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Journal of Periodontal Research

S Y Zhu, P L Wang, C S Liao, Y Q Yang, C Y Yuan, S Wang, W L Dissanayaka, B C Heng, C F Zhang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The goal of periodontal therapy is to regenerate/reconstruct the damaged supporting tissues of diseased teeth and to facilitate recovery of their physiological functions. Combination of stem cell transplantation and gene therapy offers a viable method for accelerating periodontal repair and regeneration. In this study, the role of the ephrinB2/EphB4 signaling pathway in regulating osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) and crosstalk between PDLSCs and pre-osteoblasts within co-culture was investigated through ephrinB2 transgenic expression in PDLSCs...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
M Unlu Çalapkorur, B A Alkan, Z Tasdemir, Y Akcali, E Saatçi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is a common feature of both peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between PAD and periodontal disease by examining the levels of inflammatory cytokines (pentraxin 3 and interleukin 1β) and high sensitive C-reactive protein from gingival crevicular fluid and serum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients were included in this cross-sectional study...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
M T C Mc Crudden, C R Irwin, I El Karim, G J Linden, F T Lundy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a role in regulating turnover and metabolism of connective tissues in health but they have also been implicated in a wide variety of pathological conditions, including periodontal disease. MMP-8 has been extensively studied in periodontal health and disease using ELISA, although this technique is limited by its inability to determine enzyme activity. The aim was to develop an assay specifically to measure MMP-8 activity and to demonstrate its use in the analysis of gingival crevicular fluid samples...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
K Agossa, A Dendooven, L Dubuquoy, C Gower-Rousseau, E Delcourt-Debruyne, M Capron
Inflammatory bowel disease and periodontitis are both described as a disproportionate mucosal inflammatory response to a microbial environment in susceptible patients. Moreover, these two conditions share major environmental and lifestyle-related risk factors. Despite this intriguing pathogenic parallel, large-scale studies and basic research have only recently considered periodontal outcomes as relevant data. There are mounting and consistent arguments, from recent epidemiologic studies and animal models, that these two conditions might be related...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
B Issaranggun Na Ayuthaya, P Satravaha, P Pavasant
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The cytokine interleukin 12 (IL-12) has been implicated as a potent stimulator of tissue degradation in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases, including periodontitis. In patients with periodontitis, an increased level of IL-12 is found in serum and gingival crevicular fluid. As inflammatory cytokines have been demonstrated to induce activation of the immunomodulatory properties of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), this study aimed to investigate the influence of IL-12 on these properties in human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cells...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
C Damgaard, J Reinholdt, Y Palarasah, C Enevold, C Nielsen, M K Brimnes, P Holmstrup, C H Nielsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The periodontal pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans has been proposed as pro-atherogenic, and complement-mediated adherence to red blood cells (RBCs) may facilitate its systemic spread. We investigated the ability of four strains of A. actinomycetemcomitans with differential expression of leukotoxin A (LtxA) and fimbriae to activate complement, adhere to RBCs and elicit cytokine responses by mononuclear cells (MNCs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans serotype b strains HK 921, HK 1651, HK 2092 and HK 2108 were fluorescence-labeled, incubated with human whole blood cells in the presence of autologous serum, and assessed for RBC adherence by flow cytometry and for capacity to induce cytokine production by cytometric bead array analysis...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
A Liukkonen, Q He, U K Gürsoy, P J Pussinen, K Gröndahl-Yli-Hannuksela, J Liukkonen, T Sorsa, A L Suominen, S Huumonen, E Könönen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays an important role in innate immunity. MBL deficiency is usually caused by mutations in exon 1 of the MBL structural gene (MBL2). Our aim was to investigate MBL2 polymorphisms and their relation to salivary levels of periodontal inflammatory/tissue destruction markers and two major periodontitis-associated bacteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Salivary samples from 222 subjects were available for genotyping by pyrosequencing...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
S S Chen, K Wang, J Zhao, W C Wu, Y F Wu, L Zhao
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Periodontitis is an infectious disease in which the host immune and inflammatory responses play essential roles in resistance to bacterial infection, as well as the induction of tissue destruction if the immune response is dysregulated. The triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREMs) modulates inflammatory and innate immune signaling. TREM-1 is considered as an amplifier of the immune response, while TREM-2 is a negative regulator that has yet to be explored in periodontal disease before...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
L M Bins-Ely, E B Cordero, J C M Souza, W Teughels, C A M Benfatti, R S Magini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present in vivo study was to measure the bone implant contact area after electrical stimulation of dental implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety titanium dental implants (6 mm × 11.5 mm) with a smooth surface were placed in six male Beagle dogs and then the implant-bone interfaces was assessed by histological analyses after 7 and 15 d. The 12-mo-old dogs, with a weight of 15 kg, were randomly divided into two groups based on the duration of bone healing: 7 and 15 d...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
M Evans, T Murofushi, H Tsuda, Y Mikami, N Zhao, K Ochiai, T Kurita-Ochiai, M Yamamoto, K Otsuka, N Suzuki
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bacteria in the dental biofilm surrounding marginal gingival grooves cause periodontal diseases. Numerous bacteria within the biofilm consume nutrients from the gingival crevicular fluid. Furthermore, some gram-negative bacteria in mature dental biofilms produce butyrate. Thus, gingival epithelial cells in close proximity to mature dental biofilms are at risk of both starvation and exposure to butyrate. In the present study, we determined the combined effects of starvation and butyrate exposure on gingival epithelial cell death and the underlying mechanisms...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
R P Ocaña, G D Rabelo, L M Sassi, V P Rodrigues, F A Alves
