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Ceskoslovenská Patologie

Katarína Adamicová, Tomáš Balhárek, Želmíra Fetisovová, Yvetta Mellová
Epidermolysis bullosa and Bart´s syndrome are fairly accurately documented diseases by histopathology. In the article the authors describe interesting and hitherto undescribed phenomenon in the lungs male infant with epidermolysis bullosa junctionalis and Barts syndrome, who died 17 days after birth and 13 days after surgery for pyloric atresia, on multiorgan failure within basic congenital diseases.Histologically in lung alveoli was found to the massive presence of foamy macrophages and numerous globoid formations resembling morphological and immunohistochemical "Hassall´s" bodies in a thymus of the newborn...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Tomáš Jůza, Alena Jůzová, Tatiana Gajdošová
Echinococcosis (hydatidosis) is a rare severe tissue parasitosis. In the Czech Republic it is caused by two species of tapeworm: Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis. The species differ in both their usual hosts during their life cycle as well as in the typical form of lesions in infested tissues. In both cases the liver is the most common primary infested organ.We describe an autopsy case of a massive hepatic parasitic lesion in an 81 year-old man. There were metastatic parasitic cysts in both lungs and the hepatic mass spread per continuitatem in the right adrenal gland...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Magdaléna Štofíková, Boris Rychlý, Jozef Bocko, Dušan Daniš
The calcifying fibrous tumor is a rare benign fibrous tumor which occurs in subcutaneous or deep soft tissues in children and young adults, but also is frequently seen in pleural and intraabdominal locations in older people. Gastric involvement has been only sporadically reported in the literature. We present here our experience with this unusual lesion discovered in a 68-year-old woman. Clinically, the tumor was described as a pendulating, submucosally located mass, in the body of the stomach on a lesser curvature...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Michael Vieth, Elizabeth A Montgomery, Robert H Riddell
We reviewed a set of cases of early neoplasia (low grade / high grade dysplasia / IEN and mucosal carcinoma) to reach better defined criteria for subtypes of dysplasia/differentiation in the columnar lined (Barretts) esophagus. We discuss criteria that we categorized for recognizing low and high-grade dysplasia and mucosal carcinoma in patterns of neoplasia that we regarded as intestinal, gastric and mixed.
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Abbas Agaimy
Sinonasal tract malignancies are uncommon, representing no more than 5% of all head and neck neoplasms. However, in contrast to other head and neck sites, a significant proportion of sinonasal neoplasms tend to display a poorly/ undifferentiated significantly overlapping morphology and a highly aggressive clinical course, despite being of diverse histogenetic and molecular pathogenesis. The wide spectrum of poorly differentiated sinonasal epithelial neoplasms with small "basaloid" blue cell morphology includes basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (both HPV+ and HPV-unrelated), nasopharyngeal-type lymphoepithelial carcinoma (EBV+), small/large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, esthesioneuroblastoma, poorly differentiated carcinoma of salivary type (myoepithelial carcinoma and solid adenoid cystic carcinoma), NUT midline carcinoma, the recently described SMARCB1-deficient sinonasal carcinoma, sinonasal teratocarcinosarcoma and, as a diagnosis of exclusion, sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC)...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Alena Skálová, Petr Šteiner, Tomáš Vaneček
In recent years the discovery of translocations and the fusion oncogenes that they result in has changed the way diagnoses are made in salivary gland pathology. These genetic aberrations are recurrent; and at the very least serve as powerful diagnostic tools in salivary gland tumors diagnosis and classification. They also show promise as prognostic markers and hopefully as targets of therapy. In this review the 4 carcinomas currently known to harbor translocations will be discussed, namely mucoepidermoid carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, mammary analogue secretory carcinoma, and hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Marian Švajdler, Jan Laco, Ondrej Ondič, Jana Kašpírková, Roman Mezencev, Michal Michal, Alena Skálová
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPV-OSCC) represents a specific clinical and pathological entity among head and neck cancers with more favorable prognosis than corresponding HPV-negative oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). HPV-OSCC most commonly displays non-keratinzing SCC histology, although number of cases presented variable morphology. Detection of transcriptionally active HPV in oropharyngeal SCCs is of critical prognostic importance, which even supersedes the importance of their formal pathological grading...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Mária Gregová, Pavel Dundr
We report the case of a 34-year - old male with meningothelial hamartoma. The patient had a subcutaneous tumor of the scalp, clinically diagnosed as a lipoma. Histologically, the tumor consisted of mature connective tissue elements, adipose tissue, blood vessels and clusters of cuboidal or polygonal cells with scant eosinophilic or amphophilic cytoplasm and regular nuclei. Mitoses were absent. Immunohistochemically, these cells showed diffuse positivity for vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and progesterone receptors...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Ondrej Ondič, Ondřej Hes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Silvia Farkašová Iannaccone, Daniel Farkaš, Marián Švajdler Ml, Jana Kaťuchová, Vlasta Vyhnálková, Vladimír Sihotský
From the medical point of view, splenic rupture developed either as a result of traumatic injury or as a result of any type of splenic disease represents a very severe and life-threatening condition. We describe the case of a 65-year old man without any obvious traumatic injury who was hospitalised because of left abdominal pain. Investigations performed at admission to the hospital (RTG, USG) failed to indicate any signs of intraabdominal bleeding. However, the patient died suddenly after 24 hours of hospitalisation...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Markéta Nová, Helena Hornychová, Radoslav Matěj
There are many different interstitial lung diseases associated with smoking. This short review describes officially recognized disorders (desquamative interstitial pneumonia, respiratory bronchiolitis and pulmonary Langerhans´cells histiocytosis) and entities with uncertain relationship to smoking, which have recently been published in the literature. Histopathological pictures and differential diagnosis of smoking-related diseases of the lungs are discussed.
