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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635144/not-all-cultural-values-are-created-equal-cultural-change-in-china-reexamined-through-google-books
#1
Rui Zhang, Liping Weng
Given its major transformations in recent decades, China has figured prominently in research on cultural change. Previous research converges in showing a general trend towards individualism in contemporary China while noting that rising individualism tends to coexist with enduring collectivism. To further understand this, we tested whether perceived traditional importance of cultural values would modulate the trajectory of cultural change reflected in word usage frequencies in published books. We re-analysed Google's Chinese corpus since 1980 based on a broad sample of words associated with individualism-collectivism...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573645/effects-of-social-identity-salience-on-motivational-orientation-and-conflict-strategies-in-intergenerational-conflict
#2
Henry C Y Ho, Dannii Y Yeung
With the upsurge of older adults still working, the labour force is becoming increasingly diverse in age. Age diversity in an organisation can increase the likelihood of intergenerational conflict. The present study aims to integrate the dual concern model and social identity theory to explain the underlying mechanisms of intergenerational conflict by examining the effects of social identity salience on motivational orientation and conflict strategies. A 2 (subgroup identity salience: low vs. high younger/older group membership) × 2 (superordinate identity salience: low vs...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547913/it-s-better-to-give-than-to-receive-psychological-need-satisfaction-mediating-links-between-wasta-favouritism-and-individuals-psychological-distress
#3
Tarik Abdulkreem Alwerthan, Dena Phillips Swanson, Ronald David Rogge
Wasta (i.e. the distribution of favours among family, friends and tribe; favouritism; nepotism) permeates numerous Middle Eastern cultures, representing a method of strengthening social ties and showing loyalty/generosity, but also representing one of the largest sources of corruption in Middle East. The current study investigated links between wasta and psychological distress in a survey of 1088 educators from Saudi Arabia. Drawing from the self-determination theory (SDT) conceptual framework, Structural Equation Modeling analyses suggested that benefitting from wasta was linked to higher levels of psychological distress and those links were explained in part (i...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503775/contemporary-psychology-and-women-a-gender-analysis-of-the-scientific-production
#4
Julio González-Álvarez, Teresa Cervera-Crespo
Despite important advances made in recent decades, women are still underrepresented in science (less than 30% of authorships). This study presents a bibliometric analysis of all the Psychology articles published in 2009 included in the Web of Science database (Thomson Reuters) in order to examine the contribution of women in contemporary Psychology, their pattern of research collaboration, the scientific content and the scientific impact from a gender perspective. From a total of 90,067 authorships, gender could be identified in 74,413 (82...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493413/examining-the-emerging-entrepreneurial-mindset-in-adolescence-a-study-in-nigeria
#5
Samuel O Salami
This study investigated the relationship of family environment, network, parental socio-economic status, self-efficacy and proactive personality on entrepreneurial intention of secondary school adolescents and the mediating role of self-efficacy. The participants were 250 secondary school SS2 adolescents randomly selected from six secondary schools in Ibadan Metropolis, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Structural Equation Modelling was used to analyse the data obtained from the participants. The results showed that all the contextual and individual factors had significant relationship with entrepreneurial intention and self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488277/variants-of-biculturalism-in-migrant-and-host-adolescents-living-in-italy-and-spain-testing-the-importance-of-life-domains-through-the-relative-acculturation-extended-model
#6
Tiziana Mancini, Marisol Navas, Lucia López-Rodríguez, Benedetta Bottura
Several variants of biculturalism have recently been proposed (Schwartz, Birman, Benet-Martínez, & Unger, 2016). Nevertheless, few studies have identified different types of bicultural individuals, and no one has addressed the possibility that these types could depend on acculturation domains. By using the Relative Acculturation Extended Model (RAEM), this study aimed to explore if different variants of biculturalism could be individuated, and if some of these variants were sensitive to life domains. Four samples of migrant and host adolescents living in Italy (n = 173 and n = 186) and Spain (n = 139 and n = 156) answered a questionnaire about acculturation perceptions and preferences in central and peripheral life domains...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474407/emotional-display-rules-in-palestine-ingroup-outgroup-membership-status-of-interaction-partner-and-gender
#7
Sharon M Flicker, Haneen J S Ayoub, Melissa J Guynn
