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Archives of Oral Biology

Radamés Bezerra Melo, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Reinaldo Barreto Oriá, José Ulisses de Souza Melo, Conceição da Silva Martins, Aline Matos Cunha, Paulo Roberto Leitão Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of pretreatment for three days with a fatty acid mixture with high ω-9:ω-6 ratio and low ω-6:ω-3 ratio on rats submitted to dental extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats (270-310g) were randomly distributed in four groups (n=8/group): the sham control group and the negative control group received saline; the high omega-6/low omega-9 group received isolipid fatty acid with high ω-6:ω-3 ratio and low ω-9:ω-6 ratio; the high omega-3/low omega-6 group received fatty acid with low ω-6:ω-3 ratio and high ω-9:ω-6 ratio...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Yuwaporn Ketkaew, Thanaphum Osathanon, Prasit Pavasant, Sireerat Sooampon
OBJECTIVE: Cancer stem cells contribute to tumor recurrence, and a hypoxic environment is critical for maintaining cancer stem cells. Apigenin is a natural product with anticancer activity. However, the effect of apigenin on cancer stem cells remains unclear. Our aim was to investigate the effect of apigenin on cancer stem cell marker expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells under hypoxia. DESIGN: We used three head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines; HN-8, HN-30, and HSC-3...
November 15, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Motoya Fujiseki, Masahito Yamamoto, Sobhan Ubaidus, Takashi Shinomiya, Shinichi Abe, Masakazu Tazaki, Hitoshi Yamamoto
OBJECTIVE: Expression of Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels: TRP canonical (TRPC)1, TRP vanilloid (TRPV)3, TRPV4 and TRP melastatin (TRPM)8 in adult rat salivary gland has recently been reported. The authors investigated expression of these TRP channels in the submandibular gland during early developmental stage in which the cell constitution is different, and discussed the function of TRP in the submandibular gland in early development. DESIGN: Using rat submandibular gland at embryonic days (E)18 and E20 and postnatal days (PN)0 and PN5 and PN28, expression of TRPV3, TRPV4, TRPC1 and TRPM8 was investigated using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry...
November 11, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Sabrina Masotti, Nika Bogdanic, Julie Arnaud, Franco Cervellati, Emanuela Gualdi-Russo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, distribution and intensity of tooth wear in a sample of an ancient Italian population in order to explain the pattern in terms of dietary habits and/or non-dietary tooth-use behaviors during the Early Bronze Age, with a focus on possible age-group and sex differences. DESIGN: Well-preserved permanent teeth of individuals from the Bronze Age site of Ballabio (Lecco) in northern Italy were examined for tooth wear by different methods...
November 11, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Elsa Garot, Christine Couture-Veschambre, David Manton, Vincent Rodriguez, Yannick Lefrais, Patrick Rouas
OBJECTIVE: Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) is a structural anomaly that affects the quality of tooth enamel and has important consequences for oral health. The developmentally hypomineralised enamel has normal thickness and can range in colour from white to yellow or brown with or without surface breakdown. The possibility of finding MIH in 'ancient populations' could downplay several current aetiological hypotheses (e.g., dioxin derivatives, bisphenols, antibiotics) without excluding the possible multifactorial aspect of the anomaly...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
María José Marin, Nagore Ambrosio, Leire Virto, Pedro Diz, Maximiliano Álvarez, David Herrera, Mariano Sanz, Elena Figuero
BACKGROUND: Culture-based methods (culture broth bottles or lysis methods) have been the standard for detecting bacteremia. More recently, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was proposed as a more sensitive and specific test although none of them has been validated for the identification of periodontal pathogens (fastidious growing bacteria) in blood samples. OBJECTIVE: To compare the ability to detect and quantify Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Streptococcus oralis (alone or in combination) in blood samples with three culture techniques [direct anaerobic culturing (DAC), haemo-culture (BACTEC), and lysis-centrifugation (LC)] and a non-culture dependent approach (qPCR) in an in vitro study...
