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International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333743/dyadic-coping-and-marital-adjustment-during-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-italian-couples-expecting-their-first-child
#1
Sara Molgora, Chiara Acquati, Valentina Fenaroli, Emanuela Saita
Although the transition to parenthood is currently defined as a normative event, it can be potentially stressful for the couple relationship as it may contribute to psychological distress and reduced marital satisfaction. Using the systemic-transactional conceptualisation of stress and coping as a theoretical framework, we claimed that the ability of the parents-to-be to adjust to their new roles and identity is influenced by dyadic coping strategies. This study examined the effects of dyadic coping on marital adjustment in a sample of 78 primiparous couples...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333600/the-model-of-children-s-social-adjustment-under-the-gender-roles-absence-in-single-parent-families
#2
I-Jun Chen, Hailun Zhang, Bingsi Wei, Zeyao Guo
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the gender-role types and child-rearing gender-role attitude of the single-parents, as well as their children's gender role traits and family socio-economic status, on social adjustment. We recruited 458 pairs of single parents and their children aged 8-18 by purposive sampling. The research tools included the Family Socio-economic Status Questionnaire, Sex Role Scales, Parental Child-rearing Gender-role Attitude Scale and Social Adjustment Scale. The results indicated: (a) single mothers' and their daughters' feminine traits were both higher than their masculine traits, and sons' masculine traits were higher than their feminine traits; the majority gender-role type of single parents and their children was androgyny; significant differences were found between children's gender-role types depending on different raiser, the proportion of girls' masculine traits raised by single fathers was significantly higher than those who were raised by single mothers; (b) family socio-economic status and single parents' gender-role types positively influenced parental child-rearing gender-role attitude, which in turn, influenced the children's gender traits, and further affected children's social adjustment...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318618/chinese-adolescents-with-higher-social-dominance-orientation-are-less-prosocial-and-less-happy-a-value-environment-fit-analysis
#3
Ying Yang, Wenqi Li, Kennon M Sheldon, Yu Kou
This study aims to investigate the relationship between social dominance orientation (SDO) and subjective well-being among Chinese adolescents (N = 4246), and to examine the mediating role of prosocial behaviour in this relationship. The structural equation model's results showed that SDO was negatively associated with prosocial behaviour and subjective well-being, that prosocial behaviour was positively associated with subjective well-being, and also that (low) prosocial behaviour partially mediated the negative relationship between SDO and subjective well-being...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318611/the-influence-of-number-line-estimation-precision-and-numeracy-on-risky-financial-decision-making
#4
Inkyung Park, Soohyun Cho
This study examined whether different aspects of mathematical proficiency influence one's ability to make adaptive financial decisions. "Numeracy" refers to the ability to process numerical and probabilistic information and is commonly reported as an important factor which contributes to financial decision-making ability. The precision of mental number representation (MNR), measured with the number line estimation (NLE) task has been reported to be another critical factor. This study aimed to examine the contribution of these mathematical proficiencies while controlling for the influence of fluid intelligence, math anxiety and personality factors...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318606/marital-commitment-communication-and-marital-satisfaction-an-analysis-based-on-actor-partner-interdependence-model
#5
Yubo Hou, Feng Jiang, Xinrui Wang
Marital commitment and satisfaction are known to be closely related, but only limited research has examined the asymmetric interaction patterns between spouses. In this paper, the authors study 400 Chinese couples and find that communication mediates the relationship between marital commitment and marital satisfaction. Using the actor-partner interdependence model, they find that wives and husbands show asymmetric associations for marital commitment, communication and satisfaction. Specifically, compared with husbands, wives are more attuned to the path from marital commitment to marital satisfaction via communication...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313976/personality-traits-and-perceptions-of-organisational-justice
#6
Maria Törnroos, Marko Elovainio, Taina Hintsa, Mirka Hintsanen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Markus Jokela, Terho Lehtimäki, Olli T Raitakari, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen
This study examined the association between five-factor model personality traits and perceptions of organisational justice. The sample for the study comprised 903 participants (35-50 years old; 523 women) studied in 2007 and 2012. Measures used were the Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Five-Factor Inventory questionnaire and the short organisational justice measure. The results showed that high neuroticism was associated with low distributive, procedural and interactional justice. Furthermore, high agreeableness was associated with high procedural and interactional justice and high openness with high distributive justice...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193062/the-question-behaviour-effect-in-intergroup-attitudes-research-when-do-attitudes-towards-a-minority-predict-a-relevant-behaviour
#7
Katarzyna Byrka, Tomasz Grzyb, Dariusz Dolinski
