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Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

H K Singh, G D Withers, L C Ee
OBJECTIVES: Quality indicators for colonoscopy in adults are largely driven by colorectal cancer screening, and include cecal intubation rates, with rates of >90% recommended. In contrast, colorectal cancer is rare in childhood, with paucity of data on relevant quality indicators for pediatric colonoscopy. It is also unclear whether high rates of cecal intubation are achievable in small children. Our aim was to audit all colonoscopies performed in a tertiary pediatric center to examine clinical indications for procedure, completeness of examination with cecal and ileal intubation, significant findings, and complications...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Ruben Lorentsen, Lars Kristian Munck, Signe Wildt
OBJECTIVE: To describe a cohort of patients with intestinal failure (IF) and tunnelled catheters in a regional IF unit, treatment and catheter-related complication rates, and to compare the quality of care with previously published results from specialised IF centres in Denmark. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of an adult IF patient cohort receiving parenteral therapy through tunnelled catheters in a regional IF unit from 2005 to 2014. Demographics, indication, type and frequency of parenteral therapy, dwell time, cause of removal and complications were recorded...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Hannes Hagström, Per Stål, Rolf Hultcrantz, Kerstin Brismar, Ishrath Ansurudeen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease globally. Advanced fibrosis (stage 3-4) is the most robust marker for future mortality, but diagnosis requires liver biopsy. Current non-invasive scoring systems aimed to identify advanced fibrosis are imperfect. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and its binding protein IGFBP-1 are liver derived proteins, that are involved in various liver disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the possible association between advanced fibrosis and IGF-I and IGFBP-1 in NAFLD...
September 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Jun-Hyung Cho, Seong Ran Jeon, Hyun Gun Kim, So-Young Jin, Suyeon Park
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the optimal biopsy site for Helicobacter pylori detection by comparing the results of rapid urease test (RUT) between the gastric corpus and the antrum. METHODS: A biopsy specimen from each subject was obtained from the corpus and from the antrum. For each subject, the two specimens were separately immersed in two different RUT kits. Positive reaction times were measured at 20 minutes and 1, 3, and 24 hours. If either of the two RUT kits showed a positive reaction, H...
September 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Minoru Fujita, Noriaki Manabe, Takahisa Murao, Motoyasu Osawa, Shinsuke Hirai, Shinya Fukushima, Yo Shogen, Rui Nakato, Manabu Ishii, Hiroshi Matsumoto, Jiro Hata, Akiko Shiotani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients suspected of having upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) admitted during the weekend tend to have a poor outcome in western countries. However, no Japanese studies have been reported on this matter. We aimed to evaluate differences in the clinical course of patients with UGIB between weekday and weekend admissions in Japan. METHODS: Medical records of patients who had undergone emergency endoscopy for UGIB were retrospectively reviewed...
September 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Carlos Cerdán Santacruz, Rocío Santos Rancaño, Marta Vigara García, Cristina Fernández Pérez, Mario Ortega López, Javier Cerdán Miguel
OBJECTIVES: Anal incontinence is a devastating affliction with several considerations that make it difficult to define in terms of epidemiology with good precision. The aim of the present work is to study the prevalence of an important disorder such as anal incontinence in a healthy working population within a sanitary environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cluster of easy understanding and filling inquiry forms are distributed to 910 apparently healthy individuals at our hospital...
September 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Louise Emilsson, Magnus Løberg, Michael Bretthauer, Øyvind Holme, Katja Fall, Henriette C Jodal, Hans-Olov Adami, Mette Kalager
OBJECTIVES: Improved understanding of the subsequent risk death from colorectal cancer (CRC) among individuals who had adenomas removed is needed. We aimed to quantify this risk using prospectively collected data from population-based cohorts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using Norwegian and Swedish registries, a cohort of 90,864 individuals with colorectal adenomas removed between 1980 and 2013 was identified. Surveillance was only recommended for high-risk adenomas...
