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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075007/transition-to-market-economy-promotes-individualistic-values-analysing-changes-in-frequencies-of-russian-words-from-1980-to-2008
#1
Boris B Velichkovsky, Valery D Solovyev, Vladimir V Bochkarev, Farida F Ishkineeva
Google Books Ngram was used to assess changes in frequency of usage in words corresponding to collectivistic and individualistic values in Russia during the time of economic changes. It was found that in many domains transition to market economy was associated with a rise in the use of words corresponding to individualistic values and a decrease in the use of words associated with collectivistic values. In several cases, words corresponding to collectivistic terms were used more often than words corresponding to individualistic values...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000243/values-in-families-with-young-children-insights-from-two-cultural-milieus-in-germany
#2
Anna K Döring, Joscha Kärtner, Wolfgang Bilsky
Are children's value priorities different from their parents' generation? We present data from the youngest children's sample that has been included in a comprehensive family study of values so far: Our study is based on self-reported values of 127 six- to eleven-year-old German children (M = 7.89, SD = 1.35) and their mothers and fathers. We further took into account two potentially interacting developmental variables that have been suggested in the literature: (a) family members' gender and (b) cultural milieu (we looked specifically at families with Turkish immigration background and families without immigration background)...
December 20, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990634/out-group-threats-and-distress-as-antecedents-of-common-in-group-identity-among-majority-and-minority-group-members-in-the-aftermath-of-a-natural-disaster
#3
Loris Vezzali, Annalisa Versari, Alessia Cadamuro, Elena Trifiletti, Gian Antonio Di Bernardo
The aim of the present study was to examine the role of out-group threats in fostering one-group perceptions directly and indirectly via post-traumatic stress symptoms in the aftermath of a natural disaster. We also tested whether these relationships differ depending on the ethnic group of belonging (majority vs. minority). Participants were 589 Italians and 122 immigrants from a region strongly affected by the earthquakes that struck Northern Italy in 2012. Results revealed that among Italians threat stemming from negative out-group behaviour was associated positively with post-traumatic stress symptoms and negatively with perceptions of being a common group with immigrant survivors...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978597/the-role-of-emotion-regulation-in-situational-empathy-related-responding-and-prosocial-behaviour-in-the-presence-of-negative-affect
#4
Sascha Hein, Mandy Röder, Michael Fingerle
Empathy and prosocial behaviour are crucial factors for children's positive social adjustment. Contemporary models of empathy highlight the capacity to regulate vicariously experienced emotions as a precursor to empathy-related responses (e.g., prosocial behaviour). The goal of this study was to examine the role of emotion regulation (ER) in situational empathy-related responding and prosocial behaviour. A sample of 157 children (76 boys and 81 girls; Mage = 9.94 years) participated in a two-tiered interview procedure that utilised vignettes to assess empathy and prosocial behaviour...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976381/american-undergraduate-students-value-development-during-the-great-recession
#5
Heejung Park, Jean M Twenge, Patricia M Greenfield
The Great Recession's influence on American undergraduate students' values was examined, testing Greenfield's and Kasser's theories concerning value development during economic downturns. Study 1 utilised aggregate-level data to investigate (a) population-level value changes between the pre-recession (2004-2006: n = 824,603) and recession freshman cohort (2008-2010: n = 662,262) and (b) overall associations of population-level values with national economic climates over long-term periods by correlating unemployment rates and concurrent aggregate-level values across 1966-2015 (n = 10 million)...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976362/differential-effects-of-school-experiences-on-active-citizenship-among-german-and-turkish-origin-students
#6
Philipp Jugert, Katharina Eckstein, Peter Noack
While research suggests that schools can foster active citizenship among youth, studies have not tested whether ethnic minority youth may benefit differently from school experiences than ethnic majority youth. In this study of 219 students (138 German majority and 81 Turkish-origin minority; Mage  = 18.26; 55% females), we examined the association between different experiences at school and 4 indicators of youth active citizenship, controlling for various socio-demographic characteristics. Although value of social studies was associated with three out of four active citizenship indicators among both ethnic groups, the effects of the other school-related variables on active citizenship were moderated by ethnicity...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943288/motivational-profiles-in-high-school-students-differences-in-behavioural-and-emotional-homework-engagement-and-academic-achievement
#7
Bibiana Regueiro, José C Núñez, Antonio Valle, Isabel Piñeiro, Susana Rodríguez, Pedro Rosário
