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Journal of Comparative Pathology

M J Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 28, 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
M P N Carvalho, S S Sant'Anna, J Díaz-Delgado, K F Grego, I C V P Gogone, N G T Queiroz-Hazarbassanov, J L Catão-Dias
Congenital malformations (CMs) or developmental abnormalities are pathological processes defined as morphological defects that originate during embryonic stages. A wide variety of CMs is observed in reptiles, most of which are incompatible with normal life. Characterization of CMs and their pathogenesis are of great importance for the conservation of reptiles, including neotropical viperids (NVs). External CMs are often reported in these species, but little is known about concomitant microscopical findings in the viscera of malformed individuals...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
T Brément, C Cossec, C Roux, A C Knol, B Dréno, A Khammari, P Bourdeau, V Bruet
Adipokines are biologically active cytokines that are mainly produced in adipose tissue. There is evidence, in man and mice, that some adipokines may be secreted in other tissues including the vascular endothelium, epithelia and sebaceous glands. Moreover, modified serum levels of adipokines have been detected in people with acne vulgaris or psoriasis; it is suspected that adipokines could contribute to local and systemic inflammatory conditions. We aimed to evaluate the expression of three adipokines (i.e...
November 28, 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
R Dos Santos Horta, G Eunice Lavalle, L Narducci Monteiro, F B T M Alves Dos Reis, M de Pádua Costa, A Giuliano, G Dantas Cassali, J Dobson
Mast cell tumours (MCTs) are one of the most frequent neoplasms in dogs. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are widely used in the management of this disease, although no guidelines for their use have been established. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of MCT prognostic factors with measurable response to GCs. This retrospective study included 60 dogs treated with prednisone or prednisolone prior to surgical biopsy of MCT. Incisional or excisional biopsy was performed 7-14 days after initiation of GC therapy...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
A Schmitz, R Korbel, M Rinder
In spring 2014, several wild passeriform garden birds were found severely ill or dead, all with severe periocular swellings. A blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) showing severe depression was humanely destroyed and sent for necropsy examination. In this bird, the lower eyelids were sagging, red and oedematous. Microscopical examination revealed marked infiltration of the eyelid tissue with fungal hyphae (stained by periodic acid-Schiff) without any inflammatory reaction. Polymerase chain reaction followed by sequencing identified Mucor racemosus and a so far unknown circovirus...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
C Ros, F Fernández-Flores, C de la Fuente, D Pi, S Añor, M Planellas, M Pumarola
A 10-year-old entire male French bulldog was presented following clusters of generalized tonic-clonic epileptic seizures. Neurolocalization was consistent with a lesion in the left forebrain. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed a large, ill-defined, intra-axial, space-occupying lesion at the level of the left temporal and parietal lobes, causing marked compression of the adjacent parenchyma. Computed tomography of the thorax and abdomen was consistent with disseminated metastatic disease. The dog was humanely destroyed and subjected to necropsy examination...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
R V Leite-Filho, W Panziera, M B Bandinelli, S P Pavarini
Studies evaluating histological patterns of lung infiltration by lymphoma in cats are lacking. We evaluated retrospectively the histological patterns of 125 necropsy cases of feline lymphoma collected over a 12-year period. Of the 125 cases, 16 showed lung infiltration (12.8%). Nine cats were female, seven cats were male and all were of mixed breed. Gross lesions observed in the lungs consisted of masses (25%) and nodules (18.7%); however, the majority of cases (56.2%) did not show any gross abnormality. Peribronchial-vascular infiltration (93...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
L L Hoon-Hanks, C B Frank, E F Edmondson
A 7-week-old male black Labrador retriever puppy was presented for post-mortem examination following progressive hindlimb paralysis and multiple masses within the skin. A highly compressive and infiltrative intradural mass was found within the T9-T11 spinal cord. Microscopical and immunohistochemical analysis revealed features compatible with spindle cell rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). The adjacent spinal cord had numerous melanin-containing cells, arranged in small nodules, predominantly within the grey matter (proposed term of 'micronodular neuromelanocytosis') and the left lateral thorax had multifocal dermal neurofibromas...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
C-H Park, N Shiwa, J Sumimoto, K Kimitsuki
A 7-year-old male cavalier King Charles spaniel was presented with a cervical subcutaneous mass. The mass had a multilobular growth pattern and each individual lobule contained ductal epithelial cells and myoepithelial cells surrounding the ductal cells. Immunohistochemically, the ductal epithelial cells were positive for cytokeratin (CK) 7 and CAM5.2 and the myoepithelial cells were positive for α-smooth muscle actin and p63. Both types of cells were positive for CK14, a myoepithelial cell marker. Ultrastructurally, the ductal epithelial cells were attached by desmosomes and contained abundant intracytoplasmic tonofilaments...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
O A Santelices Iglesias, C Wright, A G Duchene, M A Risso, P Risso, C N Zanuzzi, F Nishida, A Lavid, F Confente, M Díaz, E L Portiansky, E J Gimeno, C G Barbeito
Feline injection site sarcomas (FISSs) are mesenchymal neoplasms that develop at the sites of delivery of vaccines or other injectable products. Vaccine adjuvants can trigger an intense and persistent inflammatory response that may lead to neoplastic transformation. The proinflammatory role of cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 is well known and its overexpression has prognostic value in multiple neoplastic processes. One hundred and seventeen FISSs were evaluated for the degree of inflammation and anaplasia. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression of COX-2 in these sarcomas...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
