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Journal of Food Science and Technology

Norazlin Abdullah, Nyuk Ling Chin, Yus Aniza Yusof, Rosnita A Talib
The steady-state flow test was conducted on pink-fleshed guava, pink-fleshed pomelo and soursop juice concentrates using a rheometer to understand its rheological behaviour. The power law model was used and a master-curve was created using the shear rate-temperature-concentration superposition technique to predict rheological properties from a wide range of temperatures and concentrations. All three juice concentrates undergo a double horizontal shift whilst the pink-fleshed guava required an additional vertical shift...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Abdulmannan Fadel, Andrew Plunkett, Jason Ashworth, Ayman M Mahmoud, Yazan Ranneh, Mohamed El Mohtadi, Weili Li
Arabinoxylans (AXs) are major dietary fibre in cereals. Recently, AXs have attracted a great deal of attention because of their biological activities. These activities have been suggested to be related to the content of low molecular weight (Mw) AXs, in particular those with Mw below 32 kDa. Rice bran is a rich source of AXs. However, water extraction of AXs is difficult and often gives low yield. Extrusion processing has been used to increase the solubility of cereal dietary fibre. The aim of this research was to study the effect of extrusion screw-speeds (80 and 160) rpm on the extraction yield and Mw of water extractable AXs from rice bran...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Priya Dangi, B S Khatkar
Crude glutenin of four commercial wheat varieties viz. C 306, HI 977, HW 2004 and PBW 550 of diverse origin and breadmaking quality were fractionated by size-exclusion chromatography into three fractions of decreasing molecular weights. The relative quantity of peak II, containing LMW-GS specifically, varied considerably among the varieties as reflected from their discrete SEC profiles. The area % of peak II, containing protein of interest, was maximal for C 306 (22.08%) followed by PBW 550 (15.86%). The least proportion of LMW-GS were recovered from variety HW 2004 (9...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Pan-Pan Liu, Jun-Feng Yin, Gen-Sheng Chen, Fang Wang, Yong-Quan Xu
Flavor characteristics and chemical compositions of Tieguanyin oolong tea processed using different semi-fermentation times were investigated. Six flavor attributes of the teas, namely, astringency, bitterness, umami, sweet aftertaste, floral flavor, and green fruity flavor, were analysed. With extended semi-fermentation time, the taste intensity of sweet aftertaste increased, and the aroma intensity of floral and green fruity flavors increased, while the intensities of astringency, bitterness, and umami showed no clear trend...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Fei Shen, Qifang Wu, Xiaolong Shao, Qiang Zhang
The applicability of near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy combined with chemometrics was explored in this study to develop rapid, low-cost and non-destructive spectroscopic methods for classification and quantification of aflatoxins in brown rice. A total of 132 brown rice samples within the aflatoxin concentration range of 0-2435.8 μg/kg were prepared by artificially inoculated with A. flavus and A. parasiticus strains of fungus. For the classification of samples at varying levels of aflatoxin B1 , the linear discriminant analysis model obtained correct classification rate of 96...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Síntia Carla Corrêa Simioni, Michele Nayara Ribeiro, Vanessa Rios de Souza, Cleiton Antônio Nunes, Ana Carla Marques Pinheiro
In this study, we proposed the use of a multiple-sip temporal dominance of sensations (TDS) test alongside with an acceptance test over repeated consumption for the analysis of special beers, with the aim of contributing to a deeper understanding of consumer behavior regarding temporal descriptions and sensory acceptance. Consumers of special beers sequentially evaluated six sips of a particular type of beer by TDS analysis and an acceptance test was performed for each sip. Four different kinds of specialty beers were evaluated [Bohemian Pilsner (BP), Witbier (WB), Belgian Strong Ale Dubbel (BD), and Russian Imperial Stout (RS)]...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Deepak Kadam, Shanooba Palamthodi, S S Lele
Lepidium sativum is widely used as a culinary and medicinal herb and is claimed to cure many diseases. In this study, an attempt was made to investigate the biochemical composition and functional properties of L. sativum ethanolic extract. The extract contained a total phenolic content of 11.03 ± 0.75 (mg GAE/g dw plant material) and a flavonoid content of 4.79 ± 0.24 (mg QE/100 g dw plant material). Further, the extract was characterized by LC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS profiling and the results showed that the ethanolic fraction contains many important phenolics such as Kaempferol, Coumaroylquinic acid, p -Coumaroyl glycolic acid, Caffeic acid...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Nazanin Fatemeh Rahmati, Arash Koocheki, Mehdi Varidi, Rassoul Kadkhodaee
