journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Folia Parasitologica

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925679/molecular-screening-for-bacterial-pathogens-in-ticks-ixodes-ricinus-collected-on-migratory-birds-captured-in-northern-italy
#1
Massimo Pajoro, Dario Pistone, Ilaria Varotto Boccazzi, Valeria Mereghetti, Claudio Bandi, Massimo Fabbi, Francesco Scattorin, Davide Sassera, Matteo Montagna
Migratory birds have an important role in transporting ticks and associated tick-borne pathogens over long distances. In this study, 2,793 migratory birds were captured by nets in a ringing station, located in northern Italy, and checked for the presence of ticks. Two-hundred and fifty-one ticks were identified as nymphs and larvae of Ixodes ricinus (Linnaeus, 1758) and they were PCR-screened for the presence of bacteria belonging to Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Rickettsia spp., Francisella tularensis and Coxiella burnetii...
June 15, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905572/cloning-expression-and-characterisation-of-a-cysteine-protease-from-trichinella-spiralis
#2
Yan Yan Song, Li Ang Wang, Hua Na Ren, Xin Qi, Ge Ge Sun, Ruo Dan Liu, Peng Jiang, Xi Zhang, Jing Cui, Zhong Quan Wang
Cysteine protease is a superfamily of widespread proteolytic enzymes and plays a major role in larval invasion, migration, exsheathing, survival and immune evasion in parasites. In the present study, the gene coding cysteine proteinase of the nematode Trichinella spiralis (Owen, 1835) was cloned into pQE-80L and subsequently expressed in E. coli JM109. The rTsCP was purified and its antigenicity was identified by Western blot and ELISA. Using anti-rTsCP serum the native TsCP was identified in muscle larval crude proteins...
May 29, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743378/horizontal-transmission-of-the-ectoparasite-gyrodactylus-arcuatus-monogenea-gyrodactylidae-to-the-next-generation-of-the-three-spined-stickleback-gasterosteus-aculeatus
#3
Jaakko Lumme, Marek S Zietara
In the parthenogenetic monogeneans of the genus Gyrodactylus Nordmann, 1832, the genetic diversity within or between hosts is determined by the relative roles of lateral transmission and clonal propagation. Clonality and limited transmission lead to high-amplitude metapopulation dynamics and strong genetic drift. In Baltic populations of the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus, the local mitochondrial diversity of Gyrodactylus arcuatus Bychowsky, 1933 is very high, and spatial differentiation weak...
April 19, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687788/new-records-of-philometrids-nematoda-philometridae-from-marine-fishes-off-australia-including-description-of-four-new-species-and-erection-of-digitiphilometroides-gen-n
#4
Frantisek Moravec, Diane P Barton
The following six species of the Philometridae (Nematoda: Dracunculoidea) were recorded from marine fishes off the northern coast of Australia in 2015 and 2016: Philometra arafurensis sp. n. and Philometra papillicaudata sp. n. from the ovary and the tissue behind the gills, respectively, of the emperor red snapper Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier); Philometra mawsonae sp. n. and Dentiphilometra malabarici sp. n. from the ovary and the tissue behind the gills, respectively, of the Malabar blood snapper Lutjanus malabaricus (Bloch et Schneider); Philometra sp...
April 16, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657154/two-new-species-of-hepatozoon-apicomplexa-hepatozoidae-parasitising-species-of-philothamnus-ophidia-colubridae-from-south-africa
#5
Courtney Antonia Cook, Edward Charles Netherlands, Johann van As, Nico Jacobus Smit
To date, only a few species of Hepatozoon Miller, 1908 have been described from amphibians and reptiles of South Africa, including two species from anuran hosts, three from saurians, one from chelonians, and two from ophidians. Hepatozoon bitis (Fantham, 1925) and Hepatozoon refringens (Sambon et Seligmann, 1907), parasitising Bitis arientans (Merrem) and Pseudoaspis cana (Linnaeus), respectively, were described in the early 1900s and since then there have been no further species of Hepatozoon described from snakes in South Africa...
