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Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922253/imaging-modalities-of-carotid-artery-stenting
#1
Tomoyuki Umemoto, Andrea Pacchioni, Bernhard Reimers
Compared with conventional angiogram-guided procedure, intravascular imaging modalities give us a lot of useful information to make the procedure better. Intravascular imaging modalities give us the information about lesion characters, reference vessel diameter and the interaction between the stent strut and the plaque such as stent strut malapposition or plaquqe prolapse in real time during the procedure. We can change our strategy according to these information. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is a most common intravasculr imaging modality during CAS in these days...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922252/update-on-new-stents-and-protection-devices-for-carotid-artery-stenting-what-we-know-what-we-learnt-recently-and-what-we-need-to-know
#2
Dimitrios N Nikas, Xenofon Makos, Tomoyuki Umemoto, George Liappas, Andrea Pacchioni, Narek Zakarian, Bernhard Reimers
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is considered an alternative option to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for significant carotid stenosis, in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Comparing to CEA, CAS offers significant advantages. The most important arise from the minimally invasive nature of the procedure, which reduces the surgical complications and adds significant comfort to the patient, without compromising the efficacy. Nowadays, CAS can achieve acute and long-term outcome results comparable to CEA, maintaining low rates of periprocedural embolic events...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922251/endovascular-prevention-and-treatment-of-stroke-related-to-extracranial-carotid-artery-disease
#3
Leonardo Rangel-Castilla, Gary B Rajah, Hakeem J Shakir, Jason M Davies, Kenneth V Snyder, Adnan H Siddiqui, Elad I Levy, L N Hopkins
Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the leading cause of premature mortality and morbidity worldwide for both men and women. Extracranial carotid artery stenosis/occlusion is responsible for approximately 11.5%% of ischemic strokes, whereas extracranial large vessel disease comprises roughly 16.6% of ischemic strokes. Carotid artery disease has been the source of significant debate among neurovascular and cardiovascular specialists, as well as vascular surgeons, as to the best method of revascularization, surgical reconstruction versus endovascular recanalization...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905691/is-volume-important-in-aneurysm-treatment-outcome
#4
Athanasios Katsargyris, Chris Klonaris, Eric L Verhoeven
Several studies have suggested that surgical procedures performed at high-volume centers may result in superior outcome. Technically more demanding procedures such as aortic aneurysm repair appear to demonstrate a stronger relationship with volume. The present chapter reviewed the literature using the MEDLINE database to identify studies investigating the effect of volume in aortic aneurysm repair outcomes. The great majority of studies identified shows an advantage for high-volume hospitals with regard to perioperative mortality of abdominal (AAA), thoracic (TAA) and thoracoabdominal (TAAA) aortic aneurysm repair...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905690/learning-curve-in-fenestrated-and-branched-grafting
#5
Teresa Martin-Gonzalez, Tara M Mastracci
In surgical practice new technologies and techniques require a period of adjustment before the main operator becomes familiar with the new procedure, improving the results and the performances. This period, called learning curve, could be applied into the endovascular aortic treatment. The CUSUM technique had been used to define the learning curve in new procedures and through the literature some studies applied it to demonstrate the improving outcomes in complex endovascular aneurysm repair during increasing experience time...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901325/asymptomatic-carotid-artery-stenosis-who-should-be-screened-who-should-be-treated-and-how-should-we-treat-them
#6
Djurre D DE Waard, Dylan Morris, Gert J DE Borst, Richard Bulbulia, Alison Halliday
Although stopping smoking, lowering blood pressure and reducing lipid levels will reduce global stroke risk and cardiovascular mortality, these remain leading causes of death and disability especially in ageing populations. Further prevention strategies are needed and, in the first part of this review, we explore the potential benefits of appropriate screening for carotid artery disease to reduce stroke and identify those who may have related cardiac disease. Although whole-population carotid screening is an inefficient and costly means of identifying candidates with tight carotid stenosis who might warrant intervention, it can identify many people with lower levels of stenosis who may benefit from cardiovascular risk reducing medications...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901324/acute-mesenteric-ischemia-current-multidisciplinary-approach
#7
Ajay Savlania, Ramesh K Tripathi
The aim of this review is to describe and discuss the mechanisms of acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) and the rationale and conduct of currently available endovascular and open surgical techniques in its management. We also propose an algorithm to support the current multidisciplinary approach in decision-making for mesenteric revascularization to manage this high-risk entity.
