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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194773/temperamental-predictors-of-subjective-well-being-from-early-adolescence-to-mid-life-the-role-of-temporal-and-energetic-regulation
#1
Agnieszka Bojanowska, Anna M Zalewska
We investigated links between temperament traits described in Strelau's Regulative Theory of Temperament (Emotional Reactivity, Briskness, Activity, Endurance, Perseveration and Sensory Sensitivity) and subjective well-being (SWB)-Positive Affect, Negative Affect and Life Satisfaction as conceptualised by Diener. Participants representing early (n = 166) and late adolescence (n = 199), early (n = 195) and mid-adulthood (n = 156) filled out Formal Characteristics of Behaviour-Temperament Inventory, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule and Satisfaction with Life Scale...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176344/it-is-a-matter-of-how-you-say-it-verbal-content-and-prosody-matching-as-an-index-of-emotion-regulation-strategies-during-the-adult-attachment-interview
#2
Maria Spinelli, Mirco Fasolo, Gabrielle Coppola, Tiziana Aureli
Emotional activation can be detected by the prosodic properties of the voice. This study aimed to explore the match between the valence of the words used by secure and dismissing women in describing the relationship with their parents during the Adult Attachment Interview and their emotional activation as expressed through the prosody of the voice. Contrary to what observed for secure women, a discrepancy emerged in dismissing individuals between the content of their verbal reports during the interview and the emotional activation of their voice while speaking...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176328/reports-of-adolescent-emotion-regulation-and-school-engagement-mediating-the-relation-between-parenting-and-adolescent-functioning-in-india
#3
Vaishali V Raval, Rose M Ward, Pratiksha H Raval, Shwetang S Trivedi
Much like other parts of Asia, late adolescence in India is a particularly stressful time with academic pressures of a highly competitive examination system that determines future occupational success. The present study examined interrelations among reports of parenting, adolescents' regulation of academics-related emotions, school engagement, adolescent socio-emotional functioning and state-exam performance. Four hundred and fifty 10th and 12th graders from suburban high schools in India participated, along with their mothers...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139097/effects-of-perceived-descriptive-norms-on-corrupt-intention-the-mediating-role-of-moral-disengagement
#4
Huanhuan Zhao, Heyun Zhang, Yan Xu
The present study attempts to examine the effect of perceived descriptive norms on corrupt intention (e.g., bribe-taking intention) and then further explore the psychological mechanism underlying this effect. Based on social cognitive theory, we established a mediation model in which moral disengagement partially mediated the link between perceived descriptive norms and corrupt intention. In Study 1, participants (N = 690) completed a series of questionnaires, and the results demonstrated that, while perceived descriptive norms were positively associated with corrupt intention, it was partially mediated by moral disengagement...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124393/magnitude-processing-and-complex-calculation-is-negatively-impacted-by-mathematics-anxiety-while-retrieval-based-simple-calculation-is-not
#5
Kyungmin Lee, Soohyun Cho
Mathematics anxiety (MA) refers to the experience of negative affect when engaging in mathematical activity. According to Ashcraft and Kirk (2001), MA selectively affects calculation with high working memory (WM) demand. On the other hand, Maloney, Ansari, and Fugelsang (2011) claim that MA affects all mathematical activities, including even the most basic ones such as magnitude comparison. The two theories make opposing predictions on the negative effect of MA on magnitude processing and simple calculation that make minimal demands on WM...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075007/transition-to-market-economy-promotes-individualistic-values-analysing-changes-in-frequencies-of-russian-words-from-1980-to-2008
#6
Boris B Velichkovsky, Valery D Solovyev, Vladimir V Bochkarev, Farida F Ishkineeva
Google Books Ngram was used to assess changes in frequency of usage in words corresponding to collectivistic and individualistic values in Russia during the time of economic changes. It was found that in many domains transition to market economy was associated with a rise in the use of words corresponding to individualistic values and a decrease in the use of words associated with collectivistic values. In several cases, words corresponding to collectivistic terms were used more often than words corresponding to individualistic values...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000243/values-in-families-with-young-children-insights-from-two-cultural-milieus-in-germany
#7
Anna K Döring, Joscha Kärtner, Wolfgang Bilsky
