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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094762/positive-discipline-harsh-physical-discipline-physical-discipline-and-psychological-aggression-in-five-caribbean-countries-associations-with-preschoolers-early-literacy-skills
#1
Elif Dede Yildirim, Jaipaul L Roopnarine
Physical punishment has received worldwide attention because of its negative impact on children's cognitive and social development and its implications for children's rights. Using UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys 4 and 5 data, we assessed the associations between positive discipline, harsh physical punishment, physical punishment and psychological aggression and preschoolers' literacy skills in 5628 preschool-aged children and their caregivers in the developing nations of Belize, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica and Suriname...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094761/sadness-and-ruminative-thinking-independently-depress-people-s-moods
#2
Azra Jahanitabesh, Brittany A Cardwell, Jamin Halberstadt
Depression and rumination often co-occur in clinical populations, but it is not clear which causes which, or if both are manifestations of an underlying pathology. Does rumination simply exacerbate whatever affect a person is experiencing, or is it a negative experience in and of itself? In two experiments we answer this question by independently manipulating emotion and rumination. Participants were allocated to sad or neutral (in Experiment 1), or sad, neutral or happy (Experiment 2) mood conditions, via a combination of emotionally evocative music and autobiographical recall...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094759/taxonomy-and-structure-of-the-romanian-personality-lexicon
#3
Vlad Burtăverde, Boele De Raad
We identified 1746 personality-relevant trait-adjectives in a Romanian dictionary, of which 412 were classified as descriptors of dispositions by 10 judges. Self-ratings were collected from 515 participants on those 412 adjectives, and the ratings were factored using principal components analysis. Solutions with different numbers of factors were analysed. The two- and three-factor solutions, respectively, confirmed the Big Two and Big Three of personality traits. A five-factor solution reflected the Big Five model with a fifth factor emphasising Rebelliousness versus Conventionality...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980303/openness-to-experience-and-creativity-when-does-global-citizenship-matter
#4
Viktoria Tidikis, Nora D Dunbar
The relationship between the openness to experience trait (OTE) and creativity has been well documented in previous research. Likewise, the global citizenship construct has theoretical overlap with both OTE and creativity. We hypothesised global citizenship would make a unique contribution to explaining variance in five types of creativity (self/everyday, scholarly, performance, mechanical/scientific and artistic), above and beyond the contribution of OTE. Participants were predominantly female, European American, traditionally aged college students (N = 407)...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961317/assessing-emotional-processing-difficulties-in-normotensive-individuals-with-high-and-isolated-blood-pressure-elevations
#5
Meenakshi Shukla, Rakesh Pandey, Jennifer Y F Lau
This study examined the effect of sense modality (auditory/visual) on emotional dampening (reduced responsiveness to emotions with elevation in blood pressure). Fifty-six normotensive participants were assessed on tasks requiring labelling and matching of emotions in faces and voices. Based on median split of systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively), participants were divided into low BP, high BP and isolated BP groups. On emotion-labelling tasks, analysis revealed reduced emotion recognition in the high BP than the low BP group...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884812/cross-cultural-similarities-and-differences-in-motives-to-forgive-a-comparison-between-and-within-cultures
#6
Sylvia Huwaë, Juliette Schaafsma
Recently, researchers have begun to explore people's motives to forgive those who have offended them. Using a recall method, we examined whether such motives (relationship-, offender- or self-focused) differ between and within cultures that are more collectivistic (Moluccan Islands in Indonesia) or more individualistic (the Netherlands) and whether this depends on people's relationship with the offender. More specifically, we examined the idea that other-focused motives should be more important in cultures that are more collectivistic and that self-focused motives should prevail in more individualistic cultures...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879672/three-factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-witte-s-risk-behaviour-diagnosis-scale-a-french-version-adapted-to-diabetes
#7
Cinzia Guarnaccia, Sophie Henry
