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Surgical Clinics of North America

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894437/preface
#1
EDITORIAL
Todd A Ponsky, Aaron P Garrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894436/foreword
#2
EDITORIAL
Ronald F Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894435/pediatric-appendicitis
#3
REVIEW
Rebecca M Rentea, Shawn D St Peter
Appendicitis is one of the most common surgical pathologies in children. It can present with right lower quadrant pain. Scoring systems in combination with selective imaging and surgical examination will diagnose most children with appendicitis. Clinical pathways should be used. Most surgical interventions for appendicitis are now almost exclusively laparoscopic, with trials demonstrating better outcomes for children who undergo index hospitalization appendectomies when perforated. Nonoperative management has a role in the treatment of both uncomplicated and complicated appendicitis...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894434/pediatric-airway-and-esophageal-foreign-bodies
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Berdan, Thomas T Sato
Foreign bodies aspirated into the airway or ingested with retention in the esophagus are common in infants and children. Both can cause life-threatening complications and must be approached with expeditious diagnosis and definitive treatment. Pediatric surgeons should be familiar with diagnosis, treatment, operative management, complications, and outcomes of aerodigestive tract foreign bodies.
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894433/the-role-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pediatric-trauma
#5
REVIEW
Erik G Pearson, Matthew S Clifton
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in the management of blunt and penetrating pediatric trauma has evolved in the past 30 years. Laparoscopy and thoracoscopy possess high levels of diagnostic accuracy with low associated missed injury rates. Currently available data advocate limiting the use of MIS to blunt or penetrating injuries in the hemodynamically stable child. In the pediatric trauma population, MIS offers both diagnostic and therapeutic potential, as well as reduced postoperative pain, a decreased rate of postoperative complications, shortened hospital stay, and potentially reduced cost...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894432/abdominal-trauma-evaluation-for-the-pediatric-surgeon
#6
REVIEW
Sabrina Drexel, Kenneth Azarow, Mubeen A Jafri
Trauma is the leading cause of pediatric mortality and abdominal injury is a significant contributor to morbidity. The assessment of abdominal trauma in children must be conducted expeditiously and thoroughly. Physical examination, laboratory testing, and imaging are central to trauma evaluation. In children with minor injury, protocols may help to limit the use of ionizing radiation. Children with significant abdominal injury who are unstable should be resuscitated with blood products and undergo emergent surgical intervention...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894431/head-and-cervical-spine-evaluation-for-the-pediatric-surgeon
#7
REVIEW
Mary K Arbuthnot, David P Mooney, Ian C Glenn
This article is designed to guide pediatric surgeons in the evaluation and stabilization of blunt head and cervical spine injuries in pediatric patients. Trauma remains the number one cause of morbidity and mortality among children, and the incidence of head injuries continues to rise. Cervical spine injuries, on the other hand, are unusual but can be devastating if missed. This article highlights the pathophysiology unique to pediatric head and cervical spine trauma as well as keys to clinical and diagnostic evaluation...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894430/anesthesia-for-common-pediatric-emergency-surgeries
#8
REVIEW
Matthew C Mitchell, Ibrahim Farid
Anesthesiologist must be prepared on a daily basis to care for children who need emergency surgery. An appropriate perioperative plan must be formulated and executed to ensure successful management of the child. This article outlines how to prepare and effectively manage common pediatric emergency surgeries.
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894429/nonaccidental-trauma-in-pediatric-surgery
#9
REVIEW
Paul T Kim, Richard A Falcone
This article presents an overview of nonaccidental trauma in children, including common clinical presentation, evaluation, and diagnosis.
