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Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523939/prevalence-of-psychological-distress-how-do-australia-and-canada-compare
#1
Joanne C Enticott, Elizabeth Lin, Frances Shawyer, Grant Russell, Brett Inder, Scott Patten, Graham Meadows
OBJECTIVE: To compare equivalent population-level mental health indicators in Canada and Australia, and articulate recommendations to support equitable mental health services. These are two somewhat similar resource-rich countries characterized by extensive non-metropolitan and rural regions as well as significant areas of socioeconomic deprivation. METHODS: A cross-national epidemiology and equity study: primary outcome was Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) in recent national surveys...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523937/attentional-set-shifting-and-social-abilities-in-children-with-schizotypal-and-comorbid-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Ahmad Abu-Akel, Renee R Testa, Harvey P Jones, Nola Ross, Efstratios Skafidas, Bruce Tonge, Christos Pantelis
OBJECTIVE: While diagnostically independent, autism and schizotypal disorders can co-occur. Their concurrent impact on outcomes and phenotypes has not been investigated. We investigated the impact of comorbid autism and schizotypal disorders in children on executive functioning and socio-pragmatic skills - core features of both disorders. METHOD: Executive functioning (assessed with the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery) and socio-pragmatic skills (assessed using the Melbourne Assessment of Schizotypy in Kids) were investigated in a total of 67 (6-12 year old) children with autism ( n = 15; M/F = 10/5), schizotypal disorder ( n = 8; M/F = 5/3) and comorbid autism and schizotypal disorder ( n = 12; M/F = 5/7) and typically developing children ( n = 32; M/F = 17/15)...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#3
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511581/the-ranzcp-guidelines-for-schizophrenia-why-is-our-practice-so-far-short-of-our-recommendations-and-what-can-we-do-about-it
#4
Olav Nielssen, Patrick McGorry, David Castle, Cherrie Galletly
The new RANZCP guidelines for the treatment of schizophrenia and related disorders highlights what we know works. In this paper, we examine why patients so often fail to benefit from this knowledge and why clinical practice falls so far short of the recommended standard. Instead of the continuous improvement that we expect of health care in general, in psychiatry we face an accelerating decline in systems of care. There has been a sustained underinvestment in public mental health care and a shared failure by State and Federal governments to construct and commit to a governance and funding model that can deliver the standard of care that is available in other major non-communicable diseases, and which we know is equally possible for severe mental illness...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486819/unmet-need-for-professional-mental-health-care-among-adolescents-with-high-psychological-distress
#5
Rachel Sheppard, Frank P Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the rate of unmet needs for professional mental health care in a large multi-state sample of adolescents. We also sought to describe barriers to professional help, informal help seeking and future help-seeking intentions among adolescents with wholly unmet needs for counselling for mental illness. METHODS: We collected measures of mental health, help-seeking and unmet needs in 1599 students (817 males and 781 females) in 16 schools (mean age = 17...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480738/treating-depression-in-patients-with-alcohol-or-drug-use-disorders-a-need-for-clearer-guidelines
#6
James A Foulds, Dan I Lubman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478726/pattern-of-psychotropic-medication-use-over-two-decades-in-australian-women
#7
Amanda L Stuart, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Julie A Pasco, Shae E Quirk, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Michael Berk, Lana J Williams
OBJECTIVE: Few population-based studies have been used to investigate secular trends in psychotropic medication use. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine psychotropic medication use over time using data from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study, an on-going, population-based, cohort study of Australian women. METHODS: Of the 1494 women recruited at Time 1 (1993-1997), self-reported medication use from Time 2 (2004-2008) and/or Time 3 (2011-2014) was available for 889 women...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478684/lurasidone-associated-neutropenia
#8
Sarvesh Singh, Hafeez Ahmad, Alexander Panickacheril John
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462636/communication-skills-in-the-training-of-psychiatrists-a-systematic-review-of-current-approaches
#9
Philippa Ditton-Phare, Carmel Loughland, Robbert Duvivier, Brian Kelly
OBJECTIVES: A range of communication skills training programmes have been developed targeting trainees in various medical specialties, predominantly in oncology but to a lesser extent in psychiatry. Effective communication is fundamental to the assessment and treatment of psychiatric conditions, but there has been less attention to this in clinical practice for psychiatrists in training. This review examines the outcomes of communication skills training interventions in psychiatric specialty training...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462591/a-case-of-trem2-mutation-presenting-with-features-of-progressive-non-fluent-aphasia-and-without-bone-involvement