September 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Avinash Gupta, Nishant Ranjan Chauhan, Daipayan Chowdhury, Ajeet Singh, Ramesh Chand Meena, Amitabha Chakrabarti, Shashi Bala Singh
Increased environmental temperature exerts a visible impact on an individual's physiology. At the onset of heat stress, there is an increase in core body temperature which triggers peripheral vasodilation and sweating in an effort to dissipate the elevated body heat. The increase in peripheral circulation however reduces blood flow to the internal organs which are thus adversely affected. In particular, the gastrointestinal (GI) tract gets adversely affected during hyperthermia resulting in loosening of the tight junctions (TJs) that finally leads to higher intestinal permeability...
September 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Young Sik Woo, Kwang Hyuck Lee, Dong Hyo Noh, Joo Kyung Park, Kyu Taek Lee, Jong Kyun Lee, Kee-Taek Jang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: No comparative study of 22-gauge biopsy needles (PC22) and 25-gauge biopsy needles (PC25) has been conducted. We prospectively compared the diagnostic accuracy of PC22 and PC25 in patients with pancreatic and peripancreatic solid masses. METHODS: We conducted a randomized noninferiority clinical study from January 2013 to May 2014 at Samsung Medical Center. A cytological and histological specimen of each pass was analyzed separately by an experienced pathologist...
September 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Astrid-Jane Greenup, Greg Rosenfeld, Brian Bressler
OBJECTIVES: Real world data regarding clinical response to ustekinumab in Crohn's disease is lacking. We report our experience of ustekinumab use using a novel subcutaneous (SC) induction strategy and aim to identify predictors of response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational study of compassionate ustekinumab use in Crohn's disease was conducted with the use of a standard or high dose SC induction protocol. Symptomatic response was assessed after 3 months (short-term), and if remaining on therapy, within 3-12 months (medium-term) and at least 12 months (long-term)...
September 8, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Hongwei Xu, Fei Liu, Hongyu Li, Yonggang Wei, Bo Li
OBJECTIVE: The role of laparoscopic major hepatectomy (LMH) remains uncertain in current liver surgery. This meta-analysis aimed to compare surgical and oncological outcomes of LMH versus open major hepatectomy (OMH). METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library database to identify all relevant publications. The statistical analysis was performed using Review Manager version 5.3. Continuous variables were calculated by standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI), whereas dichotomous variables were calculated by odds ratio (OR) with 95%CI...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Meng-Lan Wang, En-Qiang Chen, Chuan-Min Tao, Tao-You Zhou, Juan Liao, Dong-Mei Zhang, Juan Wang, Hong Tang
AIMS: This study aims to investigate the kinetics of serum HBsAg levels in chronic hepatitis B patients with long-term nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) therapy. METHODS: This was a retrospective clinical study. Serum HBsAg in serial samples of 94 patients, who received at least 8 years of NAs therapy, were measured using Elecsys(®) HBsAg II Quant Assay. RESULTS: In this cohort, serum HBsAg levels reduced from 3.80 log10 IU/mL at baseline to 2...
September 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Shalimar, Saurabh Kedia, Hanish Sharma, Sreejith Vasudevan, Ujjwal Sonika, Ashish Dutt Upadhyaya, Subrat K Acharya
OBJECTIVE: Infections are common and associated with complications and mortality in acute liver failure (ALF). The temporal relationship between ammonia and infection in ALF patients is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the predictors of infection and its relationship with arterial ammonia levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive ALF patients hospitalized between January 2004 and December 2015, without signs of infection at/within 48 h of admission, were included...
September 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Magdy El-Salhy, Tanisa Patcharatrakul, Jan Gunnar Hatlebakk, Trygve Hausken, Odd Helge Gilja, Sutep Gonlachanvit
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence, gender distribution and clinical presentation of IBS differ between Asian and Western countries. This study aimed at studying and comparing enteroendocrine, Musashi 1 (Msi 1) and neurogenin 3 (neurog 3) cells in Thai and Norwegian IBS patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty Thai and 61 Norwegian IBS patients as well as 20 Thai and 24 Norwegian controls were included. Biopsy samples were taken from each of the sigmoid colon and the rectum during a standard colonoscopy...
