journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010191/in-the-eyes-of-the-beholder-parental-and-professional-value-mismatch-in-child-risk-and-protection-in-two-communities-in-israel
#1
Yochay Nadan, Dorit Roer-Strier, Netanel Gemara, Shelly Engdau-Vanda, Dafna Tener
This paper aims to identify several of the mismatches at play when social workers encounter families belonging to diverse groups and assess risk, well-being and protection for children. Two minority groups in Israel were studied: the Ultra-Orthodox Jewish community and Jewish immigrants from Ethiopia. A context-informed approach was adopted to explore the subjective perceptions and constructions of "risk," "well-being," and "protection" among parents of the two communities (N = 60) and the social workers who work with them (N = 50)...
July 16, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010190/recognition-of-all-basic-emotions-varies-in-accuracy-and-reaction-time-a-new-verbal-method-of-measurement
#2
Vladimir Kosonogov, Alisa Titova
To study different aspects of facial emotion recognition, valid methods are needed. The more widespread methods have some limitations. We propose a more ecological method that consists of presenting dynamic faces and measuring verbal reaction times. We presented 120 video clips depicting a gradual change from a neutral expression to a basic emotion (anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise), and recorded hit rates and reaction times of verbal labelling of emotions. Our results showed that verbal responses to six basic emotions differed in hit rates and reaction times: happiness > surprise > disgust > anger > sadness > fear (this means these emotional responses were more accurate and faster)...
July 16, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30010188/fatigue-biases-the-decoy-effect-in-males-but-not-females
#3
Shuyi Wu, Rongjun Yu
Individuals often need to make critical decisions even when they are in a fatigued state. Mental fatigue may lead to increased susceptibility to distraction and poor information processing but it is unclear exactly how fatigue shapes individuals' decision-making. We studied how mental fatigue influences sensitivity to contextual information, indexed as decoy bias. Mental fatigue was induced using a multi-source interference task, and decoy bias was assessed using a gambling task, in 124 young adults. Results showed that mental fatigue increased decoy bias through enhanced perceptual salience of contextual cues, but only in males...
July 16, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29938785/family-socioeconomic-status-and-emotional-adaptation-among-rural-to-urban-migrant-adolescents-in-china-the-moderating-roles-of-adolescent-s-resilience-and-parental-positive-emotion
#4
Silin Huang, Mingyue Han, Ling Sun, Hongchuan Zhang, Hui-Jie Li
Low family socioeconomic status (SES) is closely related to increased risk of emotional maladaptation among adolescents. Although previous studies have found that low family SES is a significant and common experience for most rural-to-urban migrant adolescents in China, little research has examined the association between family SES and emotional adaptation or identified the protective factors that may minimise emotional maladaptation among these adolescents. The present study examined the associations between family SES and three indices of emotional adaptation (emotion regulation, life satisfaction and depression) and the moderating effects of adolescents' resilience and parental positive emotion (PE) among 486 Chinese rural-to-urban migrant adolescents...
June 25, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931673/parent-child-attachment-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-parenting-style-and-gelotophobia-among-adolescents
#5
Ching-Lin Wu, Yi-Ting Huang, Pin-Yu Wang, Hsueh-Chih Chen
Fear of being laughed at and family interaction are highly related. Parental over-control and over-protection influence children's excessive anxiety over being laughed at. Conversely, parental attachment is an important index of the parent-child relationship and is closely correlated to children's gelotophobia. However, is it the style of parenting or the outcome of parenting (i.e. attachment) that influences a child's gelotophobia? To answer this question, the present study analysed the relationships between gelotophobia, perceived parenting of children and parent-child attachment, as well as the mediating role of attachment between parenting and children's gelotophobia, using a sample of 373 high-school students...