November 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901323/safety-of-carotid-revascularization-within-48-hours-of-symptomatic-presentation
#8
Kosmas I Paraskevas, Ian M Loftus
In the last few years, there has been a gradual shift in the recommendations of carotid guidelines towards performance of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) earlier in patients with >70% carotid artery stenosis suffering an ipsilateral transient ischemic attack (TIA)/minor stroke episode. The "6-month" threshold in the early guidelines was subsequently replaced with a "14-day" target. More recently, an even earlier intervention (i.e. "within 48 hours") gains support as the optimal timing for the performance of CEA in patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901322/risk-factors-analysis-of-thromboembolectomy-for-acute-thromboembolic-lower-extremity-ischemia-in-native-arteries
#9
Gabriele Piffaretti, Alessandro Angrisano, Marco Franchin, Massimo Ferrario, Nicola Rivolta, Alessandro Bacuzzi, Patrizio Castelli, Matteo Tozzi
BACKGROUND: Aim of this study is to report the results of thromboembolectomy (ThEmb) for acute thromboembolic lower limb ischemia (ATLI) in native arteries and to create a predictive score for amputation-free survival (AFS) at 30 days. METHODS: It is a single center, retrospective analysis of a four years period. All patients had ThEmb: adjunctive procedures included femoral and/or popliteal endarterectomy in 30 (18.3%) cases, PTA- stent in 24 (14.6%), and femoral endarterectomy plus PTA-stent in 12 (7...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879958/evaluation-of-a-6-year-old-multicentric-standard-endovascular-treatment-of-critical-limb-ischemia-in-the-drug-eluting-era
#10
Vincenzo Brizzi, Caroline Caradu, Xavier Berard, Gerard Sassoust, Dominique Midy, Eric Ducasse
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing evidence to support the endovascular- first approach in the treatment of below the knee (BTK) lesions. Plain Old Balloon Angioplasty (POBA), with bailout bare-metal stent scaffolding in case of flow limiting dissection or recoil, have been considered the standard treatment of choice but industries are continually developing innovative equipment and dedicated technologies, such as drug-eluting platforms whose use is increasingly extended, despite significant costs and lack of high-quality evidence to support a well- established strategy...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879950/systematic-review-of-follow-up-compliance-after-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#11
Konstantinos Spanos, Christos Karathanos, Athanasios Athanasoulas, Vasileios Sapeltsis, Athanasios D Giannoukas
BACKGROUND: Lifelong surveillance after Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm repair (EVAR) is recommended to monitor the effectiveness and durability of the treatment. The aim of this study was to assess patients' compliance with the follow-up imaging protocol, the presence of any factors associated with compliance and the potential influence of imaging-protocol adherence on outcomes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Cochrane databases and keys references were searched...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879949/single-center-experience-with-vascular-closure-devices-in-real-world-endovascular-peripheral-interventions
#12
Bruno Freitas, Sabine Steiner, Yvonne Bausback, Holger Staab, Daniela Branzan, Ursula Banning-Eichenseer, Andrej Schmidt, Dierk Scheinert
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of vascular closure devices(VCDs) in non-cardiac endovascular interventions. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive patients submitted to endovascular interventions, with deployment of 2327 vascular closure devices. Demographic, clinical/periprocedural, post-operative, complication and reintervention data were reviewed. RESULTS: 2107 patients (1409(66.9%) men) were included. Perclose ProGlide®(Abbott Vascular, CA,USA) was employed 1683 times(72...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787489/chimney-versus-fenestrated-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-juxta-renal-aneurysms
#13
Caroline Caradu, Xavier Berard, Gérard Sassoust, Dominique Midy, Eric Ducasse
BACKGROUND: Anatomical constrains, high price and manufacturing delay restrict fenestrated (F)-endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) to elective patients in specialized centers. Chimney graft (CG)-EVAR offers an alternative but uncertainties remain over target vessel's patency and type Ia endoleaks (ELs). METHODS: We reviewed the literature reporting F-EVAR and CG-EVAR for juxtarenal aneurysms between January 2005 and July 2016. RESULTS: Fifteen studies on F-EVAR, 8 on CG-EVAR and 5 on both techniques were included; 1748 F-EVAR patients (3993 target vessels) vs 757 (1158 target vessels, 13% symptomatic and 7% ruptured)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727202/paclitaxel-coated-versus-plain-old-balloon-angioplasty-for-the-treatment-of-infra-inguinal-arterial-disease-in-diabetic-patients-the-belgian-diabetic-in-pact-trial
#14
Erik Debing, Dimitri Aerden, Alain Vanhulle, Sarah Gallala, Karl von Kemp
