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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503775/contemporary-psychology-and-women-a-gender-analysis-of-the-scientific-production
#1
Julio González-Álvarez, Teresa Cervera-Crespo
Despite important advances made in recent decades, women are still underrepresented in science (less than 30% of authorships). This study presents a bibliometric analysis of all the Psychology articles published in 2009 included in the Web of Science database (Thomson Reuters) in order to examine the contribution of women in contemporary Psychology, their pattern of research collaboration, the scientific content and the scientific impact from a gender perspective. From a total of 90,067 authorships, gender could be identified in 74,413 (82...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493413/examining-the-emerging-entrepreneurial-mindset-in-adolescence-a-study-in-nigeria
#2
Samuel O Salami
This study investigated the relationship of family environment, network, parental socio-economic status, self-efficacy and proactive personality on entrepreneurial intention of secondary school adolescents and the mediating role of self-efficacy. The participants were 250 secondary school SS2 adolescents randomly selected from six secondary schools in Ibadan Metropolis, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Structural Equation Modelling was used to analyse the data obtained from the participants. The results showed that all the contextual and individual factors had significant relationship with entrepreneurial intention and self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488277/variants-of-biculturalism-in-migrant-and-host-adolescents-living-in-italy-and-spain-testing-the-importance-of-life-domains-through-the-relative-acculturation-extended-model
#3
Tiziana Mancini, Marisol Navas, Lucia López-Rodríguez, Benedetta Bottura
Several variants of biculturalism have recently been proposed (Schwartz, Birman, Benet-Martínez, & Unger, 2016). Nevertheless, few studies have identified different types of bicultural individuals, and no one has addressed the possibility that these types could depend on acculturation domains. By using the Relative Acculturation Extended Model (RAEM), this study aimed to explore if different variants of biculturalism could be individuated, and if some of these variants were sensitive to life domains. Four samples of migrant and host adolescents living in Italy (n = 173 and n = 186) and Spain (n = 139 and n = 156) answered a questionnaire about acculturation perceptions and preferences in central and peripheral life domains...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474407/emotional-display-rules-in-palestine-ingroup-outgroup-membership-status-of-interaction-partner-and-gender
#4
Sharon M Flicker, Haneen J S Ayoub, Melissa J Guynn
This study investigates emotional display rules within the Palestinian context, focusing on the seven basic emotions in a sample of 150 college students from the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Overall, participants felt that it was more appropriate to express positive emotions (happiness and surprise) than negative powerful (anger, contempt and disgust) or negative powerless (fear and sadness) emotions. They also perceived it to be more appropriate to express positive and negative powerless emotions to ingroup than outgroup members and to express negative powerful emotions to lower status compared to higher status individuals...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474340/doddering-but-dear-%C3%A2-even-in-the-eyes-of-young-children-age-stereotyping-and-prejudice-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#5
Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Ricardo Borges Rodrigues, Sibila Marques, Carla Sofia Esteves, Filipa Cunha, Filomena Gerardo
This study aims to explore age prejudice, and to examine age stereotyping in children and adolescents by adopting the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) as a theoretical framework. It was hypothesised that children are socialised into adopting an ambivalent representation of old age (socialisation hypothesis) and that this cognitive bias becomes weaker in adolescence due to greater cognitive maturity (developmental hypothesis). By analysing representative data from Portugal (European Social Survey; N = 2367), it was ascertained that the ambivalent age stereotype (higher evaluations of warmth than competence for older people) is indeed a shared social representation of older people in Portuguese society...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474338/the-changing-psychology-of-culture-in-german-speaking-countries-a-google-ngram-study
#6
Nadja Younes, Ulf-Dietrich Reips
This article provides evidence for the long-term affiliation between ecological and cultural changes in German-speaking countries, based on the assumptions derived from social change and human development theory. Based on this theory, the increase in urbanisation, as a measure of ecological change, is associated with significant cultural changes of psychology. Whereas urbanisation is linked to greater individualistic values and materialistic attitudes, rural environments are strongly associated with collectivistic values like allegiance, prevalence of religion, and feelings of belonging and benevolence...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464241/the-effects-of-promoting-alternative-thinking-strategies-preschool-program-on-teacher-children-relationships-and-children-s-social-competence-in-turkey
#7
Gamze Bilir Seyhan, Sakire Ocak Karabay, Tugce B Arda Tuncdemir, Mark T Greenberg, Celene Domitrovich
