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Journal of Sex Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059574/the-activation-of-incompetence-schemas-in-response-to-negative-sexual-events-in-heterosexual-and-lesbian-women-the-moderator-role-of-personality-traits-and-dysfunctional-sexual-beliefs
#1
Maria Manuela Peixoto, Pedro Nobre
Personality traits and dysfunctional sexual beliefs have been described as vulnerability factors for sexual dysfunction in women, and have also been proposed as dispositional variables for the activation of incompetence schemas in response to negative sexual events. However, no study has tested the role of personality traits and dysfunctional sexual beliefs in the activation of incompetence schemas. The current study aimed to assess the moderator role of neuroticism, extraversion, and dysfunctional sexual beliefs in the association between frequency of unsuccessful sexual episodes and activation of incompetence schemas in heterosexual and lesbian women...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059572/how-did-erectile-dysfunction-become-natural-a-review-of-the-critical-social-scientific-literature-on-medical-treatment-for-male-sexual-dysfunction
#2
Emily Wentzell
This article reviews the multidisciplinary social science literature assessing the social consequences of medical treatment for male sexual dysfunction. This literature applies medicalization theory and social constructionist approaches to gender to assert that Euro-American cultural ideals of masculinity and sexuality, as well as ageism and ableism, determine which sexual changes and experiences get defined as "dysfunction" and shape the marketing and use of medical treatments for those changes. These medical responses assuage the suffering of men who become unable to meet cultural ideals for sexuality but in the process make reductive norms for male sexuality seem biologically natural...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059568/21st-century-parent-child-sex-communication-in-the-united-states-a-process-review
#3
Dalmacio Flores, Julie Barroso
Parent-child sex communication results in the transmission of family expectations, societal values, and role modeling of sexual health risk-reduction strategies. Parent-child sex communication's potential to curb negative sexual health outcomes has sustained a multidisciplinary effort to better understand the process and its impact on the development of healthy sexual attitudes and behaviors among adolescents. This review advances what is known about the process of sex communication in the United States by reviewing studies published from 2003 to 2015...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059556/effects-of-genital-response-measurement-device-and-stimulus-characteristics-on-sexual-concordance-in-women
#4
Katrina N Bouchard, Meredith L Chivers, Caroline F Pukall
Investigations of sexual concordance suggest that, on average, women exhibit a low, positive correlation between their subjective sexual arousal and genital response. However, this relationship appears to be stronger, on average, when genital response is measured via the external tissues of the vulva than within the vagina walls. Given the methodological variations, such as stimulus content and duration, in studies of vulvar and vaginal concordance, direct comparisons between individual studies are limited...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026987/the-relationship-between-perceived-hookup-attitudes-and-negative-hookup-consequences-do-perceived-attitudes-of-close-friends-matter
#5
Kevin S Montes, Lyzette Blanco, Joseph W LaBrie
Research suggests that the perceived hookup attitudes of close referents are generally a poor predictor of hookup behavior and likely a poor direct predictor of negative hookup consequences. The current study aimed to examine three intervening variables as mediators of the relationship between the perceived hookup attitudes of college students' close friends and negative hookup consequences (e.g., regret, embarrassment). Self-report data were collected from 589 heavy-drinking college students from three midsized universities...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010123/consequences-of-casual-sex-relationships-and-experiences-on-adolescents-psychological-well-being-a-prospective-study
#6
Sophie Dubé, Francine Lavoie, Martin Blais, Martine Hébert
Casual sexual relationships and experiences (CSREs) are still considered to be detrimental to the psychological well-being of youth even though findings remain inconclusive. Most studies have focused on emerging adulthood. Using a prospective design based on a representative sample of high school students in the province of Québec, we measured sexually active adolescents' (N = 2,304) psychological well-being six months after engaging in these relationships while controlling for prior well-being. We analyzed two forms of CSREs, friends with benefits (FWB) and one-night stand (ONS) relationships, as well as levels of sexual intimacy...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010119/measuring-sexual-orientation-a-review-and-critique-of-u-s-data-collection-efforts-and-implications-for-health-policy
#7
Margaret Wolff, Brooke Wells, Christina Ventura-DiPersia, Audrey Renson, Christian Grov
