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Archives of Oral Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735227/microrna-27b-inhibits-cell-proliferation-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-by-targeting-fzd7-and-wnt-signaling-pathway
#1
Bingyao Liu, Wei Chen, Gang Cao, Zhen Dong, Jinke Xu, Tingyuan Luo, Senlin Zhang
This study intended to investigate the role of microRNA-27b (miR-27b) in proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells and to explore the potential molecular mechanism. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT assay. The expression levels of miR-27b, Frizzled7 (FZD7), cyclin D1 and c-myc were detected by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The protein expression level of FZD7 was detected by western blot analysis. The relationship between miR-27b and FZD7, and the activity of Wnt signaling pathway were determined using luciferase reporter assay...
July 15, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734144/expression-of-planar-cell-polarity-genes-during-mouse-tooth-development
#2
Nobuko Obara, Yuko Suzuki, Kazuharu Irie, Shunichi Shibata
OBJECTIVE: Planar cell polarity (PCP) refers to the cell polarity across the tissue plane and controls various cell behaviors and structures. Although the expression of several PCP signaling components has been detected in tooth germs, knowledge of the gene expression patterns of these PCP components during tooth development remains incomplete. The aim of this study is to characterize the temporal and spatial changes in PCP gene expression during tooth development. DESIGN: Expression of Celsr1 and 2, Fzd3 and 6, Vangl1 and 2, and Dvl1-3 genes was analyzed in mouse molar germs from the bud to the bell stage using in situ hybridization...
July 14, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743086/effect-of-cinnamon-cinnamomum-verum-bark-essential-oil-on-the-halitosis-associated-bacterium-solobacterium-moorei-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity
#3
Geneviève LeBel, Bruno Haas, Andrée-Ann Adam, Marie-Pier Veilleux, Amel Ben Lagha, Daniel Grenier
OBJECTIVES: Halitosis, also known as bad breath or oral malodour, is a condition affecting a large proportion of the population. Solobacterium moorei is a Gram-positive anaerobic bacterium that has been specifically associated with halitosis. In this study, we investigated the effects of essential oils, more particularly cinnamon bark oil, on growth, biofilm formation, eradication and killing, as well as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) production by S. moorei. METHODS: A broth microdilution assay was used to determine the antibacterial activity of essential oils...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719832/expression-of-myhc-isoforms-mrna-transcripts-in-different-regions-of-the-masseter-and-medial-pterygoid-muscles-in-chimpanzees
#4
Neus Ciurana, Rosa Artells, Carmen Muñoz, Júlia Arias-Martorell, Gaëlle Bello-Hellegouarch, Alejandro Pérez-Pérez, Juan Francisco Pastor, Josep Maria Potau
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the expression pattern of the different myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoforms in the masseter and medial pterygoid muscles by real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to obtain information at molecular level which can be related to the functional characteristics of these two muscles. DESIGN: The masseter, deep and superficial portion, and medial pterygoid muscles of five adult Pan troglodytes were dissected in order to obtain samples of the anterior and posterior regions of each portion of the masseter and of the medial pterygoid...
July 9, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711734/immunohistochemical-investigations-on-the-expression-of-programmed-cell-death-ligand-1-human-leukocyte-antigens-g-and-e-and-granzyme-b-in-intraoral-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma
#5
Carla Mosconi, Diego Antônio Costa Arantes, Andréia Souza Gonçalves, Rita de Cássia Gonçalves Alencar, José Carlos Oliveira, Tarcília Aparecida Silva, Elismauro Francisco Mendonça, Aline Carvalho Batista
OBJECTIVE: To identify the expression of nonclassical human leukocyte antigen G and E (HLA-G and -E), programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1) and granzyme B (GB) in intraoral mucoepidermoid carcinomas (MECs), and to assess whether such expressions are related to metastasis, survival, staging, tumor grade and number of GB-positive cells. DESIGN: For this cross-sectional study, samples of MEC (n=30) were selected and classified as low-grade (LG), intermediate-grade (IG) or high-grade (HG), according to the WHO grading system...
July 8, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732226/intermittent-administration-of-parathyroid-hormone-ameliorated-alveolar-bone-loss-in-experimental-periodontitis-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#6
Helin Chen, Taozi Fu, Yuanyuan Ma, Xiangnan Wu, Xianxian Li, Xinyi Li, Jiefei Shen, Hang Wang
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been demonstrated to have anabolic effects on bone metabolism and is approved for use in the treatment of osteoporosis. This study evaluates the role of intermittent PTH administration on alveolar bone loss in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. DESIGN: Fifty male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following five groups: (1) a control group (saline placebo without ligature and STZ injection), (2) a PTH group (PTH administration without ligature and STZ injection), (3) an L group (saline placebo with ligature), (4) an L+STZ group (saline placebo with ligature and STZ injection), and (5) an L+STZ+PTH group (PTH administration with ligature and STZ injection)...
