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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917492/predictors-of-developing-mathematics-anxiety-among-middle-school-students-a-2-year-prospective-study
#1
Nir Madjar, Gil Zalsman, Abraham Weizman, Shaul Lev-Ran, Gal Shoval
While there is an abundance of research pertaining to the development of anxiety disorders, there is still a dearth of knowledge regarding the development of anxiety in the general population. The objective of this study was to longitudinally explore the development of mathematics anxiety among normative middle-school students, and to identify the moderating role of gender, school transition and scholastic achievements on these trajectories. Subjects included 413 sixth grade students (53.3% females, mean age 11...
December 4, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905108/the-effects-of-cognitive-style-and-emotional-trade-off-difficulty-on-information-processing-in-decision-making
#2
Dawei Wang, Leilei Hao, Phil Maguire, Yixin Hu
This study investigated the effects of cognitive style and emotional trade-off difficulty (ETOD) on information processing in decision-making. Eighty undergraduates (73.75% female, M = 21.90), grouped according to their cognitive style (field-dependent or field-independent), conducted an Information Display Board (IDB) task, through which search time, search depth and search pattern were measured. Participants' emotional states were assessed both before and after the IDB task. The results showed that participants experienced significantly more negative emotion under high ETOD compared to those under low ETOD...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878820/youth-and-the-great-recession-are-values-achievement-orientation-and-outlook-to-the-future-affected
#3
Ingrid Schoon, Jeylan Mortimer
This special section brings together leading experts in psychology and sociology to examine the consequences of the Great Recession for young people's values, achievement orientation, and outlook to the future. Evidence from Europe and the United States suggests that the impact of the recession varies for distinct outcomes and by age, the latter pointing to potential sensitive periods for interventions. Although the direct effects of the recession are not strong, they accelerate pre-existing trends towards more prolonged and precarious transitions to independence, and are likely to bring with them long-term scarring with respect to health and well-being...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804137/contradictions-in-the-american-dream-high-educational-aspirations-and-perceptions-of-deteriorating-institutional-support
#4
Pamela Aronson
This study examines contradictions in the "American Dream" during the Great Recession: young adults maintained high educational aspirations, yet perceived little opportunity for their educational achievements to help them fulfil their dreams of financial prosperity and work stability. Based on in-depth interviews with 85 young college students and recent graduates, this study found that college enrolment was propelled by the recession, as a college degree, and often a graduate or professional degree, was perceived as an increasingly necessary credential...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778358/the-role-of-attentional-resources-in-explaining-sex-differences-in-object-location-memory
#5
Efrat Barel
Sex differences in object location memory have been widely studied, with mixed results. The role of attention in mediating the female advantage in object location memory has not been clearly understood yet. Two experiments, involving 181 participants and using an actual object array, were conducted in the present study to examine two learning conditions: incidental and intentional. In each experiment, participants were randomly assigned to divided versus full attention conditions. The study also examined memorizing location-maintained and location-exchanged objects...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757969/relationships-between-parenting-practices-and-perceptions-of-child-behaviour-among-korean-immigrant-mothers-and-fathers
#6
Boram Lee, Louise J Keown, Gavin T L Brown
This study examined parenting styles and culturally-specific parenting practices of Korean immigrant mothers (N = 128) and fathers (N = 79) of children (ages 6-10) in New Zealand and the parenting predictors of child behaviour. Participants completed questionnaires on parenting styles and practices, and parental perceptions of child behaviour. Both parents indicated a high degree of devotion (Mo jeong) and involvement in care and education of their child with fathers were more likely than mothers to utilise shaming/love withdrawal and modesty encouragement...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734493/exploring-posttraumatic-growth-in-tamil-children-affected-by-the-indian-ocean-tsunami-in-2004
#7
Silvia Exenberger, Panch Ramalingam, Stefan Höfer
Few studies explore posttraumatic growth (PTG) in children from Eastern cultures. To help address this gap, the present study examined PTG among 177 South Indian children aged 8-17 years who were affected by the 2004 Tsunami. The study identifies the underlying factor structure of the Tamil version of the Revised Posttraumatic Growth Inventory for Children (PTGI-C-R), and aims to explore the prevalence of PTG, the relationship between distress and growth, and gender and age differences in PTG. The results of the principal component analysis indicated a two-factor structure with an interpersonal and a person-centred dimension of growth...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709614/adolescent-adaptation-before-during-and-in-the-aftermath-of-the-great-recession-in-the-usa
