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Tumori

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525684/223ra-dichloride-response-in-a-patient-with-paget-disease-and-bone-metastases-secondary-to-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#1
Lina García Cañamaque, Cristina Rioja Parada, Paloma García De la Peña
PURPOSE: Paget disease is commonly asymptomatic and discovered when an imaging test is performed for another clinical indication or when elevated serum alkaline phosphatase is found. Bone pain usually appears late in the disease process and is only present in a minority of patients. For diagnosis, X-ray and bone scan are the most recommended imaging methods; radionuclide imaging of the skeleton has become the standard, since it is the most sensitive test for detecting increased bone activity...
May 18, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497846/survival-after-second-and-subsequent-recurrences-in-osteosarcoma-a-retrospective-multicenter-analysis
#2
Elisa Tirtei, Sebastian D Asaftei, Rosaria Manicone, Marilena Cesari, Anna Paioli, Michele Rocca, Stefano Ferrari, Franca Fagioli
PURPOSE: Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone tumor. Despite complete surgical removal and intensive chemotherapeutic treatment, 30%-35% of patients with OS have local or systemic recurrence. Some patients survive multiple recurrences, but overall survival after OS recurrence is poor. This analysis aims to describe and identify factors influencing post-relapse survival (PRS) after a second OS relapse. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 60 patients with a second relapse of OS of the extremities in 2 Italian centers between 2003 and 2013...
May 10, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497847/pathogenesis-clinical-manifestations-and-management-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-toxicity
#3
Alessandro Inno, Giulio Metro, Paolo Bironzo, Antonio M Grimaldi, Elisabetta Grego, Vincenzo Di Nunno, Virginia Picasso, Francesco Massari, Stefania Gori
Immune checkpoint inhibitors have emerged as an effective treatment for several tumor types and their use in clinical practice is expected to further increase in the immediate future. Although these agents are well tolerated, they are associated with a peculiar spectrum of toxicity, which is immune mediated and may potentially affect every organ. However, immune-related adverse events are mostly reversible if promptly diagnosed and adequately treated. Therefore, it is crucial that medical oncologists know how to diagnose and treat immune-related adverse events...
May 8, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478644/the-role-of-mri-in-predicting-ki-67-in-breast-cancer-preliminary-results-from-a-prospective-study
#4
Corrado Caiazzo, Rosa Di Micco, Emanuela Esposito, Viviana Sollazzo, Maria Cervotti, Carlo Varelli, Pietro Forestieri, Gennaro Limite
PURPOSE: In the last decade contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has gained a growing role as a complementary tool for breast cancer diagnosis. Currently the relationship between the kinetic features of a breast lesion and pathologic prognostic factors has become a popular field of research. Our aim is to verify whether breast MRI could be considered a useful tool to predict Ki-67 score, thus resulting as a breast cancer prognosis indicator. METHODS: From June to December 2014, we enrolled patients with breast cancer who underwent preoperative dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI at the local health agency...
April 28, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478643/unmet-needs-of-italian-cancer-patients-in-different-stages-of-the-disease-and-care-process
#5
Andrea Bonacchi, Stefania Di Miceli, Donatella Lippi, Maria Grazia Muraca, Guido Miccinesi
PURPOSE: Assessing patients' unmet supportive care needs is essential in order to prioritize areas of cancer care that require improvement. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to compare the unmet needs of cancer patients in different stages of the disease and care process (diagnosis, treatments following diagnosis, follow-up and/or rehabilitation, relapse/recurrence, progression of the disease, and palliative care). METHODS: The research focused on patients from 7 oncology units of the same geographic region (Tuscany, a region of central Italy) in the same period of time regardless of primary tumor site...
