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Journal of Sex Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261339/effects-of-a-mindfulness-task-on-women-s-sexual-response
#1
Julia Velten, Jürgen Margraf, Meredith L Chivers, Lori A Brotto
Mindfulness-based interventions are effective at improving symptoms of sexual dysfunction in women. The mechanisms by which mindfulness improves sexual function are less clear. The main objective of our study was to investigate the impact of a mindfulness task on sexual response in women. Forty-one women (mean age = 27.2, SD = 5.6) participated in two laboratory sessions that each included two erotic films and one attention task that were presented in counterbalanced order. Both attention tasks consisted of a six-minute audio recording of either a modified body scan, focusing on genital arousal sensations (mindfulness condition), or a visualization exercise...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261328/-i-want-to-feel-like-a-full-man-conceptualizing-gay-bisexual-and-heterosexual-men-s-sexual-difficulties
#2
Lorraine K McDonagh, Elly-Jean Nielsen, Daragh T McDermott, Nathan Davies, Todd G Morrison
Current understandings of sexual difficulties originate from a model that is based on the study of heterosexual men and women. Most research has focused on sexual difficulties experienced by heterosexual men incapable of engaging in vaginal penetration. To better understand men's perceptions and experiences of sexual difficulties, seven focus groups and 29 individual interviews were conducted with gay (n = 22), bisexual (n = 5), and heterosexual (n = 25) men. In addition, the extent to which difficulties reported by gay and bisexual men differ from heterosexual men was explored...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244541/race-and-trends-in-pornography-viewership-1973-2016-examining-the-moderating-roles-of-gender-and-religion
#3
Samuel L Perry, Cyrus Schleifer
While some research has uncovered racial differences in patterns of pornography viewership, no studies to date have considered how these patterns may be changing over time or how these trends may be moderated by other key predictors of pornography viewership-specifically, gender and religion. Using nationally representative data from the 1973-2016 General Social Survey (GSS; N = 20,620), and taking into account different ethnoreligious histories with pornography as a moral issue, we examined how race, gender, and religion intersect to influence trends in pornography viewership over 43 years...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244527/motivations-for-extradyadic-infidelity-revisited
#4
Dylan Selterman, Justin R Garcia, Irene Tsapelas
Relationship infidelities are motivated by many distinct factors, with previous research indicating motivations of dissatisfaction, neglect, anger, and sexual desire (Barta & Kiene, 2005). We expand on this by demonstrating additional, empirically distinct motivations for infidelity. Using an Internet-based questionnaire, participants (N = 495), most of whom were young adults, self-reported their infidelities. In addition to evidence for previously studied motivations, our data demonstrate additional factors, including lack of love ("I had 'fallen out of love with' my primary partner"), low commitment ("I was not very committed to my primary partner"), esteem ("I wanted to enhance my popularity"), gaining sexual variety ("I wanted a greater variety of sexual partners"), and situational factors ("I was drunk and not thinking clearly")...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220590/social-desirability-bias-in-pornography-related-self-reports-the-role-of-religion
#5
Kyler R Rasmussen, Joshua B Grubbs, Kenneth I Pargament, Julie J Exline
In a large online survey of undergraduates, we examined the degree to which social desirability concerns might bias pornography-related self-reports and whether these biases are stronger among highly religious participants than among less-religious ones. Recent state-level analyses have put forward a controversial suggestion that religious individuals tend to search for pornography more than their less-religious peers, despite self-reports to the contrary. Such results could be explained by a social-desirability bias against reporting the consumption of pornography, one that applies specifically to religious individuals...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220586/co-occurring-psychosocial-problems-and-multiple-sexual-partners-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shanghai-china-a-syndemic-approach
#6
Zezhou Wang, Xu Zhao, Zhan Zhang, Mengyun Luo, Qiuming Shen, Yuanyuan Dong, Ying Wang, Yong Cai
We aimed to apply syndemic theory to verify the association and reinforcing effects between psychosocial problems and multiple sexual partners (MSP) of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shanghai, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 547 MSM in Shanghai, China using a face-to-face survey. Sociodemographic and psychosocial data were collected, as well as information on MSP and condomless anal sex. In the 6 months prior to the survey, 54.3% of the MSM sample had had MSP. Univariate analysis showed that self-esteem, depression, loneliness, sexual compulsivity, and involuntary subordination (IS) were associated with MSP...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220585/-it-takes-a-man-to-put-me-on-the-bottom-gay-men-s-experiences-of-masculinity-and-anal-intercourse
