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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809048/a-clean-self-reduces-bribery-intent
#1
Chao Li, Li Liu, Wenwen Zheng, Jianning Dang, Yuan Liang
The present research aimed at investigating the effect of physical cleanliness on bribery intent and the moderating role of personal need for structure (PNS) on this relationship. In Study 1, we used questionnaires to establish the correlation between bodily cleanliness and bribery intent. In Study 2, we examined the effect by priming sense of self-cleanliness. Study 3 was conducted outside a public bath to test our finding that physical purity decreases bribery intent again; we further found that individuals with high PNS showed no reduction in bribery intent even after cleaning themselves...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804917/person-city-personality-fit-and-entrepreneurial-success-an-explorative-study-in-china
#2
Mingjie Zhou, Yixin Zhou, Jianxin Zhang, Martin Obschonka, Rainer K Silbereisen
While the study of personality differences is a traditional psychological approach in entrepreneurship research, economic research directs attention towards the entrepreneurial ecosystems in which entrepreneurial activity are embedded. We combine both approaches and quantify the interplay between the individual personality make-up of entrepreneurs and the local personality composition of ecosystems, with a special focus on person-city personality fit. Specifically, we analyse personality data from N = 26,405 Chinese residents across 42 major Chinese cities, including N = 1091 Chinese entrepreneurs...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791675/work-addiction-and-presenteeism-the-buffering-role-of-managerial-support
#3
Greta Mazzetti, Michela Vignoli, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Dina Guglielmi
The current study examined the mediating effect of presenteeism and moderating effect of managerial support in the relation between workaholism and work-family conflict. A sample of 1065 white-collar employees from an Italian company filled in an online survey and hypotheses were tested using a bootstrapping procedure. Results showed that presenteeism mediated the association between workaholism and work-family conflict. Moreover, the mediating effect of presenteeism was moderated by managerial support: for employees reporting lower levels of support workaholism was stronger related to presenteeism than for those experiencing higher support...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782098/measuring-generalised-expectancies-for-negative-mood-regulation-in-china-the-chinese-language-negative-mood-regulation-scale
#4
Guofang Wang, Jack Mearns, Xiaohui Yang, Peng Han, Salvatore J Catanzaro
Negative mood regulation expectancies (NMRE) represent people's confidence that they can alleviate their negative affect or induce a positive emotional state through thought or action. NMRE predict coping behaviour and mood outcomes for individuals under stress. Since 1990, much research documents the reliability and validity of the English language Negative Mood Regulation (NMR) scale as a measure of NMRE. The current research reports two studies developing a Chinese language translation of the NMR (NMR-C) scale that goes beyond literal translation to be a culturally sensitive measure of NMRE in China...
August 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758195/the-impact-of-traditionality-modernity-on-identification-and-calculus-based-trust
#5
Na Zhao, Yuanyuan Shi, Ziqiang Xin, Jianxin Zhang
We conducted three studies to explore how trust is perceived, displayed or changed by participants in China, which as a country has undergone substantial cultural and historical transition. Traditionality showed a significant positive correlation with identification-based trust (IBT) and modernity was significantly associated with calculus-based trust (CBT; Study 1). Compared to those primed with modern Chinese culture stimuli, participants primed with traditional icons exhibited a higher level of IBT and a lower level of CBT (Study 2)...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726268/being-similar-while-judging-right-and-wrong-the-effects-of-personal-and-situational-similarity-on-moral-judgements
#6
Emilia Pascal
This study investigated the effects of similarity with the transgressor and the victim on the perceived immorality of the transgression. Participants read two stories describing a person that cheated on their partner and a police officer that mistreated somebody. In the first story we manipulated participants' personal similarity to the transgressor and in the second their personal similarity to the victim. In each story, participants' past situational similarity to the target character was assessed according to their previous experiences of being in the same position...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718194/prevalence-of-imaginary-companions-in-japanese-children
#7
Yusuke Moriguchi, Naoya Todo
Having an imaginary companion (IC) is an example of children's pretend play. However, most research regarding children's ICs is from Western cultures. In this study, the prevalence of ICs was assessed among Japanese children (2- to 9-year-old children, N = 800). The developmental (age), biological (sex), and environmental (birth order) effects on Japanese children's ICs were also assessed. Moreover, whether IC status can be an indicator of fantasy orientation in Japanese children was examined. The results revealed that the prevalence of the invisible friend was relatively rare, but the personified object was prevalent in Japanese children...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714080/studying-entrepreneurial-occupations-in-the-terman-women
#8
Eva Schmitt-Rodermund, Elke Schröder, Martin Obschonka
To achieve a better understanding of entrepreneurship development in women, longitudinal data on 672 individuals collected from 1922 to 1959 were analysed in a secondary investigation of the Terman Longitudinal Study. Women's reports on their occupations during 10 different years were assigned to one of two categories: work for pay (0/1), and work allowing for self-employment (0/1) in the respective year. Structural equation modelling supported earlier results concerning male entrepreneurial activity. Personality and aspects of the parenting context the women had experienced by the average age of 12 predicted early entrepreneurial competencies (inventions, leadership) and occupational interests by age 13, which related to an entrepreneurship-related career goal in 1936, when the participants were about 27 years of age on average...
