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Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162010/genetic-risk-factors-for-serious-infections-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#1
Saranya Sasidharan, Vijay Yajnik, Hamed Khalili, John Garber, Ramnik Xavier, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan
INTRODUCTION: Immunosuppression, the cornerstone of management of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) (inflammatory bowel diseases; IBD) is associated with an increased risk of serious infections that is inadequately predicted by clinical risk factors. The role of genetics in determining susceptibility to infections is unknown. METHODS: From a prospective-consented patient registry, we identified IBD patients with serious infections requiring hospitalization...
February 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155576/diagnosis-of-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-via-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
Umar Darr, Anas Renno, Turki Alkully, Zubair Khan, Abhinav Tiwari, Waleed Zeb, Jenna Purdy, Ali Nawras
INTRODUCTION: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare condition caused by mucinous adenocarcinoma cancerous cells that produce abundance of mucin or gelatinous ascites. This cancer can cause tissue fibrosis and can impair normal organ function. Diagnosis can involve multiple imaging modalities including CT scan. There have been few cases of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) being used as a means for diagnosis of this condition. Here we report a second case of PMP with a previous history of appendectomy diagnosed with EUS guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140695/ccr5-expression-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-its-correlation-with-inflammatory-cells-and-%C3%AE-arrestin2-expression
#3
Xiaoyan Ye, Sixue Liu, Mei Hu, Yangda Song, Huarong Huang, Yingqiang Zhong
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the correlation of expression of CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) with degrees of inflammatory cells infiltration and expression of β-arrestin2 in biopsic intestinal mucosa of the patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Paraffin sections were derived from 53 patients with active IBD, 26 patients with remissive IBD and 30 healthy people. Immunohistochemical envision two-step method was used to test the expression of CCR5 and β-arrestin2 in biopsic intestinal mucosa...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129697/rituximab-induced-crohn-s-disease
#4
Poornima Varma, Julianne Falconer, Ahmad Aga, H Miles Prince, Stephen Pianko
The use of rituximab has significantly improved outcomes in patients with haematological malignancies and autoimmune disease. There are reports of rituximab-associated ulcerative colitis; however, we report for the first time, two cases of rituximab-induced Crohn's disease in elderly patients treated for lymphoma. Both patients had evidence of inflammation, ulceration, and granulomas consistent with Crohn's disease, and responded well to immunosuppression. The association of rituximab and ileocolitis suggests a protective effect of CD20 + lymphocytes in the gut, and implicates their depletion to the development and exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease...
January 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128677/the-natural-history-of-pediatric-onset-ibd-unclassified-and-prediction-of-crohn-s-disease-reclassification-a-27-year-study
#5
Firas Rinawi, Amit Assa, Rami Eliakim, Yael Mozer-Glassberg, Vered Nachmias Friedler, Yaron Niv, Yoram Rosenbach, Ari Silbermintz, Noam Zevit, Raanan Shamir
OBJECTIVES: A definitive diagnosis of Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) in patients who were initially diagnosed as inflammatory bowel disease-unclassified (IBDU) remains challenging. Our aims were to describe the natural history of pediatric-onset IBDU patients during prolonged period of follow up and to identify associated predictors for CD reclassification among them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective single center study, out of 723 patients with pediatric onset IBD, we identified 53 patients (7...
January 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128675/clinicians-adherence-to-international-guidelines-in-the-clinical-care-of-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#6
Belinda D Jackson, Danny Con, Danny Liew, Peter De Cruz
BACKGROUND: Although evidence-based guidelines have been developed for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the extent to which they are followed is unclear. The objective of this study was to review clinicians' adherence to international IBD guidelines. METHODS: Retrospective data collection of patients attending a tertiary Australian hospital IBD clinic over a 12-month period. Management practices were audited and compared to ECCO (European Crohn's and Colitis Organization) guidelines...
January 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128667/exosomes-participate-in-the-carcinogenesis-and-the-malignant-behavior-of-gastric-cancer
#7
Yunmeng Yan, Guangzhen Fu, Yafei Ye, Liang Ming
OBJECTIVE: In order to summarize the role of exosomes in invasion and metastasis in gastric cancer (GC). MATERIAL: Exosomes are vesicles of endocytic origin ranging from 30 to 100 nm in size; they are composed of a lipid bilayer and contain DNA, mRNA, miRNA, circular RNA and multiple proteins. Recently, increasing evidence shows that exosomes play a crucial role in the tumorigenesis of GC. RESULTS: In this review, we focus on the latest findings on GC exosomes, mainly summarizing their role in invasion and metastasis in GC...