April 28, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478642/fna-and-cnb-in-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-lesions-a-single-center-experience-on-665-patients-comparison-between-two-periods
#6
Alfonso Vittorio Marchianò, Maria Cosentino, Giuseppe Di Tolla, Francesca Gabriella Greco, Mario Silva, Nicola Sverzellati, Alessandra Fabbri, Elena Tamborini, Giuseppe Lo Russo, Luigi Mariani, Luca Lalli, Ugo Pastorino
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic yield and complication rate of 2 different biopsy techniques (fine-needle aspiration, FNA, and core-needle biopsy, CNB) in the diagnosis of pulmonary lesions in 2 distinct periods, 2010-2012 and 2013-2015. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the results of 691 CT-guided lung biopsies in 665 patients who were divided into 2 groups: cohort 1 (January 2010 to December 2012) was composed of 271 consecutive patients with 284 procedures either by FNA or CNB; cohort 2 (January 2013 to December 2015) was composed of 394 patients with 407 CNBs...
April 28, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478645/a-supportive-care-in-cancer-unit-reduces-costs-and-hospitalizations-for-transfusions-in-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#7
Carla Ida Ripamonti, Pietro Molani, Cinzia Desti, Giacomo Boscagli, Fernando Ravagnani, Flavio Arienti, Clementina Di Cristo
PURPOSE: Among patients with solid or hematologic malignancies undergoing oncologic therapies, blood product transfusions (BPT) are a relevant reason for planned/unplanned hospitalizations, as well as a possible cause of delay in administration of the oncologic therapies. Furthermore, they create additional costs for the healthcare system (HCS). The aim of this study was to compare the costs of performing BPT (erythrocytes and platelets) in medical units/wards to the costs derived from the administration of BPT in a dedicated outpatient supportive care in cancer unit (SCCU)...
April 24, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430350/1st-evidence-based-italian-consensus-conference-on-cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-peritoneal-carcinosis-from-ovarian-cancer
#8
Davide Cavaliere, Roberto Cirocchi, Federico Coccolini, Anna Fagotti, Massimiliano Fambrini, Orietta Federici, Domenica Lorusso, Marco Vaira, Marco Ceresoli, Paolo Delrio, Alfredo Garofalo, Sandro Pignata, Paolo Scollo, Vito Trojano, Andrea Amadori, Luca Ansaloni, Giuseppe Cariti, Franco De Cian, Pierandrea De Iaco, Michele De Simone, Marcello Deraco, Annibale Donini, Giammaria Fiorentini, Luigi Frigerio, Stefano Greggi, Antonio Macrì, Enrico Maria Pasqual, Franco Roviello, Paolo Sammartino, Cinzia Sassaroli, Giovanni Scambia, Carlo Staudacher, Patrizia Vici, Enrico Vizza, Mario Valle
Ovarian cancer (OC) remains relatively rare, although it is among the top 4 causes of cancer death for women younger than 50. The aggressive nature of the disease and its often late diagnosis with peritoneal involvement have an impact on prognosis. The current scientific literature presents ambiguous or uncertain indications for management of peritoneal carcinosis (PC) from OC, both owing to the lack of sufficient scientific data and their heterogeneity or lack of consistency. Therefore, the Italian Society of Surgical Oncology (SICO), the Italian Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, the Italian Association of Hospital Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, and the Italian Association of Medical Oncology conducted a multidisciplinary consensus conference (CC) on management of advanced OC presenting with PC during the SICO annual meeting in Naples, Italy, on September 10-11, 2015...
April 20, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430349/prognostic-significance-of-infiltrating-immune-cell-subtypes-in-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-of-the-breast
#9
Yangmei Xu, Suzhen Lan, Qiuhong Zheng
PURPOSE: To explore the correlation between tumor-infiltrating immune cell subsets and breast cancer prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Specimens of 102 patients with invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast were analyzed for immune-related markers (CD8, CD20, FOXP3 and CD68). The number of positive cells in the 3 most highly stained intratumoral stroma areas of the primary tumor was counted. The mean number was calculated and used to divide patients into 2 groups for each marker (CD8-high/CD8-low, CD20-high/CD20-low, FOXP3-high/FOXP3-low, and CD68-high/CD68-low)...
