journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Irish Veterinary Journal

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649361/control-of-lice-infestation-in-horses-using-a-10-mg-ml-deltamethrin-topical-application
#1
Eloy Castilla-Castaño, Alessandro Vischi, Christelle Navarro, Line Alice Lecru, Claudia Ribeiro, Sophie Pradier, Marie-Christine Cadiergues
BACKGROUND: Two open-controlled studies evaluated the tolerance and the efficacy of a 10 mg/mL deltamethrin-based pour-on solution (Deltanil®; Virbac, France) in treating (study 1) and preventing (study 2) natural Damalinia equi infestations in horses. In study 1, seven adult horses received 10 mL of the solution from mane to tail head on day 0 (D0). Four adult horses, living separately, served as non-treated controls. All were naturally infected. Lice burden was recorded by counting the number of live parasites, bilaterally, over seven anatomic regions...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630683/erratum-to-the-prevalence-temporal-and-spatial-trends-in-bulk-tank-equivalent-milk-fat-depression-in-irish-milk-recorded-herds
#2
Catherine I Carty, Alan G Fahey, Morgan R Sheehy, Steve Taylor, Ian J Lean, Conor G McAloon, Luke O'Grady, Finbar J Mulligan
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13620-017-0092-y.].
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603604/molecular-characterization-of-antimicrobial-resistant-non-typhoidal-salmonella-from-poultry-industries-in-korea
#3
Jin Eui Kim, Young Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistant Salmonella strains are a direct threat to human health when this resistance interferes with treatment and an indirect threat when resistance can be transferred to other human pathogens. The objective of the present study was to characterize antimicrobial resistant non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) isolates recovered from poultry industries, including a description of genetic diversity and virulence profiles. RESULTS: In total of 93 Salmonella isolates shown antimicrobial resistance to one or more drugs, all isolates exhibited common resistance to streptomycin, nalidixic acid and cephalothin but no ciprofloxacin resistance...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596827/erratum-to-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-secondary-to-adipose-infiltration-as-a-cause-of-episodic-collapse-in-a-horse
#4
Alexandra G Raftery, Nerea Cuesta-Garcia, Hal Thompson, David G M Sutton
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13620-015-0052-3.].
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596826/field-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-common-anthelmintics-used-in-the-control-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-of-sheep-in-dabat-district-northwest-ethiopia
#5
Zewdu Seyoum, Yitayew Demessie, Basazinew Bogale, Achenef Melaku
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infections are the main impediments that restrict the welfare and productivity of small ruminant in the world. Effective management of GINs in grazing sheep relies heavily on the use of highly efficacious anthelmintic drugs. However, anthelmintic resistance is becoming a significant concern in the world, and this phenomenon severely threatens the potential utilisation of this control strategy. Therefore, this study was conducted 1) to evaluate the efficacy of commonly used anthelmintic on GINs in naturally infected sheep and 2) to assess the farmers' perception on anthelmintics utilisation practices in Dabat district, Northwest Ethiopia...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593042/challenges-facing-the-veterinary-profession-in-ireland-1-clinical-veterinary-services
#6
Manuel Magalhães-Sant'Ana, Simon J More, David B Morton, Alison J Hanlon
BACKGROUND: The provision of veterinary clinical services is known to elicit a range of challenges which require an ethical appraisal. In a recent Policy Delphi study, referrals/second opinions and 24 h emergency care were identified as matters of key concern by veterinary professionals in Ireland. In this case study (the first in a series of three resulting from a research workshop exploring challenges facing the veterinary profession in Ireland; the other two case studies investigate the on-farm use of veterinary antimicrobials and emergency/casualty slaughter certification) we aim to provide a value-based reflection on the constraints and possible opportunities for two prominent veterinary clinical services in Ireland: referrals/second opinions and 24 h emergency care...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588763/proof-of-concept-of-faecal-egg-nematode-counting-as-a-practical-means-of-veterinary-engagement-with-planned-livestock-health-management-in-a-lower-income-country
#7
Eithne Leahy, Barend Bronsvoort, Luke Gamble, Andrew Gibson, Henderson Kaponda, Dagmar Mayer, Stella Mazeri, Kate Shervell, Neil Sargison
BACKGROUND: The wellbeing and livelihood of farmers in impoverished regions of the world is intrinsically linked to the health and welfare of their livestock; hence improved animal health is a pragmatic component of poverty alleviation. Prerequisite knowledge and understanding of the animal health challenges facing cattle keepers in Malawi is constrained by the lack of veterinary infrastructure, which inevitably accompanies under-resourced rural development in a poor country. METHODS: We collaborated with public and private paraveterinary services to locate 62 village Zebu calves and 60 dairy co-operative calves dispersed over a wide geographical area...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560030/thoracolumbar-epidural-anaesthesia-with-0-5-bupivacaine-with-or-without-methadone-in-goats
