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Journal of Sex Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796537/heterosexual-women-s-anal-sex-attitudes-and-motivations-a-focus-group-study
#1
Kimberly R McBride
Focus group methods were used to explore heterosexual women's receptive anal sex attitudes and motivations. Behaviors under investigation included penile-anal intercourse (PAI), manual-anal stimulation, oral-anal contact, and the use of sex toys. A total of 33 self-identified heterosexual women ages 18 to 30 recruited from two metropolitan areas in the Midwestern United States participated in one of six focus groups. The findings suggest that women viewed heterosexual anal sex as an emerging norm. Attitudes and motivations were complex and varied by behavior...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796535/delay-discounting-and-probability-discounting-but-not-response-inhibition-are-associated-with-sexual-risk-taking-in-adults
#2
Steven R Lawyer, Colin T Mahoney
Sexual risk behavior (SRB) is associated with impulsivity, but it is not clear whether different aspects of impulsivity are uniquely related to SRBs in adults. Unmarried adults ages 18 to 30 (N = 296; 41.0% male) recruited from the community reported their frequency of SRBs over the past six months using the Sexual Risk Survey (SRS; Turchik & Garske, 2009) and completed three behavioral measures of impulsivity: insensitivity to delayed consequences (delay discounting [DD]), insensitivity to probabilistic consequences (probability discounting [PD]) and response inhibition (stop signal task [SST])...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753394/ladies-first-not-so-fast-linguistic-sexism-in-peer-reviewed-research
#3
Malachi Willis, Kristen N Jozkowski
The words we use reflect and influence our interpretation of the world. The role of gender within a language varies; biases based on social gender are referred to as linguistic sexism. Male firstness is the practice of persistently ordering masculine terms before feminine terms. Because academic writing is mandated to be free of bias, peer-reviewed research should not contain any form of linguistic sexism. To assess the presence of male firstness in academic writing, we examined 862 contemporary articles from 10 social science journals across three disciplines: sexuality, health, and psychology...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753393/-i-swear-i-will-never-betray-you-factors-reported-by-spouses-as-helping-them-resist-extramarital-sex-in-relation-to-gender-marriage-length-and-religiosity
#4
Ido Ziv, Or Ben-Haim Lubin, Sapir Asher
Studies suggest that married people frequently engage in intimate relationships with people other than their spouses, and the literature has extensively examined motives for doing so. However, less is known about what factors prevent spouses from engaging in extramarital sex. While investment theory, interdependence theory, and moral theories offer insights into this question, they have not been subject to much empirical research. We examine these theories in relation to several characteristics of individuals and couples: gender, length of the marriage, and religiosity...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753387/assessing-prejudice-toward-two-father-parenting-and-two-mother-parenting-the-beliefs-on-same-sex-parenting-scale
#5
Salvatore Ioverno, Nicola Carone, Vittorio Lingiardi, Nicola Nardelli, Paolo Pagone, Jessica Pistella, Marco Salvati, Alessandra Simonelli, Roberto Baiocco
This article describes two interrelated studies that investigated beliefs and stereotypes on two-father parenting and two-mother parenting through the development and validation of the Beliefs on Same-Sex Parenting (BOSSP) scale. The BOSSP captures two beliefs: (1) prejudices toward same-sex couples' inherent inability to parent and (2) concerns about same-sex parenting that are not necessarily related to homonegativity. In Study 1 (301 heterosexual participants), exploratory factor analysis (EFA) suggested an 11-item scale for attitudes toward both two-father families and two-mother families, with two factors: parenting skills, which evaluates beliefs on same-sex couples' ability to take care of their children; and parental adjustment, which assesses beliefs on the impact of challenges related to same-sex parenting on children's well-being...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753385/is-the-relationship-between-pornography-consumption-frequency-and-lower-sexual-satisfaction-curvilinear-results-from-england-and-germany
#6
Paul J Wright, Nicola J Steffen, Chyng Sun
Several studies using different methods have found that pornography consumption is associated with lower sexual satisfaction. The language used by media-effects scholars in discussions of this association implies an expectation that lowered satisfaction is primarily due to frequent-but not infrequent-consumption. Actual analyses, however, have assumed linearity. Linear analyses presuppose that for each increase in the frequency of pornography consumption there is a correspondingly equivalent decrease in sexual satisfaction...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715233/betrayals-in-emerging-adulthood-a-developmental-perspective-of-infidelity
#7
Jerika C Norona, Spencer B Olmstead, Deborah P Welsh
Infidelity is associated with considerable distress and discord in dating relationships. The current mixed methods study examined both the written narratives and survey responses of 104 (59.6% women) emerging adults to investigate reasons for engaging in infidelity (i.e., sexual and emotional infidelity). Emerging adults' reasons for engaging in infidelity were attributed primarily to their primary relationships and/or their romantic partners not fulfilling their needs for interdependence and thus feeling motivated to fulfill these needs elsewhere...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704071/social-monogamy-in-nonhuman-primates-phylogeny-phenotype-and-physiology
