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Irish Veterinary Journal

Johannes Charlier, Valérie De Waele, Els Ducheyne, Mariska van der Voort, Fiona Vande Velde, Edwin Claerebout
Helminth infections of cattle affect productivity in all classes of stock, and are amongst the most important production-limiting diseases of grazing ruminants. Over the last decade, there has been a shift in focus in the diagnosis of these infections from merely detecting presence/absence of infection towards detecting its impact on production. This has been facilitated by studies observing consistent negative correlations between helminth diagnostic test results and measures of productivity. Veterinarians are increasingly challenged to consider the economic aspects of their work, and the use of these tests should now be integrated in economic evaluation frameworks for improved decision making...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Austin Agnew, Juan Wang, Séamus Fanning, Stuart Bearhop, Barry J McMahon
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the most significant threat to global public health and ascertaining the role wild birds play in the epidemiology of resistance is critically important. This study investigated the prevalence of AMR Gram-negative bacteria among long-distance migratory East Canadian High Arctic (ECHA) light-bellied Brent geese found wintering on the east coast of Ireland. FINDINGS: In this study a number of bacterial species were isolated from cloacal swabs taken from ECHA light-bellied Brent geese...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Marco Pietra, Renato Giulio Zanoni, Angelo Peli, Barbara Brunetti, Nikolina Linta, Ombretta Capitani, Giuseppe Spinella
BACKGROUND: The authors report the first case of feline gastric actinomycosis associated with infection by Actinomyces hordeovulneris. CASE PRESENTATION: A 4-year-old, neutered male, semi-feral European cat, with a 1 year history of chronic vomiting, was referred to the clinic. Abdominal ultrasound examination identified a hypoechoic focal transmural thickening with loss of normal wall layering and hyperechoic speckles at the gastric body. Initial gastroscopic examination showed a tumour-like gastric mass with an ulcerated depression at the level of the greater curvature...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Anita Koni, Arla Juma, Matteo Morini, Stefano Nardelli, Robert Connor, Xhelil Koleci
BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is an important bacterial infectious disease in Albania of concern to animal and human health; its prevalence is poorly documented. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, we tested by ELISA 2661 serum samples, from 154 herds, with the aim of establishing the suitability of this approach to screen the bovine population for bTB. In a follow-on survey of 87 animals in three villages, we assessed the usefulness of the Mycobacterium bovis IDEXX ELISA (IDEXX M...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Máire C McElroy, Martin Hill, Geraldine Moloney, Micheál Mac Aogáin, Shane McGettrick, Áine O'Doherty, Thomas R Rogers
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is a recognised cause of typhlocolitis and diarrhoea in neonatal pigs but has never been confirmed in association with pathology and disease in Irish pigs. CASE PRESENTATION: Four neonatal piglets, with a history of diarrhoea were referred to the Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Backweston for necropsy. They were from a fully integrated, commercial pig farm with approximately 1000 sows. Three piglets had acute, superficial, erosive and suppurative typhlocolitis and the other had mild suppurative mesocolitis...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Marcin Nowak, Janusz A Madej, Bartosz Pula, Piotr Dziegiel, Rafal Ciaputa
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to demonstrate the immunohistochemical expression of proteins that affect the metastatic potential of a tumour, including matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and E-cadherin. Another objective was to determine their correlation with the expression of the Ki-67 antigen in metastasizing and non-metastasizing mammary carcinomas in female dogs. The study was conducted on 32 canine mammary carcinomas (12 metastatic and 20 non-metastatic), classified as simple tubular and tubulopapillary carcinomas...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Nieves Ortega, M Rosa Caro, M Carmen Gallego, Antonio Murcia-Belmonte, Daniel Álvarez, Laura Del Río, Francisco Cuello, Antonio J Buendía, Jesús Salinas
BACKGROUND: Identifying the aetiological agent of atypical pneumonia in human can sometimes be a tedious process, especially in cases where Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Legionella species and Chlamydia pneumoniae are ruled out. In such cases, a correct anamnesis of the patient is basic to clarify which pathogens might have produced the infection. For this reason, health professionals including veterinarians and laboratory personnel working with zoonotic pathogens should keep their doctors informed...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
François-Xavier Ferrand, Paul Pillard, Claude Carozzo, Thierry Marchal, Marie-José Seurin, Catherine Escriou
A 2-year-old female crossbreed dog was presented with progressive ataxia and paraparesis. A T3-L3 spinal lesion was determined by neurological examination. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an ovoid-shaped, well-circumscribed mass affecting the spinal cord at the level of the T9 vertebra. A left hemilaminectomy and a durotomy at the level of T9 allowed discovery of an ovoid deformation of the meninges with a cystic appearance. En bloc removal was performed and appeared to be complete. Pathological analysis showed a voluminous cystic lesion lined by a heterogeneous epithelium...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Maria P Guelbenzu-Gonzalo, Lynsey Cooper, Craig Brown, Sam Leinster, Ronan O'Neill, Liam Doyle, David A Graham
BACKGROUND: The genus pestivirus within the family Flaviviridae includes bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) types 1 and 2, border disease virus (BDV) and classical swine fever virus. The two recognised genotypes of BVDV are divided into subtypes based on phylogenetic analysis, namely a-p for BVDV-1 and a-c for BVDV-2. METHODS: Three studies were conducted to investigate the phylogenetic diversity of pestiviruses present in Northern Ireland. Firstly, pestiviruses in 152 serum samples that had previously tested positive for BVDV between 1999 and 2008 were genotyped with a RT-PCR assay...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Maiy M M Abdallah, Ibrahim A Adam, Tamadur M Abdalla, Sanaa A Abdelaziz, Mohamed E Ahmed, Imadeldin E Aradaib
