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Journal of Health and Social Behavior

Paul Glavin, Marisa Young
Social comparison theory predicts that unemployment should be less distressing when the experience is widely shared, but does this prediction extend beyond the unemployed to those who are at risk of job loss? Research demonstrates a link between aggregate unemployment and employed individuals' perceptions of job insecurity; however, less is known about whether the stress associated with these perceptions is shaped by others' unemployment experiences. We analyze a nationally representative sample of Canadian workers (Canadian Work, Stress, and Health study; N = 3,900) linked to census data and test whether regional unemployment influences the mental health consequences of job insecurity...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Robert Crosnoe, Sarah Kendig, Aprile Benner
To explore an exception to the association between educational attainment and health, this study unpacked variability in the drinking of U.S. college students by applying life course concepts to analyses of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Growth curve models showed that youth who graduated from four-year colleges before turning 25 without later reentering higher education had the highest peaks in drinking after adolescence and the shallowest declines into their 30s. Deviations from this pathway in terms of type, timing, and order of college transitions flattened out drinking trajectories from adolescence into adulthood...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Katsuya Oi, Duane F Alwin
Previous research suggests higher levels of education instill a greater sense of internal control that promotes health in adulthood. We propose that the sense of control has its origins in early childhood and that prior research has possibly misattributed a mediational role to sense of control in adulthood. Using a conceptual framework that includes these early influences, we employ data from the 1970 British Cohort Study ( N = 9,855), examining the extent to which the association between education and adult health is spurious due to these early childhood factors...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Deborah De Moortel, Olivier Thévenon, Hans De Witte, Christophe Vanroelen
This study explores the association between involuntarily working less or more than the standard workweek and poor mental well-being, and whether this relationship is dependent upon (changing) national-level unemployment and gross domestic product growth rates. Data from the European Social Survey Round 2 (2004-2005) and Round 5 (2010) were analyzed. The sample included 16,224 male and 16,184 female employees. Mental well-being was assessed by the World Health Organization Well-being Index. Three-level linear multilevel modeling was used to account for clustering of employees within research years and countries...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Jonathan Daw, Rachel Margolis, Laura Wright
During the transition to adulthood, many unhealthy behaviors are developed that in turn shape behaviors, health, and mortality in later life. However, research on unhealthy behaviors and risky transitions has mostly focused on one health problem at a time. In this article, we examine variation in health behavior trajectories, how trajectories cluster together, and how the likelihood of experiencing different behavior trajectories varies by sociodemographic characteristics. We use the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) Waves I to IV to chart the most common health behavior trajectories over the transition to adulthood for cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, and sedentary behavior...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Elizabeth A Gage-Bouchard
In this study, I examine how parents' cultural knowledge shapes experiences navigating the healthcare system after a child is diagnosed with cancer and the extent to which differential styles of health-related advocacy contribute to inequalities in healthcare experiences. I combine data from parents' perspectives, physicians' perspectives, and direct observation of clinical interactions and find three overarching styles of health-related advocacy. Findings show that cultural dispositions and competencies shape parents' abilities to effectively navigate the healthcare system, and physicians differentially reward each style of health-related advocacy...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Elizabeth A Gage-Bouchard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Allan V Horwitz
In recent years, medical sociologists have increasingly paid attention to a variety of interactions between social and biological factors. These include how social stressors impact the functioning of physiological systems, how sociocultural contexts trigger genetic propensities or mitigate genetic defects, and how brains are attuned to social, cultural, and interactional factors. This paper focuses on how both sociocultural and biological forces influence what conditions are contextually appropriate responses or disorders...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Stefan Timmermans, Tanya Stivers
Due to heritability, next-generation genetic tests have the potential to affect family members beyond the patient being tested. Geneticists and genetic counselors, in dialogue with patients and their relatives, will need to establish for whom and in what way genomic testing results matter during the communication of testing results, indicating the spillover of presumed pathological variants. On the basis of video-recorded consultations of the return of exome results in a genetics clinic, we distinguish three different logics deployed to explain the relevance of the findings for the patient, extended family members, and unborn relatives...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Christopher R Beam, Diana Dinescu, Robert Emery, Eric Turkheimer
