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Irish Veterinary Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456834/a-retrospective-report-2003-2013-of-the-complications-associated-with-the-use-of-a-one-man-head-and-tail-rope-recovery-system-in-horses-following-general-anaesthesia
#1
Maria Chie Niimura Del Barrio, Florent David, J M Lynne Hughes, David Clifford, Hans Wilderjans, Rachel Bennett
Background: The mortality rate of horses undergoing general anaesthesia is high when compared to humans or small animal patients. One of the most critical periods during equine anaesthesia is recovery, as the horse attempts to regain a standing position. This study was performed in a private equine practice in Belgium that uses a purpose-designed one-man (head and tail) rope recovery system to assist the horse during the standing process.The main purpose of the retrospective study was to report and analyse complications and the mortality rate in horses during recovery from anaesthesia using the described recovery system...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441195/identification-differentiation-and-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-gallibacterium-isolates-from-diseased-poultry
#2
Hosny El-Adawy, Herbert Bocklisch, Heinrich Neubauer, Hafez Mohamed Hafez, Helmut Hotzel
Background: Gallibacterium anatis is an opportunistic pathogen of intensively reared poultry causing oophoritis, salpingitis, peritonitis and enteritis. Gallibacterium anatis infection often remains undiagnosed. Recently multi-drug resistant isolates have been described. Methods: A newly developed PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism assay targeting the 16S rRNA gene was used to identify and differentiate Gallibacterium isolates from chicken, turkey and partridge samples originating from 18 different geographical locations in Thuringia, Germany...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423172/equine-dietary-supplements-an-insight-into-their-use-and-perceptions-in-the-irish-equine-industry
#3
J M D Murray, E Hanna, P Hastie
Background: Nutritional supplements are frequently used by horse owners/caregivers to supplement their horse(s) diets. Some work has been done to identify the types of supplements fed and the reasons for doing so; however, this has been predominantly disciple-specific and with little focus on participants' perceptions of supplement testing and regulation. The aim of this study was to gain an insight into the use and perceptions of equine dietary supplements in the Irish equestrian industry...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372048/prevalence-and-characterization-of-salmonella-in-two-integrated-broiler-operations-in-korea
#4
Jong Su Ha, Kwang Won Seo, Yeong Bin Kim, Min Su Kang, Chang-Seon Song, Young Ju Lee
Background: Vertical integration of the broiler industry allows producers to combine different biosecurity and sanitation practices, housing technologies, and feeding regimens to improve food safety. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and distribution of Salmonella, to determine the source of Salmonella contaminants, and to reveal the relationships between isolates at each step in the vertically integrated broiler production system in two representative integrated broiler companies in Korea...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372047/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hyperthyroidism-in-irish-cats-from-the-greater-dublin-area
#5
Laura Bree, Barbara A Gallagher, Robert E Shiel, Carmel T Mooney
Background: Hyperthyroidism is common in older cats. Prevalence varies geographically, but is anecdotally considered low in Ireland. The aim of this study was to document prevalence of hyperthyroidism in older cats in the greater Dublin area of Ireland and to assess environmental and clinical associations for development and identification of the disease. Methods: Primary-care veterinary practices were requested to select cats aged 10 years or older where blood sampling was being performed for health screening or clinical investigations...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321918/reproductive-management-in-dairy-cows-the-future
#6
REVIEW
Mark A Crowe, Miel Hostens, Geert Opsomer
Background: Drivers of change in dairy herd health management include the significant increase in herd/farm size, quota removal (within Europe) and the increase in technologies to aid in dairy cow reproductive management. Main body: There are a number of key areas for improving fertility management these include: i) handling of substantial volumes of data, ii) genetic selection (including improved phenotypes for use in breeding programmes), iii) nutritional management (including transition cow management), iv) control of infectious disease, v) reproductive management (and automated systems to improve reproductive management), vi) ovulation / oestrous synchronisation, vii) rapid diagnostics of reproductive status, and viii) management of male fertility...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270288/first-confirmation-by-pcr-of-jaagsiekte-sheep-retrovirus-in-ireland-and-prevalence-of-ovine-pulmonary-adenocarcinoma-in-adult-sheep-at-slaughter
#7
Alison Marie Lee, Alan Wolfe, Joseph P Cassidy, Locksley L McV Messam, John P Moriarty, Ronan O'Neill, Claire Fahy, Emily Connaghan, Chris Cousens, Mark P Dagleish, Maire C McElroy
Background: Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA), caused by Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV), is characterised by the development of invariably fatal lung tumours primarily in adult sheep. High infection rates and disease prevalence can develop during initial infection of flocks, leading to on-farm economic losses and animal welfare issues in sheep with advanced disease. The disease has been reported in Ireland and is notifiable, but the presence of JSRV has never been confirmed using molecular methods in this country...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201347/the-creation-and-evaluation-of-a-model-to-simulate-the-probability-of-conception-in-seasonal-calving-pasture-based-dairy-heifers
#8