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Healthy People 2020 goals sought to improve health outcomes among sexual minorities; HHS acknowledged that a dearth of sexual orientation items in federal and state health surveys obscured a broad understanding of sexual minority-related health disparities. The HHS 2011 data progression plan aimed to advance sexual orientation data collection efforts at the national level. Sexual orientation is a complex, multidimensional construct often composed of sexual identity, sexual attraction, and sexual behavior, thus posing challenges to its quantitative and practical measurement and analysis...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982710/a-latent-class-analysis-of-behavioral-and-psychosocial-dimensions-of-adolescent-sexuality-exploring-race-differences
#8
Maggie L Thorsen
Adolescent sexuality is a multidimensional concept involving sexual behavior as well as aspects of youth's sexual self-concept and sexual socialization. The current study used latent class analysis (LCA) to examine patterns of adolescent sexuality, with data from a nationally representative sample of youth (Add Health; n = 13,447), incorporating information on behavioral and psychosocial dimensions of adolescent sexual experiences. LCA results highlighted that youth may exhibit similar sexual behaviors but vary on psychosocial dimensions, including sexual self-efficacy, knowledge, and views about sex...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982708/kenyan-religious-leaders-views-on-same-sex-sexuality-and-gender-nonconformity-religious-freedom-versus-constitutional-rights
#9
David Kuria Mbote, Theo G M Sandfort, Esther Waweru, Andrew Zapfel
Religion plays an important role in framing the public discourse on sexuality, especially in countries where religion fully permeates social life. We explored the perspectives of Kenyan religious leaders on sexual and gender diversity in their country's specific context. A total of 212 Catholic, Islamic, and Protestant leaders from urban centers and rural townships completed a self-administered questionnaire specifically developed for this study. The leaders' perspectives were predominantly negative. Limited acceptance was conditional on sexual minorities not engaging in same-sex practices or seeing such practices as sinful...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982701/dutch-adolescents-motives-perceptions-and-reflections-toward-sex-related-internet-use-results-of-a-web-based-focus-group-study
#10
Suzan M Doornwaard, Fedde den Boer, Ine Vanwesenbeeck, Carol H C J van Nijnatten, Tom F M Ter Bogt, Regina J J M van den Eijnden
The Internet offers adolescents unique opportunities to actively shape their own sexual media environment. The aim of this study was to gain in-depth insight into Dutch adolescents' motives, perceptions, and reflections toward Internet use for (a) finding information or advice related to romance and sexuality; (b) searching for and viewing pornographic or erotic material; and (c) romantic and sexual communication (i.e., cybersex/sexting). Data were collected through 12 Web-based focus groups (36 adolescents aged 16 to 19 years, 72...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925771/heterosexual-homosexual-and-bisexual-men-s-pupillary-responses-to-persons-at-different-stages-of-sexual-development
#11
Janice Attard-Johnson, Markus Bindemann, Caoilte Ó Ciardha
This study investigated whether pupil size during the viewing of images of adults and children reflects the sexual orientation of heterosexual, homosexual, and bisexual men (n = 100, Mage = 22). More specifically, we explored whether this measure corresponds with sexual age preferences for adults over children in nonpedophilic men. In general, results across three experiments, in which observers freely viewed or rated the sexual appeal of person images, suggest that pupil dilation to sexual stimuli is an indicator of sexual orientation toward adults...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911092/sexual-well-being-in-older-women-the-relevance-of-sexual-excitation-and-sexual-inhibition
#12
Suzanne Bell, Elke D Reissing
The aim of this study was to use the dual control model of sexual response (DCM) to investigate variation in sexual well-being among women 50 years of age and older. Data from 185 women 50 years of age and older (M = 59.46, SD = 6.96) were used to examine the relationships between sexual excitation (SE) and sexual inhibition (SI) and their lower-order factors to indicators of sexual well-being (i.e., sexual functioning, satisfaction, distress, frequency of sexual activity, and breadth of sexual behavior)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911091/who-adopts-queer-and-pansexual-sexual-identities
#13
James S Morandini, Alexander Blaszczynski, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
Some nonheterosexual individuals are eschewing lesbian/gay and bisexual identities for queer and pansexual identities. The present study aimed to examine the sexual and demographic characteristics of nonheterosexual individuals who adopt these labels. A convenience sample of 2,220 nonheterosexual (1,459 lesbian/gay, 413 bisexual, 168 queer, 146 pansexual, and 34 other "write-in") individuals were recruited for a cross-sectional online survey. In support of our hypotheses, those adopting pansexual identities were younger than those adopting lesbian, gay, and bisexual identities, and those adopting queer and pansexual identities were more likely to be noncisgender than cisgender, and more likely to be cisgender women than men...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911086/affective-and-autonomic-responses-to-erotic-images-evidence-of-disgust-based-mechanisms-in-female-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder
#14
Natasha S DePesa, Jeffrey E Cassisi
