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Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436254/the-correlation-between-histological-gastritis-staging-olga-olgim-and-serum-pepsinogen-test-in-assessment-of-gastric-atrophy-intestinal-metaplasia-in-china
#1
Xiaoteng Wang, Bin Lu, Lina Meng, Yihong Fan, Shuo Zhang, Meng Li
BACKGROUND: Serum pepsinogen (PG) test, as an indicator of gastric mucosal atrophy, reflects the functional and morphologic status of gastric mucosal and it is suggested to serve as a useful predictive marker for patients with gastric cancer (GC). The available classifications of gastritis, known as the Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment (OLGA) and Operative Link on Gastritis Intestinal Metaplasia (OLGIM), integrating the severity and topography of atrophy/intestinal metaplasia (IM), have been gradually accepted and used in screening for GC in recent years...
April 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434266/factors-associated-with-the-efficacy-of-miniprobe-endoscopic-ultrasonography-after-conventional-endoscopy-for-the-prediction-of-invasion-depth-of-early-gastric-cancer
#2
Su Jin Kim, Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Hyeong Seok Nam, Dong Hoon Shin
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the accuracy of conventional endoscopy (CE) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) to predict tumor invasion depth and to determine factors associated with higher accuracy of additional miniprobe EUS after CE. METHODS: Between May 2009 and February 2015, 273 lesions in 266 patients were subjected to miniprobe EUS after CE and curative treatment for well-to-moderately differentiated early gastric cancer (EGC). We reviewed preoperative CE and EUS findings and compared them to the pathologic findings...
April 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431493/pan-intestinal-capsule-endoscopy-in-patients-with-postoperative-crohn-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#3
Johannes Hausmann, Renate Schmelz, Jens Walldorf, Natalie Filmann, Stefan Zeuzem, Jörg G Albert
BACKGROUND: Patients are at increased risk of disease recurrence after surgical treatment of Crohn's disease. Endoscopic detection of postoperative, ileo-colonic inflammation is well established, but the potential of pan-intestinal endoscopy is yet unknown. METHODS: This prospective multicenter pilot study assessed the value of pan-intestinal capsule endoscopy using a colon capsule endoscope for the detection of inflammatory recurrence of Crohn´s disease. Patients who had been operatively treated for Crohn´s disease were included...
April 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423962/the-utility-of-fecal-calprotectin-in-predicting-the-need-for-escalation-of-therapy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#4
Lukasz Kwapisz, Jamie Gregor, Nilesh Chande, Brian Yan, Terry Ponich, Mahmoud Mosli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fecal calprotectin is an important biomarker used in the evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease. It has proven to be an effective tool in initial screening as well monitoring response to therapy. The aim of this study is to examine the utility of fecal calprotectin both as a predictor for the escalation of therapy in established inflammatory bowel disease and as a predictor of de novo diagnosis. METHODS: Patients with signs and symptoms concerning for inflammatory bowel disease presenting to outpatient clinics were recruited to provide fecal calprotectin stool samples prior to endoscopic evaluation...
April 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415898/-31-phosphorus-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-of-the-liver-for-evaluating-inflammation-and-fibrosis-in-autoimmune-hepatitis
#5
Lauri Puustinen, Antti Hakkarainen, Reetta Kivisaari, Sonja Boyd, Urpo Nieminen, Martti Färkkilä, Nina Lundbom, Perttu Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Liver biopsy is the gold standard in evaluating inflammation and fibrosis in autoimmune hepatitis. AIMS: In search of non-invasive follow-up tools in autoimmune hepatitis, we evaluated (31)phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((31)P MRS). METHODS: Twelve consecutive AIH patients (mean age 42.8 years, 10 women) underwent liver biopsy, routine laboratory liver function tests, which were compared to findings in (31)P MRS and transient elastography (TE)...
April 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394712/smoking-alcohol-and-family-history-of-cancer-as-risk-factors-for-small-intestinal-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Sven-Petter Haugvik, Ibrahim Basim Ibrahim, Per Hedenström, Roberto Valente, Alastair J Hayes, Darko Siuka, Ivar Prydz Gladhaug, Gabriele Capurso
OBJECTIVES: Risk factors for small intestinal neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) are not well understood. The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify risk factors for SI-NET and to further assess these by meta-analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed and abstracts from the ENETS and NANETS were searched for studies published until May 2015. Eligible studies were selected according to the PRISMA statement. RESULTS: Seven studies evaluating six individual populations were included (study accrual period 1980-2012) in the meta-analysis, involving 765 (range 17-325) cases and 502,282 (range 52-498,376) controls...