June 22, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926910/the-impact-of-home-school-cultural-value-conflicts-and-president-trump-on-latina-o-first-generation-college-students-attentional-control
#6
Yolanda Vasquez-Salgado, Gerardo Ramirez, Patricia M Greenfield
Around the world, people migrate from poorer countries with less educational opportunity to richer ones with greater educational opportunity. In this journey, they bring their family obligation values into societies that value individual achievement. This process can create home-school cultural value conflict-conflict between family and academic obligations-for the children of Latina/o immigrants who attend universities in the United States. We hypothesised that this conflict causes cognitive disruption. One-hundred sixty-one Latina/o first-generation university students (called college students in the United States) were randomly assigned to one of four experimental prompts; thereafter, the students engaged in an attentional control task (i...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926906/personal-trust-extends-cooperation-beyond-trustees-a-mexican-study
#7
Cristina Acedo-Carmona, Antoni Gomila
We studied 2 groups of workers from Oaxaca (Mexico) with different levels of income and education to investigate the role that the affective-based psychological mechanism of personal trust, as evolutionarily acquired, plays on group cooperation. We measured trust levels through some questionnaires and cooperative behaviour through an iterated prisoner's dilemma under different conditions and analysed trust networks of group members. While these groups did not differ in trust levels or cooperation among trustees, they did differ in terms of cooperation with other group members...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888537/do-community-and-autonomy-moral-violations-elicit-different-emotions
#8
Dolichan Kollareth, Mariko Kikutani, Mariko Shirai, James A Russell
According to one important set of theories, different domains of immorality are linked to different discrete emotions-panculturally. Violations against the community elicit contempt, whereas violations against an individual elicit anger. To test this theory, American, Indian and Japanese participants (N = 480) indicated contempt and anger reactions (with verbal rating and face selection) to both the types of immorality. To remedy method problems in previous research, community and autonomy violations were created for the same story-frame, by varying the target to be either the community or an individual...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888493/determinants-of-memory-development-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#9
REVIEW
Wolfgang Schneider, Peter A Ornstein
Research on the development of memory has a long history and constitutes one of the most active research areas in the field of cognitive development. In this article, we first describe major historical developments in the literature on children's memory, focusing on systematic research that began in the late 1960s. We then examine new developments in the field, describing four important lines of inquiry: (a) the development of implicit memory, (b) short- and long-term memory development in infancy, (c) longitudinal research on memory strategies and metamemory, and (d) developmental cognitive neuroscience of memory...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888390/a-pilot-study-of-change-in-cerebral-activity-during-personality-rating-by-questionnaire-and-personal-computer
#10
Emi Sato, Kouhei Matsuda
The purpose of this study was to examine cerebral blood flow in the frontal cortex area during personality self-rating tasks. Our two hypotheses were (1) cerebral blood flow varies based on personality rating condition and (2) cerebral blood flow varies based on the personality traits. This experiment measured cerebral blood flow under 3 personal computer rating conditions and 2 questionnaire conditions. Comparing the rating conditions, the results of the t-test indicated that cerebral blood flow was higher in the questionnaire condition than it was in the personal computer condition...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869785/well-being-and-pressures-of-daily-life-in-two-west-bank-villages-exploring-context-and-history
#11
Yoke Rabaia, Joop de Jong, Anita Abdullah, Rita Giacaman, Peter van de Ven
Interest in the well-being of people exposed to long-term violence and conflict has tended to focus on measurable effects of acute traumatic events, while attention to the pressures of their daily living context is relatively new. Using qualitative and quantitative data from a 2005 survey of all female family caretakers in 2 neighbouring Israeli-occupied West Bank villages (n = 820), we explored the associations of demographic, health-related and contextual factors with reported pressures and WHO-5 well-being index scores...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869331/divergence-over-conformity-change-in-immigration-attitudes-after-the-electoral-success-of-an-anti-immigration-populist-party-in-the-finnish-2015-parliamentary-elections
#12
Jan-Erik Lönnqvist, Rasmus Mannerström, Sointu Leikas
The populist, anti-immigration-oriented Finns Party was considered the winner of the Finnish 2015 parliamentary elections. In a representative sample of young adults (N = 606), a longitudinal pre- post-election design revealed that attitudes towards immigration became more favourable among those disappointed by the outcome and those who did not vote for the Finns Party. Among the latter, both supporting the green-red rival parties and disliking the Finns Party independently predicted increased support for migration...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761475/exhaled-breath-analysis-in-evaluation-of-psychological-stress-a-short-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
Alessandro Tonacci, Francesco Sansone, Anna Paola Pala, Raffaele Conte