Caroline Fenlon, Luke O'Grady, Stephen Butler, Michael L Doherty, John Dunnion
Background: Herd fertility in pasture-based dairy farms is a key driver of farm economics. Models for predicting nulliparous reproductive outcomes are rare, but age, genetics, weight, and BCS have been identified as factors influencing heifer conception. The aim of this study was to create a simulation model of heifer conception to service with thorough evaluation. Methods: Artificial Insemination service records from two research herds and ten commercial herds were provided to build and evaluate the models...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075480/control-of-nematodirus-spp-infection-by-sheep-flock-owners-in-northern-ireland
#9
Connor McMahon, Hillary W J Edgar, Jason P Barley, Robert E B Hanna, Gerard P Brennan, Ian Fairweather
BACKGROUND: To address a lack of information on the control of ovine helminth parasites in Northern Ireland (NI), a number of research projects have been undertaken, dealing with gastrointestinal nematodes, tapeworms and liver fluke. This investigation concerns Nematodirus and concentrates on three aspects of disease: farm management strategies for its control, derived from the results of a Questionnaire; the efficacy of treatment used by farmers, as determined by a coprological survey; and the hatching requirements of Nematodirus eggs, that is, whether prolonged chilling is a pre-requisite for hatching...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021894/occupational-stress-and-the-importance-of-self-care-and-resilience-focus-on-veterinary-nursing
#10
REVIEW
Ciaran Lloyd, Deirdre P Campion
BACKGROUND: Burnout and compassion fatigue are frequently mentioned in relation to veterinary work. Veterinary nursing is a caring profession and those who seek a career within this field do so because of a natural empathetic desire to care for animals. However it is the individuals who are the most caring and empathetic towards others that will be most at risk of experiencing occupational stress when they are confronted with psychologically demanding workplace roles and working environments...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944041/understanding-the-context-for-pet-cat-and-dog-feeding-and-exercising-behaviour-among-pet-owners-in-ireland-a-qualitative-study
#11
Martin J Downes, Catherine Devitt, Marie T Downes, Simon J More
BACKGROUND: Pet cat and dog obesity contributes to increased risk of several diseases, including cancer and diabetes mellitus as well as a worsening of orthopaedic problems, and a reduction in survival rate. This study aims to develop a better understanding of cat and dog owners' self-reported beliefs and factors that influence owner behaviour around feeding and exercising their pet cat or dog, as there is a lack of in-depth understanding in this area. Seven focus group discussions, with 43 pet owners in total, were conducted...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932389/challenges-facing-the-veterinary-profession-in-ireland-2-on-farm-use-of-veterinary-antimicrobials
#12
Manuel Magalhães-Sant'Ana, Simon J More, David B Morton, Alison J Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance has emerged in recent years as a significant public health threat, which requires both an ethical and a scientific approach. In a recent Policy Delphi study, on-farm use of antimicrobials was a key concern identified by veterinary professionals in Ireland. In this case study (the second in a series of three resulting from a research workshop exploring the challenges facing the veterinary profession in Ireland; the other two case studies investigate clinical veterinary services and emergency/casualty slaughter certification) we aim to provide a value-based reflection on the constraints and possible opportunities for responsible use of veterinary antimicrobials in Ireland...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875013/simultaneous-oral-administration-of-salmonella-infantis-and-s-typhimurium-in-chicks
#13
Koichi Murakami, Eriko Maeda-Mitani, Daisuke Onozuka, Tamie Noda, Nobuyuki Sera, Hirokazu Kimura, Shuji Fujimoto, Satoshi Murakami
BACKGROUND: To confirm the hypothesis that Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar (S.) Infantis has higher basic reproductive rates in chicks compared with other Salmonella serovars, 1-day-old specific-pathogen-free chicks (n = 8) were challenged simultaneously with S. Infantis and S. Typhimurium per os. Challenged chicks (Group A) were then housed with non-infected chicks (Group B, n = 4) for 6 days (from 2 to 8 days of age). Group B birds were then housed with other non-infected birds (Group C, n = 4), which were then transferred to cages containing a further group of untreated chicks (Group D, n = 2)...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28824798/month-wise-variation-and-prediction-of-bulk-tank-somatic-cell-count-in-brazilian-dairy-herds-and-its-impact-on-payment-based-on-milk-quality
#14
Marcos Busanello, Larissa Nazareth de Freitas, João Pedro Pereira Winckler, Hiron Pereira Farias, Carlos Tadeu Dos Santos Dias, Laerte Dagher Cassoli, Paulo Fernando Machado
BACKGROUND: Payment programs based on milk quality (PPBMQ) are used in several countries around the world as an incentive to improve milk quality. One of the principal milk parameters used in such programs is the bulk tank somatic cell count (BTSCC). In this study, using data from an average of 37,000 farms per month in Brazil where milk was analyzed, BTSCC data were divided into different payment classes based on milk quality. Then, descriptive and graphical analyses were performed. The probability of a change to a worse payment class was calculated, future BTSCC values were predicted using time series models, and financial losses due to the failure to reach the maximum bonus for the payment based on milk quality were simulated...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815016/erratum-to-dog-bite-injuries-to-humans-and-the-use-of-breed-specific-legislation-a-comparison-of-bites-from-legislated-and-non-legislated-dog-breeds
#15
Nanci Creedon, Páraic S Ó Súilleabháin
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13620-017-0101-1.].