April 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388866/analysis-of-factors-influencing-survival-in-patients-with-severe-acute-pancreatitis
#7
Yeon Ji Kim, Dae Bum Kim, Woo Chul Chung, Ji Min Lee, Gun Jung Youn, Yun Duk Jung, Sooa Choi, Jung Hwan Oh
OBJECTIVE: Acute pancreatitis (AP) ranges from a mild and self-limiting disease to a fulminant illness with significant morbidity and mortality. Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is defined as persistent organ failure lasting for 48 h. We aimed to determine the factors that predict survival and mortality in patients with SAP. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients who were admitted with acute pancreatitis between January 2003 and January 2013. A total of 1213 cases involving 660 patients were evaluated, and 68 cases with SAP were selected for the study...
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388864/clinical-and-histologic-features-of-azathioprine-induced-hepatotoxicity
#8
Sith Siramolpiwat, Dussadee Sakonlaya
BACKGROUND: Hepatoxicity is a relative uncommon complication related with Azathioprine, however most studies were performed in inflammatory bowel diseases patients. The aim of this study is to report the clinical profile of patients with Azathioprine-induced hepatotoxicity. METHODS: All medical records of patients received Azathioprine from 2010 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Hepatotoxicity was defined as serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspatate aminotransferase (AST) or total bilirubin >2 times upper limit normal...
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388849/endoscopic-treatment-of-bile-duct-post-traumatic-and-post-operative-lesions-in-children
#9
Radan Keil, Jiri Drabek, Jindra Lochmannova, Jan Stovicek, Michal Rygl, Jiri Snajdauf, Stepan Hlava
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the significance and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in diagnosing and treating bile duct injuries in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fourteen pediatric patients, with traumatic or postoperative bile duct injury, in which ERCP was performed, were retrospectively evaluated. RESULTS: We performed 46 ERCP and 12 endoscopic papillotomies in children with suspected bile duct injuries...
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388848/factors-associated-with-pregnancy-related-knowledge-in-women-of-reproductive-age-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#10
Ko Eun Lee, Sung-Ae Jung, Hyuk Yoon, Sang Hyoung Park, Chang Mo Moon, Eun Soo Kim, Seong-Eun Kim, Suk-Kyun Yang
OBJECTIVE: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) usually develops at a young age, and many women experience marriage, pregnancy, and delivery during the disease course. We aimed to evaluate the pregnancy-related knowledge of women with IBD in Korea and investigate the associated factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 270 women with IBD, aged 19-45 years, from four tertiary hospitals in Korea were administered a questionnaire comprising 17 questions from the validated Crohn's and Colitis Pregnancy Knowledge Score (CCPKnow) that were translated into Korean...
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388847/antimitochondrial-antibodies-positive-autoimmune-hepatitis-with-acute-onset
#11
Paolo Muratori, Marco Lenzi, Marina Migliori, Luigi Muratori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162010/genetic-risk-factors-for-serious-infections-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#12
Saranya Sasidharan, Vijay Yajnik, Hamed Khalili, John Garber, Ramnik Xavier, Ashwin N Ananthakrishnan
INTRODUCTION: Immunosuppression, the cornerstone of management of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) (inflammatory bowel diseases; IBD) is associated with an increased risk of serious infections that is inadequately predicted by clinical risk factors. The role of genetics in determining susceptibility to infections is unknown. METHODS: From a prospective-consented patient registry, we identified IBD patients with serious infections requiring hospitalization...
February 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155576/diagnosis-of-pseudomyxoma-peritonei-via-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Umar Darr, Anas Renno, Turki Alkully, Zubair Khan, Abhinav Tiwari, Waleed Zeb, Jenna Purdy, Ali Nawras
INTRODUCTION: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a rare condition caused by mucinous adenocarcinoma cancerous cells that produce abundance of mucin or gelatinous ascites. This cancer can cause tissue fibrosis and can impair normal organ function. Diagnosis can involve multiple imaging modalities including CT scan. There have been few cases of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) being used as a means for diagnosis of this condition. Here we report a second case of PMP with a previous history of appendectomy diagnosed with EUS guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140695/ccr5-expression-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-its-correlation-with-inflammatory-cells-and-%C3%AE-arrestin2-expression
#14
Xiaoyan Ye, Sixue Liu, Mei Hu, Yangda Song, Huarong Huang, Yingqiang Zhong
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the correlation of expression of CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) with degrees of inflammatory cells infiltration and expression of β-arrestin2 in biopsic intestinal mucosa of the patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: Paraffin sections were derived from 53 patients with active IBD, 26 patients with remissive IBD and 30 healthy people. Immunohistochemical envision two-step method was used to test the expression of CCR5 and β-arrestin2 in biopsic intestinal mucosa...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128677/the-natural-history-of-pediatric-onset-ibd-unclassified-and-prediction-of-crohn-s-disease-reclassification-a-27-year-study
#15
Firas Rinawi, Amit Assa, Rami Eliakim, Yael Mozer-Glassberg, Vered Nachmias Friedler, Yaron Niv, Yoram Rosenbach, Ari Silbermintz, Noam Zevit, Raanan Shamir
OBJECTIVES: A definitive diagnosis of Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) in patients who were initially diagnosed as inflammatory bowel disease-unclassified (IBDU) remains challenging. Our aims were to describe the natural history of pediatric-onset IBDU patients during prolonged period of follow up and to identify associated predictors for CD reclassification among them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective single center study, out of 723 patients with pediatric onset IBD, we identified 53 patients (7...