F F Argenta, S O de Souza, L S Meirelles, G G M Snel, C De Lorenzo, J Ienes-Lima, F Horn, D Driemeier, S P Pavarini
A 9-year-old female American Staffordshire terrier was presented to a veterinary hospital with diarrhoea, severe prostration, hypothermia, dehydration and anaemia. The dog died 6 days after the first consultation. At necropsy examination the serosa of the large intestine showed a granular appearance and the mucosa was thickened, ulcerated and red, with prominent folding. Histological examination revealed marked inflammatory infiltration of macrophages into the mucosa and submucosa of the large intestine. These cells stained positively by the periodic acid-Schiff reaction...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
A R Fraser, B Bacci, M A le Chevoir, S N Long
Mutation of the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) gene at codon 132 has been identified in approximately 70% of low-grade (II and III) human gliomas and secondary glioblastomas, with the IDH1 R132H point mutation representing 92.7% of these mutations. In people, the presence of an IDH1 gene mutation is associated with a better prognosis (both progression-free survival time and overall survival time) and a better response to therapy, including chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Furthermore, IDH1 mutations are included in diagnostic panels to improve diagnosis and molecular classification...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
M P Dagleish, J J Clark, C Robson, M Tucker, R J Orton, M S Rocchi
Louping-ill (LI), caused by louping-ill virus (LIV), results in a frequently fatal encephalitis primarily affecting sheep and red grouse (Lagopus lagopus scotica), but it does occur in other species. An adult male Border collie dog was definitively diagnosed with fatal LI and the lesion profile, LIV antigen distribution and full genome sequence of the LIV responsible were investigated to determine if this differed significantly from sheep-derived LIV. No gross lesions were present. The histological lesions were confined to the central nervous system and comprised of lymphocytic perivascular cuffs, glial foci, neuronal necrosis and neuronophagia...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
C A Bertram, K Müller, R Klopfleisch
Disorders of the female genital tract are among the most common disorders in pet guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus); however, knowledge of many aspects of these disorders is sparse, especially regarding their incidence and age distribution. Ovarian cysts, as the most common genital tract disorder in guinea pigs, have been investigated in detail; however, information on the nature of these cysts is inconsistent. The present study reviewed genital tract disorders occurring within 655 full post-mortem examinations of intact female pet guinea pigs and 64 female genital tract biopsies examined over a 22...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
A L Stoll, A Suárez-Bonnet, B A Summers, S L Priestnall
Divergent differentiation is encountered frequently within human malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNSTs). The new component is often a rhabdomyosarcoma, but in animals this specific form of divergent differentiation within MPNSTs has only been reported once (in a dog). Incisional wedge biopsy of a locally extensive, ventral abdominal wall mass, which extended from the dermis to the subcutis, from a 12-year-old female domestic shorthaired cat, was performed. The tissue was examined with routine haematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemical methods...
November 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
L Nordio, S Fattori, M Vascellari, C Giudice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
M Tecilla, M Bielli, F C Origgi
A 14-year-old red-ear slider turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans) with no history of pre-existing clinical disease died and was referred for necropsy examination. Grossly, oesophageal prolapse, bilateral renal cysts and a paraduodenal cystic mass were detected. Tissues were processed routinely for histology and immunohistochemistry (IHC) with primary antibodies specific for Wilm's tumour suppressor gene-1 (WT-1), insulin, glucagon and pancytokeratins. Microscopically, renal medullary cysts and medullary atrophy resembled the changes associated with polycystic kidney disease (PKD)...
October 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Y C Tuan, R C Wan, J P Kao, H Y Chiou, K Takahashi, J W Liao
Fifteen splenic biopsy specimens from a total of 212 biopsy specimens and necropsy cases of domestic hamsters (Phodopus spp.) from the Division of Wild (Exotic) Animal Medicine, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan, collected between 2010 and 2017, were studied retrospectively. The incidence of lesions in the spleen was 7.1% (15/212). The mean age of affected hamsters was 16.6 months and females were affected more than males. The lesions consisted of 10 neoplasms and five non-neoplastic lesions...
October 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
R A Costa, M L Casaux, R D Caffarena, M Macías-Rioseco, C O Schild, M Fraga, F Riet-Correa, F Giannitti
Salmonellosis is an enteric or multisystemic disease of global distribution that affects numerous animal species. Although Salmonella enterica has been associated with urinary tract lesions in man, information on urocystitis/ureteritis in cattle caused by salmonellae is lacking. This communication describes lesions of the inferior urinary tract in four Holstein calves with septicaemia caused by S. enterica subsp. enterica serotype Dublin. Examination of the urinary bladder revealed either diffuse irregular thickening (three cases) or petechiation (one case) of the mucosa...
October 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
D Walker, J Gibbons, J D Harris, C S Taylor, C Scott, G K Paterson, L R Morrison
Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia enterocolitica are ubiquitous pathogens with wildlife and domestic animal reservoirs. Outbreaks of 'non-plague' yersiniosis in man and non-human primates are reported frequently (including zoological specimens and research breeding colonies) and are usually characterized by enteritis, mesenteric lymphadenitis and occasionally organ abscessation. In people, non-septic reactive arthritis is a common sequela to yersiniosis. However, there have been rare reports in people of septic arthritis and osteomyelitis because of active systemic infection with Y...
October 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
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