Disgust has recently been implicated in the development and maintenance of female sexual dysfunction, yet most empirical studies have been conducted with a sexually healthy sample. The current study contributes to the literature by expanding the application of a disgust model of sexual functioning to a clinically relevant sample of women with low sexual desire/arousal and accompanying sexual distress. Young women (mean age = 19.12 years) with psychometrically defined sexual dysfunction (i.e., female sexual interest/arousal disorder [FSIAD] group) and a healthy control group were compared in their affective (i...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911084/caught-in-a-bad-romance-reconsidering-the-negative-association-between-sociosexuality-and-relationship-functioning
#15
David Rodrigues, Diniz Lopes, C Veronica Smith
Sociosexuality refers to individual differences in interest and willingness to engage in sexual activity without an emotional connection. Unrestricted sociosexuality is associated with a greater likelihood of infidelity and with poorer relationship quality. However, previous research has failed to examine relationship-specific characteristics that may moderate these findings. Two studies of romantically involved adults examined whether relationship commitment and different relationship agreement types moderate the associations between unrestricted sociosexuality and infidelity...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898248/assessing-participation-and-effectiveness-of-the-peer-led-approach-in-youth-sexual-health-education-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-in-more-developed-countries
#16
Wai Han Sun, Heidi Yin Hai Miu, Carlos King Ho Wong, Joseph D Tucker, William Chi Wai Wong
Sexual health education for young people is crucial not only for development of norms but also for protection against vulnerabilities during this stage in life. Although several systematic reviews have examined the effectiveness of peer-led sex education, none have focused on the extent of peer participation. The purpose of this review was to evaluate peer-led sexual health education interventions in more developed countries (MDCs). Electronic and manual searches across five social science, education, and medical databases were conducted...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897455/sexual-behavior-definitions-of-sex-and-the-role-of-self-partner-context-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adults
#17
Kelsey K Sewell, Larissa A McGarrity, Donald S Strassberg
Prior research has examined how heterosexual individuals define sex; however, these studies have rarely focused on sexual minority individuals or included a full range of applicable sexual behaviors. Participants were recruited from a local Pride Festival across two years. Study 1 (N = 329) was primarily descriptive and examined which physically intimate behaviors lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) participants included in their definitions of sex and the behaviors in which they had previously engaged. Study 2 (N = 393) utilized a between-subjects design to assess differences in definitions of sex when judging one's own behavior compared with that of a partner outside of the relationship...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897438/the-relationship-between-cognitive-ability-and-experiences-of-vaginal-oral-and-anal-sex-in-the-united-states
#18
Nicole Fran Kahn, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
Few studies have investigated the sexual development of populations with low cognitive abilities in the United States. This article examines the relationship between cognitive ability and various sexual experiences from adolescence (ages 12 to 18) to early adulthood (ages 28 to 34). Data were from 13,845 respondents interviewed at Waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), a probability sample of adolescents in the United States followed from adolescence to adulthood...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869564/willingness-to-engage-in-consensual-nonmonogamy-among-emerging-adults-a-structural-equation-analysis-of-sexual-identity-casual-sex-attitudes-and-gender
#19
Kayla M Sizemore, Spencer B Olmstead
Research on consensual nonmonogamy (CNM) has increased over the past decade. However, willingness to engage in CNM is an understudied phenomenon within this body of literature. Little research has examined the correlates of this aspect of CNM or focused on individuals in the developmental period of emerging adulthood. This study used multigroup structural equation modeling (SEM) to test a conceptual model of emerging adults' (ages 18 to 29; N = 890) willingness to engage in CNM. Results indicated that emerging adult experimentation/possibilities, sexual identity exploration, and permissive attitudes toward casual sex were all related to willingness to engage in CNM...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869562/wanting-to-be-seen-young-people-s-experiences-of-performative-making-out
#20
Kate M Esterline, Charlene L Muehlenhard
People engage in sexual behavior for many reasons, some of which require an audience (e.g., arousing onlookers, making someone jealous). In this study, we investigated the prevalence, motivations, and outcomes of young people's experiences with performative making out-making out with someone and wanting others to see. Of the 155 female and 194 male college students who completed the online questionnaire, 32% of the women and 37% of the men reported having done this, often before entering college. Significantly more women than men reported same-sex performative experiences...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
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