July 5, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692828/sleep-bruxism-and-related-risk-factors-in-adults-a-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Tommaso Castroflorio, Andrea Bargellini, Gabriele Rossini, Giovanni Cugliari, Andrea Deregibus
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article was to systematically review the literature to assess the relationship between risk factors and sleep bruxism (SB) in adults (age ≥18 years). DESIGN: A systematic search of the following databases was carried out: PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane Oral Health Group's Trial Register and Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, LILACs and SciELO. Nine out of the 4583 initially identified articles were selected. This review was conducted according to the guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions, with reporting in agreement to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines...
July 5, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692827/pathogenicity-and-genetic-profile-of-oral-porphyromonas-species-from-canine-periodontitis
#8
Amanda do Nascimento Silva, Erica Dorigatti de Avila, Viviane Nakano, Mario J Avila-Campos
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the presence of the prtC and fimA genes involved in the pathogenicity of oral Porphyromonas spp. isolated from dogs with periodontitis and healthy, as well as their genetic diversity was investigated. DESIGN: Thirty-two Beagle dogs, 24 with periodontitis and 8 healthy were evaluated. Subgingival samples from only one gingival site of both groups were collected. Bacteria grown in anaerobiosis were identified by RAPID ID 32A kits. From each strain the respective DNA was obtained and used to genotyping by conventional PCR and AP-PCR...
July 4, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719833/in-silico-search-of-inhibitors-of-streptococcus-mutans-for-the-control-of-dental-plaque
#9
Rodrigo Ochoa, María Cecilia Martínez-Pabón, María Adelaida Arismendi-Echeverri, Willer Leandro Rendón-Osorio, Carlos Enrique Muskus-López
Biofilm is an extremely complex microbial community arranged in a matrix of polysaccharides and attached to a substrate. Its development is crucial in the pathophysiology of oral infections like dental caries, as well as in periodontal, pulp, and periapical diseases. Streptococcus mutans is one of the most effective microorganisms in lactic acid production of the dental biofilm. Identifying essential Streptococcus mutans proteins using bioinformatics methods helps to search for alternative therapies. To this end, the bacterial genomes of several Streptococcus mutans strains and representative strains of other cariogenic and non-cariogenic bacteria were analysed by identifying pathogenicity islands and alignments with other bacteria, and by detecting the exclusive genes of cariogenic species in comparison to the non-pathogenic ones...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689018/optimizing-concentration-of-titanium-tetrafluoride-solution-for-human-dentine-remineralization
#10
Peng Wang, Jianghong Gao, Danyang Wang, Malcolm L Snead, Juedan Li, Jianping Ruan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to select the optimal concentration of TiF4 solution to facilitate the remineralization of early dentine caries lesions. DESIGN: Sixty human dentine specimens were cut and randomly divided into 6 groups (1%, 2%, 3%, 4% TiF4 groups, 2.712% NaF group and distilled deionized water (DDW) control group). Artificial dentine caries-like lesions were created. After being subjected to fluoride treatment and immersed in remineralizing solution for 2weeks, the specimens were observed by microCT, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697409/influence-of-the-rpl34-gene-on-the-growth-and-metastasis-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells
#11
Jing Dai, Wei Wei
BACKGROUND: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts for almost 3% of all malignant tumors all over the world. This study aims to investigate the correlation of RPL34 with the cell growth and metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) as well as its clinical prognosis. METHOD: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and immunohistochemistry were conducted to determine the RPL34 expression in 85 OSCC tissues and 30 normal oral mucosa tissues...
June 30, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692829/effects-of-melatonin-on-the-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-cells
#12
Qin Liu, Wenguo Fan, Yifan He, Fuping Zhang, Xiaoyan Guan, Qianyi Deng, Xianjun Lu, Hongwen He, Fang Huang
OBJECTIVE: Effects of melatonin on the proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of melatonin on the proliferation and differentiation of the hDPCs. DESIGN: Primary hDPCs were obtained from the third molar of volunteer aged from 18 to 25. CCK8 assay evaluated the effect of melatonin upon cell proliferation at day 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. After 7days' osteogenic induction with melatonin or vehicle, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured with a commercial kit...
June 30, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711023/gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-plasma-oxidative-stress-markers-and-tgm-2-levels-in-chronic-periodontitis
#13
Sema Becerik, Veli Özgen Öztürk, Peter Celec, Natalia Kamodyova, Gül Atilla, Gülnur Emingil
OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and plasma transglutaminase-2 (TGM-2), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) in patients with chronic periodontal disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with chronic periodontitis (CP), 20 patients with gingivitis and 20 healthy subjects were enrolled in the study...
June 29, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688332/regenerative-capacity-of-allogenic-gingival-margin-derived-stem-cells-with-fibrin-glue-on-albino-rats-partially-dissected-submandibular-salivary-glands
#14
Noura Abd El-Latif, Mohamed Abdulrahman, Mohamad Helal, Mohammed E Grawish
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible regenerative effect of allogenic gingival margin-derived stem cells (GMSCs) with or without autologous fibrin glue on partially dissected submandibular salivary glands of albino rats. METHODS: Forty rats were randomly divided into four equal groups. Group I, where no operation was performed, was considered the negative control. Group II rats were considered the positive control and were subjected to a rectangular cut on the outer surface of the center right of the submandibular salivary gland and received no other treatment...
