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Journal of Comparative Pathology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422320/oral-maxillofacial-and-dental-diseases-in-captive-cheetahs-acinonyx-jubatus
#1
G Steenkamp, S C Boy, P J van Staden, M N Bester
Descriptions of several oral, maxillofacial and dental conditions/diseases exist for a variety of captive large felids, but little is reported on the pathology of free roaming large felids. Apart from focal palatine erosions (FPEs) as initially described by Fitch and Fagan (1982) and some reference to absent incisor teeth, few data exist on diseases affecting the oral, maxillofacial and dental structures of cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), regardless of their captivity status. This study reports 18 different conditions affecting the teeth, bone and oral cavity soft tissue of cheetahs, based on initial assessment of 256 animals over 11 years (2002-2012) in South Africa and Namibia...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422319/atypical-cowpox-virus-infection-in-a-series-of-cats
#2
N Jungwirth, C Puff, K Köster, R Mischke, H Meyer, A Stark, B Thoma, G Zöller, F Seehusen, M Hewicker-Trautwein, A Beineke, W Baumgärtner, P Wohlsein
Within 4 weeks, five cats with skin lesions affecting the hindlimbs and mainly consisting of oedema, hyperaemia and plaque-like alterations were presented to the same veterinary clinic. The cats were suffering from lameness, trauma, renal insufficiency or complicated tail amputation. Although the lesions seemed unusual for a poxvirus infection, microscopical examination of biopsy samples or specimens taken during necropsy examination revealed ballooning degeneration of keratinocytes with eosinophilic, cytoplasmic inclusion bodies indicative of an orthopoxvirus infection...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422318/assessment-of-lymphoid-molecular-clonality-in-canine-thymoma
#3
F Vessieres, R Rasotto, I Peters, E Villiers, D Berlato, F Cian
The aim of this study was to document the molecular clonality of lymphoid cells in canine thymoma using polymerase chain reaction for antigen receptor rearrangement (PARR). Fifteen formalin-fixed and paraffin wax-embedded samples of canine thymoma were analyzed for T- and B-cell receptor clonality. Two of these 15 cases were excluded from the study due to insufficient DNA concentration. Twelve of the 13 remaining samples (92.3%) showed a polyclonal lymphoid component and in one case the lymphoid component was monoclonal (T-cell clonality)...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422317/laryngeal-granuloma-due-to-leishmania-spp-infection-in-a-dog
#4
E Torrent, J Pastor, L Fresno, I Vigueras, M I Casanova, A Ramis, L Solano-Gallego
A French bulldog with a previous history of leishmaniosis was presented due to respiratory distress associated with a laryngeal mass. The mass was excised and cytological and histopathological examination revealed pyogranulomatous inflammation with Leishmania spp. amastigotes. After surgery, the respiratory condition resolved; however, 3 months later the dog developed clinicopathological signs of leishmaniosis, which improved with systemic treatment. This case shows an atypical presentation of leishmaniosis with a focal tumour-like mass in the vocal folds as the only clinical sign...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422316/histological-and-immunological-description-of-the-leishmanin-skin-test-in-ibizan-hounds
#5
L Ordeix, J E Dos S Silva, J Llull, P Quirola, S Montserrat-Sangrà, P Martínez-Orellana, L Solano-Gallego
The leishmanin skin test (LST), a delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction to Leishmania infantum, can specifically identify dogs that have made a cell-mediated immune response to L. infantum infection. The Ibizan hound appears to be more resistant to L. infantum infection than other breeds of dog. The aim of this study was to describe the histological and immunohistochemical changes induced by the LST in Ibizan hounds living in an area highly endemic for leishmaniosis. The majority of dogs were apparently healthy, lacked serum antibody to L...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422315/loss-of-endothelial-barrier-antigen-immunoreactivity-in-rat-retinal-microvessels-is-correlated-with-clostridium-perfringens-type-d-epsilon-toxin-induced-damage-to-the-blood-retinal-barrier
#6
K A Mander, J W Finnie
Clostridium perfringens type D epsilon toxin (ETX) is a potent neurotoxin producing a severe, and often fatal, neurological disorder in ruminant livestock. Microvascular damage appears to be the fundamental action of ETX in the brain and, recently, similar vascular injury, with subsequent severe vasogenic oedema, has been reported in the retina of rats given ETX. Endothelial barrier antigen (EBA) is a useful marker of an intact blood-brain barrier in rats and it has been shown that loss of EBA immunoreactivity is correlated with ETX-induced cerebral microvascular damage in this species...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422314/dental-pathology-of-the-grey-fox-urocyon-cinereoargenteus
#7
J V Evenhuis, I Zisman, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Museum specimens from 637 grey foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria. Of the 637 specimens, 569 were included for further examination. The study population included more males (n = 261, 45.9%) than females (n = 196, 34.4%) and animals of unknown sex (n = 112, 19.7%). Additionally, 481 (84.5%) adults, 67 (11.8%) young adults and 21 (3.7%) individuals of unknown age comprised the study population, with juveniles and neonates excluded. The number of teeth present for examination was 23,066 (96...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422313/prognostic-value-of-occult-isolated-tumour-cells-within-regional-lymph-nodes-of-dogs-with-malignant-mammary-tumours