Are children's value priorities different from their parents' generation? We present data from the youngest children's sample that has been included in a comprehensive family study of values so far: Our study is based on self-reported values of 127 six- to eleven-year-old German children (M = 7.89, SD = 1.35) and their mothers and fathers. We further took into account two potentially interacting developmental variables that have been suggested in the literature: (a) family members' gender and (b) cultural milieu (we looked specifically at families with Turkish immigration background and families without immigration background)...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990634/out-group-threats-and-distress-as-antecedents-of-common-in-group-identity-among-majority-and-minority-group-members-in-the-aftermath-of-a-natural-disaster
#8
Loris Vezzali, Annalisa Versari, Alessia Cadamuro, Elena Trifiletti, Gian Antonio Di Bernardo
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of out-group threats in fostering one-group perceptions directly and indirectly via post-traumatic stress symptoms in the aftermath of a natural disaster. We also tested whether these relationships differ depending on the ethnic group of belonging (majority vs. minority). Participants were 589 Italians and 122 immigrants from a region strongly affected by the earthquakes that struck Northern Italy in 2012. Results revealed that among Italians threat stemming from negative out-group behaviour was associated positively with post-traumatic stress symptoms and negatively with perceptions of being a common group with immigrant survivors...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978597/the-role-of-emotion-regulation-in-situational-empathy-related-responding-and-prosocial-behaviour-in-the-presence-of-negative-affect
#9
Sascha Hein, Mandy Röder, Michael Fingerle
Empathy and prosocial behaviour are crucial factors for children's positive social adjustment. Contemporary models of empathy highlight the capacity to regulate vicariously experienced emotions as a precursor to empathy-related responses (e.g., prosocial behaviour). The goal of this study was to examine the role of emotion regulation (ER) in situational empathy-related responding and prosocial behaviour. A sample of 157 children (76 boys and 81 girls; Mage = 9.94 years) participated in a two-tiered interview procedure that utilised vignettes to assess empathy and prosocial behaviour...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976362/differential-effects-of-school-experiences-on-active-citizenship-among-german-and-turkish-origin-students
#10
Philipp Jugert, Katharina Eckstein, Peter Noack
While research suggests that schools can foster active citizenship among youth, studies have not tested whether ethnic minority youth may benefit differently from school experiences than ethnic majority youth. In this study of 219 students (138 German majority and 81 Turkish-origin minority; Mage  = 18.26; 55% females), we examined the association between different experiences at school and 4 indicators of youth active citizenship, controlling for various socio-demographic characteristics. Although value of social studies was associated with three out of four active citizenship indicators among both ethnic groups, the effects of the other school-related variables on active citizenship were moderated by ethnicity...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943288/motivational-profiles-in-high-school-students-differences-in-behavioural-and-emotional-homework-engagement-and-academic-achievement
#11
Bibiana Regueiro, José C Núñez, Antonio Valle, Isabel Piñeiro, Susana Rodríguez, Pedro Rosário
This work examined whether combinations of academic and non-academic goals generated different motivational profiles in high school students. Besides, differences in homework behavioural engagement (i.e. amount of homework, time spent in homework, homework time management), homework emotional engagement (i.e. homework anxiety) and academic achievement were analysed. Participants were 714 high school students (43.4% boys and 56.6% girls). The study of potential motivational profiles was conducted by latent profile analysis, and the differences between the motivational profiles regarding homework variables and academic achievement were analysed using multivariate analysis...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943280/war-and-disaster-in-sri-lanka-implications-for-widows-family-adjustment-and-perception-of-self-efficacy-in-caring-for-one-s-family
#12
Alyssa Banford Witting, Jessica Lambert, Thulitha Wickrama
The data for this study were collected in 2014 from widows in Eastern Sri Lanka whose spouses died in the civil war, tsunami, or from health-related problems. Conservation of resources (COR) theory was used as a lens to examine the extent to which war and tsunami-related damages and family problems predict variation in social support, family adjustment and a perception of self-efficacy in caring for one's family as reported by widowed women. We also investigated whether social support from the community and social support from family and friends mediated those relationships...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917492/predictors-of-developing-mathematics-anxiety-among-middle-school-students-a-2-year-prospective-study
#13
Nir Madjar, Gil Zalsman, Abraham Weizman, Shaul Lev-Ran, Gal Shoval
While there is an abundance of research pertaining to the development of anxiety disorders, there is still a dearth of knowledge regarding the development of anxiety in the general population. The objective of this study was to longitudinally explore the development of mathematics anxiety among normative middle-school students, and to identify the moderating role of gender, school transition and scholastic achievements on these trajectories. Subjects included 413 sixth grade students (53.3% females, mean age 11...