July 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703330/struggling-to-be-liked-the-prospective-effect-of-trait-self-control-on-social-desirability-and-the-moderating-role-of-agreeableness
#9
Olga Stavrova, Michail D Kokkoris
Drawing from the literature on the interpersonal functions of self-control, we examined longitudinal associations between trait self-control and social desirability, using a survey of the general population in the Netherlands. Trait self-control at baseline was positively associated with social desirability at a follow-up, even when controlling for prior levels of social desirability. That is, high self-control contributed to individuals' tendency to give socially desirable responses in self-reports. This effect was moderated by individual differences in agreeableness...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703329/relationship-between-collectivism-and-corruption-in-american-and-chinese-books-a-historical-perspective
#10
Yongshuai Li, Xuyun Tan, Zhenwei Huang, Li Liu
Previous research on the relationship between collectivism and corruption has not investigated their co-variation over time. In this study, we use Google Ngram Viewer to track the frequency of words related to collectivism and corruption in American books (1800-2000) and in Chinese Books (1970-2008). The results demonstrate that a positive association between the usage of these terms during the periods in both Chinese and American books, with changes in words related to collectivism preceding changes in words related to corruption in American books...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681385/gender-specific-factors-associated-with-the-suicidal-ideation-of-children-in-taiwan-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#11
Hsiao-Ling Huang, Wu-Der Peng, Ying-Chun Lin, Chien-Hung Lee, Chih-Yang Hu, Shun-Te Huang
We examined the relationship between suicidal ideation (SI) and the depressed mood, life stress and parenting styles in children. A large-scale survey was conducted including 5328 children from 65 elementary schools in Taiwan. SI was measured by asking children if any suicidal thoughts had occurred in the previous month. A series of regression models was analysed separately for male and female students. Compared with boys, girls demonstrated a higher proportion of SI. Among boys, SI was significantly associated with a high level of perceived environmental stress (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675437/the-moderating-role-of-socially-desirable-responding-in-implicit-explicit-attitudes-toward-asylum-seekers
#12
Joel R Anderson
Implicit and explicit attitudes correlate under certain conditions and researchers are interested in the moderating factors of this relationship. This paper explored the role of socially desirable responding in this relationship by testing the hypothesis that impression management (IM; i.e., deliberate response modification) and self-deceptive enhancement (SDE; i.e., positive self-bias) play moderating roles in the relationship of implicit-explicit attitudes toward asylum seekers in Australia. Seventy-four students responded to a battery of measures and the results revealed that IM (but not SDE) moderated this relationship to the extent that higher IM scores weakened the correspondence between implicit and explicit attitude scores...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675427/opinion-leadership-types-or-continuous-opinion-leadership-traits
#13
Timo Gnambs
Opinion leadership is typically conceptualised as a continuous personality trait. However, many authors adhere to the view of qualitatively different opinion leadership types and apply arbitrary criteria to split continuous trait scores into two groups (i.e., opinion leaders vs. non-leaders). The present study is the first to empirically evaluate this approach. A sample of N = 3812 adults (67% women) was administered a validated opinion leadership scale. Finite mixture models examined whether the latent trait distribution can be represented by a set of discrete trait levels that reflected distinct opinion leadership types...