April 3, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611533/new-information-on-morphology-and-molecular-data-of-camallanid-nematodes-parasitising-xenopus-laevis-anura-pipidae-in-south-africa
#6
Roman Svitin, Anneke L Schoeman, Louis H du Preez
Three species of nematodes from the Camallanidae that are known to infect Xenopus laevis Daudin (Anura: Pipidae) were collected from several localities across South Africa. New data on morphology, partial 28S and cox1 genes, infection levels and distribution are presented herein. The most common species, Batrachocamallanus slomei Southwell et Kirshner, 1937, from the stomach and less often oesophagus, was found in eight localities. Camallanus kaapstaadi Southwell et Kirshner, 1937, also from the oesophagus, was found in two localities and C...
March 12, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528299/high-density-of-fox-and-cat-faeces-in-kitchen-gardens-and-resulting-rodent-exposure-to-echinococcus-multilocularis-and-toxoplasma-gondii
#7
Matthieu Bastien, Amelie Vaniscotte, Benoit Combes, Gerald Umhang, Estelle Germain, Valentin Gouley, Alice Pierlet, Thomas Quintaine, Marie-Amelie Forin-Wiart, Isabelle Villena, Dominique Aubert, Franck Boue, Marie-Lazarine Poulle
The faeces of the red fox, Vulpes vulpes (Linnaeus), and the domestic cat, Felis catus (Linnaeus), can be responsible for spreading eggs of Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863 and oocysts of Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908) into the environment. The accidental ingestion of these eggs or oocysts, through consumption of raw fruits or vegetables grown in or in contact with contaminated soil, can lead to alveolar echinococcosis (AE) or toxoplasmosis in humans. The present study provides a quantitative assessment of the faecal deposition by foxes and cats in kitchen gardens where fruits and vegetables are grown and its consequences for zoonosis transmission...
March 8, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528298/tapeworm-chromosomes-their-value-in-systematics-with-instructions-for-cytogenetic-study
#8
Martina Orosova, Marta Spakulova
The history and value of cytogenetic features for addressing questions of the evolution and systematics of tapeworms (Cestoda) are briefly reviewed along with instructions for collecting karyological data. As a supplement to worm morphology, chromosome number and morphology have been helpful in determining the systematic status of some genera in the Diphyllobothriidae and species in the Bothriocephallidea. In addition, many new techniques for chromosome analysis have been recently applied in morphological and molecular studies of invertebrates, including tapeworms...
February 23, 2018: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266002/description-and-phylogenetic-position-of-a-new-species-of-rhabdias-stiles-et-hassall-1905-nematoda-rhabdiasidae-from-the-banded-rubber-frog-phrynomantis-bifasciatus-smith-amphibia-microhylidae-in-south-africa
#9
Yuriy Kuzmin, Ali Halajian, Sareh Tavakol, Wilmien J Luus-Powell, Vasyl V Tkach
The lung-dwelling nematode Rhabdias engelbrechti sp. n. was found in five of eight examined banded rubber frogs in Limpopo Province, South Africa. The species is differentiated from species of Rhabdias Stiles et Hassall, 1905 occurring in the Afrotropical Realm based on the presence of a globular cuticular inflation at the anterior end, the buccal capsule walls being distinctly divided into anterior and posterior parts, the buccal capsule size (6-9 μm × 16-18 μm), and the body length (3.8-6.1 mm). Rhabdias engelbrechti is the tenth species of the genus found in Afrotropical anurans...
December 13, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214976/stray-cats-are-more-frequently-infected-with-zoonotic-protists-than-pet-cats
#10
Martin Kvac, Lada Hofmannova, Ynes Ortega, Nikola Holubova, Michaela Horcickova, Marta Kicia, Lenka Hlaskova, Dana Kvetonova, Bohumil Sak, John McEvoy
Faecal samples were collected from cats kept as pets (n = 120) and stray cats (n = 135) in Central Europe (Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia) and screened for the presence of Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia intestinalis (Kunstler, 1882), Encephalitozoon spp. and Enterocytozoon bieneusi Desportes, Le Charpentier, Galian, Bernard, Cochand-Priollet, Lavergne, Ravisse et Modigliani, 1985 by PCR analysis of the small-subunit of rRNA (Cryptosporidium spp. and G. intestinalis) and ITS (microsporidia) genes. Sequence analysis of targeted genes revealed the presence of C...
