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Journal of Comparative Pathology

E Gayo, L Polledo, A Balseiro, C Pérez Martínez, M J García Iglesias, S Preziuso, G Rossi, J F García Marín
Ovine visna/maedi (VM) infection is characterized by the development of chronic inflammatory lesions in different organs, mainly in the lung, mammary gland and central nervous system (CNS), with either histiocytic or lymphocytic pattern predominance being described in the CNS. To help to understand the role of host immune response in the development of these patterns, 50 naturally-infected sheep and eight non-infected sheep from intensive milk-producing flocks were studied. The histological lesion patterns in the three main target organs in each sheep were characterized...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
A O Igwe, C L Afonso, W S Ezema, C C Brown, J O A Okoye
This study investigated the pathological changes in the reproductive system of laying hens that lead to the poor egg production and quality in Newcastle disease (ND) and the distribution of the virus in the system. Two hundred and forty Isa-Brown pullets were divided randomly into vaccinated and unvaccinated groups (n = 120 each). The vaccinated group was given Hitchner B1 vaccine at 1 day of age, La Sota vaccine at 4 weeks of age and Komarov vaccine at 9 and 16 weeks of age. At the peak of egg production, the laying hens (32 weeks old) were assigned randomly into four groups (n = 60): VC, vaccinated with ND vaccines and inoculated intramuscularly with velogenic viscerotropic ND virus (vvNDV); VU, vaccinated unchallenged; UC, unvaccinated challenged; and UU, unvaccinated unchallenged...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J Leal de Araujo, A Perry, J Wild, L Kleinschmdit, S Hoppes, R R Rech
A 17-year-old female emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) was presented for clinical evaluation due to a 3-week history of anorexia and progressive weight loss. The emu died after sedation. At necropsy examination, the ovary and the majority of the oviduct were effaced by a multinodular cystic mass and accompanied by 6 l of coelomic effusion. Histopathology revealed a neoplasm composed of well-differentiated, poorly organized tissues derived from ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm. Tissues within the neoplasm expressed glial fibrillary acidic protein, desmin and cytokeratins AE1/AE3, respectively, confirming the diagnosis of teratocarcinoma...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
M K Kok, J K Chambers, N Ushio, Y Miwa, H Nakayama, K Uchida
A 6-year-old female black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) was presented with a space-occupying lesion in the left submandibular region. On computed tomography, a low attenuating, poorly circumscribed mass infiltrated the left mandibular bone, with osteolytic change. Microscopically, the lesion was composed of odontogenic epithelium proliferating in nests and embedded in abundant dental papilla-like ectomesenchyme, including dentine and enamel. Multifocal amyloid deposition was observed. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic epithelial cells were positive for cytokeratin (CK) AE1/AE3, CK14 and p63...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J Díaz-Delgado, A A C Coimbra, C Dos Santos-Cirqueira, T C Sanches, J M Guerra, A S de Oliveira, C Di Loretto, T Zwarg, R Ressio, L Rivas, M Sansone, F O Nagamori, C Kanamura, P S Gonçalves, N C C A Fernandes, K R Groch, J L Catão-Dias
The opossum (family Didelphidae) is a marsupial endemic to the Americas. Apart from the South American short-tailed opossum (Monodelphis domestica) and the Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), there is considerable lack of knowledge about the health and diseases of most opossum species. Among these, the big-eared opossum (Didelphis aurita) is found in Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay. Natural and experimental studies have shown this species to be susceptible to infectious agents with zoonotic potential and the animals may play a role in transmission of such agents...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
A Rodriguez Barbon, R Cowen, C Knott, K Hughes, K Allinson, C V Williams, A Routh
Tumours diagnosed in three aged captive aye-ayes (Daubentonia madagascariensis), held in two different institutions, are described. A cerebral glioblastoma was diagnosed based on histological and immunohistochemical findings in one of the animals following initial presentation with bilateral mydriasis, absent pupillary reflex, head tilt and ataxia. A second animal was humanely destroyed due to impaired locomotion associated with spondylosis and a post-mortem diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma was made based on histology with further confirmation with immunohistochemical labelling for cytokeratin 7...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
A Morey-Matamalas, A de Stefani, D Corbetta, L Grau-Roma, S de Brot
A 9-year-old neutered male crossbred dog with a 4-week history of progressive vestibulocerebellar signs was presented for necropsy examination. Gross examination revealed neoplastic growth in the lungs, thoracic lymph nodes, left kidney and cerebellum. Microscopically, the tumour consisted of an infiltrative, densely cellular, basaloid epithelial neoplastic growth with extensive areas of abrupt keratinization. Immunohistochemically, neoplastic cells expressed p63 and partially expressed cytokeratins 5/6. Based on these findings, the tumour was diagnosed as a primary pulmonary basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSSC) with metastasis to regional lymph nodes, kidney and brain...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
B Wolfesberger, A Fuchs-Baumgartinger, V Greß, S E Hammer, G Gradner, K Knödl, A Tichy, B C Rütgen, C Beham-Schmid
To diagnose and classify the various entities of lymphomas, the World Health Organisation (WHO) classification is applied in human as well as in veterinary medicine. We validated the concordance of these classification systems by having a veterinary and human pathologist evaluate gastrointestinal lymphoma tissue from 61 cats. In 59% of all cases, there was a match between their respective diagnoses of the lymphoma subtype. A complete consensus between the two evaluators was obtained for all samples with a diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, T-cell anaplastic large cell lymphoma and extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue...
