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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397923/modulation-of-the-leniency-bias-in-the-discursive-dilemma
#1
Gustavo Bodanza, Esteban Freidin, Sebastián Linares, Fernando Delbianco
We experimentally approach the discursive dilemma to gain insight into people's procedural appropriateness judgments. We relied on a vignette in which three people had formed opinions about two skills (premises) of a candidate to decide whether to hire her/him (conclusion). The dilemma arises when different outcomes (hire vs. not hire) are achieved depending on whether the majority opinion is independently considered for each premise or for the global conclusion of each judge. Participants were asked to choose the procedure they thought to be more appropriate to reach a decision...
November 6, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397921/your-love-makes-me-feel-more-secure-boosting-attachment-security-decreases-materialistic-values
#2
Ying Sun, Luxiao Wang, Jiang Jiang, Rong Wang
Enhanced interpersonal security has been shown to diminish the desire for money and possessions. In the present study, we focus on attachment security to examine the relationship between attachment security and materialism. By employing the experience in close relationships - short scale and material values scale, we observed a positive relationship between attachment insecurity and materialism in Study 1. In Study 2, we primed participants' feeling of attachment security to further explore the impact of attachment security on materialistic values...
November 6, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362105/the-promotional-role-of-meaning-in-life-in-future-oriented-coping-positive-affect-as-a-mediator
#3
Miao Miao, Yiqun Gan
The present study examined the role of meaning in life (MIL) in predicting positive affect and future-oriented coping, and whether positive affect mediated the relationship between MIL and future-oriented coping. The participants were 68 Chinese university students who were randomly assigned to two conditions: a MIL priming condition and a control condition. Positive affect was measured before and after the manipulation. MIL, positive affect and future-oriented coping were assessed at 1-week follow-up. The results showed that the level of positive affect increased after the manipulation in the MIL priming condition...
October 26, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338852/on-the-links-between-positive-religious-coping-satisfaction-with-life-and-depressive-symptoms-among-a-multinational-sample-of-muslims
#4
Hisham Abu-Raiya, Ali Ayten, Mustafa Tekke, Qutaiba Agbaria
This study tested the levels and consequences of positive religious coping among a multinational sample of Muslims. The sample consisted of 706 university students recruited in three Muslim countries: Israel/Palestine, Turkey and Malaysia. Participants' average age was 22.61, and 65% of them were females. This investigation applied a cross-sectional comparative methodology. Measures used: demographics, positive religious coping, satisfaction with life and depressive symptoms. The findings indicated that (a) participants reported high levels of positive religious coping usage, and Malaysians scored significantly higher in this regard than both Palestinians and Turks; (b) positive religious coping correlated positively with satisfaction with life but was not linked to depressive symptoms and (c) the magnitude of correlation between positive and satisfaction with life was significantly higher among Malaysians than among both Palestinians and Turks...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338849/negative-thoughts-in-depression-a-study-in-iran
#5
Parvaneh Mohammadkhani, Mahdi Bagheri, Keith S Dobson, Elham Eskandari, Masoumeh Dejman, Judith Bass, Fatemeh Abdi
The cognitive theory of depression proposes significant relations between negative thoughts and depression. Evidence for the model has been widely observed in Western countries. However, despite the high prevalence of depression in the Middle East (ME), there has been limited research that has evaluated the cognitive profiles of people living in this region, and especially in non-Arab countries like Iran. The current research examined these relationships in Iran. Convenience sampling was used to recruit 80 depressed and 80 non-depressed individuals via advertising in clinics and public areas, respectively...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338848/perception-use-and-abolition-of-corporal-punishment-among-high-school-teachers-in-a-district-in-southwestern-nigeria
#6
Sunday B Fakunmoju
Students in many regions of the world experience corporal punishment in multiple settings, although what is currently known about corporal punishment is derived from parental corporal punishment. Using a convenience sample of 271 teachers in 14 public and private secondary schools in a district in southwestern Nigeria, this article describes the associations between perception, use and support for abolition of corporal punishment. Results suggest that having children, more corporal punishment of own children and higher frequency of corporal punishment by colleagues were associated with frequent use of corporal punishment...
