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Journal of Comparative Pathology

K Ogihara, T Itoh, Y Mizuno, K Tamukai, H Madarame
Disseminated histiocytic sarcoma (HS) was diagnosed on post-mortem examination of a 1.5-year-old African hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) that was presented in poor physical condition and with diarrhoea. Leucocytosis and a hypoechoic abdominal mass were noted on haematological and ultrasonographical examinations. Gross pathological, histopathological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural evaluation of the mass supported a diagnosis of disseminated HS. To our knowledge, this report represents the first documentation of disseminated HS in this species...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J M Pacheco, C Stenfeldt, L L Rodriguez, J Arzt
For the purpose of developing an improved experimental model for studies of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection in cattle, three different experimental systems based on natural or simulated natural virus exposure were compared under standardized experimental conditions. Ante-mortem infection dynamics were characterized in cattle exposed to FMDV through a novel, simulated natural intranasopharyngeal (INP) inoculation system or through standardized and controlled systems of within- or between-species direct contact exposure (cattle-to-cattle or pig-to-cattle)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Q D Plumlee, A M Hernandez, S D Clark, A Bascuñán, J Davidson, J Mansell
A 10-year-old, neutered male, Basset hound had a 26 × 21 × 21 cm infiltrative mass on the left abdominal wall that did not extend into the peritoneal cavity based on radiographs and abdominal computed tomography. Cytological examination revealed moderate numbers of neoplastic round cells, which frequently contained numerous round, clear, cytoplasmic vacuoles. Histologically, the tumour was composed of two morphologically distinct cell populations forming a continuum of heterogeneously differentiated cells...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Ó G Sigurðardóttir, E Jörundsson, V Friðriksdóttir
Laryngeal chondritis is a chronic disease in sheep with low morbidity, high mortality and unresolved pathogenesis. The disease has been recognized recently in Iceland and affects both ewes and rams. Animals of different ages are affected, but lambs and yearlings predominate. The disease is seen in housed animals and most cases occur during the late winter months. We report the gross and microscopical findings in 45 cases of laryngeal chondritis in Icelandic sheep.
September 19, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
L Vilalta, A Meléndez-Lazo, G Doria, A Ramis, L Solano-Gallego, J Pastor, J Martorell
Cutaneous mast cell tumours (cMCTs) are one of the most common cutaneous tumours in ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). However, limited information is available regarding cytological and histological features of these tumours and studies evaluating KIT expression are lacking in this species. The aims of this prospective study were to describe the most common clinical, cytological and histological features of cMCTs in ferrets and to compare the usefulness of different staining techniques in the diagnosis of these tumours in ferrets as well as evaluating KIT expression in neoplastic mast cells (MCs) by immunohistochemistry...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
D H Thamm, D F Hayes, T Meuten, T Laver, D G Thomas
Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is expressed in most human normal and neoplastic tissues of epithelial derivation and may have an association with tumour cell aggressiveness, a stem cell-like phenotype and clinical outcome. Antibody-based strategies for the targeting and capture of EpCAM-expressing tumour cells are showing promise, both as diagnostic tools and potential therapies. The aim of this study was to assess EpCAM expression in canine tumours. EpCAM expression was assessed in tumour cell lines via gene expression profiling and in formalin-fixed and paraffin wax-embedded tissues from canine carcinomas representing various anatomical sites by immunohistochemistry...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J A Ramos-Vara, C B Frank, D DuSold, M A Miller
Expression of thyroid transcription factor (TTF)-1 corroborates a thyroid origin of neoplasms. Thyroglobulin and calcitonin immunohistochemistry (IHC) can distinguish between a follicular and C-cell origin of thyroid tumours, respectively. Pax8 (expressed by normal canine thyroid follicular cells) and napsin A (expressed mainly by C-cells) labelling was compared with labelling for TTF-1, thyroglobulin and calcitonin in 114 canine proliferative thyroid lesions. All 81 follicular tumours expressed thyroglobulin and were negative for calcitonin; 79/81 (98%) of these tumours expressed TTF-1 and Pax8 and 60/81 (74%) expressed napsin A...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J T Mackie, A K Gillett, C Palmieri, T Feng, D P Higgins
Chlamydiosis is a common infectious disease of koalas (Phascolarctos cinereus), but Chlamydia spp. have not yet been demonstrated to cause pneumonia in these animals. A juvenile male koala died following an episode of respiratory disease. At necropsy examination, the lung tissue was consolidated. Microscopical lesions in the lung included pyogranulomatous bronchopneumonia, proliferation of bronchiolar and alveolar epithelium and interstitial fibrosis. Hyperplastic bronchiolar epithelial cells contained aggregates of small basophilic punctate organisms, which were confirmed as chlamydiae by transmission electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
D A Sandercock, S H Smith, P Di Giminiani, S A Edwards
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