#8
A F Coleto, T M Wilson, N P Soares, L F Gundim, I P Castro, E C Guimarães, M B Bandarra, A A Medeiros-Ronchi
Canine mammary tumours (CMTs) are the most common type of neoplasm in bitches. As in women, the presence of metastasis in regional lymph nodes is an important prognostic factor in bitches with mammary carcinomas, but the clinical significance of occult isolated tumour cells (ITCs) within lymph nodes is still undefined in this species. The effectiveness of immunohistochemistry (IHC) in identifying occult ITCs and micrometastasis (MIC) was compared with that of the conventional haematoxylin and eosin staining technique...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422312/altered-expression-of-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-during-the-early-stage-of-bovine-persistent-ovarian-follicles
#9
P U Díaz, F Rey, N C Gareis, U S Notaro, V Matiller, E M Belotti, A F Stassi, N R Salvetti, H H Ortega
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a homodimeric glycoprotein expressed exclusively in the gonads. This hormone is an important regulator of the early growth of follicles through inhibitory effects on the recruitment of primordial follicles into the pool of growing follicles and on granulosa cell proliferation. Cystic ovarian disease (COD) is an important disorder affecting the fertility of dairy cattle. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of AMH in granulosa cells and AMH secretion into follicular fluid in pre-ovulatory follicles from control cows, animals with spontaneously arising COD and during the development of the disease, at 5, 10 and 15 days of follicular persistence...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422311/merkel-cell-carcinoma-in-a-steer
#10
A P P Teh, U Z Izzati, N V Diep, T Hirai, R Yamaguchi
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare and aggressive cutaneous neuroendocrine tumour reported only in man, dogs and cats. A 20-month-old Japanese black fattening steer was presented with necrotic protruding skin masses over the left thoracic area and a 20 × 25 cm subcutaneous mass in the left abdominal area. Microscopical evaluation of the masses revealed cords of small to medium-sized round tumour cells with marked anisocytosis and anisokaryosis and clear and vacuolated cytoplasm, which were separated by a delicate fibrovascular stroma and arranged in a trabecular and nested pattern...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422310/multifocal-spinal-cord-nephroblastoma-in-a-dog
#11
L C Henker, R M Bianchi, T P Vargas, E C de Oliveira, D Driemeier, S P Pavarini
A 1-year-old male American pit bull terrier was presented with a history of proprioceptive deficits and mild lameness of the right hindlimb, which progressed after 5 months to paraparesis, culminating in tetraparesis after 2 weeks. Necropsy findings were limited to the spinal cord and consisted of multiple, intradural, extramedullary, slightly red masses which produced segmental areas of medullary swelling located in the cervical intumescence, thoracolumbar column, sacral segment and cauda equina. Histological evaluation revealed a tumour, composed of epithelial, stromal and blastemal cells, with structures resembling tubules, acini and embryonic glomeruli...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422309/diagnostic-utility-of-cytokeratin-5-for-the-identification-of-proliferative-inflammatory-atrophy-in-the-canine-prostate
#12
C Palmieri, M Story, F Z X Lean, S H Akter, V Grieco, A M De Marzo
Proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA), which is comprised of highly proliferative but atrophic prostate epithelial cells in association with chronic inflammation, is considered a risk lesion for prostate cancer in men, while its role in canine prostate carcinogenesis is still unknown. We evaluated the value of immunohistochemical labelling for the basal cell marker cytokeratin-5 (CK5) in identifying PIA lesions in 87 samples of formalin-fixed and paraffin wax-embedded canine prostate. Canine PIA showed cytological features identical to the human counterpart and in most cases was associated with chronic lymphoplasmacytic inflammation...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129310/the-journal-of-comparative-pathology-educational-trust-2017-awards
#13
EDITORIAL
M J Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169629/suppurative-inflammation-and-local-tissue-destruction-reduce-the-penetration-of-cefuroxime-to-infected-bone-implant-cavities
#14
L Kruse Jensen, J Koch, N Lind Henriksen, M Bue, M Tøttrup, P Hanberg, K Søballe, H Elvang Jensen
Treatment of post-traumatic and implant-associated osteomyelitis (IAO) includes surgical debridement, removal of implants and long-term antibiotic therapy. The success of antibiotic therapy relies not only on activity towards the infecting pathogen, but also on sufficient penetration of the target site. The aim of the present study was to characterize the local pathological changes associated with reduced penetration of cefuroxime to infected bone implant cavities. Previously, reduced penetration of systemically administrated cefuroxime was demonstrated in the implant cavity of 10 pigs with Staphylococcus aureus IAO present for 5 days...
