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Archives of Oral Biology

Marcelo Anderson Barbosa Nascimento, Cassiano Francisco Weege Nonaka, Carlos Augusto Galvão Barboza, Roseana de Almeida Freitas, Leão Pereira Pinto, Lélia Batista de Souza
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the immunohistochemical expression of BMP-2 and BMP-4 and of their receptors (BMPR-IA and BMPR-II) in solid ameloblastoma (SA), unicystic ameloblastoma (UA) and adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) in order to obtain a better understanding of their role in the development and biological behavior of these tumors. DESIGN: This study analyzed these proteins in 30 cases of SA, 10 cases of UA, and 30 cases of AOT. Immunoexpression was evaluated in the parenchyma and stroma by attributing the following scores: 0, no stained cells; 1, ≤10%; 2, >10% and ≤25%; 3, >25% and ≤50%; 4, >50% and ≤75%...
October 19, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Larissa Rangel Peixoto, Pedro Luiz Rosalen, Gabriela Lacet Silva Ferreira, Irlan Almeida Freires, Fabíola Galbiatti de Carvalho, Lúcio Roberto Castellano, Ricardo Dias de Castro
OBJECTIVE: The present study demonstrated the antifungal potential of the chemically characterized essential oil (EO) of Laurus nobilis L. (bay laurel) against Candida spp. biofilm adhesion and formation, and further established its mode of action on C. albicans. METHODS: L. nobilis EO was obtained and tested for its minimum inhibitory and fungicidal concentrations (MIC/MFC) against Candida spp., as well as for interaction with cell wall biosynthesis and membrane ionic permeability...
October 18, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Edson Costa E Silva, Sheyla Viana Omonte, Alessandro Gomides Veiga Martins, Hércules Henrique Onibene de Castro, Hayder Egg Gomes, Élton Gonçalves Zenóbio, Peterson Antônio Dutra de Oliveira, Martinho Campolina Rebello Horta, Paulo Eduardo Alencar Souza
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) in the structure and degradation patterns of BioGide(®) and OsseoGuard™ collagen membranes. HA mediates inflammation and acts in cell migration, adhesion, and differentiation, benefitting tissue remodeling and vascularization. These are desirable effects in guided regeneration procedures, but it is still unknown whether HA alters the barrier properties of absorbable membranes. DESIGN: Bone defects were created in the calvaria of rats, which were treated with HA gel 1% (HA group) or simply filled with blood clot (control group), and covered with BioGide(®) or OsseoGuard™...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Xu-Zhao Li, Xu-Yan Yang, Yu Wang, Shuai-Nan Zhang, Wei Zou, Yan Wang, Xiao-Nan Li, Ling-Shu Wang, Zhi-Gang Zhang, Liang-Zhen Xie
OBJECTIVE: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a relatively common chronic immune-pathological and inflammatory disease and potentially oral precancerous lesion. Erosive OLP patients show the higher rate of malignant transformation than patients with non-erosive OLP. Identifying the potential biomarkers related to erosive OLP may help to understand the pathogenesis of the diseases. METHODS: Metabolic profiles were compared in control and patient subjects with erosive OLP by using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS) coupled with pattern recognition methods An integrative analysis was used to identify the perturbed metabolic pathways and pathological processes that may be associated with the disease...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
J I Aguirre, M P Akhter, K G Neuville, C R Trcalek, A M Leeper, A A Williams, M Rivera, L Kesavalu, H Z Ke, M Liu, D B Kimmel
OBJECTIVE: To characterize in rice rats: (a) periodontitis (PD) progress with feeding of standard laboratory rat chow (STD) during ages 4-80 weeks; and (b) PD progress with feeding of a high sucrose-casein (H-SC) diet during young adulthood. METHODS: One group (N=12) was euthanized at age 4 weeks (Baseline). Four groups (N=8-16) consumed a STD diet from baseline and were necropsied at ages 22, 30, 52, and 80 weeks. Three groups (N=10-16) consumed an H-SC diet from baseline...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Hui Li, Linjian Huang, Qianyang Xie, Xieyi Cai, Chi Yang, Shaoyi Wang, Min Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of gradient mechanical pressure on chondrocyte proliferation, apoptosis, and the expression of markers of chondrogenesis and chondrocyte hypertrophy. METHODS: Mandibular condylar chondrocytes from 5 rabbits were cultured in vitro, and pressed with static pressures of 50kPa, 100kPa, 150kPa and 200kPa for 3h, respectively. The chondrocytes cultured without pressure (0kPa) were used as control. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, and the expression of aggrecan (AGG), collagen II (COL2), collagen X (COL10), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were investigated...