This quasi-experimental study examined the effects of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) Preschool Program on the outcomes of children's social-emotional competence, perceived relationships between teacher and children and teachers' ability to create a positive classroom atmosphere. Two hundred and eighty five children (48-72 months) and teachers in Izmir participated in the intervention, and 280 children (48-72 months) and teachers participated as comparison group. Intervention teachers implemented PATHS in their classrooms...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421608/can-functional-emotion-regulation-protect-children-s-mental-health-from-war-trauma-a-palestinian-study
#8
Marwan Diab, Kirsi Peltonen, Samir R Qouta, Esa Palosaari, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Effective emotion regulation (ER) is expected to protect mental health in traumatic stress. We first analysed the protective (moderator) function of different ER strategies and the associations between ER and mental health. Second, we tested gender differences in the protective function of ER and the associations between ER strategies and mental health. Participants were 482 Palestinian children (girls 49.4%; 10-13 years, M = 11.29, SD = .68) whose ER was assessed by the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and mental health by post-traumatic stress (Children's Impact Event Scale), depressive, and psychological distress (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) symptoms, and by psychosocial well-being (Mental Health Continuum-Short Form)...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369901/evaluating-the-evaluator-the-effects-of-the-valence-sequence-and-target-of-evaluations-on-the-perception-of-the-evaluator
#9
Nurit Tal-Or, Ayelet Gal-Oz
People commonly want to be perceived as intelligent, as well as be liked by others. Previous research has demonstrated that people who wish to appear intelligent tend to criticise others, and that criticising others indeed leads to the perception of high intelligence. In the current research we hypothesised and found that this is not the case when (a) the criticism is targeted towards the people who form the impression, and (b) the criticism is targeted towards those with whom the people who form the impression have just interacted...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332707/effects-of-relational-uncertainty-in-heightening-national-identification-and-reactive-approach-motivation-of-japanese
#10
Yuto Terashima, Jiro Takai
This study investigated whether relational uncertainty poses uncertainty threat, which causes compensatory behaviours among Japanese. We hypothesised that Japanese, as collectivists, would perceive relational uncertainty to pose uncertainty threat. In two experiments, we manipulated relational uncertainty, and confirmed that participants exhibited compensatory reactions to reduce aversive feelings due to it. In Study 1, we conducted direct comparison between relational uncertainty, independent self-uncertainty and control conditions...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299788/narratives-of-effort-among-chinese-hungarian-and-chinese-immigrant-students-in-hungary
#11
Nóra Sebestyén, Krisztián Ivaskevics, Márta Fülöp
The present study aimed to reveal the effect of migration processes on the conceptualisation of effort involving two cultures with different approaches towards effort: China with an effort-promoting mindset and Hungary with an effort-repressing mindset. In the study, narrative approach was used in cross-sectional design involving Chinese, Hungarian and Chinese immigrant students living in Hungary. Altogether 139 students-49 Hungarian, 47 Chinese, 43 Chinese immigrants-aged 13-15 years provided narratives on past personal effort...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295298/invisible-friends-across-four-countries-kenya-malawi-nepal-and-the-dominican-republic
#12
J Bradley Wigger
Cross-cultural comparisons of the prevalence of invisible/imaginary companions are difficult due to the use of various methods of data gathering and the lack of sampling in developing countries. The present study took place among 443 children (3-8-year-olds) in four different countries (Kenya, Malawi, Nepal and the Dominican Republic) employing the same interview method. Among all the children 21% affirmed that they had invisible/imaginary companions at the time of the interview. But the rates between countries varied significantly from a low of 5% in Nepal to a high of 34% in the Dominican Republic...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295294/catching-up-with-wonderful-women-the-women-are-wonderful-effect-is-smaller-in-more-gender-egalitarian-societies
#13
Kuba Krys, Colin A Capaldi, Wijnand van Tilburg, Ottmar V Lipp, Michael Harris Bond, C-Melanie Vauclair, L Sam S Manickam, Alejandra Domínguez-Espinosa, Claudio Torres, Vivian Miu-Chi Lun, Julien Teyssier, Lynden K Miles, Karolina Hansen, Joonha Park, Wolfgang Wagner, Angela Arriola Yu, Cai Xing, Ryan Wise, Chien-Ru Sun, Razi Sultan Siddiqui, Radwa Salem, Muhammad Rizwan, Vassilis Pavlopoulos, Martin Nader, Fridanna Maricchiolo, María Malbran, Gwatirera Javangwe, İdil Işık, David O Igbokwe, Taekyun Hur, Arif Hassan, Ana Gonzalez, Márta Fülöp, Patrick Denoux, Enila Cenko, Ana Chkhaidze, Eleonora Shmeleva, Radka Antalíková, Ramadan A Ahmed
Inequalities between men and women are common and well-documented. Objective indexes show that men are better positioned than women in societal hierarchies-there is no single country in the world without a gender gap. In contrast, researchers have found that the women-are-wonderful effect-that women are evaluated more positively than men overall-is also common. Cross-cultural studies on gender equality reveal that the more gender egalitarian the society is, the less prevalent explicit gender stereotypes are...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294312/the-mediating-role-of-cultural-coping-behaviours-on-the-relationships-between-academic-stress-and-positive-psychosocial-well-being-outcomes