November 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169628/spinal-cord-compression-in-a-horse-due-to-a-granular-cell-variant-of-neurofibroma
#15
A N E Civello, B Dunkel, B A Summers, H M Martineau
A neurofibroma of granular cell subtype is described in a 7-year-old horse. The horse had a 3-month history of ataxia affecting the forelimbs and hindlimbs, suggesting a C1-C6 neuroanatomical localization. Post-mortem examination revealed an intradural mass arising from the right sixth cervical spinal nerve and compressing the spinal cord. Histologically, the mass was composed largely of wavy spindle cells (a mixture of Schwann cells, perineurial cells and fibroblasts) intimately associated with ropy collagen fibres...
November 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169627/cytomegalic-inclusion-disease-caused-by-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-the-salivary-glands-of%C3%A2-an-african-hedgehog-atelerix-arbiventris
#16
K Koyama, N Horiuchi, H Hasegawa, H Katano, E Oohashi, K Watanabe, Y Kobayashi
Cytomegalic inclusion disease (CID) in the salivary gland of African hedgehogs (Atelerix arbiventris) has been reported before, and is suspected to reflect a cytomegalovirus infection. However, a recent ultrastructural study reported that African hedgehog CID reflected oncocytic metaplasia, mimicking a cytomegalovirus infection. We examined the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands of a 1-year-old male African hedgehog. Histologically, there were multiple foci composed of cytomegalic cells with intranuclear inclusion bodies...
November 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169626/intra-oral-sebaceous-gland-tumours-in-two-dogs
#17
D-M Go, S-H Lee, S-H Woo, D-Y Kim
A 12-year-old female miniature schnauzer and a 12-year-old neutered female cocker spaniel each had a grey-yellow nodular lesion arising from the gingiva. Microscopical examination showed that both nodules were composed of varied proportions of sebocytes and basal-type reserve cells with few ducts lined by stratified squamous epithelium. Based on the histopathological findings, the cases were diagnosed as sebaceous adenoma and sebaceous epithelioma, respectively. In man, the occurrence of sebaceous neoplasms in the oral cavity has been reported to some extent, but these lesions are very rare in animals...
November 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169625/ovarian-embryonal-carcinoma-in-a-dog
#18
B Banco, R Ferrari, D Stefanello, D Groppetti, A Pecile, S Faverzani, M Longo, D D Zani, G Ravasio, M Caniatti, V Grieco
A 17-month-old female doberman pinscher was referred for an abdominal mass and ascites. Exploratory laparotomy revealed the presence of a large neoplastic mass replacing the right ovary and associated with multiple mesovarian, mesometrial and peritoneal nodules. An ovariohysterectomy was performed. Grossly, the tumour was soft and multilocular with large areas of haemorrhage and necrosis. Microscopically, it was infiltrative and composed of round and polygonal cells arranged respectively in solid sheets or forming distorted tubular structures separated by thick fibrovascular septae...
November 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169624/suspected-hepadnavirus-association-with-a-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-black-tailed-prairie-dog-cynomys-ludovicianus
#19
T L Wright, D Eshar, J W Carpenter, D Lin, A Padmanabhan, L Peddireddi, G Cino
Hepatocellular carcinomas are the most commonly reported neoplasm of black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus). In several other closely related Sciuridae species, infection with species-specific hepadnaviruses is associated with the development of these tumours, but such a hepadnavirus has not yet been identified in any prairie dog species, although its presence has been hypothesized previously. An adult prairie dog was humanely destroyed due to progressive illness and the identification of a cranial abdominal mass that was determined on histopathology to be a hepatocellular carcinoma...
November 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169623/endocardial-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumour-with-features-of-a-benign-schwannoma-in-a-donkey
#20
G Paraschou, A Suárez-Bonnet, V Grove, S L Priestnall
A peripheral nerve sheath tumour, with features of a benign schwannoma and arising from the endocardium of the right ventricle, was found incidentally during routine post-mortem examination of a 28-year-old gelding donkey. Macroscopically, five round to oval, white to grey and red, firm masses, firmly attached to the endocardium were identified. Microscopically, the endocardium and adjacent subendocardium were infiltrated by a variably demarcated, non-encapsulated mesenchymal neoplasm with features of a benign schwannoma, including concurrent presence of Antoni A and Antoni B areas, nuclear palisading, neoplastic cells with enlarged bizarre nuclei ('ancient change') and the formation of Verocay-like bodies...
November 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
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