October 17, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Yuya Nakatani, Hideki Agata, Yoshinori Sumita, Takamitsu Koga, Izumi Asahina
OBJECTIVE: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is typically isolated and applied immediately after preparation, making it both a time- and labor-intensive addition to the operative procedure. Thus, it would be convenient if PRP could be preserved. We evaluated the efficacy of freeze-dried PRP (FD-PRP), as compared with freshly isolated PRP (f-PRP) for bone engineering. DESIGN: FD-PRP was prepared by lyophilization of f-PRP and was subsequently preserved at -20°C for one month...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
E Carneiro, A B Parolin, C Wichnieski, E A R Rosa, U X Silva Neto, V P D Westphalen, L F Fariniuk, A C B R Johann
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to verify the potential correlation between the detected amount of gram-negative bacteria and the radiographic sizes of the lesions in patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic apical periodontitis. Furthermore, to evaluate whether the expression of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the RANKL/OPG ratio are differentially regulated in both groups. DESIGN: Twenty patients with periapical lesions were divided into two groups: symptomatic (SYM) n=10 and asymptomatic (ASYM) n=10...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Marcelo Ribeiro Bergamini, Fernanda Kabadayan, Maria Martha Bernardi, Ivana Barbosa Suffredini, Marcia Tonetti Ciaramicoli, Ricardo Matsura Kodama, Cintia Helena Coury Saraceni
INTRODUCTION: The perception of pain varies individually. Chronic stress leads to analgesia. The use of animal chronic mild stress model to mimic human condition was previously developed and now applied in the evaluation of pain perception in rats with dentin hypersensitivity (DH). AIMS: Using DH model induced by dentin erosion (DE) mediated by acidic solution, the present study aimed the evaluation of the interaction of chronic stress and pain induced by DH in rats with DE...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Jan Reckenbeil, Dominik Kraus, Helmut Stark, Birgit Rath-Deschner, Andreas Jäger, Matthias Wenghoefer, Jochen Winter, Werner Götz
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate effects of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) on proliferation, wound healing and differentiation processes of human periodontal ligament (PDL) cells under inflammatory conditions and whether the protective, anabolic effects of IGF1 can attenuate unfavorable effects of interleukin-1β (IL-1β). DESIGN: Inflammation was mimicked through cell stimulation with IL-1β. PDL cells were characterized in respect to the presence of components of the IGF system and the responsive potential on IL-1β incubation...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Luiza Cassiano, Juliano Pessan, Livia Comar, Flavia Levy, Cristiane Cardoso, Aline Dionisio, Michele Manarelli, Larissa Grizzo, Ana Carolina Magalhães, Marília Buzalaf
OBJECTIVES: This study analysed the effect of frequency of intake and amount of fluoride in milk on the remineralisation of artificial enamel and dentine caries lesions ex vivo/in situ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pre-demineralised bovine enamel and dentine slabs were randomly allocated into 5 groups and fixed in removable appliances used by subjects for 7days in each phase. Each treatment comprised milk containing 2.5ppm fluoride daily (T1), or every other day (T2), 5...
October 13, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Wei Qiu, Biao Ren, Huanqin Dai, Lixin Zhang, Qiong Zhang, Xuedong Zhou, Yuqing Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the inhibitory effect of eight antifungal drugs on S. mutans growth, biofilm formation and virulence factors. METHODS: The actions of antifungal drugs on S. mutans were determined by recovery plates and survival kinetic curves. Biofilms were observed by scanning electron microscopy and the viable cells were recovered on BHI plates, meanwhile biofilms were stained by BacLight live/dead kit to investigate the biofilm viability...
October 13, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Vania Polesello, Luisa Zupin, Roberto Di Lenarda, Matteo Biasotto, Gabriele Pozzato, Giulia Ottaviani, Margherita Gobbo, Sergio Crovella, Ludovica Segat
OBJECTIVES: The aetiology of Oral Lichen Planus (OLP), a chronic inflammatory disease of oral mucosa, is not yet well understood. Since innate immunity may be hypothesized as involved in the susceptibility to OLP, we studied human beta defensin 1 (hBD-1) an antimicrobial peptide constitutively expressed in the saliva, looking at functional genetic variants possibly able to diminish hBD-1 production an consequently conferring major susceptibility to OLP. DESIGN: We analysed three DEFB1 polymorphisms at 5' UTR, -52G>A (rs1799946), -44C>G (rs1800972), -20G>A (rs11362) and two DEFB1 polymorphisms at 3'UTR, c*5G>A (rs1047031), c*87A>G (rs1800971), with the aim of correlating these genetic variants and hBD-1 salivary level in a group of OLP patients and in healthy subjects...
