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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761475/exhaled-breath-analysis-in-evaluation-of-psychological-stress-a-short-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Alessandro Tonacci, Francesco Sansone, Anna Paola Pala, Raffaele Conte
Physiological stress is pervasive in today's society. Its detection is normally performed through several unobtrusive methods, driving both caregivers and patients to take measures to reduce the burden of this condition on human health. Among the methods for assessing stress, exhaled breath analysis represents a non-invasive, real-time alternative to classic laboratory tests. Therefore, a literature review was performed to assess the presence of altered parameters, related to psychological stress, in exhaled breath...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700816/rigidity-of-the-far-right-motivated-social-cognition-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-hungarians-on-the-eve-of-the-far-right-breakthrough-in-the-2010-elections
#2
Jan-Erik Lönnqvist, Zsolt Péter Szabó, Laszlo Kelemen
We investigated the "rigidity of the right" hypothesis in the context of the far-right breakthrough in the 2010 Hungarian parliamentary elections. This hypothesis suggests that psychological characteristics having to do with need for security and certainty attract people to a broad-based right-wing ideology. A nationally representative sample (N = 1000) in terms of age, gender and place of residence was collected by means of the random walking method and face-to-face interviews. Voters of JOBBIK (n = 124), the radically nationalist conservative far-right party, scored lower on System Justifying Belief, Belief in a Just World (Global) and higher on Need for Cognition than other voters...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659016/effects-of-attention-during-encoding-on-sex-differences-in-object-location-memory
#3
Efrat Barel
Attention plays a key role in memory processes and has been widely studied in various memory tasks. The role of attention in sex differences in object location memory is not clearly understood. In the present study, two experiments involving 186 participants and using an object array presented on paper were conducted to examine two encoding conditions: incidental and intentional. In each experiment, the participants were randomly assigned to divided versus full attention conditions. In the first experiment, which involved incidental encoding, women outperformed men in memorising location-exchanged objects in both the full and in the divided attention condition...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658135/cross-cultural-invariance-of-npi-13-entitlement-as-culturally-specific-leadership-and-grandiosity-as-culturally-universal
#4
Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska, Jarosław Piotrowski, Radosław Rogoza, Tomasz Baran, Hidefumi Hitokoto, John Maltby
The current study explores the problem with the lack of measurement invariance for the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) by addressing two issues: conceptual heterogeneity of narcissism and methodological issues related to the binary character of data. We examine the measurement invariance of the 13-item version of the NPI in three populations in Japan, Poland and the UK. Analyses revealed that leadership/authority and grandiose exhibitionism dimensions of the NPI were cross-culturally invariant, while entitlement/exploitativeness was culturally specific...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658116/differentiating-the-effects-of-anger-and-sadness-a-perspective-of-spontaneous-trait-inference
#5
Wenfeng Shi, Feng Yang, Jing Xia, Meifang Wang
In the present research, three experiments were conducted to examine the effects of anger and sadness on spontaneous trait inferences (STIs). Using a probe recognition paradigm, Experiment 1 revealed that angry participants made more errors in response to probes following trait-implying behaviours than sad participants did. Using a false recognition paradigm, Experiments 2 and 3 revealed that angry participants made more errors in response to systematic pair trials than sad participants did. The three experiments provided convergent evidence that angry individuals were more inclined to form STIs than sad individuals were...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633263/the-importance-of-body-satisfaction-to-physical-self-concept-and-body-mass-index-in-spanish-adolescents
#6
Pedro Antonio Sánchez-Miguel, Juan José Pulido González, David Sánchez-Oliva, Diana Amado Alonso, Francisco Miguel Leo
This research examines the association between measured body mass index (BMI) and the perception of BMI by young students. Moreover, this research tests the importance of BMI and self-concept, in order to predict body dissatisfaction in high school students. The sample consisted of 2087 individuals from different high schools in Extremadura, Spain, both males (n = 1046) and females (n = 1041), ranging in age from 15 to 17 years old (M = 15.42; SD = 0.86). Initially, participants' BMIs were assessed through anthropometry...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633260/animalizing-the-disadvantaged-mechanizing-the-wealthy-the-convergence-of-socio-economic-status-and-attribution-of-humanity
#7
Mario Sainz, Rocío Martínez, Miguel Moya, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón
Differences between groups in socio-economic status (SES) are becoming more salient nowadays. In this context, we examined the animalistic and mechanistic dehumanization that both low and high-SES groups may experience respectively by conducting three studies. In study 1, we manipulated the SES of two fictitious groups (low vs. high-SES) and measured the humanity ascribed to them. Results showed that the low-SES group was animalized in comparison with the high-SES group, which was mechanized. In study 2, we manipulated the humanity of two fictitious groups by describing them as animals or machines and measured the perceived SES of the groups...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624660/social-decision-making-mediates-the-association-between-anger-and-externalising-problems-in-chinese-adolescents
#8
Nan Li, Sascha Hein, Lin Ye, Yangyang Liu
The goal of this study was to test the mediating effect of social decision making in the relations of anger and anger control to externalising and internalising problems. A sample of 174 Chinese adolescents (mean age = 15.36 years) completed self-reports of trait anger, anger control, externalising problems, internalising problems and social decision making, which was operationalized as situational judgement reflecting an individual's ability to interact effectively with parents, teachers and peers. Findings indicated that adolescents' trait anger and anger control were positively related to both externalising and internalising problems...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611619/sequential-mediating-effects-of-provided-and-received-social-support-on-trait-emotional-intelligence-and-subjective-happiness-a-longitudinal-examination-in-hong-kong-chinese-university-students
#9
Jiawen Ye, Dannii Y Yeung, Elaine S C Liu, Tina L Rochelle
Past research has often focused on the effects of emotional intelligence and received social support on subjective well-being yet paid limited attention to the effects of provided social support. This study adopted a longitudinal design to examine the sequential mediating effects of provided and received social support on the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and subjective happiness. A total of 214 Hong Kong Chinese undergraduates were asked to complete two assessments with a 6-month interval in between...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611618/perceived-emotion-suppression-and-culture-effects-on-psychological-well-being
#10
Heewon Kwon, Young-Hoon Kim
Whether the negative effects of emotion suppression on psychological well-being are applicable cross-culturally is a long-debated topic. The present study attempted to shed light on this debate, focusing on the effects of perceived emotion suppression and examining the psychological processes leading from perceived emotion suppression to lower psychological well-being. We used a scale manipulation to lead 196 American and 213 Chinese participants to perceive themselves as having suppressed their emotions to a greater or lesser extent and then measured their life satisfaction...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508381/guilt-in-bereavement-its-relationship-with-complicated-grief-and-depression
#11
Jie Li, Jorge N Tendeiro, Margaret Stroebe
This study investigated the relationship between guilt and well-being of bereaved persons, and explored potential differences in the associations between guilt-complicated grief (CG) and guilt-depression. In total, 1358 Chinese bereaved adults were recruited to fill out questionnaires. Participants (N = 194) who had been bereaved within 2 years of the first survey, filled out the same questionnaires 1 year later. Higher guilt was associated with higher degrees of both CG and depression. The level of guilt predicted CG and depression symptoms 1 year later...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504119/mind-perception-of-god-in-japanese-children
#12
Yusuke Moriguchi, Hideyuki Takahashi, Tomoko Nakamata, Naoya Todo
There is a theoretical debate regarding whether children represent God with reference to a human. Most previous studies have assessed this issue focusing on knowledge/omniscience in western children. This study used a theoretical framework characterising mental capacities in terms of motivational/emotional (experience) and cognitive (agency) mental capacities and tested whether Japanese children discriminated between God, a human, a baby and an invisible agent according to these capacities. Three- to 6-year-old children were asked about the experience and agency of the agents...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498042/prefer-feeling-bad-subcultural-differences-in-emotional-preferences-between-han-chinese-and-mongolian-chinese
#13
Xinmei Deng, Chen Cheng, Hiu Mei Chow, Xuechen Ding
As a multi-ethnic country that is comprised of diverse cultural systems, there has been little research on the subcultural differences in emotional preferences in China. Also, little attention has been paid to examine how explicit and implicit attitudes towards emotions influence emotional preferences interactively. In this study, we manipulated explicit attitudes towards emotions among Han (N = 62) and Mongolian Chinese individuals (N = 70). We assessed participants' implicit attitudes towards emotions to explore their contributions to emotional preferences...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374384/understanding-the-foot-in-the-door-effect-as-a-pseudo-effect-from-the-perspective-of-the-campbell-paradigm
#14
Oliver Arnold, Florian G Kaiser
Compliance with a small request (a metaphorical foot-in-the-door) promotes compliance with a subsequent big request. Whereas some explanations expect a drop in the behavioural costs of the big request, others suspect that the effect comes from boosting the underlying attitude. However, evidence for both explanations is equivocal and circumstantial, at best. Drawing on what Kaiser et al. (2010) call the Campbell paradigm, we present an integrative account: Compliance with any request demands a corresponding attitude to counterbalance the costs of the request...
