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Bratislavské Lekárske Listy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319416/specifics-in-the-review-of-health-documentation
#1
K Kacalova, B Havelkova, D Farkasova
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the work was to identify if health documentation management is depending of actually current legislation. Also to review range and consistency records. The work described forms and content of documentation, relating to treat wounds and decubitus. METHODS: A content analysis of 139 health documentation of insurer of General Health Insurance Company, which were treated by 28 home care agencies (hereinafter "HCA") and in the HCA was done directly audit in 2012 and 2014...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319415/transforming-growth-factor-beta-1-an-important-biomarker-for-developing-cardiovascular-diseases-in-chronic-renal-failure
#2
E Avci, G Alp Avci, B Ozcelik, S Coskun Cevher, M Suicmez
OBJECTIVE: Our study focuses on the determination and evaluation of TGF-β1 levels of patients receiving hemodialysis treatment because of chronic renal failure. BACKGROUND: Chronic renal failure, characterized by irreversible loss of renal function, is a major public health problem in the world. Transforming growth factor-beta is a multifunctional cytokine involved in the cellular growth, differentiation, migration, apoptosis and immune regulation. Among the three TGF-β isoforms, TGF-β1 plays a key role in the pathogenesis of renal diseases...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319414/preparation-and-characterization-of-zno-nanoparticles-coated-by-chitosan-linoleic-acid-fungal-growth-and-biofilm-assay
#3
S Barad, M Roudbary, A Nasrollahi Omran, M Porgham Daryasari
INTRODUCTION: This study has been carried out on reviewing the use of new synthetic component of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) coated by Chitosan-linoleic acid (CS-LA) and to assess Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of nanoparticles on clinical samples and biofilm formation in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At first the synthesized ZnO NPs coated by CS-LA were identified with X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscope (SEM), Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy analysis (FTIR)...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319413/aberrant-promoter-hypermethylation-of-p16-survivin-and-retinoblastoma-in-gastric-cancer
#4
L Guo, C Huang, Q J Ji
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer is common and can be found throughout the world. Notoriously like other cancers, gastric cancer is a consequence of cellular regulation disorder. Epigenetics, including many oncogenes or tumour suppressor genes, can provide some clues for this kind of disorder. DNA methylation, especially promoter methylation, which causes the silence/decrease of tumour related genes, has become a focus in various tumour types. The aim of this study was to investigate promoter methylation of certain genes: p16, survivin, retinoblastoma (Rb), all of which have been regarded as genes related to gastric cancer...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319412/un-methylation-of-the-survivin-gene-has-no-effect-on-immunohistochemical-expression-of-survivin-protein-in-lung-cancer-patients-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
O Yalcin, M Budak
Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family. The function of the survivin protein is to inhibit caspase activation, thereby leading to negative regulation of apoptosis or programmed cell death. This has been shown by the disruption of survivin induction pathways leading to an increased apoptosis and decreased tumour growth. These data suggest that survivin may provide a new target for cancer treatment, which would distinguish transformed cells from normal cells. In the present study, we aimed to investigate exon 1 of the survivin gene by means of methylation-specific PCR and evaluate its impact on survivin protein expression following DNA isolation and bisulphite modification in paraffin-embedded normal and tumour tissues of lung cancer patients with squamous cell carcinoma...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319411/does-thromboprophylaxis-cause-bleeding-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#6
R H Gundogdu, M Oduncu, B O Bozkirli, M O Yazicioglu, S Akbaba
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the results of a single center experience on the use of pharmacological venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients. BACKGROUND: The prevention of VTE is of crucial importance in surgical practice. However, the severity of thromboembolism risk and the necessity of thromboprophylaxis for laparoscopic cholecystectomy is still being debated. METHODS: The data of the patients, who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelitiasis in a single center between the years 2005 and 2015 were analysed retrospectively for incidents of symptomatic VTE and bleeding complications...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319410/evaluation-of-platelet-indices-as-a-useful-marker-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#7
