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Journal of Health and Social Behavior

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672187/early-life-medicaid-coverage-and-intergenerational-economic-mobility
#1
Rourke L O'Brien, Cassandra L Robertson
New data reveal significant variation in economic mobility outcomes across U.S. localities. This suggests that social structures, institutions, and public policies-particularly those that influence critical early-life environments-play an important role in shaping mobility processes. Using new county-level estimates of intergenerational economic mobility for children born between 1980 and 1986, we exploit the uneven expansions of Medicaid eligibility across states to isolate the causal effect of this specific policy change on mobility outcomes...
June 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664711/policy-brief
#2
Karen Lutfey Spencer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608325/discrimination-harassment-and-gendered-health-inequalities-do-perceptions-of-workplace-mistreatment-contribute-to-the-gender-gap-in-self-reported-health
#3
Catherine E Harnois, João L Bastos
This study examines the extent to which discrimination and harassment contribute to gendered health disparities. Analyzing data from the 2006, 2010, and 2014 General Social Surveys ( N = 3,724), we ask the following: (1) To what extent are perceptions of workplace gender discrimination and sexual harassment associated with self-reported mental and physical health? (2) How do multiple forms of workplace mistreatment (e.g., racism, ageism, and sexism) combine to structure workers' self-assessed health? and (3) To what extent do perceptions of mistreatment contribute to the gender gap in self-assessed health? Multivariate analyses show that among women, but not men, perceptions of workplace gender discrimination are negatively associated with poor mental health, and perceptions of sexual harassment are associated with poor physical health...
June 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561691/dual-autonomies-divergent-approaches-how-stratification-in-medical-education-shapes-approaches-to-patient-care
#4
Tania M Jenkins
The United States relies on international and osteopathic medical graduates ("non-USMDs") to fill one third of residency positions because of a shortage of American MD graduates ("USMDs"). Non-USMDs are often informally excluded from top residency positions, while USMDs tend to fill the most prestigious residencies. Little is known, however, about whether the training in these different settings is comparable or how it impacts patients. Drawing on 23 months of ethnographic fieldwork and 123 interviews, I compare training at two internal medicine programs: a community hospital staffing 90% non-USMDs and a university hospital staffing 99% USMDs...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461899/policy-brief
#5
Michael T Light, Joey Marshall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461898/journal-of-health-and-social-behavior-2017-awards-for-outstanding-contributions-to-peer-review
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390884/does-medical-expansion-improve-population-health
#7
Hui Zheng, Linda K George
Medical expansion has become a prominent dynamic in today's societies as the biomedical model becomes increasingly dominant in the explanation of health, illness, and other human problems and behavior. Medical expansion is multidimensional and represented by expansions in three major components of the healthcare system: increasing medical investment, medical professionalization/specialization, and the relative size of the pharmaceutical industry. Using Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development health data and World Development Indicators 1981 to 2007, we find medical investment and medical professionalization/specialization significantly improve all three measures of life expectancy and decrease mortality rate even after controlling for endogeneity problems...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373053/the-status-health-paradox-organizational-context-stress-exposure-and-well-being-in-the-legal-profession
#8
Jonathan Koltai, Scott Schieman, Ronit Dinovitzer
Prior research evaluates the health effects of higher status attainment by analyzing highly similar individuals whose circumstances differ after some experience a "status boost." Advancing that research, we assess health differences across organizational contexts among two national samples of lawyers who were admitted to the bar in the same year in their respective countries. We find that higher-status lawyers in large firms report more depression than lower-status lawyers, poorer health in the American survey, and no health advantage in Canada...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337605/education-and-health-across-lives-and-cohorts-a-study-of-cumulative-dis-advantage-and-its-rising-importance-in-germany
#9
Liliya Leopold, Thomas Leopold
Research from the United States has supported two hypotheses. First, educational gaps in health widen with age-the cumulative (dis)advantage hypothesis. Second, this relationship has intensified across cohorts-the rising importance hypothesis. In this article, we used 23 waves of panel data (Socio-Economic Panel Study, 1992-2014) to examine both hypotheses in the German context. We considered individual and contextual influences on the association between education and health, and we assessed gender differences in health trajectories over the life course (ages 23 to 84) and across cohorts (born between 1930 and 1969)...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320638/what-do-we-rate-when-we-rate-our-health-decomposing-age-related-contributions-to-self-rated-health
#10
Ellen Idler, Kate Cartwright
Self-ratings of health (SRH) indicate current health-related quality of life and independently predict mortality. Studies show the SRH of older adults appears less influenced by physical health than the SRH of younger adults. But if physical health accounts less for the SRH of older adults, what factors take its place? To understand the relative contributions of social, emotional, and physical states to SRH by age, we analyzed data from the National Health Interview Survey 2006 to 2011 ( N = 153,341). In age-stratified regressions, physical health and functional limitations declined as correlates of SRH for older age strata, while social factors, such as gender and race, increased in importance...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303619/long-term-health-consequences-of-adverse-labor-market-conditions-at-time-of-leaving-education-evidence-from-west-german-panel-data
#11
Philipp M Lersch, Marita Jacob, Karsten Hank