Physiological stress is pervasive in today's society. Its detection is normally performed through several unobtrusive methods, driving both caregivers and patients to take measures to reduce the burden of this condition on human health. Among the methods for assessing stress, exhaled breath analysis represents a non-invasive, real-time alternative to classic laboratory tests. Therefore, a literature review was performed to assess the presence of altered parameters, related to psychological stress, in exhaled breath...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700816/rigidity-of-the-far-right-motivated-social-cognition-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-hungarians-on-the-eve-of-the-far-right-breakthrough-in-the-2010-elections
#14
Jan-Erik Lönnqvist, Zsolt Péter Szabó, Laszlo Kelemen
We investigated the "rigidity of the right" hypothesis in the context of the far-right breakthrough in the 2010 Hungarian parliamentary elections. This hypothesis suggests that psychological characteristics having to do with need for security and certainty attract people to a broad-based right-wing ideology. A nationally representative sample (N = 1000) in terms of age, gender and place of residence was collected by means of the random walking method and face-to-face interviews. Voters of JOBBIK (n = 124), the radically nationalist conservative far-right party, scored lower on System Justifying Belief, Belief in a Just World (Global) and higher on Need for Cognition than other voters...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535230/haptic-modality-takes-its-time-dynamic-of-activations-of-sensory-modalities-in-perceptual-and-memory-processes
#15
Stephanie Dabic, Amandine E Rey, Jordan Navarro, Rémy Versace
Based on claims resulting from grounded cognition theory that perceptual and memory processes are using the same distributed systems, the present study investigated the temporal aspect of access to memory traces through haptic and auditory modalities. Unlike in the case of visual or auditory components, the perception of a vibrotactile component is more sequential in nature and therefore cannot be fully processed before the end of the signal. The present study explores the dynamic of components activation in a situation of audio-vibrotactile asynchrony...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501220/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-parenting-practices-on-socio-moral-approval-of-aggression-in-polish-young-adults-do-all-practices-matter
#16
Monika Dominiak-Kochanek, Karolina Konopka, Marta Rutkowska, Adam Frączek, J Martin Ramirez
The purpose of this article was to determine the socialisation antecedents of socio-moral approval of aggression (SMAA). In Study 1, we assessed factorial structure and reliability of the SMAA with a sample of 355 students who reported on the extent to which they approved of six forms of aggressive behaviour and six justifications of aggression. Two-factor solutions were obtained with regard to forms and justifications of aggressive acts. Thus, approval of extreme and minor aggression was distinguished as well as legitimate and illegitimate justifications of aggression...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478037/a-differing-bidirectional-impact-on-the-recognition-accuracy-of-facial-expression
#17
Jingjing Wang, Weijian Li, Xinyu Li, Ping Li, Yuchi Zhang, Xiaoyu Jia, Yue Chen, Mickie Vanhoy, Binghai Sun
This study explored a bidirectional impact on the recognition accuracy of various facial expressions deriving from both the observer and sender in a sample of Chinese participants. A facial manipulation task was used to examine the ability of an observer's facial feedback to modulate the recognition of various facial expressions. Furthermore, the effect of a sender's facial expression with an open or closed mouth on recognition accuracy was investigated. The results showed that only recognition accuracy of a sad facial expression was influenced simultaneously by bidirectional sources from a sender and observer...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440479/how-is-your-day-going-reciprocity-norm-in-everyday-communication
#18
Eric L Stocks, Felicia Mirghassemi, Luis V Oceja
In 6 experiments, we manipulated the length of a communication message to assess reciprocity norm-following behaviour during conversational interaction. In Studies 1 and 2, scripts of different length were used in an online chat, and chat logs were analysed. In Studies 3 and 4, participants e-mailed scripts that varied in length to acquaintances, and replies were analysed. In Studies 5 and 6, a confederate initiated conversations with either strangers or acquaintances and recorded the amount of time the person responded...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425381/synchrony-and-emotion-in-children-and-adults
#19
Florie Monier, Sylvie Droit-Volet
This study examined both the development of synchronisation activities and the way emotion affects these activities in children and adults. Children aged from 3 to 8 years, as well as adults, performed a spontaneous motor tempo (SMT) task and a synchronisation task with a 500-millisecond and 700-millisecond inter-stimulus interval (ISI), followed by a continuation task, in both an emotion-free and an emotional context (High-Arousal, Low-Arousal, and Neutral). The results showed that the SMT was faster and more variable in the younger children...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271204/hiding-effort-to-gain-a-competitive-advantage-evidence-from-china
#20
Li Zhao, Gail D Heyman
Previous studies with Western populations have shown that adolescents' tendency to downplay their academic effort is affected by two kinds of motives: ability-related motives (e.g., to appear competent) and social approval motives (e.g., to be popular). In this research, we test for the presence of additional competition-related motives in China, a culture placing strong emphasis on academic competition. Study 1 (N = 150) showed that, in response to a scenario in which a hard-working high-school junior hid effort from classmates, the most highly endorsed explanation was "to influence others to work less hard to maintain a competitive advantage...
June 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
journal
journal
21666
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"