January 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116942/local-application-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-supports-the-healing-of-fistula-prospective-randomised-study-on-rat-model-of-fistulising-crohn-s-disease
#8
Ondrej Ryska, Zuzana Serclova, Ondrej Mestak, Eva Matouskova, Pavel Vesely, Iveta Mrazova
OBJECTIVE: Local application of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSC) represents a novel approach for the management of perianal fistula in patients with Crohn's disease. A randomised study on an animal model was performed to investigate the efficacy and to detect the distribution of implanted ADSCs by bioluminescence (BLI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A caecostomy was used as a fistula model in 32 Lewis rats. The ADSCs were isolated from transgenic donor expressing firefly luciferase...
January 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110575/sorafenib-inhibits-5-fluorouracil-resistant-gastric-cancer-cell-growth
#9
Hee Man Kim, Sun A Kim, Soo Been Park, Jae Hee Cho, Si Young Song
BACKGROUND: Sorafenib is a multi-kinase inhibitor used in the treatment of various cancers. This study investigated the inhibitory effect of sorafenib on xenograft models of gastric cancer cells and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-resistant cells. METHODS: The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of sorafenib in NCI-N87 cells was determined. Xenograft models were established using BALB/c nude mice and were divided into four groups treated with vehicle, sorafenib (20 mg kg(-1) day(-1)), 5-FU (50 mg kg(-1) week(-1)), or a combination of sorafenib (20 mg kg(-1) day(-1)) plus 5-FU (50 mg kg(-1) week(-1))...
January 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103720/crohn-s-disease-and-acquired-von-willebrand-syndrome-a-rare-dangerous-affair
#10
Federico Pasin, Sophie Testa, Pietro Capone, Federico Buffoli, Antonio Cuzzoli, Giovanni Paolo Coppeta, Roberto Grassia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102092/survival-of-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-constructed-after-colectomy-or-secondary-to-a-previous-ileorectal-anastomosis-in-ulcerative-colitis-patients-a-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Kalle Landerholm, Maie Abdalla, Pär Myrelid, Roland E Andersson
OBJECTIVES: Ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) affects bowel function, sexual function and reproduction less negatively than ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA), the standard reconstruction after colectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC). In younger UC patients, IRA may have a role postponing pelvic surgery and IPAA. The aim of the present study was to investigate the survival of IPAA secondary to IRA compared to IPAA as primary reconstruction, as this has not previously been studied in UC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with UC diagnosis between 1960 and 2010 in Sweden were identified from the National Patient Registry...
January 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079407/noninvasive-evaluation-of-gastric-emptying-and-gastric-wall-thickness-in-sle-patients
#12
Hao-Lin Shen, Shu-Ping Yang, Kang-Jian Wang, Bei-Lei Huang, Wen-Bao Huang, Jin-Zhi Wu, Guo-Rong Lyu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the gastric emptying in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with gastrointestinal involvement using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography. METHODS: The gastric emptying times at 25% (T1), 50% (T2), and 75% (T3) of SLE patients with gastrointestinal involvement (n = 40) and healthy controls (n = 80) were evaluated and compared. In addition, the correlations among the gastric wall thickness, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), and upper gastrointestinal symptoms were calculated...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078907/the-diagnostic-value-of-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-for-gastric-cancer-and-precancerous-lesions-among-asian-population-a-system-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Hai-Ping Zhang, Sheng Yang, Wen-Hua Chen, Teng-Teng Hu, Jun Lin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) in detection of gastric cancer (GC), gastric intraepithelial metaplasia (GIM), and gastric intraepithelial neoplasia (GIN) lesions. METHOD: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Wangfang databases were searched to include eligible articles about CLE in detection of gastric lesions. After study selection, quality assessment and data extraction conducted by two reviewers independently, meta-analysis was performed by Meta-Disc 1...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050922/abdominal-paracentesis-drainage-improves-tolerance-of-enteral-nutrition-in-acute-pancreatitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Liang Hongyin, Huang Zhu, Wang Tao, Lin Ning, Liu Weihui, Cui Jianfeng, Yan Hongtao, Tang Lijun