#8
Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, Jeremy Staff, Megan E Patrick, John E Schulenberg
This study examines the impact of the "Great Recession" (from December 2007 to June 2009) on 8th and 10th graders in the USA, using annual nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future study. Historical changes in youth adjustment (self-esteem, depressed mood, risk taking, aggression and property crime), school achievement (grade point average [GPA], time spent on homework and educational expectations) and structured and unstructured activities (volunteering, employment, sports and evenings out for fun) were examined between 1991 and 2014...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709607/the-circular-structure-of-values-the-case-of-china
#9
Eva Heim, Holger Steinmetz, Matthew D Zeigenfuse, Andreas Maercker, Juergen Margraf
This study examined the circular structure of values in China. The circular structure is a central element of Schwartz value theory and visualises the idea that some values are similar while others conflict with one another. Whereas numerous studies addressed the question whether the circular structure of values can be generalised cross-culturally, results for China are inconclusive. In this paper, we argue that taking a closer look at China provides a challenge to the circular structure and allows for drawing conclusions regarding the limits versus generalizability of Schwartz' theory...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709606/-we-want-the-world-and-we-want-it-now-materialism-time-perspectives-and-problem-spending-tendency-of-chinese
#10
Lisbeth Ku, Anise M S Wu, Angie K P Lao, Kerwin I N Lam
Chinese consumers' spending has been expanding rapidly in the past decade, and along with it household and credit card debt. The present research collected evidence to triangulate the contention that materialism is positively related with Chinese's problem spending tendency (PST), and that present-time-perspective (PTP) and future-time perspectives (FTP) interact systematically with materialism to affect PST. A survey of the general population in Macao, China (Study 1; N = 239) confirmed that materialism was positively correlated with PST...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704544/mindfulness-training-for-loneliness-among-chinese-college-students-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Na Zhang, Fu-Min Fan, Si-Yuan Huang, Marcus A Rodriguez
Loneliness has been found to predict a wide range of physical and mental health problems. It is suggested that China's One-Child Policy places young Chinese people at a particularly high risk for loneliness. Although loneliness is most prevalent in late adolescence and early adulthood, interventions have primarily targeted children or older adults with limited success. The current study examines a pilot randomized controlled trial of a mindfulness training program among Chinese college students. Participants with elevated loneliness (N = 50, ages 17-25) were randomized into either an 8-week mindfulness training or a control group...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665732/chinese-children-s-imaginary-companions-relations-with-peer-relationships-and-social-competence
#12
Qiyi Lin, Hong Fu, Yingjia Wan, Nan Zhou, Hui Xu
We investigated relationships between Chinese children's imaginary companions (ICs) and peer relationships and social competence in 160 children, aged 5-6 years old. Children and their mothers participated in the interviews regarding the details of the children's ICs, including the type of the companion and the quality of the child-IC relationship. Peer relationships were assessed using sociometric nomination and perceived popularity nomination. Teachers rated children's social competence. Here, 55 children (34...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658937/what-do-we-expect-from-a-beauty-facial-attractiveness-of-the-opposite-sex-gives-rise-to-discrepancies-in-males-anticipation-and-demand
#13
Guanxiong Pei, Liang Meng
Facial attractiveness plays a significant role in social interactions and the effect of beauty premium is frequently observed. Previous studies showed that observing attractive counterparts would alleviate one's sense of unfairness. However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon remained to be clarified. In this study, male participants were engaged in a modified Dictator game as recipients and their electroencephalograms were recorded. They were convinced that anonymous females who vary in facial attractiveness played as dictators...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654993/hard-times-and-european-youth-the-effect-of-economic-insecurity-on-human-values-social-attitudes-and-well-being
#14
Tim Reeskens, Leen Vandecasteele
While economic downturns have adverse effects on young people's life chances, empirical studies examining whether and to what extent human values, social attitudes and well-being indicators respond to sudden economic shocks are scarce. To assess the claim that human values are less affected by economic shocks than social attitudes and well-being, two distinct yet related studies based on the European Social Survey (ESS) are conducted. The first employs a fixed effects pseudo-panel analysis of the 2008-2014 ESS-waves to detect whether changes over time in the socio-demographic group's unemployment risk and national youth unemployment affect individual dispositions to varying degrees...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650052/interpersonal-choice-the-advantage-on-the-left-or-on-the-right