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of radiotherapy on the osseointegration of dental implants in the tibia and the action of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as an adjuvant therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 18 rabbits received two implants in each tibial epiphysis, totalizing 72 implants. The control group (group I) was composed by six rabbits and did not receive radiotherapy. The test groups (II and III) received a single dose of 1727 cGy...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
P K Gajendrareddy, R Junges, G Cygan, Y Zhao, P T Marucha, C G Engeland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of increased oxygen availability on gene expression and on collagen deposition/maturation in the periodontium following disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Male Wistar rats had ligatures placed around their molars to induce periodontal disease, and a subset of animals underwent hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment for 2 h twice per day. At 15 and 28 d, tissue gene expression of COL1A1, transforming growth factor-β1 and alkaline phosphatase was determined; other histological samples were stained with Picrosirius red to evaluate levels of collagen deposition, maturation and thickness...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
R Okawa, O Iijima, M Kishino, H Okawa, S Toyosawa, H Sugano-Tajima, T Shimada, T Okada, K Ozono, T Ooshima, K Nakano
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hypophosphatasia is a rare inherited skeletal disorder characterized by defective bone mineralization and deficiency of tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP) activity. The disease is caused by mutations in the liver/bone/kidney alkaline phosphatase gene (ALPL) encoding TNSALP. Early exfoliation of primary teeth owing to disturbed cementum formation, periodontal ligament weakness and alveolar bone resorption are major complications encountered in oral findings, and discovery of early loss of primary teeth in a dental examination often leads to early diagnosis of hypophosphatasia...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
J Y Jang, I-S Song, K J Baek, Y Choi, S Ji
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is ample evidence that gingival fibroblasts (GFs) participate in the immune response to oral bacteria and serve as immune-regulatory cells. The objective of this study was to investigate the innate immune response of GFs to oral bacteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human GFs were cocultured with relatively less-pathogenic (Leptotrichia wadei, Fusobacterium nucleatum and Campylobacter gracilis) and pathogenic red-complex bacteria. The expression of mRNA for antimicrobial peptides [AMPs; namely human beta defensins (HBDs)], chemokines with antimicrobial activity [chemokine C-X-C motif (CXCL)10, CXCL11 and chemokine C-C motif ligand 20 (CCL20)] and proinflammatory mediators [interleukin (IL)6 and IL8] and the levels of CXCL11, CCL20, IL-6 and IL-8 accumulated in supernatants were analyzed using real-time PCR and ELISA, respectively...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
A Ben Lagha, D Grenier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Over the last 10 years, bioactive plant food compounds have received considerable attention in regard to their beneficial effects against periodontal disease. In this study, we investigated the effects of black tea theaflavins (TFs) on the virulence properties of Porphyromonas gingivalis and gingival keratinocyte tight junction integrity. In addition, the effects of black tea TFs on the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway and proinflammatory cytokine/matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) secretion by monocytes/macrophages were assessed...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
Y-S L Cheng, L Jordan, H-S Chen, D Kang, L Oxford, J Plemons, H Parks, T Rees
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: More than 100 salivary constituents have been found to show levels significantly different in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) from those found in healthy controls, and therefore have been suggested to be potential salivary biomarkers for OSCC detection. However, many of these potential OSCC salivary biomarkers are also involved in chronic inflammation, and whether the levels of these biomarkers could be affected by the presence of chronic periodontitis was not known...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
J L Ebersole, R J Kryscio, C Campbell, D F Kinane, J McDevitt, N Christodoulides, P N Floriano, C S Miller
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Adiponectin is produced by adipose cells and is considered an anti-inflammatory molecule. In contrast, C-reactive protein (CRP) has been identified as a hallmark of systemic inflammation and used as a risk marker of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Of interest was the relationship of these two biomarkers to oral health and CVD risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This investigation examined these two molecules in serum and unstimulated whole saliva of patients within 48 h of an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) compared to control subjects...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
S A Danesh-Sani, S P Engebretson, M N Janal
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate histomorphometric variables, the amount of new bone (NB), residual graft (RG) particles and soft tissue (ST), related to various grafting materials and assess the effect of graft healing time on different histomorphometric outcomes. Studies that were published before October 2015 were electronically and manually searched in three databases. We included human studies that reported the amount of NB, RG and ST in the biopsies taken from the grafted sinuses. Based on the applied grafting materials, extracted data were categorized into different groups...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
O Köse, T Arabaci, A Kizildag, B Erdemci, D Özkal Eminoğlu, S Gedikli, S Özkanlar, M Zihni, M Albayrak, A Kara, E Kermen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the biochemical and histochemical effects of radiation therapy and protective melatonin administration on periodontal tissues in rats with experimental periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into six groups, as follows: control; experimental periodontitis (Ped); radiotherapy administration (Rt); experimental periodontitis and exposure to irradiation (Ped-Rt); radiotherapy and protective melatonin administration (Rt-Mel); and periodontitis, radiation therapy and protective melatonin administration (Ped-Rt-Mel)...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
G Pellegrini, G Rasperini, G Pagni, W V Giannobile, S Milani, F Musto, C Dellavia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Within the same surgical procedure, a great variability on achievement of clinical outcomes exists and may be associated to different molecular factors related to tissue healing. The aim of the present study was to assess the distribution of clinical success separately in regenerative therapy (REG) and open flap debridement (OFD) to evaluate if factors related with healing of epithelium, connective tissue and bone may be associated to the clinical outcome within each surgical procedure...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Periodontal Research
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