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Sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989200/man-thou-art-dust-rites-of-passage-in-austere-times
#1
Deirdre M O'Loughlin, Isabelle Szmigin, Morven G McEachern, Belem Barbosa, Kalipso Karantinou, María Eugenia Fernández-Moya
In response to recent calls for further cross-disciplinary research on austerity and a deeper sociological understanding of the impact and aftermath of the economic crisis on individuals and societies, this article builds on extant austerity literature through an exploration of its effects on European men. Informed by theories of liminality and rites of passage, this qualitative investigation examines the experience of austerity from the perspective of 11 men through the three liminal stages of separation, transition and reaggregation and investigates its impact on their identity, responsibilities and expectations...
October 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989199/wider-community-segregation-and-the-effect-of-neighbourhood-ethnic-diversity-on-social-capital-an-investigation-into-intra-neighbourhood-trust-in-great-britain-and-london
#2
James Laurence
Extensive research has demonstrated that neighbourhood ethnic diversity is negatively associated with intra-neighbourhood social capital. This study explores the role of segregation and integration in this relationship. To do so it applies three-level hierarchical linear models to two sets of data from across Great Britain and within London, and examines how segregation across the wider-community in which a neighbourhood is nested impacts trust amongst neighbours. This study replicates the increasingly ubiquitous finding that neighbourhood diversity is negatively associated with neighbour-trust...
October 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989198/-like-skydiving-without-a-parachute-how-class-origin-shapes-occupational-trajectories-in-british-acting
#3
Sam Friedman, Dave O'Brien, Daniel Laurison
There is currently widespread concern that access to, and success within, the British acting profession is increasingly dominated by those from privileged class origins. This article seeks to empirically interrogate this claim using data on actors from the Great British Class Survey (N = 404) and 47 qualitative interviews. First, survey data demonstrate that actors from working-class origins are significantly underrepresented within the profession. Second, they indicate that even when those from working-class origins do enter the profession they do not have access to the same economic, cultural and social capital as those from privileged backgrounds...
October 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989197/enjoyment-exploration-and-education-understanding-the-consumption-of-pornography-among-young-men-with-non-exclusive-sexual-orientations
#4
Mark McCormack, Liam Wignall
This qualitative research examines the influence of pornography consumption on young men with non-exclusive sexual orientations. Drawing on 35 in-depth interviews with young men from an elite university in the north-eastern United States, we examine how pornography was experienced as a leisure activity to be consumed in free time. Rather than focusing on the potential harms of pornography, we use an inductive analytic approach to explore the broader range of experiences that participants had, since the time they first consumed pornography...
October 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989196/managing-boundaries-the-role-of-non-profit-organisations-in-russia-s-managed-democracy
#5
Sergej Ljubownikow, Jo Crotty
This article examines Russian human service non-profit organisations (NPOs) to investigate the nature of civil society in a managed democracy. Specifically the focus is on emerging vertical ties between NPOs and ruling and governing elites. Drawing on qualitative data collected from health and education NPOs in three industrial regions, we find that in establishing such vertical ties the role of organisations and individuals within is changing - they have moved away from ignored outsiders towards accessing the circles of power and being tasked with managing the boundary between the state and civil society...
October 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502999/legal-origin-and-social-solidarity-the-continued-relevance-of-durkheim-to-comparative-institutional-analysis
#6
Phil Johnson, Michael Brookes, Geoffrey Wood, Chris Brewster
By using the classic works of Durkheim as a theoretical platform, this research explores the relationship between legal systems and social solidarity. We found that certain types of civil law system, most notably those of Scandinavia, are associated with higher levels of social capital and better welfare state provision. However, we found the relationship between legal system and societal outcomes is considerably more complex than suggested by currently fashionable economistic legal origin approaches, and more in line with the later writings of Durkheim, and, indeed, the literature on comparative capitalisms...