April 20, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430351/c677t-and-a1298c-polymorphisms-of-methylene-tetrahydrofolate-reductase-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-southeast-iran
#10
Mohammad Ali Mashhadi, Ebrahim Miri-Moghaddam, Narges Arbabi, Ali Bazi, Zahra Heidari, Zahra Sepehri, Azra Karimkoshte, Alireza Rezvan, Seyed Mahdi Hashemi
PURPOSE: Polymorphisms of the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene have been reported as risk factors for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in some populations. Our goal was to evaluate the potential role of A1298C and C677T polymorphisms of MTHFR in risk of NHL in southeast Iran. METHODS: In the present case-control study, 127 patients with newly diagnosed NHL along with 150 ethnicity- and age-matched controls were examined. The A1298C and C677T polymorphisms were genotyped using the Tetra Amplification Refractory Mutation System polymerase chain reaction method...
April 14, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430347/hypopharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-laryngeal-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-colliding-in-the-aryepiglottic-fold-a-case-report
#11
Roberta Marangoni, Simone Mauramati, Giulia Bertino, Antonio Occhini, Marco Benazzo, Patrizia Morbini
PURPOSE: A collision tumor consists of 2 different histologically distinct and topographically independent tumors merging in the same mass. In the head and neck region they are rare, with only 4 cases reported in the larynx. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old heavy smoker complained of a left submandibular lesion in October 2014. The lesion was excised and showed a poorly differentiated carcinoma, suggestive for adenocarcinoma. After a positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan showed increased metabolic activity in the left laterocervical region and right vocal cord, the patient underwent endoscopic biopsy of the lesion of the left piriform sinus, which was positive for moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)...
April 14, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430353/author-s-reply-to-integration-between-oncology-and-palliative-care-a-plan-for-the-next-decade
#12
Stein Kaasa, Anne Kari Knudsen, Tonje Lundeby, Jon Ha Vard Loge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430352/integration-between-oncology-and-palliative-care-a-plan-for-the-next-decade
#13
Raffaele Giusti, Lucilla Verna, Daniela Iacono, Corrado Ficorella, Giuseppe Spinelli, Giampiero Porzio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430348/adjuvant-and-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-for-soft-tissue-sarcomas-a-personal-point-of-view
#14
Robert S Benjamin
Dr. Gianni Bonadonna is internationally recognized as one of the foremost medical oncologists of the 20th century. He is best known for his pioneering work in the development of adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer, but he was also the father of sarcoma chemotherapy. The first investigator to study the new chemotherapeutic agent adriamycin in the late 1960s, he noted activity against sarcomas. This article, focusing on adjuvant chemotherapy, adriamycin, and sarcomas, memorializes his achievements and their progeny...
April 7, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362059/diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Hai-Dong Xu, Yu-Qin Zhang, Wei-Yu Shen, Zheng-Chun Mao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in evaluating the short-term efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in the treatment of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: A total of 192 patients with NSCLC were selected and treated with CCRT. Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging combined with DWI was performed on all patients before and after CCRT treatment. Correspondingly, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values were recorded before treatment (ADCpre), during treatment (ADCmid), and after treatment (ADCpost)...
March 27, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315511/deletion-of-gstm1-and-gstt1-genes-and-lung-cancer-survival-a-systematic-review
#16
Cristina Ramos Hernández, Cecilia Mouronte-Roibás, Juan Miguel Barros-Dios, Alberto Fernández-Villar, Alberto Ruano-Ravina
PURPOSE: The mechanisms of lung carcinogenesis are not fully understood. Not all smokers develop lung cancer, indicating that genetic variations and other environmental factors may play an important role in its development. The human glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) have been associated with an increased risk of lung cancer. Glutathione S-transferases are phase II biotransformation enzymes that play a role in detoxifying a wide range of exogenous agents including carcinogens but also anticarcinogenic drugs...
