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Archives of Oral Biology

José María Martínez-González, María Martín-Ares, Natalia Martínez-Rodríguez, Cristina Barona-Dorado, Javier Sanz-Alonso, Jorge Cortés-Bretón-Brinkmann, Javier Ata-Ali
OBJECTIVE: The present split-mouth prospective study involves an immunohistochemical evaluation of peri-implant soft tissue healing after the osseointegration period, comparing submerged and transmucosal approaches using two-piece implant systems. The null hypothesis was that both surgical procedures elicit a similar immune response of the peri-implant soft tissues. DESIGN: Thirty-one healthy patients were included in this study, in which two implants were placed in the right and left maxillary pre-molar regions...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Keisuke Handa, Syouta Abe, V Venkata Suresh, Yoshiyasu Fujieda, Masaki Ishikawa, Ai Orimoto, Yoko Kobayashi, Satoru Yamada, Satoko Yamaba, Shinya Murakami, Masahiro Saito
OBJECTIVE: Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a systemic connective tissue disorder caused by insufficient fibrillin-1 (FBN-1), a major component of microfibrils that controls the elasticity and integrity of connective tissues. FBN-1 insufficiency in MFS leads to structural weakness, which causes various tissue disorders, including cardiovascular and periodontal disease. However, the role of FBN-1 insufficiency in the destruction and regeneration of connective tissue has not yet been clarified...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Thamires Priscila Cavazana, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Thayse Yumi Hosida, Douglas Roberto Monteiro, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to standardize an in vitro experimental model able to reproduce the pH changes that occur in dental biofilm under in vivo conditions, using a mixed biofilm of Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans. DESIGN: Biofilms were developed for 96 h, and exposed to three different concentrations of sucrose (10, 20 or 30%) during 1, 3 or 5 min. The pH was measured before exposure to sucrose, immediately after its removal from the biofilms, and at 1, 3, 5 and 10 min after removal...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Gunng-Shinng Chen, Shiao-Pieng Lee, Shu-Fu Huang, Shih-Chi Chao, Chung-Yi Chang, Gwo-Jang Wu, Chung-Hsing Li, Shih-Hurng Loh
OBJECTIVE: Homeostasis of intracellular pH (pHi ) plays vital roles in many cell functions, such as proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation and metastasis. Thus far, Na+ -H+ exchanger (NHE), Na+ -HCO3 - co-transporter (NBC), Cl- /HCO3 - exchanger (AE) and Cl- /OH- exchanger (CHE) have been identified to co-regulate pHi homeostasis. However, functional and biological pHi -regulators in human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) have yet to be identified. DESIGN: Microspectrofluorimetry technique with pH-sensitive fluorescent dye, BCECF, was used to detect pHi changes...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Sirimanas Jiaranuchart, Atsushi Kaida, Yusuke Onozato, Hiroyuki Harada, Masahiko Miura
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the DNA damage response in two human oral cancer cell lines following X-irradiation. DESIGN: To visualize radiation-induced cell cycle alterations, two human oral cancer cell lines, HSC3 and HSC4, expressing fluorescent ubiquitination-based cell cycle indicator (Fucci) were established in this study. G2 arrest kinetics following irradiation were obtained from two-color flow cytometric analysis and pedigrees of Fucci fluorescence...
March 6, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Francyenne Maira Castro Gonçalves, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Gabriel Pereira Nunes, Nayara Gonçalves Emerenciano, Luhana Santos Gonzales Garcia, Liliana Carolina Báez Quintero, José Guilherme Neves, Marcelle Danelon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in vitro the effect of neutral pH topical gels with reduced fluoride concentration (F), supplemented or not with sodium hexametaphosphate (HMP) on the remineralization of dental enamel, using a pH-cycling model. Materials and methods Bovine enamel blocks with caries-like lesions were randomly treated with five gels (n = 24/group): without F/HMP (Placebo); 4500 ppm F (4500F), 4500F plus 9% HMP (4500F + HMP); 9000 ppm F (9000F); and 12,300 ppm F (Acid gel)...
