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Bratislavské Lekárske Listy

M Bohac, M Palkovic, J Fedeles, J Hodosy
BACKGROUND: Gracilis muscle and its motor nerve belongs to most commonly used flap for facial reanimation. However, it is performed in two steps, which is time consuming. One stage technique can be also performed, but the length of the motor nerve cannot be currently determined before surgery. AIM: The present study was conducted in order to evaluate the body composition on the length and suitability of the motor nerve of gracilis muscle for one stage facial reanimation...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
B Hajipour, A M Navali, S Ali Mohammad, G Mousavi, M Gahvechi Akbari, T Maleki Miyandoab, L Roshangar, B Mohammadi Saleh, T Asvadi Kermani, F Moutab Laleh, M Ghabili
INTRODUCTION: Tendons are vulnerable to various types of acute or chronic injures. Different methods have been investigated to achieve better healing. Phenytoin is a drug which could stimulate fibroblasts to produce collagen. This experimental study was performed to assess the effect of phenytoin on tendon healing in a rat model of tendon rupture. METHODS: Thirty healthy rats were divided into 3 groups, 1) Sham group; 2) Tendon rupture; 3) Tendon rupture+phenytoin (100 mg/kg intraperitoneally) for 21 days...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
N Li, B S Ouyang, L Liu, C S Lin, D D Xing, J Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanism of protection provided by dexmedetomidine against COPD-induced lung injury. METHODS: COPD rat model was determined by measuring lung function, and comparing HE staining between two different groups. We got the lung tissue and cells from the control and COPD groups. The cells were divided into three groups: control group, and blank and drug groups that were from the COPD rats. Cell apoptosis, relative gene expression and TNF-α and IL-1β from nutrient solution were measured...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
M Esrefoglu, O E Tok, M S Aydin, M Iraz, O F Ozer, S Selek, M Iraz
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion injury is one of the leading causes of acute renal failure which is a common clinical event leading to development of chronic kidney disease and a high mortality; especially in elderly people. β-glucans are glucose polymer groups with free-radical scavenger, macrophage activator, and immune defense inducer functions. We designed this study to determine the possible protective effects of β-glucan against renal ischemia-reperfusion injury comparatively in young and aged rats...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
F Kaya, K Kismet, H Ozer, V G Soylu, M E Duymus, Y A Akgun, A Demir, P Celepli, T Guclu, S Bolat, E Ertas
OBJECTIVES: In this study, it was aimed to investigate whether or not platelet‑rich plasma (PRP) causes intra-abdominal adhesions and therefore, whether or not PRP can be used safely in intra-abdominal operations. METHODS: Of the total of 35 animals, 5 were used as donors for the preparation of platelet‑rich plasma (PRP). The surgical procedures were performed on the remaining 30 animals. These rats were randomized and divided into 3 groups of 10. In Group 1, no adhesion induction was performed...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Y Sun, D Fu, Y K Wang, M Liu, X D Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori, HP) infection in subjects receiving routine physical examination and its associations with age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and lipid profiles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical information of 22,103 individuals who took routine physical examinations, including that on age, gender, height, weight, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and data of HP infection were collected and analyzed...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
T Bakaj, L Bakaj Zbrozkova, R Salzman, M Tedla, I Starek
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation between preoperative non-echo planar diffusion-weighted (non-EPI DWI) MR imaging with surgical findings of recidivous middle ear cholesteatoma after canal wall up (CWU) and canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy. BACKGROUND: The detection of recidive cholesteatoma after CWU and after CWD procedures, when the trepanation cavity is spontaneously closed by soft tissue, is possible by second-look and revision surgery. However, many cases prove to be negative of the disease...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
A Kacvinska, M Drab, A Totka, K Holoman, M Gabor
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of labor induction using prostaglandin, gestation period and delivery type on the cause and extent of birth-canal injuries. METHODS: A retrospective study based on the records of II. GPK UNB Ružinov. The total set (n = 1377) consisted of patients who went into labor in second half of the year 2014 at this clinic. The research used categorical data divided into groups of factors (induction, week of delivery, type of delivery) and birth injuries...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
G Daglar, K Senol, Z I Yakut, Y N Yuksek, T Tutuncu, M Tez, C H Yesiltepe
OBJECTIVES AND BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare the usefulness of the breast electrical conductivity measures performed in a surgical examination room against conventional breast screening modalities for identifying the symptomatic lesions of the breast tissue. METHODS: A group of 181 patients were examined with Ultrasonography (USG), Mammography (MG), Electrical Impedance Scanning (EIS) modalities and were followed-up 24 months to clarify in terms of the lesion tumour progression relationship...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
M Mikulecky, Z Rausova, L Dedik, V Mojto
OBJECTIVES: This study indicates that the seasonality of births of patients with DM1 and DM2 has occurred in their adolescence or adulthood. BACKGROUND: Patients with Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) with the maturity onset have different seasonal birth patterns from those with Diabetes mellitus type 1 (DM1) with the maturity onset, or DM1children. METHODS: Monthly numbers of births of 81 and 236 children with DM1 and DM2, respectively, in adolescent or adult age, were adapted to different actual length of calendar months...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
A Dokupilova, J Payer
PURPOSE: Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism are characterized by increased calcium plasma concentrations, which in turn could have a potential to induce ECG changes, especially shortening of the QT interval. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate, whether the routine 24-hours outpatient ECG monitoring could be used for screening the primary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: Totally, 31 patients (mean age, 59.2 ± 12.99 years) with primary hyperparathyroidism were compared to 20 healthy controls...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
M Kardos, P Martanovic, J Masura
No abstract Keywords.