Marriage is associated with reductions in both perceived stress and depressive symptoms, two constructs found to be influenced by common genetic effects. A study of sibling twins was used to test whether marriage decreases the proportion of variance in depressive symptoms accounted for by genetic and environmental effects underlying perceived stress. The sample consisted of 1,612 male and female twin pairs from the University of Washington Twin Registry. The stress-buffering role of marriage was tested relative to two unmarried groups: the never married and the divorced...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Tara McKay, Stefan Timmermans
The lack of health insurance is traditionally considered a problem faced by individuals and their families. However, because of the geographically bounded organization and funding of healthcare in the United States, levels of uninsurance in a community may affect everyone living there. Health economists have examined how the effects of uninsurance spillover from the uninsured to the insured, negatively affecting healthcare access and quality for the insured. We extend research on uninsurance into the domain of sociologists by theorizing how uninsurance might exacerbate social inequalities and undermine social cohesion within communities...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
R Jay Turner, Tony N Brown, William Beardall Hale
A substantial and long-standing body of research supports the widely held conclusion that socioeconomic position (SEP) is a primary determinant of physical health risk. However, supporting evidence derives almost entirely from studies of dominantly white populations, and more recent research suggests that this relationship may vary across race-ethnicity. This article considers the extent to which such evidence applies to African Americans. It does so by examining the within-race relationships between SEP and physical health utilizing alternative research definitions of health and a nearly exhaustive array of measures of SEP...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Scott D Landes
Although the relationship between education and mortality is well documented in the general population, it has not been examined for adults with intellectual disability. Informed by fundamental cause theory, I explore the association between education and mortality in a sample of 4,241 adults with intellectual disability from the 1986-2009 National Health Interview Survey with Linked Mortality Files through 2011. Cox regression models were utilized to analyze the predictive effect of education on mortality risk while taking into account birth cohort differences...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Bo Vignes
This population-based study ( N = 908,468) examines the effects of spousal loss on being absent from work due to illness or injury (sickness absence) among employed individuals in Norway. Fixed-effects models capturing antecedent and short- and long-term effects of spousal loss over a 15-year period were estimated to explore gender and age differences in the impact of widowhood. The crisis model, the social-role model, and the life course perspective are discussed. Furthermore, the study calls into question whether parenthood explains the gendered age gradient of the widowhood effect...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Julie Skalamera Olson, Robert Crosnoe
Romantic involvement and mental health are dynamically linked, but this interplay can vary across the life course in ways that speak to the social and psychological underpinnings of healthy development. To explore this variation, this study examined how romantic involvement was associated with trajectories of depressive symptomatology across the transition between adolescence and young adulthood. Growth mixture modeling of data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health identified trajectories of depressive symptomatology as teens grew into their late 20s and early 30s ( N = 8,712)...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Chioun Lee, Dana A Glei, Noreen Goldman, Maxine Weinstein
Using five waves of the Taiwanese Longitudinal Study of Aging (1996-2011), we investigate (1) the association between family members' education and the age trajectories of individuals' depressive symptoms and (2) gender differences in those relationships. Our examination is guided by several theoretical frameworks, including social capital, social control, age as leveler, and resource substitution. Nested models show that having a more educated father is associated with lower depressive symptoms, but the relationship disappears after controlling for respondent's education...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Tara McKay, Stefan Timmermans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Hyeyoung Oh
In recent years, quickly discharging patients has become a collective goal at hospitals, as excessive medical workups and extended hospital stays have been associated with unnecessary healthcare spending. Physicians, however, frequently encounter numerous barriers when trying to discharge patients. Presenting ethnographic and interview data collected from September 2010 to September 2013, this paper examines one of the most difficult discharge cases physicians encounter on the internal medicine service at a U...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Richard M Carpiano, Brian C Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
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