March 18, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315509/evaluation-of-late-cerebral-vascular-complications-in-cranially-irradiated-pediatric-cancer-patients-with-magnetic-resonance-angiography
#17
Serhan Kupeli, Kenan Bicakci, Gulay Sezgin, Ibrahim Bayram
BACKGROUND: We aimed to establish the early diagnosis of cerebral vascular complications by using cerebral magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in patients who were treated with cranial RT in childhood as part of their cancer treatment. PROCEDURE: Patients who had received cranial RT before the age of 18 and had been in remission for at least 1 year were enrolled in the study. A data form including demographic and clinical characteristics and findings of cerebral MRA was filled in for each patient...
March 18, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315510/policies-for-reirradiation-of-recurrent-high-grade-gliomas-a-survey-among-italian-radiation-oncologists
#18
Carlo Furlan, Stefano Arcangeli, Michele Avanzo, Maria A Mirri, Fernando Munoz, Stefania Giudici, Antonio Perrone, Dante Amelio, Luigi Tomio, Loredana Draghini, Aniko M Deli, Giovanni Pavanato, Francesca M Giugliano, Antonio Pontoriero, Patrizia Ciammella, Pierina Navarria, Alberto Iannalfi, Michela Buglione, Cesare Guida, Silvia Cammelli, Vincenzo Iorio, Massimo Cardinali, Domenico Genovesi, Lucia Barsacchi, Mario Balducci, Rita Bagnoli, Franco Berti, Giampaolo Montesi, Francesco Pasqualetti, Paolo Bonome, Riccardo Santoni, Daniela Doino, Patrizia Schirru, Valentina Pinzi, Valentina Borzillo, Fabio Ferrarese, Marica Ferro, Luigi De Cicco, Marco Krengli, Silvia Scoccianti, Vittorio Donato
PURPOSE: To assess the contribution of Italian radiation oncologists in the current management of recurrent high-grade gliomas (HGG), focusing on a reirradiation (reRT) approach. METHODS: In 2015, the Reirradiation and the Central Nervous System Study Groups on behalf of the Italian Association of Radiation Oncology (AIRO) proposed a survey. All Italian radiation oncologists were individually invited to complete an online questionnaire regarding their clinical management of recurrent HGG, focusing on a reRT approach...
March 16, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291905/long-term-results-of-therapy-with-sunitinib-in-metastatic-alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma
#19
Paulina Jagodzińska-Mucha, Tomasz Świtaj, Katarzyna Kozak, Hanna Koseła-Paterczyk, Anna Klimczak, Iwona Ługowska, Pawel Rogala, Michał Wągrodzki, Sławomir Falkowski, Piotr Rutkowski
BACKGROUND: Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare, highly vascularized soft tissue sarcoma characterized by a high frequency of metastatic disease and resistance to classical chemotherapy. The purpose of our analysis was to assess long-term sunitinib activity in the treatment of metastatic ASPS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2009 and 2015, 15 patients were diagnosed with metastatic ASPS and received therapy with sunitinib at initial continuous daily dosing of 37...
March 8, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291904/perioperative-hdr-brachytherapy-for-reirradiation-in-head-and-neck-recurrences-single-institution-experience-and-systematic-review
#20
Luca Tagliaferri, Francesco Bussu, Bruno Fionda, Francesco Catucci, Mario Rigante, Maria Antonietta Gambacorta, Rosa Autorino, Gian Carlo Mattiucci, Francesco Miccichè, Elisa Placidi, Mario Balducci, Jacopo Galli, Gaetano Paludetti, György Kovacs, Vincenzo Valentini
AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcomes of patients reirradiated with high-dose-rate (HDR) intensity-modulated brachytherapy (IMBT) for recurrent head and neck cancer and to perform a systematic review of the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated with prior radiation doses >65 Gy were considered. After resection of macroscopic disease, catheters were fixed to the tumor bed. The total dose was 30 Gy in 12 fractions of 2.5 Gy twice daily for 5 days a week...
March 8, 2017: Tumori
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