December 6, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063858/some-nematodes-from-freshwater-fishes-in-central-africa
#11
Frantisek Moravec, Miloslav Jirku
Twenty species (sixteen adult and four larval) of parasitic nematodes belonging to the Ascaridoidea, Camallanoidea, Cosmocercoidea, Dioctophymatoidea, Habronematoidea, Oxyuroidea, Seuratoidea, and Thelazioidea were collected from freshwater fishes of the Congo River basin in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic in 2008 and 2012, respectively. Based on light and scanning electron microscopical examination, many species are redescribed in detail. This material also contained four previously unknown species, Labeonema longispiculatum sp...
October 20, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063857/anti-tumour-necrosis-factor-activity-in-saliva-of-various-tick-species-and-its-appearance-during-the-feeding-period
#12
Marketa Rezkova, Jan Kopecky
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) plays a central role in the inflammatory process. In the skin, it contributes to immune containment of tick-transmitted pathogens like Borrelia burgdorferi. In the saliva of some tick species, active compounds are present that inhibit detection of TNF in specific ELISA. We compared the presence of anti-TNF activity in saliva or salivary gland extract from 11 tick species from the family Ixodidae and demonstrated it in genera Ixodes Latreille, 1795 and Haemaphysalis Koch, 1844. Analysis of anti-TNF activity in Ixodes ricinus (Linnaeus, 1758) saliva during the feeding period showed that it is present in the late, rapid phase of engorgement...
October 20, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980971/feeding-strategies-and-competition-between-terrestrial-haemadipsa-leeches-euhirudinea-arhynchobdellida-in-danum-valley-rainforest-borneo-sabah
#13
Piotr Gasiorek, Hanna Rozycka
Haemadipsid leeches are among the most successful terrestrial invertebrates in Bornean rainforests. They are very common ectoparasites of vertebrates, and their abundance has facilitated the conduction of numerous projects in the fields of ecology, zoogeography and taxonomy. We undertook research on two species inhabiting lowland dipterocarp forest, Haemadipsa picta Moore, 1929 and Haemadipsa subagilis (Moore, 1929), in order to address the following questions: (a) is there a difference in leech abundance between trails and off-trails?; (b) is ambush location dependent on specimen size or is species-specific?; (c) is intra- and interspecific competition limited by differences in foraging behaviours or vertical niche partitioning? Our results clearly show that H...
October 3, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980972/myxobolus-pseudowulii-sp-n-myxozoa-myxosporea-a-new-skin-parasite-of-yellow-catfish-tachysurus-fulvidraco-richardson-and-redescription-of-myxobolus-voremkhai-akhmerov-1960
#14
Bo Zhang, Yanhua Zhai, Yang Liu, Zemao Gu
Two species of Myxobolus Bütschli, 1882 were found in yellow catfish Tachysurus fulvidraco (Richardson). A species of Myxobolus infecting the gills was morphologically identified as Myxobolus voremkhai (Akhmerov, 1960) and it was characterised here with additional morphological and molecular data. The other species of Myxobolus infecting the host's skin did not conform to any known myxosporean species. It is characterised by the presence of round, black or milky white plasmodia with black spots. Myxospores are pyriform in frontal view and lemon-shaped in lateral view, measuring 12...
September 27, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906255/echinococcus-multilocularis-vesicular-fluid-inhibits-activation-and-proliferation-of-natural-killer-cells
#15
Anne-Pauline Bellanger, Valentine Mougey, Jean-Rene Pallandre, Houssein Gbaguidi-Haore, Yann Godet, Laurence Millon
Alveolar echinococcosis is a severe chronic helminthic disease that mimics slow-growing liver cancer. The immune evasion strategy of Echinococcus multilocularis Leuckart, 1863 remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate in vitro the impact of E. multilocularis vesicular fluid (Em-VF) on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and on natural killer (NK) cells. PBMC and NK cells were exposed to Em-VF (1 µg/ml) during six days. The effect of Em-VF was assessed on CD69, viability and proliferation, and on and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), interferon γ (IFN-γ), interleukin 17 (IL-17) and interleukin 10, using flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively...