The aim of this study was to verify the psychometric properties and the factorial structure of Witte's Risk Behaviour Diagnosis (RBD). This article shows the results of a French version of the RBD adapted to diabetes screening. An exploratory factor analysis was carried out in order to understand the number of underlying factors, a confirmatory factor analysis was performed and the four-factor model proposed by the author and alternative models were compared. The concurrent validity was tested by a correlational analysis with the Perceived Fear Emotions Scale...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875576/moral-foundations-worldviews-moral-absolutism-and-belief-in-conspiracy-theories
#8
Luigi Leone, Mauro Giacomantonio, Marco Lauriola
In the present research, we examined whether individual differences in basic moral concerns might be related to a greater endorsement of conspiracy theories. Building on the notion that conspiracy theories often deal with super-individual relevant events in which a group perspective is central, we proposed that individual differences in moral concerns pertaining to group- and community-concerns (i.e., binding moral foundations) rather than to individual well-being (i.e., individualising moral foundations) would be positively associated with conspiracy beliefs...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26534839/men-dissociate-sexual-attraction-from-moral-judgement-more-than-women
#9
Julio González-Álvarez
Would you find an opposite-sex individual physically less attractive if you knew that he/she was a bad person? Would you feel the same if you were a man or a woman? This study examined whether gender differences exist in the influence of moral judgements on heterosexual physical attraction. In a first Experiment, participants (N = 214) rated on attractiveness photographs of opposite-sex persons. Each photograph was paired with a "good" and a "bad" (from a moral point of view) sentence to depict a quality or activity of the displayed person (i...
October 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809048/a-clean-self-reduces-bribery-intent
#10
Chao Li, Li Liu, Wenwen Zheng, Jianning Dang, Yuan Liang
The present research aimed at investigating the effect of physical cleanliness on bribery intent and the moderating role of personal need for structure (PNS) on this relationship. In Study 1, we used questionnaires to establish the correlation between bodily cleanliness and bribery intent. In Study 2, we examined the effect by priming sense of self-cleanliness. Study 3 was conducted outside a public bath to test our finding that physical purity decreases bribery intent again; we further found that individuals with high PNS showed no reduction in bribery intent even after cleaning themselves...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804917/person-city-personality-fit-and-entrepreneurial-success-an-explorative-study-in-china
#11
Mingjie Zhou, Yixin Zhou, Jianxin Zhang, Martin Obschonka, Rainer K Silbereisen
While the study of personality differences is a traditional psychological approach in entrepreneurship research, economic research directs attention towards the entrepreneurial ecosystems in which entrepreneurial activity are embedded. We combine both approaches and quantify the interplay between the individual personality make-up of entrepreneurs and the local personality composition of ecosystems, with a special focus on person-city personality fit. Specifically, we analyse personality data from N = 26,405 Chinese residents across 42 major Chinese cities, including N = 1091 Chinese entrepreneurs...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791675/work-addiction-and-presenteeism-the-buffering-role-of-managerial-support
#12
Greta Mazzetti, Michela Vignoli, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Dina Guglielmi
The current study examined the mediating effect of presenteeism and moderating effect of managerial support in the relation between workaholism and work-family conflict. A sample of 1065 white-collar employees from an Italian company filled in an online survey and hypotheses were tested using a bootstrapping procedure. Results showed that presenteeism mediated the association between workaholism and work-family conflict. Moreover, the mediating effect of presenteeism was moderated by managerial support: for employees reporting lower levels of support workaholism was stronger related to presenteeism than for those experiencing higher support...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782098/measuring-generalised-expectancies-for-negative-mood-regulation-in-china-the-chinese-language-negative-mood-regulation-scale
#13
Guofang Wang, Jack Mearns, Xiaohui Yang, Peng Han, Salvatore J Catanzaro
Negative mood regulation expectancies (NMRE) represent people's confidence that they can alleviate their negative affect or induce a positive emotional state through thought or action. NMRE predict coping behaviour and mood outcomes for individuals under stress. Since 1990, much research documents the reliability and validity of the English language Negative Mood Regulation (NMR) scale as a measure of NMRE. The current research reports two studies developing a Chinese language translation of the NMR (NMR-C) scale that goes beyond literal translation to be a culturally sensitive measure of NMRE in China...