November 9, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Kin-Ya Kubo, Chika Murabayashi, Mika Kotachi, Ayumi Suzuki, Daisuke Mori, Yuichi Sato, Minoru Onozuka, Kagaku Azuma, Mitsuo Iinuma
OBJECTIVE: Tooth loss induced neurological alterations through activation of a stress hormone, corticosterone. Age-related hippocampal morphological and functional changes were accelerated by early tooth loss in senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8). In order to explore the mechanism underlying the impaired hippocampal function resulting from early masticatory dysfunction due to tooth loss, we investigated the effects of early tooth loss on plasma corticosterone levels, learning ability, neurogenesis, and synaptophysin expression in the hippocampus later in life of SAMP8 mice...
November 6, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Serbulent Yigit, Akin Tekcan, Aydin Rustemoglu, Mehmet Kemal Tumer, Goknur Kalkan, Kaan Yerliyurt
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common painful disorder affecting oral health, mucosa and overall quality of life. The etiopathogenesis of RAS remains unclear. RAS shows a large genetic diversity among the patients. In present study, we investigated whether CD40 gene rs4810485 and rs1883832 are associated with RAS and its clinical findings in Turkish patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genomic DNA obtained from 387 individuals (160 patients with RAS and 227 healthy controls) were used in the study...
November 5, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Carolina Soto, Carlos Padilla, Olga Lobos
OBJECTIVE: To detect S. mutans producers of mutacins and bacteriocins like substances (BLIS) from saliva of participants with low, moderate, and high salivary counts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 123 strains of S. mutans were obtained from participants with low, moderate, and high salivary counts (age 18 and 20 years old) and their antibacterial capacity analyzed. By using PCR amplification, the expression levels of mutacins and BLIS genes were studied (expressed in arbitrary units/ml) in all three levels...
November 4, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Zachary L Durham, Jordan L Hawkins, Paul L Durham
OBJECTIVE: Elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-α) in the capsule of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are implicated in the underlying pathology of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). TMD are a group of conditions that result in pain in the TMJ and/or muscles of mastication, and are associated with significant social and economic burdens. The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of elevated TNF-α levels in the TMJ capsule on nocifensive behavioral response to mechanical stimulation of trigeminal neurons and regulation of cytokines within the trigeminal ganglion...
November 4, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Luciana Costa, Cássio do Nascimento, Valéria Oliveira Pagnano de Souza, Vinícius Pedrazzi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was assessing the changes in both clinical and microbiological parameters of healthy individuals after rehabilitation with removable partial denture (RPD). DESIGN: 11 women received unilateral or bilateral free-end saddle RPD in the mandibular arch. Clinical and microbiological parameters of abutment, non-abutment, and antagonist teeth were assessed at baseline (RPD installation) and after 7, 30, 90, and 180days of function. The Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization technique was used to identify and quantify up to 43 different microbial species from subgingival biofilm samples...
November 3, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Marie-Pierre Morin, Daniel Grenier
OBJECTIVES: Elevated levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been associated with the active phases of tissue and bone destruction in periodontitis, an inflammatory disease characterized by a significant breakdown of tooth support. In the present study, we used a three-dimensional (3D) co-culture model of macrophages and gingival fibroblasts to investigate the ability of a green tea extract and its major constituent epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) to regulate the secretion of MMP-3, -8, and -9...
November 2, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Sigrun Eick, Christian Kindblom, Danuta Mizgalska, Anna Magdoń, Karolina Jurczyk, Anton Sculean, Andreas Stavropoulos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the adhesion of selected bacterial strains incl. expression of important virulence factors at dentin and titanium SLA surfaces coated with layers of serum proteins. METHODS: Dentin- and moderately rough SLA titanium-discs were coated overnight with human serum, or IgG, or human serum albumin (HSA). Thereafter, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, or a six-species mixture were added for 4h and 24h. The number of adhered bacteria (colony forming units; CFU) was determined...