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894428/pediatric-ovarian-torsion
#10
REVIEW
Krista J Childress, Jennifer E Dietrich
Adnexal torsion is the fifth most common gynecologic emergency. The vague clinical presentation and variable imaging findings make the diagnosis difficult. If suspicion for adnexal torsion is high enough based on clinical symptoms and imaging findings, prompt intervention should include conservative management with laparoscopic adnexal detorsion and ovarian preservation even in the event of a necrotic-appearing ovary because studies persistently show follicular development and ovarian function after a short time period and no increased patient morbidity...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894427/overview-of-wound-healing-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Dylan R Childs, Ananth S Murthy
Wound healing is a highly complex chain of events, and although it may never be possible to eliminate the risk of experiencing a wound, clinicians' armamentarium continues to expand with methods to manage it. The phases of wound healing are the inflammatory phase, the proliferative phase, and the maturation phase. The pathway of healing is determined by characteristics of the wound on initial presentation, and it is vital to select the appropriate method to treat the wound based on its ability to avoid hypoxia, infection, excessive edema, and foreign bodies...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894426/lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-intussusception
#12
REVIEW
Benjamin E Padilla, Willieford Moses
Relatively uncommon compared with the adult population, lower gastrointestinal bleeding in children requires expeditious evaluation and management because of the variety of causes ranging from benign to life-threatening conditions. The causes of lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) vary with patient age. This review focuses on the differential diagnosis and management of LGIB in children. Because intussusception is one of the most common sources of LGIB, particular attention will be given to its diagnosis and management...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894425/pediatric-testicular-torsion
#13
REVIEW
Paul R Bowlin, John M Gatti, J Patrick Murphy
The pediatric patient presenting with acute scrotal pain requires prompt evaluation and management given the likelihood of testicular torsion as the underlying cause. Although other diagnoses can present with acute testicular pain, it is important to recognize the possibility of testicular torsion because the best chance of testicular preservation occurs with expeditious management. When testicular torsion is suspected, prompt surgical exploration is warranted. A delay in surgical management should not occur in an effort to obtain confirmatory imaging...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894424/intestinal-rotation-abnormalities-and-midgut-volvulus
#14
REVIEW
Jacob C Langer
Rotation abnormalities may be asymptomatic or may be associated with obstruction caused by bands, midgut volvulus, or associated atresia or web. The most important goal of clinicians is to determine whether the patient has midgut volvulus with intestinal ischemia, in which case an emergency laparotomy should be done. If the patient is not acutely ill, the next goal is to determine whether the patient has a narrow-based small bowel mesentery. In general, the outcomes for children with a rotation abnormality are excellent, unless there has been midgut volvulus with significant intestinal ischemia...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894423/incarcerated-pediatric-hernias
#15
REVIEW
Sophia A Abdulhai, Ian C Glenn, Todd A Ponsky
Indirect inguinal hernias are the most commonly incarcerated hernias in children, with a higher incidence in low birth weight and premature infants. Contralateral groin exploration to evaluate for a patent processus vaginalis or subclinical hernia is controversial, given that most never progress to clinical hernias. Most indirect inguinal hernias can be reduced nonoperatively. It is recommended to repair them in a timely fashion, even in premature infants. Laparoscopic repair of incarcerated inguinal hernia repair is considered a safe and effective alternative to conventional open herniorrhaphy...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894422/vascular-access-in-the-pediatric-population
#16
REVIEW
Joseph T Church, Marcus D Jarboe
Vascular access procedures are an important and frequent component of the day-to-day practice of the pediatric surgeon. Most access procedures can be performed percutaneously via Seldinger or modified Seldinger technique and are aided by technology, such as ultrasound and fluoroscopy. Complications, such as infection, do occur, and the pediatric surgeon should be able to diagnose and treat these when they arise. The indications, techniques, and complications of vascular access are covered in this article.
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894421/nonoperative-management-of-blunt-solid-organ-injury-in-pediatric-surgery
#17
REVIEW
David M Notrica, Maria E Linnaus
In the last decade, higher rates of nonoperative management of liver, spleen, and kidney injuries have been achieved. An algorithmic approach may improve success on a national level. Factors for success include management strategy based on physiologic status of the child, early attempt at resuscitation using blood products, and appropriate use of adjuncts. Shorter hospitalizations are appropriate for children who have not bled significantly, and discharge instructions facilitate the safety of early discharge...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865289/preface
#18
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey M Hardacre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865288/foreword
#19
EDITORIAL
Ronald F Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865287/surgical-management-of-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#20
REVIEW
Jason B Liu, Marshall S Baker
Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs) are a rare, heterogeneous group of neoplasms infamous for their endocrinopathies. Up to 90% of PNETs, however, are nonfunctional and are frequently detected incidentally on axial imaging during the evaluation of vague abdominal symptoms. Surgery remains the mainstay of therapy for patients diagnosed with both functional and nonfunctional PNETs. However, the multifaceted nature of PNETs challenges treatment decision making. In general, resection is recommended for patients with acceptable perioperative risk and amenable lesions...
December 2016: Surgical Clinics of North America
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