August 25, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906256/variability-of-species-of-babesia-starcovici-1893-in-three-sympatric-ticks-ixodes-ricinus-dermacentor-reticulatus-and-haemaphysalis-concinna-at-the-edge-of-pannonia-in-the-czech-republic-and-slovakia
#16
Marketa Rybarova, Michaela Honsova, Ivo Papousek, Pavel Siroky
The distribution, variability and host specificity of species of Babesia Starcovici, 1893 were studied in questing ticks collected on the northwestern edge of the Pannonian Basin in the south-easternmost part of the Czech Republic and in western Slovakia. The area is characterised by relatively natural floodplain habitats and the sympatric occurrence of three tick species possessing wide host spectra, namely Ixodes ricinus (Linnaeus), Dermacentor reticulatus (Fabricius) and Haemaphysalis concinna Koch. Analysis was carried out on 1,408 I...
August 23, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906254/a-synoptic-review-of-caryophyllaeus-gmelin-1790-cestoda-caryophyllidea-parasites-of-cyprinid-fishes
#17
Daniel Barcak, Mikulas Oros, Vladimira Hanzelova, Tomas Scholz
Tapeworms of the genus Caryophyllaeus Gmelin, 1790 (Caryophyllidea: Caryophyllaeidae), common parasites of cyprinid fishes, are reviewed and taxonomic status of 42 nominal taxa that have been placed in the genus during its long history is clarified. The following seven species occurring in the Palaearctic Region are recognised as valid: C. laticeps (Pallas, 1781), C. auriculatus (Kulakovskaya, 1961), C. balticus (Szidat, 1941) comb. n. (syn. Khawia baltica Szidat, 1941), C. brachycollis Janiszewska, 1953, C...
August 16, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783031/patterns-in-the-distribution-and-directional-asymmetry-of-fleas-living-on-the-northern-white-breasted-hedgehog-erinaceus-roumanicus
#18
Krzysztof Dudek, Gabor Foldvari, Viktoria Majlathova, Igor Majlath, Krisztina Rigo, Viktor Molnar, Maria Toth, Lukasz Jankowiak, Piotr Tryjanowski
Fleas infecting northern white-breasted hedgehogs, Erinaceus roumanicus (Barrett-Hamilton), collected from 2009-2011 in Budapest (Hungary) were studied. A total of 305 white-breasted hedgehogs were captured and 1,251 fleas were collected. The flea community comprised two species, the hedgehog flea Archaeopsylla erinacei (Bouche, 1835) and the dog flea Ctenocephalides canis (Curtis, 1826), although the latter was only found on three hedgehogs. Fleas were found on half of the host specimens (51%; n = 156) where their distribution was strongly aggregated...
August 4, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783034/do-small-samples-underestimate-mean-abundance-it-depends-on-what-type-of-bias-we-consider
#19
Jeno Reiczigel, Lajos Rozsa
Former authors claimed that, due to parasites' aggregated distribution, small samples underestimate the true population mean abundance. Here we show that this claim is false or true, depending on what is meant by 'underestimate' or, mathematically speaking, how we define 'bias'. The 'how often' and 'on average' views lead to different conclusions because sample mean abundance itself exhibits an aggregated distribution: most often it falls slightly below the true population mean, while sometimes greatly exceeds it...
July 26, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783028/castosyringophilus-meropis-sp-n-acariformes-syringophilidae-a-new-quill-mite-species-parasitising-the-world-population-of-merops-apiaster-linnaeus-coraciiformes-meropidae
#20
Maciej Skoracki, Martin Hromada, Bozena Sikora
A new species, Castosyringophilus meropis sp. n., found in quills of feathers of the European bee-eater Merops apiaster Linnaeus (Coraciiformes: Meropidae) is described. This new species is close to C. claravis Skoracki et Glowska, 2008 and differs, in females, by the presence apunctate coxal fields (vs sparsely punctate in C. claravis) and by the lengths of setae d1 145-180 µm, f2 170-185 µm and ag3 190-215 µm (vs d1 200-220 µm, f2 230-250 µm and ag3 150-170 µm). We present a vast mite material collected from bee-eaters originated from different localities in Europe, Asia and Africa, both breeding and wintering grounds of this bird...
July 26, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
journal
journal
21500
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"