This study investigates emotional display rules within the Palestinian context, focusing on the seven basic emotions in a sample of 150 college students from the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. Overall, participants felt that it was more appropriate to express positive emotions (happiness and surprise) than negative powerful (anger, contempt and disgust) or negative powerless (fear and sadness) emotions. They also perceived it to be more appropriate to express positive and negative powerless emotions to ingroup than outgroup members and to express negative powerful emotions to lower status compared to higher status individuals...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474340/doddering-but-dear-%C3%A2-even-in-the-eyes-of-young-children-age-stereotyping-and-prejudice-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#8
Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Ricardo Borges Rodrigues, Sibila Marques, Carla Sofia Esteves, Filipa Cunha, Filomena Gerardo
This study aims to explore age prejudice, and to examine age stereotyping in children and adolescents by adopting the Stereotype Content Model (SCM) as a theoretical framework. It was hypothesised that children are socialised into adopting an ambivalent representation of old age (socialisation hypothesis) and that this cognitive bias becomes weaker in adolescence due to greater cognitive maturity (developmental hypothesis). By analysing representative data from Portugal (European Social Survey; N = 2367), it was ascertained that the ambivalent age stereotype (higher evaluations of warmth than competence for older people) is indeed a shared social representation of older people in Portuguese society...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474338/the-changing-psychology-of-culture-in-german-speaking-countries-a-google-ngram-study
#9
Nadja Younes, Ulf-Dietrich Reips
This article provides evidence for the long-term affiliation between ecological and cultural changes in German-speaking countries, based on the assumptions derived from social change and human development theory. Based on this theory, the increase in urbanisation, as a measure of ecological change, is associated with significant cultural changes of psychology. Whereas urbanisation is linked to greater individualistic values and materialistic attitudes, rural environments are strongly associated with collectivistic values like allegiance, prevalence of religion, and feelings of belonging and benevolence...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464241/the-effects-of-promoting-alternative-thinking-strategies-preschool-program-on-teacher-children-relationships-and-children-s-social-competence-in-turkey
#10
Gamze Bilir Seyhan, Sakire Ocak Karabay, Tugce B Arda Tuncdemir, Mark T Greenberg, Celene Domitrovich
This quasi-experimental study examined the effects of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) Preschool Program on the outcomes of children's social-emotional competence, perceived relationships between teacher and children and teachers' ability to create a positive classroom atmosphere. Two hundred and eighty five children (48-72 months) and teachers in Izmir participated in the intervention, and 280 children (48-72 months) and teachers participated as comparison group. Intervention teachers implemented PATHS in their classrooms...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421608/can-functional-emotion-regulation-protect-children-s-mental-health-from-war-trauma-a-palestinian-study
#11
Marwan Diab, Kirsi Peltonen, Samir R Qouta, Esa Palosaari, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Effective emotion regulation (ER) is expected to protect mental health in traumatic stress. We first analysed the protective (moderator) function of different ER strategies and the associations between ER and mental health. Second, we tested gender differences in the protective function of ER and the associations between ER strategies and mental health. Participants were 482 Palestinian children (girls 49.4%; 10-13 years, M = 11.29, SD = .68) whose ER was assessed by the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and mental health by post-traumatic stress (Children's Impact Event Scale), depressive, and psychological distress (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire) symptoms, and by psychosocial well-being (Mental Health Continuum-Short Form)...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369901/evaluating-the-evaluator-the-effects-of-the-valence-sequence-and-target-of-evaluations-on-the-perception-of-the-evaluator
#12
Nurit Tal-Or, Ayelet Gal-Oz
People commonly want to be perceived as intelligent, as well as be liked by others. Previous research has demonstrated that people who wish to appear intelligent tend to criticise others, and that criticising others indeed leads to the perception of high intelligence. In the current research we hypothesised and found that this is not the case when (a) the criticism is targeted towards the people who form the impression, and (b) the criticism is targeted towards those with whom the people who form the impression have just interacted...
March 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26377440/what-is-beautiful-brings-out-what-is-good-in-you-the-effect-of-facial-attractiveness-on-individuals-honesty
#13
Jing Wang, Tiansheng Xia, Liling Xu, Taotao Ru, Ce Mo, Ting Ting Wang, Lei Mo
This study tested whether the presence of an attractive face would influence individuals' honesty. In 2 experiments, 225 participants were asked to predict the outcome of computerised coin-flips and to self-report the accuracy of their predictions. Self-reports were made in the presence of a facial photo of a female who had been rated before the experiment as high attractive, middle attractive or low attractive by other volunteers. Participants were rewarded based on their self-reported (not actual) accuracy...