August 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703327/testing-the-situationism-scale-in-europe-scale-validation-self-regulation-and-regional-differences
#14
Megan E Roberts, Lisa Wagner, Saša Zorjan, Enikö Nèmeth, Désie van Toor, Michał Czaplinski
The term situationism refers to an individual's belief about the importance of a behaviour's context. This study tested whether the degree of situationism expressed by individuals in various regions of Europe was consistent with self-regulation and cross-cultural theories. The English version of a Situationism Scale (measuring beliefs about the relation between the environment and one's own behaviour) was translated into five additional languages: Dutch, German, Hungarian, Italian and Slovenian. Young adults (N = 1106, MAge  = 22...
August 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703326/letter-from-the-new-editor-in-chief
#15
EDITORIAL
Abigail H Gewirtz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758195/the-impact-of-traditionality-modernity-on-identification-and-calculus-based-trust
#16
Na Zhao, Yuanyuan Shi, Ziqiang Xin, Jianxin Zhang
We conducted three studies to explore how trust is perceived, displayed or changed by participants in China, which as a country has undergone substantial cultural and historical transition. Traditionality showed a significant positive correlation with identification-based trust (IBT) and modernity was significantly associated with calculus-based trust (CBT; Study 1). Compared to those primed with modern Chinese culture stimuli, participants primed with traditional icons exhibited a higher level of IBT and a lower level of CBT (Study 2)...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726268/being-similar-while-judging-right-and-wrong-the-effects-of-personal-and-situational-similarity-on-moral-judgements
#17
Emilia Pascal
This study investigated the effects of similarity with the transgressor and the victim on the perceived immorality of the transgression. Participants read two stories describing a person that cheated on their partner and a police officer that mistreated somebody. In the first story we manipulated participants' personal similarity to the transgressor and in the second their personal similarity to the victim. In each story, participants' past situational similarity to the target character was assessed according to their previous experiences of being in the same position...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718194/prevalence-of-imaginary-companions-in-japanese-children
#18
Yusuke Moriguchi, Naoya Todo
Having an imaginary companion (IC) is an example of children's pretend play. However, most research regarding children's ICs is from Western cultures. In this study, the prevalence of ICs was assessed among Japanese children (2- to 9-year-old children, N = 800). The developmental (age), biological (sex), and environmental (birth order) effects on Japanese children's ICs were also assessed. Moreover, whether IC status can be an indicator of fantasy orientation in Japanese children was examined. The results revealed that the prevalence of the invisible friend was relatively rare, but the personified object was prevalent in Japanese children...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714080/studying-entrepreneurial-occupations-in-the-terman-women
#19
Eva Schmitt-Rodermund, Elke Schröder, Martin Obschonka
To achieve a better understanding of entrepreneurship development in women, longitudinal data on 672 individuals collected from 1922 to 1959 were analysed in a secondary investigation of the Terman Longitudinal Study. Women's reports on their occupations during 10 different years were assigned to one of two categories: work for pay (0/1), and work allowing for self-employment (0/1) in the respective year. Structural equation modelling supported earlier results concerning male entrepreneurial activity. Personality and aspects of the parenting context the women had experienced by the average age of 12 predicted early entrepreneurial competencies (inventions, leadership) and occupational interests by age 13, which related to an entrepreneurship-related career goal in 1936, when the participants were about 27 years of age on average...
July 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703330/struggling-to-be-liked-the-prospective-effect-of-trait-self-control-on-social-desirability-and-the-moderating-role-of-agreeableness
#20
Olga Stavrova, Michail D Kokkoris
Drawing from the literature on the interpersonal functions of self-control, we examined longitudinal associations between trait self-control and social desirability, using a survey of the general population in the Netherlands. Trait self-control at baseline was positively associated with social desirability at a follow-up, even when controlling for prior levels of social desirability. That is, high self-control contributed to individuals' tendency to give socially desirable responses in self-reports. This effect was moderated by individual differences in agreeableness...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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