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Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079407/noninvasive-evaluation-of-gastric-emptying-and-gastric-wall-thickness-in-sle-patients
#1
Hao-Lin Shen, Shu-Ping Yang, Kang-Jian Wang, Bei-Lei Huang, Wen-Bao Huang, Jin-Zhi Wu, Guo-Rong Lyu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the gastric emptying in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with gastrointestinal involvement using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography. METHODS: The gastric emptying times at 25% (T1), 50% (T2), and 75% (T3) of SLE patients with gastrointestinal involvement (n = 40) and healthy controls (n = 80) were evaluated and compared. In addition, the correlations among the gastric wall thickness, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), and upper gastrointestinal symptoms were calculated...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078907/the-diagnostic-value-of-confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-for-gastric-cancer-and-precancerous-lesions-among-asian-population-a-system-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Hai-Ping Zhang, Sheng Yang, Wen-Hua Chen, Teng-Teng Hu, Jun Lin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) in detection of gastric cancer (GC), gastric intraepithelial metaplasia (GIM), and gastric intraepithelial neoplasia (GIN) lesions. METHOD: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Wangfang databases were searched to include eligible articles about CLE in detection of gastric lesions. After study selection, quality assessment and data extraction conducted by two reviewers independently, meta-analysis was performed by Meta-Disc 1...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050922/abdominal-paracentesis-drainage-improves-tolerance-of-enteral-nutrition-in-acute-pancreatitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Liang Hongyin, Huang Zhu, Wang Tao, Lin Ning, Liu Weihui, Cui Jianfeng, Yan Hongtao, Tang Lijun
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine whether abdominal paracentesis drainage (APD) could improve the administration of enteral nutrition (EN) in acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Between January 2015 and April 2016, a total of 161 acute pancreatitis patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to either the APD group or the non-APD group. Several indexes associated with the administration of EN, including the gastroparesis cardinal symptom index (GCSI), the incidence of gastrointestinal adverse events, and the clinical outcomes, were recorded...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050913/technological-review-on-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-available-equipment-recent-developments-and-emerging-techniques
#4
Georgios Mavrogenis, Juergen Hochberger, Pierre Deprez, Morteza Shafazand, Dimitri Coumaros, Katsumi Yamamoto
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is widely practiced in Japan and the Eastern World and is rapidly expanding in western countries for the management of early malignancies of the upper and lower gastrointestinal tube. In addition, novel therapeutic applications deriving from ESD have emerged including the treatment of achalasia, of submucosal tumors, of diverticula, of strictures and of reflux disease. An ESD procedure necessitates not only skills and specific training, but also familiarization with a vast spectrum of devices (endoscopes, high-frequency generators and their settings, endoknives, hoods, irrigation devices) and techniques (such as countertraction, artificial ulcer closure), that render the procedure faster, more efficient and safer...
January 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040992/tweak-is-not-elevated-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
Tore Grimstad, Inger Marie Skoie, Jessica Doerner, Kjetil Isaksen, Lars Karlsen, Lars Aabakken, Roald Omdal, Chaim Putterman
OBJECTIVE: Tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) may be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. The aim was to investigate if TWEAK may reflect disease activity in inflammatory bowel disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cohort study, 139 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed and previously untreated inflammatory bowel disease - 95 with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 44 with Crohn's disease (CD) - underwent colonoscopy...
December 31, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040990/the-challenging-diagnosis-of-autoimmune-atrophic-gastritis
#6
Marco Vincenzo Lenti, Emanuela Miceli, Donatella Padula, Antonio Di Sabatino, Gino Roberto Corazza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 31, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034323/adenosquamous-carcinoma-in-the-biliary-tract-association-of-the-proliferative-ability-of-the-squamous-component-with-its-proportion-and-tumor-progression
#7
Sojun Hoshimoto, Sayuri Hoshi, Shoichi Hishinuma, Moriaki Tomikawa, Hirofumi Shirakawa, Iwao Ozawa, Saho Wakamatsu, Nobuo Hoshi, Kaoru Hirabayashi, Yoshiro Ogata
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of the proliferative ability of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) component with its proportion and tumor progression in adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) in the biliary tract. METHODS: Nine patients with ASC in the biliary tract (four each in the gallbladder and the extrahepatic bile duct and one in the ampulla of Vater) who underwent surgical resection were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The proportion of the SCC component in the primary sites ranged from 30% to 95%...