June 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502998/exploring-the-dimensionality-of-ethnic-minority-adaptation-in-britain-an-analysis-across-ethnic-and-generational-lines
#7
Laurence Lessard-Phillips
In this article I explore the dimensionality of the long-term experiences of the main ethnic minority groups (their adaptation) in Britain. Using recent British data, I apply factor analysis to uncover the underlying number of factors behind variables deemed to be representative of the adaptation experience within the literature. I then attempt to assess the groupings of adaptation present in the data, to see whether a typology of adaptation exists (i.e. whether adaptation in different dimensions can be concomitant with others)...
June 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490819/testing-times-the-place-of-the-citizenship-test-in-the-uk-immigration-regime-and-new-citizens-responses-to-it
#8
Bridget Byrne
Citizenship tests are designed to ensure that new citizens have the knowledge required for successful 'integration'. This article explores what those who have taken the test thought about its content. It argues that new citizens had high levels of awareness of debates about immigration and anti-immigration sentiment. Considering new citizens' views of the test, the article shows how many of them are aware of the role of the test in reassuring existing citizens of their fitness to be citizens. However, some new citizens contest this positioning in 'acts of citizenship' where they assert claims to citizenship which are not necessarily those constructed by the state and implied in the tests...
April 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490818/the-structural-invisibility-of-outsiders-the-role-of-migrant-labour-in-the-meat-processing-industry
#9
John Lever, Paul Milbourne
This article examines the role of migrant workers in meat-processing factories in the UK. Drawing on materials from mixed methods research in a number of case study towns across Wales, we explore the structural and spatial processes that position migrant workers as outsiders. While state policy and immigration controls are often presented as a way of protecting migrant workers from work-based exploitation and ensuring jobs for British workers, our research highlights that the situation 'on the ground' is more complex...
April 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490817/transphobic-honour-based-abuse-a-conceptual-tool
#10
Michaela Rogers
This article proposes that an understanding of transphobic 'honour'-based abuse can be employed as a conceptual tool to explore trans people's experiences of familial abuse. This conception has evolved by connecting a sociology of shame, Goffman's work on stigma and 'honour'-based ideology. The discussion draws upon findings of a qualitative study which explored trans people's experiences of domestic violence and abuse. Narrative interviews were undertaken with 15 trans people who had either experienced abuse or whose perceptions were informed experientially through their support of others...
April 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490816/rethinking-sexual-citizenship
#11
Diane Richardson
Over the last two decades sexuality has emerged as a key theme in debates about citizenship, leading to the development of the concept of sexual citizenship. This article reviews this literature and identifies four main areas of critical framing: work that contests the significance of sexuality to citizenship; critiques that focus on the possibilities and limitations of mobilising the language of citizenship in sexual politics; analyses of sexual citizenship in relation to nationalisms and border making; and literature that critically examines western constructions of sexuality and sexual politics underpinning understandings of sexual citizenship...
April 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018006/embodying-deficiency-through-affective-practice-shame-relationality-and-the-lived-experience-of-social-class-and-gender-in-higher-education
#12
Vik Loveday
Based on empirical research with participants from working-class backgrounds studying and working in higher education in England, this article examines the lived experience of shame. Building on a feminist Bourdieusian approach to social class analysis, the article contends that 'struggles for value' within the field of higher education precipitate classed judgements, which have the potential to generate shame. Through an examination of the 'affective practice' of judgement, the article explores the contingencies that precipitate shame and the embodiment of deficiency...
December 2016: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018005/positioning-food-cultures-alternative-food-as-distinctive-consumer-practice
#13
Jessica Paddock
Many sociological studies to date have explored the role of food in marking distinctions between groups. Less well understood is how 'alternative' means of food consumption become figured in such relations. Drawing on accounts of food practice derived from 20 in-depth interviews and a two-year period of participant observation, this article considers the role of class culture in the practice of alternative food consumption. As participants speak their position, expressions of class arise through discussions of food practice...