Thermodynamic compatibility and probable interactions between Speckled Sugar been protein (SSBP) and xanthan gum for production of multilayer O/W emulsion (30% oil) were investigated. Different interactions were observed between SSBP and xanthan at different pH (3-7) including electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding. These interactions were predominant at pH 3. When low xanthan gum concentration (0.1%) was used, phase separation and complex coacervation observed at this pH (negative effect of interactions)...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Sayed Saad Smuda, Sobhy Mohamed Mohsen, Karsten Olsen, Mohamed Hassan Aly
The present study was performed to evaluate the phytochemicals profiles of some cereal milling by-products such as wheat (bran, germ and shorts), rice (bran, germ and husk) and corn (bran, germ and germ meal) to assess their potentiality as bioactive compounds sources. Distilled water, ethanol, methanol, and acetone separately were used as solvents for the extraction of phytochemicals compounds. The antioxidant activity (AOA), total phenolics content (TPC), and total flavonoids content (TFC) of the extracts were investigated using various in vitro assays...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Eun Hee Lee, Imran Khan, Deog-Hwan Oh
The current study aimed to fabricate nisin-loaded chitosan (N-CS) nanoparticles through ionic interactions between positive amino groups of chitosan and negatively charged tripolyphosphate ions in the presence of nisin and to evaluate their efficacy against foodborne pathogens in orange juice. The synthesized nanoparticles were sphere-shaped and homogenous with an average size of 64.34 ± 2.1 and 147.93 ± 2.9 for chitosan and N-CS nanoparticles, respectively. The encapsulation efficiency of nisin into nanoparticles was 67...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Jomika Devi, Surekha Bhatia, M S Alam, Tarsem Singh Dhillon
Effect of post harvest treatments with calcium chloride (CaCl2 ) and salicylic acid (SA) on physiological and biochemical parameters in relation to activities of antioxidative enzymes were investigated in radish. Radish of variety Punjab Safed Mooli 2 was harvested, washed and treated with CaCl2 (1, 1.5 and 2%) or SA (1, 1.5 and 2 mM). Treated as well as untreated radish were placed in open trays and stored under refrigerated (5 ± 1 °C, 90% RH) conditions for 42 days. Treatment of radish with CaCl2 and SA slowed down changes in physiological weight, colour, total soluble solids, ascorbic acid, titrable acidity, total phenolics and antioxidant activity...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Karina Martins Barbosa, Lisandro Pavie Cardoso, Ana Paula Badan Ribeiro, Theo Guenter Kieckbusch, Monise Helen Masuchi Buscato
Several scientific investigations have focused on providing new strategies for supporting the development of low saturated and zero trans lipid materials, as healthier fat alternatives for food application. This work evaluated the consistency, crystallization behavior, microstructure and polymorphism of six blends composed of palm and canola oils at different concentrations (100:0, 80:20, 60:40, 40:60, 20:80 and 0:100, in w/w%) added with 5.0% of fully hydrogenated palm oil (FHPO) or with a mixture of 2.5% of FHPO and 2...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Estela Sena-Moreno, Manuel Alvarez-Ortí, Jéssica Serrano-Díaz, José Emilio Pardo, Manuel Carmona, Gonzalo L Alonso
A new aromatization method for olive oils with saffron aqueous extracts rich in safranal has been developed using liquid-liquid extraction. Four flavoured olive oils were obtained (SO1-SO4). SO1 showed the highest safranal concentration (145.89 mg L-1 ), followed by SO2 (79.33 mg L-1 ), SO3 (0.30 mg L-1 ) and SO4 (0.01 mg L-1 ). Although flavouring originated a decrease in the quality parameters and the oxidative stability of the oils, even after 7 months of storage, at room and refrigeration temperatures, the oil parameters evaluated were still comparable to those of extra virgin olive oil...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Guangjing Chen, Jianquan Kan