#8
Jeffrey A French, Jon Cavanaugh, Aaryn C Mustoe, Sarah B Carp, Stephanie L Womack
Monogamy as a social system has been both a scientific puzzle and a sociocultural issue for decades. In this review, we examine social monogamy from a comparative perspective with a focus on primates, our closest genetic relatives. We break down monogamy into component elements, including pair-bonding and partner preference, mate guarding or jealousy, social attachment, and biparental care. Our survey of primates shows that not all features are present in species classified as socially monogamous, in the same way that human monogamous relationships may not include all elements-a perspective we refer to as "monogamy à la carte...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682121/regulation-and-resistance-negotiation-of-premarital-sexuality-in-the-context-of-migrant-and-refugee-women
#9
Alexandra J Hawkey, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
Constructions of normative sexuality shape the sexual scripts that women are permitted to adopt and the manner in which such sexuality can be expressed. We explored experiences and constructions of premarital sexuality among migrant and refugee women recently resettled in Sydney, Australia, and Vancouver, Canada. A total of 78 semistructured individual interviews and 15 focus groups composed of 82 participants were undertaken with women who had migrated from Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Sri Lanka, and South America...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661703/the-insidious-effects-of-sexual-stereotypes-in-clinical-practice
#10
Antonio Prunas, Simona Sacchi, Marco Brambilla
The present study investigated the influence of sexual stereotyping on the diagnostic impressions and treatment expectations of gay and straight male patients. Italian male, straight, licensed psychotherapists (N = 152) were presented with clinical vignettes that described a gay (versus straight) male patient reporting either a straight-stereotypical disorder (i.e., rage dyscontrol) or a gay-stereotypical disorder (i.e., sexual compulsivity). Results revealed that treatment efficacy expectations were influenced by the patient's sexual orientation and the stereotypicality of the disorder...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632461/consuming-ecstasy-representations-of-male-and-female-orgasm-in-mainstream-pornography
#11
Léa J Séguin, Carl Rodrigue, Julie Lavigne
Social representations, which appear in a variety of media, can influence the way sexual experiences are perceived and understood. While pornography is not the only medium in which orgasm is portrayed, it is the most explicit, and it is widespread and easily accessible. As such, pornography is an ideal medium for examining representations of male and female orgasm. PornHub's 50 most viewed videos of all time were viewed and coded for the frequency of male and female orgasm, orgasm-inducing sex acts (and whether activity inducing female orgasms included some form of clitoral stimulation), and auditory (verbal, vocal) and visual (bodily) indicators of orgasm...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632412/not-practicing-what-you-preach-religion-and-incongruence-between-pornography-beliefs-and-usage
#12
Samuel L Perry
Religious Americans, and conservative Protestants in particular, have historically been the most ardent opponents of pornography's production, dissemination, and use. Yet while religiously committed and theologically conservative Americans are generally less likely to view pornography than others, the difference is often not as great or consistent as one might suppose given their strong moral stance. Drawing on insights from religious incongruence theory, this study considered whether religious commitment and theological conservatism predicted a greater incongruence between what Americans say they believe about pornography morally and whether they actually watch it...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632408/the-burden-of-sexual-problems-perceived-effects-on-men-s-and-women-s-sexual-partners
#13
David L Rowland, Tiffany N Kolba
Sexual dysfunction sometimes negatively affects the individual, his or her partner, and the relationship. We investigated the relationship between the distress experienced by men and women with orgasmic phase difficulties and the perceived distress of their partner(s). We also identified predictors of perceived partner distress, and related self and partner distress to severity of the problem and relationship quality. Data were drawn from 374 men with premature ejaculation (PE) and 377 women with anorgasmia who responded to a survey regarding their sexual functioning, including their distress about their condition and the perceived distress of their partners...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617103/effects-of-mindfulness-based-therapies-for-female-sexual-dysfunction-a-meta-analytic-review
#14
Kyle R Stephenson, Jonathan Kerth
Mindfulness-based therapy (MBT) represents a potentially efficacious treatment for female sexual dysfunction (FSD). A number of recent trials assessing MBT for FSD have been published, but we are aware of no existing meta-analysis synthesizing these results. We conducted a literature review to identify all published trials of MBT for FSD. References of retrieved studies were searched and key authors were contacted with requests for complete but unpublished trials. Eleven trials, including a total of 449 participants, were identified...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598682/mechanisms-linking-self-regulation-and-sexual-behaviors-in-never-married-young-adults