November 2, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Wen Wang, Jie Wang, Hai-Yan Lu, Wen-Sheng Ma, Fu-Sheng Dong, Xiao-Ying Hu, Chun-Yan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of increasing the occlusal vertical dimension (iOVD) on the fibre-type distribution and ultrastructure of deep masseter of rat at different ages. DESIGN: A total of forty-eight male Wistar rats were divided into two groups according to age: 'teenage' group (n=24, 1.5 months) and 'young adult' group (n=24, 8 months). Both the teenage and the young adult rats were then randomly divided into the control group (n=12) and the experimental group (n=12)...
October 29, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Xingqun Cheng, Jinman Liu, Jiyao Li, Xuedong Zhou, Lijiang Wang, Jiquan Liu, Xin Xu
OBJECTIVES: This paper aimed to compare the mode of action of a stannous fluoride-containing toothpaste with a conventional sodium fluoride-containing toothpaste on anti-biofilm properties. METHODS: A three-species biofilm model that consists of Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis and Porphyromonas gingivalis was established to compare the anti-biofilm properties of a stannous fluoride-containing toothpaste (CPH), a conventional sodium fluoride-containing toothpaste (CCP) and a negative control (PBS)...
October 29, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Polliane Morais de Carvalho, Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião, Guy Howard Carpenter
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the effects of a high fat diet (HFD) on salivary glands in vivo, in a mouse model. In particular, whether it will induce the appearance of fat cells in salivary glands, alterations related to autophagy, mTOR pathway and sympathetic innervation. DESIGN: 27 adult female ICR mice were separated in six groups. Three groups fed with (HFD) containing 55% fat, for one, two and three month and another three groups fed with normal diet (2.7% of fat), for the same time periods...
October 29, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Miao He, Zhuan Bian
OBJECTIVE: While hypoxia and inflammation are intimately linked, the effects of inflammatory hypoxia on the pathogenesis of periapical lesions remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to examine hypoxia during the progression of experimentally induced rat periapical lesions, and to derive correlations between hypoxia-induced Semaphorin 7A (Sema7a) expression, severity of inflammation, and osteoclastogenesis in the lesions. DESIGN: Periapical lesions were developed after mandibular first molar pulp exposure in forty Sprague-Dawley rats...
October 29, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Christian Wehner, Klara Janjić, Hermann Agis
Plasmin is a proteolytic enzyme that is crucial in fibrinolysis. In oral tissues, the plasminogen system plays an essential role in physiological and pathological processes, which in addition to fibrinolysis include degradation of extracellular matrix, inflammation, immune response, angiogenesis, tissue remodeling, cell migration, and wound healing. Oral tissues reveal a change in the plasminogen system during pathological processes such as periodontitis, peri-implantitis, or pulpitis, as well as in response to mechanical load...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Ying Jin, Chenglin Wang, Si Cheng, Zhihe Zhao, Juan Li
Tooth development involves epithelium invagination, mesenchyme aggregation, and epithelium-mesenchyme communication. A sophisticated signaling pathway network regulates the differentiation and crosstalk of multiple cell types in tooth germs and coordinates the broad spectrum of complex processes. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding RNA species that have been relatively well studied over the last few years, are now proposed as important regulators of tooth developmental signaling pathways as they repress cellular protein levels to provide a posttranscriptional gene regulation...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
Solmaz Pourgonabadi, Heinz-Dieter Müller, João Rui Mendes, Reinhard Gruber
OBJECTIVES: Saliva can support oral wound healing, a process that requires a temporary inflammatory reaction. We have reported previously that saliva provokes a strong inflammatory response in oral fibroblasts. Bone marrow cells also give rise to macrophages, a heterogeneous subset of cell population involved in wound healing. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interleukin 4 (IL-4) induce activation of pro-(M1), and anti-(M2) inflammatory macrophages, respectively. Yet, the impact of saliva on programming bone marrow cells into either M1 or M2 macrophages remains unclear ...
January 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
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