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Helena Hornychová, Markéta Nová, Radoslav Matěj
Brief review of histopathology of non-tumor pulmonary diseases with nodular or granulomatous morphology. Differential diagnosis of infections, sarcoidosis, vasculitides with a granulomatous component and selected pneumoconioses is presented.
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Martina Vašáková, Radoslav Matěj
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a primary fibrosing pulmonary process. Due to the ineffectiveness of current therapeutic strategies and unfavorable prognosis, IPF is the most serious example of idiopathic interstitial lung diseases (ILD). Etiology and pathogenesis of this disorder have not been fully clarified yet; but it is anticipated, that the fibroproliferation is caused by the imbalance of reparative and immunologic processes in the genetically predisposed patients. Radiologically and histopathologically, IPF is characterized by specific pattern called usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), however, this pattern is not fully typical in all cases, and, moreover, it could be seen in other ILD´s, e...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Radoslav Matěj, Markéta Nová, Helena Hornychová
Diffuse interstitial lung disorders include more than 200 different syndroms affecting the space between epithelial basal membrane and endothelial cells. Histopathological investigation of the lung tissue is one of the crucial parts of the multidisciplinary team approach for the investigation of these disorders. The aim of this review is a brief characterization of the pattern of the main subtypes of lung tissue damage.
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Eva Honsová
The epidemiology of postinfectious GN has changed considerably during recent decades, especially in developed countries. This disease typically has occurred in children and most often following a respiratory tract or skin infection with streptococcus. There is a decline in the prevalence of the disease in childhood, whereas the significant proportion of cases afflicts adults, mainly the elderly. Currently, the affected patients in developed countries are more often elderly, especially those with co-morbidities such as diabetes and alcoholism...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Katarína Adamicová, Desanka Výbohová, Želmíra Fetisovová, Elena Nováková, Yvetta Mellová
INTRODUCTION: Jellyfish burning is not commonly part of the professional finding in the central Europe health care laboratory. Holiday seaside tourism includes different and unusual presentations of diseases for our worklplaces. Sea water-sports and leisure is commonly connected with jellyfish burning and changes in the skin, that are not precisely described. AIM: Authors focused their research on detection of morphological and quantitative changes of some inflammatory cells in the skin biopsy of a 59-years-old woman ten days after a jellyfish stinging...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Patrik Flodr, Pavla Látalová, Martin Tichý, Zuzana Kubová, Tomáš Papajík, Michaela Šváchová, Lenka Radová, Marie Jarošová
The experimental platform in hematooncology is still searching for more valid prognostic and predictive factors on clinical, morphological and molecular levels. The bridge closer to daily practice is so-called translation medicine and from this point of view we have tried to sort diffuse large B-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified. The applied methodological approaches are morphology, indirect immunohistochemistry on formaline-fixed, parrafin-embeded tissue, Hans classifier sorting, expression of Bcl-2, CD5, CD20, CD30 and NfκB proteins in comparison with the clinical (Ann Arbor stage, IPI, aa-IPI, PFS, OS), laboratory and cytogenetic results (complex and simplex karyotypes)...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Jirka Mačák, Petr Buzrla, Jana Dvořáčková, Petr Prokop, František Jalůvka
A 64-year-old patient developed sudden hypoglycemia leading to unconsciousness. Hypoglycemic episodes recurred on several occasions but were not accompanied by unconsciousness. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a liver tumor in the right lobe sized 20.0 × 14.6 × 19.0 cm. No other masses were detected. Right hemihepatectomy was indicated but could not be performed due to heavy bleeding near the tumor. Histological examination showed a relatively cellular tumor made of elongated bland cells. The mitotic index was fewer than 4 mitoses per 10 HPF...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
Lukáš Plank, Tomáš Balhárek, Peter Szépe
The authors present a retrospective analysis of follicular lymphomas (FL) and mantle cell lymphomas (MCL) diagnosed according to the WHO classification (2008) in consecutive biopsies of GI organs in a period of 11 years. The series includes 18 patients with FL verified in 22 biopsies and 44 patients with MCL diagnosed in 54 biopsies. FL represented always a solitary tumor, most often - up to ¾ of all the cases - of a small intestine, more often in its jejunoileal than duodenal parts. The biopsies were obtained almost equally by endoscopical approach, they were usually mucosal and rarely polypectomic, as well as by surgical resections (54,5 % and 45,5 % of the cases respectively)...
2016: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
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