March 3, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
U Kandalam, N Ledra, H Laubach, K V Venkatachalam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pathogenic infections caused by Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, and Tannerella forsythia can result in the production of volatile sulfur compounds (VSC's) and other toxic compounds from methionine catabolism that can lead to halitosis and periodontitis. Our aim is to block the activity of methionine gammalyase-deaminase (Mgld) of methionine catabolism to prevent halitosis/periodontitis. DESIGNS: Cloned, expressed, Mgld protein was tested for purity by SDS-PAGE and western blotting...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Seiya Kato, Daisuke Ekuni, Shigehisa Kawakami, Acing Habibie Mude, Manabu Morita, Shogo Minagi
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate whether the masseter muscle activity shows any specific pattern in relation to the severity of periodontitis. DESIGN: Sixteen subjects with no or mild periodontitis (NMP group) and 15 subjects with moderate or severe periodontitis (MSP group) were enrolled. Plasma IgG antibody titer was examined using Porphyromonas gingivalis as a bacterial antigen. Surface electromyography (EMG) of the masseter muscles was continuously recorded using an ambulatory surface EMG recording device while patients were awake and asleep...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
John Jett, Ingrid N Visser, Jeffrey Ventre, Jordan Waltz, Carolina Loch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Chirom Aarti, Ameer Khusro, Rakesh Varghese, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Paul Agastian, Naïf Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Soundharrajan Ilavenil, Ki Choon Choi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the probiotic characteristics, anti-Candida activity, and antibiofilm attributes of Hentak derived Lactobacillus pentosus strain LAP1. DESIGN: The probiotic properties of strain LAP1 was depicted by adapting standard protocols. The anti-Candida and antibiofilm properties of isolate were determined using agar well diffusion assay and ELISA reader test, respectively. The time-kill assay was performed using viable colony count assay. Further, the co-aggregation property of strain LAP1 was determined based on standard methodology...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Amália Machado Bielemann, Raissa Micaella Marcello-Machado, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury, Fernanda Faot
OBJECTIVE: To quantify and characterize the role of biomarkers in peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) at each stage of healing during osseointegration. DESIGN: This systematic review was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines using several databases: MedLine (PubMed), Embase, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane Library. Medical subject headings and their indexers were used with no other limitations until December 2017. The dataset was extended with relevant papers from the reference lists of selected papers and from the gray literature...
February 22, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Marina M Bakri, Farhana Yahya, Khalil Munawar Makhdum Munawar, Junichi Kitagawa, Mohammad Zakir Hossain
OBJECTIVE: Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) has been considered as a mechano-, thermo- and osmo-receptor. Under inflammatory conditions in dental pulp, teeth can become sensitive upon exposure to a variety of innocuous stimuli. The objective of the present study was to investigate the expression of the TRPV4 channel on nerve fibers in human dental pulp of non-symptomatic and symptomatic teeth associated with inflammatory conditions. DESIGN: Dental pulp from extracted human permanent teeth was processed for fluorescence immunohistochemistry...
February 21, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Thomas Thurnheer, Georgios N Belibasakis
OBJECTIVE: Fluoride is widely used as an anti-caries agent, e.g. in toothpastes and mouth rinses. However, the nature of the anti-caries action is not entirely clear. Mechanisms suspected to explain the cariostatic effect include inhibitory effects on acid formation by bacteria, inhibition of extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) production, inhibition of enamel demineralization and enhancement of remineralizaton or combination thereof. The aim of this study was to examine with the supragingival Zurich in vitro biofilm model the effect of fluoride in NaF formulation, on the microbiota and on demineralization...