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine whether abdominal paracentesis drainage (APD) could improve the administration of enteral nutrition (EN) in acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Between January 2015 and April 2016, a total of 161 acute pancreatitis patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to either the APD group or the non-APD group. Several indexes associated with the administration of EN, including the gastroparesis cardinal symptom index (GCSI), the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events, and the clinical outcomes, were recorded...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050913/technological-review-on-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-available-equipment-recent-developments-and-emerging-techniques
#15
Georgios Mavrogenis, Juergen Hochberger, Pierre Deprez, Morteza Shafazand, Dimitri Coumaros, Katsumi Yamamoto
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is widely practiced in Japan and the Eastern World and is rapidly expanding in western countries for the management of early malignancies of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tube. In addition, novel therapeutic applications deriving from ESD have emerged including the treatment of achalasia, of submucosal tumors, of diverticula, of strictures and of reflux disease. An ESD procedure necessitates not only skills and specific training, but also familiarization with a vast spectrum of devices (endoscopes, high-frequency generators and their settings, endoknives, hoods, irrigation devices) and techniques (such as countertraction, artificial ulcer closure), that render the procedure faster, more efficient and safer...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040992/tweak-is-not-elevated-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Tore Grimstad, Inger Marie Skoie, Jessica Doerner, Kjetil Isaksen, Lars Karlsen, Lars Aabakken, Roald Omdal, Chaim Putterman
OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) may be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. The aim was to investigate if TWEAK may reflect disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cohort study, 139 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed and previously untreated inflammatory bowel disease - 95 with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 44 with Crohn's disease (CD) - underwent colonoscopy...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040990/the-challenging-diagnosis-of-autoimmune-atrophic-gastritis
#17
Marco Vincenzo Lenti, Emanuela Miceli, Donatella Padula, Antonio Di Sabatino, Gino Roberto Corazza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034323/adenosquamous-carcinoma-in-the-biliary-tract-association-of-the-proliferative-ability-of-the-squamous-component-with-its-proportion-and-tumor-progression
#18
Sojun Hoshimoto, Sayuri Hoshi, Shoichi Hishinuma, Moriaki Tomikawa, Hirofumi Shirakawa, Iwao Ozawa, Saho Wakamatsu, Nobuo Hoshi, Kaoru Hirabayashi, Yoshiro Ogata
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of the proliferative ability of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) component with its proportion and tumor progression in adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) in the biliary tract. METHODS: Nine patients with ASC in the biliary tract (four each in the gallbladder and the extrahepatic bile duct and one in the ampulla of Vater) who underwent surgical resection were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The proportion of the SCC component in the primary sites ranged from 30% to 95%...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024421/subjective-taste-to-polyethylene-glycol-is-associated-with-efficacy-of-right-colon-preparation
#19
Seon-Young Park, Dong-Ik Kim, Hyun-Soo Kim, Jin Ook Chung, Min-Woo Chung, Eun Myung, Han-Ra Koh, Chung-Hwan Jun, Chang-Hwan Park, Sung-Kyu Choi, Jong-Sun Rew
AIM: A prospective observational trial with preparations using polyethylene glycol (PEG) to compare patient compliance and adverse events according to individual subjective taste. METHODS: A total of 299 outpatients (mean ± standard deviation [SD] 56.5 ± 13.8 years, 172 males) were recruited for our study. We assessed the efficacy of bowel preparation, subjective taste to their regimens, compliance and adverse events during the preparation. RESULTS: We achieved adequate preparation in 267 (89...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007004/mallory-weiss-syndrome-is-not-associated-with-hiatal-hernia-a-matched-case-control-study
#20
Juan E Corral, Tara Keihanian, Paul T Kröner, Ryan Dauer, Frank J Lukens, Daniel A Sussman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Hiatal hernia is considered to be a predisposing factor to develop Mallory-Weiss Syndrome (MWS). No large case-control studies verifying this hypothesis have been conducted. METHODS: We reviewed all esophagogastroduodenoscopies with findings of MWS (n = 2342) in a national database and compared with age and gender-matched controls (n = 9368). Demographics, endoscopic characteristics and presence of a hiatal hernia were compared between both groups...
April 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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