October 12, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Dan Zhao, Yaqin Wu, Chun Xu, Fuqiang Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: As caspase-5 plays a role in apoptosis, the present study aimed to identify the expression and activation of caspase-5 in human periodontal ligament cells in response to cyclic stretch and the role of caspase-5 in stretch-induced apoptosis. METHODS: Human PDL cells were exposed to 10% or 20% stretch strain for 6 or 24h, and the mRNA and protein expressions of caspase-5 were analyzed with real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively. The caspase-5 activation was detected by colorimetric assay...
October 12, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Rodrigo Lopes de Lima, Rosenilde Carvalho de Holanda Afonso, Vivaldo Moura Neto, Ana Maria Bolognese, Marcos Fabio Henriques Dos Santos, Margareth Maria Gomes de Souza
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to identify and characterize dental follicle stem cells (DFSCs) by analyzing expression of embryonic, mesenchymal and neural stem cells surface markers. Design Dental follicle cells (DFCs) were evaluated by immunocytochemistry using embryonic stem cells markers (OCT4 and SOX2), mesenchmal stem cells (MSCs) markers (Notch1, active Notch1, STRO, CD44, HLA-ABC, CD90), neural stem cells markers (Nestin and β-III-tubulin), neural crest stem cells (NCSCs) markers (p75 and HNK1) and a glial cells marker (GFAP)...
October 8, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Heitor Marques Honório
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Christian Wehner, Klara Janjić, Hermann Agis
Plasmin is a proteolytic enzyme that is crucial in fibrinolysis. In oral tissues, the plasminogen system plays an essential role in physiological and pathological processes, which in addition to fibrinolysis include degradation of extracellular matrix, inflammation, immune response, angiogenesis, tissue remodeling, cell migration, and wound healing. Oral tissues reveal a change in the plasminogen system during pathological processes such as periodontitis, peri-implantitis, or pulpitis, as well as in response to mechanical load...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra, Renata Oliveira Samuel, Annelise Katrine Carrara Prieto, Dóris Hissako Sumida, Eloi Dezan-Júnior, João Eduardo Gomes-Filho
OBJECTIVES: The effects of apical periodontitis (AP) and periodontal disease (PD) on organ weights in rats with diabetes mellitus (DM) were evaluated. DESIGN: Eighty male rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus, Wistar) were divided into eight groups of ten: normoglycemic (N), AP, PD, AP+PD, DM, DM+AP, DM+PD, and DM+AP+PD. DM was induced by streptozotocin; AP, by dental exposure to the oral environment; and PD, by periodontal ligature. Blood glucose concentration was measured at 0, 6, 15, and 35days; body weight, measured daily; and animals were sacrificed after 30days after induction of oral infections...
October 5, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Li Wang, Haihua Jiang, Wencai Li, Chuanliang Jia, Hua Zhang, Yan Sun, Xiumei Chen, Xicheng Song
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the functional mechanism of microRNA-182 (miR-182) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). DESIGN: HNSCC and normal samples were used to check both p53 and miR-182 expression. Two cancer cell lines with overexpression of miR-182 were used to check cell proliferation and migration. In vivo role of miR-182 was assessed using mouse xenograft tumor model. β-TrCP2 was found to be direct target of miR-182 by luciferase reporter assay...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Wei Yao, Xiaona Li, Bin Zhao, Genlai Du, Pengfei Feng, Weiyi Chen
OBJECTIVE: This work aims to investigate how the combination of TNF-α and cyclic stretching affects the expression of gene and protein associated with mineral metabolism in cementoblasts in vitro. DESIGN: Cementoblasts were cyclically stretched using the Flexcell tension system 4000 in the presence of 10 ng/ml TNF-α. Subsequently, the gene and protein expression CAP, Col I, BSP, OPG, RANKL and RUNX2 were detected using RT- PCR and ELISA/Western immunoblotting methods, respectively...
September 30, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
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