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Irish Veterinary Journal

Huisheng Liu, Zhanqin Zhao, Xiaojian Xi, Qiao Xue, Ta Long, Yun Xue
BACKGROUND: Prior to the 1990s, P. multocida capsular serogroup A was the most prevalent in China, followed by serogroups B and D. Thirty years later, serogroup D became the most prevalent, followed by serogroups A and B. However, the P. multocida capsular serogroups currently circulating in China remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide an update on P. multocida serogroups isolated from diagnostic samples collected from clinically diseased pigs in Central and Eastern China from 2011 to 2015...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
Xianxia Liu, Jianjun Li, Xueyun Yang, Dengfeng Wang, Jianmei Wang, Jianyong Wu
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes chronic, wasting, and progressive enteritis in cattle, bringing significant economic losses in livestock industries. MAP has spread worldwide mainly due to movement of animals. The objective of this study was to determine the MAP seroprevalence in cattle in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Northwest China, and evaluate the difference between intensive farming herds (cattle number in a herd is more than 200, and the cattle cannot have access to pasture) and free-range herds (the cattle are bred by individual households, a herd is defined as the cattle are bred in a village or town in this study)...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
Alexander Tavella, Annalisa Stefani, Claudia Zanardello, Astrid Bettini, Matthias Gauly, Patrik Zanolari
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic Vitamin D supplementation is a common practice in Alpaca breeding in many regions around the world. An overdosage can lead to dystrophic mineralization of soft tissues. In this paper we illustrate a suspected case of hypervitaminosis D in an 8-year-old female Alpaca. CASE PRESENTATION: In June 2015, the carcass of an 8-year-old female Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) was submitted to the diagnostic laboratory of the Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie (IZSVe) for necropsy...
2016: Irish Veterinary Journal
Izabela Janus, Małgorzata Kandefer-Gola, Rafał Ciaputa, Agnieszka Noszczyk-Nowak, Urszula Pasławska, Massimiliano Tursi, Marcin Nowak
BACKGROUND: Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD) are the most common diseases noted in dogs. Although their pathogenesis varies, both include a significant enlargement of the left atrium. The study was carried out on left atrial specimens obtained from 56 dogs, including those from 34 dogs with clinically diagnosed MMVD, 15 dogs with DCM and 7 dogs without heart disease (control group). Dogs in the MMVD and the DCM groups presented with left atrial enlargement and stage D heart failure...
2016: Irish Veterinary Journal
C Devitt, L Boyle, D L Teixeira, N E O'Connell, M Hawe, A Hanlon
BACKGROUND: A SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analysis is a strategic management tool applied to policy planning and decision-making. This short report presents the results of a SWOT analysis, carried out with n = 16 stakeholders i) involved in the pig industry in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, and ii) in general animal welfare and food safety policy areas. As part of a larger study called PIGWELFIND, the analysis sought to explore the potential development of pig meat inspection as an animal welfare and diagnostic tool...
2016: Irish Veterinary Journal
Miguel S Lima, Júlia M Silveira, Nuno Carolino, Luis P Lamas, Rita A Pascoal, Charles A Hjerpe
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy toxaemia (PT) is a disease that affects pregnant goats during their last month of gestation and is characterized by a high case fatality rate. This study involved 32 does maintained on a commercial dairy goat farm that were diagnosed with PT. A physical examination was performed on and haematology parameters obtained from each doe, at the time of diagnosis. The data from the 24 PT goats that died was compared with the corresponding data from the 8 PT goats that survived...
2016: Irish Veterinary Journal
Catherine I Carty, Alison M Lee, Nathan A E Wienandt, Edward L Stevens, Derron A Alves, John A Browne, Jill Bryan, Eoin G Ryan, Joseph P Cassidy
BACKGROUND: An unusual presentation of skin disease was identified in two related neonatal Pedigree Limousin calves presented to University Veterinary Hospital, University College Dublin, following detailed post mortem examination a diagnosis of dermatosparaxis was made. Dermatosparaxis in animals or Ehlers Danlos Syndrome, which is the analogous condition seen in humans, is a connective tissue disorder characterised by extreme skin fragility. To the authors' knowledge this is the first report of such a diagnosis in the Limousin breed and the features of this lethal phenotype were severe in comparison to previous reports of the condition...
