journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Comparative Pathology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460797/one-health-solutions-to-obesity-in-people-and-their-pets
#1
REVIEW
J Bartges, R F Kushner, K E Michel, R Sallis, M J Day
Despite the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in the human and companion animal populations, and the global trends for increasing numbers of affected people and pets, there are few successful interventions that are proven to combat this complex multifactorial problem. One key strategy involves effective communication between human and veterinary healthcare professionals with patients and clients about obesity. In human healthcare, the focus of communication should be on physical activity as part of overall health and wellbeing, rather than assessment of the body mass index; clinical examination of patients should record levels of physical activity as a key 'vital sign' as part of their assessment...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460796/the-financial-costs-behaviour-and-psychology-of-obesity-a-one-health-analysis
#2
REVIEW
E Bomberg, L Birch, N Endenburg, A J German, J Neilson, H Seligman, G Takashima, M J Day
People who are overweight or have obesity are estimated to comprise 30% of the global population and up to 59% of companion dogs and cats are estimated to be above their optimal body weight. The prevalence of human and companion obesity is increasing. The direct and indirect costs of obesity and associated comorbidities are significant for human and veterinary healthcare. There are numerous similarities between obesity in people and companion animals, likely related to the shared environmental and lifestyle elements of this multifactorial disease...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460795/obesity-and-associated-comorbidities-in-people-and-companion-animals-a-one-health-perspective
#3
REVIEW
M Chandler, S Cunningham, E M Lund, C Khanna, R Naramore, A Patel, M J Day
This article reviews the biology, prevalence and risks for obesity in people and companion dogs and cats, and explores the links between obesity and diabetes mellitus and cancer across these species. Obesity is a major healthcare problem in both human and veterinary medicine and there is an increasing prevalence of obesity in people and pets. In people and animals, obesity is a complex disorder involving diet, level of physical activity, behavioural factors, socioeconomic factors, environment exposures, genetics, metabolism and the microbiome...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457487/one-health-approach-to-preventing-obesity-in-people-and-their-pets
#4
EDITORIAL
M J Day
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457486/vaccination-against-louping-ill-virus-protects-goats-from-experimental-challenge-with-spanish-goat-encephalitis-virus
#5
L M Salinas, R Casais, J F García Marín, K P Dalton, L J Royo, A Del Cerro, E Gayo, M P Dagleish, P Alberdi, R A Juste, J de la Fuente, A Balseiro
Spanish goat encephalitis virus (SGEV) is a recently described member of the genus Flavivirus belonging to the tick-borne encephalitis group of viruses, and is closely related to louping ill virus (LIV). Naturally acquired disease in goats results in severe, acute encephalitis and 100% mortality. Eighteen goats were challenged subcutaneously with SGEV; nine were vaccinated previously against LIV and nine were not. None of the vaccinated goats showed any clinical signs of disease or histological lesions, but all of the non-vaccinated goats developed pyrexia and 5/9 developed neurological clinical signs, primarily tremors in the neck and ataxia...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449818/canine-mixed-mammary-tumour-as-a-model-for-human-breast-cancer-with-osseous-metaplasia
#6
E S Saad, K M Milley, A A Al-Khan, J S Nimmo, B Bacci, M Tayebi, M J Day, S J Richardson, J A Danks
Canine mixed mammary tumours (CMMTs) and human metaplastic breast carcinomas (HMBCs) share several histopathological features and risk factors. In both species, these tumours display epithelial and stromal components. HMBCs are rare malignant tumours, but CMMTs are one of the most common mammary tumours in dogs and are more often benign than malignant. In this study, benign (n = 88) and malignant (n = 13) CMMTs were characterized using specific antibodies against oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, cytokeratin 5/6, cytokeratin AE1/AE3, vimentin, Ki67, E-cadherin and p63...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433396/lambs-are-susceptible-to-experimental-challenge-with-spanish-goat-encephalitis-virus
#7
L M Salinas, R Casais, J F García Marín, K P Dalton, L J Royo, A Del Cerro, E Gayo, M P Dagleish, R A Juste, A Balseiro
Spanish goat encephalitis virus (SGEV) is a member of the genus Flavivirus, family Flaviviridae, and causes encephalomyelitis in goats. The aim of this study was to determine whether sheep are susceptible to experimental challenge with SGEV by two different routes. The results show that SGEV can infect sheep by both the subcutaneous and intravenous routes, resulting in neurological clinical disease with extensive and severe histological lesions in the central nervous system. Lambs challenged subcutaneously developed more severe lesions on the ipsilateral side of the brain, but the lesion morphology was similar irrespective of the route of challenge...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431735/characterization-of-an-amyloid-only-transgenic-b6c3-tg-appswe-psen1de9-85dbo-mmjax-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