This work examined whether combinations of academic and non-academic goals generated different motivational profiles in high school students. Besides, differences in homework behavioural engagement (i.e. amount of homework, time spent in homework, homework time management), homework emotional engagement (i.e. homework anxiety) and academic achievement were analysed. Participants were 714 high school students (43.4% boys and 56.6% girls). The study of potential motivational profiles was conducted by latent profile analysis, and the differences between the motivational profiles regarding homework variables and academic achievement were analysed using multivariate analysis...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943280/war-and-disaster-in-sri-lanka-implications-for-widows-family-adjustment-and-perception-of-self-efficacy-in-caring-for-one-s-family
#8
Alyssa Banford Witting, Jessica Lambert, Thulitha Wickrama
The data for this study were collected in 2014 from widows in Eastern Sri Lanka whose spouses died in the civil war, tsunami, or from health-related problems. Conservation of resources (COR) theory was used as a lens to examine the extent to which war and tsunami-related damages and family problems predict variation in social support, family adjustment and a perception of self-efficacy in caring for one's family as reported by widowed women. We also investigated whether social support from the community and social support from family and friends mediated those relationships...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917492/predictors-of-developing-mathematics-anxiety-among-middle-school-students-a-2-year-prospective-study
#9
Nir Madjar, Gil Zalsman, Abraham Weizman, Shaul Lev-Ran, Gal Shoval
While there is an abundance of research pertaining to the development of anxiety disorders, there is still a dearth of knowledge regarding the development of anxiety in the general population. The objective of this study was to longitudinally explore the development of mathematics anxiety among normative middle-school students, and to identify the moderating role of gender, school transition and scholastic achievements on these trajectories. Subjects included 413 sixth grade students (53.3% females, mean age 11...
December 4, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905108/the-effects-of-cognitive-style-and-emotional-trade-off-difficulty-on-information-processing-in-decision-making
#10
Dawei Wang, Leilei Hao, Phil Maguire, Yixin Hu
This study investigated the effects of cognitive style and emotional trade-off difficulty (ETOD) on information processing in decision-making. Eighty undergraduates (73.75% female, M = 21.90), grouped according to their cognitive style (field-dependent or field-independent), conducted an Information Display Board (IDB) task, through which search time, search depth and search pattern were measured. Participants' emotional states were assessed both before and after the IDB task. The results showed that participants experienced significantly more negative emotion under high ETOD compared to those under low ETOD...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878820/youth-and-the-great-recession-are-values-achievement-orientation-and-outlook-to-the-future-affected
#11
Ingrid Schoon, Jeylan Mortimer
This special section brings together leading experts in psychology and sociology to examine the consequences of the Great Recession for young people's values, achievement orientation, and outlook to the future. Evidence from Europe and the United States suggests that the impact of the recession varies for distinct outcomes and by age, the latter pointing to potential sensitive periods for interventions. Although the direct effects of the recession are not strong, they accelerate pre-existing trends towards more prolonged and precarious transitions to independence, and are likely to bring with them long-term scarring with respect to health and well-being...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804137/contradictions-in-the-american-dream-high-educational-aspirations-and-perceptions-of-deteriorating-institutional-support
#12
Pamela Aronson
This study examines contradictions in the "American Dream" during the Great Recession: young adults maintained high educational aspirations, yet perceived little opportunity for their educational achievements to help them fulfil their dreams of financial prosperity and work stability. Based on in-depth interviews with 85 young college students and recent graduates, this study found that college enrolment was propelled by the recession, as a college degree, and often a graduate or professional degree, was perceived as an increasingly necessary credential...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778358/the-role-of-attentional-resources-in-explaining-sex-differences-in-object-location-memory
#13
Efrat Barel
Sex differences in object location memory have been widely studied, with mixed results. The role of attention in mediating the female advantage in object location memory has not been clearly understood yet. Two experiments, involving 181 participants and using an actual object array, were conducted in the present study to examine two learning conditions: incidental and intentional. In each experiment, participants were randomly assigned to divided versus full attention conditions. The study also examined memorizing location-maintained and location-exchanged objects...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052330/it-s-only-a-dream-if-you-wake-up-young-adults-achievement-expectations-opportunities-and-meritocratic-beliefs
#14
Jacob Shane, Jutta Heckhausen
The present paper examines university graduates' beliefs about how meritocratic socioeconomic status (SES) attainment in U.S. society is for themselves (merit agency beliefs) and for most other people (merit societal beliefs), and how these distinct beliefs are differentially associated with labour market experiences and achievement-goal attitudes and expectations in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Data from a 10-month longitudinal study of 217 graduates from the 2013 class of a large public U.S. university were analysed using multilevel modelling...