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785400/challenges-facing-the-veterinary-profession-in-ireland-3-emergency-and-casualty-slaughter-certification
#16
Manuel Magalhães-Sant'Ana, Simon J More, David B Morton, Alison J Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Veterinarians are faced with significant conflicts of interest when issuing certificates for the transport and slaughter of acutely injured and casualty livestock. In a recent Policy Delphi study, emergency and casualty slaughter certification was a key concern identified by veterinary professionals in Ireland. In this case study (the third in a series of three resulting from a research workshop exploring challenges facing the veterinary profession in Ireland; the other two case studies investigate clinical veterinary services and the on-farm use of veterinary antimicrobials), we aim to provide a value-based reflection on the constraints and opportunities for best practice in emergency and casualty slaughter certification in Ireland...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736610/dog-bite-injuries-to-humans-and-the-use-of-breed-specific-legislation-a-comparison-of-bites-from-legislated-and-non-legislated-dog-breeds
#17
Nanci Creedon, Páraic S Ó'Súilleabháin
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study was to investigate if differences in dog bite characteristics exist amongst legislated and non-legislated dog breeds listed under breed-specific legislation in Ireland (age when bitten, anatomical bite locations, triggers for biting, victim's relationship with the dog, geographical location and owner presence, history of aggression, reporting bite incident to authorities, medical treatment required following the bite, and type of bite inflicted)...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649361/control-of-lice-infestation-in-horses-using-a-10-mg-ml-deltamethrin-topical-application
#18
Eloy Castilla-Castaño, Alessandro Vischi, Christelle Navarro, Line Alice Lecru, Claudia Ribeiro, Sophie Pradier, Marie-Christine Cadiergues
BACKGROUND: Two open-controlled studies evaluated the tolerance and the efficacy of a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin-based pour-on solution (Deltanil®; Virbac, France) in treating (study 1) and preventing (study 2) natural Damalinia equi infestations in horses. In study 1, seven adult horses received 10 mL of the solution from mane to tail head on day 0 (D0). Four adult horses, living separately, served as non-treated controls. All were naturally infected. Lice burden was recorded by counting the number of live parasites, bilaterally, over seven anatomic regions...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630683/erratum-to-the-prevalence-temporal-and-spatial-trends-in-bulk-tank-equivalent-milk-fat-depression-in-irish-milk-recorded-herds
#19
Catherine I Carty, Alan G Fahey, Morgan R Sheehy, Steve Taylor, Ian J Lean, Conor G McAloon, Luke O'Grady, Finbar J Mulligan
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13620-017-0092-y.].
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603604/molecular-characterization-of-antimicrobial-resistant-non-typhoidal-salmonella-from-poultry-industries-in-korea
#20
Jin Eui Kim, Young Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistant Salmonella strains are a direct threat to human health when this resistance interferes with treatment and an indirect threat when resistance can be transferred to other human pathogens. The objective of the present study was to characterize antimicrobial resistant non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) isolates recovered from poultry industries, including a description of genetic diversity and virulence profiles. RESULTS: In total of 93 Salmonella isolates shown antimicrobial resistance to one or more drugs, all isolates exhibited common resistance to streptomycin, nalidixic acid and cephalothin but no ciprofloxacin resistance...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
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