February 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
G Steenkamp, S C Boy, P J van Staden, M N Bester
Descriptions of several oral, maxillofacial and dental conditions/diseases exist for a variety of captive large felids, but little is reported on the pathology of free roaming large felids. Apart from focal palatine erosions (FPEs) as initially described by Fitch and Fagan (1982) and some reference to absent incisor teeth, few data exist on diseases affecting the oral, maxillofacial and dental structures of cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), regardless of their captivity status. This study reports 18 different conditions affecting the teeth, bone and oral cavity soft tissue of cheetahs, based on initial assessment of 256 animals over 11 years (2002-2012) in South Africa and Namibia...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
N Jungwirth, C Puff, K Köster, R Mischke, H Meyer, A Stark, B Thoma, G Zöller, F Seehusen, M Hewicker-Trautwein, A Beineke, W Baumgärtner, P Wohlsein
Within 4 weeks, five cats with skin lesions affecting the hindlimbs and mainly consisting of oedema, hyperaemia and plaque-like alterations were presented to the same veterinary clinic. The cats were suffering from lameness, trauma, renal insufficiency or complicated tail amputation. Although the lesions seemed unusual for a poxvirus infection, microscopical examination of biopsy samples or specimens taken during necropsy examination revealed ballooning degeneration of keratinocytes with eosinophilic, cytoplasmic inclusion bodies indicative of an orthopoxvirus infection...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
F Vessieres, R Rasotto, I Peters, E Villiers, D Berlato, F Cian
The aim of this study was to document the molecular clonality of lymphoid cells in canine thymoma using polymerase chain reaction for antigen receptor rearrangement (PARR). Fifteen formalin-fixed and paraffin wax-embedded samples of canine thymoma were analyzed for T- and B-cell receptor clonality. Two of these 15 cases were excluded from the study due to insufficient DNA concentration. Twelve of the 13 remaining samples (92.3%) showed a polyclonal lymphoid component and in one case the lymphoid component was monoclonal (T-cell clonality)...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
E Torrent, J Pastor, L Fresno, I Vigueras, M I Casanova, A Ramis, L Solano-Gallego
A French bulldog with a previous history of leishmaniosis was presented due to respiratory distress associated with a laryngeal mass. The mass was excised and cytological and histopathological examination revealed pyogranulomatous inflammation with Leishmania spp. amastigotes. After surgery, the respiratory condition resolved; however, 3 months later the dog developed clinicopathological signs of leishmaniosis, which improved with systemic treatment. This case shows an atypical presentation of leishmaniosis with a focal tumour-like mass in the vocal folds as the only clinical sign...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
L Ordeix, J E Dos S Silva, J Llull, P Quirola, S Montserrat-Sangrà, P Martínez-Orellana, L Solano-Gallego
The leishmanin skin test (LST), a delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction to Leishmania infantum, can specifically identify dogs that have made a cell-mediated immune response to L. infantum infection. The Ibizan hound appears to be more resistant to L. infantum infection than other breeds of dog. The aim of this study was to describe the histological and immunohistochemical changes induced by the LST in Ibizan hounds living in an area highly endemic for leishmaniosis. The majority of dogs were apparently healthy, lacked serum antibody to L...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
K A Mander, J W Finnie
Clostridium perfringens type D epsilon toxin (ETX) is a potent neurotoxin producing a severe, and often fatal, neurological disorder in ruminant livestock. Microvascular damage appears to be the fundamental action of ETX in the brain and, recently, similar vascular injury, with subsequent severe vasogenic oedema, has been reported in the retina of rats given ETX. Endothelial barrier antigen (EBA) is a useful marker of an intact blood-brain barrier in rats and it has been shown that loss of EBA immunoreactivity is correlated with ETX-induced cerebral microvascular damage in this species...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