We hypothesised that the question-behaviour effect, referred to as the influence of questioning about a given behaviour on its subsequent performance, is a relevant issue when exploring the external validity of intergroup attitudes. In a pair of studies, we have corroborated that merely expressing attitudes towards the Jewish minority affects people's relevant behaviour towards this group. In an Internet study, participants who first completed verbal attitude measures were more likely to donate to a Jewish organisation compared to those who completed the measures after making the decision to donate...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193049/development-and-validation-of-indian-affective-picture-database
#8
Ujjwal Sharma, Braj Bhushan
Since culturally salient stimuli for emotion recognition are scarce in India, we developed and validated a set of 140 coloured pictures of six basic emotions along with a neutral expression. The expressions were posed by four expressers, two males and two females, with mean age of 25.25 (SD 3.77) years. The expressions were captured from five different angles keeping the background uniform. These pictures were shown to 350 undergraduates who labelled the emotion and rated their intensity. The mean biased hit rate was 93...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193046/measurement-invariance-of-the-belief-in-a-zero-sum-game-scale-across-36-countries
#9
Joanna Różycka-Tran, Paweł Jurek, Michał Olech, Jarosław Piotrowski, Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska
In this paper, we examined the psychometric properties of cross-cultural validation and replicability (i.e. measurement invariance) of the Belief in a Zero-Sum Game (BZSG) scale, measuring antagonistic belief about interpersonal relations over scarce resources. The factorial structure of the BZSG scale was investigated in student samples from 36 countries (N = 9907), using separate confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) for each country. The cross-cultural validation of the scale was based on multigroup confirmatory factor analyses (MGCFA)...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178129/depression-and-somatic-symptoms-in-japanese-and-american-college-students-negative-mood-regulation-expectancies-as-a-personality-correlate
#10
Toshitaka Hamamura, Jack Mearns
This study clarified contradictory findings regarding whether depression and somatic symptoms are associated more strongly with each other in non-Western countries than in Western countries, by examining the relationships of the two variables with negative mood regulation expectancies (NMRE). NMRE are beliefs about one's ability to improve one's negative moods. Participants were 155 Japanese and 176 American undergraduates. They completed self-report measures of NMRE, coping, depression and somatic symptoms...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152733/factorial-and-convergent-validity-of-the-youth-psychopathic-traits-inventory-short-version-in-ghana
#11
Samuel Adjorlolo, Bruce D Watt
Studies have shown the existence of psychopathy construct in Western cultures. However, there is a general lack of research on this topical issue in non-Western countries, specifically sub-Saharan Africa. Consequently, this study investigated the factorial and convergent validity of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Version (YPI-S) in 327 adolescents in Ghana. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a three-factor structure (interpersonal, behavioural and affective) of psychopathy that was invariant across gender...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094762/positive-discipline-harsh-physical-discipline-physical-discipline-and-psychological-aggression-in-five-caribbean-countries-associations-with-preschoolers-early-literacy-skills
#12
Elif Dede Yildirim, Jaipaul L Roopnarine
Physical punishment has received worldwide attention because of its negative impact on children's cognitive and social development and its implications for children's rights. Using UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys 4 and 5 data, we assessed the associations between positive discipline, harsh physical punishment, physical punishment and psychological aggression and preschoolers' literacy skills in 5628 preschool-aged children and their caregivers in the developing nations of Belize, the Dominican Republic, Guyana, Jamaica and Suriname...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094761/sadness-and-ruminative-thinking-independently-depress-people-s-moods
#13
Azra Jahanitabesh, Brittany A Cardwell, Jamin Halberstadt
Depression and rumination often co-occur in clinical populations, but it is not clear which causes which, or if both are manifestations of an underlying pathology. Does rumination simply exacerbate whatever affect a person is experiencing, or is it a negative experience in and of itself? In two experiments we answer this question by independently manipulating emotion and rumination. Participants were allocated to sad or neutral (in Experiment 1), or sad, neutral or happy (Experiment 2) mood conditions, via a combination of emotionally evocative music and autobiographical recall...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094759/taxonomy-and-structure-of-the-romanian-personality-lexicon
#14
Vlad Burtăverde, Boele De Raad
We identified 1746 personality-relevant trait-adjectives in a Romanian dictionary, of which 412 were classified as descriptors of dispositions by 10 judges. Self-ratings were collected from 515 participants on those 412 adjectives, and the ratings were factored using principal components analysis. Solutions with different numbers of factors were analysed. The two- and three-factor solutions, respectively, confirmed the Big Two and Big Three of personality traits. A five-factor solution reflected the Big Five model with a fifth factor emphasising Rebelliousness versus Conventionality...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980303/openness-to-experience-and-creativity-when-does-global-citizenship-matter
#15
Viktoria Tidikis, Nora D Dunbar
The relationship between the openness to experience trait (OTE) and creativity has been well documented in previous research. Likewise, the global citizenship construct has theoretical overlap with both OTE and creativity. We hypothesised global citizenship would make a unique contribution to explaining variance in five types of creativity (self/everyday, scholarly, performance, mechanical/scientific and artistic), above and beyond the contribution of OTE. Participants were predominantly female, European American, traditionally aged college students (N = 407)...