July 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675432/economic-and-social-distance-perceived-income-inequality-negatively-predicts-an-interdependent-self-construal
#14
Ángel Sánchez-Rodríguez, Guillermo B Willis, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón
Previous research has shown that economic inequality influences how people are related with others. In this article, we suggest that perceived economic inequality influences self-construal. Specifically, we propose that higher economic inequality leads to an independent self-construal, whereas lower economic inequality leads to an interdependent self-construal. Correlational data from Studies 1a and 1b revealed that people who perceive lower levels of economic inequality tend to show higher levels of interdependent self-construal, even after controlling for social class...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675428/are-country-level-prevalences-of-rule-violations-associated-with-knowledge-overclaiming-among-students
#15
Clemens B Fell, Cornelius J König, Sebastian Jung, Daniel Sorg, Matthias Ziegler
Cultural norms of behaviour influence desirable and problematic behaviours of individuals. In particular, cultural norms should influence individuals' dishonesty. In a recent Nature study, prevalence of rule violations was introduced as a new country-level measure of behavioural norms. However, information on individuals' actual honesty was not available due to characteristics of the experimental design. Overcoming this limitation, we show that country-level behavioural norms are related to individual-level knowledge overclaiming behaviour (i...
July 3, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635144/not-all-cultural-values-are-created-equal-cultural-change-in-china-reexamined-through-google-books
#16
Rui Zhang, Liping Weng
Given its major transformations in recent decades, China has figured prominently in research on cultural change. Previous research converges in showing a general trend towards individualism in contemporary China while noting that rising individualism tends to coexist with enduring collectivism. To further understand this, we tested whether perceived traditional importance of cultural values would modulate the trajectory of cultural change reflected in word usage frequencies in published books. We re-analysed Google's Chinese corpus since 1980 based on a broad sample of words associated with individualism-collectivism...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573645/effects-of-social-identity-salience-on-motivational-orientation-and-conflict-strategies-in-intergenerational-conflict
#17
Henry C Y Ho, Dannii Y Yeung
With the upsurge of older adults still working, the labour force is becoming increasingly diverse in age. Age diversity in an organisation can increase the likelihood of intergenerational conflict. The present study aims to integrate the dual concern model and social identity theory to explain the underlying mechanisms of intergenerational conflict by examining the effects of social identity salience on motivational orientation and conflict strategies. A 2 (subgroup identity salience: low vs. high younger/older group membership) × 2 (superordinate identity salience: low vs...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547913/it-s-better-to-give-than-to-receive-psychological-need-satisfaction-mediating-links-between-wasta-favouritism-and-individuals-psychological-distress
#18
Tarik Abdulkreem Alwerthan, Dena Phillips Swanson, Ronald David Rogge
Wasta (i.e. the distribution of favours among family, friends and tribe; favouritism; nepotism) permeates numerous Middle Eastern cultures, representing a method of strengthening social ties and showing loyalty/generosity, but also representing one of the largest sources of corruption in Middle East. The current study investigated links between wasta and psychological distress in a survey of 1088 educators from Saudi Arabia. Drawing from the self-determination theory (SDT) conceptual framework, Structural Equation Modeling analyses suggested that benefitting from wasta was linked to higher levels of psychological distress and those links were explained in part (i...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703327/testing-the-situationism-scale-in-europe-scale-validation-self-regulation-and-regional-differences
#19
Megan E Roberts, Lisa Wagner, Saša Zorjan, Enikö Nèmeth, Désie van Toor, Michał Czaplinski
The term situationism refers to an individual's belief about the importance of a behaviour's context. This study tested whether the degree of situationism expressed by individuals in various regions of Europe was consistent with self-regulation and cross-cultural theories. The English version of a Situationism Scale (measuring beliefs about the relation between the environment and one's own behaviour) was translated into five additional languages: Dutch, German, Hungarian, Italian and Slovenian. Young adults (N = 1106, MAge  = 22...
August 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703326/letter-from-the-new-editor-in-chief
#20
EDITORIAL
Abigail H Gewirtz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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