December 30, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024421/subjective-taste-to-polyethylene-glycol-is-associated-with-efficacy-of-right-colon-preparation
#8
Seon-Young Park, Dong-Ik Kim, Hyun-Soo Kim, Jin Ook Chung, Min-Woo Chung, Eun Myung, Han-Ra Koh, Chung-Hwan Jun, Chang-Hwan Park, Sung-Kyu Choi, Jong-Sun Rew
AIM: A prospective observational trial with preparations using polyethylene glycol (PEG) to compare patient compliance and adverse events according to individual subjective taste. METHODS: A total of 299 outpatients (mean ± standard deviation [SD] 56.5 ± 13.8 years, 172 males) were recruited for our study. We assessed the efficacy of bowel preparation, subjective taste to their regimens, compliance and adverse events during the preparation. RESULTS: We achieved adequate preparation in 267 (89...
December 26, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007004/mallory-weiss-syndrome-is-not-associated-with-hiatal-hernia-a-matched-case-control-study
#9
Juan E Corral, Tara Keihanian, Paul T Kröner, Ryan Dauer, Frank J Lukens, Daniel A Sussman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Hiatal hernia is considered to be a predisposing factor to develop Mallory-Weiss Syndrome (MWS). No large case-control studies verifying this hypothesis have been conducted. METHODS: We reviewed all esophagogastroduodenoscopies with findings of MWS (n = 2342) in a national database and compared with age and gender-matched controls (n = 9368). Demographics, endoscopic characteristics and presence of a hiatal hernia were compared between both groups...
December 22, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996337/steady-state-energy-balance-in-animal-models-of-obesity-and-weight-loss
#10
Magnus Kringstad Olsen, Helene Johannessen, Nikki Cassie, Perry Barrett, Koji Takeuchi, Bård Kulseng, Duan Chen, Chun-Mei Zhao
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to exam the steady-state energy balance by using high-fat diet-induced obese (DIO) rats and mice as models for positive energy balance, and gastric bypassed (GB) rats and gene knockout of muscarinic acetylcholine M3 receptor (M3KO) mice as models for negative energy balance. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-two rats and mice were used. Energy balance was measured by a comprehensive laboratory animal monitoring system. Gene expression was analysed by in situ hybridisation in M3KO mice...
December 20, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973926/drug-induced-liver-injury-a-cohort-study-on-patients-referred-to-the-danish-transplant-center-over-a-five-year-period
#11
Mille Baekdal, Henriette Ytting, Mette Skalshøi Kjær
OBJECTIVE: The idiosyncratic subtype of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a rare reaction to medical treatment that in severe cases can lead to acute liver failure and death. The aim of this study was to describe the presentation and outcome of DILI and to identify potential predictive factors of poor outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified all patients diagnosed with DILI at the Department of Hepatology, Rigshospitalet, from March 2007 to November 2012...
December 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973925/a-reduced-gastric-corpus-microvascular-blood-flow-during-ivor-lewis-esophagectomy-detected-by-laser-speckle-contrast-imaging-technique
#12
Rikard Ambrus, Lars B Svendsen, Niels H Secher, Kim Rünitz, Hans-Jørgen Frederiksen, Morten B S Svendsen, Mette Siemsen, Steen C Kofoed, Michael P Achiam
BACKGROUND: Reduced microvascular blood flow is related to anastomotic insufficiency following esophagectomy, emphasizing a need for intraoperative monitoring of the microcirculation. This study evaluated if laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) was able to detect intraoperative changes in gastric microcirculation. METHODS: Gastric microcirculation was assessed prior to and after reconstruction of gastric continuity in 25 consecutive patients operated for adenocarcinoma with open Ivor-Lewis esophagectomy while hemodynamic variables were recorded...
December 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973922/minimal-differences-in-prevalence-and-spectrum-of-organic-disease-at-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-between-selected-secondary-care-patients-with-symptoms-of-gastro-oesophageal-reflux-or-dyspepsia
#13
Andrew J Irvine, Maria Ines Pinto-Sanchez, Premysl Bercik, Paul Moayyedi, Alexander C Ford
OBJECTIVES: Gastro-oesophageal reflux and dyspepsia are felt to be separate upper gastrointestinal (GI) conditions. We aimed to measure the degree of overlap between them, and assess whether endoscopic findings differed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Demographic, symptom, upper GI endoscopy and histology data were collected from consecutive adults in secondary care. Patients were categorised according to whether they reported gastro-oesophageal reflux alone, dyspepsia alone or both, and patient demographics and endoscopic findings were compared...