June 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251646/introduction-to-the-special-section-advances-in-psychological-prevention-and-treatment-interventions-to-promote-children-s-mental-health
#14
Abigail H Gewirtz, Adriana Youssef
This paper introduces the Special Section on Advances in Psychological Prevention and Treatment Interventions to Promote Children's Mental Health. The three articles in the Special Section provide perspectives on the adaptation, evaluation, and implementation of evidence-based psychological interventions for children in countries in Northern and Eastern Europe, and Latin America. The articles highlight disparate methodologies for the examination of intervention data, including addressing causal inference in the absence of availability of true experiment data (i...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27425781/predictors-of-changes-in-child-behaviour-following-parent-management-training-child-context-and-therapy-factors
#15
Kristine Amlund Hagen, Terje Ogden
This non-randomised study examined a set of predictive factors of changes in child behaviour following parent management training (PMTO). Families of 331 Norwegian girls (26%) and boys with clinic-level conduct problems participated. The children ranged in age from 3 to 12 years (Mage = 8.69). Retention rate was 72.2% at post-assessment. Child-, parent- and therapy-level variables were entered as predictors of multi-informant reported change in externalising behaviour and social skills. Behavioural improvements following PMTO amounted to 1 standard deviation on parent rated and ½ standard deviation on teacher rated externalising behaviour, while social skills improvements were more modest...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374765/are-asian-cultures-really-less-ageist-than-western-ones-it-depends-on-the-questions-asked
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Christin-Melanie Vauclair, Katja Hanke, Li-Li Huang, Dominic Abrams
Ageism is an increasing concern in ageing populations such as Asia and Europe. A prevalent assumption in psychology is that Eastern cultures may be less prone to ageism because of norms and values that honour and respect elders. Yet, evidence for this culture hypothesis is inconclusive. The current study examines this issue by comparing attitudes towards older people in an Eastern and Western samples of 184 young people from the UK and 249 from Taiwan. Attitudes to old age were measured both as meta-perceptions (the perceived normative context) and personal attitudes in regard to the cognitive, affective and behavioural components of ageism...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094382/squeezing-observational-data-for-better-causal-inference-methods-and-examples-for-prevention-research
#17
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, J Michael Oakes
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are typically viewed as the gold standard for causal inference. This is because effects of interest can be identified with the fewest assumptions, especially imbalance in background characteristics. Yet because conducting RCTs are expensive, time consuming and sometimes unethical, observational studies are frequently used to study causal associations. In these studies, imbalance, or confounding, is usually controlled with multiple regression, which entails strong assumptions...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923199/paths-in-croatia-a-school-based-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-social-and-emotional-learning-curriculum
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Miranda Novak, Josipa Mihić, Josipa Bašić, Robert L Nix
This study represents the first rigorous evaluation of a social-emotional learning curriculum, PATHS (Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies; Kusché & Greenberg, 1994), in elementary schools in Croatia. This study randomly assigned 29 schools to receive the universal preventive intervention or continue with usual practices. Within those schools, this study included 57 classrooms and 568 children. Teachers rated nine child behaviours in the middle of first grade (pre-intervention) and near the end of second grade (post-intervention)...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26354082/direct-reciprocity-in-animals-the-roles-of-bonding-and-affective-processes
#19
REVIEW
Esteban Freidin, Fabricio Carballo, Mariana Bentosela
The presence of direct reciprocity in animals is a debated topic, because, despite its evolutionary plausibility, it is believed to be uncommon. Some authors claim that stable reciprocal exchanges require sophisticated cognition which has acted as a constraint on its evolution across species. In contrast, a more recent trend of research has focused on the possibility that direct reciprocity occurs within long-term bonds and relies on simple as well as more complex affective mechanisms such as emotional book-keeping, rudimentary and higher forms of empathy, and inequity aversion, among others...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26334113/chinese-undergraduates-preferences-for-altruistic-traits-in-mate-selection-and-personal-advertisement-evidence-from-q-sort-technique
#20
Qingke Guo, Linlin Feng, Mingming Wang
Human's preferences for altruistic mates have been confirmed by many researchers. Under the deep influence of Confucianism that authorised more parental control over offspring's mate selection, Chinese people's mating strategies and mate preferences may be different from what the evolutionary psychologists have suggested. This study used the Q-sort technique to assess the roles of altruistic traits in mate selection and personal advertisement. A total of 200 university students participated in the Q-sort procedures and were asked to sort 50 traits (among which altruistic traits were mixed) according to their importance when choosing (or advertising to) a long-term (LT) or a short-term (ST) mate...
April 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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