#7
James P Ravenhill, Richard O de Visser
In anal intercourse between gay men, men who are typically insertive ("tops") are often perceived as, and may identify as, more masculine than those who are typically receptive ("bottoms"). "Versatile" men, who may adopt either position, may be perceived as more gender balanced and may transcend the gender-role stereotypes associated with self-labeling as top or bottom. The aim of this study was to explore how gay men's beliefs about masculinity were associated with their beliefs about the gendered nature of sexual self-labels and their behavior in anal intercourse...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220582/accounting-for-men-s-refusal-of-heterosex-a-story-completion-study-with-young-adults
#8
Melanie Ann Beres, Gareth Terry, Charlene Y Senn, Lily Kay Ross
In the present study we bring together theory regarding the construction of heterosexuality and masculinities to understand the shifting and changing terrain of heterosexual sex (heterosex). We use inductive qualitative content analysis of story completion data to discover the different ways that heterosex is constructed by the male and female respondents in scenarios where women initiate sex and men, at first, refuse. The stories represented a spectrum of responses that reify and subvert dominant understandings of heterosex...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220579/pupillary-responses-to-static-images-of-men-and-women-a-possible-measure-of-sexual-interest
#9
Robert J Snowden, Aimee McKinnon, Julie Fitoussi, Nicola S Gray
The pupil dilates to images that are arousing. In Experiment 1, we examined if the pupil's response to brief presentations (2,000 ms) of static images could be used to identify individuals' sexual orientation. Participants were grouped according to their self-reported gender and sexual orientation (male heterosexual, N = 20; male bisexual, N = 13; male homosexual, N = 19; female heterosexual, N = 28; female bisexual, N = 21; female homosexual, N = 17). Pupil size was monitored to images of men in seminude poses, women in seminude poses, or neutral images...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199857/passion-intimacy-and-commitment-in-casual-sexual-relationships-in-a-canadian-sample-of-emerging-adults
#10
Carl Rodrigue, Martin Blais, Francine Lavoie, Barry D Adam, Marie-France Goyer, Céline Magontier
Research on casual sexual relationships (CSRs) among emerging adults is prevalent, yet our empirical and theoretical knowledge of relationship processes involved in these relationships is limited. The present study's objective was to compare four CSR partner types (acquaintance, friend, non-dating partner, ex-romantic partner) on passion, intimacy, and commitment, the components of Sternberg's triangular theory of love. A total of 441 Canadians aged 18-25 years who were not in a romantic relationship, and who reported having had more than one sexual contact with their last CSR partner, completed an online survey...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190152/attribution-patterns-in-women-with-and-without-orgasmic-difficulties
#11
David L Rowland, Mia C Medina, Christopher R Dabbs
People with sexual problems are more likely to attribute negative sexual experiences to themselves, in contrast with sexually functional individuals who attribute negative sexual experiences to external factors such as the circumstance or situation. We investigated attribution patterns in women reporting difficult or absent orgasm-a group only minimally investigated in this regard-to determine whether they differed from women without orgasmic problems. Using an internet-based approach, we compared attribution responses of 376 women with orgasmic difficulty with 367 women without orgasmic difficulty to five sexual scenarios, two presenting positive sexual experiences and three presenting negative sexual experiences...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190148/sexual-inactivity-among-transfeminine-persons-a-canadian-respondent-driven-sampling-survey
#12
Ayden I Scheim, Greta R Bauer
Sexual health research with transfeminine persons (individuals assigned male at birth who identify as female or feminine) has focused on HIV infection and sexual function following medical treatments. Yet, approximately half of transfeminine persons in Ontario, Canada, reported no partnered sex in the previous year. Therefore, we identified sociodemographic, social, and psychosocial factors associated with past-year sexual inactivity among transfeminine Ontarians. A multi-mode respondent-driven sampling survey of transgender people was conducted in 2009-2010 (N = 433), including 173 transfeminine individuals who had ever been sexually active...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190144/heterogeneity-in-gender-sex-sexualities-an-exploration-of-gendered-physical-and-psychological-traits-in-attractions-to-women-and-men
#13
Zach C Schudson, Melissa H Manley, Lisa M Diamond, Sari M van Anders
