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Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541764/correction-to-takeshi-et-al-multicystic-biliary-hamartoma-with-extremely-elevated-ca19-9-a-case-report
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532190/continuing-use-of-antithrombotic-medications-for-patients-with-bleeding-gastroduodenal-ulcer-requiring-endoscopic-hemostasis-a-case-control-study
#2
Keisuke Kawasaki, Shotaro Nakamura, Koichi Kurahara, Tomohiro Nagasue, Shunichi Yanai, Akira Harada, Hiroki Yaita, Tadahiko Fuchigami, Takayuki Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare clinical characteristics and outcomes of bleeding gastroduodenal ulcer between patients taking antithrombotic medications and those not taking antithrombotic medications. METHODS: We performed a case-control study of 346 patients with endoscopically verified bleeding gastroduodenal ulcer, which included 173 cases taking antithrombotic medications throughout peri-bleeding period and 173 age- and sex-matched controls not taking antithrombotic medications...
May 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532189/non-selective-beta-blocker-treatment-does-not-impact-on-kidney-function-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-varices
#3
Bernhard Scheiner, Diego Parada-Rodriguez, Theresa Bucsics, Philipp Schwabl, Mattias Mandorfer, Nikolaus Pfisterer, Florian Riedl, Wolfgang Sieghart, Arnulf Ferlitsch, Michael Trauner, Markus Peck-Radosavljevic, Thomas Reiberger
GOALS AND BACKGROUND: Non-selective beta-blockers (NSBBs) are used for bleeding prophylaxis in cirrhotic patients with gastroesophageal varices (GEVs). Recent data suggested that NSBB treatment might increase the risk of renal dysfunction in patients with refractory ascites due to an impaired response to acute haemodynamic stress. STUDY: Retrospective longitudinal assessment of kidney function in a cohort of cirrhotic patients with GEVs with vs. without NSBB therapy...
May 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509590/health-care-costs-associated-with-australian-tertiary-inflammatory-bowel-disease-care
#4
Belinda Jackson, Danny Con, Ronald Ma, Alexandra Gorelik, Danny Liew, Peter De Cruz
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to describe the total costs of illness for IBD patients and compare the costs of patients with active disease to those with inactive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Resource use for IBD management was itemized for attributable costs (AUD) among all IBD patients over a 12-month period at an Australian hospital. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-three patients were included (87 ulcerative colitis (UC); 93 Crohn's disease (CD); three IBD-unclassified)...
May 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506132/lanreotide-in-the-management-of-small-bowel-angioectasias-seven-year-data-from-a-tertiary-centre
#5
S Chetcuti Zammit, D S Sanders, R Sidhu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Haemorrhage from small bowel angioectasias (SBAs) can be debilitating to patients who are very often elderly and have multiple comorbidities. Our aim was to assess the use of lanreotide in addition to endotherapy in patients with SBAs. METHOD: Patients with SBAs on capsule endoscopy (CE) who received lanreotide injections from January 2010 to till the present day at the Royal Hallamshire Hospital in Sheffield were included. Baseline demographics were recorded...
May 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503977/emerging-treatments-for-ulcerative-colitis-a-systematic-review
#6
Damianos G Kokkinidis, Eftychia E Bosdelekidou, Sotiria Maria Iliopoulou, Alexandros G Tassos, Pavlos T Texakalidis, Konstantinos P Economopoulos, Antonis A Kousoulis
OBJECTIVES: Various investigational medicinal products have been developed for ulcerative colitis (UC). Our aim was to systematically evaluate novel pharmacological therapeutic agents for the treatment of UC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations were followed. A search of the medical literature was conducted in the MEDLINE database for original research papers published between 01 January 2010 and 31 October 2014...
May 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503973/metformin-use-in-diabetics-with-diverticular-disease-is-associated-with-reduced-incidence-of-diverticulitis
#7
Julia Freckelton, Jacqueline Amanda Evans, Daniel Croagh, Gregory Thomas Moore
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is no current, evidence-based therapy to prevent acute diverticulitis in patients with diverticular disease. Metformin has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects in a number of disease states, in both animal models and in human observational studies. The potential therapeutic efficacy of metformin in diverticular disease has not been investigated. This study aims to describe the relationship between metformin use and diverticular disease in patients with diabetes mellitus...
May 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503971/mental-vulnerability-helicobacter-pylori-and-incidence-of-hospital-diagnosed-peptic-ulcer-over-28-years-in-a-population-based-cohort
#8
Susan Levenstein, Rikke Kart Jacobsen, Steffen Rosenstock, Torben Jørgensen
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether mental vulnerability, an enduring personality characteristic, predicts incident hospital-diagnosed ulcer over three decades. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A population-based cohort study enrolled 3365 subjects with no ulcer history, ages 30-60, in 1982-3. Mental vulnerability, Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies, socioeconomic status, and sleep duration were determined at baseline; non-steroidal antiinflammatory drug use, smoking, leisure time physical activity, and alcohol consumption both at baseline and in 1993-4...