O Dincel, C Bayraktar
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate platelets (PLT) and their indices - mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW) and plateletcrit (PCT) - in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid disorders. BACKGROUND: Platelet and platelet indices recently started to be defined as an useful clinical marker in cancer patients. Their higher reproducibility rates and low cost provide them a wide range of usage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One-hundred and sixty patients were divided into three groups retrospectively...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319409/investigation-of-anticarcinogenic-and-antioxidant-effects-of-methylimidazole
#8
M Norizadeh Tazehkand, O Hajipour, F Moridikia, A Moridikia, E Valipour, M B Yilmaz, M Topaktas
4-methylimidazole is widely used in pharmaceuticals, photographic and agricultural chemicals. The substance is extensively found in many human and animals foods. In this research, anticancer effect of the 4-MEI was studded using MTT test using MCF-7 cell line. Effect of the 4-MEI on apoptosis or necrosis was analyzed by DNA fragmentation assay using Swiss Albino rats as a model organism. Antioxidant effect of the substance was investigated by assaying protective effect of the substance on circular plasmid DNA against H2O2 as an oxidative agent...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319408/turmeric-extract-inhibits-apoptosis-of-hippocampal-neurons-of-trimethyltin-exposed-rats
#9
S Yuliani, S Widyarini, Mustofa, G Partadiredja
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to reveal the possible antiapoptotic effect of turmeric (Curcuma longa Linn.) on the hippocampal neurons of rats exposed to trimethyltin (TMT). BACKGROUND: Oxidative damage in the hippocampus can induce the apoptosis of neurons associated with the pathogenesis of dementiaMETHODS. The ethanolic turmeric extract and a citicoline (as positive control) solution were administered to the TMT-exposed rats for 28 days. The body weights of rats were recorded once a week...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319407/investigation-of-procalcitonin-il-6-oxidative-stress-index-osi-plasma-and-tissue-levels-in-experimental-mild-and-severe-pancreatitis-in-rats
#10
M Soyalp, M Yalcin, V Oter, A Ozgonul
AIM: This study was planned to evaluate blood and tissue levels of procalcitonin, IL-6 and Oxidative Stress Index (OSI), which have a role in the pathophysiology of inflammation, in rats with experimental mild and severe pancreatitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty male Wistar Albino rats were included in the study and the rats were equally divided into the three groups. After 1, 5 and 24 hours, blood was obtained from the tail of all rats and samples were taken from pancreas tissue after 24 hours...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319406/effect-of-apelin-13-on-erythrocyte-deformability-during-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-of-heart-in-diabetic-rats
#11
H Kartal, F M Comu, A Kucuk, Y Polat, A D Dursun, M Arslan
OBJECTIVES: Erythrocyte deformability and plasma viscosity are of crucial importance for the perfusion of tissues and organs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of apelin-13 on erythrocyte deformability during IR heart injury in diabetic rats. METHODS: Eighteen Wistar Albino rats were included in the study after streptozotocin (55 mg/kg) treatment for four weeks of observation for diabetes existence. The animals were randomly assigned to one of five experimental groups...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127986/importance-of-an-extensive-examination-in-case-of-fetal-death
#12
A M Lavezzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127985/the-detection-of-curcumins-antitumoral-effects-via-argyrophilic-nucleolar-organizing-region-associated-protein-synthesis-in-mice-with-ehrlich-s-ascitic-carcinoma
#13
M Nisari, S Yilmaz, R Eroz, T Ertekin, D Bircan, H Ulger
BACKGROUND: Curcumin is a polyphenol compound that has antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperlipidemic and antimicrobial effects. Nucleolar-organizing regions are the sites of the gene on chromosomes. The present study was aimed to show the antitumoral effect of curcumin via AgNOR protein synthesis in Ehrlich's ascitic carcinoma (EAC) bearing mice. METHODS: Twenty three mice with EAC were randomly divided into 3 groups as positive control (n = 7), group 2 (n = 8) and 3 (n = 8) treated intraperitoneally with curcumin (25 mg/kg) and (50 mg/kg), respectively...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127984/pregnancy-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-women-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#14
L Durackova, A Kristufkova, M Korbel
AIM: The aim of study was to compare some perinatal outcomes in mothers with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients with T1DM delivered at the 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University in Bratislava from January 1st 2009 to December 31th 2015 were included to the study. RESULTS: Out of 118 diabetic mothers, 46.6 % had vasculopathy and 53. 4 % were without microvascular complications...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127983/assessing-the-level-of-matrix-metal-proteinases-1-8-9-their-tissue-inhibitor-type-i-in-cases-of-odontogenic-phlegmons