October 19, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30298914/open-or-close-the-door-to-the-outgroup-diversity-beliefs-moderate-the-impact-of-group-boundary-permeability-on-attitudes-toward-the-outgroup
#7
Deyun Ren, Xuyun Tan, Jianning Dang, Li Liu, Xian Zhao, Chao Li, Yuan Liang, Qian Su, Zibei Gu, Cong Wei
The present research investigated the moderating role of diversity beliefs with the aim of reconciling inconsistent findings regarding the impact of group boundary permeability on attitudes toward outgroup. In Study 1, all variables were measured with self-report scales completed by Chinese participants. In Study 2, diversity beliefs were manipulated by randomly assigning Chinese participants to a high or low diversity belief condition. In Study 3, we replicated the moderating model with American participants...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289169/internalising-symptoms-and-verbal-working-memory-in-school-age-children-a-processing-efficiency-analysis
#8
Alexandra M Opris, Lavinia Cheie, Cristina M Trifan, Laura Visu-Petra
The current study investigated differential contributions of internalising symptoms (state anxiety, trait anxiety, depression) to school-age children's verbal short-term (STM) and working memory (WM) span accuracy and efficiency (microanalysis of response times). Children's (N = 125, Mage  = 11.44 years) STM/WM was assessed with simple/complex span tasks. Our analyses revealed that: (a) children with high levels of state anxiety displayed reduced simple span accuracy (on Word span) and poorer efficiency on both simple (preparatory intervals, interword pauses) and complex span (preparatory intervals) response time segments; (b) trait anxiety was a negative predictor of children's complex span accuracy, as well as their efficiency on both simple (word durations) and complex span (interword pauses) response time measures; (3) depressive symptoms predicted longer simple span interword pauses...
October 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289168/differentiation-of-self-and-trait-anxiety-a-cross-cultural-perspective
#9
Ora Peleg, Caterina Messerschmidt-Grandi
Cultural differences are likely to affect the ability to deal with anxiety. We investigated this issue among four cultural groups-Germans and Italians (Europeans living in South Tyrol, Italy), Jews and Arabs (Israelis)-in terms of their levels of differentiation of self, trait anxiety and somatic symptoms. We also examined the relationship of differentiation of self to trait anxiety and somatic symptoms. The sample consisted of 824 students: 387 Israelis (mean age 23.6) and 437 Europeans (mean age 22.3). Israeli participants reported lower levels of trait anxiety than European students...
October 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30288744/sadder-but-wiser-emotional-reactions-and-wisdom-in-a-simulated-suicide-intervention
#10
Chao S Hu, Jinhao Huang, Michel Ferrari, Qiandong Wang, Dong Xie, Haotian Zhang
Scholars within the Berlin paradigm have analysed participants' responses to a hypothetical vignette about a friend's suicide ideation. However, no study has yet focused on participants' emotional reactions to this scenario, an important aspect of wisdom performance. We conducted a Thin-Slice Wisdom study where participants were asked to give advice to a hypothetical friend contemplating suicide. We analysed their emotional profiles using facial expression analysis software (FACET2.1 and FACEREADER7.1). Participants' verbal responses were also transcribed and then scored by 10 raters using the Berlin criteria...
October 5, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30277258/low-self-esteem-entrapment-and-reason-for-living-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-suicidal-ideation
#11
Yaxuan Ren, Jianing You, Min-Pei Lin, Sian Xu
Adolescent suicidal ideation has become a top public health concern. It is thus significant to explore both risk and protective factors of adolescent suicidal ideation. The present study tested a moderated mediation model of suicidal ideation in a sample of Chinese adolescents. Chinese adolescents of 1074 (54.2% females, aged between 11 and 18 years) completed questionnaires assessing self-esteem, entrapment, reason for living, and suicidal ideation. We found that entrapment mediated the association between low self-esteem and suicidal ideation...
October 2, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264479/attachment-experience-and-cortisol-recovery-from-romantic-conflict-among-young-chinese-couples-a-dyadic-analysis
#12
Hui Wang, Zhuo Rachel Han, Liu Bai, Xiaomei Li
Using a sample of young adults, the present study investigated how the participants' attachment to romantic partners was related to that with their parents and peers and how this specific attachment experience was associated with their physiological stress response. We examined 121 pairs of young Chinese (N = 242) heterosexual couples (men's age: 22.26 ± 2.40; women's age: 21.62 ± 2.22) and their attachment to parents, peers, and romantic partners as well as their cortisol recovery from romantic conflict...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264398/the-flexibility-of-association-between-temporal-concepts-and-physical-space-in-the-japanese-language
#13
Masaya Mochizuki
Previous studies have indicated that temporal concepts such as the past and future are associated with horizontal (left-right) space. This association has been interpreted as reflecting left-to-right writing systems. The Japanese language, however, is written both horizontally and vertically and, when texts are presented vertically, the sequence of columns runs from right to left. This study examines whether the associations between time and space are changed by the direction of the character strings using a word categorization task...