October 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26534839/men-dissociate-sexual-attraction-from-moral-judgement-more-than-women
#16
Julio González-Álvarez
Would you find an opposite-sex individual physically less attractive if you knew that he/she was a bad person? Would you feel the same if you were a man or a woman? This study examined whether gender differences exist in the influence of moral judgements on heterosexual physical attraction. In a first Experiment, participants (N = 214) rated on attractiveness photographs of opposite-sex persons. Each photograph was paired with a "good" and a "bad" (from a moral point of view) sentence to depict a quality or activity of the displayed person (i...
October 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961317/assessing-emotional-processing-difficulties-in-normotensive-individuals-with-high-and-isolated-blood-pressure-elevations
#17
Meenakshi Shukla, Rakesh Pandey, Jennifer Y F Lau
This study examined the effect of sense modality (auditory/visual) on emotional dampening (reduced responsiveness to emotions with elevation in blood pressure). Fifty-six normotensive participants were assessed on tasks requiring labelling and matching of emotions in faces and voices. Based on median split of systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively), participants were divided into low BP, high BP and isolated BP groups. On emotion-labelling tasks, analysis revealed reduced emotion recognition in the high BP than the low BP group...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884812/cross-cultural-similarities-and-differences-in-motives-to-forgive-a-comparison-between-and-within-cultures
#18
Sylvia Huwaë, Juliette Schaafsma
Recently, researchers have begun to explore people's motives to forgive those who have offended them. Using a recall method, we examined whether such motives (relationship-, offender- or self-focused) differ between and within cultures that are more collectivistic (Moluccan Islands in Indonesia) or more individualistic (the Netherlands) and whether this depends on people's relationship with the offender. More specifically, we examined the idea that other-focused motives should be more important in cultures that are more collectivistic and that self-focused motives should prevail in more individualistic cultures...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879672/three-factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-witte-s-risk-behaviour-diagnosis-scale-a-french-version-adapted-to-diabetes
#19
Cinzia Guarnaccia, Sophie Henry
The aim of this study was to verify the psychometric properties and the factorial structure of Witte's Risk Behaviour Diagnosis (RBD). This article shows the results of a French version of the RBD adapted to diabetes screening. An exploratory factor analysis was carried out in order to understand the number of underlying factors, a confirmatory factor analysis was performed and the four-factor model proposed by the author and alternative models were compared. The concurrent validity was tested by a correlational analysis with the Perceived Fear Emotions Scale...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875576/moral-foundations-worldviews-moral-absolutism-and-belief-in-conspiracy-theories
#20
Luigi Leone, Mauro Giacomantonio, Marco Lauriola
In the present research, we examined whether individual differences in basic moral concerns might be related to a greater endorsement of conspiracy theories. Building on the notion that conspiracy theories often deal with super-individual relevant events in which a group perspective is central, we proposed that individual differences in moral concerns pertaining to group- and community-concerns (i.e., binding moral foundations) rather than to individual well-being (i.e., individualising moral foundations) would be positively associated with conspiracy beliefs...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
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