December 4, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905108/the-effects-of-cognitive-style-and-emotional-trade-off-difficulty-on-information-processing-in-decision-making
#14
Dawei Wang, Leilei Hao, Phil Maguire, Yixin Hu
This study investigated the effects of cognitive style and emotional trade-off difficulty (ETOD) on information processing in decision-making. Eighty undergraduates (73.75% female, M = 21.90), grouped according to their cognitive style (field-dependent or field-independent), conducted an Information Display Board (IDB) task, through which search time, search depth and search pattern were measured. Participants' emotional states were assessed both before and after the IDB task. The results showed that participants experienced significantly more negative emotion under high ETOD compared to those under low ETOD...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052330/it-s-only-a-dream-if-you-wake-up-young-adults-achievement-expectations-opportunities-and-meritocratic-beliefs
#15
Jacob Shane, Jutta Heckhausen
The present paper examines university graduates' beliefs about how meritocratic socioeconomic status (SES) attainment in U.S. society is for themselves (merit agency beliefs) and for most other people (merit societal beliefs), and how these distinct beliefs are differentially associated with labour market experiences and achievement-goal attitudes and expectations in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Data from a 10-month longitudinal study of 217 graduates from the 2013 class of a large public U.S. university were analysed using multilevel modelling...
February 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976381/american-undergraduate-students-value-development-during-the-great-recession
#16
Heejung Park, Jean M Twenge, Patricia M Greenfield
The Great Recession's influence on American undergraduate students' values was examined, testing Greenfield's and Kasser's theories concerning value development during economic downturns. Study 1 utilised aggregate-level data to investigate (a) population-level value changes between the pre-recession (2004-2006: n = 824,603) and recession freshman cohort (2008-2010: n = 662,262) and (b) overall associations of population-level values with national economic climates over long-term periods by correlating unemployment rates and concurrent aggregate-level values across 1966-2015 (n = 10 million)...
February 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878820/youth-and-the-great-recession-are-values-achievement-orientation-and-outlook-to-the-future-affected
#17
Ingrid Schoon, Jeylan Mortimer
This special section brings together leading experts in psychology and sociology to examine the consequences of the Great Recession for young people's values, achievement orientation, and outlook to the future. Evidence from Europe and the United States suggests that the impact of the recession varies for distinct outcomes and by age, the latter pointing to potential sensitive periods for interventions. Although the direct effects of the recession are not strong, they accelerate pre-existing trends towards more prolonged and precarious transitions to independence, and are likely to bring with them long-term scarring with respect to health and well-being...
February 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804137/contradictions-in-the-american-dream-high-educational-aspirations-and-perceptions-of-deteriorating-institutional-support
#18
Pamela Aronson
This study examines contradictions in the "American Dream" during the Great Recession: young adults maintained high educational aspirations, yet perceived little opportunity for their educational achievements to help them fulfil their dreams of financial prosperity and work stability. Based on in-depth interviews with 85 young college students and recent graduates, this study found that college enrolment was propelled by the recession, as a college degree, and often a graduate or professional degree, was perceived as an increasingly necessary credential...
February 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709614/adolescent-adaptation-before-during-and-in-the-aftermath-of-the-great-recession-in-the-usa
#19
Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, Jeremy Staff, Megan E Patrick, John E Schulenberg
This study examines the impact of the "Great Recession" (from December 2007 to June 2009) on 8th and 10th graders in the USA, using annual nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future study. Historical changes in youth adjustment (self-esteem, depressed mood, risk taking, aggression and property crime), school achievement (grade point average [GPA], time spent on homework and educational expectations) and structured and unstructured activities (volunteering, employment, sports and evenings out for fun) were examined between 1991 and 2014...
February 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654993/hard-times-and-european-youth-the-effect-of-economic-insecurity-on-human-values-social-attitudes-and-well-being
#20
Tim Reeskens, Leen Vandecasteele
While economic downturns have adverse effects on young people's life chances, empirical studies examining whether and to what extent human values, social attitudes and well-being indicators respond to sudden economic shocks are scarce. To assess the claim that human values are less affected by economic shocks than social attitudes and well-being, two distinct yet related studies based on the European Social Survey (ESS) are conducted. The first employs a fixed effects pseudo-panel analysis of the 2008-2014 ESS-waves to detect whether changes over time in the socio-demographic group's unemployment risk and national youth unemployment affect individual dispositions to varying degrees...
February 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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