M Levi, B Brunetti, G Sarli, C Benazzi
The ability of a tumour to become simultaneously resistant to different drugs is known as multidrug resistance and is often due to the expression of ATP-dependent binding cassette transporters (ABC-transporters) such as P-glycoprotein (PGP) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). In this study, the expression of PGP and BCRP was determined in the components of hyperplastic and neoplastic canine mammary glands, including the supporting stroma. The variation of expression of these molecules in carcinomas was evaluated between lesions of different histological stage and grade of malignancy...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J L Whitney, M B Krockenberger, M J Day, J A Beatty, N K Dhand, V R Barrs
Leucocyte populations in the sinonasal mucosa of cats with and without upper respiratory tract aspergillosis were compared using immunohistochemistry and computer-aided morphometry. Inflammation was identified in the nasal mucosa of all affected cats, comprising predominantly of lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of the lamina propria associated with epithelial proliferation and degeneration. There was intense and diffuse expression of class II antigens of the major histocompatibility complex, associated with sites of hyphal invasion with hyperplasia and ulceration of the epithelium adjacent to fungal elements...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
H Versnaeyen, V Saey, D Vermeiren, K Chiers, R Ducatelle
A 7-year-old warmblood mare showed sudden onset of mild intermittent haemoptysis. Clinical examination revealed no significant abnormalities. Haematological examination showed mild anaemia, hypoalbuminaemia and neutrophilia. Coagulation tests were normal. Endoscopic examination revealed unilateral pulmonary haemorrhage with blood clots in the bronchi and trachea. Treatment with antibiotics was started and the horse was given stable rest. Two weeks later, the horse was found dead with blood and frothy sputum leaking from the nostrils...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J N Winer, B Arzi, D M Leale, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Maxillae and/or mandibles from 76 walruses (Odobenus rosmarus) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria. The museum specimens were acquired between 1932 and 2014. Forty-five specimens (59.2%) were from male animals, 29 (38.2%) from female animals and two (2.6%) from animals of unknown sex, with 58 adults (76.3%) and 18 young adults (23.7%) included in this study. The number of teeth available for examination was 830 (33.6%); 18.5% of teeth were absent artefactually, 3.3% were deemed to be absent due to acquired tooth loss and 44...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J N Winer, B Arzi, D M Leale, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Museum specimens (maxillae and/or mandibles) from 317 polar bears (Ursus maritimus) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria and 249 specimens were included in this study. The specimens were acquired between 1906 and 2011. There were 126 specimens (50.6%) from male animals, 93 (37.3%) from female animals and 30 (12.1%) from animals of unknown sex. The ages of the animals ranged from neonate to adult, with 125 adults (50.2%) and 124 young adults (49.8%) included and neonates/juveniles excluded from the study...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
C Salvadori, J Finlayson, T Trogu, N Formenti, P Lanfranchi, C Citterio, J Palarea-Albaladejo, A Poli, F Chianini
Immune system cell subsets in lymph nodes and spleen from alpine chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra subspecies rupicapra) living in the Italian Alps were characterized immunohistochemically. Seven primary antibodies (against human CD3, CD79αcy, CD68, or ovine CD4, CD8, CD21 and γδ T-cell receptor [TCR] epitopes) were tested on tissues fixed either in formalin or in zinc salts (ZS) and cross-reactivity with chamois immune cell epitopes was shown. ZS fixation allowed wider identification of immune cells, without the need for antigen retrieval...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
B Murphy, D M Imai
A cutaneous proliferative mass was identified arising from the caudal peduncle of a captive neon tetra fish (Paracheirodon innesi). The lesion was histologically consistent with an ossifying fibroma (OF), a fibro-osseous proliferative lesion typically identified in the jaws or tooth-associated supportive tissues of mammals. Although it has been previously reported, there is no recent report of this lesion occurring in a fish. This is the first report of a cutaneous ossifying fibroma in a characin fish. The authors speculate on the pathogenesis of this lesion, which may have arisen from the scale-associated mesenchymal tissues...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
M J Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
R A Leme, T E S Oliveira, A F Alfieri, S A Headley, A A Alfieri
This study investigated the cause of the mortality of piglets with cutaneous, enteric and neurological disorders from seven pig farms located in different geographical regions of Brazil. Twelve 1- to 5-day-old piglets were submitted for pathological evaluation. The principal gross findings included faint rib impressions on the pleural surface of the lungs (n = 9), diphtheritic glossitis (n = 6) and ulcerative lesions at the coronary band (n = 5). Histopathology revealed interstitial pneumonia (n = 12), myocarditis (n = 6), diphtheritic glossitis (n = 3), encephalitis (n = 3) and atrophy of intestinal villi with vacuolation of the superficial epithelial cells (n = 6)...
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
Alexander G R Foulerton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
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