June 27, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686984/influence-of-stro-1-selection-on-osteogenic-potential-of-human-tooth-germ-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#15
Pinar Ercal, Gorke G Pekozer, Osman Z Gumru, Gamze T Kose, Mustafa Ramazanoglu
Mesenchymal stem cells derived from the human tooth germ (hTGSCs) are a heterogeneous cell population that can differentiate into osteogenic, neurogenic, and adipogenic lineages. The aim of this study was to compare the osteogenic differentiation capacity of STRO-1 positive (STRO-1+) hTGSCs and unsorted heterogeneous hTGSCs and to establish if STRO-1+ cells are more committed to osteogenic differentiation. HTGSCs were isolated from impacted third molar tooth germ tissues of adolescents, and a subpopulation of STRO-1+ hTGSCs was obtained by fluorescence-activated cell sorting...
June 27, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683409/thymus-vulgaris-l-extract-has-antimicrobial-and-anti-inflammatory-effects-in-the-absence-of-cytotoxicity-and-genotoxicity
#16
Jonatas Rafael de Oliveira, Daiane de Jesus Viegas, Ana Paula Réquia Martins, Cláudio Antonio Talge Carvalho, Cristina Pacheco Soares, Samira Esteves Afonso Camargo, Antonio Olavo Cardoso Jorge, Luciane Dias de Oliveira
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the biological effects of the T. vulgaris L. extract., such as antimicrobial activity on planktonic cultures and mono- and polymicrobial biofilms, cytotoxicity, anti-inflammatory activity and genotoxicity. METHODS: Monomicrobial biofilms of Candida albicans, Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus mutans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and polymicrobial biofilms composed by C. albicans with each bacterium were formed for 48h and exposed for 5min to the plant extract...
June 27, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689017/parathyroid-hormone-related-peptide-1-34-reduces-alveolar-bone-loss-in-type-1-diabetic-rats
#17
Wen Zhang, Su-Zhen Wu, Jian Zhou, Hong-Min Chen, Ye-Li Gong, Fang-Fang Peng, Bai-Fang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP) in diabetic periodontitis. METHODS: After injected with 55mg/kg streptozotocin, diabetic rats were treated subcutaneously with low-dose (40μg/kg, once daily for 5days per week), middle-dose (80μg/kg) or high-dose (160μg/kg) PTHrP(1-34) peptide. Treatment continued for 12 weeks. Changes in periodontal tissues were confirmed by micro-computerized tomography assay and H&E analysis...
June 24, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686983/chronophysiological-features-of-the-normal-mineral-composition-of-human-saliva
#18
Lyudmila V Bel'skaya, Victor K Kosenok, Elena A Sarf
BACKGROUND: The high rate of changes in the composition of saliva can be used for the monitoring of various biorhythms in order to study the physiological characteristics of the human body. RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: The study of the dynamics of the near-24-h mineral composition of saliva in men and women. METHODS: The study involved 20 men and 20 women, age 23.1±0.9years. Saliva samples were collected every 3h during the day within 10min. The mineral composition of saliva was defined by the capillary electrophoresis technique...
June 24, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668766/effect-of-arginine-on-the-growth-and-biofilm-formation-of-oral-bacteria
#19
Xuelian Huang, Keke Zhang, Meng Deng, Robertus A M Exterkate, Chengcheng Liu, Xuedong Zhou, Lei Cheng, Jacob M Ten Cate
BACKGROUND: Alkali production via arginine deiminase system (ADS) of oral bacteria plays a significant role in oral ecology, pH homeostasis and inhibition of dental caries. ADS activity in dental plaque varies greatly between individuals, which may profoundly affect their susceptibility to caries. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of arginine on the growth and biofilm formation of oral bacteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: Polymicrobial dental biofilms derived from saliva were formed in a high-throughput active attachment biofilm model and l-arginine (Arg) was shown to reduce the colony forming units (CFU) counts of such biofilms grown for various periods or biofilms derived from saliva of subjects with different caries status...
June 24, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654784/generation-and-characterization-of-a-human-oral-squamous-carcinoma-cell-line-scc-9-with-crispr-cas9-mediated-deletion-of-the-p75-neurotrophin-receptor
#20
Ping Huang, Dongdong Tong, Jing Sun, Qing Li, Fenghe Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the importance of the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) in human tongue squamous carcinoma cells, we exploited the CRISPR/Cas9 technology to establish a p75(NTR)-knockout SCC-9 cell line and to explore the effect on biological functions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated endonuclease (Cas9) system was used to generate genomic deletion mutants of p75(NTR) in the tongue squamous carcinoma cell lines SCC-9...
June 24, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
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