February 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582356/cultural-differences-in-survey-responding-issues-and-insights-in-the-study-of-response-biases
#15
Markus Kemmelmeier
This paper introduces the special section "Cultural differences in questionnaire responding" and discusses central topics in the research on response biases in cross-cultural survey research. Based on current conceptions of acquiescent, extreme, and socially desirable responding, the author considers current data on the correlated nature of response biases and the conditions under which different response styles they emerge. Based on evidence relating different response styles to the cultural dimension of individualism-collectivism, the paper explores how research presented as part of this special section might help resolves some tensions in this literature...
December 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578595/linking-extreme-response-style-to-response-processes-a-cross-cultural-mixed-methods-approach
#16
Isabel Benítez, Jia He, Fons J R Van de Vijver, José-Luis Padilla
The aim of this study is to contribute to a better understanding of extreme response style in cross-cultural research by integrating quantitative and qualitative evidence in a mixed methods design. In the quantitative phase, indexes of extreme response style, derived from quality of life measures from different international studies, were compared between Spain and the Netherlands. Results indicated that extreme responding was more common among Spanish than among Dutch in endorsement of items, but that the opposite was found for frequency scales including never as a response anchor...
December 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374874/individual-and-culture-level-components-of-survey-response-styles-a-multi-level-analysis-using-cultural-models-of-selfhood
#17
Peter B Smith, Vivian L Vignoles, Maja Becker, Ellinor Owe, Matthew J Easterbrook, Rupert Brown, David Bourguignon, Ragna B Garðarsdóttir, Robert Kreuzbauer, Boris Cendales Ayala, Masaki Yuki, Jianxin Zhang, Shaobo Lv, Phatthanakit Chobthamkit, Jas Laile Jaafar, Ronald Fischer, Taciano L Milfont, Alin Gavreliuc, Peter Baguma, Michael Harris Bond, Mariana Martin, Nicolay Gausel, Seth J Schwartz, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Alexander Tatarko, Roberto González, Nicolas Didier, Diego Carrasco, Siugmin Lay, George Nizharadze, Ana Torres, Leoncio Camino, Sami Abuhamdeh, Ma Elizabeth J Macapagal, Silvia H Koller, Ginette Herman, Marie Courtois, Immo Fritsche, Agustín Espinosa, Juan A Villamar, Camillo Regalia, Claudia Manzi, Maria Brambilla, Martina Zinkeng, Baland Jalal, Ersin Kusdil, Benjamin Amponsah, Selinay Çağlar, Kassahun Habtamu Mekonnen, Bettina Möller, Xiao Zhang, Inge Schweiger Gallo, Paula Prieto Gil, Raquel Lorente Clemares, Gabriella Campara, Said Aldhafri, Márta Fülöp, Tom Pyszczynski, Pelin Kesebir, Charles Harb
Variations in acquiescence and extremity pose substantial threats to the validity of cross-cultural research that relies on survey methods. Individual and cultural correlates of response styles when using 2 contrasting types of response mode were investigated, drawing on data from 55 cultural groups across 33 nations. Using 7 dimensions of self-other relatedness that have often been confounded within the broader distinction between independence and interdependence, our analysis yields more specific understandings of both individual- and culture-level variations in response style...
December 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914819/the-conceptual-link-between-social-desirability-and-cultural-normativity
#18
REVIEW
Philippe Bou Malham, Gerard Saucier
Psychologists have a recurrent concern that socially desirable responding (SDR) is a form of response distortion that compromises the validity of self-report measures, especially in high-stakes situations where participants are motivated to make a good impression. Psychologists have used various strategies to minimise SDR or its impact, for example, forced choice responding, ipsatization, and direct measures of social desirability. However, empirical evidence suggests that SDR is a robust phenomenon existing in many cultures and a substantive variable with meaningful associations with other psychological variables and outcomes...
December 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26899311/response-styles-in-factual-items-personal-contextual-and-cultural-correlates
#19
Jia He, Fons J R Van de Vijver
This study investigated response styles in factual items and explored their associations with personal, contextual and cultural factors. Responses on various factual questions, cognitive tests and interviewers' observational data from a total of 152,514 respondents in 22 countries in the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) were analysed. Indexes of extreme, midpoint and acquiescent response styles were extracted from Likert-scale and dichotomous responses of factual items...
December 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26238800/antecedents-of-intra-intergroup-friendships-and-stress-levels-among-ethnic-and-religious-minority-members
#20
Hanna Zagefka, Abdinasir Mohamed, Gehad Mursi, Siugmin Lay
Two studies tested a model, whereby, identification with the minority group was predicted to impact on acculturation preferences, which in turn were proposed to impact involvement in intragroup friendships with other minority members, intergroup friendships with majority members and stress experienced by minority members. A direct path from minority identification to stress was also included in the model. The model was tested using structural equation modelling on survey data collected from Muslim women (N = 250) and from Somali minority members (N = 198) in Britain...
December 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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