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Bratislavské Lekárske Listy

S Lemajic-Komazec, L Abenavoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
B S Jafarzade, S M Sadat, R Yaghobi, A Bolhassani
BACKGROUND: DNA immunization can induce long-term immune responses, which are required to design an effective HIV vaccine. It was shown that antigen-expressing plasmids can increase the protective immunity against infectious diseases such as: influenza and malaria. However, DNA-based immunizations have poor immunogenicity, thus the use of potent immunoadjuvants can enhance their potency. METHODS: In the current study, preparation of the recombinant HIV-1 Nef, Gp96 and HMGB1 DNA constructs was performed in bacterial system...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
M Kumas, O Altintas, M Esrefoglu
OBJECTIVES: We aim to evaluate the effect of ischemic preconditioning (IPreC) on testicular tissue after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) in Streptozotocin-induced diabetic (STZ) and non-diabetic rats. METHODS: Testis injury and alterations of testosterone levels were evaluated histologically.. Testicular damage was detected by using hematoxylin- eosin and periodic acid- schiff staining and apoptosis was identified by terminal-deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL)...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
L Q Mao, X B Li
AIM: To study the mechanism of NAC to improve LPS induced acutelung lung injury. METHODS: The 40 rats were divided into 4 groups included NC group, Model group, NAC group and DXM group. The rats of Model, NAC and DXM groups were injected LPS, NAC group and DXM group were resepectively injected NAC (200 mg/kg) or DXM (70 mg/kg). Collecting the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from lung, and measuring the TGF-β1 concentration of BALF and lung tissue in 4 groups; After executing the rats, taken the lung tissue to observant lung pathological morphology and evaluated TGF-β1 expression of difference groups...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
D Karpuz, O Hallioglu, B Buyukakilli, S Gurgul, E Balli, M Ozeren, B Tasdelen
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a challenging disorder characterized by increasing pulmonary artery pressure, which is hard to treat. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to investigate the effects of bosentan, sildenafil and their combination. METHODS: Saline or MCT were applied to Wistar rats. By the development of PAH (4th week), MCT-given rats were treated orally with bosentan, sildenafil and combination of sildenafil and bosentan or placebo...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
B Liptak, V Knezl, Z Gasparova
OBJECTIVES: Metabolic disturbances are considered to condition the occurrence of malignant heart arrhythmias and negatively influence the chances of a patient to survive. To test this assumption, a model of metabolic syndrome was selected in which rats were receiving a diet resembling that of the westernized population. BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is a comorbidity of major cardiovascular risk factors (dyslipidemia, hypertension, impaired glucose tolerance or insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, and obesity), all facilitating cardiovascular complications leading to morbidity and mortality of patients...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Y J Sun, D Q Sun, R H Gong, X G Zhong, X T Liu, X L Meng
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the action and mechanism of cordyceps polysaccharide on rat acute liver failure (ALF). METHODS: Sixty rats were randomly divided into five groups: normal group, model group, and cordyceps polysaccharide groups with high, middle and low doses (20, 10 and 5 mg/ml). Apoptosis was detected through TUNEL method. Protein expressions of caspase 1, IL-18, IL-10, VEGF, and SDF-1α in liver tissue are detected by Western Blot...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
R Zamborsky, A Svec, M Kokavec, S Galbavy
Neuroendocrine tumors arise from various cells that form a part of the endocrine system and account for a small number of cases encountered by oncologists in clinical practice. The clinical incidence of these tumors used to be low, and newer imaging modalities have now begun to be used for detecting bone metastases at an earlier stage. Bone metastases arising from neuroendocrine tumors are a well-recognized complication. Their presence carries along a poor prognosis. Clinical symptoms are similar to those encountered in other forms of cancer that are complicated by bone metastasis...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
L Han, Y Zhao, Q Q Luo, X X Liu, S S Lu, L Zou
AIM: The aim of this study was to explain the effects of miRNA-145 in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. METHODS: Collecting the placental tissue of 40 severe preeclampsia patients and 20 normal pregnant women, and observation of the pathological findings by HE staining. Measuring the miR-145 by RT-PCR. EVCT were divided into NC group; MC group and miRNA group. The EVCT cells of MC and miRNA groups were simulated by hypoxia in vivo by CoCl2. Measuring the proliferation rate of different groups by MTT testing...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
V Durmanova, J Drobny, I Shawkatova, J Dlhopolcek, M Bucova
OBJECTIVES: To identify possible association between the selected HLA-G gene polymorphisms and risk of pre-eclampsia. BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a serious multisystem disorder that affects women during pregnancy. Despite many research studies, the pathology of pre-eclampsia is not fully understood. Human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) belongs to the molecules that induce fetal acceptance by the maternal immune system. HLA-G expression was found to be impaired in the women suffering from pre-eclampsia suggesting its involvement in the development of pre-eclampsia...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
O Kartal, A T Kartal