J V Evenhuis, I Zisman, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Museum specimens from 637 grey foxes (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria. Of the 637 specimens, 569 were included for further examination. The study population included more males (n = 261, 45.9%) than females (n = 196, 34.4%) and animals of unknown sex (n = 112, 19.7%). Additionally, 481 (84.5%) adults, 67 (11.8%) young adults and 21 (3.7%) individuals of unknown age comprised the study population, with juveniles and neonates excluded. The number of teeth present for examination was 23,066 (96...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
A F Coleto, T M Wilson, N P Soares, L F Gundim, I P Castro, E C Guimarães, M B Bandarra, A A Medeiros-Ronchi
Canine mammary tumours (CMTs) are the most common type of neoplasm in bitches. As in women, the presence of metastasis in regional lymph nodes is an important prognostic factor in bitches with mammary carcinomas, but the clinical significance of occult isolated tumour cells (ITCs) within lymph nodes is still undefined in this species. The effectiveness of immunohistochemistry (IHC) in identifying occult ITCs and micrometastasis (MIC) was compared with that of the conventional haematoxylin and eosin staining technique...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
P U Díaz, F Rey, N C Gareis, U S Notaro, V Matiller, E M Belotti, A F Stassi, N R Salvetti, H H Ortega
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a homodimeric glycoprotein expressed exclusively in the gonads. This hormone is an important regulator of the early growth of follicles through inhibitory effects on the recruitment of primordial follicles into the pool of growing follicles and on granulosa cell proliferation. Cystic ovarian disease (COD) is an important disorder affecting the fertility of dairy cattle. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of AMH in granulosa cells and AMH secretion into follicular fluid in pre-ovulatory follicles from control cows, animals with spontaneously arising COD and during the development of the disease, at 5, 10 and 15 days of follicular persistence...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
A P P Teh, U Z Izzati, N V Diep, T Hirai, R Yamaguchi
Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare and aggressive cutaneous neuroendocrine tumour reported only in man, dogs and cats. A 20-month-old Japanese black fattening steer was presented with necrotic protruding skin masses over the left thoracic area and a 20 × 25 cm subcutaneous mass in the left abdominal area. Microscopical evaluation of the masses revealed cords of small to medium-sized round tumour cells with marked anisocytosis and anisokaryosis and clear and vacuolated cytoplasm, which were separated by a delicate fibrovascular stroma and arranged in a trabecular and nested pattern...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
L C Henker, R M Bianchi, T P Vargas, E C de Oliveira, D Driemeier, S P Pavarini
A 1-year-old male American pit bull terrier was presented with a history of proprioceptive deficits and mild lameness of the right hindlimb, which progressed after 5 months to paraparesis, culminating in tetraparesis after 2 weeks. Necropsy findings were limited to the spinal cord and consisted of multiple, intradural, extramedullary, slightly red masses which produced segmental areas of medullary swelling located in the cervical intumescence, thoracolumbar column, sacral segment and cauda equina. Histological evaluation revealed a tumour, composed of epithelial, stromal and blastemal cells, with structures resembling tubules, acini and embryonic glomeruli...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
C Palmieri, M Story, F Z X Lean, S H Akter, V Grieco, A M De Marzo
Proliferative inflammatory atrophy (PIA), which is comprised of highly proliferative but atrophic prostate epithelial cells in association with chronic inflammation, is considered a risk lesion for prostate cancer in men, while its role in canine prostate carcinogenesis is still unknown. We evaluated the value of immunohistochemical labelling for the basal cell marker cytokeratin-5 (CK5) in identifying PIA lesions in 87 samples of formalin-fixed and paraffin wax-embedded canine prostate. Canine PIA showed cytological features identical to the human counterpart and in most cases was associated with chronic lymphoplasmacytic inflammation...
January 2018: Journal of Comparative Pathology
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