2016: Irish Veterinary Journal
Johannes Charlier, Valérie De Waele, Els Ducheyne, Mariska van der Voort, Fiona Vande Velde, Edwin Claerebout
Helminth infections of cattle affect productivity in all classes of stock, and are amongst the most important production-limiting diseases of grazing ruminants. Over the last decade, there has been a shift in focus in the diagnosis of these infections from merely detecting presence/absence of infection towards detecting its impact on production. This has been facilitated by studies observing consistent negative correlations between helminth diagnostic test results and measures of productivity. Veterinarians are increasingly challenged to consider the economic aspects of their work, and the use of these tests should now be integrated in economic evaluation frameworks for improved decision making...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Austin Agnew, Juan Wang, Séamus Fanning, Stuart Bearhop, Barry J McMahon
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the most significant threat to global public health and ascertaining the role wild birds play in the epidemiology of resistance is critically important. This study investigated the prevalence of AMR Gram-negative bacteria among long-distance migratory East Canadian High Arctic (ECHA) light-bellied Brent geese found wintering on the east coast of Ireland. FINDINGS: In this study a number of bacterial species were isolated from cloacal swabs taken from ECHA light-bellied Brent geese...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Marco Pietra, Renato Giulio Zanoni, Angelo Peli, Barbara Brunetti, Nikolina Linta, Ombretta Capitani, Giuseppe Spinella
BACKGROUND: The authors report the first case of feline gastric actinomycosis associated with infection by Actinomyces hordeovulneris. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old, neutered male, semi-feral European cat, with a 1 year history of chronic vomiting, was referred to the clinic. Abdominal ultrasound examination identified a hypoechoic focal transmural thickening with loss of normal wall layering and hyperechoic speckles at the gastric body. Initial gastroscopic examination showed a tumour-like gastric mass with an ulcerated depression at the level of the greater curvature...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Anita Koni, Arla Juma, Matteo Morini, Stefano Nardelli, Robert Connor, Xhelil Koleci
BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is an important bacterial infectious disease in Albania of concern to animal and human health; its prevalence is poorly documented. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we tested by ELISA 2661 serum samples, from 154 herds, with the aim of establishing the suitability of this approach to screen the bovine population for bTB. In a follow-on survey of 87 animals in three villages, we assessed the usefulness of the Mycobacterium bovis IDEXX ELISA (IDEXX M...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Máire C McElroy, Martin Hill, Geraldine Moloney, Micheál Mac Aogáin, Shane McGettrick, Áine O'Doherty, Thomas R Rogers
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is a recognised cause of typhlocolitis and diarrhoea in neonatal pigs but has never been confirmed in association with pathology and disease in Irish pigs. CASE PRESENTATION: Four neonatal piglets, with a history of diarrhoea were referred to the Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Backweston for necropsy. They were from a fully integrated, commercial pig farm with approximately 1000 sows. Three piglets had acute, superficial, erosive and suppurative typhlocolitis and the other had mild suppurative mesocolitis...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Marcin Nowak, Janusz A Madej, Bartosz Pula, Piotr Dziegiel, Rafal Ciaputa
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to demonstrate the immunohistochemical expression of proteins that affect the metastatic potential of a tumour, including matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and E-cadherin. Another objective was to determine their correlation with the expression of the Ki-67 antigen in metastasizing and non-metastasizing mammary carcinomas in female dogs. The study was conducted on 32 canine mammary carcinomas (12 metastatic and 20 non-metastatic), classified as simple tubular and tubulopapillary carcinomas...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Nieves Ortega, M Rosa Caro, M Carmen Gallego, Antonio Murcia-Belmonte, Daniel Álvarez, Laura Del Río, Francisco Cuello, Antonio J Buendía, Jesús Salinas
BACKGROUND: Identifying the aetiological agent of atypical pneumonia in human can sometimes be a tedious process, especially in cases where Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella species and Chlamydia pneumoniae are ruled out. In such cases, a correct anamnesis of the patient is basic to clarify which pathogens might have produced the infection. For this reason, health professionals including veterinarians and laboratory personnel working with zoonotic pathogens should keep their doctors informed...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
François-Xavier Ferrand, Paul Pillard, Claude Carozzo, Thierry Marchal, Marie-José Seurin, Catherine Escriou
A 2-year-old female crossbreed dog was presented with progressive ataxia and paraparesis. A T3-L3 spinal lesion was determined by neurological examination. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an ovoid-shaped, well-circumscribed mass affecting the spinal cord at the level of the T9 vertebra. A left hemilaminectomy and a durotomy at the level of T9 allowed discovery of an ovoid deformation of the meninges with a cystic appearance. En bloc removal was performed and appeared to be complete. Pathological analysis showed a voluminous cystic lesion lined by a heterogeneous epithelium...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Maria P Guelbenzu-Gonzalo, Lynsey Cooper, Craig Brown, Sam Leinster, Ronan O'Neill, Liam Doyle, David A Graham
BACKGROUND: The genus pestivirus within the family Flaviviridae includes bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) types 1 and 2, border disease virus (BDV) and classical swine fever virus. The two recognised genotypes of BVDV are divided into subtypes based on phylogenetic analysis, namely a-p for BVDV-1 and a-c for BVDV-2. METHODS: Three studies were conducted to investigate the phylogenetic diversity of pestiviruses present in Northern Ireland. Firstly, pestiviruses in 152 serum samples that had previously tested positive for BVDV between 1999 and 2008 were genotyped with a RT-PCR assay...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Maiy M M Abdallah, Ibrahim A Adam, Tamadur M Abdalla, Sanaa A Abdelaziz, Mohamed E Ahmed, Imadeldin E Aradaib
BACKGROUND: Rift valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne viral disease of domestic livestock and wild ruminants. In camels RVF may cause abortion among pregnant camels, but is most often asymptomatic among other camels. In this study, a seroepidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of RVFV antibodies and to identify the potential risk factors associated with RVFV seropositivity among the Sudanese one-humped camel (Camelus dromedaries) in Khartoum State, Sudan. A cross sectional study was conducted in Khartoum State, Sudan, in a total of 240 camels selected randomly from four localities...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Paul McDermott, Aideen McKevitt
BACKGROUND: On Farm Emergency Slaughter (OFES) is the slaughter outside the slaughterhouse, of an otherwise healthy animal, which has suffered an accident that, for welfare reasons, prevented its transport to a slaughterhouse. The procedure is designed to prevent the transport of welfare compromised animals, which may have veterinary certification to slaughterhouses for Casualty Slaughter (CS), and provides an alternative to the euthanasia and disposal of injured animals that are otherwise fit for human consumption...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Mayada Gwida, Maged El-Ashker, Falk Melzer, Mohamed El-Diasty, Mohamed El-Beskawy, Heinrich Neubauer
BACKGROUND: Bovine brucellosis remains one of the most prevalent zoonotic infections affecting dairy cattle in developing countries where the applied control programs often fail. We analyzed the epidemiologic pattern of bovine brucellosis in a dairy cattle herd that showed several cases of abortions after regular vaccination with RB51 (B. abortus vaccine). In 2013 thirty dairy cows, from a Holstein-Friesian dairy herd with a population of 600 cattle, aborted five months post vaccination by a regular RB51 vaccine...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
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