February 20, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Elusa Scheibler, Renata Medina da Silva, Carlos Eduardo Leite, Maria Martha Campos, Maria Antonia Figueiredo, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum, Karen Cherubini
OBJECTIVE: Nystatin and chlorhexidine are extensively used in oral medicine; however, there is some controversy about the possibility of these drugs showing antagonism. To clarify this issue, this study investigated the efficacy and stability of nystatin and chlorhexidine in combination. DESIGN: An in vitro study was conducted to analyze the effect of nystatin and chlorhexidine combined on Candida albicans ATCC 18804, using the drugs mixed as a single formulation and as independent formulations used sequentially with different time intervals between them...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Juliana Jendiroba Faraoni, Carmen Victoria Torres Toro, Laís Lopes Machado de Matos, Regina Guenka Palma-Dibb
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate how casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) associated with Nd:YAG or Diode laser affects dentin exposed to hydrochloric acid (HCl) with or without tooth brushing. DESIGN: One hundred and sixty human root dentin blocks were selected after they were initially eroded with liquid HCl (pH 1.2) 3x for one day. The blocks were divided into the following groups: G1- liquid HCl (HCl-l), G2- HCl-l + brushing, G3- gaseous HCl (HCl-g), and G4- HCl-g + brushing...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Jihoon Kim, Ji-Youn Chang, Yoon-Young Kim, Moon-Jong Kim, Hong-Seop Kho
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of the molecular weight of hyaluronic acid on its viscosity and enzymatic activities of lysozyme and peroxidase in solution and on the hydroxyapatite surface. DESIGN: Hyaluronic acids of four different molecular weights (10 kDa, 100 kDa, 1 MDa, and 2 MDa), hen egg-white lysozyme, bovine lactoperoxidase, and human whole saliva were used. Viscosity values of hyaluronic acids were measured using a cone-and-plate viscometer at six different concentrations (0...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Shu-Feng Hsieh, Chiang-Ting Chou, Wei-Zhe Liang, Chun-Chi Kuo, Jue-Long Wang, Lyh-Jyh Hao, Chung-Ren Jan
OBJECTIVE: Magnolol, a polyphenol compound from herbal medicines, was shown to alter physiology in various cell models. However, the effect of magnolol on Ca2+ homeostasis and its related physiology in oral cancer cells is unclear. This study examined whether magnolol altered Ca2+ signaling and cell viability in OC2 human oral cancer cells. METHODS: Cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+ ]i ) in suspended cells were measured by using the fluorescent Ca2+ -sensitive dye fura-2...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Brittany N Krekeler, Glen Leverson, Nadine P Connor
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examin effects of age and tongue exercise on the posterior digastric (opener) and the temporalis (closer). We hypothesized 1) age would result in differing morphological (cross sectional area) and biochemical (myosin heavy chain isoform) components of these muscles; 2) tongue exercise would result in coactivation of these muscles inducing a decrease in age-related differences between age groups. DESIGN: Young adult (9 months) and old (32 months) Fischer 344 Brown Norway rats were randomized into a tongue exercise or control group...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Priyam Jani, Chao Liu, Hua Zhang, Khaled Younes, M Douglas Benson, Chunlin Qin
OBJECTIVE: The bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play crucial roles in tooth development. However, several BMPs retain expression in the dentin of the fully patterned and differentiated tooth. We hypothesized that BMP signaling therefore plays a role in the function of the differentiated odontoblast, the job of which is to lay down and mineralize the dentin matrix. DESIGN: We generated mice deficient in Bmp2 and 4 using a dentin matrix protein 1 (Dmp1) promoter-driven cre recombinase that was expressed in differentiated odontoblasts...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
Harry J R Oballe, Francisco Wilker M G Muniz, Cheyenne C Bueno, Isadora P Klein, Vinicius C Carrard, Cassiano K Rösing, Eduardo J Gaio
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of an experimental carcinogenic, 4-Nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO), in the spontaneous alveolar bone loss (ABL) in an animal model. DESIGN: Twenty-two male Wistar rats were included in this study. They were randomly divided into two groups: the control group (n = 10) received food and water ad libitum, and the test group (n = 12) receive the same food; however, 25 ppm of 4NQO was diluted in the drinking water. All animals were euthanized after 20 weeks, and the tongues were removed and analyzed macroscopically to determine the presence of oral mucosal lesions...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
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