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
L Abenavoli, L Di Renzo, A De Lorenzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
E S Namiduru
Prolidase (EC. or proline dipeptidase, is one of the unique enzyme capable of degrading dipeptides, in which a proline or hydroxyproline residue is located at the C-terminal position. Prolidase has a unique function in all cell types; therefore, the mechanisms and parameters involved in prolidase activity regulation are of special interest. Could prolidase be a good biomarker in different physiologic and pathologic conditions? This is an important question. There is no consensus on the answer to this question...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
M Alipour, B Amini, F Adineh, H Feizi, M R Jafari
Memory impairment is a common disorder in diabetes mellitus which is associated with hippocampal neuronal apoptosis. The present study was conducted to examine the effect of one-week intraperitoneal (ip), administration of aminoguanidine (AG) on passive avoidance learning (PAL) and Bcl-2 family gene expression in the hippocampus of rats. Sixty male rats were divided into ten groups: non-diabetic/diabetic animals with/without AG (50, 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, ip) treatment for one week. PAL and Bcl-2 family genes were examined...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
S Caliskan, M O Keles, S Kaba, O Koca, M Akyuz, M I Ozturk, M I Karaman
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the patients who are candidates for active surveillance and treated with radical prostatectomy. These patients were compared with other patients who had not met the criteria of active surveillance. METHODS: In total, 135 patients were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups. The patients in Group 1 had less than three positive cores, Gleason 6 (3 + 3) and PSA level equal to or less than 10 ng/ml. Patients in Group 2 had three or more positive cores, Gleason 6 (3 + 3) and PSA level equal to or higher than 10 ng/ml...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
I Hoffmanova, R Gurlich, V Janik, A Szabo, Z Vernerova
Surgical treatment is not commonly recommended in the management of autoimmune pancreatitis. The article describes a dilemma in diagnostics and treatment of a 68-year old man with the mass in the head of the pancreas that mimicked pancreatic cancer and that was diagnosed as a type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (IgG4-related pancreatitis) after a surgical resection. Diagnosis of the autoimmune pancreatitis is a real clinical challenge, as in the current diagnostic criteria exists some degree of overlap in the findings between autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer (indicated by the similarity in radiologic findings, elevation of IgG4, sampling errors in pancreatic biopsy, and the possibility of synchronous autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer)...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
A Furdova, K Horkovicova, P Justusova, M Sramka
OBJECTIVES: One day session LINAC based stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) at LINAC accelerator is a method of "conservative" attitude to treat the intraocular malignant uveal melanoma. METHODS: We used model Clinac 600 C/D Varian (system Aria, planning system Corvus version 6.2 verification IMRT OmniPro) with 6 MeV X by rigid immobilization of the eye to the Leibinger frame. The stereotactic treatment planning after fusion of CT and MRI was optimized according to the critical structures (lens, optic nerve, also lens and optic nerve at the contralateral side, chiasm)...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
J Pitonak, J Galova, J Bernasovska
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the connection between two selected mononucleotide polymorphisms (rs4957014 and rs3756712) in programmed cell death gene 6 (PDCD6) and endometriosis development risk in patients belonging to the majority population of Slovakia. METHODS: From all women involved in the research a buccal DNA sample was taken. A genetic analysis of selected polymorphisms was implemented using Real-time PCR method. Variance in allelic and genotype frequencies was statistically evaluated between the controlgroup and the group of patients...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
M S Ulu, M Beker-Acay, S Ulu, E Unlu, A Bucak, G Yaman, A Altug, M S Tekin, S Oruc
OBJECTIVES: Vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) is a pathology arising from the reduction in flow rate of vertebral arteries and mainly caused by inflammation and atherosclerosis. Gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) is a marker which has been recently recognized as a marker of inflammation and atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate the relationship between GGT levels and VBI for the first time. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, of 3100 subjects who had vertebrobasilar doppler ultrasonography (VBU) were evaluated and 1042 of them who met the inclusion criterias were included...
2016: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
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