G S Finnie, R Gunnarsson, J Manavis, P C Blumbergs, K A Mander, S Edwards, C Van den Heuvel, J W Finnie
The spatiotemporal pattern of cerebral amyloid deposition, detectable as light microscopically recognizable aggregates in an 'amyloid only' transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease, B6C3-Tg(APPswe,PSEN1dE9)85Dbo/Mmjax, is reported for the first time in this strain. Monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies were used to detect amyloid deposition immunohistochemically in brains collected from these mice at 3-12 months of age. Amyloid aggregates (20-200 μm) were first found in serial, whole coronal sections of brain at 4 months of age and these increased progressively, plateauing at 11-12 months...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427752/spontaneously-arising-tumours-and-tumour-like-lesions-of-the-cervix-and-uterus-in-83-pet-guinea-pigs-cavia-porcellus
#9
C Laik-Schandelmaier, R Klopfleisch, S Schöniger, G Weiffenbach, M Staudacher, H Aupperle
Tumours and tumour-like lesions are rare findings in the genital system of guinea pigs. The aim of the present study was to characterize nodular lesions in the cervix and uterus of guinea pigs submitted for histopathological diagnosis. Samples from 83 pet animals were investigated. Cases included 64 surgically excised masses including complete uteri (n = 37), parts from uteri containing masses (n = 8), complete masses (n = 12) or samples from masses (n = 7) and 19 complete necropsy examinations. In 55 of the cases, only solitary changes were observed; in 28 cases two or more lesions were diagnosed...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408040/myxomatous-degeneration-of-the-canine-mitral-valve-from-gross-changes-to-molecular-events
#10
REVIEW
G Markby, K M Summers, V E MacRae, J Del-Pozo, B M Corcoran
Myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) is the single most common acquired heart disease of the dog, but is also of emerging importance in human medicine, with some features of the disease shared between both species. There has been increased understanding of this disease in recent years, with most research aiming to elucidate the cellular and molecular events of disease pathogenesis. For gross and histological changes, much of our understanding is based on historical studies and there has been no comprehensive reappraisal of the pathology of MMVD...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391972/neuroaxonal-dystrophy-in-a-flock-of-pied-imperial-pigeons-ducula-bicolor
#11
M Barrows, R Killick, C Day, R Saunders, K Baiker, L Ressel, D Denk
Five juvenile pied imperial pigeons (Ducula bicolor) presented with neurological signs including torticollis, ataxia and poor flying ability. All were humanely destroyed and submitted for post-mortem examination. Microscopically, the most significant findings were in the brain and spinal cord. Spheroid formation was evident within the medulla, pons, diencephalon, cortical grey and subcortical white matter, spinal cord white and grey matter and the granular and molecular cell layers of the cerebellum. There was no evidence of associated inflammation...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385336/association-between-pancreatitis-and-immune-mediated-haemolytic-anaemia-in-cats-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
A Zoia, M Drigo
In most cases, the underlying causes of feline pancreatitis and feline immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia (IMHA) remain unknown. Following the observation that some cats present with both diseases concurrently, the aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate if the two disorders were associated statistically in this species. A residency case log of all cases seen at the Small Animal Hospital, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK, between July 2004 and December 2007, was used as the database for this study and an association between these two disorders was assessed by Fisher's exact test...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320532/atypical-histiocytosis-in-red-squirrels-sciurus-vulgaris
#13
S H Smith, K Stevenson, J Del-Pozo, S Moss, A Meredith
Four red squirrels (Sciurus vulgaris) were subjected to necropsy examination over a 3-year period as part of a broader surveillance study. The squirrels presented with cutaneous, subcutaneous and/or internal swellings and nodules that consisted microscopically of sheets of atypical round cells and multinucleated giant cells. There was moderate anisokaryosis with rare mitoses. Nuclei ranged from oval to indented or C-shaped and some were bizarre, twisted or multilobulated. Many giant cells also had a bizarre morphology, with anisokaryosis within individual cells...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318536/chromobacterium-violaceum-infection-in-a-horse
#14
Márcia Elisa Hammerschmitt, Veronica Machado Rolim, Gustavo Geraldo Medina Snel, Franciele Maboni Siqueira, David Driemeier, Saulo Petinatti Pavarini