December 2016: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818533/flood-realities-perceptions-and-the-depth-of-divisions-on-climate
#14
Lawrence C Hamilton, Cameron P Wake, Joel Hartter, Thomas G Safford, Alli J Puchlopek
Research has led to broad agreement among scientists that anthropogenic climate change is happening now and likely to worsen. In contrast to scientific agreement, US public views remain deeply divided, largely along ideological lines. Science communication has been neutralised in some arenas by intense counter-messaging, but as adverse climate impacts become manifest they might intervene more persuasively in local perceptions. We look for evidence of this occurring with regard to realities and perceptions of flooding in the northeastern US state of New Hampshire...
October 2016: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546915/doubly-disadvantaged-bullying-experiences-among-disabled-children-and-young-people-in-england
#15
Stella Chatzitheochari, Samantha Parsons, Lucinda Platt
Bullying among school-aged children and adolescents is recognised as an important social problem, and the adverse consequences for victims are well established. However, despite growing interest in the socio-demographic profile of victims, there is limited evidence on the relationship between bullying victimisation and childhood disability. This article enhances our understanding of bullying experiences among disabled children in both early and later childhood, drawing on nationally representative longitudinal data from the Millennium Cohort Study and the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England...
August 2016: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330226/reputational-risk-academic-freedom-and-research-ethics-review
#16
Adam Hedgecoe
Drawing on scholarship around academic freedom and new public management, this article explores the way in which research ethics committees in UK universities (URECs) can come to exhibit behaviour - common in their US equivalents - that prioritises the reputational protection of their host institution over and above academic freedom and the protection of research subjects. Drawing on two case studies the article shows both how URECs can serve to restrict research that may be 'embarrassing' for a university and how, in high profile cases, university management come to use such committees as mechanisms for internal discipline...
June 2016: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330225/can-t-count-or-won-t-count-embedding-quantitative-methods-in-substantive-sociology-curricula-a-quasi-experiment
#17
Malcolm Williams, Luke Sloan, Sin Yi Cheung, Carole Sutton, Sebastian Stevens, Libby Runham
This paper reports on a quasi-experiment in which quantitative methods (QM) are embedded within a substantive sociology module. Through measuring student attitudes before and after the intervention alongside control group comparisons, we illustrate the impact that embedding has on the student experience. Our findings are complex and even contradictory. Whilst the experimental group were less likely to be distrustful of statistics and appreciate how QM inform social research, they were also less confident about their statistical abilities, suggesting that through 'doing' quantitative sociology the experimental group are exposed to the intricacies of method and their optimism about their own abilities is challenged...
June 2016: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904229/exploring-ethnic-inequalities-in-admission-to-russell-group-universities
#18
Vikki Boliver
This article analyses national university applications and admissions data to explore why ethnic minority applicants to Russell Group universities are less likely to receive offers of admission than comparably qualified white applicants. Contrary to received opinion, the greater tendency of ethnic minorities to choose highly numerically competitive degree subjects only partially accounts for their lower offer rates from Russell Group universities relative to white applicants with the same grades and 'facilitating subjects' at A-level...
April 2016: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524840/-the-new-degree-constructing-internships-in-the-third-sector
#19
Pauline Leonard, Susan Halford, Katie Bruce
The recent economic recession has impacted substantially on the graduate labour market, with many graduates now struggling to find secure employment in professional careers. In this context, temporary, unpaid 'internships' have emerged as increasingly important as a 'way in' to work for this group. Yet while there has been much media and policy debate on internships, academic consideration has been scant. This article begins to address this knowledge gap by drawing on a study of interns in a third sector environmental organisation...
April 2016: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041775/outsourcing-elderly-care-to-migrant-workers-the-impact-of-gender-and-class-on-the-experience-of-male-employers
#20
Ester Gallo, Francesca Scrinzi
This article, based on semi-structured interviews, addresses masculinity in the international division of reproductive labour through an analysis of the impact of gender and class on the outsourcing of elderly care services to migrant care workers. In the Italian context, characterised by a limited provision of long-term care services and by cash-for-care benefits, the strategies of men as employers of migrant care workers are shaped by class and gender. The outsourcing of care to migrant workers reproduces hegemonic masculinity in so far as male employers are able to withdraw from the 'dirty work'...
April 2016: Sociology
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