#10
Kok Yoon Chee, Frank Gaillard, Dennis Velakoulis, Chong Lip Ang, Loi Khim Chin, Roziana Ariffin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462588/mental-disorders-in-australian-4-to-17-year-olds-parent-reported-need-for-help
#11
Sarah E Johnson, David Lawrence, Michael Sawyer, Stephen R Zubrick
OBJECTIVE: To describe the extent to which parents report that 4- to 17-year-olds with symptoms meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition criteria for mental disorders need help, the types of help needed, the extent to which this need is being met and factors associated with a need for help. METHOD: During 2013-2014, a national household survey of the mental health of Australia's young people (Young Minds Matter) was conducted, involving 6310 parents (and carers) of 4- to 17-year-olds...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436230/time-and-relative-dimensions-in-syndromology-towards-endophenotypes-in-neurology-psychiatry-and-in-between
#12
Jeffrey Cl Looi, Alexander F Santillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429600/changes-in-mental-health-research-over-the-50-years-of-the-anzjp
#13
Anthony Jorm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423920/-medical-marijuana-is-incompatible-with-mental-health-promotion
#14
Prem Chopra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410567/farm-suicides-in-new-zealand-2007-2015-a-review-of-coroners-records
#15
Annette L Beautrais
OBJECTIVE: Economic recessions and severe weather events are often associated with increased suicide rates. The Global Dairy Crisis 2015/2016 led to an economic downturn in the New Zealand dairy farming industry and, coupled with droughts in some regions and floods in others, raised fears about increased suicide rates among farmers. However, little was known about suicides in the farming sector. This study reviews characteristics of recent farm-related suicides in New Zealand and assesses the extent to which financial stresses contributed to the deaths...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410561/sexual-dimorphism-of-the-planum-temporale-in-schizophrenia-a-mri-study
#16
Giuseppe Delvecchio, Alessandro Pigoni, Cinzia Perlini, Marco Barillari, Mirella Ruggeri, Alfredo Carlo Altamura, Marcella Bellani, Paolo Brambilla
OBJECTIVE: Anatomical alterations in the superior temporal gyrus have been consistently reported in patients with schizophrenia, and they have mostly been linked to positive symptoms, including hallucinations and thought disorders. The superior temporal gyrus is considered one of the most asymmetric and lateralized structure of the human brain, and the process of lateralization seems to vary according to gender in the normal population. However, although it has been consistently suggested that patients with schizophrenia did not show normal brain lateralization in several regions, only few studies investigated it in the superior temporal gyrus and its sub-regions considering the effects of gender...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403625/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-algorithm-for-the-onset-of-common-mental-disorders-in-a-working-population
#17
Ana Fernandez, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Isabella Choi, Rafael Calvo, Samuel B Harvey, Nicholas Glozier
OBJECTIVE: Common mental disorders are the most common reason for long-term sickness absence in most developed countries. Prediction algorithms for the onset of common mental disorders may help target indicated work-based prevention interventions. We aimed to develop and validate a risk algorithm to predict the onset of common mental disorders at 12 months in a working population. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia Survey, a longitudinal, nationally representative household panel in Australia...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403623/lithium-a-classic-drug-frequently-discussed-but-sadly-seldom-prescribed
#18
Olga Zivanovic
OBJECTIVE: Distinguished authors in the field have repeatedly alerted psychiatrists of the alarming trends in the treatment of bipolar disorders: decline of lithium use, paralleled by the increase of prescribing anticonvulsants and second-generation antipsychotic drugs. Research has been conducted in order to explore the factors that led to this development and to provide arguments for the need to reverse this trend. METHOD: This paper represents a narrative review of the literature containing retrieved research articles focusing on the efficacy of lithium...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393609/overvalued-ideas-or-delusions-in-anorexia-nervosa
#19
Andrea Phillipou, Rachel L Mountjoy, Susan Lee Rossell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393536/suicidal-behaviour-in-indigenous-compared-to-non-indigenous-males-in-urban-and-regional-australia-prevalence-data-suggest-disparities-increase-across-age-groups
#20
Gregory Armstrong, Jane Pirkis, Kerry Arabena, Dianne Currier, Matthew J Spittal, Anthony F Jorm
OBJECTIVES: We compare the prevalence of suicidal thoughts and attempts between Indigenous and non-Indigenous males in urban and regional Australia, and examine the extent to which any disparity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous males varies across age groups. METHODS: We used data from the baseline wave of The Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health (Ten to Men), a large-scale cohort study of Australian males aged 10-55 years residing in urban and regional areas...
April 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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