#15
Kristin L Moilanen, Mary Lynn Manuel
Little is known about specific mechanisms linking self-regulation to sexual risk taking. The present study considered four possibilities in emerging adulthood: sexual self-restraint, consideration of future consequences, substance use, and romantic competence. Never-married young adults (N = 274), ages 18 to 24, responded to anonymous Internet surveys (60.2% female, 78.8% European American, 66.3% university students). The effects of self-regulation were primarily indirect but varied by sexual behavior, suggesting that high self-regulation limits sexual risk via high sexual self-restraint and low substance use...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276940/ecological-invalidity-of-existing-gaydar-research-in-lab-accuracy-translates-to-real-world-inaccuracy-response-to-rule-johnson-freeman-2016
#16
William T L Cox, Patricia G Devine, Alyssa A Bischmann, Janet S Hyde
In recent years, several empirical studies have claimed to provide evidence in support of the popular folk notion that people possess "gaydar" that enables them to accurately identify who is gay or lesbian (Rule, Johnson, & Freeman, 2016). This conclusion is limited to artificial lab settings, however, and when translated to real-world settings this work itself provides evidence that people's judgments about who is gay/lesbian are not pragmatically accurate. We also briefly review evidence related to the consequences of perpetuating the idea of gaydar (i...
September 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276938/relationship-power-among-same-sex-male-couples-in-new-york-and-san-francisco-laying-the-groundwork-for-sexual-risk-reduction-interventions-focused-on-interpersonal-power
#17
Shari L Dworkin, Jennifer M Zakaras, Chadwick Campbell, Patrick Wilson, Kirk Grisham, Deepalika Chakravarty, Torsten B Neilands, Colleen Hoff
Research is clear that power differentials between women and men shape women's human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risks; however, little research has attempted to examine power differentials within same-sex male (SSM) couples and whether these influence sexual risk outcomes. To produce the first quantitative scale that measures power in SSM relationships, the current work was a Phase 1 qualitative study that sought to understand domains of relationship power and how power operated in the relationship among 48 Black, White, and interracial (Black-White) SSM couples recruited from San Francisco and New York...
September 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911091/who-adopts-queer-and-pansexual-sexual-identities
#18
James S Morandini, Alexander Blaszczynski, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
Some nonheterosexual individuals are eschewing lesbian/gay and bisexual identities for queer and pansexual identities. The present study aimed to examine the sexual and demographic characteristics of nonheterosexual individuals who adopt these labels. A convenience sample of 2,220 nonheterosexual (1,459 lesbian/gay, 413 bisexual, 168 queer, 146 pansexual, and 34 other "write-in") individuals were recruited for a cross-sectional online survey. In support of our hypotheses, those adopting pansexual identities were younger than those adopting lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities, and those adopting queer and pansexual identities were more likely to be noncisgender than cisgender, and more likely to be cisgender women than men...
September 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911086/affective-and-autonomic-responses-to-erotic-images-evidence-of-disgust-based-mechanisms-in-female-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder
#19
Natasha S DePesa, Jeffrey E Cassisi
Disgust has recently been implicated in the development and maintenance of female sexual dysfunction, yet most empirical studies have been conducted with a sexually healthy sample. The current study contributes to the literature by expanding the application of a disgust model of sexual functioning to a clinically relevant sample of women with low sexual desire/arousal and accompanying sexual distress. Young women (mean age = 19.12 years) with psychometrically defined sexual dysfunction (i.e., female sexual interest/arousal disorder [FSIAD] group) and a healthy control group were compared in their affective (i...
September 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897455/sexual-behavior-definitions-of-sex-and-the-role-of-self-partner-context-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults
#20
Kelsey K Sewell, Larissa A McGarrity, Donald S Strassberg
Prior research has examined how heterosexual individuals define sex; however, these studies have rarely focused on sexual minority individuals or included a full range of applicable sexual behaviors. Participants were recruited from a local Pride Festival across two years. Study 1 (N = 329) was primarily descriptive and examined which physically intimate behaviors lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) participants included in their definitions of sex and the behaviors in which they had previously engaged. Study 2 (N = 393) utilized a between-subjects design to assess differences in definitions of sex when judging one's own behavior compared with that of a partner outside of the relationship...
September 2017: Journal of Sex Research
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