Using longitudinal survey data from the Socio-Economic Panel Study ( N = 3,003 respondents with 22,165 individual-year observations) and exploiting temporal and regional variation in state-level unemployment rates in West Germany, we explore differences in trajectories of individuals' self-rated health over a period of up to 23 years after leaving education under different regional labor market conditions. We find evidence for immediate positive effects of contextual unemployment when leaving education on individuals' health...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300495/intersecting-social-inequalities-and-body-mass-index-trajectories-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood
#12
Taylor W Hargrove
This study combines multiple-hierarchy stratification and life course perspectives to address two research questions critical to understanding U.S. young adult health. First, to what extent are racial-ethnic inequalities in body mass index (BMI) gendered and/or classed? Second, do racial-ethnic, gender, and socioeconomic inequalities in BMI widen or persist between adolescence and early adulthood? Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort and growth curve models, results suggest that among white, black, and Hispanic American men and women ages 13 to 31, racial-ethnic inequality in BMI is greatest among women...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298103/family-peer-and-school-influences-on-children-s-developing-health-lifestyles
#13
Stefanie Mollborn, Elizabeth Lawrence
Health lifestyles are important for health and social identity, yet little is known about their development in early life. We use data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort of 1998-99 (ECLS-K; N = 8,786) to track children's health lifestyles and assess a theoretical model of health lifestyle development. Latent class analyses identify health lifestyles at four time points from first to eighth grade, and multivariate models investigate their interrelationships and social contextual influences...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283677/on-the-weak-mortality-returns-of-the-prison-boom-comparing-infant-mortality-and-homicide-in-the-incarceration-ledger
#14
Michael T Light, Joey Marshall
The justifications for the dramatic expansion of the prison population in recent decades have focused on public safety. Prior research on the efficacy of incarceration offers support for such claims, suggesting that increased incarceration saves lives by reducing the prevalence of homicide. We challenge this view by arguing that the effects of mass incarceration include collateral infant mortality consequences that call into question the number of lives saved through increased imprisonment. Using an instrumental variable estimation on state-level data from 1978 to 2010, this article simultaneously considers the effects of imprisonment on homicide and infant mortality to examine two of the countervailing mortality consequences of mass incarceration...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281800/-where-is-functional-decline-isolating-disordered-environments-and-the-onset-of-disability
#15
Markus H Schafer
The onset of disability is believed to undermine social connectedness and raise the risk of social isolation, yet spatial environments are seldom considered in this process. This study examines whether unruly home and neighborhood conditions intensify the association between disability onset and several dimensions of social connectedness. I incorporate longitudinal data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, which contains environmental evaluations conducted by trained observers ( N = 1,558)...
March 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485904/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
Smith-Greenaway, Emily. 2017. "Community Context and Child Health: A Human Capital Perspective." Journal of Health and Social Behavior 58(3):307-21. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0022146517718897).
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462569/linguistic-integration-and-immigrant-health-the-longitudinal-effects-of-interethnic-social-capital
#17
Mesay A Tegegne
The literature on immigrant health has by and large focused on the relationship between acculturation (often measured by a shift in language use) and health outcomes, paying less attention to network processes and the implications of interethnic integration for long-term health. This study frames English-language use among immigrants in the United States as a reflection of bridging social capital that is indicative of social network diversity. Using longitudinal data on self-rated health and the incidence of chronic conditions from the New Immigrant Survey (2003, 2007), I examine the contemporaneous and longitudinal associations between interethnic social capital and health...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462568/institutions-incorporation-and-inequality-the-case-of-minority-health-inequalities-in-europe
#18
Elyas Bakhtiari, Sigrun Olafsdottir, Jason Beckfield
Scholars interested in the relationship between social context and health have recently turned attention further "upstream" to understand how political, social, and economic institutions shape the distribution of life chances across contexts. We compare minority health inequalities across 22 European countries ( N = 199,981) to investigate how two such arrangements-welfare state effort and immigrant incorporation policies-influence the distribution of health and health inequalities. We examine two measures of health from seven waves of the European Social Survey...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443635/race-differences-in-linking-family-formation-transitions-to-women-s-mortality
#19
Adriana M Reyes, Melissa Hardy, Eliza Pavalko
We examine how the timing and sequencing of first marriage and childbirth are related to mortality for a cohort of 4,988 white and black women born between 1922 and 1937 from the National Longitudinal Survey of Mature Women. We use Cox proportional hazard models to estimate race differences in the association between family formation transitions and mortality. Although we find no relationships between marital histories and longevity, we do find that having children, the timing of first birth, and the sequencing of childbirth and marriage are associated with mortality...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443620/transforming-patient-compliance-research-in-an-era-of-biomedicalization
#20
Karen Lutfey Spencer
The term patient noncompliance emerged in the 1970s as a tool for analyzing why people do not follow medical directives. Despite its early popularity, the term has languished in sociology while flourishing in biomedical arenas. It seems flaccid in a contemporary healthcare context as it overestimates physician authority and is tone-deaf to biomedicalization. I draw from sociological and anthropological traditions, as well as qualitative interviews with terminally ill patients ( N = 26) and their caregivers ( N = 16), to consider facets of a biomedicalized health experience and implications for an updated vision of compliance...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
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