PURPOSE: In our study, we aimed to evaluate neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: This is a retrospective study consisting of 114 patients with CAP and 50 control subjects. Patients with CAP were divided into 2 groups, as inpatient and outpatient. RESULTS: The main findings of our study were that NLR, PLR and CRP levels were significantly higher in CAP than those in the control group...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
M Jankovich, T Jankovichova, D Ondrus, J Breza
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate associations of elevated preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with testicular germ cell tumors (GCT) characteristics other than cancer specific survival (CSS) and progression free survival (PFS). BACKGROUND: NLR was recently presented as a widely available and inexpensive marker of poor prognosis in several types of solid tumors. Previous study showed no predictive value of NLR for CSS and PFS in testicular GCT...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
F C Akharaiyi, A J Akinyemi, C C Isitua, O T Ogunmefun, S O Opakunle, J K Fasae
OBJECTIVES: The work described plants collection, preparation and administration for diabetes cure in Ado Ekiti in Nigeria. METHODS: Twenty three plant samples were identified for the use in the treatment of diabetes by the herbalists. The plants that are common among the healers are Anthocleista djalonensis, Vernonia amygdalina, Ocimum gratissimum, Momordica charantia. RESULTS: The most preferred method of preparation by the healers is concoction and decoction of fresh leaves, stem bark and roots...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
W Wu, Y Q Shang, S L Dai, F Yi, X C Wang
Vascular calcification is one of the most important factors for high morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect and mechanism of miR-26a on vascular smooth muscle cell calcification. First, the VSMCs were induced by β-glycerol phosphate (β-GP) for 7d and 14d, and Alizarin Red S staining was performed to examine the mineralized nodule change; then real time RT-PCR and western blotting were performed to explore the expression of miR-26a, CTGF, OPG, RANKL and ALP in un-induced and β-GP-induced VSMCs; next, the VSMCs were transfected with miR-26a mimics, and Alizarin Red S staining was performed to examine the mineralized nodule change; finally, real time RT-PCR and western blotting were performed to explore the expression of miR-26a, CTGF, OPG, RANKL and ALP in un-transfected and miR-26a mimics transfected VSMCs...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
T Celik
PURPOSE: To evaluate the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) levels to predict the severity of inflammation in thyroid ophthalmopathy (TO). METHODS: Fifty-six patients with TO and 40 healthy subjects were included in this study. TO patients were divided into two groups according to clinical activity score (CAS). Group 1 included 24 active TO patients and Group 2 included 32 inactive TO patients. The thyroid status, white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil, and lymphocyte counts were performed...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
M T Temel, M E Coskun, S Akbayram, A T Demiryürek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of neutrophil to lymphocyte (N/L) ratio and platelet indices on patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants. BACKGROUND: PDA is a common problem with potentially serious associated morbidities in preterm neonates. METHODS: Premature infants with hemodynamically significant PDA (n = 47) and a control group without PDA (n = 50) who were hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit were retrospectively evaluated...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
M Zdimalova, R Roznovjak, P Weismann, H El Falougy, E Kubikova
INTRODUCTION: Image segmentation is a known problem in the field of image processing. A great number of methods based on different approaches to this issue was created. One of these approaches utilizes the findings of the graph theory. METHODS: Our work focuses on segmentation using shortest paths in a graph. Specifically, we deal with methods of "Intelligent Scissors," which use Dijkstra's algorithm to find the shortest paths. RESULTS: We created a new software in Microsoft Visual Studio 2013 integrated development environment Visual C++ in the language C++/CLI...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
I Gasparovic, P Artemiou, V Hudec, M Hulman
INTRODUCTION: Minimal invasive aortic valve replacement has become a routine procedure. In this study, we compared the outcomes between conventional and minimal invasive aortic valve replacement via the partial upper sternotomy that were performed in our Institution. METHODS: The 5 year survival and postoperative outcomes of 34 patients that underwent isolated MIAVR between the years 2010-2013 were compared with the outcomes of 34 randomly selected patients that underwent conventional AVR, after propensity match analysis...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
A Prochotsky, S Dolak, V Minarovjech, I Medzo, M Hutan, A Mifkovic
Giant inguinoscrotal hernia is defined as an inguinal hernia extending below the midpoint of inner thigh in standing position. The authors describe giant inguinoscrotal hernia and small umbilical hernia with 12 years history of this uncommon disease. After preoperative evaluation, US and CT examination he was operated on. It was very difficult to return the hernia sac contents back to the abdomen and additional infraumbilical incision was needed. Hernioplasty suo modo without mesh was done. Patient recovered uneventfully...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
S Pehlivan, M A Uysal, P C Aydin, M Pehlivan, A F Nursal, H Yavuzlar, S Kurnaz, U Sever, F K Yavuz, S Uysal, N Aydin
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate whether VNTR variants in the Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (eNOS) and the XRCC4 gene play any role in nicotine dependence (ND) and/or Schizophrenia+ND (Sch+ND) ethiopathogenesis. METHODS: Present study included 100 individuals with ND, 60 patients with Sch+ND, and 70 healthy controls. These variants were analyzed using PCR. RESULTS: The cases with ND had higher eNOS VNTR-BB genotype than the healthy control subjects (p = 0...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
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