In this study, the response surface methodology was utilized to determine optimum conditions for extracting the polysaccharides from Rosa roxburghii Tratt fruit (RRTPs) using ultrasonic-assisted extraction, and the characterization and antioxidant activities of the RRTPs were discussed. RRTPs yield was 6.59 ± 1.34%, which was well consistent with the predicted value of 6.716%, under the following optimum conditions: ratio of water to raw material 40.18 mL/g, extraction temperature 78.8 °C, ultrasonic power 148 W, and extraction time 32...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Marina Cano-Lamadrid, Krzysztof Lech, Ángel Calín-Sánchez, Ema Carina Rosas-Burgos, Adam Figiel, Aneta Wojdyło, Malwina Wasilewska, Ángel A Carbonell-Barrachina
During the industrial manufacturing of pomegranate juice, large amounts of pomace are produced. The aim of this work was to find the effective method to dry pomegranate pomace to open new commercial applications for this co-product. The effects of three drying methods: (i) convective drying (CD) at 50, 60, and 70 °C; (ii) vacuum microwave drying (VMD) at 240, 360, and 480 W, and (iii) a combined method (CPD-VMFD); convective pre-drying (60 °C) followed by vacuum microwave finish drying (360 W), on drying kinetics and quality of PomP (pomegranate pomace obtained after preparing pomegranate juice by squeezing only arils) were evaluated...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
G Arámbula-Villa, M G Figueroa-Rivera, R Rendón-Villalobos, M Mendoza-Elos, J D Figueroa-Cárdenas, R Castanedo-Pérez, F Rodríguez-González
Nixtamalized maize tortilla is a basic food for the Mexican population. It has high energy due to high starch, which may be modified to decrease its bioavailability and to produce changes in the characteristics of flours. For this research, nixtamalized maize flour was prepared and subjected to an acetylation chemical process, with and without prior hydrolysis. Raw maize flour, traditionally nixtamalized maize flour, acetylated-nixtamalized maize flour (AF) and acetylated-hydrolyzed nixtamalized maize flour (AHF) were prepared and evaluated...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Bruna Carbas, Shivani Pathania, Ana Castanho, Diana Lourenço, Isabel Mota Veiga, Maria Carlota Vaz Patto, Carla Brites
The present study was aimed at studying the physico-chemical and functional properties of 31 Portuguese common bean varieties. In addition, the whole bean flours (WBF) and starch isolates (SI) of three representative bean varieties and their rice: bean blends (70:30; 50:50) were assessed for amylose content, thermal and pasting properties in view of supplementation in rice based processed foods. Bean varieties showed significant differences in protein content (20.78-27.10%), fat content (1.16-2.18%), hydration capacity (95...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Majid Hussain, Tahir Zahoor, Saeed Akhtar, Amir Ismail, Aneela Hameed
The purpose of current study was to purify and partially depolymerize guar gum by β-mannanase, HCl, Ba(OH)2 actions and subjected to inspect compositional, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and haemolytic activity. Chemical composition revealed mannose and galactose ratio remained un-altered even after process of purification and hydrolysis. TGA thermograms affirmed initial and final decomposition temperature in various zones. Major decomposition stages apparently revealed partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) exhibited better heat stable properties having more zones of degradation than crude one...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ishmael Ayim, Haile Ma, Evans Adingba Alenyorege, Zeshan Ali, Prince Ofori Donkor
The effect of ultrasound pretreatment using Single Frequency Counter Current Ultrasound (SFCCU) on the enzymolysis of tea residue protein (TRP) extracted with sodium hydroxide was investigated. The concentration of TRP hydrolysate, enzymolysis kinetics and thermodynamic parameters after SFCCU pretreatment were determined and compared with traditional enzymolysis. The results indicated that both ultrasound assisted and traditional enzymolysis conformed to first-order kinetics within the limits of the studied parameters...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Edia Rahayuningsih, Mukmin Sapto Pamungkas, Muhammad Olvianas, Andreas Diga Pratama Putera
Suji ( Pleomele angustifolia Roxb .) leaves are a prominent source of chlorophyll and well-known for their ability to produce green color for food ingredients. However, chlorophyll is suspectible to color degradation at high temperature. Color degradation occurred because porphyrin loses magnesium in its ring and it can be avoided by adding zinc. The aim of this work was to investigate the combined effect of independent variables on chlorophyll extraction process using ZnCl2 as a stabilizer. Suji leaves were blanched with boiling water for 2 min, Zn-chlorophyll synthesis was done by varying concentration of ZnCl2 , Zn-chlorophyll extraction with ethanol, and UV-Vis spectrophotometry analysis of the final extracted solutions...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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