#15
Xueru Zhao, Xianyou He, Wei Zhang, Guangyao Chen, Qing Chen, Lixiang Huang
This study explored whether body specificity unconsciously influenced preferences for certain people. Participants were presented pictures of the heads of 2 persons who were described as having the similar personality, profession and family background. They were instructed to choose 1 in each pair as the preferred date, preferred friend, more charismatic boss or as the better national leader. The results showed body specificity had an influence on the selection preference on first impression. Participants tended to choose the character on their dominant-hand side...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585735/word-to-picture-recognition-is-a-function-of-motor-components-mappings-at-the-stage-of-retrieval
#16
Denis Brouillet, Thibaut Brouillet, Audrey Milhau, Loïc Heurley, Caroline Vagnot, Lionel Brunel
Embodied approaches of cognition argue that retrieval involves the re-enactment of both sensory and motor components of the desired remembering. In this study, we investigated the effect of motor action performed to produce the response in a recognition task when this action is compatible with the affordance of the objects that have to be recognised. In our experiment, participants were first asked to learn a list of words referring to graspable objects, and then told to make recognition judgements on pictures...
October 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26118824/job-characteristics-and-burnout-the-moderating-roles-of-emotional-intelligence-motivation-and-pay-among-bank-employees
#17
Samuel O Salami, Sunday O Ajitoni
This study investigated the prediction of burnout from job characteristics, emotional intelligence, motivation and pay among bank employees. It also examined the interactions of emotional intelligence, motivation, pay and job characteristics in the prediction of burnout. Data obtained from 230 (Males = 127, Females = 103) bank employees were analysed using Pearson's Product Moment Correlation and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that theses variables jointly and separately negatively predicted burnout components...
October 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104262/mothers-fathers-and-children-s-perceptions-of-parents-expectations-about-children-s-family-obligations-in-nine-countries
#18
Jennifer E Lansford, Jennifer Godwin, Liane Peña Alampay, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Arnaldo Zelli, Suha M Al-Hassan, Dario Bacchini, Anna Silvia Bombi, Marc H Bornstein, Lei Chang, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Laura Di Giunta, Kenneth A Dodge, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Sombat Tapanya
Children's family obligations involve assistance and respect that children are expected to provide to immediate and extended family members and reflect beliefs related to family life that may differ across cultural groups. Mothers, fathers and children (N = 1432 families) in 13 cultural groups in 9 countries (China, Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand and United States) reported on their expectations regarding children's family obligations and parenting attitudes and behaviours. Within families, mothers and fathers had more concordant expectations regarding children's family obligations than did parents and children...
October 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26041502/what-did-you-say-self-regulatory-depletion-impairs-interpretation-of-vocal-cues
#19
Kastherine E Adams, James M Tyler
Evidence indicates that people are motivated to interpret environmental cues to belongingness, but doing so can be challenging. Prior evidence shows that the self's regulatory resources are consumed when interpreting complex facial displays; with this study, we examined how the depletion of such resources may impact the ability to interpret vocal tones. Results showed that depletion decreased accuracy in identifying complex (vs. simple) vocal cues, which extends prior work and offers a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between self-regulatory resources and the ability to effectively interpret one's social environment...
October 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26041428/the-implications-of-maternal-grandmother-coresidence-and-involvement-for-adolescent-adjustment-in-south-africa
#20
Jessica L Levetan, Lauren G Wild
Maternal grandmothers residing in 3-generation households often provide care and support to their grandchildren. However, the implications of grandmother coresidence and involvement for adolescent adjustment have been neglected in the South African literature. This study examined whether the involvement of maternal grandmothers who coreside with grandchildren and their parents differed from that of non-coresident grandmothers. In addition, we assessed the associations between maternal grandmother coresidence and involvement, and adolescents' internalising problems, externalising problems and prosocial behaviour...
October 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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