#14
Ben C H Kuo, Kendall M Soucie, Siqi Huang, Refa Laith
While culture's effect on the coping process has long been acknowledged in the stress-coping literature conceptually, empirical evidence and attempts to discern the specific relationship between culture and coping remain very scarce. Against this backdrop, the present study applied the Cultural Transactional Theory (Chun, Moos, & Cronkite, 2006) to examine the mediating role of cultural coping behaviours (Collective, Engagement and Avoidance Coping) on the relationship between academic stress (AS) and two positive psychosocial well-being outcome measures: Collective Self-esteem (CSE) and Subjective Well-being (SWB)...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26377440/what-is-beautiful-brings-out-what-is-good-in-you-the-effect-of-facial-attractiveness-on-individuals-honesty
#15
Jing Wang, Tiansheng Xia, Liling Xu, Taotao Ru, Ce Mo, Ting Ting Wang, Lei Mo
This study tested whether the presence of an attractive face would influence individuals' honesty. In 2 experiments, 225 participants were asked to predict the outcome of computerised coin-flips and to self-report the accuracy of their predictions. Self-reports were made in the presence of a facial photo of a female who had been rated before the experiment as high attractive, middle attractive or low attractive by other volunteers. Participants were rewarded based on their self-reported (not actual) accuracy...
June 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251646/introduction-to-the-special-section-advances-in-psychological-prevention-and-treatment-interventions-to-promote-children-s-mental-health
#16
Abigail H Gewirtz, Adriana Youssef
This paper introduces the Special Section on Advances in Psychological Prevention and Treatment Interventions to Promote Children's Mental Health. The three articles in the Special Section provide perspectives on the adaptation, evaluation, and implementation of evidence-based psychological interventions for children in countries in Northern and Eastern Europe, and Latin America. The articles highlight disparate methodologies for the examination of intervention data, including addressing causal inference in the absence of availability of true experiment data (i...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425781/predictors-of-changes-in-child-behaviour-following-parent-management-training-child-context-and-therapy-factors
#17
Kristine Amlund Hagen, Terje Ogden
This non-randomised study examined a set of predictive factors of changes in child behaviour following parent management training (PMTO). Families of 331 Norwegian girls (26%) and boys with clinic-level conduct problems participated. The children ranged in age from 3 to 12 years (Mage = 8.69). Retention rate was 72.2% at post-assessment. Child-, parent- and therapy-level variables were entered as predictors of multi-informant reported change in externalising behaviour and social skills. Behavioural improvements following PMTO amounted to 1 standard deviation on parent rated and ½ standard deviation on teacher rated externalising behaviour, while social skills improvements were more modest...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374765/are-asian-cultures-really-less-ageist-than-western-ones-it-depends-on-the-questions-asked
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Katja Hanke, Li-Li Huang, Dominic Abrams
Ageism is an increasing concern in ageing populations such as Asia and Europe. A prevalent assumption in psychology is that Eastern cultures may be less prone to ageism because of norms and values that honour and respect elders. Yet, evidence for this culture hypothesis is inconclusive. The current study examines this issue by comparing attitudes towards older people in an Eastern and Western samples of 184 young people from the UK and 249 from Taiwan. Attitudes to old age were measured both as meta-perceptions (the perceived normative context) and personal attitudes in regard to the cognitive, affective and behavioural components of ageism...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094382/squeezing-observational-data-for-better-causal-inference-methods-and-examples-for-prevention-research
#19
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, J Michael Oakes
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are typically viewed as the gold standard for causal inference. This is because effects of interest can be identified with the fewest assumptions, especially imbalance in background characteristics. Yet because conducting RCTs are expensive, time consuming and sometimes unethical, observational studies are frequently used to study causal associations. In these studies, imbalance, or confounding, is usually controlled with multiple regression, which entails strong assumptions...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923199/paths-in-croatia-a-school-based-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-social-and-emotional-learning-curriculum
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Miranda Novak, Josipa Mihić, Josipa Bašić, Robert L Nix
This study represents the first rigorous evaluation of a social-emotional learning curriculum, PATHS (Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies; Kusché & Greenberg, 1994), in elementary schools in Croatia. This study randomly assigned 29 schools to receive the universal preventive intervention or continue with usual practices. Within those schools, this study included 57 classrooms and 568 children. Teachers rated nine child behaviours in the middle of first grade (pre-intervention) and near the end of second grade (post-intervention)...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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