-diagnosing-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-single-center-experience-of-a-series-of-6-clinical-cases
#17
Maher Hanoun, Ulrich Dührsen
Clinical symptoms of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) are based on an excessive inflammatory response. Not only the diversity of the putative underlying etiologies of this rare syndrome but also the subsequent large variety of symptoms complicate the diagnosis of HLH in adult patients. However, early diagnosis and immediate treatment initiation are imperative for clinical outcome. In this article, we will review the diagnostic criteria of HLH and, in this context, discuss 6 cases, each of whom presented with a different clinical appearance causally associated with distinct malignant and nonmalignant diseases, exemplifying the spectrum of associations and manifestations of HLH...
January 5, 2017: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030864/cd68-positive-cells-in-hepatic-angiomyolipoma
#18
Hitoshi Tochio, Eriko Tamaki, Yukihiro Imai, Nobuhiro Iwasaki, Kazushi Minowa, Hobyung Chung, Yoshiki Suginoshita, Tetsurou Inokuma, Masatoshi Kudo
Four resected specimens of hepatic angiomyolipoma in which uptake of Sonazoid was observed in the postvascular phase of Sonazoid-enhanced ultrasonography were analyzed. Macrophage localization in the tumor was revealed pathologically by immunohistochemical staining for CD68. CD68-positive cells were observed in the tumor in all cases. The density of CD68-positive cells was 100/mm2, and the ratio of CD68-positive cell density in the tumor to that in the surrounding parenchyma was 32-171%. These results suggested that the uptake of the contrast agent Sonazoid was related to the density of CD68-positive cells...
December 29, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013311/a-new-horizon-in-liver-disease
#19
Masatoshi Kudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 24, 2016: Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997918/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-and-cancer-risk-tumor-recurrence-or-survival-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#20
Nongnit Laytragoon-Lewin, Lena Cederblad, Bengt-Åke Andersson, Mattias Olin, Mats Nilsson, Lars Erik Rutqvist, Jan Lundgren, Mats Engström, Wieslaw Tytor, Sture Löfgren, Freddi Lewin
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims at studying the influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on cancer risk, tumor recurrence, and survival in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 45 SNPs in 41 genes were investigated. A total of 174 Caucasian H&N cancer patients and 245 healthy blood donors were enrolled in the study. RESULTS: Ten SNPs were associated with H&N cancer risk, but the identified SNPs differed among males and females...
December 21, 2016: Oncology
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