September 27, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239987/cultural-value-mismatch-in-urbanizing-china-a-large-scale-analysis-of-collectivism-and-happiness-based-on-social-media-and-nationwide-survey
#14
Michael Shengtao Wu, Chan Zhou, Hao Chen, Huajian Cai, Louise Sundararajan
Throughout history, collectivism has contributed much to social bonding and human wellness. However, it remains unclear whether the collectivism-wellness equation still applies, when there is a mismatch between the collectivistic values and the ecological environment of urbanisation. Testing the hypothesis of cultural value mismatch (e.g., high urbanised & high collectivistic, or low urbanised & low collectivistic), two studies were designed to examine the relationship between collectivism and emotional wellbeing in China, with urbanisation as moderator...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238966/personal-values-and-immigrant-group-appraisal-as-predictors-of-voluntary-contact-with-immigrants-among-majority-students-in-israel
#15
Sophie D Walsh, Eugene Tartakovsky, Monica Shifter-David
What predicts whether young people will establish contacts with immigrants? Students are at a pivotal point in which the campus environment can enable substantial contact with immigrants, and where world views and behavioural patterns are formed which can follow through their adult lives. Through a value-attitude-behavior paradigm we examine a conceptual model in which appraisal of an immigrant group as a threat and/or benefit to the host society mediates the relationship between personal values and contact...
September 21, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30238509/why-and-when-does-job-satisfaction-promote-unethical-pro-organizational-behaviours-testing-a-moderated-mediation-model
#16
Kai Dou, Yushuai Chen, Junming Lu, Jingjing Li, Yujie Wang
This study examined the relationship between job satisfaction and unethical pro-organizational behaviours (UPB) by testing a moderated mediation model that focused on how employees' belongingness mediates the relationship between job satisfaction and UPB and how corporate ethical values moderate this mediated relationship. Our investigation included 369 employees from different organizations in Southeast China. The regression analysis revealed that job satisfaction positively influences UPB through belongingness...
September 20, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206944/a-balanced-time-perspective-is-it-an-exercise-in-empiricism-and-does-it-relate-meaningfully-to-health-and-well-being-outcomes
#17
Michael T McKay, Frank C Worrell, Urška Zivkovic, Elizabeth Temple, Zena R Mello, Bojan Musil, Jon C Cole, James R Andretta, John L Perry
Time perspective research assesses the degree to which thoughts and feelings about the past, present and future influence behaviour, and a balanced time perspective profile has been posited as being ideal. Although this area of research has seen a move towards person-centred analyses, using either cluster analyses or a deviation from balanced time perspective (DBTP) approach, there are a number of theoretical and methodological issues that must be addressed. Using data from diverse samples in four countries, the present study used both cluster analyses and the DBTP approach to assess how cluster membership and DBTP scores related to a range of health and well-being outcomes...
September 11, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206941/sex-differences-in-personality-are-larger-in-gender-equal-countries-replicating-and-extending-a-surprising-finding
#18
Erik Mac Giolla, Petri J Kajonius
Sex differences in personality have been shown to be larger in more gender equal countries. We advance this research by using an extensive personality measure, the IPIP-NEO-120, with large country samples (N > 1000), from 22 countries. Furthermore, to capture the multidimensionality of personality we measure sex differences with a multivariate effect size (Mahalanobis distance D). Results indicate that past research, using univariate measures of effect size, have underestimated the size of between-country sex differences in personality...
September 11, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206928/contribution-of-self-compassion-to-positive-mental-health-among-korean-university-students
#19
Na Young Shin, Young-Jin Lim
Although evidence suggests self-compassion can serve as an important predictor of positive mental health, few studies have examined the contribution of self-compassion to mental health. This study examined the relations between six components of self-compassion and three dimensions of positive mental health (Psychological, Emotional and Social Well-being) in young Korean adults. A sample of 689 Korean college students were administered the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) and the Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF) to evaluate self-compassion and positive mental health...
September 11, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30171685/acculturation-of-erasmus-students-using-the-multidimensional-individual-difference-acculturation-model-framework
#20
Rita Berger, Saba Safdar, Erika Spieß, Magdalena Bekk, Antoni Font
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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