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Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639480/managing-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adults-using-illicit-psychostimulants-a-systematic-review
#1
Jon Cook, Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Shalini Arunogiri, Edward Ogden, Yvonne Bonomo
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and stimulant use disorder commonly co-exist, and appropriate treatments have not been well established. OBJECTIVE: To provide guidance for treatment of co-existing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and stimulant use disorder. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of published English articles using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Cochrane, utilising consistent search terms. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised controlled trials, comparing any treatment arm with a control group, for participants meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders or equivalent criteria for both attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and stimulant use disorder...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639479/an-evaluation-of-health-of-the-nation-outcome-scales-data-to-inform-psychiatric-morbidity-following-the-canterbury-earthquakes
#2
Ben Beaglehole, Chris M Frampton, Joseph M Boden, Roger T Mulder, Caroline J Bell
OBJECTIVE: Following the onset of the Canterbury, New Zealand earthquakes, there were widespread concerns that mental health services were under severe strain as a result of adverse consequences on mental health. We therefore examined Health of the Nation Outcome Scales data to see whether this could inform our understanding of the impact of the Canterbury earthquakes on patients attending local specialist mental health services. METHOD: Health of the Nation Outcome Scales admission data were analysed for Canterbury mental health services prior to and following the Canterbury earthquakes...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610482/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-among-smokers-with-psychotic-disorders-outcomes-to-36%C3%A2-months
#3
Amanda L Baker, Robyn Richmond, Frances J Kay-Lambkin, Sacha L Filia, David Castle, Jill M Williams, Terry J Lewin, Vanessa Clark, Robin Callister, Kerrin Palazzi
OBJECTIVE: People living with psychotic disorders (schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorders) have high rates of cardiovascular disease risk behaviours, including smoking, physical inactivity and poor diet. We report cardiovascular disease risk, smoking cessation and other risk behaviour outcomes over 36 months following recruitment into a two-arm randomised controlled trial among smokers with psychotic disorders. METHODS: Participants ( N = 235) drawn from three sites were randomised to receive nicotine replacement therapy plus (1) a Healthy Lifestyles intervention delivered over approximately 9 months or (2) a largely telephone-delivered intervention (designed to control for nicotine replacement therapy provision, session frequency and other monitoring)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610445/aversive-eye-gaze-during-a-speech-in-virtual-environment-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder
#4
Haena Kim, Jung Eun Shin, Yeon-Ju Hong, Yu-Bin Shin, Young Seok Shin, Kiwan Han, Jae-Jin Kim, Soo-Hee Choi
OBJECTIVE: One of the main characteristics of social anxiety disorder is excessive fear of social evaluation. In such situations, anxiety can influence gaze behaviour. Thus, the current study adopted virtual reality to examine eye gaze pattern of social anxiety disorder patients while presenting different types of speeches. METHODS: A total of 79 social anxiety disorder patients and 51 healthy controls presented prepared speeches on general topics and impromptu speeches on self-related topics to a virtual audience while their eye gaze was recorded...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606000/a-controlled-trial-of-trauma-focused-therapy-versus-problem-solving-in-islamic-children-affected-by-civil-conflict-and-disaster-in-aceh-indonesia
#5
Katie Dawson, Amy Joscelyne, Catherine Meijer, Zachary Steel, Derrick Silove, Richard A Bryant
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative efficacies of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy and problem-solving therapy in treating post-traumatic stress disorder in children affected by civil conflict in Aceh, Indonesia. METHOD: A controlled trial of children with post-traumatic stress disorder ( N = 64) randomized children to either five individual weekly sessions of trauma-focused cognitive behavior therapy or problem-solving therapy provided by lay-counselors who were provided with brief training...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605987/longitudinal-study-of-changing-psychological-outcomes-following-the-victorian-black-saturday-bushfires
#6
Richard A Bryant, Lisa Gibbs, Hugh Colin Gallagher, Phillipa Pattison, Dean Lusher, Colin MacDougall, Louise Harms, Karen Block, Vikki Sinnott, Greg Ireton, John Richardson, David Forbes
OBJECTIVES: To map the changing prevalence and predictors of psychological outcomes in affected communities 5 years following the Black Saturday bushfires in Victoria. METHOD: Follow-up assessment of longitudinal cohort study in high, medium and non-affected communities in Victoria, Australia. Participants included 1017 respondents (Wave 1) interviewed via telephone and web-based survey between December 2011 and January 2013, and 735 (76.1%) eligible participants were retested between July and November 2014 (Wave 2)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605940/striving-for-balance-between-participation-and-protection-in-research-involving-prison-populations
#7
Sarah-Jane Spencer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605935/onychotillomania-and-secondary-foot-cellulitis
#8
Adam Bayes, Gordon Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605934/olanzapine-modulates-the-default-mode-network-homogeneity-in-recurrent-drug-free-schizophrenia-at-rest
#9
Wenbin Guo, Feng Liu, Jindong Chen, Renrong Wu, Lehua Li, Zhikun Zhang, Huafu Chen, Jingping Zhao