Chromobacterium violaceum is an opportunistic pathogen of mammals that produces characteristic violet pigment in bacterial culture. We report pneumonia and septicaemia caused by C. violaceum in a horse. Necropsy examination was performed on a 3-year-old Quarter Horse stallion with a history of recurrent episodes of pneumonia, fever, dyspnoea and sanguineous nasal discharge. The lungs were not collapsed, but they contained dark red foci mixed with white areas, and multiple nodules of firm consistency. Within the liver and kidney there were randomly distributed, multifocal, white pinpoint lesions (0...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284556/morphology-and-morphometry-of-the-lung-in-corn-snakes-pantherophis-guttatus-infected-with-three-different-strains-of-ferlavirus
#15
J M Starck, A Neul, V Schmidt, T Kolb, S Franz-Guess, D Balcecean, M Pees
Ophidian paramyxovirus (ferlavirus) is a global threat to reptilian sauropsids in herpetological collections, with occasional but fatal effects. This study characterizes the effects of three different genetic strains of ferlavirus on the dynamic changes of histology and morphometry of the lung of corn snakes (Pantherophis guttatus). Lungs from 42 corn snakes were either sham-infected or infected experimentally under standardized conditions. From 4 to 49 days after intratracheal inoculation, the lungs were examined qualitatively and quantitatively...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258732/immunohistochemical-expression-of-placental-alkaline-phosphatase-in-five-cases-of-seminoma-in-rabbits
#16
B Banco, J Ferreira da Silva, S Cotti Cometti, D Stefanello, V Grieco
Testicular seminoma is reported in the rabbit but data about the immunophenotype of these tumours are lacking. The classification of human testicular germ cell tumours includes spermatocytic tumour (ST) originating from the post-pubertal spermatogonia/spermatocytes, which metastasizes rarely, and seminoma (SE), originating from gonocytes, which is malignant and metastasizes frequently. Gonocytes express placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) and are stained with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS). We report five cases of seminoma in pet rabbits...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238470/fatal-salmonellosis-in-captive-maras-dolichotis-patagonum-caused-by-salmonella-enteritidis
#17
S Nakamura, Y Yoshimura, H Hayashidani, T Iwata, S Iseda, Y Une
We report epidemic occurrences of fatal salmonellosis caused by Salmonella Enteritidis in captive maras (Dolichotis patagonum) in a zoological garden in Japan. The deaths were sudden or followed a peracute course within a few hours of the first observations of clinical abnormalities. Gross lesions included haemorrhages in the subcutis and skeletal muscles, liver, spleen, lung, heart and gastrointestinal tract. Microscopically, there were haemorrhagic and necrotizing lesions with gram-negative bacilli in the liver, spleen, small intestine and Peyer's patches...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233523/mycobacterial-arthritis-and-synovitis-in-painted-reed-frogs-hyperolius-marmoratus
#18
M Barrows, K Koeppel, A Michel, E Mitchell
Several species of atypical mycobacteria have been isolated from wild and captive amphibians. In captive anurans, cutaneous and visceral mycobacteriosis are common and can result in significant mortality, particularly when animals are immunocompromised. Mycobacterial arthritis and synovitis are reported rarely in amphibians. We describe 20 cases in painted reed frogs (Hyperolius marmoratus), which presented with cachexia, limb paresis or paralysis or 'spindly leg syndrome'. Histopathology revealed multifocal histiocytic to granulomatous synovitis affecting appendicular, rib or spinal intervertebral joints...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233522/comparison-of-clinical-and-pathological-diagnoses-in-cats-and-dogs
#19
T I Schertenleib, A Pospischil, M Hässig, P R Kircher, M Hilbe
The comparison of clinical ante-mortem and pathological post-mortem diagnoses is a prerequisite for quality control, but is rarely done in veterinary medicine. This study reports the occurrence and concurrence of clinical and pathological diagnoses linked to death in 1,000 cats and 1,000 dogs examined and subjected to necropsy examination at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. Potential factors influencing the correlation between diagnoses were examined retrospectively. In 5.8% of cats and 5.2% of dogs no diagnosis was made; in 2...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238305/polyomavirus-infection-in-gouldian-finches-erythrura-gouldiae-and-other-pet-birds-of-the-family-estrildidae
#20
E Circella, A Caroli, M Marino, M Legretto, N Pugliese, G Bozzo, G Cocciolo, D Dibari, A Camarda
A syndrome characterized by apathy, diarrhoea and high mortality of nestlings was observed in a flock of pet birds of the family Estrildidae. Enlargement of the liver, pulmonary congestion and urate accretions in the kidney were observed. Microscopically, there was glomerular atrophy, oedema and congestion of the lungs and necrosis and fibrosis of the liver. Cowdry type B intranuclear inclusion bodies were detected in the tissues. Polyomavirus was detected by polymerase chain reaction. The entire genome of the virus was amplified and sequenced, revealing 99 % identity to the sequence of finch polyomavirus isolated from the Eurasian bullfinch (family Fringillidae)...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Comparative Pathology
journal
journal
21624
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"