#8
Priscila Dos Santos Silva, Paulo Fantinato-Neto, André Nicolai Elias Silva, Eduardo Harry Birgel Junior, Adriano Bonfim Carregaro
BACKGROUND: Epidural anaesthesia is one of the most commonly used locoregional techniques in ruminants. The lumbosacral epidural technique is reasonably easy to perform and requires low volumes of local anaesthetic drug to allow procedures caudal to the umbilicus. However, surgical procedures in the flank of the animal would require an increased volume of drugs. The anaesthetized area provided by thoracic epidural technique is larger than the lumbosacral technique; however the former is rather challenging to perform...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529688/the-prevalence-temporal-and-spatial-trends-in-bulk-tank-equivalent-milk-fat-depression-in-irish-milk-recorded-herds
#9
Catherine I Carty, Alan G Fahey, Morgan R Sheehy, Steve Taylor, Ian J Lean, Conor G McAloon, Luke O'Grady, Finbar J Mulligan
BACKGROUND: Milk fat is important in terms of economic value and in its potential to provide information concerning cow diet and health. Under current milk payment schemes in Ireland farmer income is directly linked to milk fat production. METHODS: A descriptive analysis of milk fat depression (MFD) as calculated from test day milk recording data across all milk recording herds from 2004 to 2014 was undertaken. A dataset of 17 million test day records was used to calculate the prevalence of MFD in Irish milk recorded herds and to create a graphical description of the major descriptive epidemiological trends in milk fat depression in time and space in Ireland...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503294/a-survey-of-free-ranging-deer-in-ireland-for-serological-evidence-of-exposure-to-bovine-viral-diarrhoea-virus-bovine-herpes-virus-1-bluetongue-virus-and-schmallenberg-virus
#10
David A Graham, Clare Gallagher, Ruth F Carden, Jose-Maria Lozano, John Moriarty, Ronan O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Deer are an important wildlife species in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland having colonised most regions across the island of Ireland. In comparison to cattle and sheep which represent the main farmed ruminant species on the island, there is a lack of data concerning their exposure, as measured by the presence of antibodies, to important viral pathogens of ruminants. A study was therefore undertaken to investigate the seroprevalence of wild deer to four viruses, namely bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), Schmallenberg virus (SBV) and bluetongue virus (BTV)...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439406/angiographic-anatomy-of-the-extracranial-and-intracranial-portions-of-the-internal-carotid-arteries-in-donkeys
#11
Nurul Hayah Khairuddin, Martin Sullivan, Patrick J Pollock
BACKGROUND: In horses, the extracranial and intracranial pathway of the internal carotid artery has been described. The extracranial pathway of the internal carotid artery begins at the carotid termination and runs on the dorsal surface of the medial compartment of the guttural pouch. Thereafter the internal carotid artery passes through the foramen lacerum to continue intracranially, forming part of the rostrolateral quadrants of the cerebral arterial circle (Circle of Willis). The objectives of this study were to define and record the anatomy of the carotid arterial tree and the internal carotid artery in donkeys using angiographic techniques...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435659/an-investigative-framework-to-facilitate-epidemiological-thinking-during-herd-problem-solving
#12
Simon J More, Michael L Doherty, Luke O'Grady
Veterinary clinicians and students commonly use diagnostic approaches appropriate for individual cases when conducting herd problem-solving. However, these approaches can be problematic, in part because they make limited use of epidemiological principles and methods, which has clear application during the investigation of herd problems. In this paper, we provide an overview of diagnostic approaches that are used when investigating individual animal cases, and the challenges faced when these approaches are directly translated from the individual to the herd...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344769/application-of-antibodies-to-recombinant-heat-shock-protein-70-in-immunohistochemical-diagnosis-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-in-tissues-of-naturally-infected-cattle
#13
Julius Boniface Okuni, David Patrick Kateete, Moses Okee, Anna Nanteza, Moses Joloba, Lonzy Ojok
BACKGROUND: Detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) infection is key to the control of Johne's disease. Immunohistochemistry is one of the methods of detection of MAP infection in tissues. However, unavailability of commercial antibodies that can detect the organism is a limiting factor for the use of immunohistochemistry. This study was aimed at developing an immunohistochemistry method to diagnose MAP in infected tissues using antibodies against MAP recombinant heat shock protein 70kd...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250916/the-impact-of-removal-of-the-seasonality-formula-on-the-eligibility-of-irish-herds-to-supply-raw-milk-for-processing-of-dairy-products
#14
Caroline Fenlon, Luke O'Grady, Finola McCoy, Erik Houtsma, Simon J More