BACKGROUND: Rift valley fever (RVF) is a mosquito-borne viral disease of domestic livestock and wild ruminants. In camels RVF may cause abortion among pregnant camels, but is most often asymptomatic among other camels. In this study, a seroepidemiological survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of RVFV antibodies and to identify the potential risk factors associated with RVFV seropositivity among the Sudanese one-humped camel (Camelus dromedaries) in Khartoum State, Sudan. A cross sectional study was conducted in Khartoum State, Sudan, in a total of 240 camels selected randomly from four localities...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Paul McDermott, Aideen McKevitt
BACKGROUND: On Farm Emergency Slaughter (OFES) is the slaughter outside the slaughterhouse, of an otherwise healthy animal, which has suffered an accident that, for welfare reasons, prevented its transport to a slaughterhouse. The procedure is designed to prevent the transport of welfare compromised animals, which may have veterinary certification to slaughterhouses for Casualty Slaughter (CS), and provides an alternative to the euthanasia and disposal of injured animals that are otherwise fit for human consumption...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Mayada Gwida, Maged El-Ashker, Falk Melzer, Mohamed El-Diasty, Mohamed El-Beskawy, Heinrich Neubauer
BACKGROUND: Bovine brucellosis remains one of the most prevalent zoonotic infections affecting dairy cattle in developing countries where the applied control programs often fail. We analyzed the epidemiologic pattern of bovine brucellosis in a dairy cattle herd that showed several cases of abortions after regular vaccination with RB51 (B. abortus vaccine). In 2013 thirty dairy cows, from a Holstein-Friesian dairy herd with a population of 600 cattle, aborted five months post vaccination by a regular RB51 vaccine...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Catherine Devitt, Laura Boyle, D L Teixeira, N E O'Connell, M Hawe, Alison Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is growing interest in developing ante and post mortem meat inspection (MI) to incorporate measures of pig health and welfare for use as a diagnostic tool on pig farms. However, the success of the development of the MI process requires stakeholder engagement with the process. Knowledge gaps and issues of trust can undermine the effective exchange and utilisation of information across the supply chain. A social science research methodology was employed to establish stakeholder perspectives towards the development of MI to include measures of pig health and welfare...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
Nicola Gladden, Hayley Haining, Livia Henderson, Francesco Marchesi, Libby Graham, Michael McDonald, Fraser R Murdoch, Anna Bruguera Sala, Jayne Orr, Kathryn Ellis
BACKGROUND AND CASE PRESENTATION: A three year old, second lactation Holstein dairy cow presented to the Scottish Centre for Production Animal Health and Food Safety, Glasgow University Veterinary School in November 2014 with a history of post-calving vulval/vaginal bleeding nine days prior to presentation, followed by a sudden reduction in milk yield. Subsequent investigations resulted in a diagnosis of immune-mediated haemolytic anaemia secondary to infection with Mycoplasma wenyonii...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
L Gunn, P J Collins, M J O'Connell, H O'Shea
BACKGROUND: Bovine coronavirus is a primary cause of neonatal calf diarrhea worldwide, and is also associated with acute diarrhea in adult cattle during the winter season. There are no reports on molecular characterization of bovine coronavirus in Ireland, and little data exists apart from serological studies. FINDINGS: In this study, 11 neonatal (mean age 9 days) calf BCoV strains from the south of Ireland were collected over a one year period and characterized using molecular methods...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
William G FitzGerald, Joseph P Cassidy, Bryan K Markey, Michael L Doherty
BACKGROUND: During the FMD outbreak in Ireland and the UK in 2001, there was significant uncertainty amongstveterinary practitioners and government veterinary inspectors surrounding the clinical diagnosis of FMD insheep. This situation was complicated by reports of idiopathic oral ulcers that closely resembled FMD ongross appearance which at that time were referred to as ovine mouth and gum obscure disease. METHODS: A field and abattoir study was carried out to determine the frequency, appearance and significance of oraland digital lesions in sheep in Ireland...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
N Mohd Nor, W Steeneveld, T H J Derkman, M D Verbruggen, A G Evers, M H A de Haan, H Hogeveen
BACKGROUND: As farmers do not often keep a record of the expenditures for rearing, an economic tool that provides insight into the cost of rearing is useful. In the Netherlands, an economic tool (Jonkos) has been developed that can be used by farmers to obtain insight into the cost of rearing on their farm. The first objective of this study is to calculate the total cost of rearing young stock in Dutch dairy herds using Jonkos. The second objective is to compare the calculated total cost of rearing with the farmers' own estimation of the cost of rearing (the perceived cost)...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
A M Martinez-Ibeas, Clare Power, Jennifer McClure, Riona G Sayers
BACKGROUND: BVD and IBR are contagious viral diseases highly prevalent in Irish cattle. Despite their significant reproductive and economic impact very little is known about the BVD and IBR status of stock bulls (a bull used for breeding purposes). There are still a high proportion of dairy farms in Ireland that rely on the use of a bull for breeding cattle and ensuring the fertility of the bulls is of paramount importance for the efficiency of the farms. The prevalence of BoHV-1 and BVD in stock bulls in Irish dairy herds has never been investigated...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
François-Xavier Ferrand, Pierre Moissonnier, Aurélie Filleur, Thibaut Cachon, Didier Fau, Eric Viguier, Claude Carozzo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess short-and medium-term outcomes in dogs with chronic ventral thoracolumbar intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) treated by thoracolumbar partial lateral corpectomy (TLPLC). Dogs surgically treated for chronic ventral IVDD by TLPLC were included. For each dog, neurological status evolution and complications were reported. Factors that could have influenced neurological recovery were statistically tested. RESULTS: A total of 107 dogs were included in the study...
2015: Irish Veterinary Journal
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