April 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169590/full-statistical-mediation-of-the-relationship-between-trauma-and-depressive-symptoms
#15
Patricia J Place, Shichun Ling, Lawrence Patihis
Owing to the potentially devastating effects of trauma-induced depression, explaining the relationship between trauma and depressive symptoms is important. In this study, we measured lifelong exposure to potentially traumatic events and depressive symptoms in 370-female undergraduates. We also measured anxiety, past negative time perspective and dissociation as potential mediators. Trauma exposure and depressive symptoms were related with a small but significant effect size (r = .16). Trauma was not associated with dissociation...
April 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168008/relations-between-social-comparison-orientation-and-adjustment-in-chinese-adolescents-moderating-effects-of-initial-adjustment-status
#16
Rui Fu, Xinyin Chen, Junsheng Liu, Dan Li
This 1-year longitudinal study examined relations between social comparison orientation (SCO) and socioemotional adjustment and academic achievement. A sample of Grades 7 and 8 students (N = 336, initial M age = 14.08 years) in China participated in the study. Data were collected from self-reports, peer assessments and school records. It was found that early SCO positively contributed to later academic achievement. Moreover, the relations between early SCO and later socioemotional adjustment were moderated by the initial status of adolescents...
April 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167870/the-relation-between-remembered-parental-acceptance-in-childhood-and-self-acceptance-among-young-turkish-adults
#17
Behire Kuyumcu, Ronald P Rohner
This study examined the relation between young adults' age and remembrances of parental acceptance in childhood, and their current self-acceptance. The study was based on a sample of 236 young adults in Turkey (139 women and 97 men). The adult version of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection/Control Questionnaire for mothers and fathers along with the Self-Acceptance subscale of the Psychological Well-Being Scale, and the Personal Information Form were used as measures. Results showed that both men and women tended to remember having been accepted in childhood by both their mothers and fathers...
April 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145921/the-role-of-posttraumatic-fear-and-social-support-in-the-relationship-between-trauma-severity-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-adolescent-survivors-of-the-yaan-earthquake
#18
Xiao Zhou, Xinchun Wu, Xin Li, Rui Zhen
Middle school students in Lushan county (N = 315) were assessed 6 months after the Yaan earthquake using a trauma severity questionnaire, a posttraumatic fear questionnaire, a social support questionnaire and a posttraumatic growth inventory to examine the effects of posttraumatic fear and social support in the relationship between trauma severity and posttraumatic growth (PTG). The results showed that posttraumatic fear mediated the relationship between trauma severity and PTG, and social support moderated the relationship between posttraumatic fear and PTG...
April 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132797/religiousness-social-support-and-subjective-well-being-an-exploratory-study-among-adolescents-in-an-asian-atheist-country
#19
Chengting Ju, Baoshan Zhang, Xuqun You, Valeria Alterman, Yongkang Li
Few studies have focused on the relationships among religiousness, social support and subjective well-being in Chinese adolescent populations. This study tries to fill this gap. Using cluster sampling, we selected two groups: Group A, which included 738 Tibetan adolescents with a formal religious affiliation and represented adolescents from a religious culture, and Group B, which included 720 Han adolescents without a religious affiliation and represented adolescents from an irreligious culture. Structural equation modelling showed that only in Group A did social support mediate (partially) the relationship between religious experience and subjective well-being; furthermore, the results of a hierarchical regression analysis showed that only in Group A did social support moderate the relationship between religious ideology and subjective well-being...
April 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27090061/social-and-individual-risk-factors-for-suicide-ideation-among-chinese-children-and-adolescents-a-multilevel-analysis
#20
Ling Tan, Tiansheng Xia, Christy Reece
The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of suicide ideation among primary, middle and high school students. We used multilevel modelling to investigate suicide ideation among 12,733 Chinese children and adolescents aged 9-18 years from wide range of areas across China. Approximately, 32.09% of children and adolescents reported suicide ideation, with females were more likely to report suicide ideation than males (38.09% vs. 29.95%). Our results showed that the risk factors in primary school students were different from middle and high school student groups, whereas significant risk factors for middle and high school students were similar...
April 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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