Sexuality research has generally privileged attractions based on partners' sexed physical bodies over attractions based on other features, including gender expression and personality traits. Gender may actually be quite central to sexual attractions. However, its role has received little empirical attention. To explore how gendered and sexed features, among others, are related to sexual attractions, the current study assessed how sexually diverse individuals described their attractions to feminine, masculine, and gender-nonspecific features of women and men...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190141/childhood-maltreatment-bullying-victimization-and-psychological-distress-among-gay-and-bisexual-men
#14
Trevor A Hart, Syed W Noor, Julia R G Vernon, Ammaar Kidwai, Karen Roberts, Ted Myers, Liviana Calzavara
Sexual minority men report higher psychological distress than heterosexual men, including depression and anxiety. Research suggests that these health disparities may be due to the heightened stressors that gay, lesbian, and bisexual individuals experience. Some of these stressors occur early on in life, such as childhood abuse and bullying, and may include stressors that are topically related to sexual minority status, such as anti-gay bullying and teasing for gender nonconformity to masculine gender norms...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185817/does-religious-attendance-moderate-the-connection-between-pornography-consumption-and-attitudes-toward-women
#15
Kyler R Rasmussen, Taylor Kohut
Feminist theory and religious doctrines alike often suggest that pornography alters the attitudes of those who consume it, particularly with respect to how consumers view women. Many would assume that pornography would universally encourage sexism and female objectification, but recent evidence has linked pornography use with more gender egalitarian views. Using data from a large-scale, nationally representative survey, we argue that cognitive dissonance among pornography consumers could alter egalitarian attitudes...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161177/interactions-among-sexual-activity-menstrual-cycle-phase-and-immune-function-in-healthy-women
#16
Tierney K Lorenz, Julia R Heiman, Gregory E Demas
Past research has found menstrual-cycle-related changes in functional immune response; we examined if sexual activity also changed markers of immune defense. We followed 32 naturally cycling women (15 sexually active with a partner ≥ 1 time/week, 17 sexually abstinent for the last four months) over one menstrual cycle. Participants provided serum and saliva samples at menses and ovulation, and additional saliva samples at midfollicular and midluteal phases. At each phase, participants also self-reported symptoms associated with colds, flu, pain, menstrual discomfort, and premenstrual syndrome...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148860/the-role-of-distal-minority-stress-and-internalized-transnegativity-in-suicidal-ideation-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-among-transgender-adults
#17
Jennifer M Staples, Elizabeth C Neilson, Amanda E B Bryan, William H George
Transgender people are at elevated risk for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal ideation compared to the general population. Transgender (trans) refers to a diverse group of people who experience incongruence between their gender identity and sex assigned at birth. The present study is guided by the minority stress model and the psychological mediation framework, which postulate that sexual minority groups experience elevated stress as a result of anti-minority prejudice, contributing to negative mental health outcomes...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148841/promoting-transparent-reporting-of-conflicts-of-interests-and-statistical-analyses-at-the-journal-of-sex-research
#18
John K Sakaluk, Cynthia A Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148839/sexual-risk-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-men-who-go-to-gay-sex-parties-in-new-york-city-comparisons-between-three-hiv-groups
#19
Étienne Meunier, Karolynn Siegel
Men who have sex with men (MSM) who attend group-sex events often engage in risky sexual behaviors that contribute to the high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence among this population. We conducted an online survey with 211 New York City MSM who attended sex parties in the prior year and asked them to describe their behaviors and perceptions of risk. We compared responses from HIV-positive-undetectable men (n = 36), HIV-negative men on pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP; n = 62), and HIV-negative men never on PrEP (n = 113)...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148837/prostitution-stigma-and-its-effect-on-the-working-conditions-personal-lives-and-health-of-sex-workers
#20
Cecilia Benoit, S Mikael Jansson, Michaela Smith, Jackson Flagg
Researchers have shown that stigma is a fundamental determinant of behavior, well-being, and health for many marginalized groups, but sex workers are notably absent from their analyses. This article aims to fill the empirical research gap on sex workers by reviewing the mounting evidence of stigmatization attached to sex workers' occupation, often referred to as "prostitution" or "whore" stigma. We give special attention to its negative effect on the working conditions, personal lives, and health of sex workers...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
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