BACKGROUND: Previous studies on brain function alterations associated with antipsychotic treatment for schizophrenia have produced conflicting results because they used short treatment periods and different designs. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans were obtained from 17 drug-free patients with recurrent schizophrenia and 24 healthy controls. The patients were treated with olanzapine for 6 months and were scanned at three time points (baseline, 6 weeks of treatment and 6 months of treatment)...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587479/using-wechat-online-social-networking-in-a-real-world-needs-analysis-of-family-members-of-youths-at-clinical-high-risk-of-psychosis
#10
TianHong Zhang, LiHua Xu, YingYing Tang, HuiRu Cui, HuiJun Li, YanYan Wei, YangYang Xu, LiJuan Jiang, YiKang Zhu, ChunBo Li, KaiDa Jiang, ZePing Xiao, JiJun Wang
OBJECTIVE: The argument surrounding the safety and effectiveness of interventions for the population of individuals at a clinical high risk of developing psychosis has been ongoing for the past 30 years. However, few studies have assessed the needs of this special young population, who are struggling with the recent onset of psychotic symptoms. METHOD: The sample consisted of 171 family members of 108 clinical high-risk individuals included from the ShangHai at Risk for Psychosis research programme...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578593/commentary-on-snowdon-the-journal-s-concerns-about-suicide
#11
Philip J Batterham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578592/adjunctive-minocycline-treatment-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-proof-of-concept-trial
#12
Olivia M Dean, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Melanie Ashton, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Chee Hong Ng, Michael Maes, Lesley Berk, Atapol Sughondhabirom, Sookjaroen Tangwongchai, Ajeet B Singh, Helen McKenzie, Deidre J Smith, Gin S Malhi, Nathan Dowling, Michael Berk
OBJECTIVE: Conventional antidepressant treatments result in symptom remission in 30% of those treated for major depressive disorder, raising the need for effective adjunctive therapies. Inflammation has an established role in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder, and minocycline has been shown to modify the immune-inflammatory processes and also reduce oxidative stress and promote neuronal growth. This double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial examined adjunctive minocycline (200 mg/day, in addition to treatment as usual) for major depressive disorder...
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578588/commentary-on-the-journal-s-concerns-about-suicide
#13
Robert D Goldney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565940/exposure-to-suicide-behaviour-and-individual-risk-of-self-harm-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-new-zealand-high-school-survey
#14
Song Chan, Simon Denny, Theresa Fleming, Sarah Fortune, Roshini Peiris-John, Ben Dyson
PURPOSE: To examine whether there is an association between students self-reported suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-injury and exposure to suicidal behaviour among friends, family members or within school communities. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative health and well-being survey of 8500 New Zealand high school students conducted from March through November 2012. Students' self-reported suicide attempts and repeated non-suicidal self-injury was examined in relation to student reports of self-harming behaviour among friends and family as well as data from school administrators of completed suicides within the school community...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565925/sexual-minority-youth-and-depressive-symptoms-or-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-population-based-studies
#15
Mathijs Fg Lucassen, Karolina Stasiak, Rajvinder Samra, Christopher Ma Frampton, Sally N Merry
OBJECTIVE: Research has suggested that sexual minority young people are more likely to have depressive symptoms or depressive disorder, but to date most studies in the field have relied on convenience-based samples. This study overcomes this limitation by systematically reviewing the literature from population-based studies and conducting a meta-analysis to identify whether depressive disorder and depressive symptoms are elevated in sexual minority youth. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted and informed by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement to determine if rates of depressive symptoms or depressive disorder differ for sexual minority youth, relative to heterosexual adolescents...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565923/cost-of-high-prevalence-mental-disorders-findings-from-the-2007-australian-national-survey-of-mental-health-and-wellbeing
#16
Yu-Chen Lee, Mary Lou Chatterton, Anne Magnus, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Long Khanh-Dao Le, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project was to detail the costs associated with the high prevalence mental disorders (depression, anxiety-related and substance use) in Australia, using community-based, nationally representative survey data. METHODS: Respondents diagnosed, within the preceding 12 months, with high prevalence mental disorders using the Confidentialised Unit Record Files of the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing were analysed. The use of healthcare resources (hospitalisations, consultations and medications), productivity loss, income tax loss and welfare benefits were estimated...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565922/god-heresy-trials-and-psychiatry
#17
Doug Sellman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552017/-mood-stabilizers-as-the-royal-road-to-nirvana-or-a-narrow-bridge-to-well-being
#18
Andrew A Nierenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552014/-sibling-alienation-syndrome-psychological-aftermath-of-false-sexual-abuse-allegations
#19
Michael Shapiro, Yuliet Sanchez-Rivero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552006/that-which-we-call-a-mood-stabilizer-what-s-in-a-name
#20
Joseph F Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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