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Journal of Periodontal Research

P Zhang, W Zhang, D Zhang, M Wang, R Aprecio, N Ji, O Mohamed, Y Li, Y Ding, Q Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Periodontitis is an increasingly prevalent complication of diabetes mellitus (known as diabetes mellitus-associated periodontitis), and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25VD3 ) was recently found to be a critical regulator of innate immunity in this disease, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. T-cell protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) is a potential downstream protein of the 25VD3 /vitamin D receptor pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of PTPN2 in periodontal inflammation in diabetes mellitus-associated periodontitis...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
E R Herrero, N Boon, K Bernaerts, V Slomka, T Verspecht, M Quirynen, W Teughels
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the initiation of dysbiosis in oral biofilms, a topic of prime importance for understanding the etiology of, and preventing, periodontitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of crevicular and salivary peroxidase and catalase on dysbiosis in multispecies biofilms in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The spotting technique was used to identify the effect of different concentrations of myeloperoxidase, lactoperoxidase, erythrocyte catalase, and horseradish peroxidase in salivary and crevicular fluid on the inhibitory effect of commensals on pathobiont growth...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
S Li, X Liu, H Li, H Pan, A Acharya, Y Deng, Y Yu, R Haak, J Schmidt, G Schmalz, D Ziebolz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical and complex roles in regulating various biological processes of periodontitis. This bioinformatic study aims to construct a putative competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) network by integrating lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA expression, based on high-throughput RNA sequencing and microarray data about periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from 1 miRNA and 3 mRNA expression profiles were obtained to construct the lncRNA-associated ceRNA network...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
K Tabeta, M Hosojima, M Nakajima, S Miyauchi, H Miyazawa, N Takahashi, Y Matsuda, N Sugita, Y Komatsu, K Sato, T Ishikawa, K Akiishi, K Yamazaki, K Kato, A Saito, H Yoshie
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous reports suggest that several serum biomarkers play roles in the pathogenesis, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress in periodontitis caused by bacterial infections, linking chronic periodontitis to atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD). The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate, in a Japanese cross-sectional community survey, potential serum biomarkers of periodontitis that are associated with ASVD and chronic periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study cohort included a total of 108 male subjects who underwent annual health examinations...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
M De Nutte, E Behaeghe, G A van der Weijden, W Coucke, W Teughels, M Quirynen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To the best of our knowledge, the healing time for toothbrush-induced gingival abrasions in humans has not yet been explored. The aim of this study was to evaluate the time needed to heal for toothbrush-induced abrasions of the keratinized mucosa of the palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In patients without, with mild periodontitis or with periodontitis, gingival abrasion lesions were induced at the keratinized mucosa of the palate by brushing up to 2 minutes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
J P N S Pinto, J Goergen, F W M G Muniz, A N Haas
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the existing evidence supporting or refuting the following questions: (i) Do patients with lower vitamin D levels have higher risk for periodontal disease? (ii) Are periodontal treatment outcomes improved by the adjuvant supplementation of vitamin D or by elevated serum vitamin D levels? MATERIAL AND METHODS: MEDLINE, SCOPUS, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were searched up to September 2017. Studies were included if they had measured serum vitamin D levels or vitamin D intake and any periodontal parameter...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
E Calciolari, F Ravanetti, A Strange, N Mardas, L Bozec, A Cacchioli, N Kostomitsopoulos, N Donos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Although collagen membranes have been clinically applied for guided tissue/bone regeneration for more than 30 years, their in vivo degradation pattern has never been fully clarified. A better understanding of the different stages of in vivo degradation of collagen membranes is extremely important, considering that the biology of bone regeneration requires the presence of a stable and cell/tissue-occlusive barrier during the healing stages in order to ensure a predictable result...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
N Miyoshi, T Tanigawa, S Nishioka, K Maruyama, E Eguchi, K Tanaka, I Saito, K Yamazaki, Y Miyake
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was reported to be a useful parameter for the screening of periodontal disease. We performed a cross-sectional study to verify the usefulness of salivary LDH as a biomarker of periodontitis and to investigate the association of severity of periodontitis with systemic inflammation by measuring salivary LDH and serum high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in a community-based middle-aged and elderly population in Japan...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
H Toker, H Balci Yuce, A Lektemur Alpan, F Gevrek, M Elmastas
OBJECTIVE: Grape seed proanthocyanidine extract (GSPE) is a strong antioxidant derived from the grape seeds (Vitis vinifera, Terral J.F.) and has a polyphenolic structure with a wide range of biological activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of GSPE on alveolar bone loss and histopathological changes in rats with diabetes mellitus and ligature-induced periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty rats were divided into 6 study groups. Control (C, 6 rats) group, periodontitis (P, 6 rats) group, diabetes (D, 6 rats) group, diabetes and periodontitis (D+P, 6 rats) group, diabetes, periodontitis and 100 mg/kg/day GSPE (GSPE-100, 8 rats), and diabetes, periodontitis and 200 mg/kg/day GSPE (GSPE-200, 8 rats) group...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
A Takamori, Y Yoshinaga, T Ukai, H Nakamura, Y Takamori, S Izumi, C Shiraishi, Y Hara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Attachment loss of the junctional epithelium and alveolar bone destruction are signs of periodontitis, which is mainly caused by an inflammatory response to dental plaque. Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), a component of the licorice herb, has been shown to have important anti-inflammatory activities; however, there are no previous reports on the ability of its inhibitory effects to prevent periodontal diseases. Hence, in this study, using our experimental periodontitis model, we attempted to evaluate whether GA had an effect on the prevention of attachment loss and alveolar bone loss...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