December 15, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931132/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-during-adalimumab-therapy-for-crohn%C3%A2-s-disease-coincidence-or-consequence
#14
Guilherme Grossi Lopes Cançado, Eduardo Garcia Vilela
We report the case of a 64-year-old patient diagnosed with extensive ileal Crohn´s disease who developed Guillain-Barré syndrome after starting biological therapy with adalimumab. Neurologic involvement associated with inflammatory bowel diseases is recognized as an extra-intestinal manifestation. After the breakthrough of antitumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) agents, an increasing number of cases of acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathies have been reported; however, only one case has been described in a patient with Crohn´s disease...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931127/prebiotics-and-synbiotics-in-ulcerative-colitis
#15
Axel Laurell, Klas Sjöberg
BACKGROUND: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon with unclear pathogenesis. A dysbiotic intestinal microbiota is regarded as a key component in the disease process and there has been significant interest in developing new treatments which target the microbiota. AIM: To give an overview of the studies to date investigating prebiotics and synbiotics for the treatment of UC. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed and related search engines was carried out using the terms "ulcerative colitis" in combination with "prebiotic", "synbiotic" or "dietary fibre"...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924650/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-biliary-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-a-multicenter-study
#16
Kyong Joo Lee, Jae Hee Cho, Sang Hyub Lee, Kwang Hyuk Lee, Byung Kyu Park, Jun Kyu Lee, Sang Myung Woo, Ji Kon Ryu, Jong Kyun Lee, Yeon Suk Kim, Jae Woo Kim, Woo Jin Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the clinicopathological features, therapeutic approaches, and prognosis of patients with biliary neuroendocrine neoplasm (NENs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multicenter retrospective study of patients with biliary tract NENs in the gallbladder, the extrahepatic bile duct, or the ampulla of Vater between 2005 and 2014. RESULTS: Total of 43 patients were included in the study. The median age was 62 years (range: 29-84 years) and 58...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924649/what-is-the-best-therapy-for-whipple-s-disease-our-point-of-view
#17
Federico Biagi, Gian Luigi Biagi, Gino Roberto Corazza
Although Whipple's disease (WD) has been treated with antibiotics since the early 50s, the best antibiotics and the duration of the therapy have not yet been established. We consider here the pro and cons of the two most commonly used therapies, ceftriaxone followed by trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMZ) and hydroxychloroquine in combination with doxycycline. The therapy based on ceftriaxone and TMP-SMZ is efficient in the vast majority of patients for the first few years. However, since reinfections or reactivations can occur, a life-long prophylaxis is necessary and doxycycline is nowadays the best option...
December 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908207/anti-sulfatide-reactivity-in-patients-with-celiac-disease
#18
Domenica Saccomanno, Carolina Tomba, Francesca Magri, Philippe Backelandt, Leda Roncoroni, Luisa Doneda, Maria Teresa Bardella, Giacomo Pietro Comi, Nereo Bresolin, Dario Conte, Luca Elli
OBJECTIVE: To explore a possible significance of the presence of anti-ganglioside and anti-sulfatide antibodies in sera of adult patients with celiac disease (CD) in different clinical scenario. METHODS: We selected 22 adult patients with newly diagnosed CD and 20 age-sex matched non-CD controls. Patients' serum was tested - before and after at least 6 months on a gluten-free diet (GFD) - for anti-GM1, GM2, GM3, GD1a, GD1b, GD3, GT1a, GT1b, GQ1b and sulfatide IgM, IgG and IgA auto-antibodies, by means of a dot blot technique and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908204/clinical-implications-of-serial-versus-isolated-biliary-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-fish-polysomy-in-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#19
Kevin P Quinn, James H Tabibian, Keith D Lindor
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a leading cause of death in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). Biliary polysomy detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) helps to identify patients with early CCA, but not all PSC patients with polysomy develop CCA. Here, we examined the features and clinical outcomes of PSC patients with serial versus isolated polysomy. METHODS: All patients with PSC who underwent ≥1 endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) with FISH testing at Mayo Clinic, Rochester from 2008-2011 were identified...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899045/a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study-of-pain-in-patients-with-neuroendocrine-tumors
#20
Marie Madsen, Henning Grønbæk, Nanna Brix Finnerup, Gitte Dam
OBJECTIVE: Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are rare cancer forms, which are often disseminated at diagnosis. In cancer patients, pain is a feared symptom and reported in 30% of patients during treatment and in 70-90% with advanced disease. However, the extent and the severity of pain in patients with NET have never been investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 207 NET patients in the period March 2014 to March 2015 at our tertiary NET Center...
November 29, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
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