May 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502189/long-term-outcomes-of-infliximab-treatment-and-predictors-of-response-in-195-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-a-hospital-based-cohort-study-from-korea
#9
Hyungil Seo, Kiju Chang, Sun-Ho Lee, Eun-Mi Song, Gwang-Un Kim, Myeongsook Seo, Ho-Su Lee, Sung-Wook Hwang, Dong-Hoon Yang, Kyung-Jo Kim, Byong Duk Ye, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Seung-Jae Myung, Suk-Kyun Yang, Sang Hyoung Park
BACKGROUND: Large-scale studies regarding the long-term efficacy of infliximab (IFX) treatment in non-Caucasian patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are lacking. STUDY: We analyzed the long-term outcomes of IFX in 195 Korean UC patients who received scheduled IFX treatments at Asan Medical Center. IFX failure was defined as IFX discontinuation due to colectomy or non-response to IFX, and additionally UC-related hospitalization or a need for rescue corticosteroids during the course of IFX...
May 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485658/multicystic-biliary-hamartoma-with-extremely-elevated-ca19-9-a-case-report
#10
Takeshi Morinaga, Katsunori Imai, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Takanobu Yamao, Takayoshi Kaida, Shigeki Nakagawa, Daisuke Hashimoto, Akira Chikamoto, Shinji Sumiyoshi, Yoshiki Mikami, Hideo Baba
Multicystic biliary hamartoma (MCBH) is a rare cystic disease of the liver. We herein report a case of MCBH associated with extremely elevated levels of serum carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9. A 53-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of extremely elevated CA19-9 levels (more than 12,000 U/mL). Enhanced abdominal computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a multicystic tumor with a calcified wall in the left lobe of the liver, although no apparent intracystic nodule was detected...
May 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485641/characterization-of-ascites-in-cardiac-cirrhosis-the-value-of-ascitic-fluid-protein-to-screen-for-concurrent-cardiac-cirrhosis
#11
Yuchen Wang, Bashar M Attar, Seema Gandhi, Palashkumar Jaiswal, Sara Bedsore, Neethi Paranji, Sachit Sharma
Abstracts Objectives: Cardiogenic ascites has been well described regarding its pathophysiology and fluid characteristics in prior literatures. However, ascites in patients with cardiac cirrhosis has not been characterized as a separate entity despite its unique pathophysiology and clinical aspects. This study aims to describe the fluid profile of ascites of cardiac cirrhosis and explore the utility of ascitic fluid protein (AFP) to predict concurrent cardiac cirrhosis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively selected and reviewed samples from the patients with cardiogenic ascites with and without concurrent cardiac cirrhosis...
May 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485638/endoscopic-findings-of-the-gastric-mucosa-during-long-term-use-of-proton-pump-inhibitor-a-multicenter-study
#12
Mariko Kiso, Masanori Ito, Tomoyuki Boda, Takahiro Kotachi, Kazuhiko Masuda, Kosaku Hata, Atsunori Sasaki, Toru Kawamura, Masaharu Yoshihara, Shinji Tanaka, Kazuaki Chayama
BACKGROUND AND AIM: It is clinically important to diagnose drug-induced gastric lesions correctly. Recently, the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPI) has increased worldwide. The histological features induced by PPI have been reported; however, few reports have described endoscopic findings induced by PPI. Therefore, we aimed to clarify the characteristic endoscopic features in PPI users and associated pathogenic factors. METHODS: We prospectively registered 1007 consecutive participants (70 PPI users and 937 nonusers) who underwent endoscopic examination for cancer screening in three hospitals/clinics...
May 9, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471312/the-scandinavian-baltic-pancreatic-club-sbpc-database-design-rationale-and-characterisation-of-the-study-cohort
#13
Søren S Olesen, Jakob L Poulsen, Asbjørn M Drewes, Jens B Frøkjær, Johanna Laukkarinen, Mikael Parhiala, Iben Rix, Srdan Novovic, Björn Lindkvist, Louise Bexander, Georg Dimcevski, Trond Engjom, Friedemann Erchinger, Ingfrid S Haldorsen, Aldis Pukitis, Imanta Ozola-Zālīte, Stephan Haas, Miroslav Vujasinovic, J Matthias Löhr, Antanas Gulbinas, Nanna M Jensen, Maiken T Jørgensen, Camilla Nøjgaard
OBJECTIVES: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a multifaceted disease associated with several risk factors and a complex clinical presentation. We established the Scandinavian Baltic Pancreatic Club (SBPC) Database to characterise and study the natural history of CP in a Northern European cohort. Here, we describe the design of the database and characteristics of the study cohort. METHODS: Nine centres from six different countries in the Scandinavian-Baltic region joined the database...