BACKGROUND: The dairy industry in Ireland is expanding rapidly, with a focus on the production of high quality milk. Somatic cell counts (SCC) are an important indicator both of udder health and milk quality. Milk sold by Irish farmers for manufacture must comply with EU regulations. Irish SCC data is also subject to a monthly seasonal adjustment, for four months from November to February, on account of the seasonality of milk production in Ireland. In a recent study, however, there was no evidence of a dilution effect on SCC with increasing milk yield in Irish dairy cattle...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250915/the-reset-mindset-model-applied-on-decreasing-antibiotic-usage-in-dairy-cattle-in-the-netherlands
#15
REVIEW
T J G M Lam, J Jansen, R J Wessels
BACKGROUND: Prudent use of antibiotics is important to prevent antibiotic resistance in humans and in animals. For this reason politicians demanded a decrease of total antibiotic use and of use of critically important antibiotics in animal husbandry in the Netherlands. In the dairy sector the use of antibiotics almost halved in the years 2009-2015, with a decrease of the use of critically important antibiotics to very low levels. THEORY OF BEHAVIOUR CHANGE: To realize a sustainable decrease in antibiotic usage, the mindset towards the subject was considered crucial...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228936/genetic-basis-of-benzimidazole-resistance-in-teladorsagia-circumcincta-in-ireland
#16
Jason D Keegan, Barbara Good, Theo de Waal, June Fanning, Orla M Keane
Resistance to benzimidazole (BZ) anthelmintics is common in ovine nematodes of economic importance. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) at three positions in the isotype 1 β- tubulin gene have been associated with BZ resistance and molecular tests for the detection of BZ resistance have been developed. In order to determine if such tests are practicable in Ireland the polymorphisms associated with BZ resistance must be identified. To this end, BZ-resistant nematodes were recovered from four farms in Ireland...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203368/a-nationwide-survey-of-anthelmintic-treatment-failure-on-sheep-farms-in-ireland
#17
Jason D Keegan, Orla M Keane, Barbara Good, Theo De Waal, Marian Denny, James P Hanrahan, William Fitzgerald, Maresa Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Between 2013 and 2015 the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) administered a sheep technology adoption programme (STAP), with the aim of increasing profitability on Irish sheep farms by encouraging the adoption of best management practices. One of the options available to STAP participants was to test the efficacy of the anthelmintic treatment (benzimadazole, levamisole or macrocyclic lactone) used in their flocks by means of a drench test, which is a modification of the faecal egg count reduction test; individual faecal samples were collected from the same group of lambs before and after anthelmintic treatment, the number of eggs present pre and post treatment was subsequently determined from a pooled sample...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203367/efficacy-of-washing-and-disinfection-in-cattle-markets-in-ireland
#18
Jarlath T O Connor, Tracy A Clegg, Simon J More
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported on the effectiveness of the washing and disinfection methods used in cattle markets in Ireland. Purchasing cattle into recipient herds poses a high biosecurity risk due to the possibility of introducing disease. In Ireland, livestock markets are an important intermediary in the movement of cattle to new herds. Thus disease control strategies need to consider the disease risk associated with moving livestock through markets. Some cattle are also moved directly from markets for slaughter at abattoirs...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163889/ticks-and-tick-borne-diseases-in-ireland
#19
REVIEW
Annetta Zintl, Sara Moutailler, Peter Stuart, Linda Paredis, Justine Dutraive, Estelle Gonzalez, Jack O'Connor, Elodie Devillers, Barbara Good, Colm OMuireagain, Theo De Waal, Fergal Morris, Jeremy Gray
Throughout Europe interest in tick-borne agents is increasing, particularly with regard to those that can cause human disease. The reason for this is the apparent rise in the incidence of many tick-borne diseases (TBD's). While there has never been a national survey of ticks or TBD's in Ireland, the trend here appears to be the reverse with a decline in the incidence of some agents seemingly associated with decreasing tick numbers particularly on agricultural land. In the absence of robust baseline data, however, this development cannot be confirmed...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116073/protein-profiling-of-plasma-proteins-in-dairy-cows-with-subclinical-hypocalcaemia
#20
Ziling Fan, Shi Shu, Chuchu Xu, Xinhuan Xiao, Gang Wang, Yunlong Bai, Cheng Xia, Ling Wu, Hongyou Zhang, Chuang Xu, Wei Yang
Subclinical hypocalcaemia (SH) is an important metabolic disease in dairy cows that has a serious impact on production performance. The objective of this study was to investigate novel aspects of pathogenesis using proteomics technology to identify proteins that are differentially expressed in diseased and healthy animals. Dairy cows were divided into an SH group (T, n = 10) and a control group (C, n = 10) based on plasma calcium concentration. A total of 398 differentially expressed proteins were identified, of which 265 proteins were overlapped in the two parallel experiments...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
journal
journal
21604
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"