BACKGROUND: Several trials have shown that drug coated balloon (DCB) angioplasty reduce the rates of restenosis in the femoropopliteal artery. This controlled, prospective, multicenter study was designed to demonstrate the efficacy of DCB to inhibit restenosis of the infra- inguinal arteries in an exclusive diabetic population. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2014, 106 diabetic patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) were enrolled at 11 sites in Belgium, 54 treated with DCB angioplasty and 52 treated with plain old balloon angioplasty (POBA)...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701370/intra-arterial-injection-of-iloprost-reduces-the-risk-of-early-recoil-after-balloon-angioplasty-of-below-the-knee-vessels-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#15
Nicola Troisi, Alberto Farina, Emiliano Chisci, Leonardo Ercolini, Pierfrancesco Frosini, Clara Pigozzi, Azzurra Guidotti, Stefano Michelagnoli
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated that early recoil is frequently observed in patients undergoing balloon angioplasty. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of intra-arterial administration of iloprost (Endoprost®, Italfarmaco S.p.A., Milan, Italy) on early elastic recoil after balloon angioplasty of below-the-knee (BTK) vessels in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). METHODS: Between January 2015 and December 2015 32 patients with CLI underwent balloon angioplasty of at least one BTK vessel followed by intra-arterial administration of iloprost...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701369/trans-axillary-versus-trans-aortic-approach-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-corevalve-revalving-system-insights-from-multicentre-experience
#16
Claudia Fiorina, Giuseppe Bruschi, Luca Testa, Marco De Carlo, Federico De Marco, Giuseppe Coletti, Stefano Bonardelli, Marianna Adamo, Salvatore Curello, Giovanni Scioti, Paolo Panisi, Francesco Bedogni, Anna S Petronio, Federica Ettori
BACKGROUND: About one-third of candidates for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) suffer from severe peripheral artery disease, making the routine femoral approach difficult or impossible. Aim was to compare the trans-axillary (TAx) and the trans-aortic (TAo) route for TAVI with Medtronic CoreValve Revalving System (CRS). METHODS: 242 (23%) out of 1049 consecutive TAVI with 18F CRS were treated in 4 high-volume Italian Centre through TAx (61%) and TAo (39%)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27654283/simultaneous-transapical-transcatheter-mitral-and-aortic-valve-replacement-for-native-valve-stenosis
#17
Kristina Wachter, Christian J Rustenbach, Stephan Hill, Philipp Nikolai, Tim Schäufele, Ulrich F Franke, Hardy Baumbach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636399/which-type-of-valve-should-we-use-in-tricuspid-position-long-term-comparison-between-mechanical-and-biological-valves
#18
Ana Redondo Palacios, José López Menéndez, Javier Miguelena Hycka, Miren Martín García, Laura Varela Barca, Andrea Ferreiro Marzal, Rafael Muñoz Pérez, Enrique Oliva De Anquín, Ignacio García Andrade, Tomasa Centella Hernández, Daniel Celemín Canorea, Jorge Rodríguez-Roda Stuart
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, Tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) is much less common than aortic or mitral valve replacement, since repair is almost always preferable. Prosthetic tricuspid valves are associated with high mortality and morbidity, mostly due to thrombotic or hemorrhagic events. Nevertheless, there is lack of evidence of which is the optimal type of valve (biological versus mechanical) in tricuspid position. METHODS: We analysed all the patients who underwent TVR in our Institution, from 2005 to 2015...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636398/iliac-and-femoro-popliteal-arteries-morphological-cta-features-as-determinants-of-outcome-after-standard-evar-procedures
#19
Pasqualino Sirignano, Francesco Speziale, Laura Capoccia, Danilo Menna, Wassim Mansour, Nunzio Montelione, Francesco Setacci, Giuseppe Galzerano, Carlo Setacci
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of iliac artery's diameters, tortuosity, and peripheral vascular patency on outcome of elective endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in 2 high volume vascular centers' experience. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on a prospectively collected database between 2010 and 2012. Anatomical features at pre-operative computed tomography (CTA) considered as potentially influencing outcomes were: iliac diameters, tortuosity (expressed as a ratio), and calcifications, bilateral internal iliac artery (IIA) patency, and presence of Trans-Atlantic Inter-Societies Consensus (TASC) II C/D femoro-popliteal occlusive disease (PAD)...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625000/operative-morbidity-and-mortality-in-octogenarians-after-carotid-endarterectomy-a-propensity-score-matching-study
#20
Laura Pasin, Massimiliano M Marrocco Trischitta, Giovanni Landoni, Desiderio Piras, Pasquale Nardelli, Guglielmo Cornero, Roberto Chiesa, Alberto Zangrillo
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy remains the most effective surgical treatment for reducing the risk of stroke in patients with significant carotid stenosis. In fact, endovascular approach is associated with a higher incidence of perioperative and long-term minor stroke when compared to carotid endarterectomy although long-term functional outcome and risk of major stroke are similar. However, advanced age resulted to be associated with an increased risk of complications after carotid endarterectomy...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
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