#15
E V Markelova, A L Romanchuk, E V Prosekova, V E Krasnikov, S N Beniova
The article considers the measured values of the level of MMP-1, MMP-8 and MMP-9, and of their tissue inhibitor Type I (TIMP-1) in the blood serum and mixed saliva samples of 78 patients (31 women - 36.2 %, 47 men - 63.8 %) suffering from odontogenic phlegmons in the oral and maxillofacial region. The study indicators were assessed through the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using diagnostic sets RandD Diagnostics Inc. (USA). An uncontrolled hyperactivation of metal proteinases as one of the components of the systemic inflammatory response in case of phlegmon-related complications in the oral and maxillofacial region, as well as development of the sepsis syndrome were studied and it was determined that it results in distortion of the processes of reparative hystogeny and compel us to employ new approaches to the treatment of this type of patients (Tab...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127982/hepatocellular-and-developmental-influences-of-early-postnatal-indomethacin-in-mice
#16
F Nowrouzi, M Azadbakht
OBJECTIVES: The effect of early postnatal indomethacin exposure on hepatocellular and developmental alterations in mice liver was investigated. METHODS: Pups received IP injections of 0, 25, 50 and 100 mg/kg indomethacin on P0, then killed at P21 and P60. RESULTS: Indomethacin significantly suppressed body weight at P21, but liver weight significantly decreased only in 25 mg/kg. In contrast, liver weight and liver to body weight ratio significantly increased with increasing dose of indomethacin by P60...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127981/inhibitory-effects-of-mouse-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell-soup-on-staurospurine-induced-cell-death-in-mcf-7-and-ags
#17
M Zhaleh, M Azadbakht, A Bidmeshki Pour
BACKGROUND: Staurospurine induces apoptosis in cell line. Bone Marrow Mesenchymal stem cells Soup is a promising tool for cell proliferation via a variety of secreted factors. In this study, we examined the effects of BMSCs Soup on Staurospurine induced-cell death in MCF-7 and AGS cells. METHODS: There were three Groups: Group I: no incubation with BM Soup; Group II: incubated with 24 h BM Soup; Group III: incubation with 48 h BM Soup. There were two treatments in each group...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127980/speckle-tracking-can-detect-subclinical-myocardial-dysfunction-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#18
O Benacka, J Benacka, P Blazicek, M Belansky, J Payer, Z Killinger, J Lietava
INTRODUCTION: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have shorter life expectancy and their risk of cardiovascular death is more than 50 % higher than the rest of the population. Early myocardial dysfunction in RA patients may be detectable sooner using speckle‑tracking echocardiography. METHOD: Cross-sectional study enrolled 55 patients with RA (mean age 44.1 years) without known cardiovascular disease and 31 healthy controls. All subjects underwent a standard echocardiographic examination: indexed left ventricular mass, left ventricle ejection fraction, isovolumic contraction and relaxation times (IVCT and IVRT), mitral valve inflow curve (E/A), septal mitral annular motion (e'), and E/e' ratio as well as the speckle tracking assessment of left ventricle longitudinal, radial and circular strain and strain rate...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127979/is-choroidal-thickness-related-with-disease-activity-and-joint-damage-in-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#19
A Kurt, E E Kurt, R Kilic, C Oktem, F Tuncay, H R Erdem
OBJECTIVE: Aim of the study was to evaluate the choroidal thickness (CT) in patients with RA and detect the relation with disease activity and joint damage in patients with rheumatoid arthritisBACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease associated with various extra-articular organ manifestations including ocular manifestationsMATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 59 eyes of 59 patients with RA and 59 eyes of 59 controls without RA in the study. Subfoveal and perifoveal CT were measured using enhanced depth imaging optic coherence tomography...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127978/surgical-treatment-of-condylar-head-fractures-the-way-to-minimize-the-postraumatic-tmj-ankylosis
#20
D Hirjak, V Machon, M Beno, B Galis, I Kupcova
Management of condylar head fractures (CHF) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) remains a source of controversy. Based on established literature, group of CHFs and conservative treatment connected with period of maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) increases the risk for TMJ ankylosis. This paper presents anatomical and functional results of surgical treatment of condylar head fractures in a group of 24 patients (29 joints). Fractures were diagnosed based on conventional radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
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