M G Moro, M L Silveira Souto, G C N Franco, M Holzhausen, C M Pannuti
Herbal drugs are commonly used in the treatment of several diseases, including periodontitis. So far, no systematic review had evaluated the evidence regarding the efficacy of these agents in the treatment of periodontal disease. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to evaluate the effect of local application of phytotherapic agents as adjuncts to scaling and root planing (SRP), compared to SRP alone, on clinical parameters of chronic periodontal patients. Only randomized controlled trials of at least 3 months follow-up, of SRP alone in association with local phytotherapic agents were included...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
M Galofré, D Palao, M Vicario, J Nart, D Violant
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Oral probiotics appear to improve the treatment of periodontal diseases but there is limited evidence on their efficacy in the treatment of peri-implant diseases. The objective of the present study was to evaluate, clinically and microbiologically, the effect of the oral probiotic, Lactobacillus reuteri Prodentis, as adjuvant to non-surgical mechanical therapy in implants with mucositis or peri-implantitis, placed in patients with a history of periodontal disease...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
S Elmanfi, X Ma, H O Sintim, E Könönen, S Syrjänen, U K Gursoy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Quorum-sensing molecules regulate the behavior of bacteria within biofilms and at the same time elicit an immune response in host tissues. Our aim was to investigate the regulatory role of dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione (DPD), the precursor of universal autoinducer-2 (AI-2), and its analogs (ethyl-DPD, butyl-DPD and isobutyl-DPD) in the integrity of gingival epithelial cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Human gingival keratinocytes were incubated with four concentrations (10 μmol L-1 , 1 μmol L-1 , 100 nmol L-1 and 10 nmol L-1 ) of DPD and its analogs for 24 hours...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
J Lönn, S Ljunggren, K Klarström-Engström, I Demirel, T Bengtsson, H Karlsson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Several studies have shown an association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Atherosclerosis is the major cause of CVD, and a key event in the development of atherosclerosis is accumulation of lipoproteins within the arterial wall. Bacteria are the primary etiologic agents in periodontitis and Porphyromonas gingivalis is the major pathogen in the disease. Several studies support a role of modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in atherogenesis; however, the pathogenic stimuli that induce the changes and the mechanisms by which this occur are unknown...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
Z Zhang, X Yang, H Zhang, X Liu, S Pan, C Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that may induce activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and lead to the destruction of periodontal tissue. The level of EMMPRIN glycosylation might be involved in this process. This study aims to investigate the role of EMMPRIN glycosylation in regulating MMP-2 and MMP-9 during the progression of periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Gingival tissues were collected from patients with chronic periodontitis and from patients undergoing crown-lengthening procedures (healthy gingival tissue)...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
M F H Hidayat, T Milne, M P Cullinan, G J Seymour
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The salivary transcriptome may present as a readily available and non-invasive source of potential biomarkers. The development of chronic periodontitis is determined by individual patient susceptibility; hence, the aim of this study was to determine the potential of the salivary transcriptome as a biomarker of disease susceptibility using chronic periodontitis as an example. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using an Oragene® RNA kit, the total RNA was purified from the saliva of 10 patients with chronic periodontitis and 10 patients without chronic periodontitis...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
O S Kim, M H Shin, S S Kweon, Y H Lee, O J Kim, Y J Kim, H J Chung
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between periodontal disease status and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its individual components in Korean adults over 50 years old. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the Dong-gu study, 5078 men and women aged over 50 years were included. They underwent a questionnaire survey, physical assessment, biochemical assessment and periodontal assessment. The percentages of sites with periodontal probing depth ≥4 mm, and clinical attachment loss ≥4 mm were recorded for each participant...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
K Bertl, I Steiner, N Pandis, K Buhlin, B Klinge, A Stavropoulos
The cholesterol-lowering drugs, statins, possess anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and pro-osteogenic properties, and thus have been tested as an adjunct to periodontal treatment. The present systematic review aimed to answer the following focused research question: What is the effect of local and/or systemic statin use on periodontal tissues in preclinical in vivo studies of experimentally induced periodontitis (EIP) and/or acute/chronified periodontal defect (ACP) models? A literature search (of Medline/PubMed, Embase/Ovid, CENTRAL/Ovid) using the following main eligibility criteria was performed: (i) English or German language; (ii) controlled preclinical in vivo trials; (iii) local and/or systemic statin use in EIP and/or ACP models; and (iv) quantitative evaluation of periodontal tissues (i...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
V Ilievski, U G Bhat, S Suleiman-Ata, B A Bauer, P T Toth, S T Olson, T G Unterman, K Watanabe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies suggest a close association between periodontitis and prediabetes/insulin resistance (IR) but whether periodontitis causes prediabetes in humans is not known. Using various animal models, we have recently established that periodontitis can be an initiator of prediabetes, which is characterized by glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia and IR. In addition, our in vitro studies indicated that Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) induced insulin secretion in MIN6 β cells and this induction was in part SerpinE1 (plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, PAI1) dependent...
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
D M Hudson, M Garibov, D R Dixon, T Popowics, D R Eyre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Specifics of the biochemical pathways that modulate collagen cross-links in the periodontal ligament (PDL) are not fully defined. Better knowledge of the collagen post-translational modifications that give PDL its distinct tissue properties is needed to understand the pathogenic mechanisms of human PDL destruction in periodontal disease. In this study, the post-translational phenotypes of human and mouse PDL type I collagen were surveyed using mass spectrometry...
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
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