August 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Marcin Krawczyk, Joanna Ligocka, Mariusz Ligocki, Joanna Raszeja-Wyszomirska, Małgorzata Milkiewicz, Grzegorz Szparecki, Tomasz Ilczuk, Barbara Górnicka, Krzysztof Zieniewicz, Marek Krawczyk, Frank Lammert, Piotr Milkiewicz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies demonstrated a close correlation between transient elastography (TE) and liver histology in chronic liver diseases. Data on the accuracy of TE in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) remains scarce. Here, we investigated the association between TE, serum marker of liver injury and histology of explanted livers in PSC patients. METHODS: Thirty patients were prospectively recruited. TE (Fibroscan(®)) and blood sampling were performed during evaluation for liver transplantation (LT); the second blood sampling was performed on the day of LT...
August 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Alexandra Alexopoulou, Larisa Vasilieva, Iliana Mani, Danai Agiasotelli, Helen Pantelidaki, Spyros P Dourakis
OBJECTIVES: Acute decompensation (AD) of cirrhosis is characterized by high mortality. We aimed to validate the performance in predicting mortality of both the chronic-liver-failure-consortium (CLIF-C) acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and CLIF-C AD scores in a cohort of patients admitted for AD. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, patients were followed-up during their hospital stay and for 365 days thereafter. RESULTS: About 182 patients with AD were enrolled including 78 (42...
August 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Martha M Kirstein, Torsten Voigtländer, Nora Schweitzer, Michael Gebel, Jan B Hinrichs, Thomas Rodt, Michael P Manns, Frank Wacker, Andrej Potthoff, Arndt Vogel
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the most common treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In case of portal vein (PV) flow diversion, outcome may be compromised due to a decompensation of hepatic perfusion following arterial embolization. The aim of this study was to determine whether TACE in patients with retrograde PV flow results in a stronger deterioration of liver function and a poorer survival compared to patients with orthograde PV flow. METHODS: A database of 606 patients treated with TACE between 2000 and 2015 at Hannover Medical School was screened for Doppler ultrasound (US) findings on PV flow prior to TACE...
August 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Maria Teresa Howie, Gabriel Sandblom, Johanna Österberg
OBJECTIVE: Further research is needed to understand how pain frequency, localization of pain and the patient's conviction of the cause of pain effects long-term outcome after gallstone surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study was conducted based on patients evaluated with SF-36 along with three single-items focusing on gallstone specific symptoms. The physical component summary (PCS) and bodily pain (BP) of SF-36 were used as main outcome measures. To assess the improvement from the procedure, the differences between the preoperative and postoperative ratings were tested with univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis...
August 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Anja Eberl, Saara Huoponen, Tapio Pahikkala, Marja Blom, Perttu Arkkila, Taina Sipponen
BACKGROUND: Clinical use of biosimilar infliximab (CT-P13) in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) is based on extrapolation of indication from clinical studies performed in rheumatological diseases. Only few data exist of behaviour of infliximab trough levels (TLs) and anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) during switching. AIM: The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in TLs, ADA formation and disease activity after switching from originator infliximab to biosimilar one...
August 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Shang-Yu Wang, Chih-Ho Hsu, Chien-Hung Liao, Chih-Yuan Fu, Chun-Hsiang Ouyang, Chi-Tung Cheng, Jun-Te Hsu, Ta-Sen Yeh, Chun-Nan Yeh
BACKGROUND: Perforated gastric cancer (PGC) is a rare condition of gastric cancer (GC). In this study, we sought to assess the outcome of PGC from the aspects of both acute care surgery and surgical oncology at a single institute, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH). METHODS: From 1997 to 2013, 6864 patients were diagnosed with GC and 2738 were diagnosed with gastroduodenal perforation at CGMH. In total, 29 patients with PGC were identified. Immediate surgical and long-term oncologic outcomes were evaluated after an appropriate matching process was performed...
August 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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