January 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128675/clinicians-adherence-to-international-guidelines-in-the-clinical-care-of-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
Belinda D Jackson, Danny Con, Danny Liew, Peter De Cruz
BACKGROUND: Although evidence-based guidelines have been developed for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), the extent to which they are followed is unclear. The objective of this study was to review clinicians' adherence to international IBD guidelines. METHODS: Retrospective data collection of patients attending a tertiary Australian hospital IBD clinic over a 12-month period. Management practices were audited and compared to ECCO (European Crohn's and Colitis Organization) guidelines...
January 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128667/exosomes-participate-in-the-carcinogenesis-and-the-malignant-behavior-of-gastric-cancer
#17
Yunmeng Yan, Guangzhen Fu, Yafei Ye, Liang Ming
OBJECTIVE: In order to summarize the role of exosomes in invasion and metastasis in gastric cancer (GC). MATERIAL: Exosomes are vesicles of endocytic origin ranging from 30 to 100 nm in size; they are composed of a lipid bilayer and contain DNA, mRNA, miRNA, circular RNA and multiple proteins. Recently, increasing evidence shows that exosomes play a crucial role in the tumorigenesis of GC. RESULTS: In this review, we focus on the latest findings on GC exosomes, mainly summarizing their role in invasion and metastasis in GC...
January 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362210/solar-radiation-is-inversely-associated-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-admissions
#18
Francisca Jaime, Maria C Riutort, Manuel Alvarez-Lobos, Rodrigo Hoyos-Bachiloglu, Carlos A Camargo, Arturo Borzutzky
OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between latitude and solar radiation with inflammatory bowel disease admission rates in Chile, the country with the largest variation in solar radiation in the world. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an ecological study, which included data on all hospital-admitted population for inflammatory bowel disease between 2001 and 2012, according to different latitudes and solar radiation exposures in Chile. The data were acquired from the national hospital discharge database from the Department of Health Statistics and Information of the Chilean Ministry of Health...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362144/long-term-effectiveness-of-vedolizumab-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-national-study-based-on-the-swedish-national-quality-registry-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-swibreg
#19
Carl Eriksson, Jan Marsal, Daniel Bergemalm, Lina Vigren, Jan Björk, Michael Eberhardson, Pontus Karling, Charlotte Söderman, Pär Myrelid, Yang Cao, Daniel Sjöberg, Mari Thörn, Per Karlén, Erik Hertervig, Hans Strid, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Sven Almer, Jonas Halfvarson
OBJECTIVES: Clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy of vedolizumab in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, these findings may not reflect the clinical practice. Therefore, we aimed to describe a vedolizumab-treated patient population and assess long-term effectiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients initiating vedolizumab between 1 June 2014 and 30 May 2015 were identified through the Swedish National Quality Registry for IBD. Prospectively collected data on treatment and disease activity were extracted...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362138/intestinal-parasitic-infections-in-different-groups-of-immunocompromised-patients-in-kashan-and-qom-cities-central-iran
#20
Sima Rasti, Malihe Hassanzadeh, Hossein Hooshyar, Mansooreh Momen-Heravi, Seyed Gholam Abbas Mousavi, Amir Abdoli
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) are important causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with immunocompromising conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of IPIs in different groups of immunocompromised patients, including hemodialysis patients (HD), renal transplant recipients (RTR), cancer and HIV/AIDS patients in comparison with healthy individuals in two central cities of Iran (Kashan and Qom). METHODS: In this case-control study, the stool samples of 135 HD, 50 RTR, 60 cancer patients, 20 HIV/AIDS patients and 120 healthy subjects were tested using direct-smear, formol-ether concentration, Ziehl-Neelsen staining and Agar plate method...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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