May 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471304/upper-esophageal-sphincter-abnormalities-and-high-resolution-esophageal-manometry-findings-in-patients-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#14
Tanmayee Benjamin, Shamiq Zackria, Rocio Lopez, Joel Richter, Prashanthi N Thota
BACKGROUND: The association between laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and abnormalities of upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and esophageal motility is not clearly known. High-resolution esophageal manometry (HREM) has allowed accurate measurement and evaluation of UES and esophageal function. GOALS: To evaluate the UES function and esophageal motility using HREM in patients with LPR and compare them to patients with typical gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). STUDY: All patients evaluated for GERD or LPR symptoms with esophageal function testing including HREM, ambulatory distal pH monitoring and upper endoscopy between 2006 and 2014 were retrospectively studied (n = 220)...
May 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446050/smoking-is-associated-with-severity-of-liver-fibrosis-but-not-with-histological-severity-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Isabelle D Munsterman, Mark M Smits, Rene Andriessen, Carin M J van Nieuwkerk, Elisabeth Bloemena, Chris J J Mulder, Eric T T L Tjwa, Erwin J M van Geenen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of smoking on histological disease severity and fibrosis in real-world NAFLD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Consecutive NAFLD patients were identified with liver biopsies performed between 2008 and 2015. Characteristics such as smoking status and total number of pack years were collected. Biopsies were revised and BRUNT fibrosis and NAFLD activity score (NAS) determined. Patients with a high NAS (≥5) were compared to patients with a low NAS (<5) and with advanced fibrosis (stage 3-4) to patients with no-early fibrosis (stage 0-2)...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446048/hepatitis-due-to-epstein-barr-virus-and-cytomegalovirus-clinical-features-and-outcomes
#16
Hilmar Leonardsson, Jóhann Páll Hreinsson, Arthur Löve, Einar S Björnsson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) hepatitis among those with acute CMV and EBV infection in a population based setting and to compare these two types of hepatitis and analyze the outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective search was undertaken on all patients with IgM antibodies to CMV and EBV during the period of 2006-2015 in the virological database of the University Hospital of Iceland covering the metropolitan area of Reykjavík (population 202,255)...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446039/intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-epidemiology-risk-factors-diagnosis-and-management
#17
Linus Aronsson, Roland Andersson, Daniel Ansari
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) is one of the most common cystic neoplasms of the pancreas. It is a heterogeneous disease and can be divided into ductal types and morphological subtypes. The incidence of IPMN is increasing, likely due to the widespread use of cross-sectional imaging and a growing elderly population. IPMN poses an increasing demand on the health care system. Current guidelines provide indications for surgery and recommendations for surveillance, but management of IPMN is still challenging in routine clinical practice...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436254/the-correlation-between-histological-gastritis-staging-olga-olgim-and-serum-pepsinogen-test-in-assessment-of-gastric-atrophy-intestinal-metaplasia-in-china
#18
Xiaoteng Wang, Bin Lu, Lina Meng, Yihong Fan, Shuo Zhang, Meng Li
BACKGROUND: Serum pepsinogen (PG) test, as an indicator of gastric mucosal atrophy, reflects the functional and morphologic status of gastric mucosal and it is suggested to serve as a useful predictive marker for patients with gastric cancer (GC). The available classifications of gastritis, known as the Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment (OLGA) and Operative Link on Gastritis Intestinal Metaplasia (OLGIM), integrating the severity and topography of atrophy/intestinal metaplasia (IM), have been gradually accepted and used in screening for GC in recent years...
April 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434266/factors-associated-with-the-efficacy-of-miniprobe-endoscopic-ultrasonography-after-conventional-endoscopy-for-the-prediction-of-invasion-depth-of-early-gastric-cancer
#19
Su Jin Kim, Cheol Woong Choi, Dae Hwan Kang, Hyung Wook Kim, Su Bum Park, Hyeong Seok Nam, Dong Hoon Shin
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the accuracy of conventional endoscopy (CE) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) to predict tumor invasion depth and to determine factors associated with higher accuracy of additional miniprobe EUS after CE. METHODS: Between May 2009 and February 2015, 273 lesions in 266 patients were subjected to miniprobe EUS after CE and curative treatment for well-to-moderately differentiated early gastric cancer (EGC). We reviewed preoperative CE and EUS findings and compared them to the pathologic findings...
April 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431493/pan-intestinal-capsule-endoscopy-in-patients-with-postoperative-crohn-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#20
Johannes Hausmann, Renate Schmelz, Jens Walldorf, Natalie Filmann, Stefan Zeuzem, Jörg G Albert
BACKGROUND: Patients are at increased risk of disease recurrence after surgical treatment of Crohn's disease. Endoscopic detection of postoperative, ileo-colonic inflammation is well established, but the potential of pan-intestinal endoscopy is yet unknown. METHODS: This prospective multicenter pilot study assessed the value of pan-intestinal capsule endoscopy using a colon capsule endoscope for the detection of inflammatory recurrence of Crohn´s disease. Patients who had been operatively treated for Crohn´s disease were included...
April 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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